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DÅ-S¡w hènd {Kma]©m-b-¯v shfp¯ ]mhm-S-bp-Sp¯ cm{Xn

47

hn.-Pn. X¼n

IpSpw-_-tIm-SXn

hènd {Kma]©m-b-¯nsâ t\Xr-Xz-¯n kwL-Sn-¸n¡-s¸-Sp¶ hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v HmWm-tLmj {KmtamÕhw 50 hÀjw ]n¶n«v 51 þmaXv HmWm tLmj-¯n-te¡v {]th-in-¡pIbmWv. hèn-d-bnse P\-§-fpsS hnNm-chpw hnIm-c-hpam-bn-¯oÀ¶ Cu BtLm-j-§Ä \nebv¡msX \S¶p t]mIp-¶Xv hÃ-¨n-d-bnse Hcp ]äw P\-§-fpsS Iq«mb {]b-Xv\¯n-sâbpw BßmÀ°-amb {]hÀ¯-\ -¯n-sâbpw {ia-^-e-ambmWv. Hmtcmtcm Ime-L-«-§-fn ]e-]e hyàn-IÄ Cu {]Øm-\-¯nsâ t\Xr-\n-c-bn-te¡v h¶v I®pw ImXpw a\Êpw AÀ¸n¨v {]hÀ¯n¨-Xnsâ D¯-a-amb ZrjvSm-´-amWv Cu {Kmtam-Õ-h-¯nsâ 50 hÀj-¯n-\p- ti-japÅ Cu AP-¿-X. IqSmsX hÃ-¨n-d-bnse B_m-e-hr²w P\-§-fpsS I£n-cm-jv{So-b¯n-\-Xo-X-amb \nÀtem-`-amb ]n´p-Wbpw Cu {Kmtam-Õ-hs¯ XI-cmsX ]nSn-¨p -\nÀ¯m³ klm-bn-¨n«p v. AXn-s\-¡m-fp-ap]cn tZio-b-X-e-¯nepw BtKm-f-X-e-¯nepw Adn-b-s¸-Sp¶ Hcp ]nSn Iem-Im-c³amsc hmÀs¯-Sp-¡p-hm³ Cu {Kmtam-Õ-h-¯n\p Ignªp F¶Xv Cu {Km-tam-Õhw \ne\nÀ¯n-s¡m pt]mtI Xnsâ A\-´-amb km²y-X-I-fn-te-¡mWv hnc Nq p¶Xv. hfÀ¶p-h-cp¶ ]pXp-X-e-ap-dbv¡v Iemk]cybpsS A\-´-amb temI-t¯-¡pÅ BZy Nph-Sp-sh-¸n\v Ah-k-c-samcp¡n Cu {Kmtam-Õhw AXoh {]tim-`n-Xm-h-Ø-bn \ne- \n¶p t]mIs« F¶ {]mÀ°-\-tbmsS

51

hÃ-¨nd cma-N-{µ³

amdp¶ Imehpw ae-bmfn- a\Êpw

53

tUm. Ac-hn-µ³ hÃ-¨nd

Ccp-«n Xnf-§p¶ I®p-IÄ

57

tPm¬k¬ Nnd-½Â

thdn« ImgvN-IÄ

61

kn. BÀ. Zmkv

Imäpw Ihn-Xbpw

65

Nmt¡m Un. A´n-¡mSv

Bdp-a-Wn¡p ap¼pÅ Ac-a-Wn-¡qÀ

68

kpim-´v _me-Ir-jvW³. sI

HmW-hn-I-S³

70

\µ-In-tjmÀ

\mSIw F§-s\bp

mbn

71

kn.-FÂ. tPmkv

A]pjv]w

74

s{]m. Iev]ä _me-Ir-jvW³

an-gmhv

75

hn.-sI.-sI. lcn-l-c³

ae-bm-f-kn-\n-a-bpsS ]pXnb Zriy-Nn-Ó-§Ä

78

bp.-F-kv. \mcm-b-W³

I®-S-bpsS thZ-\, cmap-hn-sâbpw

80

BâWn ]p¯³]pc

\ap¡v Zm\w sNm¿m-\p-ÅXv

81

bp.-F-kv. \mcm-b-W³

Acn-In \obp

mbncp-s¶-¦nÂ…!

82

hÃ-¨nd am[-h³

aµm-c-¯nse N{µ³

86

hk-´³ Ing-¡q-S³

DZ-b-`m\p T.K FUn-äÀ 51 þmaXv HmWm-tLmj {Kmtam-Õh kvac-WnI kvac-WnI I½nän: DZ-b-`m\p Sn.sI, Ac-hn-µ³, hn\-b³ Fw. Fkv, kptc-jvIp-amÀ kn. Fkv, Bâp. ]n. BÀ kvac-WnI

01

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


tIc-f-kÀ¡mÀ HmWw tZio-tbm-Õ-h-ambn BtLm-jn-¡m³ Xocp-am-\n¨ 1962 apX Ahn-`à hÃ-¨nd ]©m-b-¯nÂ, A¶s¯ {]kn-U-âm-bn-cp¶ {io apÃ-¸nÅn tKmhn-µ³ Ip«n \mb-cpsS t\Xr-Xz¯n Bcw-`n-¨-XmWv hÃ-¨nd HmWm-tLm-jw. Ahn-Wn-tÈ-cnbpw hÃ-¨n-dbpaS-§p¶ Ahn-`à hÃ-¨nd ]©m-b-¯n bYmÀ°-¯n Hcp DÕ-h-¯nsâ {]Xo-Xn-bm-bn-cp¶ B hÀjs¯ aq¶v HmW-Zn-\-§Ä kphÀ®-Pq-_nen BtLmjw ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡n, Cu hÀjhpw Cu {Kmtam-Õhw \ne-\n¡p¶p F¶Xv tIc-f-¯nse ]©m-b-¯p-I-fpsS Ncn-{X-¯n cP-X-en-]n-I-fn tcJ-s¸-Sp-t X -- m-Wv. Cu kt´m-j- ¯nsâ thf-bn \n§Ät¡hÀ¡pw lrZy-amb HmWmiw-k-IÄ t\cp-¶p. Ac-\q-äm -n-\p-ap¼v Cu HmWm-tLmj aÕ-c-§Ä¡v Np¡m³ ]nSn¨ alm-ßm-¡sf kvacn-¡p-¶Xv C¯-cp-W-¯n kµÀt`m-Nn-X-am -bn-cn-¡p-sa¶v hniz-kn-¡-s«. hÃ-¨nd ]©m-b-¯nse kp-{]-[m\ BtLm-j-§-fmb Bdm-«p-]pg]qchpw ]©m-b¯v HmWm-tLmj aÕ-c-§fpw bi-È-co-c-\mb tKmhn-µ³Ip«n \mb-cpsS t\Xr-Xz-]-camb Ign-hn-\m ]cn-t]m-jn-¸n¡s¸«--h-bm-Wv. A¶s¯ ]©m-b¯v sa¼Àamcm-bn-cp¶ bi-Èo-c-cmb ]n.F \mWp- am-ÌÀ, ]n.sI sIm¨p, ktcm-P-\n, ]n.Fw am[-h³ sshZyÀ, Sn.sI _me³, ]n.hn hdo-Xv, C. \mcm-b-W³ \m-bÀ, Sn.Sn tImc³ XpS-§n-b- h-scÃmw Cu BtLm-j-¯nsâ Bcw-`-Im-es¯ kPo-h-{]-hÀ¯-I-cm-bn-cp-¶p. sI.sI tKmhn-µs\gp¯-ѳ, C.-F³ tat\m³, Fw.-F³ \mbÀ, Sn.]n tPmÀÖv, ]n.H. d¸m-bn, sI.]n ]utem-kv, sI.]n hdo-Xv, sI.]n Hutk-¸v, ]n.-BÀ tZh-Ên-¡p-«n, Sn.]n {io[c³, sI.sF tKmhn-µ-s\-gp-¯-ѳ, sI.-Fw.kn \¼ymÀ, hn.Fw cma³Ip-«n, kn.-Fkv amWn-Iy³, kn.-Fkv \mcm-b-W³, F³.-Fkv tKm]m-e³, sI.sF X¦-¸³, hn.-Fkv. j¬ap-J³, Fw.bp. cmL-h³, C.-sI. tPmWn, ]n.H. tPmÀÖv, ]n.Un. tPmÀÖv XpS§n ChnsS t]cp-IÄ tcJ-s¸-Spt¯-- Xmb hyàn-IÄ hf-sc-b-[n-I-ap -v. ]©m-b¯v DtZym-K-Øcm-bn-cp¶ F³.hn IrjvW-hm-cn-bÀ, sI.F them-bp-[³ XpS-§nb \nc-h[nt]cpsS tkh-\-§fpw Cu {Ktam-Õ-h-¯nsâ \S-¯n-¸nÂ

kvac-WnI

03

sI.Pn Ac-hn-µm-£³ {]kn-Uâ v 51þm-aXv HmWm-tLmj I½nän

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


henb ]¦v hln-¨n-«p -v. kn.Fw kpIp-am-c³, kn.Fw tKm]m-e- Ir-jvW³, Un.-BÀ {]km-Zv, Fw. cho-{µ³ XpS§n BZy-Im-e¯v I¬ho-\Àam-cm-b -hcpw Fw.-F³ \mbÀ, Sn.]n tPmÀÖv F¶o BZyIme {]kn-U-âp-amcpw Cu {Ktam-Õ-h-¯n\v A\izcX \ÂIp-¶-Xn apJy-]¦p hln-¨n-«p -v. Bdm«p-]p-g-bnse Iem-{]-hm-ln\n ]Ãn-tÈ-cn-bnse Pp¸n äÀ BÀ«vkv & kvt]mÀSvkv ¢_v hÃ-¨n-d-bnse {]Xn`, `K-hXn BÀ«kvv & kvt]mÀ«vkv ¢_v, `mh\ BÀ«vkv & kvt]mÀSvkv ¢_v, s]cn-t©-cnbnse ]ptcm-K-a\ Iem-k-an-Xn, _m¸pPn BÀ«vkv & kvt]mÀSvkv ¢_v F¶n-h-sbÃmw A¡m-es¯ {]K-Û-cmb ]¦m-fn-I-fm-bn-cp-¶p. ]©m-b-¯nsâ hn`-P-\-t¯msS hnkvXrXn Ipdª hÃ-¨ndbnse \nc-h[n ]pXnb Iem-k-an-Xn-IÄ cq]-sa-Sp¯v aÕ-c-§-fn ]s¦-Sp¯v k½m-\mÀl-cm-bn-«p -v. kmln-Xy- a-Õ-c-§-fn-epw, kvt]mÀSvkv aÕ-c -§-fnepw Nn{X-c-N\m aÕ-c-§-fn-epw, Iema-Õ-c-§-fnepw \mS-I-a-Õ-c-§-fnepw ]s¦-Sp¯ {]K-ÛÀ \nc-h-[n-bm-Wv. apÃ-t\gn \oe-I-WvT³, sI.-F-kv.-BÀ ]Ãn-tÈ-cn, hnZym-[-c³ amÌÀ, AjvS-aqÀ¯n, {]nb-\-µ-\³, \µ-In-tjmÀ, Irjv tW-«³, iin-[c³ \Sp-hn dmt^ ]p¯³]pc XpS-§nb \nc-h[n {]ap-JÀ Cu aÕ-c-§-fn hnhn-[ -Im-e-L-«-§-fn ]s¦-Sp-¯n-«p-Å-h-cm-Wv. hnkvXm-c-`-b-¯mÂ, \S-¯n-bn-«pÅ aÕ-c-§-fnepw AWn-b-d-{]-hÀ¯-\-§-fnepw ]s¦-Sp¯ apgp-h³ t]cp-Ifpw ChnsS DÄs¸-Sp-¯m³ Ign-ªn-«n-Ã. ]©m-b¯p {]kn-Uâp-am-cmb sI. U»n-bp. tIi-h³ Cf-b-Xv, kn.-F³ tat\m³, ]n.-Fkv N{µ³, ]n. N{µ³, Fw \mcm-b-Wn- A-½, ]n.hn cmP³ XpS-§n-b-h-cp-sSbpw AwK-§-fp-sSbpw tkh-\-§Ä hne-a-Xn-bv¡m³ Ign-bm-¯-Xm-Wv. kvac-WnI

05

hÃ-¨n-dsb kw_-Ôn-¨n-St¯mfw HmWw Zn\-§Ä DÕ-h- Zn-\-§-fm-Wv. hÃ-¨n-d-bnse P\-§-fpsS kmwkvIm-cnI \ne-hm-c-ap-bÀ¯p-¶-Xn Cu Item-Õ-h-¯nsâ ]¦v hfsc hep-Xm-Wv. P\-§sf Ipä-hm-k-\-I-fn \n¶pw AIän \nÀ¯m\pw tIc-f-¯nse Gähpw Ipdhv {Inan-\ tIkp-IÄ DÅ ]©m-b-¯m¡n amäp-¶-Xn\pw Cu BtLm-j-§Ä hln-¡p¶ ]¦v \nkvXp-ey-am-Wv. Cu Item-h-Õ-¯nsâ \S-¯n-¸nepw aÕ-c§-fnepw ZoÀL-Imew ]s¦-Sp-¡m³ Ignª Hc-p hyànsb¶ \ne-bn hyànXz hnI-k\ ¯n CXv hln-bv¡p¶ ]¦v t\cn-«-dn-bm³ F\nbv¡v km[n-¨n-«p -v. tIc-f-cm-jv{Sob cwKs¯-bpw, Iem-Im-bnI kmlnXy cwK-§-fn-sebpw {]K-Û-cmb ]ecpw Cu BtLm-j-§-fn hninjvSm-Xn-Yn-I-fmbn ]s¦-Sp-¯n-«p -v. C{Xbpw \Ã-\n-ebn Ac-\q-äm- n-e-[nIw Imew XpSÀ¨-bmbn \S-¯-s¸-«p-h-cp¶ atX-Xc BtLmjw hÅw-I-fnI-f-ÃmsX asäm¶pw tIc-f-¯n CsÃ-¶vXs¶ ]d-bmw. \nc-h[n t]cpsS XytKm-Öz-e-§-fmb {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä ChnsS kvacn-bv¡s«! Cu hÀjhpw Cu {Ktam-Õhw AXym-tLm-j]qÀÆw \S-¯-s¸-Sp-I-bm-Wv. FÃm am\yP-\-§-fp-sSbpw kl-I-cWw C¡m-cy-¯n R§Ä¡p m-Ip-sa¶v Dd-¸p -v. kvt\lmiwk-I-tfmsS sI.Pn Ac-hn-µm-£³ {]kn-Uâ v 51þm-aXv HmWm-tLmj I½nän

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b-¯nsâ t\Xr-X-z-¯n HmWm-tLm-j-¯nsâ `mK-ambn {Kmtam-Õhw \S¯p¶p F¶-dn-ª-Xn AXn-bmb kt´m-jw. Xt±ikzbw`cW Øm]-\-§-fpsS imào-IcW-¯n\v 1090 tImSn cq]-bpsS ]²Xn \S-¸m-¡nbpw {]Xn-\n-[n-I-fpsS HmW-td-dnbw {]Xn-amkw 1000 cq]-bmbn hÀ[n-¸n¨pw U_nÄ F³{Sn A¡u nMv k{¼-Zmbw \S¸m¡nbpw {Kma-]-©m-b-¯p-I-fn kphÀW-Imew sIm p-h-cn-I-bmWv bp.-Un.-F-^v. kÀ¡mÀ. Cu thf-bn \S-¯p¶ HmWm-tLmj]-cn-]m-Sn-IÄ hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b-¯nsâ kar²nbpsS hnfw-_-c-am-Is« F¶v Biw-kn-¡p-¶p.

D½³- Nm n apJy-a{´n tIcfw

kvt\l-]qÀÆw D½³- Nm n

kvac-WnI

07

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v hÀjw-tXmdpw \S-¯n-h-cp¶ HmWm-tLmj ]cn-]m-Sn-IÄ Gsd {]i-kvX-am-Wv. {Kma-]-©m-b-¯nsâ kl-I-cW-t¯msS hÃ-¨n-d-bpsS DÕ-h-am-bn- am-dnb HmWm-tLm-j-¯n\v FÃm hn[ `mhp-I-§fpw t\cp-¶p. Hm¸w lrZbw \ndª HmWm-iw-k-I-fpw. kn.-F³ _me-Ir-jvW³

kvt\l-]qÀÆw kn.-F³ _me-Ir-jvW³

Hon'ble Minister for Co-operation, Khadi and Village Industries, and Pollution Control

kvac-WnI

09

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


1

PRIZE

H¶mw Øm\-¯n\v \ÂIp¶ {Xo Ctbgvkv tdmfnwKv t{Sm^nbpw 25000 cq]bpw {io X¦- ¸ ³ Im¦- ] - d - ¼ n- e nsâ kv a c- W bv ¡ v kv t ]m¬kÀ M/s Oasis Group Abudabi

kvac-WnI

11

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


tIcf kÀ¡mÀ HmWw tZiob DÕ-h-ambn {]Jym-]n-¨Xv apX hÃ-¨nd {Kma]©m-b¯v FÃm hÀjhpw HmWw hn]p-e-ambn BtLm-jn-¨p- h-cn-Ibm-W-tÃm. Cu hÀjhpw ]qÀÆm-[nIw `wKn-bmbn BtLm-jn-¡p¶-Xn\v Xocp-am-\n¨p F¶-dn-ªXn hfsc kt´mjw. CtXm-S-\p-_-Ôn¨v ]pd¯n-d-¡p¶ kvac-Wn-Ibv¡pw _Ô-s¸« FÃm {]hÀ¯-IÀ¡pw hninjy \m«p-ImÀ¡pw lmÀ±-hamb HmWm-iw-k-IÄ t\cp-¶p. ]n.-kn. Nmt¡m Fw. ]n., XriqÀ

kvt\l-]qÀÆw ]n.-kn. Nmt¡m Fw. ]n., XriqÀ

kvac-WnI

13

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


hÃ-¨nd {Kma]©m-b¯ - nsâ B`n-apJy¯n {Kma]©m-b¯ - nse apgp-h³ P\-§s- fbpw ]s¦ S- p-¸n¨v hÀj-§f - mbn \S-¯m-dpÅ HmWm-tLmjw Cu hÀjhpw hfsc hn]p-ea- mb coXn-bn kwLSn-¸n-¡p¶p F¶-dn-ªX - n-epÅ kt´mjw Ad-nbn¡s«. ka-Xz-¯nsâbpw kmtlm-Zc- y-¯n-sâbpw kvacW ]pXp-¡p¶ Cu Ah-kc- ¯ - n t]mb \à \mfp-Isf BËm-Z] - qÀÆw \ap¡v hc-th¡mw. HmWm-tLm-j¯ - n\v Fsâ FÃm Biw-kI - fpw And-bn-¡p-¶t- Xm-sSm¸w hÃ-¨nd {Kma-¯nse FÃm P\-§Ä¡pw Fsâ lrZbw \ndª HmWm-iw-kIÄ

s{]m^. kn. cho-{µ-\m-Y.v Fw. FÂ. F ]pXp-¡mSv \ntbm-PI aWvUew

kvt\l-]qÀÆw s{]m^. kn. cho-{µ-\m-Y.v Fw. FÂ. F ]pXp-¡mSv \ntbm-PI aWvUew

kvac-WnI

15

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


51þmaXv hÀjhpw hÃ-¨nd {Kma-hm-knIÄ HmWm-tLmj {Kmtam-Õhw AXn hn]pe-ambn BtLm-jn-¡p¶p F¶-dn-ª-Xn kt´m-jn-¡p-¶p. hÃ-¨n-d-bnse {Kma-hm-knI-fpsS Pohn-Xhpw kv]µ-\-hp-am-bn-¯oÀ¶ Cu HmWm-tLmj {Kmtam-Õhw AXnsâ ]cn]qÀ®-amb `wKn-tbm-sSbpw kpµ-cam-bpw \S-¯m³ Ign-bt«sb¶v lrZb ¯nsâ `mj-bn FÃm `mhp-I-§fpw hnPbm-iw-k-Ifpw t\cp-¶p.

sI.-hn. Zmk³ {]knUâ v, PnÃm]©mb¯v, XriqÀ

kvt\l-]qÀÆw sI.-hn. Zmk³ {]knUâ v, PnÃm]©mb¯v, XriqÀ

kvac-WnI

17

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


{imhWw Hcn¡Â¡qSn ae-bm-fs¯ ]qh-Wn -bn-¡p-t¼mÄ hÃ-¨nd ]©m-b¯pw Xpbn-ep-W-cp-¶p, HmWm-tLmj aÕ-c-§-fn-te-¡v. XpSÀ¨-bmb A¼-s¯m¶p hÀj-§Ä! \½psS Cu Iem-Im-bn-I-taf kwØm-\-¯n-se-¯s¶ Hc]qÀ h-X-bm-Wv. Db-chpw thKhpw Iog-S-¡p¶ Imbn-Icw-K¯pw \r¯hpw \mS-Ihpw amäp-c-¡p¶ Iemcw-K¯pw ]pXnb {]Xn-`-Isf Is ¯p¶ AÀ°-h¯mb aÕ-cw. hyXy-kvX-X-IÄ¡-¸p-d¯v {Kma-¯n sâ Hcpa {]I-S-am-¡p¶ C¯cw Iq«m-bva-IÄ amthen \mSnsâ ]p\À\nÀ½n-Xn-¡pÅ ASn-¡-Ãp-I-fm-Wv. ]©m-b-¯nsâ imào-I-c-W-¯n kwLm-S-Icpw klm-b-Zm-b-Icpw aÕ-cmÀ°n-I-fp-ambn Cu taf-bn kw_-Ôn-¡p¶ FÃm hyàn-IÄ¡pw Øm]-\§Ä¡pw Biw-k-IÄ!

hènd {Kma]©m-b-¯v

]n.-hn. cmP³ {]knUâ ,v hÃ-¨nd {Kma ]©m-b¯v

kvt\l-]qÀÆw ]n.-hn. cmP³ {]kn-Uâ v hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v

kvac-WnI

19

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


th\epw hÀjhpw \ndª \o A³]Xp hÀjw…. F\n¡p apt¼ Cu alm-c-Y-¯n\v hgn-sX-fn¨ FÃm ]qÀÆn-IÀ¡pw hÃ-¨n-d-bnse Hmtcm lrZb kv]µ-\-¯n-sâbpw hnImc\nÀ`-camb \µn Rm³ BßmÀ°-ambn AÀ¸n-¡p-¶p. 51 þm-aXv HmWm-tLmjw 2012  F¯n-\n¡p-t¼mÄ kvt\l-¯n-sâ BßmÀ°-X-bp-sS, kXy-sh-fn¨w ]IÀ¶p \ÂIm³ \ntbm-Kn-¡-s¸« C¶nsâ Xe-ap-d-bpsS Hcp ZpÀ_-e-amb I®n-am-{X-amWv Rm³. Fs¶-¡mÄ F{Xtbm iàÀ AXn-\À l-cm-sW¶ kXyw Rm³ Xncn-¨-dn-bp-¶p. ]t£ CsXmcp \ntbm-K-am-bn-cn-¡mw. AXn Al-¦-cn¡m-s\\n-¡m-In-Ã. ImcWw Rms\mcp hÃ-¨n-d-¡mc-\m-Wv. HmWw HtcmÀ½bpw {]Xo-£-bp-am-Wv. F\n¡p ]n³t] IS¶p hcp¶ Hmtcm Iem ImbnI kmlnXy t{]an-IÄ¡pw apt¼ DÅ-hÀ ap¶n-te¡v \bn¨ CS-h-c¼v ImWn¨p sImSp¡pI F¶ {ia-I-c-amb ZuXyw am{X-amWv F\n-¡p-Å-Xv. H¸w bm{X sN¿m-\p-Å-hÀ¡v kss[cyw apt¼m«v hcmw. HmÀ½-bp-sSbpw, Nn´-I-fp-sSbpw Hmf-§fn Gä-Ip-d-¨n-ep-IÄ D mIpt¼mÄ R§Ä¡v apt¼ \S-¡mw. hcpw Xe-ap-d-IÄ¡v hgn-Im-«n-IfmImw A§ns\ Hcn¡epw \ne-bv¡msX HgpIs« hÀW, PmXn, aX, cmjv{Sob Nn´-IÄ¡pw apI-fnembn HmW-sa¶ kulrZ-¯nsâ Cu alm-kw-cw-`w.

sI.-]n. ssd_³ I¬ho-\À

kvt\l-]qÀÆw sI. ]n. ssd_³ I¬ho-\À

kvac-WnI

21

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


tIc-f-¯nsâ tZiob DÕ-h-amb HmWw, amth-en-¡m-es¯ kvacn-¨p-sIm v ]q¡-f-samcp¡n Im¯n-cn-¡p¶ {]P-Isf ImWm³ amth-en-sb-¯p¶ sFizcy-¯nsâ Zn\-amb HmWm-tLm-j-th-f-bn al-¯mb HmWm-tLmj ]mc-¼-cy-hp-ambn hÃ-¨n-d-bpsS HmWm-tLmjw A¼-s¯m¶mw hÀj-¯n -tebv¡v IS-¡p-I-bm-Wv. Cu BtLm-j-¯nsâ \S-¯n-¸n BßmÀ°-ambn kl-I-cn-¡p¶ GhÀ¡pw AssI-X-h-amb \µn Adn-bn-¡p-¶p. Cu 51þmw hmÀjn-I-¯nsâ `mK-am-Im³ Cu \m«nse FÃm-h-tcbpw kk-t´mjw £Wn-¨p-sImÅp¶p.

tPmkv ]n.H {Sj-dÀ

kvt\l-]qÀÆw tPmkv ]n.H {Sj-dÀ

kvac-WnI

23

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


HmWm- t Lmj aÕ- c - § - f psS kwLm- S - \ - ¯ n ]¦p- h - l n¨ Ch- c psS kv a c- W bv ¡ p ap¼n BZ- c m- R v P - e n- I Ä AÀ¸n- ¡ p¶p........ {io. apÃ-¸nÅn tKmhn-µ³Ip«n \mbÀ {io. ]md-bv¡Â Hmtk¸v amÌÀ {io. tUm. F³. hn. IrjvW-hm-cyÀ {io. Cu¨-c¯v \mcm-b-W³ \mbÀ {io. Sn.-]n. {io[c³ {io. IS-hn C«n-cm-cn-¨³ tKmhn-µ³ Fgp-¯-ѳ {io. tImtScn IrjvW³ tat\m³ {io. If-¸pc hdoXv {io. Un. BÀ. {]kmZv {io. kn.-sI. cma-Ir-jvW³ {io. sI. _me-Ir-jvW³ {io. apIp-µ³ hmcyÀ {io. ]md-bv¡Â tZh-Ên-¡p«n {io. kn. F³. tat\m³ {io. sI. Fw. Un. \¼ymÀ {io. C.-F³. tat\m³ {io. IrjvW³ \¼ymÀ {io. X¦-¸³ Nm¯-¡pSw sI. U»yq. tIi-h³ Cf-bXv {io. IS-hn tKmhn-µ³ Fgp-¯-ѳ {io. Sn.-F-kv. ]oXmw-_-c³ amÌÀ {io. kptcjv KmÔn {io. i¦-c-hm-cyÀ {io. Sn.-sI. _nPp {io. kn.-Un. kp`mjv {io. ]md-bv¡Â d¸mbn {io. kn.]n. d¸mbn {io. sI. BÀ i¦-c³ {io. F³. Fkv. tKm]m-e³ {io. Fw. F³. \mbÀ {io. kn.-_n. Btim-I³ kvac-WnI

25

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


hÃ-¨nd {Kma ]©m-b¯v `cWkanXn

]n.-hn. cmP³ {]kn-Uâ v

kpaXn hÂk³

Un. cam-tZhn sk{I-«dn

Sn.-hn. thWp

hÂke _me³

sNbÀam³, t£a-Imcy ÌmânwKv I½nän

sshkv {]kn-Uâ v

sNbÀam³, hnZym-`ymk ÌmânwKv I½nän

Sn.-sI. taml-\³

sNbÀam³, hnZym-`ymk ÌmânwKv I½nän

kn. BÀ. aZ-\-tam-l-\³

kn.-]n. Zmk³

IhnX tPmkv

hn.-BÀ. kcf

1þmw hmÀUv AwKw

2þmw hmÀUv AwKw

4þmw hmÀUv AwKw

5þmw hmÀUv AwKw

]n.-Fw. iymaf

kcnX hniz³

cho-{µ-\m-Y³ sI.

h\P _m_p

_nµp hnt\mZv

6þmw hmÀUv AwKw

7þmw hmÀUv AwKw

8þmw hmÀUv AwKw

11þmw hmÀUv AwKw

12þmw hmÀUv AwKw

kvac-WnI

27

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj {Kmtam-Õh I½nän `mc-hm-ln-IÄ

apJy c£m-[n-Im-cn-IÄ 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

]n.-kn. Nmt¡m Fw.-]n. kn. cho{µ\mYv Fw.-FÂ.F sI.-hn. Zmk³ (PnÃm ]©m-b¯v {]kn-Uâ v) D®n-Ir-jvW³. Fw. sI (t»m¡ ]©m-b¯v {]kn-Uâ v) ]n.-hn. cmP³ ({Km-a- ]-©m-b¯v {]kn-Uâ v)

6. 7. 8. 9.

