Issuu on Google+


publish

e

d by Stav ros Ko utsant onis


“Man started with two basic ways of controlling environment: one by avoiding the issue and hiding under a rock, tree, TENT or roof (this led ultimately to architecture as we know it) and the other by actually interfering with the local meteorology, usually by means of a CAMPFIRE.� -Reyner Banham-


Thesis Statement To provide a fully adaptable stand alone infrastructure with the capability to shelter in any location and climate.

Description Our main goal for this semester was to answer the question of: What constitutes Transformable Architecture? Transformable Architecture that has the potential to be self deployed, and that would allow for programmatic specific user ship. Transformable Architecture that possesses an inherent flexibility to be constructed, adapt to its context, and then deconstruct in reverse. Our research began by investigating the implications of Kinetic structures with regards to program, space, and cultural relationships. As we began to understand the properties that lie between the physical, 3D and 4D realms we were able to analyze and illustrate specific typological means of self deployment in a specified environment. Within these typologies a new pattern of organization needed to operate, a system that could migrate and transform into radically different scales and formations. In effect, a vast array of organizational models became available, which would ultimately adapt in a variety of context and would operate not as representations of architecture but as organizing principles for architecture.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

THEORETICAL RESEARCH 1-2 3-4 5-6 7-8 9-10 11-12

hoberman sphere continous surface system pop-up concepts instant cities reyner banham burning man

ARCHITECTURAL MACHINE DEVELOPMENT 13-14 15-16 17-18 19-20 21-22 23-24 25-26

visual response surface analysis typology perspective typology plan and elevation_1 typology plan and elevation_2 typology deployment system analysis / pad usership

CONTEXTANALYSIS 27-28 29-30 31-32 33-34 35-36 37-38

system configuration overall site theme village general camps circulation specified zones

MATERIAL RESEARCH 39-40 41-42 43-44 45-46 47-48 49-50 51-52

base tensile structures pink inc. interactive window shopping pacific domes flexible solar panel / rubber sidewalks thermal barriers / radiances environmental preservation initiative

SYSTEM 53-54 55-56 57-58 59-60 61-62 63-64

day and night montage transformability / usership detail exploded axonometric detail infrastructual system rendered montages


THEORETICAL RESEARCH


DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

Figure 1 Hoberman Sphere A Hoberman sphere is a structure that resembles a geodesic dome, but is capable of folding down to a fraction of its normal size by the scissor-like action of its joints. A Hoberman sphere is not a true sphere, but a polyhedron known as an icosidodecahedron. The Hoberman sphere can be unfolded by allowing certain members to spread apart. This can be accomplished by feeding out a string or cable in the larger models. The operation of each joint is linked to all the others in a manner conceptually similar to the extension arm on a wall-mounted shaving mirror.

Figure 2 Hoberman Hemisphere The Expanding Geodesic Dome blossoms open from a 1.5-meter cluster to a 6-meter structural dome when pulled open from its base. When deployed it has the same shape and triangulated pattern as Buckminster Fuller's static, geodesic dome, taking this seminal historic structure into the 21st century.

1


HOBERMAN SPHERE

Figure 3 Iris Dome / Expandable Dome The Iris Dome is a retractable roof that transforms like the iris of an eye. As it extends and retracts, transforming the space inside it from indoors to outdoors, its perimeter remains essentially fixed and stable. In its extended state it forms a lamella dome whose members display a pattern of interlocking spirals. The Iris Dome has rigid covering panels attached to its structural members. These panels smoothly glide over one another to make a continuous skin that covers the dome when it is fully extended.

Figure 4 Hoberman Arch The Hoberman Arch was the centerpiece of the Olympic Medals Plaza during the 2002 Winter Olympics. Designed by Chuck Hoberman, it was used as the curtain for the stage, opening like the iris of an eye to reveal a duplicate cauldron in the floor behind the medals platform.

2


DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

Figure 5 Continuous Surface System Unique hybrids of both structure and mechanism, folding structures are "shapes that grow themselves" – fluidly transforming from tight and compact bundles to strong yet graceful structural elements. This is a highly flexible system, whose structures exhibit smooth, stable expansion and contraction. One can design a collapsible truss of virtually any shape. Whatever the specified shape, it does not change as the truss is expanded and contracted.

3


CONTINUOUS SURFACE SYSTEMS

Figure 6 Expanding Helicoid Beginning as a tight cluster, the Expanding Helicoid smoothly expands to fill the spiral staircase at the center of Discovery World's permanent biotech exhibit. Visitors have the remarkable sensation of being inside the sculpture: As it contracts, it seems to disappear into the stairwell; as it expands, it seems to grow like a living plant. Bound by two spirals, like the DNA double helix it resembles, the helicoid itself is like a living organism, evolving as it expands.

Figure 7 Iris Dome @ The Moma This exhibit at MoMA signaled the introduction of a new type of retractable roof that opens and closes like the iris of an eye, transforming the space inside between indoors and outdoors. The Dome has rigid covering panels attached to its structure; they glide smoothly over one another to form a continuous skin covering the dome when fully extended.

4


DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

Figure 8 Pop Up Retail Concept These initiatives have a tendency to pop up unannounced,quickly draw in the crowds, and then disappear or morph into something else, adding to retail the fresh feel, exclusivity and surprise that galleries, theatres and Cirque du Soleil-adepts have been using for years. To the delight of consumers, who are increasingly used to MASSCLUSIVITY and PLANNED SPONTANEITY.

