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!"#$%&'()!$*&++,-,$.$/0$*&++,-,$12,3$1((14&+5!3$67$89:09$.$&*"#$0:3$8099$.$2&+#$;;;555$.$5!!<,$0/


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!"#$%#&'($)%*+$*)), O*"*0#%O*.<1*"%(".%B(+0,-D%J##>5%-#4#>0(+#% 3-4&8("23"*+9&12+3&)*32":;2"6&+'..42&<).3'2%&)*& :*0#%+'("%(%5#(0? The student newspaper of St. John’s College. 60 College Avenue Annapolis, Maryland 21401 gadfly@sjca.edu editors in chief DANNY KRAFT GRACE TYSON Assistant Editors NATHAN GOLDMAN IAN TUTTLE Layout Editor HAYDEN PENDERGRASS business manager HONORE HODGSON Photographers HENLEY MOORE ANNIE GUO Contributors CHARLES ZUG MATT YOUNG TOMMY BERRY CHRISTIAN SABELLA PAINTER BOB LOGAN DWYER LUCY FERRIER M.W. FOGLEMAN STEPHANIE CONNOLLY MCDONALDS THE BAND Founded in 1980, The Gadfly is the student newspaper distributed to over 600 students, faculty, and staff of the Annapolis campus. Opinions expressed within are the sole responsibility of the author(s). The Gadfly reserves the right to accept, reject, and edit submissions in any way necessary to publish the most professional, informative, and thought-provoking newspaper which circumstances at St. John’s College permit. Articles submitted will be edited for grammar, punctuation, spelling, and length in most cases. The Gadfly is not obligated to publish all submissions except under special circumstances. The Gadfly meets every Sunday at 7 PM in the lower level of the Barr-Buchanan Center. Articles should be submitted by Friday at 11:59 PM to Gadfly@sjca.edu.

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!"#$%&'(#)*+*# by M.W. Fogleman A’13

