October, November, December 2014
magazine PACK STRUCTURE
Creating harmony with rules
Olivia’s Art for Animals
PAW PRINT’S POCKET GUIDE
to Pet Food Inside!
FREE Please take one
Making paw prints across: Dutchess, Ulster, Greene & Columbia counties 1
Issue 2 Oct-Nov-Dec 2014 magazine
A Welcome Note from the publisher Founder & Publisher
SIRENA JOHNSON Graphic Designer | Art Director
REGINA JACOBSON Contributing Photographer
JudyCurranPhotography.com Guest Writer
I want to express my immense gratitude for the wonderful welcome Paw Print Magazine has received in the Hudson Valley. The feedback in regards to the first issue was incredibly supportive and inspiring. As the Paw Print journey continues, our hopes are to expand to other areas of the Hudson Valley. We will consistently strive to provide informative and enjoyable content. In addition, my hope is to be of more service to animals in need through continued support of rescues and shelters. Feedback of any kind is encouraged and will always be welcome; whether it be a suggestion, concern or just a note to say hello! I wish everyone a blessed holiday season and as always, thank you for reading! Love for the animals ~
Cover image by Judy Curran
Sirena Johnson Founder & Publisher
All articles and content in this magazine are copyrighted by Hudson Valley Paw Print Magazine. Any material, in whole or in part may not be reproduced unless prior written consent is given by publisher. While we strive to feature highly reputable companies and organizations, we are not liable for any claims made by such.
ÂŠ 2014 Hudson Valley Paw Print P.O. Box 246 Athens, NY 12015 518.567.5707 Sirena@hudsonvalleypawprint.com
oct - nov - dec 2014 local tales Olivia’s Art for Animals: An interview with Olivia
the K9 kind
Pack Structure: Creating harmony with rules
the dinner dish
Pocket Guide to Buying Pet Food
what’s up dog? Pet Events Calendar
Helpful contact information
Hudson Valley Paw Print Magazine is published quarterly. A list of locations to pick up your free copy are posted to the magazine’s website: HudsonValleyPawPrint.com Magazine not in your area yet? Subscribe for only $25/year and get Paw Prints delivered directly to your mailbox!
Hudson Valley Paw Print Magazine 2014 | Oct-Nov-Dec | Second Issue
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4 Hudson Valley Paw Print 2014
Dog lessons for Humans
Enjoy the simple pleasure of a walk Run and play daily Be loyal, faithful, and quick to forgive Always drink plenty of water Sometimes it is best to sit close and listen Follow your instincts Keep digging until you find what you want Avoid biting when a growl will do Accept all of lifeâ€™s treats with gratitude Love uncoditionally
Dive into an award winning craft brew!
No matter how much the cats fight, there always seems to be plenty of kittens.
~ Abraham Lincoln
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You’re never too young or too old to make a difference!
6 Hudson Valley Paw Print 2014
An Interview with Olivia from
Olivia’s Art for Animals 12-year old local artist Olivia runs a Facebook page called Olivia’s Art for Animals. She sells her paintings to raise funds to support the work of animal welfare organizations. She began painting at the age of 8 and since then has raised over $15,000 for local animal rescues and shelters.
How did art for animals start? Missy from Friends of the Feathered & Furry Wildlife Rescue came to speak to a group of us at school. She told us stories of how they rescue and save hurt animals. I thought she was the coolest person on the planet. I was so inspired by her, I decided to paint some of the animals she brought in and talked about. My mom volunteers in shelters and had the idea to sell the paintings and donate the profits to benefit animals in need. How did you start selling the paintings? The first time, I took my paintings to a fair and made one hundred dollars. My mom set up a small Facebook page for friends and family to go to, and it took off from there! How does it work? People either send me photos of their pets to paint or they tell me what animal they want painted.
