Mayor enjoys long festival history
Night Show moves into Knight Center
Orange City overflows with Dutch delicacies
ORANGE CITY BLOSSOMS WITH ANNUAL FESTIVAL
IT’S TULIP TIME! LOFT LIVING
HOME GIVES IDEAL VIEW OF FESTIVAL PARADE SIOUXLAND LIFE IS ON THE WEB! VISIT WWW.SIOUXCITYJOURNAL.COM/SIOUXLANDLIFE SIOUXLAND LIFE MAY 2014
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Tulips are blooming – and so is the annual Tulip Festival in Orange City, Iowa. This month we take a look at the festival, its traditions and the people that make it such a success. If you’re planning to attend the event May 15-17, use this as a primer. It’ll get you in the mood for flowers, fun and festivities.
PAGES FROM THE PAST Residents preserve Tulip Festival memorabilia
ON THE COVER 1988 Tulip Festival Queen Mary Swart, left, and her niece and reigning Tulip Festival Queen Ali Achterhof kick off the festival season at Prairie Winds Event Center in Orange City, Iowa. FEATURES 4 HOME Loft living 10 TULIP FESTIVAL memorabilia 13 TULIP FESTIVAL growth industry 16 TULIP FESTIVAL puppet magic 18 TULIP FESTIVAL the queen 21 TULIP FESTIVAL Dutch dancers 24 TULIP FESTIVAL those costumes 26 TULIP FESTIVAL the night show 28 TULIP FESTIVAL the mayor
30 34 36 40 42 42 45 46 47
THE RIGHT LOOK Costume designers make sure everything is authentic
TULIP FESTIVAL Dutch treats TULIP FESTIVAL the old mill TULIP FESTIVAL pride of the Dutch TULP FESTIVAL wooden shoes TULIP FESTIVAL the economy TULIP FESTIVAL the town crier HEALTH skin woes HEALTH medical answers Parting Shot
PUBLISHER Steve Griffith EDITOR Bruce Miller EDITORIAL Dolly Butz, Tim Gallagher, Earl Horlyk, Nick Hytrek, Ally Karsyn, Michelle Kuester, Marcy Peterson, John Quinlan PHOTOGRAPHY Tim Hynds, Jim Lee, Dawn J. Sagert DESIGN Kathryn Sesser ADVERTISING SALES Nancy Gevik ADVERTISING DESIGN Stacy Pajl, Jill Bisenius ©2014 The Sioux City Journal. Siouxland Life is published monthly by The Sioux City Journal. For advertising information, please call (712) 224-6275. For editorial information, please call (712) 293-4218.
THE OLD MILL Landmark keeps traditions at forefront
DWELLERS TAKE IN THE TULIP FESTIVAL Text by Ally Karsyn | Photographs by Dawn J. Sagert
Above: Outside, the Hawkeye Center features old-world Dutch architecture. Below: Dave and Marilyn Van Engelenhoven bought one of the five loft condos in the Hawkeye Center three years ago. Left: The kitchen.
ORANGE CITY, IOWA | FROM A balcony overlooking First Street, the Van Engelenhoven family can hear Dutch tunes playing around the corner every third weekend in May. The smell of festival food wafts through the open door. Turkey legs, funnel cakes, corn dogs. It’s tulip time. Festivities unfold below. Dave and Marilyn’s grandchildren love to visit this time of year. Living in the heart of Orange City, just two blocks from the county courthouse, the retired couple calls a loft condo home. “The thing that everybody likes about this building is the outside,” he said. “It’s very dramatic, a nice addition to downtown.” The two-story structure, easily identified by its old-world Dutch architecture, rose from the ashes of a 1920s hotel. A fire in 2008 destroyed the original brick building that had been converted into retail space.
The new Hawkeye Center opened three years ago. At street level, it holds a coffee and ice cream shop, home décor and clothing boutique, Evie’s Hallmark and Chrysalis Bridal Salon. The second floor features five condominiums. Dave and Marilyn moved in right away. They were early supporters of the multimillion dollar revitalization initiative, dubbed the Phoenix Project. The scope of work included redeveloping the site of the fire, constructing the Prairie Winds Event Center and partnering with Unity Christian High School to build a performing arts center.
Three of the five condos needed to be sold in the Hawkeye Center before development could move ahead, Dave said. They stepped forward. Though, Marilyn admits, she was hesitant. She worried the space would be too small to host the whole family. It was hard to imagine what downtown, loft-style living would be like. But they had been thinking about down-sizing after raising three kids. Maintenance-free living proved to be an attractive option. Adding to the appeal, they could customize the 1,800-square-foot condo. Marilyn was able to choose appliances and finishes from the glass-tile
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Above: The dining room. Top: Dave and Marilyn Van Engelenhoven were able to customize their 1,800-square-foot condo to include a gas fireplace and skylight in the living room. Right: The master bedroom gets a lot of light.
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backsplash and granite countertops to the elevated dishwasher and microwave drawer. Lighted, glass-front kitchen cabinets showcase her collection of Dutch dishes, cups and saucers, King’s Crown glassware and brilliant blue Polish Pottery – not to be mistaken for Delftware from Holland. Other added features include an oversized kitchen island with plenty of prep space, an expanded pantry off the kitchen and a gas fireplace accompanied by a skylight in the living room. “That’s what we liked about it,” he
said. “We could do everything we wanted in this unit.” People have said to them, “Don’t you miss that big house?” In a word, no. Their son bought it. They can go back and visit. But it’s his house now. And they have theirs. “This is our home,” she said. “This is it.” Located in a secure building complete with storage units and underground parking, the upscale condominiums boast convenience. The downtown dwellers don’t even have to leave the complex to find
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Top: The sink in the guest bathroom. Above: Dave Van Engelenhoven looks out onto the balcony. Left: A breakfast nook with feature wall.
company. All of their neighbors are around the same age, and they’ll gladly entertain the Van Engelenhovens with coffee and dessert. “I like having neighbors close,” she said. The two condos with west-facing balconies have a spectacular view of Central Avenue, which will soon transform into a charming Dutch village for three days, complete with poffertjes, a klompencarving demonstration and tulips, of course. The bustle brings back memories for Dave and Marilyn, who have been active in the annual celebration for more than 35 years. Their daughter, Juliana, was crowned Tulip Queen in 1991. Marilyn, who grew up in Hospers, Iowa, was a member of the court in 1964. “That was a highlight if you got to go to Orange City to the Tulip Festival,” she said. Now that they’ve settled into Main Street loft-living, it can’t be missed.
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TULIP FESTIVAL preserving
Above: Nelva Schreur shows part of her collection of Dutch antiques at her home in Orange City, Iowa. Right: A Czechoslovakian tea set is one of the many items in Schreur’s antiques collection. Below right: A little Dutch boy and little Dutch girl set of figurines made of cast iron.
HISTORIAN COLLECTS ITEMS FROM CELEBRATIONS PAST
Text by Dolly A. Butz Photographs by Dawn J. Sagert
DON AND NELVA SCHREUR’S HOME holds many collections. Nelva enjoys hunting for dolls and McDonald’s toys, while Don has an impressive assortment of John Deere Implements stored in a glass case in the garage. The couple jointly collect Dutch keepsakes – egg timers, tapestries and Roseville Creamware – which are scattered throughout their ranch-style home along with a variety of other antiques. “Through the years we would collect items that had windmills or dutch scenes or anything pertaining to Orange City,” Don said. Hand-painted tea sets bearing windmills and men and women clad in traditional dress and wooden shoes fill antique curio cabinets. A ceramic piece depicting a Dutch boy and girl kissing holds three toothbrushes in the master bathroom. A 60-year-old bike from Holland equipped with a crocheted skirt
Scrapbooks holding memorabilia of the very first years of the Orange City Tulip Festival are photographed in the basement of Nelva Schreur’s home. She has collected memorabilia for around 30 years, and then organizes her collection into scrapbooks, according to festival year.
protector is parked in a guest bedroom. The couple has traveled to Holland several times and brought back some of the items in their collection. Others were purchased at antique sales in and around Orange City.
A basement room right off the steps contains scrapbooks and plastic tubs filled with memorabilia from Orange City Tulip festivals past. Nelva is the festival’s historian. She recently received several new items from 1971. “I just started saving everything,” she said, of her collection of magazine articles and newspaper clippings that date back to 1936. “People knew I was doing this. It just kind of mushroomed.” People started leaving packages of festival-related items at the Schreures’ back door. Nelva filed anything and everything she got her hands on. “There’s a young man writing a history of the festival. He spent days and days and days here. He thought he was in heaven,” she said with a chuckle. Nelva’s collection includes two large wooden standees of a Dutch man and woman that Don’s grandfather made many years ago. “During Tulip Festival he would set those on his yard so people could stand behind them and take their picture,” Don
recalled. “We have always saved them.” A vintage Tulip Festival license plate sits on top of a shelving unit that holds Nelva’s scrapbooks, along with a silver platter from the 50th Tulip Festival. In a guest bedroom closet across the hall, child and adult costumes worn during the festival’s parades are stored. The Schreures will dress up for the Dutch Heritage Walk, where they’ll be pushing a cart. “These are all embroidered,” Nelva said, displaying a lavender and off-white patterned girl’s dress. “They place very strong emphasis on authentic costumes. Through the years we’ve accumulated quite a variety.” Nelva said she doesn’t know if her collection will wind up in a museum, but she believes it should be preserved and passed on to future generations. She has already started a box for the 2014 Tulip Festival. “Everything that’s appearing in the papers now she’s already collected,” Don said.
Above: Don and Nelva Schreur talk about Nelva’s collection of Orange City Tulip Festival memorabilia, and show standees that are used for photographs, during an interview at their home in Orange City. Left: Don Schreur talks about his collection of Roseville Pottery Creamware, and how inheriting the collection, after his father’s passing, was just the beginning of about 60 years of collecting.
Proud to Live & Work in Siouxland
RYAN JENSEN, DMD
Dr. Ryan Jensen was born in Idaho and lived most of his life in Idaho Falls. He earned his undergraduate degree in biology with minors in business management and chemistry from Brigham Young University. In May 2013, Dr. Jensen graduated from Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio with his DMD (Doctor of Dental Medicine). Dr. Jensen and his wife Kara have three children, ages 6, 4, and 2. They welcomed their fourth child in November 2013. When not practicing dentistry, Dr. Jensen enjoys the outdoors, especially wake boarding, snowboarding, and whitewater rafting. He is also active in his church, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Dr. Jensen joined Wheelock and Bursick Dentistry in July 2013.
