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SKYLAR KITCHEN Selected Works


2012 - 2018

Bachelor of Environmental Studies in Architecture

NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY 2011-2016 RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA

Selected Works

Architectural Designer

BALLINGER 2016-2017 PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA

Bachelor of Architecture

NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY 2017-2018

Skylar Kitchen

RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA

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Skylar Kitchen

PROJECTS

01 / PLACE & TECTONICS Visitor Center for Fort Fisher, NC

02 / RALEIGH CENTRAL LIBRARY Library for Raleigh , NC

03 / ANIMAL ARCHITECTURE Teaching Animal Unit

Procedural Bus Shelter

05 / DIY CARTOGRAPHY Uncovering Through Mapping

Selected Works

04 / MATERIAL TRANSLATIONS

06 / WOLF PROWL Animal Husbandry Lab

07 / PROFESSIONAL WORK Kinesiology Building for UMich

08 / CODE + ART Generative Twitter Artwork for NCSU Library

09 ADDITIONAL WORK Visualization and Carpentry

2012 - 2018

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Skylar Kitchen

Selected Works

2012 - 2018


Skylar Kitchen

01 FORT FISHER Selected Works

Can a historic fort you can barely see have a strong presence in your mind?

PROGRAM: ........................Visitor Center ACADEMIC: ....................................NCSU DATE: ...................................................2018 LOCATION: ......................Fort Fisher, NC

Paul Rudolph states that the environment of the building, its relationship to context, and the site should determine its architectural form. A truly successful building must be related to its neighbors. Most importantly, it must define and render eloquent its role in the whole scheme. The site proposed aims to define Fort Fisher and render eloquent the story that it has to tell.

2012 - 2018

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2012 - 2018

Main Parking

Atlantic Ocean

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W W

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Marsh

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Selected Works

Remaining Fort

Stone Marker (Edge of Existing Fort)

d. P Ad

Skylar Kitchen

ark

ing

Lighthouse Excavation

Stone Marker

120’

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Skylar Kitchen

Cape Fear River 5 min walk Visitor Center

10 mins

15 mins

Remaining Fort Atlantic Ocean

30 mins

li

18 6 5S

ho

ne

Original Fort re

“... over 70% of the fort has eroded into the ocean.”

Southport Ferry

Selected Works

Marsh Maritime Forest Beach

The Basin

SITE ANALYSIS The site derives it’s location from several contextual elements associated with Fort Fisher’s historic site. First, the historic WWII runway forms an axis across Fort Fisher, which should be taken into consideration. Placing the proposed site at the end of the runway makes it, and the historic Fort which it cuts through, comprehensible to the visitor. Second, the proposed site is currently underutilized. It is essentially an open field with no connection to it’s historical context. Third, it’s proximity to the natural beauty of the maritime forest should have a connection with the Visitor Center.

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2012 - 2018

The site is situated just North of Fort Fisher. Being in close proximity to the Fort, as well as a popular vacation spot for beach-goers the new Fort Fisher Visitor Center will be an important cultural resource. The site is unique, in that it is dynamic and constantly changing. As Paul Rudolph describes in his Six Points of architectural form, the building should respond to the site and environment. The Building should reflect the unique site conditions that have created and destroyed the historic Fort.


2012 - 2018

Parking

Selected Works

New Vegetation

Exhibition

Path around Fort Fisher

Skylar Kitchen

Learning

Path around Fort Fisher

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Skylar Kitchen

Exhibition

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2

3

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Gathering Rest Room Info/Security Retail Orientation Exhibition Gathering

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6 Selected Works

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PROGRAM Fort Fisher is a place of great natural beauty, and the footprint of the building should be minimized, as to avoid spoiling its fragile ecosystem. The program should set to air the understanding of the historical role of Fort Fisher. Classrooms, exhibitions, and research libraries, and a special observatory aim to foster this understanding. A modest staff of archaeologists also inhabit the space, and they should be integrated into the building scheme. The archeology lab can also act as another learning tool for students and visitors to understand the historical role of Fort Fisher.

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Learning

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Offices Overlook Rest Room Classroom Library Kitchen Dining

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2012 - 2018 Selected Works

Spaces receive their being from locations and not from ‘space’

Skylar Kitchen

Martin Heidegger

Exhibition East Elevation 10


Skylar Kitchen

Metal

Metal Brise Soleil

Selected Works

Timber Structure

Office

Operable Shutter System

Observation Classrooms

Library Dining

Every room gets a good view. The deck and glass is an extension of that room.

