07 Annual Report 2007
The Cooperation Programme in Higher Education and Research between Norway and Russia
Contents 03 The Programme Board 2007 04 The Cooperation Programme with Russia 2002-2006 05 The High North Perspective 05 Research projects 07 Education projects 10 Long term projects 13 Agreement 15 Implementation of the agreement
Published by the Norwegian Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education (SIU) and The Research Council of Norway, May 2008
2 â€˘ ANNUAL REPORT 2007
Editor-in-chief: Hanne Alver Krum Editorial staff: Birgit Jacobsen, Arne Haugen, Benedicte Solhem
Layout: Konvoi as Printed by: A7 Print Circulation: 300 ISBN 978-82-997480-7-0
The Programme Board 2007 the norwegian centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education (SIU) and the Research Council of Norway have jointly appointed a Programme Board for the cooperation programmes with the Western Balkans and Russia.
programme board members 2007 Members Senior adviser Olav Refsdal, Vestfold University College (Chair) Director Gunnar Jordfald, Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU) (Deputy Chair) Professor Jasna Bogunovic Jakobsen, The University of Stavanger Associate professor, Alf Håkon Hoel, University of Tromsø (till October 2007)
the programme board acts on behalf of the Research Council and SIU and is responsible for the efficient implementation of the programme in accordance with its aims, plans and framework. The Programme Board, together with the Secretariat, is in charge of the programme and responsible for its strategy, content and progress.
Associate professor Elisabeth Roman, Narvik University College Professor Magny Thomassen, Norwegian University of Life Sciences
Deputy members Associate professor Tone Bringa, University of Bergen (till September 2007) Associate professor Karin Hilmer Pedersen, University of Århus (from September 2007) Associate professor Frode Lieungh, Telemark Uniersity College
Observers Adviser Unni Poulsson, Section for the Western Balkans, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
the programme board, appointed in 2005, has six members, three appointed by the division board of the Research Council of Norway and three by the SIU board. SIU and the Research Council of Norway appoint the Chair of the Programme Board in alternate years, the Deputy Chair being appointed by the other body.
Senior adviser Harald Sandhåland, Section for the High North, Resources and Russia, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Senior adviser Lene Oftedal, Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research, Department for Higher Education Adviser Vivil Haraldsen, Department of Research, Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research
secretariat THE RESEARCH COUNCIL OF NORWAY:
Adviser Birgit Jacobsen
the research council of Norway and SIU provide the secretariat of the Programme Board. They divide the project applications between them according to the character of the individual project concerned.
Senior executive ofﬁcer Randi Isaksen NORWEGIAN CENTRE FOR INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IN HIGHER EDUCATION (SIU):
Senior adviser Arne Haugen Adviser Ragnhild Solvi Berg
2007 at a glance in 2007, several activities marked the closure of the cooperation programme with Russia for the years 2002-2006. A concluding seminar in St. Petersburg, Russia in March 2007 and the production of the publication “Exploring Nature and Society- Cooperation in Higher Education
and Research between Norway and Russia 2002-2006” were among the activities. 2007 was also the fi rst year under the new agreement between MFA, the Research Council and SIU concerning the cooperation programme with Russia for the years
2007-2010. In 2007, a total of fi fteen projects received funding under the programme. Since most activities will start up in 2008, the projects have not reported on their activities in 2007.
ANNUAL REPORT 2007 • 3
The Cooperation Programme with Russia 2002-2006 The Norwegian Cooperation Programme with Russia for the years 2002-2006 supported cooperative projects between universities, university colleges and research institutions in Norway and corresponding institutions in Russia. the programme was a continuation of the Cooperation Programme for Central and East Europe 1997-2001, and aimed to support collaboration in higher education and research. In addition, a separate scholarship programme was established. The main geographical area of cooperation was in North-Western Russia, but there are also examples of projects in the Moscow area. The Programme supported 12 education and research projects, and the total budget for the period was NOK 54 million. This included an allocation of NOK 5 000 000 for a separate Fellowship Programme. In 2007, a concluding seminar and a publication marked the closure of the programme period.
Climate and the environment have been key topics during the programme. In one project, the fauna of the Barents Sea was studied to determine how the ecosystem is affected by climate change. In another project, Norwegian and Russian researchers acquired new knowledge about human settlements in the Arctic regions of Russia during the Ice Age. Important knowledge has also been acquired on research topics related to the economic, legal, sociological and health-related aspects of modern Russian society thanks to funding from the programme. The seminar also focused on possibilities for future cooperation. The Vice Chancellor Vadim Kasevitsj from St. Petersburg State University presented the status for implementation of elements from the Bologna- process in the Russian educational system. According to Kasevitsj there are few formal obstacles towards the introduction of joint degree programmes with Norwegian and other international institutions.
The Norwegian University Centre in St. Petersburg assisted, to a great extent, in the practical arrangement of the seminar.
