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i-Trend


CONTENTS THEN AND NOW

4 Spilling the tea 10 Diversity TRANSFORMATION AND SOCIAL AWARENESS 13 A space contested 14 Embracing Afrocentrism 16 Breaking Boundaries 18 Transformation in Sport 20 Women and Their Bodies 22 Africa vs Wakanda

TECHNOLOGY 25 The Apple that never rots 26 Social Networking 30 Consumers or Innovators?

WHAT’S ON THEIR MIND?

34 Heartbreak 36 Carpe Diem Que Sera 38 No Strings Attached 40Coping Mechanisms 42 Meet the Contributors

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EDITORIAL

hey’re the generation who don’t remember a time without internet, smartphones or social-media. This group is socially liberal but economically conservative. Their formative years are those shaped by a post 9/11 world, an international war on terror and the 2008 great recession. They are Generation Z. This generation is concerned with social justice and diversity. Because they’ve grown up in a multi-cultural, multi-racial and gender fluid society, the world has said that they are a group likely to take social issues for granted. We say no – they’re not, and we’ll point to you examples such as the #RUreferencelist, #FeesMustFall and the transformation issues around language policies in tertiary institutions. They’re incredibly entrepreneurial but they’re also extremely anxious and depressed. The Lincoln Financial Group have found that 64% of Gen Z’s had started considering their financial futures by the age of 13 and that a further 61% of an interviewed 300 000 high school learners were found to be aspiring to own their own businesses. This group are also the most educated generation in world history. However, they also have high levels of anxiety, depression and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder when compared to any other generation. Waning mental and emotional health has led large numbers of Gen Z’s to experiment with risky behaviour involving sex, drugs and alcohol at very young ages. Generation Z are open-minded and are not afraid of taking risks – except when they’re being cautious with their emotions. Sparks & Honey research has found that 75% of this generation say that there are other alternative forms of education other than the formal academic kind. Thus, this group is invested in a wide array of endeavours that aren’t purely academic. They are heavily influenced by and invested in cultural arts and even make use of fashion, art, dance and music to express themselves emotionally where they feel they

Illustrated by: Luyanda Keswa

can’t do so verbally. This is a generation in which 83% percent of 100 000 respondents, interviewed by Sparks & Honey, said that their biggest goal in life was to “make the world a better place”. 60% of respondents said they would like to have a job that makes the world a better place. 26% have done some type of volunteer work and 76% are worried about protecting the environment. This generation has

are different. They are Generation Z. The I-Generation. This generation is the most educated, most liberated and diverse generation in history. And yet they’re the most confused – politically, sexually, religiously, mentally and emotionally. In a video titled “Generations throughout history”, Buzzfeed writes, “In the end your generation does not ultimately define you, but you interpret your unique place within it.” And so, in the pages of this publication Generation Z, have found home.

an alarmingly short attention span of just 8 seconds. While they want to change the world and be the make an impact, research has shown that they are heavily consumeristic, even toppling the sales of numerous companies such as Apple who just became a trillion-dollar business because of Gen Z consumerism. They have been dubbed the “microwave generation” because of how they constantly expect instant gratification and because of their high engagement and attachment to their devices and social media, with research showing that this generation is never more than 6 meters away from their cell phones. We believe this generation is different. They

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“ THREE GENERATIONS SHARE THEIR TR

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Three generations sha


RUTHS OVER TEA�

aring their truths over tea

Credit: Siphumelele Dyakophu


Tea Spilt For Three Facilitated by Tanatswa Chivhere

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ver the years, tea time has been a social event at which people share opinions. Our writer met up with Mrs Jabu Nene (JN),representing Gen X; Miss Tando Pumolmo (TP); representing the millenials and Miss Nobuhle Mathaba (NM); a member of generation Z and got their opinions on hot button issues. This is what they had to say. 1. How would you describe your generation in 3 words? JN: Hard-working, reliable and focused. TP: Innovative, lazy and selfish. NM: Fun, unique and reckless. 2. What impact do you think your generation has had on the world? What do you think it is most well-known for? JN: According to the generation definitions, I am from Generation X. I don’t really think the typical requirements are applicable to me because it’s a very Western based concept. My generation can be dubbed as the “liberation generation”. Most of the people in my generation grew up under colonial or Apartheid rule. Our experiences of oppression have shaped Africa’s development. My generation is also well-known as liberation heroes. As a young woman I wholeheartedly fought against Apartheid. I lost some very close friends during the struggle and I know people who lost family members. So, that’s my generation’s greatest impact. We redefined the term “freedom”. TP: I think that my generation is mostly known as the transition generation. In most aspects, we are the confluence between the old set of ideas and the newer and more modern beliefs. Socially

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speaking, I think we are the manifestation of our parents’ dreams. My father fought during the liberation struggle, so he actually gets very emotional when he sees me going to school. I have the opportunities which he so diligently fought for. Most of the people in my generation are the first to graduate. This shows that we are the culmination of our parents’ dreams. I also think we inherited a dash of our parents’ rebellious genes. I have also been involved in protest action. NM: To be honest, I think that my generation has the most negative connotations. I was born in 2000 and there is too much dialogue that revolves around “ama 2000”. Most people say that we are spoiled. I mean of course, we haven’t been involved in any struggle but that doesn’t mean that we don’t have problems of our own. It also discredits our contribution to the movement. For example, we have done a lot for the culture. African traditional cultural practices were almost dying away but we made them popular again. We are also spreading the idea of the African Renaissance. Our use of social media is shifting the opinions that the world has of “Africa”. 3. What do you value the most in life: loyalty, success, freedom of expression or health? Why? JN: I value freedom of expression and health the most. I probably value freedom the most because I spent a portion of my life fighting for it. Apartheid ended when I was 28 years old. So imagine living 3 decades without the freedom of expression. And now to finally have it! TP: I value loyalty more than anything. Loyalty and honesty are very rare in my generation. It feels like we are all competing against each other. It just feels like everyone is out for each other. You can’t really trust anyone because they are just

focused on making it. So, if I find someone who is truly loyal, I really value them and their company. NM: Success. Obviously success. I’m trying to make some real money moves! I value success because everyone in my generation is already doing so much. It feels like, I’m surrounded by YouTube stars, award-winning bloggers, social influencers and all the likes. It’s only right for me to want a piece of the action. Success means everything to me. I want people to know the name and recognise the face. I know that I’m going to be powerhouse. Mediocrity is not an option. 4. What is your view on today’s youth? JN: Lazy. They are very entitled. I believe that they were born with a silver spoon in their mouth so they have never really had to struggle for anything. Everything comes easy for these kids. I think that they are very difficult to control for these reasons. However, I also blame us for the way which we raised them. We were so focused on giving them a better life and we took it too far. TP: Confused. I think that they have pumped full of so many ideas, we don’t know what to follow anymore. Because of social media, we have been exposed to so much that it makes it difficult to find our own identity. A lot of us are suffering. NM: The best yet. We are a very diverse and interesting group.We are painting South Africa in a great light and representing Africa very well. A lot of us are breaking boundaries and smashing glass ceilings. And I really admire that.


