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Intersolar India 2017 Special

Volume 07. l Issue 11

November 2017

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Solar Quarter • November 2017 2

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India’s Most Read Solar Energy Magazine


To book your space in the upcoming issue, please contact: Vikas Khadtale / Vipul Gulati T: +91 + 8850567539 / 9920917193  E:

Exclusive Interviews

Mr. Rajya Wardhan Ghei Chief Executive Officer, India Hindustan Cleanenergy Limited

Mr. Sandeep Bhattacharya India Projects Manager Climate Bonds Initiative



News At Glance

Company Feature

� Indian

� Proinso.........................................................................................

News .............................................................................. 04

� International

News.................................................................. 06

Industry Insights � Will

we achieve 100% renewables by 2050?................. 35

� Harvesting

the sun for power and produce – agrophotovoltaics increases the land use efficiency by over 60 percent............................... 37

Dr. Sunil Rathi - Director Sales & Marketing Waaree Energies Ltd.


� The

Global Solar Story So Far: 2000 - 2017 Brief Flashback ................................................................................... 32 Creation in the Photovoltaic Sector .................... 66


Global Insight � Technical

experts from SGCC to support IRENA’s activities in Africa, Central America and Southeast Asia.......................................................................... 49

� Goldi

Green................................................................................ 38

� Insolation

� Huawei � BKC

................................................................................... 39

......................................................................................... 40

� Sineng

....................................................................................... 42

.............................................................................................. 43

� Meco

� Which

RE Sector will see Maximum Investment in Next 5 years?........................................................................ 20

22 � Cleatech Solar........................................................................... 22 � Excelsior.......................................................................................

Infographics � On

Pages..................................................................................... 46


Product Feature


Do The Opportunities Lie In The Indian PV Sector ................................................................................... 30

� Vaisala

ISE Pushes World Record for Multicrystalline Silicon Solar Cells to 22.3 Percent..... 42

Mr. Vasan Ramasubramaniyam Managing Director & CEO, Prettl India Pvt Ltd

� Where

� Value

� Fraunhofer

Dr. Gundu Sabde Chairman and Managing Director, Relyon


Tech Insights - The Unknown Risks Of Using Monthly Average Resource Data In Photovoltaic Project Design........................................................................... 36


44 � Navitas......................................................................................... 45 � Avi Solar...................................................................................... 47

.......................................................................................... 51

Industry Perspective


� 50

Most Powerful CFOs In The

Solar Industry.................................................................. 28-29

Featured Coverage � Ecoforge

Advisors.................................................................... 17

� Panduit.........................................................................................

Publishing: Vijay Kumar


Editor: Varun Gulati

Circulation : Chandan Gupta

Mr. Vivek Mishra Executive Director, Meghraj Capital Advisors Private Limited

Mr. Rahul Goswami Managing Director, Greenstone Investment Bank

Editorial: Neha Barangali Sanjana Kamble Nikita Salkar Business Development: Vipul Gulati Vikas Khadtale Meghna Sharma Printing/Processing Vaibhav Enterprises Office: FirstView Media Ventures Pvt. Ltd. S09 - C1, 2nd Floor, Haware Centurion Complex, Nerul (E), Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. 400 706. T: +91 22 2771 7143/50 E:

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Solar Quarter • November 2017 4





Turnkey Solu ons for customer on projects


Minimum Investment Solar Solu ons

Zero Investment Solar Solu ons

END TO END SOLAR EXPERTISE Site Visit and Feasibility Studies Global Presence

Term Sheet / Contract Signing Execu on Plan / Material Tracker

End to End Solu ons


Civil Work Structure Erec on & Module Moun ng

DC & AC Cabling Invertor & ACDB Moun ng

Performance Guarantee


Earthing & Commissioning






ISO 9001:14001:18001 Cer fied

RAYS POWER INFRA (P) LIMITED Jaipur Delhi Hyderabad Mumbai Gurugram +91-141-4038767 /RaysPowerinfraPLtd

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+91-8955663663 /Rayspowerinfra

Solar Quarter • November 2017 5

Indian News


ndia adds 2,247 MW solar cap in Jul-Sep 2017

India added nearly 2,247 MW of solar capacity during July-September period, registering a 15.40 per cent growth as compared to 1,947 MW added in Q2 of 2017, a recent survey revealed.

China, Taiwan, and Malaysia whose products are around 10% cheaper than locally made ones.


00 Megawatts To Be ReTendered At India’s Largest Solar Power Park


aaleri eyes Fortum’s solar power projects in India

Taaleri Plc has evinced interest in acquiring a stake in Finland’s state-controlled power utility Fortum Oyj’s operational Indian solar power projects, said two people aware of the development.

According to the survey by Mercom Capital, with the

India’s largest solar power park, in Karnataka, will witness

Fortum is present in electricity, heating and cooling

addition of 2,247 MW, the cumulative installed capacity

a re-tendering of 200 megawatts of capacity shortly.

businesses in Nordic and Baltic countries, Russia, Poland

between January-September 2017 stands at 7,149 MW.

The tender was first issued in July 2017 but was withdrawn

and India with €3.6 billion in annual sales. Fortum

“With over 7,149 MW, solar is now the leading new

the following month. The tender was floated to auction

India’s operation has a solar power project portfolio 215

energy source in India, accounting for 39 per cent of total

200 megawatts of capacity in blocks of 50 megawatts

megawatts (MW). Mint reported on 23 October about

new power capacity between January-September 2017

each. The solar power park at Pavagada was planned by

Fortum Oyj hiring Barclays Bank to run the sales process

stands at 7,149 MW.

the Solar Energy Corporation of India in partnership with

to attract growth capital.

the Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited.

Taaleri, whose operations are supervised by the Finnish

energy source in India, accounting for 39 per cent of total

Karnataka will procure electricity generated from the

Financial Supervisory Authority, has three lines of

new power capacity additions in the first nine months of

solar power park through long-term power purchase

businesses—wealth management, financing, and energy.

2017,” the report said.

agreements of 25 years. The solar power park will have an

Also, Taaleri Solar Wind fund is Finland’s first equity fund

eventual installed capacity of 2,700 megawatts.

to invest in overseas green energy assets.

“With over 7,149 MW, solar is now the leading new


early 40% of all new power capacity in India this year is solar The solar energy sector has accounted for the largest capacity addition to the Indian electricity grid so far this year. It has contributed around 39%—over 7,100 megawatts (MW)—to the overall capacity additions, according to data from Mercom Capital Group, a US-based research and consulting firm. For comparison, solar energy capacity additions stood at only around 4,313 MW in all of 2016. In all, the country now has a total solar capacity of around 14.7 gigawatts (GW, 1 GW = 1,000 MW) as of September 2017.



YSAGHT® from Tata BlueScope Steel is recognised as Best Product in Roofing and Cladding by Construction Times Awards 2017

India’s massive effort towards renewable energy has resulted in considerable drop in solar price and the

LYSAGHT® from Tata BlueScope Steel

country now believes that the solar power is cheaper than

was announced as winner for Best

coal without subsidy, US lawmakers have been told.

Product category under Roofing and

“I was really struck by just the transition in this single year

Cladding by Construction Times Awards

between April and June, driven I think by decisions in India

2017. The award was jointly given by Mr.

related to that dropping price,” influential Senator Jeff

Shyam Raj Prasad - Commissioner Central

Merkley said during a Congressional hearing last week.

GST & Central Excise and Prof.MN Sreehari - Advisor to Governor for State Traffic, Transport and Infrastructure; Karnataka, at a ceremony held in Mumbai on 7th October 2017, in

olar Energy Becomes Largest Source of New Electricity Capacity in India

recognition for its Contribution to

The solar sector has surpassed coal as the largest

Industry experts; the Construction

generator of new electricity in India, accounting for 39

Times Awards are one of India’s

percent of new electricity production in 2017, according

highly valued awards, recognising

to new data.

the contribution of the country’s construction and

So far this year, India has added 7,100 megawatts of new


ndia’s effort in renewable energy led to drop in solar price: US

the Construction Industry in India. Chosen by an independent panel of

infrastructure players.

solar electricity capacity, a significant increase over the 4,313 megawatts of solar electricity capacity added in

Merkley said during the hearing on Energy and International Development that because of India’s effort in renewable energy there has been a considerable drop in solar price. He referred to his conversation with Prime Minister Narendra Modi about the transition. “At one point in a conversation with the Prime Minister in India, he was relaying — this is now outdated, but he wanted to reach two-thirds of the 300 million folks in India with electricity from coal—powered plants and a third with renewable,” he said.


orld Bank to provide US$100 million financing for Indian solar parks

India’s government has signed a $98 million loan

2016, according to Mercom Capital Group, a U.S-based

agreement and US$2 million grant agreement with the

research and consulting firm. The expansion of solar

World Bank to support Indian solar parks. The Indian

power generation comes as the government of Prime

Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA) will

Minister Narendra Modi vows to install 175 gigawatts of

be financed by the Shared Infrastructure for Solar Parks

renewable energy by 2022, with 100 gigawatts coming

Project to provide sub-loans to select states to invest in

from solar energy. A recent report has estimated that

various solar parks.

India’s demand for coal will peak in 2027.

The first two solar park projects are located in the state


o help local firms, India may deal another blow to its struggling solar sector

o Madhya Pradesh with a joint capacity of 1GW (750MW While receiving the award Mr. Ajay Rattan – GM (Sales,

in Rewa and 250MW at Mandsaur). Further potential

Const. & Engg.) LYSAGHT® Business said, “We are

solar parks to be supported are located are in Odisha,

honoured to be recognised by Construction Times Awards

Chhattisgarh and Haryana.

India’s solar power sector is staring at yet another policy

within the roofing category. For the last ten years in India,

intervention that could put the viability of projects in the

the brand has been associated with high quality roof

country under question.

and wall cladding products, innovation driven designs,

The Narendra Modi government is expected to impose

technical expertise and service excellence. Our products

an anti-dumping duty (ADD) on imported solar panels in

are used in various applications across India within the

order to boost sales of locally made ones. This is bound

industrial, infrastructure and commercial segments.

to increase the costs of setting up power plants as 89% of

Receiving this award is a reassurance, of us being one

the solar panels used in India are imported, mostly from

the most preferred and trusted building products partner within the construction fraternity.”

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Sameer Kumar Khare, joint secretary, department of economic affairs, signed the agreement on behalf of the government of India with Hisham Abdo from World Bank and K S Popli, Chairman and managing director of IREDA. Kumar Khare said: “This project will help establish largescale solar parks and support the government’s plan to install 100GW of solar power out of a total renewableenergy target of 175 GW by 2022,”

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International News


hina on Pace for Record SolarPower Installations



a record amount of solar-power capacity this year, prompting

he Sun Exchange Is Crowdfunding Solar Energy For Orphaned Elephants With Bitcoin

researchers to boost forecasts as much as 80 percent.

The Sun Exchange is a marketplace where you can

before the commission is due to make recommendations to

About 54 gigawatts will be put in place this year, Bloomberg

purchase solar cells with bitcoin for a specific businesses or

Trump on the dispute, Bloomberg reports. Trump himself is

New Energy Finance said Monday, raising a forecast of more

community. The solar cell owners then lease the asset back

to make the final call on tariffs.

than 30 gigawatts made in July. That amount of additional

to business, earning money on the cells they purchased.

capacity would likely surpass all the solar energy generated

Breaking that down: The winners here would be Suniva,

The platform gives businesses in the developing world the

which brought the case, along with SolarWorld. They’re both

ability to switch to solar power without having to make a

foreign-owned. Much of the solar industry opposes tariffs,

large up front investment in the technology.

since they say inexpensive foreign panels have led to more

China, the world’s biggest carbon emitter, is poised to install

in Japan in 2017.


rump is right to protect U.S. manufacturers.







rade panel recommends solar module tariffs

The International Trade Commission is recommending imposing tariffs up to 35% on solar module imports, shortly


crowdfunding campaign for the Knysna Elephant Park

President Trump is right to take on our national trade

which cares for more than 40 orphaned African elephants

imbalance with China. For too long, millions of American

in South Africa.

jobs and thousands of factories have disappeared as other countries, particularly China, game the system, break the rules and flood the U.S. market with below-cost imports that are breaking the back of American manufacturing. I’ve seen it happen in the solar cell and module industry. Our company alone had to lay off hundreds of employees this spring because we can’t keep up with Chinese imports. Sadly, that same scenario has played out in nearly 30 solar manufacturing companies over the past five years — costing thousands of U.S. jobs and about $1 billion in investments.


exico’s Energy Auction Just Logged the Lowest Solar Power Price on the Planet

Preliminary results from Mexico’s latest energy auction have


icrogrids add new arrow to Africa’s electricity access quiver

The launch of a R25-million solar energy, lithium-ion battery storage microgrid on Robben Island – the World Heritage Site in Table Bay, Cape Town, which, until recently,

The Mexican government this month announced the average price achieved in its third long-term auction of 2017 was $20.57 per megawatt-hour, which it said is “one of the lowest prices achieved internationally.” A breakdown of the winning bids, published by Electrek, shows Italian developer Enel pitching two solar lots at $17.70 per megawatt-hour, or just 1.77 cents per kilowatt-hour -the lowest bid achieved anywhere in the world so far. Two years ago, the U.S. solar sector was cheering projects priced below 4 cents per kilowatt-hour.


elsia makes pact with indigenous peoples over 100MW Colombia solar project Celsia, the energy arm of Colombian conglomerate Grupo Argos, has moved forward with its development of a 100MW solar farm in Colombia by reaching an agreement with the indigenous people of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta in the Andes mountains.


his weird $9 trick increases solar panel efficiency 5-17%

Mega Sunergy released a new “multi shingled array module” 315W solar panel design that increases the efficiency of a standard solar panel by up to 17%. The company has changed how they lay out the 60 individual solar cells within the solar panel. Instead of perfectly spacing those 60 out – with small, defined areas between the cells – the company has allowed the solar cell’s borders to overlap each other

relied on diesel to generate electricity – not only showcases

while increasing the cell count to 68.

the versatile advantages of microgrid technology, but also

The company expects their new solar cell layout to increase

underscores the potential to use microgrids to accelerate

solar panel output 5-17% depending on the original solar

electricity access.

cell type. In effect, by lowering the efficiency of the average

In Africa, where millions are still without modern energy

solar cell they’ve increased the solar panel efficiency.

services, microgrid technology is increasingly being considered as a serious remedy for addressing energy poverty in the absence of enabling grid infrastructure.

broken the lower boundary for solar costs, following a trend seen in other auctions around the world.

jobs and enabled wider growth of solar power.



anadian Solar bags 367MW Mexico capacity

Canadian Solar has been awarded contracts for projects in

olar to suffer as Australia drags heels on National Energy Guarantee, says BNEF

Mexico totalling 367MW of capacity.

The devil, so the idiom goes, is in the detail. Australia’s

The company will build and operate all three. It has agreed

2030 goal of reducing its emissions by 28% is ostensibly

a 15-year power purchase agreement (PPA) with the utility

a laudable one. But Bloomberg New Energy Finance

company CFE. A separate 20-year agreement for the clean

(BNEF) has calculated that hitting such a target requires

energy credits generated by the projects has also been

the addition of a mere 1.5 GW of large-scale renewables

signed with CFE. The certificates have an average price of

capacity – a pretty skinny figure given the nation’s GW-scale


annual growth in solar alone over the past year.

“We are delighted to win an additional 367MW of solar

Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull announced the National

projects in Mexico, which expands our late-stage solar

Energy Guarantee (NEG) system last month and faced

project pipeline in the country to 435 MW,” said Dr. Shawn

instant criticism for the program’s lack of ambition, having

Qu, chairman and CEO, Canadian Solar. “We will continue to

ditched plans to extend and build on the current Renewable

develop and deliver more quality solar projects in Mexico,

Energy Target (RET). In opposition, the Australian Labor Party

while contributing to the government’s goal of increasing

has argued that a 50% RET by 2030 would be sufficient to

electricity generated from clean energy sources to 35% by

“continue the current boom” for renewables deployment,

2024 and 50% by 2050.”

The projects, awarded via the country’s auction process, are located in Aguascalientes, Hermosillo and Obregón.

BNEF has reported.



apan’s first solar auction pushes prices down by nearly a quarter

of electricity each year, to power the equivalent of 105,000

ET to focus on expanding solar module sales in emerging markets

homes. It is now expected to start operations in the first half

Taiwan-based multicrystalline wafer producer Green Energy

pushed prices down by nearly a quarter from a previous

of 2019, with 367,500 modules installed.

Technology (GET) is targeting solar module sales in emerging

system, but the cheapest bid was still more than eight

markets to boost revenue and return to profitability.

times a record-low achieved recently in overseas markets,

The strategic shift was outlined in reporting October 2017

government data shows.

wafer sales which have gradually recovered since June. At the

The lowest accepted price for solar projects was 17,200

recent PV Taiwan trade show, GET launched its VPC certified

yen ($153.20) per megawatt hour (mwh), according to

light-weight module, which uses in-house produced wafers.

documents from the Ministry of Economy, Trade and

The company claimed it had secured its first module orders

Industry, which handled the auction.

during the recent trade show.

That was down from 24,000 yen per mwh in the year

of Spain. While that €340 billion target is unlikely to be met,

The lightweight modules are designed for a range of

through March 2017 for projects approved under METI’s

public demand for more access to electricity will stay high.

applications including floating solar. The modules are made

feed-in-tariff programme set up in 2012 to encourage a

Off-grid energy is one way to plug the gap.

Gintung, a JV with solar cell producer Gintech.

switch to renewables after the Fukushima nuclear disaster.

