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CONTENTS INTRODUCTION

4

CHRONOLOGY

6

SERVING THE PHARAOH

8

RECRUITMENT AND TRAINING

10

SOLDIERS AND EQUIPMENT

13

Dress

ARCHERS

14

Bows • Arrows • Ancillary equipment

HAND-TO-HAND FIGHTERS

18

Battleaxes • Spears • Daggers • Shields

RETAINERS

22

AUXILIARIES

23

ON WATER

24

ON LAND

31

Battle • Death in battle

MEDICAL TREATMENT

35

Routine risks • Chances of survival

BEYOND THE BORDER

39

The Nubian front

ARMY LIFE

46

Garrison life • Border Patrols • Punitive raids

RELIGIOUS BELIEFS AND WAR

56

Amulets • Egyptian gods

GLOSSARY

61

BIBLIOGRAPHY

62

INDEX

64

3

Osprey warrior 121 soldier of the pharaoh