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pilling the tea

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Generation Instant Gratification

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By Zoe Mafoko

s a generation with an attention span of just 8.25 seconds (less than that of a goldfish), the ability to multitask over 5 screens and switch between apps over 27 times per hour, analysts have described Generation Z as impatient, distracted, and overwhelmed and have further declared, “Instant gratification is (Gen Z’s) modus operandi.” While the world advances with technology, what this generation fails to take note of, is the serious drawbacks that living in a technological world while being instantly gratified has had on them. Older generations who are the parents of Generation Z, have frequently commented on this generation’s lack of interpersonal skills because of how consumed by technology they have become. One parent, a product of the “Baby Boomer” generation, Jabu Nene states, “We worry about lots of things as parents. We want to connect with our kids but technology is taking over.”

diagnoses for anxiety and ADHD/ADD. While high amounts of social media activity has ensured that the world becomes a smaller place in which Gen Z’s can meet people from all over the world without having to leave their bedrooms, this same achievement in the advancement of technology has created numerous drawbacks for the generation who are native to tech. This is because the instantaneousness of the internet has heightened the speed at which mistakes made by young people, such as sending nudes or sexting, can become globally viral in hours, all with the promise of remaining permanent on the net. A problem that this generation is becoming increasingly aware of and thus have resorted to favouring apps that promise non-permanency of uploaded data, such as Snapchat. The speed at which Gen Z’s process information coupled, with the constant instant gratification of social media activity, poses a critical issue to the development of Gen Z’s because the constant gratification that they are accustomed to may lead to this generation becoming increasingly addicted to the internet and their devices. This is because experts, have found that validation given to this generation through an increase in social media activity, releases a chemical reaction of endorphins to the brain that flood it with dopamine – a hormone usually released after a good workout or the achievement of something important to oneself, thus bringing feelings of euphoria and happiness.

fact of the matter is, that Generation Z is a product of their time and upbringing and that perhaps, a digital timeout every now and then could go a long way.

79% of Gen Z’s go to bed with their phones and their attention spans that are shorter than that of goldfish.

Nene’s feelings are corroborated by numerous parents. They admit that while there are a multitude of positives to technology and that they worked hard to allow Generation Z the kinds of freedoms and privilege they have access to, they cannot remember when their child “was just a child and went outside to play.”

Further, this constant “always online” behaviour of Generation Z, which has led to more than 79% of Gen Z’s going to bed with their phones and attention spans that are shorter than that of goldfish, has this generation processing large amounts of information in short time spans, leaving them as a generation with some of the highest

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While older generations may say, “Technology is taking over our kids and I don’t know if I like it or not.” The

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“This generation consumes information instantaneously and loses interest just as fast.” - Project Insider

E MICROWAVE GENERATION Credit: Luyanda Keswa

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simplistic bad

extravagant 10

crazy liberal

international

A paradox free

unapologetic Credit: Zoe Mafoko and Luyanda Keswa


Gen Z + Diversity= Same WhatsApp Group By Zoe Mafoko “Diversity /dʌɪˈvəːsɪti,dɪˈvəːsɪti/ noun the state of being diverse. “there was considerable diversity in the style of the reports” a range of different things. plural noun: diversities “newspapers were obliged to allow a diversity of views to be printed” synonyms: variety, miscellany, assortment, mixture, mix, melange, range, array, medley, multiplicity;”

Picture by: Luyanda Keswa

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outh Africa is a melting pot of diversity. Known as the “Rainbow Nation”, a term coined by the Archbishop Desmond Tutu, South Africa is renowned for its eleven official languages, its diverse mix of cultures, race and traditions as well as its multilingual national anthem, “Nkosi Sikelela”. The Republic is further looked to as the leading pioneer of human rights and equality in Africa, having been the first African state and one of the first countries in the world to legalise gay rights, as one of the most fervent champions for gender equality and for having robust affirmative action programs. With one of the best liberal constitutions in the world, the Republic of South Africa, is truly a diverse and accepting society. However, things have not always been this way in South Africa. The Republic comes from a long history of colonisation and then Apartheid, in which some of the most atrocious human rights violations happened. Segregation was the order of the day and for the people of the state, the idea of integrating with people of other ethnicities and belief systems, unless you were serving under them or they were working for you, was an idea inconceivable. Apartheid was racism institutionalised and made legal and is thus a far cry from the democracy in which South Africans exist today. In this day and age, i-Generation are the world’s most diverse generation in history – being a generation born between 1996 – 2015. This is a generation who were born into a world with a black president, into a world where gay rights had been legalised by the time of their births, where segregation and Apartheid had come to an end and where there were higher percentages

of females receiving degrees and higher education qualifications than men. Being born into a space that is relatively free from any oppression, has completely separated Generation-Z from any of the previous generations before them, in terms of mindset and psyche. This is because while other generations had to struggle to achieve the freedoms that the i-Generation have been born into, and then adjust to accepting the legalisation of said issues, for i-Gen’s these freedoms are irrefutable facts of life. For them, these freedoms are normal and without having to think much about it, these freedoms are a part of their realities. Thus, it is inconceivable for them to imagine a time without the legalisation of these issues. Generation-Z is further a generation with access to a large amount of interactions with people of differing ethnicities, cultures and social backgrounds to themselves. This is because with the end of Apartheid, schools in South Africa have become largely very integrated, university spaces allow for contact with people of other nationalities and the advancement of technology allows this generation of “digital natives” the ability to make friends with people all around the world without ever meeting them face to face. For the purpose of this feature, a group of 14 Gen-Z members, from 8 different countries and different racial groups, cultures and backgrounds were interviewed in order to understand just how diverse this generation is. All 14 respondents were selected from the student body of the University Currently Known As Rhodes (UCKAR), they are either South African students (3), international students (9) or exchange students (2).

