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12 SEPT 2011

While Government Thinks, Students Take Action By Rosemary Gallagher Protestors gathered outside the Radisson Hotel at 12.45pm on Tuesday, 6 September, as Fine Gael’s first “Think-In” got under way inside. NUI Galway Students’ Union organised the protest with Free Education for Everyone Galway (FEE) also involved. SU President Emmet Connolly notified Mill Street Garda Station of the planned peaceful protest in mid August. There was a significant Garda presence at the protest, but a disappointing turnout for the protestors. The Roscommon Hospital Action Committee

INSIDE Irish University ratings plummet


Summer in NUI Galway 14 Electric Picnic Highlights


DramSoc & Fregoli at 22 Edinburgh Fringe Festival

Large garda presence at protest

were also present to protest the removal of emergency services at Roscommon Hospital. Four members of FEE attempted to form a human blockade outside the Radisson. Senan MacAoidh and Paul

O’Donnell succeded in lying down at the entrance to the hotel with their arms linked by cementfilled pipes. SU Equality Officer and FEE activist William O’Brien informed Sin that the blockade was symbolic. “We're

blocking Fine Gael's access to their conference in the same way they are trying to block young people's access to education.” Protestors became agitated when Gardai attempted to forcefully move the

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human blockade, with scuffles breaking out between Gardai and students. A member of the Roscommon Hospital Action Committee criticised the Gardai’s heavy-handedness, reminding them that they were being

filmed and photographed by members of the press. A Roscommon protestor later told Sin “The guards haven’t observed us: because we’re not students.” Continued on page 2

Not So Sweet J-1 Students Strike at Hershey Plant to Protest Working Conditions by Mohit Agrawal

Protestors form a circle around Senan MacAoidh and Paul O’Donnell to protect them from possible injury after scuffles broke out between protestors and Gardai

In late August, hundreds of university students employed at the Hershey chocolate plant in Palmyra, Pennsylvania, went on strike to protest poor working conditions and other mistreatment. The students were employed at the plant on J1

Summer Work and Travel (SWT) visas, which is a program that allows non-US students to work in the US. The Economic Policy Institute reports that the US State Department has started four investigations into the students’ allegations. Continued on Page 2




While Government Thinks, Students Take Action Continued from page 1

In a press release the Students’ Union highlighted that the government was renaging on election promises on three core issues: cuts of up to 60% in the Student Maintenance Grant, the elimination of payment for final year nursing students working full-time in HSE hospitals, and the policy change resulting in the denial of Maintenance Grants for mature students. Gardai quickly realised the protestors intention to disrupt government minister’s arrival, and began to redirect cars to an alternative entrance. Members of both student groups considered the protest a succes, as ministers arrived at the front entrance to the Radisson, were confronted by protestors and forced to redirect through the car park.

When asked about the poor turnout Emmet Connolly attributed it to timing, explaining that “It was only the second day of college this time, so it was tough enough to get people out.” When asked about plans to involve students he claimed “we will send a message to students who weren’t able to come today, especially the first years... who will be most affected, that they can be part of this, that they can come here and get involved in a very direct way.” In July the High Court granted the Union of Students in Ireland’s leave to challenge the State’s new policy on nonadjacent grants which saw an increase on the minimum distance from college from 24 to 45km. The hearing is scheduled for 7 October. For video footage of Tuesday’s protest see

Students Union President Emmet Connolly checks on Irish Officer Senan Mac Aoidh.

Not So Sweet Continued from page 1

The problems in Palmyra are the latest in a string of failures in the SWT program. More than 350,000 individuals came to the US for short-term work on the J1 visa in 2010; of these, more

than 130,000 were students who came for summer work. Students from Ireland — like Ashling O’Loughlin [See “Passport to Prison” — Ed], who worked as a sales clerk in South Carolina this past summer — often take

Gardai attempt to move protestors to grant access to government minsters

part in the SWT program for the cultural experience. Students from other countries, though, including from the former Soviet bloc, often seek to learn English and make money. In the US, SWT participants are commonly employed in amusement parks, restaurants, and summer camps. Even though the J1 was designed as an “educational and cultural exchange,” Daniel Costa at the Economic Policy Institute writes that “the J1 has been hijacked… into a program that provides cheap, exploitable labor…” This is because the J1 is administered, not by the US State Department, but instead by a network of brokers, sponsors, and employers who sometimes engage in abusive or illegal behavior. An investigative report by the Associated Press in December

2010, found instances of SWT participants having to pay outrageous brokers’ fees; of living in filthy and overcrowded housing, in violation of local housing codes; and of being forced into prostitution. O’Loughlin was aware of other students who had difficulties while in the US, but not of any abuse. “I had friends who had to resort to working in jobs that were low paying and very long hours … Others had to come home because there was no employment for them.” Yet O’Loughlin would recommend the SWT program to other NUIG students. “It’s a great way to meet new people, see new places and new cultures and gain life experience… I loved every moment of it.” She cautions, though, that students should have access to at least €1,000 to cover initial costs in the US.

{3} {sin} G A LWAY N E W S EDITORIAL COMPETITION Connacht Rugby Fiver Friday! I am deeply honoured to present to you the first issue of volume thirteen of Sin. Sin is your newspaper. Those of you who are returning to NUI Galway will notice a change in our ethos over the next few months. We promise to focus much more intently on campus news, and issues affecting students and staff. Our sports pages will highlight the incredible achievements of NUI Galway’s athletes. Our reviews will focus on films, music and theatre written by students, written for students, or performed here

in Galway. We have a rich cultural and artistic heritage, which we must celebrate. Above all else our news pages will highlight issues overlooked by national press, pertaining to our education, our academic achievements, and affecting our welfare. If it’s happening in NUI Galway, you will read about it here. We h a v e h a d a face-lift. I wish to extend my sincerest thanks to Shannon Reeves for the incredible work he has done here. I hope that you are all as proud of this issue as I am. The Sin Bin can

be found just off the Concourse on the Physics Corridor, behind the Larmor theatre. I will be holding regular office hours throughout the year, and everyone is welcome to visit me. If you wish to complain, please make an appointment so I can arrange to hire muscle, or be elsewhere. If you wish to submit a Letter to the Editor please use this as the subject line of your email. Essay length letters will be published in part. Excessive foul language, or prejudicial remarks about my red hair will not be published. Gingers do have souls. For those of you returning, I welcome you home. For those of you joining us for the first time, I congratulate you on choosing NUI Galway, and wish you the very best of luck here. Work hard, join a club, enjoy yourself, be safe, be proud of your campus. You make its heart beat. Be a part of it. Most importantly, write for Sin.

— Rosemary Editor: Rosemary Gallagher Layout: Shannon Reeves. Contact via Ed. Contributors: Mohit Agrawal | Leigh Ashmore | Barnacle | Rory Bowen | Aoife Brennan | Matt Burke | Richéal Burns | Shane Commins | Fiona Curran | Darcy | Ronan Doyle | James Falconer | Peter Gallagher | Ciaran Kelly | Mark Kelly | Gerard Madden | Irina Ruppo Malone | Patrick McAndrew | Colm Mc Elligott | Martina Maughan | Ciaran Monahan | Trevor Murray | Colleen Ní Bhaistir | Fiona Ní Mháille | Ashling O Loughlin | Marése O’Sullivan | Aisling Owens | Ultan Sharkey | Conor Stitt | Seán Wheeler.

NUI Galway Students’ Union are delighted to announce that we have teamed up with Connacht Rugby to bring you some great discounts on tickets for this years matches. On Friday 16th September we will have a very, very limited number of tickets on sale that day only for €5 in the SU for the Connacht vs Newport Gwent Dragons match on Friday 23rd September at 7.30pm. So that’s a saving of €10 on Fiver Friday! Further fixture details are on To celebrate this

we have a student Connacht Rugby 2011/12 season ticket up for grabs if you can answer the following question: Name the NUI Galway Ladies Rugby Player who was capped for Ireland at the 2010 World Cup? Email your answers before mid-

night Sunday 18th September to editor@ with ‘COMPETITION’ in the subject line. Remember to include your name and phone number. Remember a season ticket provides entry to all matches including this year’s Connacht Heineken Cup matches.

THE DESIGNER'S DEN We've done a lot to make sure that your newspaper looks and feels more like a newspaper than ever before — so you look as sophisticated and intelligent as possible when you're sitting in Smokey's looking out for cute guys or girls, or hiding from your lecturers. These things are important! As anybody who knows me will tell you, I'm a total typography geek, so let me break it down! We've got three lovely type families working fulltime for us here at Sin: our headlines are set in Optima Pro, designed by humanist guru Hermann Zapf back in the 50s; two complimen-

tary members of the Adobe Stone Family (Serif and Informal) are used for body text (on account of their large x-height, perfect for reading at small sizes); finally, where we need a little bit of a human touch, you'll see a sprinkle of Zipty Do, based on the handwriting of designer Robert Alonso. (There will be no Comic Sans. Sorry, but I don't play that §¿£±!) You might also see a scattering of typefaces from hot designers like Lara

Woringon, Robert Slim-

bach, and Lián Types,

to name a few... See something you like? Let me know and I'll be happy to give you the low-down... See

something you hate? Tell the Editor... she made me do it! Over the coming weeks I'll be keeping a little design feature on issues that affect us as students. For now, I'll finish with a quote from MAX KERNING: 'People mix typefaces with incompatible type styles. Or they think, “Why use a simple, clean typeface to convey an idea when you can use three or five or twelve.” This is wrong. This is sad. This is an affront to a cultured society, and it must be stopped. Immediately, before everything is tossed away to an angry wind.' Read more of Max's Kerning Maxisms at

— Shannon




NUIG Plummets in QS World University Rankings by Mark Kelly

The news which broke early on Monday 5 September was not a good tune to the ear of students. The new QS rankings, which rank every university in the world, made sober reading for students, academics and the Department of Education alike. NUI Galway slumped 66 places from 232nd to 298th, the largest drop of any University on the list, but part of a trend in most Irish insti-

tutions. QS, or Quacquarelli Symond, is an organisation which compares all the major thirdlevel institutions worldwide against each other. They are ranked according to a number of different factors including lecturer/ student ratio, Academic reputation, the number of citations per faculty, international faculties and the number of international students. All in all it was a bleak day for the Irish third

level education system, as UCD fell twenty places from 114 to 134, Trinity fell thirteen from 52 to 65, DIT dropped out of the 350 – 400 category into the 400 – 450 category while NUI Maynooth fell from 400-450 to 500-550 category, while UL remained in the 450–500 category. UCC went up from 184 to 181, a gain of three, and DCU rose to 326 from 330, a gain of four. However, these small gains do little to ease

the worrying trend of decline in Irish third-level institutions. Now the question is, who, or what is to blame? It is two-fold: underfunding and poor academia. The first is pretty obvious. With the huge hole that is our public finances, the third level system was always going to suffer. The people in the know suggested a small cut, between 1-2% to keep our rankings. Instead, the government said 5%. On top of this,

the tuition charge was increased by €500 from €1,500 to €2,000 for the oldest university attending child and €1,500 per child thereafter. The highly paid Deans and Presidents haven’t suffered at all, refusing to take a pay cut. The second problem is our Academics. The QS noted that the level of work and research done by academics in the Irish universities was poor, and not up to the usual

standard. As the standard of Irish academia went down, so did the ranking of our Universities. The trouble however may still lie ahead for students, with rumours emerging about a return to college fees, this will not ease the minds of parents, current students or perspective students. Indeed, the under-funding mentioned by QS may be all the Government needs to re-introduce fees.



