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PROMOTING AWARENESS OF GENDER EQUALITY

Project Number : 2019-1-RO01-KA229-061683_4 Project name : PREVENTING AWARNESS EQUALITY GENDER


Participants: ROMANIA – Colegiul “Gheorghe Tatarescu“ ,Rovinari TÜRKİYE – Isparta Gazi Sosyal Bİlimler Lisesi BULGARIA - Profilirana Gimnazia Hristo Botev, Popovo MACEDONIA , Sredno opshtinsko ekonomsko uchilishte JANE SANDANSKI Bitola,Bitola ITALY - IIS Verona Trento,Messina , ITALY In this magazine , we can see theparticipant students studies and works about gender equality , digital citizenship , partner countries’ wedding and newborn baby traditions and their famous woman and man scientists.


Digital Citizenship Features


Digital Citizenship Features


Digital Access Digital access involves the ability to connect with others or access information using technology. As a teacher, you can instruct students on how to find valuable and safe information on the Internet. You can also help children from disadvantaged communities use computers or other resources at school to increase their digital access.


Digital Etiquette Digital etiquette is just what it sounds like: treating other Internet users with respect and avoiding inappropriate behavior. For elementary students, one of the most important digital etiquette principles is understanding the consequences of cyberbullying.


Digital Commerce Digital commerce refers to buying and selling electronics responsibly. For the most part, elementary students do not need to learn or practice this element of digital citizenship. For middle or high school students, however, discussions around digital commerce can help them learn how to be better consumers or consider career paths related to digital sales.


Digital Rights and Responsibilities

Digital rights and responsibilities refers to the privileges that all students have while using the Internet, like freedom of speech. It also involves a student’s duty to make sure that these rights remain available for everyone by treating other users fairly and respecting their privacy.


Digital Literacy The definition of digital literacy is the ability to learn how to use technology and access information online. A few examples of digital literacy include knowing how to use a mouse or how to find answers on a search engine. Not all students start school with the same technological ability. Teaching Internet skills in class can help bridge gaps in digital literacy.


Digital Law Digital law encompasses the rules or guidelines set within an organization for using the Internet. In your classroom, you could talk about preventing plagiarism or putting phones away in class to teach digital law.


Digital Communication

The options that students have for communicating online are greater than ever. Text, email, social media, and online games are all ways that children might digitally interact with others.For this reason, it’s important to teach your students how to communicate safely and effectively online.


Digital Health and Wellness

This element of digital citizenship involves teaching students how to protect their psychological and physical well-being while using the Internet.[12] This could include practicing how to sit correctly in a chair while using the computer and avoiding too much screen time.


Digital Security The ninth element of digital citizenship—digital security—involves teaching students how to take steps to stay safe online. Although the Internet can be an excellent resource, students need to know how to avoid viruses, scams, or strangers online. Internet safety lessons for children could include anything from why privacy online is important to what to do if they encounter a cyberbully or stranger.


Digital Communication


What is digital communication?

Modern day life is consumed by technology. Without it, life would not be nearly the same. The digital world is growing bigger and more powerful. Think way back when there were only computers that were about a foot thick and ran pretty slow. Now look at today where we are able to browse the web with just the touch of fingers to our phones. During long car trips or going to places we have never been before, we always use navigation/ GPS, or even talking with our friends and family using emails, social media and more and more methods. The web is communicating with the user to tell us where to go as if someone was talking to them in real life. This is how Digital Communication can help you in your life.


What are the advantages and disadvantages of digital communication? Advantages: Accessibility: Communication technology has created many electronic communication tools. These electronic communication tools have made the world a more connected place.

Mass Communication: Electronic communication, especially email, makes sharing information with a large group of people easy. Many businesses and academic institutions use electronic communication to send information to a large number of people.

Social Relief: People who are socially awkward in person can interact easier with others through electronic communication. Chat rooms, online forums, and dating websites are among the technology which can relieve the socially awkward.


Disadvantages: Nonverbal Communication: In face to face communication, nonverbal communication, like facial expressions and body language, reinforces your message. Communication technology does not allow for nonverbal communication.

Digital Divide: Not everyone has the same level of expertise with communication technology. The difference in communication technology skills within groups of people is known as the digital divide.

Laziness: Communication technology creates laziness for some people. People who use electronic communication to talk to somebody in the same room are displaying lazy behavior.


THANK YOU!


DIGITAL CITIZENSHIP


Who is digital citizen? Digital citizen is a person who knows how to use e-government applications, can communicate in the digital field , make production in digital environment ,make digital shopping, educate himself in digital environment. Digital citizen is a person who is aware of his\her rights and responsibilities in conformity with ethical and moral rules while doing these behaviours.


People who consider themselves digital citizens; People characterizing themselves as digital citizens often use extensively, creating blogs, using social networks and participating in online journalism. Although digital citizenship potentially begins when any child , teen and\or adult signs up for an email address, posts picture online, uses e-commerce to buy merchandise online, and\or participates in any electronic function that is the process of becoming a digital citizen goes beyond simple Internet activity.


9 ELEMENTS OF DIGITAL CİTİZENSHIP


Digital Access Digital access is the ability to fully participate in digital society. This includes access to tools and technologies , such as the Internet and computers , that allow for full participation.


Digital Commerce Digital commerce, popularly known as e-commerce , is a process of buying and selling of goods and services using the internet , mobile networks and commerce infrastructure.


Digital Communication Digital communications is any exchange of data that transmits the data in a digital form. For example, communications done over the Internet is a form of digital communication.


Digital Literacy The ability to reach existing information by using digital technology and to produce information by using this information effectively. For examples; 1- To use computer , tablet, mobile phone with the right applications. 2-To make your knowledge efficient.


Digital Etiquette Respect, morality and good manners when using social media. For example ; 1- Attach importance to quality. 2- Don’t query shares with their appearance and character. 3- Not to complain constantly.


