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Unidad 1 Socializing

Contents

Telephone Conversations..........................................4 Telephone Phrasal Verbs..........................................6 Hello! Nice To Meet You!!..........................................7 Daily Routines: What are some of the daily routines that you do? ....................................12 Subject Pronouns and Possessive Adjectives.........14 Reading comprehension. Read the following stories carefully and complete the spaces, you will hear them two times..........................................16

Unit 2 My physical changes Let’s read about Terry!.............................................19 Health Risks for Teenagers.....................................23 Teen Pregnancy......................................................24 Simple Present tense..............................................25 Let's play Snakes and Ladders! Find the mistakes while you are playing. Write the corrected sentences in your notebook....................28

Unit 3 Types of families in the world High-tec helping families in the world......................31 Technology Verbs....................................................34 Reading Comprehension.........................................36 Adverbs of Frequency.............................................37 Let’s Practice...........................................................39 Adjectives are words that describe nouns...............41

Unit 4 Costa Rica and the English Speaking Countries Typical food all around the world.............................43 Entertainment in Costa Rica....................................44 Entertainment in some English speaking countries..................................................45 Fun Facts: Traditional Food in English-Speaking Countries....................................47 Exploring folktales of other countries......................48 Formal and Informal Invitations...............................49 Comparatives and Superlatives..............................50 Let’s Practice...........................................................54 Reading comprehension. Holidays in Costa Rica............................................56

Unit 5 Holidays and celebrations In english speaking countries Answer the following questions according to the text “Holidays in Costa Rica”.........................57 Reading Comprehension. International Celebrations Contest..........................58 Kwanzaa Christmas tradition from Africa. By Tracy Cady.........................................................59 Diwali the Festival of Lights.....................................60 The Hanukkah Dreidel.............................................61 Celebrating New Year!.............................................63 Investigate about an English speaking country of your choice and complete the following information..........................64 A Note on Capitalization..........................................65

Unit 6 Costa rica a green paradise for the rest of the world Simple Past Tense: Verb to Be................................68 Costa Rica: A Green Paradise.................................70 What’s flora and fauna?...........................................72 Let’s find in the crossword some of the animals that are in danger in Costa Rica................73 Simple Past Tense...................................................74

Unit 7 Environmental education Different Types of Pollution......................................80 Simple Future Tense: Will........................................86 We use the future with WILL in the following situations..................................................86

Annexes Positive Quotes for each Month..............................92 Irregular Verbs list...................................................93 Classroom Expressions...........................................98 Cootie Catcher......................................................101


UNIT 1

SOCIALIZING

Objectives • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Improve students’ listening and conversational skills. Answer questions asked in telephone conversations. Learn ways of asking for and denying permission. Learn ways of asking for and giving information on the phone. Identify appropriate forms of introducing yourself and others. Learn ways of receiving and leaving messages. Analyze the importance of English as a global language. Interact with Pen-pals, as a means to make new friends. Learn information about exchange programs. Define and build information with the possessives adjectives. Learn the rules and construct conversations using the Simple Present tense: affirmative, negative, questions, and answers. Contrast and develop sentences with subject pronouns and possessive adjectives. Recognize the simple present tense, common mistakes, and how to solve them. Describe daily routines

When you are learning English it’s very important to learn the following phrases about: answering the telephone, starting a telephone call, asking for and giving telephone numbers. Let’s learn them! May I speak to...? Hold on, please. Who’s calling? Do you want to leave a message? Can I leave a message? Please tell her/him I... What’s your number? When will she/he be back?

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Telephone Conversations a. Listen to the following conversation very carefully and complete the spaces, you will hear it two times. After that, practice it with a partner. Joe: Hello. Mary: _________________. Is Joe there please? Joe: He is speaking. Mary: Hi, Joe. This is Mary. _____________ are you doing these days? Joe: Good. What’s up? Mary: Are you busy on Friday __________________? Joe: No. I’m free. Why? Mary: Would you like to go to the _____________ with me and some friends? Joe: Sounds great! What time? Mary: How about 4:00? Joe: 4:00 is fine. Where would you like to meet? Mary: Why don’t you come to my house, and my mom will drive all of us to the movies? Joe: Sounds good! __________ you there. Mary: Great. Bye.

b. Complete the statements with the words in the box. ask - where about - bye 1. Dany:

