S. Kroll Portfolio
welcome / 1
THIS PORTFOLIO CONTAINS: The Duplicitous Enigma / graduate thesis .............3 El Museo del Norte / mobile curation ................29 The New Campus Library / electrified hypertexts ......41 Starfield DesCours / collaborative installation ......51 El Camino de Santiago / the wandering village .......59 Fringe / fabricated landscape .......................75 *All projects in this portfolio were produced during my masterâ€™s in architecture education at the University of Michigan Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning.
S. Kroll Portfolio 2
Graduate Thesis make-belief architecture thesis advisor: Keith Mitnick The make-belief thesis studio sought to investigate themes related to embedded cultural narratives within architecture regarding such themes as domesticity, sexuality and authority. Research and investigation began during the fall semester of 2011 and projects were concluded with final reviews on April 25th, 2012.
The Duplicitous Enigma / 3
The Duplicitous Enigma 4
The Duplicitous Enigma Power organizations rely on transformative, separative or enigmatic airlocks in order to maintain their authority. This thesis seeks to critique the devices of power through a design exploration that questions how space influences our culturally embedded perception of power. The Duplicitous Enigma is a critical design proposal that utilizes the functions of the cultural airlock, military vestiges and the power of the enigmatic. As part of an attempt to reclaim the physical presence of power organizations in the digital age, stealth-like nautical vessels are commissioned in major U.S. harbors so as to keep a populace under obedience through distanced manipulation and fear.
The Duplicitous Enigma / 5
zone of detail: New York, NY
enigmatic commissioning Priority based on city population, demographics and political statistics.
sphere of enigmatic influence* paranoia comfort fear yards
Research and Vocabulary An airlock is a chamber separating two spaces. Societies use cultural airlocks to maintain a perception of safety and amplify perceived power. A gun safety functions as an airlock, transforming a gun from a fetishized metal artifact to a deadly weapon; recognized danger is kept distant while it remains close. Spaces such as a locker room function as transformative airlocks in that the individual passing through is removed from a working-day reality and into that of an athlete. The airlock is a space that is used to make sense of the cognitive dissonance between two â€˜realitiesâ€™.
The Duplicitous Enigma / 9
formative research Architecture in Uniform Jean Louis-Cohen The influence of Global War on twentieth century design; pre-fabrication, propaganda, fortifications and the advent of the post-war suburb. Other Heterotopias Michele Foucault Ubiquitous constructs that are embedded with culturally charged spatial nuances regarding sexuality, gender and authority; the domestic realm. STUD: Architectures of Masculinity Joel Sanders Architecture and arrangements that are defined through a dominant masculine code; the persistence of behavioral transgression accepted in such spaces. The City and the City China Mieville The power of the enigmatic in formulating a clear, spatial delineation between two overlapping cities; fear of the â€œcrosshatchâ€?. 10
terminology Vestigial Appendage A construct whose functional purpose is no longer utilized, yet it remains for representative or romanticized purposes. The vestigial appendage is manipulated. The memory of what it once was is leveraged to project a false meaning or identity; i.e. Japanese and German houses constructed for napalm testing during WWII.
Dugway Bombing Experiments
The Aesthetics of Weaponry Seductive yet dangerous; military arms and vehicles have been designed to both intimidate and attract at the same time. Not knowing the function of a device but utilizing clues of the enigmatic to develop sensibility. Materiality, color, texture and behavior; the black steel of the stealth bomber.
Stealth Bomber Aircraft
Cultural Airlock Spaces, apparati or ideas that a culture utilizes to justify behavior or protect themselves from what is considered threatening. The gun safety recognizes human error and exists because of fear that the gun will go off unintentionally. The gun safety â€˜airlockâ€™ transforms the gun from fetishized object to deadly weapon.
Pistol Safety Mechanism
neighborhood jeweler: 1886
independent retail: 1892 1920
home bottling: 1869
first factory: 1903
aviation inventors shop: 1892
ome: 1870 1900
aviation inventors home: 1870 1880
school of the industrialist: 1873 1880 1874
Henry Ford’s Industrialists / Dearborn, MI
Greenfield Village, Dearborn, MI The agglomerationHenry ofFord’s historical Industrialists / Dearborn, MI buildings function as vestigial appendages of American culture. This romanticized representation of now globalized corporations help visitors justify their permanent displacement within the museum. 5’ 10’
Level -1 / FEMA Disaster
Emergency shelter and surviva organization headquarters and
Cultivating and processing of organics: legumes, yams and h
The Duplicitous Enigma / 13
al storage. Relief d offices.
f high nutrient heavy greens.
