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FAMILY FOCUS I 2012 Challenging times – How 2013 can be made better

Every child requires a loving home Social services and living standards have been significantly reduced by the global economic crisis . Access to food, housing, healthcare and schooling is hindered as families struggle to cope with the challenges. FAMILY FOCUS 2012 outlines the major challenges and provides solutions to make 2013 better for families.


01I THE CHALLENGE: STATES FAIL TO PREVENT POVERTY An additional 47 to 84 million people have been driven into extreme poverty (UN/World Bank estimate)

Migrants, ethnic minorities or those living in poverty are among the most vulnerable

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01I THE CHALLENGE: STATES FAIL TO PREVENT POVERTY

20% $30,000,000,000

will be cut from public spending on education in Sub-Saharan Africa by 2013 due to the financial crisis (UNESCO 2010)

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828 million

people worldwide now live in urban slums, up 171 million since 1990

of the world’s population live in extreme poverty


01I THE CHALLENGE: STATES FAIL TO PREVENT POVERTY

1 in 3 Less than $20

is spent on public health per capita in 30 developing countries (WHO)

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urban dwellers have no access to adequate sanitation

884 million

people worldwide have no access to clean drinking water


01I THE CHALLENGE: STATES FAIL TO PREVENT POVERTY

“When the Greek government cut public expenditure severely, progressively deregulated the public welfare system and cut public workers’ salaries, the number of families supported by SOS Programmes increased from 210 to 1,230 within a year.” - George Protopapas, SOS Children’s Villages Greece

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01I OUR RESPONSE Poor families require more, not less access to services ü  We strengthen existing social services and family centered support systems by e.g. supporting community groups or by providing training to local governments to improve social services ü  We deliver direct family-centered social protection services where a vacuum exists by finding a specific SOS Family for each child or by providing children with a family in an SOS Children’s Village ü  We advocate to influence family-centered policy, legislation and service implementation, in partnership with others at a national and community level

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01I OUR RESPONSE “Since I lost my job, I’ve been registered for unemployment benefit. The rent is more than half my income. But I receive help with my son Christian’s education. For a long time, I thought I wasn’t entitled to anything – now I know my rights and I know my boy’s rights. I have hope and my will is strong.” Anna, 26, single mother and Family Strengthening Programme participant from Bulgaria

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01I CALL TO ACTION: What can be done NOW so that states make 2013 better for families ü  Service provision needs to be developed with families to empower them as partners and not aid recipients ü  Communities should be supported in building social safety nets for families ü  Families’ social and economic security has to be guaranteed through appropriate social security schemes, which should be a priority everywhere ü  In times of crisis, closer collaboration is required between the public, private and non-profit sector

“Any social and economic process is impossible without the access to basic social services, education, health, sanitation, clean drinking water and family planning“. - SOS Children‘s Villages Family Survey 2011, Mali

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02I THE CHALLENGE: CHOOSING BETWEEN MIGRATION AND UNEMPLOYMENT In 2007 alone‌

126,000 Romanian children were cared for by others as their parents were forced to migrate without them

.

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02I THE CHALLENGE: CHOOSING BETWEEN MIGRATION AND UNEMPLOYMENT

740 million

people move to a different region within their own country*

200 million

people move to other countries*

1 in 3

of all immigrants, travel from a developing country to a developed country*

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*(Annual estimates - UNDP Human Development Report 2009)  


02I THE CHALLENGE: CHOOSING BETWEEN MIGRATION AND UNEMPLOYMENT

50 million

international migrants are legally unable to maintain contact with their families due to inadequate administrative and legal procedures

1 in 2

Sri Lankan mothers working in the Middle East have left children under the age of six at home in Sri Lanka (SOS Children’s Villages Sri Lanka 2008)

50%

of all international migrants are (Estimate-UNDP 2009)

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women


02I THE CHALLENGE: CHOOSING BETWEEN MIGRATION AND UNEMPLOYMENT

“Parents have no job or income and migrate abroad, children stay with one caregiver, alone, with grandparents, or in care institutions. Trauma and behavioural disorders arise; families break up because of labour migration.” - SOS Children’s Villages Family Survey 2011, Lithuania