Figure 9 Vacant Club Turning POP-UP RETAIL's temporary theme into a long term formula is Vacant, an exclusive retail concept and exhibition store that opens for one month only in empty spaces in major cities including New York, London, Tokyo, Shanghai, Paris, Berlin, Stockholm and Los Angeles, showcasing a range of one-off, hard to find and strictly limited edition products from established brands and emerging designers. Limited quantities are available, and not all products on display can be purchased. New store locations are announced by email to Vacant Club members only moments before opening. 5


POP UP CONCEPTS

+

+ Figure 10 Commes des Garçon Guerilla Store

The whole concept gives consumers something that can be perceived as exclusive, discovery-driven and ‘get it while it lasts', while Comme des Garçons taps into an entirely new channel for quickly introducing new items around the world, in funky areas catering to a funky clientele.

Figure 11 Pop-up nightclubs The SoCo Cargo Experiment, created for Southern Comfort, consists of four shipping containers that can be stacked side by side or on top of each other, like giant building blocks. SoCo Cargo can be assembled within a day, with an entirely adaptable interior. The venue usually contains a bar, stage and lounge area, but the main focus varies per location. One time it will be a nightclub, next time a live music venue or art gallery, popping up by the side of the road, near a festival, carnival or other outdoor event. 6


DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

INSTANT CITIES

1 2 3 4

Instant City Typologies

5 Figure 12 Archigram - Instant City

Military Operations in Iraq Aaron Nicholls

2

Scaffolding, found in numerous cities around the globe

3

Media infrastructure, following events in every city around the globe

4

Fire Response Emergency Camp, chasing fires throughout America

5

Nighttime taco stands, Boyle Heights, LA, CA Alan Guillen

Figure 13 Instant City Typlogies

Instant City is a mobile technological event that drifts into underdeveloped, drab towns via air (balloons) with provisional structures (performance spaces) in tow. The effect is a deliberate overstimulation to produce mass culture, with an embrace of advertising aesthetics. The whole endeavor is intended to eventually move on leaving behind advanced technology hook-ups.

7

1

8


DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

INSTANT CITIES

1 2 3 4

Instant City Typologies

5 Figure 12 Archigram - Instant City

Military Operations in Iraq Aaron Nicholls

2

Scaffolding, found in numerous cities around the globe

3

Media infrastructure, following events in every city around the globe

4

Fire Response Emergency Camp, chasing fires throughout America

5

Nighttime taco stands, Boyle Heights, LA, CA Alan Guillen

Figure 13 Instant City Typlogies

Instant City is a mobile technological event that drifts into underdeveloped, drab towns via air (balloons) with provisional structures (performance spaces) in tow. The effect is a deliberate overstimulation to produce mass culture, with an embrace of advertising aesthetics. The whole endeavor is intended to eventually move on leaving behind advanced technology hook-ups.

7

1

8


DEGREE PROJECT

REYNER BANHAM

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

BM

A HOME IS NOT A HOUSE

BM

“Man

started with two basic ways of controlling environment: one by avoiding the issue and hiding under a rock, tree, TENT or roof (this led ultimately to architecture as we know it) and the other by actually interfering with the local meteorology, usually by means of a CAMPFIRE,

which, in a more polished form, might lead to the kind of situation now under discussion. Unlike the living space trapped with our forebears under a rock or roof, the space around a campfire has many unique qualities which architecture cannot hope to equal, above all, its freedom and variability. The direction and strength of the wind will decide the main shape and dimensions of that space, stretching the area of tolerable warmth into a long oval, but the output of light will not be affected by the wind, and the area of tolerable illumination will be a circle overlapping the oval of warmth. There will thus be a variety of environmental choices balancing light agrainst warrnth according to need and interest. If you want to do close work, like shrinking a human head, you sit in one place, but if you want to sleep you curl up somewhere different; the floating knuckle-bones game would come to rest somewhere quite different to the environment that suited the meeting of the initiationrites steering committee... and all this would be jim dandy if campfires were not so perishing inefficient, unre-

BM

BM

Tent as Enclosure

vs

Fire as Enclosre

Reyner Banham: A Home Is Not A House from: Art in America Number Two, April, 1965

BM BM = IMAGES TAKEN AT BURNING MAN

Figure 14 Cave vs. Campfire

Figure 15 Burning Man

9

10


DEGREE PROJECT

REYNER BANHAM

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

BM

A HOME IS NOT A HOUSE

BM

“Man

started with two basic ways of controlling environment: one by avoiding the issue and hiding under a rock, tree, TENT or roof (this led ultimately to architecture as we know it) and the other by actually interfering with the local meteorology, usually by means of a CAMPFIRE,

which, in a more polished form, might lead to the kind of situation now under discussion. Unlike the living space trapped with our forebears under a rock or roof, the space around a campfire has many unique qualities which architecture cannot hope to equal, above all, its freedom and variability. The direction and strength of the wind will decide the main shape and dimensions of that space, stretching the area of tolerable warmth into a long oval, but the output of light will not be affected by the wind, and the area of tolerable illumination will be a circle overlapping the oval of warmth. There will thus be a variety of environmental choices balancing light agrainst warrnth according to need and interest. If you want to do close work, like shrinking a human head, you sit in one place, but if you want to sleep you curl up somewhere different; the floating knuckle-bones game would come to rest somewhere quite different to the environment that suited the meeting of the initiationrites steering committee... and all this would be jim dandy if campfires were not so perishing inefficient, unre-