Level 1 / Black Operations
Military contracting epicenter for nautical offense. Hangars, armory and sunken prison. Growing, harvesting and selling of marijuana as primary funding.
culture of the enigmatic Level 0 / Luxury Power Retreat
Yacht style resort getaway. Luxurious residences, fine dining and conference center. Careful maintenance of fairway lawns and putting greens for floating golf club.
Leveraging power through fear of the unknown, the vessel establishes an ominous presence to mainland populations. Unpredictable behavior coupled with aggressive military constructs enable the enigmatic vessel to intimidate while moored. vessel behavioral shifts* aggressive complacent benevolent
luxury retreat Onboard, a culture of opulence and subverted militaristic support programs are woven together. What is seemingly an infinity pool can be utilized as an invasion gangplank depending on the behavior shifts of the vessel.
systematic power downsize The reality of cramped ship quarters is concealed and â€˜overlookedâ€™ within seemingly luxurious space. Three men inhabit a hotel suite, however their individual use is systematized so as to maintain maxiumum spatial efficiency.
The Airlock In order to mediate between the shifting behavior of the vessel, physical airlocks alter spatial and cognitive relationships that enable the ship to justify its fluctuation. Like the gun safety, the airlock seeks to create 0’ a sense of control and safe space within the ship, physically and mentally. Airlocks separate the luxurious from the insidious, those onshore from the those onboard.
reflection passage / individual disintegration The Duplicitous Enigma / 23
gauntlet passage / mental transformation
3 airlock_03 section
Airlock_03 The Glory of Conformity
2. grid reflection/attitude projection 3. gym entry threshold 4. secondary grid reflection 5. athlete amplification chamber 6. to locker room
1. hollow descent 0’
Airlock_03 types consist of procession passages that react directly to the ‘power’ culture that is unique to the following space. The Glory of Conformity attaches to the fitness center, a gauntlet that transforms the visitor into an athlete, a player or a number in the name of masculine prowess. Sanctified and humiliating, this sequence alludes to cultural associatons of questions kept quiet and blind faith.
7. projection tubes 24
Internal Propaganda Amplifier
Separative Distance Tank
The vacuum of perceptive dominance must be maintained through selective visual propaganda and physically elevated space. The sentiment of viewing a conquered territory from a stature of superiority amplifies the sense of authority; this airlock seeks to elevate the position of the user, yet it guides the vision back to the vessel culture below.
The Separative Distance Tank is a functional means of accessing spaces of adjacency safely within the hull of the vessel. Considering the threat of insidious program, this airlock also amplifies the perceived distance between spaces that authority maintains apart. Airlock 02 makes sure that the thought of one does not contaminate the other.
The Duplicitous Enigma / 25
Airlock_04 Blooming Panopticon Airlock 04 serves as the principal entry to the enigmatic vessel. Reacting to the behavior of the ship, Airlock 04 alters its position and tectonic appearance so as to intimidate, confuse or invite. The many faces of airlock 04 create a microcosym of the vessel itself; behavior that is perceived as elusive from an external populace is linked to semantic airlock gestures.
El Museo del Norte / 29
El Museo del Norte 30
Museo del Norte Pt 1. The Mobile Museum Southwest Detroit, MI The Museo del Norte was a dual part project focused on developing a cultural center for the Latino community of Southwest Detroit. Part 1. The design of a mobile museum system exhibiting various types of artifacts and media related to Latino history throughout the American Midwest. The means of display and exhibition subject matter was informed through individual research during the course of the project.
El Museo del Norte / 31
the ex-voto A Roman Catholic tradition popular in Italy, Mexico and South America. Paintings, artifacts and relics are affixed to church walls in the blessed commemoration of a range of events, both tragic and fortuitous.
Las Carpas: Mobile Memory Unit The Mobile Memory Unit is inspired by the additive ex-voto tradition. At each site, units enable communities to add artifacts or images of a specific cultural genre.
Interior Exhibit 1. exhibit signage 2. introductory text panel 3. additive light-box wall 4. showcase narrative panel
El Museo del Norte / 33
Museo del Norte Pt 2. Casa del Ex-voto Bagley and 20th, Detroit, MI The Casa del Ex-voto serves as mobile museum exhibition space and a Latino cultural center for Southwest Detroit. Artifacts from the mobile units are archived, studios provide means of creative production and performance facilities enable space for entertainment.
El Museo del Norte / 35
site and accessibility hS 20t
key structures 1. abandoned tire warehouse
Bagley Neighborhood project siteplan
The siting of El Museo is based on principal roadside visibility, ease of pedestrian access from core neighborhoods and the relationship to existing community program.
