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kills You can do it yourself

Volume 1 No 3 N500

Windows Vista

ISSN: 0795 - 3038

Installation Tutorial

DEALING WITH CONFLICT IN THE

WORK PLACE Easy Steps

To Cake Decoration

GUITAR?

HOW SHOULD I PRACTICE

25

Dos and Don’ts

For An Entrepreneur

DJ Smart Don The Mix Personality

of Wazobia FM

Rivers State Youth

Holiday Camping

Citizenship and Leadership

Training Centre - Developing the Human Potential


? ? ? ? ? A rising star on the music scene

Page 36


A Note From the Publisher A lot of people in society today agree that knowledge of various skills is important. However, when it comes to applying the practical skills they have acquired to build businesses, the attitude tends more towards the negative. Why is this so? Could it be that we, as members of society feel unsure about our ability to succeed as entrepreneurs? A truth which we must all acknowledge is that without entrepreneurs, employers of labour, there can be no jobs for those who seek employment, no economic growth in the society, and no sense of personal fulfillment by the entrepreneur. Each one of us will agree that we have a passion for doing at least one thing. Why not take your passion and hone it? Learn how to make it not only your passion but also your business. In this issue, some of the many resources available to you are revealed. Hopefully, you will be motivated by the entrepreneurial success stories. Enjoy. David Edojah Publisher

Skills Magazine Team

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Publisher David Edojah Editor-in-chief Kieni Ozi Website David Edojah Art Director David Edojah Editorial Support Kieni Ozi Edith Osaye Contributing Writers Kieni Ozi Kazeem Adebiyi Edith Osaye Benita John Mr. Emmanuel Henly Egboh Ruth Akorhe Make-up Artist Ayanate Blessing Douglas Advisory Support Imoh Okechukwu Brown Magazine Distribution Ojonoku Chuks Andrew

Write to us at email us at Info@skillsmagazine.org 08137845812, 080575785440

Skills magazine is licensed under TUSBORN GLOBAL SERVICES LTD 15 Uyiehierobo Street, Off Alohern Street, Off Dumre 2 Road, Benin City, Edo State. No. 1a, Elijiji Avenue, Woji Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Tel: +234 813 784 5812, +234 703 290 5257 For Advert and feedback please call +234 813 784 5812, +234 703 290 5257 or email us info@skillsmagazine.org david_insh@yahoo.com

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Skills Magazine


Skills

G e n e r a l

CONTENTS

9 ....... Acquiring Skills for the Future 10 ............. Check our these website 22 ............ Introduction to Welding 29 ......... Polish Your Resume Like A Pro 7 Tips Any Job-Seeker Can Use

34 ....... How Should I Practice Guitar?

Personality

DJ Smart Don The Mix Personality of Wazobia FM

5

Ebony

Moses Ojejune

A Rising Star on the Music Scene

A Story of Entrepreneurial Success

19

43

Programme

Citizenship and Leadership Training Centre - Developing the Human Potential

Youth Holiday Camping 2011

44

12 Health and Safety

Training

17

....................................... The Health Benefits of Banana How to Copy and Save a Document .....................

15

41

... Home Safety Tips - Preventing Accidents to Children EasyBreezy Scarf ...................................................

24

Entrepreneur

11 39

......................... Dealing With Conflict in the Workplace .......................... 25 Dos and Don’ts for an Entrepreneur

Windows Vista Installation Tutorial ....................

30

Decorating Cakes ..................................................

46

Fancy Hats - What You Need to Make Them .......

47

Relationship: Overcoming Mother and Daughter - in - law Crises ...................................... Fashion and Beauty: What Makes a Perfect Stylist? .............................................................. Motivation: Key Success Strategies ....................................................................................... Street Talk: Nigerians Speak - Would You Allow Your Child to Run a Skills Program? ........ Skills Magazine

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8 38 45 47 4


COVERSTORY

DJ Smart Don

The Mix Personality

of Wazobia FM


COVERSTORY

TELL US ABOUT YOURSELF My name is Etche Paul Oji, from Abia State and I’m best known with the name DJ Smart Don which happens to be a name I got back when I was in Secondary school. On radio I am a mixed personality. There is Smart Don the Counsellor, which comes up on my Tuesday and Wednesday morning show, 2 am in the morning on Wazobia; Smart Don the DJ, on Fridays, 9 to 11am; Smart Don the Comedian on Friday 6 to 9pm; On Saturdays, Smart Don the Student on Campus Yarn, and Smart Don the family man, in which I become a family man discussing with the family people; On Sunday, Smart Don DJ or the request man, and finally Smart Don the Peace maker on a show I have titled 'Abeg No Vex'. That's why some prefer calling me 'the Mix Personality'. All of this I run under the platform of Wazobia FM and Cool FM but mainly Wazobia FM. Smart Don is also the CEO, Smart Entertainment Limited, as well as the Managing Director, Smart DJ Academy – the first registered DJ school in Nigeria, located in Port Harcourt. At the Academy we have different classes of training for DJs: the Certificate Program which is a three months program, the Diploma Program which lasts for five months and, finally, the Advanced Diploma Program for eight months. Those who come for the Advanced Diploma get to do their IT on radio to let people judge them and see the product of Smart DJ Academy. As for the Certificate Program, the student is only given the basic skills in DJ. However, if a student wishes to continue with the Advanced Diploma, he/she can do so. If someone takes the Diploma Program they can definitely start moving on in the DJ business even without continuing with the Advanced Diploma Program. HOW DID YOU BECOME A CAREER DJ? Many Nigerians, many youths and parents, mistake being a DJ for a job meant for those who could not continue in life. However, we have cassette players, we have people playing around with their laptops and then we have professional disk jockeys (DJ). People feed their family with this job, people have their entire life rooted on this, this is their source of Skills5Magazine

income. So it's a profession, it's a career. First of all, it's the passion I had deep down in me. I have always longed to be a DJ. When I was in primary 4, I got a jamb brochure and started looking for DJ as a course. But there was none! Unfortunately, nobody told me that in Nigeria, we don't offer DJ as a course. I had to take it page after page until I found the course, Sound Engineering. I said ‘OK, I’ll go for this.’ My primary desire was to work in a radio station, but how to go about it, I did not know. I used to cut and join all the cassettes in the house because I wanted to produce my sounds. When I was in JSS 3, my younger one did her birthday. So, opportunity! I told them I would play. It was fun. My first DJ role in the midst of a crowd of 18 to 25 people. My mum was supportive, she even clapped for me. My grandmother would say something like “hey, DJ play us a song.” Then the next level came up. This time, I was in SS1. Five of us formed a band called the DEM Squad (DJ, Entertainers, MC Squad). The first valedictory service for our senior class came up and we played for a crowd of students, not less than a thousand. The next day, we had to move on, we needed to upgrade. Business card came. You need to see it; very funny business card. The first show I was paid for was in this year 2000. I think it was N300. Then, I was in Ss2, almost done with my secondary school. My crew was not very happy with that amount of money. I gave them the money and went home empty. But I was happy. Why? Because people waited for me to come and play for them and the moment I played, they were happy all through. Aim fulfilled! I was very happy. They went home with the money but I went home with the joy. There was a street jam, the first combined show organized by the community at Badagry then. It was one big show. I was at home and then somebody actually called that I should play. Its like their main DJ could not come and I was there. It was fun. That was the end of my crude experience as a DJ. Later, official shows started coming. I stopped taking the regular N5,000 and moved to N8,000 then to N10,000 and more, even when the bigger boys were still taking N5,000. The truth is this, it is not because of the www.skillsmagazine.org www.skillsmagazine.org

money I charge, it is because of what I offer and what I bring. To God be the glory today. People know today what it takes to bring Smart Don to their shows but it is not about the money. Its about the service. WHO HAS INSPIRED YOU? The Nigerian DJs who were on radio back then, as early as 1999, they inspired me. Thanks to them. But then the first DJ I really wanted to look or be like was DJ Casinova, because he was the first DJ that brought in this ragee tones. I love him. Big thanks to the Nigerian men that started DJing. I refuse to mention a name because if I am to mention names, I have to mention all the names, so thanks DJs who were on radio as early as 1999, they were a big source of inspiration to me. Their messages were encouraging. HOW DID YOU COME TO WORK FOR WAZOBIA FM? Along the line, I worked with some studios. I worked with Nigeria French Village as the DJ in the staff club. Then Wazobia FM came. Let me say it was God sent. I actually went to their head office and they asked me to work with them. That was it. God bless my MD. His name is Monsali, the owner of Wazobia FM. He believes in young people, in raw talent. He doesn't care how professional you are, he believes in grooming you. He was so wonderful, so encouraging. He has made so many people. If you want people to tell you their story, 80% of presenters are from Wazobia or Cool FM, mainly Cool FM. He made them. He believes in identifying the untapped talent. That was how I got into the system and till tomorrow, I will always pray for him. I say ‘may God bless him.’ HOW DO YOU BLEND YOUR CREATIVITY WITH YOUR JOB AT WAZOBIA FM? Actually, Wazobia FM is a station that likes to play all songs. We don't do much of Djing. They want us to do more of the talking and play people songs. So the DJing was almost defeated but I had to keep on persisting that we needed a DJ set. Later, it was approved. My first one year plus, I wasn't DJing. I was just doing the talking and the presenting, but any song I played, I still tried to mix though we didn’t have the set. Since I have this knowledge of crude equipment, I have to pause it and play it. But to the Glory of God, today it’s moving fine.>> Skills Magazine

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COVERSTORY COVERSTORY WHAT IS THE STRONGEST INFLUENCE YOU HAVE HAD TO GET TO THIS LEVEL? Disappointment. So many people that were to encourage me then, they were like ‘ok, we will do this for you, just start, we will support you,’ 99% disappointed me. They drove me to succeed in spite of the disappointment. IS SMART DON MARRIED? Hm……..not yet. Single, but not searching. DO YOU HAVE RECORD LABEL? Yes, Smart Music. It is about discovering untapped talent, just as I was discovered also. I feel this is the best way I can pay back to my society. I have two artists at the moment, but I won't give out their names till I am done with them. I have a sizable crew, my nice PA - God bless him, my stage manager. I have a lot of people. HOW DO YOU FIND THESE TALENTS? Actually, some of them are people I meet at shows, when I go to play. Sometimes they come with their music promo, or we meet on line, or they send their demo to me and if I’m pleased with it, I go for it. WHAT ARE THE CRITERIA FOR BELONGING TO YOUR RECORDING LABEL? One has to be natural, creative and optimistic, then God fearing. HAVE YOU ORGANIZED A SHOW BEFORE? Ah! I've been in the industry. I’ve always been organizing shows, normally on radio. I've done two shows, big shows. The first one was Lagos invasion. It was a payback show to the community I grew up in, that's Badagury. I tagged it ‘swagganite’. It was marvellous. I brought Black face, Mallam Spicy, Nikko Gravity, Rapture and Jaz K, all the way from Port Harcourt, Recipe. The MC was Rugged pastor from PH. It was fun. WHAT ARE YOUR TO- DATE PERFORMANCE PLANS? I'm bringing up Stand Up Port Harcourt, the 2012 version. Stand Up Abia State is coming up, Stand Up Lagos, and possibly, Stand Up Ekiti. The closest show is stand up Abia State. DO YOU HAVE A FAN CLUB? Yeah, like on face book, I’ve got fans and I’m working on how to get closer to them, 3 7

one and one. DO YOU HAVE ANY WEBSITE? Yes. www.smartdonentertainment.com. There my fans can find lots of entertainment gist, lots of plans, moves by Smart Don Entertainment. That's where you can register for the DJ school. Apart from that, we have a lot of entertainment gist and interviews for those who missed anything I did on radio. There are also lots of secrets I don't reveal on radio on the website. HOW MANY AWARDS HAVE YOU WON SO FAR? So far I’ve won about three awards. I won best DJ of the year, that was 2007. The other one, still best DJ, was at Badagry awarded by100 per cent label at Nigerian French Village, but the biggest award so far is the Niger Delta Advancement Award (NDAA), best DJ of the year also, 2011. IN THE NEXT FIVE YEARS, WHERE DO YOU THINK YOU WILL BE? In the next five years, God willing, I'm looking at having the DJ school in five states. I’m also trying to get it accredited with the universities board. What matters most though is people www.skillsmagazine.org www.skillsmagazine.org

are getting value for their money and they are coming out as a good DJs. Tomorrow when I see someone who is a DJ, I'll say wow! This is the product of the academy. WHAT MORE WOULD YOU LIKE TO TELL YOUR FANS? Most of all, I want to say a big thank you to my fans. I tell everybody this: there is no artist without fans. I won the best DJ of the year. I know that without my fans out there, I may have the skill, but without their support, its not possible.[S]