BM

BM

Tent as Enclosure

vs

Fire as Enclosre

Reyner Banham: A Home Is Not A House from: Art in America Number Two, April, 1965

BM BM = IMAGES TAKEN AT BURNING MAN

Figure 14 Cave vs. Campfire

Figure 15 Burning Man

9

10


DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

BURNING MAN

BURNING MAN MISSION STATEMENT “Our mission is to produce the annual event known as "Burning Man" and to guide, nurture and protect the more permanent community created by its culture. Our intention is to GENERATE SOCIETY that connects each individual to his or her creative powers, to PARTICIPATION IN COMMUNITY, to the larger realm of civic life, and to the even greater world of nature that exists beyond society. We believe that the experience of Burning Man can produce positive spiritual change in the world. To this end, it is equally important that we communicate with one another, with the citizens of Black Rock City and with the community of Burning Man wherever it may arise. Burning Man is radically inclusive, and its meaning is potentially accessible to anyone. The touchstone of value in our culture will always be immediacy: experience before theory, moral relationships before politics, survival before services, roles before jobs, embodied ritual before symbolism, work before vested interest, participant support before sponsorship. Finally, in order to accomplish these ends,

BURNING MAN MUST ENDURE AS A SELFSUPPORTING ENTERPRISE THAT IS CAPABLE OF SUSTAINING THE LIVES OF THOSE WHO DEDICATE THEMSELVES TO ITS WORK. From this devotion spring those duties that we owe to one another. We will always burn the Man.”

Figure 16 Burning Man

Figure 17 Burning Man

11

12


DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

BURNING MAN

BURNING MAN MISSION STATEMENT “Our mission is to produce the annual event known as "Burning Man" and to guide, nurture and protect the more permanent community created by its culture. Our intention is to GENERATE SOCIETY that connects each individual to his or her creative powers, to PARTICIPATION IN COMMUNITY, to the larger realm of civic life, and to the even greater world of nature that exists beyond society. We believe that the experience of Burning Man can produce positive spiritual change in the world. To this end, it is equally important that we communicate with one another, with the citizens of Black Rock City and with the community of Burning Man wherever it may arise. Burning Man is radically inclusive, and its meaning is potentially accessible to anyone. The touchstone of value in our culture will always be immediacy: experience before theory, moral relationships before politics, survival before services, roles before jobs, embodied ritual before symbolism, work before vested interest, participant support before sponsorship. Finally, in order to accomplish these ends,

BURNING MAN MUST ENDURE AS A SELFSUPPORTING ENTERPRISE THAT IS CAPABLE OF SUSTAINING THE LIVES OF THOSE WHO DEDICATE THEMSELVES TO ITS WORK. From this devotion spring those duties that we owe to one another. We will always burn the Man.”

Figure 16 Burning Man

Figure 17 Burning Man

11

12


ARCHITECTURAL MACHINE DEVELOPMENT


2.0

2.0

2.0

1.1

2.6

4.5

6.5

8.5

) td

40˚

(lo ce

Phototopic

60˚

80˚

40˚

20˚

40˚

60˚

60˚

20˚

20˚

n

io

40˚

80˚

60˚

20˚

ct un

20˚ 40˚

80˚

60˚

20˚

Region dominated by rods Region dominated by cones

20˚

20˚

60˚

40˚ 40˚

80˚

60˚ 60˚

40˚

Adapted from Hood & Finklestein (1986)

80˚

er

is

tic

80˚

s

e ag le am ib D oss P

st ty Be cui A

n tio od ra R atu ns S egi b

ic op ld ot sho Ph hre T

ic op old ot sh Sc hre T

Good color vison, Good acuity

Poor color vison, Poor acuity

80˚

n ri pe pa te hi w of an in m Lu

lF

Mesotopic

Sunlight

ct

Scotopic

Indoor Lighting

ua

Starlight Moonlight

ce

0.70

Vi s

-0.22

ha ra

-2.4

C

-4.0

40˚

80˚

R et

in

al

Ill

um in

an

il

60˚

80˚

20˚

Starlight

g

m et D ia

Dusk

20˚

2.4

4.0

20˚

5.5

40˚

6.6

60˚

Lu

7.1

Daylight

80˚

8

80˚

6

40˚

4

60˚

2

Photopic Vison

0

Mesotopic Vision

-2

Scotopic Vision

-4

er

-6

Pu p

m in

(m m )

an

ce

(lo

g

cd

/m ˚)

20˚

40˚

60˚

VISUAL RESPONSE

80˚

VISION

Figure 18 Luminance Sensitivity

Figure 19 Visual Functions

There is a direct qualitative and quantitative correlation between luminance levels and the visual response system. Figure 6 expresses these relationships in linear chart. The eye responds to varying levels of luminace through the dialation and contraction of the the pupil that activate either photopic, mesopic or scotopic vision.

