Cover Photo: ÂŠ Slovak Agency for International Development Cooperation
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT A path towards global prosperity, human well-being and a healthy planet.
#SDG #agenda2030 At the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit in September 2015, world leaders adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which includes a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, fight inequality and injustice, and tackle climate change by 2030. ÂŠ Slovak Agency for International Development Cooperation
OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION OF THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC Official Development Assistance of the Slovak Republic is an intrinsic instrument of the Slovak foreign policy, which to a large extent shapes Slovakiaâ€™s relations with aid recipients and relevant international organizations. Having committed itself to the fulfillment of the Sustainable Development Goals, Slovakia shares the responsibility for global development and poverty reduction endeavors in developing countries, aiming to promote their sustainable development. Combating global poverty is not only a moral commitment, it is also a tool for building a more stable, peaceful, prosperous, and equitable world. Slovakia offers development cooperation to partner countries with the aim of contributing to sustainable development, mainly via reducing poverty, strengthening democracy and good governance. We are building on our historical experience and a specific story of the country which has gone through a difficult but successful transformation process. The Slovak Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs (MFEA SR) started to provide official development assistance under the SlovakAid logo in 2003, at that time Slovak Republic graduated from recipient to donor country. In the following years institutional, legal and strategic framework of the development programme has been created. In 2013, Slovakia was accepted as a fully-fledged member of the Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD/DAC). This achievement can also be considered as a symbolic conclusion of ten year's integration into the international donor community. There were more than 400 bilateral projects implemented in twenty countries in Africa, Asia and Europe during this decade.
© Lukáš Zorád
The Medium - Term Strategy for Development Cooperation of the Slovak Republic for 2014 - 2018 reflects the new requirements for the Slovak development cooperation system which results from the accession process and membership of the Slovak Republic in the OECD/DAC. It defines the vision, goals and principles of SlovakAid as well as basic programmes and instruments used within these programmes.
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS 17 GOALS TO TRANSFORM OUR WORLD â€žTransforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Developmentâ€œ, a key document defining new global development agenda, was adopted by the UN member states, at the Global Sustainable Development Summit, during the Seventieth regular session of the United Nations General Assembly on September 15th 2015 in New York. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets demonstrate the scale and ambition of this new universal Agenda. They seek to build on the Millennium Development Goals (20002015), which represented the first global vision and framework for global development and policy making. They are integrated and indivisible and balance the three dimensions of sustainable development: the economic, social and environmental. Eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including extreme poverty, still remains the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development. The interlinkages and integrated nature of the Sustainable Development Goals are of crucial importance in ensuring that the purpose of the new Agenda is realized. Agenda 2030 is a complex framework embracing its targets for support of democratic institutions, good governance and human rights, ensuring that all human beings can fulfill their potential in dignity and wellbeing. By adopting the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, UN and its member states agreed on a political commitment to deal with current global challenges in an integrated manner. Slovak Republic has actively participated in the preparation process of the post 2015 agenda, realizing that the next step will be adoption of measurements which will facilitate incorporation of the targets into the policy on national as well as regional and local level and to provide adequate funding to achieve these goals.
ÂŠ UN Photo
â€žThe world has made great progress since the Millennium Development Goals were put in place a decade ago. Poverty has been cut in half. Illness and early deaths have been significantly reduced, particularly among women and children. Despite these achievements, huge challenges remain if we are to meet the new and ambitious set of Sustainable Development Goals by 2030.â€œ Millenium Development Goals Report 2015
2030 Agenda was adopted by the UN member states during the 70th jubilee session of the UN General Assembly in New York.
Sustainable Development Goals Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries
Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages
Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts.
Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development
#agenda2030 #SDG #GlobalGoals
End poverty in all its forms everywhere End extreme poverty in all forms by 2030. Yes, it’s an ambitious goal - but we believe it can be done. In 2000, the world committed to decrease the number of people living in extreme poverty by half in 15 years and this goal has been met. However, more than 800 million people around the world still live on less than $1.25 a day - that’s about the equivalent of the entire population of Europe living in extreme poverty. Now it’s time to build on what we learned and end poverty altogether.
POVERTY FACTS About 1 out of 5 persons in developing regions lives on less than $1.25 per day. The overwhelming majority of people living on less than $1.25 a day belong to two regions: Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. High poverty rates are often found in small, fragile and conflict-affected countries. 1 out of 7 children under age five in the world has inadequate height for his or her age. Every day in 2014, 42,000 people had to abandon their homes to seek protection due to conflict.
