The Things We Can Share in the Metropolis
INFRASTRUCTURE AS A CIRCULATING NETWORK
COMMUNITY PATH IN SCHOOL
The Things We Can Share in the Metropolis Architecture cannot be separated from the city; thus, it widely affects life of every being in the city. Seoul went from being the capital of one of the world's poorest nations to one of the wealthiest. However, that rapid growth was accompanied by serious socio-economic issues, such as reckless demolition of less developed areas, loss and destruction of traditional values, and constant conflict among people. In an attempt to resist the unmitigated march to "progress" and modernity, I sought to apply "New Urbanism," an urban design movement that promotes community life and walkability in the city, to Seoul. This concept was presented with the theme "The Things We Can Share in the Metropolis" in order to regenerate Seoul by offering architectural approaches of sharing not only the physical elements of the cityâ€”such as infrastructures, paths, and public buildingsâ€”but also its history and culture as integral parts of the city as a whole.
Y, TODAY, TOMORROW HOUSE
MR.BAE'S FACTORY HOUSE
A BUILDING AS A CULTURAL CONDENSER
SCHOOL AS A NEIGHBORHOOD UNIT
EULGIRO CIRCLE LINE
Sharing Map of Seoul
04 PATH Community Path in School
School as a Neighborhood Unit
Mr.Bae’s Factory House
Infrastructure as a Circulating Network
A Building as a Culture Condenser
Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow House
SCHOOL School as a Neighborhood Unit Graduation Thesis project/ KIA international competition
Grand Prize - Personal work / Academic work - Exhibited at Asian Culture Complex & Jeju Art Complex - Published at Archiworld , Architecture megazine Professor_ Kim Jong Hun Jury_Lee Chung Kee, Cho Nam Ho, Yoon Seung Hyun, Lee Min Ah, Kim Dong Jin, Chun Sook Hee, Han Seung Hoon, Jeong Jae Eun Duration_ 2014.06 - 11
Change of birth rate
Change of the number of Students 500
High school 2005
Public Building in the Metropolis: School Seoul does not have enough spaces for communities because of high density and high land price. When we look at the aerial view of Seoul, schools are unique voids in it. Therefore, by reorganizing programs and renovating existing schools, communities can be created in each neighborhood without purchasing land and increasing density in the city. At the same time, the radical decrease in the birth rate and in the number of students have created many empty spaces in schools. Some schools have even been closed. By using these abandoned spaces, we can take advantage of them in the community.
School as a Neighborhood Unit The "Neighborhood Unit" was designed by Clarence Perry as a framework for urban planners attempting to design functional, self-contained and desirable neighborhoods in the early 20th century. In this concept, the school is the center of a community. However, in Seoul, schools are so exclusive to their neighbors that they cannot act as community. If we open schools to the public after class and reorganize public programs that can be shared with neighbors, schools can recover their neighborhood function.
Let's meet at library after class!
Let's exercise together!
Long time no see!
My works on exhibition in the gallery!
How was your class today?
Community Network Through openning existing schools to the public and supplementing public programs, each school will have a distinguished characteristics and form a community network between schools in this neighborhood.
1. Kindergarten 2. Gymnasium 3. Senior center 4. Kindergarten 5. Swimming pool 6. Community center 7. Cafeteria 8. Gymnasium 9. Computer room 10. Supermarket 11. Fitness center 12. Auditorium 13. Study room 14. Seminar room 15. Public library
School as a Neighborhod Unit
When we draw a 600m diameter circle with school as its center, most of the areas are covered in Seoul. It indicates that improvement of community based on school makes it possible for most neighborhoods to have a local community center within walking distance. Walkable Neighborhod Unit
Process of forming city based on "Neighborhood Unit" by Clarence Perry
Process of recovering community based on "School as a Neighborhood Unit"
Mapping of "Walkable Neighborhood Unit" in Seoul city
Attaching children's library and making
Removing surrounded fences and offering
Expanding a huge deck from school level
sunken hall make people freely approach
programs such as gym and cafeteria in
can integrate existing school programs and
programs and recover relationships between
school can restore the relationship between
attached programs. All these programs are
neighborhood park and them.
apartment, school, and stream.
linked with multi-layered pedestrian path.
Make sunken entrance & Attach program
Removing fence & Attach programs
Integrated atrium hall
1. Gymnasium 2. Chidren library 3. Senior center
Sunken public path with diverse programs such
as kindergarten and senior center for the public,
5. Tennis court 6. Swimming pool 7. Community forest 8. Community center
disconnected relationship between school, stream, apartment complex can be restored and become a community path in this neighborhood.
