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N E G AT I V E / Z E R O / P O S I T I V E E N E RGY + A RC H I T EC T U R E ( 6 - W E E K S E M I N A R ) B L AC KS BU RG 20 5 0 SUMMER 2010 V I R G I N I A P O LY T E C H N I C I N S T I T U T E A N D S TAT E U N I V E R S I T Y

CHRIS MORGAN

CAITLIN HYL AND


16 BLOCKS BLACKSBURG


BLACKSBURG, VA TOWN: 0.043 M (2,142.5/sq mi)

CHICAGO, IL CITY: 2.7 M (11,864.4/sq mi)


BLACKSBURG

BLACKSBURG

BLACKSBURG


SET

BREP OBJECT EXPLODE BREP UP INTO ITS COMPONENTS: FACES

SET U AND V START AND END VALUES

SURFACE FRAME

ADJUST LIST

ADJUST LIST

MD SLIDER PERCENT IN U AND V

EVALUATE POINT ON THE SURFACE: ATTRACTOR POINT

CLOSEST POINT

ADJUSTING RELATIONSHIP WITH CLOSEST POINT THROUGH FUNCTIONS

PARAMETRIC MODEL DYNAMIC FRAMEWORK OF CONNECTED INPUTS + OUTPUTS

PLATES MOVE OUTWARD FROM SKIN AS FUNCTION OF BASE POINTS DISTANCE FROM ATTRACTOR POINT


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

CO2

RESIDENTIAL CONSUMER

UNIV

OWNER OCCUPIED

REAL ESTATE

STUDENT

GOV

COMMERCIAL OFFICE UNIVERSITY

US

COAL

ELECTRIC

$ WALK

WORLD

OIL

TRANSPORT

$

BIKE

CAR TRANSIT

RENTER OCCUPIED


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

CO2

RESIDENTIAL CONSUMER

UNIV

OWNER OCCUPIED

REAL ESTATE

STUDENT

GOV

COMMERCIAL OFFICE UNIVERSITY

US

COAL

ELECTRIC

$ WALK

WORLD

OIL

TRANSPORT

BIKE

CAR

$

TRANSIT

SOURCES

RENTER OCCUPIED


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

CO2

RESIDENTIAL CONSUMER

UNIV

OWNER OCCUPIED

REAL ESTATE

STUDENT

GOV

COMMERCIAL OFFICE UNIVERSITY

US

COAL

ELECTRIC

$ WALK

WORLD

OIL

TRANSPORT

BIKE

CAR

$

TRANSIT

INTERESTS

RENTER OCCUPIED


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

CO2

RESIDENTIAL CONSUMER

UNIV

OWNER OCCUPIED

REAL ESTATE

STUDENT

GOV

COMMERCIAL OFFICE UNIVERSITY

US

COAL

ELECTRIC

$ WALK

WORLD

OIL

TRANSPORT

BIKE

CAR

$

TRANSIT

DEVELOPMENT

RENTER OCCUPIED


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

CO2

RESIDENTIAL CONSUMER

UNIV

OWNER OCCUPIED

REAL ESTATE

STUDENT

COMMERCIAL OFFICE

GOV

UNIVERSITY US

COAL

ELECTRIC

$ WALK

WORLD

OIL

TRANSPORT

$

BIKE

CAR TRANSIT

TRANSPORTATION

RENTER OCCUPIED


BLACKSBURG BUS.

CONSUMER

UNIV

STUDENT

DOWNTOWN

$

REAL ESTATE

RESIDENT

CO2

TOWN

RESIDENTIAL OFFICE

HOMES

UNIVERSITY COMMERCIAL

GOV

$

GLOBAL

SOLAR

ELECTRIC

LOCAL

WALK

BIOFUEL

TRANSPORT

$

BIKE CAR

TRANSIT


BLACKSBURG BUS.

