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BI LLMAGUNYA

BATT E RSEA2. 4 Ca mer onWi l l i a ms Mi c ha el DeF a z i o Ni c kBa ba l i s S onnyDo T om Rei s a c her Wi l l i a mJ a mi es on


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CONTENT DOMUS1. 0 THEI NI TI ALDESI GN THETESTI NG

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DOMUS2. 0 THEREFI NI NG THERETESTI NG

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CONCEPT

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5SummerSolaranalysis

ForHal l sCr eekar ea: 20MJofSol arRadi at i on( perm² , onaver age) Conver tt hi st ok Wh( 1MJ=0. 2278kWh) =20X0. 2278 =5. 556kWh( i nSol arRadi at i on) AsPower=E ner gy/T i me P=5. 556/12( hour sofs unl i ght ) =463W perdayperm² BUT, t hi si sba s edona1k Ws ol a rpa nel a r r a y , we ha v e250W pa nel s ( 1m²a ppr ox ) S O /4 =115. 75W perdayperm² I Fwewer et ous ea l l 300m²ofpos s i bl er oof c ov er i ng: X300 =34. 725kW perday T hea v er a gel a pt opt a k esa bout63W perhourt o r un Ther ef or ei nSummer , 22. 96l apt opsmayber un nons t op, perdayi nSummer

Wi nt erSol aranal ys i s

F orHal l sCr eekar ea: 17MJofSol arRadi at i on( perm² , onaver age) Conv er tt hi st ok Wh( 1MJ=0. 2278kWh) =17X0. 2278 =3. 8726kWh( i nSol arRadi at i on) AsPower=E ner gy/T i me P=3. 8726/10( hour sofs unl i ght ) =387. 26W perdayperm² BUT, t hi si sba s edona1k Ws ol a rpa nel a r r a y , we ha v e250W pa nel s ( 1m²a ppr ox ) S O /4 =96. 815W perdayperm² I Fwewer et ous ea l l 300m²ofpos s i bl er oof c ov er i ng: X300 =29. 0445kW perday T hea v er a gehea t eri sr a t eda ta bout2. 4kW Ther ef or ei nt hewi nt er , a2. 4kW heat ermaybe r unonf ul l f or12houroft heday, ever yday.


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9 1° 27°

S ol a rChi mney ( Vent i l a t i onS t a c kE ffec t ) S ol a rPa nel s Gut t er

Wa t er( S hower hea d)

Vent

Ga bi onWa l l ( Cool t her ma l ma s s ) E v a por a t i v eCool i ng

Cr os sVent i l a t i on

Cool i ng

Conc r et eF l oor ( T her ma l Ma s s )

T i mberCa nv a sS c r een

Ga r denBed Wa r m Ai rI nl et

S ewerI nl etPi pe RAI NF ALLCATCHMENTANAL YSI S Mea nAnnua l Ra i nf a l l ( T OT AL ) =567. 5mm Cat c hmentPot ent i al : =Ca t c hmenta r ea( m² ) XMea na nnua l r a i nf a l l ( mm) 300m²X567. 5mm =170. 250kLpery ear( meani nga 200kLwat ert ankwi l l beper f ec t ) KEEPI NGI NMI ND, ONAVERAGE: Peopl ec anl i vec omf or t abl yon70L perday 6per ma nentr es i dent s( Ar c hi t ec t s ) 6peopl eX70( L ) x365( da y s ) =153. 300kLpery ear 12E c ot our i s t s 12peopl eX70( L ) X60( da y sea c h) =50. 400kLpery ear REQUI REMENTOF33. 45kLOUTSI DE RAI NCATCHMENT

F i l t erBeds Gr eywa t ert owa t erpl a nt erboxa bov e ( Di s i nf ec t i onbyul t r a v i ol entl a mp)

Wa t erS t or a ge( Roof Wa t er ) 20, 000l t r s Ai rCha nnel


MODE

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I NTRODUCTI ON

WATER&

SUNANAL YSI S

SOLAR

T oes t a bl i s hi fBi l i maGuny ai sc a pa bl eofs us t a i ni ng18r es i dent sofft hegr i d ( i e . Wi t houtc onnec t i onspowera ndwa t erma i ns ) , wemus tes t a bl i s ht he a v a i l a bl ec a t c hementa r eaoft heE c oDomus , a ndbye x t ens i ones t a bl i s ht he r equi r eds t or a gef orbot ht r a i t s .

SHADOW ANAL YSI S

Bypl ot t i ngt hes un' smov ementov ert hebui l di ngt hr oughoutt hey ea r , we wi l l bea bl et oes t a bl i s ht hebui l di ng' sa bi l i t yt os ha dec er t a i na r ea st ha t r equi r es ha di ng( i e . T hedec k ) . T hi swi l l a l l owf orc or r ec ts i z i ngofea v es , a nd t os eei fc er t a i ndes i gnt ec hni quesha v et hedes i r eda es t het i ceffec twhen e x pos edt ot hes un.

VENTI LATI ON

ANAL YSI S

Ast heDj i l i mba r di s i t ee x per i enc esl a r ges c a l ewi ndc ha ngesa nds peeds , i t i sr equi r edt ha twet hent es tt hea i rmov ementt hr oughbot ht hepods , a nd ma i nl i v i nga r ea , ofours c hemeus i ngt he“ F l ui dMa ppi ng” t ec hni que . T hi s wi l l t hena l l owust odet er mi nedor ma nta i rz ones , a swel l a sov er v ent i l a t ed a r ea s .

