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1 RESIDENCIAL LAS HUERTAS Sonia Basurto, Melani Abella, Laura Lizcano

01. LOCATION The site is located on the Cape of Cope near the small town of Calabardina. A residential nucleus belonging to the municipality of Aguilas, Murcia. To the north of the site is the nature reserve of Cabo Cope and Punta de Calnegre, a natural area that protects a band of 17 km of virgin coast, along the bay of Mazarrรณn. It has 6 terrestrial and 3 marine habitats of great interest, making it a natural place of great value. The beach of Cope, located just 10 meters from the site, is part of this place in conjunction with the small mountain located to the south, called Cocรณn de Cope. In this way the entire north, east and south of the site is surrounded by a natural landscape. In the western area of the site is the municipality of Calabardina and the main tra ic connection in the area. It is an area of little in lux of tourists because it is located far from large urban centers, plus the usable beach area is small enough to be part of a major tourism core.

Referencia- Casa Ibiza

02. CONCEPT The concept for this project is based on the creation of a residential complex for the elderly in a natural environment. The creation of individual dwellings is proposed, but they are related through the space of connection between them. This is based on the concept of small Ibizan cities, with small buildings, painted white and with large areas of shade.

PROJECT IDEAS

N

Orientation of the building (E)

Opening to selected views

Spreading the volume for a better viuw

Clay with cement as main material

In the middle the common area

Repetition of modules that can be expanded

SEA

HEALTHY IDEAS

Alingment to the wind

Clay with cement to balance the temperature

Vegetation around each apartment

Low energy consumption

Cross ventilation

Projections for shadowing

SUN LIGHT

BUILDING COMFORT Addition of cantilever

Fan shape to apply the views

Sea views

Stabilization of the inner temperature

WIND


2 RESIDENCIAL LAS HUERTAS SONIA BASURTO, MELANI ABELLA, LAURA LIZCANO

03. ANALYSIS Operating Schedule HVAC Roof Construction WWR - Western Walls WWR - Southern Walls

1000

15 - 30 % 0%

Wall Construction

R2 CMU

WWR - Northern Walls

15 - 30 %

Window Glass - South

-

FORMIT

WWR - Eastern Walls Window Shades - West Window Shades - South

RESULTS

Area 50 sq m

2,78 â‚Ź /sq m /yr

80 - 90 % 1/4 - 1/6 Win. Height -

Window Glass - North

Trp LoE

Window Glass - East

Trp LoE

Infiltration

0,4 ACH

Benchmark Comparison EUR/sq m/yr

R19

Trp LoE

2000 kWh/sq m

Through a basic form of the building, the Formit program analyzes the amount of solar energy received by each face of the building throughout the year, this is very useful when it comes to guiding the volume.

High Eff. VAV

Window Glass - West

Sun radiation 500

24 / 7

Window Shades - North

1/2 Win. Height

Window Shades - East

2/3 Win. Height

TOTAL 139â‚Ź / yr

Insight Options In order from most to least importance

INSIGHT Expanding the information with the Insight program, we made a first approximation to the different characteristic values that modify the costs of the building.

CLIMATED CONSULTANT The first analysis is done through Climated Consultant, where the climatic data of the area is obtained over a year, as well as different constructive recommendations related to passive comfort strategies.

04. VALIDATION OF DESIGNS For the validation of the different designs and changes, we have used the Sefaira program, based on a bim model of the building.

Energy Use Intensity

Energy Segments

Energy Use Intensity

Energy Segments

Energy Use Intensity

Energy Segments

kWh/sq m/yr

kWh/yr

kWh/sq m/yr

kWh/yr

kWh/sq m/yr

kWh/yr

2013

37

Actual

49

Daylighting % of floor area (annual)

Underlit Well Lit Overlit

Heating Cooling Lighting Equipment Fans Pumps

468 269 1017 636 174 93

27 26 47

To protect the interior from direct sunlight excessively, and not having protected holes that allow the entry of reflected light, lighting consumption is excessively high. SOLUTION: Necessarily you have to make physical changes in the design.