Digital Law Be responsible for actions in the digital world. For example ; 1-Use of pirated software. 2-Hacking of computer systems. 3-Steal personal information. 4-Sexual photos, messages and share.


Digital Wellness Digital health and wellness refers to physical and psycho-social , well-being in a technological world. The nature of highly mobile and highly connected technology will continue to place pressure on the nature of social connectedness, both physical and virtual. For example ; 1- Clinical information systems. 2-Mobile health. 3-International health networks.


Digital Rights & Responsibilities

Digital rights are these human rights and legal rights that allow individuals to access , use create and publish digital media or to access and use computers , other electronic devices and telecommunacitons networks. For example ; 1- Right to freedom of expression


*Responsibility to report bullying, harassing , sexting or identity theft. *Responsibility to cite works used for resources and researching. *Responsibility to download music , videos and other material legally. *Responsibility to model and teach student expectations of technology use. *Responsibility to keep data\information safe from hackers. *Responsibility not to falsify out identity in any way.


Digital Security -Crack software should not be used. -Antivirus updates should be made to the devices we use. -Confidential information should not be shared. -Passwords must be difficult and must be changed frequently. -Antivirus systems should be up to date.


Prepared by ; Nimet DEVECİ Sıla SELVİ Aslıhan ATASOY Fatma Sanem SERÇE


Digital citizenship


What does digital citizenship mean?


Where we learn digital citizenship? • • • •

At school At home In Internet Non formal trainings • Workshops


Digital Access o National health insurance fund o National social security institute o Personal bank account o E-mails o Personal accounts o E-schools book


Digital commerce  There are lots of different web shops  We learn how to order and pay online  We have banks cards for electronic


Digital communication        

E-mail Facebook Twitter Instagra m Linkedin Youtube Snapchat Whatsap


Digital literacy We study digital literacy at school during the lessons Information technology, Bulgarian language, Philosophy, technology and entrepreneurship and etc. We organize extracurricular


Digital etiquette Digital law Digital rights and responsibilities We study Digital etiquette, Digital law and Digital rights and responsibilities at school during the lessons Information technology, Philosophy,


Digital health and wellness We study Digital health and wellness during Information technology lessons. We have extra PE classes for our better physical condition.


Digital security /self-protection/ We study Digital security during Information technology and Philosophy lessons.


Thanks for attention!


Digital Citizenship Digital citizenship refers to the responsible use of technology by anyone who uses computers, the Internet, and digital devices to engage with society on any level. Digital Citizenship is more than just a teaching tool, it is a way to prepare students/technology users for a society full of technology. As the rate of technological advancement continues to increase, the world as a whole is becoming more dependent on the Internet for day-to-day activities. That can mean checking a bank account, purchasing a product, or simply keeping in touch with a friend. Too often we are seeing students as well as adults misusing and abusing technology but not sure what to do. The issue is more than what the users do not know but what is considered appropriate technology usage.


Digital citizenship applies to “those who use the Internet regularly and effectively,”

As a result, there’s a major difference between good digital citizenship and bad digital citizenship. •Good digital citizenship engages young students and shows them how to connect with one another, empathize with each other, and create lasting relationships through digital tools.

x

•Bad digital citizenship, on the other hand, entails cyberbullying, irresponsible social media usage, and a general lack of knowledge about how to safely use the Internet.

x


Here’s some of the requirements to be a good digital citizen Protect private information for themselves and others

Respect themselve s and others

Stay safe online

Stand up to Cyberbullying when they see it happening

Balance the time they spend online and using media

Respect copyright and intellectual property Carefully manage their Digital Footprint


As a baseline there are nine essential elements of digital citizenship that every student should  know.


Digital law •What is Digital Law? Digital law is set of rules that applies to us onilne.It also sets boundaris to what we can and cant to online

• How do you break Digital Law? Types of violations:

•Illegal File Sharing •Pirating Software •Creating Viruses

•Hacking • Stealing someones identity •Copyright infringement


Illegal File Sharing •The sharing of files between people using computers connected to the internet. The term covers both the making available of the file (uploading), for instance on a file sharing service such as the YouTube to MP3 Website, and the downloading of that file from the internet to a computer.

Pirating software •Software piracy is the act of stealing software that is legally protected. This stealing includes copying, distributing, modifying or selling the software. Copyright laws were originally put into place so that the people who develop software (programmers, writers, graphic artists, etc.) would get the proper credit and compensation for their work. When software piracy occurs,


Creating Viruses •A software program capable of reproducing itself and usually capable of causing great harm to files or other programs on the same computer. •A computer virus might corrupt or delete data on your your email program to spreadcomputer , use itself to other computers or even erase everything on your hard disk •Exa . Macro Viruses. Memory Resident Viruses , Overwrite Viruses , etc.

Hacking •Unauthorized use of computer and network resources •Hacking is the act of modifying computer hardware or software,in order to cause damage to sensitive data or simply steal confidental information •Hackers often target home and office computers that are


Stealing someones identity When someone pretends to be someone else in order to access their personal information such as social security number, credit card, etc. in order to obtain resources or benefits.

Copyright Copyright infringement is the use or production infringement

of copyright-protected material without the permission of the copyright holder. Copyright infringement means that the rights afforded to the copyright holder, such as the exclusive use of a work for a set period of time, are being breached by a third party. Music and movies are two of the most well known forms of entertainment that suffer from significant


If you violate digital laws •In some •Many cases people get people get kicked off of caught web sites doing other because forms of they are digital crime caught by such as the “Cyber pirating Police”. •If you are caught committing those movies and crimes , depending on how bad the plagiarism . crime is , you may face some jail time


Erasmus+P.A.G.E. 1st LTT-Isparta,Turkey

Famous Romanian Scientists


Ana Aslan

A name, a unique, original treatment, recognized throughout the world with its incredible results in the fight against aging

Famous Romanian Woman


Ana Aslan 

She was born on January 1, 1897, in Braila; died on May 20, 1988, in Bucharest

Romanian physician specializing in gerontology

Academician since 1974

Director of the National Institute

of Geriatrics and Gerontology

between 1958-1988


Biographical data 

The smallest of the four children of Sofia and Mărgărit Aslan (family of intellectuals)

In the first years of high school he attends the courses of the Romanian College in Braila

At the age of 13 he loses his father

The Aslan family moves to Bucharest

In 1915 he graduated from the Bucharest Central School


At the age of 16 he dreams of becoming a pilot, he even has the opportunity to fly with a BristolCoanda type airplane.