Xmc aWn-I-WvT³ (PnÃm ]©m-b-¯w-Kw) F³.-Sn. i¦-c³ (t»m¡v ]©m-b-¯w-Kw) ]n. hn. Atim-I³ (t»m¡v ]©m-b-¯w-Kw) hnP-b-e£van H.F (t»m¡v ]©m-b-¯w-Kw)

sI.-Pn. Ac-hn-µm-£³ {]kn-Uâ v

hn\-b³ amen-]-d-¼n sshkv {]kn-Uâ v

kvac-WnI

sI.-]n. ssd_³ I¬ho-\À

tXmakv ]n.sP sshkv {]kn-Uâ v

tPmkv ]n.H {Sj-dÀ

ssl³kv Sn.]n tPmbvâ v I¬ho-\À

29

at\jv Sn.Fw tPmbvâ v I¬ho-\À

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


kvac-WnI

kntPm. CS-¸nÅn

sXm½n ]nSn-b¯v

cm[m-Ir-jvW³ Sn.Pn

kPo-h³ Sn._n

F³.-hn. APn-X³

hn³kâ v ]n.F

hÕ³ ]n.Pn

kn.-F-kv. kptcjvIpamÀ

]n.hn cmPp

hk-´³ Ing-¡q-S³

Btâm ]n. BÀ

cmP³ Sn.Pn

tXmakv Hfm«p]pdw

sI.-Pn. Pb´³

DZ-b-`m\p Sn.sI

hnP-b³. sI. Pn

31

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


Cu hÀjw aÕ- c n- ¡ p¶ Iemkan- X n- I Ä 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

\½Ä BÀ«vkv & kvt]mÀSvkv, shÅn-aqe kawK sNdp-tÈcn Inc¬ BÀSvkv & kvt]mÀSvkv ¢_v, sNdp-tÈ-cn. bqWn-th-gvk ¢_v, Nnd-h¡v bph-P\ kan-Xn, a\-h-gn, hÃ-¨nd Xp¼¸q BÀ«vkv & kvt]mÀSvkv ¢_v, {ioIrjvW ]pcw \yq {^ vkv, a\-hgn hnIvSdn BÀ«vkv & kvt]mÀSvkv ¢_v, sRcp-hn-tÈcn kmtâm-kv, hÃ-¨nd tImdn-´y³kv BÀ«vkv & kvt]mÀSvkv ¢_v, hÃ-¨nd bph-civan Iem-th-Zn, hÃ-¨nd

ap³ hÀj§fnse tPXm- ¡ Ä 1962 Pq¸n-äÀ BÀSvkv ¢_v, ]Ãn-tÈcn 1963 Pq¸n-äÀ BÀSvkv ¢_v, ]Ãn-tÈcn 1964 Iem {]hm-ln-\n, Bdm-«p-]pg 1965 \ntbm dn{In-tb-j³ ¢_v, sRcp-hn-tÈcn 1966 `K-hXn Iem-k-an-Xn, hÃ-¨nd 1967 tamtU¬ dn{In-tb-j³ ¢_v, hÃ-¨nd 1968 hnIvSdn BÀ«vkv & kvt]mÀSvkv ¢_v, sRcp-hn-tÈcn 1969 hnIvSdn BÀ«vkv & kvt]mÀSvkv ¢_v, sRcp-hn-tÈcn 1970 hnIvSdn BÀ«vkv & kvt]mÀSvkv ¢_v, sRcp-hn-tÈcn 1971 hnIvSdn BÀ«vkv & kvt]mÀSvkv ¢_v, sRcp-hn-tÈcn 1972 `mh\ Xn¿-tä-gvkv, hÃ-¨nd 1973 A]vkc Xn¿-tä-gvkv, Bdm-«p-]pg 1974 A]vkc Xn¿-tä-gvkv, Bdm-«p-]pg 1975 almß Xn¿-tä-gvkv, IS-em-tÈcn 1976 {]Imiv BÀSvkv ¢_v, Nm¯-IpSw 1977 `mh\ Xn¿-tä-gvkv, hÃ-¨nd 1978 `mh\ Xn¿-tä-gvkv, hÃ-¨nd 1979 `mh\ Xn¿-tä-gvkv, hÃ-¨nd 1980 `mh\ Xn¿-tä-gvkv, hÃ-¨nd **1981 `mh\ Xn¿-tä-gvkv, hÃ-¨nd 1982 ssIcfn BÀSvkv, ]nSn-¡-]-d¼v 1983 ssIcfn BÀSvkv, ]nSn-¡-]-d¼v 1984 ssIcfn BÀSvkv, ]nSn-¡-]-d¼v 1985 Inc¬ Iem-th-Zn, sNdp-tÈcn kvac-WnI

33

1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 **2005 2006 2007 2008 **2009 2010 2011 2012

tamtU¬ dn-{In-tbj³ ¢_v, ]nSn-¡-]-d¼v \h Iem- t h- Z n, ]nSn- ¡ - ] - d ¼v N¡p Iem- t h- Z n, ]nSn- ¡ - ] - d ¼v Ifn- ¡ q- « w, hÃ- ¨ nd bh\ \mS- I - t h- Z n, IS- e m- t Ècn bph- i àn Iem- t h- Z n, hÃ- ¨ nd bph- i àn Iem- t h- Z n, hÃ- ¨ nd kmtâm- k v , hÃ- ¨ nd ]t\m- c - a , hÃ- ¨ nd kmtâm- k v , hÃ- ¨ nd ]t\m- c - a , hÃ- ¨ nd kmtâm- k v , hÃ- ¨ nd kmtâm- k v , hÃ- ¨ nd bqWn- t h- g v k Â, Nnd- h ¡v tamtU¬ dn- { In- t bj³ ¢_v , ]nSn- ¡ - ] - d ¼v Ifn- ¡ q- « w, hÃ- ¨ nd bqWn- t h- g v k Â, Nnd- h ¡v Inc¬ Iem- t h- Z n, sNdp- t Ècn Inc¬ Iem- t h- Z n, sNdp- t Ècn Inc¬ Iem- t h- Z n, sNdp- t Ècn ]ndhn BÀ«v k v & kv t ]mÀSv k v ¢_v , hÃ- ¨ nd bph- P - \ - k - a n- X n, hÃ- ¨ nd bph- P - \ - k - a n- X n, hÃ- ¨ nd bph- P - \ - k - a n- X n, hÃ- ¨ nd alm- c - k n- I ³ ]nSn- ¡ - ] - d ¼v Ifn- ¡ q- « w, hÃ- ¨ nd ?

**\ne-hn-epÅ tdmfn§v t{Sm^n-IÄ kz´-am-¡nb Iemkan-Xn-IÄ

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


]pXp-a-bpÅ bm{Xm-hn-h-c-W§Ä BZÀiIpSpw-_-k-`-bpsS c£m-[n-Im-cnbpw 30 hÀj-¯n-te-sd-bmbn hntZ-i-Po-hnXw \bn-¡p¶ A´m-cmjv{S {]ikvXn t\Snb ae-bmfn imkv{X-Úsâ {]uVamb bm{Xm Pohn-Xm-\p-`-h-§Ä. A©p `qJ-WvU-§-fnse 30 tesd cmPy-§-sfbpw X\Xp Pohn-X-co-Xn-Isfbpw aäpw kc-f-am-bn, PmU-I-fn-Ãm¯ `mj-bn tUm. \µIp-amÀ aqÀ¡¯v Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡p-¶p. enwI sd¡mÀUv _p¡n CSw t\Snb Cu imkv{X-Úsâ hni-I-e\ ]mS-hhpw {]h-N\ kz`m-h-apÅ \nco-£-W-§fpw Is ¯ep-Ifpw GXp hmb-\-¡m-scbpw A¼-c-¸n-¡pw, Ccp¯n Nn´n-¸n¡pw XoÀ¨. {]Xy-b-imkv{X {]Xn-_-Ô-Xtbm I£ncm-jv{Sob Xnan-ctam Xo m¯ Cu bm{Xm hnh-c-W-§Ä hcpw Xe-ap-d-IÄ¡v amÀ¤ ZÀi-Iambn Xocp-sa-¶p-ap-d-¸v. {KÙ-Im-c³ kz´w Iyma-d-bn H¸nsb-Sp¯ \nc-h[n t^mt«m-IÄ apX¡q-«mbp v. 1 2 3 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

]mco-kn 8 hÀjw (1990) hnX : Un.-kn. _pIvkv tIm«bw ]mcnkv Ubdn (2008) hnX: \nim-KÔn ]»n-t¡-j³kv, Ccn-§m-e-¡pS Rm³ I knUv\nbpw knwK-¸qcpw (1991) hnX: Idâ v _pIvkv \yqtbmÀ¡n Hcp imkv{X-Ú³ (1991) hnX: Idâ v _pIvkv, XriqÀ Ipssh-än 6 hÀjw (1991) hnX: Idâ v _pIvkv, XriqÀ _mt¦m-¡v. k©m-cn-bpsS ]dp-Zok (1994) hnX: Idâ v _pIvkv, XriqÀ hntam-NnX Ipssh-än (1993) hnX: Idâ v _pIvkv, XriqÀ ae-bmfn I a\ne (1995) hnX: Idâ v _pIvkv, tIm«bw _mgvk-temW Ubdn (1996) hnX: Idâ v _pIvkv, tIm«bw slÂkn¦n hnti-j-§Ä (1997) hnX: Idâ v _pIvkv, tIm«bw {]Xn-_-²-X-bn-Ãm¯ dpam-\n-b-bn (1998) hnX: Idâ v _pIvkv, tIm«bw tlmt¦m§v Nph-¡ptam (1999) hnX: Idâ v _pIvkv, tIm«bw sImdnb³ bm{X (2000) hnX: \nim-KÔn Ccn-§m-e-¡pS P¸m³ F¶ hnkvabw (2000) hnX: \nim-KÔn Ccn-§m-e-¡pS ssN\ AZv`p-X-§-fpsS aWn-s¨¸v (2001) hnX: \nim-KÔn Ccn-§m-e-¡pS c mw KÄ^v bp²w. {]hm-kn-bpsS I®n (2003) hniz-IÀ½ ]_v Icp-h-¶qÀ GX³kn Hcp ae-bmfn imkv{X-Ú³ Rm³ I DZ-b-¸qcpw Pbv¸qcpw ho pw Xmbveân ate-jy-bn ho pw


1 2 3

þmw

{Xo Ctbgv k v tdmfnwKv t{Sm^nbpw 25000 cq]bpw {io X¦- ¸ ³ Im¦- ] - d - ¼ n- e nsâ kv a c- W bv ¡ v kv t ]m¬kÀ M/s Oasis Group Abudabi

Øm\w

þmw

Øm\w

þmw

Øm\w

Xo Ctbgv k v tdmfnwKv t{Sm^n þ kmwtXmw bq¯v hÃ- ¨ nd {Xo Ctbgv k v tdmfnwKv t{Sm^n þ Sn.- s I. _me- N - { µ³ sat½m- d nb {Xo Ctbgv k v joÂUv þ ]qÆ- ¯ n- ¦  sIm¨pcm- a ³ sat½m- d n- b Â

Iymjv AhmÀUv 15000 cq], Spn. : hÃ- ¨ nd HmWm- t Lm- j s¯ kv t \ln- ¡ p¶ Hcp Iem- k v t \ln

Iymjv AhmÀUv 10000 cq] P.V. J Snwt_gv k v , sNmÆqÀ {Xo Ctbgv k v tdmfnwKv t{Sm^n þ {io. tKmhn- µ ³ F{¼m- ´ ncn HÃqÀ Spn.: {io`- h ³ tlm«Â, HÃqÀ

Ib- d p- h en

\mSIw X«n D¼mhp kv a mcI {Xo Ctbgv k v tdmfnwKv t{Sm^n kv t ]m¬kÀ (ssk- a ¬ sFizcy PzÃdn ssU hÀ¡v k v hÃ- ¨ n- d ) Atim- I ³ kv a mcI {Xo Ctbgv k v tdmfnwKv t{Sm^n 3001 cq]bpw kv t ]m¬kÀ. (I- f n- ¡ q«w hÃ- ¨ n- d )

{Xo Ctbgv k v tdmfnwKv t{Sm^n \S- ] - d - ¼ n them- b p- [ sâ kv a c- W bv ¡ v aI³ F³.- h n. jnPp \S- ] - d - ¼ n 5001 cq] Iymjv AhmÀUv , 2001 cq] IÃp- ] mew amap- I p«n (sIm¨p) kv a c- W bv ¡ v (ap- c fn sI. Fw., IÃp- ] m- e w, sNdp- t È- c n)

amÀ¨v ]mÌv 6003 cq] kmtXmw bq¯v (1þmw Øm\w 3001, 2þmw Øm\w 2001, 3þmw Øm\w 1001)

kv t ]mÀSv k v F³. kt´mjv kv a mcI {Xo Ctbgv k v tdmfnwKv t{Sm^nbpw 1001 cq] Iymjv AhmÀUpw (kv t ]m¬kÀ bqWn- t h- g v k  ¢_v , Nnd- h - ¡ v ) kvac-WnI

35

hnfw- _ c PmY 5001 cq] Iymjv AhmÀUv Ae- b ³kv ¢_v , hÃ- ¨ nd (1þmw Øm\w 2501, 2þmw Øm\w 1500, 3þmw Øm\w 1000)

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


Z^v a p«v

\mtSmSn \r¯w ({Kq¸v ) 2001 cq]. jmPn, s]Ãn- t Ècn

501 cq]. \\v a hÃ- ¨ nd

`c- X - \ mSyw

4 X 100 aoäÀ Hm«w ko\n- b À

1501 sPt¡m, ]p¯³]pc

501 cq]. kµo]v Ipªn- e n- ¡ m- « nÂ, hmkp- ] pcw

\mtSmSn \r¯w (U_nÄ)

imkv { Xob kwKoXw

1001 cq]. _nPp, sNdp- t Ècn

501 cq]. DZ- b - ` m\p Sn.sI

]pen- ¡ fn

kn\n- a m- ä nIv Um³kv

1001, kp`mjv , alm- c - k n- I ³

501 cq]. cmtP- { µ³, amen- ¸ - d - ¼ nÂ

H¸\

{]Ѷ thjw

1001 cq]. sIml³tlm tamt«mgv k v , Ingt¡ tIm«

501 cq]. ]nSn- b ¯ tkmP³

GImw¦w

Hm«³Xp- Å Â

501 cq], ssd_³ hÃ- ¨ nd

501 cq]. ]nSn- b ¯v d¸mbn sat½m- d n- b Â

ZoÀL- Z qc Hm«- a - Õ cw

Zmcn- I ³ XpÅÂ

501 cq]. A\n- e ³ ]qW¯v

501 cq]. kntPm Ip

hnÃ- S n- ¨ m³ ]m«v

]pÅp- h ³]m«v

501 cq]. D]m- k \ ImhSn kamPw hÃ- ¨ nd hmkp- ] pcw

501 cq]. kn.- ] n. cma³ sat½m- d n- b Â

p]d- ¼ nÂ

HmS- ¡ p- g Â

amÀ¤w Ifn

251 cq]. ]nSn- b - ¯ v , At¸mÄÌ- d n, Icp- h - ¶ qÀ

501 cq]. {]ntâm ]n.Un

100 aoäÀ Pq\n- b À Nn{X- c - N \

251 cq] A½nWn {Uw t]mfn- j v , aª- I fÀ, I«nwKv

501 cq]. Xntbm- ^ n³ sI.F

X_e Xncp- h m- X n- c - ¡ fn

251 cq]. hn.- s I. cmPp, hmkp- ] pcw

501 cq]. \\v a hÃ- ¨ nd

\nanj {]kwKw 251 cq]. jm_p ]S- b mSn

tZi- ` àn Km\w 501 cq]. Xntbm- ^ n³ sI.F

{Sn¸nÄ Pw]v (Pq\n- b À) 251 cq]. kwLw tÌmgv k v , hÃ- ¨ nd tIm« tÌm¸v

\´pWn ]m«v 501 cq]. \\v a hÃ- ¨ nd

ssl Pw]v (ko\n- b À) 251 cq]. jm_p ]S- b mSn

sFhÀ Ifn 501 cq]. \\v a hÃ- ¨ nd

GIm- ` n- \ bw 251 cq]. sPbv k ¬ tPmk^v

Ip½m«n 501 cq]. amen- ] - d - ¼ n kp{_- Ò - W y³ sat½m- d n- b Â

efn- X - K m\w 251 cq]. ]nSn- b ¯v tZhÊn tPmWn

tImÂIfn 501 cq]. \\v a hÃ- ¨ nd

kvac-WnI

37

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


2012 Pqsse 22 RmbÀ cmhnse 9 apXÂ

kmlnXy aÕ- c - § Ä DZv L m- S \w A²y- £ ³ km¶n²yw

: Ajv S - a qÀ¯n : sI. Pn. Ac- h n- µ m- £ ³ ( HmWm- t Lmj I½än {]kn- U â v ) : ]n. hn. cmP³ ({]- k n- U â v , hÃ- ¨ nd {Kma ]©m- b - ¯ v ) 2012 Pqsse 22 RmbÀ cmhnse 9 apX teJ- \ w, Ihn- X , sNdp- I - Y , GIm¦w

2012 Pqsse 29 RmbÀ cmhnse 9 apX Nn{X- c - N \ aÕ- c - § Ä s]³kn t{Umbnw- K v , s]bnâ nwKv (Jr, Sr), t¢ tamU- e n§v 2012 BKÌv 5 RmbÀ cmhnse 9 apXÂ

kv t ]mÀSv k v aÕ- c - § Ä tem§v Pw]v ( Jr, Sr), {Sn¸nÄ Pw]v ( Jr, Sr), ssl Pw]v ( Jr, Sr), tjm«v ] p«v 2012 BKÌv 12 RmbÀ cmhnse 9 apXÂ

kv t ]mÀSv k v aÕ- c - § Ä 100 aoäÀ Hm«w ( Sr. B¬) 70 aoäÀ Hm«w ( Jr. B¬ / s]¬) 4 X 70 aoäÀ Hm«w ( Jr. B¬) 4 X 70 aoäÀ Hm«w ( Sr. B¬) 2012 BKÌv 19 RmbÀ cmhnse 9 apX 9 a.m ]q¡f aÕcw 4 p.m ZoÀL Zqc Hm«w 2012 BKÌv 26 RmbÀ cmhnse 9 apX 10 a.m Ib- d p- h en 3 p.m tLmj- b m{X

kvac-WnI

39

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


2012 BKÌv 29 _p[³ (Xncp- t hmW Znhkw) 3 p.m amÀ¨v ] mÌv

keyq«v kzo- I - c Ww : {io. tSman N.A , k_v C³kv s ]- I v S À Hm^v t]meo- k v , tNÀ¸v 6 aWn¡v : Km\- t af 51 þm- a Xv HmWm- t Lmj {Kmtam- Õ hw DZv L m- S \ ]cn- ] mSn {]mÀ°\ kzmKXw A²y£³ DZv L m- S \w apJym°n Biw- k - I Ä

\µn

kvac-WnI

:- þ {io. sI. Pn. Ac- h n- µ m- £ ³ (Hm- W m- t Lmj I½nän {]kn- U â v :þ {io. ]n. hn. cm- P ³ ({]- k n- U â v . hÃ- ¨ nd {Kma- ] - © m- b ¯v ) :þ {io. s{]m. kn. cho- { µ- \ m- Y v (Fw. FÂ. F) :þ {io. Fw. ]n. hn³kâ v (Fw.- F Â. F) :þ {io. sI. hn. Zmk³ ({]- k n- U â v , XriqÀ PnÃm ]©m- b - ¯ v ) {io. Fw. sI. D®n- I r- j v W ³ (tNÀ¸v , t»m¡v {]kn- U â v ) {io. Xmc aWn- I - W v T ³ (PnÃm ]©m- b - ¯ v ) {io. F³. Sn. i¦- c ³ (t»m¡v ]©m- b - ¯ w- K w) {io. ]n. hn. Atim- I ³ (t»m¡v ]©m- b - ¯ w- K w) {ioa- X n. H. F. hnP- b - e £v a n (t»m¡v ]©m- b - ¯ w- K w) {ioa- X n. kpaXn hÂk³ (sshkv {]kn- U â v {Kma ]©m- b - ¯ v ) {io. Sn. hn. thWp (Ìmâ nwKv I½nän sNbÀam³) {ioa- X n. hÕe _me³ (Ìmâ nwKv I½nän sNbÀam³) {io. aZ- \ - t am- l ³ ({Kma ]©m- b - ¯ w- K w) {io. kn. ]n. Zmk³ ({Kma ]©m- b - ¯ w- K w) {ioa- X n. IhnX tPmkv ({Kma ]©m- b - ¯ w- K w) {ioa- X n. hn. BÀ. kcf ({Kma ]©m- b - ¯ w- K w) {ioa- X n. ]n. Fw. iymaf ({Kma ]©m- b - ¯ w- K w) {ioa- X n. kcnX hniz³ ({Kma ]©m- b - ¯ w- K w) {io. cho{µ\mY³ sI ({Kma ]©m- b - ¯ w- K w) {io. Sn.- s I. taml- \ ³ ({Kma ]©m- b - ¯ w- K w) {ioa- X n. h\P _m_p ({Kma ]©m- b - ¯ w- K w) {ioa- X n. _nµp hnt\mZv ({Kma ]©m- b - ¯ w- K w) :þ sI.- ] n. ssd_³ (Hm- W m- t Lmj I½nän I¬ho- \ À)

41

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


7 apX Iem- a - Õ - c - § Ä tZi- ` - à n- K m- \ w, tIm¡fn \´p- W n- ¸ m- « v , Ip½m«n sFhÀ¡- f n, Zmcn- I ³ XpÅ ]pÅp- h ³ ]m«v , ]pen- ¡ fn

2012 BKÌv 30 hymgw (ct mW Znhkw) 2 apX Iem- a - Õ - c - § Ä A£- c - t Çm- I w, IhnXm ]mcm- b Ww \nan- j - { ]- k w- K w, imkv { Xob kwKoXw HmS- ¡ p- g Â, efnX Km\w, GIm- ` n- \ - b w, X_- e , Hm«³ Xp- Å Â, {]O¶ thjw hnÃ- S n- ¨ m³ ]m«v , XpSÀ¶v \mSIw 1. \½Ä shÅn- a qe acn- ¨ - h À can- ¨ - h sc AS¡w sN¿s« (kwhn- [ m\w : _m_p A§mSn ]d- ¼ nÂ) 2. bph- P \ kanXn a\- h gn hÃ- ¨ nd lmÀhÌv (kwhn- [ m\w þ iio- [ - c ³ \Sp- h nÂ) 3. kwKa sNdp- t Ècn sN¸- S n- h nZy (kwhn- [ m\w : Znt\iv tat\m³) 4. \yq {^ v k v . hÃ- ¨ nd sshäv lukv 5. Inc¬ Iem- t hZn sNdp- t Ècn Nm« Nme- ¡ pSn `mkn

2012 BKÌv 31 shÅn (aqt¶mW Znhkw) sshIp- t ¶cw 7 aWn- a p- X  Km\- t a- f , Xncp- h m- X n- c - ¡ fn \mtSmSn \r¯w (knw- K nÄ), \mtSmSn \r¯w ({Kq¸v ) `c- X - \ m- S yw, amÀ¤w Ifn, \mtSmSn \r¯w (U- _ nÄ), H¸\, Z^v a p«v , kn\nam- ä nIv Um³kv XpSÀ¶v k½m\ Zm\w

kvac-WnI

43

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

kvac-WnI

IhnX hn.-Pn. X¼n

shfp¯ ]mhm-S-bp-Sp¯ cm{Xn \nsâ \áX aäp-Å-hÀ I v \o eÖn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡m³ shÅ hkv{X-§Ä Ft¶mSv hm§p-I. (sh-fn-]mSv 3þ16)

a[p-c-\m-c-§-bpsS \nd-¯n ]Sn-ªm-d³ Imäns\ hc-¨p-t\m-¡q. aª-bpsS apSn-bn-g-I-fn XtemSn hm\-¼m-Sn-bpsS sXm bnen-cp¶v cm{Xn-bpsS ]m«ns\ hc-¨p-t\m¡q ]I Ing-¡³Ip-¶n-d§n hcpw-apt¼ thWw AsÃ-¦nÂ, AXn-cp-IÄ hcpw t]cp-IÄ hcpw \nd-apÅ DSp-¸p-IÄ hcpw thK-am-bv-t¡m-s«. \£-{X-§Ä AW-bp-¶Xv Im¯p-\n¡msX Hscmä Idp¯ hc-sIm v \ng-ep-I-fpsS \r¯-ime hc-bv¡q. amX-f-¯nsâ \ndw-sIm v cm{Xn-bpsS aWw hc-bv¡q. KÀ`-]m-{X-¯nsâ AtX aWw. a\p-jyÀ CW-tN-cp¶ izmk-¯nsâ amZ-I-aWw hb¸q-¡-fpsS ]cm-K-aWw tImX-¼p-a-Wn-IÄ apf-bv¡p¶ aWw cm{Xn¡p am{X-apÅ aW-§Ä

AÔ-\mb ]I Ccp-«ns\ ]ngnªv \£-{X-§sf Npc namän BIm-is¯ CSn-¨p-X-IÀ¯v kz-]v\§sf It¿äw sN¿m³ hcpw ap¼v cm{Xn-bpsS I¬t]m-f-IÄ¡p Npäpw sNdp-\m-c-§-Isf hc-bv¡q. \n{Z-bvs¡m¸w hcp¶ \ng-ep-Isf Iym³hm-kn _Ôn-¡q. CXm, cm{XnbpsS In®-¯n kÀÆ-Po-h-Pm-e-§fpw izmkw Ign-¡p-¶p. cm{Xn-tb-¡mÄ cm{Xn-bmb Idp¯ izmk-s¯. `qan Hscmä Npw_-\-¯m FÃmw \\-bv¡p-¶p. cm{Xn-bpsS lrZ-b-¯n cl-ky-¯n a\p-jy-]p-{Xsâ ]nd-hnbpw D°m-\hpw {]nb-s¸« Nn{X-Im-co, cm{Xn-bpsS Npcp-fp-IÄ Agnbv¡q Úm\-¯nsâ Xo¸-´-§Ä Fcn-bp-¶p.

47


kvac-WnI

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

cm{Xn-bpsS \oe-¡-®p-I-fn IS-en-t\mfw Npfn-hp-IÄ ImSn-t\mfw XW Imän-t\mfw izmkw

Fsâ \áX \ne-hn-fn¨p AI-¼-Sn-bmbn hni¸v h¶p Ic-¨n h¶p Hcp `b-¯n\pw asämcp `b-¯n-\p-an-S-bn ]I Ie¸ Iodn.

cm{Xnsb hc-bv¡-W-sa-¦n ac-§-fn-Ãm¯ Im«n amdn-]mÀt¡ nhcpw lrZ-bs¯ kvXw`n¨p \nÀ¯Ww ssZh-t¯m-sSm¸w \á-bmbn ibn-¡Ww

N{I-hm-fs¯ Npa-en-teän Hcp apdnª kqcy³ D¸nsâ Xmt¡m Xncªv IS-ensâ Ah-in-jvS-§-fn \n¶v ]pd-s¸«p Ign-ªp.

Ccp-«n Xnf-bv¡p¶ D³am-Z-ta, hocy-apÅ hoªn Np p\\¨v Iym³hm-knsâ càw Npw-_n-¡pI tIÄ¡m-samcp {]mÀ°\ \ni-_vZ-amb ssZh-tcm-Z-\w.