Who do you donate the proceeds to? We try to pick the smaller and mostly unknown shelters and rescues. We donate for three months to one rescue and then choose a different one. Are paintings the only way you raise funds? We have greeting cards with my artwork on them. We are also working on a t-shirt design for Out of the Pits Rescue using my painting of the 3 pit bulls. How many have you painted so far? A little over 300. It seems like you are very busy, do you get tired? Yes, sometimes. Painting certain dogs, like German Shepherds is hard to get the colors right to match their fur (even though they are my favorite dogs to paint) When I get tired or frustrated, that’s when my Dad steps in and helps me find a color I am looking for or something like that. Do you have any pets of your own? Yes we have 3 dogs; a chihuahua, a terrier and a rescued pit bull named Hope, who is missing one of her front legs but because of this, she gives the best hugs ever! What would you say to other kids who want to help out? Just go for it! Do whatever you like doing or are good at; singing,dancing, jump roping, anything you can do to help not just animals, but the world! “You’re never too young or too old to make a difference!” 7
Paw Print ()rnament
DIY Do It Yourself
What you need: Flour- 1 cup Salt- 1 cup Water- ½ cup A glass or cookie cutter Protective clear coat
Instructions: Mix the salt and flour in a large bowl and then add water. Knead until smooth, shape into a ball and roll out on a floured surface (If you want to color your salt dough, simply mix in a few drops of food coloring while you are kneading it.) Cut out your circle or desired shape and also a hole at the top for string. Make the imprint of your pet’s paw. (mine were not too thrilled with this!) Bake in a 200 degree oven until dry or 45 min - 2 hours. (time will vary depending upon the thickness of the ornament). Decorate if desired and apply clear coat.
Paw Fa ct
The average dog has 200 to 250 million scent receptors in their nose. Humans have approximately 5 million scent receptors.
How did your creations turn out?! Share them with us on our FB page! facebook.com/hudsonvalleypawprint 8
Pet Food or
Treat Tin Materials needed: ❄❄ Empty holiday popcorn tin or other metal container ❄❄ Primer spray paint ❄❄ 2 colors of paint ❄❄ Top sealer coat ❄❄ Stencils (go to HudsonValleyPawPrint.com for the paw print heart)
PawTip Cats scratch for a variety of reasons: to shed old cuticle, to “mark their territory” by leaving scent marks (there are scent glands on the digital paw pads), and to stretch and exercise their muscles. The type of scratching surface that a cat prefers can vary between individual cats, including whether the post is a horizontal or vertical one.
Spray the tin with the primer.
When dry, paint with desired color.
After this completely dries, apply stencils and use 2nd color to fill in.
Coat your tin with a protective clear top coat and let dry.
Let me play yo u a song called "There is no fo od in my bowl!"
Fill with your beloved pet’s food or treats! 9
PACK STRUCTURE Creating Harmony With Rules
By Josh Jacobson | Photography by Judy Curran
Dogs have been sought after and idolized for centuries because of their loyalty and unconditional devotion towards us. Dogs were an extension of the owner - living, moving, and eating at their side every waking moment. They made these people’s lives easier and safer by performing specific tasks.
eople still make reference to back in the day when farmers and other people did not have a need for dog trainers; and they would be right. For centuries, societies all over the world have had great relationships with their dogs;
10 Hudson Valley Paw Print 2014
Not once needing to call upon a professional to teach their dog how to sit or walk on a leash. Of the many reasons that could be attributed to this, above all, Pack Structure was never in doubt. The human knew his place and the dog knew
the K9 kind theirs. There was rarely any conflict, considering the respect both brought to the table. Obedience evolved organically as a result of a defined set of rules in place. Times have
Pack Structure sets you up for a successful obedience plan. Many times when an obedience plan has failed, it is usually because Pack Structure was never addressed. When one jumps directly to obedience while Pack Structure remains unclear, ESTABLISHING AND conflict arises and mixed MAINTAINING PACK messages occur.