Decides to become a doctor, declares hunger strike to defeat mother's opposition

He enrolls in the Faculty of Medicine

During World War I, he cares for soldiers in Military Hospitals in Iasi

He returns to Bucharest in 1919, working with the great neurologist Gheorghe Marinescu.


 After

three years he graduated from the Faculty of Medicine

 She

is named trainer at Clinic II in Bucharest, led by Professor Daniel Danielopolu, who also guides her in the composition of the doctoral thesis.

 There

is a teaching and hospital activity at Philanthropy, the Clinical-Medical Institute of the Medical Faculty in Bucharest, the Medical Clinic in Timisoara, the Hospital C.F.R.


From 1949 he becomes the head of the Physiology Section of the Institute of Endocrinology in Bucharest, representing the starting point in his career as a gerontologist.

Experiencing procaine in rheumatic diseases, in the case of a student targeted in bed due to an osteoarthritis crisis

Research continues in an asylum for the elderly and highlights the importance of procaine to improve dystrophic disorders related to age

It achieves remarkable results, which are communicated to the Romanian Academy


ď ľ In

1960 Prof. Ana Aslan begins to experiment with a new product that contains, besides procaine, an activating and anti-atherogenic factor - Aslavital.

ď ľ For

over 34 years, in 1985, Prof. Ana Aslan publishes in the Romanian Journal of Gerontology and Geriatrics the technical work and the action of the treatment with Gerovital H3. Specifications after 34 years of use.


Ana Aslan


The first patients treated with Gerovital H3 (Before-After)


Gerovital H3 

It was discovered in 1952 by Dr. Anna Aslan

It is an ethical drug based on procaine, which has the role of diminishing the effects of aging.

Currently, the Gerovital brand is divided between the companies Farmec Cluj and Gerovital Cosmetics Bucharest

The product is patented in over 30 countries


Produse Gerovital H3


Procaină-C13H20N2O2 

It is a local anesthetic, used initially in dentistry, being marketed as a novocaine

It was first synthesized in 1905


Aslavital 

The Aslavital range was launched in 2001. The Aslavital line offers a complete program for the care of sensitive skin:

allergic

couperosis,

acne,

irritated

wrinkled.

The complexity of the treatment and the wide area of addressability are based on the modern product formulations, with light and light structures and the action of the Special Clay, supplemented by:

Vitamins A, C, E,

natural oils (Rice, Calendula, Evening Primrose, Squalane) and

Vegetable extracts of Calendula, Boswelia Seratta and Ginseng.

Tests to demonstrate that the products are hypoallergenic were performed by clinical and instrumental evaluation by Evic Group, France.


In 2009 the sub-range of Aslavital Lift Instant is launched. This is based on the Gatuline - Clay complex with instant wrinkle smoothing effect. Innovation: Farmec Instant lift without scalpel! Also in 2009, the Aslavital range changes its packaging and uses complexes of active principles customized for each product. The clay used in this range comes from the Pădurea Craiului mountains and has no less than 20 trace elements (Fe, Ca, Mg, Cu, Zn, etc.). The main properties that recommend clay as "the healing earth" are:

absorption capacity (the clay absorbs and neutralizes toxins and bacteria in the body),

healing ability (clay helps to regenerate the skin, reducing wound healing time),

the power of remineralization (existing minerals in clay can be helpful in case of mineral deficiency),


the fact that it is a good antiseptic (clay is recommended in the treatment of bacterial or viral diseases).

clay has an extraordinary stimulating capacity, with trace elements contributing to its balancing and stimulating effect.

In 2012 the Aslavital range was modernized. New formulas containing, in addition to clay, a new ingredient, Goji ecocertified extract. Goji extract has strong skin and cell energizing effects. In addition, it is known for its anti-aging effects due to excellent antioxidant activity and by increasing the dermal level of hydroxyproline, which indicates an increase in collagen synthesis. Goji organic extract has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for over 1900 years. The products are for sensitive skin, being hypoallergenic, and parabens have been eliminated from the new formulas.


Aslavital Products


Ana Aslan Institute ď ľ

The first in the world, the Institute of Gerontology and Geriatrics was founded in 1952 by Decision of the Council of Ministers and became the National Institute in 1974, and in 1992, it was given the name of Ana Aslan.

ď ľ

Since its establishment, until 1988 the institute was run by Acad. Prof. Dr. Ana Aslan, having as activity object: geriatric healthcare, research and social gerontology. In 1964, the president of the WHO proposed it as a model for the institute of geriatrics in the developed countries.


Ana Aslan Institute 

In 1974 the Institute expands with a new clinical section, remarkable for its interior comfort and large spaces, located on an area of 11 ha in Otopeni.

The building from Mănăstirea Căldărușani street no. 9, which is also the headquarters of the Institute, is part of the architectural heritage, being a creation of Ion Mincu, with Romanian-style ceramic decorations.


Ana Aslan Institute 

The first medicine created to delay the aging process, was developed between 1946 and 1956, by Prof. Dr. Ana Aslan

The results of this study are the subject of Novocaina's work - eutrophic and rejuvenating factor

Gerovital is presented for the first time to the international medical world at the Therapiewoche Congress in Karlsruhe and then at the European Congress of Gerontology in Basel.