All 14 respondents said that they had diverse upbringings, having integrated with people of other religions, ethnicities and cultures from an early age. All respondents speak two or more languages and believe in the importance of multilingualism. Three of the respondents are currently involved in interracial relationships, while another three had previously been involved in interracial relationships. They all state that if presented with the opportunity and if the chemistry was there, they would date outside of their own ethnic group/culture/religion, however eight respondents also stated that while they would have to talk their parents into accepting their choice of partner, their parent’s opinion in their love lives are not something they would take too seriously because it is not their parent dating the person but them. All respondents said that the one thing that they continually clash with their parents and with people of older generations on, is the issue of gay rights and homosexuality. The difference between the i-Generation and the generations preceding them is encapsulated by one of the interviewed respondents, Larissa-Jane Houston, who says, wIn the end, generation Z remains the generation of the future. Between breaking past their physical borders and seeing beyond race, gender, culture and sexuality, perhaps older generations could learn a thing or two from them.

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Transformation and Awareness DYK? Generation Z want to change the world with a socially active voice and this has been demonstrated through the #FeesMustFallProtest, #RhodesMustFall, #RUReferenceList, #AcademicShutdown, #TotalShutdown etc. It serves as a strong indication in transforming the world for the better and creating social awareness #RUWoke?


Student of Rhodes University (RU) at the #TotalShutdown March, protesting against gender based violence (GBV) Picture by: Zoe Mafoko

A space contested By: Zoe Mafoko

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ooking around me, all I see are lips moving – ruby, burgundy and rose – hurriedly, making final plans and decisions, singing, “Siyaya, noma basidubula, siyaya, basibetha, siyaya, basibopha, Siyaya noma kubi” We are going forward, whether they shoot at us, we are going forward whether they hit us, we are going forward whether they arrest us. We’re going forward regardless of how bad it is. Russet nails that hold placards, #NoMeansNo, #MybodyNOTyourcrimesscene, #Victornotvictim. And black. From neck to toe, all black. The darkness of it all contrasting stunningly against the manicured green lawns on which they stand. But today, these womxn are not here to be pretentiously manicured and quiet, instead

they stand, brave and resilient. Much like pavements, looking on as history happens the people who once fought wars and were before their eyes. Scents of determination imprisoned in the areas surrounding the and hope permeate from these womxn lawns upon which they stand. They stand and fill the air so wildly that the scent of it in shades of black and red, striking and all chokes one with overwhelming empathy bold, the tension that fills the air is palpaand consciousness. ble – we are going forward. Forward they all go, Scents of determination and passing under the cracked and crumbling Drostdy arch, leaving hope permeate from these behind the myths regarding womxn and fill the air so womxn fragility to crumble and seize from existence with the wildly that the scent of it all myths fed to first years by their chokes one with overwhelming seniors. Forward they march, empathy and consciousness.” a renewed sense of purpose fills the air, “Thula mntanami ukhalelani zizojika izinto” be quiet my child, why are you crying? Things are about to This space is a space contested. A space change. left dilapidated by unnatural wars of men. Things are about to change. Yet here these womxn are, contesting Here they are, looking into their place in this space. Their resolve cracked streets and buildings unmovable, as they breathe out mentalities – old in age and old in hardthat are only natural – much like how a ships and troubles. Yet with deep-rooted tree might release oxygen. vivid expressions of determiThe question is, is the space ready to nation painted across their inhale? youthful faces, they march on asserting themselves and giving new purpose to the weary streets through which they march. Shop-owners crowd the

The theme was red and black to symbolise all the blood that has been spilt. Picture by: Zoe Mafoko

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Lulama Gxakasi embracing her African culture by wearing her traditional necklace and wearing her afro, one of the things she loves about her Africanness.

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Azania and her children who dress to embrace her By: Siphumelele Dyakophu

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n African proverb says, “The best way to fight an alien and oppressive culture is to embrace your own.” This might be the cause of the new “trend” that is going around generation z. Trends are a way to reach gen z”s and get them to engage more. A trend that is currently happening now is the trend of embracing your roots, who you are and where you come from as an individual. More and more gen z’s are starting to embrace their African culture and are starting to be more educated about their culture. This feature article will be focusing on why gen z have started embracing their African culture, the types of oppression they receive when they do embrace their African culture and how they handle that. It will also be focusing on people that wear traditional wear not only on Heritage Day but in their everyday lives. Having an afro these days is a symbol of being proud of your African culture. Many people have been having afros and wearing them with pride, one of the people spoken to was Samkele Myeni, a 4th year student at Rhodes University (RU) majoring in IsiXhosa. “Media has a huge infuence on what trends and this time it has portrayed my natural hair as beautiful,” Myeni says. She says she had relaxed her all her life until grade 12, when she decided she wanted to grow natural hair. She took this drastic decision because she saw how all her other friends were all about “natural is the new beautiful”. “I’d compare it to the rise of black power in the 60’s in America and the popularising of afro’s as a

pro-black political statement back then,” she says. This statement sums up why most black girls wear their afro’s with pride. It’s a symbol of black power. Another symbol of power to be mentioned is how individuals are not afraid to wear their traditional clothing not only during Heritage Day, but in their everyday lives as well. General Mvengenya, a proud Xhosa man, student at Rhodes University, majoring in IsiXhosa, talked about how he doesn’t hesitate to get up in the morning and wear his traditional attire to class or to work. Mvengenya is part of the 2018 SRC council member as a Student Benefits and Sponsorship Councillor and he has been gifted awards for the person who embraces his culture the most. He says that him wearing his traditional attire is showing people his roots and who he is. “It is a form of representation,” Mvengenya says. Representing who he is through his attire and how he dresses. “Just like how my SRC uniform represents that I am a member of the council, my traditional attire does the same as well,” he says. He says that it’s only now that people are realising it is important to embrace their culture, and that is why they all of a sudden are willing to engage with it. Embracing Africanism has become a lifestyle in gen z’s, and it is sure to be

passed on to other generations to come. Those embracing their Africanism is a way of showing how they are proud to be part of the Rainbow Nation and how proud they are to be Africans.