Iym³hm-kn-en-t¸mÄ shfp-¯ -]m-hm-S-bp-Sp¯ Idp¯ Ac-b¶w BIr-Xn-bn-Ãm¯ Hcp aª-¡-cp-hn-tebv¡v Xnc-Èo-e-¡odn ]d-¶p-t]m-bn.

cm{Xn-bpsS Nn{X-Im-co, `qan-tbmfw hb-ÊpÅ B cm{Xnsb hc-bv¡q. AXn-\p-ap-¼n-Xm, aqÀ¨-bpÅ Hcp Imäv hoin \mWw sISp¯n A¯n-bne ]d-¶p-t]mbn

49


kvac-WnI

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

IhnX

IpSpw-_tIm-SXn

hÃ-¨nd cma-N-{µ³

“KrlvWman ku`K-Xzmb lkvXw…” thÀs]Sp-¯p-¶-sX´n\o Zm¼-Xy¯nsâ lkvX-§Ä? \n§-f-`ykvX hnZyÀ A{]nbw `mjn-¡m-t¯mÀ Ccp sIm¡pI-fm-semcp kvt\l \oUw cNn-¸-hÀ Hcp t`mPy-samcpan¨p ]mN-In¨p `pPn-¸hÀ Hcp ]{X-¯m-fn³ hmÀ¯ {]mX-en cpNn-¸-hÀ Hcp Nm\ IpWp-¡-§Ä A¯m-g-¡dn-bm-¡p-t¼mÄ Hcp I«n ib-\-¯n \n{Zsb ]pW-cp-¶-hÀ \n§-f-`ykvXhnZyÀ BZÀi Pmbm-]-Xn-IÄ thÀs]-Sp-¯p-¶-sX-´n\o amwK-ey-¯nsâ ]mWn-IÄ ? bphÀ HmWÀ, Hcp t`mPyw `pPn-¡nepw cpNn-IÄ hn`n-¶-§Ä Hcp hmÀ¯ {ihn-¡nepw ho£-W-§Ä hyXy-kvX-§Ä Hcp Nm\ sIm©enepw ImgvN-IÄ kzX-{´-§Ä GI Xev] ib-t\]n kz]v\-§-f-\-´-§Ä… Bhnà R§Ä¡n\n Hcpan¨p Ncn-¡p-hm³

51


kvac-WnI

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

teJ\w

amdp¶ Imehpw ae-bm-fn-a-\Êpw tUm. Ac-hn-µ³ hÃ-¨nd

Hcn-¡ÂIqSn Htcm-W-sa-¯p-¶p. \mSpw \K-chpw a\w \ndªv BtLm-jn-¡p¶ DÕ-h-amWv HmWw. GXp \m«n-em-sW-¦nepw ae-bm-fn¡v Krlm-Xp-c-Xz-ap-WÀ ¯p¶ HmÀ½-bmWv HmWw. ]t£ C¶s¯ Xe-ap-dbv¡v HmW-sa-¶Xv F{X-am{Xw lrZ-bm-hÀP-I-am-sW¶v ]d-bm³ {]bm-k-am-Wv. ]pXnb Xe-apd HmW-¯nÂ\n¶v Ft¶m AI¶p Ign-ªp. Zriy-am-[y-a§-fmb kn\n-a-bpw sSen-hn-j\pw Cu AI¨ hÀ²n-¡m³ Imc-W-am-Ip-¶p. BtLm-j-§Ä¡v hocyw Iq«m³ aZy-hp-ap -v. aZyw Bth-i-ap-WÀ¯m¯ Hcp BtLmjhpw ae-bm-fn-¡nà F¶ Ah-Ø-bn-se¯n\nev¡p¶p \½Ä. CsXÃmw tNÀ¶v \t½mSv ]d-bp-¶Xv kmwkvIm-cn-Im-[x-]-X-\¯n-sâbpw aqey-Nyp-Xn-bp-sSbpw Zpc-´-§-fm-Wv. C¶pw Rmt\mÀ¡p-¶p. ap¸-tXm, \mev]tXm hÀjw ap¼pÅ HmW-s¯-¸-än. apä¯v ]q¡-f

sam-cp-¡m³ I¿n ]q¡p-S-bp-ambn Ip«-IÄ sXmSn-IÄtXmdpw ]e hÀ®-¯n-epÅ ]pjv]-§ÄsIm v Hcp ]q¡fw apä¯p XoÀ¡p-t¼mÄ A¡m-es¯ Ip«n-I-fpsS a\-Ên hk´w ]q¯p-e-bp-am-bn-cp-¶p. C¶v \ap¡v {]Ir-Xn-Z-¯-amb ]q¡-fn-Ã. ]Icw Ir{Xn-a-ambn \nÀ½n¨ ]q¡Ä [mcm-fw. aW-an-sÃ-¦nepw hmSn-t]mIn-Ã. Hcn-¡Â ]q¡-f-an-«m Znh-k§-tfmfw \ne-\n-ev¡pw. \½psS am\-kn-Im-Ëm-Z-§sf \½ÄXs¶ XS-h-d-bn-em-¡p¶ Ime-am-Wn-Xv. kvt\lw, BZ-c-hv, IrX-ÚX XpS§nb ]Z-§Ä \ap¡v A\y-am-bncn-¡p-¶p. {Iqc-X-bp-sSbpw h-©-\-bpsSbpw `oXnX apJ-§-fmWv \msa-hnsSbpw ImWp-¶-Xv. C¶-e-hsc IqsS-\-S¶ kplr-¯ns\ sIme -sN-¿m³ \ap¡v aSn-bn-Ãm-Xmbn-cn-¡p-¶p. \nc-]-cm-[n-Ifpw \nk-lmb-cp-amb s]¬Ip-«-n- I-fpsS am\w \nÀ±m-jnWyw IhÀs¶-Sp-¡p¶ Akp-c-·mÀ hmgp¶ \mSmbn tIcfw amdn-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. ]oU\w F¶ hm¡v \½psS \nXy-Po-hn-X-¯nse {]mÀ°\m-]Zwt]mse

53

kÀh- k m- [ m- c - W - a m- b n- c n- ¡ p- ¶ p. CXp-t]m-epÅ hmÀ¯-IÄ \nc-´cw tIÄ¡p-t¼mÄ Bß-\n-µ -t b m - s S b p w t h Z - \ - t b m - s S b p w HmÀ¡m-dp -v. CXv tIcfw Xs¶bmtWm? CXmtWm ssZh-¯nsâ kz´w \mSv? ^mÌv^p-Un-sâbpw jhÀ½ -bp-sSbpw cpNn-t`-Z-§-fn a\-Ê-enªp-t]mb ae-bm-f-¯nsâ ]pXnb Xe-ap-dbv¡v HmW-k-Zy-bpsS al-Xzhpw kzmZpw ]d-ªm a\-Ênem-hn-Ã. F¶m ]gb Xe-ap-dbv¡v HmW-k-Zy-sb-¶Xv kwXr-]vXn-bpsS \nd-hm-Wv. Ahsc kw_-Ôn¨v AsXmcp Ahn-kva-c-Wo-bm-\p-`-h-amWv. hÀj-¯n Hcn-¡-se-¦nepw IpSpw-_mw-K-§-sfÃmw H¶n-¨n-cp¶v hn`-h-k-ar-²-amb kZy-bp- n-cp¶ Imew GXv ae-bm-fn-¡mWv ad-¡m-\mhpI? ]t£ C¶s¯ ae-bmfn B ioe-§-sfÃmw ad-¶p-sh-¶-XmWv hmkvX-hw. Xd-hm-«p-kZy tIc-f¯n A\yw-\n-¶p-t]m-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. ho«n-ep- m-th Imc-W-hÀ C¶v Pohn-¡p-¶Xv A\m-Ym-e-b-¯n-tem,


kvac-WnI

hr²-k-Z-\-¯ntem Bbn-cn-¡pw. amXm-]n-Xm-¡sf tIc-f¯ - nse ]pXnb Xe-apd Ft¶ Dt]-£n¨p Ign-ªp. \½psS ssIhn-«p-t]mb \à ioe-§-sf-tbmÀ¯v \ap¡v hne-]n¡mw! Rm\n¶ptamÀ¡p-¶p. ] s¯ HmWm-tLmj aÕ-c-§Ä¡v {Kmaap-WÀ¶m {]mb-am-b-hcpw Ip«nIfpw Cu Bthiw lrZ-b-¯nte¡v Gäp-hm-§p-I-bm-bn. aÕ-c-Zn-\§Ä¡v amk-§Ä¡p-ap¼v X¿msd-Sp¸v XpS-§pw. Zn\-§Ä \ofp¶ dntl-gvk Iym¼p-IÄ. Cu Iym¼n  aÕ-cmÀ°n-Ifpw IpSpw-_mw-K§fpw Hcp-t]mse ]¦p-tN-cpw. cm{Xnbpw ]Iepw \ofp¶ dntl-gvkep-IÄ. Xe-ap-d-I-fpsS Iq«m-bva-bpsS B \mfp-IÄ Fhn-sStbm t]mbv a-d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. BZy-Im-e¯v hÀj-§-fpsS {]hÀ¯\ ]mc-¼-cy-apÅ anI¨ ¢ºp-I-fmWv aÕ-c-¯n amäp-c-¨ncp-¶-Xv. `mh-\, hnIvS-dn, Iem-{]-hmln-\n, {]Xn-`, `K-hXn BÀ«vkv XpS-§nb {]i-kvX-amb "¢ºp-IÄ' X½n-epÅ aÕcw P\-§sf A£-cmÀ°-¯n Bthiw sIm Ån¨n-«p -v. hÃ-¨nd ]©m-b-¯nse \nc-h[n Iem-km-ln-Xy-{]-Xn-`-Isf hmÀs¯-Sp¯Xv B Ime-L-«-¯nse aÕ-c-§-fmbncp¶-psh¶v HmÀ¡pI. ]t£ C¶s¯ ¢ºp-IÄ¡v C¯-c-samcp ]mc-¼cyw Ah-Im-i -s¸-Sm-\m-hn-Ã. aÕ-c-¯n-\p-th- nbpÅ aÕcw F¶-Xn-\-¸p-d¯v asämcp Nn´-bn-Ã. AXp-sIm v Xs¶ \ap¡v A`n-am-\-]qÀÆw Nq n¡m-Wn-¡m-hp¶ Iem-km-ln-Xy-{]-Xn--

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

`-Isf krjvSn-¡m³ ¢ºp-IÄ¡v Ign-bp-¶n-Ã.

C¶s¯

hmin-tbmsS aÕ-cn¨v DbÀ¶ Øm\-§Ä I¿-S-¡pI F¶ e£y-t¯m-sS-bà ]ecpw ]-s¦-Sp -¡p-¶-sX¶v tXm¶p-¶p. hn[n\nÀ®b-¯nÂ\n¶v e`n-¡p¶ ]WamWv ]e aÕ-cmÀ°n-I-sfbpw thZn-bnte¡v BIÀjn-¡p-¶-Xv. C¶v Ac-t§-dp¶ aÕ-c-§Ä ]e-Xn\pw Iymjv AhmÀUp-I-fp -v. hyàn-Ifpw Øm]-\-§fpw \evIp¶ Cu Iymjv AhmÀUmWv ¢ºp-Isf BIÀjn¡p-¶-Xv. Imip-ap-S¡n Hcp ]cn-]mSn Ah-Xc - n-¸n-¡p-t¼mÄ sNe-hmb ]Ww Ipd-s¨-¦nepw Xncn-¨p -In-«p-sa¶v Dd-¸m-Wv. ] v aÕ-c-§Äs¡m¶pw Iymjv AhmÀUv D m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. H¶mw Øm\w t\Sp¶ ¢ºn-\mWv Hcp sNdnb XpI Iymjv AhmÀUv \evIn-bn-cp-¶-Xv. 1976 se kmln-Xya-Õ-c-¯n teJ-\-¯n\v H¶mw k½m\w e`n-¡p-¶-bmÄ¡v Cu¨ -c¯v \mcm-b-W³ \mbÀ sat½m-dnb Iymjv AhmÀUv F¶ t]cn 10 cq] \ÂIn-bn-cp-¶p. B 10 cq] e`n-¡m³ BZyw `mKy-ap- m-bXv F\n-¡m-bn-cp-¶p-sh¶v A`n-am-\-]qÀ Æw Rmt\mÀ¡p-¶p. km¼-¯nI klmbw a-Õ-c-¯nsâ Bthiw hÀ²n-¸n-¡pw. C¶s¯ HmWmtLm-j- aÕ-c-¯n Iem-þ-Im-bnI aÕ-c-§Ä¡v {]tXyIw Iymjv AhmÀUp-I-fp -v. CXnsâ t]cn IqSp-X ¢ºp-IÄ aÕ-c-cw-K¯p hcp-¶Xv \à Imcy-am-Wv. ]t£ ]W-¯nsâ _mlp-ey-¯n IebpsS aqey-§Ä [zwkn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡m³ \mw {i²n- ¡-Ww.

55

GXp Ie-bm-bmepw AXn-t\mSv AÀ¸-W-a-t\m-`m-hhpw BßmÀ°Xbpw D m-bn-cn-¡-Ww. A¯cw Ie-IÄt¡ Imes¯ AXn-Po-hn-¡m\m-hp. \½psS BZy-Ime Iem-Im-c·mÀ Cu at\m`mhw Im¯pkq-£n-¨-h-cm-bn-cp-¶p. AXp-sIm -v Xs¶ X§fpsS taJ-e-bn t]cpw {]i-kvXnbpw t\Sn A\-iz-ccm-hm³ AhÀ¡p Ign-ªp. ]pXnb Ime¯n-sâ {]Xn-\n-[n-IÄ¡v CÃmsX t]mIp-¶Xpw Cu BßmÀ°-X-bmWv. \ÃXp sN¿m\pw Nn´n¡m\p-apÅ Hcp a\-kp- m-hp-I-bmWv BZy-ambn th- Xv. _ÀWmUvjm Xsâ _m¡v Sp saZp-ke F¶ {KÙ¯n ]d-bp-¶-Xn-§-s\-bm-Wv. "AZriykz]v\-§sf Zriy-Nn-{X§fm¡n amäp¶ am{´n-I I®m-Sn-bmWv Ie. apJw ImWm³ \n§Ä apJ¡-®mSn D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶p. Bßmhns\ ImWm³ \n§Ä Iem-krjvSn {]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p.' 51 hÀj-¯n-se-¯n-\n-ev¡p¶ \½psS ]©m-b¯v HmWm-tLmj-¯n\v \msf tIcf Ncn-{X-¯n CSw t\Sm-\m-hpw. ImcWw C¯cw Hcp kµÀ`w tIc-f-¯n Hcn-S¯pw \S-¡p-¶nà F¶Xp Xs¶. tIcf kÀ¡m-cnsâ kmwkvIm-cnI hIp-¸pambn tNÀ¶v IqSp-X {Inbm-ß-Iambn Cu t{]m{Kmw \S-¯m-\m-hpw. B hgn-¡p-IqSn \½Ä Nn´nt¡-- Xp v F¶p tXm¶p-¶p.


kvac-WnI

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw bm{X

Ccp-«n Xnf-§p¶ I®p-IÄ tPm¬k¬ Nnd-½Â

XnI¨pw

A{]-Xo-£n-X-amWv _mW-XoÀ° bm{Xbv¡v Ah-kcw e`n-¨-Xv. ]{X-¯n I sIm¨p]-c-ky-¯nse t^m¬ \¼-dn \n¶pw B bm{X Xncp-h-\-´]p-c-t¯¡v \o p. bm{Xbv¡v X¿mdmbn F¯n-b-h-cn F«v t]cp- m -bn-cp-¶p. sImÃs¯ ]m-e-cp-hnbm-bn-cp¶p BZy e£y-sa-¦nepw ap wXpssd ISph km§vN-dn-bn A©n-\p-ap³s] Ib-dn-¸-äm\pÅ Xn-\m hml\w Ip-äm-e-t¯¡v Xncn-¨p-hn«p. Xangv {Kma-§-fmb sX¦m-inbpw sit¦m-«-bpw, BgvhmÀ Ipdn-¨n-bpw, Aw_m-k-ap-{Zhpw ]n¶n «v Ip-äm-e-t¯-¡v-þCu hgn a[p-c-bnte¡pw Ffp-¸-amÀ¤-ap -v. Ipämew shÅ-¨m«w {]kn-²-am-sW-¦nepw \oscmgp¡v Ipd-hm-bn-cp-¶p. Xeap-Þ\w sNbvXv aªÄ tX¨v aª-¸-«p-Sp¯ Ip«n-IÄ Pe-]m-X -¯n\p Xmsg Xnc-¡p-Iq-«n. shÅw hoWv DS XWp-¯-t¸mÄ BËmZhpw hnkva-bhpw hoÀ¸p-ap-«-epsaÃmw B Iuam-c-ap-J-§-fn Zriyam-bn. apXnÀ¶-hcpw kv{XoIfpw Pe-]m-X-¯nse kv\m\-¯n-\mbn Dugw Im¯p \n¶p. ]c-a-in-hsâ A©v \r¯-im-e-I-fn H¶mbn Icp-Xp¶ Ipäm-es¯ Ipfn DÕhw

Bkz-Zn-¡m\pw At\Iw F¯n-sIm -n-cp-¶p.

t]À

IrXy-k-a-b-¯p-Xs¶ ap qÀXp ssd sN¡v t]m-Ìn-se-¯n-b-Xn-\m DÅn-te¡v IS-¡m³ Ign-ªp. h\-a-²y-¯nse tUmÀan-ä-dn-em-bncp¶p Xma-k-sam-cp-¡n-bn-cp-¶-Xv. cm{Xn-bm-b-tXmsS tUmÀan-än-bn-te¡pÅ hgn-IÄ hnP-\hpw \ni-_vZhp-am-bn. CcpÄaqSn\n¶ I\¯ GIm-´-X-bn CS-bv¡nsS DbÀ¶ am\p-I-fpsS H¨-¸m-Sp-IÄ \ni-_vZX¡v `wKw-h-cp-¯n. A´n-Xm-h-f¯nse Npäp-th-en-¡-¸pdw A[nIw Zqc-¯-Ãm¯ Xnf-§p¶ Nph¶ I®p-IÄ \nÀ¶n-ta-j-ambn \n ¡p-¶Xpw s]mSp-¶s\ Ah HmSn ad-bp-¶Xpw ImWm-\m-bn. `£-W-¯n-\p-ti-j-amWv Im«n-te-¡n-dn-§n-b-Xv. cm{Xn ImÂ\S A]-I-S-I-c-am-b-Xn-\m k©mcw Po¸n-em-bn-cp-¶p. t_mW-än \n¶p LSn-¸n¨ sshZypX{]Im-i-¯n tkÀ¨v sseäp-ambn h\w-h-Ip¸v hn«p-X¶ aqÀ¯n-sb¶ BZn-hmkn bphmhv R§Ä¡v hgn-Im-«n-bm-bn. Im«nse Ioen« tdmUn-eqsS Po¸v aµw-a-µ-ambn \o§n. tkÀ¨v sseän-s\m¸w ]ng-bv¡m¯ aqÀ¯n-

57

bpsS I®p-I-fn arK-§Ä Ft¸m-gpap- m-bn-cp-¶p. ]pÅn-am-\pIfpw Icn-¦p-c-§p-Ifpw Im«p-tIm-gnIfpw IqSp-X-embn F¯p-Ibpw kmIpXw R§sf ho£n-¨-§s\ \n¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. \ncp-]-{Z-hIm-cn-I-sf¶v t_m[y-am-b-Xn-\m-em hmw Nne-s¸m-sgms¡ R§-fpsS I¬sh-«¯v Ae-k-K-a\w \S¯p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Zqsc Im«n-epÅ ¾mhn-sâbpw Ip«n-t¯-hm-¦n-sâbpw Xnf-§p¶ I®p-Ifpw aqÀ¯n-bpsS ZrjvSn-]-Y-¯nse Po¸p-\nÀ¯n tkÀ¨vsse-änsâ shfn-¨-¯n Ahtbm-tcm¶pw aqÀ¯n-bpsS ssIhnc Nq n-bn-eqsS R§-fpsS \b-\§Ä¡pw hncp-¶mbn. F{X \nÀ`bhpw kzO-µ-hp-am-bmWv Ah AhnsS hnl-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. ap\p-jy\pw arK-§fpw X½n-epÅ ku{`m-{X¯nsâ thZn IqSn-bm-Wv, C¯cw ImSp-IÄ. a\p-jy³ th«-¡mc³ BIm-¯n-S-t¯mfw Cu N§m¯w F¶pw XpS-cpIXs¶ sN¿pw. ]penbpw Ic-Sn-bp-saÃmw C¯cw bm{X-I-fn ImWm-dp-s ¶v aqÀ¯n ]d-ª-t¸mÄ Cu Hcp \nan-j¯n-\mbn R-§Ä Gsd sImXn-¨p. ImSnsâ Kl-\-X-bn Ccp-«n R§Ä¡v am{Xw ImWm-hp¶


kvac-WnI

tkÀ¨v sseän I m `oXnP-\n-¸n-¡p-sa-¦nepw ]pÅnbpw hcIfpw \ndª hÀ®-t¯msS im´ -Kw-`o-c-\mbn \S-¶p-t]m-Ip¶ ]penbpsS Nn{Xw a\-kn sXfn-ªp. Im«p-h-gn-I-fn-eqsS Gsdt\cw Id-§nsb-¦nepw \ncm-i-am{Xw _m¡n-bmbn Ah-sbm¶pw R§-fpsS I¬sh-«s¯-¯n-bn-Ã. s]mSp-¶s\ Ft´m H¶v Po¸n\p IpdpsI NmSn. XnI¨pw A{]-Xo-£n-X-am-I-bm ]ecpw `b¶v i_vZ-ap- m-¡n. Po¸v ss{UhÀ ]d-ª-t¸m-gmWv AXv ¾mhm-sW¶v a\-kn-em-b-Xv. hgn-tbmSv tNÀ¶v AXv apt¶m-«p-]m-ªt-- ¸mÄ Po¸n R§f-Xns\ ]n´p-SÀ¶p. Ipsd Zqcs¯ Hm«-¯n-\p-tijw AXv \n¶p. ]ns¶ Xe-sh-«n¨v ]n´p-S-cp¶ Po¸ns\ t\m¡n. kmam\yw hep-¸-apÅ ¾mhm-bn-cp¶p AXv. AXn-\-Sp-¯mbn Po¸pw \n¶p. R§-fpsS ssI¿nse Iyma-d-IÄ angn-Xp-d-¶p. Aev]-t\cw t]mkv sNbvX-Xn-\p-tijw AXv Im«n-te¡v HmSn-a-d-ªp. ImSnsâ Dį-f-§-fnse BZn-hmkn tImhn-en A¶v DÕ-h-am-bn-cp-¶p. {]mà-\-amb kwkvIm-c-¯nÂ\n¶p hnS-]-d-bp-¶Xn-\pÅ sh¼Â sImt m Ønc-am bn Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡-s¸-Sp-t¼m-gpÅ hnck-X-bnÂ\n-¶pw tamN\w t\Sp-¶Xnt\m F¶-dn-bn-Ã. DÕh Iem-]-cn]m-Sn-I-fnse Um³kp-ImÀ cP-\nbpw hnP-b-Im´pw {]`p-tZ-hbpw hnPbpw Ipiv_phpw cRvPn-\nbpw Akn-\psams¡bmbn th-j- ]-IÀ¨-bn \r¯-am-Sn. tÌPn\p ]pd¯v Im«p-hmkn-Ifpw GXm\pw \m«p-hm-kn-Ifpw Ah-cpsS ]m«n- s\m¸w Nph-Sp-sh-¨p. cm{Xn 12 Ignªpw \r¯w XpS-csh

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

R§Ä Xmh-f-¯n-te¡v aS-§n. XWp¸v Bh-c-W-an« XpSÀ {]`m-X-¯n Fgp-t¶Â¡m³ aSnbp- m-bn-cp-s¶¦nepw _mW-XoÀ°¯n-te-¡pÅ t_m«v Ggn\v ]pds¸-Sp-sa-¶-Xn-\m FÃm-hcpw XnSp¡-¯n bm{X-bm-bn. ZpÀL-S§-fmb ]mX-I-fn-eqsS 7 In.-ao-äÀ Xm n-bmWv Xm{a-]ÀWn-Um-an-se-¯nb-Xv. {_n«o-jp-Im-cpsS Ime¯v ]WnXoÀ¶n-«pÅ Cu Umw Gsd {]tXy-IX-If-p-Å-h-bm-Wv. sN¦p-¯mb Cd¡w Cd§n XSm-I-¯nÂ\n¶pw _mW-XoÀ°-¯n-te¡v bm{X-bmImw. HcmÄ¡v 20 cq]-bmWv t_m«v NmÀPv Hmf-§sf Iodn-ap-dn¨v apt¶m«v ]mbp¶ t_m«p-bm{X Xs¶ Gsd A\p-`q-Xn-Zm-b-I-am-Wv. Npän-ep-apÅ ]¨-Im-Sp-IÄ, AIse ImWp¶ Ip¶p-IÄ, AXn-\-¸p-ds¯ \oem-Imiw. XSm-I-¯nse {]Xn-_nw_ ImgvNIÄ, t_m«v apt¶-dp--t´mdpw AIse shÅn-b-c-ªmWw t]mse ]Xn¡p¶ shÅ-¨m-«w, t_m-«n \n¶pw Cd§n Nne Ib-ä-§Ä Ibdn sN¶m _mW-XoÀ° P-e-]mXw Zriy-am-Ipw. Cu \n]mXw tdmP t^mÄkv F¶ t]cnepw {]kn-²-am-Wv. aWn-c-Xv\-¯nsâ "tdmP' kn\n-a-bn a[p-_m-e-bpsS \r¯w ChnsS Nn{Xo-I-cn-¨Xp apX-emWv B t]cn Adn-b-s¸-Sm-\n-S-bm-b-Xv. 70 In.-ao-äÀ apI-fnÂ\n¶pw Ip¯s\ ]Xn-¡p¶ shÅ-¨m-«-¯n-\n-S-bn-epÅ Ipfn \thm-t·jw ]I-cp¶XmWv. shÅw ho-gp-¶n-S-¯p-\n¶p IpXn¨p NmSp¶ Pew asämcp Pe-]m-X-am-bpw cq]m-´-c-s¸-Sp-¶p. shÅ-Nm-«-¯n\p

59

t\sc ImWp¶ Pe-kw-`-c-Wn-bpsS Zr-iyhpw at\m-l-c-amb Im-gvN-bmWv. Cu {]tZ-is¯ tImhn-ep-I-fn-te¡pÅ shÅw FSp-¡p-¶-Xn-\m XoÀ°-P-e-ambpw IW-¡m-¡p-¶p. _mW-XoÀ°w ae-bv¡-¸pdw t_mW¡m-Sm-Wv. AhnsS \n¶v AK-kvXy-Iq-Sm-c-¯n-se-¯mw. sX¦m-in-bnÂ\n¶pw _kv amÀ¤w Ip{]-kn-²-amb Xncp-«p-{Km-a-amb Xncp-s\Âth-en-h-gnbpw ChnsS F¯mw. h³a-c-§-fpsS XW-ep-]-änbpÅ bm{X, DbÀ¶ ac-¨n-ÃI-fnÂ\n¶pw k-©m-cn-Isf ho£n¡p¶ knwl-hm-e³ Ipc-§p-IÄ, ae-b-®m³, hnhn-[-Xcw ]£n-IÄ þ _mW-XoÀ°w ho pw ho pw \½sf amSn-hn-fn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡n-Ã. t_m«v \ap-¡mbn AhnsS Im¯p-\n¡p-¶Xv Hcp aWn-¡q-dmWv. _mW-XoÀ°-t¯mSpw ]pg-bnse Hmf-§-tfmSpw Npän-ep-apÅ {]-Ir-XnZr-iy-§-tfmSpw bm{X-]-dªp Uman Â\n¶pw ]m]-\miw t£{X-¯n-se -¯n-b-t¸mÄ D¨-sh-bn I¯n\n-¶p. Npän¶pw Icn-¦Â `n¯n -tbm-Sp-Iq-Snb t£{Xw {]mà-\-amb Xncp-ti-jn-¸p-IÄ _m¡n-bm¡n `à À¡v kmbq-Py-ambn \ne-sIm-Åp-¶p. ap¶nse ]S-hp-I-fn-d§n sNÃp-¶Xv ]m]-\m-i\w ]pg-bn-te-¡m-Wv. ]m]ap-àn-t\Sn sNÃp-¶-hÀ ]pg-bn ap§n-sXm-gpXv aS§p-¶p.


hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

kvac-WnI

sNdp-IY

thdn« ImgvN-IÄ kn.-BÀ.-Zmkv

""Rms\mcp Nn{X-Im-c-\mWv. Fsâ a\-Ên-epw, lrZ-b-¯nepw, kz]v\-¯nepw hÀ®-§-fmWv'' eqbnkv amjv `mcy-tbmSv ]d-ªp. ""Hcp Imcyw icn-bm-Wv... \½Ä ]c-kv]cw a\-Ên-em-¡n-bn-Ã. Nn{X-Imcsâ lrZ-b-hym-]m-c-§Ä th {X a\-Ên-em-¡m³ F\nbv¡pIgn-ªnÃ. Fsâ taml-§fpw amjpw a\-Ênem-¡n-bnÃ'' `mcy eoem½ {]Xn-I-cn-¨p. ""\½psS a¡sf¡pdn¨pw amjv a\-Ên-em-¡n-bn-Ã. cs- ®-¯nsâ IÃymWw Ign-ªp. aq¶m-a\v s]®-t\z-jn¨v tXmäp. C¡m-e¯v BWp-§Ä¡v s]®ns\ In«m\m hnjaw! ""HcpIW-¡n\v Rm\pw s]®-t\zjW-¯n\v Cd-§n-bntÃ? AXp-IqSn Ign-ªm kam-[m-\-ambn. ]ns¶ Fsâ a\-Ênse {]IrXn Nn{X-§Ä hc-bv¡m³ F\nbv¡v [rXn-bm-bn.'' hc¨p hc¨v amjv tcmKn-bmbn. amjv Bip-]-{Xn-bn InS-¡p-t¼mgm IÃym-Wm-tem-N\ h¶Xv. eoema amtjmSv tNmZn¨v IÃymW \nÝbw \S¯n. ImXn-sebpw, Igp-¯n-sebpw aIÄ¡v B`-c-W-¯n-\mbn A½

Agn¨p h¨p. _m¦n \n¶v A¼-Xn\m-bncw cq] IS-sa-Sp-¯p. Aev]kzev]w kzÀ®w hm§n. IÃym-W¡p-dnbpw A¨-Sn-¨p. FÃm Hcp-¡§fpw ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡n-b-t¸mgmWv amjv Bip-]-{Xn--bn \n¶pw Xncn¨p h¶-Xv. Xsâ A`m-h-¯nepw eoemabpsS {]hr¯n-IÄ, amÌsd kt´m-jn-¸n-¨p. aI-fpsS IÃymWw `wKn-bmbn \S-¶p. hnhm-l-¨-S-§p-I-fn amjpw `mcybpw \ndªp\n¶p. A¶p cm{Xn amjv kam-[m-\t¯msS Dd-§n. aIsf, AhÄ¡njvS-s¸« sNdp-¸-¡m-csâ ssIbn Gev¸n-¡m-\m-btÃm! C\n c v B¬]n-tÅ-ctÃ? AhÀ F§-s\ -sb-¦nepw Pohn-t¨m-fpw. C\n a\-Ê -am-[m-\-t¯msS \nd-§-fpsS temI¯n Aenªp tNcmw! ]ntä¶v ]Xn-hnepw t\ct¯ amjv DWÀ¶p. im´-ambn Dd-§p¶ `mcysb t\m¡n. ""]mhw...-A-ev]t\cw IqSn Dd-§nt¡ms«! IpSpw_ Pohn-X-¯n FÃmw kln-¡p-¶Xv Ah-fm-W-tÃm. Xsâ {]Wbw Nn{X-§-tfm-Sm-sW¶v eoem-abv¡v \¶m-b-dn-bmw. F¶n«pw AhÄ Xs¶ shdp-¯n-Ã. aq¶p a¡-f-S§p¶ IpSpw-_s¯ AhÄ