Timetable - Semester 1, 2011

Amchlár – Seimeastar 1, 2011

Peak Morning Service from Dangan Carpark (every 15 minutes)

Seirbhís na Maidine ó Charrchlós an Daingin (gach 15 nóiméad)

8.00, 8.15, 8.30, 8.45, 9.00, 9.15, 9.30, 9.45, 10.00, 10.15, 10.30, 10.45, 11.00

8.00, 8.15, 8.30, 8.45, 9.00, 9.15, 9.30, 9.45, 10.00, 10.15, 10.30, 10.45, 11.00

Mid–Morning lite Service from Dangan Carpark (every 30 minutes)

Seirbhís Shrianta idir sin agus am lóin ó Charrchlós an Daingin (gach 30 nóiméad)

11.30, 12.00, 12.30

11.30, 12.00, 12.30

Lunchtime Shuttle From Orbsen Building

Lunchtime Shuttle From Dangan Carpark

Bus ag Am Lóin ó Áras Oirbsean

Bus ag Am Lóin ó Charrchlós an Daingin

13.00, 13.30

13.15, 13:45

13.00, 13.30

13.15, 13:45

Afternoon lite Service from Orbsen Building (every 30 minutes)

Seirbhís Shrianta san iarnóin ó Áras Oirbsean (gach 30 nóiméad)

14.00, 14.30, 15.00, 15.30

14.00, 14.30, 15.00, 15.30

Peak Evening Service from Orbsen Building (every 15 minutes)

Seirbhís an Tráthnóna ó Áras Oirbsean (gach 15 nóiméad)

16.00, 16.15, 16.30, 16.45, 17.00, 17.15, 17.30, 17.45, 18.00, 18.15, 18.30, 18.45, 19.00

16.00, 16.15, 16.30, 16.45, 17.00, 17.15, 17.30, 17.45, 18.00, 18.15, 18.30, 18.45, 19.00

The night time service is no longer running. The University is providing a free EMERGENCY taxi shuttle from Orbsen to the Dangan carpark (only). After 9pm please telephone 091-561111 to request a taxi journey to the Dangan carpark. Please note: No other taxi destinations are possible and the service is only available from 9pm to 11pm. Your staff/ student number and name will be requested by the driver, for our records.

QR code timetable

Buildings Office, 2011; subject to change

Ní bheidh seirbhís na hoíche ar fáil níos mó. Tá an Ollscoil ag cur tacsaí ÉIGEANDÁLA saor in aisce ar fáil ó Oirbsean chuig carrchlós an Daingin (agus chuig an áit sin amháin).Tar éis 9pm cuir glao ar 091-561111 le hiarratas a dhéanamh ar thacsaí chuig carrchlós an Daingin.Tabhair faoi deara: Ní féidir tacsaí a fháil chuig aon cheann scríbe eile agus ní bhíonn an tseirbhís seo ar fáil ach idir 9pm agus 11pm. Beidh sé riachtanach d’uimhir foirne/mic léinn a lua leis an tiománaí.

Oifig na bhFoirgneamh, 2011; faoi réir athruithe




Bowel Cancer specialists host conference in NUI Galway by Mark Kelly

On the weekend of the 2-3rd of September, NUI Galway hosted an annual conference on surgery. The Sir Peter Fryer Surgical Symposium concerns itself with surgery, illnesses that can be treated by surgery and related topics. Topics of note in the past 35 years include Revacularsation of the brain (i.e. the adding of new blood cells to the brain), The Role of the Belfast Medical School in Irish medicine and plenty of talks about the cancer most prevelant in women, breast cancer. Many of these symposiums have contributed to not only Irish, but international medical practises. This year, the symposium was centered around bowel cancer, the most previlent cancer behind lung and breast cancer. Internationally renowned surgeon, Professor R.J. Heald, OBE, delivered the Memorial Lecture on ‘Colorectal Cancer Surgery Open, Key Hole, Endoscope or Robot - Where are we Going?’. Professor of Surgery at the North Hampshire Hospital and Surgical Director of the Pelican

Cancer Centre, Basingstoke, R.J. Heald’s main interest for the past 20 years has been the research and development of the Total Mesorectal Excision (TME) technique for rectal cancer. The TME is a technique that removes a substanial amount of the bowel around the tumour and the lymph system around the bowels is tested for cancerous cells. The bowels are then either rejoined or a temporary pouch is inserted. This has become the standard for bowel cancer. Also giving a lecture was Professor Eilis McGovern, President of the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland and Consultant Cardiothoracic Surgeon a t S t . J a m e s ’s Hospital who presented the State of the Art Lecture entitled “Surgical Training and Surgical Service – Are we getting the Formula Right”. The conference was well attended by lectures from this college and others around Ireland, some oncologists from both Irish and foreign hospitals as well as some members of the media.

Visiting Students queue from the small hours for English seminar registration. Earlier in the week an Irish geography student had to be removed from Áras na Mac Léinn for drunken behaviour by Students’ Union Vice-President and Welfare Officer, Brian Grant.

Visiting Students Mela Degli Esposti and Silvia Amabili from the University of Bologna and Francesca Tini from the University of Urbino, who queued from 3am on Friday morning to get their first choice of English seminar.

{sin} G A LWAY N E W S Glór Ghaeltachta leis an gcraoladh chuile sheachtain faoin teideal Míreanna Meara.

le Colleen Ní Bhaistir Is mise Colleen Ní Bhaistir agus táim chun sibh a chur ar an eolas faoi na cúrsaí Gaeilge atá ar fáil in Ollscoil na hÉireann, Gaillimh. Chomh maith leis sin beidh muid ag caint faoi imeachtaí Gaeilge, cosúil le Seachtain na Gaeilge agus conas do chuid Gaeilge a úsáid go rialta. An tseachtain seo beidh mé ag plé buaicphointí na bliana anuraidh in Acadamh na hOllscolaíochta Gaeilge, áit ina bhfuil mic léinn ag staidéar trí mhéan na Gaeilge.

Buaicphointí na bliana Ní chreidim go bhfuil an samhradh caite againn! Dar liom bhí an-chraic againn anuraidh agus táim chun siúl siar a chaitheamh ar na buaicphointí... Scéalta ón Acadamh An tAcadamh Beo ar Flirt FM! Thosaigh an tAcadamh ag craoladh beo ar Flirt FM! Staisiún Malartach na Gaillimhe den chéad uair riamh ar an chéad lá de mhí na Samhain 2010. Is iad an darna bliain den B.A sa Chumarsáid a bhí a chraoladh le cabhair ón gceathrú bliain. Bhí siad a chraoladh ón grúpaí faoin teideal An Solas

Glas, Cumasc, Scléip ar an Aer agus Iris an Iarthair. Bhí mise Colleen Ní Bhaistir mar bhall den grúpa ‘An Solas Glas’ agus bhí anchraic go deo againn ag craoladh na gclár seo gach seachtain. Lean an craoladh beo ar aghaidh ar feadh 6 seachtaine. Club Raidió an Acadaimh Nuair a tháinig muid ar ais ó shaoire na Nollag lean an craoladh ar aghaidh agus cuireadh tús le Club Raidió an Acadaimh. Is iad na spéirmhná ón gceathrú bliain den B.A sa Chumarsáid; Katie Ní Chongaile, Lisa Madden agus Barbara Uí Choistealbha a bhí i gceannas ar an gclub agus a chuir siad tús

EDITORIAL MEETINGS will be held every Tuesday


7– 8pm in AC203 ON THE CONCOURSE

Everyone is welcome.

Saol Sóisialta Cheap mé go raibh saol sóisialta den scoth againn i mbliana agus ní dhéanfaidh mé dearmad go deo ar oícheanta cosúil leis ‘oíche na cluiche craiceáilte’, ‘oíche dathanna contae’ cóisir na Nollag agus Seachtain na Mac Léinn. Bhí an chéad ‘Rós an Acadaimh’ ar siúl i mbliana agus ghlac roinnt cailíní (agus a gcuid escorts) páirt ann. Deis iontach ab é an talann ar fhad atá san Acadamh a fheiceáil. Rinne Oifigeach na Mac Léinn, Louise Ní Dhaibhéid eacht agus a bhuíochas leí go raibh imeachtaí sóisialta den scoth ar bun.

Cumann Subhóró Idir an club raidió, ár saol sóisialta agus obair bhaile bhí muid gnóthach ach fós bhí am againn agus ag an gCumann Subhóró dráma a chur ar siúl. Cuireadh an dráma Sarah Scanlon ar stáitse faoi stiúir chumasach Mhéabh Nic Alastair ón ADCF. Ghlac muintir na drámaíochta páirt i bhféile na gColáiste i mbliana agus bhí an-chraic acu. B’shin chuid de na buaicphointí ach tá a fhios agam go bhfuil roinnt nár chlúdaigh mé. Caithfidh mé a rá

Foclóir: Buaicphointí na bliana: Highlights of the year Craoladh: Broadcast

{7} go bhain mé féin an-sult as na himeachtaí a bhí ar siúl i mbliana agus tá an-bhrón orm go bhfuil muid críochnaithe! Táim ag tnúth leis an gcéad bhliain eile anois! Beidh an colún seo i ngach eagrán den pháipéar ‘Sin’ go deireadh an tseimeastair agus beidh muid ag plé taobh na Gaeilge d’Ollscoil na hÉireann Gaillimhe arís. Má tá aon tuairimí agaibh seol chuig an bpáipéar iad ag editor@ nó seol chuig Áras na Mac Léinn, OÉ Gaillimh iad. Slán agus Beannacht!

Saol Sóisialta: Social Life Cumann: Society Imeachtaí: Events Ag tnúth: Looking forward to

{sin} {8} G A LWAY N E W S Irish Research highlighted at European Biomaterial Conference by Marése O’Sullivan For the first time ever, Ireland was the host for the 24th Annual European Conference of Biomaterials (4-8th September 2011), in the Dublin Convention Centre last week. N U I G a l w a y ’s own leading academic in this field, Professor Abhay Pandit – the Direc-

tor of the Network of Excellence for Functional Biomaterials (NFB), a funded collaborative research project based at the university – was there to showcase Ireland’s huge involvement with this young branch of science. The NFB, along with the University of Ulster, were hosts of the fiveday event, uniting 950 minds at the

forefront of Biomaterial development and study from all over the world. Biomaterials are external sub-

replacement. The theme for the seminar was “The Cycle of Biomaterials: Back to Our Roots”, focusing greatly on

This conference alone has been worth €3 million

to the Irish economy

stances that can be introduced into body tissue to aid its recovery: for example, organ

cellular response to this science, the newest medical technologies, and how to introduce

future Biomaterial research concepts to clinics. The Biomaterials industry’s rapid growth means it is a financial success: this conference alone has been worth €3 million to the Irish economy. The conference also provided an opportunity for present and future biomaterial researchers to be further educated about their

field, by attending workshops and hearing worldrenowned scientific researchers speak during the event. This included presentations from forty-eight academics and industrialists from Irish institutions, as well as a Young Scientists Forum (YSF) to enthrall future medical experts in the Biomaterials field.

Introductory note from SU Postgraduate Officer Richéal Burns

William Ronan, PhD student in Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering at NUI Galway, who won first prize in the PhD Student Paper Competition at the American Society of Mechanical Engineering Biomedical Engineering Conference last week.

I firstly wish to thank all those who turned up to vote in the last SU elections in the Spring. Voting is a fundamental right which all students should embrace as part of their third level journey. I realise that I was the sole candidate for the postgraduate office but it was still rewarding to see how many votes actually came in. The purpose of this introductory letter is to give a brief background on myself, introduce my agenda for the year, and underscore the events and facilities

available to you as postgraduates. I will also be highlighting the fact that I work for ALL of YOU and the Students Union is YOUR VOICE personified on both the campus and on a more national platform. To read the rest of Richéal’s letter, please see

{sin} G A LWAY N E W S NUI Galway Astronomers Publish Major Breakthrough by Ciaran Monahan Astronomers from NUI Galway’s Centre for Astronomy have made a significant breakthrough in the study of the workings of pulsars. Using a detailed model of pulsar and an inverse mapping technique formulated by the group, they were able to establish for the first time

that the majority of the light from the pulsar comes from close to the star’s surface. A pulsar, a rapidly rotating neutron star that emits a beam of electromagnetic radiation, has “defied an explanation of how they work” said the team at NUI Galway, despite over forty years of observation and theory. Although having a mass of

about one and a half times the size of our sun, some pulsars are so small they could fit in Galway bay. These are a prime example of what are known as ‘extreme matter’ among researchers in the field and can possess magnetic fields more than a million billion times stronger than the Earth’s. Recently having published their

findings in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Dr Shearer said: “This is the culmination of ten years work. Our success is based upon having some talented postgraduate students and post-doctoral researchers combined with looking at the problem in a different way.” The next stage for the group is to look at the other optical

pulsars and gamma ray pulsars to examine whether a similar methodology could be used to examine the source of gamma rays in pulsars. “Once


we’ve done that, if we’ve eliminated all but one of the theories then effectively we can say we understand the way in which pulsars work,” said Dr Shearer.