“I’d compare it (her change to natural hair) to the rise of black power in the 60’s in America and the popularising of afro’s as a pro-black political

Picture Above: Denzel Makombe dressed in his traditional attire for Heritage day, 24 September Picture by: Zoe Mafoko

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To be a trans-womxn in a hetero society By: Zoe Mafoko

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he sits straight and filled with author- space and the way in ity, black-rimmed glasses perched which it has allowed on the bridge of her nose as she for her to open up in contemplates her response, “People treat terms of expressing you differently when they find out you’re her gender identity, trans. And I think it’s because of this genshe is still very firm eral stigma that people have of transgenin her belief that the is still trying to mediate between the two, der people in society.” “LGBT people are excluded in this space “Sometimes I do have problems mediating Meet Phumelele Nkomazake, a third-year (UCKAR) and that is something we have who I am in my cultural background, being student at the University Currently Known never had a conversation about.” Xhosa. Much of my Xhosa practices right As Rhodes (UCKAR). She is accomWhile she is an activist for the LGBT++ now are quite culturally gendered and so plished, she is fierce and she identifies community, she is also a fervent activist there is that conlict.” She sighs and turns as “legitimately to stare outside of her window, looking black and trans.” as though she carries the weight of the “Her Student Representative Council (SRC) uniform Her room paints world on her shoulders. Her black dress, a vivid picture of which hangs from her wardrobe, depicting her suwc- shrouding her in a cloud of darkness as her life and all cess in becoming the first trans womxn to have beshe contemplates all of the problems of her accolades the world she needs to fix. In this mocome an SRC member in South Africa.” - her Student ment Phumelele Nkomakaze is vulneraRepresentative ble, she is tired and she doesn’t have all Council (SRC) uniform which hangs from for being proudly African, regardless of of the answers. her wardrobe, depicting her suwccess in what culture you are and for being proudly “Phumelele becomes very personally becoming the first trans womxn to have black. This is because she invested in her work, and while it’s great to become an SRC member in South Africa. believes that it is time that the people of see her attack the issues of her community Her Gender Action Project, Out-Rhodes her own generation (Generation Z) take with such passion, I genuinely do think it and Nkoli-fassie posters which are on her pride in their being black and African. does take a toll on her and that’s a heavy walls, depicting the hard work, dedication For her, the struggle is personal. She gets burden for anyone to carry on their own,” and commitment she has made to the peo- passionate and her hands become aniNadia Englebrecht, a fellow SRC councillor ple of the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transmated as she explains how being African and acquaintance of Nkomazake says. As gender (LGBT++) community, to further and trans is very important because there Nkomazake’s name didn’t get announced their cause as a sitting committee member isn’t any narrative about black transgender as the new SRC president 2019 in lieu of in all three societies. womxn at all. Because of this, Nkomazake a straight male’s, she gracefully congratuBut while her room, with her accolades, makes sure to stress the race aspect of lated him and went to receive hugs from all soul music and psychology and journalism her identity, as well as the gender asher friends who were in attendance. With notes and textbooks might act as a safe pect. She says, “People usually make the a bright smile that matched the wild joy of space for her, the second she steps outassumption that the two cannot coexist, the crowd around her, she sighs and says, side of it and into the corridor, she is conwhich is obviously a big lie because they “I believe everything happens for a reason fronted by the harsh reality of her situation. do exist, in the sense that I am black and I and I just don’t think the world is ready for You see, Nkomazake resides in a male am trans. For so long the distortion of Afrime yet.” residence at UCKAR, even though she can history has been made to be one that identifies as a womxn. And it is precisely says, it is un-black or un-African for one to issues such as these, which she says are be gay or lesbian or bisexual or transgenAbove picture: A portrait of Mx Phumelele those that empower her to be a voice for der. However, that isn’t a narrative that is Nkomozake right before the #TotalShutthe people of her community and why she accurate and so I’m trying to really disrupt down march which she helped organise now has her eyes set on the position of that thinking.” and lead her in Grahamstown being the SRC president at UCKAR. While Whilst Nkomazake powers on with her she is very appreciative of the UCKAR cause, she very readily admits that she

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Picture By: Siphumelele Dyakophu


“People usually make the assumption that the two cannot coexist, which is obviously a big lie because they do exist, in the sense that I am black and I am trans. For so long the distortion of African history has been made to be one that says, it is un-black or un-African for one to be gay or lesbian or bisexual or transgender. However, that isn’t a narrative that is accurate and so I’m trying to really disrupt that thinking.” -Phumelele Nkomozake

Picture By: Siphumelele Dyakophu

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ARU has been met with numerous transformation appeals, following the resignation of Heyneke Meyer as Springbok Head Coach towards the end of 2015. Strategic ways of representing the demographics of the country in this sporting code required in depth procedures to be implemented for the continuum of the rainbow nation for Rugby. Following Meyer’s inability to select non-white players who were deemed as worthy competitors for the green and gold, demands for there to be a change in the representation of the demographics of the country have proven to be a success. SARU’s transformation plan has been met with major adjustments in that regard. Furthermore, the country’s first black Springbok captain, Siya Kolisi was welcomed by the nation with delight as this highlighted the progress which has been made during the transformation process by SARU. COSATU has played a pivotal role in influencing the changes which have been a revelation, following new Springbok head coach, Rassie Erasmus’s 2 – 1 June series win over Northern Hemisphere giants, England. Following the transparent inclusion of young non-white players in the Springbok set up and their excellent performances against Eddie Jones’s side, the country has been satisfied with change, after Meyer’s successor, Allister Coetzee, failed to get the best performances from the squad after his disappointing final term in 2017. To much of the Political Union’s disapproval of the unfair representation of non-white professionals on the pitch for the Boks, Western Cape Regional Secretary of COSATU, Tony Ehrenreich asserted in 2015, “Springbok players, black and white, have complained about general transformation issues at the South African Rugby