BRIAN B. BURSICK, DDS
Dr. Brian Bursick is a Sioux City native growing up in the Crescent Park area. He attended West High School and graduated in 1986. He earned his Doctor of Dental Surgery Degree from the University of Nebraska Dental School in 1994. After graduation he practiced briefly in Sergeant Bluff, IA. In 1997 he joined Dr. Wheelock as an associate. In 2004 he became a business partner. Away from the office Dr. Bursick is busy with his family. He and his wife Kristy have three young sons. Dr. Bursick is devoted to delivering quality comprehensive dentistry to the people of his hometown, Sioux City, IA.
DOUGLAS A. WHEELOCK, DDS, PC
Dr. Wheelock established his own dental practice in 1977. It originally was only 2 blocks from its current location at 4100 Morningside Avenue. Dr. Wheelock was born and raised in Sioux City graduating from Sioux City Central High School in 1969. He went on to receive his Bachelors of Science degree from Briar Cliff College in 1973. He attended dental school at the University of Iowa and earned his Doctor of Dental Science degree in 1976. After graduation Dr. Wheelock returned to Sioux City. Dr. Wheelock is involved in his community & church. Dr. Wheelock is married to his college sweetheart, Marilyn, and has three adult sons and three daughters in law. He is the proud grandfather of five incredible grandchildren. Dr. Wheelock is proud to call Siouxland home and enjoys providing quality dental care to the community.
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TULIP FESTIVAL growth
WEATHER OR NOT
TULIP BULBS HARDY ... AND OCCASIONALLY TARDY
Text by John Quinlan Photographs by Karen VanDer Maaten,
John Vander Stelt and John Quinlan
THE CLASSIC POP SONG “TIPTOE Through the Tulips” has had many iterations since it was written in 1929 by Al Dubin and Joe Burke. In 1930, it was featured in the first-ever Looney Tunes cartoon. In 1968, weird pop crooner Tiny Tim claimed it. In 2011, it was used to chilling effect in the horror film “Insidious.” And a tulip festival without tulips? That’s truly insidious. Insidious and problematic and not always avoidable as the folks at the Orange City Tulip Festival learned the past couple of years. Stem Fest? That’s what some called the 2012 event when a warm spring caused tulips to bloom a couple of weeks before the fest, with but one late variety remaining for the big week. Then last year, a cold spring kept the flowers from starting to bloom until festival Saturday. This year, the good Lord willing (and the creek don’t rise), the tulips will bloom on schedule at Iowa’s foremost tulip fest, like they have done for most previous Tulip Festivals. Thirty thousand new tulip bulbs are planted in Orange City each year, and those are just the new ones, said Mitch Albers, director of Orange City’s parks and recreation department. And the Tulip Town Bulb Company, which provides bulbs for the city each year in addition to those planted at the company’s downtown display garden, is equally hopeful for a flowery festival, said co-owner Brett Mulder. The bulbs come directly from the Netherlands, he noted, and second-year bulbs are made available to the public by the parks and rec folks. “What we try to do is have a number
Brett and Nora Mulder are shown in appropriate Dutch costumes at their business, Tulip Town Bulb Company, in Orange City, Iowa.
of varieties,” Mulder said. “We have over 50 varieties of tulips that we hope to have in bloom at Tulip Festival. That’s what our challenge is.” And while the weather was problematic the past two years, the previous five years saw the tulips arrive on time, for the most part. Mulder and his wife Nora took over the business in 2006 from Vander Wel Tulip Test Gardens, changed the location and renamed it. The Vander Wels had operated the tests gardens for about 26 years, he noted. And it remains a part-time enterprise. Mulder works full time at Van Beek Natural Science.
Mulder said they mostly plant the later varieties of tulips in October, just before the ground freezes, hoping they will bloom come festival time, always the third weekend in May. The planting comes just before the ground freezes and the ground temp is about 55 degrees. It works best right after the first frost, he noted. “We get the bulbs from Holland. So that’s what’s unique about us in Orange City,” he said. “They’re the Dutch bulbs that we get basically in September. So we fill orders for them in September to customers who have come to the previous Tulip Festival and saw what they liked.” The tulip bulbs are typically pretty hardy. It’s just a matter of timing, he said. “We prepare the soil. We use a lot of peat moss, try to get a real light soil so that they can take root, then water them well, especially with these last few years of drought,” Mulder said. “And first-year bulbs, they really don’t need fertilizer. We throw on a little bit of calcium product that we make at Van Beek Natural Science. But really, they’re self-sufficient for that first year. Then with second-year bulbs, we’ll put a little bit of a bulb booster that you can buy at any greenhouse.” While tulips will naturally return from year to year, the thing about them, he noted, is that the taller, later varieties most folks favor, the 24- to 30-inch tulips, don’t multiply as well. When you start getting the little baby bulbs, you start getting more leaves than blooms, and the leaves take some away from that primary bulb, he said. After two to three years, you’ll want to dig ’em up, tear off those baby bulbs and replant, to guarantee more longstemmed beauties, he said. “In Orange City, we plant new bulbs
“We get the bulbs from Holland. So that’s what’s unique about us in Orange City. They’re the Dutch bulbs that we get basically in September. So we fill orders for them in September to customers who have come to the previous Tulip Festival and saw what they liked.” BRETT MULDER, CO-OWNER, TULIP TOWN BULB COMPANY
Brett Mulder, co-owner of Tulip Town Bulb Co. in Orange City, Iowa, checks out some tulips on his Tulip Town website in his office at Van Beek Natural Science, where he works full time.
every year, and we provide the city with the bulbs, too,” he said. “Then basically we put the plants together, what to plant, where and kind of the quantities and stuff. We help Mitch with determin- Albers ing all that,” he said. “We get that approved the year before as we order the bulbs for the coming year.” The primary tulip areas are Windmill Park downtown, along with other parks around town. They also plant about 6,000 tulips on Main Street. And those are always red and yellow. “We try to go red-road and yellowyard,” Albers said. “That’s kind of been a staple of the Tulip Festival. So we stick with that. We have 13 different types of tulips in Windmill Park alone. In the
parks, we like to change it up and get some different looks from year to year and have some fun with it.” Helping to plant those tulips in October each year are the middle school students from MOC-Floyd Valley, he noted. Albers, who has been the parks and rec director for six years, said the city plants roughly 30,000 tulips in the parks. That doesn’t include the thousands of tulips blooming on personal property around town along with the larger gardens at Northwestern College, the Sioux County Courthouse, Orange City Health Systems, Diamond Vogel Paints and, well, just about everywhere in Orange City. The Mulders planted a little under 3,000 bulbs this year in the Tulip Town Bulb Company display garden, the same number planted at the courthouse. “We offer about four or five new
varieties every year to try,” he said. “It just depends on what’s in bloom. A lot of mixes are popular. We’ve introduced Darwin Hybrid Single Lates. They come in all different colors. Giant oranges are real popular, huge blooms, each with 18 inches of growth.” Each year, the Tulip Festival queen picks a favorite to plant. “We do a Queen’s Choice, and last year the queen was my niece, McKenzie Mulder, and she chose a Double Late variety, kind of more like a peony tulip,” he said. “We always like to say there’s a lot more to the Tulip Festival than just the tulips, but people do like the tulips,” he said. “For most other people, there’s lots of other things to do in Orange City besides the tulips. But that’s our goal: to have real tulips blooming in Orange City the third weekend in May.”
TULIP FESTIVAL puppet
Text by Earl Horlyk Photographs by Dawn J. Sagert
TALKING TO LISA LAIRD MEANS you’ll be conversing with her as well as a number of other individuals. Does Laird, a former Orange City preschool teacher, have multiple personalities? You bet. A master in the art of puppetry, Laird gives voice to a crew of characters that include a rambunctious Dutch girl named Lily, a tutu-wearing dragon named Jemimah as well as Jan Klaasen and Katrijn, the Netherlands’ version of Punch and Judy. Tracing their roots back to 16th-century Italian commedia dell’arte, the hooknosed Punch and his punchy partner Judy began entertaining children in England in the middle of the 17th century. The puppets, best known for their headbopping morality plays, made their way
Professional ventriloquist and performer Lisa Laird demonstrates her Poppenkast (puppet theater) at Orange City City Hall. Laird will perform her Poppenkast in the Orange City City Hall basement during the Tulip Festival.
to the Netherlands sometime in the 18th century with new Dutch aliases. “Historically, Jan Klaasen and Katrijn
PUPPETS’ APPEAL TRANSCEND AGE AND CULTURE
are quite violent,” Laird explained, showing off small male and female puppets. “You can say my version is a more modern and relevant reinterpretation of the originals.” Laird and her puppets will be entertaining attendees at the 74th annual Tulip Festival May 15-17 in the basement of the Orange City Hall. Along with husband Alan and sons Matthew and Daniel, Laird has been using puppets as teaching tools in churches since 2000. She branched into ventriloquism as a preschool teacher five years later and began performing at the Tulip Festival two years after that. Since then, Laird has been entertaining kids and adults with shows that are funny, frenetic and authentically Dutch in nature. “Look at Lily, for example,” Laird said, pointing to a puppet. “From her dress to her pigtails, she truly looks like a little Dutch girl.”
DETAILS What: Tulip Festival Puppet show, featuring Jan Klaasen and Katrijn When: 4:45 p.m. May 15-17 Where: Basement of Orange City City Hall, 125 Central Ave. S. Orange City, Iowa Puppet website: pocketsfulloffun.com A professional ventriloquist and children’s entertainer since 2008, Laird said she has done research on the history of puppetry. “Every country and every culture has used puppets in some form or another,” she noted. “That’s how storytelling was passed down from the older generation to the younger generation.” In addition, diminutive dolls are also endlessly fascinating for audiences. “I cannot begin to tell you how diverse my audiences have been,” Laird said. “I want to create a show that will appeal to everyone from 2 years old to 92 years old.” Still, she said, giving voice to pintsized puppets brings out the kid in most people. “Whenever I do a show, I want the focus to be on Lily or Jemimah or Jan Klaasen and Katrijn,” Laird said. “They are the true stars of my show.”