RESIDENT

REAL ESTATE

CONSUMER

UNIV

TOWN

DOWNTOWN RESIDENTIAL

HOMES

OFFICE UNIVERSITY COMMERCIAL

STUDENT

GOV

ELECTRIC PERSONAL

WALK

SOLAR TRANSPORT

BIKE CAR

$

REGION

TRANSIT

REGIONAL DEMAND


BLACKSBURG

INTERESTS

DEVELOPMENT

- $

$ SOURCE

CO2

RENTERS HAVE INTEREST IN LOWER ELECTRIC BILLS.

$0

COAL

CLIMATE

NO REAL ESTATE INTEREST IN PREMATURE INVESTMENT

RESIDENTIAL UNIVERSITY OFFICE COMMERCIAL

SPRAWLING ZONING DIVIDED BY PROGRAM.

TRANSPORTATION TOM’S CREEK

50 60 70 80 90 00 65% OF BUILDINGS ARE AT THE END OF AN AVG 30-YEAR BUILDING LIFE.

BT

SPRAWL/DIVIDED PROGRAMS RELY ON THE CAR.

HOME

- $ + $

FUELS

BLACKSBURG TRANSIT BUSES TRANSITIONING TO BIODIESEL.

ONLY ONE MAJOR CIRCUIT IS BIKE-FRIENDLY.

MAIN ST

RENTAL

RES COMMERICAL

OIL

CHANGE

PRICES FORK RD

OFFICE

BLACKSBURG IMPORTS FOSSIL FUEL ENERGY TO CONSUME.

WITH NO VALUE PLACED ON CARBON, FOSSILS ARE CHEAP.

THE PURCHASED ENERGY IS USED, CONTRIBUTING CO2 TO CLIMATE CHANGE.

BLACKSBURG

GOVERNMENT INTEREST IN LONG-TERM SUSTAINABILITY.

BUSINESS, REAL ESTATE AND CONSUMER INTEREST IN SHORT-TERM PRICES.

INTERESTS SOLAR

SOLAR

+ $ + $

1892

SOLAR

CO2 1892

$

BT

SMALL BUT GROWING MIXED-USE URBAN TYPOLOGY.

DEVELOPMENT

VIRGINIA TECH

SOURCE

SINGLE-USE TYPOLOGIES MAKE UP MAJORITY.

PARKING CONSUMES CURRENT GOVERNMENT AND UNDERCAPITALIZES INVESTING INTO MORE COM. AND UNIV. LAND. SUSTAINABLE STREETS

WALKING IS ONLY BEST OPTION IN CAMPUS OR DOWNTOWN.

TRANSPORTATION

HOMES UNIVERSITY MIXED-USE

1892 VIRGINIA TECH

UNIV. PROFITS FROM LOCAL ENERGY SALES & REDUCES COSTS.

GOV AND BUSINESS INTERESTS IN JOINING VIRGINIA TECH SOLAR.

DENSIFIED ZONING INTEGRATES MIXED-PROGRAM.

OLD BUILDINGS ARE RETROFITTED TO HIGH EFFICIENCY STANDARDS.

DENSITY/INTEGRATED PROGRAMS AVOID CAR.

BT BIO IS TRANSITIONING ALL MAJOR CIRCUITS TO ELECTRIC STREET ARE BIKE-FRIENDLY. CAR. ROANOKE

VIRGINIA TECH

COAL

OIL BT

96BLOCKS TOWN'S SOLAR ENERGY IS SOURCED FROM VIRGINIA TECH.

PRICE ON CARBON REPLACES FOSSILS WITH RES.

TRANSPORTATION FUELS ARE SOURCED FROM TOWN'S BIOMASS.

BLACKSBURG

CONSUMERS AVOID FUEL COSTS BY MOVING TO NO-CAR DOWNTOWN.

GOV MANDATES THAT OLD BUILDINGS BE RETROFIT TO HIGH EFF. STANDARDS

INTERESTS

MIXED-USE URBAN TYPOLOGY REPLACES COMMERCIAL ZONING.

RES-INTEGRATED DOWNTOWN GROWS ALONG ARTERIES.

