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Majority of structures Membrane-air to provide structure Combination of structural systems Transferring loads to ground

Skeletal/ Framed

Hybrid Early buildings

Air can provide structure

Membrane

Solid

Bricks, stones, mud Compression

Compression

Arches

Structural Systems (Newton, 2014)

Opera House

Curvature Holds itself

Concrete Shell

Surface

Curvature holds itself Formed of a single large block of stone

Shell Structures Monolithic

Tensile

Tension Only

No Compression


MindMap_StructuralSystems_Newton2014