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A sport to galva

Union.” The series of complaints from various media platforms resulted in positive outcomes for the transformaBy Lelethu Bomeni the attention of many. Sports tion agenda. Following the passand Recreation Minister Toko ing of SARU’s transformation Xasa requested that Naas exam in March 2018, CEO of SA Botha and Nick Mallett both get suspended Rugby said, “rugby is succeeding in the after the incident while the latter was being transformation process and we’re pleased investigated. She continued to express her with the outcomes of the EPG report.” The irritation with the issue of white entitlement targets for SA rugby in this regard were in the game of rugby. “This behaviour of met to the board’s delight. The transformaentitlement by some white South Africans tion plan further branched its way to reach who continue to think that their whiteness various schools and universities which represent better must come to an end. continuously put their faith in giving people If it was not for a barbaric nonsensical of colour, the opportunity to run their apartheid system that privileged them we squads of talented players, irrespective could not have implemented a quota sysof their racial background for the benefit tem to normalise an otherwise abnormal of representing the demographics of the system.” She also highlighted that she was country for the younger generation. certain that it was evident that Willemse Furthermore, the situation that occurred was referred to as a quota player by his earlier in May this year during the Super two colleges prior to his outburst on live Rugby competitions, regarding Super television. Sport presenter and former Springbok, South Africa has been finding Ashwin Willemse and two other members difficulty in abolishing the issues which from the panel of rugby experts who were plagued the nation prior to the introduction part of the reason why Mr Willemse decidof Gen Z individuals. Consequently, the ed to distance himself from the scene as it same conservative judgement still manwas one which was capable of harming his ages to find its way to the youth as the spirit as a person of colour on the panel. same issues of unprofessionalism, have The two men, Naas Botha and Nick Mallett not been dealt with accordingly. Furthermade comments which Willemse found more, the fight for equality in all spheres patronising, as he had stated. According of life continues, as time elapses across to Kiernan, “The report further claimed Wilthe lenses which seek to propel its pupils, lemse interpreted this request as patronistowards the bright light that could finally ing, which led to his outburst.” assess and deal with the façade behind, The issue skyrocketed social the Democratic Republic of South Africa’s media, which saw positive responses famous, Rainbow Nation. from numerous individuals in the country. People who are in positions which have a certain level of importance and influence attached to them made their opinions aware to the public as the issue caught

Spring agains Picture Bomen


anize a generation

Pictures By: Lelethu Bomeni

gboks playing st Australia e By: Lelethu ni

“This behaviour of entitlement by some white South Africans who continue to think that their whiteness represent better must come to an end. If it was not for a barbaric nonsensical apartheid system that privileged them we could not have implemented a quota system to normalise an otherwise abnormal system.� - Sports and Recreation Minister, Toko Xasa

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Gen- Inked I By: Luyanda Keswa

t’s no secret that men have felt entitlement to the bodies of their female counterparts, this made them sensitive a range of physical cues in women. This generation of women has decided to reclaim their bodies. According to a psychologytoday.com study men see women with tattoos, they judge them as less motivated, less religious, less intelligent and less artistic. The Wall Street Journal has went as far as calling Gen-Z’s ‘Gen-Inked’. We have gathered women who defy the “traditional” idea of a women: tattoos, dreads (known to be untidy) and piercings. According to a 2015 Harris Poll, about 47% of Generation Z’s have at least one tattoo, this means that traditional ideologies of body consciousness are being challenged by Gen-Z’s. Nthatisi (student) says times are changing and we don’t have to restrict or limit women to do the same things they did 10 years ago This photo series explores how tattoos and piercings on women’s bodies are art and not “tramp stamps”. Tattoos have been labeled as unproffessional and satanic, as gen-z’s do not necessarily agree with their elders on everything. This is evident in our challenging religion and our curiousity to explore our sexualities. Tattoos have played a big role in the identities of generation Z’s, both female and male.

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Pictures By: Siphumelele Dyakophu & Luyanda Keswa

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Africa vs Wakanda By: Luyanda Keswa

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he release of the Marvel of the Dora Milaje even though we blockbuster, Black Panther, in live in a country with Ndebele peoFebruary this year people has ple, it might be safe to assume that to a heightened interest in the idea of not a lot of South African Generation Afro-futurism. One begins to wonder Z’s knew that these rings are called whether Generation Zs are more ob- ‘indzila’. We are also in a country sessed with the idea of a Wakanda with Zulu people and we got really then they are of the idea of Africa. excited to see ‘isicolo’ being worn As Africans, we watched as Ameriby Queen Mother Ramonda in the cans took pieces of our cultures “There is no Afrofuturism and put them on a big screen. This was the first time everywithout Afrocentrism.” one considered being African a “cool” thing. Before that, Africa was associated with savagery and primitiveness. African Amerimovie. cans were often found cyber-bullying We as Africans should not let outside Africans. A big part of this film is the influences dictate how we should relationship between Africans and live. The idea of a utopia is okay but African Americans, and it’s probably this can only be achieved by educatthe most complicated relationship in ing the younger generations about the film. their African identities and culture. It Wakanda, the fictional kingdom in has happened a lot in our generation the movie, is a somewhat perfect that we find our peers not being able land with people of real African to speak a native language, and only tribes. The kingdom is nothing like use English to communicate. The the actual continent we live on and generation behind us is following our although it was a good movie, we as examples, it is not rare now have a African Generation Z’s could work 12 year-old black child to not be able towards creating such a land for to speak their mother tongue or any ourselves. We haven’t seen much of other native language. the gold rings worn around the neck Afrofuturism is a reaction to the

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dominance of white expression and reaction to the use of science and technology to justify racism and white or Western dominance and normativity. However, to achieve the goal we must first become Afrocentric. There is no Afrofuturism without Afrocentrism. Therefore, we must learn more about our African identities and culture before we can develop them.


Wakanda Forever? Illustration By: Luyanda Keswa

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Digital Native Generation DYK? Generation Z has been characterised as the “digital natives” generation because they have all been born after the commercialisation of the internet in 1997.This is a generation that are 29% more likely to make electronic purchases than millennials.They spend up to 11 hours per day on social media and 53% of Gen Z’s prefer to communicate in-person rather than over instant messaging and email. For them, tech is not an addiction; it’s an extension of themselves. Are you addicted to your right hand?