+ 0 level - 4000 level
- 4000 1. Gymnasium 2. Chidren library 3. Nursing center 4. Kindergarten 5. Tennis court 6. Swimming pool 7. Community forest 8. Convenient store
2. Gymnasium 3. Cafeteria 4. Auditorium 5. Existing school 6. Atrium
Inserting atrium in between two volumes and making this space as a hall, public programs can be integrated. Therefore, neighbors can use these programs independently without interference of school's atmosphere.
1. Public library 2. Gymnasium 3. Cafeteria 4. Auditorium 5. Program core 6. Expanded aisle
Ground level plan 1. Gymnasium 2. Public hall
Public parking lot
3. Cafeteria 4. Auditorium 5. Existing classroom 6. Program & circulatin core
Attached hall concept diagram
By expanding huge deck from the exisiting school level and linking all programs with multilayered circulation, this school can act as public community without interference of school's atmosphere.
Deck level +5000 +5000
Exploded diagram Ground level +0
1. Attached hall 2. Senior center
4. Art class room 5. Security 6. Open lecture hall 7. Seminar room 8. Auditorium hall 9. Study room 10. Public library 01ă…ŁContents
1. Gallery tower 2. Cafeteria 3. Gallery 4. Attached hall 5. Existing school
1. Auditorium 2. Senior center 3. Multi purpose room 4. Community gallery 5. Open lecture hall 6. Public library 7. Study room
Son Jihun l 02
INFRASTRUCTURE Infrastructure as a Circulating Network Personal work / Academic work Trip around Eulgiro Circle Line by bicycle (48.8km) Professor_ Kim Kwan soo Critic_ Kim Kwan Soo, Choi Choon Woong, Kim Il Hyun Duration_ 2012.03 - 06
Financial independence rate per district
Infrastructure in the Metropolis Infrastructure, especially subways, is a main means of transportation in the metropolis. However, since the subway system was established without deep consideration of relationship between urban contexts and infrastructures, it engendered huge physical thresholds and economic boundaries.
Eulgiro Circle Line and Blurring Boundaries Eulgiro Circle Line is the busiest and the longest circle line in Seoul city. However, hasty development plan of Eulgiro circle line in the1970s erected many physical and economic boundaries between the inner and outer city. The project compensates for the lack of public facilities in each station and restores the urban relationship between segregated districts. This approach can finally make a huge public ring that blurs the boundaries between inner and outer city by supplementing diverse community programs and forming an information network and logistics network.
Putting a hat on existing station Through covering existing station with structure, spaces underneath and between overpasses can be facilitated to connect two districts.
Infrastructure as a Circulating Network Culture landmark University / College Public library Core station Range of delivery Network
Subway Logistics Network
Local Community Network
Core stations play a part role to deliver
Core stations will include public libraries
Supplemented community programs in each
goods. Logistics will be transported by the
having network with the local and university
station can form a complex community.
subway to core stations. Then, core station
libraries. By using subway, their information
Therefore, people can enjoy diverse
will distribute them to the destination.
and data can be shared and distributed.
programs and activities in each station.
Core stations for blurring boundaries HAN RIVER Project site
Unfolded Eulgio Circle line
Hanyang Univ. station
Railway Regnerable space Circulating network
Railway INNER CITY
Metro station OUTER CITY
Shinrim Arcade Overpass
01 Present situation
02 Urban interface
03 Public linkage
01 Local community Platform Ground level platform that connects between inner city and outer city. 02 Culture Platform Cultural programs integrate station with programs and form information network. 03 Turnstile platform Platform that connects each lane. 04 Platform Existing platform that people can take a subway.
3 Daylighting area Vertical core
Making voids based on ground level flow
1. Post office 2. Kindergarten 3. Senior center 4. Commercial
Daylighting through voids
5. Cafeteria 6. Library office 7. Commercial
Inserting vertical core
01 Regenerable space 02 Arranging public programs based on urban flows 03 Inserting vertical circulation between overpasses. 04 Zoning community programs with public hall 01
01 Present condition Overpasses seperates the relationships between two districts, however, they have a potential to be 01
regenrated by using underneath overpasses.
Transparent skin Vertical circulation Community program
02 Blurring boundary between inner and outer city Through inserting community programs in regenerable space, the relationship between two districts can be restored. 02
Local Community Platform Plan Dorim stream
Logistics / Parking lot
Book rental kiosk
1. Culture hall 2. Post office/ delivery 3. Library hall 4. Library office 5. Public hall 6. Kindergarten 7. Cafeteria 8. Senior center 9. Senior hall 10. Commercial
Daylighting & Connection Structure with transparent skin facilitate programmatic expansion and daylighting in the station. Therefore public programs such as library and theater can be supplemented and they will play a vital role for station to play a community role and connect segregated districts.
