Page 1

Conclusions and Goals from the

National Flood Forum

West Cork Hotel, Skibbereen, 20th November 2010.

www.IrishNationalFloodForum.com


Contents Page 1.

Overview of Forum

& Chairman’s summary.

Page 6.

Key findings arising from Forum.

Page 7.

The need for an ‘Irish National Flood Forum’.

Page 8.

Finance.

Page 9.

Compilations.

Page 10.

Appendices.

National Flood Forum Report 1


Mark Adamson of the OPW giving his presentation, under the eye of Forum Chairman.

Minister Dr. Martin Mansergh talking with the Chairman, and Hon. Sec. of Skibbereen Floods Committee, Dan McCarthy, and Cathal O’Donovan. 2

National Flood Forum Report


Chapter 1

Overview of the Forum Day. The Irish National Flood Forum was held in Skibbereen on the 20th November 2010. The speakers at the Forum, chaired by Dr.Sean McCarthy, of Hyperion were Sean Kelly, MEP – The European Perspective. Dr. Eamon McKeogh, UCC – Hydrology and Fluid Dynamics. Dr. Juliana McLeod, HSE – Mental Health Effects of Flooding. Mark Adamson, OPW – OPW Flood Risk Management. Sean Kelleher, FBD – Insurance issues. Michael O’Brien, - Human cost of flooding to communities. Dr. Martin Manseragh, TD – Minister with special responsibility for the OPW. A total of 163 people attended the event. Included were attendees from Counties Galway, Limerick, Tipperary, Kilkenny and Cork. As well as members of the public, there were representatives from The Office of Public Works. Cork County Council. The IFA. The Office of Emergency Planning / Dept of Defence. TD’s and Senators. Local Authority elected representatives. Many of the attendees commented on the presentation of Dr. Juliana MacLeod who stressed the importance of immediate remedial works and aid for flood victims. Sean Kelly MEP, gave a valuable insight into Irish Flooding Events from a European perspective. He detailed what supports are available, and outlined the regulations that affect Ireland. Dr. Eamon McKeogh of UCC gave a detailed understanding of how a flood event works. He explained fluid dynamics and the physics of hydrology. Sean Kelleher, speaking on Insurance issues related to flooding, was particularly interesting to representatives of flooded communities. Mark Adamson of the OPW Flood Risk Management Division, who highlighted the fact that November 2009 flooding, was on average 500mm higher than the highest previous recorded level across the entire country was also a well remembered presentation. Mr Michael O’Brien gave a passionate presentation of a typical flooding event on a local community.

National Flood Forum Report 3


The concluding presentation was by the Minister of State at the Dept of Finance, with special responsibility for the OPW, Dr.Martin Mansergh. Dr. Mansergh stated his belief that flood relief for communities is more important, than just environmental concerns. This was taken as a great comfort for the communities that have been flooded. Chairman’s Summary:The chairperson, Dr. Sean McCarthy managed the event in superb fashion. His summary of the Forum day is as follows. “The flooding problem being addressed by communities around Ireland is a real urgent problem. The attendance at the conference showed the importance of the subject. The problem is due to a combination of change in weather patterns and neglect. The impact on local communities and individuals is both economic and human. The lack of a sense of security can be felt in the communities years after the flooding event. The main message from the forum is that the problem can be fixed through Prevention, Protection and being Prepared. The Minister in his speech emphasised that whatever solution was proposed would have to be flexible to allow for future climate change. Dr. Eamonn McKeogh (UCC) emphasised that the solution would have to be holistic – it would have to take into account all aspects of the catchment area. Partial remedies would not be a long-term solution. The solution for each flooded community in Ireland would have to be the ‘appropriate’ solution. Each case has different catchment areas, different physical locations and different settings. The solution will also be a mixture of expert theory and local knowledge. The solution to the flooding problem may also present an opportunity for Ireland to excel in this field. There is an international market for dealing with flooding. The discussion highlighted a number of issues that would have to be considered when planning for the future. Three aspects were stressed: the time, the scale and the players. Time - Scale -

The plan would have to address immediate concerns of the people affected by flooding and the long-term sustainable solution. The solution will be a combination of actions at National, Local and Individual level.

Players - In the solution a range of organisations will be involved. These include the local community, the insurance companies, the engineers, the County Councils and the OPW. Each of these organisations has their own procedures, their own priorities and their own language. One of the outcomes of the forum was to understand these procedures, priorities and language.

4

National Flood Forum Report


How to proceed? Politics is about priorities. It is critical that the flooding issue is maintained as a high political priority issue. It is also important that the communities work together to provide a coordinated set of actions. A forum, similar to the Skibbereen forum, should be held on an annual basis to act as a means of updating communities on new developments and highlighting the urgency of the problems.�

Forum Chairman, Sean McCarthy and Skibbereen Floods Committee, Dan McCarthy, review the website, www.irishnationalfloodforum.com

National Flood Forum Report 5


Chapter 2

Key findings arising from the Forum. The impact of flooding on local communities and individuals is both economic and human. The lack of a sense of security can be felt in the communities for years after the event. One of the principal outcomes of this Forum is the need for more community responsibility and involvement in the whole flooding management issue. The solution is a combination of actions at National, Local and Individual level. The range of organisations involved includes local communities, the insurance companies, the engineers, the HSE, the County Councils and the OPW. One of the outcomes of the Forum was to understand the procedures, priorities and language of each of these organisations. To this end, we propose the Formation of an Irish National Flood Forum executive similar to the National Flood Forum, which are operating in the UK and other EU countries. The Irish National Flood Forum would be the conduit between each of these organisations for the communities.