had a plan. For one year, I sat down to write. While I learned  tween us was evident. The June crew had a glow of dirt and tanned  to  wield  words  better  than  ever  before,  the  plan  cracked  and  skin,  of  smiles  and  laughter,  of  adjustment  and  capability;  they  my words were ousted as lifeless, for I myself was lifeless. When  were a crew. The July crew was awkward, intermingled, anony­ rejection  (a  chest  wound)  fell,  all  of  my  silently  festering  soul­ mous; we were clean and cautious; we would shed tears and sweat  wounds  started  screaming  again,  and  I  started  gleaming  glances  before we knew each other. It would be one month before the situ­ at all of the dreams I’d been dreaming, including dropping out. It  ation was inverted, before we were a crew, before we had the glow,  seemed like insanity to those around me, a foaming fantasy, so I  before we, too, were a part of the community. left campus to call Campbell by the waterside. He hadn’t answered  One month, indeed! I had no idea how I would make it, but I’d  when I’d called him previously, but those calls had been idle itch­ been told by the wise woman that anyone can do anything for a  es;  Campbell  must  have  smelled  the  burning  necessity  when  he  month, and I could, I did, I’m done and changed. I lived one month  picked up. With his voice I remembered all that we’d had together,  of full days, of hard work, of health and happiness. Every day we  all that we loved about him, all the wisps of wisdom we’d found  woke  up  early,  ate  breakfast,  went  to  work,  worked,  ate  lunch,  by the late­night candlelight. There was a reason he’d left when  worked, bathed in a swimming hole, came home, did chores, ate  others, including me, had stayed. He told me that, as always, it was  )1&&7,8#%&)#9%)#%#:7**!&#!,#9<&4#!<2#;7"!,7#5&%::'#6,%*91&48#7@­ not my plotted and rotted plans that mattered—it was the present,  hausted  and  not­quite­yet­ready­to­do­it­again.  On  Saturdays  we  the  now,  the  moment.  I  should  decide  to  return  or  leave  in  late  had  half  days,  and  we  had  Sundays  off.  In  total, I  worked  at  13  August, on the very moment I was meant to move magnetically.  area farms, almost all of which were organic. We weeded, hoed,  My laughter, so innocent and full, so resoundingly pure after such  harvested,  fertilized,  seeded,  transplanted,  tilled,  butter­knifed,  poison, startled those on the docks, but I couldn’t help it. I thanked  moved  bales  of  hay,  mulched,  staked,  trellised  and  un­trellised.  him, leaped up, and started running with joy despite the gawking,  We also managed to do a little work with horses, honeybees and  falling was rising and rising was falling. cows. The work was hard, sweaty, and dirty, it was hot, cold, and  I went looking for ways to start living again and found Many  smelly,  but  it  was  evidently important. We’d  hand  some  food  to  Hands  Farm  Corps,  a  brand­new  educa­ our CSA members who would thank us and  tional program whose stated goal is to grow  tell  us  how  much  they  enjoyed  it,  or  we’d  farmers and help farmers grow. It was radi­ harvest food from our farm and take it home  cal  and  I  was  ripe.  It  didn’t  matter  that  I  to prepare for dinner that night. didn’t want to be a farmer, because I wanted  Our farm couldn’t always feed us, so we  to  live  and  they  wanted  people  who  were  did have to get food elsewhere. At one farm,  still breathing, thinking, living. It took some  the  leaders  traded  their  labor  for  food;  we  pacing  back  and  forth  and  a  few  doses  of  went to farmers’ markets; we went to sever­ purposeful  redirection  by  those  who  love  al grocery stores; we dumpster­dived. Is ten  me so much they hear when my heart skips a  hours of labor worth seventy or eighty dol­ beat from telephone wires away, but I did it.  lars of dairy? Why is so much good, organic,  I left for Amherst, MA, by Amtrak the day  and local food wasted at farmers’ markets?  The Many Hands Farm Corps, in Amherst,  after my twentieth birthday. I had no plans,  Massachussetts grows all sorts of produce.  Where does all of the food in conventional  no expectations; I was a new man in a new  photo courtesy of Many Hands Farm Corps grocery  stores  come  from?  How  is  Whole  decade. Foods  able  to  offer  organic  and  local  food  George  Daniel  the  bearded  picked  me  up  in  his  messy  white  in  a  format  which  is  so  similar  to  conventional  grocery  stores?  Subaru. We drove past the farm—I’d get to see it later—towards  Why is so much food available in dumpsters? These questions and  their house. When I saw it, its perfection, its possibility for home  others like them presented themselves to us over the course of one  and community, I couldn’t believe they’d pulled it off, those men  month.  I  think  all  of  us  had  some  kind  of  desire  to  “understand  !"#$%&'#(%&)*#+%,-#.!,/*012#3%*#-%4&1567&28#%&)#297'#37,7# food”, and I think even the most agriculturally­aware members of  clearly  magnanimous.  Eric  gave  me  a  quick  tour.  I  could  take  a  our group had some notions about organic, local food and conven­ shower and do laundry once a week; if it was yellow, I was sup­ 21!&%:8# 1-/!,27)# "!!)# 29%2# 37,7# 6:%,157)8# ,75&7)# !,# *A<%*97)# ;'# /!*7)#2!#:72#12#-7::!38#;<2#1"#12#3%*#;,!3&8#=#9%)#2!#><*9#12#)!3&?# the people we met and the experiences we had. Many of the farm­ we would have communal breakfast, lunch and dinner; they had  ers we met were in ever­increasing­debt, or they were rich enough  beds, couches, guitars, banjos, compost piles and tree forts. This  ",!-#/,7B1!<*#:1B7*#2!#>!%2#!&#3129!<2#3!,,'1&4#%;!<2#-!&7'8#*!# was a house that would truly be lived in; it would be my home,  that it was clear that growing good, organic food for a local com­ our home. -<&12'#3%*#&!2#&767**%,1:'#%#/,!52%;:7#!,#76!&!-16%::'#*<*2%1&­ I jumped in to help make dinner, a few dishes for a potluck com­ able one. Similarly, the workers were paid poorly in relation to the  posed of meals made by local chefs, corpsmen and women from  )1"56<:2'#!"#2971,#:%;!,8#39169#-7%&2#29%2#297'#37,7#71297,#'!<&48# last month, as well as our CSA members and some of our farmer  /,1B1:747)# 6!::747# *2<)7&2*# !,# 4,%)<%27*# 39!# *%6,1567)# 91497,C friends—all to celebrate the success of the June crew, the old and  paying, easier jobs for work that matched their ideals about ethics,  wizened, and the July crew, the new and ready. The difference be­ food, or the world around them, or they were poor, legal migrant 