The Valledupar farm, to be spread across 197 hectares in the village of La Mesa, will be able to generate 187GWh


U lighting up Africa with solar Nearly €340 billion of investment will be needed to

achieve universal access to electricity across Africa by 2030, the World Energy Network forecasts. That is a tall order. The combined grid capacity of the 48 sub-Saharan African countries is around 70 gigawatts, roughly equivalent to that

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Japan’s first auction for contracts to provide solar electricity

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Solar Quarter • November 2017 9

In Conversation What we need from the Government is policy stability and more granularity on the long-term plan of 100 GW to enable us to plan our resources better great start, but there are a few challenges listed below that

due to low targeted capacity addition and are expected to

are being faced that could lead to slow down in capacity

announce bids.


capacity on the other hand is also operating at a low

As the assets become older, will aggressive bidding today become a pain point for the industry a few years down the line?

of around 60% PLF which means that around 25 GW of

Intense competition in the industry is leading to aggressive

thermal capacity is without long term PPA. Due to such

bidding by the developers which require a fine balance

MR. Rajya Wardhan Ghei

i. Low electricity demand: The electricity energy deficit

Chief Executive Officer, India

Discoms either power surplus or sufficient. The thermal

Hindustan Cleanenergy Limited

in the country is down to 0.7% in FY 17 leaving most

demand-supply scenario, the Discom’s solar power offtake appetite which in turn reduces the number of

As a developer, what key challenges do you face today? India in the current stage has already achieved 14, 000 MW solar capacity against the target of 1 GW by 2022 under the ongoing National Solar Mission (JNNSM) showcasing

upcoming bids is reduced.

must be stuck between value engineering and quality. Risk mitigated approach is required over next few years to ensure sustainable growth of the solar industry. The

ii. Uncertain Environment –

current bids will not be a pain till the time discoms honour

ÂÂ Uncertainty around issues related to GST implementation

the PPA’s and continue to discuss its committed offtake of

ÂÂ Imposition





renegotiation of PPAs/LOIs

power. The challenging situation arise either due to delay in payments or reducing offtake of power or wanting to negotiate the PPAs.

Which states do you believe lead see maximum solar energy investments this year?

Anything else you would like to add for our readers.

In line with the 8% solar RPO target set for March 2022

We believe that the solar sector is going to be the mainstay

in India, MNRE has allocated individual targets for states.

of India’s energy requirements in the future. While we may

is bright for the players

While the current surge in solar capacity has been led

be facing turbulence in the sector in the short term, the

by the southern states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana,

future is bright for the players who are able to see off this

who are able to see off

Karnataka etc. we now expect the states with the largest

turbulence. What we need from the Government is policy

solar targets – Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh to join the

stability and more granularity on the long-term plan of 100

party. States like Gujarat, Bihar, Jharkhand, Punjab, Haryana

GW to enable us to plan our resources better.

While we may be facing turbulence in the sector in the short term, the future

this turbulence.

We have teamed up with FICCI , and have set up the India Green Bond Council, which is a good platform to address policy issues

Mr. Sandeep Bhattacharya India Projects Manager Climate Bonds Initiative

Can you tell us about Climate Bonds Initiative and the work it does? The Climate Bonds Initiative is an investor focused international organisation, with a mission to mobilise the USD 100 trillion global bond market for climate change solutions.The work output of Climate Bonds is an open source for public good falling into three work streams: � Market Tracking and Analysis of the green bond market � Developing Standards for ‘green’ and an assurance framework for investors � Providing policy models and advice on green finance strategies and how to scale up green bond markets Through this model, Climate Bonds Initiative helps to promote investment in projects and assets necessary for a rapid transition to a low carbon and climate resilient economy.

For which all sectors standards available? We have prepared standards for Solar, Water, Wind,

process of preparing standards for Bioenergy , Land use ,

and coordination amongst key finance and industry

Hydropower and Waste management.


Which entities in India have issued certified Bonds ? Certified Bond issuances out of India include Hero Future Energies, Axis Bank , Renew Power . NTPC, IREDA, REC and Azure Power.

� In-country demonstrations and providing technical support for pilot transactions, to build pipelines and achieve scale. Aggregation is important to allow developing country financial institutions, from banks to micro-finance lenders,

What other activities are being done in India ?

to make the most of their limited balance sheets. The

Among the activities that we are working on now are

large-scale needs of institutional investors including

making the right connections with funds in India, to be able to start a “Green Only” fund for AMCs as well as some Alternative Investment Funds looking at niche segments. We have teamed up with FICCI , and have set up the India

aggregation, or bundling together, of small loans and assets aims to create investment products that meet the global pension funds and insurance funds. Effective financial aggregation holds out the promise of opening up new finance & investment channels, both domestic and between North and South.

Green Bond Council, which is a good platform to address policy issues. We have held events that have dwelt on regulatory and policy issues, including a high level – round table that discussed the Green Bond Guidelines issued by SEBI.

Can you tell us about some interesting projects? One of our current projects is the Climate Aggregation

We are the implementation partner of UNDP for the ( CAP). The CAP aims to help build pipelines of standardised, low-

Platform ( CAP).We are the implementation partner of

carbon energy assets

UNDP for the ( CAP). The CAP aims to help build pipelines

in developing countries

of standardised, low-carbon energy assets in developing countries and to develop low-cost sources of financing for these assets, tapping new and diverse investor bases. The program has three thrust areas of South Asia, East Africa and Latin America The Inter-American Development Bank will be a core partner in demonstration transactions.

Geothermal, Marine Renewable energy, Low Carbon

The CAP will be structured around three core activities:

Transportation and Low Carbon Buildings, and are in the

� A global working group, to promote engagement

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� Promoting the standardisation essential to aggregation.

and to develop low-cost sources of financing for these assets, tapping new and diverse investor bases. Solar Solar Quarter Quarter •• November November 2017 2017 10 10

8881 160 160 8881 160 160 8881 160 160 8881 160 160 8881 160 160


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Solar Quarter • November 2017 11

Special Interview Waaree has been always working to deliver better products and technology, to maximize value to customer and this will continue Tell us more about the latest innovations in your product and solution offerings for the Indian market. We have already launched one of the most innovative technologies in solar modules - Merlin solar module. Merlin modules have their own unique strengths which is its flexibility and rugged nature. It is a technology that mitigates hot spots or micro cracks all the while generating more power while giving an application advantage. Currently we are executing few orders in India, including Indian railways, where we are implementing Merlin on the rail coach rooftops. A lot of e-rickshaws are now coming with Merlin

Considering the ever increasing demand-andsupply gap in the energy field, solar energy is going to play a major role in addressing shortages in the energy sector. With

solar panels which have empirically shown dramatic increase in range of the e-rickshaw while also increasing the life of the battery. It is next generation technology and we expect more demand in future. We have started manufacturing a small capacity of 20 MW this year and soon we will have big capacity in India.

current Govt ambitious target and favorable policies, the demand for solar panels shall be

We have already Dr. sunil rathi - Director Sales & Marketing Waaree Energies Ltd.

Waaree is a global leader in the solar industry. Could you please tell us about your current business presence in India? Waaree has been always working to deliver better products and technology, to maximize value to customer and this will

launched one of the most innovative technologies in solar modules - Merlin solar module. Merlin

Please could you shed some light on your plans for India over the next 12 months. This year our manufacturing will be a minimum of 1.2 GW and a maximum of up to 1.7 GW. In the past four years, we have spent a substantial amount on R&D.

modules have their

We want to lead the sector and that is only possible by

own unique strengths

high-quality products. We are also setting up an inverter

continue. We have already launched innovative technologies

which is its flexibility

like Merlin, Floating solar, and 5BB modules. With a vision to

and rugged nature. It

make solar affordable and accessible to all we are setting

ever increasing.

investing in cutting-edge technology in order to develop manufacturing unit in India. Rest reviewing on India’s Govt. target Reaching 100 GW by 2022 is very much possible not because there have been

is a technology that

policy changes but because it is a financially viable option.

over 150 centres across the country, we are committed to

mitigates hot spots

meet ever increasing demand of solar solutions. We are

is yet to be picked up. We will see a boom in residential,

or micro cracks all

commercial as well as institutional solar in near future.

point solution with various other components like Inverters,

the while generating

structure, data monitoring and management delivering

more power while

Quality, Costs and Performance are key concern areas for Indian project developers. How would you like to address these issues for your offerings in India?

up Waaree solar energy centres across the country. With

expanding our Module Manufacturing Line to provide one

value and one stop solar solution to customer.

giving an application advantage.

We are expanding our

one point solution with various other

PDQ is something, which we believe and implement. We

With a growing competition from Indian as well as global companies, is there sufficient demand in India to match the supply?

components like

India has better average solar irradiation than many of

Inverters, structure,

blessed with good weather and sunshine. On an average,

data monitoring and management delivering

there are more than 300 + sunny days in a year in India.

into new business. Waaree is not just a service provider or product supplier; we are a complete solution provider. We treat our customers as our partners. It is never a transactional deal but always a long-term relationship.

We think our

This offers a unique opportunity to the solar industry to grow in the country. Considering the ever increasing demand-and-supply gap in the energy field, solar energy is going to play a major role in addressing shortages in

solar solution to

favorable policies, the demand for solar panels shall be

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spend a lot on engineering, R&D, innovation and getting

the countries that are leaders in the PV domain. India is

value and one stop


We think our strengths are PDQ -- Price, Delivery on time and Quality. In Europe, it stands for Pretty Damn Quick.

Module Manufacturing Line to provide

We think a lot of investment is coming in rooftop which

the energy sector. With current Govt ambitious target and

strengths are PDQ -- Price, Delivery on time and Quality.

ever increasing.

Solar Quarter • November 2017 12

3.5 MW Cumbum, Andhra Pradesh





















(+91) 022 4004 2286

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Solar Quarter • November 2017 13

In Conversation In Sileaf we are launching a series of robust and reliable products for the Indian solar market What have been some of the recent developments in your organization? Dr. Gundu Sabde Chairman and Managing Director Relyon

At Sileaf we offer a

Currently, we are gearing up for SCADA launch in Intersolar

range of products

2017. SCADA is a comprehensive monitoring system

including Solar

build on IOT with modern communication techniques and a user-friendly interface and its launch is an effort towards building a tool to take solar closer to assured

Water Pumps,

power. We will build on the SCADA platform to develop

String inverters,

energy forecasting and day ahead prediction capability

off Grid inverters,

to make the solar primary source of energy. We have also recently launched our Single axis row tracker for the

Let’s begin with a glimpse of your company’s presence and offerings in India?

integrate advanced storage system with Li-ion batteries for 24 hours solar by commissioning the first of its kind

itself as a leading brand in Solar Industry within a short

rooftop solar project with large-scale Li-Ion Battery

period of time. In 2017 Q1 we were among the top 5

Storage in UAE.

Solar rooftop installers in the country and at the end of

In Sileaf we are launching a series of robust and reliable

Q3, we expect to be among the top 3. With more than 2000 installations across 16 states of India, we have technology company

based on continuous innovation to bring new and innovative technologies in the industry. We offer EPC services, customised Solar solutions (structure and design excellence), Leakage proof solar solutions, Petrol pump applications and are one of the few companies two are working on 24-hour energy solution with solar power. With our range of products including remote controlling and





controller DG

tracker technology. We have also managed to successfully

RelyOn Solar from its inception in 2010, has established

established RelyOn Solar as a

Power management

utility market and we are seeing a major acceptance of


cleaning, single axis row tracker, and advanced battery pack with lithium-ion integration for off-grid systems we continue being at forefront of energy transformation.

Tapping into this growth we are also bringing series of

including Solar Water Pumps, String inverters, and

new innovative products in the market including DC water

Data Logger. Currently there is very high percentage of

pumps, inverters, and energy management controller

solar components being imported and there is a great

and plan to launch many other products relevant to the

opportunity to increase domestic content through


technology and innovation. Through Sileaf we are aiming to tap this potential of domestic manufacturing.

Tracker technologies have improved significantly. Use

becoming an economical and viable option for the Indian

of tracker has gone up substantially because of its

but recent technologies prove otherwise.Good tracker technologies are less complicated and robust such that

of RelyOn is one of

stay competitive in the market and tracker technology is

for bringing down levelised cost of power generation to proving essential in bringing down the cost. Also, new technologies are on the rise which will lead

manufacturers of

to large-scale adaptation of solar including products

DC water pumps and

and Advanced battery storage systems for 24 hours solar

plants in India.

Sileaf, a wholly owned Subsidiary of RelyOn is one of the few indigenous manufacturers of DC water pumps and

and 2 to 3 times growth is possible for companies who have organizational capabilities to match with the high

the maintenance required is minimal.The market is looking

used in Solar power

We believe that there is strong growth in the solar sector

Tell us a bit about the recent technology advancements in your sector?

owned Subsidiary

solar components

Data Logger.

launched products includes a range of amazing products

were seen as a less reliable component in the solar system

the few indigenous

power controller and

products for the Indian solar market. Our range of newly

robustness and reduction in LCOE. In the past trackers

Sileaf, a wholly

controller / Reverse

capable of synchronisation with multiple power sources solutions etc.

growth prospects and we expect RelyOn and silent both will experience 3 times growth. With the growth of the industry and improvement in technology solar is rapidly customer.

What have been the latest trends in demand for your products & services in India? Where do you see the next demand growth coming from? In India, less than 2-3% of the energy need is met with solar but this figure his will grow up to 10 times in next 5 years. Currently, the demand is coming from customers who are paying commercial and industrial tariffs but in the future solar will becomes economically viable for residential customers as well, especially in Rural areas and 2nd and 3rd tier cities where space is not a constraint. Electricity

What are your growth plans for the Indian market? What are the milestones you wish to achieve by the end of this fiscal?

will become cheaper and the increasing competition in the industry will benefit the end users when they will be receiving better services at lower prices. Distributed power generation through solar will also play a vital role in increasing the demand. The Country has already installed

We have seen very significant growth in the current year

4 crore DC water pumps. Solar technologies make sense

which is attributed to recent expansion in Solar rooftops

in today’s world and more will continue moving towards

systems and Increase adaption of solar water pumping in


the agriculture sector.

solar components used in Solar power plants in India. The inception of the brand came when we recognized a gap in the market for Indian manufactured solar components that offer reliable and extensive after sales service across the country. Most components were being imported. This scenario induced our R&D team to design and develop robust products suitable for Indian environment. At Sileaf we offer a range of products including Solar Water Pumps, String inverters, off Grid inverters, Power management controller DG controller / Reverse power controller and Data Logger.

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Currently there is very high percentage of solar components being imported and there is a great opportunity to increase domestic content through technology and innovation. Through Sileaf we are aiming to tap this potential of domestic manufacturing.

Solar Quarter • November 2017 14

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Solar Quarter • November 2017 15

In Conversation We are enroute for a strong market positioning PV string solar Inverters in India with a target to go in local manufacturing with the unique product features such as ultra, Eta 5 level topologies, Convectional cool without external fan, compact string inverter design along with Refu Log

With positive Mr. Vasan Ramasubramaniyam Managing Director & CEO Prettl India Pvt Ltd

monitoring system. Our inverters have won awards on its performance from a well - known photon labs at global

feedback and scope


for improving our

What are your growth plans for the Indian market? What are the milestones you wish to achieve by the end of this fiscal?

inverters in the performance we Let’s begin with a glimpse of your company’s presence and offerings in India? Prettl India Pvt Ltd is 100% subsidiary of PRETTL , GmbH .. As visionary , Mr Rolf Prettl one of the owner of Prettl family group , desires all the Prettl’s major Business verticals makes a strong foot print in India. Amongst 5 business verticals , Prettl Automotive , Prettl Energy and Prettl Plastic Appliance system share around 30 % each of the total business global turnover of 1 Bn Euro. We are enroute for a strong market positioning PV string solar Inverters in India with a target to go in local manufacturing ,in support of “ Make in India “ policy of GOI.

What have been some of the recent developments at your organisation? Last year, July 2016, REFU Sol re-entered Indian market,

Considering the market potentials and its competitiveness,

have launched new

we are in a process of analysing for Local manufacturing the string Inverters. Though the GOI target of 100 GW by

generation Inverters

2020 is challenging, but it gives lot of opportunity for many EPC players to enhance their ability to try out many models

, In order to bring

of Inverters which can optimize a higher energy yield. Refusol will be one of the keen contender in this scenario.

more flexibility for

What have been the latest trends in demand for your products & services in India? Where do you see the next demand growth coming from?

the System designers with our new generation Inverters

We are enroute for a strong market positioning PV string solar Inverters in India with a target to go in local manufacturing after a lapse of around half year – We made presence of our

,in support of “ Make in India “ policy of GOI.

reentry, with our participation in the REI 2016. This was well

We have already a strong foot hold in Automotive

received by many clients We did this participation again 2017. Of the supplies of REFU sol till date we have a positive feedback on acceptance from




the end customers. We

electronics , with a manufacturing plant in Pune . Also we have around 12 strong R&D engineers on the energy business in India who supports Prettl Energy globally for new product development.

thank all our clients for patronizing REFU Sol. With



We are enroute for

and scope for improving our



in we

a strong market

the have

launched new generation Inverters , In order to bring more flexibility for the System designers with our new generation Inverters and bring a lower TCO , we have brought is some features– resulting in a

positioning PV string solar Inverters in India with a target to go in local manufacturing ,in support of “ Make in India

centralized concept from

“ policy of GOI.

the current decentralized version

Tell us a bit about the recent technology advancements in your sector?

Anything else you would like to add for our readers.