THERMAL HEATI NG&

TESTI NTRO

Uponc ompl et i onoft heDomuspr oj ec t , t es t swer et henc onduc t edt oes t abl i s ht her eal wor l di mpl i c at i onst hebui l di ng woul dexhi bi t . Thi ngss uc hasc omf or tl evel s , powerr equi r edt oheatandc ool , wat erands unc ol l ec t i onandt her mal mas s i ngc anhaveamaj ori mpac tonabui l di ngsaur a, andmayor c ec hangest oac c ommodat et hes et r ai t s . T ot es tf or t heDj i l i mbar di s i t e, wec hos et oc onduc tt hef ol l owi ngt es t s :

COOLI NGCAL CULATI ON Byc a l c ul a t i ngt hea r ea soft he oor s , t hegl a z i nga ndt her oof , wec a nt hen us et her / uv a l uesofma t er i a l sus edi nt heE c oDomust odet er mi nehea t l os s esa ndhea tga i ns . T hes el os s esa ndga i nswi l l l ea dt ot her equi r edhea t i ng a ndc ool i ngl oa dst hedwel l i ngr equi r esi nwi nt era nds ummer , r es pec t i v el y .

MASSANAL YSI S

Byc a l c ul a t i ngt heopeni nga r ea sont henor t her ns i deoft hedwel l i ng( a nd t her ef or e , pot ent i a l f ordi r ec ts ol a rga i n) , wec a nt hena c c ur a t el ydet er mi ne t her equi r eds i z esoft her ma l ma s s esi nBi l i maGuny at oa c hi ev eac omf or t a bl e dwel l i ng.


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WI NTERSOLSTI CE9AM 21JUNE2012

WI NTERSOLSTI CE9AM 21JUNE2012I NTERI OR WI NTERSOLSTI CE12PM 21JUNE2012

WI NTERSOLSTI CE9AM 21JUNE2012EXTERI OR WI NTERSOLSTI CE3PM 21JUNE2012


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WI NTERSOLSTI CE12PM 21JUNE2012I NTERI OR

WI NTERSOLSTI CE3PM 21JUNE2012I NTERI OR

WI NTERSOLSTI CE12PM 21JUNE2012EXTERI OR

WI NTERSOLSTI CE3PM 21JUNE2012EXTERI OR


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SUMMERSOLSTI CE9AM 21DEC2012

SUMMERSOLSTI CE9AM 21DEC2012I NTERI OR SUMMERSOLSTI CE12PM 21DEC2012

SUMMERSOLSTI CE9AM 21DEC2012EXTERI OR SUMMERSOLSTI CE3PM 21DEC2012


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SUMMERSOLSTI CE12PM 21DEC2012I NTERI OR

SUMMERSOLSTI CE3PM 21DEC2012I NTERI OR

SUMMERSOLSTI CE12PM 21DEC2012EXTERI OR

SUMMERSOLSTI CE3PM 21DEC2012EXTERI OR


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EQUI NOXSOLSTI CE9AM 23SEP2012

EQUI NOXSOLSTI CE9AM 23SEP2012I NTERI OR EQUI NOXSOLSTI CE12PM 23SEP2012

EQUI NOXSOLSTI CE9AM 23SEP2012EXTERI OR EQUI NOXSOLSTI CE3PM 23SEP2012


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EQUI NOXSOLSTI CE12PM 23SEP2012I NTERI OR

EQUI NOXSOLSTI CE3PM 23SEP2012I NTERI OR

EQUI NOXSOLSTI CE12PM 23SEP2012EXTERI OR

EQUI NOXSOLSTI CE3PM 23SEP2012EXTERI OR


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CATCHMENT

Whenbui l di ngi nanar eaasr emot easDj i l i mbar di ,t wof act or sbecomeevi dentnecessi t i es.Thesear ewat er , andpower .Ast hi sEcoDomusi sof ft hegr i d,t echni quest ohar nesst heavai l abl er esour cesbecomei nval uabl e, andmustbei nt egr at edi nt ot hedesi gnf r om t heget go. Wi t houtwat eri nt hedeser t ,t her ei snol i f e.Ther ef or e,wat erhadt obecomeani nt egr alpar toft hedesi gn.The si mpl estf or m ofwat erbecomi ngapar toft hedesi gn,ofcour se,i smaki ngt her oofoft hedesi gnt hepr i mar y wat er cat chmentdevi ce.Thent hr oughgut t er i ngandf i l t r at i onsyst ems,t hi swat ermaybeusedt osust ai na comf or t abl el i vi ngar r angement . Toaccur at el yt r ackt heusef ul nessoft hi s,weneedt hef ol l owi ngpi ecesofi nf or mat i on: -Annualmeanr ai nf al lf ort hear ea( at t ai nedf r om t heBur eauofMet eor ol ogy ,usi ngweat herdat af r om Hal l sCr eek,anear byweat herst at i on) -Thet ot alr oofar eaavai l abl ef orwat ercat chement -Aver ageusesofwat erperper sonperday( t odet er mi nei ft hewat ercol l ect edmaysust ai nt he18 peopl er equi r edt ol i veatt heEcoDomusatanyonet i me)

WATER

S o; Annua l mea nr a i nf a l l : =567. 5mm Ar eaa v a i l a bl ea sr oofc a t c hment : =300m² T oa t t a i nt hema x i mum pos s i bl ec a t c hementf ort hey ea r : Annua l mea nr a i nf a l l XCa t c hmenta r ea =>567. 5X300 =170. 250k Lpery ea r WI T H: T hea v er a geper s onus i nga ppr ox i ma t el y70Lperda y , i ft heywer et obec ons er v a t i v ei nt hei rus a ge . T hi smea ns ; 6per ma nentr es i dent s( T hea r c hi t ec t s ) @70Lperda yf or365da y s =153. 300Lpery ea r 12peopl e( T heE c oT our i s t s ) @70Lperda yf or60da y s =50. 400L T ot a l us a ge =203. 700L

S o, a spert he gur es , wema ys us t a i nt he6a r c hi t ec t sf ort heent i r ey ea rwi t ht hea v a i l a bl ewa t erc a t c hment . But t he12E c oT our i s t sma yonl ys t a yf orat ot a l of2mont hsE ACH, a ndmus tbudgett hei rwa t erus emor et ha nus ua l . Ca t c hementmus tbei nc r ea s edt os us t a i nE c oT our i s t s . Ma ybeaneedf orawa t er gua ges y s t em t ok eepa ney eon wa t erl ev el s .


