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Creating a Safe Country


Table of contents 3 Introduction 4 A safe community 8 Saving lives 12 Prompt emergency assistance 16 Adequate crisis management 20 Ensuring internal security 24 A united society 28 Reliable identification 32 A secure state border 36 Summary


Creating a safe country We want Estonia to be a safe country so every­ one can enjoy living here. We want less crime, fewer accidents and help to always be available for those in need. We want to see our customs, choices and values protected from potential threats. When communicating with the state, we value comfort, speed and security. In Creating a Safe Country, we will present a summary of the main strands of Estonia’s Inter­ nal Security Development Plan 2015–2020. We want everyone in Estonia to know where we are heading and to be aware of their role in creating a safe country. This will make the lives of each one of us safer!


A safe community Together we can make Estonia a safer place to live

1

Careful and caring people

2

A safe community

3

Public order ensured

Three pillars of a safe community

4


A SAFE COMMUNITY

1

Y

our home street runs straight to the shops. Even though there are speed bumps leading up to an intersection, some people still speed. Every time you hear another speeder approaching, you grow restless. Your children play in the yard with the neighbours’ children. When the speeder is gone, you step outside to make sure that they did not cause an acci­ dent. Not this time, but in 15 or 30 minutes at the most, the speeder will drive back along the same road. What could you do? • If the speeder is a neighbour, try talking to them. If the speeding keeps happening, raise the issue with the apartment association, community organisation or neighbourhood watch district. • If you can describe the speeding vehicle, inform the police. It is always OK to call for help! • If you want to contribute to improving traffic behaviour, you can participate in traffic supervision as an assistant police officer.

1 Careful and caring people We want to live in a society where people are attentive and know how to prevent accidents, offences and crimes. • We are stepping up cooperation aimed at the protection of children. • We are teaching children and young people to avoid risky behaviour. • We are adding safety and swimming training to general education. • We are offering positive development opportunities and coping skills for youth at risk. • We are informing people of the threats in their environment. • We are reducing the demand for drugs and combating drug crime. Safety begins with the individual. Let’s prevent accidents and risky behaviour among children and young people. Report any offence that you see. If you consider intervening safe enough, do so.

Estonia has close to 1,000 assistant police officers. Their tasks include assisting police or border guard officers, patrolling, supervising traffic and teaching in schools.

5


2 A safe community We need every individual to participate in creating a safer community. • We are cooperating with local governments to ensure the prompt resolution of minor offences, maintaining order and making people feel safe in their communities. • We support the neighbourhood watch initiative and are setting up new neighbourhood watch areas. • We support the efforts of the rescue and maritime rescue volunteers and assistant police officers and promote their participation in prevention. We provide everything necessary to ensure safety for the community. You can also contribute to creating a safe living environment by participating in the activities of your apartment, village or neighbourhood association.

3 Public order ensured We are constantly improving the services for ensuring public order. Be sure to alert us of any offences or crimes!

We want to live in a safe society where the authorities and local govern­ ments cooperate smoothly and are clear about their role in ensuring safety. • We help people feel secure by offering reliable police, border guard and rescue services. • Where possible, we involve security companies and local governments in ensuring public order. • We are replacing paper procedures with modern technology. • We assist where necessary and if needed, intervene resolutely. We are constantly improving the services for ensuring public order. Be sure to alert us of any offences and crimes!

171,9x7mm

For more information, see the Internal Security Development Plan chapter – “Safer communities”.

Observe and take action! Together we can make Estonia a safer place to live!

PROGRAMME COST

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

472,68

72,78

Available budget

6

PROGRAMME COST

545,47 MILLION EUROS Funds needed

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

420,78 MILLION EUROS


An assistant police officer bears the same equipment as a police officer, only the insignia are those of an assistant police officer. This is our ideal goal. There are about 4,000 police officers and 1,000 assistant police officers.

EVERY FIFTH POLICE OFFICER IS A VOLUNTEER ASSISTANT POLICE OFFICER

ABIPOLITSEI

ASSISTANT POLICE OFFICERS PER PERSON Põlva County has the most assistant police officers, with one per 596 people. The need for additional assistant police officers is the greatest in Ida-Viru, Viljandi and Pärnu Counties.