61

kvt\ln-¨p. Xsâ Nn{X-§-fpsS al-Xz-¯n Hcp ]¦v Ah-fp-tS-XmWv. AXv th {X Nn{X-Im-c-\mb Xm³ a\-Ên-em-¡n-bn-Ã. Xsâ Nn{X-§-fpsS Bg-sa-s´¶v `mcybpw a\-Ên-em-¡n-bn-Ã.'' Hcp t{UmbnwKv amjnsâ PohnXw kwLÀj-§-fp-tS-Xm-Wv. amkm-amkw i¼fw In«p-t¼mÄ \me-ähpw XnI-bp-¶n-Ã. ]men\pw, ]e-hy-RvP\-¯n\pw, sshZyp-Xnbv¡pw t^m Wn\pw ]Ww amän-sh-¨m Ip«n-IfpsS ^okn\pw, NnIn-Õbv¡pw ]pkvX-I-§Ä hm§p-¶-Xn\pw aäpw ]W-an-Ã. AXn-\m FÃmw `mcysb Gev]n¡pw. Ah-sf-§s\ sNehp \nÀÆ-ln-¡p-¶p-sh¶v Btem-Nn-¡p -hm³ t]mepw kabw In«m-dn-Ã. Xsâ temIw Nn{X-§fptSXm-Wv. a\p-jy\pw, ae-bpw, ac-§-fpw, kqcy\pw, ]£n-I-fpw, arK-§fpw. XSm-I-hpw, ]pgbpw ISepw \ndª temIw! Im³hm-Ên {In-kvXp-hn-t\-bpw, _p²-t\-bpw, KmÔn-Pn-sbbpw hc¨p XoÀ¶-t¸m-gpÅ Bizm-khpw kt´m-jhpw ]d-ª-dn--bn-¡pI h¿! bmN-I-\pw, IÀj-I-kv{Xo-bpw, A¸m¸-\pw, kÔym Zo]hpw Hs¡ Xsâ Nn{X-§-fn \ndªp \n¶-t¸mÄ ImWn-IÄs¡Ãmw AXn-jvS-am-bn. Nn{X-§Ä¡mbn A¡m-Z-an-I-fnÂ


hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

kvac-WnI

\n¶pw, ]Ån-I-fn \n¶pw A¼-e-§-fn \n¶pw BÄ¡mÀ eqbnkv amÌsd At\z-jn-s¨-¯n. amÌÀ AhÀs¡Ãmw Nn{X-§Ä hc¨p sImSp-¯p. Ah-tcm-sSm¶pw IW-¡p-]dªnÃ. AhÀ \ÂInb {]Xn-^ew am{Xw hm§n. Hcp \mÄ sNdp-ap¡v A¼-e¡½-än-¡m-cmb Ipd¨p t]À amÌdpsS ho«n-se-¯n. AhÀ BZyw amÌdpsS Nn{X-§Ä I p. amÌÀ hc¨ kc-kz-Xnbpw {ioIr-jvW\pw AhÀ ¡n-jvS-ambn. Ipcn-in-te-änb tbip{In--kvXp-hnsâ Nn{Xhpw AhÀ I p.

eqbnkv amÌÀ Pohn-¨Xv Ip«n-IÄ¡n-S-bn-em-Wv. amjpsS Ip«n-¡mew tcmKhpw Zmcn-{Zhpw \nd-ª-Xm-bn-cp-¶p. D¨¡v ]«n-WnIn-S-¶mWv kvIqfn ]Tn-¨-Xv. Cu Ah-Ø-bnepw kz´w {Kma kuµcyw Bkz-Zn-¡m³ B Ip«n ¡pIgn-ªp. ]q¡fpw, ]q¼m-ä-Ifpw Infn-Ifpw ta-L-§fpw, ]mShpw, ]mS-h-c¼pw, ]pg-bpw ]q\n-em-hpsams¡ Ip«n-bm-bn-cp-¶-t¸mÄ amÌ sd BIÀjn-¨n-cp-¶p. AsXms¡ B Ip«n Xsâ t\m«v _p¡n hc¨p h¨p.

apXnÀ¶ Nn{X-Im-csâ a\-Ên Ip«n-¡m-es¯ A\p-`-h-§Ä Hmf§f-p- m¡n A§s\bmWv Nn{XA¼-e-¡-½än {]kn-Uâ v cma³ Im-c³ Ihn-bm-b-Xv. D®n-tb-«³ \mbÀ tNmZn-¨p. F¶ kplr-¯nsâ IY-IÄ¡v ""F´m-th Xv?'' amÌÀ {]Xn-I-cn-¨p.'' hc-bpw, h®-hpw \ÂIn-bXv eqbnkv amÌdm-Wv. Hcp \mÄ D®n-tb-«sâ ""R§-fpsS A¼ew \ho-I-cn-¡p-Iap¼n amÌÀ kz´w Ihn-X-IÄ bm-Wv. A¼-e-¯nsâ ap³ hi¯v Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨p. D®n-tb-«\v Ihn-X-IÄ {ioIr-jvW³ AÀÖp-\sâ tXcm-fnCjvS-am-bn. At±-l-aXv Ip«n-IÄ¡v bmbn KotXm-]-tZiw \ÂIp¶ Hcp \ÂIn. AhÀ B Ihn-X-IÄ ]mSn inev]w thWw. amjv AXv sNbvXp \S-¶p. A§s\ Nn{X-Im-c³ Ip«n-IXtczm.......'' fpsS {]nbs¸« Ihn-bp-am-bn. amjv Aev]w Btem-Nn-¨p. ]ns¶ amÌ-dpsS sXc-sª-Sp¯ Nn{X ]d-ªp. {]ZÀi\w A¡m-Z-an-bn \S¶pw ""]cn-{i-an¡mw'' apXnÀ¶-h-tcm-sSm¸w Nn{X-i-eA¼-e-¡-½n-än-¡mÀ¡v kt´mj- `-§-sf -t¸mse Ip«n-Ifpw {]ZÀ-i\w ambn. A§s\bmWv sNdp-ap¡v ImWm-s\-¯n. AhÀ amÌ-dpsS A¼-e-¯n\p ap¼n {ioIr-jvW³ Npäpw IqSn. ""amtj........ klmbw sNt¿m''

R§Äs¡mcp

AÀÖp-\sâ tXcp sXfn-bn-¡p¶ inev]w amÌÀ XoÀ¯Xv! \m«p-Im-scÃmw ]pI-gv¯p-t¼mgpw Xsâ ho«p-ImÀ Xs¶ th {X a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶n-sö tXm¶Â amÌ À¡p m-bn-cp-¶p. F¦nepw amÌÀ hc-¨p-sIm-t -bn-cp-¶p.

""Iq«p-Im-tc.... \¶mbn hc-t¨m-fq... \ap¡p Npäp-apÅsXÃmw hc t¨mfq....'' amÌÀ¡ntX injy-tcmSv ]d-bm-\p - m-bn-cp-¶p-Åq... amÌ-dpsS PohnXw Hcp {]tl-fnI bmbn-cp-¶p. Nn{X-Im-csâ temI¯n hÀ®-§fpw hkvXp-X-Ifpw

63

\ÂIn-bXv Xsâ IpSpw-_hpw kplr¯p-¡fpam-sW¶v amÌÀ Xcn-¨dn-bm³ hfsc sshInt¸mbn-cp¶p! ]ntä¶v Ime¯v amÌÀ Xsâ Im³hmÊv \nhÀ¯n-sh-¨p. Np n Hcp IhnX aqfn. a\-Ên-\p-Ån Ip«n-IÄ krjvSn¨ iÐ tImem-l-eam-bn-cp-¶p. ]pd¯v InfnIfpsS Ie-]netLmjhpw! amÌÀ GIm-{K-X-tbmsS hc XpS-§n. Xm\pw, `mcybpw, a¡-fpa-S-§p¶ IpSpw_ Nn{Xw! ]n¶Wnbn at\m-l-c-amb {]IrXn tim`........ amÌvÀ hc-¨p-sIm-t- bn -cp-¶p. ""A§s\ \½Ä ChnSw hsc F¯n AtÃ?'' iÐw tI«v amÌÀ Xncnªp t\m¡n. sNdp-]p-©-cn-tbmsS eoem½ IpSpw_ Nn{Xw Bkz-Zn¨p \n¡p-¶p. amÌÀ kwXr-]vXn-tbmsS hc -Xp-SÀ¶p. CcpÄ amdn, {]Imi Inc-W-§Ä sXfn-bp-I-bm-Wv. {]IrXn-bpsS AÛpX {]Xn`mkw Bhm-ln¨v amÌÀ hc- Xp-S-À¶p. thdn« hc-Ifpw hÀ®§fpw amÌdpsS Im³hm-Êns\ [\y-am-¡n. hk´w IS¶p h¶Xv hfsc sshIn-bm-Wv. hÀ®-cm-Pn-IÄ XoÀ ¯v {]]©amsI tim` ]c-¯nsb-¯nb thdn-s«mcp hk´w!


hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

kvac-WnI

IhnX Nmt¡m Unþ A´n-¡mSv

""Imäpw (I)hn-X-bpw'' (A´-cn¨ Ihn apÃ-t\-gn-bpsS kvac-W-bv¡mbv kaÀ¸Ww)

Ahn-Wn-tÈ-cn-bn \n¶pw hcp¶ Imän\v Rc-¼p-Ifpw s\©n tcma-§fpw apJ¯v I®-Sbpw a\-Ên Ihn-Xbpw i_vZ-¯n ku-ay-þ-cu{Z `mh-§fpw A`n-\-bn-¡p-t¼mÄ IhnX ad-¡m¯ Ihn-X-sb-gp-Xp-t¼mÄ "\mSyw' ad-¡p¶ ]¯-c-amäv "Ihn'am{X-am-sbmcp P·w. Hmt«m-dn-£-bn sX¡³¡m-äp-t]mse hcpw IS-em-Êp-s]m-Xn-bnse k_ÀPnÃp \o«n hS-¡³¸m-«nsâboW-¯n-semcp hnfn-bpwþ "A´n-¡m-S³ Kpt ! tNÀ¸v Kp- Itf!'... Icp-W-ckwt]dpw hnÃp-Ip-e¨ hnfn-IÄ... Im]Syw tIc-f-¯n³]-cym-b-am-sb¶v hnfn-¨p-Iq-hp-¶-Xn-s\m-¸w, thhpw lr¯nÂ, IeÀ¸n-Ãm¯ kulr-Z-§Ä¡m-bv, DW-§m¯ apdn-hp-I-fn-ep¸pw apf-Ipw-tX¨p; D¸n\pw apf-In\pw "IhnX'sb¶p t]cn«p! Ae-¨n-ep-I-fpsS hdp-Xnbpw s]mdp-Xnbpw IqS-¸n-d-s¸-¶p-ds¡ ]d-ªp... sshtem-¸n-Ån-bpsS Kpcp-Xzm-IÀj-W-¯nepw, {KmaoW _Ô-§-fpsS kpc-£nX he-b-¯n\pw, Hmt«m-þ-Np-a-«p-sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fpsS kvt\l"`mc'¯n\pw,

kz´w injy-cpsS s]mcp-¯-t¡-Sn-\p-an-S-bnÂ, IÅn³\p-c-bn Ic-¨n-epw, I\-hp-I-fpw, Bcm-[-I-cpsS I]-S-sam-gn-I-fpw, IWn-Ipw tI«p-ap-WÀ¶n-cp¶ Imew HmÀ½-bmbv Bbp-Ênsâ ]pkvX-I-¯n ASn-h-c-bn-«-«-¯p-sh¨ [oc-a-\Êv. Fgp-¯nepw Igp-¯n-eÀ¸n¨ Npcp-«nb apjvSn-bnepw IWw-I-¿n apdp-sI-¸n-Sn¨ hnc-ep-I-fnepw Ihn-X-bpsS \h-c-k-§Ä ssIam-dnb tNÀ¸nsâ c£m-[n-Im-cn-bmb "bph-Ihn'! Xpcp-¼n¨ kulr-Z-h-e-b-§Ä t`Zn-¡m-\mbn hnaÀi-\-§-fpsS hmÄap\ \o«pw... "Ae-¦mc'§Ä \ndª Xo³ap-dn-bn "\·-bpsS hS-hr£w' "[n¡m-c-¯nsâ adp-hm¡v'... hnS-]-dbpw t\c-s¯-¦n-ep-a-dn-bmsX Bßmhv Ihn A¿-¸-t\mSp kzImcyw ]d-ªpshmþ ""Ak-a-b¯v apg-§p¶p au\ ktµ-iw... Pohn-X-sa¶ \o-hm-N-I-¯n-s\m-Sp-hnÂ, Hcp hymI-c-W-]n-i-Ip-t]m-se, Bcpw ]d-bmsX Ib-dn-¡q-Snb Al-´bpw hn\-b-hp-sam-¯p-tNÀ¶hm¡v -þ a-cWw!''

65


kvac-WnI

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

\memw-Im-e-¯n sIm«n-¯oÀ¶p IhnXzw! tNÀ¸nse iq\y-X-¡m-bncw \mhp-IÄþ Hmf-an-Ãm¯ ]pg-tbm-cw, Imän-Ãm¯ hbepw hgn-tbm-c-hpw, Adn-hp-tNmÀ¶ hnÚm-t\m-Õ-hw, km£-cXm Ihn-X-bnse A£-c-{]-amWw Gsä-Sp-¡m-\m-fn-Ãm¯ hcpw-\m-fp-IÄ Ip«n-¡-hn-X-I-fpsS hk´w hgn-am-dn-sbt¶m? imkv{X-IemPm-Y-bnÂ\n¶pw Ahn-Wn-tÈ-cn-bnse Imän-¶oWw apdnªp! D¸pw ]pfn-bp-an-Ãm¯ kZy, a[p-c-an-Ãm¯ ]m¸m-b-kw, kz]v\-§-fn-Ãm¯ cm{Xn-IÄ ]I-ep-IÄ, \nem-hn-Ãm¯ ]mXn-cm-hm-\w, {]Xo-£-I-fn-Ãm¯ a§nb I®p-IÄ... s\dn-sI« "am\y'Pohn-X-ho-£-Ww! H¸w k©-cn-¡p¶p Imäpw Ihn-Xbpw

Zn¡p-IÄ Xm n....-E-Xp-¡-sf-bp-WÀ¯n HmÀ½-X³ a©m-Sn-¡pcp H¸w ]-¦p-sh¨v... Ime-¯n³I-fn-ap-äs¯ [\y-am¡pw ImÂs¸-cp-am-ä-am-cp-sS-bmWv? apäs¯ apáp aW-an-sÃ-¶mcp ]dªp? apÃ-IÄs¡Ãmw ]\n-\oÀ¸p-jv]-¯n³ \ndsam? Ime-¯n-s\m¸w k©-cn-¡pw, ]p©n-cn-¡pwþ Imän\pw Ihn-X¡pw tXcp-sX-fn-¡m³ Bfn-Ãm-Xm-sb-¶mcp ]dªp? hcp-an-\n-bp,-a-h-[q-X-s\-t¸mse sIm-Sp-¦m-än\p ap³]pw ]n³]pw im´n-bp,-a-im-´n-bp-sam¸w hnX-bv¡p-¶, A©mw-Im-ehpw sIm«n-¯oÀ¡p-¶, Imänepw Ihn-X-bpsS aqfÂtIÄ¡pw BIm-i-¯n,-e-£-c-ap-äw-hc¡pw Ihn-lr-Zbw þ {Im´-ZÀinXzw!

67


hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

kvac-WnI

51-þmaXv hÃ-¨nd HmWm-tLmj {Kmtam-Õ-h-¯nse kmlnXy aÕ-c-§-fn H¶mw k½m-\mÀl-amb \mSIw

Bdp-a-Wn¡p ap³]pÅ Ac aWn-¡qÀ ! kpim´v _me-Ir-jvW³ . K

hn[nIÀ¯msh

! Xm¦-fpsS cmjv{So-b, kmaq-ln-I, kmwkvIm-cnI hnZym-`ymk aWvU-e-§sf sXm«dn-bm³ F\n-t¡m, R§Ät¡m And-bnÃ. F¦nepw H¶p]-dbmw CXv Fsâ AsÃ-¦n R§-fpsS lrZ-b-¯n \n¶pÅ Ie-bm-Wv. kz`mhnI-ambpw al-Xz-c-am-Ip-atÃm ! GsXmcp amXm-hn\pw Xsâ a¡Ä F¶-t]m and-¨m-bmepw R§Ä¡nXp Ah-X-cn-¸n¨p Ah-km-\n-¸n-¡-Ww. {]Xn-^-en-¨n-sÃ-¦n t]mepw R§Ä Bcw-`n-¡s« ! XnI¨pw A]-cn-Nn-X-\mb F¶m krjvSn-sIm v kp]-cn-Nn-X-\mb kwhn-[m-b-I³ ]d-ªp-\nÀ¯n. atäXp \mS-I-s¯bpw t]mse IÀ«³ DbÀ¶p. AXtà kplrs¯ kz`m-hnI \oXn. IÀ«³ DbÀs¶-¦n t]mepw Hcp Xcn shfn¨w am{Xw F{Xtbm AI-se-bmbn ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p. kZ-Ên-ep-Å-hcp-sS- ZrjvSnsbÃmw B \pdp§v shfn-¨-¯n-sem Xp§p-¶p. (t\À¯ kzc-¯n Hcp {]W-bn-Xm-hv, {]W-bn-\ntbm-sS-¶-t]mÂ) {]W-bn-Xmhv : -þ ""A\¡v As¶ _enb CjvSzm. As\¡v \ns¶ In«msX ]äq-setSm!'' imen\n : -þ ""F\n¡-dnbmw. F\n¡pw \ns¶ Hcp]m-SnjvSzm. ]t£ \½Ä \½-f-ÃtÃm CsXÃmw Xocpam-\n-¡p-¶-Xv. \n\¡v a\-kn-em-Ip-¶pt m A\tk ?'' A\kv ({]W-bn-Xmhv) : -þ ""A\-¡-dnbmw ]Ån-¡mcpw \nsâ kap-Zm-bhpw CsXÃmw k½-Xn-¡q-se-¶v.'' imen\n : -þ ""kap-Zm-bw. sXc-sª-Sp-¸n\pw B¸okv DZvLm-S-\-¯n\pw am{Xw aª-fn¨p Xe-s]m¡p¶ Hcp kap-Zm-bw. AsXm¶paà A\tk {]iv\w.'' A\kv : -þ ""]ns¶, Asâ C¯msâ ISpw ]nSp-¯tam? AtXm aX-¯n\p ]Icw aX-Xo-{h-hmZw ]Tn-¸n-¡p¶ ]Åose Fsâ Hm¯p-amjv ]Z-hntbm ?'' imen\n : -þ ""\ns¶ F\n-¡njvSm; Hcp]mSv ……… -H-cp-]mSv....'' (Xp-SÀ¶p ]dtb GtXm hmNIw t]m AÀ[hn-cm-a-¯n \n¡p-¶p. Ac shfn¨w AW-bp-¶p. H¶v, c v, aq¶v F¶ IW-¡n\v ho pw {]Im-in-¡p-¶p.)

68

icXv : -þ ""F\n¡v \nsâ ssk¡nÄ H¶p Xtczm ?'' sPbvk¬ : -þ ""F´n\m ?'' icXv : -þ ""H¶v Nh-«m-\mSm !'' sPbvk¬ : -þ ""AXn\v \n\¡v ssk¡nÄ Nhn-«m\dntbm?'' icXv : -þ ""CÃSm, ]Tn-¡m-\m.'' sPbvk¬ : -þ ""AXn\v \o hà ]gb ssk¡nfpw hm§n-¡v. CXv Fsâ A¸-¨³ Fsâ _À¯v tUbv¡v hm§n¨ ]pXnb ssk¡n-fm.'' ({]-Imiw \ni-_vZ-am-Ip¶p. IrXy-amb CS-th-f¡p tijw {]Imiw hnS-cp-¶p) I¨-h-S-¡m-c³ : -þ ""CÃy imt´-¨o, \n§fv BZyw Xcm-\pÅ Imiv ChnsS hbv¡v F¶n-«mImw It¨m-Sw.'' im´ : -þ ""AsX-ÃmSm Zmaq ! ho«nev ]ntÅÀ¡v Fs´-¦nepw sh¨p-sImSp¡t ? Ftâev IminÃ'' Zmap : -þ ""imt´¨o; kz´w BÄ¡m-cm, ]mh-§fm F¶p Icp-Xnbm C{X-\mfpw km[-\-§fv X¶Xv C¶-«v, kap-Zmbw ]d-bp-¶-Xn-s\-Xnsc sImSn ]nSn-¡m³t]mbn \n§sS sI«n-tbm³ ^p!'' im´ : -þ ""AXv.... htfmw, IoS-\m-in-\nbpw In«msX h¶-t¸m-gsà AXn-s\-Xnsc PmY \S-¯n-bXv'' Zmap : -þ ""AsX. ]©m-b¯v {]kn-Uâ v cmPo-h³ \½sS Bfm-sW¶v \n\¡v And-bnà ! AtÃ?'' im´ : -þ ""Zmap, AXv… Zmap : -þ ""B. \n§sS ]mÀ«n-¡m-tcmSp ]d Acow ]e-N-c¡v km[-\-§fpw Xcm³ !'' (sh-fn¨w aq¶m-aXpw AW-bp-¶p. AÂ] ka-b-¯n-\Iw sXfn-bp-¶p. A shfn¨w ]Xps¡ ]Xps¡ hym]n¨v thZn apgp-h³ ImW-¯¡ hn[w ]c-¡p-¶p. thZn-bn c v Hme-¡o-dp-I-fpw, \mep ImepI-fpw, shÅw tXIp¶ N{Ihpw ImWp-¶p. AsX Hcp CS-¯-c-¯n F{Xtbm Xmsg InS-¡p¶ Hcp IÀjI IpSpw-_w) icXv : -þ ""A¨m Zm t]mÌp-am³'' t]mÌp-am³ : -þ ""IrjvtW«m ]Xn-hn-ÃmsX Hcp I¯p tÃm?'' IrjvW³ : -þ ""It¯m? tamfsS tPmeosS I¯mIpw'' t]mÌpam³ : -þ ""AXv \n§fv s]m«n¨v t\m¡o«v ]d


hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

kvac-WnI -ªm-a-Xn. GXm-bmepw CXnev H¸n«n«v Fs¶ hnSv.'' (t]\ t]mepw th h®w ]nSn¡m-\-dn-bm¯ IrjvtW«³ Hcphn-[-¯n c p ssIbnsâ klm-b-t¯msS H¸nSp-¶p. IrjvtW-«³ hnkvX-cn¨v I¯v s]m«n¡p-¶p. hnfn-¡p¶p)

[n-¡p-¶p. F¶n«v ]d-bp-¶p. tUmIvSÀ :þ ""knÌÀ Cävkv HmhÀ'' ""Chsc sIm ph¶-hsc H¶p hnfn¡q'' t\gvkv :þ ""icn kÀ!'' tUmIvSÀ :þ (IrjvWsâ Ab¡m-tcm-Sv) ""kplrt¯ R§-fpsS ]c-am-h[n R§Ä t\m¡n. Hcp Ac aWn-¡qÀ ap¼m-bn-cp-s¶-¦nÂ... Ab¡m-c³ :þ ""_µm-b-Xn-\m h nsbm¶pw In«n-bnà kmsd!''

IrjvW³ : -þ ""FSo imt´ ! \o Fhn-sSbm ?'' im´ : -þ ""Rm³ ChnsSbp v a\pjym!'' IrjvW³ : -þ ""\o Cu Is¯m¶p hmbnt¨'' im´ : -þ (\memw ¢mkv hnZym-`ym-k-¯nsâ A`ym-k-t¯msS hmbn-¡p-¶p)

thZn-bn shfn-¨-a-W-bp-¶p. Bcw-`-¯n Ac sX ¦nepw Pzen¨ B {]Imi _nµp ho pw Pzen-¡p-¶p. H¸w a§nb aª shfn-¨-¯n c v sNdpXpw c v hep-Xp-amb shÅ ih-s¡-«p-IÄ

""\n§Ä¡p .... X¶...... aq¶m-a-s¯..... Ah-[n-bpw Ign-ªp...hmbv]-sb-Sp-¯... Hä, ]¯v, \qdv, Bbncw 25000 cq] 21 /7/12 \p ap¼v AS-¨n-sÃ-¦n ta \S-]-Sn-Ifp-ambn _m¦n\p apt¶m«p t]mtI nhcpw''

B Ac shfn-¨-am-sW¶v tXm¶p¶p Dds¡ hnfn¨p ]d-bp-¶p.

(im´ hmbn¨p \nÀ¯n) Fs´-¶n-Ãm¯ aqIX thZn-bn-emsI ]SÀ¶n-cp-¶p.

""AhÀ t]mbn. _µp-Ifpw _Ô\-§-fp-sam¶pan-Ãm¯ temI-t¯-¡v. \³a-sbt¶m Xn³a-sb-t¶m, \Ã-sXt¶m No¯-sbt¶m F\nt¡m \n§Ät¡m Ct¸mÄ Chn-sS-bn-cp¶v ]d-bm-\m-Im¯ Hcp imizX temI-t¯¡v''

imen\n Ie-§nb I®p-I-fmepw s]m«pI-fmepw ho«n-te¡v h¶n-cp-¶p. kabw \me-c-bm-bn-¡mWpw IrjvW³ : -þ ""a¡tf hm \ap¡v `£Ww Ign¡mw'' im´ : -þ ""AXn\v ChnsS H¶panà a\pjym'' (im´ k¦-S-t¯mSpw AaÀj-t¯mSpw IqSn hne-]n-¨p) IrjvW³ : -þ ""k¼¯p Ime¯v Imh¯v \«m ... AsXSn \ap¡v Imh-¯p-I-gn¡mw Rm³ ]pgp-§n-bn «p v.''

kw`m-jW iI-e-tijw cm{Xn-bnse \yqkv Ah-dnsâ i_vZ-[m-c. AX-§s\ XpS-cp¶p ""Rm³ cta-jvIp-amÀ'' {][m-\-hmÀ¯-IÄ

(im-en-\nbpw ic¯pw h¶p-tN-cp-¶p) imen\n : -þ ""AÑm F\n¡v ...... F\n-¡v.... Hcp Imcyw ]d-bm\p v''

""hb-\m-«n ho ]£ _µv''

( AXn-\nsS ic¯v NmSn Ib-dn)

a{´n. i_vZ[mc ]Xps¡ ]Xps¡ IÀ«³ Xm¶p-sIms bncp-¶p.''