2013

37

Actual

46

Daylighting % of floor area (annual)

Underlit Well Lit Overlit

Heating Cooling Lighting Equipment Fans Pumps

308 694 804 804 246 242

0 18 82

In this new design, holes are created oriented to the East that are protected moving towards the inside allowing the entry of reflected light. These gaps are too broad, increasing the cost of air conditioning and in turn the rest of the house does not have natural lighting so the consumption of light also rises.

2013

37

Actual

57

Daylighting % of floor area (annual)

Underlit Well Lit Overlit

Heating Cooling Lighting Equipment Fans Pumps

1

kWh/sq m/yr

412 461 1403 702 275 150

Made by the team in Amsterdam

2013

37

Actual

45

Energy Segments kWh/yr

57 10 33

Daylighting % of floor area (annual)

Underlit Well Lit Overlit

In this case, the house is very protected from the sun, which, as we have already seen, increases the consumption of lighting. In addition, the minimum illumination percentage required is not met.

14 47 39

Heating Cooling Lighting Equipment Fans Pumps

257 1487 487 423 396 354

In the first form, the values displayed reflect the need to protect the facades outside because the higher spending is cooling. The holes are protected so that the minimum illumination percentage is met.

SOLUTION: Necessarily you have to make physical changes in the design.

SOLUTION: Necessarily you have to make physical changes in the design. FIRST DESING

Energy Use Intensity

SOLUTION: Protect the facades. THIRD DESING

SECOND DESING Made by the team

Made by Andrew Yeats

2

Energy Use Intensity kWh/sq m/yr

2013

37

Actual

31

Energy Segments kWh/yr

Daylighting % of floor area (annual)

Underlit Well Lit Overlit

14 51 35

Heating Cooling Lighting Equipment Fans Pumps

448 1185 444 426 385 355

It is proposed to increase the roof overhang and extract volumes from the house in such a way as to generate shadows on the adjacent facades. The cost of air conditioning decreases but remains high. SOLUTION: the incorporation of passive ventilation strategies in the home that reduce the need for mechanical equipment will be necessary. FINAL DESING Made by Sonia Basurto


3 RESIDENCIAL LAS HUERTAS SONIA BASURTO, MELANI ABELLA, LAURA LIZCANO

05. FINAL DESING

BATHROOM 4 m2

NORTH ELEVATION

VEGETATION

LIVING + KITCHEN 25,55 m

The large vegetation is located in the western area to provide shade to the buildings.

AREAS BETWEEN HOUSING Outdoor and shaded areas, to go out, rest or interact. They are public areas of relationship close to homes.

SOUTH ELEVATION BATHROOM 3,70 m2

BEDROOM 8, 20 m2

N EAST ELEVATION

FLOOR PLANT

COMMON AREA Building provided with all services, both medical and socialization. It has a common dining room and multifunctional rooms.

The final design is based on a fan shape that opens the interior of the house to the sea, allowing the morning light to illuminate all the rooms of the house. On the south and west faรงades, it avoids the opening of gaps and creates volumes of the building that come out to cast shadow on itself and protect the gaps.

WEST ELEVATION

The roof flies over the entire perimeter of the house and protects the faรงade from direct solar incidence.

HOUSING FOR DISABLED In the area closest to the central building, there are houses adapted for the disabled.

HOUSING FOR ABLED The most remote homes are made for people who can take care of themselves but are looking for a place where they can be looked after.

BIOCLIMATIC SECTION

Taking advantage of the air currents that come from the sea, the dynamics of the Venturi effect is used to extract the air from the interior of the house without the need of any mechanical system. Through the false ceiling, the air is allowed to enter, which by suction extracts the air from inside the house allowing it to be renewed by fresh and clean air.

N

BIOCLIMATIC SECTION

5TH - HEALTHY HOUSING  
5TH - HEALTHY HOUSING  
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