DEVELOPMENT

+ $

SCHOOL GROCERY SHOPPING ENTERTAINMENT OFFICE HOSPITAL HEALTH CENTER FRIENDS EVENTS LIVING

1892 VIRGINIA TECH

SOURCE

TOWN PROFITS FROM LOCAL ENERGY SALES & REDUCES COSTS.

REAL-ESTATE PARTNERS WITH VT SOLAR, AND SELLS TO REGION.

SOLAR FARMS OVERLAY WIDESPREAD EFFORT TO LAND AND HOMES MAXIMIZE RES ACROSS TOWN. RETROFITS.

ALL TOWN PROGRAMS ARE LOCALIZED AND WALKABLE.

ONLY BT ELECTRIC STREET CAR RUNS THROUGH DOWNTOWN.

SOLAR

1892 VIRGINIA TECH

ROANOKE

TOWN IS A SOLAR POWER PLANT FOR REGION.

DECENTRALIZED OWNERSHIP: UNIV, GOV, BUS, HOUSEHOLDS.

INNOVATIONS IN TECH INCREASE SOLAR POWER/SQFT.

BOTH TOWN AND DOWNTOWN ARE SUSTAINABLE OPTIONS.

ALL PARTIES HAVE JOINED BUSINESS INTERESTS.

MAJORITY OF DAILY TRANSPORT IS ON FOOT.

TRANSPORTATION

SOLAR

+ $

NARROWED STREETS GOV INVESTING INTO CAPITALIZE SPACE WITH RAIL TRANSIT TO BIOMASS. ROANOKE.

DOWNTOWN GROWTH WELL INTEGRATED WITH TOWN HOMES.

BLACKSBURG EXCEEDS ROANOKE AS MOST DENSE SWVA CITY.

ONLY FRACTION OF BLACKSBURG IS MAJOR POPULATION OWN CARS NODE ON INTERSTATE FOR RURAL TRAVEL. HIGH SPEED RAIL.

BIKE IS THE PRIMARY TRANSPORT VEHICLE.


BLACKSBURG

CO2

$0

COAL

CLIMATE

OIL BLACKSBURG IMPORTS FOSSIL FUEL ENERGY TO CONSUME.

CHANGE

WITH NO VALUE PLACED ON CARBON, FOSSILS ARE CHEAP.

SOURCES

THE PURCHASED ENERGY IS USED, CONTRIBUTING CO2 TO CLIMATE CHANGE.


BLACKSBURG

SOLAR

CO2 1892

$

BT

VIRGINIA TECH

COAL

TOWN'S SOLAR ENERGY IS SOURCED FROM VIRGINIA TECH.

OIL

PRICE ON CARBON REPLACES FOSSILS WITH RES.

SOURCES

TRANSPORTATION FUELS ARE SOURCED FROM TOWN'S BIOMASS.


BLACKSBURG

TOWN IS A SOLAR POWER PLANT FOR REGION.

DECENTRALIZED OWNERSHIP: UNIV, GOV, BUS, HOUSEHOLDS.

SOURCES

INNOVATIONS IN TECH INCREASE SOLAR POWER/SQFT.


BLACKSBURG

- $ FUELS

- $

$ RENTERS HAVE INTEREST IN LOWER ELECTRIC BILLS.

NO REAL ESTATE INTEREST IN PREMATURE INVESTMENT

+ $ RES

GOVERNMENT INTEREST IN LONG-TERM SUSTAINABILITY.

INTERESTS

BUSINESS, REAL ESTATE AND CONSUMER INTEREST IN SHORT-TERM PRICES.


BLACKSBURG

SOLAR

SOLAR

+ $

1892 VIRGINIA TECH

UNIV. PROFITS FROM LOCAL ENERGY SALES & REDUCES COSTS.

+ $

1892 VIRGINIA TECH

GOV AND BUSINESS INTERESTS IN JOINING VIRGINIA TECH SOLAR.

96BLOCKS CONSUMERS AVOID FUEL COSTS BY MOVING TO NO-CAR DOWNTOWN.