We have patented many

dumping of goods from those countries where the custom

of the technologies which

duties are nil or low in comparison with the parts/ sub-

give us the niche in the

assemblies that are needed to assembly & testing locally.

market. WE are developing

Therefore it is paramount important that anti-dumping


duty is levied & governed effectively.



for string inverter which should be in the market in the months to come which will reduce opex cost in comparison inverter




system/ layouts Our Inverters are patented

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As mentioned above, we are analyzing a business case for local manufacturing. With post GST, we see better economics than pre GST era. As known we have robust European technology However, the concern will be on

The reduction seen in the unit rate of power generation through solar is dramatically reducing and its giving rise to big challenge to meet the new target levels. Before any the targets are revised it’s a paramount important that complete chain of solar manufacturing parts/ components are looked with full picture and its impact , so that the sustenance of such of manufacturers/ importers are improving,.

Solar Solar Quarter Quarter • November • October 2017 16

Financing Decentralized and Offgrid Solar in India


Featured Coverage

n di a’s energy and electricity sectors are rapidly undergoing transformation. Deployment of utility-scale Renewable Energy, particularly Wind and Solar Power, has progressed rapidly over the last few years despite recent challenges. Significant progress has also been made by the Central Government under its

Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY) program. According to the Rural Electrification Corporation’s (REC) Grameen Vidyutikaran (GARV) dashboard, out of the 18,452 villages in India that were unelectrified in 2014, over 15,000 have been electrified as of Nov 2017. With this, over 99.5% village electrification rate has been achieved and 100% village electrification rate will be achieved soon, which is a major achievement! However, achieving 100% household electrification rate in India is still a challenge. About 40 million households in India lack access to grid electricity as of mid-2017, which translates to over 200 million people. The government’s ‘Saubhagya’ program, launched in September 2017, aims to electrify all households in India by December 2018, and targets 24x7 reliable electricity to all households by 2022.

Sagar Gubbi

While the government’s focus on grid-based electrification is admirable, experience from states in India and

Managing Partner

from other countries that have achieved universal rural electrification in recent years shows that decentralized

Ecoforge Advisors Pvt Ltd, Bangalore, India

solutions play an important role in providing reliable and stable access to electricity, while meeting rapidly growing demand. This fact is acknowledged by the NITI Aayog’s Draft National Energy Policy (NEP) released in July 2017, wherein an estimated 46-52% of India’s overall energy mix in 2040 is likely to be composed of renewable energy, and about 30-35% of this renewable energy is estimated to be from decentralized infrastructure such as mini-grids and rooftop solar. In addition, Solar Home Systems (SHS) have an important role to play in providing low-cost, affordable and rapid access to reliable, clean electricity in rural areas. Grid (discom) electricity tariffs have risen in recent years in most large states, particularly commercial and industrial (C&I) tariffs. At the same time, cost of solar power has fallen rapidly, making rooftop solar installations cheaper than grid electricity for C&I customers in many large states, while also replacing expensive diesel generator sets used as backup power. In addition, most large states in India have net metering policies and

Author Bio:

tendering-based procurement of rooftop solar. Hence, deployment of rooftop solar across India for commercial,

Sagar Gubbi is the

industrial and government customers has achieved significant scale recently.

Managing Partner

For rural, off-grid areas, renewable energy mini-grids and SHS offer cost-effective and reliable options. While

of Bangalore-based

policy support from the government could help, companies such as Simpa Energy, Greenlight Planet and OMC Power have proven that rural customers are able to pay for non-subsidized SHS and mini-grids if monthly pricing

Ecoforge Advisors Pvt

is affordable and affordable consumer finance is available.

Ltd, which is a clean

In rooftop solar, while a few C&I customers pay for capex upfront, most prefer to enter into Power Purchase

energy, energy efficiency

Agreements (PPAs) or staggered payment plans, wherein the capex risk is borne by the rooftop solar developer

and electric mobility

until financial payback is achieved. Despite this progress, a large majority of solar capacity installed in India is

focused advisory and

still utility-scale, estimated to be about 90% of all capacity installed in the country (over 14 GW as of June 2017). Installed mini-grid and SHS capacity is negligible when compared to utility-scale capacity.

consulting services firm

Key challenges to scaling up decentralized solar in India are relatively lower policy and regulatory focus and

working in India, South

limited availability of low-cost asset finance and consumer finance. Financial support for rooftop solar has

East Asia, East Africa and

increased drastically in the last 2 years, with World Bank-SBI, KfW-IREDA and ADB-PNB credit lines becoming

Central Asia.

operational. Specialized rooftop solar developers such as Cleanmax Solar have also raised capital from Private Equity funds. However, an overwhelmingly large portion of financing is being deployed for installations for high creditworthy C&I customers, with installations for next tier of C&I customers finding it difficult to raise financing. Hence, structures such as credit guarantees could potentially reduce the risk perception of such installations, and pooled asset finance/warehousing facilities, asset-backed securitization (ABS) and receivables financing structures also need to be explored. A foreign currency hedging facility could enable these companies raise lower-cost debt from abroad. Organizations such as IREDA, International Finance Corporation (IFC) and Climate Policy Initiative (CPI) have been involved in pioneering work in structuring such innovative financial structures. In the SHS and mini-grid verticals, available sources of finance are more modest in comparison. Banks such as RBL Bank and YES Bank have setup consumer finance facilities for solar sold on asset finance/payment plans. Addition of renewable energy to Priority Sector Lending (PSL) has helped too. However, large scale debt finance is still not available. Targeted concessional credit lines channelled through local commercial banks and small finance banks to SHS providers, mini-grid developers and consumers could help, while more complex instruments such as securitization and receivables financing could be explored in future. It is also important to note that there is a general lack of equity financing for decentralized/distributed renewable energy. While it is important that actual deployment of assets is debt-financed, it is also important that equity financing is made available for companies to build their internal processes, mechanisms to assess customer creditworthiness, build up their product development capabilities, and optimize their supply and distribution channels.

With this, over 99.5% village electrification rate has been achieved and 100% village electrification rate will be achieved soon, which is a major achievement!

1Bridge to India (BTI) data from “India Solar Compass – Q2-2017” report.

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Solar Quarter • November Solar Quarter • October 2017 17

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Solar Quarter • November 2017 19

Industry Perspective

Which RE Sector will see Maximum Investment in Next 5 years?


foresee Solar attracting maximum investment in the

India and push to solar R&D. Government has exempted

next five years. Solar is the thrust area for GOI for

solar projects from environmental clearances and has

achieving RE targets. The Ecosystem required for its

facilitated the acquisition of land through Solar Parks.

growth has been put in place. The project risks and their

So far 34 Solar Parks in 21 states with a total capacity

mitigation strategies are known. Solar because of viable

of 20,000 MW have received in-principle approval under

tariffs and matured technology has attracted the interest

Phase I of the initiative and under Phase II additional

of investors.

20,000 MW has been approved.

The Government of India has set a renewable energy

Solar rooftop is attractive for Commercial and Industrial

target of 175 GW to be achieved by 2022 of which solar

consumers as their retail tariffs are considerably higher

will contribute 100 MW. India’s RE capacity at the end

than the cost of generation in most of the states. These

It has been estimated that

of FY17 was about 57 GW with wind contributing more

consumers have added significant capacity under capex

than half of it, but Solar is gaining ground steadily. If the

model. For residential consumers the payback period is

Solar will require investment

RE target has to be achieved, the current RE capacity has

still high; however, in future as retail tariffs increase, the

to triple in the remaining five years. As expected, major

solar rooftop will be an attractive proposition for them

capacity contribution has to come from Solar (both IPP

as well.

and rooftop), where the capacity has to increase at least

target. Fortunately the ever

It has been estimated that Solar will require investment

nine times. In order to facilitate this, Government has

of around INR 4800 billion, if it has to achieve the

decreasing generation cost,

put in place conducive policies & programmes (Eg. Solar

target. Fortunately the ever decreasing generation

established technology

Park and JNNSM), introduced infrastructure initiatives

cost, established technology and growing demand

such as Green Corridors for evacuation from solar rich

and growing demand has

has attracted strategic and financial investors, venture

regions, created a demand push through increased solar

capitalists, private equity and pension funds. This has led

attracted strategic and

RPO (from 2.5% to 8%) for obligated entities, promotion

to flow of investment and adoption of low cost financial

financial investors, venture

of solar pumps and other solar products, created capacity

innovations such as green bonds. The solar industry

through Surya Mitra Program and facilitated development

capitalists, private equity and

is expected to mature with consolidation and see

of indigenous manufacturing capability through Make in

emergence of professionally managed relatively firms.


reenstone expects utility scale solar and wind projects

Ultimately, the utility scale renewable energy markets have

to continue to dominate the renewable energy

matured substantially and our expectation is that robust

investment sector in India over the next five years. We

Mr. Vivek Mishra Executive Director, Meghraj Capital Advisors Private Limited

of around INR 4800 billion, if it has to achieve the

pension funds.

capacity addition will continue over the next five years.

believe this will be driven by a number of factors: First, the cost of electricity from solar and wind projects has achieved grid parity and the long-term trend suggests that costs will continue to decline. Consequently, we do expect substantial tenders for additional capacity and for utilities to increase their focus on integration and management. Second, there is substantial existing capital available to fund projects. Several established platforms have sufficient capital lient the appetite to grow substantially. Additionally, the sector continues to witness increasing interest from international groups. Third, transmission capacity is sufficient to absorb an

The cost of electricity from solar and wind projects has achieved grid parity and the long-term trend suggests that costs will continue to decline. Consequently, we do expect substantial tenders

additional 10 GW+ of intermittent generation based

for additional capacity and

on feedback from industry consultants. Consequently,

for utilities to increase their

assuming the other areas can be appropriately managed (such as land acquisition), we do not see significant near term transmission hurdles for renewable energy.

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focus on integration and management.

Mr. Rahul Goswami Managing Director, Greenstone Investment Bank

Solar Quarter • November Solar Quarter • October 2017 20

VISIT US AT RENEWABLE ENERGY INDIA EXPO 2017 Hall 12, Booth 123 20. – 22.09.2017

NO EITHER / OR. No matter, whether rooftop or groundmounted installations. Whether centralized or decentralized plant designs. Whether commercial or utility-scale projects. Our competitive and proven solutions offer you flexibility for your projects. YOUR CONTACT: Prettl India Pvt Ltd. Mr. Vasan Ramasubramaniyam Bangalore-560095 | Karnataka | India Mobile: +91 9845005204 E-Mail:

2_refusol_az_messe_indien_a4.indd 2

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Solar Quarter • November 2017 21

Opinions Plant Audit of Solar Projects – Designed to obtain a complex technical & economic assessment of the project


olar Industry in India is currently on an unprecedented

necessary corrective action. Thorough inspection ensures

growth trajectory. While we are caught up in a

that the plant adheres to quality installation, code

fiercely competitive struggle to achieve and sustain low

compliance and conformance to design and safety criteria.

tariff rates, this battle could either be a blessing or the stepping stones to a disaster for the entire industry, if quality is compromised. The future holds in store for us an utopia where we successfully execute long term projects with power purchase rates cheaper than conventional thermal power or be left with a graveyard of Megawatts of under-performing, inferior quality solar power plants. In either case, power houses of the industry are in no mood to back off from aggressive bidding. The industry will have to evolve itself. It will be the survival of the fittest, in terms of executing projects with superior engineering,

This service is a pressing need for all consumers who are putting up a new project or who are looking to assess the health of the existing plant as a better preventive maintenance activity or by investors who are planning to buy/sell the existing asset. This service is very crucial considering the tight margins on return with the present tariff rate. It is now imperative to have negligible shutdown hours, very low equipment failure rate and as expected generation predicted during the tendering stage to evade a loss-making IRR for the project.

- About us We are provider of several niche services for the Solar sector. Along with Design & Engineering, PMC and Owners Engineering, we also provide Plant Audit, Retrofitting and Quality Management for rooftop & ground mount projects. Excelsior Engineering Solutions has provided these services to over 850MW of solar projects spread across 13 states of India.

ability to ensure cheaper finance, buying out older assets,

 Decline in Generation

test critical components and measure key plant

liquidating NPA’s, M&A’s etc. The service that stands out

 Accelerated Module Degradation


the most presently is ‘Plant Audit’ for solar projects. EES`s Plant Audit is a service designed and developed

 Frequent Equipment Breakdowns




analysis is derived to assess the true life expectancy of the plant and highlight the investment risk based on

 Abrasion of Structures

the audit report.

source of anomalies. To achieve optimum generation and

Plant Audit service encompasses all segments of the project.

EES acts as an independent third party auditor

maintain a higher performance ratio, it is imperative to

From review of design & engineering drawings, to visual

to provide a holistic assessment of the project

study the active performance of the system in reference

checks of the equipment’s and material, running specialized

that helps investors to make well informed

tests at site on individual components like thermography

investments. A transparent and unbiased opinion

& IV-Curve test on modules, verifying O&M records,

on the condition of the plant is provided. Excelsior

understanding the fault patterns and spare part consumption.

Engineering Solutions guides the project owners

Furthermore, advanced tools and techniques are used for

to achieve investment security through risk

an in-depth review of the condition of the equipment to

minimization and increases project bankability

around the need to identify, record and locate the primary

with designed energy output to understand the health of the plant. Plant Audits can assist in pinpointing the root cause of decline in generation, accelerated degradation of modules, frequent equipment breakdowns, abrasion of structures among many other activities and recommend

through their Plant Audit services.

Excelsior Engineering Solutions

Key Challenges in Managing A Rooftop Solar Asset Portfolio as IEC. To assure highest quality in the modules and key components that are being selected for a project, Cleantech Solar conducts rigorous verification processes and selection criteria that consist of a combination of third-party product testing, performance testing, factory audits and production oversight. This ensures that Cleantech Solar’s portfolio of cross-region systems are of the highest performance compared to any fleet in the market. Further, data sharing is key to provide a better understanding of expected yields in the PV systems in different regions. Cleantech Solar, as a solar developer market leader, believes in contributing


Cleantech Solar Site Apollo Tyres he energy market is seeing a sharp increase in the

of over 60 MWp across projects in India and Southeast

adoption rate of solar PV systems in the past 5-10

Asia. This has been made possible with its exceptional

years across the globe. This short history of deployment

engineering and projects teams who have experience

poses obvious challenges: the lack of data to understand

with some of the world’s leading solar developers,

how solar PV assets will perform in different climate zones

panel manufacturers, construction companies, research

as well as the lack of skilled workforce in the solar sector

institutions and Independent Power Producers.

to deploy these new PV systems at breakneck speeds.

With the depth of experience and the highest engineering

However, Cleantech Solar has been able to overcome

integrity, Cleantech Solar only sources modules and

these challenges through leveraging on its PV system

components from tier one manufacturers. On top of paying

deployment best practices, systematic methodologies

close attention to local standards, our internal technical

and rigorous process control to deliver consistent and

specifications go above and beyond the requirements of

repeatable high-quality systems in its MNCs portfolio

the most stringent globally recognized standards such

to the global pool of knowledge in the burgeoning field of photovoltaics. Its in-house solar experts have published peer-reviewed and conference papers sharing their findings across the region and at international events in Europe and America. One of such notable recent publications includes the findings on the impact of haze in PV system performance in the Delhi region in India, one of the most polluted in the world. With such studies and understandings on the operating conditions in Asia above reproach, Cleantech Solar secures the health and optimum output performance of its fleet of PV systems.

Cleantech Solar w w w . s o l a r q u a r t e r . c o m

Solar Quarter • November Solar Quarter • October 2017 22

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Solar Quarter • November 2017 23




January 2018, New Delhi, India

India's Largest Rooftop Solar Energy Industry Event is Back! Conference 300+ Delegates, 10+ Conference Tracks, 50+ Speakers Premium B2B Exhibition 20+ Premium B2B Exhibition Spaces Dedicated B2B Meeting Zones Excellence Awards 30+ Award Categories, Networking & Cocktail Reception









For Delegate Registrations & Award Nominations Pratika Jathan / Kawaldeep Marwah M: +91 9920 917136 / 7718877914 E:

w w w . s o l a r q u a r t e r . c o m

For Sponsorship & Exhibition Contact Vikas Khadtale / Vipul Gulati T: +91 + 8850567539 / 9920917193 E:

Solar Quarter • November 2017 24

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Solar Quarter • November 2017 25

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Solar Quarter • November 2017 26

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Solar Quarter • November 2017 27

CFO 50

50 most Powerful leaders in the solar market

ACME Cleantech Solutions Limited CFO

Ashish Kumar

CFO-Renewable Energy Adani Green Energy

Ashish Garg

Shyam Sharma AMP Solar (India) CFO

Amplus Energy Solutions Pvt Ltd Sr. VP - Commercial

Ojasvi Gupta


BV Subrahmanyam Chinni

Sindoor Mittal

R. Kalyan Raman

Sushil Bhagat

Nikunj Ghodawat

Prashant Kothari

Samir Ashta

Iris Rejwan

Atria Power CFO

Cleantech Solar Director-Finance

Markus Rauramo

Avaada Group CFO

Axis Energy Director

CLP India Director Finance and Chief Financial Officer

Essel Infraprojects Limited President Finance & Strategy

Chetan Sharma

Sriram Madapura

Vasudeva Rao Kaipa

Fortum India CFO

Fourth Partner Energy Head – Corporate Development

Gautam Handa

Javier Huergo Cruzado

Anil Jain

Hemant Thanvi

Anand Swaroop

Hindustan Power Projects President-Group Finance

Azure Power CFO

IL&FS Energy Group CFO

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FRV Power India Ltd Chief Investment Officer

JBM Solar President & Group CFO

Atha Group Senior Vice President (Finance & Strategy)

CleanMax Solar CFO

First Solar Director-Project Finance

Focal Energy Director of Finance

Naveen Khandelwal

Greenko Group CFO

Hero Future Energies Pvt. Limited Chief Investment & Strategy Officer


T Adi Babu

Kshema Power & Infrastructure Company Private Limited CFO

Lanco Solar CFO

Solar Solar Quarter Quarter ••November November 2017 2017 28

CFO 50

50 most Powerful leaders in the solar market

Roshan Gandhi

Mahindra Susten Pvt Ltd CFO

Dmitri Tsvetkov


Suresh Nagarajan Reliance Power CFO

Michael Boardman

Shirish Navlekar

Rakesh Kumar

Kulamani Biswal

Broja Gopal Paul

Mytrah Energy (India) Pvt. Ltd. Joint Managing Director and CFO

Neyveli Lignite Corporation Limited (NLC) Director-Finance

NTPC Sr. VP - Commercial Director-Finance



Pratap Raju

Ravi Seth

Chockalingam Palaniappan SBG Cleantech Director - Finance Control

SembcorpGreen Infra Limited CFO

Siemens GamesaRenewable Power P. Ltd CFO

Orange Renewable Power Private Limited CFO

Renew Power CFO

Ostro Energy CFO

PR Fonroche Joint MD

Subrat Das

Onergy Finance Manager

Samir Taneja

Rattan India Solar CFO


Sindicatum Renewable Energy Group CFO

SITAC Renewable Energy CFO

claire francois

Rajib Mukhapadhyay

Anshumaan Bhatnagar

Kirti Vagadia

Jagan Parthasarathy

Ramesh Subramanyam

Anurag Mundra

Rajendra Kumar Parakh

Hitesh Mehta

Swelect Energy Systems Ltd CFO

Tata Power Company Ltd CFO

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SkyPower Director-Finance

Ujaas Energy Ltd Director

Sunshot Technologies Lead - Strategy & Finance

Vikram Solar Limited CFO

Suzlon Group Group CFO

Waare Energies Director-Finance

Solar Solar Quarter Quarter •• November November 2017 2017 29

Analysis Where Do The Opportunities Lie In The Indian PV Sector?