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TULIP FESTIVAL the
1988 Tulip Festival Queen Mary Swart, left, and her niece and reigning Tulip Festival Queen Ali Achterhof.
REIGNING TULIP FESTIVAL QUEEN: IT’S A ‘BLAST’
Text by John Quinlan Photographs by Dawn J. Sagert
THE DREAM OF MANY A YOUNG girl is to grow up and become a Disney princess. In Orange City, the dream of becoming the Tulip Festival Queen is just as powerful – and much more obtainable. To Ali Achterhof, for instance, the 2014 Tulip Festival Queen, it is a dream come true. An 18-year-old senior, volleyball star and honor roll student at MOC-Floyd Valley High School, Ali was crowned queen last November. And she has already enjoyed a busy reign, visiting the State Capitol in March, various nursing homes and elementary schools with Tulip Court
members Lauren Duesenberg, Emily McDonald, Paige Nibbelink and Marissa Wiese, drumming up more interest in the festival that begins May 15. “I really love it. I’ve always wanted to be on the court, and it’s been a blast so far,” said the athletic 6-foot stunner with a model’s poise and the regal bearing of the National Honor Society student that she is. “It’s a bigger job than I thought it would be, and I love it. I love taking on every opportunity that I have.” The daughter of Rick and Paula Achterhof said she enjoys getting a different view of the festival, getting behind the scenes, “which is awesome.” It kind of runs in the family. Ali’s aunt, Mary Swart, now a stayat-home Orange City mom with three
children, was the 1988 Tulip Festival Queen. Mary was also a senior at MOCFloyd Valley, when she was named queen. And she went to Northwestern College, where Ali is headed along with her $750 queen scholarship to play volleyball while majoring in graphic design and psychology. The other court members get $500 scholarships, and they are matched if the royals go to Northwestern or Dordt College. Things weren’t much different when Mary was queen, she said. “I think it just opened my eyes to all of the volunteer hours that are put into the festival each year. It’s just a great way to bring the community together and promote our Dutch heritage,” she said.
The five Tulip Festival finalists, from left, are Paige Nibbelink, Lauren Duesenberg, Emily McDonald, Marissa Wiese and Ali Achterhof.
She was excited when she learned that Ali was following in her footsteps. Ali recalls how involved her aunt has been in the Tulip Festival as a past queen. And though she got a lot of info on the contest from recent Tulip Queens who were her friends, she went to see Aunt Mary, who also has served as a pageant judge, after being picked to the court in order to get the lowdown on the ins and outs of the pageant. “It was really cool to see it from kind of a different perspective of what I need to do,” Ali said. Mary said she didn’t have a whole lot of advice for her niece. “She could teach me many things. She’ll do great,” Mary said. “I think she just is herself and she enjoys going out and meeting people and promoting the city.” When Marvella Duistermars (then Huisman) of Orange City was named Tulip Festival Queen back in 1951, the festival was quite different. There was no pageant. The queen candidates were nominated by the general public, the list narrowed to a court of seven, a general election held and the winner announced at a meeting of the candidates with a committee representative at a downtown hotel. At the time she won, Marvella was a secretary at the Silent Sioux factory, which manufactured space heaters. There were no scholarships offered, and only a few of the candidates were students. “We went on booster trips before the festival. They’d have kind of a caravan that went to different towns in the area, and then I had to give a little speech,” she said. “I did enjoy it.” And for Marvella, the festival really became a family affair when her daughter Shawn (Dusitermars then, Peuse now) was elected Tulip Queen in 1972, the only such mother-daughter combo in pageant history, she said. “Shawn was quite excited about that, I think. More so than I,” Marvella said. The former queens say they still
The 1988 Tulip Festival Queen, Mary Swart, left, and her niece and reigning Tulip Festival Queen Ali Achterhof, right, are photographed at Prairie Winds Event Center in Orange City, Iowa.
maintain regular contact with some of their court members, with whom they became close during their royal days. And that is much the same for Queen Ali. “I absolutely love it,” she said. “We knew each other from school. Paige is from Unity and we knew her from before, but the night that we had the pageant, that’s when we realized that we were great for each other. And we would do funny things behind the curtain. We were kind of goofballs and realized that we really fit together well. We’re all really good friends.” It isn’t necessary to be Dutch to wear the crown. A McDonald and a Duesenberg came pretty close this year, Ali
noted. And non-Netherlanders have been Tulip Queen in past years. You do have to live in Orange City, though. Wearing a traditional Dutch dress comes with the job and it is a fun part of the job, Ali said, one that she honors while pointing out the funky purpleand-black “wings” that are part of her costume as she drapes them over her shoulders. “They make one especially for each girl. So this is the same one we wore in my court,” said Mary of her dress, happy that she can fit into the royal gown 26 years later. “It’s not easy to keep getting into the same dress.” Once a queen, always a queen.
ask a professional Q: What is the “best” piece of technology to help me stay on track with my health? A: There are a ton of pieces of technology – hardware, software, and apps to help you stay on track and focused on your goals. Some range Dr. Joel from simple, such as a pedometer to monitor Pistello, DC your steps, to much more complex to tracking calories, steps, and even sleeping habits. Before you decide what to buy, it’s important to note that this year will likely bring many more “wearable” pieces of technology, with more features than you can conceivably use. So let’s start at the beginning – what’s your goal? Is your goal to lower your blood pressure? Lose weight? Eat healthier? Feel better? The age old axiom of starting slow still applies to new technology. If you make many life changes at once, you will end up reaching none of your goals, with a piece of technology, or costly app, taking up space. Start your changes by first deciding what to change. If it’s walking – rather than buying a more costly Fitbit®, a simple $10 pedometer can help you accomplish your goals. Counting calories? Free apps abound! Want to lower your blood pressure? A Bluetooth-enabled app on your phone can monitor your progress, but so can a simple cuff from the store and a pen and paper. We tend to think that technology will help us reach our goals – and while this definitely can be the case – don’t focus on your technology instead of your goals. The motivation to change must come from within. While a wearable device or app may help you start, make sure your drive to change doesn’t stop. As usual, stay safe out there Siouxland!
Call 276-4325 today for an appointment 3930 Stadium Drive. (Between Wal-Mart & Explorer Stadium)
TULIP FESTIVAL Dutch
Above: Students from Orange City schools dance during the opening day of a recent Tulip Festival in Orange City, Iowa. Below: Kris and Todd McDonald of Orange City, Iowa, lead the Volksdansparen, or Dutch dancers, during the Tulip Festival.
TELL TALES OF TRADITION
Text by Tim Gallagher Photographs by Tim Hynds
and Nate Robson
WHILE A TYPICAL MEMBER OF THE Pride of the Dutchmen marching band can wear out his or her wooden shoes in one performance season, the same doesn’t go for Kris McDonald, a Volksdansparen coach. “I just wore through the wooden shoes I got in 1991,” says McDonald, who coaches the Volksdansparen group with husband Todd McDonald. Volksdansparen is Dutch for street dancers. The McDonalds organize the adult street dancers who entertain thousands each day as part of the Orange City Tulip Festival’s Straatfest. Practice sessions each year begin in early April. The once-per-week sessions
culminate on the third weekend of May when the Dutch dancers complete two sets of three dances during the Straatfest, a festival occupying a couple of city streets near the Sioux County Courthouse in downtown Orange City. “We ask our dancers to wear their wooden shoes for at least one practice or two prior to the festival,” Kris McDonald says. “They need to get their feet ready, especially the new people who are just starting.” There is a step in one of the six dances, after all, that calls for a quick movement, a movement that can cause dancers to fall if they’re not yet accustomed to the grip – or lack thereof – of the wooden shoes. Each of the six dances has meaning, although some of it has been lost in translation through the years.
According to McDonald, the first dance captures the essence of rejection. A young man shows up at a young woman’s door and is told to “get away from my door. Good evening.” The next dance is McDonald’s favorite, the “Smiet ue Wife,” also known as “Throw the Woman.” The dance involves a lively came of “catch” among partners. “The men will throw their partner to the person across from them,” McDonald says. “And hopefully, the partner catches them. And then you dance with that person for a while and then get thrown back. It’s the most aerobic dance we do.” When not throwing or being thrown in that dance, the adult dancers approach the audience and get spectators clapping and laughing. Thirty to 40 couples are often involved with the Volksdansparen, according to McDonald, who began her own dancing tradition by performing with a similar group at the Tulip Festival in Pella, Iowa, during her time as a student at Central College. The Maurice, Iowa, native began attending the Orange City Tulip Festival as a child. She has now seen her own children involved, as daughter Emily McDonald, a senior at MOC-FV High School (who is headed to Central, like Mom and Dad) is a member of the queen’s court. “We go to Pella sometimes to watch
Above and below: Parade participants showcase a Dutch dance at the Orange City Tulip Festival. Dancers wear traditional clothing and wooden shoes.
their dancers,” says Kris McDonald, a Spanish instructor at Northwestern College. “They’ll do some different steps, even though the music is the same.” The music in Orange City is live, always live. It comes from an accordion played by Dan Landegent of Orange City. “Dan is really good at changing the pace, slowing it down if we don’t keep the pace,” McDonald says. “He reads
what we’re doing and adjusts.” The same adjustment, one hopes, can be made by a man who catches the woman in the “Throw the Woman” crowd favorite! “Nobody is judging you on this,” McDonald assures. “It’s really all fun. As long as you’re having fun, people who are watching can see that you are having fun.”
The Time of
Your Lifeis here
All InclusIve senIor lIvIng leArn more todAy!
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The Home Builders Association of Greater Siouxland’s Project Home, 739 Brentwood St. (Woodbury Heights), is nearing completion. Ranch Style, 3 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms. Spacious master closet, 2 car garage, deck, brick accent w/ vinyl siding, lots of ceramic, 9’ basement w/ large safe room, energy efficient products, sod & sprinkler system. Contact the Home Builder’sAssociation for information regarding the purchase of this home. Equal Housing Opportunity.