INTERESTS

GOV MANDATES THAT OLD BUILDINGS BE RETROFIT TO HIGH EFF. STANDARDS


BLACKSBURG

SOLAR

1892 VIRGINIA TECH

SOLAR

+ $ + $

1892 VIRGINIA TECH

TOWN PROFITS FROM LOCAL ENERGY SALES & REDUCES COSTS.

REAL-ESTATE PARTNERS WITH VT SOLAR, AND SELLS TO REGION.

BOTH TOWN AND DOWNTOWN ARE SUSTAINABLE OPTIONS.

INTERESTS

ALL PARTIES HAVE JOINED BUSINESS INTERESTS.


BLACKSBURG

HOME

RESIDENTIAL UNIVERSITY OFFICE COMMERCIAL

SPRAWLING ZONING DIVIDED BY PROGRAM.

RENTAL

50 60 70 80 90 00

COMMERCIAL

OFFICE

65% OF BUILDINGS ARE AT THE END OF AN AVG 30-YEAR BUILDING LIFE.

SINGLE-USE TYPOLOGIES MAKE UP MAJORITY.

DEVELOPMENT

SMALL BUT GROWING MIXED-USE URBAN TYPOLOGY.


BLACKSBURG

HOMES UNIVERSITY MIXED-USE

DENSIFIED ZONING INTEGRATES MIXED-PROGRAM.

OLD BUILDINGS ARE RETROFITTED TO HIGH EFFICIENCY STANDARDS.

MIXED-USE URBAN TYPOLOGY REPLACES COMMERCIAL ZONING.

DEVELOPMENT

RES-INTEGRATED DOWNTOWN GROWS ALONG ARTERIES.


BLACKSBURG

ROANOKE

SOLAR FARMS OVERLAY LAND AND HOMES ACROSS TOWN.

WIDESPREAD EFFORT TO MAXIMIZE RES RETROFITS.

DOWNTOWN GROWTH WELL INTEGRATED WITH TOWN HOMES.

DEVELOPMENT

BLACKSBURG EXCEEDS ROANOKE AS MOST DENSE SWVA CITY.


BLACKSBURG

BT

SPRAWL/DIVIDED PROGRAMS RELY ON THE CAR.

BLACKSBURG TRANSIT BUSES TRANSITIONING TO BIODIESEL.

ONLY ONE MAJOR CIRCUIT IS BIKE-FRIENDLY.

MAIN ST

PRICES FORK RD

PARKING CONSUMES CURRENT GOVERNMENT AND UNDERCAPITALIZES INVESTING IN MORE COM. AND UNIV. LAND. SUSTAINABLE STREETS

WALKING IS ONLY BEST OPTION IN CAMPUS OR DOWNTOWN.

TRANSPORTATION


BLACKSBURG

DENSITY/INTEGRATED PROGRAMS AVOID CAR.

BT BIO IS TRANSITIONING TO ELECTRIC STREET CAR.

ALL MAJOR CIRCUITS ARE BIKE-FRIENDLY.

ROANOKE

BT

NARROWED STREETS GOV INVESTING INTO CAPITALIZE SPACE WITH RAIL TRANSIT TO BIOMASS. ROANOKE.

MAJORITY OF DAILY TRANSPORT IS ON FOOT.

TRANSPORTATION


BLACKSBURG SCHOOL GROCERY SHOPPING ENTERTAINMENT OFFICE HOSPITAL HEALTH CENTER FRIENDS EVENTS LIVING

ALL TOWN PROGRAMS ARE LOCALIZED AND WALKABLE.

ONLY BT ELECTRIC STREET CAR RUNS THROUGH DOWNTOWN.

BIKE IS THE PRIMARY TRANSPORT VEHICLE.

ONLY FRACTION OF BLACKSBURG IS MAJOR POPULATION OWN CARS NODE ON INTERSTATE FOR RURAL TRAVEL. HIGH SPEED RAIL.