Overheard in Overheard at Electric Picnic NUI Galway Leona Ward Awkward moment when shopping: Boy: this bra would look lovely on you Girl: is there matching knickers? Boy: (shouts) that doesn’t matter, I’ll rip them off ya the minute you put them on... Rowan Gillick Two lads in Bialann... Guy1: Man those Brogan brothers are class. Guy2: Yeah, such a good

looking family, especially Bernard...what a sexy beast of a man. Guy1: Eh...I was talking about football... Guy2: Oh... right. *Awkward Silence* Niall O’ Flaherty Some smartarse out the back of the college bar after insulting someone: “Just let me fly with this one, like a peacock” Person he just insulted: “Peacocks can’t fly ya knob”

Martina Neylon MAD out of it guy shoutin in the back of ambulance about the siren “Turn that tune off, its fucking shite”

Darren Fay “Just keep an eye out for the blue tent in the red campsite! Mine is the green one beside it!” :)

seen me teezebo? 2nd Guy: What the f*%k is tha? 1st Guy: Eh it’s a cross between a teepee and a gazebo, ya dope!!

Brian Benjamin Dwyer Guards walking through campsite: Guys sees them, shouts ‘Guards, guards, I’ve been robbed!!’ Guards stop and look over at him. He continues... ‘Someones robbed all my drugs!’ They arrest him. Only joking, they walk on.

Conor Lyons “I don’t think he’s a real priest”

Ruth Ní Mhaonghaile “This tent could fit either two naked people or one clothed person.”

Jason Carroll “That’s some gazelle ya got there!” “That’s a gazebo Jay.” Aisling Kelly At about 4am Sunday morning: 1st Guy: Has anyone

Vicki McCormack Embarrassing: I shouted at pulp: “look look at the guy dancing on the side of the stage!!!”

BF: Vicki that’s Jarvis Cocker. Laura Boyle Girl comes out of a portaloo: Her friend shouts at her in front of a very large que “Well?! Do ya feel a stone lighter?!” Shane Lennon A girl I met on the Saturday told us she tried to pee out a hole in her tent, we then learned that this numpty got 590 in her leaving.

from Nathan Regan

Overhead something on campus? Share it with us on Facebook: Overheard in NUIGalway

{10} N A T I O N A L N E W S {sin} Irish Researchers to OPINION: collaborate with storage College Fees Outlook giant Western Digital by Ciaran Monahan

The Trinity College based Centre for Research on Adaptive Nanostructures and Nanodevices (CRANN) announced last week a newly formed collaboration with the California based data storage giant, Western Digital. “This collaboration with Western Digital is a reflection of CRANN’s growing international reputation for quality research and researchers,” said Dr Diarmuid O’Brien, executive director of CRANN. “This project

is exploring science which has the potential to transform the way in which data is stored worldwide.” Technology jointly developed by CRANN and Western Digital

light delivery system that will allow a laser to focus energy at dimensions below fifty nanometres on a magnetic material. This high-precision focus causes a minute

This technology will allow up to ten times more data to be

kept on a computer hard drive

will allow up to ten times more data to be kept on a computer hard drive without any increase in the physical size. The Trinity College group led by Prof. John Donegan, is hoping to successfully develop an optimized

change on the surface of the recording disc, allowing for data storage at much higher densities. The current line of research builds upon work already carried out by CRANN on optical nanojets. Until now, a major

challenge for industry has been to develop a high-resolution laser system that is both practical to construct with existing mass-production semiconductor fabrication technology while being efficient and reliable over the lifetime of the device. “As more and more people seek to store increased amounts of information, technology improvements are required to make the process more efficient” said Dr. O’Brien “With this research, Irish scientists can help in providing the solution.”

Professor John Donegan, Professor of Physics and Principal Investigator in CRANN Nanoscience Research Centre

by Conor Stitt Before the election it was the Labour Party who were quick to boast, when asked about the issue of third level fees, about how they brought in “free fees” in the mid 90s. Ruairí Quinn, the soon to be Minister for Education, signed a pre-election pledge with the Union of Students, Ireland (USI) that the Labour Party would not increase the registration fee or introduce an alternative student contribution. He went on to state in the election campaign that the €500 increase in student charges introduced by Fianna Fáil in their last budget in term was “a step too far at a time for students and families when we should be encouraging people into education rather than erecting barriers.” Now this all sounded great. To students, a vote for Labour was a vote to keep their education affordable in a testing economic climate. Thousands of students voted Labour for that very reason. As you may know, the Labour Party won 37 seats in that election and joined Fine Gael in a coalition government. During the coming months, students started to wonder was the increase in their registration fee from €1500 to €2000 to be reversed as promised. It wasn’t. In June, the Dublin South East TD confirmed this. Further-

more, in August 2011, Minister Quinn would not rule out a future increase in the registration fee or rule out full fees and stated that all avenues were under review with a likelihood it would be the students themselves footing the bill. When asked about university fees he conceded it is “hard to see” how higher education can meet the targets set for it by Government without new revenue streams. With the political backflipping of Ruairí Quinn and the Government on this issue, it is clear that this will have a huge effect on a student’s capability to further their education and many students simply will not be able to return next September as has been seen in the last increase in registration fees. The fear factor for many struggling students is at high tempo with a buckling of the former Labour Party leader from an antifees stance, promising to “fight tooth and nail against third level fees” to the uncertainly of availing himself to all options of fees and grant cuts in the next budget. Many students will be seen to respond by protesting any move to increase. The USI and FEE (Free Education for Everyone) are the two main groups aimed at combatting third level fees and they, and the protesting student body, will definitely have a busy academic year ahead.




CGI Image of Lir: The National Academy of Dramatic Art

Lir to spark new beginning in Irish theatre by Gerard Madden Ireland is to receive its first national acting academy, based in Trinity College Dublin. The National Academy of Dramatic Art, also known as the Lir, is set to open on Monday, September 19 with an initial class of fifteen acting students. The Lir was the idea of Danielle Ryan, son of the late Ryanair co-founder Cathal Ryan, and is partly funded by the Ryan family. Ms. Ryan felt that Ireland, with its strong theatrical history, should have an acting school equal in quality to Britain’s Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, where she and other aspir-

ing Irish actors and actresses had been forced to emmigrate to study. The Lir will provide prospective Irish actors and actresses with an affordable alternative to RADA and to Dublin’s expensive fee-paying Gaiety School of Acting, which had previously been the choice of top Irish actors such as Colin Farrell. The Lir plans to offer postgraduate degrees in playwriting, directing and design, as well as its undergraduate degree in acting, which will be taught by top industry professionals such as Garry Hynes, the artistic director of Galway’s Druid Theatre. Ms. Hynes, a Tony Award winner, believes that

the Lir is an important development for Irish theatre; “To me the Lir represents Ireland maturing as a nation serious about theatre,” she says, “and hopefully we’ll stop losing some of our best and brightest to England.” Ms. Hynes believes that Lir will provide those seeking work in Irish theatre with the tools and skills to work in the profession, something that she has found lacking in the past. It’s something that Ms. Ryan agrees is necessary: “Mostly the tradition in Irish theatre was, ‘Get up on stage and give it a go.’ But what we’ve heard from theatre leaders across Ireland is that our country deserved a school like RADA.”

Ireland among Europe’s Research Elite by Seán Wheeler, with Rosemary Gallagher

In contrast with the damning QS report published last week, an article published in mid-August by UAE newspaper The National indicated quite a different perspective on the quality of Irish Universities. The article described a 2008 “Thomson Reuters InCites report” on the nation’s world share of Science and Social-Science papers highlighting an increase of up to 70% in five years in some cases. At the time Ireland was 19th in the world for the quality of it’s published research. In recent years, Ireland has become a leading country

for global research. Irish Universities have published some groundbreaking papers on a variety of subjects from Materials Science to Physics and Astronomy. The level of research is also apparent here at NUI Galw a y. O v e r t h e summer months, this university has produced internationally important papers, an example being the recent astronomical breakthrough regarding pulsars. In addition to this NUI Galway’s Patrick Collins of t h e u n i v e r s i t y ’s Ryan Institute has been part of an Irish-led venture aboard the RV Celtic Explorer, which carries out major biological research in the Atlantic Ocean.

Ireland’s current research status has been made possible by the hard work of its researchers but it is also due to large scale government investment in Science. Evidence of such investment is seen through Science Foundation Ireland (SFI), who’s overall spending on grants has reached €1.4 billion. In the near future the recession may a f f e c t I r e l a n d ’s current status of research. The QS report indicates that this is a real and present danger. Educational spending cuts have already been observed in 2010. Without a continuation of government investment, research at an international level may no longer be able to take place.

{12} N A T I O N A L N E W S {sin} Years of IRA aided Anti-Apartheid Seven Missing Financial Bombing Statements at Professor Kader Asmal’s memoirs may memoirs, Politics in My Blood, he details how prompt new investigation. by Martina Maughan The IRA played a significant role in the bombing against the Anti-apartheid government in the late 1980s according to claims from a memoir (published 22 August) by Professor Kader Asmal, a politician and antiapartheid activist who passed away on 22 June this year.

of staff in Trinity and his colleagues from the Law School in Trinity had the following reverent remarks of his work: “Kader introduced Labour law as a subject in the Law School. There is also no doubt that Kader’s strong social conscience had an impact on many of his students in the Law School and a number of them were inspired to pursue postgraduate

Asmal said: “the worst

crime is the crime of silence”

Kader Asmal worked as a lecturer in Law in Trinity College Dublin for 27 years, he was also Dean of the Humanities faculty and lived in Ireland during that duration. He set up the Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement (IAAM) and was a senior member of the ANC. Mr. Asmal was a highly valued member

study at LSE because of Kader’s classes in Labour law.” One of his colleagues also added: “I think Kader’s influence in looking outside of the narrow Irish legal framework was felt beyond Trinity Law School, he took a much broader perspective on legal issues generally.” In his posthumous

he was approached by the MK (the military wing of the ANC) to assist them in organising training for them. “I was very keen, but it was a delicate task because it would of necessity involve the IRA. None of us wished to place the ANC office in London in jeopardy or fuel the allegations of connivance between the ANC and IRA,” Asmal wrote. “I went to see the general secretary of the Communist Party of Ireland, Michael O’Riordan, who was a man of great integrity and whom I trusted to keep a secret. He in turn contacted Gerry Adams of Sinn Fein and it was arranged that two military experts would come to Dublin to meet two MK personnel and take them to a safe place for two weeks of intensive training.” Asmal also claimed that Adams was involved in arranging

for the IRA to do connaisance for the MK in relation to the attack on the Sasolberg refinery in South Africa in June 1980. Asmal was keen to stress that at the time of the attack he was: “a strong believer in Irish independence and in a united Ireland” and “did not support the IRA”. In an interview with Robert Vassen in Durban in 2004 involving a discussion about crimes against humanity Asmal said: “the worst crime is the crime of silence”. Now that he has broken his silence the repercussions will results in a re-investigation into similar claims from a Dossier prepared by Andrew Hunter, former Conservative and DUP politician in 1992, detailing alleged links between the IRA and the ANC. Gerry Adams has yet to comment on these revelations as he was on leave at the time this article went to print.

Prof Kader Asmal with Nelson Mandela at the launch of the report of the World Commission on Dams in 2000. Image courtesy of

UCD’s Forum Bar News, by Mohit Agrawal UCD Students’ Union finances are in disarray after it was discovered that accounting statements had not been filed for the Forum Bar in seven years, from 2005 to 2011. The Forum Bar was one of two bars at UCD and is now closed for renovations. UCD administrators distanced themselves from the accounting failure while praising SU officials for taking proactive steps. The auditing firm Mazars has been hired to clean up the books. Said a university spokeswoman to the Sunday Independent, “The Forum Bar is a members’ club run by a management committee. It is independent of the university and the decision to appoint Mazars was taken by the committee. “ H o w e v e r, a s the constitution of the club requires that accounts are audited, the university welcomes the decision of the committee to bring the audited accounts up to date.” Mazars should have accounting statements ready later this month. In addition to the Mazars inquir y, the UCD SU is reviewing its own

financial position. The SU lost €12,500 last year on revenue of over €750,000 from student levies and other activities. NUIG SU President Emmet Connolly confirmed that his group consistently prepares annual financial statements. Indeed, the commercial activities of the SU are registered with the Companies Registration Office and thus have “a statutory obligation to file audited accounts”. Last year, the NUIG SU bar, shop and cafes had revenues of €4.3m. The SU bars and other commercial services at UCD are likely to have revenue in excess of that amount. Connolly notes that, in contrast to UCD, the NUIG SU has taken recent steps to increase financial accountability. Specifically, last year’s new SU constitution introduced a finance committee to oversee SU funding. This was in response to low turnout at SU’s Annual General Meetings, at which accounts were previously reviewed. Statements will be made available online for review by students.