Forum organising committee of Michael Thornhill, Enda O’Donovan, Michael O’Brien, and Bryan Harris, with the Chairman of the Forum, Sean McCarthy. 6

National Flood Forum Report


Chapter 3

Objectives of the ‘Irish National Flood Forum’. The Irish National Flood Forum will be there to advise and support communities and individuals that flood or are at flood risk. The Forum is to aid the plight of flood victims that experience flooding by the establishment of community led groups to mitigate their future risk of flooding. To ensure that all relevant organisations come together to secure effective and appropriate action to aid each community. Proposed examples of the work of the Irish National Flood Forum would be as follows;1/ Where-ever remedial work has been completed; the Forum would liaise with the insurance industry to ensure adequate insurance is restored to the community. Example, if remedial work completed lowers the risk of a flood to a 1 in 100-year event, we would argue, that all the community should have full, un-penalised, un-loaded flood cover. 2/ If some Local Authorities are not as pro-active in dealing with local flooding issues, a National Flood Forum which would be dealing with all Local and National bodies, would have first hand knowledge of short-comings and would be able to lobby such councils to improve their efforts in line with the OPW, and other Local Authorities. 3/ For victims of flooding, the Forum will formulate a designated help-line that will provide support and empathy to victims. Ensure the rapid deployment of post recovery advice and expertise to individuals and businesses. This is a key factor to a speedy recovery according to the presentation of Dr. Julianna MacLeod, a Principal Clinical Psychologist with the HSE. We propose that an Annual Forum, similar to the event in Skibbereen on the 20th November 2010, could be held annually, allowing all stakeholders to have the most up-to-date position of the various different organisations that manage flood events in Ireland. We also propose that a National Executive for the Forum, be constituted, with directors to be selected from flooded communities across the country. We also envisage that this National Community Organisation would have a secretariat under the directorship of the National Executive.

,

National Flood Forum Report 7


Chapter 4

Finance We would envisage that the Irish National Flood Forum would be registered as a charity, with a number of trustees from various different flooded communities around the country. We would propose that funding for this National Community Organisation would come from a number of sources, namely:A/ County Council Grant – a grant would be requested from each county that has flooding issues to aid the running costs of the National Forum; along the lines of the Agenda 21 funding or similar. B/ Advertising – the website, www.IrishNationalFloodForum.com (which already exists), would provide up-to-date county-by-county information in relation to flooding issues, funding etc. Advertising space on this website would be another stream of funding for the organisation. C/

Local fundraising.

The Forum will publish a full set of audited accounts at the Forum conference each year.

8

National Flood Forum Report


Compiled by :Enda O’Donovan. Co-ordinator of ‘Irish National Flood Forum’ in Skibbereen, under the direction of Skibbereen Floods Committee. The National Flood Forum Working Group. Enda O’Donovan, Bryan Harris, Michael O’Brien, and Michael Thornhill.

Skibbereen Floods Committee. Chairman Dan McCarthy Hon. Sec. Cathal O’Donovan Treasurer Michael Thornhill PRO Michael O’Brien Committee Chrissie Crowley Bryan Harris Michael Lucitt Con McCarthy Jim McCullogh Enda O’Donovan Fiona O’Donovan Noel O’Driscoll Richard Roycroft Mark Salter-Townshend. Jim Wall.

National Flood Forum Report 9


Appendices. a/ Copy of Forum presentation of Dr. Martin Mansergh, TD, Minister of State with special responsibility for the OPW. b/

Copy of Forum presentation of Mark Adamson, OPW.

c/

Copy of Forum presentation of Michael O’Brien.

d/

Copy of Forum presentation of Dr. Julianna MacLeod, HSE

e/

Copy of Forum presentation of Sean Kelleher, FBD Insurances.

f/

Copy of Forum presentation of Dr. Eamonn McKeogh, UCC.

Section of the public at the Forum.

10

National Flood Forum Report


Presentation by Minister of State at the Department of Finance, with special responsibility for the wOffice of Public Works; Dr. Martin Mansergh, T.D.