Skills Skills Magazine Magazine


SKILLSRELATIONSHIP

OVERCOMING MOTHER AND DAUGHTER-IN-LAW

CRISES T

his is an on-going problem in many families. Take Vera for instance. Vera is a lovely wife and a mother of three. Vera and Gilbert (her husband) have a good understanding of each other. They have been through good and bad times, individually and as a couple. When Gilbert lost his job for three years, Vera stood by him like any good wife will do. Fortunately, Gilbert got a job in a multinational company and his home become financially stable again. After two years he could buy a plot of land and build a sweet duplex. Since he is financially stable he invited his mom over from the village for two weeks. Mrs Ohakwa, Gilbert's only surviving parent loves her son to a fault and still sees him as a child. Visiting a son in the city is a thing of joy and pride for any mother living in the village. Unfortunately her visit turned soar. She became jealous of Vera and believed that she had turned her son to a wasteful idiot. The closeness between Vera and Gilbert reminded Mrs Ohakwe of her past. The male figure in her life for the past 15 years is "stolen" by a “stranger” in the face of his wife. She became depressed and blamed it on Vera. Two weeks vacation turned to two years because she became seriously ill. Her blood pressure rose. She was highly depressed and she had a

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Skills Magazine

Ever heard "my mother-in-law is a witch”, “she wants to control my home?” Or, "my daughter-in-law is a gold-digger”, “she wants to reap where she did not sow?” Read on to learn how to improve or prevent this situation. - Helen Egbo

nervous breakdown. Is this kind of situation peculiar to you? Do you know anyone facing such family crises? Individually or as a couple, bear in mind that you can control any negative situation in your family. Try these tips to improve the situation or prevent it; 1. Whether you are a daughter-in-law or mother-in-law, always remember that there is only one queen in a kingdom. That kingdom is your home where you are the wife. In any other home you are simply a guest. 2. Every woman will become a wife or mother some day except in some 'unusual' cases. We should love our kids. It is a natural and normal feeling but when they become men or women we should try and release our hold on them. 3. If you are a wife, and you have a mother-in-law as a guest, play your role as a dutiful wife and daughter. Be more entertaining, enduring, patient, and of course humourous. Pamper her and when ever she is against anything you do, admit your mistakes and accept your corrections. If at all she annoys you to the point you can't bear, do not attack or confront her. Discuss with your husband in a sweet and respectful way. But it is best to overlook everything your motherin-law does because she is just acting like a possessive mum that missed her son. So give her some space and remember that she won't live with you forever. So as

call 08137845812

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long as she stays, make it worthwhile. 4. If you are a mother-in-law and a guest in your son or daughter's house, remember that as a couple, they share an intimacy and they are one flesh. Please see both of them as your kids and act like a mother. Give advice and give meaningful suggestions when necessary. But let them make decisions as a couple. However they choose to live their lives is their choice so long as there is peace, love and happiness. 5. Pray to God to help you cope or prevent problems in your family and try to read God’s word so that you can cultivate good qualities that will bring lasting peace in your family life. Remember when God is in a marriage, problems will be zero. In the case of Vera and Mrs. Ohakwe, they can live together only if they are accommodating and considerate. It's not always easy when two women are seeking for attention from one man. Always remember that you can control any bad situation you find yourself. It only takes will power, determination and sacrifice.[S] Please send your questions and comments to helenegboh@yahoo.com. Call 08188129627

TODAY

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SKILLSGENERAL

The importance of acquiring skills in the twenty first century cannot be over emphasised as it is the compass with which one’s future can be charted.

ACQUIRING SKILLS

FOR THE FUTURE

S

kills give one a niche in life and allows for dependability, reliability and responsiveness. Although some skills are age bound, others can be practiced as long as life remains and could graduate one into consultancy at retirement. However, what are skills? Skills are knowledge acquired through learning which could come in form of apprenticeship, internship and sometimes by watching others for a long time. It is pertinent to state that skills are different from talents /gift. The latter are natural endowment bestowed on one by nature or God, while the former is a career chosen for mastery. A talent requires education, which could be formal or informal in nature, to manifest. It is interesting to state that numerous talents, mostly among the youths, abound in Nigeria, but these talents have been restrained due to two major factors: influence of associates and environmental influences. Several youths have deviated from societal norms to vices just to impress their peers or associates. Many of them live without mentors and motivation, believing that belonging to some faceless organisations can give them a lee-way to success. This is purely a mirage. We must encourage ourselves, siblings and friends to acquire and improve on our skills. This is a sure way our future can be accessed and make us dependable without being a burden to our families, state and country at large. Parents should advice their

9

children and wards to acquire skills even while in school; if possible, multiple skills to enable them stand the challenges of this century. The globe is becoming so practical that those without skills might find it difficult to cope. As the year 2012 sets in, the need to improve on one’s skills or acquire one is paramount. Factors that aid skills acqisition MOTIVATION: one must be feel a motivation for the skill he/she wants to acquire. There must be an innate interest in doing what one wants to do. There must be an inner joy when doing that act if you would be skillful in it. DETERMINATION: it is said that nothing good comes easy. In acquiring a skill, one must be determined to go through the training period no matter how long it may last. The determination to succeed must not be compromised. Many apprentices have left their training halfway believing they can do it all alone only to fail when the challenges comes. ENTHUSIASM: the learner must be enthusiastic about the skill he/she wishes to acquire. Never engage in a skill because everybody is doing it. What everybody does may not be right for you. There must be a personal interest in and joy derivable from such engagement. DISCIPLINE: one must be disciplined while acquiring skills. Acquiring a skill without discipline can be likened to a ship without a compass. That ship will have no direction and could sail to an unexpected

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destination. MENTORSHIP: one must have a mentor while acquiring a skill. That is to say, the person acquiring a skill must have a hero he/she looks up to, to make it in the profession. Does it sound like idolatry? No! This is to say that the learner must have someone superior to run to for correction and advice when the need arises. AFFORDABILITY: however, such skill should be affordable at completion. No one should get involved with a skill which he/she will not be able to raise funds to pursue. TIMING AND COST: these are also important valuables in skill acquisition. We should not get involved with a skill that will drag us into old age. When such skills are good are at a young age, so that by the time one is old, he/she would have retired. More so, such skill as at the time of acquisition must not be expensive. We must not use up our life's savings to acquire a skill. Skills are important for our survival in the future as when all things fail, our skills remains. The Almighty God has assured to bless the works of our hands. This implies that it is only when we work that He will bless us. The reverse is the opposite. Therefore, we must make haste to acquire a skill if we must be relevant in our society. This is a generation where laziness is taking a centre-stage and we must object to it. [S]

Skills Magazine


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Website/blog Submission Form Increase traffic to your website or blog with just N8,000. Call 08137845812 To add your website/blog to the list above, fill this form and scan. Send to us at website@skillmagazine.org. Name:_____________________________________________________________________________ Town:_________________________________State:________________________________________ Email:_____________________________________________________________________________ Phone number:______________________________________________________________________ Website/blog Name___________________________________________________________________ Brief description:____________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Date_____________________________ PAYMENT DETAILS: Name of Depositor:__________________________________________________________________ Teller No.___________________________________Date:___________________________________ Skills Magazine

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SKILLSE

DEALING WITH

CONFLICT IN THE

WORK PLACE

D

ifferent people have different work habits, personalities, communication styles, habits and opinions. Add to those differences, issues of allocation of work, opportunities for promotion, and other factors; the likelihood of trouble increases. A common example is the conflict we experience during the process of recruitment. There is conflict arising from being in a group of applicants competing for job openings. There is normally tension in the room where the applicants are seated together. How does conflict affect the workplace? Workplace conflict can often cause: Lost productivity: When people within a team are so preoccupied with their interpersonal conflicts, they will not be able to give their job their full concentration. Perception damage: Departments or teams with members who don't seem to get along will be viewed as less competent and trustworthy by other departments within the company.

Attrition of members in the team: Conflicts within a team can result in competent employees growing weary of the negative environment and leaving the organization to find employment elsewhere.

HOW DO WE DEAL WITH CONFLICT? Avoidance: This is the most common strategy. Here conflict is avoided. Example: Someone making a mean spirited comment and the person it was aimed at simply walks away. This is not a very good strategy as avoiding an issue 11

simply will not make it go away. However, it is worth considering if the conflict is minor and is not worth engaging in.

Accommodation: With this strategy, you take the conflict and submit. Example: Listening to negative criticism and believing it. This is frequently used by people with very low confidence and selfesteem. This is not a very successful

Showing some compassion will take you a long way in dealing with the situation method of dealing with conflict. Compete: This is when you give the person a taste of his or her own medicine and work hard to win in the conflict. Example: Someone spreads malicious rumors about you, so you spread rumors about that person too. This is not very useful even when the conflict is mild because it leads to a vicious circle as the www.skillsmagazine.org

conflict escalates. This strategy may make you appear unprofessional and could damage your career in the long run. Compromise: This strategy is useful. Here, instead of giving in to the conflict, you work out a solution between you and the other person. Example: Your team leader dumps more work on you when you are already struggling with the load you already have. You then tell your team leader that you will take some of the work and he can try distributing the rest to other team members. Collaborate: This is the most useful strategy in dealing with conflict. The idea here is to focus on working together to arrive at a solution to the problem. Example: You and a team mate have varying points of view regarding how a project should be handled. You sit down with your team mate and ask him to explain his point of you, and then, you explain yours. You can then both find a way to work together on the project. Remember that people who enjoy creating conflict are what we call “power-seekers.� They enjoy controlling others. Frequently this is because they have been in a similar situation before or get satisfaction out of feeling that they are in control. Showing some compassion will take you a long way in dealing with the situation.[S]

Skills Magazine


SKILLSPROGRAMME

C

itizenship And Leadership Training Centre (CLTC) is one of the oldest Federal Government parastatals in Nigeria. It is a human development and an adventure based outfit. It was founded in 1951 by late Dr. Alec Dickson, a Briton, who specialized in community development. The Centre is the first in Africa and the second in the world. It has trained over seven million persons nationwide, since its inception. The establishment organizes training for military and Para-military organizations, academic and non-academic institutions (including primary and secondary school students). It also offers training for civil organizations, industrial, commercial and financial outfit, senior and executive/professionals. The junior course which is the citizen-

ship/adventure course is for boys and girls between the ages of 10-13yrs, mostly from primary and secondary schools. During the training they are taught how:

Executive/professional course is a coordination of course and seminar oriented programme for executives and professionals in supervisory position. The course does not have upper age limit and lasts between 714days.

It builds in them an appreciation of their position and their role in their organizational set· To interact with one another and work as a up. It also develops their communication team. skills, human control and gives them a re· To live in a strange and new environment. newed sense of self-worth. It improves their skills in dealing with their subordinates for · To engage in social services and the need improved performance and effectiveness. for clean environment and The Centre is established in the six geo· To grow up and become worthwhile indipolitical zones of Nigeria and courses are viduals in the society and the world at large. offered throughout the year in these units. · The intermediate course, which is an adSkills magazine was privileged to witness venture oriented course for ages 14-21yrs is firsthand the training offered by the geared towards providing opportunity for Citizenship and Leadership and Training self-development, team work and how to Centre in Aluu, Port Harcourt, Rivers State. make decisions as individuals and as a About forty-four (44) 200 and 300 level stugroup. dents from the Department of Physical and The senior category offers leadership Health Education, University of Uyo, courses for men and women of 21yrs and Akwa-Ibom State, partook in the training. above who are preparing for middle manThe theme of the course was “Creating agement and supervisory positions. The Leadership Awareness and Skills training teaches them on how to appreciate Development for Purposeful Sport and their role and importance in their respective Health Management”. >> organizational set-up.

Unit Co-ordinator

A Cross section of Staff Participants performing exercises

Mr. Adekoya Tade Skills Magazine

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SKILLSPROGRAMME The programme lasted for ten days, from th th Sunday 27 November to Tuesday, 6 December 2011. The training was aimed at 1. Inculcating in the participants capacity for effective management of human and material resources. 2. Encouraging purposeful interactions, sharing of contemporary ideas and a better grasp of sport and social issues 3. Promoting virtues of discipline and high sense of responsibility in handling domestic and public matters.