The publication “Exploring Nature and Society- Cooperation in Higher Education and Research between Norway and Russia 2002-2006” The publication presents some of the academic results from the projects under the cooperation programme with Russia in the years 2002-2006. However, the publication also presents the Norwegian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Jonas Gahr Støre’s view on the Norwegian Government’s High North strategy. The publication was launched at the abovementioned seminar, and 500 copies were distributed to the cooperating institutions, Norwegian authorities, the academic communities and relevant embassies. The publication is available on-line: www.siu.no/russia or www.forskningsradet.no/russia
Concluding Seminar in St. Petersburg, Russia- March 2007 The Programme Board decided in November 2006 to arrange a concluding seminar for the cooperation programme with Russia 2002-2006. It was decided that the seminar was to be held in St. Petersburg from 14-16th March 2007. The main goal of the seminar was to present results and exchange experiences between the projects in the programme. 11 out of 12 invited projects presented their results at the seminar. A total of 58 persons participated in the seminar, 34 from the Norwegian side and 24 from the Russian side. 40 of the participants were representatives from the eleven projects. In addition, representatives from universities, university colleges, and several other academic institutions in Russia participated in the seminar.
4 • ANNUAL REPORT 2007
AN ECONOMIC OVERVIEW 2002–2006 Total allocation from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Remaining funds 2002-2006* Expenses SIU – project allocations Adjustment 1997-2001 Unspent funds returned to the programme The Research Council of Norway – project allocations Scholarship programme Extraordinary measures* Administration Total allocations/expenses Remaining funds in the programme
Total budget 2002-2006 54 000 000
12 376 000 10 000 000 -315 299 21 150 850 5 000 000 582 336 5 000 000 53 793 887 206 113
2007 0 476 231
- 117 525
All sums are given in Norwegian Kroner (NOK) *) The remaining funds in the programme were set aside for conclusion of the programme through a ﬁnal report and a dissemination seminar. Both activities were realised in 2007
The Cooperation Programme with Russia 2007-2010:
The High North Perspective 2007 was the ﬁrst year of a new period for the Norwegian Cooperation Programme with Russia. The period of the programme is from 2007 till 2010and will, as in the previous programme period, focus on support to cooperative projects between universities, university colleges and research institutions in Norway and corresponding institutions in Russia. the new programme is intimately connected to the Norwegian Government’s High North Strategy, and a main objective is to strengthen cooperation and knowledge development in areas of significance for the High North region. The programme has identified a number of priority subject areas related to issues such as energy, resource management,
the development of the business sector, and the living conditions specific to the High North. The total budget for the programme period is NOK 48.000.000. In October 2007, 15 projects were selected for long-term support. The Board received a total of 61 qualified applications, and gave priority to the following in the process of selection:
- relevance for the programme's objectives and priorities - significance for the institutions and society in Russia and Norway - quality and sustainability of the cooperation - within education: cooperation and the MA and PhD-level given priority
cially in air masses moving across the Barents Sea into the Arctic, and investigate the impact of the Russian emissions on the atmospheric composition observed in Svalbard. In particular, the project will quantify the Russian contributions to the black carbon and ozone load and explore Russian options for reducing black carbon and ozone concentrations in the Arctic.
Research Institute Marine Fishery and Ocean, Russian State Hydrometeorological University and Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center. The objective of the project is to advance the capability to monitor the Barents Sea’s maritime resources for the increase of the commercial efficiency of the fi shery. This will be achieved by identifying the governing marine physic-chemical factors/parameters and dynamical process governing fi sh behaviour and distribution in the Barents Sea. It will also focus on development and validation of the satellite SAR and optical data driven method for detection and monitoring of the marine processes and phenomena associated with zones of enhanced biological productivity. Another objective is to look into the performance of the pilot monitoring of the Barents Sea based on the satellite and aircraft data, hydrodynamic and ecosystem modelling, and in situ observations on hydrological and biological (zooplankton, fi sh) parameters. Finally, the project will develop a prototype of the satellite data driven monitoring system
The following is a brief presentation of the projects selected for funding by the Programme Board. ■ Study of Russian Air Pollution Sour-
ces and their Impact on Atmospheric Composition in the Arctic (RAPSIFACT) The project partners are Obukhov Institute for Atmospheric Physics, Moscow and Norwegian Institute for Air Research. The objective of the project is to strengthen relationships between Russian and Norwegian researchers in the environmental sciences. The project will quantify emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollutants from the oil and gas industry, e.g. leakages from pipelines, refi neries and oil production sites, and compare the emissions from the oil industry with other emissions in Russia, including from agricultural fi res in western Russia and boreal forest fi res in Siberia. The project will also explore the frequency distributions of concentrations of greenhouse gases, gaseous air pollutants and aerosols in the atmosphere above Russia, espe-
Furthermore, the project will interpret existing and conduct new measurements of greenhouse gases, gaseous air pollutants and aerosols in Russia. This has especially high relevance and is urgent because climate change is proceeding at the fastest pace in the Arctic, and reducing the emissions of short-lived pollutants in the source regions affecting the Arctic is probably the only feasible shortterm strategy for slowing Arctic climate change.
■ Maritime Resources of the Barents Sea: Satellite data driven monitoring for the increase of commercial efﬁciency of the ﬁshery The project partners are NIERSCH, Polar
The project consortium consists of four
ANNUAL REPORT 2007 • 5
Norwegian and Russian teams that will advance the capability to monitor the Barents Sea maritime resources focusing on the increase of the commercial efficiency of the fi shery. It is anticipated that implementation of the developed monitoring system will significantly reduce time spent by fi shing boats in the search for fi sh shoals.