""acn¨ IpSpw_w bYmÀ° IÀj-I-c-söv hIp¸p

ic¯v : -þ ""C{]m-h-iys¯ hnfhv In«p-t¼mÄ F\n¡v ssk¡nfv hmt§m AÑm?'' IrjvW³ : -þ (Nncn-¡p-Itbm Ic-bp-Itbm sN¿p-¶p) ""B FÃmw icn-bmIpw FÃmw.... im´ :-þ ""\¶mbn Ign¡q a¡sf'' (th-Zn-bnse shfn¨w Aenªv Aenªv CÃm-Xm-Ip-¶p. AW-ª-Xp-t]m hnS-cp-¶p) imen\nbpsSbpw A\-kn-sâ-bpw a[p-hn-[p, t{]ak-¼-¶-amb cmhv {]X-e-¯n-se¶ t]m sXfn-bp-¶p) Hcp]mSv kplr-¯p-¡-fp-ambn icXv Xsâ ]pXnb ssk¡nÄ Nhn-«p-¶p. {]Xn-_n-w_w t]m sXfn-bp-¶p. ]Ým-Xe kwKo-X-¯nsâ {ipXn-s¡m¯v shfn¨w AW-bp-¶p. ]n¶oSv sXfn-bp-¶Xv Hcp BÄXn-c-¡n-te¡m-Wv. BÄ¡q«w :þ ""thKw Ibäv B s_Un-tebv¡v InS¯v'' t\gvkv :þ ""tUmIvSÀ, t]mbvk¬ Ign-¨-Xm-sW¶p tXm¶p-¶p. \mep t]cp v.'' tUmIvSÀ

\mep-t]-cp-tSbpw

\mUn-an-Sn¸v

pw IÀjI Bß-]-Xy. \msf {]Xn-

]cn-tim-

69

Ipd-bp-¶-X-\p-k-cn¨v


hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

kvac-WnI

IhnX

HmW-hn-I-S³ \µ-In-tjmÀ

sjhÀ½ ihÀ½-bm-bn. hÀ½-I-fn tIa³amÀ¯m-WvU-hÀ½ F«p-ho-«n ]nÅ-am-cpsS ihÀ½³ \mgn-bn \mgn-Ibän-bm Bh-\mgn. A¼-d. Bh-\m-gn-bn Bh-\mgn Ib-än-bm bp²w. _men þ kp{Ko-h-bp-²w. hm\c hÀK-k-acw aÀ¡-S-apjvSn bp²w. HmW-¡-fn-I-fn {][m\w ]pen-¡-fn. ssSKÀ t¹. ]pd¯p s]bvâw AI¯p ss]âpw kaw tNÀ¶m ]pen¡fn Kw`o-cw. ]«-b-¡q-«-sam¶mbn-«m-Imiw ]nf-cpw-]Sn BhÀ¯n¨p el-fn-¨m s\Ãn-bm-¼-Xn-bm-bnSpw ]pÃmtW ]pÃmtW Ip½m«n R§Ä¡p ]pÃmtW XÃmtW XÃmtW cmjv{Sobw R§Ä¡p XÃmtW IÃmtW IÃmtW s\©Iw R§sS IÃmtW sImÃpt¼mÄ sImÃn¡p-t¼mÄ R§Ä¡Iw Icn-¦-ÃmtW sN¯n-\-S-¡p-thm³ _oh-td-P³ sam¯n¡p-Sn-¡p-thm³ _oh-td-P³ I¯n¨p tIdp-thm³ _oh-td-P³ XpÅm-t¯m³ XpÅp¶ _oh-td-P³

70


kvac-WnI

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

\mSIw F§-s\-bp-

mbn? kn. FÂ. tPmkv

Iebv¡v a\p-jy-Po-hn-X-t¯mfw

Xs¶ ]g-¡-ap -v. kmam-\ymÀ° -¯n A§s\ ]d-bm-sa-¦nepw kXy-¯n a\p-jysâ BhnÀ`m-h¯n\pap-¼p-Xs¶ Ie-I-fntÃ? Iem]-c-amb kuµ-cy-antÃ? kÀÆm-IÀjI-amb {]IrXnXs¶ {]]© IÀ¯m-hnsâ Iem-]-c-amb Ic-hn-cpXnsâ \nZÀi-\-atÃ? ae-Ifpw ac-§fpw ]pg-Ifpw ]q¡-fpw ImSp-Ifpw tXmSp-I-fpw ]£n-Ifpw ie-`-§fpw ISepw Imbepw hnim-e-amb BIm-ihpw a\w-I-h-cp¶ ag-hnÃpw aÕyK-W-§fpw arK-k-©-b-§fpw kqcyN{µ-·mcpw \£-{X-Pm-e-§fpw F¶p -th kÀÆ-NcmNc-§fpw hniz-inev]n-bpsS Iem {]Xn-`m-k-§-ftÃ? a\p-jy³ `qap-J¯p cq]-s¸-«Xn-\p-tijw {]Ir-Xnbpw AXnsâ Iem-ku-µ-cy-§fpw Ah³ Bkz-Zn-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. AXn-eqsS Iem-]-cambn {]mNo\kaqlw hf-cp-I-bm -bn-cp-¶p. a\p-jy-Po-hn-X-¯nÂ\n¶p Ie-tbtbm Ie-bnÂ\n¶p Pohn-Xs¯tbm thÀs]-Sp-¯p-I. km²y a-Ã. A{X-am{Xw Ie Pohn-X-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸«ncn-¡p-¶p. a\p-jysâ Hmtcm sNbvXn-I-fnepw Ne-\§-fn

epw Hcp-hn-[-¯n-e-sÃ-¦n asäm-cp -hn-[-¯n Ie-bpsS Awi-§Ä ebn-¨p-In-S-¡p-¶Xp ImWmw. Imet`-Z-§-f-\p-k-cn¨p Pohn-X-¯nepw AXp-t]mse Ie-I-fnepw ]In-«p-I-fp-w ]pXp-a-Ifpw ]cn-jvIm-c-§fpw ]cnhÀ¯\§fpw h¶p-sIm-t- bn-cp-¶p. temI-¯nsâ Ncn-{X-¯n BZyambn Km\w Be-]n-¨-Xm-cmWv? Ft¸mÄ, Fhn-sS-h¨v, Bcp ]mSn? BZys¯ Nn{Xw hc-¨-Xm-cmWv? F§s\, Fhn-sS-h¨v, F´nsâ Nn{Xw hc¨p? H¶m-a-Xmbn \r¯w sNbv X - X m- c mWv? BÀ¡p- t h - n , Ft¸mÄ, FhnsS \r¯w-sNbvXp? \mS-Ihpw IYbpw Ihn-XbpsaÃmw GtXXp {]tZ-i-§-fnÂ, Bsc-ÃmamWv cNn-¨Xv? \mS-Iw F§-s\, GXp-co-Xn-bnÂ, Fhn-sS-h-¨v, Bcv, A`n-\-bn¨p? BImw-£m-`-cn-c-X-§fmb C¯cw tNmZy-§Ä¡v D¯cw ]d-bm³ BÀ¡pw Ign-ªn-Ã. Ign-bp-IbpanÃ. Ncn-{Xm-Xo-X-Im-es¯ Ie-bpsS Ieh-d-bn Ah-cpsS \ma-t[-b-§fpw Ah-cpsS hnh-c-W-§fpw am\h {i²-bnÂs¸-SmsX s]mSn-]p-cpw Nfn aqSnbpw InS-¸p- m-Ipw. {]mNo-\-XbpsS ]md-s¡-«p-I-fn hnÅ-ep- m

71

¡n AXn-eqsS \pg-ªp-I-b-dm-\pw Ncn-{X-¯nsâ a¬Xn-«-IÄ sh«ns¸m-fn-¨p. KÀ¯-§Ä krjvSn¨v AXnsâ AKm-[-X-bn-te-¡n-d-§ns¨-Ãm\pw Ign-hpÅ kml-kn-I-\mb a\p-jyÀ C¯cw hkvXp-X-I-fp-sS ASn-th-cp-I-f-t\z-jn-¨p-sIm v F{X `Ko-cY {]bXv\w \S-¯n-bmepw ^e-kn-²n-bp -m-hn-Ã. Dul§-fn \n¶v Dudn-¡n-«p-¶Xpw k¦-ev] -§-fnÂ\n¶v Dcp-¯n-cn-ªp- h-cp-¶ -Xp-amb Nne \nK-a-\-§-fn-se-¯nt¨-cmt\ B[p-\n-I-a-\p-jy\p Ign-bq. ]¨ne¡m«n-eqsS XpÅn-¨m-Sn-t¸mIp¶ ]pÅn-ams\ I n-«m-bn-cn¡mw Hcp]s£, a\p-jy³ \r¯w- N-hn-«nb-Xv. B am³t]-S-bpsS XpÅn-¨m-«¯n-epÅ Xmfhpw `wKnbpw I v Ah³ BthiwsIm n-cn-¡Ww. AX-sÃ-¦n ]oen-hn-cn-¨pÅ abnensâ at\m-l-c-\r-¯-amhmw Ahs\ \r¯-am-Sm³ t{]cn-¸n-¨-Xv. B abq-c\r-¯hpw Xmfm-ß-I-amb Nph-Sphbv]pw Ahs\ BËm-Zn-¸n-¨p -Im-Wpw. AXnsâ t]cn Ah³ NmSn. Iptd-¡qSn {Iahpw Xmfhpw Nn«bpwhcp¯n NmSn. A§s\ bmbn-cn-¡Ww \r¯w cq]wsIm Xv BIm-i-¯n-eqsS If-I-fw-s]bvXp ]d-¶p-t]m-Ip¶ ]d-h-¡q-«-§-fpsS


kvac-WnI

a[p-c-i-_vZtam AsÃ-¦n Imä-¯nf-Inb apf-¦m-Snsâ kwKo-Xm-ß-Iamb aÀ½-c-§tfm Nqfw-hn-fntbm tI«n-«m-bn-cn¡mw a\p-jy³ BZyambn ]m«p-]m-Sn-bXv. Ic-bp¶ Ipªns\ Dd-¡p¶-Xn-\mbn A½-bpsS Xgp-In-¯tem-SnbpÅ aqfn-¸m«pw Xmcm«pw CXnsâ Hcp hI-t`-Z-am-Imw. ]fp-¦p-\o-scm-gp-Ip¶ Im«-cp-hn-bn AsÃ-¦n I®m-Sn-P-e-apÅ IpfnÀ s¸m-bvI-bn Xsâ cq]w {]Xn_nw-_n-¨p- I-- t¸mÄ AÛp-XmËm-Z-§ÄsIm p aXn-a-d¶ a\p-jy³ A¯-c-sam-cp cq]w GsX-¦nepw ]md-¸p-dt¯m hr£-¯-Sn-bntem hc-bv¡m³ {ian-¨-Xnsâ ^e-am-b-«mhWw Nn{X-Ie cq]-sa-Sp-¯Xv. AY-hm, Hcp-]t£, s]m¶p-j-Ênsâ tim`bpw Ip¦p-a-k-Ôy-bpsS Im´nbp-a-S¡w BIm-i¯p kw`-hn¡p¶ \ndwamähpw hÀ®m-¦n-X-amb taL-Pm-ehpw Ahs\ Nn{X-sagp-Xm³ Dt¯-Pn-¸n-¨n-«p- m-hmw. amwkw Np«p-Xn¶pw ImbvI-\n-IÄ `£n¨pw Im«p-tX³ Duän-¡p-Sn¨pw Pohn¨ a\p-jy³, hni-¸p-am-än-b -tijw Iq«w-Iq-Sn-bn-cp¶p shSn-]-d-bpIbpw hn{i-an-¡p-IbpwsNbvX-t¸mÄ Ipd-¨p-t]ÀtNÀ¶v taev]dª Nn{XI-e-bpsS klm-b-t¯msS apJ¯p Icbpw Nmbhpw tX¨p-sIm p ]m«p ]mSp-Ibpw XpÅn-¨mSn \r¯wh-bv¡p-Ibpw sNbvXv aäp-Å-hsc ckn-¸n-¨p-Im-Wpw. th«-bmSn Pohn¨n-cp¶ BZn-a-\p-jy³ \mbm-«n-\n-Sbn t\cn-tS -n-h¶ {]Xn-_-Ô -§-sfbpw lnw{k-P-´p-¡-fp-ambn \S-¯nb Poh-·-c-W-t]m-cm-«-§ -sfbpw hoc-km-l-knI \nan-j-§sfbpw ]p\-cm-hn-jvI-cn¨v kvtXm`-P\-I-amb coXn-bn `mh-lm-hm-Zn-I--

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

tfmsS Iq«p-Im-cpsS ap¼n A`n-\-bn-¨p-ImWpw. AXv Hcp-]-t£, ]IÂsh-fn-¨-¯n-emhmw, cm{Xn-bn hndIp Iq«n I¯n¨v B Pzme-I-fpsS {]Im-i-¯n-emhmw, hr£-§-fpsS Nph-«n-emhmw AsÃ-¦n Kpl-ap-J -¯m-hmw. AXp-t]m-se-Xs¶ aäp-Åh-cpsS kc-khpw k¦-S-I-c-hp-amb A\p-`-h-§-fn IuXpIw Is-¯nb GsX-¦nepw `mh-\m-k-¼-¶³ Xsâ Npcp¡w Nne N§m-Xn-I-fpsS klm-b-t¯msS A¯cw A\p`-h-§Ä aäp a\p-jy-cpsS ap¼nÂ, Iem-Nm-Xp-cn-tbmsS Km\-cq-]-¯ntem kw`m-j-W-cq-]-¯ntem {]ISn-¸n-¨p-Im-Wpw. Npäpw IqSn-b-hÀ AXp-I v BËm-Z] - qÀÆw ckn-¨n-«p m-hpw. ckn-¨hÀ Bkzm-Z-Icpw ckn¸n-¨-hÀ A`n-t\-Xm-¡fpw AXn-\mbn Xnc-sª-Sp¯ Øew cwK-th-Zn-bpam-bn. A§s\ BZys¯ Ah-X-c-Wkw-Lhpw t{]£IkZ-Êpw cwK-thZnbpw `qap-J-¯p- m-bn. \ap-¡n-Xns\ {]mNo-\-a-\p-jysâ {]mIr-X -cq-]-¯n -epÅ \mSIw F¶v t]À hnfn-¡mw. C§s\bmbn-cn-¡ntà BZy\m-S-I-¯nsâ BhnÀ`mhw? C¯-c -¯n-em-bn-cp-¶ntà BZys¯ \mS-Imh-X-cWw? bpàn-Nn-´bpw at\m[À½hpw k¦-ev]-§fpw h¨v hn`m-h\wsN¿p-t¼mÄ A§s\ tXm¶n-t¸m-Ip-¶p.

Bcw-`-¯n CXp aX-]-c-amb Bcm[-\-bpsS cq]-¯n-em-bn-cp¶ {Kokn se \mS-I-¯n\v 2500þtesd hÀj s¯ ]g-¡-ap -v. _n. kn. A©mw \qäm- n¯s¶ bh-\-\m-S-I-§Ä [mcmfw Ac-t§-dn-s¡m- n-cp-¶p. tdmanse ØnXnbpw GXm v C§-s\-sbm-s¡-¯-s¶. {Kokn hnf-sh-Sp¸p Ign-ªm P\-§Ä¡v DÕ-h-th-f-bm-Wv. tZh{]o-Xn-¡p-th n AhÀ ]m«p-]m-SpIbpw \r¯-am-Sp-Ibpw \mS-I-§Ä A`n-\-bn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp-t]m-¶p. tdman Km\m-em-]-\-t¯m-Sp-Iq-SnbpÅ \r¯-§fpw A`n-\-b-§fpw {Kmao-W-hn-t\m-Z-ambn hfÀ¶p -h-cp-¶p. Cw¥-n \mS-I-Ie \ms¼-Sp -¯-Xp-Xs¶ ss{IkvX-h-tZ-hm-e-b -§-fnse _en-]o-T-¯n\p ap¼n-emWv. a²y-i-X-I-§-fn Bcm-[-\m-{I-a§Ä e¯o³`m-j-bn-em-bn-cp-¶t¸m Ä Ah-bpsS AÀ°w km[m-cW P\-§sf {Kln-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th n ]ptcm-ln-X-·mcpw k¶ym-kn-Ifpw Ah-bpsS Cw¥ojv cq]-§Ä A`n-\b-Nm-Xp-cn-tbmsS tZhm-e-b-¯n\p DÅnÂsh-¨p-Xs¶ Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡pI ]Xn-hm-bn-cp-¶p. {InkvXp-a-Ên-t\m-S -\p-_-Ôn¨p {InkvXp-hnsâ Pohn-Xm -´y-cw-K-§fpw A`n-\-bn-¡-s¸-«n -cp-¶p.

\mSIw hf-cp¶p Ime-N{Iw Xncn-ªp. bpK-§Ä IS-¶p-t]m-bn. Imem-´-c-§-fn-eqsS \mS-I-¯nepw amäwh¶p. cq]-¯nepw `mh-¯nepw A`n-\-b-¯nepw LS-\bnepw ssien-bnepw Ht«sd amä-§Ä. bqtdm-¸n {Koknepw tdman-epamWv BZyw \mS-I-ap - m-b-Xv.

72

]n¡m-e-§-fn Cu A`n-\-b-Ie tZhm-e-b-¯nÂ\n¶p shfn-bn ¡-S-¶p. IqSp-X IYm-]m-{X-§-sfbpÄs¸-Sp¯n [mcm-f-am-fp-IÄ¡v ImW-¯-¡-hn-[-¯n Cu Ie {]ZÀ in-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn\p tZhm-e-bhpw sshZn-Icpw aXn-bm-Im-sX-h-¶p. ssh Zn-I-c-Ãm-¯-hÀ¡v tZhm-e-b-¯n-e -`n-\-bn-¡m³ A\p-hm-Z-an-Ãm-bn-cp-¶p.


kvac-WnI

C§-s\-bmWv Cw¥ -nse \mSIw ]Ån-bn apf¨v shfn-bn-te¡p -]-SÀ¶-Xv. Bwt¥-b-\m-SIw ]n¶oSv {Ia-{]-hr-²-\-ambn hfÀ¶p hnImkw- {]m-]n-¨p-sIm -n-cp-¶p. C\n `mc-¯n-te¡p IS-¶mtem? `mc-X-¯nse \mS-I-th-Zn¡v At\-I\q-äm -p-IÄ ]g-¡ap -v. G.-Un. 300-þ-\-Sp¯v `c-X-ap-\n-bmWv \mSyimkv{Xw cNn-¨-Xv. AXn\pw hf-sc¡mew ap¼p-Xs¶ `mc-X-¯n [mcmfw kwkvIr-X-\m-S-I-§Ä cNn-¡-s¸-Sp-Ibpw A`n-\-bn-¡-s¸-SpIbpw sNbvXn-«p -v. cmam-b-Whpw alm-`m-c-Xhpw aäp IrXn-Ifpw Bkv ]-Z-am-¡n-bp-Å-h-bmWv Ah.

ae-bm-f-¯nse BZy\mSIw GXv? tIc-f-¯n-te¡p h¶mtem? tIc-f¯nsâ kz´-amb Zriy-I-em-cq-]-amWtÃm IY-I-fn. 17-þmw \qäm -nsâ A´y-¯n cq]w-sIm-Xm-sW-¦n epw 18-þmw \qäm -n-emWv AXp ]¨-]n-Sn¨p hfÀ¶-Xv. t£{X-§-tfm-S -\p-_-Ôn¨v Bcm-[-\-bpsS `mK-sa¶ \ne-bnepw AXn-\p-]p-dsa apJyambpw cmP-sIm-«m-c-§-fnepw ]ÞnX-k-Z-Êp-I-fn-epw htc-Wy- hÀ¤¯nsâ ap¼nepw Ah-Xn-cn-¸n-¨pt]m¶ IY-I-fn-bpsS Bkzm-Z\w Kl-\-am-bn-cp-¶p. IY-I-fn-bn I Ybpw A`n-\-b-hp-sa-Ãm-ap-s -¦nepw PmXn-a-X-t`-Z-sat\y \mSIw ae-bm-f¯n Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨p-Xp-S-§n-bt¸m -gm-Wv. ae-bm-f-`m-jbv¡v \qäm -p -I-fpsS ]g-¡-ap-s¦nepw B `mj-bn Hcp \mS-I-ap- mbn«v H¶-c -\q-äm -p-t]m-ep-am-bn-«n-Ã. CXp- Xs¶ XÀ¡-¯n InS-¡p-I-bm-Wv. 1982-þ \qäm p XnI-ªp-sh¶v Hcp- Iq-«À.

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

AXn\pap-¼p-Xs¶ ae-bm-f-¯n \mS-I-ap- mbn F¶p asäm-cp- Iq-«À. tIc-f-hÀ½ hen-b-tIm-bn-¯-¼pcm³ alm-Ihn Imfn-Zm-ksâ imIp-´fw \mSIw kwkvIr-X -¯nÂ\n¶v hnhÀ¯\w sNbvXp {]kn-²o-I-cn-¨Xv 1882-þ-em-Wv. CXnsâ ASn-Øm-\-¯n-emWv 1982 iXm-_vZnhÀj-ambn IW-¡m-¡-s¸-«-Xv. F¶m X¼p-cmsâ -im-Ip-´-f¯n\pw ]Xn-\m-dp-hÀj-§Ä¡p ap¼v 1866-þ tjIvkv]n-b-dnsâ "tImaUn Hm^v Gtdgvkv' F¶ \mS-I-¯nsâ kzX-{´-hn-hÀ¯-\-ambn "BÄamdm«w' F¶ t]cn Hcp IrXn ]pd-¯n-d-§n. IÃqÀ D½³ ]oent¸mkv F¶ ]Þn-X-\mWv AXnsâ IÀ¯m-hv. C§s\ t\m¡p-t¼mÄ ae-bm-f-`m-j-bnse BZys¯ \mSIw "BÄam-dm«w' BWv. Cu hkvXpX `mjm-N-cn-{X-Im-c-·mcpsS {i²-bn s¸-Sm-sX-t]m-b-XmtWm? a\x-]qÀÆw ad-¶-XmtWm? AtXm ad-¨p-sh¨p adn-I-S-¶p-t]m-btXm? F´m-bmepw CXp X¼p-cm-t\mSp Im«nb BZ-c-hnt\-¡m-tfsd \mS-I-N-cn-{X-t¯mSp ImWn¨ A\m-Z-chpw Ah-tl-f-\-hpam-bn-t¸m-bn. AXn-\p-tijw hnhn[ \mS-IIr-¯p-¡Ä \nc-h[n \mS-I-§Ä Fgp-Xn-sb-¦nepw Ah-bn Gähpw {it²-bhpw \mS-Io-b-X-bn ap¶n-«p\n¡p-¶-Xp-amb \mSIw 1893-þ ]n.-sI. sIm¨o-¸³ Xc-I³ Fgp-Xnb adn-bm-½-\m-S-I-am-Wv. A½m-bn-b -½-t¸mcv F¶ kmaq-ly-{]-iv\-amWv AXnse {]ta-bw. A§s\ aem-b-f-¯nse BZys¯ ap´nb kzX-{´-\m-SIw F¶ hnti-j -W-¯n\v adn-bm-½-\m-SIw ]m{X-am-bn.

73

ae-bmf \mS-I-thZn hfÀ¶ph-cp-¶Xv hnhn[ L«-§-fn-eq-sS -bmWv. kwkvIr-X-\m-S-I-§Ä XÀ Öa sNbvXpw Ah-bpsS Nph-Sp]n-Sn¨p kzX-{´-\m-S-I-§Ä cNn¨pw IS-¶p-t]m¶ Hcp L«w. Xan-gv kw-Ko-X-\m-S-I-§Ä Ac-t§-dnbpw Ahsb A\p-I-cn-¨p-sIm v ae-bm-fkw-Ko-X-\m-S-I-§Ä Ah-X-cn-¸n¨pw IS-¶p-t]m-¶ asämcp L«w. \mS-I-§Ä ImWm³ tIc-fo-bÀ¡v Fs´-¶n-Ãm¯ Bth-i-ambncp¶p. ]«-W-§-fn lmfp-I-fnepw {]tXy-Iambn Hcp-¡nb Hme-sj-Íp-I-fnepw {Kma-{]-tZ-i-§-fn sImbv¯p Ign ª ]mS¯p sI«n-s¸m-¡nb sIm«-II-fn-ep-amWv A¶s¯ \mS-I-§Ä Ac-t§-dn-bn-cp-¶-Xv. Sn¡-sä-Sp¯p \mSIw ImWm³ \mSnsâ \m\m`m-K-¯p-\n¶pw P\w Hgp-Insb-¯n-bn-cp-¶p.


hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

kvac-WnI

IhnX

A]pjv]w

s{]m^. Iev]ä _me-Ir-jvW³

\ns¶ A]p-jv]-am-¡n-b-Xm-cmWv ? a\w \pdp-§nb hcnh p tNmZn¨p Ah-fpsS a\w au\ap-{ZnXw Ah-fp-e-ªp-t]m-bn-cp-¶-{X-ta Npgen ]nSn¨ Hcp sX¡³ Imäv Xnc-IÄ hncn-¨p-h-¶-tXmÀ½bp v Aw_-cm´ apg¡w `ojWw IWvT-¯n ]Xn-bn-cp-¶Xpw aW-se-dn-ªpÅ ap\-bpÅ Nncn Ifn-bm-«-sat¶ Icp-Xn-bpÅq Infn-Ifpw samgnªnà XS-h-d-bpsS N§-e-Nn-cn-sb¶v AhÄ au\t¯mSv au\n¨p A{X-ta-e-hÄ aqI-bm-bn-cp-¶p. Inkeb-cm-K-§ÄsIm v hnS-e-§Ä s]mXnb-cpXv; AwK-§-fn buh\w shdpsX k¶-²-am-¡-cpXv; Nc¡mäpw Nmä-a-gbpw AIse apIn-en³ Ze-aÀ½-c-§fpw kpKÔ kÃm-]-¯n\v kvt\l Xoc-§-fn Npän-b-Sn-¡-cpXv t\m¡q, AhÄ Ct¸mgpw Xnc-X-Ãn-¨n-X-dp¶ s]cp-au\am-Wv. Ze-]pS-a-dp-¡m-s\-¯nb hnS³amÀ "ImXn-tem-e'-sb¶v InX-¸m-äp-¶-tX-bpÅq Hcp aªp-ap-f-bpsS hnkn-e-Sn-tbmsS IS-¸mSv 1. Imfn-Zm-k³ 2. D®m-bn-hm-cyÀ

74


hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

kvac-WnI

angmhv hn.-sI.sI lcn-l-c³

`mc-X-¯nÂ

C¶-h-ti-jn¡p¶ A{Xn-{]m-No\ imkv{Xob \mS-Im-h-X-cW ssien-bmb IqSn-bm«-¯n-\pw, AXnsâ Xs¶ hI-t`-Z§-fmb \§ymÀIq-¯n-\pw, NmIymÀ Iq-¯n\pw Hgn-¨p-Iq-Sm-\m-Im¯ Hcp LS-I-amWv tZh-hm-Zy-sa¶p hnti -jn-¸n-¡m-hp¶ angm-hv. Zriy-I-eIÄ¡v s]mXp-sh-bpÅ Hcw-K-amWtÃm sIm«v. kwL-Im-e-Ir-Xn-Ifnepw aäpw ]cm-aÀin¨p ImWp¶ tIc-f-¯nse AXn-{]m-No\ hmZy§-fn-sem-¶mb angm-hmWv IqSn-bm-« -`n-\-bs¯ ]pjvSn-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xn {][m\ ]¦p-h-ln-¡p-¶-Xv. \mSyim-kv{X-¯n XX-hm-Zyw, Ah-\-²y-hm-Zyw, L\-hmZyw, kpjn-chmZyw F¶n-§s\ \mep-hn-`m-K§-fn-embn hmZy-§sf Xcw-Xn-cn-¨ncn-¡p-¶p. AXn Ah-\-²-hn-`m-K -¯nse `mÞ-hm-Zy-¯n-emWv angm-hn\v Øm\w. Iq¯pw-þ-Iq-Sn -bm-«hpw t£{X-§-fn am{Xw HXp§n Hc-\p-jvTm-\-ambn \S-¶ncp¶ Ime¯v angm-hv, Ipgn-¯m-fw, CS-bv¡, Ipdpw-Ip-gÂ, iwJv F¶o ] © - h m - Z y - § - f p s S AI-¼-Sn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bmWv cwKm-h-X-c-W-§Ä \S-¯n-bn-cp-¶-Xv. F¶m tZi-t`-Z-§Ä¡-\p-k-cn¨v Nne-bn-S-§-fn Xnan-ebpw D] -tbm-Kn-¨n-cp-¶p. \mSy-im-kv{X-{]-Imcw XX-hm-Zy-§Ä¡pw, kpjn-c- hm-Zy-§ Ä¡pw cq]-Im-h-X-c-W-¯n hfsc {]m[m\yw ImWp-¶p -v. F¶m XnI¨pw Hcp cq]-Im-h-X-c-W-amb IqSn-bm-«-¯n Ah-\-²-hn-`m-K-¯nepÄs¸-Sp¶ angm-hn-\mWv {][m\yw sImSp-¯n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. aäp-hm-Zy-§Ä taf-¯n\p sImgp-¸p-Iq-«m³ klmbn-¡p-¶p.

\½psS hmZy-hn-ti-j-§-fn h¨v {]mNo-\-X-sIm pw {]tbm-K-hn-ti-jwsIm pw am{X-aà angmhv {]tXyI -Øm-aÀln-¡p-¶-Xv. AXnsâ DÛ-h -s¯-¡p-dn-¨pw, Ncn-{X-]-cmaÀi-§-sf¡p-dn-¨pw, ]qP-hn-[n-I-sf-¡p-dn¨pw FÃmw e`n-¨n-«pÅ AsÃ-¦n e`n-¡p¶ tcJ-IÄ aäp- hm-Zy§-fnÂ\n¶pw angm-hn-¶pÅ hyXykvX-Xsb FSp-¯p-Im-Wn-¡p-¶p -v. DÛ-h-s¯-¡p-dn-¨pÅ sFXnlyw ap¼s¯ tIm«bw Xmeq-¡mbn-cp¶ C¶s¯ Xe-tÈcn Xmeq-¡nÂs¸« ]pc-fn-a-e-bn tZhI-fp-tSbpw aäp ]qP-IÄ kzoI-cn¨v kt´m-jn-¨p-sIm- n-cp¶ angm-sh¶ B Znhy-hm-Zyw, ae-bnÂ, ap¯-¸³ ssZh-¯nsâ BK-a-\-t¯m-Sp-IqSn Ahn- s S- \ n¶v Dcp- p- h o¶v ]gÈn cmPm-¡-·m-cpsS ]c-tZ-h-X-bm-bn¯o À¶ ZpÀ¤m-t£-{X-¯n X\n-¡À l-X-s¸« Øm\¯vh¶v hoWv AXv AhnsS Dd-bv¡p-Ibpw, angmhv h¶v hoWv Øe-am-b-Xp-sIm v B {]tZi¯n\v angm-hp-Ip¶v F¶pw, B ZpÀ¤m-tZ-hnbv¡v arZw-K-ssi-e-\nebm F¶ t]cpw {]kn-²-am-bn¯oÀ¶p. {ItaW angm-hm-Ip¶ \ma-t[bw tem]n¨v C¶s¯ apg¡p¶w Bbn¯oÀ¶p. taÂ{]-kvXm-hn¨ hkvXp-X-IÄ apg-¡p¶w t£{X-¯nse X{´nh-cysâ ]g-¡w-sN¶ Xmfn-tbm-e{K-Ù- §-fnÂ\n¶pw D²-cn-¨n-cn¡p-¶-h-bm-Wv.