By: Tanatswa Chivhere

Illustrated by: Luyanda Keswa

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here are three apples which have changed the world. The first was eaten by Eve in the garden of Eden, the second fell on Sir Isaac Newton’s head and the third was introduced by Steve Jobs. On Thursday the second of August, Apple was the first company in history to be valued at a trillion dollars. This does not come as a surprise as the company managed to break four of its all-time records earlier this year. At 77.3 million units sold, it managed to report its highest ever iPhone quarterly sales. In addition, Apple’s overall revenue stands at $88.3 billion and reached its highest ever net-income. Apple’s increased market value is credited to Tim Cook, the company’s CEO. When he took over from Steve Jobs, the company was valued at $30 billion dollars. Under his leadership, the company has diversified and now sells a wide range of products. However, Apple trails Samsung in the field of mobile devices. This

has led to claims that Apple is over-valued and only successful due to brand recognition. Tanaka Nyakonda, a Masters student at Rhodes University, states that “Samsung has more to offer than Apple. Samsung produces a wider range of products including home appliances such as fridges, televisions and washing machines”. He praises Apple for its clean-cut design but criticises the company’s unfriendliness towards App developers. Whilst Android supports non-verified Apps and allows developers to use their own devices for testing, Apple has various restrictions on the content which is run on their devices. Apple’s trillion-dollar value was predicted by economists since the company reached $900 billion in November 2017. This asserts Apple’s position as the leading technology company, holding a near-monopoly over the industry. According to IS Honours student, Kudakwashe

“Apple’s trillion-dollar

value was predicted by economists since the company reached $900 billion in November 2017.” Nhira, this can be accredited to Apple’s brilliant marketing techniques. The company markets their products as a need and consumers associate the brand with a successful lifestyle. A comparison between Apple and Samsung products shows that Samsung introduces new features before Apple. There is less emphasis on the product’s functions, but more on the image. At a trillion dollars, the apple speaks for itself.

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By: Thabo Matsaba

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ocial media is an internet-based form of communication. Social media platforms allow users to have conversations and share information. Google defines social media as “Websites and applications that enable users to create and share content or to participate in social networking.” As per the latest Statistics released by Stats’ on July 2018 Facebook is one of the ocial media is an internet-based form of communication. Social media platforms allow users to have conversations and share information. Google defines social media as “Websites and applications that enable users to create and share content or to participate in social networking.” As per the latest Statistics released by Stats’ on July 2018 Facebook is one of the most used social networking platforms. . Social networking continues being prevalent with constant communication

ing a varying amount of time an average person spends online. Surprise Motswege, a Rhodes University (RU) student, has stopped using social media (Facebook) for a year now. Motswege describes his social media use as an addiction. “As a student social media has contributed to my inattentiveness, and sometimes stress when at home and without data”, said Motswege. In addition, it is used as a platform to convey misleading information and falsehoods. As a result, some people have been victims of online scamming. According to Jacqui Mackway-Wilson, a source on a media update report in 2017, “Motives for creating hoax adverts are usually for financial gain”.

of people around the world. According to an article on StatsSA, it is reported that “It is estimated that there will be around 2.77 billion social media users around the globe, up from 2.46 billion in 2017.” This serves as an indication that social networking is ever-increasing. However, like many other things social networking holds a negative side to it. Social networking is an active part of one’s lives, with various studies indicat-

However, despite the negative outcomes of social networking such as cyberbullying and tarnishing of high profile reputations, social media also has positive uses. Nikita Ndletyana, a RU student, says that’s not all there is to social networking. Ndletyana shares how social networking can be used to promote productive ideas in society, such as online marketing of businesses. Ndletyana further explains how companies with an active social

Illustration By: Luyanda Keswa

media presence to show how their brand is active. Ndletyana runs a photography business called “Holy Cloud Movement” and shares the benefits of social networking and how it has helped her in branding her business. “Showing people what your brand’s personality and what you stand for is one of the best ways to connect with my target audience,” said Ndletyana. Mashudu Mphaphuli, a RU stu-

“It is estimated that there will be around 2.77 billion social media users around the globe, up from 2.46 billion in 2017.” dent, is also an active church member who has been involved in the marketing of some of his church events and for the Venda society at RU in 2016. Mphaphuli shares how marketing some of the events they have hosted on social networks, and through posters to have been a general fun enjoyment and has made it easy for him to establish contact with other marketing team members as well. “Social networking continues to make my life easy, as far as marketing of events is concerned,” said Mphaphuli. The increased use of social networking, has influenced some organisations applying social network policies. This as reported on an article in Fin24 is to serve as a measure to mitigate the risks that comes with social media. The article further reports that, “Larger SA corporates are recognising the need for this and making sure that they update their policies”. Social networking has made our lives convenient in more ways. However, one ought to be aware of how they use of social media. If we can use social media positively, having social media will become a good change for us.

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Beyond

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By: Tanatswa Chivhere

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he perfectly blended concealer shows how she hides her imperfections, whilst mastering them for her advantage. A picture without her make-up will reveal a scar on a forehead. The scar represents her adventurous spirit and her ability to learn from her mistakes. The girl with the scar, is the same girl with the perfect face beat. One face is a persona, the other her personality. The face you see depends on who you are. A quick scroll on her Instagram and Twitter pages shows Anesu in bold lipstick colours. Her favourite colour is red, because it favours her skin tone. The red is representative of her confident side. Her confidence is the basis of her success as an Instagram model. Whilst other models have the opportunity to exhibit their skills by walking on runways, this is Anesu’s only chance. This is the reason why she has invested a lot of energy in improving her online presence. In her skill of work, there are constant reminders that fame

She refers to herself as “the world’s biggest catfish” can be short-lived. Anesu’s online presence will show you that she doesn’t smile often. Most of her pictures feature a fierce smize which reaches into your soul. One can easily see that she takes her craft seriously. With close to 3 500 followers, she is doing well in an industry which demands hundreds of thousands of likes. Her feed reflects her growth process and how she aims to reach greater heights in the future. She keeps her older pictures as a reminder that anyone can succeed, if they put their mind to it. She also draws inspiration from seeing how far she has come and how long she still has to go. She never sets a fashion foot wrong. She is often seen in well composed fashion pieces which can impress even the toughest fashion critics. Her hard work has birthed collaborations with big brands such as US-based company Vibing Store. She has also gotten recognition from popular sportswear brand, FILA. According to Anesu, she likes to keep a casual and relatable theme for her feed. As much as she focuses on fashion and make-up , she still wants people to view her as the girl next door. And this is the Anesu that I meet during our interview. The concealer and the face beat are long gone and left behind is the natural face