THERMAL

MASSANALYSI S

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Vi at heOppenhei m Anal ysi st echni que,wecandet er mi newhet herourEcoDomushast hecor r ectr at i ooft her malmasst ogl az i ng.I fr i ght ,t hen t het her malmasswi l labsor bampl eamount sofsol arheatvai ndi r ectgai n,andr el easei twhenneed( asi st henat ur eofat her malmass) . Thecal cul at i onbasesi t sel fof foft hemai nf i gur esof : Ampl ef l oorar eat onor t her ngl az i ngr at i o=20% Ampl et her malmassamount=69Xt hear eaofnor t her ngl az i ng

Zone1Ki t c hen/ Mea l s+Wor k s pa c e+Br ea k outa r ea Zone2PodsX3 Zone3E nt r yAi r l oc k Zone1-281. 613m² Zone2-150. 33m² Zone3-13. 89m² Zone1Openi nga r ea s : Nor t h: 80. 378m² S out h: 27. 178m² T ot a l =107. 554m² Wewi l l f oc usonZone1, a st hes ea r ea sr equi r ehea t i ng/ c ool i ng F i r s t , wemus tt a k ei nt oa c c ountt het ot a l s une x pos eda r ea : Nor t h: Oper a bl ec a nv a ss c r eens=>s une x pos ed 107. 554/281. 613 =38. 19% ( I dea l numberi sr a t eda t1520%) =>I dea l f orDomusdes i gni s : 281. 613X20/ 100 =56. 322m² , a l mos tha l fofwha tweha v enow. . .

THERMAL

Thebui l di ngi ssegr egat edi nt ot hr ee“ Zones”f ordi f f er entcomf or tl evel s:

MASSI DEAL

Ther malmassmat er i al sshoul dbe9Xt hesi z eoft henor t hopeni ngs S i z eoft her ma l ma s s : 80. 376X9 =723. 389m²( F l oorpl a nt her ma l ma s st oha r nes st hepot ent i a l s une x pos ur e) OR Mi ni mum r ec ommenda t i onf ort her ma l ma s ss i z i ngi s6Xt hea r eaoft henor t hf a c i ngwi ndows : 80. 376X6 =482. 256m² S oi dea l l y , i ni t sc ur r enta r r a ngement , t hes i z eoft het her ma l ma s s( i e . T hec onc r et e oor ) s houl d bebet ween482. 256m²a nd723. 389m² , whi c hi swel l ov ert hea l l owedbui l di ngf oot pr i nt . . . Cur r entt her ma l ma s ss ur f a c ea r eat onor t hwi ndowsr a t i o. . . 281. 613/ 80. 376 =3. 5X Needst oa l mos tdoubl e , orha l v et heopeni nga r eaont henor t her ns i de . Thi swoul dmean,havi ngt or educet heopeni ngsoft hebui l di ngdr ast i cal l yi nor der t of ul f i lt heser at i os,ori ncr easi ngt het ot alf l oorar eaandt her malmassdr amat i cal l y .


HEATI NG

COOLI NG CALCULATI ON

COOLI NG

Whatal somaybecal cul at edwhenr egar di nganenvi r onment al l yconsci ousdwel l i ngsuchasBi l l i maGunyah,heat i ngandcool i ngl oadsr equi r edt o heatandcoolt hebui l di ngatcer t ai nt i mesoft heyear .Byest abl i shi ngmat er i al s,si z esandconnect i ons,wecangai nagoodi nsi ghti nt ohow much ener gymustbeusedt oachi evecomf or ti nt hedeser t .

CALCULATI ON

Fi r st ,wewi l lest abl i sht hecool i ngl oadoft hedwel l i ngi ni t ’ scur r entst at e( asi nt hedeser t ,cool i ngwoul dbet hebi ggerpr i or i t y) .

Fr om t hi swecansee,t hatt het ot alcool i ngl oadf ort he dwel l i ngi s97kW perday .Thi smaycausesomei ssues,as ourt ot alsol arcol l ect i ngf ort hedwel l i ngperdayi nsummer ( wher ecool i ngi sr equi r ed)i s34kW perday .Mat er i al smay havet obeal t er ed.

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HEATI NG &

COOLI NG CALCULATI ON

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HEATI NG

CALCULATI ON

Next ,wewi l lconsi dert heheat i ngr equi r edi nt hewi nt ermont hsoft heyear .

Fr om t hi s,wecanseet hatt o appr opr i at el yheatt hehouse i nwi nt er ,wer equi r e3273kWhper year .Looki ngbackatoursol ar cat chmentandst or agedat a,we est abl i shedt hatwecancol l ect 5. 566kWhperday( i e.1015kWh i nsummerand706kWhi nwi nt er , 1721kWhi nt ot al ) .Thi swoul d meant hatwewi l lei t herhavet o i ncr easeoursol arcat chment , changeourmat er i al s,oruse al t er nat emet hodst oheathehouse.