Flory - watch free - would

Hello you see - may

______________. _______ I speak to Flory, please?

2. Flory: This is ___________________. 3. Dany: Hi, Flory. This is Dany. How are you? 4. Flory: Fine thanks and________________________? 5. Dany: I’m fine. I was wondering if you were _____________ this Saturday. 6. Flory: Yes, I am. ____________________ you like to do something? 7. Dany: Yeah, I was thinking of going to ___________________ a fantasy movie. Interested? 8. Flory: I will ________ my parents. ________________ should we meet? 9. Dany: How _______________ the National Theater? At 2:00pm? 10. Flory: Sounds good. ____________ you there. 11. Dany:

Cool! _______________

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UNIT 2

MY PHYSICAL CHANGES

Objectives • Identify the common diseases and epidemics in the world • Discuss challenges and joys of growing up • Describe physical changes • Explain the importance and ways of taking care of yourself • Analyze health risks for teenagers • Learn the use of simple present tense

The period between childhood and young adulthood is one of rapid changes: physical, emotional, cognitive, and social. During this time, children’s bodies change in different ways at different times.

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Health Risks for Teenagers Cigarettes: Behind the Marketing Marketers for e-cigarettes use sophisticated tactics to grab your attention and transmit obvious and not-so-obvious messages. They try to hook teenagers.

Threat to Mission Control

Meet your brain. It’s who you are. It’s what allows __________ to think, breathe, move,

___________, and feel. It’s just three pounds of gray-and-white matter that rests in your skull, and it is your own personal “mission control.” _________ brain sends and receives chemical and electrical signals as part of a carefully calibrated communication system called the central nervous ___________, which controls _______ body’s functions. Abusing drugs directly _________ how _______ brain functions. This can lead to serious _________ and emotional _________ problems. For example: Memory Meltdown, Out of Control, Fear, Rage, Lose Everything, Addiction, and _________.

a. Discuss with your teacher and classmates 1. How could these messages be dangerous for teens? 2. How can teens protect themselves from being influenced by messages that may be dangerous? 3. How might alcohol and drugs affect a person’s life?

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UNIT 3

TYPES OF FAMILIES IN THE WORLD

Objectives

• Compare the types of families in Costa Rica to those all around the world • Explain how high-tech helps families in the world • Learn the computer parts • Demostrate the appropiate use of adverbs of frequency • Demostrate the appropiate use of adjectives • Learn about different kinds of food in Costa Rica and other countries. Types of families: Today fully half of all families do not meet the definition of nuclear families or extended families. All families are special! We must love and take care of our family.

Nuclear Families: parents and their own or adopted children raised in the same household.

Single-parent families: one parent and a child/ children residing in the same household.

Extended Families: a three-generation family. Grandparents, children and grandchildren in the same household.

Blended families: either parent brings with them children from a previous marriage, live together and become a step family.

Only child families: parents and only one child. No siblings.

Grandparent or relatives reared families: when the grandparents raise their grandchildren or the relatives raise other relatives.

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Reading Comprehension Ada Lovelace: The First Computer Programmer

Taken from Using English.com

Ada Lovelace was the daughter of the poet Lord Byron. She was taught by Mary Somerville, a well-known researcher and scientific author, who introduced her to Charles Babbage in June 1833. Babbage was an English mathematician, who first had the idea for a programmable computer. In 1842 and 1843, Ada translated the work of an Italian mathematician, Luigi Menabrea, on Babbage’s Analytical Engine. Though mechanical, this machine was an important step in the history of computers; it was the design of a mechanical generalpurpose computer. Babbage worked on it for many years until his death in 1871. However, because of financial, political, and legal issues, the engine was never built. The design of the machine was very modern; it anticipated the first completed general-purpose computers by about 100 years. When Ada translated the article, she added a set of notes which specified in complete detail a method for calculating certain numbers with the Analytical Engine, which have since been recognized by historians as the world’s first computer program. She also saw possibilities in it that Babbage hadn’t: she realized that the machine could compose pieces of music. The computer programming language ‘Ada’, used in some aviation and military programs, is named after her.

a. Draw a circle around true or false according to the text Ada Lovelace. 1. Ada Lovelace’s teacher introduced her to Charles Babbage.