Ncn-{X-]-cm-aÀi-§Ä hS-sh-¦Sw (A-Xm-bXv hS¡v Xncp-¸-Xn) apX sX³Ip-amcn (I-\ym--

75

Ip-am-cn) hsc H¶mbn tNc-cm-Pm-¡·mÀ `cn-¨n-cp¶ Ime¯v {]mtZ-inI `mj-bmbn Xan-gmWv D]-tbm-Kn¨n-cp-¶-Xv. C¶s¯ tIc-f-¯n IqSn-bm-«-¯n-\pw, AXnsâ hI-t`-Z§Ä¡pw am{Xw angmhv D]-tbmKn-¡p-t¼mÄ Xangv {]tZ-i-§-fn Ct{µm-Õhw apX-emb aäp-]-e-Xn\pw D]-tbm-Kn-¨n-cp¶Xmbn Xangv {KÙ -§Ä ]d-bp-¶p. DZm þ Nen-¸-Xn-Imcw F¶ hninjvS Xangv alm-Im-hy-¯n (1) Ac-t¦-{SpImssX (A-c-t§-äm-²ym-bw) F¶ A²ym-b-¯n "X³ Dssa ]n³h-gn-\n³{SXv apgsh' F¶-hcn (a-±fw hmbn-¨-Xn-¶-\p-tbm-Py-ambn an gmhv hmbn-¨p) ImWp-¶p -v. ChnsS tZh-Zm-kn-bmb am[-hn-bpsS \r¯ -¯nsâ Ac-t§-ä-¯n\v a±-f-t¯m -sSm¸w {ipXn-tNÀ¶v angmhpw hmbn-¨-t{X. (2) Ct{µm-Õ-h-¯n hgn-bn¡qSn angm-hp-hm-bn¨v \S-¶ncp¶p F¶pw (C-t{µm-Õhw F¶ A²ym-bw). (3) IÀjIÀ sImbvXv saXn-¡p-t¼mÄ Ah-cp-sS A-²zm\w eLq-Icn-¡m³ angm-hp-sIm«n ]m«p]m-Snbn-cp¶p F¶pw. (4) "]pd-t©cn Cdp¯ ImssX' F¶ A²ymb-¯n ]S-I-tfm-Sp-IqSn angm-hphm-bn-¨n-cp-¶-Xnsâ ]cm-aÀi-§fpw aäpw ImWp-¶p -v. angm-hn\v Nne-¸-XnIm-c-¯n "apg' F¶pw "IpS-apg' F¶pw-t]À ]d-ªp-h-cp-¶p. kmln-Xy-Ir-Xn-I-fn angm-hnsâ apg-¡-s¯-¡p-dn¨v FSp-¯p-]-d-bp¶p -v. "apg-hn³ apg¡w' F¶ Hcp sNmÃp-Xs¶ Xan-g-I¯v {]kn²-am-Wv. ae-bm-f-`m-j-bnse {]mNo-\amb I®È cmam-b-W-¯n CSnap-g-¡-¯n\p kZr-iy-ambn angm-hnsâ \mZs¯ D]-an¨p ImWp-¶p.


hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

kvac-WnI (-In-jv¡n-Ôm-ImÞw þ hÀjhÀ®-\, CSn-bm-In\ angm-shmen-bm-ep-S-t\-hÀ¡pw.....-F-¶n-§-s\) ]pcm-W-I-Y-I-fn angm-hns\ _mWmkp-c-\p-ambn _Ô-s¸-Sp-¯n- Im-Wp¶p -v. inh-Xm-Þ-h-¯n\v tIa-ambn angm-hp-hm-bn-¨-Xn k´p-jvS-\mb inh³ Bbncw ssIIÄ D m-hs« F¶v _mWs\ A\p-{K-ln-¨Xpw aäpw ImWp-¶p. AXp-t]m-se-Xs¶ hnjvWphpw \µn-tI-iz-\pw, BbncwssII-fp-ambn _mW\pw inh-\r-¯-¯n\v angm-hn tafsam-cp-¡p¶ NphÀNn-{X-§Ä tIc-f -¯n ]e-t£-{X-§-fnepw ImWmw. Cu ASp-¯-bnsS tUm. kv¡dn-bk-¡-dnb P\-d FUn-ä-dm-bpÅ N§-\m-tÈ-cn-bnse tIc-f-]-T-\ -tI{µw ]¿-¶qÀ]m«v F¶ {KÙw ]pd-¯n-d-¡p-I-bp - m-bn. AXn angmhns\¡pdn-¨pÅ ]c-amÀi-§Ä ImWp-¶p -v. hmZy-ap-g¡w tI«v Bfp-IÄ hcp-¶-Xpw, Iq¯p-Xp-S-§mdmbn F¶-dn-bn-¡p-¶Xpw aäpw hnkvX-cn-¡p-¶p -v. CXn-\pw-]p-dsa angm-hn\v ]e hI-t`-Z-§fpw Ds- ¶pw, Xan-gp-\m«nse Xncp-hm-cqÀ t£{X-¯n A©p- ap-J-§-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb Hcp angmhv Ds - ¶pw, (a-{Zm-knse FÜqÀ ayqkn-b-¯nepw ]©-ap-J -hmZyw h¨n-«p -v.) C¶pw DÕ-hIm-e¯v Ipd¨v kabw B hmZyw Hc-\p-jvTm\wt]mse i_vZn-¸n-¡p -¶p- s ¶pw Adnªv t]m n-t¨cn-bnse BZn- iàn F¶ Xn¿-äÀ kwL-t¯m-sSm¸w teJ-I³ AhnSw kµÀin¨v hnh-c-§Ä tiJ-cn-¡p-Ibp - m-bn. ]-c-a-in-hsâ A©v apJ§-sf¶v hnti-jn-¸n-¡m-hp¶ ktZym-Pm-Xw, hma-tZ-hw, AtLm-cw, XÂ]p-cp-jw, Cuim\w F¶o t]cpI-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb A©p-ap-J-§-fpÅ Cu angmhv angm-hp-hm-Z-Isc kw_Ôn¨v ]co-£-W-tbm-Ky-am-t¡-- Xm -Wv. A©p-ap-J-§-fnÂ\n¶pw

]pd-s¸-Sp¶ hyXykvX i_vZ-§Ä sIm v Hcp \mZ-{]-]©w Xs¶ krjvSn-¡m³ sIev]pÅ Cu hmtZym-]-I-cWw C¶v \mam-h-ti-jam-bn-s¡m -n-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv.

Dd-¸pÅ {]tXyIw X¿m-dm-¡p¶ Hcp-Xcw Ifn-a-®p-sIm- mWv BZyIm-e-§-fn angmhv D m-¡n-bn-cp-¶-Xv. ]n¶o-SXv kuI-cymÀXYw sN¼pX-In-Sn-te¡v amdn. C¶p-Im-Wp-¶-Xpw, D]-tbm-K-¯n-ep-Å-Xp-amb FÃm angm-hp-Ifpw sN¼p-X-In-Sn XoÀ¯h-bm-Wv. angm-hnsâ BIr-Xn-sb -¡p-dn-t¨m, hep-¸-s¯-¡p-dn-t¨m, imkv{X-hn[n DÅ-Xmbn tI«n-«-Ã. an¡-hmdpw I p-h-cp¶ FÃmw-Xs¶ AÞm-Ir-Xn-bn-epÅ henb IqS¯nsâ Omb-bn-em-Wv. ASn-`m-K¯v AÀ²-tKm-fm-Ir-Xn-bn Hcp XÅn¨ (projection) D v. ]Å `mK-¯mbn i_vZ-kp-J-¯n\v th n Hcp Zzmchpw D m-bn-cn¡pw angm-hnsâ hmbvtXm sIm v apSn-h-cn-ªp- sI-«n-bm D]tbm-Kn-¡m-dm-bn.

kw-kvIm-c-¯n-epÅ F«p-{In-b-IÄ sN¿-Ww. KÀ`m-[m-\w, ]pwk-h-\w, kma-´-D-¶-b-\w, PmX-IÀ½w, \ma-Ic-Ww, A¶-{]m-i-\w, Nufw, D]-\b\w F¶o {Inb-IÄ {Iaw-t]mse sNbvXv {_Ò-Nm-co-{h-X-¯n \nÀ ¯p-¶p. ]n¶oSv ss\thZyw Ign¨v \ocm-RvP\w Dgnªv X{´n, \¼ymsc angmhv G¸n-¡p-¶p. \¼ymÀ angm-hn tXmÂs]m-Xnªv hmbn-¡p-¶p. C§ns\ Xm{´n-Ihn-[n-IÄ¡v tijw tZhm-e-b§-fnse ]©-{]m-km-Z-§-fn-sem-¶mb \mSy-{]-km-Z-¯n (Iq-¯-¼-e -¯nÂ) IpX-]-Øm-\-¯n-cp¶v {_ÒN-cy-{h-X-t¯msS HmwIm-cw-sIm v \mZ-{_-Òs¯ Bcm-[n-¡p-I-bm -sW-¶mWv Cu hmZy-¯nsâ k¦ ¸w. C§s\ ip²n-sNbvX angmhns\ asäÃm hmZy-§-fp-sSbpw \mY-\mbn Icp-Xmw. sN , a±fw XpS-§nb hmZy-hn-ti-j-§Ä AWn \n-c-¡p¶ IY-I-fn-bnse hµ-\tÇm-I-¯n angm-hnsâ DÛ-h -Øm-\-sa¶p Icp-Xp¶ apg-¡p-¶pt£-{X-t¯bpw, angm-hn-t\bpw hµn-¡p-¶p -v. (DZm þ ar-Zw-K-ssi-e\n-ebmw {iot]mÀ¡eo F¶-Xv.)

]qP\w

kwkv¡mcw

angm-hn-s\-¡p-dn¨p enJn-X-]-cmaÀi-§Ä C§ns\ t]mIp-¶p.

\nÀ½mWw

]g-b-Im-e-§-fn ]pXn-b-Xmbn Hcp an-gmhp \nÀ½n-¨p-I-gn-ªm AXns\ cwK-{]-thiw sN¿n-¡-Wsa-¦n GXm\pw Nne Xm{´nI NS-§p-IÄ \nÀt±-in-¡p-¶p -v. Hcp kzkvXn ]ß-an«v s\Ãv, Acn, ZÀ` apX-em-b hkvXp-¡ÄsIm v Hcp ]oTw h¨v AXn\p apI-fn angmhv Ia-gv¯n-h-¡p-¶p. ]ns¶ KW-]Xnsb {]km-Zn-¸n¨v ]pWymlw Ign¨v \mµn Du«n (A-Xm-bXv Z£nW sImSp-¯v) `qX-hn-tim-Y\w sN¿m³ (an-gmhv D m-¡n-bn-«pÅ ]©-`q-X§sf ip²o-I-cn¨v \µn-tI-izs\ Bhm-l\w sN¿m³ tbmKy-am-¡n¯oÀ¡p-I) ]n¶oSv \µo-tI-iz-s\ Bhm-l\w sNbvXv AÀLy-]m-Zym-ZnIÄ sImSp¯v tImSn-hkv{Xw DSp -¸n¨v tlmaw Ign¨v tjmU-i-

76

angm-hn\v Fs´-¦nepw AwK-`wKw h¶m Hcp t£{X-¯nse tISph¶ _nw_w F§ns\ kwkv¡-cn¡ptam AtX-]-Sn-Xs¶ angm-hnt\bpw kwkv¡-cn-¡p-¶p. kwkv¡mc-hn-[n-I-fmb NS§p-IÄ FÃmw Ign¨v B ssNX\yw tZh-\n tbmPn-¸n¨p Ign-ªm a®p-sIm -p Å angm-hm-sW-¦n AXv ]pd-¯p -sIm- p-h¶v Ipgn-bpsS Acn-In sh¨v NtÞ-iz-cs\ Bhm-ln¨v NtÞ-iz-c-a{´w sIm v B Ipgnbn h¨v a®n-«p-aq-Sp-¶p. sN¼p -sIm- p-Å-Xm-sW-¦n Pothm-Zzm-k \w Ign-ªm Dcp-¡n-h-¡mw. C¯cw NS-§p-I-fnÂ\n¶pw anÊn-em-¡p-¶ Hcp Imcyw \µn-


kvac-WnI

tI-iz--s\¶ k¦-ev]-¯n-emWv angmhns\ ]cn-N-cn-¡p-¶Xv F¶-Xm-Wv. \µn-tI-iz-³ ]c-a-in-hsâ hml\w am{X-aà inhsâ XmÞ-h-¯n\v Xmfw ]nSn-¡p¶ hmZy-¡m-c³ IqSn-bm-W-t{X. AXp-sIm v \µnsb Xmf-hm-Zy-§-fp-sS-sbÃmw tZh-Xbmbn IW-¡m-¡p-¶p. B \µnsbbmWv angm-hn k¶n-th-in-¸n¡p-¶-Xv. AXn-\m angm-hn\v Aip²n _m[n-¡msX t\m¡p-IIbpw thWw. A\y-k-ap-Zm-b-¡mÀ kv]Àin-¡p-Itbm Iq¯-¼-e-¯n \n¶pw ]pd-¯p-sIm- p-h-cn-Itbm sN¿-cp-sX-¶mWv ] s¯ \nb-aw. Chn-sS-sbÃmw Hcp-]t£ Iq¯v-þ-Iq-Sn-bm-«-§Ä t£{X-tI-{µo-Ir-X-am-b-Xn-\p-ti-j-am Imw {Iao-I-cn-¡-s¸-«-Xv. ap³ Ncn-{Xtc-J-IÄ hni-I-e\w sN¿p-t¼mÄ angm-hns\ kw_-Ôn-¡p¶ Cu NS-§p-IÄ¡v Hcp {]k-ànbpw CÃ. \r¯m-Zn-IÄ¡pw, DÕ-hm-h-k-c -§-fn-epw, sImbv¯p- ]m-«p-IÄ¡ -I-¼-Sn-bmbpw hmbn-¨n-cp¶p F¶v ]d-b-s¸-Sp¶ angmhv F§ns\ \mS-Im-`n-\b (Iq-Sn-bm-«-hp-am-bn) _Ô-s¸«p F¶Xv C¶pw AÚm-Xam-Wv. {_mÒ-W-Ip-e-¯nse D¶-X-cmb A¡n-¯n-cn-amÀ Znhw-K-X-cm-bm Ah-cpsS Bßm-¡Ä¡pÅ tam£{]m-]vXn-¡mbn NpS-e-I-fn Xme-¡menI Iq¯p-a-Þ-]-§-fp -m¡n Iq ¯v Ign-¡m-dp-s ¶pw CXn\v NpS-e -¡q¯v F¶p-t]À ]d-bp-¶-Xmbpw Hcp sFXnlyw D v. (C¶v ]qÀ®-ambpw \ne-¨p-t]m-bn-cn-¡p¶p CXv) Hcp e£y-{]m]vXn Dt±-in-¨psIm v sNbvXn-cp¶ Cu IÀ½w ({]-hr-¯n) A`n-\b {][m-\-amb Hcp Iem-cq-]-ambn amdn-bXv AXm-bXv A`n-\-bn-¡-embn amdn-bXv angmhv IqSn- t ¨À¶- t Xm- S p- I q- S n- b m- W - t {X. bix-È-co-c-\mb {io hnez-h-«¯v cmhp®n \¼ymÀ ]d-ª-dnª Hcp

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

kwK-Xn-bm-Wn-Xv. GXm-bmepw kmXznI-{]-[m-\-amb IqSn-bm-«-¯n ck -]pjvSnhcp-¯m³ atä-Xp-hm-Zy-t¯ -¡mfpw tbmKy-am-bn-«pÅXv angm-hpX-s¶-bmWv F¶-Xn BÀ¡pw FXn-c-`n-{]mbw D m-hm³ CS-bn-Ã. ]cn-Wmaw þ hfÀ¨ Ime-{]-hm-l-¯nsâ KXn-bn-se-hnsS-sbm-s¡tbm `c-W-]-c-ambpw kmaq-ly-ambpw Ignª Iptd Ime-§-fn-embn h¶ ]e-am-ä§-fp-tSbpw ^ew Iem-aq-ey-§-fpsS BsI XIÀ¨-bm-bn-cp-¶p. CXv Iq¯vþIq-Sn-bm-«-th-Zn-bpsS k¯sb hfsc IqSp-X-embn _m[n-¨p. XXv^e-ambn Iemwiw \jvS-s¸«v A\pjvTm-\-ambn amdn CXv. CXn¶v Hcp ]p\ÀÖ\n \ÂIn-bXv Znhw-K-X\mb \mSy-I-em-kmÀÆ-`u-a³ {io ss]¦pfw cma-Nm-Iym-cm-Wv. At±lw Iq¯n-t\bpw IqSn-bm-«-t¯bpw t£{X-a-XnÂs¡-«-\p-Ån \n¶v ]pd-¯p-sIm -p-h¶v sI«nepw a«nepw hfsc amä-§Ä hcp¯n. 1964 tIcf Iem-a-Þ-e-¯n Hcp IqSn-bm-«-¡-fcn Øm]n-¨p. A\y-k-apZm-b- ¯nÂ\n-¶pÅ hnZymÀ°n-hnZymÀ°n-\nIsf injy-cmbn kzoIcn-¨p. kv{Xo]p-cpj thj-§Ä s¡m-¸w-X-s¶, angm-hn At{K-k-c\mb {io ]n.-sI. \mcm-b-W³ \¼ym-cpsS klm-b-t¯msS angmhn\pw Hcp A`ym-k-¡-fcn Bcw-`n-¨p. ]n¶o-S-t§m«v angm-hns\ kw_-Ôn¨n-S-t¯mfw hfsc henb amä§-fm-Wp- m-b-Xv. Nn«-bmb Hc-`ym-k-{Iaw D m-¡p-Ibpw, B«hpw sIm«pw H¶ptNÀ¶pÅ ]cn-io-e-\hpw ]pXnb hmbv¯m-cn-I-fpsS k¦-e-\hpw FÃmw-Xs¶ \¼ym-cm-im³ B If-cnbn D m-¡n-sb-Sp-¯p. angm-hn Xmb-¼I F¶ Hcn\w Nn«-s¸-Sp-¯n -b-tXm-Sp-IqSn A`n-\-b-¯n-\I-¼-Snbmbn am{Xw \ne-\n-¶n-cp¶ angm-hn\v Xtâ-Xp-am-{X-amb Hcp cq]hpw `mhhpw Ds ¶v P\-lr-Z-b-§-sf

77

-s¡m v ]d-bn-¡m³ km[n-¨p. C¶v angmhv Häbv¡v F¯n-s¸-Sm¯ taJ-e-IÄ Npcp-¡-am-Wv. \½p-tS-bpw, bqtdm-]y³ cmPy§-fp-sSbpw ]e ka-Im-eo\ \mS-Ith-Zn-Ifpw C¶v angm-hns\ {][m\ kwKo-tXm-]-I-c-W-am-bn-¯s¶ kzoI-cn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. IqSmsX kn\n-a, \r¯-th-Zn-IÄ F´n\v ASp¯v IY-I-fn-bnÂt]mepw angmhv XpS¡w Ipdn-¨p-I-gn-ªp. sIm p\-S-¡p-hm-\pÅ (transporation) kuIcyw IW-¡n-se-Sp¯v hep¸-¯n am{Xw Aev]w Ipd-hph-cp-¯n-bn-«p v Ct¸mÄ, F¶pam-{X-amWv Hcp \yq\-X-bmbn ]d-bm\p-s- ¦n DÅ-Xv. ]pdw-th-Zn-I-fn Hä-bv¡pw, aäp-hm-tZym-]-I-c-W-§ -tfm-Sp-Iq-Snbpw A\-´ -km-[y-X-IÄ Is - ¯p-¶-tXm-sSm-¸w- Xs¶ Iq¯v-þIq-Sn-bm« thZn-I-fn Hc-\p-jvTm -\-¯nsâ Ipeo-\-X-tbmsS {]uVntbmsS Xsâ `mKw k¼-¶-am-¡p-I bpw sN¿p-¶p. C§s\ a\-Ênsâ `mh-§sfþ `m-h-\sb hmbv¯m-cn-bn-epw, IW¡nepw A[n-jvTn-X-am¡n ssIhn-c-epI-fn-eqsS NÀ½-¯n-te¡v {Xkn-¡pt¼mÄ ]SÀ¯p-t¼mÄ angm-sh¶ hmtZym-]-I-c-W-¯nsâ {]k-àn-þkm-²y-X-IÄ \ap¡v {]Xy-£-ambn A\p-`-h-tbm-Ky-am-hp-¶p.


kvac-WnI

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

51-þmaXv hÃ-¨nd HmWm-tLmj {Kmtam-Õ-h-¯nse kmlnXy aÕ-c-§-fn H¶mw k½m-\mÀl-amb teJ\w

ae-bmf kn\nabpsS ]pXnb Zriy-Nn-Ó-§Ä U.S

Bcm-[-\-bp-sSbpw

AXv`p-X-¯n sâbpw ^mâ-kn-bp-sS-bp-sams¡ Hcp ImÂ]-\nI N«-¡q-Sn ae-bmfn kn\nasb I HcpImew D mbncp¶p. sh Ån-¯n-c-bnse Ne-\-Nn-{X-§-fn Po h³sh-bv¡p¶ IYm-]m-{X-§Ä aebm-fn-bpsS Pohn-X-ho-£-Ws¯ A{Xam{Xw kzm[o-\n-¨n-cp-¶p. ]¨-bmb PohnX ho£-Ws¯ A{X-am{Xw kzm[o-\n-¨n-cp-¶p. ]¨-bmb PohnX bmYmÀ°y-§-fn \n¶v AÂ]-t\cw Ne-Nn{X Pme-I-¯n-eqsS asämcp Pohn-X-¯n A`n-c-an-¡m³, \ap¡v F¶pw XmÂ]-cy-am-bn-cp-¶p. C{X bv¡p kwth-Z-\-£-a-X-bpÅ a\p-jy-a\-Ên-te¡v Cd-§n-sN-Ãm³ am{Xw IqÀ½-X-bpÅ asämcp am[y-ahpw \ap¡p mbn«n-Ã. ae-bmf kn\na ]t£, amdp-I-bm-bn-cp¶p. Adp-]-Xp-I-fntebpw Fgp-]-Xp-I-fn-te-bpw, Ir{XnaXzw IeÀ¶ BJym-\-co-Xn-bn \n¶v F¬]- X p- I - f n- s e- ¯ p- t ¼m- t g¡pw Pohn-X-¯nsâ bYmÀ° Nn{Xo-I-cW coXn-bn-te¡v ae-bm-fkn-\na hfÀ¶p. ImÂ]-\n-I-X-tb-¡m-fp-]cn dnb-en-k-¯nsâ emfn-Xy-¯n aebmf kn\na ae-bm-fn-bpsS a\w Iog-S¡n. tZiob ]pc-kvIm-c-§Ä t\Snb \nÀameyw , sN½o³ XpS-§nb Nn{X-§Ä, ae-bmf kn\n-asb {it² -b-am-¡n-b-t¸mÄ ]n¶o-Sp-h¶ X\n-bmhÀ¯-\w, Xmf-h«w, Inco-Sw, Nn{Xw, k³a-\-Êp-Å-hÀ¡v kam-[m\w XpS-§nb Ht«sd Nn{X-§Ä ae-bmfnsb kn\n-a-tbm-S-Sp-¸n-¨p. \mtSm-Sn¡m-äv, Sn.-]n. _me-tKm-]m-e³ MA,

\mcm-b-W³

shÅm-\-I-fpsS \mSv, KmÔn-\-KÀ IInd kv{Soäv XpS-§nb kn\n-a-I-fnse \À½w F¶pw Bkzm-Zy-I-c-ambn \ne-sImÅp¶p. \À½s¯ B[m-cam¡n ]ns¶bpw ]e Nn{X-§fpw h¶p-sh-¦n-epw, IYm-K-Xn-bn Aen -ªp-tNÀ¶,- ta kn\n-a-I-fnse \À½w, anI¨p Xs¶ \n¡p¶p.

Nph-Sp-]n-Sn-¨v, kwL-S\ cwK-§fpw AÇo-e-X-\n-d-ª, thdn-«p-\n¡p¶ Km\-cw-K-§fpw ae-bm-f-kn-\n-asb XIÀ¨-bpsS h¡n-se-¯n-¨p. Ccp-]s¯m¶mw \qäm n ae-bm-fn¡v a\-Ên sIm p\S-¡m-hp¶ HcpNn{Xw t]mepw D mbn«n-sÃ-¶p- ]-dªm AXv AXn-i-tbm-àn-b-Ã.

kmaqlyhpw kmkvIm-cn-I-hp-amb \thm-°m-a-¯n\v Dt¯-P-I-ambn ae-bmf kn\na \n¶ Ncn-{Xap v. F¶m ]n¶o-sS-t¸m-tgm, ^yqU-en-k¯n-sâ-bpw, {Inan-\-en-k-¯n-sâbpw NnÓ-§-fn-te¡v AXv hgn-am-dp-¶Xmbn I p.

C¶p ]t£, ae-bmf kn\na ho pw amdp-I-bm-Wv. ]pXnb ]pXnb ]co-£-W-§Ä ae-bm-fnsb kn\n-a-bnte¡v ho pw ASp-¸n-¡p-¶p. sNdnb {]tabw, Bg-ta-dnb sshIm-cn-I-X, ]p¯³ kmt¦-XnI hnZy þ C¶s¯ ae-bmf kn\na \ne-\nÂ]n-\mbn s]mcpXp-I-bm-Wv. Gsd-sbm¶pw ]d-bm³ \n¡msX Hcp sNdnb hnj-bs¯ IqSp-X ]pXp-a-tbmsS Zriy-h¡-cn-¡-emWv ]pXnb aebmf kn\n-a. Xo{h-amb sshIm-cn-I-XbmWv AXnsâ {][m\ NnÓw. ImÂ]-\n-I-X-bnÂ\n¶pw sshIm-cn-IX-bn-te-¡pÅ Hcp ]cn-hÀ¯\w ChnsS kw`-hn-¡p-¶p. {]W-bw, 22 ^osa-bn tIm«bw, Ac-nsI XpS§nb ]pXp-Nn-{X-§fn Cu sshImcnI Zriy Nn {]I-S-am-Wv.

tZhm-kp-cw, Bdmw X¼p-cm³ XpS-§nb Nn{X-§Ä, tIc-fo-b-cpsS kmwkvIm-cn-I- aWvUe¯n-te-bv¡v, ]p¯³ ^yqU NnÓ-§Ä Cd-¡paXn sNbvXp. ^yqU {]am-Wn¯-amWv \mb-IXzw F¶v ChÀ hn[n-sb-gp-Xn. \mb-I³ km[m-c-W¡m-cnÂ\n-¶-I¶ HcÛpX Pohn-bmbn amdn. ae-bmf kn\n-a-bpsS am{X-a-Ã, \So-\-S³am-cp-sS-sbÃmw kmwkvImcnI \ne-hm-cs¯ ]nt¶m-«-Sn-¡p¶ Hcp amä-am-bn-cp¶p ]n¶o-Sv. t]cv t]mepw HmÀs¯-Sp-¡m³ Ign-bm¯ F{Xtbm Nn{X-§Ä! Ik-hp-Pp-_bpw ssIh-fbpw Ipd¨p ^yqU NnÓ-§-fpw, AX-sÃ-¦n tXm¡pw an\n-äp-I-tfmfw \o p\n¡p¶ InSne³ Ub-tem-Kp-I-fpw, tIm«pw ]mâ vkpw þ Ch-sbms¡bmbn ae-bmf kn\n-a-bnse ]pXpNnÓ§Ä. CXc `mjm Nn{X-§-fpsS

78

Km\-c-N-\-bnepw Nn{Xo-I-c-W¯nepw hsc C¯cw ]pXp Zriy Nn kzm[o\w sNep-¯nbn-cn-¡p-¶p. C´y³ dp¸n F¶ kn\n-a-bnse Cu ]pgbpw....... F¶Km-\hpw "_yq«n-^pÄ' F¶ Nn{X-¯nse ag-\oÀ¯p-Ån-IÄ... F¶ Km\-hpw, "kv]ncnäv' F¶ Nn{X¯nse ag-sIm pam{Xw apf-bv¡p¶


kvac-WnI hn¯p-IÄ.... F¶ Km\-hp-sams¡, Xo{h-ssh-Im-cn-I-X-bpsS Zriy i_v Zm-hn-jvImc§fm-Wv. cm£ko cm£ko F³ a\-Ên Xma-kn-¨m D½ Xcmw cm£kn.. F¶ \ne-bn \n¶v, hfsc hyà-amb amä-am-WnXv. ]p¯³ Pohn-X-km-l-N-cy-§-fn ae-bm-fn¡v kn\n-a-tbm--SpÅ ImgvN¸mSpw amdn-¡-gn-ªn-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. kn\na XpS-§p-¶-Xn\v Hcpa-Wn-¡qtdmfw Iyq \n¶v c c aWn-¡q-dn-e[nIw Xob-ä-dn-en-cp¶v kn\na ImWp-¶- ioew amdn-sIm ncn¡p-¶p. kn.-Un. Ifnepw s]³ss{U-hp-I-fnepw kn\na Uu¬temUp-sNbvXv kuI cy-]qÀhw ImWpI F¶-XmWv C¶v ae-bm-fn-bpsS coXn. ae-bmfnbpsS A`n-cp-Nn-IÄ amdp-¶-Xn-\-\p-k-cn¨v kn\na bnse _nw_-§Ä¡pw Zriy NnÓ-§Ä¡pw-amäw h¶p-sIm ncn ¡p-¶p. CâÀs\äv Is^-Ifpw ]nkml-«p-I-fp-sams¡ C¶v kn\n-a-bnse Zriy NnÓ§fn Ib-dn- ]-än-bn-cn¡p-¶p. {]Wb-¯nepw kwL-S-\-¯nep-sams¡ Cu amäw ImWmw sN½o-\nse ]co-¡p-«nsb t]mse IS-¸p-d¯v ]mSn ]mSn acn-¡m³ C¶v Hcp Imap-Is\ In«n-Ã. thK-ta-dnb Pohn-X-K-Xn-¡-\p-k-cn¨v FÃmw thK-XbmÀÖn-¡p-¶p. sF.Sn tPmen-¡n-Sbn I¼yq-«À tS_n-fnepw en^vänepw tIm^o-tjm-¸n-epw, sat{Sm s{Sbn-\n-epsams¡ hoWp-In-«p¶ ka-b-§-fn {]W-bs¯ Ad-nbp-Ibpw And-bn¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-I-bm-Wn¶v ae-bmfn. AXp Xs¶-bmWv ae-bmf kn\n-abn-epw. ap pNpän, F®-tX¨ apSn NoInsbmXp¡n sh¨v Nµ-\-¡p-dn-bp-an« bphm-hà C¶v ae-bmfn Imap-I³. Ae-k-ambn \o«nhfÀ¯nb XmSnbpw apSnbpw ]cp-¡³ hkv{X-[m-c-W-hpw, sNhn-bn CbÀt^m-Wpw, ae-bmfn bpXzw C¶v CXm-Wv. Cdp-Inb Po³kpw buÆ\w ]pd-¯p- Im-Wn-¡ -¯¡ tSm¸pw, ¥mÊpw, en]vÌn¡pw þ CXmWv C¶s¯ kvss{XW-X.