,-.#./#!%&"00000 workers  or  poor  illegal  immigrants  who  worked  long  hours  and  that morality was reminiscent of religion, so she preferred to speak  seemed to have little to no chance at running a farm themselves  in terms of ethics—was foreign to me. One consequence of this  one day. I understand that much of conventional agriculture—de­ distinction was that that she chooses to be a vegan—she does not  !"#$%&'%()*%+*#%,-%.#/&(0($#*1%("*#0)(0($#*1%-#/)(2(3#/*1%4,",50/,6% feel compelled or obligated to be one. Another vegan that we met  farming,  GMOS—uses  illegal  immigrants,  and  that  those  farms  did not agree; she felt (perhaps morally) obligated to be a vegan,  might collapse without them. I want to be perfectly clear that when  as do I. All of these conversations revealed facts, questions, and  we worked with migrant workers and illegal immigrants, I did not  differences surrounding not just food, but also ethics and empathy. ask them many questions because I felt uncomfortable, and when I  Our time at Many Hands afforded all of us daily (re­)revelations  did ask them questions they stated that they were happy to be able  of the basic­but­oft­obscured idea that eating good food with peo­ to feed their families; it is evidently a complex issue with many  ple you care about, whether they be your co­workers, friends, or  78/(8&2#*%8"$%4+/9'%782+#%0,":(0)*%).8)%;%$,%",)%+"$#/*)8"$%),%8"'% family, is the basis of any happy, healthy community. For an entire  satisfactory degree, but something felt wrong at those farms, like  month, we ate almost no food alone, something which I think was  the world was groaning with the weight of us, our civilization. a feat even for those in the crew who regularly eat meals with their  On  several  occasions  I  realized  how  little  I’d  been  exposed  family, or with friends in dining halls or apartments. Meals did not  to the nature which surrounds us and the food that nourishes us.  just mean food: they meant smiles, laughter, and good conversa­ Those of us who encounter food solely at grocery stores are Wang  tion. Our work also offered us plenty of spontaneous snacks: rasp­ Lung’s sons, a generation of humanity without years or even days  berries, melons, carrots, all of them given to us in gratitude and joy  of hard­earned appreciation of food and land, of animals and the  by the farmers we were working with. We were not just consuming  earth. How could we be anything other than apathetic without the  food together; we were growing food together. The deeper foun­ experiences which are necessary to feel those earth­groans? I real­ dation of the idea of sharing food is about its origins: food that is  (3#$%).8)%).#%&,+<+#)*%$($%",)%=/,>%,"%&+*.#*1%).8)%).#(/%:,>#/*% grown and prepared with care and thought, love and concern is go­ had  been  planted  and  harvested,  that  they  had  leaves  which  had  ing to taste better. A good, home­cooked meal will invariably taste  been trimmed, and that they had been ar­ better  than  anything  cooked  for  a  ranged  ever­so­carefully.  I  realized  that  dining hall or a fast­food restaurant.  some crops are easier to grow than others,  Again,  this  is  not  a  new  discovery,  and that some crops are so weak that if we  but an ancient fact that modern civi­ didn’t like them so much maybe we’d let  lization conceals with Pop­Tarts and  them  die  off.  I  realized  how  much  food  TV Dinners, an ancient wisdom that  is  used  in  enormous  quantities  to  make  we must reclaim with our own two  new products—tomato sauce, salsa, wine,  hands  (but  just  one  mouth).  So  go!  milkshakes—and how having those prod­ Cook a meal; invite friends and fam­ ucts  available  at  all  times  often  requires  ily over; enjoy! Make it a regular oc­ #",/4,+*% 4,",50/,6% -8/4*1% *80/(!0("=% currence, a means to understanding  diversity and soil quality for mass­produc­ Displaying the fruits of their labor, participants in the  one another, and a way of life. tion.  I  experienced  more  of  these  revela­ Many Hands Farm Corps show off a bountiful harvest. For me, Many Hands Farm Corps  tions when talking with one of the young  photo courtesy of Many Hands Farm Corps. was not just a job and an educational  women  in  our  crew,  who  was  a  vegan.  opportunity, a perhaps­just­once­in­ While I sympathized with her basic premise of not eating meat, I  my­lifetime chance to learn about hard work and food; it was also  wasn’t knowledgeable enough about each animal product (dairy,  a  chance  to  live.  The  farming  life  is  one  of  experience  and  ac­ #==*1%!*.?1%()*%,/(=("*1%$#)8(2*%@=/8**5-#$1%-/##5/8"=#1%-80),/'%-8/4*?% tion—we  worked  hard,  got  dirty,  and  lived  communally.  In  one  and ethical considerations to understand the entire vegan attitude;  month, I was afforded so many chances to do something I’d never  when we worked together, I took some time to learn about vegan­ done before, to get uncomfortable and shout for joy. I jumped off a  ism by asking her about every facet of her decision. I learned the  /,09%8"$%("),%8%289#1%/#0()#$%4'%6,#)/'%8)%*A4,/#50846!/#*1%.(9#$% obvious­but­hidden facts that in order to get milk, dairy farmers  mountains, and went on a night hike to a cemetery, where I saw  have to repeatedly impregnate their cows, separate them from their  a shooting star; I pooped outside, got poison ivy, drank raw milk,  calves, and ultimately kill them for meat when they can no longer  made  medicine,  drove  a  golf  cart,  saw  snakes,  went  mushroom  produce milk. Furthermore, she told me that we are the only spe­ hunting, ran a roto­tiller, helped with Food Not Bombs, dumpster­ cies to drink another species’ milk, or to drink milk after the age  dived, went on a rope­swing, ate at a restaurant we provided with  of two. She told me about the not­so­obvious ethical atmosphere  produce, saw a blacksmith, stood under a waterfall, helped move  which her choices about food gave birth to, namely that by sacri­ a  car,  picked  up  hitch­hikers,  played  tug  of  war  and  murder  in  !0("=%0#/)8("%-,,$*%-,/%.#/%#).(082%0.,(0#*1%*.#%-,+"$%*,4#).("=% the dark. I got in a constant rhythm of doing something; if there  in common with the experience of her kosher step­sister. For her,  was nothing going on, we made our own plans. In the months and  veganism  was  the  closest  she  came  to  a  religious  experience  or  '#8/*%),%0,4#1%;%.,6#%),%9##6%).#%2(-#5!/#%&+/"("=1%),%/#4#4&#/%).#% tradition.  Her  careful  distinction  between  morality  and  ethics— rhythm of doing and move my feet to the beat.