1

1

1

613

1

1

963

1 1

1377

1554

1

1

1373

2022

1309 1

1 1268

1425

752 1

1679

1261 1

1

832

1

596

897

A SAFE COMMUNITY

1

1000 ˜

VOLUNTEER ASSISTANT POLICE OFFICERS


Saving lives Estonia has reliable rescue services

1

Rescuers arrive quickly everywhere in Estonia

2

Rescue teams have modern technology and equipment

3

Rescue and maritime rescue volunteers help us respond quickly Three pillars of saving lives

8


E

2

SAVING LIVES

very spring, rescuers issue warnings in the media urging people to keep away from fragile ice. Despite this, preventable accidents still happen on the ice in springtime. If you spot a fisherman venturing onto the ice in spring after you have heard on the radio that it is forbidden to do so, warn him. If you have already done it or are planning to, congratulations – you just saved a life! If you notice someone in potential danger, warn them! Read on to find out what the state does to save lives and how you can contribute.

1 Rescuers arrive quickly everywhere in Estonia Rescuers must arrive at the scene quickly everywhere in Estonia, as the main aim of rescue capability is to save lives. • We are creating a flexible rescue network to keep up with people’s residence preferences and habits. • We are increasing the numbers of rescuers in places where people’s lives and health are at greater risk. • We are concentrating on prevention and stepping up volunteer involvement in rescue work. We make sure that help arrives as quickly as possible. If you spot a threat, warn others and help rescuers to arrive quickly!

2 Rescue teams have modern technology and equipment All rescue units must have good equipment and modern training, as saving lives depends on access to appropriate technology and the work of dedicated rescuers. • We are updating rescue technology and equipment according to regional needs. • We are updating the rescue volunteer training system. • We are cooperating with Estonian authorities and companies and with neighbouring countries and international organisations in rescue efforts requiring special technology and equipment. We provide the rescuers with the right working conditions and equipment. Your task is to prevent threats at home and at work!

Ensuring rescue capabilities means that all Estonian people and institutions, rescuers and police officers prevent accidents, act quickly and respond appropriately.

9


3 Rescue and maritime rescue volunteers support the state in responding Estonia has more than 2,000 dedicated rescue and maritime rescue volunteers. Rescue volun­ teers assist professionals in responding to fires and other incidents.

We need more rescue volunteers assisting professionals in order to step up rescue efforts. • We are expanding volunteer involvement options and providing equipment to volunteers. • We are involving more rescue volunteers in assisting professional rescuers. We are providing equipment to rescue volunteers in order to step up rescue work everywhere. We invite you to consider joining rescue volunteers! For more information, see the Internal Security Development Plan chapter – “Ensuring efficient rescue capabilities”.

Warn others of any threats and consider joining the rescue volunteers. We can save more lives together.

171,9x7mm PROGRAMME COST

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

472,68

72,78

Available budget

PROGRAMME COST

545,47 MILLION EUROS Funds needed

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

365,86

420,78 MILLION EUROS 54,92

Available budget

Funds needed

10

PROGRAMME COST

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

80,62 MILLION EUROS


SAVING LIVES

2

536

MEDALS AWARDED FOR SAVING A LIFE IN THE LIFETIME OF THE REPUBLIC OF ESTONIA

THERE ARE MORE THAN 2,000 RESCUE AND MARITIME RESCUE VOLUNTEERS IN ESTONIA Volunteer rescuers assist professional rescuers at ямБres and other instances where rescue assistance is needed. Maritime rescuers help rescue people who are in danger or missing, as well as ships, planes and other vehicles in distress.

RESCUERS ARRIVE QUICKLY EVERYWHERE IN ESTONIA. HELP REACHES EVEN THE MOST REMOTE PLACES IN 30 MINUTES AT THE MOST.