STRUCTURE, YOU CREATE A SET OF RULES THE DOG CAN REFERENCE WHENEVER THERE IS A CONFLICT. changed and the lines have blurred. We have become very busy as a society. Rather than keeping a dog for fulfillment of specific jobs, they are now kept for companionship; their job now being to give us that of love and affection. Many kindhearted people want, and do rescue dogs from shelters and want to give these dogs the love they may have never had. There is nothing wrong with this! Personally, I do a lot of volunteer work and have three rescued dogs at home. The problem comes when people believe that love is the only thing the dog really needs. One of the most loving things an owner can do for their dog, whether it is a brand new addition or has been in the family for years, would be to set the dog up for success by providing a consistent, fair set of rules.
In its simplest form, Pack Structure is passively denying your dog an authoritative role. This idea of passive is very important to understand because it sidesteps a lot of the conflict that may otherwise be present in the relationship. It also contradicts the idea of having to be in an Alpha position with your dog. I find this is a very “old school” way of thinking and in many cases, causes issues rather than fixing them. The term Alpha should not have been used in reference to domesticated dogs to begin with. An interview with the man credited to coining this term reveals his retraction of it in reference to wolves for the reason that it truly has no place within their Pack Structure. So now that we aren’t ruling our household and dog through a dictatorship, what really is our role? To put it simply, as a fair and respectful leader, you are entitled to 2 basic things. The first is that you have the right to first refusal of unclaimed possessions. The second is that you have the right to initiate. That’s it! 11
So what types of things can we apply these two rules to? When I sit down with owners, there are usually 6 major categories we look at and adjust accordingly within the household: 1. TOYS AND POSSESSIONS Toys and other items should be picked up off the floor and put out of the dogs reach. Toys and other items are great to provide for our dogs, but they are not entitled to them. Everything a dog is given access to should be thought of as borrowed and as something we can take back when we see the need to. 2. FOOD AND BONES Dogs should not be allowed to graze and eat food whenever they want. The food is put down at meal times and if they show no interest, after let’s say 15 minutes, pick up the food. This 12 Hudson Valley Paw Print 2014
PawTip When feeding your dog a bone avoid the 3 B’s: Baked, Broiled, Barbecued. Feeding any cooked bone is dangerous because cooked bones may splinter and damage the stomach and intestines. Raw bones do not normally splinter. applies if they have gone on to other activities without finishing. If you give your dog a bone, this is a good rule to follow also. 3. GOING OUTSIDE AND COMING INSIDE People usually tell me with a sense of pride that their dog tells them when they want to go out to go to the bathroom. I’m not saying this is necessarily a bad thing. I generally will ask: “How many times do you let your dog out, they don’t go to the bathroom and are right at the door to come back in?” They usually answer: “Quite a few!” When the dog has control over when they go in and out, the owners are unwittingly being manipulated by the dog. The dog should be provided with bathroom breaks, but should not be entitled to go in and out as they please.
PEOPLE USUALLY TELL ME WITH A SENSE OF PRIDE THAT THEIR DOG TELLS THEM WHEN THEY WANT TO GO OUT TO GO TO THE BATHROOM.
4. PLAY Play time and exercise is very important for a healthy and calm dog. A dog should be provided with plenty of exercise and play time, but they are not entitled to tell you when it should start or when it should end. 5. PETTING AND AFFECTION Here is a big one people misinterpret right away. No, I am not telling you that you can never pet your dog or show them love and affection. What I am saying is that it needs to be on your terms. You should call the dog over when they are least expecting it and give them your undivided attention. I will also go as far as to say there needs to be a time limit in most cases of 30 seconds. Why a time limit you may ask? Some people will pet the dog constantly, without even knowing it when they come near them; it’s human nature. By setting a time limit, you become aware and pay attention to your interaction with them. Just so we are clear, I want you to pet your dog! You can pet them as many times a day as you’d like. You should be providing this affection for your dog, but you should also be starting and stopping on your terms. 6. FURNITURE AND HUMAN BEDS This has the biggest impact on Pack Structure. Without the right level of obedience and respect from the dog, it can be a difficult task getting the dog on and off of the furniture without conflict. As a general rule I do not allow my 13
IN ITS SIMPLEST FORM, PACK STRUCTURE IS PASSIVELY DENYING YOUR DOG AN AUTHORITATIVE ROLE. dogs on the beds or furniture. This is a matter of preference, that is unless aggression is involved. Most of the time aggression and other behavioral issues can be traced back and involve either furniture or beds. What has been the common thread in all six points? All of these can and should be provided by a fair leader, but does not mean your dog is entitled to them. You as a leader are entitled to two things: initiation of the start and stop of activities and the right to unclaimed items. By maintaining your leadership role while enforcing the above six points, you will create a Pack Structure that will reinforce these two concepts in a passive manner.