4. Arousing in the participants the spirit of adventure and recreational activities and 5. Promoting Nigerianess.

national

unity

and

In view of this programme, the Unit Coordinator, Mr. Adekoya Tade, when interviewed stated that they believed that with the leadership training from CLTC, a solid foundation has been laid for Nigeria future leaders, which will propel them to greater heights in life. Additionally, former Director of Sports, Akwa Ibom state, Mr. Achieluh

Akangude says “It is necessary for the youths to be trained, in order that when they go out there to interact with people they will be easily identified as leaders�. During the programme, lectures were given; other activities included physical exercises, instructional exercise, initiative test, paper presentations, drama presentation etc. It is reasonable to believe that the programme will achieve its aim owing to what some of the participants said.

What participants say: IDO-OBONG MBOHO HOW HAVE YOU BENEFITTED FROM THIS PROGRAMME? The programme is very beneficial to me. I have learnt so many things - the qualities of a good leader, how to tolerate people, how to get on with difficult people, and how to lead people successfully without having crises. So I have learnt things that will be of personal benefit now and in the future. HAS IT EFFECTED ANY DIFFERENCE IN YOU? There is a great difference between my yesterday and today. I know who I am and what I have become today through this experience because I have learnt new things and I believe my today is better than yesterday. HOW WILL YOU APPLY THESE PRINCIPLES? I will start by applying the principles in my home. I will be able to deal better with my people, my husband and my children and I have also learnt how to handle crises at home. As a leader, I have learnt how to tolerate people and how to accommodate people of differing characters in the society at large. I will impact positively on the society.

NSIKAN UDOFIA HOW HAS THIS PROGRAMME HELPED YOU? Well, I will say in so many ways. Academically, we have learnt so many things that we've not been taught in school. It has given me practical experience. Now that we are here, we've been able to see the practical aspect of those theories we read in school. It is very interesting and very educative. Especially during the class on conflict resolution, I saw a clear picture of myself in some of the problems I used to have. I am sure that I could have had ways of avoiding them but I was quite ignorant. HOW WILL YOU APPLY THIS TRAINING? To be frank, as I am sitting here, I have made a determination to apply this training to myself. I have determined within myself that I will expose my daughter to some of these physical activities from an early age, because it helps. WILL YOU RECOMMEND THIS TRAINING TO OTHERS? Yes! To organizations, not just to physical and health educators, to bankers, journalists like you, politicians, in fact everybody.

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Skills Magazine


SKILLSPROGRAMME The objectives of the training offered by the centre and comments of participants reveal the commitment of CLTC in improving the quality of human life by helping participants to discover their potential to care for themselves and others around them in their individual communities and the ability to work as a team. It is a training programme that is of great value to everyone in the society.

Hence Proprietors/Administrators of schools are encouraged to avail themselves of this opportunity to equip their wards/students with basic life skills. Industrial, Commercial and Financial establishments may also request for Special Courses for their staff in order to have an unbiased external and independent assessment of such individuals. Whoever you are, the training program could be of

benefit to you. According to John D. Rockefeller Jnr.: “If you want to succeed, you should strike out on new paths rather than travel the worn paths of accepted success�. Why not visit a Citizenship and Leadership Training Centre today? It might help you find your path to success. [S]

ANIEKAN WHAT CAN YOU SAY ABOUT THE PROGRAMME? The programme is okay. We need programmes like this to train youths on how to become good leaders and citizens. ABOUT THE EXERCISES, HOW CAN YOU APPLY THEM IN REAL LIFE SITUATIONS? They give the philosophy behind the exercises and ask us to apply the techniques to overcome the obstacles. So, I can use the techniques to overcome any like obstacle in real life situations. HOW WILL YOU COMPARE YOURSELF AS YOU WERE BEFORE TO NOW? In the area of leadership and being a good citizen, I am more equipped now than before.

MORENE OKUNNAH HOW WILL THIS TRAINING HELP YOU IN YOUR PERSONAL LIFE? It will help me to manage my time, to know how to face any task that may come across me in life. It will take me a long way in my course of study because this is related to my course which is Health Education. It has also taught me how to associate with people because my life has really changed. That social life has come back to me. DO YOU SEE YOURSELF FIT FOR A LEADING ROLE? Yes I see myself fit for it because I believe that if put into practice what I have learnt, I will be able to come out and tell people how to go on with their daily lives.

With Skills magazine you can put a spotlight on your programme

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SKILLSTRAINING

HOW TO COPY AND

SAVE A DOCUMENT

A popular method of storing data is via external media such as external hard drives or memory sticks. These are usually attached via the USB port which is found at the back of most machines. Now double click on “My Computer” Once the external drive is connected via the USB port it will appear as a “Removable Disk” under the “Devices with Removable Storage” view.

Go back into the “Data” folder in the “C Drive” Right click the “Test” file and select “Copy” and click “Back” Click “Back” again Double click on the “Removable Disk” As before, right click within the window pane and select “Paste”

click Back

The “test” file is now stored on the external drive

Next we learn how to copy from the computer to a flash drive

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SKILLSTRAINING

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SKILLSHEALTH&SAFETY

THE HEALTH BENEFITS OF

BANANA B

ananas consist mainly of sugars (glucose, fructose and sucrose) and fiber, which makes them ideal for an immediate and slightly prolonged source of energy. Reducing Depression Bananas contain tryptophan, an amino acid that can be converted to serotonin, leading to improved mood. Anemia Bananas are relatively high in iron, which helps the body's hemoglobin function. Constipation and Diarrhea Due to their content in fiber, they help restore a normal bowel function. In addition, diarrhea usually depletes your body of important electrolytes (of which the most important is potassium, contained in high amounts in bananas). They also contain pectin, a soluble fiber (hydrocolloid) that can help normalize movement through the digestive tract. Eyesight Protection Research published in the Archives of Ophthalmology has proven that adults consuming at least 3 servings of fruit per day have a reduced risk (by 36%) of developing age-related macular degeneration (ARMD), the primary cause of vision loss in older adults, compared to persons who consume less than 1.5 servings of fruit daily. Healthy Bones Bananas are an exceptionally rich source of fructooligosaccharide, a compound that nourishes probiotic (friendly) bacteria in the colon. These beneficial bacteria produce enzymes that increase our digestive ability and protect us from unhealthy bacterial infections. Thanks to fructooligosaccharides, probiotic bacteria can increase both in number and functionality, increasing our 17

body's ability to absorb calcium. In addition, green bananas contain indigestible short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) that are very nutrient to the cells that make up the mucosa of the stomach. These cells, when healthy, absorb calcium much more efficiently. Healthy Kidney About 190,000 cases of kidney cancer are diagnosed each year. Research published in the International Journal of Cancer has shown that daily consumption of whole fruits and vegetables, especially bananas, is highly protective to kidney health. The results show that, over a long time frame (13.4 years), women eating more than 2.5 servings of fruits and vegetable per day cut their risk of kidney cancer by 40%. Among the fruits, bananas were especially protective. Women eating bananas four to six times a week halved their risk of developing the disease compared to those who did not eat this fruit. The conclusion of the study is that frequent consumption of fruits and vegetables, especially bananas, cabbage and root vegetables, may reduce risk of kidney cancer. This is because bananas and many root vegetables contain especially high amounts of antioxidant phenolic compounds, while cabbage is rich in sulfur, necessary for effective detoxification of potential carcinogens. Blood Pressure Bananas are extremely high in potassium (about 4673mg), yet very low in sodium (1mg), thus having a perfect ratio for preventing high blood pressure. Heartburn Bananas have a natural antacid effect in the body, so if you suffer from www.skillsmagazine.org

heartburn, try eating a banana for soothing relief. Morning Sickness Snacking on bananas between meals helps to keep blood-sugar levels up and avoid morning sickness. Smoking Bananas can also help people trying to give up smoking. They contain vitamins B6 and B12, as well as potassium and magnesium: these substances help the body recover from the effects of nicotine withdrawal. Ulcers This is the only raw fruit that can be eaten without distress in overchronicle cases. It also helps reduce acidity and reduces irritation. Bananas stimulate the cells on the internal stomach lining to produce a thicker mucus (which protects against acid). Additionally, bananas contain protease inhibitors that help eliminate bacteria in the stomach that have been pinpointed as a primary cause of ulcers. Nerves Bananas are high in B vitamins that have been shows to improve nerve function. Mosquito Bites Many people report that rubbing the inside of a banana peel on a mosquito bite is very effective in reducing itching and swelling. Stress Relief Bananas are high in potassium, which helps normalize the heart beat and regulate the body's water balance. During periods of high stress, our body's potassium levels tend to be rapidly depleted: eating bananas is a healthy way to rebalance them without using drugs.>>

Skills Magazine


SKILLSHEALTH&SAFETY

Stroke Risk According to a study in The New England Journal of Medicine, eating bananas as part of a regular diet can reduce the risk of death by strokes by as much as 40%. The Rules of the Morning Banana Diet The Morning Banana Diet targets weight conscious individuals who want to lose weight easily and effectively. Followers of this fad eat as many bananas as they want but also need to strictly follow some rules. These rules include eating a finger (or more) of raw, uncooked and unfrozen banana for breakfast, eating normal for lunch and dinner, intake of room temperature water (not chilled or hot), taking an evening snack if necessary, taking dinner before 8pm, and going to bed early. The rationale why water has to be taken at room temperature is not certain but many theories believe that water that is neither cold nor hot improves digestion and reduces hunger. Pros of Banana Diet The diet is plain and simple. Perhaps one of the reasons why the Morning Banana Diet may work is that bananas can boost metabolism as well as improve digestion. Also, the high content of resistant starch in bananas promotes the feeling of fullness and blocks the absorption of some carbohydrates. Other benefits of banana diet include: ? Bananas are high in potassium, fiber, vitamin B6 and C ? Eating breakfast reduces that likelihood of overeating later in the day—the prime goal of banana diet ? Avoiding coffee at breakfast results to a more stable blood glucose level ? Refraining from eating after 8pm and sleeping early may reduce the tendency for eating high calorie mid-night snacks ? The diet combats constipation and discourages overeating ? Morning Banana Diet is cheap, unlike other popular diet programs. ? The diet encourages its followers to sleep early, thus getting enough rest which brings several positive consequences. ? The diet does not require you to take any pills or medications Cons of Banana Diet Bananas are essentially good sources of Skills Magazine

potassium but apparently, no food has all the required nutrients for your body. You also need protein, amino acids and fats for your diet. If you consume nothing but bananas, you will certainly miss some of the essential nutrients, minerals and vitamins that your body needs. For instance, a finger of banana only has 3 percent of your daily protein requirement. You have to take 33 of them to get enough protein that your body needs in a day. Apart from protein deficiency, bananas do not provide all other vitamins except for vitamins A, C and B6. Critics of the Morning Banana Diet stress that banana is never a “complete food�. Other health threats of banana diet include: ? Some critics believe that bananas

are difficult to digest, therefore eating too much bananas can result to gastrointestinal nightmare. ? Since dieters may take normal diet for lunch and dinner, it could be easy for them to consume excess calories. ? The diet may not suit hypoglycemic followers. ? The banana diet does not encourage exercise. ? The diet cuts out dairy products hence there is a risk for calcium deficiency. ? Eating too many bananas will lead to a major glucose spike, therefore there is a risk for diabetes. How to Effectively Do the Banana Diet Diet plans such as the banana diet are used to stabilize and maintain body weight. If you are besieged by the Morning Banana Diet, perhaps it's best to look at the diet plan and take into consideration the following guidelines. For Breakfast: Eat a banana. While you are trying to lose weight, the Morning Banana Diet still allows you www.skillsmagazine.org

to eat one or more bananas for breakfast. The thing here is not to starve yourself to death for a slender physique. For Lunch and Dinner: Eat your normal food plan for lunch and dinner while starting off with a piece of banana and a glass of water. Dinner must be eaten by 8pm. For Snacks: a sweet snack of chocolate or cookies is allowed, while ice cream, a donut, or potato chips are not recommended. A good alternative for sweet snacks is popcorn, but watch out for excessive fat content. Avoiding sugar, alcohol, and diet drinks can create sugar craving which will consequently stall weight loss. Exercise: The diet plan does not require rigid exercises, although a half-hour per day of walking is recommended. The creators of the Morning Banana Diet believe that stressful workouts could backfire to cause overeating. Restricting food may lead to nutritional deficiency, which is clearly bad for the health. Many people falsely believe that they are overweight when they are actually on a perfect fit. Here are some basic tips when following a dietary program: ? Buy a weighing scale and weigh yourself on a regular basis and at the same time of the day. ? Make your diet to get support and increase your accountability. ? Stay positive. Diets do not yield results overnight. ? Reward yourself for achieving goals. ? Keep a spreadsheet of your diet and how much you eat. ? Eliminate one vice at a time. ? Always enjoy breakfast and do not be too restrictive on food ? Eat slowly. Savor your food. ? Take your time. You do not have to be on a diet for life after all. As a general rule for dieting, before following any weight loss program, you need to submit yourself first for a thorough medical checkup to determine your suitability for the particular diet. Also, remember that no matter what dietary routine you choose to follow, none of that will truly matter if you are not determined enough to achieve the goal.[S]

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SKILLSPERSONALITY

? ? ? ? ? A rising star on the music scene

She has got the looks. She has definitely got the voice. She is Obinwa Esther Chika a.k.a Ebony. Join us as she tells about her roots, her passion, her challenges, her hopes. Yes, please meet ? ? ? ? ? ?