Ana Aslan Institute


Erasmus+ P.A.G.E.-1st LTT Isparta,Turkey Famous Romanian Scientits HENRI MARIE COANDA


Henri Marie Coandă (7 June 1886 – 25 November 1972) was a Romanian inventor, aerodynamics pioneer, and builder of an experimental aircraft, the Coandă-1910 described by Coandă in the mid-1950s as the world's first jet, a controversial claim disputed by some and supported by others. He invented a great number of devices, designed a "flying saucer" and discovered the Coandă effect of fluid dynamics


Life

Early life

Born in Bucharest, Coandă was the second child of a large family. His father was General Constantin Coandă, a mathematics professor at the National School of Bridges and Roads. His mother, Aida Danet, was the daughter of French physician Gustave Danet, and was born in Brittany. Coandă recalled later in life that beginning from childhood he was fascinated by the miracle of wind.


Upon his return in 1909, he travelled to Paris, where he enrolled in the newly founded École Nationale Supérieure d'Ingénieurs en Construction Aéronautique (now the École Nationale Supérieure de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace, also known as SUPAERO). One year later (1910) he graduated at the head of the first class of aeronautical engineers. In 1910, in the workshop of Gianni Caproni, he designed and built an aircraft known as the Coandă-1910, which he displayed publicly at the second International Aeronautic Salon in Paris that year. The aircraft used a 4-cylinder piston engine to power a rotary compressor which was intended to propel the craft by a combination of suction at the front and airflow out the rear instead of using a propeller.


Contemporary sources describe the Coandă-1910 as incapable of flightYears later, after others had developed jet technology, Coandă started making claims that it was a motorjet, and that it actually flew. According to Charles Gibbs-Smith: "There was never any idea of injecting fuel; the machine never flew; it was never destroyed on test; and Flight noted that it was sold to a Monsieur Weyman."Gibbs-Smith continued, "The claim said that after a disastrous crash (which never happened) Coandă wished to begin a 'second aircraft', but 'his funds were exhausted.' Within a year he was ... exhibiting (in October 1911) a brand new propeller-driven machine at the Reims Concours Militaire..."Other aviation writers accepted Coandă's story of his flight tests with the Coandă-1910.


Honours and awards

1965: At the International Automation Symposium in New York, Coandă received the Harry Diamond Laboratories Award.

He received an Honorary Fellowship of the Royal Aeronautical Society in 1971[1]

Bucharest's Henri Coandă International Airport is named after him.

Award and Grand Gold Medal "Vielles Tiges".

UNESCO Award for Scientific Research

The Medal of French Aeronautics, Order of Merit, and Commander ring

A 1982 stamp and postcard of Romania dedicated to Coandă


1910: The Coandă-1910, an experimental aircraft powered by a ducted fan.

1911: An aircraft powered by two engines driving a single propeller– the configuration cancelled the torque of the engines.

He invented a new decorative material for use in construction, beton-bois; one prominent example of its use is the Palace of Culture, in Iaşi.

1926: Working in Romania, Coandă developed a device to detect liquids under ground, useful in petroleum prospecting. Shortly thereafter, in the Persian Gulf region, he designed a system for offshore oil drilling.

The most famous of Coandă's discoveries is the Coandă Effect. After more than 20 years studying this phenomenon along with his colleagues, Coandă described what Albert Metral was later to name the "Coandă Effect". This effect has been utilized in many aeronautical inventions.

A modular system of sea water desalination and transformation to fresh water, based on solar energy, a clean, ecological and adaptable system.


Material made by Romanian students team


Thank you for your attention! Sourses: Wikipedia Ana-Aslan.ro Gerovital.ro


FAMOUS MAN AND WOMAN SCIENTIST IN ITALY


Who is Özlem Türeci?

Gazi Social Sciences Highschool


Özlem Türeci has been doing cancer research for more than 20 years. Her research focuses on identifying immunotherapeutic drug targets for non-hematologic cancers and identifying vaccine-based therapies as well as antibody development. Özlem Türeci founded GANYMED Pharmaceuticals AG in Mainz, Germany in 2001 and has been the General Manager since November 2008. and Chief Physician.

Türeci, who developed SEREX technology for the characterization of tumor antigens, won the Vincenz Czerny Prize of the German Society of Hematology and Oncology in 1995 and the Calogero Pagliarello Research Award of the University Saarland in 1997.

Gazi Social Sciences Highschool


• As a trained physician and immunologist, Dr. Özlem Türeci has led her own research group with Prof. Uğur Şahin at the University of Mainz, Germany, since 2000. But academic research was not enough for her, so 16 years ago she started her own company, Ganymed Pharmaceuticals. “I understood that what we can offer cancer patients at the hospitals is not much, and we could do more by bringing new discoveries to the patient’s bedside,”

Gazi Social Sciences Highschool


• The company was acquired last year by Astellas Pharma for €1.3Bn including milestone payments, making it the biggest biotech deal in Germany so far and putting its unique antibody technology one step closer to patients. As she continues at Ganymed by supporting the new owners in their takeover of late-stage antibody development, she is also active as a Scientific Advisor for BioNTech, a company developing mRNA-based  individualized cancer vaccines led by her partner Uğur Şahin.Türeci has also played a key role in the establishment of the Mainz biotech ecosystem through the opening of new research facilities to support public-private partnerships in 2014 and as Chairman of the CI3 (Cluster for Individualized Immune Intervention). On top of all that, she’s an Executive Board Member of Gazi Social Sciences Highschool the European Cancer Research


A cross-section from an interview with yourself • Let’s start with Ganymed, your first venture in the industry. What drove you to create your own company? • In the 90s, before we started Ganymed, our research team was led by Ugur Sahin – the CEO of BioNTech, and also a co-founder of Ganymed – and me. We had a vision: to mobilize the immune system in a multi-modal way. So we started to develop several cancer immunotherapy platforms. • One focused on a special type of antibody that, in contrast to the normal paradigm of blocking a function, instead meant to activate immune effectors and attract them to the tumor. We called them “ideal antibodies” or IMABs. Gazi Social Sciences Highschool