■ The Role of Protected Nature in
Sustainable Local Development in North-West Russia and Northern Norway – a comparative analysis The project partners are Kola Science Center and Nordland Research Institute. Among the objectives of the project are to compare Norwegian and Russian systems of organisation, and use of nature conservation areas with the aim to develop recommendations for their sustainable management, directed to benefits for local communities and improving of living condition for residents. The project should also increase the knowledge of socio-economic aspects in the organisation of protected areas and enhance the competence of Russian and Norwegian stakeholders when it comes to confl ict resolution and local/rural development related to these areas. Further, the project intends to increase understanding and knowledge surrounding the link between the nature conservation process and the development of local communities. The study will be based on a comparison of different protected areas management systems and the institutional framework in Russia and Norway.
■ Neighbourly Asymmetry: Norway
Norway and Russia / the Soviet Union in the period 1814-2014, and publish two comprehensive, illustrated volumes as a contribution to the 200th anniversary of the Norwegian constitution. The secondary objective is to increase competence and recruitment in the field of Norwegian-Russian historical relations, both in Norway and Russia. This will be achieved, i.a. by including doctorates and post-doctorate scholarships in the programme. The research is going to comprise the entire field of Norwegian-Russian bilateral relations, but with a special emphasis on the northern dimension. Two complementary, overarching perspectives are inherent in the conception "neighbourly asymmetry": The fi rst is Russia's role as a great power, versus Norway's position as a small state, a disparity that has been decisive for Norwegian security orientation for a very long time. At the inter-state level to civil society a converse picture appears: weakness is characteristic of Russia, while Norway for historical reasons has a stronger organisation from below and a more even dispersion of social assets. A central, overarching question is how the long-lasting Norwegian-Russian stability can be explained, in spite of this twofold asymmetry?
■ Public Health Without Public Trust? Governance of HIV/AIDS prevention in North-West Russia The project partners are Centre for Independent Social Research, Pomor State University, Murmansk Medical College, Northern State Medical University and Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research.
and Russia 1814-2014 The project partners are the Pomor State University in Arkhangelsk, Institute of General History and the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tromsø. The primary objective of the project is to research the historical relations between
6 • ANNUAL REPORT 2007
The project intends to acquire knowledge on the degree to which HIV/AIDS prevention is perceived and treated as a public health issue, and thus requires a broad, multi-sectoral response, among various players in Northwest-Russia. In addition to analysis at the national level, six case
studies located in three federal districts in North-West Russia will be undertaken. The academic output will consist of a book, academic articles and conference papers. The project also pays attention to the dissemination of results of the project. There is already a regional network of players (policy-makers and professionals) working on HIV/AIDS under the Barents Health Programme, which will be primary users of the project fi ndings. A project expert group will be established which will link the project to ongoing international and Russian research on HIV/AIDS prevention policy.
■ Natural and Social Science Research Cooperation in Northern Russian and Norway for Mutual Beneﬁts across National and Scientiﬁc Borders The project partners are Moscow State University, Russian Academy of Science, University of Cambridge and Norwegian Institute for Nature Research. The project will develop long-lasting scientific and educational collaboration networks between Norwegian and Russian institutions with focus on development in northern regions through combined natural- and social science approaches. The project emphasises three focal research themes based on ongoing nationally funded research projects. These scientific components make up benefits jointly seeking to generate comprehensive information on, and tools for characterising and monitoring of the environmental status and spatiotemporal changes of northern forest-tundra ecosystem, distribution and change of human land use and underlying environmental and social drivers, and subsequent consequences to human societies and the environment. The proposed cooperation project is linked to a newly started International Polar Year research project “Present day processes, Past changes, and Spatiotemporal
variability of biotic, abiotic and socioenvironmental conditions and resource components along and across the Arctic delimitation zone” which focuses on present day processes, past changes, and spatiotemporal variability of biotic, abiotic and socio-environmental conditions and resource components along and across the Arctic forest-tundra zone.
■ Emerging Persistent Organic Pol-
lutants (POPs) in the High North and North-Western Russia (NORTHPOP) The project partners are St. Petersburg State University and The University Centre in Svalbard. The project is designed to build upon the success of several previous endeavours between the project partners. Based upon a wealth of experience the project group will develop a comprehensive program allowing the exchange and joint supervising of MSc, PhD students or postdoctoral scientists from the respective Russian and Norwegian partner universities and institutions. The scientific and research focus of the project will be on encircling various aspects (methods and processes) within environmental chemistry with the aim to develop a long term co-operation and scientist exchange programme between the partners. The aim is to develop a mutual scientific exchange programme within environmental chemistry based upon transfer of scientific knowledge, MSc, PhD students and personnel. The main activity will be medium-term research visits of MSc, PhD students and post-doctoral researchers from the Russian partner universities/ institutions to Norway and vice versa.
■ Impact Assessment of Elevated
Levels of Natural/Technogenic Radioactivity on Wildlife of the North The project partners are the International Academy of Modern Knowledge and Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority.