and a slight hint of lip gloss. According to her, the perfect face beat is only available for a small part of her days. On a normal day, she prefers going to lectures barefaced. This is a hint of who she is behind the make-up. She is an introvert who spends most of her time alone. Despite being regularly watched by thousands of people a day, her true passion lies in her privacy. Her idea of perfect relaxation includes being alone in her room with a series. This is supported by Ruvarashe, her best friend of eight years, who vocal about the difficulties of maintaining speaks on the struggle to get her out of a three-year relationship but remains her shell. Her ability to effortlessly change positive that it will end in marriage. Sibo, between Anesu the Instagram model and her close friend and photographer, apAnesu the law student is remarkable. plauds her ability to be bubbly in the face The bold lipstick colours are applied onto of difficulties. She mentions how easy it is a mouth that holds strong and interesting to capture Anesu’s personality in pictures opinions. Whilst Instagram models are because she is a happy soul. often associated with shallowness, Anesu The Anesu you see on Instagram is a far shows that she is a par above the rest. cry from the Anesu you meet in person. She is currently studying towards her She is not ashamed of her range and Bachelor of Arts in Sociology and Legal refers to herself as “The World’s Best Theory. The Law programme at Rhodes Catfish” University is notoriously tough, with a few students being cut out regularly, but her survival in the system is a testament of her hard work. However, she is not silent on her struggles with the pressure of being a model, a student and a blogger. There are days where she often has to choose which one to prioritise. She has also used her blog to raise awareness on mental health issues by publicising her struggle with depression. Even though a smile on her feed is a rarity, in real life a smile gets her through her day. A smile is a sign that everything will be alright. Despite the many obstacles in her path, she aims to do her best and achieve as much she can. Her positive mindset is demonstrated by her views Picture by: Siphumelele Dyakophu on people and relationships. She is

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A Generation of

Bathandwa Njobe, an avid consumer and spender holding her bank cards and iPhone - items which many Gen Z’s claim as their prized possessions. Picture by: Zoe Mafoko


f psuedo-creators & avid consumers By: Siphumelele Dyakophu

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en Z’s are a demographic after millennials (generation y). This generation is the generation that is known for creating culture and promoting free press. But is that all that they are? This piece will be focusing on whether this generation has contributed to society or is it just part of the destruction in our society. Are there things that they developed which helped society, or where they just a useless generation? In this piece we interviewed a millennial, Sinethemba Leve, who shared what he thought about generation Z. “A generation that on lives online”, Sinethemba Leve, a lab assistant at Rhodes University and a millennial, said this statement with regards to what he thought generation z was. He goes on to expand that they are the generation that is not visible to the rest of society, not because they are excluded, but because they make themselves invisible through their social media interaction. “Even children in this generation are not playing, they are busy on their smartphones and tablets”, he says. He goes

on to say that they are not a productive generation, their main focus is centred around technology and trending on social media. According to an article consulted this generation, it said that technology was this generation’s daily lives and how they viewed the world. We could link this to the article of Apple being the richest company, and this is because of generation z, since they engage or consume more of Apple’s products more than any other generation. They are just making use of what has been implemented by other generations. This article continues to say that generation z uses social media more that millennials who popularized it. It can be concluded to say that generation Z is a very technologically dependent generation and they are very reliant on technology solving problem for them, which may mean they are very lazy, an example of this would be using the internet to find ways things can be done much quicker etc. Stress is also one of the factors which drives this genera-

tion, because they are always worried about their health state and their online personalities etc. We can definitely conclude to say that this generation is indeed a generation that consumes more than innovate, and empower. Although there are some traits that may be promising in this generation like leadership skills and entrepreneurial skills, they still need to work and expand on them.

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Picture by:Luyanda Keswa

“Generation Z interact more through phones and apps, than in real life� - The Independent


Generations Z’s Mindset

DYK? No strings attached remains an active sexual practice. People are comfortable in engaging with multiple sexual partners and they are much more vocal about it.The phrases, “hoe is life” and euphemistically, “let us not put a name to it,” have become extremely colloquial and fashionable among Gen Z.This explicitly manifests itself as a coping mechanism for dealing with heartbreak and despair, at the hands of no longer having a significant other. Nowadays, people aren’t that keen to commit to relationships. However, at times spending time with someone does lead to catching feelings, which is primarily the reason why people experience heartbreak, and their whole perspective on love and relationships changes.Thus plaguing Gen Z with unconventional febaring.

DON’T EVER PLAY YOURSELF.


“My Beautiful Broken Heart” By Lelethu Bomeni

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he highest maxim that should be endorsed in a time of great personal difficulty is to make sure that you search strenuously for the endurance to always repair, once you let down the walls that could violently lead to heartbreak and despair. People often take for granted the measures that one is willing to take at a time of excruciating desperation. The kind that brings with it a series of disappointments from the outskirts of your own lens, to the hallow pathway that leads to one’s gloomy soul. The constant grey cloud that hovers the mind of a broken-hearted individual, manifests itself in a loud conniving manner, in which a special lady who has given her utmost humil-

ceptance while her heart found it difficult to cope and alter. Her priorities were proving to be normal ideas that cross the mind but this time around, there were no star vistas, the visual image that the mind often paints, whenever she unlocks the door that leads to her imagination. The coping mechanisms that she had previously instilled for whenever a misfortune as dangerous as a broken-heart, perched its wings and continued to fully fledge itself, while damaging her untainted soul. She identified herself as a victim of personal damage, owing to the disbanding of her and her former significant other after the chivalry had died. This then led to her lengthy period of growth which required intense

Her decision to orchestrate the happiness that clouds her room by positioning various items and objects in specific positions proved to be the catalyst in restoring her happiness. “Every time I step into my room, I get to escape reality by forcing myself to dine in reality, introvertly and extrovertly.” She didn’t want to find herself in a situation where she could’ve made a decision that would haunt her for the rest of her life. “The mind operates best in the most critical period it finds itself, but the best decisions require time and patience.” She said this with a consideration of the sensitive issues of gen z individuals considering the idea of committing suicide as a way of breaking

“The mind operates best in the most critical period it finds itself, but the best decisions require time and patience.” ity to share her lengthened period of misfortune at the hands of humanity. The identity of the student shall not be revealed as she has requested so, along with the two individuals whom she holds close to her heart, who shared their voices for this piece. With the new generation, colloquially referred to as Gen Z, finding life challenging from all angles, which has brought about a cry for help for the individuals who can’t deal with the brutal mistreatment of sensitivity in society. People genuinely form associations that the mind subconsciously keeps and manifests them with the thoughts and words that teem it. “I often think about the reality of not hurting the ones around me as I lose a sense of hope within.” Through her personal daily reflection, she found herself in a situation that brought with it, critical ac-