TRANSPORTATION


BLACKSBURG

BLACKSBURG

BLACKSBURG


BLACKSBURG

CONSUMER

UNIV

US

WORLD

STUDENT

GOV


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

REAL ESTATE

CONSUMER

UNIV

US

WORLD

STUDENT

GOV


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

RESIDENTIAL CONSUMER

UNIV

STUDENT

OWNER OCCUPIED

REAL ESTATE

GOV

COMMERCIAL OFFICE UNIVERSITY

US

WORLD

RENTER OCCUPIED


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

RESIDENTIAL CONSUMER

UNIV

STUDENT

OWNER OCCUPIED

REAL ESTATE

GOV

COMMERCIAL OFFICE UNIVERSITY

US

WORLD

COAL

ELECTRIC

RENTER OCCUPIED


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

RESIDENTIAL CONSUMER

UNIV

OWNER OCCUPIED

REAL ESTATE

STUDENT

GOV

COMMERCIAL OFFICE UNIVERSITY

US

COAL

ELECTRIC

WALK

WORLD

OIL

TRANSPORT

BIKE

CAR TRANSIT

RENTER OCCUPIED


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

RESIDENTIAL CONSUMER

UNIV

OWNER OCCUPIED

REAL ESTATE

STUDENT

GOV

COMMERCIAL OFFICE UNIVERSITY

US

COAL

ELECTRIC

$ WALK

WORLD

OIL

TRANSPORT

$

BIKE

CAR TRANSIT

RENTER OCCUPIED


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

CO2

RESIDENTIAL CONSUMER

UNIV

OWNER OCCUPIED

REAL ESTATE

STUDENT

GOV

COMMERCIAL OFFICE UNIVERSITY

US

COAL

ELECTRIC

$ WALK

WORLD

OIL

TRANSPORT

$

BIKE

CAR TRANSIT

RENTER OCCUPIED


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

CO2

RESIDENTIAL CONSUMER

UNIV

OWNER OCCUPIED

REAL ESTATE

STUDENT

GOV

COMMERCIAL OFFICE UNIVERSITY

US

COAL

ELECTRIC

$ WALK

WORLD

OIL

TRANSPORT

$

BIKE

CAR TRANSIT

RENTER OCCUPIED


BLACKSBURG

CONSUMER

UNIV GLOBAL

STUDENT

GOV


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

REAL ESTATE

CONSUMER

UNIV GLOBAL

STUDENT

GOV


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

REAL ESTATE

CONSUMER

UNIV GLOBAL

STUDENT

TOWN

GOV

HOMES


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

REAL ESTATE

CONSUMER

UNIV GLOBAL

STUDENT

TOWN

DOWNTOWN RESIDENTIAL

HOMES

OFFICE UNIVERSITY COMMERCIAL

GOV


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

GLOBAL

STUDENT

DOWNTOWN

$

REAL ESTATE

CONSUMER

UNIV

TOWN

RESIDENTIAL

HOMES

OFFICE UNIVERSITY COMMERCIAL

GOV


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

STUDENT

GLOBAL

SOLAR

LOCAL

ELECTRIC

DOWNTOWN

$

REAL ESTATE

CONSUMER

UNIV

TOWN

RESIDENTIAL

HOMES

OFFICE UNIVERSITY COMMERCIAL

GOV


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

$

GLOBAL

SOLAR

LOCAL

STUDENT

ELECTRIC

DOWNTOWN

$

REAL ESTATE

CONSUMER

UNIV

TOWN

RESIDENTIAL

HOMES

OFFICE UNIVERSITY COMMERCIAL

GOV


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

RESIDENTIAL OFFICE

HOMES

UNIVERSITY COMMERCIAL

GOV

$

GLOBAL

SOLAR

LOCAL

STUDENT

DOWNTOWN

$

REAL ESTATE

CONSUMER

UNIV

TOWN

ELECTRIC WALK BIKE


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