India has been showing a consistent economic growth

� Storage and battery technology;

Maharashtra provide technology up-gradation support

over the past decade. The country boosts of a positive

� Micro-grids;

to various sectors to improve their efficiency, quality

foreign investment climate and experiences a fast population growth. The power sector is among the fastest growing industries. To meet its current and future power requirements, India will have to substantially increase its installed capacity. The solar photovoltaic (PV) energy sector has been identified by the national government of India as an

� Availability









technologies; � Applied




development of new technologies; � Technology validation aimed at field evaluation of materials;

and production. On the other hand, this segment is closely tied up with the domestic PV cells and module manufacturing capacity, which is currently suffering from overcapacity. A few domestic players in the PV cells and module manufacturing have indicated that they would like to scale up their operations and upgrade their current

industry with strategic significance and it will play an

� Components and systems;

manufacturing machinery. From the industrial side it has

important role in the future energy security of India.

� Development of Centers of Excellence on different

been indicated that processing of waste slurries from

Particularly, the government recently announced to aim for a total installed PV capacity of 100 gigawatt by the year 2020, starting from about 3 gigawatt today.

R&D and other technical services Currently, the national government organizes most of the R&D efforts in India. The National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE) serves as an interface between the government and academic institutions, industry and user organizations for development, promotion and widespread utilization of solar energy. The primary focus lays on fundamental research. Funding for the government’s R&D initiatives is channelled to prestigious educational institutes like the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), which has many branches spread out all over India. The National Center for Photovoltaic Research and Education (NCPRE) at IIT Bombay performs research on thin film technologies such as Copper Indium Gallium Selenide (CIGS) and Cadmium Telluride (CdTe). Other notable players are

aspects of solar energy; � PPP mode development and support for incubation and innovation. The opportunities for collaborations exist in technology

commercial sector for faster commercialization of new to the application of PV is research on smart-grid and micro-grid development. Smart-grid technology is also an area of great interest to the Indian government as there is a Smart grid Mission that includes the set-up of 1,000 micro-grids in India, in which solar PV will surely have a role.

Production, Test and Measuring equipment The second segment is primarily dominated by foreign

The solar photovoltaic (PV) energy sector has been identified by the national government of India as an industry

companies, as most of the production, test and measuring equipment for the Indian PV industry is imported.

In India at present, falling prices, outdated machineries,

silver-aluminium (AgAl) back contact, indigenization of

imports of materials, new emerging materials and

fabrication for polycrystalline silicon solar, hydrogen

economic slowdown have created a challenge for the PV

production by splitting water using solar energy and

cells and module manufacturing segment. An upgrade

initiatives in Organic PV (OPV).

of existing facilities with state of the art technology may


therefore be required and Dutch organizations with their

w w w . s o l a r q u a r t e r . c o m

companies to explore further.

technologies. An area of great interest that is linked

and its branches, with R&D activities in screen-printed

� Materials and devices;

may be an interesting additional opportunity for global

while simultaneously tying these efforts up with the


with academic institutions on:

Therefore, providing appropriate processing technology

transfer and in bringing more R&D efforts to India,

the Council for Science and Industrial Research (CSIR)

Opportunities in the R&D segment include collaboration

PV wafer manufacturing is a rising environmental issue.

high-quality products may find opportunities in the supply of manufacturing and product testing equipment.

with strategic significance and it will play an important role in the future energy security of India.

These imports are exempt from customs duty since July 2014. Moreover, Indian states like Gujarat, Rajasthan and

Solar Solar Quarter Quarter ••November November 2017 2017 30


Components for PV systems

India’s PV industry has been dependent on imports

Examples of products in the components segment are

of most of the critical raw materials needed for the

inverters, batteries, mounting structures and trackers,

manufacturing of PV cells. Silicon wafers and ingots,

monitoring equipment and junction boxes. India has a

Mounting structures and tracking systems are another

polysilicon, silver paste, graphite, quartz crucibles,

huge manufacturing capacity for non-solar inverters.

product line in this segment. Mounting structures are

metallurgical grade (MG) silicon, reflective coating,

It is estimated that an average of 4 million non-solar

used to mount PV panels at the desired angle to absorb

absorber coatings etc. are materials of which the current

inverters are sold per year. This indicates that with

the maximum solar radiation. Mounting structures that

domestic supply capacity is currently nil. On the other

the right up-gradation and technology transfer from

are available in the market are made from galvanized

hand, there is a good number of domestic players

conventional inverters to solar PV inverter technology,

steel or aluminium. Tracking systems are add-ons to

providing glass, EVA film and backsheet, sand and

the domestic manufacturers should be capable to meet

the regular mounting systems or they are integrated

aluminium to the industry.

the PV inverter requirements for the governments’ PV

with the mounting structure; they improve the Capacity

target of 100 GW for the year 2022. Available foreign grid

Utilization Factor (CUF) of the PV system. As the cost of

inverter technologies need to be adapted to the Indian

adding a tracking system is high, tracking systems are

conditions, where the utility grid is unstable (power cuts)

not yet widely used in India.

and has high voltage fluctuation. Components required


Opportunities There is clearly a scope for the development of a domestic production base for some of the key inputs such as polysilicon (mining), ingots and wafers (manufacturing). This could secure and strengthen the supply chain to reduce the foreign exchange outflow and create direct and indirect long-term employment in the solar industry. Currently there is no polysilicon plant in India and there are practically no domestic experts available for this technology. Some small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the PV cell and module manufacturing segment indicate a requirement for wafers and other materials.

junction boxes and connecter manufacturers have a good

for manufacturing PV inverters such as Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT) modules and Digital Signal Processor (DSP) based controllers are largely imported. Battery manufactures traditionally supplying to the automotive industry have started production of deep cycle tubular batteries for PV standalone systems and have a huge manufacturing capacity. The high demand for battery back-up systems is due to frequent grid failures and the fact that there are still more than 300 million people not connected to the grid. Similar to the inverter

PV Cells and Modules

and battery manufacturing segment, the domestic cables,

Like the previous segment,

manufacturing capacity. Still though, the majority of the junction/combiner boxes used are imported.

A scope for technology transfer and partnerships on grid-tied inverters, hybrid inverters, micro inverters and smart grid applications has been indicated by organizations in this segment. Capacity building and training of engineers in the installation of new inverter technologies as well as financing (in terms of equity) are other requirements indicated. There is also room for collaboration with regard to junction boxes and connectors. Highly efficient and robust solar pumping systems have been named as another requirement.

the Indian PV cell and module





dependent on imports of material. This dependence on imports has resulted in significantly high costs at





manufacturers compared to




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the competitors from China and other Asian countries. Currently PV



domestic and

manufacturing suffers




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requirement (DCR) imposed by some of the government sponsored schemes on the origin of c-Si PV cells used

across the solar energy project lifecycle-from site assessment, to performance during plant operation, and forecasting of solar radiation

in the PV modules for power generation.


significant portions of the PV plants installed were set up using imported c-Si and thin film modules.

Opportunities The Indian PV industry is interested



for the manufacture of PV modules, especially based on thin film materials. Some


companies have indicated

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modules. Skilled manpower and finances (in terms of capital investment) are other




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requirements mentioned.

w w w . s o l a r q u a r t e r . c o m

Solar Quarter • November 2017 31

Analysis The Global Solar Story So Far: 2017, A Brief Flashback

The fast growing competitiveness of solar power is one

year was awarded for 29.1 USD/MWh in Chile, which is

“2016 will be remembered as the year solar became

of the main factors for its unmatched success story in

scheduled to be generated from a new 120 MW PV plant

cheaper than wind. That’s how the first chapter of last

the energy sector over recent years. With tenders having

as of 2019. The latest record holder is again the UAE,

year’s Global Market Outlook started. At that point in

established themselves as planning tools for developing

where the Abu Dhabi Water and Electricity Authority

time it was not foreseeable that 2016 would also be

solar power plants that governments are increasingly

(ADEWA) tendered the Sweihan project. Originally

remembered as a record solar growth year, resulting in

using to control growth and cost of solar, the related PPA

planned to have 350MW,the awarded capacity that is

50% more installed capacity than the year before.”

prices have been rapidly falling over the last few years.

scheduled to be online in 2019 is 1.18 GW – with a new

The 800 MW Sheikh Maktoum Solar Park Phase 3 in the

world-record low 25-year power supply contract for 24.4

The fast decreasing solar power costs continue to

United Arab Emirates tender of the Dubai Electricity

USD/MWh. As these record solar projects were awarded

and Water Authority (DEWA),which was awarded in

under nearly “ideal” circumstances (stable political

mid-2016, resulted in a winning bid of around 2.95 US

framework, very high irradiation, very good financing

cents per kWh. There were many experts discussing the

environment), most tenders in the near future in other

sustainability of such a low price, even though the plant

regions will result in somewhat higher prices. But, their

is scheduled to be operational only in 2020.

“lighthouse” effect has been raising expectations from

The price spiral quickly continued its way downwards. In

policy makers and putting price pressure on many other

August 2016, a power supply contract over 280 GWh per

tenders around the world.

improve solar’s competitiveness. Basically all solar tenders awarded since 2016 are lower than the price guarantee the Uk government signed for the Hinkley Point C nuclear power plant last year (see Fig. 1). The latest Levelized Cost of Electricity (LCOE) calculations of US investment bank Lazard capital clearly demonstrate that utility-scale solar is today already cheaper than new combined cycle gas turbines (CCGT), coal and nuclear power plants (see Fig. 2). Solar’s advantage considerably improves with lower cost of capital needs, which explains why solar PPAs in India or African countries with higher financing cost cannot reach solar LCOE levels like in Dubai or Abu Dhabi. A total of 76.6 GW of solar was installed and connected to the grid in 2016 (see Fig. 3). That’s the largest amount of solar power that was installed in a year so far and a 50% year-on-year growth over the 51.2 GW added in 2015. This is the third highest rate recorded since the start of this decade, only exceeded in 2010, when grid connections grew by 115% to 17.4 GW, and in 2011, when the market increased by almost 80% - though at much lower absolute levels. The 76.6 GW exactly coincides with the upper end of the high scenario forecasted in the previous Global Market Outlook, due to a number of markets exceeding expectations. The global solar market in 2016 was even more dominated by one country than it was the year before

w w w . s o l a r q u a r t e r . c o m

Solar Solar Quarter Quarter ••November November 2017 2017 32

– china. China connected 34.5GW to the grid, a 128% increase over the 15.1 GW it added the year before. This strong growth rate came as a surprise and was triggered by a feed-in tariff cut in the middle of the year that led Chinese developers to install over 20 GW alone in the first six months of 2016. After demand almost paused in Q3, strongly falling module prices enabled a year-end run that led to an annual installation volume in China representing nearly half of the entire world’s new solar capacity in 2016. The United States was the world’s second largest solar power market in 2016. The country’s annual installed capacity was up 97% year-on-year, resulting in 14.8 GW, compared to 7.5 GW in 2015. In the US, solar power was thenumberone source of new electric generation capacity That was added in 2016 with a share of 39%.While the 2016 solar growth was carried on many shoulders – with 22 states each adding more than 100MW, California remained the largest market with over 5 GW, much ahead of Utah with 1.2GW. Most of the US solar growth come from utility scale solar, which was even bigger than the years before – reaching around 10 GW or over two thirds of newly added capacity. This was due to an expected expiration of the 30% solar investment tax credit at the end of 2016, which finally did not take place, but resulted in a huge pipeline that was contracted to be online by the end of that year. Following its demand climax in 2015, the solar market in Japan decreased as anticipated in 2016, despite its nearly 50 GW large pipeline of approved but not yet built utility-scale solar plants. At 8.6 GW newly added capacity, Japan was still the world’s third largest solar market in 2016. But in the coming years, new PV capacity additions are expected to shrink further. The reasons for Japan’s solar market consolidation are manifold – from declining government support for solar, which prefers the comeback of nuclear and heavily invests in coal, to PV development and grid connection difficulties and an

w w w . s o l a r q u a r t e r . c o m

energy market reform that is unbundling the oligopoly

to meet its ambitious solar targets (in Fiscal Year 2016-

of Japanese power generation companies. As Japan will

17, ending in March 2017, it was planning to install 12

move from a feed-in tariff to a tender scheme for large-

GW PV, but reached only 5.5 GW). India’s government

scale solar this year, the PV rooftop segment will soon

is systematically addressing the teething problems of

play an increasing role in the country’s solar market.

the country’s solar sector as it quickly advances towards

After a slight market uptick in 2015, solar in Europe

its national Solar Mission’s (nSM) goal of 100 GW total

continued its several-year long downward trend in 2016, adding 6.7 GW, a 21% decrease compared to the 8.6 GW installed in 2015. The European market decline in 2016 is primarily a result of the Uk terminating its attractive solar incentive program. Two European countries belonged to

installed solar capacity by 2022. As in all emerging solar markets, utility scale solar is dominating in India,with a share of almost 90%, although rooftop systems, which are targeted to contribute 40 GW to the nSM goal, have started to pick up as primarily state-owned companies

the top 10 global solar markets in 2016 – the Uk ranked

have been attaching solar to their facilities.

4th and Germany ranked 5th.

Next to the big Asian PV markets China, Japan and India,

While the Uk shrank more than half to 1.97 GW in 2016,

there are many other fast growing solar markets in the

from 4.1 GW in 2015, in the same period of time, India grew by 125% to 4.5 GW from 2 GW. This means, that in 2016, India took over the 4th rank from Europe’s largest

region, but they are all in the infant stage. In 2016, South korea was the only other country exceeding the gigawatt-level for newly added PV system capacities.

solar market. Despite its rapid growth, India was not able

Solar Quarter • November 2017 33

While Africa’s off-grid market is experiencing a strong boom, with many companies having successfully started to offer pay-as-you-go products that allow customers to buy solar electricity using the mobile phone infrastructure,the continent’s on-grid solar markets have mostly disappointed in 2016. South Africa added 509 MW but could have been bigger if its national utility Eskom had not rejected the signing of PPA contracts for a large number of awarded solar projects. In north Africa, Egypt installed only 10 MW, after the government disrupted the process of its 2014 announced FIT program that was planned to lead to 2.3 GW of solar capacity by 2017. And in Kenya, none of the over 2 GW of solar plants awarded via feed-in tariff have been given the green light. On the positive side, there were several first small on-grid solar power plants built in several African countries, including Senegal, Ghana, and Uganda.Moreover, the World Bank Group has established its Scaling Solar Program in Africa, with Zambia awarding the first 100 MW out of 600 MW in 2016 and further projects under development in Senegal, Ethiopia and Madagascar. In summary, the low cost of solar has sparked huge interest for this clean and flexible technology in many countries around the world. 2016 was dominated by China and a few other solar markets that were driven by ‘traditional’ subsidy schemes. In 2016, global solar power capacity exceeded 300 GW, after it took the 200 GW mark the year before, and the 100 GW level in 2012. The total installed solar PV power capacity increased 33% to 306.5 GW by the end of 2016, up from 229.9 GWin 2015. In just a decade the world’s cumulative solar capacity increased by over 4,500% - from merely 6.6 GW in 2006. From the start of the millennium,when the story of ongrid solar power kicked off with the launch of Germany’s feed-in tariff program, total solar power has grown by an impressive factor of nearly 245 times. In 2016, Asia-Pacific has become the largest solar powered region in the world – with 147.2 GW of total installed capacity, equal to a 48% global market share (see Fig. 5). The European solar pioneers, which still owned the major global portion in 2015, are now ranked second – with a cumulative PV capacity of 104 GW and a 34% share. America (including north, Central and South America) remains third at 45.9 GW and a 15% stake. The Middle East and Africa lost market share – the total solar capacity of 4.7GW results in a world market share of 1.5%. After China took over the No. 1 global solar market position with the largest cumulative PV capacity in 2015, it strongly expanded its leadership in the following year: The addition of 34.5 GW in 2016, led to a total of 77.9 GW grid connected solar, with China owning one quarter of all global solar power generation capacity, up from 18.9% the year before (see Fig. 6). In 2016, both Japan and the United States overtook longtime solar market leader Germany. Japan, now Australian solar power capacity additions decreased

low 29.1 USD/ MWh PPA in 2016 and continuing to keep

ranked second, had an installed capacity of 42.9 GW and

by nearly 20% to 750 MW in 2016 as the country is

the lead role, adding 821 MW in that year. Although at

a 14% world market share in 2016; the US reached 42.4

shifting from a traditional residential feed-in tariff driven

300 MW newly installed PV it is still a rather small PV

GW, equal to 13.8%. Germany’s fourth rank, based on 41.1



market in 2016, while Mexico has created its first large

GW and 13.4% share, means that no European country is

with battery storage. With solar LCOE’s now being

solar footprint, when it awarded over 1 GW of solar

among the top 3 global solar markets anymore.

increasingly competitive, also commercial and ground

power capacity at an average PPA price of $40.50/MWh

Two further countries had solar capacities exceeding 10




mounted systems have started to see growing interest in

in a single tender.

the last few months. In September 2016, the Australian

The large-scale power plants that were recently awarded

11.5 GW. While India reached the 9.5 GW mark at the

Renewable Energy Agency (AREnA) awarded funding to

at record low solar price bids in the Middle East will

end of 2016, it has surpassed the 10 GW level in the first

12 PV power plants with a combined capacity of 482 MW

only be built in the next few years in the United Arab

quarter of 2017. no other country is expected to reach

to stimulate the utility-scale solar segment.


