How Is Asthma Treated and Controlled Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the bronchus which can be characterized according to variable and recurring symptoms such as reversible airflow obstruction, and bronchospasm. Some common symptoms also include shortness of breath, coughing, tightness in chest and wheezing due to pus like substance known as eosinophil which appears because of high levels of white blood cells. Asthma can be caused due to a combination of various environmental and genetic factors. There are some other health conditions also that occur frequently associated with asthma including psychological disorders such as anxiety disorders and mood disorders. The diagnosis of this disease is typically based upon the pattern and history of the symptoms. Asthma can be characterised by inflammation due to the production of sticky secretions inside the bronchial tubes. People experiences the symptoms of asthma when airways inflame, tighten and fill with sputum (mucus). Some common symptoms include: Wheezing Tightness in chest Pain or pressure in chest Coughing, especially in night Shortness of breath Feeling tired or weak while exercising Trouble while sleeping By knowing about the patient's asthma symptoms can help doctor to make an accurate diagnosis and to give the prescription of the most effective treatment. The patient should learn more about lung or pulmonary function tests and different other tests used for allergy and asthma that may done by the doctor to make asthma diagnosis. Tests that your doctor may perform for diagnosing asthma: Allergy tests for asthma Physical exam: Examine the nose and throat Examine the upper airways (upper respiratory tract) Using stethoscope to listen breathing to check wheezing(high pitched whistling sounds while breathing out) which is one of the common signs of asthma Examine the skin for the signs of allergic conditions Pulmonary function tests Prepare a step by step plan with your doctor in order to prevent asthma attacks and to live with your condition. Here are some measures u can take to prevent asthma: Avoid smoking Vacuum regularly around your home to prevent dust mites to come through Try to make your environment allergy proof Diet for Asthma There is no such diet which will eliminate your symptoms. But here are some steps which may help: Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables containing vitamin C and E as they are good source of antioxidants. Asthma patients usually have low levels of vitamin D, take milk, eggs, fish such as salmon
contains vitamin D Avoid consumption of sulphites which can be found in wine, dried fruits, pickles and some other fruits Avoid consumption of foods that may cause allergy. Eat to maintain a healthy weight because getting overweight can leads to worsen asthma. Causes of Asthma There are many causes of asthma. About 300 million people in the world are affected by asthma. People of all ages suffer from asthma but in most cases it starts in childhood. Below are some causes of asthma. Allergies: In most cases the asthma sufferers have allergies. The airway inflammation which is associated with asthma is often causes by the antibodies in the blood which are triggered by allergic reactions. Allergies are causes of asthma attacks. Some common allergens which you may be exposed indoors are animal protein, fungi, molds, dust mites, and cockroaches. About 25% people who suffer from hay fever also end up developing asthma. Asthma in Children: Asthma is one of the most chronic diseases among children. Children which have low birth weight and are exposed to tobacco smoke end up developing asthma. In children the symptoms of asthma like wheezing and respiratory infections start when they are around 5 years of age.
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