800 million people
around the world still live in extreme poverty.
© Zuzana Letková
“Where poverty exists there is not real freedom.” Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture In the past 20 years, hunger has dropped by almost half. Many countries that used to suffer from famine and hunger can now meet the nutritional needs of their most vulnerable people. It’s an incredible accomplishment. Now we can go further and end hunger and malnutrition once and for all. That means doing things such as promoting sustainable agriculture and supporting small farmers. It’s a tall order. However for the sake of the nearly 1 out of every 9 people on earth, who go to bed hungry every night, we have to make the best effort to overcome this trend. Imagine a world where everyone has access to sufficient and nutritious food all year round. Together, we can make that a reality by 2030.
HUNGER FACTS One out of nine people in the world today (795 million) are undernourished. The vast majority of the world’s hungry people live in developing countries. Asia is the continent with the most hungry people – two thirds of the total. Poor nutrition causes nearly half (45 percent) of deaths in children under five – 3.1 million children each year.
1 out of every 9 people on earth go to bed hungry every night…
ÂŠ Boba BaluchovĂĄ
Fighting child malnutrition on East coast of Kenya PROJECT: Social and health care for malnourished children under 5 years of age and their mothers in the Kwale region, Trnava University The primary aim of the project was to reduce infant mortality by improving the health status of malnourished children (0-5 years) and by counseling mothers of malnourished children in the Kwale region. The main purpose of the project included improving the accessibility of social and health care services, reducing malnutrition among children and the transfer of knowledge and expertise in the field of nutrition to community health workers through educational training. The main project activities consisted of the establishment of three nutrition centers and education of local experts to ensure the sustainability of the project.
Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages We all know how important it is to be in good health. Our health affects everything from how much we enjoy life to what kind of work we can perform. Thatâ€™s why thereâ€™s a Goal to ensure everyone has health coverage and access to safe and effective medicines and vaccines. Since 1990, weâ€™ve made big strides - preventable child deaths are down by more than half, and maternal mortality is down by almost as much. And yet some other numbers remain tragically high, like the fact that every year 6 million children die before their fifth birthday, or that AIDS is the leading cause of death for adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa. We have the means to turn that around and make good health more than just a wish.
HEALTH FACTS In 15 years, the number of people newly infected by HIV each year has dropped from 3.1 million to 2 million. Despite this incredible progress, AIDS is the leading cause of death among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa, and 22 million people living with HIV are not accessing life-saving antiretroviral therapy. Children born into poverty are almost twice as likely to die before the age of five as those from wealthier families.
children die before their 5th birthday annualy.
© Humanist Centre NAROVINU
Modern healthcare centre on Rusinga island, Kenya PROJECT: Community Centre“Island of Hope – Rusinga Island” on Lake Victoria, Kenya, Humanist Centre NAROVINU
Rusinga´s only healthcare center was build thanks to the financial support of SlovakAid, providing basic and professionally-qualified health care, with special emphasis on the extension of preventive examinations for schools, providing TB treatment, ARV therapy and vaccination for children. Healthcare services are provided to a population of approximately 7 000 people. Centre is equipped with basic healthcare equipment, medicines and other medical supplies and is operating 24/7. Results of the project: 14 462 treated patients, 193 births, 8 279 laboratory testings, 519 hospitalizations (in 24 months)
Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all Poverty, armed conflict and other emergencies keep many, many kids around the world out of school. In fact, in developing regions, kids from the poorest households are four times more likely to be out of school than those of the richest households. Now for some good news. Since 2000, there has been enormous progress on the goal to provide primary education to all children worldwide. The primary school enrollment rate in developing regions reached 91%. By measures in any school, thatâ€™s a good grade. Now, letâ€™s get an even better grade for all kids and achieve the goal of universal primary and secondary education, affordable vocational training, access to higher education and more.
EDUCATION FACTS Enrollment in primary education in developing countries has reached 91 percent but 57 million children remain out of school. An estimated 50 percent of out-of-school children of primary school age live in conflictaffected areas. 103 million youth worldwide lack basic literacy skills, and more than 60 percent of them are women.
57 million children
remain out of school, more than 1/2 of children not enrolled in school live in sub-Saharan Africa.