3900 Stadium Dr., Sioux City, IA 712-255-3852 www.hbags.com email: firstname.lastname@example.org
May is NatioNal HoMe ReModeliNg MoNtH Families remodel their homes for many different reasons. It may be to save money on utility bills, to redesign the space to better suit the family’s current lifestyle, or to be better stewards of our natural resources. But as the home building and remodeling industry celebrates National Home Remodeling Month in May, one thing is for sure – whether we call it energy efficient or green, remodeling that includes sustainable features is growing in popularity like never before. Home owners will find more options when they search for a professional remodeler with experience in green remodeling. Over the next five years the percentage of remodelers who expect to be doing more than 60% of their projects green will double. “Many remodelers are seeing increased
interest in sustainable home features from home owners,”said Gary Johnson, chairman of the HBA Remodelers Council. “Remodeling your home can not only fulfill your family’s dream of a more comfortable and stylish home, but depending on the upgrades you choose, you can realize savings on utility costs, improve air quality for better health, and strengthen the longterm value of your home.” Green remodeling incorporates sustainable, durable, and healthier design into the renovation of existing homes. The increased interest in sustainable remodeling is due largely to the availability of more affordable products of higher quality as well as the integration of green features into standard construction practice.
windows and low-flow water fixtures, replacing appliances and water heaters with ENERGY STAR® –rated models, increasing or upgrading the quality of insulation, and installing a high-efficiency HVAC system that is appropriately sized for the area that is to be heated or cooled. To learn more about remodeling or to find a remodeler in the Siouxland area, visit www.hbags.com/members or go to nahb.org/remodel.
Rich Callahan President Some of the top upgrades that can make a home more energy efficient RASS Remodeling & Repair include putting in high-efficiency Siouxland Life
712-255-3852 www.hbags.com May 2014
TULIP FESTIVAL those
COMMUNITY GETS INTO
Text by Ally Karsyn Photographs by Dawn J. Sagert
DRESSING UP DUTCH-STYLE CAN BE done with ease. Thanks to Marlys Hop and Denise De Vries, all you have to do is pick a pattern. Some people look to their ancestors. Others take to the street, spotting next year’s costume during the Tulip Festival’s daily style show. For the undecided, De Vries poses a question, “Does your husband like to wear knickers?” If he doesn’t want to wear short trousers and long socks, she’ll steer clear of the provinces that sported knickers during the late 1800s when the first settlers came to, what is now, the county seat. “There are a lot of younger people who want costumes,” De Vries said. “I’ve helped a lot the past couple years – people who never grew up in Orange City will say they want costumes, and they want them authentic.” She started sewing nearly 40 years ago, picking up the needle and thread alongside her husband’s aunt. Hop made most of the patterns, which are kept in plastic tubs lining the attic walls of the Little White Store. More patterns are kept in the library’s basement. These call for simpler construction and tend to be less expensive. Having a seamstress make one the complicated Dutch costumes can cost upwards of $300, depending on the pattern and materials needed. A lot of work goes into each one. “Marlys Hop gets everything down to the detail – what type of jewelry they had, if the clasp goes in the front or back, what kind of shoes they had, wooden or leather, buckles or not,” De Vries said. “She’s been training me to get all the details, too.”
Seamstress Denise De Vries opens the door to the attic, where Dutch costume patterns are kept in the Little White Store.
Above: A beaded necklace from Holland is used to complete an authentic Dutch costume. Left: Books are often referenced to make authentic Dutch costumes. Orange City produced its own guide a couple years ago.
Together, they make up the Dutch Pattern Committee. Last year’s costume, featuring the village of Katwijk, came about because of a trip to the Netherlands in 2009. “That was the first costume we’d done from South Holland,” De Vries said. The steering committee sent her and Hop there to research authentic Dutch costumes. They spent two and a half weeks traveling the country and meeting with townspeople and museum staff. They bought hard-to-find fabrics, trims, kraplaps, lace hats and scarves. This year, Queen Ali Achterhof and her court will wear the authentic dress from Axel, a town in the province of
Zeeland. It has a black brocade jacket, a matching merino wool skirt and beuks that are worn on the bodice and intricately decorated with glass beads, sequins, small stones and spangles. They’ll also have on floral aprons, and the queen’s will be embellished with an embroidered bow. Most notably, the outfit has wings. Fashioned out of fabric-covered brown paper grocery bags, the wings, or de vleguels as they’re known in Dutch, rise up to the ears. The Axel dress, worn by the queen and her court for the first time 18 years ago, is accessorized with a multistrand necklace of red coral beads, an
antique-style purse and a small, close-fit cap adorned with an oorijzer, which is a decorative headpiece used to keep the cap in place. De Vries doesn’t expect too many festival-goers to follow the queen’s lead and want the dress with peaked shoulders. In the past, folk wear from the village of Volendam has been popular, distinguished by the woman’s white-winged bonnet. Or, they’ll pick according to practicality and go for the Walcheren costume, one of the few with short sleeves. Some simply flip through books and select a style they like the most. Plaids and florals offer a colorful combination for Staphorst’s outfit, which is topped off with a hand-painted cap. Hailing from the village of Spakenburg, another unique costume calls for a broad flat, heavily starched piece of cotton. The stiff fabric, known as a kraplap, fits over the head and covers the upper body with its box-like shape. “A lot of people from Orange City are from Friesland. That’s a farming area in Holland,” De Vries said. “That’s actually where my ancestors came from and my husband’s ancestors.” However, she doesn’t don the floral dress with a narrow white apron, matching shawl and delicate lace cap. She liked the looks from Walcheren and Staphorst. “It’s a little simpler,” she said about the outfit of Friesland. “You can do different coloring, but that man’s has knickers.”
TULIP FESTIVAL the
KNIGHT & DAY
TULIP FESTIVAL’S NIGHT SHOW MOVES TO A STATE-OF-THE-ART PERFORMANCE CENTER
Text by Earl Horlyk Photographs by Dawn J. Sagert
IT WILL SEEM LIKE A BRAND-NEW DAY for this year’s Tulip Festival Night Show. Or, shall we say, it’s going to be like it’s a brand-new Knight. Normally staged at the Orange City Town Hall, this year’s Night Show will be held at The Knight Center, the $5.4 million performing arts center located inside Unity Christian High School, 216 Michigan Ave., SW. The curtain will rise at 8 p.m. May 14 - 17.
“You can always expect plenty of great food, fun activities and a good musical during the Tulip Festival. You don’t even have to be Dutch to have a ball.”
Presenting a production of Meredith Willson’s “The Music Man” – this year’s musical – in the state-of-the-art, 750seat performance center is exciting for the show producer Sharon Vermeer, who raves about the theater’s comfortable seating. “At the town hall, we had bleacher
seating,” she said. “Here, our audience will be comfortable and there won’t be a bad seat in the house.” While Vermeer is talking up the performance center’s aesthetics and powerful sound system, Susan LaMahieu admitted to be a little worried about The Knight Center’s expansive stage.
DID YOU KNOW? Since 1950, the Tulip Festival Night Show has become one of the festival’s most anticipated events. Hundreds of hours are spent in preparation as amateur actors and musicians recreate some of Broadway’s most popular musicals of all time. This year’s production, the Tony Awardwinning “The Music Man,” boasts a book and lyrics by Mason City, Iowa, native Meredith Willson. Produced by Sharon Vermeer, directed by April Hubbard and Tom Hydeen, the show has a cast of 18 musicians and nearly 40 actors.
Producer Sharon Vermeer, left, Musical Director Tom Hydeen, center, and Stage Director April Hubbard get a sense of the stage at the Knight Center.
“It’s huge!” the Unity Christian music teacher exclaimed. The large performance space shouldn’t be surprising, since “The Music Man” uses 18 musicians and has a cast of nearly 40 actors and singers, including LaMahieu, who will be playing the pivotal role of Marian Paroo, also known as “Marian the Librarian.” “I’ll have to race to make my mark up on stage,” she said more than a month before opening night. For teacher Ross Douma, the Night Show has always represented an important part of the Tulip Festival experience. “You can always expect plenty of great food, fun activities and a good musical
during the Tulip Festival,” the Sanborn, Iowa, native said. “You don’t even have to be Dutch to have a ball.” Which is good news for Vermeer, who jokingly refers to herself as “Dutch by marriage.” “It’s hard not to feel a little bit Dutch in Orange City,” she said. “With the costumes and the parades, it’s easy to feel like a native, even when you’re not.” Originally from Chicago, LaMahieu still considers herself a newcomer to many things Netherlands-oriented. Nevertheless, she has been cast in every Night Show for the last three Tulip Festivals. “I always invite my parents to see the shows,” LaMahieu said, “and they’re amazed at the level of talent involved in each production.” Both LaMahieu and Vermeer credit “Music Man” director April Hubbard and musical director Tom Hydeen for their professionalism. “We’ve done ‘The Music Man’ in the past,” Vermeer said. “The nice thing is that (lyricist) Meredith Willson was an Iowa native and the show is filled with memorable music.” Yet she’s equally excited by the Night Show’s brand new venue, The Knight Center. “This is such a wonderful space,” Vermeer said. “I’m sure everyone will have a great time.”
Pets’ Hea r u
THE DETAILS What: Night Show production of Meredith Willson’s “The Music Man” When: 8 p.m. May 14 - 17 Where: The Knight Center at Unity Christian High School, 216 Michigan Ave. SW, Orange City, Iowa Tickets: $15, reserved seating; $10, general admission Website: octulipfestival.com
Presented by Robert Billiar, DVM And Brooke Gilbert, DVM
BIte preventIon We love our pets; most of us consider them to be family members. The value of pets has been demonstrated time after time and the human-animal bond is an undeniable positive occurrence in our society. Yet, as with so many good experiences there is a down side: pets can bite and even cause serious human injury. Factors in serious dog bites include the absence of an able-bodied person to intervene, no familiar relationship of victims with dogs, owner failure to neuter dogs, isolating dogs from regular positive human interactions versus family dogs, owner’s prior mismanagement of dogs, and owner’s history of abuse or neglect of dogs. Most serious dog bites to humans are characterized by coincident preventable factors; breed is not one of these. We have to get over the idea that we can prevent serious injury and even death by banning certain breeds and begin to concentrate on other factors; these we can attribute to the human factor. Animal services programs that insist on responsible ownership should be promoted and adequately funded. Information about dog behavior and bite prevention must be disseminated by everyone that interacts with the pet-owning public. Given the disproportionate number of dogs bites occurring among children, it is critical to revisit existing recommendations between children and dogs. Most children never received dog bite prevention education, and lack of supervision is common in reports of dog bites. Children cannot be expected to show good judgement in their interactions with dogs until 6 years of age. Thus, veterinarians, pediatricians, child care workers and any other professional interacting with the parents of young children should take the opportunity to remind them that children < 6 years of age should not be left unattended with a dog. So you see, it is important for us, whether we own dogs and cats or not, to learn as much as we can about understanding animal behavior and the part that humans play in contributing to that behavior that could lead to human injury.