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Skills Magazine


SKILLSPERSONALITY How did the Ebony came about? When I was in secondary school, we had a beauty pageant. I won the contest and my school mates started to call me Ebony. So that's how the Ebony came about. What kind of songs do you sing? Any type, depending on the mood or inspiration. Sometimes hip hop, gospel, sometimes soul. Most of my own songs are within the hip hop and soul range. Do you belong to any band? No. What made you go into music as a career? I love music, I love singing. I can remember vividly when I was a little girl, about 11yrs or so, I was asked to come and present a special number in church. I was so happy, I mean I can never forget that day. I was like “God so this me,’ (laughs) ‘in front of a whole church singing”. I was really happy. Can you say that songs inspire you? Yeah songs do inspire me. Who is your role model in the music industry? Well in gospel aspect JUANITA BYNUM, but in secular Beyoncé. I choose them because whenever they are singing, they sing with passion, you can feel the song, you can feel them singing, and you can feel the music whenever they sing. These are modern musicians, now is there any old school song that you'll always look up to? Or are you modern only? (Laughs) No, when I was small, I liked this song “I have a dream”. Have you made an album? I'm in the process of making one. Do you write songs? Yes. I write all of my songs. How did you feel when you first sang your own song? I felt great (Laughs).The rhythm first came to my head, and then I started composing you know, putting in words. So I called one of my friends and said “please listen to this song and tell me if it makes sense”. I sang it to her, and she was like, “eh… who wrote the song for you?” I said I did it. She said “wow! So you can compose a song like this, so Skills Magazine

what are you doing?” I was so happy. (Laughs). Do you play any musical instrument? No I sing. I don't play. Where do you have practice sessions? I do practice in my house and sometimes over at the studio and if there is any chance for me to practice. What has been the most challenging aspect your career? Trying to make my career and succeeding too. It's a challenge because it's not been easy. Sometimes you do a song, they'll tell you to redo it, sometimes they'll tell you the sound track is not good, so redo the song. There are so many challenges. There have been sleepless nights trying to put the song in order. But by the special grace of God I am coping with the challenges. Can you tell us a little about your family? Well, I'm married to a wonderful man and I have a wonderful kid, a baby girl. I thank God for my family.

away with it. You have 5minutes to perform a song that will make an impact in the world, which of the songs from your album will you sing and why? ‘All is well.’ I'm trying to tell people all is well. What can fans get from your website? My fans can visit www.myebony.com to download my songs Can you influence Nigeria with your music? Yes. By singing motivational songs. What will become of you in the nearest future? (Laughs) I should be on top. What is your last line to our readers? I will encourage my fans and the readers of Skills magazine to put in all their best in whatever they do and they should also pray for God's direction.[S]

How are you able to balance your obligation to your family and your career? It has not being easy, but by virtue of the strength God has given me, I am able to do what I'm supposed to do at the right time. I schedule time for office, for my career and also for the house chores. Do you have a support system? Yeah. I do have support from my husband, a big support. When I told him about my dreams, my passion for singing, he was like “wow! It's a great idea.” He said if I have the passion and really want to sing why not, that he's going to support me. He supports me financially and all round and making sure everything is working fine. Apart from your husband's support, what else has enabled your continuing in this career? First it's God, second my husband. Where basically are your fans? All over the place, they are everywhere. Are you a shy person? Sometimes. How do you overcome it on stage? I do overcome shyness on stage by starting something because at first, I will shiver but in the long run, I'll do www.skillsmagazine.org

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SKILLSGENERAL

INTRODUCTION TO WELDING I

n this issue we shall start with the basics: What is Welding? We have to start with a good base knowledge before we get to more complex ideas. What is Welding? Wikipedia defines welding as “a fabrication process that joins materials, usually metals.� This is done by melting the part of the materials to be joined and adding some additional molten joining material. When the molten material cools, it forms a strong bond or joint. Welding is the most widely practiced way of joining metals together due to the efficiency and economy of the process. As an example, farming may appear to have nothing to do with welding, but the equipment the farmer uses to grow and harvest his crops will have used welding in their manufacturing process. Until the advent of the 20th century, welding was confined to blacksmith shops where two pieces of metal were Skills Magazine

heated to very high temperatures in a forge and then hammered together until the joining occurred. This is what is called forge welding. With the introduction of electricity into industrial processes, welding became both quicker and easy, and also more economical. Today there are 4 types of welding techniques that are commonly used. - The most basic form is Arc Welding where the parts to be joined together are brought into contact with strong electrical current and heated. The molten parts are then joined together to form a weld. This is the low technology end of welding in its cheapest and least sophisticated form. - Gas Welding is generally used for repair work especially in the case hollow items like tubes and pipes. Hot gas is forced onto the surfaces to be welded. This procedure requires the parts to be subjected to less heat and is suitable for material that may be damaged by exposure to high www.skillsmagazine.org

temperature. For this reason it is used in the jewelery industry which has to work with soft metal with low melting points. - Resistance Welding requires that an additional sheet of material is used to cover the pieces that are to be welded together. This provides great strength to a weld, but the process requires expensive equipment and also the use of additional material to encase the weld which makes it expensive and not suitable for all applications. - Laser Welding is the most modern technology available. High intensity lasers can be tightly focused and produce controllable heat on the surfaces to be welded very quickly. This is perfect for material which can be damaged by prolonged exposure to extreme heat. Laser welding is very accurate and can be used to produce even the smallest of welds. However, because of the high capital cost involved in purchasing this equipment, the cost of welding is also high.>> 22


SKILLSGENERAL

Although the perception of welding is that of a simple process of heating and joining, it is a high technology industry with huge amounts being spent on research and development to find stronger, more accurate and cheaper methods. The welding process plays a big role in metallurgy with a constant effort underway to find newer and more weld friendly alloys. Types of Welding There are a number of different types of welding. Today we look over a few of them. Depending on what you want to weld, one of these types will suit you. When you think about welding you might think that there is only one type of welding. This is a common idea because most people only see the finished product. However, there are many different types of welding that you might find interesting. Welding is a way of joining metals to each other to make them firm and the metal forms a bond that is tight. There are a variety of bonds that are done depending on the types of welding you use. Types of welding fit under categories as listed here: Gas welding This type of welding creates a flame from a burning gas and this creates the welding heat that is needed. You will see this in the following types of welding: Propane torches — people use this when they want to sweat a joint or when they want to solder two pieces of metal together. This is one of the lowest heats and can be used for small things. Oxyacetylene torch – this heat gets a bit hotter and many people say this is the most universal type of welding tool you can find. This is used when you need a very hot flame. This type of torch will weld a variety of things as long as you have the right metals and tools for it. It is generally used when you want to cut, braze, weld or solder something that requires a higher heat. You have to be careful though because it is a type of heat that can be difficult to control and it can sometimes overheat the area. Oxy-propane — this type of welding is used when you want to solder, braze or heat something. This is a cheaper form of both of the types of welding that was first listed. Arc welding This type of welding creates the heat

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through the use of an electric arc. The types of welding that are done through this type of welding include: Basic AC & DC arc welders — when you are looking for a way to weld either heavy gauge steel or cast iron this is the type of welding to use. It uses rods that you guide along the place to be weld and these are made of flux coated steel or other materials. MIG (Metal Inert Gas) — this is a very quick way of welding and some say it is easier to do than regular arch welding. It is done through the use of a DC arc and it uses filler metal that is used with a spool of thin wire. You use inert gas instead of flux. This is usually used with steal bodywork and is a good choice when you need to weld sheet metal. TIG (Tungsten Inert Gas) — this type of welding uses an AC arc that is of high frequency and it is combined with a tungsten electrode that is shielded by inert gas. This comes together to create a torch that is controllable. This is a good choice to weld very thin metals together. If you are working with aluminum or stainless steel this is a good choice. TIG Welding TIG Welding is one of the 2 Most Used types of Welding. Today we look at it in depth. We check out the process and pick up some tips. TIG (GTAW) Welding Process Overview The acronym TIG stands for Tungsten Inert Gas Arc Welding and the acronym GTAW stands for Gas Tungsten Arc Welding. This is the same process but it is referred to by these two different names. In the situation you will be welding using an electric arc that generates the heat. You then have a tungsten nonconsumable electrode that then produces the weld you are attempting to make. One of the things that have to happen in this type of welding is that the particular metal that you are welding has to be shielded from contamination in the atmosphere or you will get a poor weld. Because of this, the area is shielded using an inert gas like argon; this is used with a filler metal where necessary. This type of welding needs constant current to flow across the arc using an ionized gas called plasma. Plasma also has metal vapours within it. You will usually use GTAW if you have to weld

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thin metals like stainless steel, aluminium, magnesium or copper alloys. GTAW also gives the person who is operating the welding process more control of the weld. What this means to the weld is that it is a stronger weld and has a higher quality than many other types of welding. Many experts say that it is harder to learn, is complex and can be slower than other welding techniques. Some welders like using a different kind of torch to produce plasma arc welding which is very much like this one but a little different. This type of welding will give a more focused welding arc, but usually this is done through automation. How It Operates The reason this welding process is the most complicated or difficult to master is because the welder has to use a smaller arc length; they have to be able to have a very steady hand. If they aren't able to keep a distance between the electrode and the piece they are working on, the piece can become contaminated and there can be problems with the weld. This is also a two handed process because you have to be able to hold the torch in one hand and feed a filler metal into the space that you are welding. You can see that this is a very intricate process and one that requires high skill. There are a few types of welding that will not require this type of weld and the individual will not have to use filler material these types include: edge, corner and butt joints. These types of welds are called autogenous or fusion welds. A welder who is highly skilled in this process is able to alternate between using the torch and then using the filler material in a pretty fast way. As they do this the filler rod can be taken out as the electrode moves forward, and it doesn't have to be taken out of the gas shied. This is a highly developed process for those who can do it well. GTAW can operate using several different currents: positive direct current, negative direct current or alternating current. This will all depend on how they set up the power supply in the beginning. To be continued in the next issue [S]

Skills Magazine


SKILLSTRAINING

Easybreezy Scarf Take the basic double crochet stitch, add a vibrant colour of yarn and get this simple yet classy scarf that looks great on both men and women. SKILL LEVEL: Easy FINISHED SIZE: 67inches X 6inches MATERIALS: ? 2 balls of blue yarn ? 1.6mm crochet hook or size needed to obtain gauge. GAUGE: 5 dc st= 1in; 8 dc rows = 3 inches

PATTERN NOTES: Chain 3 at the beginning of the row counts as first double crochet unless otherwise stated.

SCARF INSTRUCTIONS Row 1: Ch 400, dc in 4th ch from hook and in every ch st across. (398 dc) Row 2: ch 3 (counts as first dc), dc in 2nd st of previous row and in every st across. (398 dc) Row 3 – Row 16: rep Row 2. Fasten off and weave in loose ends

? : To turn this scarf into a shawl, work 45 rows. Or change TRY THIS

the colour to one you like. To reduce the length of the scarf, make fewer foundation chain stitches.[S]

STITCH GUIDE

Abbreviations used: yo - yarn over lp - loop ch - chain dc - double crochet By: Ozi Kieni Kienisfashion.blogspot. com 07032905257 Skills Magazine

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SKILLSGENERAL

POLISH YOUR RESUME LIKE A PRO:

Tips Any Job-Seeker Can Use

M

ost job-seekers understand - or should understand -that their resume is often the deciding factor in whether they get invited for a job interview. The resume is the key tool that hiring managers use to categorize job applicants (and virtually the only tool when networking is not involved). Given this information and knowledge, it is still astonishing how many job-seekers are using bad, boring, and weak resumes. Rather than rehashing the common problems and errors found on resumes, this article focuses on 7 tips that professional resume writers use when polishing the resume of a client. As one of my favorite job-seekers told me recently (as she was going for her second promotion in less than a year), resume-writing is an easy process once you understand the fundamentals, putting your own spin on the final product, and polishing it like a pro Before you lose out on another great job opportunity or give up even trying - and before you decide to spend big bucks on hiring a professional resume writer, try using these simple, but effective tips to polish your resume like a pro.