THE GADFLY

08

An Interview with an Alum

Liam Wallace, a member of Ex Libris, the student career club at St. John’s, set up an interview with  Dr. Stephen J Forman, A’70, to discuss his career and how St. John’s led him there. Dr. Forman is the  Chair of the Department of Hematology and Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation and the Director of  the T Cell Immunotherapy Research Laboratory at the City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center in  Los Angeles, and is on the St. John’s Board of Visitors and Governors. He was presented with the Alum­ ni Association Award of Merit in 2010.  [Editors’ Note: Because !"#$%&'() will not go to print next  3''2;#3'#,.>'#%,!$'(#)!#&(%/?-'#=!),#),'#$'%!(-#.(-#),&1-#0.1)$#!"#),'#&()'1>&'3#,'1'5K !"#$%&%$'"($)*(+,$"(-$'"($#./-,%$-"$*"$&/-"$0,%&1&/,$#2&3,$ 4,&/*$.-$5-6$7"2/89:$ It was a combination of jobs that I had had during high school.  While  at  St.  John’s,  I  had  given  serious  thought  to  pursuing  graduate  studies  in  philosophy  of  science,  but  I  felt  a  really  strong  pull  to  engage  the  world  in  a  different  and  direct  way,  and  not  remain  within  the  walls,  if  you  will,  of  the  academy.  Ultimately,  I  was  able  to  do  both,  i.e.  have  a  contemplative  academic  career,  but  one  that  has  connected  me  to  other  human  beings,  and  the  realities  of  their  lives  in  a  very  direct  way. 