Photopic, mesopic and scotopic vision respond to differenct levels of color, movement and brightness. Photopic vision is active under normal lighting conditions. Scotopic vision occurs when ther is no longer enough light for color perception. The rods are active in this stage exclusively providing monochromatic vision. Mesopic vision is the combination of both photopic and scotopic vision. The rods are activited for increased sensitivy while the cones detect colors in low lighting situations

13

14


2.0

2.0

2.0

1.1

2.6

4.5

6.5

8.5

) td

40˚

(lo ce

Phototopic

60˚

80˚

40˚

20˚

40˚

60˚

60˚

20˚

20˚

n

io

40˚

80˚

60˚

20˚

ct un

20˚ 40˚

80˚

60˚

20˚

Region dominated by rods Region dominated by cones

20˚

20˚

60˚

40˚ 40˚

80˚

60˚ 60˚

40˚

Adapted from Hood & Finklestein (1986)

80˚

er

is

tic

80˚

s

e ag le am ib D oss P

st ty Be cui A

n tio od ra R atu ns S egi b

ic op ld ot sho Ph hre T

ic op old ot sh Sc hre T

Good color vison, Good acuity

Poor color vison, Poor acuity

80˚

n ri pe pa te hi w of an in m Lu

lF

Mesotopic

Sunlight

ct

Scotopic

Indoor Lighting

ua

Starlight Moonlight

ce

0.70

Vi s

-0.22

ha ra

-2.4

C

-4.0

40˚

80˚

R et

in

al

Ill

um in

an

il

60˚

80˚

20˚

Starlight

g

m et D ia

Dusk

20˚

2.4

4.0

20˚

5.5

40˚

6.6

60˚

Lu

7.1

Daylight

80˚

8

80˚

6

40˚

4

60˚

2

Photopic Vison

0

Mesotopic Vision

-2

Scotopic Vision

-4

er

-6

Pu p

m in

(m m )

an

ce

(lo

g

cd

/m ˚)

20˚

40˚

60˚

VISUAL RESPONSE

80˚

VISION

Figure 18 Luminance Sensitivity

Figure 19 Visual Functions

There is a direct qualitative and quantitative correlation between luminance levels and the visual response system. Figure 6 expresses these relationships in linear chart. The eye responds to varying levels of luminace through the dialation and contraction of the the pupil that activate either photopic, mesopic or scotopic vision.

Photopic, mesopic and scotopic vision respond to differenct levels of color, movement and brightness. Photopic vision is active under normal lighting conditions. Scotopic vision occurs when ther is no longer enough light for color perception. The rods are active in this stage exclusively providing monochromatic vision. Mesopic vision is the combination of both photopic and scotopic vision. The rods are activited for increased sensitivy while the cones detect colors in low lighting situations

