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LGBT Republic of Iran: An Online Reality?

3.2. Persecution

Persecution

3.2

// According to Iran’s penal code, which the High Expediency

Council ratified on 28 November 1991, the punishment for

sodomy (Persian, lavvat) is death and a Sharia judge is vested 7

The penal code of Iran is available in English at

http://mehr.org/Islamic_

Penal_Code_of_Iran.pdf

and in Persian at http://

www.1vakil.com/index.

php?option=com_content&vi ew=article&id=59&Itemid=6

3&limitstart=5

with the power to determine the form of execution (Article 110).7

The penal code defines ‘sodomy’ as sexual intercourse involving two males (Article 108) and both the ‘active’ and the ‘passive’

partner will be condemned to death (Article 109) if convicted

under Sharia law. Sodomy is proved either through confession (Article 114) or through the testimony of four men who have

observed the occurrence (Article 117). Sodomy is punishable by death if both partners are ‘mature’ and the intercourse is consensual (Article 111), but if a mature man of sound mind “com-

mits sexual intercourse” with an underage man, the “doer will be killed” and the passive partner will be subject to a punishment of 74 lashes “if not under duress” (Article 112).

If two underage men are caught having consensual sex, both of them will be sentenced to 74 lashes (Article 113). The punish-

ment for tafhiz (frottage; non-penetrative sex) is 100 lashes for each party (Article 121) but if tafhiz is committed and punished three times, the fourth conviction will result in the death penalty (Article 122).

If sodomy or tafhiz is proved by confession and the guilty party repents, the Sharia judge may request the Supreme Leader to pardon him (Article 126). Mosahegheh (lesbianism) is proved

either by confession or through the testimony of four men who have observed the occurrence (Article 128).

Punishment for lesbianism is 100 lashes for each party (Article 129) and there will be no distinction made between the doer

LGBT Republic of Iran: An Online Reality?  

A Small Media report revealing how Iran’s LGBT communities use global communicationstechnology in their everyday lives.

LGBT Republic of Iran: An Online Reality?  

A Small Media report revealing how Iran’s LGBT communities use global communicationstechnology in their everyday lives.

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