National Flood Forum Report 11


Address by Dr Martin Mansergh TD, Minister of State at the Office of Public Works. on the occasion of the launch of the National Flood Forum, in the West Cork Hotel, Skibbereen, Co. Cork, Saturday, 20 November 2010, at 3.30 pm Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen, Thank you for the very warm West Cork welcome I have received here this afternoon, especially from all the organising committee and the many McCarthys included on it. West Cork has always been one of my favourite areas of the country, and I came here very soon after my appointment to open an exhibition in the West Cork Arts Centre. Last year’s exceptional flooding events galvanised you to organise this event. I am glad that yesterday’s anniversary was a dry and sunny day over most of the country. I am only too well aware, however, that danger is not far away, with quite serious flooding in Cornwall earlier this week, as well as a very serious event over the weekend over much of Belgium, which cost four lives. I remain thankful that luckily, from the bad flood in Newcastlewest in August 2008 through to the present, lives have been so far spared, but we cannot be complacent on that fact. When I visited Skibbereen in January of this year, I discussed with many townspeople, officials and public representatives the damage and difficulties caused. My return visit provides me with an opportunity to update this community and this Forum on the very significant progress which has been taking place over the last twelve months. I would like to use this opportunity, therefore, to provide an overview of the last year since the November 2009 floods to illustrate the strides the Office of Public Works is making to alleviate the scale and severity of the events of that time. I will come back to the specific difficulties of Skibbereen later. When I was just appointed to OPW my brother Nicholas, who is a longstanding planning officer in this county, said to me: “You need to figure out quickly where the disasters are going to come from. In your case, it’s obvious: flooding”. How right he was. At the outset, I want to say that my highest priority in OPW has been in the area of flood risk management. As Minister of State in OPW, I spent much of last November and December visiting the many communities spread through nearly half the counties of the State, which suffered heavily from the effects of those flooding events. I answer innumerable parliamentary questions, and take regular adjournment debates on local flooding issues, as well as going before the Joint Committee on Finance. When I was abroad for other reasons, in Cumbria, the Netherlands, and China, I have taken the opportunity to meet the authorities, who deal with flood management, so that we can learn from practice in other jurisdictions. One of my main challenges as Minister, particularly in extraordinarily difficult financial times, has been to ensure that there is an adequate budget for all the works that need to be done, and indeed, that within an OPW budget that overall has been cut to date by 35% since 2008, the money needed for a multiannual programme of flood relief works is provided. There has been no argument since last November from anyone in Government or the Civil Service disputing this priority. During my time as Minister, and this is as much due to the weather as to me, the flood relief programme has been brought to a higher level, and I am confident that this effort will be sustained by my successors. As Minister with responsibility for the national flood protection policy, I am acutely aware of the crucial need to drive forward the coordinated programmes established by the 2004 National Flood Policy Review and the transnational coordinated frameworks set out in the EU Floods Directive and Water 12

National Flood Forum Report


Framework Directive. Central to the OPW’s approach to flood management is the programme for the production and completion of Catchment Flood Risk Management Plans (CFRAMS) and associated flood mapping for all national catchments. OPW has been to the forefront in this respect, in that work had begun on Catchment Flood Risk Assessment and Management Studies (CFRAMS) on the Lee, Suir and Dodder Catchments, and also in the Fingal East Meath area prior to the adoption of the requirements set down in the EU Floods Directive. The Lee CFRAM was the first to be published, and it was followed by a consultation process. This established approach is being extended to all major catchments in Ireland. The same comment was made in Belgium after the floods last weekend that protection work had to focus on river catchment areas rather than just individual locations. The OPW considers effective stakeholder and public participation in the decision-making processes in flood risk management to be of vital importance. Indeed, in the past we have not proceeded with works, where there is strong local opposition. This approach is demonstrated in the transposition of the EU Floods Directive, where the requirements for public consultation that we have taken upon ourselves, and committed to, go significantly beyond the requirements of that Directive. In line with our practice to date, the OPW will not only comply with the formal, statutory consultation requirements, but will fully involve stakeholders and the public in the CFRAM process through stakeholder groups and a series of public consultation events held at a local level, and we acknowledge and welcome the desire that you and other community groups around Ireland have to engage fully with OPW on this to arrive at the most effective and appropriate solutions to the flooding problems we face. This national flood management framework provides a rapidly improving and coordinated response to the flood management challenges we must meet over the coming years. I am happy that the National Flood Forum will be consulted as part of that stakeholder engagement. My Office has transposed the EU Floods Directive, by way of Regulations, into national law, well ahead of many EU member States. These Regulations have appointed the OPW as the national Competent Authority under the Directive, and this has served to strengthen the hand of OPW in the coordination of an accelerated and proactive response to the challenges posed by last year’s floods. It will allow for a more directive role for OPW in the coordination and cohesion of national flood management and improvement in our flood prevention and alleviation measures. There have been a number of incidents this year in Cork, Galway and Tipperary, where another authority interposed to try and stop or delay works being carried out. I am glad to say that in each instance the obstacle was cleared. But everyone needs to understand that, while of course every effort will be made to accommodate the different legitimate interests involved in river management, with due regard to national and EU law, protection of homes, lives and livelihoods must be in the last analysis take priority. OPW has also commissioned a strategic review of flood forecasting and warning in Ireland to look at how best to progress flood forecasting capabilities in flood prone areas. This review is intended to identify and assess the options for delivery of such a service in Ireland. From my experience in Clonmel, where such a system exists, I personally have no doubt whatever about the value of such a system, enabling people and businesses to make preparations, to take evasive action, and pre-empt at least some of the damage habitually caused by flooding. On the basis of this Review, we will develop an appropriate and sustainable strategy (including consideration of the potential impacts of climate change) for flood forecasting and flood warning in Ireland. The results of the review are expected in 2011. National Flood Forum Report 13