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TULIP FESTIVAL city the night council show first
QUEEN’S COURT MEMBER RETURNS AS ‘BURGEMEESTER’ 40 YEARS LATER 28
MAYOR PROVIDES A FIRST AT
Text by Tim Gallagher Photographs by Tim Gallagher
and Tim Hynds
MAYOR DEB DE HAAN WAS A member of the queen’s court during the Orange City Tulip Festival 40 years ago. She wasn’t named queen. The queen that year? Deb De Haan. Actually, the queen in 1974 was Deb Boogard, then a student at Northwestern College in Orange City. She became Deb De Haan in marriage, after exchanging vows with Fred DeHaan. They have resided for years in Storm Lake, Iowa. The story offers interesting Tulip Festival trivia. There’s more trivia surrounding the Orange City mayor in 2014: She’s the first woman to hold the job. Thus, she’ll be the first woman to lead the current queen and her court into the Straatfest on May 15-17, playing the role of the “burgemeester,” which is Dutch for mayor. In the ceremony, De Haan will declare the streets “unclean,” not fit for a queen and her court. She and the city council will then order the streets be scrubbed and washed for the queen to enter. De Haan will then place a medallion around the neck of the current Orange City Tulip Queen Ali Achterhof. De Haan has seen the ceremony several times. And, sometimes, she’s missed it as other Tulip Festival obligations kept her busy. The former three-time steering committee chair has also served as chair of the queen’s committee and more. “I worked on the Straatfest and performed with the Dutch Dancers for years,” says De Haan. “I’ve got 20-some years of committee work in with the Tulip Festival.” Volunteer duty is nothing new for the mayor, who follows in the footsteps of her late father, Robert Dunlop, who served Orange City as mayor for 30 years. Dunlop was a member of the city council for 16 years. De Haan, for her part, toiled as a member of the school board serving her alma mater, MOC (and later MOC-FV school district). She was school board president an astounding 16 of her 20year tenure with the board of education. Additionally, De Haan’s paternal grandfather, George Dunlop, in 1939
Above: Deb De Haan, Orange City’s first female mayor, has been a regular participant in the annual Orange City Tulip Festival for more than four decades. She was a member of the queen’s court as a high school senior in 1974. Left: De Haan shows the Orange City Chamber of Commerce office in Orange City, Iowa.
Les Douma, serving as the mayor of Orange City, Iowa, in this 2011 photo, places a medallion around the head of Jessica Locker, the 2011 Tulip Festival queen, on the opening day of the festival that year. This is one of the “official” duties the mayor of Orange City has during the city-wide celebration.
chaired the Orange City Spring Festival, precursor to the Tulip Festival we know today. Legend has it, according to De Haan, that George Dunlop was the third non-Dutch person to move to Orange City. Beyond escorting the 2014 Queen’s Court, De Haan, a registered nurse for Dr.
Mark Muilenburg at the Orange City Area Health System, introduces the queen and her court each evening prior to the Night Show, “The Music Man.” While De Haan’s formal involvement in the Tulip Festival stretches back 40 years, she remembers having a role as early as 1965 when, as a second grader, she served as a page for Tulip Festival Queen Barbara Jacobs-Lubbers in the 25th anniversary of the celebration. “At the time, the queen had a long robe and the pages were the kids who carried the robe,” she says. “It was a lot of fun.” Fun doesn’t necessarily describe the queen’s pageant in 1974 when, as a senior at Maurice-Orange City High School, De Haan stood on the stage and selected a question she needed to answer in the queen’s pageant. “We drew questions out of a hat and mine was something like, ‘If a spaceship landed in your back yard and an alien stepped out, how would you make the alien feel welcome in Orange City?’” De Haan laughs at the memory. She turned to an old staple for her answer: Dutch treats. “I remember saying that I’d offer the alien saucijsjes (also known as ‘pig-in-ablanket’) and almond patties,” she says. “And I’d give the alien wooden shoes.” At the time, the queen’s court consisted of two young women from Unity Christian High School, two from MauriceOrange City High School, two women from Northwestern College, and one young woman selected by the Orange City Chamber of Commerce. The court now consists of five young women. The presence of the queen’s court, the scrubbing of streets, the tradition and the pageantry all remain high points for the mayor, after all these years. Standing in a traditional dress loaned to her by her daughter, Jessica Kiss, now of Omaha, Neb., De Haan says the costumes of the Tulip Festival always remind her of the spring celebration. And, the fact spring’s arrival is but minutes, or days, away. “I supposed my favorites would be the tulips, the colors of spring,” she says. “And, how it all comes together with so many volunteers.”
TULIP FESTIVAL Dutch
Text by Earl Horlyk Photographs by Dawn J. Sagert
HAVE YOU EVER HEARD OF RUSK buns, poffertjes and alphabetized letters you can eat? If you said yes, you’ve probably been to Orange City during the Tulip Festival where Dutch treats can’t be beat. For Dutch Bakery owner Loren Mulder, creating rich and decadent desserts is a way to preserve the history of the Sioux County town. “There aren’t many places in the country where you can buy Dutch Letter cookies (tender, flaky cookies filled with almond paste that come in the shape of letters),” he said, “but you can get ’em here.” And Dutch Bakery (221 Central Ave. NE) is the only place where one would find almond patties, which Mulder said are “a Northwest Iowa offshoot” to the Letter cookie. “The almond patty was the creation of the Dutch Bakery’s original owner,” Mulder explained. “They’re smaller and thinner than the Letter and use less almond paste.” That made the pastries cheaper to make and cheaper to sell. “Cheaper is better when you’re Dutch,” Mulder said in admiration of his frugal-minded forefathers. And what’s rusk bun, you ask? It’s a hamburger bun baked under a cup. “It’s smaller than a normal hamburger bun, so it’s cheaper to make and buy,” Mulder explained. “Like I said, cheaper is better.”
Top: Loren Mulder, of Dutch Bakery, prepares the dough which will later be made into doughnuts, at the bakery in Orange City, Iowa. Center: Loren Mulder, of Dutch Bakery, wraps pastry around an almond paste center while making Dutch letters. Bottom: Dutch letters are prepared for baking in Orange City.
PERFECTING THE PROPORTIONAL POFFERTJES They may be difficult to pronounce but poffertjes (pah-fur-jehs) are delicious to eat, according to Keith Allen. “They’re the perfect festival food because they’re portable and come in bags of 10,” the Orange City Dutch Boosters president said. Simply put, poffertjes are slightly larger-than-a-silver-dollar-sized pancakes served hot off the grill and topped with melted rum butter and a sprinkle of powdered sugar. Allen and a crew of Dutch Heritage Booster volunteers will sell thousands of these mini-pancakes to Tulip Festival attendees at the Little White Store, located in the middle of Central Top left: Karen Borchers, of Woudstra Meat Market, holds a wheel of Leyden cheese, just one of many authentic Dutch items available at the store in Orange City. Bottom left: Constance Jones, of Woudstra Meat Market, prepares homemade metwursts at the store. Bottom right: A variety of Dutch treats are available at the market.
Avenue. “People won’t have any problem finding us because we’ll have a customer line clear out the door,” he said. And what makes Orange City’s poffertjes so good? Well, Dutch Heritage Booster member Russ Vande Steeg isn’t saying. “The exact measurements and ingredients of our batter is a town secret,” he said mysteriously. “That’s part of what makes ’em so special.” But the batter’s only part of the allure, according to Vande Steeg’s fellow club member Kathy Gabel. “Grilling a poffertje is different than grilling a pancake,” she remarked. “With a pancake, you’re looking for bubbles to form in the batter as an indication to turn it over. Poffertjes are turned when the edges are bit discolored, giving them a softer center.” That is what, Gabel said, gives the poffertje its “puff.” MEATS DONE IN THE DUTCH TRADITION An easy-going woman wearing a nose ring, Amy Vanden Hull doesn’t look like the typical butcher. That’s OK, since her Woudstra Meat Market (117 Central Ave. NE) isn’t your typical meat shop. In addition to more traditional cuts of meat, Vander Hull fills her store’s cases with such distinctive stock as a half beefhalf pork Amsterdam Roast, Dutch Apple Gouda brats and Dutch Saucijsjes (Dutch pigs in a blanket). “We try to give things a Dutch twist whenever we can,” Vanden Hull, who, along with her husband Dustin Vanden Hull, took over the venerable meat market more than a year ago, explained. Yet it’s more than just meat that mimics the Netherlands. Woudstra Meat Market also sells a wide assortment of imported Dutch licorices, chocolates, packaged Erwtensoep (Dutch pea soup) and cheeses. “We sell a ton of Dutch stuff during the Tulip Festival,” Vanden Hull noted. That doesn’t mean she limits herself to just one country. Vanden Hull also makes authentic German bratwursts, Bavarian mettwursts and sausages that know no borders, like Philly cheese brats and a spicy jalapeno-filled brat. “We’re always trying something different,” she said. “If it sells, we’ll keep making it.” And what sells at the Tulip Festival is Woudstra’s brat on a bun, with a drink and side of your choosing. “You can’t go wrong with that,” Vanden Hull said with a salesperson’s aplomb. 32
DETAILS Dutch Bakery: 221 Central Ave. NE; Orange City, Iowa; 712-737-4360 Woudstra Meat Market: 117 Central Ave. NE; Orange City, Iowa; 712-737-2913; woudstrameatmarket.com Pofferftje Stand: In the Little White Store, next to Woudstra Meat Market; Open: 10 a.m. daily during the Tulip Festival, May 15 - 17
Canned meat is one of the unique items available at Woudstra Meat Market.
A variety of Dutch treats, such as these stroopwafels, are available at the market.
Amy Vanden Hull, of Woudstra Meat Market shows some of the fresh bratwursts available.