{sin} N A T I O N A L N E W S OPINION: Passport to Prison


by Ashling O Loughlin

Red cups, beer bongs, frat parties and cheap booze – the J1 visa programme offers students the chance to experience every American teen film you have ever seen. This exciting party life and the promise of adventure and employment are amongst the attractions for students who travel to the US every year. A J1 Visa gives students from the age of eighteen the opportunity to live the dream for three months: provided that they obey all state laws. However, this is easier

said than done for Irish students, especially when it comes to the age restriction on the purchase of alcohol. The legal age of drinking in America is twenty one, which means that the purchase of alcohol is heavily monitored in all licensed premises. Some states are stricter than others, and holiday spots such as Myrtle Beach and California, are often even tougher on age restrictions. Although most Irish students are aware of American drinking laws, it doesn’t stop

under age J1 holders from trying to buy alcohol. Growing up in a country were underage drinking is so rampant, Irish students tend to see the American drinking legislations as a challenge rather than something to be abided by. While a fake driving license or age card might be sufficient enough to get a drink in Ireland, the only form of I.D that is recognised in America is a passport, and this has led to a number of Irish students doctoring their date of birth. This is done

Senator Norris: In or Out? By Rosemary Gallagher Senator David Norris plans to re-enter the presidential race with the support of Fianna Fail, the Sunday Independent has revealed. Norris withdrew from the race on 2 August amidst controversy surrounding a letter he had written appealing for clemency to Israeli authorities on behalf of his former partner. Recent opinion polls have indicated that the public wish to see Mr Norris on

the ballot paper; In a Sunday Independent/ Quantum Research telephone poll forty per cent claimed they would vote for the Joycean scholar. It is expected that Norris will announce his campaign on Friday when he is scheduled to appear on the Late Late Show. Candidates require support from 20 Oireachtas members or four county councils to enter the race, and there has been some speculation as to Norris’ ability to secure the nomination. With the

support of Independent TDs and now the news that members of Fianna Fail will back the candidate, Norris could make a dramatic comeback. Hollywood star Martin Sheen, who studied in NUI Galway in 2006, declined to enter the race when presented with a Facebook campaign. He instead publicly backed another graduate, Labour MEP Michael D. Higgins. The Presidential election will be held on 27 October.

Pedometer Challenge T h e S m a r t e r Tr a v e l Workplaces/Irish Heart Foundation Pedometer Challenge 2011 will be taking place from 14 September to 11 October. Register at www. and you could win a place on the Irish Heart Foundation 2012 European Walk, or a selection of other great prizes such as iPod shuffles.

by photocopying the passport, changing the date of birth on the photocopy, then illuminating the photocopy, and gluing it over the original passport. It looks highly convincing and if glued securely, can appear to be flawless. It is a perfect ruse - until you get caught. In which case you can be arrested, charged with the tampering and modification of a passport, as well as underage drinking. Interference with a passport is viewed as a federal offence and the consequences are very

serious. American authorities will not understand that all you wanted was a bottle of vodka, and will instead suspect anybody holding a dodgy passport of terrorism – and you can expect to be treated as such. Anyone found with a modified passport will have it confiscated and may never be allowed to work or travel within the United States again. This was the horror that an Irish J1 student met in San Diego this summer when he was arrested by American authorities for the use of a

falsified passport in a nightclub. The case was then handed over the FBI and he faced both charges and imprisonment. The Department of Foreign Affairs had to intervene to get the student out of custody. Not exactly something that you want to have to ring your parents about. These attempts to break American drinking legislations are desperately excessive and show the lengths that Irish students are willing go to for a drink – even if it runs the risk of a criminal record.

While you were gone... An Taoiseach Enda Kenny opens Engineering Building

An Taoiseac h Enda Ken ny oficially op ens the neew w Engineering Buildinngg

By Rosemary Gallagher On 15 July An Taoiseach Enda Kenny visited NUI Galway to officially open the state of the art Engineering Building. “Engineering has a long and proud tradition at NUI Galway and this magnificent new building is a fine example of how the University is responding to the changing needs in today’s world,” stated Mr Kenny. “The work going on here will further develop NUI Galway’s reputation as a major international research centre in the field of engineering.” The estimated €40 million facility was designed by Scottish firm RMJM in partnership with Mayo-based Taylor Architects, and serves as a “living laboratory.” Data can be collected from numerous sensors to measure details such as energy consumption, while the exposed, labeled pipes and ducting, as well as sections of the foundation demonstrate the anatomy of the structure to the engineers of tomorrow.

The Galway Juggling Convention 2011 Jay Gilligan at the Galw ay Juggling Gala Show Convention - photograph by Michelle O'Neill

The Reasoning Web Summer School & Fif th International Conference by Ciaran Monahan The Seventh Reasoning Web Summer Schoo l took place at the Digital Enterprise Research Institute (DERI ) in August and was followed by the Fifth International Confe rence on Web Reasoning and Rule Systems. The summer school was attended by an intern ational group of postgraduate students and noted lecturers in the field. The event, now in its seventh year, is fast becoming an established international event focused on the application of artificial intelligence and decision making on the world wide web. This year, the spotlight was on reasoning for the emerg ing “Web of Data,” with fifteen distinguished lecturers from the US, South America, Germany, Switzerland, Slovenia, the UK and Ireland. NUI Galway’s Dr Aidan Hogan was one of the participating lecturers: “The Reasoning Web Summer Schoo l is all about making the web smarter and easier for us to navig ate. If you take a step back and look at the global phenomeno n that is the web today, it is utterly astonishing. Now imagine the web in five, ten, twenty, fifty years time. We are planting those seeds right now.” In the lead up to the event, over 100 applic ations were received from students from all over the world , from which seventy were chosen to attend. The conference saw researchers and practitioners exchanging the latest resear ch, including keynote lectuers by Prof Marcelo Arenas (Chil e) and Prof Marie-Laure Mugnier (France) as well as an industry tutorial from IBM.

e y wows th McGinle how S Stephen e ir F C t the GJ O'Neill crowds a y Michell b h p ra g photo

Brendan Fa hy's devilish display at the GJC Fire Show - photogra ph by Miche lle O'Neill

S E G A P U THE S OÉ Gaillimh Comhaltas na Mac Léinn on NUI Galway Students' Uni


members and promote, its t en es pr re to be l al sh "The mission of the Union at all levels of society." rs be em m its of s ht rig e th defend and vindicate ts’ Union — Constitution of the Studen

Hi everyone! Welcome to College! To the returning students, I hope you had a nice summer, and to the Freshers, I’d like to welcome you to the best few years of your life. This year we have published a special magazine for Freshers called, surprise, ‘Welcome to College’ which was written by students, for students, so we hope you find it informative. We will be distributing these 20-page magazines to the main first-year residences in the next few days, but they’ll also be available from the SU offices in Áras na Mac Léinn. The SU Pages The SU Pages in Sin are designed to keep you up to date with what’s going on in the SU. We’re aiming for a short, to-the-point summary in each issue of what the SU has up to since the last issue of Sin. I hope you find the SU Pages useful and informative. All the best for the year ahead. Beir bua, Emmet Connolly, Students’ Union President

We offer the following services to help you on your way through college. If you want more information on any of these, search for them on our website, or just call up to our office in Áras na Mac Léinn. As always, if you have any questions, about pretty much any aspect of your college life, call up to us and we’ll talk to you confidentially and try to help you.

Sin Newsp papeer | Nua achtáin n Sin

Welfare Campaigns | Feachtasisí Leasa

Life Skills | Scileanna Saoil Student Enterprise Awarrds | Dám mhachtain ní Fion ntair Mac Léinn Class Reps | Ionadaí Ranga Cloakkroo om | Seom mraa Bagááiste

SU Offi fficeerss | Oifiggigacch naML ffi

Entertainments | Siamsaíocht Union of Students in Ireland | Aontas na Mac Léinn in Éirinn The SU also runs the following services, which offer great service, good quality products, and at very reasonable prices. Make sure you sign up for the SU Card to get discounts and free stuff throughout the year.

What the SU has been up to…

Re-vamped the Student Enterprise Awards to include two categories for budding entrepreneurs: Business, and Social. Set a target of reducing the number of disposable Will be shortly coffee cups used in SU opening a new café outlets from 330,000 to in the Hub – Student 250,000 this year as part of Common Room, which C our environmental strategy. is downstairs in Áras

Arranging a voter registration Made presentation to hundreds of campaign for the Presidential incoming first years about student election (the life at the seven election is Currently distributing 12,000 student send-offs scheduled SU Diaries and will be handing around the country. for 27th out 3,000 Freshers’ Packs from October) Wednesday 14th Alongside the Union of during the Freshers’ Students in Ireland (USI), Fair in Áras na Mac Reduced the prices of we’re taking the government Léinn. L sandwiches in Finalising a new weekly to court regarding the Smokey’s, the SU S email that will keep 60% grant Shop and the you up to date with cuts some Working on getting Wall Café. what the SU is up to. students will a sub-office in North be facing. The Campus to ensure Protested the Fine Gael parliamentary case should we stay in touch party meeting at the Radisson Hotel on 6th be heard in with students September, forcing them to use the back entrance October. based there. while highlighting the government’s broken promises on student grants and other issues. Free DJ and dK Karaoke k gig in the College Bar on Monday 12th Campus Jersey Food market and treasure hunt Shore-themed giant inflatables at (with prizes) on Beach Party in the Áras na Mac Léinn Tuesday 20th College Bar that on Tuesday 13th night on n Arthur’s A SSpeed p Dating Monday M The highlight of the Freshers’ Day in the Bailey 19th Fortnight, the official Freshers’ in the Allen Hall on Clubs Cl C lub ubs bs College Tuesday 20th Ball on Wednesday 21st. Traffic Day D Bar on light party in the College Bar, with in the i n Thursday your cheesiest 90’s and 00’s tunes. Th Sports Centre allll d day 22nd. 2 Tickets only €3 from the SU. during Wed 14th (sign up for SU text updates)

na Mac Léinn (you’re more than welcome to m bring your home-made food as well b though, it’s your Common Room!). Will be extending the use of the SU Card to the Bia Léinn café in Áras na Gaeilge. Prrep Preparing P Prep epar ariin ar ing a Class ing Clas Cl las asss Reps Rep epss re recr recruitment crui uit itm tmen tmen entt campaign to begin on 12th Sept

Freshers’ Fortnight: What we have planned for you…

Class Reps Recruitment Campaign WHAT? The class rep campaign is starting soon. WHO? W WH HO? All HO Alll st students tud uden dentts ts are eligible to be elected class reps, with usually two reps per class.

Societies Day in Áras na Mac Léinn all day during Thurs 15th (sign up for SU text updates)

WHERE? There will be lecture shout outs, which will provide information on the rrole of a class rep, during the first week of the campaign and then w elections in the second week.

WHEN? WHE WH EN? The The Class Clas Cl las asss Rep Rep Campaign will be starting Monday the 12th of September and finishing Friday the 23rd of September.

Free Keywest concert d during the Fáilte Fest on 11th September S Free SU Diary, FFreshers’ Packs and lots more during Toga tthe Freshers’ Fair in Party in the P Áras na Mac Léinn Á College Bar on Wed 14th on Wed 14th

SU SSes SU essi sion ionss Sessions (free gigs by up-and-coming bands) around the campus, with ten bands playing four stages on Sunday 11th

WHY? Becoming a class rep is a very fulfilling job. You will be able to represent your class on major issues in the University. You will also be able to enforce real changes in the Students’ Union and the University as a whole. You will also U get to organise class parties.

More M ore SU SU Sessions Sessiions Sess ions around campus on Tuesday 13th Des De D es Bishop Bish shop hop ccomedy omed edy dy ggig on Monday 19th (tickets €10 with your SU Card from the SU offices).