2012 - 2018 Exploded Axonometric Diagram 11


2012 - 2018 Selected Works

Classrooms Open to Ocean

Skylar Kitchen

Pulley System Opens Shutters

Perspective of Teacher Opening Shutter 12

Shutter Detail Section


Skylar Kitchen Selected Works

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Dining/Kitchen Section W

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15

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Cooling Summer Breeze

Dynamic Facade

Sustainabilty Section 13

2012 - 2018

Cold Winter Air


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Street Perspective from Moore Square

Skylar Kitchen

Selected Works

2012 - 2018


Skylar Kitchen

02 RALEIGH CENTRAL LIBRARY

to readers?

Selected Works

How can a library provide the most optimal daylight

PROGRAM: ..................................Library ACADEMIC: ....................................NCSU DATE: ...................................................2017 LOCATION: ...........................Raleigh,

NC

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2012 - 2018

This Raleigh Central Library aims to symbolize an open and inviting public space for study and reading. It also aims to provide a well-lit reading experience. The main goal of the facade is to harmoniously provide sufficient ambient lighting to enable the building to serve as a place for study and reading. Light control was a large concern for the library, as reading is its primary function, and the largest facade opens south. To solve the issue of diffusing the direct sunlight, the project propose to shelter the facade with a translucent ‘veil’. The veil consists of an undulating translucent glass facade which wraps around the south, east, and west facades of the building, providing an optimal amount of daylight while avoiding direct sunlight on readers.


2012 - 2018

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1 2 3 4 5 6

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Entrance Cafe / Dining Assembly Hall Exhibition Stairs Service Space

Selected Works

120’

Street Level

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Skylar Kitchen

2

3

4

1 2 3 4 5

1

Stairs Stacks Atrium Reading (2 Story) Service Area

120’

Level 2 16


Skylar Kitchen

N Blount St.

S Wilmington St.

Fayetteville St.

NC State Capitol

Marbles Kids Museum

Vintage Church

Site E Hargett St.

Transit Hub

Moore Square Selected Works

120’

MATERIALITY

2012 - 2018

The minimalist form of the building stands as a lightbox that captures and filters sunlight throughout the building. The etched tempered glass glows when it is illuminated by sunlight from the exterior during the day and glows at nighttime from the interior. A virtue that etched glass has over plastic alternatives is its long lifespan as well as its ‘gravitas’. Its virtue is also its vulnerability as glass weighs much more than its plastic counterparts. Additional supports are required for a glass facade as compared to a translucent polycarbonate material. Another vulnerability of glass is that it can break and glass shards and drop onto people below.

1/64” = 1’ Model 17

120’


2012 - 2018

INTERIOR CONCEPT

Makerspace

Reading Stacks

Push by Program

Selected Works

Central Atrium

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2

3

4

1 Makerspace 2 Admin 3 Classroom 4 Study 5 Kid Space 6 Stacks 7 Atrium 8 Reading 9 Cafe 10 Assembly 11 Exhibition

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11

Section

Program drives formal gestures. 18


EXTERIOR CONCEPT Skylar Kitchen

Reflect Atrium

Trim

Selected Works 2012 - 2018

Layered complexity with simple geometries

North Elevation 19


2012 - 2018

Veil

Skylar Kitchen

Selected Works

Atrium

Exploded Axonometric Diagram 20


Skylar Kitchen

Selected Works

2012 - 2018

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Section


2012 - 2018 Selected Works Skylar Kitchen

Early Iteration Section Model

The glazing system is comprised of folded glass panels. They are supported by vertical mullions, which are fixed to horizontal supports and struts which are then attached to the main structural hollow steel column. Given that annealed glass has a low-characteristic strength and is susceptible to rupture provoked by thermal shock under differential solar loads, tempered glass was the safest choice. Because the folds in the form of the glazing are generally sharp, and the faces of the glazing are generally flat, cold-bent tempered glass will fit between the vertical mullions. The curvature of the panels is gradual enough that there would not be excessive stress generated between the panels and they would stay in place. The glass panels would be cut into custom trapezoidal shapes and fit in between the mullions. The mullions and supports are a high-strength stainless steel grid, that supports the glazing panels.

1. 2. 3. 4.