© Slovak Agency for International Development Cooperation
Slum school without borders, India SlovakAid Small grant, implemented by Jeevan Rekha Parishad “Slum School Without Borders” in Bhubaneswar, India, started by an NGO named Jeevan Rekha Parishad in collaboration with Slovak Agency for International Development Cooperation as an innovative pilot project to mainstream drop out children of slum area in regular schools. Based on the success of the pilot project ,the programme will be replicated in 5 more slums of Bhubaneswar. JRP is already running a school for mainstreaming slum children of Sai Banafulla Slum of Bhubaneswar. The organization is also implementing innovative project titled Better Cooperation Schools covering three public schools in Bhubaneswar through joyful and innovative teaching learning methods. The European and Indian volunteers are undertaking innovative methods of training besides training the school teachers on computer literacy, games and sports.
Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls While the world has achieved progress towards gender equality and women’s empowerment under the Millennium Development Goals (including equal access to primary education between girls and boys), women and girls continue to suffer discrimination and violence in every part of the world. There are still gross inequalities in work and wages, lots of unpaid “women’s work” such as child care and domestic work and discrimination in public decision-making. But there are grounds for hope. More girls are in school now compared to 2000. Most regions have reached gender parity in primary education. The percentage of women getting paid for their work is on the rise. The Sustainable Development Goals aim to build on these achievements to ensure that there is an end to discrimination against women and girls everywhere. It’s a basic human right.
GENDER EQUALITY FACTS In Southern Asia, only 74 girls were enrolled in primary school for every 100 boys in 1990. By 2012, the enrolment ratios were the same for girls as for boys. In sub-Saharan Africa, Oceania and Western Asia, girls still face barriers to entering both primary and secondary school. 250 million girls worldwide – were married before age 15.
In Niger, 77 % of women aged 20 to 49 were married before age 18.
© Ondrej Zoričák
‘’Worldwide, more than 700 million women alive today were married as children. More than 1 out of 3 – or some 250 million – were married before 15. Girls who marry before they turn 18 are less likely to remain in school and more likely to experience domestic violence. Young teenage girls are more likely to die due to complications in pregnancy and childbirth than women in their 20s; their infants are more likely to be stillborn or die in the first month of life.’’ -- UNICEF Child Protection Unit
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all Clean, accessible water for all is an essential part of the world we want to live in. There is sufficient fresh water on the planet to achieve this. But due to bad economics or poor infrastructure, every year millions of people, most of them children, die from diseases associated with inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene. Water scarcity, poor water quality and inadequate sanitation negatively impact food security, livelihood choices and educational opportunities for poor families across the world. Drought afflicts some of the worldâ€™s poorest countries, worseni ng hunger and malnutrition. By 2050, at least one in four people is likely to live in a country affected by chronic or recurring shortages of fresh water.
WATER AND SANITATION FACTS 663 million people are still without access to improved drinking water. 2.4 billion people lack access to basic sanitation services, such as toilets or latrines. More than 80 percent of wastewater resulting from human activities is discharged into rivers or sea without any pollution removal. Each day, nearly 1,000 children die due to preventable water and sanitationrelated diarrheal diseases.
Water scarcity affects more than 40 % of the
global population and is projected to rise.
© UN Photo
Women filling an Hippo Water Roller in a water point in Abu Shouk camp for internal displaced people. A large number of the Darfurian population has a limited access to water resources and have to carry heavy buckets or jerry cans many times a day because for it is small capacity for long distance. Hippo Water Roller is a device for carrying billion people havemethods. gainedThe access water more easily“2.6 and efficiently than traditional hippo roller, with its large drum capacity (usually 75 liters), frees women to improved drinking water sources since 1990, and children frommillion having topeople spend a large of every day but 663 areportion still without.” dedicated to collecting water for their © Albert Gonzalez Farran / UNAMID
- - UNDP, SDG 6 - Facts and Figures
Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all Between 1990 and 2010, the number of people with access to electricity has increased by 1.7 billion, and as the global population continues to rise so will the demand for cheap energy. A global economy reliant on fossil fuels and the increase of greenhouse gas emissions is creating drastic changes to our climate system. This is having a visible impact on every continent. Ensuring universal access to affordable electricity by 2030 means investing in clean energy sources such as solar, wind and thermal. Adopting cost-effective standards for a wider range of technologies could also reduce the global electricity consumption by buildings and industry by 14 percent. This means avoiding roughly 1,300 mid-size power plants. Expanding infrastructure and upgrading technology to provide clean energy sources in all developing countries is a crucial goal that can both encourage growth and help the environment.