Station as a connecting neighbors Diverse sections of this station show various methods of connecting two districts. Programmatic supplementation and both underneath overpasses and station make diverse urban spaces and community path that make negibors to go through and form a community.
Demolished by Japanese invasion
- Collaborative work as a leader with 2members - Exhibited at DDP during DOCOMOMO World Conference - Published at C3 , Architecture megazine
Grand Prize / Ministerâ€™s Award
DOCOMOMO Korea competition
Jury_Joh Sung Young, Song Ha Yub, Kim Chang Gyun, Oh Seom Hoon, Jung Seok, Lee Kwan Jik Duration_ 2014.06 - 09 Team members_ Moon Jaewon, Kim youngmi
The city has been formed by the passage of time. However, with radical progress and pursuit of economic benefit, many buildings have been demolished and replaced by generic buildings without deep consideration for the historic value of the buildings. As a result, cities are becoming standardized. I call this situation a "Time-fragmented city."
Time Organism A "Time Organism" is an architectural and urban proposal for regenerating the city based on historical modern buildings, Seun Sang-ga . It proposes a new method of preserving time value and revitalizing backward neighborhoods based on historical architecture. Unlike the traditional redevelopment process, this "Time Organism" links the past to the future. With this approach, we can keep traditional cultural memory and envision future urban environment that reflects the passage of time.
Demolished by Japanese eviction
Time in the Metropolis: "Time-fragmented City"
Bird eye view of Seun Sang-ga
Japanese envoy's residence
Seun Sang-ga 2015 Compulsory eviction
1995 Being designated as a UNESCO
Hybrid industry complex
2003 Kukdo hotel
2001 Taken over by church
2015 Disposed for rebuilding
2010 Remodeled facade
TIME ORGANISM Recession of manufacturing industry
2009 Theater closed
1990 Change into middle school
1984 Repurpose as a electronic market
1979 Built a new district office
1982 Kyungdong Church 1984 Olympic stdium
1971 Keuk dong theater
1963 Being designated as a historical landmark
1968 SEUN SANG-GA
1968 Seun Sang-ga 1971 2nd in Pompidou competition 1976 Korea Assembly
1961 ADENE theater
1954 Renamed as Kukdo theater
1974 Specialized Printing industry
1964 Freedom center
1945 Elementary school
1931 Hilltop pavilion
1943 Established district range
1914 Japanese theater
1910 Elementary schoo l for Japanese
Japanese Imperialism 1990 2003 2010
Recession of manufacturing industry Restoration of Chunggae stream Partial Demolition
Seun Sang-ga â€™s 1.2km length of building has blocked the flow of city for a long time. As a result, meaningful places such as historical sites and invaluable modern buildings have engendered around this district. Physical characters of Seun Sang-ga , like elevated road and underneath overpasses, meaningful places can be linked with them. As time passes, meaningful places will be continuously engendered and proliferate
Seun Sang-ga 's body.
Public territorialization The public territorialization of the Seun Sang-ga can be achieved by transforming road for car underneath overpass into pedestrian path and proliferating both deck level and ground level based on meaningful places.
1. Asean theater By exposing existing theater, it can become outdoor theater for the public. Also, inserting vertical circulation in this building enable to link ground level.
2. Seoul parking lot By embeding parking lot into basement space of Seun Sang-ga, this space can be used for making studio and logistics service related to existing industries.
3. Kukdo theater Providing theater museum and outdoor theater in abandone space, it is possible for people commemorate and keep historical meaning in spite of its demolition.
4. Dong pyong gwan By blurring boundary of middle school and recovering relationship existing programs, this place can become mixed-use programs as well as commemorate historic value.
5. Jung-gu district office By extracting civil service programs from district office and scattering them, Jung-gu district office can set a foundation for additional expansion to westward.
6. Keuk Dong theater By attaching programs into existing building and linking them with elevated road of Seun, people will enable to commemorate its historical meaning.
Deck level view / Jung-gu district office
Deck level view / Seoul parking lot
Deck level view / Asean theater
Compound Body of Seun Sang-ga First compound body of Seun Sang-ga will be created by linking 6 meaninful places. In this phase, meaningful places are preserved and relating programs will be supplemented. This apporach can preserve district's histrocial meaning and preventing city from
Seoul parking lot
Partial demolition site In 2010, according to re-development plan of Seun Sang-ga, the front part of Seun Sang-ga was demolished. This part will use for commemorating park.