ANALYS

Tof ul l ydet er mi nei ft heEdoDomuswedesi gnedcoul di ndeedbe acomf or t abl edwel l i ngal lyearr ound,vent i l at i onwast henext t hi ngt oconsi der .Toaccur at el yt r ackt heai rmovementt hr ough Bi l i maGunya,at echni queknownas“ f l ui dmappi ng”wasused. Fi r st ,wemustr ecr eat esect i onsandpl ansofourdesi gni nPer spex onagl asssheet ,al l owi ngust ovi sual i set heai rmovi ngar oundt he st r uct ur e.Then,vi at heuseoft heFl ui dMappi ngTabl e,wher ewat er l acedwi t hf ooddyei sr unoveral i tsur f ace,wewer eabl et ot r ack var i abl ewi ndmovement st hr ought hedwel l i ng.Yetbef or et hi s, pi ecesofi nf or mat i onwer ecr ut i ali fwewer et or emai naccur at e. Suchas: -Wi ndspeedsanddi r ect i ons( t oal l ow ust opl otwi ndsf r om t he r i ghtdi r ect i onsont het abl e) -Openi ngswi t hi nt hebui l di ng( t oshow uswhatdi f f er encesi twer e t omakei fcer t ai nf acet soft hedesi gnwer eopenorcl osed. -Ar east hatar eneededt obevent i l at ed( Thi swi l lal l ow ust o det er mi newhatpar t soft hedesi gnar ei nneedofwor k,ascer t ai n ar easr equi r emor event i l at i ont hanot her s)

VENTI LATI ON

So: Asperourweat herf i l esf ort hehal l scr eekar ea,( I MAGEOFWI NDDI RECTI ONSANDSPEEDSFORSUMMER ANDWI NTER)wehavedet er mi nedt hatwi ndi snotaspar ser esour ce.I tcomesf r om mostal ldi r ect i ons ( maybeexcl udi ngdi r ectnor t h) ,andspeedscanr eachupt o40km/ hatt i mes.What ’ smor ei nt er est i ng,i st hat t het emper at ur esoft hesewi ndschangesdr amat i cal l ybet weensummerandwi nt er( I MAGESOFWI NTERAND SUMMERWI NDTEPERATURES) .Summerwi ndsi nDj i l i mbar dicanr eachheat sofupt o40º C,andcandr opt o 15º Ci nwi nt er( i fonl yf ormi ni malamount s) . Fr om t hi s,i twasdeemednecessar yt opl otwi ndscomi ngf r om al ldi r ect i ons,andi nsect i ont hr ought hesl eepi ng podsandt hel i vi ngar ea( wi t hspeci f i ci nt er estont hel ouversyst em pr esenti nt hegar denar ea.

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FLUI DMAPPI NG

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NORTH

NORTHEAST

EAST

SOUTHEAST

SOUTH

SOUTHWEST

WEST

OPENVENTNORTH

OPENVENTSOUTH


LI VI NGAREASECTI ONOPEN

FLUI D

LI VI NGARESECTI ONCLOSED

MAPPI NG

LI VI NGAREASECTI ONPARTLYOPEN

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WEST NORTHWEST

SOUTHEAST SOUTH SOUTHWEST

NORTH EAST

NORTHEAST

FLUI

MAPPI NG

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Fr om t hesei mages,t hef ol l owi ngbecomever yevi dent : -Thebedar easi nt hesl eepi ngpodshavenovent i l at i onwhat soever ,whi ch wi l lmakef oraver yuncomf or t abl esl eep. -Wi t ht hemoveabl escr eensopent ot hewi nds( asmaywel lbenecessar y i nt heheat sofsummer ) ,t hemai nl i vi ngar ear ecei vesl ar geamount sof vent i l at i on,t ot hepoi ntofmaybebei ngt oomuch. Assuch,changest ot hepodst r uct ur e,andt heshapeoft heover al lst r uct ur e, mustbei mpl i cat edf orBi l l i maGunyaht oachi eveappr opr i at el evel sofcomf or t .


Theot herf acetofdeser tl i vi ngt hatenabl esl i f ef orhumans,i spower .Wi t houti t ,t her ear enoai rcondi t i oner s t ocoolr esi dent sdowni nt hedr ycl i mat e.Ther ei snouseofl apt opsori nt er net( i nher ent l yr equi r edf oran ar chi t ect ur ef i r m outi nt hedeser t ) ,andnol i ghtatni ght .Onet hi ngt hatmayhel pt hi scause,however ,i st he sun.I nt hedeser t ,t hesuni sconst ant .Wemustuset hi ssunt oi t shi ghestpot ent i ali fwear et oachi evea comf or t abl el i vi ngenvi r onmentf orBi l i maGunya.

CATCHMENT

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SOLAR

Tosuccessf ul l yr at et heabi l i t yt ocol l ectandst or esol arener gy ,wemusti nvest i gat eaf ew t hi ngs.These i ncl ude: -Phot ovol t ai csyst ems,t hei ref f i ci enci esand t hei ral t er nat i ves -Avai l abl esol arener gyi nbot hsummerandwi nt er( measur edi nsol arr adi at i on) -Thepr ocessnecessar yt oconver tt hi si nf or mat i oni nt oavai l abl epowert obeusedi nt heEcoDomus -Ar eaavai l abl ef orsol arcat chment -Ar eaneededf ort her equi r edst or ageoft heener gycapt ur ed.