SUSTAINABLE ENERGY FACTS One in five people still lacks access to modern electricity. 3 billion people rely on wood, coal, charcoal or animal waste for cooking and heating. Energy is the dominant contributor to climate change, accounting for around 60 pre cent of total global greenhouse gas emissions. Reducing the carbon intensity of energy is a key objective in long-term climate goals.
is opportunity â€“ it transforms lives, economies and the planet.
ÂŠ Slovak Agency for International Development Cooperation
The use of wind energy in Mongolia PROJECT: Collecting water from underground sources for Mongolian herders using windpumps, E-Est, s.r.o. As Mongolia only has small resources of surface water, the majority of its inhabitants, especially the nomads in the vast steppe areas, are dependent on groundwater. Unfortunately, many of the boreholes and wells have been destroyed, which is one of the reasons why the herders have begun to leave their traditional way of life and migrate to other territories or to cities. Thanks to the financial support from SlovakAid, 7 prototypes of wind pumps were completed during the project works (capable to draw up to 0,3 l per second of the groundwater), enabling local herdsmen and their herds to inhabit the area.
#agenda2030 #SDG #GlobalGoals
Â© Pexels (Creative Commons Zero (CC0) license)
SUSTAINABLE FUTURE FOR ALL
“At its essence, sustainability means ensuring prosperity and environmental protection without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. A sustainable world is one where people can escape poverty and enjoy decent work without harming the earth’s essential ecosystems and resources; where people can stay healthy and get the food and water they need; where everyone can access clean energy that doesn’t contribute to climate change; where women and girls are afforded equal rights and equal opportunities.” UN Development Summit, 2015
Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all Roughly half the worldâ€™s population still lives on the equivalent of about $2 a day. And in too many places, having a job doesnâ€™t guarantee the ability to escape from poverty. This slow and uneven progress requires us to rethink and retool our economic and social policies aimed at eradicating poverty. A continued lack of decent work opportunities, insufficient investments and under-co nsumption lead to an erosion of the basic social contract underlying democratic societies: that all must share in progress. The creation of quality jobs will remain a major challenge for almost all economies well beyond 2015. Sustainable economic growth will require societies to create the conditions that allow people to have quality jobs that stimulate the economy while not harming the environment. Job opportunities and decent working conditions are also required for the whole working age population.
POVERTY FACTS Global unemployment increased from 170 million in 2007 to nearly 202 million in 2012, of which about 75 million are young women and men. Nearly 2.2 billion people live below the $2 poverty line and that poverty eradication is only possible through stable and well-paid jobs. 470 million jobs are needed globally for new entrants to the labour market between 2016 and 2030.
means opportunities for everyone to get work that is productive and delivers a fair income, security and social protection.
ÂŠ UN Photo
What can we do to fix these issues? â€œProviding youth the best opportunity to transition to a decent job calls for investing in education and training of the highest possible quality, providing youth with skills that match labour market demands, giving Athem family usingtosolar energy in generating inregardless Tarialan soum, access social protection and basicpower services of their Uvs Aimag (Uvs Province).In remote soums many people live contract type, as well as levelling the playing field so that all aspiring without to remoteness, vast distances scattered youthelectricity can attaindue productive employment regardlessand of their gender, nomadic way of life.Theseincome photographs depict the families working level or socio-economic background.â€? in the sea buckthorn field and shows their living conditions in a ger (Mongolian tent). - Decent Work and Economic Growth: traditional Why it matters? UNDP
Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation Investments in infrastructure â€“ transport, irrigation, energy and information and communication technology â€“ are crucial to achieving sustainable development and empowering communities in many countries. It has long been recogni zed that growth in productivity and incomes, and improvements in health and education outcomes require investment in infrastructure. Inclusive and sustainable industrial development is the primary source of income generation, allows for rapid and sustained increases in living standards for all people, and provides the technological solutions to environmentally sound industrialization. Technological progress is the foundation of efforts to achieve environmental objectives, such as increased resource and energyefficiency. Without technology and innovation, industrialization will not happen, and without industrialization, development will not happen.