• We became aware that the platform was already at a stage where we needed to initiate clinical development to ensure the translation of this concept. And the only way we saw was to found a company and do the clinical translation ourselves, because it was so early that we could not get any pharma company to take an interest. From the beginning, the plan was to bring it to a point where a pharma company would feel comfortable to take over and go the last mile of bringing the compound to the market. • I took over responsibility as the CEO, whereas the rest of the scientific team remained in academia and pursued the other projects to which I scientifically continued to contribute. In 2008, we recognized another platform had reached a maturity point where they had to be accelerated towards individualized vaccines, and BioNTech was founded. Ugur Sahin took over the responsibility as the CEO, and I took over a position on the advisory board, because I was still CEO of Ganymed and had to focus on it. Gazi Social Sciences Highschool


• You sold your first company for €1.3Bn — how? • The key was the eye-popping data we generated in our clinical trial. You have to imagine that in advanced gastric cancer, the medical need is very, very high. A number of antibodies like, for example, Avastin and Erbitux, have been tested and failed in large clinical trials. The only antibody approved so far for first-line treatment of this cancer indication is Herceptin. Patients don’t have a median overall survival longer than one year after diagnosis, and Herceptin elongates the median overall survival only for a couple of weeks, which shows how desperate the situation is. • We very convincingly showed that our antibody, IMAB362, contributes a highly significant increase in median overall survival. And not only this, we also were able to ensure a sustained effect. In a subgroup of patients with high expression of the target of the antibody, we even had a near doubling of median overall survival. This is something that has not been seen in this indication in the last two decades. After we presented the data at ASCO, we were approached by pharma companies which were interested in this compound, and wanted to have it.

Gazi Social Sciences Highschool


• How was the transition from academic research to the industry? • The transition was challenging, for sure, as a scientist and physician who was trained in academia, but I think this is what every scientific founder encounters when deciding to do these steps towards founding a company. You have, basically, to learn the set of skills you need on the job. • The first steps were certainly a bit bumpy. We founded the company in 2001, at a time where the private equity markets were quite risk-averse, which meant that it was also not so easy to get venture capital, and to recruit people for the company, and so on. Gazi Social Sciences Highschool


• What would you say is the main challenge to bring science closer to the patients? • One is funding. If you decide to advance a research project into hard-core drug development, you need much more funding than you could get in an academic context. The only way to really get a discovery, an innovation to the patient is to make sure that it is properly developed and becomes a validated, marketed product. You cannot really serve the patient need if you, for example, go for compassionate use, or any other setting which can be afforded by an academic institution. I absolutely think that ecosystems in which companies work together with academia are the key to ensuring that innovation is translated. My impression is that this is becoming more and more accepted. Many pharma companies have programs where they try to connect to academic institutions and biotechs. Here, in Mainz, we are part of such a cluster, which in our experience is the best way to accelerate innovations into clinical development.

Gazi Social Sciences Highschool


• You have now a long track of working with cancer immunotherapy. How has the oncology field evolved since you started your career? • When I started, cancer immunotherapy was not an accepted industrial or pharmaceutical concept. The mainstream was, basically, was that drugs had to somehow block, or inhibit, oncogenes. It took a long time to become accepted that the immune system is a very potent tool to fight cancer, with checkpoint inhibitors showing tremendous success and, for the first time, curing cancer. Today, immune therapies are actually a commodity. There is no pharma company which does not have a checkpoint inhibitor program. • It’s the beginning of a revolution. What I expect is that, after the wave of checkpoint inhibitors, others will come. One very strong trend is cell therapies like CAR-T. Another is cancer vaccines based on tumor antigens. • I strongly believe in individualized therapies. The trajectories I see in other fields support it. They are becoming feasible and marketable through digitalization and miniaturization of production facilities, through scaling by parallelization. Individualized therapy, by definition, has to be the best option for cancer, which is a very heterogeneous disease, inter- and intra-individually. Gazi Social Sciences Highschool


• What’s the main takeaway from your experience so far? • One important thing I have learned is that it’s important to have a vision, and not let it go. When we started, cancer immunotherapy was not an accepted pharmaceutical concept. But we stuck to that and positioned ourselves at a spot where, years later, the ball hit the ground. Do not to give up, stick to the vision. I think that’s the most important thing I have learned in the last years.

Gazi Social Sciences Highschool


Vassya Stefanova Bankova (Bulgarian: Вася Стефанова Банкова, born 1954, in Sofia is a Bulgarian chemist and a president of the Bulgarian Phytochemical Society, Correspondent Member of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences since 2014. Bankova is a professor and Chief of the Chemistry of Natural Compounds Laboratory, at the Institute of Organic Chemistry with Centre of Phytochemistry (IOCCP), Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. She is also an honorary professor on the Faculty of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Sofia University. She is known as a propolis expert. She graduated from the University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy in 1977. She obtained her PhD at the IOCCP in 1990, and obtained her degree of Doktor nauk (DSc.) from the same institute in 2000. In 2005 she was promoted to a Full Professor at the IOCCP. Since 2009, the Chief of the IOCCP Chemistry of Natural Compounds Laboratory. She is a member of the Editorial Board of Chemistry Central Journal


Peter Petroff (Bulgarian: Петър Петров) (October 21, 1919 – February 27, 2003) was a Bulgarian American inventor, engineer, NASA scientist, and adventurer. He was involved in the NASA space program. Among his many accomplishments, Petroff assisted in development of one of the earliest computerized pollution monitoring system and telemetry devices for early weather and communications satellites. Petroff helped develop components of one of the world's first digital watches and an early wireless heart monitor, and many other important devices and methods. Petroff founded Care Electronics, Inc. which was acquired by Electro-Data, Inc. of Garland, Texas in the fall of 1971. Petroff Point on Brabant Island in Antarctica is named for Petroff.