SUMMER

S o: F ors ummer , t hea r eae x per i enc es20MJofs ol a rr a di a t i onperm²perda y Wemus tt henc onv er tt hi st ok Wh( t he gur eus edonmos tpowerbi l l s ) , t odet er mi net her a t esa twhi c h t hi sr a di a t i on, a ndt her ef or et hepa nel st obeus ed, i st r a ns f er r ed. 20MJX0. 2278 =5. 556k Wh T hi smus tt henbedev i dedbyt hea v er a gea v a i l a bl ehour sofs unt hr oughoutt heda y , bei ng12i ns ummer : 5. 556k Wh/12 =463W perda y , perm² BUT , t hi s gur eoft r a ns f eri sba s edont hec ol l ec t i onofaper f ec teffic i nc y1k Ws ol a ra r r a y . Weha v es el ec t ed t hebes tr a t ed250W pa nel st obeours ol a rc a t c hment . T hei r f or e , OURs y s t em wi l l c ol l ec t : 463W /4( di ffer enc ei npa nel r a t i ngs ) =115. 75W perda y , perm² Ast hes epa nel sa r e1m by1m a ppr ox i ma t el y , wec a nes t a bl i s ht het ot a l c ol l ec t i onperda yf orourent i r er oof . 115. 75W X300m² =34. 725k W perda y T oputt hi s gur ei nt oper s pec t i v e , t hea v er a gel a pt op, t obeus edi nourE c oDomus , us esa na v er a geof63W perhourwhi l s tpl uggedi na ndc ha r gi ng. T hi smea nswec a nr un22l a pt ops , 24hour sada y , ev er yda yi ns ummer .


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DOMUS

ENERGY

Whenconsi der i nganEcoDomus,especi al l yonet hati sdesi gnedt obesel f suf f i ci ent ,t he wor kconduct edt oact ual l yBUI LDt hedwel l i ngbecomesamuchbi ggerconcer nt hant hat ofot herbui l di ngs.Al sokeepi ngi nmi ndt hatt hi spar t i cul arEcoDomusi si nt heWest Aust r al i andeser t , cer t ai naspect soft hebui l d( suchassour ci ngl ocalmat er i al s) ,become i ncr easi ngl yhar dert odot hanmostpr oj ect s. Sot her ef or e,t hewor kandr esour cest akent obui l dourEcoDomus( i e.Embodi edEner gy) , mustbecal cul at ed,t oascer t ai ni fourdwel l i ngi si ndeedEcoFr i endl y . Tocal cul at et heEmbodi edEner gy( EE)ofadwel l i ng,onemustsi mpl ydeducet heamount s ofmat er i al susedandt hei ri nher i tEE.Thi si scal l edt he“ Cr adl et oGat e�EEmet hod,ort he car bonusedt opr oduceamat er i alf r om begi nni ngofpr oduct i ont ot hef act or i esgat e. Ther ef or e,t headdi t i onalcar bonr el easedi nt het r anspor t at i onoft hemat er i almustal sobe cal cul at ed.

EMBODI ED

So,t hi swoul dmeant hatt opr oducet hemat er i al sneededf oroutDomusscheme, 1386904. 838GJofener gyi sr equi r ed.Thi si squi t eal ar genumber ,especi al l yconsi der i ng t hef actt hatBi l l i maGunyahi sanEcoDomus,andt hi sf i gur ei snotqui t easenvi r onment al l y awar easi tshoul dbe.Pl easenot e,however ,t hatt hi snumberi sl ar gel yduet ot hever y hi ghEEofphot ovol t ai ccel l s.


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31

PANORAMI CRENDER


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33


CONCEP

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SI TE/ ROOFPLAN

35

1: 200


FLOORPLAN

1: 200

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37


I NTERI ORRENDERS

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39

PODI NTERI ORRENDERS


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BI OCLI MATE

SECTI ON1 SEL FCOMPOSTI NGT OI L ET Ask eepi ngwi t ht he“ E c o” a s pec toft heE c oDomust hought t r a c k , t oi l et sa ndwa s t ebec a meal a r gea s pec tofc ons i der a t i on. E s pec i a l l yi nt hedes er t , wher eempt y i ngof s ept i ct a nk sa ndl a nd l l si sr a r e , a ndt heoppor t uni t yi sa v a i l a bl et or educ ec a r bonemi s s i onsus edt ot r a ns por tt hewa s t eour s el v est ot henea r byl a nd l l i nHa l l sCr eek . T hes ol ut i oni sas el f c ompos t i ngt oi l et . S eenher e , t hepr oc es si squi t es i mpl ei ni t sf unc t i on, a ndev ent ua l l yha sahi ghi mpa c tonwa s t ema na gement . Ours y s t em wi l l a c tmuc hl i k et hes y s t em pi c t ur edwi t habl ueba r r el , wi t haba s i ct oi l etbowl , y etbel owt hes ur f a c ei sadi ffer ents t or y . Al l wa s t ewi l l goi nt oaba r r el bel ow t het oi l et , wher et her ei sami x t ur eofdr yl ea v es , ma nur ea ndc ompos t i nga gent s , wi t hdr a i na ges t onesa tt hebot t om f orur i ne . T hewa s t ewi l l ent ert hi ss y s t em ofmi x t ur es , a nddec ompos ewi t ht i me( muc hl i k ewor mf a r mc ompos t er s ) . Onc edonewi t hy ourbus i nes s , y ouwi l l ber equi r edt oputs omee x t r adr yl ea v esi nt hebowl , t ok eept he r a t i osa tt heper f ec tl ev el s . As ma l l PVCpi pea r r a yi sa l s or equi r edt oe x pel ba ds mel l s , wi t ht heus eofas ma l l e x ha us tf a nt ohel pt hef umesa l ong. T hi swi l l needa na c c es sha t c ha r r a ngementf ort hes pr ea di ngoft hema nma dema nur ei nt oei t hert hega r denbedi nt hema i nbui l di ng, oront hev a s ta r r a yofs pi ni f e xi n t hea r ea . T hi swi l l beaweek l yj ob, a st her ei sonl ys omuc hwor kas ma l l e x ha us tf a nc a nma na get odi s pel t hef umes .