More recently, my Office has become a partner in the European Flood Alert System {EFAS}, which is a very promising experimental research programme involving nearly 30 European agencies, which aims to provide medium-term flood watches and flood alerts for weather conditions leading to flooding events. It provides some prospects for improving our forecasting ability for major fluvial events, and our ability, nationally and locally, both to anticipate and react to flooding challenges in the future. Since the transfer of coastal protection responsibilities to it, the OPW has been liaising closely with Local Authorities with a view to prioritising projects that require immediate measures or studies. Having expended some €676,000 in this area in 2009, I am happy to confirm that OPW is providing some €1.9m this year. This is primarily covering coastal minor works projects, targeted at the mitigation of coastal flood and erosion risk. Over the past five years, the Government has spent approximately €130 million on flood relief activities. (A further €112 million was spent on maintenance of arterial drainage schemes and collection of hydrometric information.) The mitigation and reduction of flooding remains a top priority, not just of my Office and myself, but of the Government, which is entirely understandable, when one considers the devastation that floods wreaked on individuals, communities and businesses last winter. The various risk assessment studies upon which the OPW has embarked will greatly assist in our ability to identify areas most likely to be affected by flooding. These plans will inevitably call for further investment in flood defence measures. While, of course, major defence schemes tend to attract most publicity and public attention, there are many areas of the country that are afflicted by severe localised flooding events that fall outside of the remit of the major flood defence programme. It is important that these areas receive an appropriate response from the State. Towards this end, the OPW has prioritised a programme, which I first introduced in August 2009, of minor or small-scale flood defence works in local areas, which have been impacted severely by flooding. Under the programme, a total of €12 million has so far been allocated to local authorities for works and studies this year, and further applications for funding are being received and assessed on an ongoing and rolling basis. In total, 160 small-scale projects in 23 counties have been allocated funding. In allocating the funds, my Office continues to concentrate on areas, where there is a substantial risk to human life, property and infrastructure. For Co. Cork in 2010, OPW has provided for a number of works which are being carried out in support of the CFRAM programme in this region. In all some €1.84m is being spent across Cork in the planning and improvement of flood mitigation and flood defence measures. In addition nearly €50m is being spent on major capital works across Cork County. This very significant investment on flood protection includes: Mallow North (Complete) € 22.7M Mallow South and West € 14M Fermoy North € 9M for the first phase. Fermoy South Scheme It is expected that works will commence in the first quarter of 2011, and take 18-24 months to complete. Cork City 14

National Flood Forum Report

€ 0.9M for repairs to Quay walls


Bandon

Works could commence in 2012.

Lower Lee (Cork City) It is hoped that the design of a preferred scheme will be completed towards the end of 2011, which will be brought to public exhibition. Midleton/Carrigaline/ Work is expected to commence Ballymakeera before the end of 2010. For Skibbereen, as some of you no doubt are aware, we have funded an in-depth study of the River Ilen costing some â‚Ź120,000, in order to develop a full-scale flood relief scheme for the town, similar to that I already announced in January for Bandon. As part of the flood study, OPW will ask the engineering consultants to identify as a matter of urgency any interim and minor works that can brought forward while the full study is underway, that would not subsequently have to be undone as part of a bigger scheme, and these will include the suggestions made locally and further brought to my attention during an Adjournment debate in the DĂĄil last week, by Deputy Christy Sullivan. We are now engaged in a comprehensive national data analysis exercise that will underpin the robustness of the flood management-planning programme, which we will complete by December 2015 in its first cycle. Central to that programme will be the inputs of all the lead stakeholder agencies. In addition to their input, OPW is eager to engage with other stakeholders to ensure that the optimal level of information and expertise is applied to this extensive exercise. This applies at both local and national level. The profile of the National Flood Forum, which you have established here today, will provide an ideal conduit for knowledge and ideas from the level of the citizen and community to inform fully that programme. There are two other issues, in which OPW have an interest, but not a direct responsibility, the question of what can be done in the case of a small handful of properties that cannot be economically protected, mostly situated in Co. Galway, and the treatment of flood-prone areas by the insurance industry. These matters are engaging the attention of Government. I followed with close interest, while I was attending a resumed Budget Council in Brussels last Monday, the news coverage of their floods. The question was asked whether a public authority could be sued, and the answer given was that in such exceptional circumstances it could always invoke force majeure. I reject the argument that, regardless of what the natural disaster may be, it should always be possible to find a public authority or agency to blame and then to sue. In a week, in which the IMF has arrived in Dublin, I will not be giving my support to calls that are designed to open up potentially new and limitless areas for compensation from the State and the taxpayer, no matter what private consultancy reports may be commissioned. The question was also asked why a national emergency was not declared, and the answer was that it involved extra cumbersome procedures that might have hindered rescue work on the ground. I note with interest that in consultation with OPW the ESB are modifying their procedures on an experimental basis at Iniscarra Dam, taking account of the experience last November. You have made an excellent start here today, and I wish you every success in your endeavours. I will remain heavily interested in future developments in this are in future.