True False

2. Babbage programmed the first computer.

True False

3. Ada translated the article in 1842.

True False

4. The Analytical Engine was electronic.

True False

5. Babbage finished the machine before he died.

True False

6. Ada’s work was instantly recognized as being the first computer program.

True False

7. Ada wrote military and aviation computer programs.

True False

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UNIT 4

COSTA RICA AND THE ENGLISH SPEAKING COUNTRIES

Objectives • Identifying typical dishes from Costa Rica and English speaking countries • Asking formal and informal invitations to go out • Reading English speaking countries folk tales, legends, and songs • Different forms of entertainment in Costa Rica and English speaking countries • Learn about adjectives: comparatives and superlatives.

Typical food all around the world. Let’s look at the following pictures to learn about typical food around the world! After that, answer the questions.

India - Curry

USA - Cheeseburger

Canada - Poutine

Have you tried some of these delicious dishes? Which one? _____________________________________________ Name the one you haven’t tried. _____________________________________________ Where is curry from? _____________________________________________ Where is Poutine from? _____________________________________________ Name a Costa Rican beverage. _____________________________________________ Name two Costa Rican desserts. _____________________________________________ What’s your favorite Costa Rican dish? _____________________________________________

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England - Fish and chips


Entertainment in Costa Rica 1. Eco-tourism is one of the most important activities in Costa

Rica, which attracts visitors from around the world, who enjoy our biodiversity. It is one of the world's best destinations for bird-watching in particular. 2. Horseback riding is a popular entertainment and one of San

Jose's annual attractions that involve a parade of more than 1000 horses through the city during Christmas week. 3. Costa Rica has many facilities for extreme sports, including

jungle canopy, bungee jumping, and white water rafting. 4. Costa Ricans are passionate about soccer, the country's

number one spectator sport and also a popular participant sport among the locals. 5. Costa Rica hosts annual tournaments for swimming,

tennis, cycling, motor car racing, and bowling which attracts competitors from all over the world. 6. San Jose offers a good range of entertainment options

including traditional folk music places restaurants, cinemas, and theatres. In March, every other year, the city hosts an arts, music, and film festival, the Festival Internacional de las Artes.

a. Complete the sentences acording to the text. 1. One of the favorite eco-tourism attractions in Costa Rica is_______________________________ 2. People enjoy the horseback riding parade during_______________________________________ 3. Costa Ricans favorite sport is______________________________________________________ 4. Costa Rica hosts annual tournaments like____________________________________________ 5. Every other year in March, we can enjoy the__________________________________________

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UNIT 5 RAINBOWS AND SUNNY DAYS! HOLIDAYS AND CELEBRATIONS IN ENGLISH SPEAKING COUNTRIES

UNIT 5

Objectives • Comment on holidays and celebrations held in Costa Rica. • Comprehend readings about holidays and celebrations. • Compare celebrations in other countries. • Learn about capitalization. • Learning about nationalities Let’s celebrate holidays! How are special days celebrated throughout the world? Every culture has its own special traditions and reasons for celebrating. In Costa Rica we have nice celebrations. In the following text you can read about some of them.

Reading comprehension. Holidays in Costa Rica May 1st, Labor´s Day: this is an international celebration when we celebrate the job we have. This date was chosen because many years ago, some workers claimed their rights and they were locked in a factory. The factory was fired and they died. We remember them and the importance of fighting for a good job and claiming the rights we deserve. May 15th, Farmer´s Day: it is a day to honor all the farmers in our country and all we get from them. A farmer is one of the most important jobs because they grow the food we eat. June 5th, Environment Day: this is an international day when we remember the importance of caring our natural resources. It is important because nature gives us life and develops commitment to work individually and collectively towards solution of environmental problems. 3rd Sunday of June, Father´s Day: This day we celebrate all fathers on their day. We give them presents. Families usually make a special lunch for them or a special dinner. Any food is good for this occasion. There aren´t special clothes for this celebration. July 25th, Anexion del Partido de Nicoya: Nicoya was part of Nicaragua and decided to join Costa Rica. When Nicoya decided to join us, it gave us its culture too. Food, drinks, customs, and traditions are part of that. People dress up like sabaneros. Girls wear long colorful typical skirts with white blouses and sandals. boys, pants, white shirts, and typical hats. Food is delicious: tortillas, pozol, tanelas, bizcochos, marmalades, chicheme, and many others. August 2nd, Virgen de los Ángeles: Juana Pereira found a little statue of a virgin on a stone, close to a river in a place named Cartago. The virgin talked to her and commanded to build a church in her honor. The main characteristic is that people pilgrimate to Cartago on this date. They usually walk during hours or days to complete a promise. They pray, sing and, ask for favors.