13

14


DEGREE PROJECT

SURFACE ANALYSIS / KINEMATICS

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

Plan/Elevation

Plan/Elevation

expanded/contracted contracted/expanded

expanded/contracted contracted/expanded

15

16


DEGREE PROJECT

SURFACE ANALYSIS / KINEMATICS

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

Plan/Elevation

Plan/Elevation

expanded/contracted contracted/expanded

expanded/contracted contracted/expanded

15

16


DEGREE PROJECT

TYPOLOGY PERSPECTIVE

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

ILE OF PR

L

D

NE IN SK

17

E AC RF U TS OF

E AC RF U S

18

S


DEGREE PROJECT

TYPOLOGY PERSPECTIVE

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

ILE OF PR

L

D

NE IN SK

17

E AC RF U TS OF

E AC RF U S

18

S


DEGREE PROJECT

TYPOLOGY PLAN ELEVATION_1

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

1

PLAN

PERSPECTIVE

ELEVATION A

ELEVATION B

6

2

7

3

8

4

9

5

10

19

PLAN

PERSPECTIVE

ELEVATION A

ELEVATION B

20


DEGREE PROJECT

TYPOLOGY PLAN ELEVATION_1

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

1

PLAN

PERSPECTIVE

ELEVATION A

ELEVATION B

6

2

7

3

8

4

9

5

10

19

PLAN

PERSPECTIVE

ELEVATION A

ELEVATION B

20


DEGREE PROJECT

TYPOLOGY PLAN ELEVATION_2

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

11

PLAN

PERSPECTIVE

ELEVATION A

ELEVATION B

16

12

17

13

18

14

19

PLAN

PERSPECTIVE

ELEVATION A

ELEVATION B

15

21

22


DEGREE PROJECT

TYPOLOGY PLAN ELEVATION_2

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

11

PLAN

PERSPECTIVE

ELEVATION A

ELEVATION B

16

12

17

13

18

14

19

PLAN

PERSPECTIVE

ELEVATION A

ELEVATION B

15

21

22


DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

Iteration 8

Single Opening

Iteration 15

Double Ended Openings

23


TYPOLOGY / DEPLOYMENT

Iteration 9

Double Opening

Hybrid Iteration

Single Opening Perpendicular Pull

Deployable Canopy

Iteration 1

24


DEGREE PROJECT

SYSTEM ANALYSIS / PAD USERSHIP

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

E

JOINT ARM SINGULAR USER

RAIL

16 MODULAR PADS

+1

ROLLER

E

M

E

JOINT

MULTIPLE USERS

48 MODULAR PADS

ARM RAIL ROLLER

E

M

E

MULTIPLE USERS

220 MODULAR PADS

25

+20

26

+10


DEGREE PROJECT

SYSTEM ANALYSIS / PAD USERSHIP

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

E

JOINT ARM SINGULAR USER

RAIL

16 MODULAR PADS

+1

ROLLER

E

M

E

JOINT

MULTIPLE USERS

48 MODULAR PADS

ARM RAIL ROLLER

E

M

E

MULTIPLE USERS

220 MODULAR PADS

25

+20

26

+10


CONTEXT ANALYSIS


CONTEXT ANALYSIS


DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

BURNING MAN SITE

27


SYSTEM CONFIGURATION

GRID OVERLAY

DENSITY OF ACTIVITIES AROUND THE FIRE / SYSTEM CONFIGURATION

28


DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

4+ 4+

OVERLAPPING ZONES

7+

1+

NEW PROGRAMMATIC ZONES

5+

EX

4+

7+

IS

TIN

G

CO

NN

EC

TIO

NS

3+

29


SITE ANALYSIS OVERALL

4+

NEW SYSTEM

1+

1+

7+

3+

3+

3+

RADIAL INFLUENCE 7+

#+ EXISTING CONNECTIONS

NEW NEW RADIAL CONNECTIONS INFLUENCE

EXISTING RADIAL NEW TYPOLOGY INFLUENCE

30

EXISTING OVERLAPPING TYPOLOGY ZONES OF INFLUENCE

NUMBER OF POTENTIAL PARTICIPANTS FROM SURROUNDING COMMUNITIES


DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

2

3

THEME VILLAGE

31

1

2


SITE ANALYSIS / THEME VILLAGE

4

AREAS OF INTEREST

3

4

5

6

32


DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

2

3

GENERAL CAMPS

33

1

2


SITE ANALYSIS / GENERAL CAMPS

4

AREAS OF INTEREST

3

4

5

6

34


DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

2

3

CIRCULATION

35

1

2


SITE ANALYSIS / CIRCULATION

4

AREAS OF INTEREST

3

4

5

6

36


DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

EXISTING RADIAL INFLUENCE

NEW CONNECTIONS

NEW TYPOLOGY

37


SITE ANALYSIS / SPECIFIED ZONES

NEW RADIAL INFLUENCE EXISTING TYPOLOGY

100’0”

OVERLAPPING ZONES OF INFLUENCE

100’0”

EXISTING CONNECTIONS

38


MATERIAL RESEARCH


MATERIAL RESEARCH


DEGREE PROJECT

BASE TENSILE STRUCTURES

Figure 21 Unique Temporary Fabric Sculpture

Figure 22 Exterior Envelope / Interior Space

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

We have now completed the installation of the unique temporary fabric structure at the serpentine gallery in London. The structure, designed by Pritzker Prize-winning architect Zaha Hadid, is 5.5 meters in height and is formed by three identical fabric parasols arranged around a central point. The inspiration for the design was nature, such as petals & leaves.The structure acted as a focal point for the galleries world renowned Fundraiser “The Summer Party� Base Structures were responsible for the patterning, manufacture and installation of the fabric membranes .

No requirement to have any external wires or devices as all of the touch screen components are situated safely behind the glass.Interactivity works even with gloved hands. A range of holographic or diffusion rear projection screens can be selected dependant upon the application requirements. Screens are suitable for use in high ambient light conditions. Wide range of screen sizes available Engineered for use with standard shopkit (www.shopkit.com) fittings for easy installation into a shop window. Info rmation Point unit can be supplied in glass or acrylic

39

40


DEGREE PROJECT

BASE TENSILE STRUCTURES

Figure 21 Unique Temporary Fabric Sculpture

Figure 22 Exterior Envelope / Interior Space

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

We have now completed the installation of the unique temporary fabric structure at the serpentine gallery in London. The structure, designed by Pritzker Prize-winning architect Zaha Hadid, is 5.5 meters in height and is formed by three identical fabric parasols arranged around a central point. The inspiration for the design was nature, such as petals & leaves.The structure acted as a focal point for the galleries world renowned Fundraiser “The Summer Party� Base Structures were responsible for the patterning, manufacture and installation of the fabric membranes .

No requirement to have any external wires or devices as all of the touch screen components are situated safely behind the glass.Interactivity works even with gloved hands. A range of holographic or diffusion rear projection screens can be selected dependant upon the application requirements. Screens are suitable for use in high ambient light conditions. Wide range of screen sizes available Engineered for use with standard shopkit (www.shopkit.com) fittings for easy installation into a shop window. Info rmation Point unit can be supplied in glass or acrylic

39

40


PINK INC.

DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

9’

9’

8’

17’

Small divide

20’

Large divide

27’

Continental divide

Figure 23 Wave Wall Wave Walls combine lightweight aluminum frames that easily snap together with white tension fabric covers that slip on and are free standing. The wave walls camouflages, direct traffic flow, produces a dramatic entrance or a creative stage set or backdrop as well being a portable projection screen.

Figure 25 Architectural Series These lightwieght free-standing structures are designed for space where riggring points are not available. There modular aluminum structure allows for quick easy installation and compact storage.

10’ x 6‘ 20’ x 15‘ 30’ X 20’ 60’ X 40’

TREE OF LIFE Figure 24 Mod Pod The ModPod is a lightweight fabric structure designed for ease of installation. Create lounges, temporary conference rooms, entrance ways and other private spaces with the ModPod.

41

Figure 26 Free Form Series Free form indicates tensile shapes that are compact, lightweight and easy to rig.

42


PINK INC.

DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

9’

9’

8’

17’

Small divide

20’

Large divide

27’

Continental divide

Figure 23 Wave Wall Wave Walls combine lightweight aluminum frames that easily snap together with white tension fabric covers that slip on and are free standing. The wave walls camouflages, direct traffic flow, produces a dramatic entrance or a creative stage set or backdrop as well being a portable projection screen.

Figure 25 Architectural Series These lightwieght free-standing structures are designed for space where riggring points are not available. There modular aluminum structure allows for quick easy installation and compact storage.

10’ x 6‘ 20’ x 15‘ 30’ X 20’ 60’ X 40’

TREE OF LIFE Figure 24 Mod Pod The ModPod is a lightweight fabric structure designed for ease of installation. Create lounges, temporary conference rooms, entrance ways and other private spaces with the ModPod.

41

Figure 26 Free Form Series Free form indicates tensile shapes that are compact, lightweight and easy to rig.

42


INTERACTIVE WINDOW SHOPPING

DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

ViP Interactive Poster (through window)

acrylic sheet Rear projection screen laminated to acrylic

ViP Interactive Poster (information point)

Window interactive unit laminated to the acrlic sheet (no external infrastructure required

screen controlled by touching the outside of the window

acrylic or glass sheet Rear projection screen laminated to interactive unit Interactive unit laminated to the acrylic/glass sheet

WINDOW SHOPPING

Figure 27 ViP Interactive Touch Screens

Figure 28 Product Features

If you are looking to take advantage of the expanding market for through window and internal interactive large touch screen solutions? Then the Visual Planet ViP Interactive touch overlay has been designed for you. By integrating our touch-screen technology on to glass or acrylic units, we have created an ideal platform for applying rear projection screens or mounting in front of LCD screens. For screens already installed in a shop window, the interactive overlay can be applied directly to the window to create a dynamic through window touch experience.

No requirement to have any external wires or devices as all of the touch screen components are situated safely behind the glass.Interactivity works even with gloved hands. A range of holographic or diffusion rear projection screens can be selected dependant upon the application requirements. Screens are suitable for use in high ambient light conditions. Wide range of screen sizes available Engineered for use with standard shopkit (www.shopkit.com) fittings for easy installation into a shop window. Info rmation Point unit can be supplied in glass or acrylic

43

44


INTERACTIVE WINDOW SHOPPING

DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

ViP Interactive Poster (through window)

acrylic sheet Rear projection screen laminated to acrylic

ViP Interactive Poster (information point)

Window interactive unit laminated to the acrlic sheet (no external infrastructure required

screen controlled by touching the outside of the window

acrylic or glass sheet Rear projection screen laminated to interactive unit Interactive unit laminated to the acrylic/glass sheet

WINDOW SHOPPING

Figure 27 ViP Interactive Touch Screens

Figure 28 Product Features

If you are looking to take advantage of the expanding market for through window and internal interactive large touch screen solutions? Then the Visual Planet ViP Interactive touch overlay has been designed for you. By integrating our touch-screen technology on to glass or acrylic units, we have created an ideal platform for applying rear projection screens or mounting in front of LCD screens. For screens already installed in a shop window, the interactive overlay can be applied directly to the window to create a dynamic through window touch experience.

No requirement to have any external wires or devices as all of the touch screen components are situated safely behind the glass.Interactivity works even with gloved hands. A range of holographic or diffusion rear projection screens can be selected dependant upon the application requirements. Screens are suitable for use in high ambient light conditions. Wide range of screen sizes available Engineered for use with standard shopkit (www.shopkit.com) fittings for easy installation into a shop window. Info rmation Point unit can be supplied in glass or acrylic

43

44


DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

PACIFIC DOMES

DESERT

HOT/ARID

DUBAI

Figure 27 Extreme Archeology: Desert Expedition On a scientific exploration of ancient sites, these Pacific Domes are highly valued for living spaces in a rugged environment.

PATAGONIA

BLUE COMMUNITIES

COLD/ARID

Figure 29 Blue Communities

Figure 30 Patagonia Expeditions

Nakheel, one of the world’s largest privately held property developers, recently announced two new developments, including a major sustainability project called “Blue Communities.” Pacific Domes sold a 90 ft. Projection Dome to Obscura Digital, which was used for the launch event in Dubai. Obscura’s full-surround projection technology showcased Nakheel’s new concepts to 500 leading figures (from government, industry and media) who attended the event.

Imagine an expedition to Antarctica in a small colony of red Pacific Domes on the ice pack of the most remote continent on earth. A strange and lonely landscape covered with ice and snow, yet cozy and warm bedded down in a Pacific Dome.

45

46


DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

PACIFIC DOMES

DESERT

HOT/ARID

DUBAI

Figure 27 Extreme Archeology: Desert Expedition On a scientific exploration of ancient sites, these Pacific Domes are highly valued for living spaces in a rugged environment.

PATAGONIA

BLUE COMMUNITIES

COLD/ARID

Figure 29 Blue Communities

Figure 30 Patagonia Expeditions

Nakheel, one of the world’s largest privately held property developers, recently announced two new developments, including a major sustainability project called “Blue Communities.” Pacific Domes sold a 90 ft. Projection Dome to Obscura Digital, which was used for the launch event in Dubai. Obscura’s full-surround projection technology showcased Nakheel’s new concepts to 500 leading figures (from government, industry and media) who attended the event.