Woman and man scientist in Macedonia


Scientists In our country there are a lot of under valued scientists, but everyone is trying to prove themselves and come up with new methods of saving the planet. As our country is in the top 20 list of the most polluted countries in the world I would like to present you a woman scientist going by the name of Ana Colovic Lesoska that won a Goldman environmental prize by saving the Lynx species from disappearing from it’s existence. And the other scientist is a known person in our country going by the name of Georgi Efremov


Ana Colovic Lesoska She is born in Macedonia 1979 and she is a biologist that won a Goldman Environmental prize by leading a 7 year campaign named “Save Mavrovo� to cut off international funding for two large hydropower plants.


“Save Mavrovo” campaign It was a 7 year campaign led by Ana where she did research on the dams that were funded and to be built on the Hydro Power Plants on the Boskov Most and Lukovo Pole by the World bank and how they would’ve had a negative effect on the lynx.


Ana filed complaints and prove over the years, that made the World Bank cut the fund for the making of these dams, and it was forced for the plug to be pulled on this operation which made Ana the first Goldman winner from Macedonia saving the lynx species that are a signature for our country.


Georgi Efremov Georgi was a Macedonian academic and scientist at the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts and a professor in the Faculty of Agricultural Science and Food in Skopje. He was specialized in genetic engineering in human medicine, veterinary medicine, and animal biotechnology. He was a former Ambassador and Minister of Science in the Republic of Macedonia. His was a founder of molecular biology in the Republic of Macedonia.


In 1960, he specialized with a Master of Science in physiology and biochemistry at the University of Belgrade . After his Ph.D. he began work as a professor at the Department of Internal Medicine, Veterinary College of Norway in Oslo Two years later he was invited to join a group at the Medical College of Georgia which was studying the structure, function, synthesis, and expression of normal and abnormal human hemoglobin. After he returned from the United States two years later, he was appointed to a position at the Macedonian Academy of Sciences


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NEWBORN BABY


Babies mean love, life and happiness in home.

or a Whether it's a boy a nt girl, the most import y thing is to be health and happy.

Babies are small, but mean w orld to parents!

Babies giv e true love, can put smile on your fa ce, they are so cut e and sweet.


n Every country has ow for customs and traditions different ceremonies. The customs and traditions that come with baby birth are different everywhere, and so in our country.


Some of that customs and traditions are:  PREPARING MEKICI AND DONUTS  LITTLE AND BIG PRAYER  DON’T LEAVE HOME 40 DAYS  VISIT BABY WITH GIFTS  MOTHER DOESN’T SAY GOODBYE  GUESTS MUSTN’T VISIT BABY IN EVENING  MOTHER MUSTN’T DRY BABY CLOTHES AFTER SUNSET


MEKICI AND DONUTS FOR BABY

Mother in law usually prepares mekici (type of fried dough) and donuts immediately after baby was born. They are combined with sugar, so the child will have a sweet and happy following life.

And are given to close people, relatives, neighbors and in the hospital among the medical stuff where the baby was born. With that they celebrate baby coming.


-LITTLE AND BIG PRAYERE L T T I L R E Y A R P

After the baby is born, grandmothers go to church and take a little prayer and baptized water for the baby. Baptized water is poured in the water in which the baby baths and the mother should drink from it. If baptized water remains on the last 40th day, then it is poured in the ground.

After 40 days, the mother and baby go to great prayer in the church, not inside, but at the church door and after visiting 3 houses.

BIG PRAYER


DON’T LEAVE HOME -40- DAYS necessary) for ot n (if e m o h e th ve a not aloud to le re a by a b e th nd a the 40 days r e d th te ec Mo sp re re a ia on d ughout Mace ro th s tie ci ll a In . ys should be r da o e 40 om h e av le ot n d e baby shoul when the mother and th visited.

Also, after the 40th day, the baby can be visited by other people. The reason why they are waiting for 40 days is usually protection against any infections.


VISITING BABY After 40 days people come to visit baby and they buy gifts and bring cake for mother.

Usually they buy clothes or put money in baby’s bed.

Mother mustn’t say GOODBYE, and mustn't take out anything from the house nor walk someone to the door so to keep her milk.


FEW MORE CUSTOMS During the 40 days, the mother must not dry clothes outside after sunset and must not come out after sunset.

When it comes to visiting a baby, girls must not have a monthly cycle, so that the baby doesn’t get a rash.

Also, guests mustn't come in the evening, only during the day, because if they come when it's dark, then they can bring the child dark and thus magic and spirits.


BABY CHRISTENING event n a is Christening s to e o g y b a b when a time. t s r fi e th church for g the in h t a b is The priest ater, w d e iz t p a baby in b and ir a h 's y b cutting ba and g in s s e r d godfather is name. a y b a b giving the are s e m a n Nowadays or their f ts n e r a p choice by there t s a p e h t child but in for the t c e p s e r f was a lot o said. r e h t a f d o g name that


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A NEW BABY


When a new member joins the family, everybody gets excited. Everyone starts preparing for the expected baby.


All relatives knit for the baby.


According to tradition, a piece of gold is given to newborn baby.


After deciding the name to be given to the new born baby, it is time to whisper the name in the baby's ear.


Grandfather reads '' Ezan '' to baby's ear. After that, the whispers her/his name in his/her ear.


The father or one of the elders of the family reads the Ezan first in the ear of the child and then says her/his name .


Put the Hurma in baby’s mouth. The Hurma is first meeting for baby.


Make ‘’tuzlama’’ when baby comes the world. The tuzlama is bathing. Family elders wrap baby scarf with salt. Then baby is washed with warm water.


Sherbet and chocolate are served to visitors.


One of the oldest customs about new born babies are to bury the baby's umbilical card in a meaningful place. The place where the baby's umbilicial card is buried is thought to be the fate of the child.


Finally according to tradition, when the child is forty days old, the baby has the first shower and ready to go out. It is called ‘’ Kırklama’’.


After a week, the newborn baby’s hair is cut and given the weight of gold or gold in exchange for money.


