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Professional Practice

PRINTING PROCESSES

BAGC3

The Printing Process: Digital workflow PREPRESS Text & Graphics integration

Output simulation soft proof

PostScript data file

Computer to plate

Raster image processing

Digital proof hard copy

Computer to film

Computer to press

Platemaking

with Master Masterless

PRINTING sheet or web

FINISHING


Professional Practice

PRINTING PROCESSES

BAGC3

The Printing Process: Printing processes PRINTING sheet or web

PREPRESS Conventional with Master

FINISHING Non-impact Masterless

Flexo

Electro-photographic powder / liquid toner

Gravure

Ion Deposition

Screen

Magnetography

Litho

Thermography

Conventional Offset Waterless Offset

Inkjet continuous / on demand


Professional Practice

PRINTING PROCESSES

BAGC3

The Printing Process: Printing processes P

Trends from 1995 to 2010 (Bruno, 1995) PRINTING PROCESS

1995

2000

2010

Lithography

46%

42%

30%

Gravure

18%

17%

15%

Flexography

7%

6%

5%

Screen & others

3%

3%

3%

Non-impact (digital)

8%

13%

25%


Professional Practice

PRINTING PROCESSES

The Printing Process: Printing processes P

CONVENTIONAL LITHOGRAPHY Plate is critical image carrier • made from imagesetter film, or by computer-to-plate • on-press or off-press Used for long runs of fixed data optimal run length - 5,000 or more impressions

DIGITAL PRINTING (NON-IMPACT) Print is imaged from the data without plates e.g. Xeikon, Indigo E-print Used for print-on-demand, short-run jobs • also used for variable data jobs • optimal run length - up to 500 impressions

BAGC3


Professional Practice

PRINTING PROCESSES

The Printing Process: Printing processes

COST PER UNIT (COPY)

P

LIT HO

DIGITA L

SHORT

MEDIUM

LONG

100 - 1000

5000 - 25000

50000 +

RUN (number of copies)

BAGC3


Professional Practice

PRINTING PROCESSES

The Printing Process: Printing processes P

FIXED VERSUS VARIABLE DATA Fixed data each impression is the same as all the others applications • mass produced publications Variable data not a new idea applications • database printing • numbering machines e.g. a magazine is fixed data but the address is variable data

BAGC3


Professional Practice

PRINTING PROCESSES

The Printing Process: Printing processes

DATABASE PRINTING Targeted mailings and zoned advertising customised magazines Names and addresses personalised printing Not just names and addresses buying and shopping habits recent lifestyle changes • new baby • new car or house targeted advertising

BAGC3


Professional Practice

PRINTING PROCESSES

The Printing Process: Finishing FINISHING Cutting / Trimming Machine folding Special finishing Varnishing Lamination BINDING Delivery

BAGC3


Professional Practice

PRINTING PROCESSES

BAGC3

The Printing Process: Finishing FINISHING Cutting / Trimming Machine folding Special finishing Varnishing Lamination BINDING Delivery

Punching Drilling Perforating Embosing Holography Foil blocking Thermography Die cutting Laser cutting Paper engineering


Professional Practice

PRINTING PROCESSES

BAGC3

The Printing Process: Finishing FINISHING Cutting / Trimming Machine folding Special finishing Varnishing Lamination BINDING Delivery

Adhesive (perfect) binding Stitching

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Printing process talk

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