Resume Polishing Tip #1: Review Resume for Attractiveness, Focus, Marketability Your resume should be visually attractive, relevant to the job you are seeking, concise, and current. (Text resumes do not need to be attractive, but do need to be relevant, concise, and current.) A poorly formatted resume will not be the deciding factor in whether you receive an interview, but liken a nicely formatted (and easy to read) resume to wearing a professionally tailored outfit to the interview -- you should dress your resume for success. Stick to one font (and one color -- black), and utilize the white space in the margins and between headings to make your resume more appealing and inviting to read. A resume that does not tell a story

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with a laser-sharp focus is practically useless. View your resume as you might a 30-second commercial -- it has to have a hook and engage the viewer, or it's lost. Remember that a resume is not your personal history -- nor your employment history -- but a document that clearly shows why you are the perfect candidate for the job you are seeking. If you are pursuing more than one type of job, then you need a different resume for each job; if you are not sure of the job you are seeking, stop working on your resume and first find your job-search focus. Concentrate on highlighting the most relevant education, training, and experience from the past 7 to 10 years -beyond that, your experiences are simply background information (and possibly irrelevant or obsolete anyway). Provide no more than about 15 years of experience -- with anything beyond the 10-year mark focused on one or two key bullet points. Resume Polishing Tip #2: Move Most Important Elements to Beginning of Resume Many hiring managers confess to not having the time to scan more than the first third (at most) of any resume, thus you may need to add and rearrange elements on your resume. Start with a headline -- just under your name and contact information -that clearly identifies you or the job you seek. One example is, "Top Producing Sales Professional." You can follow the headline with a more detailed branding statement or a qualifications summary such as: "Positioned to draw on record of achievement and success to deliver exceptional sales results that maximize unequivocal strengths as outstanding, top-producing sales professional." A qualifications summary (which goes by many other names, including Career Summary, Summary, Executive Summary, Professional Profile, Strengths, Skills, Key Skills, Skills Summary, Summary of Qualifications, Background Summary, Professional

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Summary, Highlights of Qualifications), highlights the 3-4 most important elements that demonstrate your fit for the job you are seeking. Ideally, these points match directly to the job requirements from a job posting. Substantiate each bullet point with specific examples and numbers. Resume Polishing Tip #3: Modify Job/Work Descriptions to Focus on Specific Accomplishments and Impact One of the most obvious -- and important -- fixes for many resumes is adjusting and rewriting work experiences from passive job descriptions to active portrayals of your experiences that focus on accomplishments and positive impacts. Explain the work you completed in each relevant job in short bullet points that clearly demonstrate your impact on each job -- and with each employer or organization. Current and recent jobs should have more bullet points than older jobs. Remember to include relevant accomplishments from non-work experiences. Resume Polishing Tip #4: Utilize Keywords Based on Job(s) You Seek Because most resumes are now dumped into databases from which hiring managers can search for the most qualified candidates, it is vital that your resume contains specific and relevant keywords and keyword phrases. Keywords relate to the skills and experience the employer is seeking. More specifically, keywords can be precise "hard" skills -- jobspecific/profession-specific/industryspecific skills, technological terms and descriptions of technical expertise (including hardware and software in which you are proficient), job titles, certifications, names of products and services, industry buzzwords and jargon, types of degrees, and the like.>>

Skills Magazine


SKILLSGENERAL You can incorporate these keywords throughout your resume or include a keywords (Key Skills, Proficiencies, Competencies) section on your resume. Resume Polishing Tip #5: Rethink Full Disclosure to Most Relevant Your resume should tell a story -one that conveys your brand and tells the employer the benefits of hiring you. Your resume is not your life story, and should not include all the details of your work life. Don't worry so much about resume length as much as resume relevance. Too many job-seekers are focused either on including everything on the resume or struggling with the number of pages. Be as concise as you can (as current trend is toward shorter resumes), but focus on making your resume as long as it needs to be to tell the story of why you are an ideal candidate -- and thus should be interviewed for the job. Finally, remember a cardinal rule of resume-writing: disclose no negative information -- or any information that could get you eliminated from contention. Resume Polishing Tip #6: Fix Grammar, Spelling, Typos An easy fix for many professional resume writers is catching and fixing the typos and spelling and grammatical errors -- which you should easily be able to fix as well. These errors are among the major pet

peeves of hiring managers -- many of whom will not tolerate even one on your resume. You can start reviewing your resume with spell-check, of course, but that's not even the bare minimum. Proofreading is essential to weed out other misspellings and typos a spell-check program won't catch (such as spelling "manager" as "manger," "possess" as "posses," or "thorough" as "through"). Especially be careful about company and software names, which are frequently misspelled and can damage your credibility. Try reading your resume backwards -- as well as enlisting a trusted friend or family member to proofread your resume. Resume Polishing Tip #7: Adjust/Enhance and Brand Your Resume to Specific Job/Employer Nothing resonates more with a hiring manager than reading a resume that uses phrasing that mirrors those of the employer. A very simple way to add an extra level of effectiveness to your resume is modifying some of the ways you describe yourself and your experiences using some of the same words and phrases the organization uses to describe itself. You can accomplish this task by reviewing the organization's job description, Website, and/or other materials. For example, if a job-seeker was applying for a position with the

Skills! Magazine, you might include words such as reading, travelling, creativity, excellence (based on how the company describes itself on its Website) in describing yourself. Another effective method for branding yourself is with the file name of your resume. Instead of saving it as "resume," use your name and a branding statement -- such as "David Edojah – Sales Professional." Final Thoughts Please remember that all the elements of your resume must be truthful. Including a lie or misrepresentation on your resume is the fastest way to not only get booted from consideration but also damage your reputation. One final tip. Instead of sending your nicely formatted resume as a Word document (which can look very different on different computers), save it as a PDF so that employers and hiring managers view your resume exactly as you formatted it. Remember, though, to check the file and format preference that each of your targeted employers prefer before you submit your resume. Finally, remember that no matter how much you improve your resume through the polishing tips in this article, you can greatly increase your chances of landing an interview by utilizing a network contact to put in a good word for you with the hiring manager.[S]

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SKILLSTRAINING

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INDOWS VISTA Installation Tutorial

Installation is always an issue faced by all computer users.After this course, you will not need to pay that huge sum of money to an engineer to install software in your desktop or laptop computer. You can even decide to start doing it for people thereby adding some money to your pocket.

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he best way to install Windows Vista is to do a clean install. It is not difficult to perform a clean installation. Before you perform the installation I recommend that you check Windows Vista System Requirements list to ensure that your hardware is supported by Vista. If you don't have Windows Vista drivers for all your hardware, it is a good idea to download all the drivers from the hardware manufacturers website and save all the necessary drivers on a CD-R before you start the installation.

Step 4 - You can now type the product key that came with your Windows vista.

Windows Vista DVD is bootable. In order to boot from the DVD you need to set the boot sequence. Look for the boot sequence under your BIOS setup and make sure that the first boot device is set to CD-ROM/DVD-ROM. Step 1 - Place Windows Vista DVD in your dvd-rom drive and start your PC. Windows Vista will start to boot up and you will get the following progress bar.

Step 2 - The next screen allows you to setup your language, time and currency format, keyboard or input method. Choose your required settings and click next to continue.

Step 5 - If you do not enter the product key you can still proceed with the installation in which case Windows will ask you which version of Vista you have purchased. Windows Vista Home Basic, Home Premium, Ultimate, Business etc. Select the version you have purchased and click next. Please note, although you can select any version of Windows and proceed to next stage. It is not good idea to select a different version to the one you have purchased because you will not be able to activate Windows at a later stage. Windows Vista can detect which version you have purchased once you enter your product key.

Step 3 - The next screen allows you to install or repair Windows Vista. Since we are doing a fresh install we will click on "install now".

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Step 6 - Tick "I accept the licence terms" and click next.

Skills Magazine


SKILLSTRAINING Step 7 - Choose the type of installation you want to perform. You will notice that upgrade option is disabled as we have booted from the DVD-R. Therefore we can only select Custom (advanced) option which basically installs a clean copy of Windows from scratch.

Step 10 - After installation copy process is complete you are presented with the Setup Windows dialogue box as show below. At this stage you need to choose a user name, password and a picture for your user account. The account you create here is the Administrator account which is the main account for your Windows Vista that has all the privileges. Click next continue.

Step 8 - Choose where you would like to install Windows Vista. If you have a new unpartitioned hard drive you would get your hard drive listed as shown on the image below. If have have an old hard drive with data or other partitions it will show up as logical drives. You can select the drive options (advanced) to format, delete, or create new partitions. Because I am using a single new hard drive I will select next to continue. Windows will create a partition and format it using NTFS files system.

Step 11 - Now you need to choose your computer name and desktop background. Click next to continue.

Step 9 - Windows starts the installation process and starts copying all the necessary files to your hard drive as shown on the image below. It will go through various stages of the setup and will reboot your system few times. When your PC reboots it attempts to boot from CD as its the first boot device. Do not press any key during the boot prompt so Windows Vista will continue with the installation by booting from your hard drive.

Skills Magazine

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Step 12 Choose whether your want to Help protect Windows automatically. Select "Use recommenced settings" to continue.

Step 13 Review your time and date settings. Select your time zone, correct the date and time and click next to continue.

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SKILLSTRAINING Next screen presents you to select your computers current location. You can choose between home, work, public location. Choose home to continue. You will finally get a "Thank you" screen which confirms the end of the interactive installation process. This is not the end of the setup process. There are still many after installation configuration to be done. Step 14 - Windows now runs a benchmark type of application which checks the performance of your system. You will see a status bar at bottom which shows the progress. Once the process is complete you will be presented with the logon screen.

Step 17 - Finally you need to check if all your hardware has been detected correctly. You can do so by checking your device manager. To access device manager click Start menu -> Control panel -> System -> Device manager.

Step 15 - Finally you have the logon screen. Just type your password and press enter or click on the arrow to logon to Windows Vista for the first time.

Step 16 - Soon as you logon you will be presented with welcome center. You can use the welcome center to configure, customize, and update Windows vista.

You will see all your hardware listed as shown below. You need to check if you have any yellow exclamation marks next to the name of the device similar to "USB 10/100 LAN" on image below. This indicates the driver has not been installed for this device. At this stage you need to install Windows Vista drivers by double clicking on "USB 10/100 LAN" or your device. The properties dialog box will appear. Click on Reinstall Driver. Then you can choose whether you want to install the driver from the internet (if available) or install manually from a CD or other media Once you have removed all the yellow exclamation marks from the device manager your Windows Vista configuration would be fully complete. [S]

Public opinion This month’s public opinion is: “What is The Role of Skills in a Sustainable Development?” You can write to Skills! Magazine, skillsopinion@yahoo.com. Tel: +234 813 784 5812, +234 703 290 5257 Please include your full name, address and phone number. Letters without these details would not be published. We do not, however, print full addresses in the magazine, but only indicate the city.

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Skills Magazine


Developing a child skill.......... 8*

7*

5*

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10*

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USE THE NUMBER AND TRACE THE IMAGE

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Fin 15* ish --

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Follow the example above, complete the excercise

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11 10 * * * 9* 8* 1* 12

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3* 4* 7* 8* 11 *12 *

2* 5* 6* 9* 10 1* *

Score Your Child: Excellent [ ] Very Good [ ] Good[ ]

3* 4* 7* 8* 11 * *12

Improve[ ]

Developing critical thinking skills in your child. ? Ask questions that have many answers whenever possible. ? Set up choices which involve your child in making decisions. ? Lead them to discover other ways of performing a task. ? Ask your child's opinions about things and then ask them why they think that way. ? Ask your child what they know about a subject and then help them to learn more. When your child has to make a decision, help them see all of the choices and consequences.

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Skills! Magazine


SKILLSGENERAL

GUITAR?

HOW SHOULD I PRACTICE

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n this day and age a lot of material is available online. Books, songs, groceries even acoustic and electric guitars can nowadays be bought online. Because of this, many are learning a new instrument such as the acoustic guitar from the comfort of their own bedroom/lounge/garden/caravan/pri son cell‌.. That is a great thing. That means that if you decide to learn to play acoustic guitar, you don't have to necessarily commit to having a series of lessons with a personal tutor you have to pay regularly. You can just do it at your own pace from home whenever you feel like. This however has its down sides. For one thing, by not committing yourself to lessons you feel the freedom from all the pressure and that's good, but you also may find yourself slacking and lacking the motivation you need to push yourself to practice regularly; one that you would have with a teacher. This can be dangerous because like many people I meet who claim to 'play a bit' and say they did not have the motivation and discipline to become an accomplished musician, you could miss out on being a decent player, which is a

Skills Magazine

shame. To overcome this problem you just need some structure to when you practice. This way you know when you're falling behind and when you're on track with the progress you should be making. The following steps are designed for beginner acoustic guitar players.