Imagine an expedition to Antarctica in a small colony of red Pacific Domes on the ice pack of the most remote continent on earth. A strange and lonely landscape covered with ice and snow, yet cozy and warm bedded down in a Pacific Dome.

45

46


DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

Solar Battery Pack Figure 31 Sunslick/Flexible Solar panels The Sunslick Flexible Solar Battery Charger has been specifically designed for marine and yachting applications and is perfect for battery maintenance and charging. Sunslick panels are waterproof and lightweight. Sunslick panels can be mounted on curved surfaces such as hatch covers, boat decks and vehicle roofs, it can be tied to sail covers, dinghies or canvas awnings. Sunslick panels can be used as temporary panels for occasional use or mounted permanently.

47


FLEXIBLE SOLAR PANEL / RUBBER SIDEWALK

A MODULAR SIDEWALK SYSTEM Easy and economical to install, tree roots grow less invasively beneath Rubbersidewalks offering a new strategy for sidewalk maintenance.

Rubbersidewalks are made of 100% recycled California tire rubber. Each square foot uses the rubber from one passenger tire.

Figure 32 Rubber Sidewalks Rubbersidewalks are high-density paving tiles made with recycled California tire crumbed rubber combined with polyurethane binder and colorant, then molded with heat under compression. This produces a strong and durable part that meets all requirements of sidewalk-worthiness, including stable grade, non-vibration in compliance with ADA requirements, and high coefficient of friction for non-skid both dry and wet. Rubbersidewalks are available in various sizes and colors, and are reversible. Known life per face is minimum eight years. Actual life per face is not known but is expected to exceed 12 years.

48


DEGREE PROJECT

THERMAL BARRIERS / RADIANCE

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

Commercial Grade Polyimide/ULA Heaters 5.0 (127)

Polyimide/FEP Heaters

0.5 (12.7)

2.6 (66)

HK913J 275.0

HK5957P 9.22

solder pad

5.0 HK5952P (127) 23.0

5.0 (127)

HK913F 75.0

1.5 (38) 4.0 (101.6)

HK5956P 14.4

Silicone Rubber Thermofoil Heaters Adhesives

4.0 (101.6)

RTV Cement 7 g tube

3.0 (76.2)

Acrylic PSA

6 × 6 (152 × 152)

HR5175R176L12A 3.0 (76.2)

HK5955P 25.6

1.0 (25.4)

3.0 HK5953P (76.2) 19.2

3.0 (76.2)

5.0 (127) 176.0

1.0 (25.4)

HR5166 R529L12A

5.0 (127) 529 1.0 (25.4)

0.5 (12.7)

2.0 (50.8)

HK5954P 57.6

2.0 (50.8)

1.0 (25.4) 1.0 HK5951P (25.4) 57.5

2.0 (50.8)

1.0 (25.4) 157.0

HR5163R78.4L12A

Thermal-Tab™ Sensor S665PDZ40B

0.20 × 0.50 × 0.08 (5 × 12 × 2)

HK5950P

Winter: Stops Radiant Heat Flow out Windows

23.0

Summer: Reduces Heat into Buildings for Passive Cooling ClearDome Solar Thermal

Ingenious solar thermal products for everyday living, emergencies & survival

Aluminum heater

Silicone tube Heater wire

Aluminum foil Connecting Silicone heater wire Silicone tube terminal

Backing strip

Adhesive layer

Lead wire

Figure 33 Energy Efficient Thermal Barrier Fabric Made of a weaved, super tough high density polyethylene plastic that's coated with a thin, highly reflective metallized surface. The most effective winter use is hanging it on the inside of windows or skylights, where 50% of a building's warm air is lost to the cold outdoors. Thermal Barrier Fabric can be used in both summer and winter, indoors and outdoors, to restrict the natural flow of heat radiating inside when it's warm or trying to flow out a window when it's cold.

49

Figure 34 Flexible Rubber Heaters Silicone rubber Thermofoil™ heaters have etched-foil elements and are most suited to large-size, industrial and ruggedized applications. Silicone rubber is a rugged, flexible elastomer material with excellent temperature properties. High temperature capability to 235°C (455°F)

50


DEGREE PROJECT

THERMAL BARRIERS / RADIANCE

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

Commercial Grade Polyimide/ULA Heaters 5.0 (127)

Polyimide/FEP Heaters

0.5 (12.7)

2.6 (66)

HK913J 275.0

HK5957P 9.22

solder pad

5.0 HK5952P (127) 23.0

5.0 (127)

HK913F 75.0

1.5 (38) 4.0 (101.6)

HK5956P 14.4

Silicone Rubber Thermofoil Heaters Adhesives

4.0 (101.6)

RTV Cement 7 g tube

3.0 (76.2)

Acrylic PSA

6 × 6 (152 × 152)

HR5175R176L12A 3.0 (76.2)

HK5955P 25.6

1.0 (25.4)

3.0 HK5953P (76.2) 19.2

3.0 (76.2)

5.0 (127) 176.0

1.0 (25.4)

HR5166 R529L12A

5.0 (127) 529 1.0 (25.4)

0.5 (12.7)

2.0 (50.8)

HK5954P 57.6

2.0 (50.8)

1.0 (25.4) 1.0 HK5951P (25.4) 57.5

2.0 (50.8)