Dutch Bakery’s Loren Mulder is also a natural salesman. But he’s also a busy farmer, getting ready for planting season. That’s why he’s making thousands of almond patties in advance, freezing them until Tulip Festival time. “I bought the Dutch Bakery four years ago,” he said. “It was the Tulip Festival’s 70th anniversary and I sold about 70,000 almond patties.” Mulder shakes his head at the memory. “That’s why I decided to get a head start on my baking,” he said. The Dutch Heritage Boosters’ Kathy Gabel said she and more than 100 volunteers will make around 30,000 poffertjes during the three days of the Tulip Festival. “We only make them for special occasions,” she said. “That’s why they go so fast.” Despite the hard work, Dutch Heritage Booster President Keith Allen said it’s all worthwhile. “The Tulip Festival is more than a time to celebrate Dutch heritage,” he said. “It’s also a time for us to celebrate our community.” A retired Northwestern College professor, Allen said the occasion has evolved into a time when many former residents come home for family reunions. “I’ve heard people call the Tulip Festival as seeming like a second Christmas holiday held every May,” he said with a smile. “Yeah, that sounds about right.”
You never know what life will throw at you. We never forget you are an individual. And you have your own health needs. That’s why at UnityPoint Health, we take a more personal approach, surrounding you with coordinated care between your doctor’s office, St. Luke’s, and in your home. So you’ll have access to the level of care you need. So you’ll be treated where it makes the most sense for you. So you’ll be more involved in managing your own health. The point of coordinating care is to find the best way to get you healthy and keep you that way. No matter what surprises life throws your way. UnityPoint Health.
The point of unity is you.
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TULIP FESTIVAL the
VOGEL MILL HELPS PRESERVE DUTCH HERITAGE
Text by John Quinlan | Photographs by John Quinlan and Tim Gallagher
WHEN ANDREW “POPS” Vogel, the founder of Diamond Vogel Paints Co., retired in the early 1960s, “he needed something to do,” said one of his grandsons, Doug Vogel, a coowner and current Diamond Vogel executive. “So he got to working and he built it pretty good.” “It” is the 50-foot Dutch windmill completed in 1967 that towers over the Diamond Vogel factory. It features 16foot blades that rotate counterclockwise on top of the mill to illustrate its purpose for grinding paint pigments. The burr stone grinder in the front part of the mill interior is 120 years old and was originally used in paint manufacturing. The attached one-room miller’s home gives visitors a peek into the past. It is furnished with antiques, some of which were imported from the Netherlands, like the walled-in beds and the cast iron kettles that hang in the fireplace. One such antique is a desk with a view of company headquarters. Pops used to sit at that desk and tell his grandchildren and anyone willing to listen about his life in Holland. Occasionally, Doug noted, he would share these stories on old benches outside the mill. “That’s one of the things that he loved to do during the Tulip Festival. He’d sit at the mill and people would come.
People still come and tour the mill. He just enjoyed people period,” he said. Born in 1896, Andrew Vogel learned the painting trade by working in his father’s paint shop in Friesland, Holland. In 1913, the family immigrated to America. He soon realized that many of the paints available at that time were inferior to those his family had made in Holland. So he began to manufacture a red barn paint and white house paint in his garage. He married Jennie Reinders in 1919 and started Vogel Paint and Wax in 1926. When Andrew’s sons returned from service in World War II, they got more involved in the business, and Pops realized it was time to turn over the reins, if not all of the paint brushes. The sons were happy when Pops started the mill-building project in the 1960s. Not only did it keep him busy, it let the sons make the business their own, Doug noted. Pop’s pride in his Dutch heritage prompted him to take a leading role in promoting the Tulip Festival when it began in 1936. “I don’t think you can be in Orange City and not be tied up with the Tulip Festival in some way,” Doug said. “I think Grandpa was always a promoter and getting involved in community stuff. It was a pretty natural association for him.”
Above: Diamond Vogel Paints Co. co-owner Doug Vogel stands in front of the Vogel Windmill. Bottom left: Company headquarters of Diamond Vogel Paints can be seen through the window of the “living quarters” section of the Vogel Windmill, a popular tourist attraction which is furnished with antiques imported from Holland. Bottom right: A model of the Vogel Windmill is on display in the heritage room, Pops Vogel’s old post-retirement office, at Diamond Vogel Paints Co. headquarters in Orange City, Iowa. It is a gift from company employees.
Colors from the chips
or custom colors...
we can mix them all! The Old Factory at 110 4th St. SW in Orange City, Iowa, is pictured. The site is where Andrew Vogel started what became Diamond Vogel Paints. The building now houses The Old Factory Coffee Shop and a shop where volunteers make wooden shoes during the Tulip Festival.
Since those days, the Vogels have always done what they can to promote the festival and make it possible for Diamond Vogel employees to get involved and enjoy it, said Doug, who recently served five years on the festival’s executive steering committee. It started as a family business and so it remains, with the third generation now in charge. “The story goes that Grandpa built the mill to kind of replicate what he grew up around in Holland. It’s not authentic but it’s a good representation of a mill in Holland,” he said. “I think he built it as a way to kind of illustrate some of the things he saw as a kid.” Although it’s no longer there, a dike and auger structure were in the front. “He always liked messing with all kinds of contraptions over the years. He had an actual screw auger to pump the dike into the pond, so they could show how it worked. And that was a headache to take care of. So that’s gone now.” The mill itself hasn’t changed much over the years, though. It underwent a major refurbishment this spring, with the addition of some “really good paint on it,” Doug observed. “He was always out there in April getting it touched up ready to go,” he said of his grandpa. “Even in his 90s, he would be out on the roof touching it up.” A World War I veteran, Andrew Vogel died on March 6, 2000, at the age of 103. His wife Jennie, who often joined him at the mill during the Tulip Festival, preceded him in 1990. When Grandpa was building that mill, the grandkids all wondered if he was using new nails or old ones. “As grandkids growing up around his shop, he always had a bucket of crooked nails, and I don’t know if he really used them or if it was just a ploy to keep us busy,” he said. “But he’d have us straighten nails for him. And he would use them on occasion.” And so the stories continue.
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TULIP FESTIVAL pride
of the Dutch
BAND OFFERS DUTCH SPIN ON
PRIDE OF THE DUTCHMEN BAND KNOWN FOR GREAT SOUND, QUALITY SHOES Text by Tim Gallagher | Photographs by Dawn J. Sagert, Nate Robson and Tim Hynds
STEVE CONNELL WAS A BIT FAMILIAR with Orange City prior to interviewing for the band director position at MauriceOrange City High School in 1975. “As a sophomore at Luverne (Minn.) High School, I remembered coming down to Orange City to march in the Tulip Festival,” says Connell. “It would have been around 1968.”
Connell had just graduated from Luther College in Decorah, Iowa, when he drove to Orange City to interview for the vacancy, the lone high school-only position for which he interviewed. The rest were positions involving grades 7-12 or 5-12. “I don’t remember the interview, but I remember asking about the condition
of the marching band’s uniforms,” says Connell, 62. “They opened this cabinet and showed me all the wooden shoes. They said, ‘You know we march in authentic Dutch costumes with wooden shoes.’” Connell had remembered seeing the shoes during that previous performance trip to Orange City. He also remembered
Members of the MOC-Floyd Valley Pride of the Dutchmen Marching Band perform during Orange City Tulip Festival’s Volksparade. By the time a band member graduates, he or she will have marched about 35 miles in the corp’s signature wooden shoes, which come from Holland.
MOC-FV High School Director of Bands Steve Connell is shown with his band’s wooden shoes. He wore the black wooden shoes in the Tournament of Roses Parade in Pasadena, Calif.
seeing Dutch dancers from Orange City in the parking lot at the grocery store in Luverne. “The Dutch dancers used to go out and promote the Tulip Festival,” Connell says. “They’d come to Luverne and dance with their wooden shoes in the parking lot of our grocery store. They’d hand out fliers inviting people to come to the Tulip Festival.” Connell was offered the job in 1975. He took it and has been marching with his Pride of the Dutchmen marching band ever since.
Steve Connell, director of the MOC-FV High School Pride of the Dutchmen marching band, gives Sally Bixby a pair of wooden shoes during the Orange City Tulip Festival in Orange City, Iowa, in May 2012. The Dutch “klompen” shoes were given to Bixby to thank her for an invitation for the band to play in the 2013 Tournament of Roses Parade in Pasadena, Calif.
“I have it figured out; it’s 300 to 315 miles I’ve marched in wooden shoes,” says Connell, who is wrapping up his 38th year serving MOC-FV High School. Figure a couple of parades per day during the three-day Tulip Festival. And then, figure dozens of special marching performances by this 170-member band.
Connell has marched in wooden shoes in Hawaii, California, Oregon, West Virginia, Minnesota, Arizona and several places in between. The band even slid with its wooden shoes through a performance in front of the White House years ago. “It’s a rite of passage,” Connell says
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MOC-FV Director of Bands Steve Connell’s wooden shoes. The black pair was worn by Connell in the Tournament of Roses Parade in Pasadena, Calif., and the white pair are what the students wore.
of performing in wooden shoes shipped directly from Holland, providing yet another link between Orange City and its point of origin. “People here attend the Tulip Festival as little kids and they see this big band march by. They figure they want to do that someday. They get into it as a freshman and you can tell they’re excited when they get their shoes.” MOC-FV High School gets the shoes for around $35 to $40. While some students can march for four years in one pair, there are others who wear out a pair in one marching season. “Stand behind the band as it goes down the street sometime and you’ll see it’s like the kids are marching in a little fog,” Connell says. “That (fog) comes from the friction as the students slide their wooden shoes along the pavement. The shoes do get hot as the kids are actually sanding the bottom of the shoes as they move.” The Pride of the Dutchmen marching band more or less shuffles down the street, rather than picking up and setting down each shoe with each corresponding step. “There’s a smoky sawdust created as they slide,” he says. Connell and his musicians have tricks they’ve learned through the years to keep their feet from buckling under the strain of wearing these unforgiving wooden shoes. Many students sport three to five pairs of socks while they march. Some pairs of socks are separated by foam pads. “The top of the foot often hurts, as does the big toe,” Connell says. “There is no give in these shoes.” That said, Connell has never had a musician who refused to march in wooden shoes. He’s seen dozens of players finish a parade before sitting down to massage bruised and bloodied feet. “When MOC merged with Floyd Valley (or nearby Alton, Iowa), that was an issue at first,” Connell says. “People wondered if the Floyd Valley kids would come in and march with these Dutch costumes. “Well, they came in and did VERY well! They jumped in and took right off in them,” Connell says.