2. 555 artist studio annex 3. Matrix Puppet Theater 4. community mercado 5. Bagley pedestrian bridge 6. new commercial development
section 1 entry / outreach
curation / production
1. mobile unit gallery 2. gathering atrium
4. interior performance
3. exhibition terrace 5. exterior performance
6. loading bay
7. studios 8. galleries
9. administrative 2
2nd level 38
El Museo del Norte / 39
Gypsum Drop Ceiling
Perforated Aluminum Panel / Calla Lily Pattern
Double Pane Glazing / operable transom panel Aluminum Mullion: Matte Black Finish
Welded Steel Panel Frame / 2” depth
Aluminum Tubular Rail 1.5” diameter
Set Steel Rail Base
Polished Concrete Finish
Screen Support Structure / anchored to structural flange
2x6 Steel Stud System
Steel L Support / panel structure
Rainscreen Fascia Panel 1/2” Weatherproofing Panel Matte Aluminum Rainscreen System / horizontal banding orientation, 24’ OC
cultural signage Inherent to the visual identity of the Museo del Norte is an operable sunscreen facade. Inspired by the Mexican muralist movements of the mid-twentieth century, the perforated panels form a composite Calla Lily pattern. Channeling the work of muralist Diego Rivera, the Calla Lily pattern is a means of mediating the formal desires of a community client with the pragmatics of an interactive shading device. opposite: Outdoor perfomance space with illuminated Calla Lily screen system.
Exposed I-Beam Column Float Concrete Finish Welded Wire Fabric Vapor Retarder
Steel Drainage Scupper Gravel Fill
The New Campus Library / 41
The New Campus Library 42
The New Campus Library The University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI What is the value of the university library in the digitization of all textual media? The New Campus library functions as a platform to produce and provide intellectual exchange through highly active academic space within an environment of higher education.
library as martyr / Fahrenheit 451 / Francois Truffaut
The New Campus Library / 43
The University of Michigan East University Avenue Ann Arbor, MI Total SF: 173,116 Length N - S: 1,132.4’ Widest E - W: 261.9’ Narrowest E - W: 108.6’
zone establishment The organization of observed zones on site that exist in terms of pedestrian traffic. Bottleneck areas and open terraces establish a dynamic, fluid thoroughfare during transitional classtime periods.
The New Campus Library / 45
individual niche reading
buffer continuous passage
from heart individual niche
Mapping of possible passive movement library interventions at the scale of the group, pair and individual. Interactions range from transgressive recreation to academic production.
The New Campus Library / 47
descended plan 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
mixing terraces presentation hall sunken entrance collaborative studio group burrow individual niche
The New Campus Library / 49
4. collaborative studio
5. group burrow
6. individual niche
production spaces Central to the library as an electrified “crack” in the university landscape, three types of individual and group production spaces are organized throughout the subterranean length; the individual niche, the group burrow and the collaborative studio. Each space is designed to foster the effective production of a collective archive. New media is created through the layering of information produced by the individual and group; an archive of ‘hypertexts’. 50
Starfield / 51
illuminate Starfield DesCours
Starfield DesCours Collaborative Installation AIA New Orleans, Fall 2011 Starfield was a collaborative installation project designed for the New Orleans DesCours exhibition that took place in December of 2011. In August, the design was chosen out of a pool of applicants and the fabrication budget was funded by AIA New Orleans. The installation takes form from the constellation Draco, a celestial body of maritime navigation that was principal to the founding of the city of New Orleans in 1718. As it guided 300 hundred years ago, the persistence of the constellation alludes to the cityâ€™s culture of resilience. team credits: Jennifer Harmon, Ben Thomas, Catharine Pyenson, Missy Albin, Josh Kehl and Spencer Kroll Starfield / 53
Starfield conceptual model Exercises executed by Professor Jennifer Harmon. Stars are represented by joints whereas their vertical displacement in the model is dictated by their actual distance from the earth.
Starfield competition submission above: Conceptual renders of the starfield frame with LED starlights and suspended in an outdoor courtyard space. White lights represent stars in the Draco constellation. left: the constellation Draco 54
DISCONNECT MEMBER @
112 116 117 128
Starfield / 55
36 118 223
plexiglass buffer plate 205
acrylic battery ring
top aluminum plate
07 117 116
143 144 142
221 176 173
5/8â€?4-40 socket screws
fabrication 80 Unique â€˜starâ€™ aluminum connection plates were fabricated using water-jet technology. Each connection piece housed a battery and LED. opposite: starfield construction plan left: connection diagram
installation Starfield was installed in a courtyard space between two buildings of differing parapet heights. A counterweight system was constructed on site to suspend the installation properly at eye level. in-situ plan
opposite: visitors enjoying the installation at night.