The first step you might want to follow when you're practicing is stretching. This may seem like the last thing you want to be doing but it is necessary especially for preventing serious muscle and tendons problems

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which can potentially stop you from playing altogether. So just do some simple arm stretches for 1 minute and you'll be good to go. Next up you should have some strumming patterns. This is a great exercise because it allows you to make music by mixing chords and rhythms which is essentially what a song really needs as a foundation. Next you could be working on single melodies as well as licks and solos. That way you can already start to see how melodies can fit over chord progressions, and you can come up with your own. Lastly you have two options depending on the reason why you want to learn guitar. If you want to simply learn a few popular songs then you can select a song appropriate for your level and practice that for awhile. If you wish to write your own music, you can use this part of the practice session to improvise using the things you have learned recently. This way you can be creative as well. Whatever your goal, it is fairly important to have some sort of structure when you practice, this way you can become the player you want to be in the shortest time possible.[S]

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The Nigerian Fried Rice must be one of the best things that happened to special occasions like weddings, street parties, picnics, special events and others.

How to Cook Nigerian Fried Rice Fried rice is so easy to prepare that you can even cook it every weekend in your own home. Eat well prepared Nigerian Fried Rice recipe with Moi Moi, Nigerian Salad or Coleslaw and you will feel like you are in Paradise Island. On this edition of Skills Magazine, we are only going to present to you the ingredients for a Nigeria Fried Rice, our next edition will cover in details the steps in preparing it. Let's get the ingredients ready!

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Ingredients · Rice · Vegetable Oil · Chicken (whole chicken or chicken drumsticks) · Cow Liver (100g) · Plain Yellow Curry Powder – no chilli (1 tablespoon) · Green Beans (a handful) · 5 medium sized carrots · Salt (to taste) · Onions - 3 medium sized bulbs · Seasoning – 3 Maggi/Knorr cubes & Thyme (1 teaspoon)

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Skills Magazine


SKILLSFASHION&BEAUTY

WHAT MAKES A PERFECT STYLIST?

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t is true that we gain satisfaction from the things we have been able to achieve especially from the things we create. Creating is fun and it can bolster one's confidence. Now, picture yourself wearing an entirely new, sensible style of hair. How will you feel as you walk the street when just behind you or before you comes “Hello”, as you look at the source, you meet a smile accompanied with “I like your hairstyle”. Likely, you will feel flattered. Now, what if you are the architect of the style? Probably, you will feel like a god, especially when you see a lot of people demanding for it. At this point, you probably may start to visualise what it feels like to be a perfect stylist. But that is just a scratch, let us dig deeper. First, let us know who a stylist is. A person whose job is to shape, cut, plait or fix hair is a stylist. The job, though common, is challenging yet fulfilling. It is said to be common because many people are into it. Have you ever had your demanded service exactly met by a stylist? Perhaps,

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you were moved to commend him/her. You may have for once or more admired a hair style, probably, you had wished you knew the stylist responsible for it. Before a stylist gets to this point (that of admiration and commendation), likely, he/she had overcome some challenges. What sort of challenges? Well, to answer that question, let us look at this: have you ever regretted demanding a service from a particular stylist, because what you later got was a mess? So, you can see that stylists have the challenge of guarding their customers from receiving unmet services. Another challenge may be that of possessing the needed tools for the job. Apart from being an architect of a style, one can still find satisfaction when one brings about a perfect picture of a demanded style. It calls for seriousness for one to get satisfaction in the service one renders. Mostly, the most successful ones in the styling world are those that have passion for their job. Of course, this passion helps them to focus on the training they received during their apprenticeship and thus become well

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acquitted with the skills needed to handle different demands. Usually, the training may take a period of 8 months to 1year and 2months for an apprentice to be well acquainted with the skill. Styling is the type of occupation that gives one confidence, especially when one is skilful. A stylist can be self employed or an employee to either a company or another stylist. They also render home services to their costumers. Likely, they charge more when they render service in their customers' home. Also, to bring about a demanded style, a stylist needs to be patient, which is giving a lot attention and time to the job, not rushing it over because some people had complained about rushed services rendered to them by stylists at times. So, to come off as a perfect stylist, one has to have passion for styling. Adequate training is essential and cultivating patience so as to give your customer satisfying service. And then, the sense of fulfilment will be realised. [S]

Skills Magazine


25 FOR AN ENTREPRENEUR! SKILLSENTREPRENEUR

DOS AND DON'TS

1.HAVE AN ANSWER Be able to answer why you want to be in business for yourself. You have to have a good reason why you want to get involved in a business of your own. 2. MONEY MOTIVATION Don't start a business venture with the only motivation being that of getting rich fast regardless of how interesting or lucrative the business appears to be. 3. HAVE A PLAN Don't start a business just because you are tired of working for someone else, you should have a plan for yourself. 4. BE IMPASSIONED Don't do it for the money, do not get into any business whatsoever it is for the money, start a business for the passion and selfsatisfaction. You have for be impassioned for the business you intend to start, don't start a business because someone else has started. 5. STOOP TO CONQUER Don't be too proud, arrogant or pompous to ask for help. There is no age bracket in learning. 6. NOT A CHARITY Don't forget that you are running a business. It is not supposed to be a welfare agency or a hobby, make sure you don't turn your business to a charity organization. 7. WHAT REALLY COUNTS The level of passion and commitment is one of the distinguishing factors between business for personal reasons and who is in it simply because it seemed like a good idea at a time. 8. HIGH STAKES The business, whatsoever it is, really should be something that the entrepreneur would do if money were no object. The business should be something you will naturally like to do even when money is not involved. The level of effort risk and commitment are so Skills Magazine

high that the business needs to be something that fulfills more than economic issues. 9. THE VISION Think about and be clear on what your motivation is for starting a business or venture. 10. ANYTHING CAN HAPPEN Be prepared to lose all of the money that you invest in the business. It is not planned but most times it happens, the unexpected. 11. FIRST THINGS FIRST Set a minimum before you start, set a standard before you start the business. Realize what return will be acceptable before you start, so that you can reach an equilibrium. 12. NOT A STROLL IN THE PARK Starting and managing a business is very difficult on everyone involved, you need to have all it takes to be in business not just been in business but in managing of the business. 13. ROUND THE CLOCK You have to realize that your business no matter the kind of business is a 24/7 adventure. You cannot call for timeout and there are no real vacations. 14. A PRICE TO PAY Recognize that the impact on your family is part of the venture. You will need their support, especially when things are stressful. Recognize that it will cost them something in time and money. 15. NOT FOR THE HECK OF IT Don't venture into a business on a spur of the moment decision or desire to be a man in business or a woman in business just for the fun of it. 16. NO INTERFERENCE Make sure your personal life is in order. You cannot afford to let personal problems interfere with the business. Keep your private life private from the business if you have to succeed. www.skillsmagazine.org

17. CLUELESS Don't get into things you know absolute nothing about. You can't involve in a business you don't have any knowledge about, you need to have a good idea of what your about to get into. 18. PUT IT BACK Save enough money for the first two years that your business is opened, so that you can take all profits made and put them right back into the business. 19. BE REAL Don't expect to maintain your same life style and standards of living, cash flow may not be what you expect and some sacrifices may need to be made in order to remain in business. 20. FORGET IT Forget about having a life or money in the opening phases of the business; do not expect much money in the opening phase of the business. 21. FALL BACK PLAN Make sure that you and your family can recover from the setback if things do not go as well as planned. Things sometimes do not go as well as planned. 22. BALANCING ACT Don't go too far with the personal sacrifices try hard to maintain some balance in your life. 23. FULL THROTTLE Don't dive into any business half-heartedly. Go all out for the business or don't start the business at all. 24. CAN DO SPIRIT Have your heart and soul in the business. If you don't believe in it no one else will. Put up the spirit of work so that others can join. 25. WRONG REASONS Don't start a business because someone else has been successful at the same business you will never be able to copy their decisions good or bad, be yourself at all times . [S] 39


Okoro Richard Obinna WED’S

Hannah Obinna Okoro


SKILLSHEALTH&SAFETY

Home Safety Tips PREVENTING ACCIDENTS TO CHILDREN

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here are several ways that you can help to prevent accidents to children in the home, including supervising your child, being aware of the risks, creating a safe environment and using important safety equipment. The types of accidents children have in the home are often linked to their age and level of development, and it can be difficult for parents to keep up with their child's capabilities. At an early age, babies are able to wriggle, grasp and roll over. As they grow (reaching the ages of six months to a year old) they may also be able to stand, sit, crawl and put things in their mouth. As children get older they can walk and move about, reach things that are higher up, climb and find hidden objects. With their new-found sense of freedom and movement, toddlers can move quickly and accidents can happen in a matter of seconds. Below are some of the most common types of accidents that happen to babies and young children, and advice about how you can prevent them. FALLS Falls are by far the most common type of accidents in the home. For babies, the biggest danger is rolling off the edge of something such as a table, bed or sofa. Toddlers quickly learn how to climb and explore and it is very easy for a child to fall off a piece of furniture, down the stairs or out of a window or balcony. Young children are likely to fall over and get knocks and bruises as they learn to walk, but serious accidents can be avoided. The steps below can help to prevent falls in the home. · Make sure your baby cannot roll off the changing surface. · Do not put a bouncing cradle, or similar, on a table or worktop – they can easily bounce off the edge. · Fit restrictors to upstairs windows so they cannot be opened more than 10cm. · Keep chairs and other climbing objects away from windows and balconies. · Do not leave anything on the stairs that might cause someone to fall over and make sure there is enough light. · Check that there is no room for a child to crawl through any banisters at the top of the stairs. Board them up if there is a risk of your child falling through them or getting stuck. · If you have a balcony, keep the door Skills Magazine

locked so your child cannot go on to it alone – if it has railings that your child could climb through, board them up or fit wire netting as a guard. · Secure any furniture and kitchen appliances to the wall if there is a risk that they could be pulled over. SUFFOCATING AND CHOKINg Babies and young children can easily swallow, inhale or choke on small items such as marbles, buttons, peanuts and small toys. The steps below can help to prevent this happening. · Keep small objects out of the reach of small children. · Choose toys that are designed for the age of your baby or child – encourage older children to keep their toys away from your baby. · Beware of clothing with cords, dummies on necklace cords and bag straps – they can easily get caught and pull tightly on the neck. · Lay your baby on their back in a cot to sleep – do not put babies to sleep in an adult bed or on the sofa and do not use pillows as they can suffocate. · Keep plastic bags away from young children – they can pull these over their heads and suffocate. · Nappy sacks, used to dispose of soiled nappies, can also pose a risk – keep them www.skillsmagazine.org

out of the reach of babies and young children. · Curtain and blind pull cords should be kept short and out of reach of children. · Keep animals, especially cats, out of your bedrooms – if they jump into cots or beds and fall asleep in the wrong place they could suffocate your child. Attach a net over prams if necessary. FIRES Domestic fires are one of the greatest risks to children. Children playing with matches and lighters frequently start house fires. The youngest children often hide from the danger and may not be found until it is too late. The following points are important safety precautions to ensure you and your child do not breathe in poisonous smoke and prevent a fire starting while you sleep. · Fit smoke alarms on every level of your home. · Test the batteries every week and change the batteries every year. Even better, get alarms that have 10-year batteries or are wired into the mains or plug into light sockets. · At night, switch off electrical items wherever possible before going to bed and close all doors to contain a potential fire. · Have an escape plan worked out for your family and tell your child what to do in>> 41