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Kwanzaa Christmas tradition from Africa. By Tracy Cady Kwanzaa is an African-American celebration. It was established in 1966 by Dr. Maulana “Ron” Karenga, a scholar and social activist. Kwanzaa is an annual celebration that begins on December 26th and lasts for seven days. Kwanzaa means “first fruits” in Swahili, the chosen language of Kwanzaa. The extra ‘a’ was added to give the name seven letters, on for each of the seven principles of Kwanzaa. Kwanzaa is the only original African-American holiday. It helps African-Americans look back at their roots. Kwanzaa is based on principles of African harvest rituals. Kwanzaa is based on 7 principles or Nguzo Saba (nah- GOOzoh SAH-bah), they are: 1. UMOJA Unity. We help each other. 2. KUJICHAGULIA Self-determination. We decide things for ourselves. 3. UJIMA Collective work and responsibility. We work together to make life better. 4. UJAMMA Cooperative economics. We build and support our own businesses. 5. NIA Purpose. We have a reason for living. 6. KUUMBA Creativity. We use our minds and hands to make things. 7. IMANI Faith. We believe in ourselves, our ancestors, and our future. The goal of Kwanzaa is to put the 7 principles into practice in their daily lives. During this week long celebration, families get together and reflect on cultural values. It is a time for reflection, joy and making promises for a better year. The Kinara is a candle holder. On each night of the celebration one of the candles in the kinara is lit. There are 3 red, 1 black, and 3 green candles. The red represents the blood and struggles of Africa. The green portrays faith. The black stands for their skin color.

Color the Kinara of the Kwanzaa. Form groups to illustrate each of the principles.

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UNIT 6

COSTA RICA A GREEN PARADISE FOR THE REST OF THE WORLD

Objectives • Use the simple past tense. • Develop higher appreciation of natural resources. • Discuss about what their contribution to improve their environment is. • Learn ways to preserve and improve democracy. • Learn about the most visited places in the world.

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Let’s find in the crossword some of the animals that are in danger in Costa Rica

1. red and blue macaw

5. Jaguar

9. dart frog

2. quetzal

6. white-tailed deer

10. sloth

3. Sea turtle

7. spider monkey

11. capuchin monkey

4. Tapir

8. ocelot

Flora and fauna in our country is going through a difficult time. It is affected and reduced mainly by improper use of resources and the illegal trafficking of specimens. This results in the loss of habitat, reducing the ability to reproduce and feed. The animals were in the past important source of food. Many of them survive today with small populations or are in danger of disappearing. It is important to conserve the species of wild fauna and flora. In groups, choose one of the animals from the crossword to talk about, prepare a small talk to share with you classmates in front of the class.

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UNIT 7

ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION

Objectives • Identify new vocabulary related to environmental issues • Recognize the importance of protecting natural resources • Analyze events and attitudes related to the use and misuse of natural resources. • Learn the use of future tense • Identify advantages and disadvantages related to the use of technology and the environment

We must take care of our environment! We must recycle!

a. Create a phrase of your own about the importance of taking care of our environment.

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Noise Pollution

Noise pollution refers to unpleasant

levels of noises

caused by human ___________ that interrupt the standard of living in the affected area. Noise pollution can come from: traffic, airports, rail roads, manufacturing plants, construction, and demolition.

Effects may include hearing loss, wildlife disturbances,

and a general degradation of __________.

Light Pollution

Light pollution is the over illumination of an area. Sources

include: large ___________. Billboards and advertising, nighttime sporting events and other nighttime entertainment. Light pollution makes it impossible to see stars, astronomical observation, and personal enjoyment. If it is near residential areas, light pollution can also degrade the quality of _______________ and sleep for residents.

Visual Pollution

Visual pollution - eyesores - can be caused by other

pollution or just by unpleasant, unattractive views. It may lower the quality of life in certain areas, or could impact property values and personal enjoyment. Sources of ________________ pollution include: power lines, construction areas, Billboards and advertising, polluted vacant fields, and abandoned _________________.

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Classroom Expressions Greetings Did you have a good weekend? Let’s start with the lesson now. Is everybody ready to start?

Roll-call / Attendance Let’s take attendance Who’s not here today? Who’s absent today?

Getting everyone’s attention Listen to me, please. Be quiet, please. Silent, please. “Johnny”, are you with us?

Simple commands Come in. Go out. Stand up. Sit down. “Noelia”, please, come to the front of the class. Open your books to page …… Turn to page ... Look at activity “5”.

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