that is a little different than the responsibility of other universities. >"$ '"($ 2.?,$ ./'$ +,1"00,/%.-&"/9$ "/$ 2"#$ -2&9$ 0.'$ 4,$ .33,?&.-,%:$ Implicit in this goal is to support aspects of student life in the  college,  ones  that  are  healthy  or  health  promoting—and  I  mean  ),.)#"!1#=!),#0$:%,!/!4&%./#.(-#0,:$&%./#,'./),5#7#./$!#),&(2#),.)#3'# should not get too caught up in the idea that if you don’t aspire to  be a tutor, there’s something less about you. I’m pretty vocal about  ),.);#.(-#7#),&(2#),'#=!.1-;#+!$)#!"#3,!+#.1'#(!)#)?)!1$;#.(-#3,!#.1';# in many diverse ways, very successful people, both personally and  01!"'$$&!(.//:;#?(-'1$).(-#),.)#.(-#),':#2(!3#3,.)#7A+#)./2&(4#.=!?)# ;2.-$#.9$'"(+$9,/&"+$,99.'$"/:$ when we discuss this subject in board meetings. Our responsibility  My  senior  essay  was  an  analysis  and  comparison  of  the  is to educate young people so they can engage the world and lead  nature of causality in Hume and in Kant. I was interested in the  their  own  thoughtful,  moral,  healthy  lives  outside  the  college. nature  of  causality,  which  gets  very  close  to  the  understanding  !"# $%&'()&*%# +'),!-# .(-# ),'# /&+&)$# !"# '+0&1&%./# 2(!3/'-4'5 !"#$%"$'"($4.3./1,$.$=.1@,%$912,%(3,$"(-9&%,$"A$5-6$7"2/89B$ ./%$-2,$&/-,+,9-9$-2.-$'"($2.?,$-2.-$4+"(*2-$'"($-"$5-6$7"2/89C ;2.-$#.9$'"(+$)+9-$,<=,+&,/1,$&/$.$2"9=&-.3$9,--&/*:$ &/-,+,9-9$&/$=2&3"9"=2'B$3&-,+.-(+,:$>"$'"($2.?,$-&0,: 6,'(# 7# 3.$# 89# :'.1$# !/-;# 7# 3!12'-# .$# .(# Yes,  some,  although  it’s  not  at  the  level  orderly  in  a  cardiothoracic  surgery  unit  led  ),.)#&)#3.$5#7#),&(2#3,.)#7A>'#!=$'1>'-#&$#),.)# by  a  very  famous  heart  surgeon.  It  was  in  D'$"#/$,<=,+&,/1,$#&-2$ that  same  sense  of  wonder  that  you  acquire  the  early  days  of  heart  valve  replacements  7"2//&,9$&9$-2.-$-2,'$ or  experience  at  the  college  as  you  read  and  and  people  came  from  all  over  the  world  .+,$+,.33'$=+,=.+,%$A"+$ learn  and  develop  insights,  I  still  feel  in  the  for  surgery.    It  was  a  very  exciting  time  7# -!;# 3,'),'1# &)A$# $%&'()&*%# !1# %/&(&%./5# ./'-2&/*66691&,/1,B$4(9&/,99B$ 3!12# in  medicine.    I  was  hired  by  the  nursing  The second is that one does read other things  -&1'%)!1#.(-#!('#),&(4#2&(-#!"# /'-#)!# .(!),'15# ,%(1.-&"/B$=(43&1$9,+?&1,B$ (!)# -&1'%)/:# 1'/.)'-# )!# 3!12;# .(-# $!+')&+'$# Part  of  the  reason  that  I  developed  this  ./%$,?,/$-2,$0&3&-.+'6  :!?# 1'1'.-# =!!2$5# B:# /&"'# &$# >'1:# =?$:;# .(-# summer  internship  program  for  the  college  ),'1'A$#.#%'1).&(#&()'($&):#)!#&)5#C?);#),.(2"?//:;# was  to  give  students  the  opportunity  ),'1'# .1'# !00!1)?(&)&'$# )!# 1'.-# .(-# ),&(25  )!# '<0'1&'(%'# .(:# *'/-# &(# =&!/!4:# .(-# +'-&%&(';# "1!+# I had never read Anna Karenina before, it wasn’t on the program,  basic  science  to  clinical  or  veterinary  medicine,  midwifery  and I chose to read it two summers ago. That was my summer reading  or  public  health.    