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02I OUR RESPONSE We want to prevent family-break by building the capacity of families and communities to have a decent standard of living through economic self-reliance. ü  We provide training in vocational, practical and social skills ü  We promote and support income generating activities by supporting the setting up of small family businesses; providing micro-credit and training ü  We provide legal and practical counseling, to identify and maintain local employment

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02I OUR RESPONSE

“We agreed that my wife should leave to earn money abroad to improve the living conditions for our six children. In 2005 she kissed her children goodbye, promising to come back soon. She still hasn’t.” Romulus, father of six and Family Strengthening Programme participant, Romania

“When I first met him, Romulus was still pondering the idea of leaving the children. He was saying it was not only to look for his wife, who had left to earn money abroad, but also to find work. We are working very hard with the mayor’s office and the local employment agency to find him a steady job which offer a secure income.” Petronela, Family Strengthening Programme coordinator, Romania

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02I CALL TO ACTION: What can be done NOW to prevent children paying the ultimate price for immigration in 2013 ü  Children should never be excluded from access to services because of their parents’ undocumented status ü  The private sector must create fair labour conditions and collaborate with others to provide equitable employment conditions ü  Governments should inform the unemployed of their rights and provide training opportunities ü  Women should be empowered and helped to enter the labour market ü  The emotional costs of family separation must be addressed through improved documentation procedures

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03I THE CHALLENGE: PREVENTING MATERNAL AND CHILD MORTALITY In 2013 it is predicted that

over 5 million children will die before reaching their 5th birthday.

Pneumonia, influenza and other respiratory diseases are the largest cause of death among children under-five years-old

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03I THE CHALLENGE: PREVENTING MATERNAL AND CHILD MORTALITY

16.6 million

children lost one or both parents to AIDS in 2009‌

14.8 million

of them in Sub-Saharan Africa

1.5 million deaths are caused annually by diarrhoea improving hygiene, sanitation and the quality of drinking can prevent this (UNICEF 2008)

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03I THE CHALLENGE: PREVENTING MATERNAL AND CHILD MORTALITY

"Many women are unaware that they might need some stitching and proper post-delivery care.� - Mariama, midwife from SOS Mother and Child Clinic, Gambia

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03I OUR RESPONSE

Health education – empowers ü  We support access to preventative and curative healthcare services ü  We support training sand awareness-raising campaigns and support governments draft legislation and improve preventive health measures ü  We support the psycho-social and mental family and child health through counselling, therapeutic support and promoting positive family relations

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03I OUR RESPONSE

“Some refused from the very beginning to use a birth control method. They used to say: “No, no, no, I do not want, I won’t have other children” - until a new pregnancy occurred. I told them at least to go for a medical consultation, and they accepted. This was a first step. They were informed of what they could do, what methods, what alternatives they have - at least now they know where to go.” - National SOS Children’s Villages Programme Coordinator, Bucharest

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03I CALL TO ACTION: What can be done NOW to prevent children dying of preventable causes in 2013 ü  Governments and donors should allocate more funds to preventive health care, as this is one of the most under-funded MDGs and is making least progress ü  Barriers need to be removed for poor families to access regular health care services for prevention ü  The interlinked social, cultural and behavioural needs of children need to be addressed ü  Health awareness and behaviour change is especially necessary in terms of hygiene, safe water, cooking habits, nutrition and the importance of breastfeeding

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04I THE CHALLENGE: KEEPING CHILDREN IN SCHOOL

67 million children were out of school, In 2009,

almost 50% of them live in sub-Saharan Africa

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04I THE CHALLENGE: KEEPING CHILDREN IN SCHOOL

53%

38 million

children in Sub-Saharan Africa drop out of school every year for economic reasons (UNICEF)  

of girls out were out of school in 2008

150 million

children aged 5 – 14 years are engaged in child labour in Sub-Saharan Africa (UN 2011)

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04I THE CHALLENGE: KEEPING CHILDREN IN SCHOOL

12%

2/3

of all child labour is in the agricultural sector, engaging girls in particular, some as young as 5 years-old (ILO 2006)

of children in Albania under 14 are engaged in child labour, mainly in the agricultural sector (UNICEF 2005)