1. Structural Columns 2. Horizontal Supports and Struts 3. Vertical Mullions 4. Tempered Glass Facade Veil details 22


Skylar Kitchen

Taichung Metropolitan Opera House: Toyo Ito

Zollverein School of Management and Design: SANAA

High Contrast & Variability

Atrium Perspective

Selected Works

PRECEDENCE

Sendai Mediatheque: Toyo Ito

Low Contrast & Variability

DAYLIGHT

Target

2012 - 2018

Seattle Public Library: OMA

Thermal Vals: Peter Zumthor

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Naked House : Shigeru Ban


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Perspective from Entrance

Skylar Kitchen

Selected Works

2012 - 2018


Skylar Kitchen

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ANIMAL ARCHITECTURE Selected Works

How can a swine farm teach a future generation of veterinarians?

PROGRAM: .......Industrial / Educational ACADEMIC: ....................................NCSU DATE: ...................................................2016 LOCATION: ......NCSU Veterinary College

Architecture never happens in an isolated environment. It is always responding to a series of existing conditions. The context, culture, and environment are all settings which influence the design of place. Agrarian architecture is authentic – it is part of the land, in harmony with environment, and is a derivative of the culture of the place.

2012 - 2018

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2012 - 2018

reclaimed water swine gestation

feed / storage

swine farrowing 40 ft. spacing

swine finishing

Animal Staging Area

learning lab

Selected Works

gathering / wash

120’

Skylar Kitchen

Floor Plan

Parti

Program

Circulation

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Datum

Figure / Ground


Skylar Kitchen

poultry facility

swine facility

Selected Works

equine services

dairy cattle barn

pasture

120’

Site Plan

PROGRAM The objective of the project was to create a new swine facility and education facility on the NC State veterinary college campus. The main concerns for the project are bio-security of the animals, student education,and the day-to-day activities of the swine care-takers.

Sketch?

2012 - 2018

For the safety of the animals, the program is separated in to four elements: gestation, farrowing, finishing, and the classroom space. The buildings are 45’ apart so that airborne diseases do not transfer between them.

Section through Bays 27


2012 - 2018 Selected Works

Animal Teaching Lab

Skylar Kitchen

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Swine Finishing Facility 28


Skylar Kitchen Swine Finishing North Section

Vehicle Ramp

Embedded Walls Stored

Embedded Walls In Use

Swine Gestation Bay

Storage

Selected Works

A Feed

2012 - 2018

Pig Run with Operable Doors

Pedestrian Pathway 29

Perspective South from Gestation


2012 - 2018 Selected Works Skylar Kitchen

Bus Shelter Perspective

Elevation Right 30

Elevation Front


Skylar Kitchen

04 MATERIAL TRANSLATIONS Selected Works

How can you make a bus shelter using computer code?

PROGRAM: .............................Bus Shelter ACADEMIC: ....................................NCSU DATE: ...................................................2018 LOCATION: ............................Raleigh, NC

Designer charrette decided to purpue my concept of a fabric formed concrete structure.

2012 - 2018

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DIGITAL DESIGN PROCESS

Skylar Kitchen

Selected Works

2012 - 2018

Rhino, Grasshopper, & 3D Printing

Roof Structure & Load Nodes: Load nodes placed where you want columns to connect to roof. Roof form generated from node placement. Roof size adjustable with scale factor slider.

Support Nodes: Place whereever you want the structure to touch the ground.

Void Area: Area where grasshopper won’t generate polysurface. Useful for creating a bench/seating surface between columns. Grasshopper Script 32


DIGITAL DESIGN PROCESS

Rhino, Grasshopper, & 3D Printing

Skylar Kitchen Creates polysurface between load and support nodes inside defined area and excludes void area.

Selected Works

Simulates stretched fabric from generated form. Different variables control fabric qualities, i.e. stiffness.

Stages of optimization

2012 - 2018 3D Printed Design Iterations 33


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Full scale mock-up Experiment 1

Skylar Kitchen

Selected Works

2012 - 2018


Skylar Kitchen

Selected Works

2012 - 2018

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Full scale mock-up Experiment 2


2012 - 2018

INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION 16%

WAKE FOREST 40,000 +129%

NATURAL INCREASE 31%

ROLESVILLE 7,000 +525%

DOMESTIC MIGRATION 53%

2016 WAKE COUNTY POPULATION GROWTH

RALEIGH 459,000 CURRENT POPULATION +38% POP GROWTH SINCE 2004

MORRISVILLE 24,700 +113%

ZEBULON 5,000 +19%

WAKE COUNTY

WENDELL 6,7000 +48%

CARY 162,000 +57%

MIGRANT POLITICAL LEANING Percent of migrants who are registered democrats versus registered republicans. 50% - 0% MORE REPUBLICANS 0% - 100% MORE DEMOCRATS