Ground level view / Seoul parking lot
Ground level view / Asean Theater
Seoul parking lot
1. Vertical library
1. Making studio
2. Asean gallery
3. Exposed theater
3. Logistics service 4. Auditorium
3 1 1
Ground level view / Dong Pyong Gwan
Ground level view / Jung -gu district office
Ground level plan
1. Vertical library
8. Public bath
2. City museum
9. Civil service
3. Making studio
10. Study room
4. Logistics service
5. Making studio
6. Industry library
13. Film studio/archive
7. Outdoor theater 0
Keuk dong theater 1. Keukdong theater 2. Practice room 3. Attached hall 4. Film studio / museum
2 3 1
Ground level view / Keuk-dong theater
PATH Community Path in School 3rd grade studio work - Personal work / Academic work Professor_ Chun Dong Hoon Critic_Chun Dong Hoon, Jeong Jae Heon Duration_ 2014.06 - 11
Inserting Paths in Blocks
Path in the Metropolis The path links neighborhoods. In the past, a vigorous community among neighbors was found on the path. For example, children played there, and street market was held there, so there was always energy and activity on the path. However, as the city was developed, the flow of paths has been broken by huge buildings.
Community Path in School "Community path in school" is an architectural and urban proposal for recovering the flow of paths in the city. It proposes to insert a path that connects the city to the park and that preserves the continuity of the pedestrian path network. In addition, by arranging public spaces such as auditorium, library, and gym along this path, it can act as community path by enhancing public accommodation in the neighborhood. I believe that inserting a pedestrian path in buildings which are over a certain volume can prevent the segregation of a pedestrian path network in the city.
1. Cafeteria, 2. Gymnasium, 3. Library, 4. Auditorium, 5. Club activity rooms
A -Served space B - Servant space
Arrange public programs
Arrange functional programs
By inserting pedestrian path in school, the
The arrangement of public programs
By locating functional programs above
relationship between park and main road
along pedestrian path enable it to be a
public programs, class atmosphere can be
can be restored.
community path for neighbors.
Classroom Floor Plan 1. Gymnasium 2. Teacher's room 3. Special subject classroom 4. Subject room 5. Library 6. Computer room 7. Classroom
Community path Section 0
West elevation 20m
1. Teacherâ€™s room 2. Home base 3. Library 4. Machine room 5. Classroom
INDIVIDUAL Mr. Baeâ€™s Factory House 2014 Junglim Architecture Awards
Grand Prize - Collaborative work as a co-leader with one member Jury_ Kim Chan Joong(Architect), Lee Hye Sun(Industrial Designer), Kim Hong Joong(Sociologist) Duration_ 2014.01 - 03 Team member_ Shin Tae Seop
Became an engineer in 'Dae-ryung' engineering
Came up to Seoul
An apprentice to 'Young-Sung' textile company for 6 years
Advancement of electric
Individual in the Metropolis As technology has advanced, the role of individual in the city has changed. After the Industrial Revolution and the mass production system prevailed, consumers were clearly distinguished from producers. As the internet made it possible for individuals to connect with unspecified individuals, the individual could be a consumer and producer of information and data at the same time. Now, we are facing the 3D printer revolution. This revolution can cause a tremendous change in the role of the individual and aspect of life in society.
Working in 'Shin-jin' engineering for 6 months
Decline of textile industry
Opened own factory with 3 co-workers
cal & electronic industry
Moving into ‘Yue-il’ engineering treated as a best engineer in district
Working in ‘Sun-il’ as a engineer with 5 apprentices
Advancement of service industry
58m3 Factoryâ€™s adaptation in change of industry The change of industry and decline in manufacturing industry lead to change using pattern of his factory. When 3 co-workers worked together, 34m3 co-working area was mainly used. However, Mr.Bae produce by himeself today.
Therefore, Mr. Bae spends most of his time in 24m3 among 58m3 factory.