INFRASTRUCTURE FACTS Inadequate infrastructure leads to a lack of access to markets, jobs, information and training, creating a major barrier to doing business. Undeveloped infrastructures limits access to health care and education. In developing countries, barely 30 percent of agricultural production undergoes industrial processing.
Quality infrastructure is positively related to the achievement of social, economic and political goals.
ÂŠ Slovak Agency for International Development Cooperation
Digital technologies and project-based learning in Voi district, Kenya PROJECT: Slovak-Kenyan cooperation for modern schools, PONTIS Foundation Primary goal of the project was to introduce digital technologies to several Kenyan high schools in a remote region of Voi district. New computers, establishing of internet connection in schools and comprehensive IT education contributed significantly to increasing the quality of education. Providing digital equipment together with internet access helped more than 700 pupils in 4 Kenyan high schools to gain computer skills, improve access to information and encourage cooperation of Slovak and Kenyan students and teachers.
Reduce inequality within and among countries The international community has made significant strides towards lifting people out of poverty. The most vulnerable nations – the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries and the small island developing states – co ntinue to make inroads into poverty reduction. However, inequality still persists and large disparities remain in access to health and education services and other assets. Additionally, while income inequality between countries may have been reduced, inequality within countries has risen. There is growing consensus that economic growth is not sufﬁcient to reduce poverty if it is not inclusive and if it does not involve the three dimensions of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental.
INEQUALITY FACTS Income inequality increased by 11 per cent in developing countries between 1990 and 2010. A significant majority of households in developing countries - more than 75 percent of the population - are living today in societies where income is more unequally distributed than it was in the 1990s.
Inequality harms growth and poverty reduction
© Zuzana Letková
„To reduce inequality, policies should be universal in principle paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations.“ -- UNDP, Goal 10
Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable Cities are hubs for ideas, commerce, culture, science, productivity, social development and much more. At their best, cities have enabled people to advance socially and economically. However, many challenges exist to maintaining cities in a way that continues to create jobs and prosperity while not straining land and resources. Common urban challenges include congestion, lack of funds to provide basic services, a shortage of adequate housing and declining infrastructure. The challenges cities face can be overcome in ways that allow them to continue to thrive and grow, while improving resource use and reducing pollution and poverty. The future we want incl udes cities of opportunities for all, with access to basic services, energy, housing, transportation and more.
FACTS AND FIGURES Half of humanity â€“ 3.5 billion people â€“ lives in cities today. By 2030, almost 60 percent of the worldâ€™s population will live in urban areas. 95 percent of urban expansion in the next decades will take place in developing world. 828 million people live in slums today and the number keeps rising.
Half of humanity -
3.5 billion people lives in cities today
According to the UN-HABITAT Global Activity Report 2015, in the last century, the world has been rapidly urbanizing. In 2008, for the first time in history, urban population outnumbered rural population. This milestone marked the advent of a new ‘urban millennium’ and, by 2050, it is expected that two-thirds of the world population will be living in urban areas.
-- UN-HABITAT Global Activity Report 2015
© Zuzana Letková
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns Sustainable consumption and production aims at “doing more and better with less,” increasing net welfare gains from eco nomic activities by reducing resource use, degradation and pollution along the whole lifecycle, while increasing quality of life. It also requires a systemic approach and cooperation among actors operating in the supply chain, from producer to final consumer. It involves engaging consumers through awareness-raising and education on sustainable consumption and lifestyles, providing consumers with adequate information through standards and labels and engaging in sustainable public procurement, among others.
FACTS AND FIGURES 1.3 billion tons of food is wasted every year while almost 1 billion people go undernourished and another 1 billion hungry. Overconsumption of food is detrimental to our health and the environment. 2 billion people globally are overweight or obese. The food sector accounts for around 30 percent of the world’s total energy consumption and accounts for around 22 percent of total Greenhouse Gas emissions.
Sustainable consumption and production aims at “doing more and better with less”.