A sheep is sacrificed. This event is called ‘’ Akika ‘’.


The first one to see the baby's tooth gets a gift.


After a baby tooth is removed, family members make ‘’ Dis dirgiti’’ ( Tooth party ) for a baby.


After the tooth party or the baby was born, gifts are given to guests.


Finally, family members say ‘’ çö, çö,çö ‘’when they try to walk.


Elders of family can read any time at home for the baby ‘’mevlid-i Serif’’.


NEW BORN BABY TRADITIONS IN ITALY


GENDER EQUALITY

Gazi Social Sciences Highschool Isparta, 2019


Preventing Awareness Of Gender Equality • There are balances in the world that have existed since creation, that we have and which we need to protect, otherwise life will become meaningless and unnecessary. One of these balances is that the two sexes we examine under the name of gender equality are treated, protected and protected or functioned equally in society and social life. Even though this issue sees the value it deserves better than it used to be, it still has not reached the required level in some subjects. Therefore, efforts to raise this kind of awareness continue. Gazi Social Sciences Highschool


Gazi Social Sciences Highschool


What Is Equality? • Equality focuses on creating the same starting line for everyone. Equity has the goal of providing everyone with the full range of opportunities and benefits – the same finish line

Gazi Social Sciences Highschool


Gazi Social Sciences Highschool


Gazi Social Sciences Highschool


WHAT IS GENDER EQUALITY? Gender equality is a belief that both men and women should receive equal treatment. People should not be discriminated against because of their gender. It can also be called sex equality, gender egalitarianism, sexual equality or equality of the genders.

Gazi Social Sciences Highschool


Gazi Social Sciences Highschool


Gazi Social Sciences Highschool


Gazi Social Sciences Highschool


WHAT IS DİGİTAL CİTİZENSHİP • A digital citizen refers to a person who has the knowledge and skills to effectively use digital technologies to communicate with others, participate in society and create and consume digital content. Digital citizenship is about confident and positive engagement with digital technologies. İt also means : a person who can communicate in digital environment, criticize the information while using it, produce and consume in digital environment, can shop in digital environment, receive education from digital environment and comply with ethical rules while doing these behaviors, and is aware of his rights and responsibilities. Gazi Social Sciences Highschool


• A good digital citizen...... Being a good digital citizen means to demonstrate and practice safe, responsible, and legal use of technology. A good digital citizen is someone who understands the rights and responsibilities that come with being online and someone who uses technology in a positive way.

Gazi Social Sciences Highschool


Why it’s so important? • Digital citizenship refers to responsible technology usage, and teaching digital citizenship is essential to helping students achieve and understand digital literacy, as well as ensuring cyberbully prevention, online safety, digital responsibility, and digital health & wellness

Gazi Social Sciences Highschool


GENDER COUNTRY

EQUALITY IN CITY


BUT FIRST

WHAT IS GENDER EQUALITY? Gender equality means that the various behaviors, aspirations, needs of women and men are respected, taken into account, valued and equally aided. This means that their rights, responsibilities and opportunities will not depend on whether they are born as a man or as a woman.

This means that women and men are on the same wavelength!


GENDER EQUALITY IN OUR COUNTRY Men and woman are equal but there is also places in our country where women have not the same rights like men.

Macedonia is country where gender equality is on medium degree. Macedonia has adopted several laws and mechanisms to advance gender equality. The Law on Equal Opportunities of Women and Men obliges public institutions to ensure equal rights and opportunities for women and men and to integrate gender into their policies, strategies and budgets through specific measures to reduce gender inequality. In our country especially, woman are good at their jobs, they can pursue whatever they want.

But Macedonia is trying to make equal place for living for everyone!


In Macedonia live more ethnic groups such as : Albanian, Turkish, Vlachs, Rom, Serbian, Bosniak, Bulgarians and they treat the same as the Macedonian population.

Ethnic groups

God created people equal and so they should be treat equally!

In our country there are almost equal gender in many social activities as doctors, teachers, surgeons work both women and men.


GENDER EQUALITY IN MY CITY .

Bitola is small city, where everyone knows each other and respects. That means that there haven’t discrimination and inequality.

Especially women are equal to men without exception, go out with friends, do the job they love, enjoy life.

Dependıng on educatıon, the hıgher educated parents, the hıgher gender equalıty ın the famıly.


The “Manaki Brothers” festival always sends a strong message for gender equality 21 September, Bitola – The “Manaki Brothers” festival joined the campaign “Loud Against Rumors” of OSCE, the director of the festival Gena Teodosievska announce before the screening of the film Female Pleasure, from the documentary program. Rumors are beliefs which are not based on facts, but on the fact that a lot of people believe in them. Through them, the harmful stereotypes and prejudices against women are spread and firmed. The “Manaki Brothers” festival always sends a strong message for gender equality, and it is our honor that the number of female authors at the festival, both directors and cinematographers, is constantly growing.


GENDER EQUALITY IN SCHOOL

In the past girls weren't allowed to go school and study. Only boys could education and work. Girls were only for chores. Fortunately, today more girls are now in school compared to 15 years ago. They can study whatever they want and find work.


GENDER EQUALITY IN JANE SANDANSKI In our school boys and girls feel welcome in a safe and secure learning environment. Governments, schools, teachers and students all have a part to play in ensuring that schools are free of violence and discrimination and provide a gender-sensitive, good-quality education.

Teachers treat students equally, without discrimination. Without judgment on appearance, material condition, religion, affiliation.


CONLUSION Besides the physical differences between men and women they shouldn’t be seen and valued by what gender they define as, they should be respect and treat EQUALLY!


THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

And REMEMBER we are all the same!


Perspectives about gender equality In Romania


What does gender equality mean? 

Gender equality is more than an end in itself. It is a precondition for facing the challenge of poverty reduction, promoting sustainable development and building good governance. ” Kofi Annan “


Deffinitions – equal opportunities ď ľ

Equal opportunities - the concept according to which all human beings are free to develop their personal capacities and to choose without limitations imposed by strict roles; the fact that the different behaviors, aspirations and needs of women and men are taken into account, evaluated and favored equally means that women and men enjoy the same freedom to achieve their aspirations.