72 state rescue units 115 volunteer rescue units 4 reserve rescue units

Response time up to 15 min Response time up to 30 min

11


Prompt emergency assistance Prompt and professional assistance everywhere

1

People dial 112 only in case of an emergency

2

People in distress get through quickly and experience professional service

3

New technology simpli­fies calling for emergency help and speeds up the arrival of help

Three pillars of prompt emergency assistance

12


W

PROMPT EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE

hen was the last time you dialled 112? You are one of the 1.3 million people living in Estonia. Close to 1.2 million emergency calls are made in Estonia every year. This makes nine emergency calls per ten people. Help is dispatched as a response to four out of ten calls. For the rest, other solutions are more appropriate. Was it an emergency when you dialled 112? Dial 112 only in case of an emergency!

3

Read on to find out how the state provides prompt emergency help and how you can contribute.

1 People dial 112 only in case of an emergency We must respond quickly to calls made by people in distress. We must therefore make a distinction between emergency assistance and situa­ tions that are less urgent. • We are explaining to people what kinds of situations warrant dialling 112. • We are informing people of helplines for other problems. • We are reducing the number of helplines so that those in need of help know the appropriate number in a certain situation. We are informing people of helplines for various problems. Dial 112 only in case of an emergency!

2 People in distress get through quickly and experience professional service The emergency response centre must be given enough information as quickly as possible to be able to always make the right decision by phone. • We are making it as simple and fast as possible for people to dial 112. • Where needed, the emergency response centre will instruct the caller until help arrives. • We are establishing a crisis hotline for providing immediate information in cases of major emergencies. The emergency response centre provides appropriate help as fast as possible. In case of an emergency, be sure to dial 112!

A 112 call is processed by the emergency response centre. It dispatches a response unit to the scene of an accident. The unit is made up of a team from the Rescue Board, Police and Border Guard Board or emergency medical services. 13


3 New technology simplifies calling for emergency help and speeds up the arrival of help Fast communication with the caller and determining their location are needed to dispatch help as quickly as possible. • Using new technologies, we are processing emergency calls and dispatching help faster. • Using new technologies, we are identifying the exact location of callers. With the help of new technology, we can quickly dispatch all the assistance needed. Rest assured that help will always reach you. For more information, see the Internal Security Development Plan chapter – “Faster and more reliable assistance management”.

171,9x7mm

Dial 112 only in case of an emergency! This way, we can provide prompt assistance everywhere.

PROGRAMME COST

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

472,68

72,78

Available budget

PROGRAMME COST

Funds needed

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

365,86

420,78 MILLION EUROS 54,92

Available budget

PROGRAMME COST

545,47 MILLION EUROS

Funds needed

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

71,01

80,62 MILLION EUROS 9,61

Available budget

Funds needed

14

PROGRAMME COST

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

10,78 MILLION EUROS


PROMPT EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE

ESTONIA HAS ONE EMERGENCY NUMBER FOR CALLING AMBULANCE, POLICE AND RESCUERS

3

WHAT SHOULD A RESCUE LEADER KNOW TO BE ABLE TO HELP? WHAT HAPPENED? Dial 112 first, instead of calling a family member or friend. Describe what has happened and whether someone is hurt and needs help.

State your address or describe your location. While your phone can be positioned, the more specific you are, the faster the help arrives.

1 200 000 50 20

ANSWER THE QUESTIONS

WHERE?

Do not hang up before the rescue leader has received the necessary information. Keep your phone line open so that the rescue leader can call you back if needed.

EMERGENCY CALLS A YEAR

CALLS

DISPATCHES

1

RESCUE TRUCK

8

POLICE VEHICLES

11

AMBULANCES

15


Adequate crisis management We are prepared for crises

1

Vital services are always functioning

2

The authorities are able to respond to crises adequately

3

People are able to respond to crises adequately

Three pillars of adequate crisis management

16


C

onsider the crises that might happen near your home. Do you have sufficient food supply at home? What about batteries and a flash­ light? If you have never thought about how your family or company would cope in a crisis, do it today. It would be wise to be prepared for all kinds of situations. Just in case. Do your best, but be prepared for the worst!