14 Hudson Valley Paw Print 2014
the dinner dish BLADDER/ KIDNEY ISSUES An imbalance of minerals may cause crystals & stones.
DIGESTIVE PROBLEMS Many poor-quality pet foods are bulked up with indigestible carbohydrates resulting in excessive defecation and voluminous stools.
POOR NUTRITION FOOD ALLERGIES Fillers and low-quality grains are not a balanced diet for animals. Allergies can develop over time when pets are consistently fed the same food with common ingredients..
GET YOUR EXCLUSIVE POCKET GUIDE NOW! 1. Simply cut it out 2. Fold in half
OBESITY Reasons can include diets containing refined carbohydrates and/or meat by-products or low quality ingredients such as “animal fats”.
SKIN ISSUES May appear as hot spots, dry flaky skin, hair loss, biting, licking, or chewing.
BEHAVIORAL ISSUES Can be caused from vitamin deficiencies and intake of processed carbohydrates and sugars.
DOES YOUR PET SUFFER FROM ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING AILMENTS?
POOR NUTRITION COULD BE AT THE CENTER OF IT!
Follow Avoid Paw Print’s Pocket Guide to Buying Pet Food
Top Pet Food Ingredients to Avoid
Shopping for a better food for your pet can be a difficult task. Especially when the ingredients in some can be hard to even pronounce. The following is meant to be a helpful guide.
BHA, BHT, Propyl Gallate, Ethoxyquin, Sodium Nitrite/Nitrate, TBHQ, MSG
Propylene Glycol, Glyceryl Monostearate, Phosphoric Acid, DI-alpha Tocopherol Acetate
Listed in descending order, based on weight. If the percentage of 2 or more ingredients is the same, the manufacturer chooses the order.
If Label Says
must contain this %
Chicken, Beef, Lamb, Fish,etc.
Dinner, Entree, Platter (beef,etc.)
With (chicken with rice, etc.)
Flavor (beef flavored,etc.)
CHEMICAL PRESERVATIVES ADDITIVES
Sugar, fructose, sorbitol, corn syrup
Corn, corn meal, corn gluten meal wheat, wheat gluten soy products, brewers rice, potato product meat by-products, meal, digest (unless derived from human grade organ meats)
PawTip If your pet exhibits “head pressing” behavior, take them to your vet immediately! This behavior generally indicates a sign of damage to the nervous system and can be life threatening.
The Naughty List
A black cat crossing your path signifies that the animal is going somewhere. ~ Groucho Marx
The Nice List
Sugar & Xylitol Chocolate | Nutmeg Sage | Baking Soda or Powder Butter | Alcohol Grapes & Raisins Fruit Seeds | Stems | Leaves & Pits Fat Trimmings | Cooked Bones | Skin Onions | Garlic | Gravy
1. Simply cut it out 2. Fold in half
Cinnamon | Cranberries Sweet Potatoes | Yams Carrots | Apples Zucchini | Broccoli | Quinoa Extra Virgin Olive Oil Extra Virgin Coconut Oil Natural Peanut or Almond Butter Skinless Boneless White Meat Turkey Hudson Valley Paw Print Magazine 2014
GET YOUR EXCLUSIVE POCKET GUIDE NOW!