The project focus on developing a system for assessment of the radiological impact on wildlife of the North from technogenically enhanced natural radioactive materials (TENORM) and man-made radioactivity. This will be achieved through the development of radiological impact assessment tools and through the derivation of appropriate criteria and standards. The ecosystems of the North are particularly vulnerable to toxicants and stresses because of extreme climatic conditions placing the living organisms on the edge of their survival capacity. Recovery from injuries in northern populations and ecosystems can be a highly protracted process. This may reflect the slow growth and development of many northern organisms. Ionizing contaminants are present in the Northern regions and constitute an existing exposure hazard to wildlife. Non-nuclear industries dealing with TENORM, nuclear power and reprocessing plants, civil and military nuclear powered vessels etc. are situated in (or near) northern environments and form a present-day and potential source of environmental contamination. At the same time, the understanding of radiobiological effects in northern organisms is very limited, and there is still no system of assessing the impact of ionizing radiation on wildlife of the North. Such a system is needed in order to evaluate the radiological safety, as part of the licensing process, of the technological solutions, currently under development, to the radiological problems and hazards existing in the North.
University of Stavanger. The professors are participating in a project on training specialists for offshore oil-and-gas field development for a period of 1-6 months (1-2 teachers per year), including professional English courses for the teachers employed by the Institute of Oil and Gas who are involved in the project. The project will also develop curricula and work programmes for the area of oil-and-gas, according to the credit-andmodule system (ECTS). It will also develop academic-and-methodical material (textbooks, compendium, tasks for course project work and methodical instructions for their implementation related to the courses within the specialisation, offshore oil-and-gas fields development, in two-three languages (Russian, English and Norwegian) It will also focus on the use of digital learning programmes, equip computer classes (for 30 users) with modern computers and applied programmes for the courses within specialization for offshore oiland-gas fields development, and establish laboratories in marine technologies of oil-and-gas development (simulation of multiphase production transportation and gas liquefaction that will support research courses). Lastly, there will be joint guidance of graduation theses and initiation of research projects
■ Business in the High North and Sustainability
EDUCATION PROJECTS ■ ASTUIS - Spesialists for offshore development The project partners are Arkhangelsk State Technical University and the University of Stavanger. The partnership is focusing on a traineeship for ASTU professors organised at the
The project partners are the Baltic State Technical University and Bodø University College. The main goal of the project is to strengthen the Norwegian-Russian education and research cooperation in the field of business administration by focusing on sustainability issues in business cooperation in the High North. By involving new institutions in the existing
ANNUAL REPORT 2007 • 7
cooperation network of the North-Western Alliance of universities, the project seeks to develop a sustainable network of universities capable of designing and running joint-degree programs and courses at the Master’s and PhD levels. The university partnership will be based on principles of combining strengths of each university in a particular field and creating synergies through the network cooperation. The activities in the project are designed to secure harmonisation of the education curriculum in the field of business studies at the universities within the network, development of new courses and teaching material covering sustainability issues in business education and research, and promoting professional and cultural exchange by securing mobility of students and faculty. The project partners expect that the network actions will result in new courses and a joint-degree program shared by the network of universities, and around 100 Master’s and Ph.D. students will follow new courses in the project period. Research publications covering topics of sustainability in business cooperation in the High North are expected as well.
■ Joint Norwegian-Russian Master
of Science Program in Geoecological Monitoring and Rational use of Natural Resources in the Northern Oil and Gas Production Regions The project partners are the St. Petersburg State University and the University of Stavanger. The mission of the project is to facilitate creation of a unified strategy for environmental assessment in the Northern oil and gas producing regions. The main objectives are to develop a joint Master’s of Science programme, adapted for the oil and gas industry in the North and reflecting the state-of-the-art in Russia and Norway, and to forge a system of part-
8 • ANNUAL REPORT 2007
nerships for research and applied projects in the field The activities in the project will be to combine the existing courses at the partner institutions into a joint curriculum, including e-learning, launch a system of practical training at the research and industrial sites, and research and applied projects with active student participation. In addition, it will develop express environmental assessment techniques with respect to specific anthropogenic impact and advanced systems of geoecological monitoring in the Northern oil and gas producing regions. The expected results are unification of the qualifications of Russian and Norwegian specialists working in oil and gas production in the Arctic zone, and acquainting the Russian students with the standard-setting Norwegian experience in the field. It is also expected to acquaint Norwegian students with the Russian experience and practices in the field, and launching of joint research projects towards developing unified approaches to nature management
lectures and training, exchange of students and lecturers, organisation of joint colloquiums, seminars and conferences with undergraduate and post-graduate student participation. The participation of one post-graduate student and one Master’s student from each side every year is proposed. The research activities will focus on joint investigations involving professors, specialists, and students. The collaboration will involve different academic areas such as chemistry, chemical technology and materials science, such as physical, analytical and coordinating chemistry, electrochemistry; metal complex and heterogeneous catalysis, organic and organometallic synthesis, cluster chemistry and surface study. The research will focus on the design of new effective palladium and palladium containing catalysts, produced on the basis of polynuclear carboxylate palladium complexes for applications in fuel cells. The research work will be carried out both experimentally and theoretically by quantumchemical modelling.