• We are providing the appropriate legal framework for rendering vital services. • Companies providing vital services assess risks and invest in the permanent functionality of their services. • Companies providing vital services inform the consumers of potential disruptions and do their best to restore their services as fast as possible. Companies inform the general public and partners of any disruptions. If people know what is happening, they can prepare better for potential problems.

There is a multitude of potential crises. Some may have never crossed your mind. Some have. Some seem more realistic than others.

4

1 Vital services are always functioning Vital services form the basis of our daily activities. Vital services must always be functioning.

ADEQUATE CRISIS MANAGEMENT

Read on to find out how the state organises crisis management and how you can contribute.

2 The authorities are able to respond to crises adequately We must be able to prevent and resolve potential crises. • We are instructing state authorities in organising crisis management. • The authorities are aware of their respective roles in crisis situations. • The authorities prevent, are prepared for and resolve emergencies. We offer support in planning crisis management. All the authorities are aware of their respective roles in crises situations.

An emergency is an event or a chain of events that threa­ tens the lives or health of many people and causes great damage to property or the environment. An emergency may also origi­ nate from serious and extensive disruptions to a vital service.

17


3 People are able to respond to crises adequately Crisis management is decentralised in Estonia. This means that each ministry, state authority and local government is respon­ sible for crisis management efforts in their respective domain.

People must know what they can do to protect their own health and their loved ones in a crisis situation. • We are raising public awareness of potential threats. • In a crisis situation, people must respond adequately and help those who are weaker where possible. We are teaching people how to respond to crisis situations. Take wise action in an emergency!

171,9x7mm

For more information, see the Internal Security Development Plan chapter – “Crisis prevention and improving emergency preparedness”.

PROGRAMME COST

Be prepared! Preparation ensures a wise response to an emergency!

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

472,68

72,78

Available budget

PROGRAMME COST

Funds needed

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

365,86

Funds needed

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

71,01

80,62 MILLION EUROS 9,61

Available budget

PROGRAMME COST

420,78 MILLION EUROS 54,92

Available budget

PROGRAMME COST

545,47 MILLION EUROS

Funds needed

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

9,48

10,78 MILLION EUROS 1,30

Available budget

Funds needed

18

PROGRAMME COST

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

475,37 MILLION EUROS


CRISIS MANAGEMENT BY COOPERATION

PREVENTION

ADEQUATE CRISIS MANAGEMENT

ALLEVIATING CONSEQUENCES

CRISIS RESOLUTION

PREPARATION

natural gas water supply

electricity

telephone service

mobile phone service

electronic identification

4

digital signature

sewage payment service

medical assistance

VITAL SERVICE

cash circulation

usability of state roads

usability of local roads

data transmission service

district heating

access to liquid fuel

a flood

a major traffic accident a major power outage bird flue a snowstorm

an oil leak extremely hot weather an accident in a dangerous chemical company

a collapse

WHAT IS A CRISIS?

a sewage disaster

a major fire in a shopping centre a week without the Internet

unexpected weather changes

payment terminals out of order in stores a week without water supply

STERILE WOUND DRESSING 10 CM X 10 CM - 2 PCK STERILE WOUND DRESSING 7,5 CM X 7,5 CM - 2 PCK ELASTIC ROLLER BANDAGE 10 CM X 4 M - 2 PC STERILE BLOODSTOPPER WITH PRESSURE PAD - 2 PC BAND-AIDS - 12 PC ROLL/FIXATION TAPE - 2 PC ANTISEPTIC WOUND DRESSING - 6 PC PROTECTIVE GLOVES - 1 PAIR PROTECTIVE MASK - 1 PC TRIANGULAR BANDAGE - 2 PC SAFETY CUTTER/SCISSORS - 1 PC THERMAL BLANKET - 1 PC INSTANT COLD PACK - 1 PC FIRST AID INSTRUCTIONS - 1 PC

19


Ensuring internal security

The state’s most important task is to protect its people

1

Internal security staff are Estonia’s first line of defence

2

We protect the fundamental rights and freedoms of all people

3

We engage in domestic and international cooperation

Three pillars of ensuring internal security

20


W

e live in an independent and secure country. We have the opportu­ nity and freedom to live our life exactly as we want to. However, freedom and security are not a privilege handed to us. Thousands of people are working to ensure them. Estonia’s first line of defence is made up of internal security staff, who safeguard independence and security day in and day out. Estonia must always remain a secure country. Although it is difficult to define security, we can easily notice its absence.

