1 An exhibition of photographs he/d recently at the Museum of Turkish lslamic Art depicts many of the antiquities taken out of Turkey in the past. civlllsatıons
of Anatolla have a uniQue place world history. T h e a Not only did many of them ın
attaın ıeveı of culture, but they played a sıgnlflcant role ın the cultural hlstocy of the world. Anatolla .ıs a treasury whose
artefacts throw llght on dally life, government and other aspects of the many states and nations whlch rose and fell here. nııs rich source of hlstorıc evidence has attracted archaeoıoglsts, art hlstorıans and scıentısts for well over a century. ~ ın the 19th century, ın paraııeı to the development of tnduStry and technology ın the western countrıes, . ınterest In the hlstorıc remaıns of · Anatolla rose. coııectors and museums vled to obtaln the flnest exampıes of Anatolla's culturaı herltage. unapprecıatıve of the value of this
governments generousıy gave permıts to European archaeologists and in the ıatter half of this century thousands of antıqultles were transported to Europe. As the value of these objects soared and fortunes began to be made in antlqultles tradlng, destructive p1underers rather than knowledgeable archaeologiststs hurried to excavate in
The flrst Turkish curator, the artıst osman Harndi Bey, made a vanant endeavour to prevent these ıosses, but despıte some new Jeglsıatıon agaJnst smuggllng he had ııttıe success. However, the establlshment of ıstanbul . • Archaeologlcaı Museum was a step ın the rlght directton and apprecıatıon .of this hlstorıc herıtage spread. ın 1931, elght yearsafter the . 1 foundlng of the Turkish Republlc,. AtatOrk inltlated the esta'bllshment of the Turkish History Institute, and In 1933 the flrst Turkish team of archaeolôgists conducted excavatıons at Ahlatlıbel, followed two ,years ıater by excavatıons at AlacahöyOk. · Today thousands of priceıess antiQultles, taken wlth or wtthout permission out of Anatolia, may·be seen ın the Louvre, the British Museum, and other world·famous museurns. one of those taken ıA(Ith the permission of the ottoman government, was ttıe Altar of zeus, found ın the cıtv of Pergamum and exhlblted today at a museum ın East Berlin. The venus of Mllo ın the Louvre ıs aıso from Anatoııa. Many
from uşak seen ın tne Metropolitan Museum,. New York, and works found at Kumluca <the ancient carydeııaı ın oumbarton Museum were smuggled out of Turkey, and the Turkish goverment ıs stili endeavouring to secure thelr return. Of elght works stolen from Aphrodlsias Museum in 1976, sıx were ıater found ın the United states and returned. The other two were never found.
7400 cunelform Hittite tablets anda sphlnx found durıng excavatıons of the Hittite capital of Hattushash ın 1917 were taken to Berlin for cleanlng, but never returned. ın the British Museum are statues of the Harpies and the Nerelds, the statue of Demeter found in Kisos, rellefS from the Tempıe of Artemis, one of the . seven wonders of the world. and parts of the Mausoıeum of Hallcarnassus.