Beyond the US, there is also increasing solar activity in

In 2016, the countries of the region were all rather small

looking at the total solar capacities of the closest

almost all of the countries on the American Continent,

solar markets, with Jordan adding the largest capacity

candidates at the end of 2016, the gaps are too big for

with Chile making the largest noise by awarding a record

(291 MW).

France (7.1 GW), Australia (5.8 GW) and Spain (5.5 GW).

w w w . s o l a r q u a r t e r . c o m

GW at the end of 2016 – Italy at 18.9 GW and the Uk at

a 10 GW cumulative solar power level this year; when

Solar Quarter • November 2017 34

Industry Insights Will We Achieve 100% Renewables By 2050? Half of the Indian experts interviewed suggested that

poor was considered the most challenging to overcome.

achieving 100% renewables by 2050 is likely, while the

Specifically, issues around the affordability of renewables

other half either disagreed or was undecided.

– or energy per se – and related deficits in education and

There was no common opinion among the interviewees

know-how were identified.

about the most challenging political obstacles, which

Most respondents saw a growing share for renewable

most likely reflects the huge variety of energy policies

energy in the energy mix, but did not consider a 100%

in India’s 27 states.

renewable energy system to be a feasible scenario for

However, the overarching consensus was that there was

India by 2050. One of the main explanations for their

a lack of consistent and long-term policies and technical knowhow with regard to deployment. They identified a clear need for special assistance from developed countries, especially in relation to grid integration of wind

scepticism was that renewables are still believed to

One of the main explanations for their scepticism was that renewables are still believed to be more expensive than

be more expensive than conventional energy sources,

conventional energy

despite the fact that actual market prices for new build

sources, despite the fact

power plants contradicts this perception. Setting up transparent information systems about the actual current

that actual market prices

renewable power generation.

costs of renewables could help overcome this perception.

for new build power

There was general agreement that utilities need to evolve


and solar electricity, and operation and maintenance of

into service companies, but the experts noted that there is no sense of urgency to do this, and no real change is expected within the next decade – or even longer. This could be a reflection of the large role the government currently plays in energy markets. Experts discussed the impact of energy consumption subsidies and whether it might not be better to shift those subsidies towards renewable energy production instead. As in other regions, the majority of the experts identified technological challenges to integrating large shares of wind and solar power into the grid. Furthermore, access to finance for renewable energy projects and project development were seen as major hurdles. While opinions about the most significant socio-economic barriers were highly diverse, the gap between rich and

plants contradicts this perception.

The majority of the energy experts interviewed for this report agreed (35%) or strongly agreed (36%) that 100% renewables on a global level is feasible and realistic, 17%

availability of fossil fuels; conflicts with economic

disagreed and 12% were neutral. Opinion on this subject

development goals; and access to finance.

tended to cluster in regional groupings.

Views about the barriers to achieving 100% renewables

While experts from Australia and Oceania, Europe and

were divided between experts from industrialised and

international organisations agreed to a large extent that a 100% renewable energy future is technically and economically feasible, those from the USA and Japan generally disagreed. American and Japanese experts did not see the economic readiness, and foresaw continuing problems especially with regard to storage and transport technologies. Experts from developing countries also largely disagreed but for different reasons: continued

developing regions. For industrialised countries, experts considered powerful vested interests in conventional energy industries, combined with the lack of consistent and long-term policies and unfavourable market design for renewables, as the main barriers to the phase-out fossil fuels. Access to finance, technology and knowhow have slowed renewable energy deployment in the developing world.

Credits: REN21. 2017 Renewables Global Futures Report: Great debates towards 100% renewable energy (Paris: REN21 Secretariat).

w w w . s o l a r q u a r t e r . c o m

Solar Solar Quarter Quarter ••November November 2017 2017 35

Tech Insights The Unknown Risks Of Using Monthly Average Resource Data In Photovoltaic Project Design You’re a developer or engineering firm who is working



For tracking plants, the average difference in the hourly

on a large solar project and you’re deciding which solar

photovoltaic projects in six different countries including





vs monthly average approach was about 2%, but the

resource dataset to use. You know you need to use a high-

India. For each project, simulations were run for two

maximum difference was over 7%!For tracking plants,

quality resource dataset to get the project across the line.

configurations: an equator-facing fixed tilt orientation and

the monthly averagePVsyst-SYN approach has too much

How do you make a good choice on the resource data,

one with horizontal single-axis East-West trackers with

uncertainty to use even in the early prospecting stages

which will be the backbone of your project?


of project development. A 7% difference in energy from

Three key questions will help you make a wise choice:

PVsyst was used to run all simulations, with only the

predicted to actual production is more than enough to


Are hourly data available, or only monthly means?

meteorological data varying between the three approaches.


How old is the dataset?

1. Full timeseries approach: The hourly timeseries for


What is the dataset’suncertainty?

individual simulations run separately in PVsyst to derive the corresponding annual yield. The full timeseries

used in your projects, then you’re already on the path to

yield estimate (P50) was then taken to be the median

making better choices then many. Based on these answers

of the individual annual yields.

and how much risk you are willing to live with, you can make an informed tradeoff between schedule, accuracy, and cost. This article focuses on the first question. monthly



at all project phases if you’re developing tracking plants.

the ten project locations covered roughly 20 years of

If you can answer these questions about the resource data


make or a break a project; thus, we recommend hourly data


from the PVsyst-SYN

2. PVsyst-SYN approach: In this approach, the long-term monthly means of global horizontal irradiance (GHI)

photovoltaic systems, since such data is widely available at little or no cost. Also, software tools like PVsyst and Plant Predict allow users to input monthly mean data, and then generate from this a year of synthetic hourly data that can be used as an input to photovoltaic yield modeling. At very early stages of project design, this can be a quick way to get indicative numbers. The problem with this approach isthat – depending on the location and type of project - it can add too much resource risk, even in the early prospecting stages of project development. This is especially true for tracking PV plants and locations - such

were compared to

GHI data as described by Meteotest in 2017. 3. TMY approach: Vaisala creates TMY datasets using an empirical approach that selects four-day samples from the full timeseries to create a “typical year” of data with 8760 hours, while conserving the monthly and annual means of all solar variables in the TMY dataset match Finally, the simulated yields from the PVsyst-SYN and TMY timeseries approach for each of the ten PV systems, for

2017) to those derived using two types of synthetic years based on the same data: a PVsyst synthetic year (hereafter: PVsyst-SYN) and a Typical Meteorological Year (TMY). The same underlying resource dataset was used, and the only

the long-term hourly timeseries and the TMY files relates to how well the TMY averages match the long-term dataset. If the TMY was not well matched for GHI we would expect these energy yield biases to be larger.

w w w . s o l a r q u a r t e r . c o m

for fixed and tracking configurations.

more deviation from the PVsyst-SYN approach. Notably, it was difficult to predict whether the bias was high or low – this means it cannot be treated as a consistent known bias. The deviation between the energy yields from the longterm hourly timeseries and the TMY files relates to how well the TMY averages match the long-term dataset. If the TMY was not well matched for GHI we would expect these energy yield biases to be larger. Vaisala’s TMY creation process is designed to minimize these deviations for that very reason.

the energy yields from

the ten PV systems,

fixed and tracking configurations.

For all project types and locations, we saw significantly

Vaisala’s 3TIER Services hourly meteorological data (Vaisala,

approach for each of

approaches were compared to the P50 yields from the full

Study Conditions P50 energy results derived from using multiple years of

the full timeseries

the means of the full timeseries to within 1% or less.

Study Results

In a recent Vaisala study, PVsyst was used to compare the

the P50 yields from

mean of GHI. The process is iterated until the annual

as India - with high resource variability.

The deviation between

and TMY approaches

are first used to stochastically derive synthetic hourly is

sometimes used as a basis for predicting the yield of

difference in the projects was the temporal resolution.

the simulated yields

The news is better for fixed PV. The energy differences between the models was less than 1%, and the maximum difference was around 2%. That is a deviation that’s generally acceptable at early project stages. In later development stages, you should incorporating hourly timeseries data to reduce the uncertainty, especially if you are in a competitive financing situation.

A Proactive Approach So as a proactive project developer or engineer how can

Figure 1: Percent differences between annual energy yields from TMY and PVsyst-SYN and P50 energy yields from the full timeseries for ten utility-scale PV systems for fixed and tracking configurations

you make sure you are making the best resource choices for your projects? Vaisala and other providers cover most geographies with satellite-based datasets at and hourly or even sub-hourly resolution at a reasonable cost. If you have received a report from an engineering firm and are wondering what resource methodology they have





used in order to understand the accuracy of the estimates,

Project number





you should look past the name of the data provider. Many






means but not the hourly time series. Any time the words






“synthetic” or “generated” are used in regards to the






resource data, that is an indication that hourly values are





































Gwendalyn Bender,






Sophie Pelland Ph.D,

Standard deviation





Louise Leahy Ph.D.











prominent engineering firms use the low-cost monthly

derived and not native to the resource timeseries. Given the increase in availability and the decrease in costs for hourly timeseries we would encourage others in the industry to drop the synthetic data creation practice so we can all build projects we will be proud of.

Rajni Umakanthan Vaisala, Seattle (U.S.A.) & Bangalore (India) Solar Solar Quarter Quarter ••November November 2017 2017 36

Industry Insights Harvesting the Sun for Power and Produce – Agrophotovoltaics Increases the Land Use Efficiency by over 60 Percent Agrophotovoltaic – Resource Efficient Land Use (APV Resola) Project Since the idea of agrophotovoltaics was first initiated by Prof. Adolf Goetzberger, who founded Fraunhofer ISE in 1981, several large APV plants have been installed worldwide. On the other hand, only a few of these APV plants are designated as research sites. In the “APV Resola” project, researchers are investigating the economic, technical, societal and ecological aspects of the technology in a pilot plant under real conditions for the first time. The research project is supported by funds from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and the Research for Sustainable Development (FONA). The project goal is to develop APV system technology into Until now, acreage was designated for either photovoltaics

experience over the next few years and analyze other crops

or photosynthesis, that is, to generate electricity or grow

before making final conclusions.

crops. An agrophotovoltaics (APV) pilot project near Lake

a market-ready product. “In order to provide the necessary proof-of-concept before market entry, we need to compare further techno-economical applications of APV, demonstrate the transferability to other regional areas and

uses are compatible. Dual use of land is resource efficient,

Solar Array Produces More Than Average

reduces competition for land and additionally opens up a

The 720 bifacial solar modules produce solar electricity

in combination with fruit, berries, hops and wine crops

not only on the front side but on the back of the

and with the various technologies such as energy storage,

Constance, however, has now demonstrated that both

new source of income for farmers. For one year, the largest APV system in Germany is being tested on the Demeter

also realize larger systems,” explains Stephan Schindele. For example, different possible applications shall be explored

photovoltaic modules with solar radiation reflected from

special films with organic solar cells and solar PV water

farm cooperative Heggelbach. In the demonstration project

the surroundings. Under favorable ambient conditions,

treatment systems. “Besides investment from industry and

“Agrophotovoltaic – Resource Efficient Land Use” (APV-

e.g. snow cover, twenty five percent additional electricity

research policy, appropriate political measures supporting

Resola)” led by the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy

yield can be achieved. From an energetic stand point,

Systems ISE, solar modules for electricity production are

the dual use principle of agrophotovoltaics is much

installed directly above crops covering an area of one third

more efficient than solely planting energy crops,

hectare. Now the first solar harvest of power and produce

accounting, after all, for 18 percent of agricultural land

has been collected on both levels.

use in Germany.

“The project results from the first year are a complete


success: The agrophotovoltaic system proved suitable



for the practice and costs as much as a small solar roof



system. The crop production is sufficiently high and can be

households with electricity.

profitably sold on the market,” explains Stephan Schindele,

In the first twelve months,

project manager of agrophotovoltaics at Fraunhofer ISE.

the array produced 1266

“Agrophotovoltaics (APV) has the potential to open up


new space that is urgently needed for the PV expansion in Germany. At the same time APV can mitigate the conflicting interests between agriculture and open space PV systems



installed 62






for example, the implementation of storage,” remarks Prof.

field matched well to the

Hans-Martin Henning, Institute Director of Fraunhofer ISE.

daily farm load. About 40

Winter wheat, potatoes, celeriac and clover grass were

percent of the electricity

promising. “The crop yield of clover grass under the PV array was only 5.3 percent less than the reference plot,” reports Prof. Petera Högy, agricultural expert at the University of Hohenheim. The yield losses for potatoes, wheat and celeriac are between 18 to 19 percent and therefore somewhat higher.” “From



used directly to charge the electric vehicles and process

the In






load demand could be almost completely met by the photovoltaic system. Thomas Schmid and the other



aim to increase their selfconsumption




percent by optimizing their consumption behavior and installing


production experimental

produced on the farm was


The results from the first harvest were, for the most part,

separately in invitations for tender while in the test phase.

average value of 950 kWh/ The

Solar module shading reduces crop yield – total balance positive

statement proposing that agrophotovoltaics be considered

one third more than the

Also, the technical integration must be further advanced,

were exposed to uniform solar radiation.


in tandem by the University of Hohenheim, made a joint


sectors and differently sized systems still must be tested.

of bifacial glass-glass PV modules ensured that the crops


Fraunhofer ISE and the Wuppertal Institute, supported


kW in Germany.

and the extra distance between the five meter high rows


market entry,” adds Stephan Schindele. Already in 2014,


for viable land. Before market readiness, however, other

the first crops to be tested. The south-west orientation


the technology are of vital importance for a successful






agrophotovoltaics is a promising solution for increasing

surplus PV electricity is fed

both the land use efficiency and the share of renewable

into the Elektrizitätswerke

energy provided by the agricultural sector,” stresses Prof.

Schönau, an electric utility

Iris Lewandowski, Head of the Department of Biobased

company based on 100%

Products and Energy Crops, University of Hohenheim. The

renewable energy and a

experts agree that it is important, however, to gather more

partner in the project.

Credits: Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE

w w w . s o l a r q u a r t e r . c o m

Solar Quarter • November 2017 37

Product Feature We have increased our PV module manufacturing capacity to 500MW Goldi Green Technologies Pvt. Ltd. is one of the leading solar PV module manufacturing companies. We manufacture modules up to the range of 365Wp using Poly and Mono crystalline solar cells in an air-conditioned and state-of-the art, dust free facility. We have increased our PV module manufacturing capacity to 500MW and subsequently we aim to scale it up to 1GW by next year. We are ISO 9001:2015, ISO 14001:2015 and OHSAS 18001:2007 certified and the first Indian company to be independently audited by SOLARBUYER, U.S.A. Besides being tested by third parties (SGS-TUV-SAAR) & (UL), Goldi Green modules are also integrated for reliability testing as part of the design process, and the test results are used to fine- tune module quality during mass production. We are also a rapidly growing EPC company with installations PAN India. With an in-house team of engineers, we guarantee clean and professional installations in record time with rated output along with round the year remote

Technology Specifications PERC or Passivated Emitter Rear Contact technology refers to the dielectric layer on the back of a PERC solar cell. This layer on the back of the solar cell helps to reflect light that passed through the cell, back into the cell so it can generate more electrons. This is also known as backside passivation. Hence, light which passes through the cell without being absorbed is again reflected back by the rear passivation for the second absorption



monitoring of our plants.

increasing efficiency.

Besides, we are one of the very few companies globally

Benefits: Goldi Green PERC panels

having a 4mm glass certification.

have a higher energy density per

We are pleased to announce the introduction of our latest products: � 5BB modules with PERC cell technology � Twin Peak modules � Split Junction box modules

square foot and perform well under low-light conditions and high temperatures. Designers can utilize fewer panels to accomplish total output goals where footprint is limited, or they

� 1500 System Voltage modules

can dramatically maximize energy

� White EVA Glass to Glass modules

output if space is not a premium.

� Transparent EVA Glass to Glass modules � Bi-facial modules

This empowers designers to be more flexible and responsive to project objectives.

� Light Weight (2mm & 2.5 mm glass) modules.