HOW? To put yourself forward as a c class rep, just look out for the SU officers who w should be announcing the campaign in each class from the 12th September. You can also contact Conor Healy, EEducation Officer, for more information. For any other information contact Conor Healy, Education Officer in the Students’ Union

Do Chomhaltas

Your Union

Executive Committee 2011 – 2012 Coiste Gnó 2011 – 2012

President - An tUachtarán

Education Officer - Oifigeach Oideachais

Welfare Officer - Oifigeach Leasa

Oifigeach na Gaeilge

Emmet Connolly

Conor Healy

Brian Grant

Senan Mac Aoidh

Contact - Teagmháil

Contact - Teagmháil

Contact - Teagmháil

Contact - Teagmháil

Extention/Folíne: 2746 Mobile - Fón Póca: 086 3855502 Email - Ríomhphost:

Extention/Folíne: 3707 Mobile - Fón Póca: 086 3853658 Email - Ríomhphost:

Extention/Folíne: 2747 Mobile - Fón Póca: 086 3853659 Email - Ríomhphost:

Extention/Folíne: 3570 Mobile - Fón Póca: 086 0644185 Email - Ríomhphost:

Equality Officer An tOifigeach Comhionnais

Student Development Officer An tOifigeach Forbartha Mac Léinn

Clubs’ Captain - Captaen na gClubanna

Societies Chairperson Cathaoirleach na gCumann

Will O’Brien

Cian Moran

Contact - Teagmháil

Contact - Teagmháil

Extention/Folíne: 3570 Mobile - Fón Póca: 086 8683390 Email - Ríomhphost:

Extention/Folíne: 3570 Mobile - Fón Póca: 087 2922599 Email - Ríomhphost:

Extention/Folíne: 3570 Mobile - Fón Póca: 086 3678794 Email - Ríomhphost:

Postgraduate Officer An tOifigeach Iarchéime

Students’ Union Council Chairperson Cathaoirleach na Comhairle do Chomhaltas na Mc Léinn

Convenor of the College of Arts Social Sciences & Celtic Studies Tionólaí Choláiste na nDán, na nEolaíochtaí Sósialta & an Léinn Cheiltigh

Convenor of the College of Science Tionólaí Choláiste na hEolaíochta

Kevin Donoghue

Extention/Folíne: 3570 Mobile/Fón Póca: 087 6365606 Email - Ríomhphost:

Richéal Burns

Contact - Teagmháil Extention/Folíne: 3570 Mobile - Fón Póca: 087 6893083 Email - Ríomhphost:

Claire Mc Callion

Contact - Teagmháil Extention/Folíne: 3570 Mobile - Fón Póca: 087 6235254 Email - Ríomhphost:

Eamonn Flynn

Paul O’Connor

Contact - Teagmháil

Contact - Teagmháil Extention/Folíne: 3570 Mobile/Fón Póca: 086 1522640

Contact - Teagmháil Extention/Folíne: 3570 Mobile - Fón Póca: 087 6276567 Email - Ríomhphost:

Tadhg Tynan

Contact - Teagmháil

Email - Ríomhphost:

Convenor of the College of Medicine, Nursing & Health Sciences Tionólaí Choláiste an Leighis, an Altranais & na nEolaíochtaí Sláinte

Convenor of the College of Business, Public Policy & Law Tionólaí Choláiste an Ghnó, an Bheartais Phoiblí & an Dlí

Convenor of the College of Engineering & Informatics Oifig Choláiste na hInnealtóireachta & na hIonformaitice

Mature Students’ Officer ‘Oifigeach Mic Léinn Lánfhásta

Matthew Sheridan

Aoife Reaney

Alan Callery

Contact - Teagmháil

Contact - Teagmháil

Contact - Teagmháil

Contact - Teagmháil

Extention/Folíne: 3570 Mobile/Fón Póca: 087 1257173 Email - Ríomhphost:

Extention/Folíne: 3570 Mobile/Fón Póca: 085 1118998 Email - Ríomhphost:

Extention/Folíne: 3570 Mobile/Fón Póca: 086 2582272 Email - Ríomhphost:

Extention/Folíne: 3570 Email - Ríomhphost: TBC

To Be Elected - Le Toghadh

For more information visit

Galway hosts European University Debating Championships

The debate

rs arrive fo

r the Euros

By Shane Commins

If you missed it, you shouldn’t have. On the 7 August 700 students from across Europe descended upon NUI Galway to compete in the European University Debating Championships (EUDC, or “Euros”). One of the most prestigious events on the debating calendar, it was hosted jointly by the Law Society and the Literary and Debating Society: a great honour for both, and a landmark occasion in their respective histories. Beginning on Monday, the EUDC ran for a solid week, pitching speakers against each other in nine rounds of intensive debating. Driven and highly competitive, the 300 teams were confronted with subjects as wide-ranging as Israel, the death penalty and the priesthood. With each debate lasting an hour, both speakers and judges had their work cut out in such a grueling competition, and all are to be congratulated for the high standard that was set. Quarter final rounds began on Wednesday, with Irish teams performing incredibly well; seven of the sixteen quarter final teams were from Irish colleges, with one (Trinity College A) ium pod the to s take in Nollaig Ó Scannlá reaching the final. Congratulations in particular to one Seán Butler, a graduate of NUI Galway, who reached the quarter-finals and spoke with aplomb. Despite Oxford eventually taking the title in Friday’s magnificent final, the extensive and well represented Irish delegation did us all proud. Luckily for the competitors, when the day’s debating came to an end, the patented Galway craic was had. Our fair city was well advertised, from dignified swareés in the Galway Bay Hotel, to slightly wilder shindigs in Halo Nightclub, and a stunning banquet in the Radisson Hotel. A massive thank you must go to all who made these and other events possible, from the caterers, to the travel companies, to the venues themselves. All reviews were positive, and we hope everyone enjoyed the merriment that makes international competition so special. With the debating done and the socials recovered from, all packed up and left these shores telling of the great tournament that was held. Although the huge group of volunteers and organisational workers that put it together may have since died from overwork, they should all be bursting with pride at the work that was done. EUDC is a vast undertaking, and the year it visited the tribal county will be spoke of for many years to come.

Honorary Degrees Awarded in June

to Seán awarded re e w s e ll and degre Campbe onorary UI od, Seán o tw In June h it A w t re h N are tured he e, Marg ic rk P u . o e ld tr ’R o n ). O iederh wne (ce r Gio W es J. Bro m a J r. Professo D t Presiden Galway

...summer in NUI Galway!

{16} {sin} F E AT U R E S Life changing summer Erasmus Review adventure by Martina Maughan This time last year I picked up a leaflet in an NUI Galway lecture hall that altered my life immeasurably. That leaflet held the key to a two-week adventure in South Africa, volunteering with VESA (Volunteer Eco Students Abroad). It offered me an opportunity to enrich other peoples’ lives whilst fulfilling and prioritising my own. In this particular volunteering program, the first week was volunteering and the second week involved adventure and exploration. During the first week we had two days in three different areas, the first area was education: teaching and playing with the kids in the orphanage, crèches and schools. The second was construction: this was surprisingly enjoyable, working hard knowing that you were building or maintaining something that’s going to improve someone’s quality of life is fulfilling to say the least. And finally conservation: working with cheetahs and crocodiles! Granted it was mainly baby crocodiles but nobody back home needed to know that. The second week we travelled to a safari game reserve, getting up close and personal with the biggest and best of Africa’s wild animals. We visited a South African university, which gave me a whole new appreciation for NUI Galway’s facilities. We also took a trip to some incredible African markets, where it was impossible not to spend big on the

hundreds of amazing hand-crafted souvenirs. There are opportunities to go white water rafting, go mental on quad bikes or go horseback riding through some breathtaking landscapes. Personally, my highlight of the trip and the most lasting memories came from the children I encountered. The kids in the orphanage were so adorable and grateful for what we gave them, especially affection and of course the toys. In particular stickers for some reason. My God! Whip out a sheet of stickers and expect to be swarmed by a stampede of little cuties. Teaching proved to be another enlightening experience, one little boy told me he loved school and he had to walk three hours there and back every single day, usually in baking heat on broken dirt roads. It made me think of my little sister hating school and bitching about the bus being a few minutes late when it comes right outside our door. I asked my seventh graders what they wanted to be when they were older: half the class said doctors and nurses so they could stop their family, friends and neighbours from dying of AIDS. On returning to Ireland I feel like I have a better understanding of the real value of things and can clearly see what’s truly important in life. It’s been said that we know the price of everything and the value of nothing. The weight of that overwhelmed me on my return here. In terms of possible

The option of studying abroad is a major factor in choosing the right academic path for you. Don’t be lured

into a certain language school by such fickle matters as job prospects. Instead base your decision on how

much craic you can have on Erasmus. Two students provide the low-down on some of the options available...

Trevor Murray on Toulouse, France Martina Maughan volunteering in South Africa

downsides, the fee to go on trips like these can appear somewhat crazy. For this trip it was €1,500 not including flights. Fear not though, the simple solution is fundraising! Flag days are brilliant for this, but put an application into the Guards for one early. Although I left half my fundraising till the last minute and I still managed to wing it! I have found a lot of people are put off visiting Africa in general because of misconceptions about the food and fears of staying in insect and reptile invested huts. On this trip I stayed in a hostel, the food was really good and by no means in short supply, this is coming from someone who is a ridiculously fussy eater. There was also a Spar down the road and several bars. That is if you are capable of mixing 7am starts with killer hangovers. Useless tips? Do not attempt to chase Hippos after consuming alcohol: scars galore! It is also not advisable to go gallivanting alone after lights out; Hippos do wander around the village at night. There is no such thing as a friendly hippo, trust me. You can find loads more info on Hippos and whatever else you may need by checking out websites like: www. or www. I promise it will change something in you for the better.

Toulouse, located in the South of France is the best location because ...well, anywhere is better than Ireland for a change. To begin with, the excellent weather, which often reached up to and way above 30° celcius, was such a pleasant change from the usual gloominess and rain sodden turf of the West of Ireland. Combine this with a transport system that includes a metro system with two interlinking lines, an on-time bus service and a nearby train station, it is quite clear that Toulouse is a shining example of a city that Galway could follow. The friendly locals, delicious French cuisine and like-minded Erasmus students also make it a really great destination to live in for eight months, or

even longer. The amenities available in Toulouse are fantastic and there is always plenty to see and do; between attending rugby or football matches in the local stadium (Le Stadium Municipal) or simply enjoying the breathtaking scenery. However, if there is one thing that marks Toulouse out as a fantastic location for Erasmus students, it’s the similarities it draws with Galway. The scenic river that attracts throngs of tourists and students to its banks, and, as previously mentioned, the friendly locals, are two of these similarities. Alongside these traits is the way the city tries and succeeds in blending nature with the urban setting of a lively and animated city, as ‘Le Canal du Midi’ will show

anyone lucky enough to be sent here. Personally, I thoroughly enjoyed the time I spent there, especially the initial four months between September and December. The reason for this was that I assimilated myself in to the culture and way of life very quickly, and this made the transition easier; it’s best to throw oneself in at the deep end, that way you learn quicker and feel at ease a lot sooner than if you held back. Having two other students that I knew living in the same city also helped a great deal. So, if you do end up here, you will have truly landed on your feet. Aside from one or two downsides such as the rather out of date university, it’s really got a lot to offer.’

James Falconer on Malta I have to admit, I didn’t choose Malta for the academic experience. However, as a student of history, I did find Malta fascinating. There have been so many influences on the island, from the Phoenicians, Romans, Arabs, The Knights of Malta (we see them today as The Order of Malta), French, and finally English. The Maltese are generally a friendly and welcoming people, until they get behind the wheel of a car! The sun certainly shines on this tiny island and it’s a great place to spend a year “studying.” I thought Ireland was a strong Catholic country until I set foot in

James Falconer, slightly "mature" student, 28, at gates of Mdina, Malta

Malta. Some say the Maltese are “more Catholic than the Pope himself!” The tide may be beginning to turn though considering the Maltese went out and voted “iva” (meaning “yes”) in favour of divorce and became the second last country in the world to legalize divorce, with the Philippines still hanging tough. Malta is very

small and I took every opportunity to travel. I got some very cheap flights with Ryanair and made it to Spain, Portugal, Sweden, Estonia, Finland and Russia. Sicily is a short hop away and climbing Mt Etna is without doubt a highlight. Malta is a big village, with crazy drivers and a fantastic climate, in the middle of the Med.

{17} {sin} F E AT U R E S What the heck happens in... The Academic Writing Centre? A Q&A with Irina Ruppo Malone Q. What the heck happens in the Academic Writing Centre?

Q. That’s all well and good, but what can you do for me?

A. Students drop in for one-on-one sessions on academic writing. We work with students on their essays, short assignments, and reports. The sessions are free, and there is no need to book an appointment. We also plan to conduct workshops on academic writing. This year, we are hoping to run a number of new projects, including an educational film and a writing competition. Our website contains useful links, guides, reviews of books on academic writing, and a monthly feature. This month’s feature is entitled “Obama’s Missing Apostrophe.� We update the site on a monthly basis, and it’s well worth a look.