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BI OCLI MATI C SECTI ON2


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BI OCLI MATI C SECTI ON3


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EXTERI ORRENDER


MODEL

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45

CONSTRUCTI ON


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47


RETESTI NTRO

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I NTRODUCTI ON

Wi t hdi r ec tr el at i ont ot het es t sc onduc t edont hepr evi ousBi l l i maGunyahdes i gn, i twases t abl i s hedt hatt hedes i gnwas t oc hanget obet t erf ull t her equi r ement sment i onedi nt hevar i oust es t s . Thes er e nement s , ast heywer e, ar easf ol l ows : -I nc r eas edvent i l at i ont ot hepods t r uc t ur es , al l owi ngt hec l os i ngoffandopeni ngoft heent i r es t r uc t ur e. Thegabi onwal l s t r uc t ur es eeni nt heor i gi nal des i gnhasal s obeenext endedt of or mt hef r onts ec t i onsoft hepods . Thi swasanaes t het i c c hange, yetmaywi el ds omepr ac t i c al advant agesaswel l . -I nc r eas edr oofar ea. Thi swi l l al l owl ar gerc at c hmentar easf orbot hwat erands unc ol l ec t i on, t her ebys ol vi ngt hepr obl ems ofnotenoughwat erandener gy( aspert hewat erandheat / c ool i ngc al c ul at i onsf orDomus ) Wi t ht hi s , s ol arener gys t or agewi l l t akeupf armor er oom, andass uc hmus tbec ons i der edf ur t her . Theover al l oor pl anhasbeenr educ edi ns i z e, t of ull t her equi r ement saspert heOppenhei m met hod. Thi swi l l havet o bet es t edagai n. -Eaveshavebeenext endedaspert heSol arShadowi mages , t hi swi l l al l owf orac omf or t abl es pac eoutont hemai ndec k oft heEc oDomus , t hepur pos et hear eawasor i gi nal l ydes i gnedf or . Ass uc h, wemus tr ec onduc tt hef ol l owi ngt es t st os eei ft hes ec hangeswi l l ac t ual l ymakeac hangef ort hebet t er : -Fl ui dmappi ng, mus tbec onduc t edagai nt os howt hedi ffer enc eatwhi c ht hear eas( namel yt hebeds )per f or m. Wat erands unc at c hment , t os eet hei mpac tt henewl ys i z edr oofwi l l haveonourl i f egi vi ngr es our c es -Heat i ngandc ool i ngc al c ul at i ons , t odet er mi net hedi ffer entc ool i ngandheat i ngl oadsr equi r edt omai nt ai na c omf or t abl edwel l i ng, andwhati mpac tt hi swi l l haveonourc ol l ec t eds ol arener gy . -Oppenhei m anal ys i s , t os eei fourr educ ed oor pl anwi l l haveamaj ori mpac tont her at i obet weengl az i ngandt her mal mas s .


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WI NTERSOLSTI CE9AM 21JUNE2012

WI NTERSOLSTI CE9AM 21JUNE2012I NTERI OR WI NTERSOLSTI CE12PM 21JUNE2012

WI NTERSOLSTI CE9AM 21JUNE2012EXTERI OR WI NTERSOLSTI CE3PM 21JUNE2012


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WI NTERSOLSTI CE12PM 21JUNE2012I NTERI OR

WI NTERSOLSTI CE3PM 21JUNE2012I NTERI OR

WI NTERSOLSTI CE12PM 21JUNE2012EXTERI OR

WI NTERSOLSTI CE3PM 21JUNE2012EXTERI OR


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SUMMERSOLSTI CE9AM 21DEC2012

SUMMERSOLSTI CE9AM 21DEC2012I NTERI OR SUMMERSOLSTI CE12PM 21DEC2012

SUMMERSOLSTI CE9AM 21DEC2012EXTERI OR SUMMERSOLSTI CE3PM 21DEC2012


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SUMMERSOLSTI CE12PM 21DEC2012I NTERI OR

SUMMERSOLSTI CE3PM 21DEC2012I NTERI OR

SUMMERSOLSTI CE12PM 21DEC2012EXTERI OR

SUMMERSOLSTI CE3PM 21DEC2012EXTERI OR


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EQUI NOXSOLSTI CE9AM 23SEP2012

EQUI NOXSOLSTI CE9AM 23SEP2012I NTERI OR EQUI NOXSOLSTI CE12PM 23SEP2012

EQUI NOXSOLSTI CE9AM 23SEP2012EXTERI OR EQUI NOXSOLSTI CE3PM 23SEP2012


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EQUI NOXSOLSTI CE12PM 23SEP2012I NTERI OR

