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Wooden model (Paris, musee du Louvre, E 1193-4) of Nile boat under oar, from Asyut. Lookouts were placed at the bow of the boat, to watch out for other craft on the river, for sand banks and even herds of hippopotami. Note the talismanic eye painted on the prow. (AKG-images)

Wall painting from Baqt Ill's tomb showing a scene with merchant vessels on the Nile. Boats capable of carrying large bodies of men and their equipment, such as these, could easily be pressed into service when necessary. (AKG-images/Franc;ois Guenet)


The obscure place he calls 'Antelope-Nose' may refer to a mountain range that protrudes into the Mediterranean, but we cannot be sure. However, we can be sure of the success of the operation. In this battle Weni traps the bedouin between a land-based force and a contingent of soldiers who were ferried to battle on boats. Of the army he says: The army returned safe and sound, it had ravaged and flattened the land of the bedouin, it had sacked their strongholds, it had cut down their figs and vines, it had burnt down their buildings, slain their troops by the tens of thousand, and carried off many of their warriors as captives. (Pritchard 1969: 228) Despite the inflated figures - Weni also claims the pharaoh's army was 'of many tens of thousands of conscripts from all of Upper Egypt' this amphibious incursion was highly organized and highly successful.

Osprey warrior 121 soldier of the pharaoh