A. If you are new to essay writing, we can help you get started, help you put your ideas into words, and show you how to spot and fix grammatical errors. If you have been writing essays for some time, you can use the Centre to further develop your skills. You might want to have a stronger impact on your readers, for example, or express your ideas with greater clarity. We can work on that. Q. So when should I think about making contact with the Academic Writing Centre? A. You are welcome to con tact us at any stage of your essay writ-

ing. Some students come in straight after being given their essay topics and then come for second and third appointments. Other students bring in nearly finished drafts. Q. I’m in final year. I guess it’s too late: I’m beyond help? A. Not at all. You still have a whole year to work on your writing. In fact, you will be surprised how much you can achieve within even a single term. I would suggest you contact us in October, and we’ll take it from there. Third-year students find sessions at the Centre particularly useful. Q. But you only help Arts students, right? A. We work with all students, regardless of their choice

of discipline. We focus on the writing and not on the content of the essays, so all students should benefit from visits to the Centre.

9pm, on Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays in the Consultation Room in the foyer of the library on the ground floor. Irishlanguage sessions are on Fridays at 11am-1pm. If you are lost, look out for the poster of the Academic Writing Centre on the door of the Consultation Room. You will see it as you come into the library. For more information check out our website at http://www. library.nuigalway. ie/support/academicwritingcentre/.

Q. Alright, I’m convinced. Where can I find you? A. The Centre is based at the James Hardiman Library. Morning sessions are at 11am-1pm on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays in Group Study Room 3, on the second floor. Evening sessions are at 7pm-






If you were a sandwich what kind of sandwich would you be and why? Well, my students would say that I’m a little bit ham and really cheesy... but being a vegan I couldn’t possibly comment on that! Who should our next victim be? Catherine Emerson in French!

A. I am Irina Ruppo Mal one. I have a PhD in English from NUI Galway and have been teaching courses on Irish Literature and Drama for several years. As the new manager of the Academic Writing Centre, I hope to help as many students as possible to improve their writing. Feel free to email me at writingcentre@nuigalway. ie with any queries or suggestions for the Centre.



This week’s victim: Frances McCormack (English Dept.)

Q. So who the heck are you anyway?






by Ultan Sharkey

Ultan has recently submitted his PhD thesis (which had something to do with online shopping, but very little to do with shoes). He is currently restless and spends long afternoons polishing his windows with vinegar and craving chips. Lifehacks are techniques that help you make your life easier or more efficient. This article shows you some tips and tricks to streamline your life. If you would like more there are about a million on the internet.

College The caffeine nap: Caffeine takes 15 to 20 minutes to absorb. Take a nap during that time and wake up more refreshed. This is especially useful for long drives or when you get tired. Pull over, get some coffee and nap for 20 minutes. Never drive tired.

Cooking and Cleaning Vinegar, the cheap white variety is a substitute for almost every cleaning product. Put it in a used, cleaned spray bottle and you have a disinfectant cleaner for your bathroom and kitchen. It will smell for a while but it will evaporate and leaves no residue. It’s great for glass too and makes cleaning window, mirrors and showers to get your deposit back easier. Do not mix bleach and vinegar. Separate those when cleaning or you’re making chlorine (or chloramine) gas. That

This is why pirates wore eye

patches, except they were going

below deck to get some rum.

Show up to lectures and tutorials, it’s half the battle. Repetition is key. Read the Wikipedia article on ‘spaced repetition’ and find a flash card program that you like. I recommend Anki. Study before study week. Why? Because repetition is key. Use Google docs for group work or collaboration. Use Dropbox for file sharing. Pick some clubs and societies and go to their meetings. Stick with one of them at least for a full semester. You don’t have to like the activity, you just have to like the people. Learning a language? Change your phone language. Repetition is key. For real, read that article and study before study week.

is bad, mkay? Learn to cook a few basic meals. It will save you money and a home cooked meal impresses more than taking her or him to a restaurant. Put your garbage in a garbage can, people. I can’t stress that enough. Don’t just throw it out the window.

Travel Don’t replace your lost phone charger. Go to a hotel and say you think you lost it there. It’s the most often left behind item: they have tons of them. Buy a bike. It doesn’t have to be good. Buy a lock. It has to be good. Squeeze a plastic bag or a shower cap under the saddle. Use it when you park the bike outside in Galway rain. Wear. Sunscreen.

Computer Download JellySMS for your Mac or PC and use your free texts from your phone provider without having to log in to their website each time. Backup your computer. Stop complaining, I don’t care. Backup your computer.

Personal Throw out your socks. Get a full set of identical pairs. This will change your life. This is not negotiable. If you’re thinking of buying a fan heater for your room, don’t do it. They’re relatively expensive to run and not much more effective than putting on more clothes. Buy a halogen heater instead, just as cheap to buy, cheaper to run and they’re more effective at heating a small area. When you buy toothpaste, switch the brand that you normally buy. The bacteria in your mouth become a little resistant to the same toothpaste. I tend to buy whatever brand is running a promotion to randomise what toothpaste I buy. The pirate trick: If you get up at night and have to turn on a light for a minute, close one eye or cover it with your hand while the light is on. When you turn the light back off, your night vision will be better. This is why pirates wore eye patches. Except instead of going to the bathroom at 5am they were going below deck to get some rum. There’s always money in the banana stand.

I am back in college now but I’m going to try to keep up a part time job. How can I juggle both my job and college without it affecting my grades? — Overworked! Dear Overworked, It’s all about balance. Keeping a part time job while you are in college can be difficult but with a little organisation it can go quite smoothly. Firstly, you should look at your college timetable and figure out when you can work. If you have a weekend job at home it can be a little easier to maintain a college-work balance but equally frustrating if you don’t want to travel home one weekend. Secondly, you will need some time to study. Make sure you ask for study week and exams week off work

early to ensure you get enough time to study and keep stress levels at a minimum. On your college/work timetable be sure to schedule some time for studying and stick to it. Finally, you will need enough time to have a life! College is about having fun and getting involved in a community. Whether it’s taking up a new sport, joining a society or just having a weekly get together with friends you should enjoy your time in college.

Dear Overworked, Juggling just happens. If you want to make it work you will. It really is that simple. Thousands of students across the country are making it through college by working a part time job. If they can do it there’s no reason you can’t either. Get your act together and work out a solution. After all it’s not rocket science (unless you are studying aerospace engineering - then it is rocket science). So go to college and then before, between or after lectures pick up some shifts at your part time job. Now, if you can’t figure out how to make that work I’m not even sure

you are ready for the real world and it’s possibly best you don’t start working. Just one final piece of advice while you’ve brought it up, as I said before, thousands of students across the country are making it through college by working a part time job; and just like that weird dream you had last Thursday – nobody wants to hear about it! Your friends, your colleagues and that stranger on the bus don’t really care how much you have on your plate because at the end of the day you’re just whining!

Hugs! –Darcy

That’s Life! –Barnacle

For more advice please e-mail!

{19} {sin} FASHION Underneath your ‘School Uniform’ to Clothes ‘College Uniform’ By Fiona Ní Mháille

Underwear is a basic human right, according to Isla Fisher, in Confessions of a Shopaholic. Underwear is not an issue for the European Parliament but it is the foundation of every single outfit. Without a good set of underwear, your posture, poise and walk can look bad. Wearing the correct size bra is so important. The effects of wearing the wrong size bra include back problems, poor posture and the boobs sagging. The principal function of a bra is to elevate and support the breasts. Oprah Winfrey’s survey revealed that 8 out of 10 women are wearing the wrong size bra. Marks and Spenser have professional, friendly staff that will put you at ease when getting measured if you’re not sure what size you are. It seems strange to me that women seem to hate their breasts. Women who have small breasts seem to want bigger ones. Women who have big ones seem to want smaller ones. When I was younger, my boobs were so small, my mother used to call them batteries. For most of my life they were AA. My fried eggs are now poached. I discovered the love of my life in Penneys. They do Maximiser bras for €7. These babies are as good as any Victoria Secret boosting bra, without the crazy price tag. They bring every girl up 2 whole cups sizes. I can’t even see my own feet anymore. It’s great.

Sorry for the false advertising guys! Strapless bras can make your bust look f r u m p y. Yo u b u s t should be as high as possible, not down by your knees. The Eve bra and the Wonderbra transform any girl to a bosom buddy in seconds. These over-the-shoulderboulder-holders push the bust together and up for the ultimate vava-voom. Thongs are no longer dental floss. Your derrière extraordinaire should be comfortable at all times. You should not have to reassemble your trousers during the day or fidget with your skirt. Thongs are not weapons of ass destruction. If you end up walking like John Wayne when wearing a thong, it’s probably made of synthetic fibres. Always buy thongs in cotton to avoid chafing. Never ever invest in a pair of Bridget Jones knickers. If you want to lose a guy in ten days, bring him home, push back his wavy locks, whisper softly in his ear “I’m just going to slip into something a little bit more comfortable” and come back parading in a pair of Bridge Jones knickers. Instantly dumped. For a more brief form of underwear, the panty will always be around. They appeal to most women because they cover more and are more traditional. The downside to panties is the infamous VPL (Visible Panty Line).

Read Fiona’s blog at http://

Panties are also more practical when wearing skirts and if a gust of wind comes, if you stumble or fall. Unless you’re Britney Spears, you will care about how exposed you are when stepping out of a taxi or taking a fall. There are better views in the world. A thong won’t hide much. To keep more dignity, panties are probably the safest option. Underwear has the power of bringing out the inner goddess in every woman by highlighting her inner hour-glass. Time is ticking girls, so burn the old unflattering underwear and invest in some good pieces. As I said, underwear is the foundation to every good outfit. If the foundation isn’t stable, neither is the rest.

A Style Guide for Incoming First Years By Aisling Owens Freshers, welcome to Galway. I imagine you’re still finding your feet whilst painting the town red. I also imagine you hadn’t really given your college wardrobe much thought. Even if you do consider yourself fashion conscious, wearing a Convent uniform daily and being sucked into the stress of the Leaving Cert can often see style take a back seat. However, never fear, you’re in the big(ish) city now, and the following will be your guide to looking chic on campus! Galway is certainly prone to a lot of rainfall (one of the cons

Fearne Cotton – Fashion Icon

of living on the coast) so it’s worth considering working your look around the weather. No matter how tempting those new gladiator sandals may look, if there’s a dirty grey cloud hanging overhead, leave them at home. Also, the rain is not an excuse to break out your home county’s GAA raincoat. There is a lot more adequate rainwear that doesn’t require the fashion police. Personally, I’m an enthusiastic lover of leather jackets. Perhaps invest in one with a removable hood (I’m not so keen on the hood, but sometimes it’s needed). A parka, blazer or trench coat (very Audrey Hepburn!) will also keep you warm and dry while looking uber-stylish at the same time. Do remember to keep warm as each winter gets colder. Beanie hats, gloves, snoods and scarves are fashionable yet practical. Please stay away from Ugg boots at all costs. There’s no denying they’re probably the comfiest shoe out there, but they look awful, especially when they’re rain-stained and dirty. Seriously, just because they are ridiculously expensive (and I don’t care if you got them abroad for half the price) and sold in Brown Thomas does not mean that they are in any way stylish. Have you ever seen them in Vogue? I would imagine the

word “Ugg” is a dirty one in Anna Wintour’s vocabulary. College footwear I wholeheartedly recommend is Converse All-Stars, laced boots, biker boots (I’m already coveting the hot pink Doc Martens in Schuh), pixie boots, or (one of my firm favourites) brogues. Ballet flats look pretty with tights and skinny jeans, but leave them until the weather gets warmer. Try to resist having a “hoody day” and mix and match with your clothes, creating different outfits. The key is to accessorise. You could wear the exact same top and jeans two days in a row, but it would look completely different if you mix and match with your jewellery, scarves, shoes, even your hairstyle. A celebrity who I think has accomplished the “casual chic” look is Fearne Cotton. She combines vintage and contemporary pieces with her own personal style, which makes her a modernday fashion icon. She is a fan of boyfriend jeans, brogues, biker boots, band T-shirts and dainty little tea dresses. She is worth checking out for inspiration. Above all, make sure you are comfortable and content in your skin, but remember it doesn’t do any harm to make an effort!