1.0 (25.4) 157.0

HR5163R78.4L12A

Thermal-Tab™ Sensor S665PDZ40B

0.20 × 0.50 × 0.08 (5 × 12 × 2)

HK5950P

Winter: Stops Radiant Heat Flow out Windows

23.0

Summer: Reduces Heat into Buildings for Passive Cooling ClearDome Solar Thermal

Ingenious solar thermal products for everyday living, emergencies & survival

Aluminum heater

Silicone tube Heater wire

Aluminum foil Connecting Silicone heater wire Silicone tube terminal

Backing strip

Adhesive layer

Lead wire

Figure 33 Energy Efficient Thermal Barrier Fabric Made of a weaved, super tough high density polyethylene plastic that's coated with a thin, highly reflective metallized surface. The most effective winter use is hanging it on the inside of windows or skylights, where 50% of a building's warm air is lost to the cold outdoors. Thermal Barrier Fabric can be used in both summer and winter, indoors and outdoors, to restrict the natural flow of heat radiating inside when it's warm or trying to flow out a window when it's cold.

49

Figure 34 Flexible Rubber Heaters Silicone rubber Thermofoil™ heaters have etched-foil elements and are most suited to large-size, industrial and ruggedized applications. Silicone rubber is a rugged, flexible elastomer material with excellent temperature properties. High temperature capability to 235°C (455°F)

50


DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

M.O.O.P.

MATTER..OUT.OF.PLACE

High Impact Moderate Impact Low Impact

Figure 35 Moop Map Matter Out Of Place; especially as it applies to Black Rock City and it’s Citizens. Moop can be anything fromcigarette butts, bottle caps, glowsticks, fireworks, but is often disguised as Debris (i.e. broken bits of Wood, Plastic, Metal, Glass, and Plants). It can also be a condition such as burn scars, Grey Water,Sand Dunes

51


DEGREE PROJECT

ENVIRONMENTAL PRESERVATION INITIATIVE

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

Figure 36 Miniature Wind turbines Motorwave Ltd. have developed Motorwind, a micro-wind turbine technology small enough for private use in both rural and urban environments. Unlike large-scale wind turbines, Motorwave’s micro-wind turbines are light, compact (25 cm rotor diameter), and can generate power with wind speeds as low as 2 meters/second.

M.O.O.P.

MATTER..OUT.OF.PLACE

High Impact Moderate Impact Low Impact

Figure 35 Moop Map Matter Out Of Place; especially as it applies to Black Rock City and it’s Citizens. Moop can be anything fromcigarette butts, bottle caps, glowsticks, fireworks, but is often disguised as Debris (i.e. broken bits of Wood, Plastic, Metal, Glass, and Plants). It can also be a condition such as burn scars, Grey Water,Sand Dunes

51

Figure 37 Motoriwnd Turbine According to tests, turbines arranged within a surface area of one square meter and a wind speed of 5 m/sec generate 131 kWh/yr.Installation of a 396 turbines wall with purpose of electricity generation for secondary eductional program and advertising.

52


SYSTEM


SYSTEM


DEGREE PROJECT

DAY / NIGHT MONTAGE

53

54

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS


DEGREE PROJECT

DAY / NIGHT MONTAGE

53

54

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS


DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

55


TRANSFORMABILITY / USERSHIP

Performance A

Performance B

Performance C

56


DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

Fiber Optica

Flexible Solar Panel

Clear Dome Thermal Bar

Front Rubber Panels

5 1/4”

Back

3” 57

Section Detail 2”=1’


DETAIL

al Glow Tubes

120

20’0”

119

3 1/2”

rrier

5’0”

Section Detail 1/4”=1’

58


DEGREE PROJECT

EXPLODED AXONOMETRIC DETAIL / RENDERINGS

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

Secondary Structure Fiber Optic Glow Tubes

Skin

Solar PV’s Clear Dome Thermal Shader Media Screen WInd Turbine

Primary Structure

Teflon Glider Light Weight Composite Members

Grid / Infrastructure Batteries Radiant Heating Weight Sensors Rubber Paneling Teflon Track System

59

60


DEGREE PROJECT

EXPLODED AXONOMETRIC DETAIL / RENDERINGS

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

Secondary Structure Fiber Optic Glow Tubes

Skin

Solar PV’s Clear Dome Thermal Shader Media Screen WInd Turbine

Primary Structure

Teflon Glider Light Weight Composite Members

Grid / Infrastructure Batteries Radiant Heating Weight Sensors Rubber Paneling Teflon Track System

59

60


DEGREE PROJECT

INFRASTRUCTUAL SYSTEM

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

Light Weight Composite Secondary Structure/ Conduit

Light Weight Composite Main Structural Member

Water Tanks Battery Cells

Teflon Ball Joint Slider Infrared Heaters

Rubber Panel

Pressure Sensors

Infrastructure

Teflon Sidewall

Double Headed Ball Joint

Locking Channel

Detail Rendering

Perspective Rendering Back

61

Perspective Rendering Back / Open System

62


INFRASTRUCTUAL SYSTEM

Water Storage Battery Cells

Infrared Heaters

Pressure Sensors

Infrastructure

Perspective Rendering Back

Perspective Rendering Back / Open System

62


DEGREE PROJECT

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS

63


DEGREE PROJECT

RENDERED MONTAGES

63

64

S. KOUTSANTONIS / D. SOMERS



Deployable Shelter