ď ľGender relevance

- questioning the relevance of a policy or action on gender, equality between women and men.

ď ľTo differentiate

or treat two persons or two situations differently, when there is no relevant distinction between them or to treat in an identical manner situations that are in fact different.


EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES IN EU

The principle of equal opportunities between women and men has begun to be transposed into EU legislation and policies, with the aim of regulating the social life of the Member States from economic perspectives. Thus, equality between women and men in the labor market has proved crucial in the community space, placing the issue of equal opportunities at the center of the European Employment Strategy. The Community Strategy aims to combine the integration of gender perspectives into all European Community policies and programs concurrently with the promotion of specific actions in favor of women.


Gender equality in Romania In society, women and men do not have the same roles, resources, needs and interests. It does not participate equally in decision making. The values attributed to "women's work" and "men's work" are not the same; these differences vary from one society to another, from one culture to another and are called "gender differences".


MINIMUM MEASURES TO PROMOTE THE CONCEPT OF EQUALITY ď ľ

According to our constitution, regarding the implementation of the principle of equal treatment between women and men in terms of access to goods and services and the provision of goods and services, by the principle of equal treatment it is understood that there will be no direct discrimination based on the gender criterion, including applying a treatment less favorable to women on the grounds of pregnancy and motherhood and that there will be no indirect discrimination based on the sex criterion.


STRUCTURES ď ľ

In Romania gender equality falls under the responsibility of two main institutions: the Directorate for Equal Opportunities between Women and Men (which replaced the former National Agency for Equal Opportunities between Women and Men), within the Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Senior Citizens, and the National Anti-discrimination Council. The former is exclusively dedicated to gender equality, while the latter is a general anti-discrimination body.


Gender issues that need to be considered

According to the existing studies, Romania does not occupy a favorable position in the European Union regarding the equality of opportunities between women and men, respectively the quality of life and the degree of modernization of the company, in relation to the analyzed indicators: the increased number of hours devoted daily to domestic tasks (assumed by usually women); lack of equitable division of family work; reduced development of child care services and other categories of dependents in the family; reduced participation of women in public life; violence against women.


Statistics gender in our school At our institution we have a total of:  441 students (183 girls and 258 boys)  41 Teachers (12 men and 29 women)  6 workers (all women)


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What is gender equality? Gender equality is achieved when women and men enjoy the same rights and opportunities across all sectors of society, including decision-making and different behaviours. That is a fundamental human right. It is a fundamental human right that applies to all people regardless of their religious, national, racial or any affiliation and should be respected.


The purpose of gender equality          

Same treatment for man and woman Common opportunities There is no first and second place Equal rank order Same category His and her obligations Equal respect for all people Care for everyone To be on the same wavelength "Men, their rights, and nothing more; women, their rights, and nothing less.“ – Susan Anthony


About the men Men are more respected than women globally.


About the women

Tenderness and nicely characterize the woman. She has the lowest position


a mother and a worker


Everybody deserve a chance; Let equality bloom; Equality has no gender; There is no limit to equality; No man is above the law, and no man is below it; Girls can wear blue too and boys can wear pink too; Gender equality must become a lived reality; We can’t survive without each other.


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GENDER EQUALITY BY ITALIAN PARTNER


The wedding is one of the most exciting and happy moments of our lives.

Couple, husband and wife is often celebrated as a big celebration with crowds of guests as a special event.


Macedonian wedding


Look forward even in the dream

My stylists are the best

Stresfull time and coffee

My friend always has my back

I have no time

Paranoid

Time to be the most beautiful


Looking safely and calmly.

‘Don’t wanna leave my bed’

‘What the news says?’

A little warm rakija.

Shining

My support- my friends

Easy-going

Too fancy to be a groom


The celebration first begins on the male side, with the bridesman and near relatives arriving. The music arrives with them. Characteristic for the groom is his shaving in front of neighbors and guests. All guests give money for the shaving. After that custom, the groom will dance the first traditional folk dance. The main task of the groom is to pick up the bride, so the crowd goes to the bride's home. Wihen the groom arrive,he has to pay money (dowry) which puts the money in the bride's shoes, more money, less the number of shoes.


Relatives and friends on the female side come to the bride, help her parents, and helped her parentsand all of them have a task what to do when the other side come. Some of the young women knead traditional cake, so she hopes to get married sooner. The bride's sister hit cuff the groom for safe and cary her sister. Anout the brother is guarding his sister until the groom arrives. The cousins and friends sit at the door, demanding money and the groom and groom's companion must pay and buy the bride.


 Going to sign in a registary (civil ceremony);  Exchange of the engagment rings and engagment crowns - Throwing candy and barley over the groom's and bride's heads; - Breaking traditional cakes and immersing them in wine; - Listening to Bible texts;  Photographing;


Going in the resturant; The glorious celebration begins with the waltz of the youth; The godfather starts folk dance with the bride; Cutting the cake; The bride throws the bouquet -The one who catches up is next for the wedding; The celebration ends at the man's home; It is ofen said that the groom is jumping in the pan ( „Рипна в тавче“).


The Galichnik Wedding Festival is an annual festival held in the village of GaliÄ?nik near the city of Debar in which a selected couple gets married in the traditional "Galichka" style wedding. Traditionally the wedding lasted for 5 days with the main activities on St. Peter's Day (12 July) every year. It was the only period of the year when couples got married. During the wedding, men dance the folkdance 'TeĹĄkoto', symbolizing the suffering of the Macedonian people through the centuries. Each year, couples from all over Macedonia enter a competition run by the organisers to be the couple that gets to have a "Galichka" style wedding. Every year, a new couple gets the opportunity.


Made by: Simona Srezovska

Profile for Snezhana Dobreva

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