It  is  completely  the  student’s  choice. and it was wonderful and I will always remember that summer. I don’t  One of the concerns of the college, because it is so unique and  2(!3;#,.-#7#(!)#4!('#)!#D)5#E!,(A$;#3,'),'1#),'#&+0?/$';#),'#-'$&1';# because people do not attend there accidentally, i.e. it is very much  !"#1'.-&(4#),.)#=!!2;#.)#),&$#$).4'#!"#/&"';#3!?/-#,.>'#!%%?11'-#)!#+'5# =:#.#>'1:#%!($%&!?$#%,!&%';#&$#),.)#&)#$!+')&+'$#+.2'$#&)#,.1-#)!# 7# ),&(2# ),'# D)5# E!,(A$# '-?%.)&!(# ='%!+'$# 0.1)# !"# :!?1# 4'('$# leave the college. One of the issues that we’ve been discussing for  and  is  the  reason  our  graduates  can  pursue  a  diversity  of  a long time is that the college needs to begin preparing students for  >!%.)&!($5# 7# ),&(2# 3,.)# 7# '<0'1&'(%'-# &(# 1'.-&(4#F((.# G.1'(&(.# /'.>&(4#),'#%!//'4'#!(#),'#*1$)#-.:#!"#"1'$,+.(#:'.15#7)#&$#.-+&))'-/:# is  what  I  do  every  day.  You’re  going  to  use  the  St.  John’s  a  dramatic  statement,  but  it  highlights  that  our  obligations  are  '-?%.)&!(# )!# -'*('# :!?1# !3(# /&"';# (!)# ),'# !),'1# 3.:# .1!?(-5# (!)# @?$)# )!# ,'/0# 0'!0/'# +.2'# ),'&1# 3.:# ),1!?4,# ),'# "!?1# :'.1$# of  study,  but  to  complete  the  program  prepared  to  confront  the  ;2.-$#,+,$'"(+$-2"(*2-9$"/$0,%&1&/,$4,A"+,$5-6$7"2/89:$ world and their life in the world after graduation. If we are going  H!# +.2'# ),'# I?'$)&!(# .# /&))/'# +!1'# 4'('1&%;# 0.1'()$# +.:# .$2# to accept students into such a unique program, and remove them  this:  if  you’re  interested  in  medicine  and  science,  why  should  in some way from a more traditional collegiate experience, then  :!?#'>'(#4!#)!#D)5#E!,(A$#.)#.//J%.(#:!?#),&(2#!"#.#3!1$'#0/.%'# 3&),# ),.)# %!+'$# 1'$0!($&=&/&):# )!# ,'/0# )1.($&)&!(# ),'+# =.%2# !?)5# to  go  as  a  preparation  for  medical  school?  And  I’ve  tried  to  My own experience with Johnnies is that they are really prepared  +.2'# ),'# %.$'# ),.)# &(# $!+'# 3.:$# &)A$# 01!=.=/:# ),'# ='$)# 0/.%'# )!# for  anything,  as  their  education  prepares  them  for  a  number  of  go as preparation for medical school, because medicine in some  callings, including science, business, education, public service and  3.:$;#+.:='#.)#),'#'<)1'+'$;#+.2'$#!('#%!("1!()#$!+'#!"#),!$'# '>'(#),'#+&/&).1:5#7)#&$#$!+')&+'$#>'1:#-&"*%?/)#"!1#$!+'#0'!0/'#)!# questions that you struggled with throughout St. John’s College:  leave and determine what they want to do, but I believe that we  E"/-&/(,%$"/$F*6$GH have a responsibility at the college to our students and their parents 


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THE GADFLY McDonalds the Manifesto: A House Divided by McDonalds the Band

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The Gadfly, Vol. XXXIII, Issue 06