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw kmÀÆ-euInI-amb Hcpam-ä-¯nsâ `mK-am-bn, ae-bmfn Hcp BtKm-f -h-XvI-c-W-¯nsâ ]mX-bn-em-Wv. temI-¯nsâ c p hyXykvX AÀ² -tKm-f-§-fn A[n-h-kn-¡p-¶, Ata -cn-¡³ bphmhpw ae-bmfn bphmhpw X½n thjhn-[m-\¯nepw Pohn-X-coXn-bnepw DÅ-amä§Ä Ipd-ªp-h-cn-Ibm-Wv. Cu BtKm-f-h-XvI-c-W-¯nsâ dnb-en-Ìn-¡mb Bhn-jvIm-c-amb kn\n-a-bnepw Cu Nn IS¶p hcp-¶p. "k³a-\-Êp-Å-hÀ¡v kam[m\w' F¶ Nn{X-¯nse taml³ em-e-Ã, "Imkn-t\m-h-bnÂ'. "X\n-bm hÀ¯-\-¯n-te-tbm', "hmÕ-ey¯ntetbm' a½q-«n-bà _nKv _n bnÂ. ChnsS NÀ¨ sNt¿ Hcp {][m\-Imcyw Cu ]pXp ]co-£-W-§Ä ae-bm-f-kn-\n-asb c£-s¸-Sp-¯ptam F¶-Xm-Wv. Xan-g-sâbpw sXep-¦sâbpw t]mse ae-bm-fn¡v kn\na Poh-hm-bp-h-Ã. shdpw hnt\m-tZm-]m[n am{X-am-Wv. kn\na ae-bm-fn-bn sNep-¯p¶ kzm[o\w Ipdªp hcn-I-bm-Wv. \mb-Isâ Aam-\p-jn-IXbpw akm-e-IÄ \ndª Km\cw-K-§fpw ae-bmfn Ct¸mÄ CjvS-s¸-Sp-¶ps ¶p tXm¶p-¶n-Ã. ]g-b-Ime ae-bm-f -kn-\n-a-I-fn A`n-c-an-¡m-\mWv C¶pw ae-bm-fn¡njvSw ]gb Nn{X-§-fpsS ]p\-cmJym-\-§tfm c mw `mK-§tfm Hs¡ D mIp¶Xv AXp-sIm mWv. F¶m sseKn-Im-Xn-{]-k-c-apÅ Nn{X-§Ä Xnc-sª-Sp¯v ]p\:krjvSn-¨v, ae-bmfn-bpsS {]mY-anI hnIm-c-§sf NqjWw sN¿m-\pÅ {iahpw \S-¡p-¶p. CsXm¶pw ]t£ Hcp s]mXp kz`m-h-ambn ImWm-\m-hn-Ã. "cXn-\nÀth-Zw,' "Ah-fpsS cmhp-IÄ', "N«-¡mcn' XpS-§nb Nn{X-§Ä ]p\-kr-jvSn-¡p-t¼mÄ \nÀ½m-Xm¡mÄ Dt±-in-¨-sX-´m-bmepw AXns\ ae-bmfn hI-sh-¨n-«nà F¶Xv hyàam-Wv. cXn Pohn-X-¯nsâ `mK-am-Wv. AXn-cp-ew-Ln-¡msX AXv D]-tbmKn-¡p-¶Xv sXä-Ã. ]t£ I¨-h-SXmÂ]cyw ap³\nÀ¯n AXns\ Bhn-jvI-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ, AXv AÇo-eam-Ip-¶p. taÂ]-dª ]p\-cm-Jym-\

79

-§-fn kw`-hn-¡p-¶Xpw CXpX-s¶-bm-Wv. ae-bm-f-kn-\na amdp-I-bm-Wv. ]p¯³ kmt¦-XnI hZy-bpw, ]p¯³ ImgvN-¸m-Sp-I-fpw, ]p¯³ kao]-\-§fpw D]-cn-¹-h-a-Ãm-s¯mcp amäw sIm p hcp¶p kn\n-asb Kuchambn kao-]n-¡p¶ ]pXn-sbmcp Xe-apd kwhn-[m-b-I-cpw, Iem-Im -c³amcpw t{]£-Icpw C¶p v. Hcp ]t£ ae-bmf kn\na Xncn¨p hcn-Ibm-hmw. NSp-e-amb BJym-\-co-Xnbpw kmt¦-XnI anI-hmÀ¶ Ombm-{Km-lW-hpw, {]tab-¯nse ]pXp-a-bpsams¡, ae-bmf kn\n-a-bpsS ]pXnb Zriy kwkvIm-c-am-Ip¶p. XÅn-¡-fbm-hp¶ Ht«sd Nhdp kn\n-a-IÄ¡nS-bn C¯cw ]pXp Zriy ]co-£-W-§Ä Xnf§n \n¡p-¶p. ae-bm-fn-bpsS kwkvIm-c-s¯bpw ImgvN-¸m-Sp-I-sfbpw AXv tNmZyw sN¿p-¶p. kZm-Nmc [mc-W-Isf ASn apSn s]mfns¨-gp-Xp-¶p. kv{Xo k¦ Â]-§sf DS-¨p-hmÀ¡p¶p. \ncm-ew_-bm-b, ]pcp-jsâ \ng-en am{Xw Ign-ªn-cp¶ kv{Xo, ]pXnb Zriy NnÓ§fn IS¶p hcp-¶n-Ã. kz´w-Im-en \n¡p-¶, iIv-Xbmb kv{XobmWv ae-bmf kn\n-a-bnse ]pXnb _nw_w. AsX þ ae-bmfn amdp-I-bm-Wv. ae-bm-f-kn-\n-a-bpw. C\nbpw ae-bm-fnbpsS kwkvIm-cnI aWvU-e¯n-tebv¡v ]p¯³ kv^penw-K§-fp-am-bn AXv IS¶p hcpw þ DZm¯-amb þ ià-amb ]p¯³ Zriy NnÓ§fneq-sS....


kvac-WnI

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

I®-S-bpsS thZ-\, cmap-hn-sâbpw

sNdp-IY

BâWn ]p¯³]pc

[\p-am-k-¯n\p ]Xnhp XWp¸p

m bncp-¶p. Npa-cnse LSn-Imcw Bdp-XhW i_vZn-¨p. aWn Bdm-bn. P\-ensâ hnS-hn-eqsS kqcy-c-ivanIÄ ]Xnsb cpÜn-Wn-bpsS apdn-bntebv¡v {]h-ln-¨p-sIm ncp¶p. I¼n fn ]pX¸v ]Xps¡ amän-sIm v cpK-v anWn ]Xnsb Fgp-t¶-än-cp-¶p. {]mbw XfÀ¯nb I®p-IÄ ]Xp-s¡-Xp-d¶v AhÀ Npa-cnse Kpcp-hm-bq-c-¸sâ Nn{X-¯n-te¡v t\m¡n. “H¶pw ImWvWnÃmtem sâ Kpcp-hm-bq-c¸m!” Ah-cpsS i_vZw sXÃp-¨-¯n-em-bn-cp-¶p. ""F{X\mfmbn B sN¡-t\mSv Hcp I®S hm§n- ¯-cm³ ]tdWp. H¶pw icn-¡-§Sv ImWm³ ]ä-Wn-Ã.'' ""]nt¶, XÅ hb-Êp-Im-e¯v If-IvS-dm-hm³ t]mhm-WtÃ? I®S hm§m³'' hmk-´n-bpsS i_vZw ]m{X-§Ä Xmsg hogp-¶-Xnsâ AI-¼-Sn-tbmsS ho«n apg-§n. ""F´mSo Ime¯v X¶ XpS-§ntbm A½m-bn-b-½bpw atcmfpw?'' Krl\mY³ cmaphnsâ i_vZw hoSns\ ]nSn¨p Ipep-¡n. h¡o Kpa-kvX\mWv cmap. PK-\m-Y³ h¡o-ensâ B¸o-kn-emWv A[nIka-b-hpw. Ime¯v 7 aWn¡v Cd§nbm cm{Xn 9 aWn-¡mWv Xncn-¨p-h-c-hv. cpÜnWn-b½ ]Xps¡ I«n-en \n¶v Xmtg¡v Cd-§m³ t\m¡n. ]äp¶n-Ã. Imep-IÄ XWp¯v ac-hn-¨mWn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. Pme-I-]-Sn-bn-en-cp¶ Ipg¼v FSp¯v Imen ]pc«n AhÀ acp-a-Isf hnfn-¨p. ""FSo hmk´ntb Ipd¨v NmtbsS shÅw XmSo.'' ImepIÄ¡v hÃm¯ I\w. Ipd¨p \mfp-Ifmbn C§-s\-bm-Wv. hmX-¯nsâ Akp-J-am-sW-¶mWv tUmIvSÀamÀ ]d-ª-Xv. Imep-I-fpsS ac-hn¸v ]Xnsb Ipd-ªp-sIm ncn¡p-¶Xv cpÜn-Wn-b-½¡v Adn-bm³ km[n¡p¶p mbncp-¶p. hmk´n Nmb-bp--

ambn apdn-bn-te¡p h¶p. tZ Nmb C\n CXp In«m-ªn«v Inb¶p Nm I . hmk´n Dd-s¡-bmWv ]d-ªsX-¦nepw AhÀ AXv tI«nÃ. AhÀ asämcp temI-¯m-bn-cp-¶p. ]gb HmÀa-IÄ Ahsc ]eXpw HmÀan-¸n-¨p. acn-¨p-t]mb `À¯m-hns\ AhÀ I p. ]Xn-\mdmw hb-Ên A½bm-bXv AhÀ I p. Iqen-¸-Wn¡v `À ¯m-hnsâ IqsS t]mb-\m-fp-Ifpw AhÀ I p. bphXzw Ft¸mgpw at\ml-c-am-Wv. bphXzw Xocpw ap¼v ssh[hyw _m[n-¨Xpw AhÀ thZ-\tbmsS I p.""Nmb IpSn-¨ntÃ? F´p _l-f-am-bn-cp¶p CXv In«m v.'' hmk-´n-bpsS i_vZw Ahsc HmÀaI-fpsS temI-¯p- \n¶pw Xmsg-bnd¡n. LSn-Imcw ho pw i_vZn-¨p. aWn Ggm-bn. Nmb ¥mÊv FSp¯v AhÀ IpSn-¡m³ XpS-§n. icn-bmWv Nmb XWp- ¯n-cn-¡p-¶p. Nmb-Ip-Sn¨v cpÜn-Wn-b½ ]Xnsb apdn¡v ]pd-¯nd§n. cmap tPmen¡v t]mIm³ Cd§p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. “ FSm h¡o-em ¸o-ko¶p hcpt¼m I®S hm§n¡Ww ad-¡c - p-Xv. F{Xo-kmbn \nt¶mSv ]td-Wp. I®p Xosc ImWm³ ]ä-Wn-Ã.'' ""Dw'' cmap aqfn. h¡oem ¸o-kn F¯nb cmap-hn\v ]nSn-¸Xp ]Wnbp mbncp-¶p. PK-\m-Y³ h¡oensâ apdn-bn Ib-dnb cmap cmP-¸s\ I p. cmP-¸³ h¡o-em-¸o -knse Xq¸p-Im-c-\m-Wv. ""kmsd, sImd¨v Imiv F\n¡v thWm-bncp¶p At½s\ Bip-]-{Xn-bn sImt mhm\m-Wv.'' cmP-¸³ h¡o-ent\mSv ss]k tNmZn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. ]pd-¯n-d-§nb cmP-¸- t\mSv cap tNmZn-¨p. “F´q-«mSm A½¡v AkpJw?'' ""Iym³k-dm. c£-bn-Ã.” ""F¶mepw \o Bip-]-{Xn-bn-tem«v sIm v t]mIp¶p tÃ? A§s\ thWw a¡-fm-bmÂ.'' ""]nt¶ F\n¡v thsd ]Wn-bnÃm v. kmsd BtcmSpw ]d-b-cp-Xv. Rm³ h¡oÂ

80

kmdn-tâ¶v ss]k hm§oXv No«v Ifn-¡m-\m. AÃm v Nmhm³ t]ma XtÅs\ Bip-]-{Xn sIm p t]mbn«v F´p In«m\m?” cmP-¸sâ i_vZw Xmgv¯n-bpÅ adp-]-Sn-bn cmap Xcn-¨p\n¶p t]mbn cmP-¸s\ ]än-bpÅ aXn¸v ]¯p \ne sI«nSw XIÀ¶Xp t]mse XIÀ¶pt]mbn. “Sm.. h¡o- e m- ¸ o- k n¶phcpt¼m I®S hm§Ww ad- ¡ - c pXv” A½-bpsS kzcw A¿m-fpsS ImXp-Ifn apg§n. Xm\pw cmP-¸\pw X½n henb hXym-k-anà F¶v Ah\p tXm¶n. h¡oem¸okn \n¶v cmap t\c-s¯-bn-d-§n. XncnsI ho«n-te¡v bm{X-bmbn _Ên-en-cn¡p-t¼mgpw AbmÄ henb DÕm-l -hm-\m-bn-cp¶p _Ên\p thKX t]msc¶v BZy-ambn AbmÄ¡p tXm¶n. Ih-e-bn _Ên-d-§nb A¿mÄ hfsc kt´m-jhm-\m-bn-cp-¶p. Ih-e-bnse t_¡-dnbn \n¶v a[pc ]e-lm-c-§fpw hm§n AbmÄ ho«n-tem-«pÅ CS-h-gnbn-tem«p Xncn-ªp. Hcp aqfn-¸m«v Abm-fpsS hmbn h¶p. ]m«v apfn \S¶ Abmsf _mÀ_À i¦-c³ hnfn-¨p. ""Sm cmaq thKw ho«n-te¡v sNÃv, A½bv¡v kpJ-an-Ãm¶v ]dªv ho«n-te¡v X¦p-ssh-Zys\ sIm p t]mbn«p v.'' Imep-IÄ¡v thKX hÀ²n-¡p-¶-Xmbn cmap-hn\v tXm¶n. CS-hgn Ah-km-\n-¡p-¶Xv cmap-hnsâ hoSnsâ ap¼n-em-bm-Wv. CS-h-gn-bn Btcm HmSn- hcp-¶Xv AbmÄ¡v ImWm-am-bn-cp¶p ""cmap-th«m A½ t]mbn'' i_vZw am{Xta AbmÄ tI«p-Åq. ImÂNp-h-«nse a®v tNmÀ¶p-t]m-Ip-¶-Xmbn AbmÄ¡p tXm¶n. I¿nse s]mXns¡«v Xmsg hoWp þ hm§nb a[pc ]e-lmc-§fpw I®-S-bpw. Abm-fpsS ImXn Hcp hmNIw apg-§n-s¡m n cp¶p. “Sm, h¡o-em-¸o-kn¶p hcp t¼m I®S hm§Ww. ad-¡-cpXv ”


hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

kvac-WnI

IhnX

\ap-¡p Zm\w sN¿m-\p-ÅXv

U.S

\mcm-b-W³

sImSnsbmcme-ky-¯n³ Xa-Ên \½Ä ¸nS-bp-¶p, Im¬a-Xn-sÃm¶pw ! Iqcn-cp-s«-§pw, \nc-¯nÂ, tIĸq \mcn-X³ ]oUn-Xm-{Iµw ! AhnsS \mw I oe, kl-Pm-X- bp-h-Xn-X³ lrZ-b-¯p-Sn-¸nsâ Xmfw! hSn-hm-fp-sh«n \pdp-¡n, ÊJm-hnsâ NpSp-tNmc Nn´n, \mw I oe ! ]dtb sXm¶pw ]d-ªoe \mþ Adntb sXm¶pa-dn-ªoe ! Ccp-fn-se-s¸mcpfp NnI-ªoe þ Ic-fnse t{]aad-nªoe ! sXcp-hn³ ]nS¸p \mw I oe Acp-In-se-t¯-§Â \mw tI«oe ! Hgnh-bÀ hni-¸n-s\-b-dn-ªo-e, Agn-a-Xn-s¸-cp-h-bÀ Hgn¨oe! I¬ap-¶n-eo-iz-c³ I oe ImtW nSs¯m¶pw tXSoe! sImSnsbmcme-ky-¯n³ Xa-Ên \½Ä ¸nS-bp-¶p, Im¬a-Xn-sÃm¶pw ! Xnancw ]nSn-s¨mco¡-®n\p ]I-c-amsbmcp I®p Zm\-am-bv¯-¶m Dbn-cn³ shfn¨w \nd-bv¡mw, \½Äþ s¡mcp \h-tem-I-s¯-¡m-Wmw. ]Icw Xcm³ \ap¡p mhp, sas¸mgpw XI-cm-¯, kvt\l-{]-hmlw! AXp-am-{Xap nhÀs¡¶pw, lrZ-b-¯n Zm\-am-tb-Im³ !

81


hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

kvac-WnI

t\mh-seäv

Acn-In \obp- m-bn-cp-s¶-¦nÂ....! hÃ-¨nd am[-h³

hnhn[ Øm]-\-§-fn tPmen ¡mcmb R§Ä As©-«p -t]À tNÀ¶mWv Hcp hoSv hm-S-I-bvs¡-Sp¯v sNdn-sbmcp temUvPm¡n amän-b-Xv. kZm-\-µ\pw {ioIp-amdpw kXy]mepw Pb-N-{µ\pw bqk-^-enbpw tPmk^pw IrjvW³ Ip-«nbpw hmkp-tZ-h-\pw..... A§s\ R§Ä F«v tPmen-¡mÀ. AXym-h-iy-¯n\v I«³ Im¸n-bp- m-¡m\pÅ kuIcyw am{Xw ho«nÂ. aäv `£- W - § - s fms¡ sXm«- S p- ¯ pÅ tlm«- e p- I - f n- e m- W v . alm- t Z- h ³ t]män-bpsS apcp-I-hn-em-k-¯nse shPn-tä-dn-b³ am{X-ambm t]mcm¯-hÀ kpsse-am³ kmln-ºnsâ ‘sImfw-s_m’-bnepw A¡u v h¨ncn-¡p-¶p. i\n-bm-gvN-I-fn sshIo-«v Hgn-¨p-Iq-Sm-\m-Im-¯-hÀ ho«n-tebv¡p t]mIp-¶p. aS§n hchv Rmb-dmgvN cm{Xntbm Xn¦-fmgvN shfp-¸nt\m Bbn-cn-¡pw.

c

v

{ioIp-am-dnsâ lrZ-b-¯n \n¶v A\p-cm-K-Zo]w BZy-am-sbm-gp-InbXv apd-s¸-®mb kpaw-K-e-bpsS am\-k]q-¦m-h-\-¯n-te-bv¡m-Wv. _mey-Ime kJn. CW-§nbpw ]nW-§nbpw X½n-¯ÃpIqSnbpw Ifn-ho-Sp-s I - « n b p w a ® - ¸ - a p - m - ¡ n b p w BÀ¯p-Ã-kn¨v ]n¶n« Ip«n-¡m-ew. In\m- h p- I Ä ]q¡q - S - s bm- c p- ¡ p¶ Iuam- c - ¯ n- t e- b v ¡ p IS- ¶ - t ¸mÄ At\ym\yw t{]a-_-²cmbn¯oÀ¶p AhÀ. ]s£, kpaw-K-e-bpsS AÑ-\mb {ioIp-am-dnsâ A½m-h³ hmin-¡m-c\pw IWn-i-¡m-c-\p-am-Wv. At±-l- ¯n\v {ioIp-am-dns\ shdp-¸mbn-cp-¶p. Hcp Ime¯pw \¶m-hm³ hgn-bn-Ãm-¯hÀ¡¯psI« Xe-Xn-cª ]¿³!

Bb-Xp-sIm v ØnXn-K-Xn-I-fpsS InS-¸-dn-ª-t¸mÄ Atijw Imcp-Wy-anÃmsX A½m-h³ aI-tfmSv Cuä-]p-ensb-t¸mse KÀÖn-¨p.

“sImÃpw. XÃn-s¡m¶v ap¡n-en-Spw. sse³-_-Ênse Infn-bm--hm-³ t]mepw tbmKy-Xb - n-Ãm¯ B ac-a- q-kn-s\bmtWm Uo, \o `À¯m-hmbn kzoIcn-¡m³ t]mWXv? sh«n-\p-dp¡pw Rm³ c n-t\bpw sh«n-ap-dn¨v Ipg-n-¨p-aq-Spw.” -kacw sNbvXn-Ã. bp²w-sIm v {]tbm-P-\-an-sÃ-¶-dn-bmw. A½m-h³ A§-s\-bm-Wv. C¶v kpaw-Ke Hcp tImtfPv eIvN-ddpsS {]nb-]X - \ v n-bmbn k´m-\ k - u-`mKy-§-tfmsS Pohn-¨p-t]m-cp-¶p. A½m-h-\n \n¶p In«nb in£-bn \n¶mWv amä-§-fn-te-bv¡pÅ DuÀÖw {ioIp-amÀ DÄsIm X -- v. AXp-\n-an¯w HmÀUn-\dn _Ênse Infn-bm-hmsX D¶-X-am-sbmcp _m¦nse ¢mÀs¡¦n-ep-am-bn. kXyw ]d-ªm t{]an¡m³ t]Sn-bm-bn-cp¶p ]n¶oSv {ioIp-amdn-\v. kl-]m-Tn-\n-I-fmb ]e-tcmSpw kl-{]-hÀ¯-I-I-fmb Nne-tcmSpw hÀ ®-`w-Kn-bpÅ tNtXm-hn-Im-c-§Ä apfs]m-«p-I-bp- m-bn-«p -v. ]s£, A[n-Isam¶pw Xmtem-en-¡msX Ah-sbÃmw Ipcp-¶nte \pÅn-¡-f-bp-I-bm-bn-cp¶p AbmÄþ IZ-\ -§-fnepw I®o-cnepw sX¶n hoWp-S-bm-\m-sW-¦n F´n\v ]ns¶ kz]v\-§-fpsS NnÃp-ta-S-IÄ ]Sp-¯pbÀ¯Ww? sIm¨n-bn tImtf-Pnepw tlmÌ-enep-ambn tkmÃmkw Pohn- ¨p-sIm -n-cp¶ Ime-¯mWv ^dq-¡p-Imcn apwXm-kpambn bqk-^en bmZr-Ýn-I-ambn ASp¯p-t]m-b-Xv. kpµ-cn- bmWv apwXm-kv. bqk-^-en¡p ]Icw jmP-lm-\m -bn-cp-s¶-¦n asämcp SmPva-lm-Ä IqSn

82

ChnsS ]Wn-XoÀt¯-s\.

IjvS-Im-e-¯n\v AXp- m-bn-Ã. AXn-\p-ap¼v Xs¶ A n-tbm-S-Sp-¯t¸m-gmWv am§-bpsS ]pfn-b-dn-ª-Xv. bqk- ^ - e nbv ¡ v apwXm- k n- t \bpw apwXm- k n\v bqk- ^ - e n- t bbpw CjvS -am-bn-cp-¶p. sFkv {Iow ]mÀe-dp-I-fnepw dtÌm-dâp-I-fn-ep-sams¡ AhÀ ]et¸mgpw Ib-dn-bn-d-§n-bn-«p -v. ]Xn-hp-t]m-se Hcp Znhkw ]Sn-ªm-d³ Imäp-taäv ]mÀ¡nse kna âp-_-©n-en-cp¶v sIm¨p-hÀ¯-am-\-§Ä ]d-bp-¶-Xn-\n-Sbv¡v hmbp-hn \r¯w shbv¡p¶ apwXm-knsâ Ipdp- \ n- c - N p- c p- f p- I - f m- W v . sIWn-bnÂs]-Sp¯n-¡-f-ªXv t{]a- ¯ nsâ kcn- X km- K cw Ae- b - S n- ¡ p¶ A´cw- K t¯msS bqk-^en Ah-fpsS AfI-§Ä Xtem-Sn-sbm-Xp-¡p-Ibpw ]Xn\memw cmhnse ]q\n-emhpZn¨p Xnf -§p¶ I®m- S n- ¡ - h n- f ¯v a[p- c - \ n- j y-µ n- b mb ap¯w \ÂIp- I bpw sNbvX-t¸m-gmWv t_mw_v s]m«n-b-Xv. bqk-^-en-bpsS ssIIÄ X«n-am-äns¡m v apwXmkv NmSn-sb-gp-t¶-äp. ]msemfn N{µnI amªp. Ah-fpsS apJ¯v Idp¯ hmhv-þ-I-®p-I-fn \\-hv, t{Im[w, \ncm-i. apwXmkv Dcp-hn-«p. “Hmtlm! CsXm-s¡-bmtWm a\-Ênen-cn¸v? sIm¯n-s¡m¯n apd¯n Ib-dn-bmbn sIm¯-ev, AtÃ? icn..... \ap¡v ChnsS sh¨v Cu kpµ-c-amb kmbm-Ó-¯n thÀ]n-cn-bmw. KpUvss_?” Ac-b-¶-¸nS IWs¡ IpWp-§n¡p-Wp§n \S¶p \o§p¶ apwXm-kns\ XIÀ¶ a\-tÊmsS bqk-^en t\m¡n-


kvac-WnI bn-cp¶p kvX_v[-\m-bn. tPmk-^n\v t\m«w ho«nse ASp¡f¸Wn¡p h¶n-cp¶ sIm¨pIm-´m-cn-bn-em-bn-cp-¶p. ]Xn-t\tgm ]Xns\t«m hbÊv {]m-bw. ]mh-s¸« IpSpw-_-¯n P\n-¨p-t]m-sb-¦nepw ameXn kpµ-cn-¡p-«n-bm-bn-c-p¶p. Cc-Ip¯n Nq -bn«p ]nSn¨v ]p¶mc Ipip- I p- i p- ¡ - e m- c w- ` n- ¨ - t ¸m- t gbv ¡ pw A½¨n \nKq-V-c-l-ky-§Ä aW-¯-dnªp. A¶v kÔybv¡v ameXn ]Wn-Ignªv ho«n-tebv¡p aS-§p-t¼mÄ tPmk-^nsâ A½-¨n-bpsS Acp-f-¸m-Sv: “ameXo, \msf-s¯m«v tamfv Chn-tSb¡p ]Wn¡phc- . ]äp-sa -¦n A½tbmSv hcm³ ]d. R§Ä¡v AXm CjvSw.” ]vXpw! IÀ«³

aq¶v Rm\-S-¡w _m¡n-bp-Å-h-cmcpw X§-fpsS ck-I-c-§fpw ZpxJ-\nÀ`c-§-fp-amb {]W-b-hr-¯m-´-§Ä Xpd-¶p-]-d-ªn-sÃ-¦nepw Bcpw AXv tIÄ¡m- \ mbn ImXp- I qÀ¼n¨p \S-¶p-a-nÃ. \¶mbn. A´cw-K-¯n timI- a q- I - a mbn IpSn- s Im- Å p¶ ]mgm-bn-t¸mb taml-§-fpsS ih-¡ÃdIÄ H¶p-Nn-cn-¡m-\mbn BÀ¡pth -nbpw Xpd¶p sImSp-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-¶Xtà A`n-Imayw? hnhmlw Ign-¡p-¶-Xn\v Xnc-¡n«p \S-¶Xv kZm-\-µ-\mWv R§-fpsS temUvPnÂ. Zm¼-Xy- Po-hn-X-t¯m-SpÅ sImXn-sIm-- Ãmbn-cp¶p AXv. ho«n hbÊmb A½ X\n-¨m-Wv. Ab¸¡¯p Xma-kn-¡p¶ th- s¸-«-h-cpsS taÂt\m«w CS-bv¡n-sS-bp- m-hpw. AXpsIm v F´m-hm-\mWv? kZm-\-µ\v Hcp `mcy-tb-¡mÄ A½bv¡v acp-a-I-sfbmWv AXym-h-iyw. kz´w s]ä -½-sb-t¸mse A½m-bn-A-½-tbbpw kwc-£n-¡p¶ Hcp acp-a-IÄ. kZm-\-µ-\p-th n th- s¸-«-hÀ s]®-t\z-jn¨p \S¶p XpS-§n-bn«v hÀj-§Ä aq¶p Ign-ªp. I£nbp-tSXp ip²-Pm-X-I-am-Wv. s]¬Ip«n-bpsS \mfp-ambn AXv s]mcp¯-s¸-«p-h-cp-¶n-Ã. AYhm GsX-¦nepw H¶v H¯p-h-¶m IpSpw-_-¡mÀ¡p aäp-]e A`n-{]m-bhy-Xym-k-§Ä. A§s\ kI-eXpw

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw Ae-kn-t¸m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp¶p ]Xn-hv. F ¶mepw henbÑ\pw a¡fpw sIm p]n-Sn¨ At\z-j-W-¯n-emWv Ct¸m-gpw. Ah-cpsS Xe-bn \n¶v Hcp `mcw Cd-¡n-sh-bv¡m-\pÅ X{X-¸m-Sn-em-bncp¶p FÃm-h-cpw.

“t]mbn. I p. kwkm-cn-¨p. imen\n \ÂInb Im¸n hm§n- I p- S n- ¨ p. ASp-¯-amkw ]Xn-\©mw Xn¿-Xn-bmWv hnhm-lw.”

A§-s\-bn-cns¡ Hcp Znhkw Hm^okv hn«p-h-¶-t¸mÄ kZm-\-µ s\¡m¯v Hcp t]mÌvI-hÀ temUvPn sâ seäÀ t_mIvkn Ccn-¸p m-bncp¶p hen-b-Ñsâ aq¯-a-Isâ I¯v.

th- s¸-«-hcpw _Ôp-¡-fp-ambn A[n-I-amcpw CÃm-¯-Xn-\m kZm-\ -µsâ IÃymWw Npcp-¡-am-bm-tLm-j n¡m- \ mWv ¹m\n- « n- c n- ¡ p- ¶ - X v . F¶m epw kl-hm-kn-Isf ]pdw- X-Åp-¶Xv AbmÄ¡v _p²n-ap-«m-bn-cp-¶p. FÃm-htcbpw ho«n-tebv¡p £Wn-¨m s]®p -sI-«nsâ _l-f-¯nem-bn-cn¡pw kZm\-µ³. At¸mÄ kplr-¯p- ¡-fpsS Imcyw Bcv t\m¡pw? Ahscsbms¡ BXn-Yy-a-cym-Z-tbmsS Bcv ]cn-N-cn¡pw? kev¡-cn¡pw?

B I¯v hmbn-¨n«v ]cn-kcw t]mepw ad¶v kZm-\-µ³ NmSn-¯p-Ån. icn¡pw Hcp \r¯w Xs¶-bm-bn-cp¶p AXv. aXn-a-d¶pÅ BËm-Z-Xm-WvU-hw. “tem«-dn-b-Sn-¨p!”

\mevv

AbmÄ

hnhm-l-kp-Zn\w ASp-¯-t¸mÄ Hcp \mÄ kZm-\-µ³ ]dªp:

“F\n-¡mbn hn[n-¡-s¸«hsf Is -¯n¡-gn-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. ImWm³ Xc-t¡Sn-Ãm¯ Hcp ]Xn-s\-«p-Imcn s]¬Ip-«n. imen-\n-sb-¶mWv Ah-fpsS t]cv. imen-\n.....-im-en-\n..... Fsâ Pohn-XkJn!”