National Flood Forum Report 15


Presentation by Mark Adamson of the OPW. Mr. Adamson is head of Flood Risk Management of the OPW.

16

National Flood Forum Report


   



         







 

                      

   

National Flood Forum Report 17

1


      SHAN NON - ATHLONE

 



SUCK - Near BALLI NAS LOE

39 .5

 

08 20

00

20

96

20

92

19

88

19

84

19

80

19

72

76

19

19

64

68

19

19

19

19

52

19

19

58

16 .00 15 .50

19

54

19

19

200 8

200 5

200 2

199 9

199 6

199 3

2009

199 0

2006

2003

198 7

2000

198 4

197 8

198 1

1997

1994

197 5

1991

1988

197 2

1985

196 9

1982

1979

1970

1967

1964

1961

1958

196 6

15 .00

48 .0 0

1973 196 0 1976 196 3

48 .5 0

              

62 19 19 54 66 19 19 58 70 19 62 19 74 19 66 19 78 19 70 19 82 19 74 19 86 19 78 19 90 1 98 19 2 94 1 98 19 6 98 1 99 20 0 02 1 99 20 4 06 1 99 8 20 02 20 06

38 .5 10 .00 9 .80 38 9 .60 9 .4037 .5 9 .20  50 .0 09 .00 37 8 .80 8 .60 49 .5 08 .40 8 .20 49 .0 08 .00

56



60

46. 00 FERGUS - Near E NNI S 45. 80 45. 60 BANDO N - BANDON T OWN 45. 40 45. 20 18 .50E RNE - BE LTURBET 45. 00 44. 80 18 .00 44. 60 17 .50 44. 40 44. 20 17 .00 44. 00 16 .50

04



39

 

                       

          

  

                               

18

National Flood Forum Report

 

           

  

              

         

2






  

               



  

         

          

      

  

                    

National Flood Forum Report 19

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                

      

  

       

            







  

       

    

20

National Flood Forum Report

4


 

          

            

 

            



  

 

              

National Flood Forum Report 21

5


 

 

 

       

                        

   

    Pha se I A (2 01 0 -11 )

Pha se I B (2 01 2 -13 )

Pha se I C (2 01 4 -15 )

Pha se II (2 01 6 -21 )

Pha se III (2 02 2 onwa rds )

Who

 

NON-STRUCTURAL M EASURES– WHOLE CATCHM ENT De v el o p L oc al Awa re ne ss a n d Pre pa red n ess Ca m pa ig n , a nd Rev i e w Fl o od Ev e nt Em e rge nc y Re s po ns e Plan s

Im pl em e nt Lo ca l Awa re ne ss a n d Pre pa red ne ss Cam pa i gn M a in tai n , Re vi e w, Up da te a nd Prac ti c e Flo od Eve n t Eme rg en cy Re sp o ns e Pl an s

L o ca l Au th ori ti es

L o ca l Au th ori ti es

Im pl em e nt the Gui d el i ne s o n Spa ti al Pla nn i ng an d Fl oo d Risk M an a ge me n t (2 00 9 )

CITY X As se ss Opp o rtu n it i es to Op ti mi se Fo rma l Fu nc tio n o f Exi sti ng Hyd rop o we r Re s e rv oi rs fo rFl oo d Risk M a na ge me n t De ta il e d Ass es sm en t a n d Im pl em e nta ti o n o f L oc a l Wo rks to Prov id e Fl uv ia l a n d / o rTi da l Pro te c ti o n fo r Ci ty X

Im pl em e nt Fo rm al Fu nc tio n o f Ex is tin g Hy d ro p o we r Da m s fo rFlo o d Ri sk M an a ge me n t, in co n ju nc tio n with Fu rthe r Lo ca l Wo rk s fo r Fl uv ia l an d / o rTid a l Pro e t c ti on

OR De ta il e d Ful l Sc he me Dev el o pm en t fo rJ o in t Fl uv i al – Ti d al Defe nc es fo r Ci ty X

Op e ra te Fo rm a l Fu nc tio n of Ex is tin g Hyd rop o wer Da ms fo r Flo od Ris k M an ag em en t AND / OR M a in tai n Lo ca l Wo rk s to Pro vi d e Fl uv i al a nd / o r Ti dal Pro tec tio n fo r Cit y X

OR Im pl em e nt Ful l J oi n t Fl uv ia l – Ti d al De fe nc e Sch em e fo r Ci ty Y

OPW

Pl a nn i ng an d Proc u rem ent fo r Sch em e fo r City Y

Im pl em e nt Sch em e fo r Ci ty Y

M a in tai n Sc he me fo r Ci ty Y

OPW

 

                      

22

National Flood Forum Report

                

OPW

CITY Y

De ta il e d Flo o d Re li e f Sc h em e Dev e lo pm en t fo r Ci ty Y

  

      

 

                                     

 

                      

 

6


 

              

         

 

               

                 



       



                

National Flood Forum Report 23

7




                       

 



             

  

                       

24

National Flood Forum Report

  

                 

8


 

   

       

         

                             

         

Eamonn McKeogh, UCC, Michael Thornhill, Skibbereen Floods Committee, Sean Kelly, MEP, Mark Adamson, OPW and Cathal O’Donovan, Skibbereen Floods Committee.