Read Aisling’s blog at http://

{20} ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT {sin} And So I Watch You From Afar by Peter Gallagher And So I Watch You From Afar is a Belfast instrumental rock band who, following the success of their self-titled debut album and their later release Gangs, has performed two consecutive sold out shows in Galway’s own Róisín Dubh. The band has been described in many different ways including “post-rock” “math rock” and “they’re-too-undergroundand-alternative-for-you rock,” but ASIWYFA have an ever growing fan base within popular music. They played Electric Picnic last week and have a schedule of night after night gigs for the next few months. With news of

but it is forgivable when it comes to the bass line in the middle. If you’ve ever seen the beginning of 28 Days Later you’ll find a familiar riff in the mix too. Track 04: ‘7 Billion People All Alive At Once’ (5:44) is a nice break from what has gone before. It is a softer song but full of crescendos and ASIWYFA’s trademark vocal chanting. Unfortunately though it resolves like a deflating bouncy castle. Track 05: ‘Think: Breath: Destroy’ (4:43) brings the listener back the album’s signature song structure, but also to its best track yet. There is a bit of a trad feel

Gangs is expansive force of uplifting emotion

another album in the works I’ve decided to provide a brief review of Gangs to support our hard working Irish brethren. It is an infant, only four months old, and yet Gangs walks and talks with the explosive arrogance of any science student. If ASIWYFA continue at this pace they shall meet a very successful end. Track 01: In ‘BEAUTIFULUNIVERSEMASTERCHAMPION’ (5:52), the album kicks off with an explosive, ear-foaming piece of music. It is as climactic as a battle from Lord of the Rings, yet as repetitive as the Hangover 3. I give it 4/5 though, for climax. Track 02: As soon as ‘Gang (Start Never Stopping)’ (5:26) starts I immediately wish it would stop. The initial anime-style riff shreds the ears but finally moves onto outlandishly cool part that will leave your underwear soggy with joy. Track 03: ‘Search: Party: Animal’ (5:46) begins annoyingly like the previous song

towards the end of the song so be prepared to ceili. Track 06: I don’t like ‘Homes - Ghost Parlor Ka-6 to…’ (2:46). That is all. Track 07: The start of ‘Homes – Samara to Belfast’ is similar to ‘Ghost Parlor…’ except with a greater melodic feel, which I think ASIWYFA should stick to. It is an inspirational, uplifting tune, and I believe is being included in the end scene of the up and coming Mighty Ducks remake. Track 08: The final song of the album is ‘Lifeproof’; a very fitting round up to the album. It encompasses the entire emotional feel to its forerunners and ends with a sample of a marching band which, while being a little weedy, is a perfect choice for a close to Gangs. Gangs is expansive force of uplifting emotion, a cocktail of melodies, and a constructive machine of raw power, but with all that said it is just an album by a band; And So I Watch You From Afar.

The NUIG Comic Book Soc Presents:

Let ’em Down Easy by Leigh Ashmore with Colm Mc Elligott

{sin} ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT {21} Movie Reviews Electric Picnic 2011 with Ronan Doyle

The Guard

After the discovery of an occult-oriented murder, unorthodox Galway Garda Gerry Boyle is drawn into an international ring of drug smugglers, FBI agents, and criminal action beyond the like ever encountered in his rural Irish existence. The brother of the Oscar-winning mind behind In Bruges, The Guard’s writer/director John Michael McDonagh here creates a

itself; although these are areas ripe with comic potential, one needs to work a good deal harder than simply having an improper protagonist utter inappropriate epithets to truly reap the benefit of intelligently crafted humour. These problems aside, there is enough in The Guard’s humour to warrant a viewing, not to mention the always affable Brendan Gleeson and the strong pairing of Liam Cunningham and Mark Strong as the chief smugglers.

The Inbetweeners Movie

The feature film follow-up to the hit British sitcom, The Inbetweeners Movie concludes three series of highly successful television. Following the post-graduation/ pre-university fate of the TV series’ four characters, the film takes teenage quartet Will, Simon, Jay, and Neil on a lads’ holiday to Crete. With all the vulgar, crass humour of the original series, The Inbetweeners Movie

The film maintains this trueness to life, the only grandiosity to be found in the teens’ self-inflated delusions of sex appeal. Yet for all the toilet humour, there is a heart to be found as these juveniles stumble into maturity, dispelling the aforementioned delusions and, most importantly of all, transforming the most overtly misogynistic, morally repugnant character into one who understands the folly of his teenage viewpoint.

For all the toilet humour, there is a heart to be

found as these juveniles

stumble into maturity.

Brendan Gleeson in The Guard

similarly dark comedy. There is a solid quantity of laughs to be had, certainly, though their degree of effect may vary considerably. Crass vulgarity can be hilarious, undoubtedly, but upon the third instance of a man itching his nether regions the joke begins to wear thin. Where McDonagh attempts to work with laissez-faire racism and political incorrectness is where the comedy tends to lose

Though it has many laughs to offer — far more so from its intelligent wordplay and a fantastic scene offering a cineliterate dissection of drug deals than its crassness — far too many of The Guard’s jokes fall flat. Suffering from some problems in the way it presents an outdated national stereotype as reality, it pales in comparison to such contemporaries as In Bruges and Perrier’s Bounty.

certainly meets the standards of its eagerly awaiting audience, furnishing a seemingly unending wave of laughs, even some impressively intelligent ones. Sure, a few gags may fall flat, but alongside the constant flow of otherwise quality comedy it almost doesn’t matter. What always accelerated the series over the likes of its E4 contemporary Skins was its inherent reality: these characters lived a real teenage life of awkward encounters and unsatisfied libidos.

The Inbetweeners Movie may follow a formula, but there is enough in the genuineness of these characters’ evolution to justify this indulgence in narrative cliché. Perhaps more an extended episode than a particularly cinematic experience, its big-screen existence is justified by clever nods to Reservoir Dogs and Withnail & I. For Ronan’s reviews of Super 8 and The Skin I Live In see

The Inbetweeners

by Rory Bowen Thousands of revelers descended upon Stradbally Estate on the 2 September for yet another Electric Picnic. Boasting one of its finest line-ups of recent years the Picnic proved to be one of the music and arts events of the summer. The Main Stage provided many highlights. The drizzly Friday night air was filled with the dark, brooding alternativeanthems of Interpol and P.J. Harvey who played tracks from her Mercury Prize winning album Let England Shake. The euphoric “big beat” dance and narcotic visuals of Chemical Brothers’ 12.30 a.m. Sunday morning set kept punters dancing until the wee hours. Whilst Pulp’s Jarvis Cocker’s mid-song banter and lusty Britpop perfectly wrapped up the weekend. Saturday night’s headliners, Arcade Fire had a lot to live up to following their now legendary 2005 Picnic set, a show t h a t Wi n B u t l e r claimed “changed our lives”. With this in mind the Canadian band signaled an early statement of intent by opening their set with a song usually reserved for their encores, the anthemic ‘Wake Up’. What followed was a majestic set comprising songs from the band’s entire back catalogue. The guaranteed adoring crowd lapped up Win

Butler’s emotional mid-song statements as he called Stradbally the band’s “hometown of Europe.” Away from the Main Stage there was much musical merit to be found. The Crawdaddy “pick for the picnic” winners Eatenbybears kicked off the weekend with their violin driven math-rock whilst Warpaint’s dark indie perfectly ushered in the night. On Saturday there was plenty to see with indie-electro Picnic veterans Jape, 90’s slacker-rock newbies Yuck and old punk-popsters The Undertones. Whilst the final day boasted great performances, from the filthy electro of The Japanese Popstars to the quieter sensitive folk of James Vincent McMorrow and back to the noisy stuff with liberal users of the fuzz pedal The Minutes, frantic-rockers The Cast of Cheers and instrumental Northern noiseniks And So I Watch You From Afar. Finally in the Electric Arena, Scottish Post-Rockers Mogwai provided an alternative for those less enamoured with Pulp’s Britpop bombast rounding off another great Picnic of the Electric sort. When he’s not writing about music, Rory likes to talk shite about it. Check out ‘The Slip with Rory and Emma’ on Flirt FM or stream previous shows at www.

{22} ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT {sin} Breathing Water at Edinburgh Fringe Festival By Matt Burke The Fringe Festival hasn’t been a fringe festival for about sixty years; it started when a bunch of (uninvited) students put on some theatre as an alternative to the Edinburgh International Festival in the late 1940s. By the 70s the students organising the Fringe had lost the plot a bit with almost 500 acts turning up. It was the largest arts festival in the world. In 2011 it’s still the largest arts festival in the world, with 41,689 performances of 2,542 shows in 258 venues. Now, close your eyes, feel the cool Scotch mist on your face and imagine you’re a tourist walking down the Royal Mile, the one street where everyone from those 2,542 shows is screaming for your attention and begging you to come to theirs. I am one of those people, smiling, eyes drooping, dying of a hangover: “Dynamic Irish Theatre. We’re young. Think sexy.

Can I borrow your Red Bull? ...Oh yeah, 5 star review, we’re class.” Breathing Water (by Raymond Scannell) was staged by DramSoc in NUI Galway in early 2011. The director, Maria Tivnan, is also artistic director of Galway theatre company Fregoli and a former auditor of DramSoc. Indeed DramSoc was something of a breeding ground for the company: each of its members were at some time involved with the society. With the backing of Fregoli, a professional theatre company, the show could tour and make its way to the Edinburgh Fringe. An awesome opportunity. Jarlath Tivnan, Aron Hegarty, Teresa Brennan and Kate Murray are the cast. A powerhouse of talent that in the few spare moments before every show drop imaginary acid and shout “Flying Fuck!” to get themselves in the zone; for this show it’s needed. It’s a maelstrom of

nightclub noise and turbulent emotion, an intense hour of hardcore theatre. At every performance the punters we pulled off the street are left stunned but forthcoming with praise and thanks while we forcefully usher them out of the venue, a space we have for a total of one hour a day, as the next show barges in with their tech crew and set... We’ve been out all morning flyering in patchy weather, competing with literally hundreds of other groups, exhausted after a cracking show, but now the Fringe is finally ours for the evening. It’s all a incredibly mental. There’s an upside down purple cow, as big as a space ship, which is a venue. There are vacant lots converted into venues. What seems like every college building is converted into a venue. Churches are venues. The smallest pubs are venues. A soapbox is a venue. Everything has a show on in, under or

Kate Murray and Teresa Brennan in Breathing Water – Image courtesy of Fregoli Theatre Company

around it. I went to see a sober purple puppet do stand-up comedy and it turned out to be one of the best things I’ve seen in years. The theatre shows were phenomenal, from the big scale masterpiece, twelve-man production of Clockwork Orange to the smallscale perfection of The Boy James, the Fringe shows have you laughing, crying, gripping to your seat. Tracy Bruen saved us from ourselves as producer for the show in Edinburgh and a huge amount of thanks goes to h e r. T h a n k s a l s o

Jarlath Tivnan in Breathing Water – Image courtesy of Fregoli Theatre Company

to Oisín Robbins, Conor Hooper, Neasa O’Callaghan, Darren Coppinger, Róisín Dolan, all the staff at The SpaceUK. Keep an eye out: we might be back on in Galway soon!

I would like to take this opportunity to extend warm congratulations to Maria Tivnan and Rob Feely (another former DramSoc Auditor!) on their recent nuptials. May you have a long and happy life together. —Ed


{sin} HEALTH & NUTRITION {23} Fuel your lifestyle! By Aoife Brennan

Aoife is a fourth year medical student, holds a PhD in molecular biochemistry, and is a qualified yoga teacher. She loves to work out and is a vegetarian. She will be contributing regularly to Sin in the coming months, advising on exercise and nutrition. If you have any questions or suggestions for her please contact the Editor at Health is physical, mental and social wellness, not merely being free from disease or illness. I would like to address each of these three main aspects of health as the weeks go by, but today lets focus on physical health, which has to start with good nutrition. All the exercise in the world will do you no good if you don’t provide your body with the correct type and an adequate amount of nutrients to deal with and respond to this exercise. These days we are constantly bombarded with information about nutrition from television adverts, to magazines, to food packaging, to Jamie Oliver. If the area of nutrition is new to you, and you want to eat like the champion athlete you know you are, then here are some basic points to get you off to a good start: Portion control. Although there are diets out there that recommend fasting for much of the day followed by a single very large meal (see the paleolithic or “caveman” diet) many people find this difficult and, for some, it results in binging on the sugary or fatty foods we crave when we get excessively hungry. If you’ve got the will-power of Lindsay Lohan in a crack den, keep the portions small

and eat a little more often to try stave off cravings for ‘bad’ foods. Once you have become accustomed to this approach you can start to introduce changes in the types of foods you eat to increase your vitamin, mineral, fibre and protein intake. The importance of portion control and the strength of the research behind it has been reflected in the replacement of the traditional food pyramid with “My Plate” in which food types and portion control are emphasised. Eat more veggies! Do you get your fivea-day? Did you know that five was chosen randomly as a number that might not scare people? Ten-a-day? Would people have tried that? Vegetables are most delicious when they are not overcooked so steam your veggies. Electronic steamers are cheap, quick, convenient and simple to use. Soft, squishy vegetables that have been over-cooked (typically by boiling) are not that appetising. Experiment! Eat vegetables you’ve never tried, talk to friends from different countries or different cultures to see how they cook their vegetables and find the best and tastiest way to get vegetables into your diet. Try different ways to sneak them

into every meal and, if a healthy eating regime is something you’re serious about, then build up a folder of recipes you like so that over time you end up with your own personalised cookbook. Make small changes slowly. ‘Diet’ is not a nice term; it has the word ‘die’ in it yuck. I prefer the term healthy eating regime or healthy lifestyle. Pick one small thing about your food intake that you’d like to change and change it slowly, over weeks and months. This way, the body has time to adapt to what it is or is no longer being fed and, therefore, doesn’t attack you with cravings or tummy problems. Small changes eventually accumulate to your healthy eating regime and before you know it your hair is so glossy

Recipe: Stir fry tofu (or chicken) with scallions Makes 4 servings, takes 20 minutes. Vegan & vegetarian (as long as you leave out the chicken!)