KNIGHTDALE 15,000 +130%

100% - 200% MORE DEMOCRATS 200% - 400% MORE DEMOCRATS

Selected Works

400% - 800% MORE DEMOCRATS 800% - 1,600% MORE DEMOCRATS 1,600% - %3,300 MORE DEMOCRATS

ELECTION RESULTS 2004 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION KERRY (D) GW BUSH (R) 2016 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION CLINTON (D) TRUMP (R) JOHNSON (L) (+ WRITE IN)

PARTY AFFILIATION DEMOCRAT

LIBERTARIAN

REPUBLICAN

OTHER / WRITE-IN

SCALE = 1: 100,000 0

1.5

3

6

APEX 47,000 +67%

GARNER 29,000 +30%

HOLLY SPRINGS 33,000 +136%

2004 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION KERRY (D) v. BUSH (R)

2016 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION CLINTON (D) v. TRUMP (R) v. JOHNSON (L) (+ WRITE IN)

WAKE COUNTY

1,024,000 (2016 POPULATION) +42% (INCREASE SINCE 2004)

FUQUAY VARINA 26,000 +132%

MIGRATION AND POLITICS THE SHIFTING DYNAMICS OF THE TRIANGLE’S POLITICAL BATTLEGROUND In these series of maps, I am aiming to uncover if migration affects the political make-up of Wake County. If so, in what ways does migration affect politics, is there anything we can learn from the past, and what can learn infer about the future? Wake County leads the state in net migration. In 2016, migration accounted for about 68% of population growth in Wake County. On average, Wake Skylar Kitchen

County gains an average of 47 new residents each day due to net migration. How does this rapid influx of people change the make-up of Wake County? The maps begin to with a plotting of migrant voters which gives an overall understanding of the magnitude of migrants in Raleigh, and who they vote for. The next map overlays migration density in Raleigh with voting trends. One can see a correlation between increased migration and increased democratic votes. This is contrasted in the next map with how migrants vote specifically versus the overall population. The last map observes how the population of the triangle is projected to shift in the future. 36


Skylar Kitchen

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Selected Works

DIY CARTOGRAPHY

MAPPING AS A SYNTHETIC, ANALYTICAL AND FORMATIVE RESEARCH TOOL

Architecture never happens in an isolated environment. It is always responding to a series of existing conditions. The context, culture, and environment are all settings which influence the design of place. Agrarian architecture is authentic – it is part of the land, in harmony with environment, and is a derivative of the culture of the place.

2012 - 2018

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2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

16,000 14,000

2012 - 2018

12,000 10,000 8,000 6,000 4,000 2,000

2005 - 2016 PENNSYLVANIA 175,000

OTHER NORTH WEST

NEW YORK 150,000

125,000

OTHER SOUTH WEST

NEW JERSEY 100,000

75,000

50,000

CALIFORNIA

MARYLAND

Selected Works

NW

2015

25,000

SW

2016

NE

SE

TEXAS

OTHER NORTH EAST

OTHER SOUTH EAST

VIRGINIA

FLORIDA

SOUTH CAROLINA GEORGIA

REPUBLICAN LEAN

NO LEAN

DEMOCRATIC LEAN

SHIFTING POPULATION IN NORTH CAROLINA THE FUTURE HUE OF A DEEP PURPLE STATE The percentage of North Carolina’s population born outside of the state continues to rise rapidly. Currently, 49% of the state’s adult population is born outside of North Carolina. Of the state’s 100 counties, 18 of them have non-native populations greater than 50%. Meanwhile, 23 counties have a non-native population of less than 25%.What we see in the state is that suburban areas are experiencing surges in population growth while rural areas are stagnating.

Skylar Kitchen

Who is migrating to the suburbs surrounding the state’s large metropolitan areas have a significant effect on the future of politics in North Carolina. North Carolina is a deeply purple state. Voters are currently almost evenly split between Democrats, Republicans, and unaffiliateds. The social and political divide between the states urban and rural areas has created schisms in it’s politics. H.B. 2 can be seen as a manifestation of the existential struggle between the white-collar finance and technology workers migrating to the state and the rural communities. The series of charts show populations of migrants who are moving to North Carolina. The chart describe which state these people are coming from, and what the political leanings are of those states. From the charts, we can take away that there are more people who lean democratic then republican who are moving to North Carolina. Another interesting thing to note is the large amount of the population who are unaffiliated with either party.