40%

of all children in Pakistan attending primary school drop out before reaching the last grade (UNICEF)

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04I THE CHALLENGE: KEEPING CHILDREN IN SCHOOL

”When my dad died I had to quit school so that I could help my mom and grandmother. I started to sell in the market so that we could eat. If I don’t make money, we don’t eat. I like being out all day with my friends at the market, but I miss school more“ - Youth from Sierra Leone

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04I OUR RESPONSE: SOS Children’s Villages makes education accessible for vulnerable children and helping parents to fulfill their responsibility ü  Working in partnership with governments, to ensure sustainability, accessibility and quality of educational systems ü  Providing long-term education where otherwise not available or substandard ü  Offering non-formal education for families and children to support comprehensive child and family development ü  Helping parents support their children’s learning and claim their educational rights

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04I CALL TO ACTION: What can be done NOW to keep schools open to vulnerable children in 2013 ü  Targeted investment in early childhood education programmes is essential to improve the life chances of children from disadvantaged households ü  Ending child labour can only be achieved through a combined and targeted approach by the public, private and non-profit sector ü  It is essential to support families and communities in creating child-friendly and well-supported learning environments, especially for children with learning difficulties lacking adequate support in the home

“This must be done: build schools, strengthen the economic power of parents and educate them to send their children to school.” - SOS Children’s Villages Family Survey 2011, Burkina Faso

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05I THE CHALLENGE: WORK, STRESS AND LACK OF COMMUNITY SUPPORT 30 of the world’s countries Globally only

have outlawed corporal punishment

Family poverty often leads to conflicts, depression, alcoholism or violence and makes children vulnerable to abuse, neglect and exploitation

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05I THE CHALLENGE: WORK, STRESS AND LACK OF COMMUNITY SUPPORT

57%

of girls who marry early, come from the poorest households, in comparison with 16% from the richest (UNICEF 2009)  

9 out of 10

children in Egypt were abandoned after being born out of wedlock (SOS Children’s Villages, 2005)  

20-60%

of households around the globe where domestic violence against children and/or partners has taken place (UN DESA 2011)  

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05I THE CHALLENGE: WORK, STRESS AND LACK OF COMMUNITY SUPPORT

“My mum would just sit by the window and cry. My little brother Chris was taking his first steps and he was walking sideways because his support was the coffee table instead of mum.” Plamen, 15, participant in SOS Family Strengthening Programme, Bulgaria

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05I OUR RESPONSE We help build a loving and caring family environment ü  Supporting and providing for parents and care-givers to develop the attitudes, knowledge, skills and capacity required to care for children ü  Supporting and providing activities for children to help strengthen self-confidence communication, understand their rights and responsibilities ü  Supporting families in spending time together, getting to know each other and improving relationships

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05I OUR RESPONSE

“I have learned to talk to my children. Before, I just beat them when they did not perform their chores. I learned to talk and to hug, frankly speaking; I did not know what that meant to people.“ - Josineide, Family Strengthening Programme participant from Brazil

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05I CALL TO ACTION What can be done NOW to ensure parental care is not a casualty of the economic crisis in 2013 ü  Targeted investment in early childhood education programmes is essential as a foundation for school performance and improving the life chances of children from disadvantaged households ü  Ending child labour can only be achieved through a combined and targeted approach by governments, educational institutions, companies and other stakeholders ü  It is essential to support families and communities in creating child-friendly and well-supported learning environments, especially for children with learning difficulties lacking adequate support in the home

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FAMILY FOCUS 2012 explores five areas of common concern identified in a survey of hundreds of teams engaging with children and families in SOS Children’s Villages across 86 countries over five continents. The objective of this report is to demonstrate what can be achieved in the coming year to protect the most vulnerable in society. It is informed by a survey among SOS Children’s Villages national associations on what they perceive as major challenges for families today. Their views are based on their daily work with over two million vulnerable children and their families in SOS Children’s Villages programmes. This publication can be downloaded from our website: www.sos-childrensvillages.org


Family Focus 2012  

Family Focus 2012

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