National Flood Forum Report 25

9


Presentation by Mr. Michael O’Brien. Michael works in management in an agricultural Co-operative. Michael has had over 40 years experience of the impact of flooding events both in his family home, and through his business life.

26

National Flood Forum Report


National Flood Forum Report 27


28

National Flood Forum Report

Michael O Brien PRO

Flooding in Ireland.

Case Study


National Flood Forum Report 29

A typical community subject to flooding.


30

National Flood Forum Report

2008, 2009 & again 2009.

1995, 1998 & 1999

1980, 1982, 1986, 1986, 1986,1988 & again 1988

1964 & 1969 and 1975 & 1976

1943, 1944, 1946, 1947 & 1948,

Flooding History:

Town Flooding


National Flood Forum Report 31

Social implications of flooding in a community.


32

National Flood Forum Report

FearStressFrustrationSense of Hopelessness-

y Community.

y Forced out of home.

y Physical Injury.

y

y

y

y

y Psychological Damage.

y Your home is Violated.


The Panic to obtain sand bags National Flood Forum Report 33


Economic Implications. 34

National Flood Forum Report


National Flood Forum Report 35

future investment/re-development.

y Reduction in value of property and little hope of

y Relocation of businesses or closure of same.

flood insurance on your property.

y Increase in insurance premiums or withdrawl of

y Cost of clean up / repairs.

y Damage to Agri livestock and agri land.

y Damage to property.


36

National Flood Forum Report

y All businesses are affected during flooding.

y Local and National media.

Closed for Business.


Town closed for business. National Flood Forum Report 37


38

National Flood Forum Report

y Rising sea levels.

y Very high rainfall in a short time frame.

y Extreme weather patterns / storms.

Climate Change.


National Flood Forum Report 39

C.

B.

A.

Flood risk management plan by 2015.

An initial flood risk assessment by 2011. Flood risk maps by 2013.

y Three point Approach –

2006, published November 2007 .

y EU Flood directive- proposed January

Relevant to all communities.

Positive Information.


40

National Flood Forum Report

3. Preparedness.

2. Protection

1. Prevention

Flood Risk Management Plan.


National Flood Forum Report 41

relief programmes around the country.

y The OPW is currently carrying major flood

“have their say” – it welcomes participation.

y The OPW actively encourages people to

management.

organisation dealing with flood risk

y Since 2004 – OPW is the primary state

OPW –Flood risk management.


42

National Flood Forum Report

y

y

y

were flooded. Almost 1 in 6 buildings in town.

On 19th Nov 2009, 210 properties in Skibbereen

times in 25 years.

One family in Skibbereen has been flooded 16

1969, 1986 and twice in 2009.

the 1940’s. The most serious floods occurred in

Skibbereen has been flooded over 20 times since

The Skibbereen Experience.


National Flood Forum Report 43

y

y

y

6 million euro in damages.

The 2009 Flood in Skibbereen resulted in over

Access to the local hospital was severely restricted.

separate locations.

The N71 National Road Route was flooded in 3

The Skibbereen Experience-contd


44

National Flood Forum Report

Local and County Councils.

Emergency Services.

Flood Committees.

Voluntary Organisations.

y

y

y

Communities and stakeholders -

y

y

OPW / EU Directive.

y

To conclude -


Co-ordinated local Response. National Flood Forum Report 45


46

National Flood Forum Report


Presentation by Dr. Juliana MacLeod of the HSE. Dr. MacLeod is able to give in-depth knowledge of the impact of flooding events on communities, having seen first hand large flooding events in Scotland.

National Flood Forum Report 47


48

National Flood Forum Report

1

Dr Juliana C MacLeod Principal Clinical Psychologist HSE

5HVSRQVHVWR 7UDXPD7UDJHG\


National Flood Forum Report 49

‰

Immediate versus long term needs

Reactions ‰ Short term Reactions ‰ Long term Reactions

‰ Initial

Outline

2


50

National Flood Forum Report

Individual circumstances: ‰ Whether you are an observer, a helper or the victim of the event. ‰ Are you alone? ‰ Is your life in danger? ‰ Have you a disability that makes it difficult to help your self, have you children or other responsibilities etc ‰ What support and help is available

This is dependent on such factors as: ‰ The nature of the event ‰ The severity of the event ‰ Whether there are injuries or deaths ‰ The extent of the damage caused

Initial Impact

3


National Flood Forum Report 51

Numb ‰ Shock: Inaction ‰ Feeling Helpless and Hopeless ‰ Unable to plan and co-ordinate even around basic needs ‰ Energised: Focus may be on action

‰ Feeling

‰ Panic

Initial Responses

4


52

National Flood Forum Report

Safety Warmth Shelter Clothing Food

Someone else to take responsibility

‰

‰

‰

‰

‰

Basic needs:

Initial Needs

5


National Flood Forum Report 53

‰

Problems with sleep; falling asleep, nightmares, early waking ‰ Feeling stressed and irritable ‰ Worrying ‰ Difficulty concentrating