SKILLSHEALTH&SAFETY

case of a fire. Practise the plan regularly. · Always use a fireguard on an open fireplace and make sure it is attached to the wall. Do not lean or hang anything from it. -Teach your child and every member of the family how to use fire extinguisher in case of fire outbreak. · Keep matches and lighters out of children's reach. · Extinguish and dispose of cigarettes carefully – especially at night. BURNS AND SCALDS Hot drinks cause most of the burns and scalds to children under the age of five. A child's skin is much more sensitive than an adult's and hot water can scald for up to 15 minutes after it has boiled. Hot bath water is the biggest cause of severe and fatal scalding injuries in young children. Children can also get burns from open fires, cookers, irons, hair straighteners and tongs, cigarettes, matches, lighters and other hot surfaces. The following 42

points can help prevent these accidents from occurring. · Switch off heated appliances immediately after use and place them out of reach – this can include irons, hair straighteners and curling tongs. Keep the cord safely out of reach as well. · Always place hot drinks out of children's reach. Keep them away from the edges of tables and surfaces, and don't use tablecloths that children can pull at. · Do not drink anything hot with a child on your lap or in your arms. ·Use a cordless kettle or one with a coiled lead that can be kept short. · Use the back rings on the cooker whenever possible and turn frying pan handles away from the edge. · If possible, keep young children out of the kitchen. · Before bathing your baby or child, check that the water is not too hot – a good test is to put your elbow in first. When filling the bath, run the cold water first before adding hot water. As your child gets older, teach them to test the water first, too. POISONING Most poisoning accidents involve medicines, household products and cosmetics. · Keep anything that may be poisonous out of reach – this includes all medicines and pills, household cleaners, preferably in a locked cupboard. · Use containers that have child-resistant tops – be aware that by the age of three, many children are able to open childresistant tops, even if it takes them a little longer. · Keep all dangerous chemicals in their original containers – for example, do not store rat-killer in an old drinks bottle as a young child may mistake it for something www.skillsmagazine.org

safe to drink. · Dispose of unwanted medicines and chemicals carefully. · Discourage your children from eating any plants or fungi when outside – some can be extremely poisonous and even fatal. Avoid buying plants with poisonous leaves or berries. GLASS-RELATED ACCIDENTS Glass can cause serious cuts. Many children end up in hospital every year because of accidents with glass around the home. Many are also injured when glasses and bottles break. · Use safety glass at a low level, such as in doors and windows. Safety glass is glass that is toughened and laminated and passes specially designed impact tests. Normal glass shatters more easily. · Make existing glass safe by applying a shatter-resistant film. · When buying furniture that includes glass, make sure it is safety approved. · Always dispose of broken glass quickly and safely – wrap it in paper before throwing it in the bin. · Do not let a toddler walk around holding anything made of glass or anything sharp – such as scissors and sharp pencils. DROWNING Children can drown in just a few centimetres of water and should be supervised at all times when near any water. · Never leave babies or children in the bath unsupervised – not even for a minute. This includes in a bath seat. · Do not leave uncovered containers of liquid around the house. · Store away paddling pools when not being used. Ponds: Almost all incidents where a child has drowned in the swimming pool or pond occurred after a breakdown in supervision. If supervision is not possible then drain swimming pool or fence them off securely. [S] Skills Magazine


SKILLSPERSONALITY

Moses Ojejenu

A Story of Entrepreneurial Success Mr.Ojejenu Aguene Moses is from Uzere, Isoko South L.G.A of Delta State in Nigeria. He studied Mechanical Engineering at the Ambrose Ali University of Ekpoma, Edo state. He tells us however that he will never look for secular employment. Learn why.

Well, for me knowledge of both hardware and software is really important. Some people deal with either hardware or software, but if one is good in both you become more relevant. It’s just that, for What motivated you to start and keeps hardware, one needs time and some you going in this line of business? resources to start with. To start with I have passion for the job so much. I feel What form of training did you receive hardware is good. In the case of software, a fulfilled and despite the stress I enjoy the concerning handset repairs? time will come when everybody will start job. Each day I must learn one or two things The hardware training came before the doing it. The price will really fall but from mistakes. There are so many new software. I did not really go for secular hardware will hardly fall. Software is much hardware training. The experience I got phones that come out each month and I easier but requires a lot of money to do it. have to keep on learning to keep pace with about hardware was from the internet. There is nothing you want that is not on the So for me, it is best one starts with hard these phone. ware. From hardware, you can get the internet. There is a forum I have in the money to go fully into software. internet for GSM. Any circuit you want, How did you conceive this idea? they can give it to you. The liability is for I first entered into this venture in 2002 one to interpret the circuit and be able to get Since you graduated from the university, when I was in 200 level. I wanted to raise more funds since the money that was given the component. My experience with have you searched for employment? loosening and coupling things also helped I have not and don't think I will ever search to me was almost finishing. me. The only secular training I had was on for employment because by the grace of software. I received the training in one God, the least I make in a day is 10,000. So how were you able to do this with week. During the training, I had Sometimes N20,000. The average I make in your university education? a month is N300,000. We did a course in entrepreneurship in my comprehensive notes, and soon after the 300 level. In it we learnt about small scale training I bought my first desk-top and the business and, as an engineer, how you can particular software my instructor had taught How many staff do you have? I have 2 staff now deliver your skill in a way that people will me with. So I started from there. This was during my 200 level. come and look for your services and give you money. So, in my project work, I talked Do you have apprentices? If a friend want to go into this business, Yes, I've trained 5. But right now, I have about handset repairing, the instruments three of them with me. >> that are needed. That really gave me more what areas will you advice him on? What is your major source of income? Repairing phones is my major source of income.

Skills Magazine

insight to do more on the job. You see a lot of graduates come out of school and wait for white collar jobs for so long. So even though it was not easy, I was determined to make it through

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SKILLSPERSONALITY

How long does it take one to learn GSM hardware repair? GSM hardware repair doesn't really have a duration but for a beginner it can take about 3 months. After which the individual can now build on it because one needs experience. One cannot be taught everything; no one even knows everything, How long doesn't take one to learn the software? Well, even if one is computer illiterate, it will not take one more than two months, two months is enough to learn how to use the software. So, on the average, how much does it cost to learn? For software, I collect N30,000, then hardware, I collect N30,000. But if one is learning the both, I reduce it to N25,000 each. Making it N50,000. And that will be 6 months. So, as an entrepreneur, what are your challenges and how are you able to overcome them? First, there are some phones one will handle, it’s not really one's fault, that phone just won’t come up. But I've come to learn about things I should not do, so if one brings a particular job and I find out that job might be risky, I will tell the person that the job I want to do now is 50-50. So, if it works, good. But if it doesn't, I'll advice the person to go and buy a new one. So the issue of killing people's phones because that's what they will tell you, 'I brought my 44

phone and instead of solving the problem, you killed it. It's not even coming up again'. Situations like this need to be avoided. Also, in the area of stealing, friends may be allowed into the shop and, at the end of the day, one phone will disappear. I have to pay for that phone. It has happened to me twice, but I thank God, I'm more careful now. I don't allow people to enter my office. Then apart from that, time factor too. I need to spend time researching to go improve in this job, but most times I cannot really go into it at a stretch when I’m in the office because there are a lot of customers and I need to get the job done so they can collect it. Also, most of the customers are phone engineers too. They won’t tell their customers that they are taking the phones elsewhere to repair it. They will tell their customers they want to go and buy something. Then when they come to my office they pressure me to getting the work done quickly. So when I have a job that I've not done before, I will carry out research on it and tell the person to come back in two days time. When I go home, I spend time again on the internet. If I’m supposed to sleep by 10am, I might end up sleeping by 2am. And I also spend money on the internet. So these are some of the challenges. But not withstanding, since I have passion for the job, I still enjoy doing it even in the face of these challenges. And the beauty of this thing is that if you have a solution to a particular problem, every other problem that is the same, the same solution is www.skillsmagazine.org

applied to it. Sometimes, from mistakes, I get solutions to other problems. What is the next big move that you would want to make? Now I want to still improve on my software aspect and hardware, especially hardware. I want to start refurbishing phones. Most of the panels we have, especially in Nokia phones, one can make that phone work no matter how damaged that phone is, but one needs a kind of machine to do it. And to get the machine is about N150,000. If one has it, there are lot of things one can do. It is called BGA playstation. It can be used to change a CPU and flash IC on a phone. If one has that machine, there'll be no phone one will not be able bring back to life. So, I want to get that machine. Then talking about software, I really want to unlock all the phone instead of putting it on a GSM site for them to unlock it for me. It seem you are a very busy person, do you really have time to relax? (Laugh) I have time to relax, now that I have some boys working for me. I give most of the jobs to them to get do. I concentrate mainly on the hardware jobs and on those ones they are unable to handle. Well, the only time I have for myself is on Sundays because even when I close from work, sometimes I still stay up till 2am as the case may be. So is it worthwhile for our youths to go into GSM repair? Yes, one of the reason is if you look at the population today, we are many and on the average, each person owns a phone but GSM repairer are very few. Even if many should come into it, it’s all about being good at it because no matter how many engineers surrounds one, phones will still come to him. So that's how it is. I encourage youths to go into the job. Its nice. [S]

Skills Magazine


SKILLSMOTIVATION

KEY

SUCCESS STRATEGIES

“To be successful, you must decide exactly what you want to accomplish, then resolve to pay the price to get it.” Bunker Hunt

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do not believe that God put us on this earth to be ordinary. Looking back at the year 2011, you many have drawn up a whole lot of deductions, reasons why you did not succeed as desired or why your success was not complete. You may have also wondered why some people have achieved so much and others have nothing or little to show. What I want to tell you is that success lies within your hands. It require no secrets, it is all about your mental positioning system, the information that you have and what you are willing to do with such information. There is so much literature out there on success, each offering the key to success. The truth is, there is no single key to success because it is a combination lock. Everyone can buy the same motivational book that teaches you to be successful but not everyone can be successful after reading that book. If you must be successful, you should be able to define for yourself what success means. But get one thing clear, success is not a destination, it is a continuous journey that never ends. Success is the progressive realization of a worthwhile goal or objective. You need to create a crystal clear vision of exactly what being successful is for you. Your personalized image of success for you may mean more money, good grades, unshakable confidence, whatever you desire. Everyone has his own definition of success tailored to himself. Follow me as we take this tour to the top. Skills Magazine

Strategy 1: Declaration In my book, ''Failure is not an option'', I told of a story that happened in 1981 on the Island of Burutu in Delta State, Nigeria. A promising young, beautiful girl, full of great potentials waiting to explode destroyed her future by committing suicide. She decided to end her life because her parent kept telling her that she was a non entity and a complete failure. What she kept on hearing and gave attention to eventually destroyed her. Behaviour and events always follows beliefs. What you declare about yourself, your future and the events around you, will eventually come to pass. What you give thought to, comes alive. You must declare to yourself and the world both mentally and physically that you have what it takes to achieve unimaginable success. Your declaration reflects what you believe about your future. Our declaration both mentally and physically shape us into who we are. If you make a negative declaration, the outcome will be negative. If you make a positive declaration, the outcome will be positive. With a strong belief in who you are and what you have, happiness, success and greatness is certain. Strategy 2: Destination Would you not agree that increasing our speed on a trip is pointless if we are not heading in the right direction? According to Mabel New Comber, ‘it is more important to know where you are going than to get there quickly.’ The greatest www.skillsmagazine.org

tragedy in life is to live a life without direction. If you don't know where you are going and what you want, you will end up somewhere else. If you aim at nothing, you will shoot at nothing. You must have a clear cut well defined objective of what it is that you hope to achieve. Very few people really know what they want out of life. This marks the beginning of their failure. If you want to live a successful life, than you must spend some time to discover what it is that you want to accomplish and then make the effort to live that life. “To be successful”, according to Bunker Hunt, “you must decide exactly what you want to accomplish, then resolve to pay the price to get it”. Survey has shown that less than 5% of people clearly know what they want to achieve in life. The first step to achieving whatever you want is the discovery and determination of your destination. If you can determine where you want to end up, then you are ahead of over 95% of people who have no idea of what they want to achieve in life. Strategy 3: Planning Planning is the step-by-step method for achieving your objectives. One of my mentors, Myles Munne, who is an international motivational speaker and a bestselling author, believes that “there is no future without planning.” Successful people will tell you that success is not a function of accident or luck.>>

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SKILLSMOTIVATION All great achievers, whether in sports, academic entertainment, are people who sat down to plan. Most people try to live their lives without a real thought of planning. They are like a builder who tries to construct a building without a blueprint. A life not planned is a life wasted. Successful people are not haphazard people. They are successful because they are clear about where they are going in life. Planning enables you to prepare and set goals to help you achieve your set objective. When planning always remember to KISS- Keep it simple and straight forward. Strategy 4: Act now “action is the wind on your sail”- Kazeem Adebiyi. Action creates result. Without it, it is impossible to have results. You should know this fact: if you do nothing, you will get just one thing, that is NOTHING! Acting now on your goals, plans and ideas

is what takes you from where you are right now to where you want to be sometime in the future. Many people tend to wait and stand still, they do nothing about their plans and that is why they fail. One of the major reasons why a lot of people delay or fail to act is fear. Fear in its proper perspective is False Evidence Appearing Real; it is simply a creation of the mind. Learn to go beyond your fear and see yourself achieve the unimaginable. You should start from where you are. Think big and start small from where you are. Knowing is never enough; we must apply. Wiling is not enough; we must do. Before a lot us where born, it has always been said that knowledge is power. But today, we have discovered that it is not true. Knowledge is potential power because until you act on what you know, you will never get the desired results. Action is the bridge that connects you to whatever you want to accomplish. Taking action makes you responsible for your future. Success is

effect for which there are definite causes, one of them is action. According to Mike Murdock, “The proof of your desire is your pursuit”. When you take action, it truly means that you have a burning desire to have a successful outcome in your journey to success. Therefore, on a daily basis you must do something that moves you toward the attainment of your plans and objective. I just want to recap, it is action that creates result, without action, you can achieve nothing. Therefore, if you have your set objectives and know exactly what you want today, do not delay, take consistent action on your plan every day. By doing this you will be setting yourself up for a successful journey on the road to creating the success that you desire. Welcome to the top. Kazeem Adebiyi Author: Failure is not an option 7 Positive steps to greatness 0806878091

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Skills Magazine


SKILLSSTREETTALK

Nigerians speak We asked some responsible parents the question: Would you allow your child to run a skills program? Here are their answers.