1 Internal security staff are Estonia’s first line of defence

2 We protect the fundamental rights and freedoms of all people We are securing legal order and fostering social solidarity. • We are safeguarding fundamental rights and protecting anyone whose rights are violated. • We are protecting society from manipulative activities and propaganda. • We are prepared to protect people and important sites in case of terrorist threats or disturbances. • We are obstructing the spread of extremism and violent forms of extremism.

Institutions and infrastructure of national importance include ports, railways, communication networks, but also strategic buildings and the institutions responsible for our economic viability and the reputation of Estonia.

5

• We are combating corruption and economic crime, which undermine trust in the state and in honest business. • We are updating technology and training our staff in order to stay one step ahead of cyber criminals. • We are stepping up the exchange of crime information so that it reaches the right people at the right time. • We are protecting Estonia from hostile intelligence activities. • We are ensuring the security of institutions and infrastructure of national importance.

ENSURING INTERNAL SECURITY

The state’s ultimate task is to protect its people.

21


171,9x7mm

3 We engage in domestic and international cooperation

89% of the Estonian pop­ ulation consider Estonia secure, which exceeds the European Union average (84%). Source: Eurobarometer

PROGRAMME COST 472,68 Available budget

PROGRAMME COST 365,86

Ensuring security requires domestic and international cooperation, as the threats transcend state borders.

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

72,78 For more information, see the Internal Security Development Plan chapter – Funds needed “Improving internal security”.

The state’s ultimate task is to420,78 protect its people. MILLION EUROS It is good to live in a free Estonia! 54,92

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

Available budget

PROGRAMME COST

Funds needed

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

71,01

Funds needed

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

9,48

10,78 MILLION EUROS 1,30

Available budget

PROGRAMME COST

80,62 MILLION EUROS 9,61

Available budget

PROGRAMME COST

• Domestic and international cooperation has managed to keep the terrorism threat in Estonia low. • We are focusing on preventing and combating radicalisation. • We are stepping up checks on air and ship passengers in order to prevent international crime. • We are working towards stepping up data exchange, 545,47 MILLION EUROS border security and response capabilities.

Funds needed

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

346,97

475,37 MILLION EUROS 128,40

Available budget

Funds needed

22

PROGRAMME COST

For 2016–2020,

43,02 MILLION EUROS


48

SECTIONS ON FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS

The position (Chapter 2) and volume (over a quarter of 168 sections) of the chapter on fundamental rights in the Constitution attest to Estonia’s attitude towards and dedication to ensuring fundamental rights, which also states that absolute rights should not be restricted under any circumstances.

THERE ARE THREE ABSOLUTE RIGHTS:

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st EU e ra ru a n tio ct d nw ur ot i e t he h r p NA ar TO tn / er s M ili ta ry de Re fe nc fi n lia b e a n ili ci t y al of se th ct e or

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gy

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Hybrid threats are attacks against the state and society that cannot be categorised as armed or military conflicts.

y

This exceeds the European Union average (84%).

HYBRID THREATS Some threats seem invisible.

5

OF ESTONIAN POPULATION CONSIDER ESTONIA SECURE

Cy

89%

ENSURING INTERNAL SECURITY

THE RIGHT TO LIFE NO ONE MAY BE SUBJECTED TO TORTURE, TO DEGRADING TREATMENT OR TO PUNISHMENT NO ONE MAY BE HELD IN SLAVERY OR SERVITUDE

The attacker intends to achieve its political agenda without using military force.