■ Joint Training of Specialists and Stu-
■ Master’s Programme in Comparative Social Work in the Artic
dents in the Field of Electro Catalysis for Hydrogen Energy
The project partners are the Pomor State University and Bodø University College.
The project partners are Moscow State Academy of Fine Chemical Technology and the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. The project focuses on a Russian-Norwegian partnership for joint training of specialists and students at Master’s and PhD level to prepare well-educated specialists in the area of hydrogen energy. The project will improve the educational and research potential of the partners, which will be realised by close interaction between educational plans in the area of natural sciences at both institutions. Activities planned for the project include development of new courses including
The main objective is to improve social work practice in the High North through the development and running of a Master’s programme in Comparative Social Work in the Artic and comparative research at the PhD level, addressing social problems and concurrent solutions. A deliberative, contextual and comparative approach will be employed to comply with particular needs for competence and knowledge. By facilitating and running network activities the project will contribute to strengthening Norwegian-Russian cooperation and the development of a long-term partnership and collaboration in research and higher education.
As learning through comparison and deliberation is an important objective, emphasis will be given to the process of establishing and developing the Master’s Programme. Working groups of academics from the participating institutions will determine and develop the themes, literature, and methodologies for the different courses. Adaptation of the programme to different national programmes within the framework of the Bologna process is an important aspect of special concern for the Russian counterparts. A strong foundation will allow the students to graduate on a well founded and academically excellent and pertinent programme which we also plan to continue in the future. To strengthen the knowledge base for our programme, the project includes a research component focusing on comparative research into youth and families in difficult circumstances.
■ Safe Loading and Transport of
Hydrocarbons from the Barents Sea The project partners are the St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University and the University Centre in Svalbard. The objective of the project is to increase the knowledge of Arctic/cold climate technology for safe and sound petroleum production and transport from the Arctic region. The project aims in particular towards sustainable development and exploitation of petroleum resources in the Barents Sea.
The project seeks to establish an educational and research-oriented environment for graduate students and scholars from Murmansk Humanities Institute and the University of Oslo working on languages in contrast (Russian vs. Norwegian). It will strengthen advanced second language learning of Russian and Norwegian, and improve the learning environment for students at both institutions by means of additional courses, exchange of students, active involvement of students in seminars and joint supervision by Russian and Norwegian scholars. The project partners believe focus on contrastive linguistics and translation studies can bridge the gap between research and education in this field. Three visiting scholars from Russia will work closely with Norwegian researchers on theoretical and educational issues, participate in joint seminars, and give courses on topics relating to Russian-Norwegian contrastive linguistics. The project will include activities such as a large-scale survey of grammatical phenomena such as Russian aspect, (in) defi niteness, bare nominals and tense/mood in Russian and Norwegian from the perspective of both native speakers and second language learners. This research will have applications in teaching and in the development of pedagogical materials. Furthermore, a parallel Norwegian-Russian-English corpus will be developed and applied in both teaching and research.
The activities involved in the project are teaching and exchange of master’s students, teaching and exchange of PhD students, summer school in St. Petersburg and field investigations of ice in the Barents Sea.
■ Where Russian meets Norwegian -
Languages at the Interfaces (2008-10) The project partners are Murmansk Humanities Institute and the University of Oslo.
ANNUAL REPORT 2007 • 9
Long term projects (a total of 15 projects in 2007)
Business in the High North and Sustainability
Arkhangelsk State Technical University, University of Stavanger
Baltic State Technical University, Bodø University College
PROJECT ID: CPRU-2007/10001
PROJECT ID: CPRU-2007/10002
PROJECT PERIOD: 2007-2010
PROJECT PERIOD: 2007-2010
TOTAL ALLOCATION: NOK 3 000 000
TOTAL ALLOCATION: NOK 4 420 000
PROJECT LEADER: Nicolay Dundin/Terje Froiland
PROJECT LEADER: Marina Volkova/Anatoli
Joint training of specialists and students in the ﬁeld of electrocatalysis for hydrogen energy
Master’s Programme in Comparative Social Work in the Artic Pomor State University, Bodø University College
Moscow State Academy of Fine Chemical Technology , Norwegian University of Science and Technology
PROJECT ID: CPRU-2007/10005
Safe loading and transport of hydrocarbons from the Barents Sea St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University, University Centre in Svalbard.