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Skylar Kitchen Selected Works

NORTH CAROLINA LEGISLATION A DIGNITY OF COMMON MAN To get a sense of the experience how our state government has influenced Raleigh’s urban fabric, I visited the NC Legislative building and documented the spatial and phenomenological experience of the site. The master plan of the site is pedestrian friendly and rather rigid. There pedestrian axis from the State Capital Building heading North to the Archdale Building two blocks North. The NC Legislative building lies in the center of this axis, dividing it in half. The North half is a large field, nestled between two tall government buildings. The Southern pathway lies between the NC Museum of History and the NC Museum of Natural Science. This side had a much larger gathering of pedestrians.

a combination of modern and minimalist. The design is a change of pace from Stone’s earlier works, which were a direct representation of the international style. The patterned ornamentation, low profile, and wide sweeping roofs are all characteristically inspired by Frank Lloyd Wright. It is a direct offshoot from Stone’s previous design, they new US Embassy in New Delhi. Frank Lloyd Wright was quoted as saying the US Embassy in New Delhi was the “only embassy that does credit to the United States”.

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2012 - 2018

The state building is quite different from it’s surrounding context, which is several street blocks of uninspired buildings. The sharpened, pure geometry of the building is


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Skylar Kitchen

Selected Works

2012 - 2018


Skylar Kitchen

06 WOLF PROWL Selected Works

Can an animal husbandry shed connect to its agrarian context, yet still push the envelope?

PROGRAM: ........................Animal Husbandry ACADEMIC: .....................NCSU Design/ Build DATE: ...........................................................2015 LOCATION: ..............NCSU Veterinary College

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2012 - 2018

As part of the ten-week summer 2015 Design/ Build Studio, architecture and landscape students worked as a team to design and then build a wild animal husbandry facility for the Zoological Teaching animal unit at the college of Veterinary Medicine. The Design Development and construction process each took approximately five weeks, with some overlap in the middle. The Construction Document set was submitted to the NC State Construction office in June. Construction was complete by July 31, the day of the final review for the studio.


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Custom Windows

Skylar Kitchen

Selected Works

2012 - 2018


Skylar Kitchen

Selected Works

2012 - 2018

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Custom Barn Doors


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Main Entrance

Skylar Kitchen

Selected Works

2012 - 2018


Skylar Kitchen

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PROFESSIONAL WORK: KRAUS HALL Selected Works

Can a state-of-the-art science building fit into the heart of a historic campus?

PROGRAM: ..............Kineseology Department PROFESSIONAL: ...........Ballinger Architects DATE: ..................................................2016-2017 LOCATION: .................University of Michigan

Primary responsibilities includes working in a collaborative atmosphere on schematic and design documentation

2012 - 2018

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Skylar Kitchen

Atrium

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Atrium Staircase

Selected Works

2012 - 2018


Skylar Kitchen Selected Works Level 2 Floor Plan

2012 - 2018 Section Perspective Through Atrium 47


2012 - 2018 Selected Works Skylar Kitchen

ARCHITECTURAL VISUALIZATION UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN - MADISON CHEMISTRY INSTRUCTIONAL BUILDING PROGRAM: Science Research/ Education

FIRM: Ballinger

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DATE: 2016

LOCATION: Madison, Wisconsin


Skylar Kitchen Selected Works

UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PROPOSAL PROGRAM: Science Research/ Education

FIRM: Ballinger

DATE: 2016

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LOCATION: Chapel Hill, North Carolina

2012 - 2018

MODEL MAKING


2012 - 2018 Selected Works Skylar Kitchen

EXTRACURRICULAR VISUALIZATION WORKFLOW: CINEMA 4D + OCTANE + AFTER EFFECTS

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Skylar Kitchen Selected Works

CRYSTAL CONSTRUCTION (2012) + JOEL LUBELL’S HOUSE (2018)

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2012 - 2018

CONSTRUCTION AND CARPENTRY


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Skylar Kitchen

Selected Works

2012 - 2018


Skylar Kitchen

skylarkitchen.format.com

Selected Works

skylartkitchen@gmail.com

2012 - 2018

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Skylar Kitchen Architecture Portfolio 2018 **Unfinished**  
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