Charles Ekonse Yes, because, with the way Nigeria is now, I think somebody with skill can survive. But without skill he may be dancing around just like that. So, I will always recommend it for people and for my children.

Uduka Oj

Mrs Egioma Eboku

Yes. If he or she is old enough. It depends on the age. At the end, she will acquire more knowledge on how to carry out these various skill like baking, hair dressing and others.

WHAT IS THE ROLE OF SKILL IN THE

To me, skill is more like the most important thing right now anyone can think of. Come to think of it, we have so many graduates. It is no longer the latest trend. Being a graduate is like the least certificate you can even have and if you get into the labour market you will see many of them (graduates). You have so much competition here and there, so what is your stand if you become a graduate today? I think the best thing is for you to get out Harrienta Nwabueze there, to get involved in one skill (handwork) or the other. You could be self employed. There are so many skills you can learn out there that are really helpful and that reduce crime and other things like prostitution. So, I feel skill is very important for every youth today and I recommend it for every youth in the society. Skills Magazine

Yes. Because with technology now somebody can have skills and he can open a shop for himself and even employ others. So, it will be good for the child.

Mr. Ayo Mesiema Yes, because I am a benefactor of a skill acquisition program. In fact, what I am doing is not what I read in school. So, if I had not acquired that skill probably I would not have had something doing today. I certainly recommend it also for parent, I know vocational education is not enough. You must have skills most especially in Nigeria today. Skills are very important.

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SKILLSPROGRAMME

YOUTH HOLIDAY CAMPING 2011

It is true that no man is an island. In the journey of life we must interact with other people every day. Such interactions can either be difficult or mutually beneficial. Much depends on whether we have learnt the skills necessary for having healthy relationships with other people. The need to teach such skills at a relatively early age and advance the goal of improved relationships gave rise to the Youth Holiday Camping Programme.

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he Youth Holiday Camping programme 2011 was held from the th 11thto the16 of December, 2011 at the NYSC orientation camp, Nonwa-Gbam, Tai L.G.A. of Rivers State in Nigeria. The programme was hosted by the Honourable Commissioner for Youth Development, Ministry of Youth Development, Rivers State of Nigeria, Sir. Owene Wonondi. The theme of the programme for 2011 was: Youth: Creative Tools for National Transformation. Among the admirable objectives of the Youth Camping Holiday Programme are: ? To inculcate in the participants the spirit of selfless service to the community. ? To foster team spirit and mutual sooperation in the participants. ? To instill discipline and moral rectitude in the participants. ? To build friendship and brotherhood among the participants for the enhancement of tolerance and better relationship in the participants irrespective of their cultural background. ? To prepare the participants for future responsibilities by enhancing in them good

leadership qualities. The objectives of the programme were achieved through lectures, group presentations, syndicate discussion, educational excursion, community service, and physical exercises. Participants of the programme are youths aged 13 to 17 years, drawn from various secondary schools, both public and private, within Rivers State. On the final day of the programme, the Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Youth Development, Emeka P. Wobisike, who represented the Honourable Commissioner of the Ministry, addressed the participants. He encouraged them not to allow their backgrounds hinder their dreams but instead to think big, work towards their dreams and see themselves succeeding. After his speech, the Permanent Secretary presented certificates to all the participants of the programme. The programme was concluded with a vote of thanks by one of the participants, Vimene Ledibabari. It was obvious that many, if not all, of the objectives of the programme had been achieved as there was no sign of bickering

The Permanent Secretary, Emeka P. Wobisike, addressing participants 48

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among participants despite their youth. All participants answered with a resounding yes when they were asked if they would like to return the following year. Clearly, they had learned to work together as they joined forces to clean up and organize the hall that was used for the closing day's events. The benefits derived from this programme are best highlighted by the comments of the participants, some of whom Skills magazine interviewed. The Youth Holiday Camping Programme provides a fine opportunity for youths to learn important life skills; qualities and attitudes that will serve them well throughout their life and help them build healthy relationships in which selflessness is emphasized. If you reside in Rivers State, this opportunity is within your grasp. Do not miss out on it should it come your way.[S]

Handing out certificates Skills Magazine


SKILLSPROGRAMME

What participants say

WANKO GLADYS N

Why did you come for this programme? GLADYS NWANKO: This is the first time I've come for this programme. I came to interact with other youths of my age, learn from their behavior and make friends. GIFT OSAEZE: I came to receive training about leadership. GLORIA ALLEN JONAH: I came to learn to be more creative and to be a better citizen of my state. KIKI JOSHUA AMELIA: I came to be enlightened, change bad habits, meet people, make friends and have fun.

KIKIJOSHU A AMELIA

GIFT OSAEZE

GLORIA ALLENJ ONA

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Have you benefitted from this programme? GLADYS NWANKO: Yes. I learnt a lot from the lectures because they were supplemented by visual aids. For example when we went to the Government house, we saw practically many of the things we were taught in school, so I understand it properly now. GIFT OSAEZE: Yes the training was good. I enjoyed it. I benefitted not only from the leadership aspect of the training but also from the training on self-actualization, believing in myself and my dreams, working to actualize my vision. I also learnt how to care for my health; to live hygienically. GLORIA ALLEN JONAH: Yes. I

Would you recommend this programme for other youths? GLADYS NWANKO: Yes I definitely would. GIFT OSAEZE: Yes I would like other youths to join me and I would also love to come back. GLORIA ALLEN JONAH: Yes I would recommend it because it's very good, very educative. If you come for the program, you won't go home the same. You'll definitely learn something. I would like to come back for the programme again if I am given the opportunity. KIKI JOSHUA AMELIA: Yes I would recommend it for other youths like me.

Officials of the programme

Student with certificate Giving vote of thanks Skills Magazine

benefitted in all areas: physically, spiritually, and mentally. It was really interesting I learnt how to be a good citizen, a leader, how to actualize my dream. The training made me realize what I really want to do with my future. Health-wise, I've learnt the types of food to eat to enhance my health, and when to eat such food. I believe it really helps. KIKI JOSHUA AMELIA: Yes. I learnt from the lectures how to be confident in myself, to have more courage. I also learnt good habits to adopt, new food tips and how to associate with people so that I don't step on their toes and they don't step on mine.

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SKILLSTRAINING

DECORATING CAKES By Ruth Akorhe -Ruthies Oven

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here are 3 basic steps to cake decorating 1. Covering the cake 2. Creating a beautiful boarder around the cake 3. Decorating the cake

rolling mat and place over the cake making sure it is centralized and covers the edges of the cake properly.

Please note that for the sugar paste or fondant to adhere to the cake and stay firmly on it without COVERING THE CAKE The un-iced cake should be placed on a slipping or sliding off, you cake board. A cake could be covered with should coat the cake BEFORE placing the either butter cream icing, royal icing or fondant on it with either of the following sugar paste icing. However for a beginner, a. A light coat of honey sugar paste icing is the easiest to master. So b. Light coating of butter cream icing we will discuss this method alone. Finally, You will need the following: smooth i. A smooth surfaced work table the icing ii. A rolling pin over the iii. A rolling mat cake iv. A smoother using the v. A pizza cutter smoother . This is Method - Dust the work table liberally with icing to make sugar. sure that - Knead the sugar paste until smooth and there are pliable. no air pockets in between. Place the Trim the excess fondant off the edge of the sugar paste in cake. Trim the centre of along the the rolling board using mat and begin the pizza rolling with cutter. This the rolling pin tool helps till it spreads you to do to a thickness this job as of about ½ of neatly as an inch. possible. At this point, you measure your cake from After a end to end. cake is covered, it should be left to dry for Measure about 10-12hrs. This helps the icing to the rolled harden and makes it easier for the cake to out sugar be handled. At this point you are ready for paste to the next stage. ensure that it can CREATING BEAUTIFUL BORDERS completely Boarders can be made with royal icing cover the flowers or ribbons, the sugar paste gun etc. cake. Lift It all depends on the creativity of the the fondant/sugar pastegently with the decorator. 50

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The equipments needed are; i. Crimpers ii. Embossers iii. Piping bags iv. A set of piping tips v. Flower cutters vi. Ribbons vii. Sugar paste gun Simple border can be made by stretching a colorful ribbon around the sides of the iced cake. To make the ribbon stick to the cake, edible gum is used, edible gum is made by mixing one teaspoon of CMC with Âź cup of water. Another simple boarder can be made using Sugar gun. The sugar gun brings out a variety of decorative sugar paste shapes that can be fitted around a cake to create a beautiful border. The most beautiful designs in cake border however are made with royal icing using the piping method. This method is used not only to decorate the boarders, but can also be used to decorate the entire cake.>> Skills Magazine


SKILLSTRAINING Piped designs. There are many different and creative ways to decorate a cake with piped designs. An important point to consider in mastering this art of cake decorating is to practice often. Basic tools needed: I. Piping bags ii. Nozzles iii. Calipers iv. Syringes v. Icing (Royal or butter icing Types of piped designs i. Reverse shells

iv. Rosettes

v.

Drop flowers

ii. Plain shells vi. Rope border

iii. Raised stars vii. Zigzag

viii.Grass ix. Pine trees x. Hat stars xi. Leaves xii. Bead boarder xiii.Straight line xiv.Corneli lace xv. Sotas xvi.Filigree icing xvii. Basket weave DECORATING THE CAKE This is the final stage and requires a lot of imagination and creativity. A message can be piped on the cake, indicating the purpose for which the cake is made (e.g. Happy anniversary) a painting can be made on a round cut out piece of sugar paste and placed in the center of the cake. A bouquet of flowers can also be placed on the cake. These flowers could either be real or artificial. Of course sugar flowers can also be made using gum paste or flower paste. This however is a completely different area of cake decorating and may be dealt with in a future article. [S]

Fancy Hats

What you need to make them

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enerally hats have found a position in fashion. They come in different forms, shapes, sizes and colours and can be used with casual dressing or otherwise. At times, you cannot just help but to admire them. Probably at a time you may have wondered how it is made and what is involved in the making. Hat making has been a thrilling job. In fact, to its lovers, it is almost all fun. Of course, it is natural that things that win the admiration of people usually brings joy and satisfaction to the maker. What then is involved? Well I may say not too much. Why? It usually takes two weeks to a month with daily training to become a skilled hat maker. Then, you may purchase the tools you would use to carry out your own job. Those tools are, 1.Wooden molders (Crown and Brim). These come in different sizes and shapes. They are used to mould out the required shapes of a hats crown and its brim. 2.The Synamey, it is just like a piece of fabric . It may be plain, rough twisted ,thick or light. This is the materials used in making the crown and the brim of a hat. 3. Wire. It is a metallic string .It is used to maintain the shape of the brim. It is usually run around the brim’s edge. 4. Uhu gum. This is the recommended gum used in attaching the crown to the brim. 5. Stiffener. It is a milky – coloured fluid. It is used to stiffen the crown and the brim to the desired shape .Of course, it is being applied while the synamey is still on the moulder. 6. Thumb pins. These are use to fasten the synamey to the molder. 7. Colures or Spray. These are used to give the synamey the desired colure. 8. Ribbon, Feather or Flowers. These are used in decorating the hat. Our next edition of skills magazine will cover detailed steps in hat making.[S] Skills Magazine

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SKILLS MAGAZINE VOLUME 3