PROJECT ID: CPRU-2007/10006 PROJECT PERIOD: 2007-2010 TOTAL ALLOCATION: NOK 3 300 000 PROJECT LEADER: Karl Shkhinek/Sveinung Løset
Joint Norwegian-Russian Master’s of Science programme in Geoecological monitoring and rational use of natural resources in the Northern oil and gas production St.Petersburg State University, University of Stavanger
PROJECT PERIOD: 2007-2010 PROJECT ID: CPRU-2007/10004
TOTAL ALLOCATION: NOK 2 200 000
PROJECT PERIOD: 2007-2010
PROJECT LEADER: Marina Kalinina/Rolv Lyngstad
TOTAL ALLOCATION: NOK 1 300 000 PROJECT LEADER: Tatyana Stromnova/Svein Sunde
Where Russian meets Norwegian - languages at the interfaces (2008-10) Murmansk Humanities Institute, University of Oslo PROJECT ID: CPRU-2007/10007 PROJECT PERIOD: 2007-2010 TOTAL ALLOCATION: NOK 3 300 000 PROJECT LEADER: Galina Smirnova/Atle Grønn
10 • ANNUAL REPORT 2007
PROJECT ID: CPRU-2007/10003 PROJECT PERIOD: 2007-2010 TOTAL ALLOCATION: NOK 4 310 215 PROJECT LEADER: Vladislav Movchan/ Tor Hemmingsen
Public health without public trust? Governance of HIV/AIDS prevention in North-West Russia
Natural and social science research cooperation in Northern Russian and Norway for mutual beneﬁts across national and scientiﬁc borders
Neighbourly Asymmetry: Norway and Russia 1814-2014 Pomor State University, Institute of General History, Moscow; The faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tromsø
Centre for Independent Social Research, Pomor State University, Murmansk Medical College, Northern State Medical University Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research
Moscow State University, Russian Academy of Science, University of Cambridge; Norwegian Institute for Nature Research
PROJECT ID: 184931
PROJECT ID: 185023
PROJECT PERIOD: 2007-2010
PROJECT PERIOD: 2007-2010
TOTAL ALLOCATION: 3 000 000
TOTAL ALLOCATION: 3 000 000
PROJECT LEADER: Aadne Aasland
PROJECT LEADER: Annika Hofgaard
Maritime Resources of the Barents Sea: Satellite data driven monitoring for the increase of commercial efﬁciency of the ﬁshery
The role of protected nature in sustainable local development in North-West Russia and Northern Norway - a comparative analyses
Impact assessment of elevated levels of natural/technogenic radioactivity on wildlife of the North
NIERSCH, Polar Research Institute Marine Fishery and Ocean, Russian State Hydrometeorological University and Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
Kola Science Center, Nordland Research Institute
International Academy of Modern Knowledge, Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority
PROJECT ID: 184781
PROJECT ID: 185134
PROJECT PERIOD: 2007-2010
PROJECT PERIOD: 2007-2010
TOTAL ALLOCATION: 2 100 000
TOTAL ALLOCATION: 2 400 000
PROJECT LEADER: Audun Sandberg
PROJECT LEADER: Justin Brown
PROJECT ID: 184848
PROJECT ID: 184778 PROJECT PERIOD: 2007-2010 TOTAL ALLOCATION: 3 000 000
PROJECT PERIOD: 2007-2010 TOTAL ALLOCATION: 3 000 000 PROJECT LEADER: Jens Petter Nielsen
PROJECT LEADER: Stein Sandven
Study of Russian Air Pollution Sources and their Impact on Atmospheric Composition in the Arctic Obukhov Institute for Atmospheric Physics, Moscow; Norwegian Institute For Air Research
Emerging persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in the high North and North-Western Russia St. Petersburg State University, The University Centre in Svalbard
PROJECT ID: 184696 PROJECT PERIOD: 2007-2010 TOTAL ALLOCATION: 3 000 000 PROJECT LEADER: Andreas Stohl
PROJECT ID: 185104 PROJECT PERIOD: 2007-2010 TOTAL ALLOCATION: 3 000 000 PROJECT LEADER: Roland Kallenborn
ANNUAL REPORT 2007 • 11
AN ECONOMIC OVERVIEW 2007–2010 Total budget
Allocation from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs The Research Council of Norway Allocation for administrative costs Allocation for projects
2 400 000
22 500 000
3 900 000
5 700 000
6 450 000
6 450 000
SIU Allocation for administrative costs Allocation for projects Total allocation from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
2 400 000
20 700 000
3 900 000
5 100 000
5 850 000
5 850 000
48 000 000
9 000 000
12 000 000
13 500 000
13 500 000
20 100 000
5 545 550
6 628 684
7 925 766
22 500 000
6 900 000
7 900 000
7 700 000
1 200 000
1 200 000
1 200 000
Expenses SIU – project allocations (as decided in 2007) The Research Council of Norway – project allocations (as decided in 2007) Extraordinary measures** Administration* Total allocations/expenses
4 800 000
48 000 000
1 200 000
1 200 000
13 845 550
15 928 684
17 025 766
Remaining funds per year
7 800 000
(1 845 550)
(2 428 684)
(3 525 766)
Remaining funds in the programme
7 800 000
5 954 450
3 525 766
All sums are given in Norwegian Kroner (NOK)
*)Divided in two between the Research Council of Norway and SIU **) Extraordinary allocations by board’s authorisation are allocations for extraordinary activities, small projects and other relevant activities for the programme. The remaining funds per year are transferred to the next year.