Difficulty making decisions ‰ Difficulty functioning normally ‰ Lack of confidence ‰ Forgetful ‰ Anxiety ‰ Low mood ‰ Anger ‰

Short Term Psychological Effects

6


54

National Flood Forum Report

Influenced by: ‰ Individual experiences ‰ Likelihood of future flooding ‰ Insurance issues ‰ Corporate/community response ex: none versus support for immediate issues such as ‰ Food ‰ Clothing ‰ Housing ‰ Repairs ‰ Financial situation

Long term issues/effects

7


National Flood Forum Report 55

of life ‰ Loss of home ‰ Loss of personal effects ‰ Loss of memories ‰ Loss of sense of security ‰ Loss of income

‰ Loss

Loss

8


56

National Flood Forum Report

: avoidance behaviours ‰ Extra vigilant ‰ Depression ‰ Sleep disorder ‰ Post-traumatic effects ‰ Exacerbation of previous conditions

‰ Anxiety

Possible Long Term Effects

9


National Flood Forum Report 57

‰

10

Coming to terms with the event, dealing with the emotions and eventually moving on. ‰ Safety; Is there a high chance of the event recurring? ‰ Effects on personal security including financial ‰ Insurance: What if there is none? ‰ Moving house: What if you cannot? ‰ How do you move on in life if none of these are in your favour.

Key Factors re Speedy Recovery


58

National Flood Forum Report

‰

‰

‰

11

Intense fear, helplessness/horror. In children may present as disorganised or agitated behaviour. Symptoms (a) re-experiences, recurrent, intrusive, distressing, recollections of the event Recurrent distressing dreams

This is diagnosed if: 1) the following symptoms last over a month 2) & usually occurs in the context of actual or threatened death or serious injury

Post Traumatic Stress


National Flood Forum Report 59

‰

Intense psychological distress at exposure to cues that remind one of the event ‰ Persistent avoidance of stimuli ‰ Persistent symptoms of increased arousal ‰ Hyper vigilance ‰ Anger outbursts ‰ Exaggerated startle responses ‰ Sleep difficulties ‰ Causes considerable distress or impairment in functioning

Cont.

12


Presentation by Mr. Sean Kelleher of FBD Insurances. A senior manager with a national Insurance company, Sean delivers an educated view of how Insurance companies view flooding events.

60

National Flood Forum Report


National Flood Forum Report 61

Sean Kelleher- FBD Insurance

An Insurer’s Perspective

Flood Insurance


62

National Flood Forum Report

•How Insurance Works •The Flood Issue •Flood Costs in Ireland •Nature of Flood cover •How we provide cover in Ireland •The Market –developments within •How Insurable is Flood?. •Future Insurance availability.

Flood Insurance


National Flood Forum Report 63

Insurance Company Expenses & Profit

Premiums of many

Claims of few

Insurance Pool

how insurance Works

Reinsurance Pool For “Catastrophe� Risks.


64

National Flood Forum Report

Rhine (Germany/Netherlands) , Tay (Scotland)

Strathclyde (Scotland)

Rhine (Germany/Netherlands)

Oder (Germany/Poland)

England, Wales, Central Europe, Sarno (Italy)

Danube, Northern Alps, Denmark- 5m Coastal storm surge

England, Wales (twice), Switzerland, Italy

England (twice), Wisla (Poland)

England & Wales, Dublin, Danube & Elbe Central Europe (100 Deaths)

1993

1994

1995

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

major flood events europe 1993


National Flood Forum Report 65

Rhone in France

Cornwall, Wales, Derry

Cornwall, Conwy Valley, Derry

Danube (Highest river level since 1895) Alps, Romania and Black sea (39 deaths)

Malta, England

Ireland, England (august rainfall)

Ireland, England, Italy

Cornwall, Belgium (3 dead)

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

major flood events europe 1993


66

National Flood Forum Report

2009: â‚Ź70 billion

Insured Flood costs Worldwide over the past 40 years


National Flood Forum Report 67

z

z

z

z

z

z

November 2009 - €244 million August 2008 - €96 million October 2004 - €38 million November 2002 - €50 million February 2002 - €37 million November 2000 – €51million

flood Costs in ireland


68

National Flood Forum Report

Insurance Company Expenses & Profit

Claims of few

Insurance Pool Insurance Pool Pool size must increase

Former “Catastrophe” losses now operational losses New Catastrophe Losses are much bigger – Catastrophe Pool must also increase

Premiums of many

1. 2.

impact of the floods

Reinsurance Re-insurance Pool Pool International For For “Catastrophe” “Catastrophe” Losses Risks.


National Flood Forum Report 69

•State involvement as insurer or reinsurer is common.

• In many countries covers unavailable

•If flooding occurs, then cost of claims very highly both individually and collectively

• If flood occurs, then multiple properties effected

• Difficult to predict risk

Nature of Flood Insurance


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National Flood Forum Report

• Flood insurance availability taken for granted

• Allows the sharing of risk between the good and the poor.

• Allows cross subsidisation between Flood risk and that for other perils.

• Provided as standard on all Property Policies.