“what’s up dog ?” Pet Events Calendar for Oct, Nov, Dec 2014 12-5pm Sat
Oct 4 th
Oct 4 th
Oct 11 th
Oct 11 th Thu
Oct 16 th 10am Sat
Oct 18 th
Oct 19 th
Nov 21 st
2nd annual Howl O Ween Family Fun Day 890 Rte 82 Hopewell Junction, NY Fundraiser to benefit Furry Friends Pet Rescue Free Admission, food, fun & pony rides! Pitbull Awareness Day Brunswick Community Center Keyes Ln, Troy, NY Great food, vendors & activities to celebrate the wonderful pitbull breed. (dog-friendly dogs welcome) Eighth Annual Dalmatian Day FASNY Museum of Firefighting- Hudson, NY Activities, shows & museum admission free 13th Annual Shindig; A festival of vegan living Catskill Animal Sanctuary, Saugerties, NY National Feral Cat Day Go to: nationalferalcatday.org to find out how you can help! 2nd Annual Mystic Krewe of Barkus Pet Parade & Festival To benefit the United Way of Greene & Columbia counties. Line up at 10am at 7th & Warren St, Hudson, NY Festivities, 11-2pm at the Chamber of Commerce. Pints for Paws to Benefit Precious Paws Rescue Newburgh Brewing Co. Enjoy great beer for a great cause To the Rescue! New York Cipriani 42nd Street, 110 East 42nd Street, New York City Exclusive event to raise support for thousands of animals in need because of disaster, cruelty or neglect.
For further info on these and other events or to submit your event go to hudsonvalleypawprint.com. Deadline for printed events is the 15th of the month prior to publication.
EMERGENCY ANIMAL HOSPITALS & POISON CONTROL Animal Emergency Clinic-Poughkeepsie.������������������������������������������������������845 471 8242 Animal Emergency Clinic-Kingston������������������������������������������������������������������845 336 0713 Capital District Animal Emergency Clinic-Latham��������������������������������������518 785 1094 ASPCA Poison Control Center | aspca.org/apcc���������������������������������������888 426 4435
SPCAs & HUMANE SOCIETIES Columbia Greene Humane Society | cghs.org�������������������������������������������518 828 6044 Emergencies or to report cruelty ������������������������������������������������������������� ext. 6 Lost & found pets ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ext. 4 Low cost feline spay & neuter ������������������������������������������������������������������� ext. 5 Dutchess County SPCA | dcspca.org�������������������������������������������������������������845 452 7722 Animal control or to report cruelty ��������������������������������������������������������� ext. 4 Low cost spay & neuter ��������������������������������������������������������������������������� ext. 114 (all proceeds go to shelter) Low cost grooming ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ext. 8 (all proceeds go to shelter) Pet cemetery & crematorium ��������������������������������������������������������������� ext. 119 Ulster County SPCA | ucspca.org���������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 845 331 5377 Animal cruelty �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ext. 212 Low cost spay & neuter ��������������������������������������������������������������������������� ext. 216 (all proceeds go to shelter) Dog training ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ext. 213 Trap-Neuter-Release program ������������������������������������������������������������� ext. 210 ● To find your town animal control officer, see your county SPCAs website ● For a list of low cost spay & neuter services: SpayUSA.org ● To find an animal shelter or rescue group near you: AnimalShelter.org ● For a list of local wildlife rehabilitators: Wildlife.RescueShelter.com/NewYork ● To find a local T-N-R program for feral cats: AlleyCat.org
PETS-LOST & FOUND WEBSITES LostPetsHV.org or PetFinder.com facebook.com/LostPetsoftheHudsonValley facebook.com/groups/LostPetsGreeneColumbia 18 Hudson Valley Paw Print 2014
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Published on Oct 1, 2014