23


A united society

We welcome enterprising foreigners in Estonia and protect those in need

1

Estonian citizenship is held in high regard

2

Estonia is a settlement destination for foreigners who contribute to Estonia’s development

3

People in need of international protection feel safe in Estonia

Three pillars of a united society

24


E

stonia is increasingly popular among foreigners as a working desti­ nation. For example, a young Ukrainian doctor treats Estonian people daily at a small town hospital. An IT specialist from South Africa works at an office in Tallinn and helps detect online casino fraud. Both young men are professionals in their respective fields who contribute to Estonia’s development on a daily basis. In addition, there are currently over 200 beneficiaries of international protection in Estonia. Their numbers are bound to increase in the coming years. The beneficiaries of international protection are in Estonia because their lives are threatened in their home countries. They wish to live in a safe country. They are facing a wide range of procedures and adjustments in Estonia and need our support with settling in. Let’s help foreigners adapt and join our society! Read on to find out about the state’s efforts in creating a united society and how you can contribute.

1 Estonian citizenship is held in high regard

The main motivation for permits issued is work, followed by family migration and study.

6

• We recognise new citizens and outstanding citizens and celebrate Citizen’s Day. • We conduct projects aimed at appreciating Estonian citizenship. • We inform people with undetermined citizenship of the options to apply for citizenship. • Estonia is a good place to live for everyone, regardless of ethnicity, gender or religion. We want to pay more attention to valuing Estonian citizenship.

A UNITED SOCIETY

It is important to recognise outstanding Estonian citizens, civic identity and citizenship.

25


171,9x7mm 2 Estonia is a settlement destination for foreigners who contribute to Estonia’s development

PROGRAMME COST

We are promoting settlement in Estonia among foreigners who would cont­ ribute to Estonia’s development and their active participation in our EUROS society. 545,47 MILLION

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

Available budget

• We are simplifying the incorporation of foreign specia72,78 lists in Estonian companies and research institutions. • We will be offering advice to people who have come or Funds needed are coming to work in Estonia and to their employers. • All newly arrived immigrants can participate in a welFor 2016–2020, coming programme that helps themMILLION understand EUROS and get 420,78 status in April 2016 used to our daily life and cultural context. We support foreigners whose immigration to Estonia adds value to our54,92 society and whose presence is aligned with our interests. Funds needed

PROGRAMME COST

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

472,68 Available budget

PROGRAMME COST 365,86

71,01 Available budget

PROGRAMME COST 9,48 Available budget

PROGRAMME COST 346,97 Available budget

PROGRAMME COST

3 People in need of international protection feel safe in Estonia. 80,62 MILLION EUROS

We are providing international protection to those who need it and are offering 9,61 support services to all the beneficiaries of international protection.

Funds needed • We are updating the knowledge and skills of officials in the field of international protection. • We offer support services and information to applicants of For 2016–2020, international protection during the application procedure. 10,78 MILLION EUROS status in April 2016 • We ensure the beneficiaries of international protection access to services that support coping, language lear1,30 ning, adapting and ultimately integrating. Funds needed We support the foreigners who have settled to Estonia. We invite you to help foreigners feel at home in Estonia!

475,37 MILLION EUROS For more information, see the Internal Security Development Plan chapter – “A balanced citizenship and migration policy”. 128,40

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

We live in an open society. We welcome smart Funds needed people in Estonia to help Estonia flourish! For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

36,20

43,02 MILLION EUROS 6,82

Available budget

Funds needed

26

PROGRAMME COST

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

98,26 MILLION EUROS


8000 IMMIGRATION FROM THIRD COUNTRIES

TOP 3

TOP 3

3176 793 435 290

FINLAND

GERMANY

LATVIA

BENEFICIARIES OF INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION

78

4929

1610 1237

UKRAINE

RUSSIA

197

A UNITED SOCIETY

IMMIGRATION FROM EU COUNTRIES

USA

6

OVER

FOREIGNERS RECEIVED A RESIDENCE PERMIT OR REGISTERED THEIR RESIDENCE IN ESTONIA IN 2015

MAIN MOTIVATION FOR IMMIGRATION IN 2015 WORK

1659

FAMILY

1458

SCHOOL

1144 27


Reliable identification

Estonia is a trailblazer in the domain of digital documents

1

Estonia’s digital ID makes it easy to use various e-services

2

Electronic identification and signatures are secure

3

Estonia is an international role model with its e-services and digital ID options Three pillars of reliable identification