EQUI NOXSOLSTI CE3PM 23SEP2012I NTERI OR

EQUI NOXSOLSTI CE12PM 23SEP2012EXTERI OR

EQUI NOXSOLSTI CE3PM 23SEP2012E


SUNCATCHMEN

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Asbef or e,wewi l luset heent i r er oofar eat ocat chwat eravai l abl et ot hear ea.Al t hought heaver ageannual r ai nf al landsol arr adi at i onperm²r emai nst hesame,t her oofar eaofBi l l i maGunyahhasbeenal t er edt oal ar ger 467. 838m² .Thi smeans: 467. 838X567. 5mm =265. 49k Lpery ea r , a l mos t100k Lmor et ha nt hepr ev i ousdes i gn T hi smea ns , t ha ta l ongwi t ht hepr ev i ousc a l c ul a t i ons , wec a ns us t a i nt he6a r c hi t ec t sofBi l l i maGuny a h, a l l y ea rr ound, a nds uppor tt he12E c oT our i s t s orat ot a l of113da y sea c h, a l mos tdoubl et ha nwha twa sc a pa bl ewi t ht hepr ev i ousdes i gn. T hes a megoesf ort hes ol a rc a t c hment . Wi t ht henewr oof , wec a nc a pt ur ef a rmor es ol a rener gy , a ndma ywel l meett hec ool i nga ndhea t i ngl oa dsof t hepr ev i ousdes i gn. T henews ol a rc a t c hment gur esa r ea sf ol l ows : I nS ummer , 115. 75W perda y , perm²c a nbec ol l ec t ed X467. 83m² =54. 15k W perda y T hi ss t i l l doesnotr ea c ht heol ddes i gn’ sc ool i ngl oa dof97k W ada y , butt hi sma yc ha ngewi t ht henewdes i gn, ha v i ngaf a rs ma l l erbui l di ng f oot pr i nt . I nwi nt er , 96. 75W perda y , perm² , c a nbec ol l ec t ed X467. 83m² =45. 26k W perda y Ashea t i ngl oa dsa r emea s ur edi nk Wh( a ndt her ef or eba s edoni ns t a nt a neousc ol l ec t i on) , t hi si snoi ndi c a t i onofr equi r edhea t i ng. Y et , a sdi s c us s ed ea r l i er , hea t i ngwi l l r a r el ybenec es s a r yi nDj i l i mba r di , a ndt heneedwi l l c omedownt ot her ma l ma s s i ngi nt hes l eepi ngpods , a st heywi l l beneeded t of unc t i ononc et hes ungoesdown.

WATER&

NEW STORAGE

Ast hes e gur esc ha nge , wemus ta l s oc ha ngeours t or a gea swel l . Pr ev i ous l y , wer equi r est heent i r e oor pl a noft hedwel l i ngt ohous et hef oor pr i nt oft hec onc r et ewa t ert a nk , a ndbe1. 3m deep. Wi t ht henew oor pl a na ndwa t erc ol l ec t i ondet a i l s , howev er , t het a nkmus tber ea s s es s ed: NewBi l l i maGuny a h oor pl a n: 108. 9m² Requi r edwa t ers t or a ge: 300k L =>300/108. 9 =2. 75m deep T her ef or e , t het a nkmus tbet heent i r e oor pl a noft heE c oDomusdwel l i ng, a nd2. 75m deep, t oc omf or t a bl ys t or et hea nnua l r a i nf a l l .

Aswi t hwa t erc ol l ec t i on, s ol a rc ol l ec t i onwi l l r equi r el a r gera mount sofs t or a get onotbeofwa s t e: Newc ol l ec t i on=1. 559Xgr ea t ert ha nt hepr ev i ousdes i gnss i z e =>S ol a rs t or a gemus ti nc r ea s ebyt hi sr a t i ot or ema i na tac omf or t a bl el ev el 1. 559X10. 24ba t t er i es =15. 96ba t t er i es T her ef or e , wer equi r e16oft heor i gi na l 3500Ah, 48Vba t t er i esor i gi na l l yr equi r edbyt hepr ev i ousdes i gn


56

OPPENHEI M

ANALYSI S

Aswi t hourpr evi ousdesi gn,t heOppenhei m met hodwi l lal l ow ust odet er mi net hecor r ectr at i osf orgl az i ngt ot her malmasssi z es.Thenew f i gur es ar easf ol l ows: Segr egat edi nt ot hr ee“ Zones”f ordi f f er entheatl evel s:

Zone1-101. 3m² Zone2-24. 28X3m² Zone3-5. 93m² Zone1Openi nga r ea s : Nor t h: 44. 52m² S out h: 23. 76m² Wes t : 7. 6m² E a s t : 0m² T ot a l =75. 88m²

THERMAL

Zone1Ki t c hen/ Mea l s+Wor k s pa c e+Br ea k outa r ea( I nc l 6. 9m²Ga r den) Zone2Pods( X3) Zone3E nt r yAi r l oc k

Wewi l l f oc usonZone1, a st hes ea r ea sr equi r ehea t i ng/ c ool i ng F i r s t , wemus tt a k ei nt oa c c ountt het ot a l s une x pos eda r ea : Nor t h: Oper a bl ec a nv a ss c r eens=>s une x pos ed 44. 52m²/101. 3m² =43. 9% ( I dea l numberi sr a t eda t1520%) =>I dea l f orDomusdes i gni s : 101. 3X20/ 100 =20. 26m² , a l mos tha l fofwha tweha v enow. . . YETT HI SI SAVOI DABL E , ASWECANS HUTOF FHAL FOFT HEWAL LWI T H T HEOPE RABL ES CRE E NS .

MASSI DEAL

Ther malmassmat er i al sshoul dbe9Xt hesi z eoft henor t hopeni ngs S i z eoft her ma l ma s s : 44. 52X9 =400. 68m²( F l oorpl a nt her ma l ma s st oha r nes st hepot ent i a l s une x pos ur e) OR Mi ni mum r ec ommenda t i onf ort her ma l ma s ss i z i ngi s6Xt hea r eaoft henor t hf a c i ngwi ndows : 44. 52X6 =267. 12m² Cur r entt her ma l ma s ss ur f a c ea r eat onor t hwi ndowsr a t i o. . . 101. 3m²/ 44. 52m² =2. 27X Needst oa l mos tdoubl e , orha l v et heopeni nga r eaont henor t her ns i de .