ÂŠ Slovak Agency for International Development Cooperation
Fair Trade and bio cashew nuts exported to Europe and North America PROJECT: Supporting socio-economic development of cashew farmers in Kenya, INTEGRA Foundation Main goal of INTEGRA FoundationÂ´s project was to build a sustainable trade chain and to improve the quality of current production of cashew nuts in Kenya, enabling higher competitiveness in world markets. Project activities included specialized trainings for farmers aimed to gains skills for Fair Trade and BIO production and eventual certification. Apart from the trainings, project helped to increase technological capacities of a processing factory in Nairobi, where the nuts are being processed and prepared for export. New modern equipment of the factory increased capacities for production and enabled to hire more workforce (mainly women from Nairobi slums) so the factory is working all year round securing uninterrupted income for the company and its employees. Local cashew farmers have been grouped in Fair Trade International which guarantees constant price paid for the nuts, which is not dependent on unexpected market fluctuations. The Fair Trade membership also guarantees social premium from the sales, which is exclusively dedicated to the development of local communities. The project targeted around 53 000 small scale farmers from Embu, Lamu, Kilifi and Kwale region, creating 270 new jobs in the processing factory in Nairobi.
Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts There is no country in the world that is not seeing first-hand the drastic effects of climate change. Greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, and are now more than 50 percent higher than their 1990 level. Further, global warming is causing long-lasting changes to our climate system, which threatens irreversible consequences if we do not take action now. The goal aims to mobilize $100 billion annually by 2020 to address the needs of developing countries and help mitigate climate-related disasters. Strengthening the resilience and adaptive capacity of more vulnerable regions must go hand in hand with efforts to raise awareness and integrate measures into national policies and strategies.
FACTS AND FIGURES From 1880 to 2012, average global temperature increased by 0.85Â°C. From 1901 to 2010, the global average sea level rose by 19 cm as oceans expanded due to warming and ice melted. Global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) have increased by almost 50 percent since 1990. Most aspects of climate change will persist for many centuries even if emissions are stopped.
It is still possible, using a wide array of technological measures and changes in behavior, to limit the increase in global mean temperature to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
ÂŠ UN Photo
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon attending High Level Closing of the Summit of Local Leaders hosted by Ms. Ann Hidalgo, Mayor of Paris, and Mr. Michael Bloomberg, Special Envoy of the Secretary-General on Cities and Climate Change.
Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counter balance the effects of climate change. Over three billion people depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods. However, today we are seeing 30 percent of the world’s fish stocks overexploited, well below a level at which they can produce sustainable yields. Oceans also absorb about 30 percent of the carbon dioxide produced by humans, and we are seeing a 26 percent rise in ocean acidification since the beginning of the industrial revolution. Marine pollution, an overwhelming majority of which comes from land-based sources, is reaching alarming levels, with an average of 13,000 pieces of plastic litter to be found on every square kilometer of ocean.
FACTS AND FIGURES Over 3 billion people depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods. The market value of marine and coastal resources and industries is estimated at $3 trillion per year. Oceans contain nearly 200,000 identified species. Marine fisheries directly or indirectly employ over 200 million people.
3 /4 of the Earth’s surface, contain 97%
of the Earth’s water, and represent 99 % of the living space on the planet.
© Lukáš Zorád
Sustainable sea resource utilisation at the Indian Ocean coast PROJECT: Decreasing poverty and strengthening food security at the Kenyan coast through development of livelihoods and sustainable sea resource utilisation, Kenya, People in Peril Association
„ ...food security in the region is influenced by depleted sea waters, overfishing and degradation of natural sea resources. “
„Positive impact of the project will touch more than 24 000 people in Kilifi.“
Project implemented by People in Peril Association and local NGO Kwetu Training Centre For Sustainable Development, is addressing food insecurity issue in one of the ten poorest regions of Kenya. The poverty level in Kilifi county is over 68% of the population, while majority of them are fishermen and farmers. Primary goal of the project is Increased food production in households and schools through animal husbandry, beekeeping, ecological farming, cottage food industry and food value addition. Project also targets more efficient food production in communities and villages through mariculture in ponds (including establishment of fish hatchery and feeds production unit) and sustainable natural resource utilization of mangrove forests. One of the most significant results of the project will be achieved food sovereignty and financial self-sufficiency through marine animals rearing in ponds and are reducing their pressure on wild population of marine animals. Project is designed to reach out to 844 direct beneficiaries (farmers and students) from communities, school agricultural clubs and forest community association covering 13 villages. Positive impact of the project will touch more than 24 000 people in Kilifi region.
Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss Forests cover 30 per cent of the Earthâ€™s surface and in addition to providing food security and shelter, forests are key to combating climate change, protecting biodiversity and the homes of the indigenous population. Thirteen million hectares of forests are being lost every year while the persistent degradation of drylands has led to the desertification of 3.6 billion hectares. Deforestation and desertification â€“ caused by human activities and climate change â€“ pose major challenges to sustainable development and have affected the lives and livelihoods of millions of people in the fight against poverty. Efforts are being made to manage forests and combat desertification.
641 trained members of community groups 460 househols using energy saving stoves 10 tree nurseries established 127 096 mangroves seedlings planted ..............................................
Protection of mangrove vegetation is an important factor in the fight against climate change.
ÂŠ Slovak Agency for International Development Cooperation
Mangrove ecosystems restoration, Kilifi, Kenya PROJECT: Increasing economic self-sufficiency and food security through agricultural development and protection of natural resources on the East coast of Kenya, People in Peril Association Majority of the population in Kilifi lives below poverty line, which means living on less than 2.00 USD a day. Most of the inhabitants work in agriculture. Low incomes in this sector and the lack of theoretical and practical knowledge in agroproducion are closely linked to the p resence of poverty. The result of careless and excessive use of natural resources, especially mangrove vegetation, is loss of biodiversity and an important refuge for marine animals spawning . Ongoing degradation of mangrove vegetation contributes to the decline in agricultural output. Thanks to the SlovakAid project i mplemented by People in Peril Association, we were able to increase capacities to pro tect mangrove ecosystems in this region. Project activities contributed to more efficient agricultural produc tion and enhance food security of the local population. The project has involved a total of nine community groups with 180 members, with a total impact on the population of approximately 20,000 people.
Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels Peace, stability, human rights and effective governance based on the rule of law are important conduits for sustainable development. We are living in a world that is increasingly divided. Some regions enjoy sustained levels of peace, security and prosperity while others fall into seemingly endless cycles of conflict and violence. This is by no means inevitable and must be addressed. High levels of armed violence and insecurity have a destructive impact on a countryâ€™s development, affecting economic growth and often resulting in long standing grievances among communities that can last for generations. Sexual violence, crime, exploitation and torture are also prevalent where there is conflict or no rule of law, and countries must take measures to protect those who are most at risk. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aim to significantly reduce all forms of violence, and work with governments and communities to find lasting solutions to conflict and insecurity.
FACTS AND FIGURES Corruption, bribery, theft and tax evasion cost some US $1.26 trillion for developing countries per year. The rate of children leaving primary school in conflict affected countries reached 50 percent in 2011, which accounts to 28.5 million children.
#peace #human rights
The rule of law and development have a significant interrelation and are mutually reinforcing, making it essential for sustainable development at the national and international level.
© UN Photo
„ At l e a st 1 / 5 o f h um a n ity l ive s i n co untr ie s ex p e r ie n cin g si gn ific a nt vio l e n ce, po l i tica l co nfl ict, a n d insecurity. “
Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) can o nly be realized with a strong commitment to global partnership and cooperation. While official development assistance from developed countries increased by 66 percent between 2000 and 2014, humanitarian crises brought on by conflict or natural disasters continue to demand financial resources and aid. Many countries also require Official Development Assistance to encourage growth and trade. The world today is more interconnected than ever before. Improving access to technology and knowledge is an important way to share ideas and foster innovation. Coordinating policies to help developing countries manage their debt, as well as promoting investment for the least developed, is vital to achieve sustainable growth and development.
FACTS AND FIGURES 79 percent of imports from developing countries enter developed countries duty-free. The number of Internet users in Africa almost doubled in the past four years. 30 percent of the worldâ€™s youth are digital natives, active online for at least five years. But more four billion people do not use the Internet, and 90 percent of them are from the developing world.
Official development assistance stood at
$135.2 billion in 2014, the highest level ever recorded.
ÂŠ UN Photo
#finance #technology #capacitybuilding #coordination #trade #policy #coherence #monitoring #data #partnerships
This publication has been produced with financial support of the “Slovak Republic – UNDP Partnership for Results in the International Development Cooperation” Programme. (c) UNDP
Slovak Agency for International Development Cooperation Grรถsslingovรก 35 811 09 Bratislava Slovak Republic www.slovakaid.sk Facebook: SlovakAid / ISSUU: SlovakAid
Published on May 10, 2017
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development offers a better future for billions of people around the world and for our planet as a whole. Th...