28


D

igital ID lets you vote, fill out your tax return, use banking services, buy bus tickets, use the e-School and health insurance fund services, change car registration or renew your driver’s licence, register immo­ vables, sign contracts and do many other things. Twenty years ago, all these procedures required your physical presence, a lot of paperwork and a whole lot of time. Now, these same procedures are smooth, quick and secure. Be sure to use our e-services. Protect your identity, safeguard your ID documents and PIN numbers. Read on to find out how the state ensures reliable identification and how you can contribute.

DIGITAL ID Estonia issues identification documents that allow for electronic identification in addition to physical identi­ fication. The Estonian electronic ID solution allows both Estonian residents and e-Residents to conduct business with state authorities or other people in a fast, secure and paper free manner.

1 Estonia’s digital ID makes it easy to use various e-services We need to expand the range of digital ID options in the use of e-services. • We are increasing the number of people using the digital functions of documents. • We are making it as easy as possible to apply for and receive an e-Resident’s digital ID. • We are developing and updating the identification and procedural information system and creating an e-applications system where people can submit applications with minimum effort. We are expanding the range of digital ID options in the use of e-services. Be sure to use the various e-services! RELIABLE IDENTIFICATION

2 Electronic identification and signatures are secure Electronic identification must be secure.

Digital ID has two functions: signature and identification.

7

• We are constantly analysing and managing security risks. • We are teaching people how to use services safely. • We are preventing double identities. • We are taking measures against the misuse of digital ID. We ensure secure electronic identification. Do not share your PIN numbers with others!

29


PROGRAMME COST

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

545,47 MILLION EUROS

472,68 Available budget

PROGRAMME COST 365,86 Available budget

PROGRAMME COST 71,01 Available budget

PROGRAMME COST 9,48 Available budget

PROGRAMME COST

72,78

3 Estonia is an international role model with its digital ID options

Our digital ID and its uses have garnered us international acclaim 420,78 MILLION as an innovative country.

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

For more information, see the Internal Security Development Plan chapter – “Reliable and secure identity management”. 10,78 MILLION EUROS

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

1,30 We are leading the way in the world with Funds needed Estonian digital documents. For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

475,37 MILLION EUROS 128,40

Available budget

Funds needed

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

36,20

43,02 MILLION EUROS 6,82

Available budget

PROGRAMME COST

EUROS

• We will soon recognise the digital signatures of all 54,92 EU countries. Funds needed • In the future, people will be able to use Estonian digital ID to access e-services in EU Member States. • We are sharing Estonia’s experiences with digital identity For 2016–2020, 80,62 MILLION status in April 2016 and its administration with the rest of the world. EUROS We are promoting Estonia as an innovative digital country. If you know any 9,61 foreign entrepreneurs, tell them about the possibility to become an Estonian Funds needed e-Resident!