Product Introduction

Technology Advancements

Highlighted here is a brief introduction of our GOLDI 72

Keeping ahead of the technology

series 5 Bus Bar PERC cell technology Poly Crystalline modules.

curve, we have launched the following new products for which

Offering a range from 330Wp to 345Wp, this module offers

we would like to highlight in brief,

a conversion efficiency of up to 17.83%, benefitting from

a few of the many more benefits

Passivated Emitter Rear Contact (PERC) technology.


The 5 busbar solar cells offer guaranteed performance with minimal power loss due to improved temperature coefficient.

We are also a rapidly growing EPC company with installations PAN India. With an in-house team of engineers, we guarantee

GOLDI 72 - PERC - 5BB Polycrytsalline module

Goldi 5BB 1500 System Voltage Module

Goldi White EVA & Transparent EVA Glass to Glass module

Goldi 5BB 1500 System Voltage modules lead to longer

The Goldi White EVA & Transparent EVA Glass to Glass

string length and thereby use fewer components as

module eliminates PID due to frameless design, with no

compared to conventional power plants, thus decreasing

grounding required and is free of snail trails. The frameless

BOS costs.

design also reduces O&M cost due to less dust and snow

Goldi Bi-facial cell modules Goldi bi-facial modules have the advantage of producing more energy by using reflective incidental light from the rear along with light from the front of the module.


Goldi Light Weight module (2mm & 2.5mm glass) Reduced thickness of glass in Goldi Light Weight modules results in low weight of modules, very much suitable

Goldi Split JB module

for roof tops. Eliminates need for expensive structural

The Goldi Split Junction Box layout design enables for a

lesser absorption and higher irradiance reaching the cells.

installations in record

higher energy yield while reducing heat and increasing

Uniform and better heat dissipation from glass results in

panel reliability. Also results in reduction of cable length

lower temperature of module leading to higher yield.

time with rated output

high fill factor & four times lower power loss in complete

clean and professional


along with round the year remote monitoring of our plants.

w w w . s o l a r q u a r t e r . c o m

Goldi Twin Peak module (Half cut cells)

reinforcements. Derives higher panel efficiency due to

Targeted/ Benefitted Customer Segment Applications: On-grid large scale utility systems, on-grid & off-grid residential systems, on grid commercial / industrial

The half cut cell design in Goldi Twin Peak module results

roof tops and solar pumping systems.

in reduction of resistance and adds an overall around

Apart from the above, application of Bi-Facial cell modules

4Wp per panel extra power output along with improved

and Glass to Glass modules are ideal for BIPV, carport,

performance in partial shade conditions.

floating PV, Snow or desert environments etc.

Solar Quarter • November 2017 38

Product Feature Insolation Energy is always at the forefront to upgrade the technology and provide new solutions Insolation energy, a state of the art manufacturing facility

� Mission Energy Award - “Emerging Module Manufacturer

procured for manufacturing of modules. Testing is done at

specializing in high efficiency PV Module is located in Jaipur.

of the Year” in Solar Innovation & Excellence Award

each stage so that module performs well throughout its

We develop India’s best utility scale solar PV Module. We


life span of 25 + years..

strive to provide one of the best solutions for sustainable solar electric power. Our aim is to provide clean and green electricity at affordable price to one and all. Insolation Energy has been formed by the combined

� India Solar Week Excellence Awards 2017 - “ Solar Module Company of the Year Utility Scale (Domestic Manufacturer) for Outstanding Achievements in Solar Energy Sector From First View Group

efforts of senior industrialists Mr. Manish Gupta and Mr. Vikas Jain having experience of more than 17 year in various sectors like Steel, Industrial Solutions, Real Estates, Health & Fitness and Independent Solar Power Producer business etc. Insolation Energy has a state-of-the-art fully automatic manufacturing facility of 60MW per annum for solar PV Modules in the range of 3Wp-350 W using poly & mono crystalline cells. We have most modern production line with a robotic plant in a very hygienic and fully airconditioned environment. Enough care is taken to avoid manual handling of material as well as finished products. Insolation Energy Pvt. Ltd. has been offering both Multicrystalline and Mono Crystalline in various sizes from 3Wp to 350Wp. Made in India with highest grade raw materials

Technology Advancement Enhancing the existing technology is always under

� Superior






Benchmarks � Positive Power Sorting, 0 to +3 Watt. � PID Free Modules with long term reliability � UV anti-glare Resistance and All Weather Load Resistance Glass.

consideration. Insolation Energy is always at the forefront

� Salt mist, Ammonia, Blowing sand and Hail resistant

to upgrade the technology and provide new solutions. We

� Excellent Energy generation in weak light

strive to provide our customer with product & services which exceed their expectations. We shall use preventive processes & testing to drive the highest quality standards and to ship products that meet our quality goal. We invite most of the customers to witness the in line process quality and test facilities available at our facility before they start journey with us. Some of the salient features of our line are: � Fully automatic line with least manual intervention and continuous automatic process

Targeted/ Benefitted Customer Segment Due to consistent quality & committed deliver schedules Insolation Energy has become one of the emerging key players amongst Photovoltaic Modules across India & Focuses on to export to Nepal, Dubai, Africa, Japan & many other countries. With the start of production in April 2017, the company

from international suppliers. Our manufacturing facility is

� Automatic Stringers with 2200 cells/ hr capacity

has so far supplied 15 MW Solar modules. The company

certified for ISO 9001: 2015 qualities. Some of our most

� Pre & Post Inline EL Tester

has so far supplied in both Government and Private

popular Modules are � Sapphire Series 72 Poly Crystalline � Sapphire Series 60 Poly Crystalline

� Automatic Framing Machine for seamless framing � AAA class inline Sun Simulator

In recognition of our products highest standards of quality

Product Introduction/ Technology Specifications

we have been awarded with

Best quality raw material conforming to latest standards is

� Sapphire Series 36 Poly Crystalline

w w w . s o l a r q u a r t e r . c o m

Projects with a single biggest order of 2 MW in Madhya Pradesh. Due to high quality standards many leading players have preferred us for their OEM requirements. We are also targeting rooftop project developers & EPC players for high efficiency 72 cells modules. The company has a extensive network of distributors & dealers to cater to the retail segment.

Solar Quarter • November 2017 39

Product Feature A New Technology For Solar -Central Distributed Inverter Solution String protection, make sure the system reliability Enhanced safety protection measures Equipped with the intelligent electronic switch, which can be shut down reliably when fault occurs Standard output active circuit break protection Realizing the fault isolation of the input and output, avoiding the potential failure thoroughly

About Sineng Sineng Electric Co., Ltd. is a leading equipment manufacturer and solution provider in power and related industries, providing customers with solar inverter solution, power quality control solution, energy storage system and new energy automobiles charging solution. In 2014, following integration with a Fortune 500 company’s solar business, Sineng became a leader in terms of R&D, management and marketing in the global PV market. Currently, Sineng Electric has completed the establishment of its local sales and service system Sineng integrated the respective advantages of string

the number of the prefabricated PV Inverter room of 2MW

for the Indian market. Once the new modern facility

inverter and central inverter, proposed the central

central distributed system reduced to half compared with

goes into production in Bangalore, the company’s

distributed inverter solution, which can increase the power

the central system. The construction capacity reduced, and

annual solar inverter production capacity is expected

generation efficiency and reduce the system cost.

the construction costs of power plant will be saved further.

to reach 5GW. Sineng Electric is capable of meeting the

Compared to the traditional central inverter solution, DC combiner is replaced by the intelligent MPPT combiner.

Working Mode

Each 1MW power generating system has 48 independent

In actual PV power generation system, such problems

MPPT units, which can effectively solve power generation

as dust covering, shade blocking, direct current line loss

losses because of dust covering, shade blocking, direct

inconformity, module degradation, dip angle discrepancy

current line loss inconformity, module degradation, dip

and other module mismatch are inevitable. I-V curved line

angle discrepancy and other module mismatch and

of every module is difficult

increase at least 2% power generation. Each power unit

to keep the same. the

is improved from the traditional central 1 MW capacity to

traditional central inverter

the central distributed 2 MW capacity, with make simper

solution can’t make each

networking scheme and lower system cost.

string effectively work on

Because the voltage from the intelligent MPPT combiner to the inverter is promoted above DC 800 V, the AC voltage from inverter to the transformer is promoted to AC 520V, corresponding cost of AC/DC cable can be reduced over 30%; Each 2 MW square uses 2 MVA double split winding transformer, to replace the two groups of 1 MVA double split winding transformer, and cost reduces about 30%; For smaller inverter room, the cost is reduced by about 50%. The summarized energy by 48 optimization unit is concentrated transported to the grid through 1 MW inverter , which inherit the advantages of central inverter such as high reliability, easy maintenance and management, and ensure the output power quality and grid-connected performance are optimized.

Typical Networking Scheme Each 2 MW photovoltaic power generation unit consists of 24 intelligent MPPT combiners and 2×1MW central distributed

inverter, central inverter and central distributed inverters (1000Vdc/1500Vdc).

its maximum power point, while




central distributed inverter solution



the function of everyone independent



Comprehensive intelligent monitoring and diagnosis solution with string PV character- istic curve scanning String monitoring and diagnosis

inverters. The typical networking scheme show as follows:


Reducing Cost of System

string abnormal can be

The voltage from the intelligent MPPT optimizer

diversified needs of its customers with 1~2500kW string


power curve,


found immediately

to the inverter is promoted above DC 800 V, the AC voltage from inverter to the transformer is promoted to AC 520V, corresponding cost of AC/DC cable can be reduced over 30%. The inverter is equipped with DC distribution unit, so it’s not necessary to allocate DC distribution unit and DC cable between cabinets, which reduces much more cost.

Built-in high-precision string PV curve scanning function,

Each 2 MW square uses a 2 MVA double split winding

the performance can match

transformer, to replace the two groups of 1 MVA double

the professional instrument,

split winding transformer, and cost reduces about 30%.

and the properties of the

The construction cost of power distribution room is low,

string is clear

w w w . s o l a r q u a r t e r . c o m

Solar Quarter • November 2017 40

Tech Insights Fraunhofer ISE Pushes World Record for Multicrystalline Silicon Solar Cells to 22.3 Percent Research and industry worldwide are working to further

world record efficiency for multicrystalline solar cells

reduce the costs of solar electricity and German research

which they established just a few months ago. Pushing

is playing a leading role. With its newest solar cell, the

beyond the magical threshold of 22 percent, their newest

Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE has

solar cell converts 22.3 percent of the incident solar energy

now exceeded its own world record for multicrystalline

into electricity. The researchers affirm that the maximum

solar cells. The record cell converts 22.3 percent of the

potential of the material and the cell technology has not

incident sunlight into electricity.

yet been realized. The new record became possible through the use of highly pure silicon supplied by the project partner Wacker and also through adjustments that targeted the needs of the multicrystalline material in both the crystallization and the cell processing steps. An optimized plasma texture and a so-called “Tunnel Oxide Passivated Contact Technology (TOPCon),” developed at Fraunhofer ISE for back side contacting played an essential role. With the TOPCon technology the electrical contacts are applied over the entire rear surface of the cell without patterning. This reduces charge-carrier losses and leads to much higher electrical efficiencies. “We are pleased

crystallization and the solar cell technology research teams at ISE allowed us to reduce the loss mechanisms step by step and successfully develop an optimized process chain.” Division Director Prof. Stefan Glunz adds: “These successful results achieved in solar cell efficiency are based on steady, continuous development and demonstrate the strength of European research and innovation in this field. At the same time these advances lead the way for Europe’s entry into market production of the next generation technology on the global scale.”

Multicrystalline silicon, the work horse of the photovoltaic

to have succeeded in achieving such an excellent

This record was a achieved within the project “multiTOP“

industry, dominates the PV module production worldwide

result,” remarks Martin Hermle, Department Head of

which runs until March 2017 and is financed by the German

with a market share of 57 percent. In the last few years,

Advanced Development of High-Efficiency Silicon Solar

Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy BMWi.

the efficiencies of the more expensive monocrystalline

Cells at Fraunhofer ISE. Hermle adds: “The key to our

The new world record solar cell will be presented at

solar cells have increased greatly, thus widening the

success was the holistic approach which enabled us to

the European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference

gap between mono and multicrystalline material. At

optimize all steps, from the crystallization up to the

(EUPVSEC) on September 28, 2017 in Amsterdam by Dr.

Fraunhofer ISE in Freiburg, the researchers have succeeded

individual solar cell fabrication processes. The close and

Jan Benick in his talk “Approaching 22% Efficiency with

in decreasing this efficiency gap by surpassing their own

continual cooperation between the characterization,

Multicrystalline n-Type Silicon Solar Cells.”

Silicon Ingot

w w w . s o l a r q u a r t e r . c o m

Silicon Wafer

Solar Cells

Solar Modules

DG/ Projects


Solar Quarter • November 2017 41

Product Feature Huawei Smart PV Solution: The Perfect Anti-PID Solution Potential induced degradation (PID) is a phenomenon that has recently become a major concern in the photovoltaic industry. PID impacts the ions of a solar cell and results in the degradation of the output of that cell. After PV modules are used on a large scale for a period of time, the power efficiency of the PV modules may be attenuated, which reduces the output power of the entire PV system. In some cases, power losses at the module level as high as 70% in the first 18 months. Starting on a module level, the losses can progress rapidly and affect the performance of an entire system. The occurrence of PID depends primarily on the electrical configuration of the system but other parameters such as system voltage, temperature, humidity and irradiance are factors contributing to the occurrence of PID. Researches have shown that the high voltage between the circuit in the crystalline silicon PV modules and the grounding metal frame results in potential performance attenuation of the PV modules, which is called potential induced degradation (PID) in the industry. PID in the crystalline silicon solar cell was first found in 2005. In 2008, Evergreen reported that PID occurs in the P-type solar cell module in the case of a high negative bias.

Traditional Anti-PID Solution: A Risk to Life and Property To prevent PID effects, a traditional solution is that the input PV- is grounded via a fuse or breaker. Due to this, a high voltage builds up between PV+ and PE with the usual fuse rating being above 5A. If someone touches PV+ accidentally, the large current may cause human injury or even death. Moreover, this cannot be avoided by any additional device. In addition to this, the grounding fault of the PV+ or cable generates faulty current or arc by using grounding wires, which gives rise to a potential fire hazard. So how do Huawei inverters offer a unique and safe solution to the PID problem? First of all, Huawei Smart PV Solution is a floating ground system on the LV side and PV- isn’t connected to the ground. This Huawei Smart PV Solution integrated with anti-PID modules offer the ideal anti-PID solution, neutralizing the above risks. Let’s see how. In order to prevent the PID issue, Huawei applies advanced anti-PID module with anti-PID kits developed by Huawei. When the inverters are under-operating, the neutral point voltage of inverter BUS capacitance, the neutral voltage of the string and voltage from N side of AC to the ground are the same. When voltage from N side of AC to the ground is raised, the neutral voltage of the string is also equally raised. So Huawei anti-PID module makes sure that the voltage between PV- and ground beyond 0 V efficiently prevent PID effects. Furthermore, because the PV- of DC side doesn’t connect to ground, there is no risk when someone touches the modules. Also, Huawei string inverter has residual current detecting circuit that can detect leakage current bigger than 30 mA, and can cut the circuit immediately to ensure human safety. The success of the solution can be seen from a real-life case study. Figures 1 and 2 show the inverter’s real-time voltage to ground in the 50 MW PV plant in Telangana, India, manifesting the exceptional performance of the Huawei Anti-PID solution.

Huawei Anti-PID Solution: A Global Success Today, Huawei anti-PID technology has been accepted globally and is used by leading developers across continents. The Huawei Smart PV Solution is being widely used in many projects in Europe, US, China, India, East South Asia, etc. and is fast becoming the most preferred choice as a perfect anti-PID solution.

w w w . s o l a r q u a r t e r . c o m

Solar Quarter • November 2017 42

Product Feature We offer these services throughout the project life cycle BKC WeatherSys Pvt. Ltd. (formerly known as BK Consimpex

� Solar Radiation

Pvt. Ltd.) is one of India’s first private sector meteorology

- GHI (Global

and environmental technology companies. We were the first private sector entity in India to run Numerical Weather


Prediction models, making high resolution weather


forecasting for the Indian region available for the first time.

and TGHI

For the Solar Industry Accurately measuring and predicting

(Tilted Global

solar radiation is the key to finding optimal locations,


informing investment decisions optimizing plant efficiency, monitoring performance and scheduling maintenance for


solar power projects. We offer these services throughout


the project life cycle.


At WeatherSys, our foundation lies in weather forecasting


and meteorological instrumentation, including providing

(Kipp & Zonen

turnkey solutions for solar weather monitoring and forecasting.

Although solar and weather monitoring

present a negligible fraction of total project cost (less than 0.1%), it has been largely overlooked until recently. As the Indian solar power market matures, we now see a demand for accurate solar and weather monitoring. This seems prudent as the long-term viability of any solar power project hinges on the amount of solar radiation incident at a particular area and the micro-climatic conditions

make). � Wind Speed & Direction � Ambient temperature &

Rooftop Systems:

Relative Humidity

Generally speaking, comprehensive weather monitoring

prevalent there.

� Barometric pressure

Solar Weather Monitoring Station for Utility and Roof top:

� Rain fall


efficiency and performance of Solar power plants and will provide intelligence on plant operation and possible

incoming solar irradiance and back of the panel temperature. Kipp & Zonen has recently launched a new product called

� PV Soiling monitoring by using DustIQ with directly communication with SCADA.

RT1 which can measure this. Especially for rooftop and small plants, the RT1 is a small, fully weatherproof duosensor that independently measures the incoming solar

� Data-logger to ingesting above sensors with MODBUS

A Typical Solar Weather Monitoring Station includes:

However, there are two parameters that are

essential monitoring even for small projects: measuring

� Module surface temperature

A weather monitoring station helps in monitoring the

avenues to increase the plant output.

stations are not considered for small power generation

output or Remote monitoring.

irradiance and the back panel temperature. It is extremely simple to mount on a corner of PV panel and has a soiling resistance design for low maintenance.