Present 58m3 Factory
Mobile Space System
Transformation of space
24m3 Mr.Bae's house
30m3 Communal factory house
24m3 Personal factory
37m3 Workshop factory house
58m3 market factory house
Mobile Customization Mr. Bae's factory will customize public needs and move based on them. This will be called Mobile Customization . By extending and contracting space, market, communal making, and workshop can take place in his mobile factory house. 18m3
0 - 34m3
44m3 38m3 24m3
0m3 Commuting for production
Newspaper & resting
3D printer with p
Lunch with co-workers
Sleeping & Resting
BUILDING A Building as a Cultural Condenser Temporary Cultural Community in building under trial - Project group Antenna Lab work - Leader & Co-founder of Antenna lab Duration_ 2011.06 - 08 Team members : Lee Hye Jine, Song Yun Mi, Kim Young Mi, Ahn Doo Hyun
2011.06 Under trial on conflict between two owners
After court decision
Conflict between two owners
Threatening by demolishing building
Occupied by Antenna Lab
Sudden eviction after court decision
A Building as a Cultural Condenser "A Building as a Cultural Condenser" is an architectural and urban experimental project for improving cultural community in the urban area. Our group, Antenna lab , proposes to offer cultural programs such as artists' residency and multi-purpose room that can accommodate diverse activities like exhibitions and public lectures. In fact, this building site has been named a "Cultural street for the Young." However, entertainment establishments are mainly found on this street instead of cultural programs. Therefore, we hoped that this building would be a cultural space worthy of its name. An art market and exhibition and lectures by artists were held in this building. As a result, this experiment show the potential for an individual building to have a community role in this city.
1. Disassembling existing steel units 2. Removing celing finishing material 3. Installing rail 4. Combination of steel units 5. Hanging units on the rail
Conflicting area Removing wall
Steel frame unit Before Antenna Lab 's occupation, this building was used for clothing store. Therefore, a lot of 1200 x 1200, and 1200 x 450 steel frames were remained. By installing rail on the ceiling and made these modules rotate, flexible spaces for diverse activities can be achieved.
Studio / Exhibition
Seminar/ Studio / Exhibition
Performance / Lecture
This art marketâ€™s purpose was to allow people to appreciate artworks more commonly and accessibly. Residency artists participate in this program and exhibited their artworks done in this building and sold them to the public.
Plan of Gumung Gage art market
Art market _ "Mom and Pop store"
The exhibition "Showing battle" was to show conflict between two owners and between development and preservation. Our group and artists including local artists took part in this exhibition and expressed their perspective on this circumstance.
Plan of 'Showing battle' exhibition
Exhibiton_ "Showing Battle"
HOUSE Yesterday,Today, Tomorrow House Rehabilitating an abandoned house into a Community Center - Project group Antenna Lab work - Leader & Co-founder of Antenna Lab - Published at Architecture & Culture , Architecture megazine Duration_ 2010.12 - 02 Team member : Lee Hye Jine, Song Yunmi, Yun Won Young, Lee Hye Sung
Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow House "Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow House" is an collaborative and experimental project that was done with students in diverse fields including social science and art for improving community and the living environment in the shanty town. Our group resided in this village for 3 months and proposed a Temporary Community Center by renovating an abandoned house. There has been a lack of communication among the residents in this village. This is because there are not enough spaces for people to gather and to interact with their neighbors. Therefore, we propose diverse programs for both the young and the old such as housewarmings, exhibitions, and a childrenâ€™s architecture class so that they can get together. As a result, this house could be a community center in the village even after we left this village.
Advertisement of Children architecture class
1/10 - 13 Kitchen table & Stove
Distributing rice cake for greeting
1. Model production room for Team 1 2. Model production room for Team 2 3. Model production room for Team 3 / Audio visual room 4. Study room
1. Kitchen 2. Living room 3. House warming room
Visiting head of village & Redevelopment union
22nd - 27th January, 2012
Children Architecture School
15th January , 2012
Antenna Labâ€™s inhabitation in Antvillage
Table for Architecture Class
2/19 - 27
EXHIBITION OPENING - Showing collected data at Ant village - Imagine future "Ant village" together
Reception desk for exhibition
Advertisement of Exhibition
2/1 - 2/8
2nd week Children Architecture Class - Imagine Ant village's future - Model making of future village
1st week Children Architecture Class - Learning about Neighborhood - Field trip at Ant village and taking pictures
19th - 27th Feburary, 2012
1. Reception desk & Outdoor exhibition 2. Hall 3-7 Exhibition room
Children's Architecture Class
House Warming was to introduce our project and to greet to residents of this village. Moreover, we intended to study the history of this village from them.
Children's Architecture Class was to envision this viallgeâ€™s future on childrenâ€™s view. Based on learning about neighborhood in 1st week, Children made future model of this village in 2nd week.
Exhibition was to express our view on this village with artworks by using collected data. Individual of our group selected particular objects at this village and collected them during project period.
The Black City Dog's View on the City Short Novel , p42, 2013
In Korea, stray dogs are usually remained in piles of ruin in the re-development area. Then, dog hunters catch them and sell for edible purpose. This is an usual fate of stray dogs. In this short novel, I want to view continuous demolishing and replacing city on dog's perspective. All color of the city is only white and black, he is a pure nature who cannot recognize his fate in merciless modern city.