346,97

PROGRAMME COST

Funds needed

Funds needed

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

74,85

98,26 MILLION EUROS 23,40

Available budget

Funds needed

30

PROGRAMME COST

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

371,02 MILLION EUROS


EESTI VABARIIK

1992

the first passport

2002

the first ID card and digital signature

2005

first electronic elections

2011

mobile ID

2014

first e-Resident ID

PEREKONNANIMI / SURNAME

TAMM

EESNIMED / GIVEN NAMES

JAANUS

A A1 2 3 4 5 6 7

A A1 2 3 4 5 6 7

270 000 000 2015

DIGITAL SIGNATURES SIGNED

PIN2 =

RELIABLE IDENTIFICATION

PIN2 HAS THE SAME LEGAL FORCE AS YOUR HAND-WRITTEN SIGNATURE

7

OF ESTONIAN RESIDENTS HAVE AN ELECTRONIC IDENTIFICATION DOCUMENT 31


A secure state border

We are building a modern state border

1

Technology helps guard the border

2

Border crossings are smooth and fast

3

We are blocking illegal immigration and transit migration

Three pillars of a secure state border

32


W

e usually think of the border in two situations – either when we hear of an illegal border crossing or of criminal activity at the bor­ der, or when we go abroad or return to Estonia. On the one hand, we want our state border to be monitored at all times, and on the other, we want to be able to cross the border smoothly and quickly. A clearly demarcated border helps us be specific when dealing with neighbouring countries. We will complete building the Estonian eastern border, which also constitutes an external border for the NATO and the EU, and we are ensuring appropriate border surveillance and protection. Rest assured, the border is in secure hands. Read on to find out how the state ensures a secure border.

1 Technology helps guard the border We need a clearly demarcated and guarded border in order to detect and block all illegal border crossings.

We must ensure efficient surveillance together with smooth border crossings. • We are ensuring smooth border crossings even as the numbers of people crossing the border is increasing. • We are training border guards. • We help make border crossings a friendly and pleasant experience. We are doing our best to ensure smooth and fast border crossings.

33

A SECURE STATE BORDER

2 Border crossings are smooth and fast

A clearly demarcated border helps us be specific when dealing with neighbouring countries. We will complete building the Estonian eastern border and are ensuring appropriate border surveillance and protection. Rest assured, the border is in secure hands.

8

• We are building a modern external border for Estonia guarded with the help of radars, sensors, drones, hovercrafts and water scooters. • We are equipping water bodies at the state border with boundary markers. • We are acquiring new technology to step up the detection of border violations. We guard and protect our border.


PROGRAMME COST

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

420,78 MILLION EUROS

365,86 Available budget

PROGRAMME COST 71,01 Available budget

PROGRAMME COST 9,48 Available budget

PROGRAMME COST

54,92

3 We block illegal immigration and transit migration

We must block illegal migration because travelling to and through Estonia illegally entails numerous threats. 80,62 MILLION EUROS

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

• We check people’s identification to make sure that 9,61 they are entitled to be in Estonia. Funds needed • We are cooperating with Estonian foreign missions to reduce the misuse of visas. • We are prepared to resume border checks at internal borders if warranted. For 2016–2020, status in April 2016 We prevent illegal entries and stays in Estonia. 10,78 MILLION EUROS 1,30 For more information, see the Internal Security Development plan chapter – Funds needed “More efficient border management”.

We are building a modern state border. MILLION EUROS Rest assured, the border is in475,37 secure hands.

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

346,97

128,40

Available budget

PROGRAMME COST

Funds needed

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

36,20

Funds needed

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

74,85

267,49 Available budget

34

98,26 MILLION EUROS 23,40

Available budget

PROGRAMME COST

43,02 MILLION EUROS 6,82

Available budget

PROGRAMME COST

Funds needed

Funds needed

For 2016–2020, status in April 2016

371,02 MILLION EUROS 103,54 Funds needed


BORDER GUARDS AT LAND BORDER

75% 25%

BORDER GUARDS AT SEA BORDER

SEA BORDER

ESTONIAN STATE BORDER

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Ra

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Modern technology steps up the detection of border violations.

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MODERN SURVEILLANCE TECHNOLOGY

= 1105,6 KM

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+ 767 KM

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338,6 KM

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LAND BORDER

8

Close to 1,000 foreigners were denied entry to Estonia at border crossing points in 2015.

A SECURE STATE BORDER

In 2015, we registered 188 illegal border crossings and detained 292 people.


Every one of us can contribute to Estonia being a safe country where life is enjoyable for all. Let’s keep our eyes open for potential criminal activity, prevent accidents and help those in trouble. Let’s protect ourselves and our loved ones from threats. This way, we will create a country that is a safe, nice and secure home for everyone. A safe country is created in cooperation of state authorities, local governments and individuals. The better we are able to work together, the safer our country is.

We create a safe country together!


Creating a Safe Country