“Rm³ \n§Ä¡v Hcp _ncn-bmWn kZy ChnsS sh¨v \S-¯mw. \½psS temUvPn sh¨v. kpsse-am³ kmlnºnsâ Nn¡³ _ncn-bm-Wn. AXv t]msc kvt\ln-Xtc \n§Ä¡v?” “aXn aXn.” kXy-]m-emWv k½Xw aqfn-b-Xv. “At¸mÄ Ip¸ntbm?” IrjvW³Ip-«n-bpsS ]cmXn: “AXv s]m«n-¡msX F´v amtcyPv?” “icn, Bbvt¡ms«.”

FÃm-h-tcm-Sp-ambn D¨-¯n-e-e-dn:

Ah-fpsS PmXIw kZm-\-µ-tâ-Xpambn CW-§n-tN-cp-¶p. \à tNÀ¨-bpÅ Zm¼-Xy-Po-hn-X-ambncn¡pw Ah-cp-tS -sX-¶mWv tPymÕy sâ {]h-N-\w. Bb-Xn-\m Cu i\n-bmgvN tPmen Ign-ªv ASp¯ Xn¦-fm-gvN-t¯ bpwIqSn eosh-Sp¯v ho«-tebv¡v sNÃW-sa-¶mWv hen-b-Ñsâ aI³ I¯n Ipdn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. kZm-\-µ\v s]¬Ip-«n sb Xr]vXn-bm-bm _m¡n-bp-ff Hcp-]m Sv Imcy-§Ä \nÝ-bn-¨p-d¸ - n-t¡-- Xp v-. i\n-bmgvN Hm^o-kn \n¶p h¶n«v sI«pw `mWvU-hp-ambn kZm-\-µ³ DÃm-k-t¯msS \m«n-te¡p ]pd-s¸-«p. AhnsS sN¶n-«pÅ hnti-j-§-fdn-bm³ R§Ä PnÚm-km-`-cn-X-cmbn A£-a-tbmsS Im¯n-cp-¶p. Znh-k-§Ä ho pw hnS-cp-Ibpw sImgnbp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Xn¦-fmgvN kÔybv¡v kZm-\-µ³ temUvPn Xncn-s¨-¯n-bXv Hcp]mSv a[p-c-]-e-lm-c-§-fp-am-bn-«m-Wv. Iq«p-ImÀ¡v Hmtcm-cp-¯À¡pw AXv k t´m-j-]qÀÆw hnX-cWw sNbvXp-sIm v AbmÄ ]d-ªp:

83

kZm-\-µ³ k½-Xn-¨p. “Bh-iy-¡mÀ¡v AXpw-X-cmw.” ]d-ªp-]-d-ªn-cn-¡sh B kpZn\w kam-K-X-am-bn. A¶v tPmen- XoÀ¶v Hmtcm-cp-¯cpw aS-§n- h-¶-t¸mÄ kZm\-µ³ Adn-bn-¨p. “C¶v Bcpw `£-W-¯n\v tlm«-ep-Ifn t]mI -. Ipd-¨p-I-gn-bp-t¼m-tgbv ¡pw kpss-e-am³ kmln-ºnsâ ISbnÂ\n¶v ChnsS ]mÀkse-¯pw.” “Ip¸n FhnsS?” IrjvW³Ip-«n-bpsS tNmZyw. kZm-\-µ³ ]dªp: “AXn-hnsS tÌm¡p -v.”

A©v H¶pc- mgvNtbmfw eosh-Sp-¯mWv kZm-\-µ³ hnhm-l-¯n\v ]pd-s¸-«-Xv. IÃym-Whpw Ipd¨p Znh-ks¯ a[p-


hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

kvac-WnI hn-[p-hpw. AXym-h-iy-¯n\v t]mIm\p-Ån-S-s¯ms¡ t]mImsX ]äp-I-bnÃsÃm `À¯r-ho-«n am{X-a-Ã, `mcy ho«nepw AXv th n-h-cpw. tij-¡mtcbpw _Ôp-an-{Xm-Zn-I-tfbpw Hgn-hm-¡m\mhp-I-bn-ÃsÃm? FÃmw Ah-km-\n-¸n¨v ]c-a-Np-Å\mbmWv kZm-\-µ³ temUvPn-tebv¡p aS-§n-sb-¯n-b-Xv. imen-\nsb¸än ]dbmt\ AbmÄ¡v t\cap m-bn-cp-¶pÅq. Ah-fpsS kvt\lw, kuµ-cyw, kz`m-hw, s]cp-am-äw.... A§s\ \qdv\qdv Iq«wIm- c y- § Ä. BZy- h n- c - l - ¯ nsâ t\m hpw- t hhpw hn½n- j v S - § fpw At¸mgpw B apJ-¯p- m-bncp-¶p.

Bdv BÀ¡p-th- nbpw Im¯p- \n-ev¡msX Imew Nnd-I-Sn¨p \o§p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. Znh-k-§fpw BgvN-Ifpw amk-§fpw s]s«¶v IS-¶p-t]m-bn. Ft¸mgpw kZm-\-µ\v imen-\nsb ]än ]d-bm³ Hcp-]mSv hnj-b-§fp -m-bncp-¶p. A½m-bn-b-½sb s]ä-½sb t¸mse kvt\ln-¡p-Ibpw ip{iq-jn-¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ acp-a-IÄ.... `À¯m-hns\ Bcm-[n-¡p-Ibpw _lp-am-\n-¡p-I-bpw sN¿p¶ t{]a-a-bn-bmb kl-[À ½n-Wn..... FÃm i\n-bm-gvN-I-fnepw I-®nse-®-sbm-gn¨v {]nb-X-as\ Im¯ncn-¡p¶ IpSpw-_n-\n.... P\n-¨p- h-fÀ¶ hoSn-t\-¡mÄ amäm³ Krls¯ ASn-¨p-XpS¨v shSp-¸m-¡p¶ ho«-½... Xncn-¨p-t]m-cm³ bm{X-bm-Ip-t¼mÄ B tÇ-jn¨p \n¶v hn§n- h n- X p- ¼ p¶ Pohn- X - ] - ¦ m- f n. ]qap- J - h m- X n¡ kv t \lw hnSÀ¯p¶ ]q´n- ¦ - f mWv `mcysb-¶pÅ kn\n-am-¸m«v kZm-aqfn \S¶p kZm-\-µ³. aäp-Å-hÀ Xpd-¶p-]-d-bm³ aSn-¡p¶ ]e-Im-cy-§fpw kZ-Ên-e-h-X-cn-¸n-¡phm³ i¦-bp- m-bn-cp¶nà kZm-\-µ-\v. A§s\bmWv imen-\n¡v amk-apd sXän-b-Xpw -]-cn-]qÀ® KÀ`n-Wn-bm-b-XpsaÃmw R§-fd- n-bp-¶X - v. ASp¯pÅ tlmkv ]n-ä-en sh¨v AhÄ kpJ-ambn {]k-hn-¨Xpw kZm-\-µ³ X¦-¡p-Swt]msemcp s]¬Ipªnsâ X´ bmbXpw AbmÄ Xs¶ hnfw-_cw sNbvXp-I-f-ªp. FÃm-hÀ¡pw anTmbn hnX-c-Whpw \S¯n kt´m-j -k-ta-Xw. kZm-\-µ³ hnhm-ln-X-\m-bn«v Hs¶m-¶c hÀj-§Ä sPäp-hn-am\w

IWs¡bmWv ]d-¶-I-¶-Xv. Zn\-cm{X-§Ä hnSÀ¶Xpw sImgn-ªXpw I®-S¨p Xpd-¡p-¶{X thK-¯nÂ. Ft¸mgpw imen-\n¡v Is¯gp-Xp¶ kz`mhw kZm-\-µ-\p -v. Znh-tk-\ -sb-t¶mWw Is¯-gp¯p Xs¶. Hmtcm -¶nepw hmÕ-ey-\n-[n-bmb A½-sb¸änbpÅ t£a-mt\z-j-W-§Ä. {]nb-Xabv¡v NpSpNpw-_\ - § - f - psS {]f-bw. s]m¶p-®n-¡n-Sm-hn\v ]©m-c-ap-¯-§Ä. Cu tIm{]m-b-§-sfms¡ I Hcp-\mÄ hmkp-tZh³ D]-tZ-in-¨p.

n«v

“kZp-hn\v c v samss_ t^mWp-IÄ hm§n-¨p-IqsS? H¶v imen-\n¡v sImSp¡-Ww. atäXv kZm-\-µ-sâ ssIhiw shbv¡p-I. At¸mÄ Ft¸mgpw hnfn-¡pIbpw kwkm-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿m-a-sÃm?” “]änà hmkq.” kZm-\-µ³ ]dªp: “AhÄ¡v Cu t^mWn-sâ ln¡va¯p-I-sfm¶pw Adn-ªp-Iq-S. Hcp X\n-\m-«p-¼p-d¯pImcn s]¬Ip-«n. ]cn-jv¡m-c-§-fpsS shfn-¨hpw ]q¡fpw C\nbpw F¯n-t\m-¡n-bn-«n-Ãm¯ Hcp {]mIr-X- {Km-a-¯n-emWv Fsâ imen\n P\n-¨p -h-fÀ¶-Xv.”

Ggv hfsc \mfp-IÄ¡v tijw Rm³ ho«n-te-bvs¡m¶p t]mIm³ X¿msd-Sp-¡p-t¼mÄ kZm-\-µ³ Ft¶msSmcp kzImcyw ]dªp: “tN«³ t]mIp-t¼mÄ Rm³ Ipd¨v km[-\-§Ä X¶-b-bv¡mw. imen-\nbv¡v Npcn-Zmdpw anUvVnbpw jmfpw s]m¶ptamÄ¡v Ip«n-bp-Sp¸pw H¶p-c v Ifnt¡m-¸p-I-fpw. tN«-\Xv Fsâ ho«n t]mbn AhÀ¡v sImSp-¡-Ww. Fsâ `mcy-tbbpw aI-tfbpw A½-tbbpw tN«\v ImWm-\pw- ]-äpw. Ih-e-bn _Ên-d-§n-bn«v teiw ]Sn-ªm-«p-\S¶v ]\-¨n-¸-d-¼n kZm-\-µsâ hoSv Btcm -Sp-tNm-Z-n¨mepw ]d-ªp-X-cpw.” “AXn-s\-´m-hn-tcm[w? hm§n¨p Xt¶m-fq. Rm³ sIm p-t]mbn sImSp ¡mw kZm-\-µm.” Fsâ ho«p-]-cn-k-c-¯p-\n¶v H¶pc v _Êv amdn-¡-b-dn-bm kZm-\-µsâ P·-tZ-i-s¯-¯mw. shdpw ]Xn-\mdv cq]-bpsS Zqcw am{Xw. A{X ASp¯m sW-¦nepw Rm\n-tX-hsc AhnsS

84

t]mhp-I-bp- mbn-«n-Ã. AXnsâ Bhiyw hcm-¯Xn-\m-em-bn-cp¶p AXv. ]d-ª-]Sn A¶v Hm^o-kn \n¶v hcpt¼mÄ kZm-\-µsâ ssI hiw Hcp s]mXn-s¡-«p -m-bn-cp-¶p. Rm³ AXv hm§n¨v Fsâ kq«vtI-kn `{Z-ambn sh¨p. \m«n-se-¯n-bn«v H¶p-c v Znhkw Igntª F\n¡v kZm-\-µsâ ho«ntebv¡p ]pd-s¸-Sm³ kuIcyw In«n-bpÅq; AXpw Hcp D¨- Xn-cn-ª-t\-c-¯v. AhnsS sN¶v _Ên-d§n-b-t¸mÄ ]I AkvX-an-¡m-dm-bn-cp-¶p. kZm\-µsâ hoSn-s\-¡p-dn¨v Xnc-¡m-\mbn hgn-bn Bscbpw Is -¯n-bn-Ã. XnI¨pw hnP-\-amb {]tZ-iw. F¦nepw ]Xp-s¡-¸-Xps¡ Rm³ apt¶m«p \S-¶p. At¸m-gmWv Hcp sNdnb Nmb¡S ZrjvSn-bnÂs¸«-Xv. Rm³ At§m«v Ib-dn-s¨-Ãp-¶-Xp-I v IS-¡m-c³ ]d ªp. “Nmb-bv¡m-sW-¦n ]men-Ãm-t«m-amtj. I«³a-Xn-sb-¦n-seSp-¡mw.” “I«³a-Xn. Im¸n-sb-Sp-t¯m-fq. I«³ Im¸n. \à NqSm-bvt¡ms«.” Nmb-¡-S-¡m-c³ Fsâ ap¶nse Ukv¡n-t·Â sIm p-sh¨ Bhn ]d-¡p¶ I«³Im¸n DuXn-bmän sam¯n¡p-Sn-¡p-¶-Xn-\n-Sbv¡v Rm³ Bcmªp: “kZm-\-µsâ hosS-hn-sSbm-Wv?” “GXv kZm-\-µ³?” Rm³ t]m¡-än \n¶v kZm -\-µ³ Ipdn-¨p-X-¶n-cp¶ Xp p-I-S-em-sÊ-Sp¯v H¶p-IqSn {i²¨p t\m¡n-bn«v ]dªp: ]\-¨n-¸-d-¼nÂ...... ]\-¨n-¸-d-¼n kZm- k - \ - µ ³. tPmen Øe¯v R§Ä H¶n¨v Xma-kn-¡p-¶-h-cm-Wv. Rm³ \m«n-tebv¡p t]mcp-t¼mÄ AbmfpsS `mcybv¡pw Ip«n¡pw sImSp-¡m³ Ipd¨v km[-\-§Ä X¶-b-¨n-«p -v.” “Hmtlm! At¸mÄ Ahsâ NqSv Atijw amdn-bn-«nÃ. AtÃ?” “F´mXv?” “kZm-\-µsâ `mcy {]k-h-n¨Xv Hcp Nm¸n-Å-sb-bm-bn-cp-¶p. {]k-h-t¯msS s]®pw]nÅ acn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. At¸mÄ XpS-§n-b-h-«mWv Ah-\v. icn¡pw apgp¯ {`m´v Xs¶.”


hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

kvac-WnI Nmb-¡-S-¡m-c-sâ hÀ¯-am\w tI«v Rm³ kvXw`n-¨n-cp-¶p-t]m-bn. Zpxkz]v\w ImWp-I-bmtWm Rm³ Cu aqh-´nt\-c-¯v. Hcp-]mSv \nan-j-§Ä¡p-ti-j-amWv F\n¡v i_vZn-¡p-hm³ km[n-¨-Xv. hc Np p-I-fn Dan-\ocp \\-¨n«v Rm³ Nmb-¡-S-¡m-c-t\mSv Xnc¡n: “kZm-\µsâ A½-bp -sÃm ho«n Ah-sc-sbm¶v ImWm³ ]äntÃ?” “th ” Nmb-¡-S-¡m-csâ adp-]Sn: “tamt\-¡mÄ apgp¯s\mÊmWv XÅ-bv¡v. tam³ A½-tbbpw A½ t- am-s\bpw Xncn-¨d- n-bm¯ Ah-Ø. GXm-bmepw amjv At§m«v t]mI- .” ]ns¶bpw Rm³ \nÈ-_vZ-\mbn-¯oÀ¶p. At¸m-gmWv IS-¡m-c³ Fs¶ HmÀ½-s¸-Sp-¯n-b-Xv. “At§m-«p-t]mb _Êv Ct¸mÄ Ct§m«v Xncn-¨p-hc - pw. AXv Ign-ªm C¶p ]ns¶ sXt¡m«v h n-bn-Ã. IrXyw Ggp-aWn¡v _sÊ-¯pw.” Rm³ dnÌp-hm-¨n-tebv¡p t\m¡nb-t¸mÄ Ggp-a-Wn-bm-hm³ F«p-an-\n-äpam{Xw _m¡n. imen-\n¡pw Ipªn\pw sImSp-¡m\mbn kZm-\-µ³ X¶-b¨ s]mXn-bpambn Rm³ Fgp-t¶-äp. a\Êv s\m¼-c-§-fpsS Hcp IS-embn cq]m-´-c-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. kXyw F{X hnNn{Xw H¶pw hniz-kn-¡m-\m-hp-¶n-Ã.

F«v eohv Xocp-¶¶v D¨-bqWp Ign-ªmWv Rm³ tPmen Øet¯bv¡p aS-§n-b-Xv. imen-\n¡pw Ipªp-tamÄ¡p-apÅ kZm-\-µsâ k½m-\-s¸mXn At¸mgpw Fsâ s]«n-bnep- m-bn-c-¶p. FÃm-hcpw Hm^o-kp-I-fn \n¶v h¶v Ipfn¨v hn{i-an-¡p¶ ka-b- ¯mWv Fsâ Ib-dn-sN-ÃÂ. Fs¶ I n«pw ho«n t]mb Imcy-s¯-¸än kZm-\-µ³ H¶pw tNmZn-¡p-I-bp- m-bn-Ã. Fs´-¦n epw At§m«p ]d-bm\pw Rm³ Aià-\m-bn-cp-¶p. kZm-\-µs\ kw_-Ôn-¡p¶ s]m

Åp¶ ]¨-]-c-amÀ°-§Ä Btcm-sS -¦nepw Xpd¶p ]d-bp-¶-Xn\v Rm\pw ZpÀ_-e-\m-bn. s]m«n-¯-IÀ¶ Ip¸n¨n-ep-I-fpsS `mWvU-sI-«p-am-Xncn B kXy-§Ä Bßm-hn Ipcp-§n -InS-¶p-]p-d-t¯bv¡p hcm-sX. A-t¶-cw, kmZ-\-µsâ {i²-bn s¸-SmsX Hfn-ªp-am-dn-h-¶n«v Pb- N-{µ³ izmk-sam-Xp¡n Ft¶m-sSm-cp- c-l-kyw ]dªp: “tN«-\-dntªm?” F´v “\½psS kZm-\-µs\ tPmen-bn \n¶p ]ncn-¨p-hn«p.” “Mqw?” “IW-¡p-_p-¡p-I-fn-sems¡ ]ntÅ-cpIfn \S-¯n-sh-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. Im¡-bptSbpw ]q¨-bp-sSbpw ]S-§Ä [mcm-fw. `mcy-bp-tSbpw sIm¨ntâbpw Nn{X-§Ä thsd.” Iq\n-t·Â Ipcp-sh¶p ]d-ª-Xpt]mse Hcn-cp-«Sn IqSn-bm-bn-cp¶p F\n¡-Xv. AI-Xm-cn-emsI Xo]n-Sn¨ Nn´-Ifp-tSbpw timI-hn-Im-c-§-fp-tSbpw Aán]ÀÆ-X-§Ä s]m«n-sbm-gp-Ip-I-bm-Wv. tlm«-en t]mbn t]cn\v Blmcw Ign-¨n«v temUvPn Xncn-s¨-¯n-b -bp-Ss\ lrZ-b-th-Z-\-tbmsS Rm³ Dd-§m³ InS-¶p. At§m-«p-an-t§m«pw Xncnªpw adnªpw InS-¡mt\ F\n¡v Ign-ªp-Åq. cm{Xn-bpsS bma-§Ä Hs¶m -¶mbn ASÀ¶p-ho-gp-t¼mgpw \n{Zm-hn-lm-\-\mbn Dg-ep-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p Rm³. temUvPnse an¡-h-cp-tSbpw apdn-Ifn hnf-¡-Wªp Ign-ªn-«pw kZm\-µ³ am{Xw Dd-§n-bn-«n-söptXm¶p¶p. AhnsS AbmÄ ]m«p-]m-Sp¶ i _vZw F\n¡v hyà-ambn tIÄ¡mw. “Acn-In \obp- m-bn-cp-s¶¦nse¶p Rm³ Hcp am{X-sh-dpsX \n\-¨pt]m-bn......”

H¼Xv InS-¶p-In-S¶v Ft¸m-gmWv Dd-§n-t¸m-b-sX¶v F\n¡v Adn-ªp-IqSm. t\cw \t¶ ]peÀ¶-t¸mgpw KmV-\n-{Z-bn-em-bn-cp¶p Rm³. temUvPnse X«epw ap«epw Xn¡pw

85

Xnc-¡p-sams¡ tI«p-sIm- mWv sR«nbp-WÀ¶-Xv. InS-¡-bn Agn-ªp-eªp-In-S-¶n-cp¶ ap v hmcn-Npän Rm³ _²-¸m-tSmsS At§m«v HmSn-sN-¶p. kZm-\-µsâ apdn-¡-Sp-¯mWv P\-¡q«w. Xn¡n-¯n-c¡n Rm³ AI-t¯ bv¡p IS¶v kq£n-¨p- t\m-¡n-bt¸mÄ..... I«nen \o p-\n-hÀ¶v \nÝ-e\mbn InS-¡p-I-bmWv kZm-\-µ³. Acn-Inse tai-¸p-d¯v Abm-fpsS hnhml-t^ms«mhnsâ apI-fn-embn Éo¸n§v ]nÂknsâ Hgnª ¹mÌnIv sU¸n Xpd¶p InS-¶n-cp-¶p. \nan-j-§Ä. hnjm-Z-\nÀ`-c-§-fmb \nan-j-§Ä Cg-ªp-\o-§p-¶p. Fsâ a\Êv a{´n¨p þ Dd-§-s«. kzØ-am-bp-d-§s« kZm-\-µ³. AsÃ-¦nepw km£m ssZ-h-¯n-\p-t]mepw C\n kZp-hns\ hnfn-¨p-WÀ¯m³ ]än-ÃsÃm Cu P·w!


kvac-WnI

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw

IhnX

aµm-c-¯nse N{µ³

hk´³ Ing-¡p-S³

AIse ImWp¶ N{I-hm-f-§-fn ImWp¶p Rm³ {]Xn-_nw-_s¯ Nµ-bm IWnI p Atim-I-_nw-_s¯ ZrjvSn-bmÂt\m-¡p-t¼mÄ IXnÀIq-¼m-c-ambn BIm-i-\o-en-a-bn ImWp¶p Rm³ B IXnÀ Hcp Hmä-s¸« ag-hn tim`tbmsS hn®n BÝ-cyamw `qan-bnÂ]-Xn-¡p¶p B {]Xn-_nw_w \£-{X-a-WvU-e-§-fn Hfn¨n-cp¶p Nncn¨p \\vabmw kzÀK-`qan F¯n-t\-¡p¶p {]Im-is¯ BIm-i-\o-en-a-bn I®pw \«p N{I-hm-f-§-fn Hcp {]Imi \oen-asb t\À¡p-Im-Wm³ Ign-bmsX {]Im-i-_n-µp-¡Ä Hmtcm-¶mbn `qan-bn-se¯n ]d-bp¶p hn®n Hcp ZÀi-\amw hoXw Hmw¦m-c-s]mcpÄ\m-Y-{_-Ò-ambn Pzen¨p a\-km-£nbmw \Ã- -a\pjyÀ¡v Hcp Ah-kcw tIÄhp-t¡, Ai¦-^-enXbmw HmÀ½t¡m Hcp \oÀ hn[n-sbmsS Rm³ F¯n-t\m¡n hn®n Rm³ F¶ `mhw DÄs¡Åpw a\p-jy-a-\-Êp-I-fn F¯n ]nSn-¡m³ Hcp Ah-kcw PohnsX HmÀ¡pI þ HmÀ½n-¡pI Ft¸m-sg-¦nepw Nn´n-¡pI


Hcp Iem- k mw- k v I m- c nI Iq«m- b v a - b psS A¼- s ¯m¶p hÀj- § Ä Imgv N - s h- ¨ n«p v . C\nbpw Ah- c psS km¶n²yhpw kl- I - c - W hpw hÃ- ¨ nd HmWm- t Lmj {KmtamÕ- h - ¯ n\v XpSÀ¶pw (]qÀÆn- I - a mbpw iàambpw) D mIpsa¶v \ap¡v {]Xo£n¡mw.

hÃ- ¨ nd HmWm- t Lmj {Kmtam- Õ hw 2011  50þmaXv kphÀW Pq_nen AXn- h n- ] p- e - a mb coXn- b n BtLm- j n- ¨ - X n- \ p- tijw Cu hÀjw 51þmaXv BtLm- j - § Ä¡v XpS- ¡ - a m- b n- c n- ¡ p- I - b mWv . hÃ- ¨ nd F¶ sIm¨p {Kma- ¯ n C´y- b n- s eXs¶ Adn- b - s ¸- S p¶ Hcp {Kma- a m¡n amäm³ Ign- ª Xv hÃ- ¨ n- d - b psS HmWm- t Lmj {Kmtam- Õ hhpw AXnsâ {]hÀ¯- \ - § - f p- a m- W v . F®- a ä Iem- I m- c ³amsc hfÀ¯n- s b- S p- ¡ m³ Chn- S ps¯ Iem- k - a n- X n- I Ä¡v Ign- ª n«p v . B \à Ime- L - « ¯nsâ A´:k¯ DÄs¡m v {]hÀ¯n- ¡ m³ C¶s¯ Xe- a p- d bv ¡ v Ign- b p¶nà F¶- X mWv Chn- S ps¯ A]- N - b w. BZy Ime- L - « - § - f n Hcp {]tZ- i - ¯ pÅ FÃm sNdp- ¸ - ¡ mcpw HmWm- t Lm- j - ¯ nsâ ]cn- ] m- S nI- f n dntl- g v k - e n\pw ]cn- ] m- S nIÄ¡p- a mbn `mK- ` m- ¡ m- h m³ ]cn- { i- a n- ¨ n- c p- ¶ p. Cu sN- d p- ¸ - ¡ msc Hms¯mcpan¨v sIm pt]mIm\pw, Ahsc icn- b mb coXn- b n \nb- { ´n- ¡ p¶- X n\pw Imc- W - h ³amÀ F¶ Hcp irwJ- e - X s¶ A¶v kPo- h - a mbn D mbncp- ¶ p. Cu AÀ¸W t_m[w ssItamiw h¶- X n\pw sSen- h n- j - s âbpw dnbm- e nän tjmI- f p- s Sbpw AXn- { ]- k cw Hcp ]cn[n hsc kzm[o- \ n¨n«ps ¶v \ap¡v a\- Ê n- e m- ¡ m³ Ign- b p- ¶ p. sSen- h n- j ³ ]cn- ] mSn- I - f n \n¶pÅ hcp- a m\w Hcn¡epw HmWm- t Lm- j - ¯ n \n¶v e`n- ¡ nà F¶ ]c- a - a mb kXyw \mw a\- Ê n- e m t¡ nbncn¡p- ¶ p. km¼- ¯ n- I - a mb {]iv \ - § Ä Hcp ]cn[n hsc Cu {Kmtam- Õ - h - ¯ nsâ {]hÀ¯\s¯ _m[n- ¨ n«p v , F¶n- c p- ¶ mepw Cu Iem- a - Õ - c - § Ä A\yw \n¶p- t ]m- I msX Im¯p- k q- £ n¡m³ HmW- ¯ nsâ Ime- L - « - ¯ n I½n- ä n- b mbpw Iem kan- X n- I - f mbpw Iptd- t ]À cwK¯v h¶v kv X pXymÀl- a mb tkh\w Imgv N - s h- b v ¡ p- ¶ p. Chn- s S- b mWv hÃ- ¨ n- d - s b¶ Iem- { Km- a - ¯ nsâ Iq«mbv a \mw a\- Ê n- e mt¡ Xv . CXv \ne- ¨ p- t ]mIm³ km[y- X bp mbn«pÅ Ime- L - « - ¯ n aq¶v , \mev sNdp- ¸ - ¡ mÀIqSn Cu {Kmtam- Õ hw \S¯n hnP- b n- ¸ n¨ kml- N cyw ]e- X - h W h¶p- t NÀ¶n «p v . C¯cw ss[cyhpw Xtâ- S - h pw, BÀP- h hpw hÃ- ¨ n- d - b nse sNdp- ¸ - ¡ mÀ FÃm- I m- e ¯pw kvac-WnI

FÃm- ä n- \ p- a p- ] cn HmWm- t Lmj I½n- ä nsb- ¶ p- ] - d ªp sNÃp- t ¼mÄ hÃ- ¨ n- d - b n- s ebpw ]cn- k c ]©m- b - ¯ pI- f n- s ebpw I¨- h S¡mcpw s]XpP- \ §fpw ]c- k y- § fpw aäp klmb kl - I - c - W - § fpw X¶v Hc- f - h p- h sc hÃ- ¨ nd {Kma]- © m- b ¯v HmWm- t Lm- j - ¯ nsâ hfÀ¨- b n sNdp- X - à m- ¯ - ] ¦v hln- ¡ p¶p v . Cu kv a c- W nI ]qÀ¯n- b m- ¡ m³ Fs¶ klm- b n¨ I½n- ä n- b nse aäv AwK- § - f mb K.G Ac- h n- µ ³, hn\- b ³ Fw. Fkv , kptc- j v I p- a mÀ kn. Fkv , Bâp. ]n. BÀ F¶n- h - t cmSpw Fsâ AssI- X - h - a mb \µn Ad- n bn- ¡ p- ¶ - t Xm- s Sm¸w Unssk- \ n§v tPmen- I Ä \nÀh- l n¨ A\q- ] v , A¨- S n- {]- Ê nse Poh- \ ImÀ¡pw AXp - t ]m- s e- X s¶ Cu kv a c- W nI- b psSbpw hÃ- ¨ nd {Kma- ] - © m- b ¯v HmWm- t Lmj {Kmtam- Õ - h - ¯ n- s âbpw {]hÀ¯- \ - § - f n k l- I - c n- ¡ p¶ FÃm- h - t cmSpw \µn And- b n- ¨ p- s Im v

DZ-b-`m\p T.K FUn-äÀ 51 þmaXv HmWm-tLmj {Kmtam-Õh kvac-WnI

87

hÃ-¨nd {Kma-]-©m-b¯v 51þmaXv HmWm-tLmj þ {Kmtam-Õhw


VALLACHIRA ONAGHOSHAM SMARANIKA - 2012  

smaranika 2012

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