This is a basic stir fry and when you master it you can build on it with more and more tasty crunchy veggies according to your taste. I’ve given the basic recipe and then added in some suggestions if you want to make it more substantial or if it’s your turn to cook for all the housemates.

Ingredients: t 500g of tofu cut into cubes or 2-3 chicken breasts cut into strips t 3 tablespoons of peanut oil, grape seed oil or corn oil t 1 tablespoon of chopped garlic t 1 tablespoon of chopped peeled fresh ginger (optional). t 1-2 dried chillies (optional) t 1-2 bunches of chopped scallions. Separate the white and the green parts. t 80 ml vegetable stock or water t 2 tablespoons of soy sauce t 1 tablespoon of sesame seeds, toasted. Pantene and L’Oreal are offering you contracts but you don’t have time because you have to go compete in the Olympics. So there you have it. Start the semester as you mean to carry on - with a few smart, simple changes to your eating habits that will give you the vim, vigor and vitality to work hard and party hard all semester.

Method: 1. Toast the sesame seeds in a hot pan until golden brown (5-10 min). 2. Heat the oil on high heat in a large pan or wok. 3. Optional: to add a chopped onion and 1 or 2 chopped peppers here, cook for 5 minutes, then remove and set-aside. You can also add baby sweetcorn, mushrooms or pak choi. 4. When hot, add the garlic and the ginger and chilies if you’re using them. Cook, stirring for about 10-20 seconds. 5. Add the tofu or chicken and the white parts of the scallions and cook till tofu is browned or until the chicken is cooked through. 6. Add the stock and cook, stirring until about half of it evaporates. (If you have cooked a bunch of extra veggies in step 2, add them back in at this stage to re-heat). 7. Add the green parts of the scallions and cook for a further 30 seconds. 8. Add the soy sauce and sesame seeds, stir and taste. 9. Serve with steamed rice or on a bed of warm soft noodles. Nom nom nom!

{25} {sin} SPORTS Samuel Eto’o: Mercenary or Trailblazer? by Ciaran Kelly Despite Samuel E t o ’ o ’s i n c r e d i b l e achievements over the years, including winning three UEFA Champions Leagues, four league titles, an Olympic gold medal, two African Nations Cups, four African Player of the Year awards and scoring 251 goals in 470 games, the Cameroonian’s move to

Anzhi Makhachkala has been met by worldwide cynicism. Though Eto’o is on a reported €385,000 per week, he will begin the biggest challenge of his career having already proven himself at Europe’s top clubs. Anzhi, currently fourth on 37 points in the Russian Premier League, have eight games to play to catch one of

Samuel Eto’o arrives at Vnukovo airport in Moscow on August 25, 2011. STR/AFP/Getty Images.

Dinamo Moscow (41 points), CSKA Moscow (46 points) and Zenit St. Petersburg (46 points) to qualify for next season’s UEFA Champions League. Bankrolled by Russian billionaire Suleyman Kerimov, Anzhi have signed proven internationals like Roberto Carlos, Diego Tardelli, Jucilei, Balázs Dzsudzsák and Yuri Zhirkov, and are also developing a stateof-the-art academy, a new 40,000 capacity stadium and a training complex based locally in Makhachkala. Their current base is 1,607km away in Moscow. However, while Russia may seem like the perfect hybrid of a competitive paradise for a thirty year old striker,

as opposed to the less competitive yet equally wealthy UAE or U.S.A, Eto’o will definitely meet a demon that has followed him throughout his career: racism. Racial prejudice is so prominent in Russia that ex-Zenit manager Dick Advocaat once remarked that he “could not sign a black player without the fans’ permission.” Advocaat’s response was provoked after Zenit’s 2008 UEFA Cup tie against Marseille, where Ronald Zubar, Charles Kaboré and André Ayew were all subject to racial abuse. On the same night a Ghanaian student, Justice Adjei, was stabbed thirty six times by white supremacists in St. Petersburg. However, these were far from

isolated incidents, as former Lokomotiv Moscow defender Andre Bikey carried a gun with him in fear for his safety. When Nigerian Peter Odemwingie played his last game for Lokomotiv, before moving to West Brom in August 2010, a Lokomotiv fan displayed a banana banner reading “thank you West Brom.” Eto’o’s teammate, Brazil legend Roberto Carlos, has also suffered horrific racial abuse since he moved to Russia in February. The Brazilian has endured frequent monkey chants and in June a banana was thrown at him while playing away to Kryla Sovetov. Similar hostility will greet and trouble Eto’o who, in 2005 and 2006, nearly

walked off the pitch in tears due to monkey chants while playing away to Real Zaragoza. The player stopped bringing family members to away matches to prevent them from being exposed to horrific abuse. It happened in Italy too, when the referee nearly stopped a match away to Cagliari in October 2010 after just three minutes due to racial abuse directed at Eto’o. While it might be easy to brand Samuel Eto’o a mercenary, perhaps his move to Russia goes deeper. The Cameroonian, bravely, may see this as an opportunity to purge Russia of its incredibly vocal minority and give anti-racism a face known worldwide.

N U I G A L WAY C L U B S PA G E NUI Galway Sports Unit & International Affairs Office present…

GAELIC EXPERIENCE!!! Céad Mile Fáilte to all our International Students! We hope that you will join the Sports Unit on the following taster sessions of the Gaelic Experience.

The Sports Unit is based in the Kingfisher Club. Kathy Hynes: Development officer for Clubs and Participation Gary Ryan: Development Officer Elite Sports Ellen Kelly: Administrative staff

FIVE ASIDE SOCCER CLASS LEAGUE Only 50 cent inclusive fee Guaranteed 7 matches in Semester 1 140mins of soccer, fun and friendships In the cages Corrib Village. All welcome represent your class!!!!!

If you would like to participate in the following taster events please call in to the Sports Unit (in Kingfisher Building).

Gaelic Experience taster sessions include: » » » » »

Wed 14th Sept: Clubs Day! 10am – 6pm Free! Thurs 15th Sept: Aprés Chat! €4 Sun 18th Sept: Football All Ireland Final! €4 Sat 24th Sept: Diamond Hill Walk €9 (sign up in Sports Unit before Fri 16th Sept.) 23rd October: Galway County Hurling Final (sign up in Sports Unit before Mon 10th Oct.) €10

For information on the Gaelic Experience please email, or you can find us in the Sports Unit Office, behind the reception of the Kingfisher Club, just come on through…

Contact Kevin Cassidy by e-mail: or text 086 177 2589 Futsal the indoor game – Leagues – starting end of September!!! Watch out for the information stand at Clubs day Or e-mail Kevin 086 177 2589 Kevin Cassidy is the facilitator for all your recreational soccer. Most capped player for Galway United, Manager/ Coach with Galway District League.

P: 091-493482/W:

N U I G a l wa y Spor ts Clubs... P L A Y Y O U R P A R T. . . N U I G A L WAY C L U B S D AY ! ! ! Wednesday 14th Sept 2011, 10am – 6pm University Sports Complex (Kingfisher) There are now 45 active and vibrant sports clubs at NUI Galway. Joining and participating in a sports club is a part of the overall community of the University life: it will provide you with lasting memories and great friendships. Taking part in our dynamic sports club programme will enhance your personal communication skills, health and is just good fun. So “GET OFF THE COUCH” and take part - you'll be glad you did!

Come & Join a Club! Check out our website for more details & timetables.


» Archery » Badminton » Basketball (Mens) » Basketball (Ladies) » Boxing » Indoor Cricket » Darts » Fencing » Handball » Inline Hockey » Pool and Snooker » Racquetball » Softball » Volleyball


» » » »

Equestrian Frisbee Golf Mountain bike » Mountaineering » Snow Sports » Squash » Tennis

» » » » » »

Kayak Rowing Sailing Sub-Aqua Surf Swimming & Waterpolo » Windsurfing

» Aikido » Capoeira » Judo » Karate » Muay Thai » TaeKwonDo Check out our website for more details & timetables. Clubs Day – 14th Sept 2011


» » » »

Athletics Camogie Cricket Gaelic Football (Ladies) » Gaelic Football (Mens) » Hockey » Hurling » Lacrosse » Rugby (Ladies) » Rugby (Mens) » Soccer (Ladies) » Soccer (Mens) » Tag Rugby

{27} {sin} SPORTS Picking up Momentum Down Under by Patrick McAndrew The Rugby World Cup 2011 is now in full swing. As Sin went to print before Ireland played the USA in their first pool game, we do not have the privilege of hindsight to analyze the team’s performance so must settle with foresight and offer the predictions and hopes of Carol Staunton and I for this Ireland team in the World Cup. Ireland performed miserably in their four warm-up games for the World Cup, losing against Scotland, France twice and England respectively. Based on this they will not be travelling to New Zealand with the confidence required to believe that they will be good enough to beat southern hemisphere teams such as Australia who they are pitted against in pool C. Luckily Ireland do not encounter Australia in their opening match and are instead faced with the considerably easier task of beating the USA. The USA are still not a walk-over: they are managed by Eddie

O’Sullivan who managed Ireland in the 2007 World Cup and even though the teams performance then was dire he has proved himself in the past to be a great manager. The USA also have speed merchant and Biarritz winger Takudzwa Ngwenta who made his stamp in the last World Cup by out running South Africa’s Bryan Habbana. Despite the USA’s glimmering qualities Ireland still possess far greater strength, skill and experience and would expect this to be the game that will kick start their World Cup campaign. This will be where they will look to gather momentum and confidence that they will carry forward to beat their more challenging opponents in the pool like Australia and Italy. Carol Staunton, a student of NUI Galway, knows the difficulties of facing tough opponents in the pool stages of the World Cup as she experienced last year against England in the Women’s World Cup. She only began rugby five years ago whilst doing her

masters in Queens University and since then has gone on to play for the NUI Galway ladies rugby team, Galwiegians, Connacht and represent her country on four occasions. She described the atmosphere there as “amazing,” especially due to the fact that England are a “leading women’s nation” when it comes to rugby. She had the privilege of being covered by Sky Sports, which is an ambition for any sportsperson as it is a clear recognition of talent. I asked her for her predictions on Ireland’s chances to achieve well in this World Cup and she shared a similar opinion to most. She began quite skeptical, mainly due to the fact that the nations in the southern hemisphere are so dominant and the impact that the loss of David Wallace will have on the team. She does believe that Ireland will definitely reach the quarter-final stage and we should manage a comfortable win against the USA so we may have an improvement on 2007 with Declan Kidney now in charge and a

Eoin Griffin for Connacht

much changed squad. No matter how well we do in this World Cup it is inevitable that we will have to look to the young players coming up through the ranks in the provincial academies. Brian O’Driscoll is an ageing player along with our other influential performers such as Paul O’Connell, David Wallace, Ronan O’Gara, Gordon D’arcy and Donncha O’Callaghan. Within NUI Galway alone we have a large pool of talent amongst the students who are developing as players,

Carol Staunton in action for Galwegians

mainly in Connacht’s academy and senior team. Eoin Griffin a Connacht senior and winner of the Irish Under-20 Six Nations has proved his promise at centre as a great young talent by showing some stellar performances for Connacht last season. At almost 21 he still has a lot of time to gain experience in Connacht and may be in the squad for the 2015 World Cup if he continues to improve. Two backrowers that showed quality

last season and will be looking to get themselves a place in the senior team are Shane Conneely and Eoin Mckeon. They have both played for Ireland at under-age level and on the senior Connacht team. With Connacht now in the Heineken Cup their players will be under greater pressure to perform to the highest level to compete with clubs like Tolouse which can only improve Irish Rugby and hopefully see more Connacht players brought up to the Irish Squad.

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Sin Volume 13 Issue 01  

Sin Volume 13 Issue 01 Published 12 September 2011