El Camino de Santiago / 59
The Camino de Santiago 60
El Camino de Santiago The Wandering Village The Camino de Santiago was a Taubman College study abroad program that took place during the summer of 2011. Though the camino is traditionally a pilgrimage of catholic penance, the purpose of our study was to examine the rituals and lifestyle of a moving community. As pilgrims ourselves, the importance of our evening â€˜albergueâ€™ hostels and the complex social dynamic of the camino became incredibly familiar. In addition to the 1000km walk, our class participated in daily drawing and writing exercises. During the last weeks of the camino we designed and produced drawings of a speculative hostel that were presented to architects in Santiago de Compostela. El Camino de Santiago / 61
El Camino de Santiago / 64
the transient sponge The culminating project of the camino study-abroad experience was the development of a hostel design drawn on an accordion moleskin sketchbook. In approaching the albergue design, I described each point of programmatic intention through a series of illustrated chapters. Each chapter explained an important aspect of the pilgrim lifestyle through experiences I had personally encountered during the walk.
the meseta albergue A speculative hostel design for utilizing abandoned adobe farm buildings. The design of the hostel takes into account the daily rituals of the pilgrim upon arrival at the hostel: resting, bathing, eating, socializing and sleeping. Vernacular adobe construction and building orientation enable passive systems for the hot and dry Central Iberian climate.
Fringe / 75
Fringe baling wire / muslin / pine Fringe is an exercise in manufactured landscape; the synthesis of intersecting, shape retaining axes. 1/4 mile of baling wire was woven on a wood frame, restricted with guides and formed through pressing and pulling. Project with Benjamin Marder. baling wire, muslin / frame: dimensional lumber, galvanized staples; 16â€™ x 8â€™ x 3â€™ weaving and pressing baling wire on a pine rack
Fringe / 77
Fringe 81 Museo /del
Norte / 23
Education University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI — Master’s in Architecture, April 2012 GPA: 3.89
Miami University, Oxford, OH — Bachelor of Fine Arts in Architecture, May 2009 GPA: 3.75, Magna Cum Laude Design Art Department Head, Beam Camp, Strafford, NH, July 2010 - August 2010 Functioned as the head of the art department for a 12 minute blue-screen film, A Trip to the Sun. Developed the physical aesthetic of the film through the design and construction of movie sets and props. Led courses in “outdoor action painting” and “tarp-i-tecture”. Intern Designer, Nosanchuk Studio, New York, NY, November 2009 - March 2010 Created layout schemes for a portfolio website and booklet consisting of interiors, furniture, lighting and rugs. Arranged product specification packages and developed a proposal for the ‘Metropolis Magazine: Next Generation’ competition. Intern Architect, New World Design, Chicago, IL, May 2008 - August 2008 Measured and plotted office spaces, researched low-impact construction materials and specifications, created residential design drawings and utilized FormZ modeling software to generate digital renderings. Designed and launched a firm website. Leadership Coach, Ann Arbor Rowing Club, Ann Arbor, MI, August 2011 - present Masters rowing coach for both on-the-water technical and land training. Coach, Station L Rowing Club, Portland, OR, March 2010 - June 2010 Coached adults with no previous rowing experience the fundamentals of proper stroke technique as well as implemented basic aerobic and anaerobic training regimens. Crew Leader, Northwest Youth Corps, Eugene, OR, June 2009 - September 2009 Led and instructed 10 high school corps members in completing projects for the U.S. Forest Service throughout Oregon. Projects included trail structure construction, digging new trail and noxious weed removal. Served as a project manager, ensuring that our work met stringent specifications. Also served as an educator through teaching a nightly high school curriculum.
605 SE 34th Avenue Portland, OR 97214 email@example.com
Awards and Exhibitions Descours Exhibition, AIA New Orleans, November 2011 Member of the ‘Starfield’ installation team; full involvement in the design, fabrication and implementation of the installation project with Professor Jennifer Harmon. Fresh: Student Exhibition, Taubman College of Architecture, March 2011 Presented personal work from the Fall 2010 studio, ‘The New Metropolitan Library: See the World Without Ever Leaving ______’. Architectural Thesis Distinction Award, The University of Michigan - April 2012
Tarapata Award Scholarship, The University of Michigan - September 2010, 2011 Eagle Scout Rank Honors - Troop 360, Auburn Hills, MI May 2003
Skills and Technology Layout and Graphics: Adobe CS5: InDesign, Illustrator, Photoshop and Dreamweaver Drafting and Modeling: Google SketchUp, AutoCAD, Rhino Craft: Hand drafting, sketching, proficient woodworking, soldering and basic welding Fabrication: Experience with laser cutting, CNC routing and water jet machinery