Soi deal l y ,i ni t scur r entar r angement ,t hesi z eoft het her malmass( i e.Theconcr et e f l oor )shoul dbebet ween 267. 12m²and 400. 68m² ,whi chi smor et handoubl eour new f l oor pl an. WHATWEMUSTREMEMBERI S,THETHERMALMASSI STO RELEASEWARM AI R WHENTHESUNGOESDOWN,TO HEATAREASNEEDI NG HEATI NG WHENTHESUN GOESDOWN.THEREFORE,THEPODSSHOULDBECONSI DERED. PodFl oorAr ea-24. 28m² Ther malMassAr ea-12m² Nor t her nOpeni ngs6. 72m² Ther f or e,t henew r at i oofopeni ngst ot her malmassi nt hesl eepi ngpodsi s: 12m²/6. 72m² 17. 85%


HEATI NG

COOLI NG CALCULATI ON

COOLI NG

Notasgr eataconcer nasmaybewat ercol l ect i on,t heheat i ngandcool i ngl oadsr emai nagoodi ndi cat i onofBi l l i maGunyah’ sabi l i t yt osust ai n18peopl ecomf or t abl y . Wi t ht hef l oor pl anr educed,t hesecal cul at i onsmustbecar r i edoutagai n.Theyar easf ol l ows:

57

CALCULATI ON

Fi r st ,wewi l lest abl i sht hecool i ngl oadoft hedwel l i ngi ni t ’ scur r entst at e( asi nt hedeser t ,cool i ngwoul dbet hebi ggerpr i or i t y) .


HEATI NG &

COOLI NG CALCULATI ON

58

HEATI NG

CALCULATI ON

Next ,wewi l lconsi dert heheat i ngr equi r edi nt hewi nt ermont hsoft heyear .

Aspert hecal cul at i ons,weseet hatt he t ot alcool i ngl oadhasbeeni ncr eased f r om 97kW perdayt o256. 89kW.Thi si s l ar gel yduet ot hel ar gerar eai ngl az i ng ont hesout her nsi deoft hedwel l i ng. Thi s,however ,maynotcauset he i mmedi at ei ssuesonewoul dt hi nk. Thesef i gur esar ef ort heent i r edwel l i ng, andassuchcool i ngt heent i r evol ume ofspacei sver yst r enuousonan ai r condi t i oner .Thi sdoesnott akei nt o accountt heot heri mpor t antvar i abl ef or cool i ng:vent i l at i on.I nt heDj i l i mbar di ar ea,wi ndsr eachupt o40km/ hi n summer ,cr eat i ngaver yef f ect i vepassi ve cool i ngef f ectwi t hi nt hedwel l i ng,when i ncor por at edwi t hourgabi onwal l i nst al l at i ons.Thi swi l lt her ef or edecr ease t heneedf orel ect r i cpower edcool i ng syst ems,anddecr easet hel oadonour al r eadyspar cepower . Heat i ngal sobecomesofl i t t l econcer n, aswear est i l ldeal i ngwi t h30ยบ Cdaysi n somewi nt ermont hs.


MAPPI NG

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Aspert hechangest ot hef l oorpl ant odealwi t ht hepoorvent i l at i oni nt hepods,sever aldesi gnst r at egi eswer e conduct edt oal l ow gr eat erai rf l ow.Thesewer e: -Aheatst acki nt hecent r eofeachpod( bet weent het wosi des) ,t oal l ow t hemovementofai rupandoutt hr ough t hel ouver satt het opt hest r uct ur es. -Amor ewi del yspr eadoutschemet oi l l umi nat edor mantz oneswi t hi nt hepods -Var i ousl ycl osabl ef eat ur esi neachpod,t omai nt ai ngr eat ercont r olovert hehi ghl evel sofai rmovementi nt hear ea.

FLUI D

EAST

NORTH

SOUTH CLOSED

OPENED

WEST PARTOPENED


FLUI DMAPPI NG

NORTH

NORTHEAST

EAST

SOUTH

SOUTHWEST

WEST

SOUTHEAST

NORTHWEST Aswecansee,t hesechangeshaveel i mi nat ed t hedor mantz onet hatpr evi ousl yexi st edi nt he bedar ea.Thi si sal sohel ped,however ,byt he var i ousopeni ngsyst emsavai l abl e.Thenew spr eadoutpl anal sost opsl ar genegat i vepr essur e z onesf r om f or mi ng,t her ef or ecr eat i ngamor e f l ui df l ow ofnat ur alvent i l at i ont hr oughoutt he sl eepi ngar eas,neededgr eat l yi nt hesummer mont hs.

PODSECTI ONS

60


61

TESTANDREFI NE

ENERGY

Aspert hepr evi ousdesi gn’ sr esul t s,manymat er i al sandsi z eswer echanged.Al t hough t hesewer enoti ndi r ectr el at i onwi t ht heEmbodi edener gyr esul t s,wewi l lst i l lt estt hem and seei fanydi f f er encehasbeenmadet ot hecar bonl evel spr oduced

EMBODI ED

Ther ef or e,f ort henew dwel l i ngt obepr oduced,at ot alof2237130. 194GJofener gywi l lbe expended.Thi s,f oronet hi ng,i svast l yl ar gert hanourpr evi ousdesi gn’ sEmbodi edEner gy , yett hi si smai nl yduet ot hei ncr easedneedf orPVcel l st ot akeupt heent i r er oofar ea. Wi t houtt hi s,wehaveapot ent i alt onotcr eat eenoughpowert ocr eat eacomf or t abl el i vi ng space.Thatasi de,t her ear emaj ori mpr ovement si nt her estoft hemat er i al s,ast heyhave beenmassi vel yr educedi nsi z e.Thenew r oofsuppor tst eeli snow onl yusi ng5242. 08GJof ener gy ,asopposedt ot he10121. 7168GJf i gur eoft hepr evi ousdesi gn.Themostsur pr i si ng f i gur ei nt hesecal cul at i ons,i twoul dseem,i st hatwoodvar ni shuses50GJofener gyperm² . Yetwi t houti t ,decki ngwoul dsuf f erhi gheramount sofdamagef r om t heel ement s,andi t s bui l di ngl i f ecycl ewoul dbef arshor t er .Thi swoul dmeanhavi ngt or epl acet heent i r edeck, af arl esscostconsci ousopt i on.


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THANKYOU

Eco-Domus