• Engineering Design

• Workforce Management

• Front-end Engineering

• Trial Runs

• Feasibility Studies

• Civil Works

• Safety Planning

• Certifications

• Regulatory Permissions

• Equipment Supply

• Raw Material Purchase

• Grid Connections

• Technology & Infrastructure

• Iron Fabrication

• Vendor Sourcing

• Safety Protocols

• Cost Estimation

• Site Safety

• Quality Controls

• Preventive Maintenance

Jakson Group, A-43, Hosiery Complex, Phase-II Extn., Noida-201305, Uttar Pradesh, India Tel.: 0120-4302600, 4526100 | Toll Free No.: 1800 103 2600 | w w w . s o l a r q u a r t e r . c o m

Solar Quarter • November 2017 43

Company Feature PROINSO’S EXTENSIVE PRODUCT CATALOGUE INCLUDES THE FULL RANGE OF SOLAR PV COMPONENTS ENSURING THE BEST COVERAGE FOR ALL ITS PROJECTS Back in 2006, PROINSO was founded as the distribution and engineering arm of OPDE Group which specialised in development,

funding, construction, operation and

maintenance of photovoltaic projects around the globe. The board’s commitment was, and remains, to provide the highest quality equipment, services and system solutions defined by the highest return on investment over the life cycle of a project. PROINSO offers a comprehensive service range for PV projects including procurement, engineering, installation This covers commercial PROINSO'S EXTENSIVE PRODUCT CATALOGUE INCLUDES THE FULL RANGE OF & industrial, utility, residential, diesel-hybrid and offand project management.


grid projects worldwide. Its clients include installers,

SOLAR construction companies and corporations. PROINSO’s


Qualified Installer Network is the company’s go-to workforce for installation and O&M services; counting over 2,500 professional solar installers.

Back in 2006, PROINSO was founded as Back the in 2006, PROINSO was founded as the

distribution and engineering arm toof become OPDE Over the first 12 years PROINSO grew a distribution and engineering arm of OPDE Groupglobal which specialised in development, Group which specialised in development, leading distribution, integration and technology

funding, construction, operation and 2018 PROINSO'S GOAL FOR 2018 IS funding, construction, operation and PROINSO'S GOAL FOR IS company in the solar market. It now has over 2.7 GW maintenance of photovoltaic projects around TO INCREASE ITS POSITION maintenance of photovoltaic projects around TO INCREASE ITS POSITION the globe. of projects and operations in over 20 countries across 6 AS LEADING PROVIDER OF 300 kWh - Kepulauan Riau, Indonesia the globe. AS LEADING PROVIDER OFMINI-GRID SOLUTIONS WHICH 300 kWh - Kepulauan Riau, Indonesia board’s commitment was, and remains, to continents. Today the company operates as a privateThe entity MINI-GRID SOLUTIONS The board’s commitment was, and remains,provide to the highest quality equipment, services WHICH WAS FORMALLY RECOGNISED with headquarters in Slough, UK, and 3 businessand units: defined by the RECOGNISED highest WITH 2016 SOLAR +POWER provide the highest quality equipment, services system solutions WAS FORMALLY return on investment over the life cycle of a Distribution & Integration, Technology and EPM. and system solutions defined by the highest WITH 2016 SOLAR +POWER RURAL ELECTRIFICATION project. AWARD FOR ITS OFF-GRID return on investment over the life cycle of a RURAL ELECTRIFICATION PROJECT IN KEPULAUAN RIAU, PROINSO offers a comprehensive service range project. ONE-STOP-SHOP PROJECT OFFERING AWARD FOR ITS OFF-GRID for PV CORPORATE projects including procurement, SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITYINDONESIA. engineering, installation INand project PROJECT KEPULAUAN RIAU, PROINSO offers a comprehensive service range Through its Distribution & Integration unit PROINSO has management. This iscovers commercial & PROINSO committed to corporate social responsibility PROINSO SPONSORED THE for PV projects including procurement, INDONESIA. executed projects close to 3 GW globally. In Indiaindustrial, it has utility, residential, diesel-hybrid and CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY and is taking active steps to improve health, promote social engineering, installation and project off-grid projects worldwide. Its clients include PROINSO Technology offers local installers a crossed the 300 MW benchmark. Its extensive product management. This covers commercialinstallers, & relationship for PROINSO PVINDIAN Rack entrepreneurship, improve education and increase safety construction companies and direct RUGBYis FOOTBALL PROINSO committed to corporate social catalogue includes theresidential, full range ofdiesel-hybrid solar PV components corporations. Qualified Installer aluminium structures, manufactured in Europe responsibility and is taking active steps to industrial, utility, and for PROINSO’s people in underprivileged areas without access CORPORATE to SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY Asia, anda the single-axis solar tracking Network is the company’s go-to workforce (inverters, andIts complete of PROINSO Technology offers for localand installers off-grid modules, projects structures worldwide. clients balance include improve health, promote social Energy Solidarity started in 2011 asPowered a UNION IN ITS EFFORTS TO system, TURNSOLE by OMRON. The installationelectricity. and O&MSolar services; counting over(SES) entrepreneurship, improve education and direct relationship for PROINSO PV Rack installers, companies and system) ensuringconstruction the best coverage for all its projects. developed inPROINSO partnership with Japanese is committed to corporate 2,500 professional solar installers. solidarity initiative and umbrella for tracker, PROINSO’s corporate increase safety for social people in underprivileged in Europe corporations. Qualified Installer corporation OMRON, draws on PROINSO’s 12 taking active steps to Global procurementPROINSO’s contracts with its strategic suppliers, aluminium structures, manufactured and GROW is areas without access AND to electricity. Solar Energy Over the philanthropy, first 12 years aligned PROINSOwith grewtheto UN 2030 Agenda responsibility THE GAME for and Asia, and the single-axis solar Network is the company’s go-to workforce for years tracking of experience in building, owning and Solidarity (SES) started in 2011 as a solidarity world-leading PV manufacturers such as SMA, Jinkobecome Solar, a leading global distribution, integration improve health, promote social operating trackers system, TURNSOLE Powered by The and OMRON’s 80+ years of initiative and umbrella for PROINSO’s corporate installation and O&M services; counting over Sustainable Development and Sustainable Development. and technology company in the solar market. It OMRON. entrepreneurship, improve education and Trojan, Huawei, Ingeteam and Omron, combined with over electronics strength in providing a robust and developed partnership 2,500 professional solar installers. philanthropy, alignedOF with THE the UN 2030 Agenda SPREAD AWARENESS now has tracker, over 2.7 GW of projectsinand operations with Japanese increase forwith people in underprivileged complete solution. Thissafety is coupled In 2016, across PROINSO partnered with reliable Yingli Solar to bring 2.7 GW of projects supplied, put PROINSO at the forefront for Sustainable Development and Sustainable in over 20 countries 6 continents. Today

corporation OMRON, draws on PROINSO’s 12 the MECASOLAR portfolio for large scale areas without access to electricity. Solar Energy Over the first 12 years PROINSO grewthetocompany Development. operates as lights a private entity with SM100 to in underprivileged ruralprojects. and years of solar experience building, owning andoff-grid tracker Solidarity (SES)DEVELOPMENT started in 2011 asPROGRAMME a solidarity become a leading global distribution, integration headquarters in Slough, UK, and 3 business communities in Africa South-East Asia. Together operating trackers andand OMRON’s 80+ years of withthe company’s project and umbrella for PROINSO’s corporate and technology company the solar market. It Distribution & Integration, Technology PROINSO EPM isinitiative PROINSO Technology offers inlocal installers a units: direct electronics strength in providing robust and its local implementation partners in aSouth Africa (Aluwani partnership unit philanthropy, focused on using the and EPM. aligned with the UN 2030 Agenda now has over 2.7 GW of and operations THAT PROMOTES THE SPORT THE relationship for PROINSO PVprojects Rack aluminium structures, reliable complete solution. This is coupled PROINSO SPONSORED procurement, engineering and management with Foundation), Madagascar (Mercy Ministries) and the for Sustainable Development and Sustainable in over 20 countries across 6 continents. Today INDIAN RUGBY FOOTBALL strengths of both PROINSO and its installer manufactured in Europe and Asia, and the single-axis the MECASOLAR portfolio for large scale Development. the company operates as a private entity with PhilippinesPROJECT (One Million Lights), PROINSO also partnered partners to create value for end clients.AT EPMTHE has GRASSROOTS UNION IN ITS EFFORTS ONE-STOP-SHOP OFFERING LEVEL TO solar tracking system, TURNSOLE Powered by OMRON. tracker projects. significant success with headquarters in Slough, UK, and 3 business GROW THE GAME AND SPREAD with United World Colleges (UWC) demonstrated to assist students in The tracker, developed &in Integration, partnership Technology with Japanese of over 320 MW of projects of all ThroughPROINSO its Distribution unit completion AWARENESS OF THE EPM& Integration is the company’s project units: Distribution comparing renewable energy data from different parts of scales. Currently, PROINSO has close to 25 MW WITH ENGAGEMENT ACROSS PROINSO has executed projects close to 3 GW DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME corporation the and EPM. OMRON, draws on PROINSO’s 12 years of partnership unit focused on ofusing ongoing projects in India under EPM. Some of globally. Inthe India it has crossed the 300 MW world. THAT PROMOTES THE SPORT PROINSO SPONSORED THE engineering and management experience in building, owning and operating trackers and procurement, benchmark. Its extensive product catalogue its key customers in India include Bosch, Godrej, AT THE GRASSROOTS COLLEGES AND LEVEL INDIAN RUGBY FOOTBALL ofofboth PROINSO andIndian its Mahindra installer Tata, and Refex Energy. The SCHOOLS, 15 MW Infull India, PROINSO sponsored the Rugby Football includes the range solar PV components OMRON’s 80+ years of electronics strength in providing a strengths WITH ENGAGEMENT ACROSS floating plant, currently partners create for end clients. EPM solar has (inverters, modules, complete UNION INunder ITS EFFORTS TO COLLEGES AND THE ONE-STOP-SHOP PROJECT OFFERING Union into itsstructures effortsvalue to and grow the game and spread awareness SCHOOLS, robust and reliable complete solution. This is coupled with construction, most ambitious balance demonstrated of system) ensuring the best coveragesuccess significant withis PROINSO’s GROW THE GAME AND SPREAD THE WIDER COMMUNITY . WIDER COMMUNITY. of the Global development programme. Thisproject promotes theAsia sport in South to date. for all its projects. the MECASOLAR portfolio for large scale tracker projects. completion ofprocurement over 320 contracts MW of projects of all Through its Distribution & Integration unit AWARENESS OF THE with its strategic suppliers, world-leading PV with schools, colleges at theCurrently, grassroots level by engaging scales. PROINSO has close to 25 MW PROINSO hasisexecuted projectsproject close to 3 GW PROINSO EPM the company’s partnership manufacturers such as SMA, Jinko Solar, Trojan, DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME 2018Some BUSINESS and the and wider community. In 2016, PROINSO partnered with Yingli Solar ongoing projects in India under of GOALSTHAT PROMOTES Huawei, of Ingeteam Omron, combined with EPM. globally. India it has the 300 MW THE SPORT unit focusedIn on using the crossed procurement, engineering to bring SM100 solar lights to underprivileged over 2.7 GW of projects supplied, put PROINSO its key customers in India include Bosch, Godrej, benchmark. Its extensive product catalogue In 2018 PROINSO is targeting growth of sales in AT THE GRASSROOTS and management strengths of both PROINSO and itsforefront of distribution and integration rural and LEVEL off-grid communities in Africa and at the Tata, Mahindra and Refex Energy. tracker The 15 MW based projects, battery storage and C&I includes the full range of solar PV components South-East Asia. Together with its local for solar systems. WITH ENGAGEMENT ACROSS installer partners to createstructures value for end clients. EPM has floating integrated solution along with continued 2018 BUSINESS GOALS solar plant, currently under (inverters, modules, and complete implementation partners in South Africa internalisation of its EPM unit. Finally, it aims to SCHOOLS, COLLEGES AND THE demonstrated success with of over construction, is PROINSO’s most ambitious (Aluwani Foundation), Madagascar (Mercy balance of significant system) ensuring thecompletion best coverage increaseofitssales position as the leading provider of In 2018 PROINSO is targeting growth in tracker based projects, battery storage and C&I Philippines integrated (One Million WIDER COMMUNITY. Ministries) and the forMW all its procurement contractshas project in South Asia to date. 320 of projects. projects ofGlobal all scales. Currently, PROINSO mini-grid solutions which was formally Lights), PROINSO also partnered with United recognised with theEPM 2016 Solar+ Power Rural solution along with continued internalisation of its unit. Finally, it aims to increase its position as the leading withto its strategic suppliers, world-leading close 25 MW of ongoing projects in India under PV EPM. World Colleges (UWC) to assist students in Electrification award for its off-grid project in manufacturers such as SMA, Jinko Solar, Trojan, comparing renewable energy data from Some of its key customers in India include Bosch, Godrej, 2018 provider of mini-grid solutions which was formally recognised with the 2016 Solar+ Power Rural Electrification Kepulauan Riau, Indonesia. BUSINESS GOALS In 2016, PROINSO partnered with Yingli Huawei, Ingeteam and Omron, combined with different parts of the Solar world. Tata, Mahindra and Refex Energy. The 15 MW floating solar As a company, PROINSO always strives solar to staylights to underprivileged to bring SM100 award for its off-grid project in Kepulauan Riau, Indonesia. over 2.7 GW of projects supplied, put PROINSO In 2018 In India, PROINSO sponsored the Indian Rugby PROINSO is targeting growth of sales ahead of theinmarket requirements. Being a plant, currently under construction, is PROINSO’s most in Africa and to grow the game at the forefront of distribution and integration tracker based projects, battery storage and C&I rural and off-grid communities Football Union in its efforts global player, it can bring the latest technologies, As a company, PROINSO always strives to stay ahead of the market requirements. a global player, can development South-East Asia. Together with its local and Being spread awareness ofit the ambitious in South Asia to date. for solarproject systems. and solutions to the fast-developing integrated solution along withproducts continued programme. This promotes the sport at the implementation partners market in South Africa solaritmarket in bring the of latest products and solutions inlevel internalisation its technologies, EPM unit. Finally, aims toIndia. to the fast-developing solar grassroots engaging with schools, (Aluwani Foundation), Madagascar (Mercy increase its position as the leading provider of colleges and the wider community. Ministries) and the Philippines (One Million mini-grid solutions which was formally Lights), PROINSO also partnered with United recognised with the 2016 Solar+ Power Rural World Colleges (UWC) to assist students in $ Electrification award$ for its off-grid project in PROINSO SOUTH ASIA comparing renewable energy data from Kepulauan 2.7 GW Riau, Indonesia. 400 MILLION 10+ YEARS 20+ OFFICES 2-22 Evergreen Industrial different parts of2,500 the world. Estate Shakti Mill Lane As a company, PROINSO always strives to stay Mahalaxmi In India, PROINSO sponsored the Indian Rugby ahead of the market requirements. Being a 400011 Mumbai, India Football Union in its efforts to grow the game global player, it can bring the latest technologies, and of the development 57 5 3 DIVISIONS CSR spread awareness AWARDS (+91) 022 4004 2286 products and solutions to the fast-developing programme. This promotes the sport at the solar market in India. grassroots level by engaging with schools, colleges and the wider community. w w w. s o l a r q u a r t e r. c o m Solar Quarter • December 2017 27 of distribution and integration for solar systems.













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Solar Quarter • November 2017 44

$ $


Company Feature We are committed towards ensuring our comprehensive business solutions Navitas Solar was founded in 2013 with the vision of

Vision Statement

providing clean energy by young scions of three business

Adequate and affordable energy for all.

families who are well established in the fields of textile,

Mission Statement

precast concrete, steel, construction and power sector

To meet the World’s ever growing energy need by providing affordable solar electricity. We will translate advanced solar technologies into products and services of value for our customers and stakeholders. We are committed towards ensuring our comprehensive business solutions to spearhead the renewable energy movement for a cleaner and greener environment globally.

since last 4 decades. Drawing on the group’s expertise on manufacturing, Navitas Solar started with state of the art Solar PV panels manufacturing facility of 75 MW annual production capacity in Surat, Gujarat and quickly expanded to 200 MW annual production capacity. It crossed turnover of 23 Million USD in just 3 years of active operations and has achieved recognition among leading manufacturers of

domestic as well as overseas market and fosters a culture

Solar PV Panels in India.

of collaborative growth which develops confidence in

Navitas Solar is engaged in the business of manufacturing

business partners and customers.

high quality Solar PV panels, providing EPC services for

Quality Policy Of The Company:

Solar PV projects and consulting about different solar technology applications such as Solar Water Pumping, Solar Street lighting etc. Navitas Solar has PAN-India presence with warehouses and regional offices located strategically to provide services throughout the country. Building upon growth in Indian

� Pressure Cooker Ageing Test for back sheets

recently expanded 200 MW annual manufacturing capacity

� Humidity Freeze Test

� SGS India

� UV Preconditioning Test Testing Labs.

reliable and affordable supplier of solar PV panels and

� ISO 9001:2008

� OHSAS 18001:2007

The company’s strategy is of forward integration of

� IEC 61215: 2005

A1:2012 � IEC 61701: 1995 � PID test

Service Pledge:

experience. Our motto is of collaborative and sustainable

The company is committed

growth and we identify partners in both domestic as well as

to deliver highest quality of

overseas markets to forge mutually beneficial partnerships

service and for this purpose

to realise our aim of Universal Energy Access.

it has set up offices in

Services- Rooftop Solar projects EPC Services, Project


Management Consultancy, Solar Technology Applications


EPC such as Solar Water Pumping, Solar Street Lighting etc.

support. The company has

blend of human resource committed to achieve company’s goals and objectives and customer satisfaction above anything else. The company has extensive network both in







invested in setting up a quality testing laboratory with



to check the quality of products and



to improve the processes and delivering satisfactory experience for customers.