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TULIP FESTIVAL the
CARRY ON DUTCH CUSTOMS
Text by Ally Karsyn Photographs by Dawn J. Sagert and Tim Hynds
AS A WIDE-EYED BOY, WILLIAM VAN Marel Jr. enjoyed watching the town’s shoemaker skillfully craft clogs from blocks of wood. The Hollander and his family had moved next door to Van Marel’s grandma. Eventually, Wilhelm Jansen would show him how to carve klompen, making Van Marel one of the few Dutchmen in Orange City to carry on the tradition. He learned the trade in 1978, just six years before Jansen’s death. They would go down in the woods, along river bottoms, and harvest trees. In turn, the craftsman would give Van Marel a couple blocks of basswood and the old sawhorse to take home. He tried to carve a shoe every night of the week, and he’d bring them to Jansen on Saturday for review. William Van Marel Jr., of Orange City, will demonstrate klompen carving during the Tulip Festival.
William Van Marel Jr., of Orange City, demonstrates how to carve a wooden shoe during the opening day of the Orange City Tulip Festival in 2010.
“He could see what I did wrong,” Van Marel said. Undeterred, he kept practicing and soon got to be a part of the Tulip Festival. “At 19, that next year, I actually carved wooden shoes here in the basement of city hall.” WELKOM TO ORANGE CITY In 1954, the Booster Club of Trinity Reformed Church took up the task of finding a wooden shoemaker for the community. Two years later, Jansen emigrated from the Netherlands to set up shop in The Old Factory, the original home of Diamond Vogel Paints. From there, he’d ship those shoes all over the country. But he took care of his own, outfitting townspeople with proper footwear – including members of the local marching band, known as the Pride of the Dutchmen. Jansen knew his way around a shoe. Customers would come back to his shop, complaining of discomfort. He’d look at their feet and make a quick fix, carving the clogs to accommodate for everything from bunions to high arches. And off they went. Van Marel observed instances like these for about three years, learning all that he could in the wooden shoemaking factory. It became a full-time hobby. His day job entailed working for Gary Cleveringa, a carpenter who would later pick up the klompen-carving tools and learn the skill, too. Both have become fixtures of the Tulip Festival’s Straatmarket.
The late shoemaker once told Van Marel, “If you can shave a piece of wood from the back of the shoe all the way to the front of the shoe – same thickness, without breaking it – then you’re a wooden shoe man.” Decades later, his apprentice says, “I have not accomplished that yet.” There’s not only a trick to making the wooden shoes but also wearing them. The clogs suited rural folk living in the damp lowlands of Holland while they tended to gardens and livestock. Wood didn’t get sopping wet like leather. But for the festival’s costumed characters, it’s an adjustment. “I train my feet, maybe about a week ahead, and I just gradually get into it,” Van Marel said. “And actually, when you have a good, thick pair of wool socks on … you can walk and they’re very comfortable.”
For the festival, Van Marel doesn’t walk in his own shoes, which is to say he doesn’t wear a pair that he’s made. What he makes is usually a size 6. It can be whittled down faster for demonstrations. The wooden shoes people wear now are imported from Holland. Jansen passed away 30 years ago in June. His wife, Willemina, died in 2010 at the age of 91. Van Marel made sure to save a pair of klompen from the time he worked alongside Jansen. Those are special since the factory has changed hands and no longer makes wearable wooden shoes. The Old Factory has been turned into a coffee shop. For a time, the Vogels owned the business and put on a klompen-carving demonstration during the Tulip Festival. However, last fall, Van Marel said the remaining manufacturing equipment was removed from the space adjoining the coffee shop. The search is on, once again, to find a home for the machinery and klompen carvers to fill the post. “I myself would hate to see this art die,” Van Marel said. “We need to keep it alive in Northwest Iowa. Tulip time is our Dutch heritage, and our Dutch heritage has a lot to do with wooden shoes.”
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TULIP FESTIVAL pride
of the Dutch
LOCAL ECONOMY BENEFITS
FROM TULIP FESTIVAL
Text by Dolly A. Butz | Photographs by Tim Hynds and Tim Gallagher
THE ORANGE CITY TULIP FESTIVAL – a celebration of Dutch Heritage – draws upwards of 100,000 people to the Northwest Iowa town over three days to view the colorful blooming tulip beds and take in the sight of children clad in traditional dress and wooden shoes washing the streets with brooms. Mike Hofman, executive director of the Orange City Chamber of Commerce, said the economic impact the annual festival has on local businesses is hard to quantify. Some of the downtown businesses shut their doors during the two daily parades, which travel down the city’s main streets. Many employees and store owners volunteer during the festival, according to Hofman. “Literally on certain days during the parade time, the sidewalks will be just packed with people,” he said. “People couldn’t get to your business anyway if you wanted them to.” Local businesses reap marketing benefits Hofman said they could only get through the Tulip Festival. “It’s a very good economic impact for our businesses both during the festival,
but then also through the course of the year,” he said. “It’s also hard to quantify how many times people come back to Orange City at different times because they saw something or are interested in relocating here.” The festival, which took a break during World War II, will mark its 74th consecutive year May 15-17. Over the years, a second parade, food vendors and carnival rides have been added, according to Hofman. “But the main baseline for it is obviously the tulips. That’s always been part of it,” he said of the free festival. “It’s a really good family fun atmosphere and really pretty affordable if you’re in the general vicinity of Orange City to come and take a look at it – a lot of exciting things.” During the festival, Hofman said, people from all over the world visit the city of just over 6,100 people which serves as the county seat of Sioux County. Last year a delegation from Japan attended. The Dutch Ambassador also comes to town occasionally, according to Hofman. “(The Tulip Festival) brings people from all over the place. Because of the celebration they’re willing to come
to Northwest Iowa when they maybe wouldn’t necessarily,” he said. “It also gives us an opportunity to showcase what we have here and then try to get them back another time as well.” Hofman said the Chamber of Commerce’s main duty is preparing the community to be in the spotlight during those three days. Preparation for the festival begins in June the year before. “As soon as the festival is done our executive committee meets,” he said. “We have a larger committee that meets monthly as we get closer.” Hofman said some visitors who come to Orange City for the festival end up making the city their home. Former residents, he said, also move back. “When they retire, they decide to come back and volunteer here,” he said.
PASSING THE BELL TOWN CRIER POSITION STAYS IN THE FAMILY Text by Michelle Kuester | Photograph by Dawn J. Sagert
Above: Students from Orange City schools dance, May 19, 2011, during the opening day of the Tulip Festival in Orange City, Iowa. Left: Tulips may not be blooming with the force of past festivals this year, but that doesn’t mean you’ll miss them. Tulips stand tall in a mural by artist Mark Alsum that adorns the north side of Dove Christian Boekhandel (Book Store) at 125 Central Ave. in downtown Orange City, Iowa. Below: The streets are cleaned during the 2011 festival in preparation for more dancing.
WHEN DARON DE JONG WAS asked to take over the Tulip Festival’s town crier position, he was unsure. “I was honored to be asked, but one of my concerns was that I was Ron De Jong’s son,” he said. “I hesitated to accept it.” Daron De Jong hoped there wouldn’t be any controversy over the fact his father previously held the position for the past 35 years. The steering committee, which organizes the festival, discussed the situation another week. “They came back and said that they saw a lot of my dad in me and that he did a good job,” he said. “They told me that I had the right qualities, which felt good.” Carrying on the family tradition will be no short order, said Daron De Jong, but he plans to do it his way. “I grew up remembering my dad as the town crier. I can’t even remember a time when he wasn’t. I asked the steering committee if I had to do the job the way my dad did, but they told me I could put my own spin on it.” Ron De Jong, 65, noted there was room for his son to make the job his own. “It’s not a stringent job description,” he said. “You basically have to be around to visit with people attending the festival and answer any questions they might have. I think it’s important for it to be someone who often meets new people and is personable.” Ron De Jong, who has worked in the admissions office of Northwestern College for 43 years, fit the bill 35 years ago, and his son, a chiropractor, fits the bill now. “I’ll be like a welcoming person,” said Daron De Jong. “I think the key is just to be friendly and outgoing.” The town crier position, which started in 1950, is highly regarded in the Orange City community and is unpaid. “It’s really for the honor,” said Ron De Jong. “People are coming out after a long winter and they want to have a good time. It’s an important thing and we want it to be successful.”
Retired Town Crier Ron De Jong, left, and his son, Daron, show the silk screen print of the two of them done by local artist Elinore Noteboom in 1982. They’re in Windmill Park, a hub of activity.
The town crier is described by father and son as a public relations person of sorts. “The best part of the job is meeting people from all over the country and even different parts of the world,” said Ron De Jong, noting when a couple from the Netherlands attended the Tulip Festival and was struck by its authenticity. Daron De Jong, 39, knows he has a lot to live up to, but he doesn’t anticipate claiming the position as long as his father. “I really don’t see 35 years,” he said, “but I’ll do it this year and go from there.” Ron De Jong is optimistic that his son will be able to do the position and the family name proud at this year’s Tulip Festival. “When I submitted my resignation, I had no idea who they were going to consider,” he said. “I really hope he enjoys it as much as I did.”