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reality checks, including intense mental evaluations to prevent impulsive decision making. Her main concern during her journey to happiness, was loving herself but without complete isolation from those who hold her close to their hearts, in which reciprocity has been foregrounded prior. The setting inside her room resemble various spaces that she chose to put herself in, whenever she felt a certain way. The spiritual gloominess that the room embraces, creates a space that a person can hide in, while realising that there is far more out there than what is already at his/her disposal. The pictures of specific quotes and words that colour her walls in, force critical reflections of the mechanisms that other Gen z individuals may attempt to identify them as personal rituals for their various identities.

the shackles of pain that has been burning up owing to heartbreak and despair. She believed that as long as she can work tirelessly at seeking happiness, the measures that she took to block off those dark thoughts were always outweighed rationally as she decided to prioritise reality within and form a buffer between her emotions and reality.


Caption: Joshua Arnold in his residence at De Beers house, he is holding a broken heart which symbolizes some of the dark memories from the issues which cause heartbreak and despair. Picture By: Lelethu Bomeni

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Carpe Diem! Qu

By Zoe Maf

“So, what we ge So, what we smo We’re just hav We don’t care w So, what we g That’s how it’s supp Living young and wild and free” – “Young, Khalifa) The I-Generation is a generation who has ings of “carpe diem” (seize the day) and will be) to new heights. With Generation as “YOLO” (You Only Live Once) and fore Missing Out) when they aren’t a part of som real time, this photo story tries to shed light in a way that expresses their need to be at that their night out has been fulfilled. Furth how this generation makes use of certain s ence of a night out. From alcohol to cigare story of Generation Z

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ue sera, sera!

foko

et drunk oke weed ving fun who sees go out posed to be Wild & Free” (Snoop dog and Wiz ) s popularised and taken the mean“que sera sera” (whatever will be, Z constantly saying phrases such ever experiencing FOMO (Fear Of me event or experiencing things in t on just how this generation parties many events and places to ensure her, this photo story will show just substances to enhance their experiettes, to vape and Ritalin, this is the on a night out.

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No String By Siphumelele Dyakophu

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e live in a society whereby people do not attach their emotions to anything, be it relations, political decisions, money affairs etc. Generation Z is one of the generations that endorse the “No feelings” movement. It is as if everyone does not want to have an emotional attachment to anyone. This movement led to the casual sex epidemic. Casual sex is defined as having sex with an individual, of which you are not in a romantic relationship with them. So in other words it is more like sleeping with someone who

tion. One of the highlighted this the Traffic Ligh was held at 37 Grahamstown. a themed par people, wore c which represen a person was s or in a complica ship. There we colour tags, g sented singlene resented ‘in a and orange rep complicated’. T of this event wa ple who wore g socialise and fin they were lookin

“I don’t want to be in a relati while people ne you do not have a relationship with. To put this epidemic into concept, at Rhodes University (RU), Grahamstown, students give casual sex a term which is “naps”. This term is used by students all over the RU campus and this is how they describe casual sex at the institu-

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space. Many p to this event an prise many pe orange tags mo green or the re spoke to one of that was wearin tag, Thulisile Ma she said that the went to the party a naps buddy. S


gs Attached

e events that epidemic is ht Party that 7 on New in This was rty whereby certain tags nted whether single, taken ated relationere different green repreess, red reprelationship’ presented ‘its The context as to get peogreen tags to nd whatever ng for at that

to elaborate why she wore the orange tag, “I don’t want to be in a relationship, but every once in a while people need TLC(Tender loving care)”. She goes on to describe how she doesn’t need the stress of having a boyfriend, but at the same time girls also have needs too. Casual sex at RU is not seen as a shocking thing in the institution, it is something that is normalised by generation Z and something which they engage in with pride. Some of the individuals partaking in these activities, are usually not

ionship, but every once in a eed some TLC.”

people went nd to our sureople wore ore than the ed tags. We the students ng an orange apongwana, e reason she y was to find She goes on

aware of the consequences that come with such acts, for example contraction of sexually transmitted diseases (STI), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Picture By: Zoe Mafoko

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Coping Me

By Lelethu B

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he road to academic excellence ha for the students who occupy posit Gen Z proving a continuum of inno academic productivity at tertiary level. Th various sporting activities, reading som the current topic, and many more. Furthe cause for even more unwarranted distra slither and become recognizable factors or success in this regard. This microwav highest regard by engaging with the entit food, puffing and passing, happy hour, e importantly,

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echanisms

Bomeni

as caused many bumps and bruises tions in this colloquial society, with ovative methods to ensure positive hese innovative methods range from mething that is totally different from ermore, assignment deadline dates acting mechanisms that can easily s that could either guarantee failure ve genration seeks nurturing in the ties of this world which include; junk embracing mother nature, but most resting.

Photo Credits: Zoe Mafoko

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Meet the C Siphumelele Dyakophu is an Organisational Psychology and Journalism Major student. She has a passion for designing and editing media and hopes to venture into the world of media. She is currently working at Radio Grahamstown as a presenter.

Luyanda Keswa is a Drama & Journalism Major student doing his third year in the university. He’s been working for Rhodes Music Radio since 2017 and hopes to continue doing radio and acting after obtaining his degrees.

Tanatswa Chivhere is a Journalism and Legal Theory student. She hails from the land between the mighty Zambezi and Limpopo rivers. After living in 3 countries, she believes that she is the perfect example of a “Pan -African”. In 8 years, Tanatswa will have her own publishing business.

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Contributors Zoe Mafoko is a second year Journalism and Politics student at Rhodes University. Once she completes her degree she hopes to work in television and radio as a presenter. She is currently involved in campus radio as a presenter and a producer and has interned at a number of prominent media agencies.

Lelethu Bomeni ia a Journalism & Psychlogy student at Rhodes Universtiy. One day he will do big things, but for now he hopes to continue with his studies and grow in all spheres of his life.

Thabo Matsaba, hails from Cape Town and is an Ecomomics and Political & International student at Rhodes University. He has a special interrest in arts, and plans to travel the world, and discover some of the most amazing art around the world.

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“In the end, your generation does not ultimately define you, but you interpret your unique place within it. And so, in the pages of this publication, generation Z have found home.� - i-Trend

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