Team & Management

 Anora Series (3-200 Wp) 18/36/48/54/60/72 Cell Multi Crystalline Modules


customer feedback system

Business Concept � Solar PV Panels:

Navitas Solar has 150 plus

 Navisol Series (250-280 Wp) 60 Cell Multi Crystalline Modules

employees and functioning

 Navisol Series (300-335 Wp) 72 cell Multi Crystalline Modules


 Sapphire Series (150-300 Wp) Building Integrated Photovoltaic Modules � Solar PV String Inverters � All in One Intelligent Solar Street Lights � Transformers

w w w . s o l a r q u a r t e r . c o m

� Hartek Power

� EN 61730-2: 2007 +

sectors is taking place to gain more control over end user’s

workforce below 30 years, Navitas Solar enjoys a unique

� Solarism- KPI Global Infra

� IEC 61730-1: 2013

their energy consumption methods. Keeping in line with

enthusiasm and zeal of young team with average age of

� Rays Power Experts

� ISO 14001: 2004

Business Strategy

of group companies in varied manufacturing sectors and

Customers & Projects

� Sterling & Wilson

key global markets and be recognized as one of the most

With guidance from advisors with considerable experience

Ambitious projects

� Larsen & Toubro

Navitas Solar have following certifications from Quality

Business Competitiveness

Closely held private limited company

List details of customers & projects

2020. The company’s objective is to expand operations in

goals and objectives and diversifying into various sub

Ownership Structure


� Thermal Cycling Test

strategy is also continuously evaluated to achieve the

projects vertical of the company.


Navitas Solar is focused to achieve full utilization of

the continuously evolving solar technology, company’s

Mr. Aditya Singhania (B.Tech NIT), Director leads the

on fossil fuels and run on energy from solar, wind and

� Damp Heat Test

our customers who adopt solar energy as a way of life in

& operations of manufacturing facility.

of in-house tests conducted in state of the art testing

Business Goals & Objectives

by us ensuring a satisfying and valuable experience for

Mr. Ankit Singhania (MBA IIM), Director leads the purchase

city in India like Freiburg, Germany which is non-reliant

� Sun Simulation testing

services including supply of Solar PV panels manufactured


company and to ensure it we have a comprehensive list

of Middles East Asia and Africa.

solar technology applications.

business strategy formulation and implementation in the

We want to contribute towards building a fully sustainable

� EL testing (Pre & Post lamination)

portfolio of rooftop EPC projects from 5 MW to 100 MW by

and finance vertical of the company and is responsible for

Quality is paramount among features important to the

market, the company has ventured out in overseas markets

and expand to 500 MW capacity by 2020 and growing the

Shah (MBA, B.E.), Director lead the business development

of the company is divided Sales,


Purchase, Operations and Project verticals. Mr. Vineet Mittal (CA, CS, MBA), Director Sales & Finance and Mr. Sunay

Solar Quarter • November 2017 45


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Solar Quarter • November 2017 46

Company Feature Avi Solar is committed to providing world class services & solutions � CYGNUS SCB- String Combiner Box

Company History

� EagleSUN SCADA™- Remote Monitoring Solution

- Avi Solar Energy Pvt Ltd was founded by passionate technocrats 2010

Quality Policy of the Company:

2011-14 - ISO 9001:2008 certified, Design consultancy for Rooftops in Indonesia & USA, Consultancy & Project Management for 10MW plant at Midjil (TS) 2015 Commissioned 2MW Solar PV power plant at Chintalapudi (AP), Started O&M Services for Sun Edison

Avi Solar is committed to providing world class services & solutions going beyond customers expectations. We achieve this by continual improvement, adopting newer technologies & upgrading knowledge & skills of the expert team.

Service Pledge:

2016 - Reached 300+ MWp of assets under Avi Solar O&M across India

On-time Installation(EPC): >90%

- SCADA and String Combiner Boxes - Products 2016 launched; “RISING STAR” award received for SCADA software – EagleSunTM SCADA

Operating Performance Ratio(O&M): >99%

Customer Satisfaction Level >= 3 out of 5Rating

- Commissioned 2 X 500 KW (1 MW) Rooftop 2016 Project in Karnataka

Team & Management

- Commissioned 1.1 MWp, 3.3 MWp & 3.3 MWp 2016 in Karnataka

Avi Solar is founded by highly passionate, visionary team with strong skills in execution. The collective experience of the team is more than 250+ man years from various disciplines. The team shares a common vision, driven by values and committed to bring a change in energy sector.

- Gold Award Winner - Solar Technical O&M- RE 2017 Assets India 2017 2017 - Silver Award for “Solar O&M service provider of the year “

Operation & Maintenance Services:

- Commissioned 1.1 MWp in Bagepalli & 6MWp in 2017 Jagaluru, Karnataka.

We are managing O&M for 700+ MWp Solar PV power plants across India. Our elite clientele includes:

- “Emerging SME – Avi Solar” telecast by ET NOW 2017 English Business Channel 2017 - 700MWp + of assets under Avi Solar O&M across India

� TATA Power � Terraform � Shapoorji Pallonji

Our Vision is to contribute to Environment & Society by Harvesting Energy from Sunlight

Mission Statement

 To be the first choice for operating & managing Solar PV


Business Concept � Operation & Maintenance Services

 Build premium high performing solar plants  To enrich the lives of stakeholders

Managing Over

700+ MW

Solar PV Assets

� 2.2MWp Solar PV power plant EPC at Chintalapudi, AP. � 10MWp Solar PV Power plant work as consultant in Midjil, Telangana. � 1.1MWp Single axis tracker plant EPC at Pavagada, Karnataka. � 1.1MWp Fixed Tilt Solar power plant EPC at Bagepalli, Karnataka.

� EagleSunTM SCADA solution for over 25MW plants

 Be a global leader in solar monitoring products &

Inspired by Nature Powered by Sun

� 2x3MWp Single Axis tracker plants EPC at Hiriyur Karnataka.

� 2x500KWp, 2X450KWp Rooftop EPC in Karnataka.

Vision Statement


� Engineering, Procurement & Commissioning


� 6MWp Fixed Tilt Solar Power Plant EPC at Jagaluru, Karnataka.

� Renew Power � Lanco and so on…

A leading market player in Solar Power Plant O&M services, EPC and Monitoring products. Backed by a strong team of highly professional and technical personnel, Avi Solar offers remote monitoring solutions deploying String Combiner/Monitoring Units and Eaglesun SCADA™ system enabling you to optimize performance and monitor your plant – anytime and anywhere!

Customers & Projects:

Ambitious projects EagleSunTM SCADA is a system developed in house. It is a completely wireless solution which enables customer to get the data from the PV power plants over 2G/3G GSM network. With this low cost customizable solution we intend to capture a large market share in India & also globally.

Provide Innovative Products & Solutions Build High Performing Solar PV Power Plants Operate & Maintain Solar PV assets

Scalable Solutions KW to MW

35+ Locations 10+ States 250+ Engineering Team

International Standards

ISO 9001-2015 Certified Process

Monitor Anytime - Everywhere!

EagleSun SCADA Watching your plant.

Affordable solutions at


Real Time Monitoring One-Click dashboards

SMS Email Alerts Customized Reports

Live & Rolling graphs Android & iOS Apps

500 kWp Rooftop Plant in KA

“Contribute to Environment and Society by Harvesting Energy from Sunlight” w w w . s o l a r q u a r t e r . c o m

2.2 MWp Utility Plant in AP

Ph : +91 70229 49911

+91 80235 68018 Solar Quarter Quarter •• November November 2017 2017 47 47 Solar

Solar Quarter.pdf



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Solar Expo is the event to exhibit at to unlock opportunities in the GCC region's major investments in solar. Meet the key buyers in MENA and position your brand as a leader in solar technologies. Solar Expo is a major opportunity to develop relationships with the region's government authorities and utilities. Here is a selection of organisations that were represented by senior decision makers in our hosted buyer programme in 2017: • Abu Dhabi Water & Electricity Authority • Dubai Electricity & Water Authority

• Emirates National Oil Company

• Al Ain Distribution Company • GASCO

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• Dubai World Central • Dubai Municipality

• Moroccan Agency for Solar Energy

• Holy Makkah Municipality • Saudi Electricity Company

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M i d d l e E a s t & N o r t h A f r i c a ‫ﺍﻟﺸــــــــــــــــــــﺮﻕ ﺍﻷﻭﺳــــــــــــــــــــﻂ ﻭﺷﻤـــــــــــــــــــﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴـــــــــــــــــــﺎ‬

w w w . s o l a r q u a r t e r . c o m

Solar Quarter • November 2017 48

Global Insights Technical experts from SGCC to support IRENA’s activities in Africa, Central America and Southeast Asia Efforts undertaken by the stateowned enterprise over the past decade have sought to improve its ability to accommodate higher shares of variable renewable energy sources, and this partnership will enable IRENA to leverage the established knowledge of the SGCC for the benefit of developing countries. A new agreement signed today between IRENA and the State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC) at the UN Climate Change Conference (COP23) in Bonn, Germany will see technical expertise from the world’s largest utility support the Agency work on integrating more renewables into grid systems. Efforts undertaken by the stateowned enterprise over the past decade have sought to improve its ability to accommodate higher shares of variable renewable energy sources, and this partnership will enable IRENA to leverage the established




SGCC for the benefit of developing countries. China is the world leader in installed renewable energy capacity, having in 2016 added almost half of all new solar capacity worldwide, and also the largest provider of renewable energy jobs, with the latest figures showing 3.64 million people are working in the Chinese renewables sector. The country’s knowledge in grid integration can be useful for other countries undertaking ambitious plans to scale-up the share of renewables in the power mix, particularly in Africa, Central America and South East Asia. Under the agreement, technical experts from SGCC will be seconded to IRENA for one year. The experts will work closely with IRENA’s programmatic teams, particularly on IRENA’s Clean Energy Corridor initiatives




America and Southeast Asia, and capacity building activities related to integrating renewables into electricity systems. The




memorandum of understanding (MOU)




organisationsin June to increase the integration of high shares of wind and solar, grid integration, interconnection and smart grids. The




cooperation related to IRENA’s Clean Energy Corridor initiatives.

w w w . s o l a r q u a r t e r . c o m

Solar Quarter • November 2017 49

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Solar Quarter • November 2017 50

Product Feature MECO “Handheld Thermal Imaging Camera (Model: TIC300)” � Auto change for measuring range � Auto power off with disable function � Instantaneous display Ave/Min/Max values � 20 points memory � Socket of tripod mounting � Magnetic mount � Backlit LCD and 4 digits triple display

Applications : � Solar radiation measurements � Solar power research for location of the solar panels or solar water heater � Physics and optical laboratories MECO Handheld Thermal Imaging Camera, TIC300 is combined with functions of surface temperature measurement and real-time thermal imaging.

� Meteorology � Agriculture

� Windows performance – calculation and verification of the heating or heat reduction caused by direct sunlight.

Traditional Thermal Imaging Cameras measure each component one by one but TIC300 does it together thus saving customer’s time. Meter has a 2.4” Color Display with the resolution of 60 x 60 and total pixels of 3600. Temperature range is -20°C to 300°C and comes with various color Palettes like Iron Red, Rainbow, Rainbow High Contrast, Grey Scale (White Glow) and Grey Scale (Black Glow). TIC300 comes with inbuilt Micro SD Card installed which is useful to store the images and then downloading in PC. Meter is useful for Predictive Maintenance of





and Car Maintenance, Electronic & Electrical Manufacturing, Archaeological Study, Automotive manufacturing and Furnace & Smelting. For details please visit our website: www.mecoinst. com Email:

MECO “SOLAR POWER METER Model 936” MECO Solar Power Meter is a portable meter used for measuring Solar Power or Solar Irradiance. It uses High sensitivity Silicon Photodiode to measure solar power. Solar Meter can also detect Solar Tilt Angle with Orientation. This instrument is designed to measure solar power in the range from 400 to 1100 nanometers. It Measures the solar power and transmission up to 2000 W/m2. Solar Power Meter has Max / Min / Avg and data hold functions to indentify locations with maximum or minimum power. The good spectral range, orientation and angular detection of meter allow users to conduct the most precise quantitative measurements of Solar Power Radiation.

Features : � Solar power measurement with Orientation and Tilt angle � Easy measurement for rate of daylight penetration

w w w . s o l a r q u a r t e r . c o m

Solar Quarter • November 2017 51





Contact Number: _________________________________________________________________





January 10, 2018


Former Secretary MNRE, Government of India

Sourab Kumar Managing Director Energy Efficiency Services Limited

Official Address: _________________________________________________________________

Contact Email Id: __________________________ Contact Person: __________________

January 11 – 12, 2018

Dr. Satish Agnihotri

Company Name: __________________________________________________________________

Pankaj Batra

Member, Planning, Central Electricity Authority

Daniel Eillot

President & Chief Executive Officer, EnerBlu

Dr. P. C. Maithani

Director, Hydrogen Fuel Electric Vehicles & NBEM Energy Storage, MNRE

P. C. Pant

Scientist/ Director, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Govt. of india

Jim Green

Global Business Manager Energy Storage CSA Group

Mikhail Kupriyanov Founder, Nord Systems

Anil Srivastava

Advisor NITI Aayog Govt. of India

Manish Kumar

Managing Director Distributed Energy The AES Corporation



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The payments should be made in the favor of “FIRSTVIEW MEDIA VENTURES PVT LTD” via cheque or DD (payable at Mumbai, India) to the address mentioned below. “FIRSTVIEW MEDIA VENTURES PVT LTD” PVT LTD, Office No. S 09 C1, 2nd Floor, Haware Centurion Complex, Nerul (E), Sector 19 A, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India 400 706. Contact : ChanDan guPta Tel: +91 22 2771 7143/ 50 Email:

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Hiren Shah

Sr. Director - ESS Delta Power Solutions

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Featured Coverage

60 Years of Innovation Since 1955, Panduit’s culture of curiosity and passion for problem solving have enabled more meaningful connections between companies’ business goals and their marketplace success. In 1955, we launched our first product: Panduit Wiring Duct, an invention that uniquely organized control panel wiring and allowed new wires to be added quickly and neatly. That was when the ‘panel conduit’ came about which then became in the inspiration behind the Panduit name. Since then, we have introduced thousands of problem-solving new products and innovative electrical and network infrastructure solutions. Panduit now holds more than 900 patents globally.

Recent Development We’ve recently launched a new brand campaign around the tagline of “Meaningful Connections”. Why “meaningful connections” you may ask? Connections because while Panduit powers, connects, and protects the physical infrastructure with our products and solutions, we believe it’s critical for cities & governments to make “meaningful” and informed decisions when it comes to their physical infrastructure. When it comes to performance-critical infrastructure, we want to be the trusted partner to provide in this elevated space, rounding up infrastructural developments and making them meaningful for this and many generations to come, whilst addressing the concerns of the end-users, partners, and installers. In India, we will be hosting a series of seminars in 2018, focussing on our industrial construction and MaintenanceRepair-and Operations (MRO) solutions for the transportation, rail and renewable energy sectors. You may register your interest here:

Growth Plans for Indian Market India is growing rapidly both economically and on the infrastructural front. As the economy develops, rapid urbanization means industrial development needs to keep pace. The physical infrastructure that powers and “connects” these will matter more.

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New Products BlackfinTM – Battery Powered Crimping Tools. These innovative tools lead the industry in safety and reliability, meeting OSHA requirements for operator safety: �

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recognized test lab) to meet mandatory OSHA requirements �

Meets requirements of EU Machinery Directive and

EMC Directive � Meets ISO 12100, Machinery Safety Risk Assessment, including ergonomics VeriSafe™ Absence of Voltage Tester. The tester was launched in North America recently and will be available in Asia Pacific by early 2nd quarter 2018. It minimizes risk by verifying the absence of voltage before equipment is accessed, making it easier for qualified electrical workers to identify an electrically safe environment in a fraction

We launched our first product: Panduit Wiring Duct, an invention that uniquely organized control panel wiring and allowed new wires to be added quickly and neatly.

of the time compared to hand-held portable test instruments. The fail-safe and reliable process performed by VeriSafe™ tests the tester itself, verifies installation, checks for voltage, verifies installation and retests the tester; all automatically performed in sequence with no risk of exposure to electrical hazards at the push of a button. “We






our to

protecting their workers while meeting safety regulations,” said Bob Krisel, VP, OEM, Panduit, “This new tool allows them to effectively meet their objectives. This highly anticipated new product offering has the capability to transform the way our customers in the manufacturing industries conduct verification testing for industrial enclosures.”

To learn more about the Panduit VeriSafe™ - Absence of Voltage Tester, please visit

w wwww . lsa or qluaa rr t q am r t e r . c o m .so e ru .co

Solar Solar Quarter Quarter ••November November 2017 2017 53

The Solar Revolution is on the fast track.

Introducing Merlin Technology first time in India. ®

High-efficiency power generation

Exceptional performance under thermal stress

Extreme reliable performance even in low light

Glass and polymer with anti-reflective coating

Tough, rugged, flexible and extremely light weight modules




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1800 2121 321

Solar Quarter • November 2017 54

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Solar Quarter • November 2017 55

SolarQuarter November 2017  
SolarQuarter November 2017