• Available to in excess of 97% of all properties

• Provided by Private Insurance Market

Flood Insurance in Ireland


National Flood Forum Report 71

•Flood maps & Geo Underwriting Tools

• New Underwriting Technologies

•Requirements determined by how the insurance company selects and underwrites its risks.

•Regulations provide new mechanisms to calculate capital adequacy.

New Insurer Solvency Regulations

Market Pressures & Developments


72

National Flood Forum Report


National Flood Forum Report 73

Between 1:75 and 1:100 (Between 1% and 1.3%) 1:75 return period In excess of 1.3%

Moderate Risk

Significant

Source: The ABI/ DEFRA agreement 2008-2013

Difficult to insure these risks without engineered Flood Protection solutions implemented

1:200 return period (.5% chance of loss in any given year)

Low risk.

how insurable is flood?


74

National Flood Forum Report

In some areas cover is not available pending implementation of physical flood protection.

Dependencies - Ability of Insurers to generate return - Climate change - Closer participation between all stakeholders for sustainable management.

Future Flood Insurance availability.


Presentation by Dr. Eamon McKeogh of UCC. A senior lecturer in UCC, Dr. McKeogh has over 20years knowledge of Flooding issues in the south of Ireland.

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Dr.EamonMcKeogh FloodStudyGroupͲUCC

ENGINEERING HYDROLOGYandRIVER HYDRAULICS

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` CaseStudies

` ComputerModelling

` RiverHydraulics

` Hydrology

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HydrologicCycle istheclosedloopthroughwhichwatertravelsasit movesfromonephase,orsurface,toanother.

HydrologicCycle

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Hydrology: Ń thesciencethatdealswiththeoccurrence,circulation,distribution,and propertiesofthewateroftheearthandtheearth'satmosphere. Factors: Ń Rainfallamountandstormdistribution Ń Drainageareasize,shapeandorientation Ń Groundcoverandsoiltype Ń Slopesofterrainandstreamchannel(s) Ń Antecedentmoisturecondition Ń Storagepotential(e.g.floodplains,ponds,wetlands,reservoirs, channel(s),etc.) Ń Watersheddevelopmentpotential;and Ń Characteristicsoflocaldrainagesystem

Hydrology

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•Rural

SurfaceWater Hydrology

Urban

Groundwater Hydrology

EngineeringHydrology

EngineeringHydrology

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EngineeringHydrology Ń concernedwiththequantitativerelationshipbetween rainfalland'runoff'(i.e.passageofwateronthesurfaceof theEarth)and,inparticular,withthemagnitudeandtime variationsofrunoff.Flowvariationwithtime. Designermustestimaterainfall,rainfallintensityetc.for “DesignEvents” DesignEvents Ń similartoadesignloadinstructuralengineering

Definitions

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RainfallAnalysis

ENGINEERINGHYDROLOGY

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Intensity=measureofquantityofrainfallinagiventimee.g. mmper hour Duration=periodoftimeduringwhichrainfalls Frequency=referstotheexpectationthatagivendepthofrainfallwillfall inagiventime.Suchanamountofrainfallmaybeexceededorequalled inagivennumberofdaysoryears Arealextent=areaoverwhichapoint’srainfallcanbeheldtoapply

Somedefinitions

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AnalysisofRainfall Ń ThreemainMethods x Arithmetic x Thiessen Polygons x Isohyetal Method

Analysis

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CatchmentCharacteristics

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Agoodstartingpointforaquantitativeassessmentofrunoffis to considerthephysicalprocessesoccurringinthehydrologicalcycleand withinthecatchment.

CatchmentCharacteristics

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CatchmentCharacteristics

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Sucharepresentationisreferredtoasaconceptualmodel.Ifequations definingthestoragesandflowscanbefound,amathematicalcatchment modelcanbeconstructed. Usingthisqualitativepicture,asetofcharacteristicsmaybeproposed whichdeterminetheresponseofthecatchmenttorainfall.These might includethefollowing: x (a)catchmentarea: x (b)soiltype(s)anddepth(s) x (c)vegetationcover x (d)streamslopesandsurfaceslopes x (e)rocktype(s)andarea(s) x (f)drainagenetwork(naturalandmanͲmade) x (g)lakesandreservoirs x (h)impermeableareas(e.g.roads,buildings,etc.).

CatchmentCharacteristics

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SoilMoistureDeficit(SMD): thisistheamountofrainneededtobring thesoilmoisturecontentbacktofieldcapacity. Fieldcapacity (SMD=0)istheamountofwaterthesoilcanholdagainst gravityi.e.themaximumwaterapotplantcanbewateredandnotleak water.NegativeSMDindicatesawatersurplus,whichwillbedrainedover timethrougheitherinfiltrationoroverlandfloworboth. SaturationisreachedwhenSMD=Ͳ10mm,i.e awatersurplusof10mm. PositiveSMDisbelowfieldcapacityandraincaninfiltratetothecapacity oftheSMDamount.Inasaturatedsoilalloftheavailablesoil poresare fullofwater,butwaterwilldrainoutoflargeporesunderthe forceof gravity.

CatchmentCharacteristics

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Conclusions and Goals from the National Flood Forum  

Conclusions and Goals from thenational flood forum