COMMON CARE PRODUCTS CAUSE SKIN IRRITATIONS
Text by Dolly A. Butz | Photographs by Dawn J. Sagert
INDY CHABRA’S PATIENTS OFTEN think the red, itchy rashes on their skin are related to something they ate. They don’t usually suspect that the things they wear, touch or clean themselves with could be causing the problem. “They waste so much money going to the allergist and getting prick testing,” the Dakota Dunes dermatologist said. Nickel is the most common cause of allergic contact dermatitis in the United States. But everything from sofas made in China to volleyballs and formaldehyde-based products, Chabra said, can cause rashes which are often treated with a strong topical steroid. “If you look at the back of shampoo bottle or any product, it’ll say DMDM hydantoin or a bunch of other allergens,” he said. “When you’re allergic to any of this stuff you often have cross allergies.” Annually, the American Contact Dermatitis Society selects a contact allergen of the year. The 2013 allergen of the year is Methylisothiazolinone (MI), a powerful preservative increasingly found in cosmetics and toiletries, including wet wipes. Infants and young children present at Midlands Clinic, 705 Sioux Point Road, with rashes after parents have tried numerous over-the-counter treatments. Chabra asks them if they’ve been using wet wipes. They stop. The rash clears up. “Every time they use it, that’s when the rash comes. You stop it, the rash goes away,” he said. Chabra asks patients suffering from allergic contact dermatitis if they’ve recently changed skin or hair care products. The answer is often, “No.” “Companies change the specific ingredients of products without telling people,” he said. “Second, our immune system changes. Third, the skin changes. If the skin is broken down, the chances of it developing an allergic contact dermatitis is higher.” Chabra performs a T.R.U.E. test or epicutaneous patch test, to help him diagnose allergic contact dermatitis. The test’s sticky panel, which is applied to the patient’s upper back, contains tiny amounts of 35 allergens. Substances a person isn’t allergic to, won’t cause a skin reaction. Gold, Chabra said, is the most common
Above: Dr. Indy Chabra says ingredients in many products – like wet wipes – can cause skin problems. Left: Dr. Chabra shows a T.R.U.E Test, or epicutaneous patch test, used for allergies.
cause of eyelid dermatitis in women. “Because the gold rings – and a lot of the facial products they use have sunscreen in them – have zinc and titanium. Titanium is a metal that upgrades little particles of gold. You’re putting this on your face every day, and eyelid skin is some of the thinnest skin in the body. That’s why you get eyelid dermatitis.” A woman visited her ophthalmologist multiple times to rid herself of an eyelid
rash, before coming to Midlands Clinic. Chabra performed a patch test, which he said “lit up for gold.” “Then we realized that the glasses have 14-carat gold,” he said. “She changed them and she was fine.” Chabra also patch-tested a high school volleyball player suffering from a facial rash. It turns out that the teen is allergic to rubber accelerants used in the manufacturing process. “To make rubber you take the sap and vulcanize it. Otherwise rubber is very gooey, and so you use all these accelerants in it,” Chabra explained. “She was allergic to all of those.” Chabra contends that the teen is in a tough situation. He instructed her to wash her hands immediately after playing volleyball, and not to touch her face before she does. “Allergic contact dermatitis is one of the more rewarding areas,” he said. “You can figure it out and fix it.”
‘DOC, I’VE GOT A QUESTION …’ answers to your medical questions
What can you do about a nose that always runs?
Before you go broke on Kleenex, let’s try to sniff out a solution to your problem. There are many causes of a runny nose, also called rhinorrhea. Irritation of the lining of the nose, called the mucosa, is the most common cause of rhinorrhea. If your drippy schnoz is causing you grief, I would recommend trying to find the cause of or at least a pattern of your symptoms. Some people have allergies which cause their nose to run. If you have other symptoms of allergies such as itchy eyes, scratchy throat, or cough, I would recommend talking to your doctor about starting a daily antihistamine like Claritin, Allegra, or Zyrtec and possibly a steroid nasal spray. If these symptoms persist, allergy testing could be performed. Common triggers for runny nose also include cigarette smoke, spicy foods, fragrances or perfumes, cold weather, and dusty conditions. If you can’t identify a specific cause or pattern for your symptoms, you may have a problem with the lining of your nose or sinuses. You should have your doctor take a look up there and possibly refer you for further testing. A condition called non-allergic rhinitis can cause a chronic runny nose without any trigger. Treatment for this condition typically requires nasal sprays and sometimes oral medications. Let me get one last blow in here; avoid use of the nasal decongestant spray Afrin for longer than 2-3 days. You can develop congestion secondary to overuse of this medication.
How can you tell if you have a boil? How do you treat it? I presume you are talking about your skin and not heating pasta water. Human skin acts as a protective barrier to the elements of the world. It is covered in various pores and ducts which have hair follicles, secrete oil, and drain sweat to help protect it from drying out and to exchange heat. A boil, also called a furuncle, is a skin condition which occurs when a hair follicle or oil gland becomes blocked. The skin is covered with bacteria which will not normally cause any problems. In the case of a boil, the bacteria get trapped in the blocked hair follicle. Since there is no way for the bugs to get out, they multiply and cause infection and inflammation. Signs of a boil are reddened, irritated, and sometimes painful bump on the skin. You may observe a white spot on the skin. This is a build up of pus under the skin. Boils are seen most often in areas predisposed to friction and perspiration such as the arm pits, groin, belt line, face, and buttocks. Sometimes multiple boils can combine together and make a larger skin infection. To treat a boil, start with warm compresses to the affected area using a warm wash cloth. The heat will draw more blood flow to the area and the follicle may open up. If this does not work, sometimes antibiotics may be prescribed 46
by a health care professional. If the infection gets severe enough, you may need to have the boil opened up surgically in the clinic. I implore you not to try to pop, squeeze, or cut the boil yourself. This could potentially worsen and spread the infection. You should seek medical care if the infection is on your face or spine, if you develop fever, the pain becomes worse, or there is increased redness.
I took an exercise class that didn’t seem bad when I was in it but the next day I was so sore I could barely move. Did I do something wrong? You probably feel like you did something wrong, but you are experiencing a very common side effect of exercise; the dreaded “day after syndrome.” Your muscles require an energy or fuel source to perform the work your brain is asking them to do. This fuel is called adenosine triphosphate, or ATP. The majority of this fuel is stored as glycogen, basically large amount of sugar. At rest, your muscles have a stockpile of glycogen to be used when needed. When you start to exercise, the muscle cells will use oxygen to burn glycogen to help you swing that kettlebell or shake your tailfeathers at
MEET THE DOC Dr. Nick Bechtold is a family medicine resident at Family Medicine Center. He grew up in Sioux City, graduating from Bishop Heelan Catholic High School and Briar Cliff University. Before pursuing his career as a physician, he spent a couple of years in Omaha and Iowa City working at research labs and a biotech company. He graduated from Des Moines University and returned to his favorite corner of Iowa with his wife Karla. your Zumba class. During light exercise, your energy stores remain fairly constant. You are feeling pretty good at this point. While your body has a fair amount of energy stored, you will eventually need to make more. Now you are on your 8th set of burpees or the 300th push-up. The demand for fuel is in high gear. The muscles will now start making fuel without using oxygen. This method of energy production is faster, but it is less efficient and it produces lactate, or lactic acid, as a byproduct. The lactic acid which builds up in the muscles causes that familiar burning feeling during a workout. We used to say that lactic acid caused the next day soreness. But we now know that lactic acid is usually gone within an hour or so. When you work out muscle groups vigorously, you put stress and strain on them, as experienced in a new workout class. This will result in an amount of muscle tearing or “microtrauma.” The injured muscles will leak irritating chemicals into the surrounding muscles and tissues. Don’t worry though, your muscles will heal in time. In fact they will grow with repetitive exercise. You should be less sore as your muscles become more flexible and stronger. So keep it up! In the meantime, I would advise, that you probably went too fast too soon. For your current state of soreness, you can take non-steroidal inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen or naproxen, apply ice, and do stretches. Drink plenty of fluids before, during, and after your workout to keep your muscles hydrated WHAT KINDS OF HEALTH QUESTIONS DO YOU HAVE? Submit your questions and they may be used in this monthly feature. Write to Siouxland Life at 515 Pavonia St., Sioux City, Iowa 51102.
PARTING SHOT by
SUNDAYS ARE FOR NAPPING
SUNDAY AFTERNOONS, IN CASE YOU DIDN’T KNOW, ARE for napping. For decades I’ve tried to stress that fact but all sorts of people want to argue. They’ll call, stop by, Tweet, text and Facebook me. Meanwhile, I’m determined to curl up and nap. Just like I did as a kid. In the good ol’ days, we went to church, ate, read the Sunday paper and napped. As a kid, I don’t think I had anything but roast beef for noon “dinner.” Mom would put it in the oven before we went to church and if the minister happened to ramble, we’d hear about it when we ate. “If the roast is a little dry, don’t blame me,” she’d say. “We had three songs with six verses.” Naturally, we had to tell her we liked it crispy and, with a little ketchup, it wasn’t half bad. After the dishes were done, she’d sit at the dining room table and write letters (remember them?) and, if they were particularly newsy, sit on them so the envelope would squish down and she wouldn’t have to use two stamps. In the living room, dad would have the TV tuned to whatever sporting event was on with the sound down. My sister would be in her bedroom and I staked out the couch. While dad sat in his recliner (and you know how that goes with “dad’s” chair), we dozed. Unfortunately, neighbors, friends, acquaintances and salesmen thought Sunday might be a nice time to stop by. This became such a frequent problem, we made a pact: We wouldn’t answer the door. So, while a parade of folks marched up the sidewalk, we slept. Never mind the pounding, the ringing, the phone calls. In our house, Sunday afternoons were for sleeping.
At one point, the aggravation got so bad mom gathered everyone into the bathroom and we kept silent. She came upon this idea when one particularly nosy neighbor started looking in windows and tapping on them. The bathroom was the only room without a reachable window. So there, huddled in a room meant for one, we waited while the gang of angry villagers stormed the castle. Hiding out in the bathroom? Who does something like that? After a while, the visitors got the message and left us alone. (Even worse? Relatives decided to “pop in” after midnight, unannounced. We didn’t answer the door then, either, and they were forced to sleep in their car.) If you haven’t tried a Sunday nap, do. It’s one of the most joyous parts of the week. With the hum of the television in the background, a full stomach and visions of nothing dancing in your head, you can prepare for the next week. Of course, there’s always someone who doesn’t have the same game plan. Someone who thinks Sundays are for doing “projects” or “visiting” and the whole week can be thrown off. I’ve had to broadcast the message far and wide – Sunday afternoons are my time. No trips. No picnics. No shopping. There’s always that stray politician, though, who thinks Sundays are a good time “to find folks home.” He’ll pound and ring and knock. And, if he’s so aggressive I can’t stand anymore, I’ll go to the door. But if that happens, you can guess who I’m not voting for. While folks today aren’t so determined they follow his lead, I have managed to keep all drapes and blinds closed. I’m not about to hide in the bathroom just to keep them at bay. My couch right now, is just too “broken in” to leave. But if I have to, just know that I will. SIOUXLAND LIFE
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Question 3: Is it safe?
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