12 • ANNUAL REPORT 2007
AGREEMENT between The Royal Norwegian Ministry Of Foreign Affairs and The Norwegian Centre For International Cooperation in Higher Education and The Research Council Of Norway Concerning Cooperation With Russia in the field of Higher Education And Research 2007-2010 1. The overall objective of this agreement is to enhance the cooperation between Norwegian and Russian institutions in the ﬁelds of higher education and research in areas that have academic and thematic relevance to the High North. The priorities of the cooperation programme are to a large extent based on the Norwegian Government’s High North Strategy. The Government’s intention is that Norway shall occupy a leading position internationally with respect to the development of knowledge on, in and to the beneﬁt of the High North. The speciﬁc objectives of the agreement are to ﬁnance cooperation in the ﬁelds of higher education and research between universities, university colleges and research institutions in Russia and corresponding institutions in Norway. The cooperation programme is intended to provide for mutually beneﬁcial interaction between the ﬁelds of higher education and research, and establish lasting partnerships/ cooperation between the two countries. The cooperation on education and research is also intended to have effects extending beyond the academic institutions involved, to include participation by businesses, the public authorities and organisations. Priority will be given to cooperation with Northwest-Russia, but the programme is not limited to this geographical area. The programme gives priority to cooperation on themes that are linked to the Government’s High North Strategy, in the following main areas: a) Petroleum and energy, with an emphasis on the promotion of health, safety and environment (HSE) in exploration, production and transportation in offshore petroleum operations. b) Sustainable management and commercial utilisation of the maritime resources in the Barents Sea and protection of the marine environment in the Arctic Ocean, including mapping and monitoring of the marine environment. c) Development of a broad business sector,
including ICT, tourism, the marine sector and environmental technology. d) Subjects in the humanities and social sciences that are concerned with enhancing knowledge of socio-economic and political conditions and living conditions speciﬁc to the High North, including public health. A gender perspective and the strengthening of civil society will be important in this context. e) Measures for enhancing cooperation and contact between Norway and Russia, for example language teaching. Issues related to the indigenous population constitute an important dimension of the cooperation programme. Both Norway and Russia participate in the Bologna process for creating a European Higher Education Area. The goals of the Bologna process will form the main framework for the cooperation on higher education under this programme. Cooperation on education at the MA and PhD levels will be given priority, but relevant projects at a lower level will also be considered. 2. Cooperation projects funded under this agreement will be based on the principle of equality between the two parties.
THE OBLIGATIONS OF THE PARTIES 3. The Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education and the Research Council have overall responsibility for the implementation of the agreement and shall ensure the distribution of assignments and the implementation of the measures set out in the agreement through agreements with Norwegian institutions. 4. The Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education and the Research Council shall ensure that the programme is coordinated with other research and educational programmes under their auspices that involve Russia or the High North. The Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education and the Research Council shall
delegate responsibility for selecting projects and coordinating the programme to a programme committee, cf. section 9. 5. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs shall keep the Programme Committee informed of activities that may affect the programme. The Ministry shall also keep the Programme Committee informed of other cooperation activities that may affect education and research cooperation with Russia.
THE FINANCIAL FRAMEWORK OF THE AGREEMENT 6. Subject to the budget resolutions of the Norwegian Storting with regard to the overall framework for project cooperation with Russia, it is the intention of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to make an annual grant available for the programme in the period covered by the agreement in the amount of NOK 12 million. The Programme Committee shall be informed of the grant for the year in question at the beginning of the budget year in a letter of commitment forwarded through the Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education and the Research Council. Administrative expenses for the implementation of the agreement shall be covered by the annual grant and shall be approved by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AGREEMENT 7. The strategy for activities under this agreement, and their implementation, shall comply with existing guidelines for cooperation with Russia, and shall be decided in consultation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Matters of principle or matters relating to foreign policy shall be submitted to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs before a ﬁnal decision is made. During the budget period the Ministry of Foreign Affairs may raise matters of principle, matters relating to foreign policy or other matters of particular importance that need to be resolved outside the time frames
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set out in this agreement. Furthermore, the parties attach decisive importance to close cooperation and regular contact in order to ensure that the implementation of programme activities has the necessary ﬂexibility and that the overall objective of the agreement is fulﬁlled. The Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education and the Research Council are jointly responsible for the practical implementation of this agreement, cf. Appendix 1. 8. Responsibility for implementing the individual projects lies with the Norwegian institution that has received approval and been granted funding for the project. 9. The Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education and the Research Council shall appoint a programme committee to administer the cooperation programme. The Programme Committee shall be responsible for coordinating the programme and shall have the authority to decide which project proposals are to receive funding within the framework of the grant. The Programme Committee shall be accountable to and shall report to the Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education and the Research Council. The Committee shall have eight members, three permanent and one alternate member to be appointed by the Research Council, and three permanent and one alternate member to be appointed by the Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education. The Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education shall appoint members who represent the university and university college sector, and the Research Council shall appoint members from the institute sector. The positions of chair and vice-chair shall rotate annually. Every other calendar year the Programme Committee shall be headed by a chair appointed by the Research Council and a vice-chair appointed by the Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education. During the intervening years the Programme Committee shall be headed by a chair appointed by the Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education and a vice-chair appointed by the Research Council. The chair and vice-chair shall be chosen from among the members of the Committee. In the event of a tie the
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chair’s vote shall break the tie. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Education and Research shall be represented on the Programme Committee by observers. This will ensure that the Committee is kept informed of relevant processes and activities. The observers have the right to speak at meetings of the Committee. 10. The Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education and the Research Council shall serve jointly as the secretariat for the Programme Committee, cf. Annex 1. 11. The Programme Committee shall draw up an annual report and annual accounts, which shall be submitted to the Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education and the Research Council and subsequently sent to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs before 1 June the following year. The parties to the agreement shall meet before the end of each year to discuss the overall budgets for the coming year. The budgets shall contain a cost estimate and time frame for each new activity. The Programme Committee shall be in possession of a letter of commitment from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the coming ﬁnancial year before determining the allocations for the year in question. Before the Programme Committee awards the grants for the following year, the programme plans shall be presented to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs at a separate meeting, where policy issues and other matters central to the cooperation may also be raised. In cases where an activity overlaps with other relevant cooperation activities with Russia, the meeting will discuss the possible distribution of the funding. The Ministry of Education and Research shall attend the meeting and is responsible for notifying and discussing the Ministry’s views on the education and research policy aspects of the programme package. Notice of the meeting, the agenda and the necessary documentation shall be sent to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Education and Research no later than 14 days prior to the meeting 12. The implementation of the agreed programme is described in further detail in Appendix 1 to this agreement.