CONSUMER

STUDENT

DOWNTOWN

$

REAL ESTATE

RESIDENT

UNIV

TOWN

RESIDENTIAL OFFICE

HOMES

UNIVERSITY COMMERCIAL

GOV

$

GLOBAL

SOLAR

ELECTRIC

LOCAL

WALK

BIOFUEL

TRANSPORT

$

BIKE CAR

TRANSIT


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

CONSUMER

UNIV

STUDENT

DOWNTOWN

$

REAL ESTATE

RESIDENT

CO2

TOWN

RESIDENTIAL OFFICE

HOMES

UNIVERSITY COMMERCIAL

GOV

$

GLOBAL

SOLAR

ELECTRIC

LOCAL

WALK

BIOFUEL

TRANSPORT

$

BIKE CAR

TRANSIT


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

REAL ESTATE

CONSUMER

UNIV

STUDENT

TOWN

DOWNTOWN RESIDENTIAL

HOMES

OFFICE UNIVERSITY COMMERCIAL

GOV


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

REAL ESTATE

CONSUMER

UNIV

PERSONAL

STUDENT

TOWN

DOWNTOWN RESIDENTIAL

HOMES

OFFICE UNIVERSITY COMMERCIAL

GOV


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

REAL ESTATE

CONSUMER

UNIV

STUDENT

SOLAR

DOWNTOWN RESIDENTIAL

HOMES

OFFICE UNIVERSITY COMMERCIAL

GOV

ELECTRIC PERSONAL

TOWN


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

REAL ESTATE

CONSUMER

UNIV

STUDENT

TOWN

DOWNTOWN RESIDENTIAL

HOMES

OFFICE UNIVERSITY COMMERCIAL

GOV

ELECTRIC PERSONAL

SOLAR

WALK BIKE


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

REAL ESTATE

CONSUMER

UNIV

STUDENT

TOWN

DOWNTOWN RESIDENTIAL

HOMES

OFFICE UNIVERSITY COMMERCIAL

GOV

ELECTRIC PERSONAL

WALK

SOLAR TRANSPORT

BIKE CAR

TRANSIT


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

REAL ESTATE

CONSUMER

UNIV

STUDENT

TOWN

DOWNTOWN RESIDENTIAL

HOMES

OFFICE UNIVERSITY COMMERCIAL

GOV

ELECTRIC PERSONAL

WALK

SOLAR TRANSPORT

REGION

BIKE CAR

TRANSIT

REGIONAL DEMAND


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

REAL ESTATE

CONSUMER

UNIV

STUDENT

TOWN

DOWNTOWN RESIDENTIAL

HOMES

OFFICE UNIVERSITY COMMERCIAL

GOV

ELECTRIC PERSONAL

WALK

SOLAR TRANSPORT

REGION

BIKE CAR

TRANSIT

REGIONAL DEMAND


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

REAL ESTATE

CONSUMER

UNIV

TOWN

DOWNTOWN RESIDENTIAL

HOMES

OFFICE UNIVERSITY COMMERCIAL

STUDENT

GOV

ELECTRIC PERSONAL

WALK

SOLAR TRANSPORT

BIKE CAR

$

REGION

TRANSIT

REGIONAL DEMAND


BLACKSBURG

BUS.

RESIDENT

REAL ESTATE

CONSUMER

UNIV

TOWN

DOWNTOWN RESIDENTIAL

HOMES

OFFICE UNIVERSITY COMMERCIAL

STUDENT

GOV

ELECTRIC PERSONAL

WALK

SOLAR TRANSPORT

BIKE CAR

$

REGION

TRANSIT

REGIONAL DEMAND


THANK YOU N E G AT I V E / Z E R O / P O S I T I V E E N E RGY + A RC H I T EC T U R E ( 6 - W E E K S E M I N A R ) B L AC KS BU RG 20 5 0 SUMMER 2010 V I R G I N I A P O LY T E C H N I C I N S T I T U T E A N D S TAT E U N I V E R S I T Y

CHRIS MORGAN

CAITLIN HYL AND

- / 0 / +  

- / 0 / + Roadmap to Blacksburg as a Net-Positive Energy Producing City Summer 2009 Research and Invited Lecture to Virginia Tech and SOM Ch...

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