PROJECT COSTS AND TRANSFER OF FUNDS 13. The Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education and the Research Council shall keep the accounts for the programme in accordance with the project portfolio for which these institutions have administrative responsibility. After having sent the letter of commitment, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is responsible for transferring funds for on-going projects to the Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education and the Research Council respectively at the beginning of the year. The administration budget shall be equally divided between the two institutions. 14. The Norwegian institutions in charge of the individual projects are responsible for their academic and administrative implementation in accordance with the agreement they have concluded with the Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education or the Research Council. The cost estimates and rates of the various projects are set out in contracts and guidelines.
ENTRY INTO FORCE, AMENDMENTS, TERMINATION 15. The agreement enters into force as from the date of its signature and, provided the Storting continues to grant funds for project cooperation with Russia, shall remain in force until 31 December 2010. 16. Each of the parties may take the initiative to amend the content of the agreement or its appendix. If the parties agree on such an amendment, this shall be conﬁrmed by the parties’ signing an addendum to the agreement. 17. The agreement may be terminated by either of the parties at any time during the agreement period on one year’s written notice. This agreement is made in three original copies in the Norwegian language, which shall be the authentic text, and shall be furnished to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education, and the Research Council. The Ministry of Education and Research shall receive a copy of the agreement.
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AGREEMENT The Norwegian Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education, The Research Council Of Norway and The Programme Committee
The Norwegian Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education and the Research Council of Norway serve jointly as the secretariat for the Programme Committee and cooperate on joint activities under the programme. Calls for proposals will be announced for cooperation with Russia in the ﬁelds of research and higher education. Applications for cooperation projects in higher education up to and including PhD level should be submitted to the Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education, while those for research cooperation should be submitted the Research Council. Projects that involve both research and education will be given priority, and such applications should be submitted to the institution with greater involvement in the project. The Research Council and the Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education will process the applications in their respective areas, submit them to the Programme Committee, and follow up their respective projects. The Programme Committee will make a comprehensive assessment and select projects on the basis of their relevance to the objectives of the programme. In the case of grants for long-term projects awarded at the start of the programme, the funds should not be linked to speciﬁc goals for longer than the ﬁrst year. Grants for subsequent years will depend on whether the project is progressing according to plan. If this is not the case, the funds may be allocated to other activities. The Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education and the Research Council will in cooperation with the institutions produce up-to-date overviews of ongoing activities in Russia and keep the institutions and projects informed of new allocations. The Programme Committee will ensure that synergy is achieved wherever possible.
The Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education and the Research Council will make the relevant Norwegian research and higher education institutions aware of the programme and its time frames and procedures. The Programme Committee will ensure the necessary participation on the part of Norwegian institutions and, in cooperation with institutions/organisations/enterprises in Norway and Russia, assure the academic quality of the projects.
APPLICANTS, APPLICATIONS, APPLICATION DEADLINES, CONTRACTS AND REPORTING The Ministry of Foreign Affairs will inform the Programme Committee of other relevant projects for which funds have been granted. Applications under this agreement will be considered on the basis of their relevance to the main objectives of the cooperation with Russia in the priority areas. Emphasis will also be placed on whether or not the application indicates that partial funding for the project concerned has been obtained from other sources. Eligible applicants are Norwegian institutions of higher education and research in cooperation with similar institutions in Russia. The contract for the project is signed by the institution concerned and the Research Council or the Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education, as appropriate. The cooperating institutions submit joint reports to the Programme Committee.
A cooperation agreement with the Russian institution must be appended to the application. The programme has ﬁxed deadlines that will be announced to the relevant research and higher education institutions.
REPORTING The project owner reports to the institution with which the owner has a contract. Reports must be submitted on ofﬁcial report forms by the deadlines set by Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education and the Research Council. The transfer of funds from one calendar year to another will only be approved if a proposal for a revised budget is submitted and approved by the Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education or the Research Council. The annual report/ﬁnal report must contain the auditor’s report, a report on the results, a progress report and the revised budget, if any, for the current year. The Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education and the Research Council may approve budget revisions within the framework of the project grant. Projects that fail to comply with the reporting deadlines cannot count on further funding. The project accounts must be audited by the accounts section at the individual institution as part of the institution’s accounts. The auditor’s report must be certiﬁed by the ﬁnance section of the institution.
Applications must be submitted in English on the approved application form. In order to ensure that the Russian institution is sufﬁciently involved, applications must be signed by both the Norwegian and the Russian institution.
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