009 A Magazine Introducing Chinese & Asian Cultures
，2009 Sep. 4， 4，2009 4
Vêtements tibétains et coiffure des femmes Tibétaines L'ethnie Tibétaine est surtout répartie dans la région autonome du Zizang (Tibet), au Qi n hai, au Ga nsu, au Sichu a n, au Yunnan et dans les provinces voisines. L'e t h n i e Ti b é t a i n e e s t u n e d e s pl u s anciennes de Chine;la culture agricole principale est l'orge des hauts plateaux, mais il ex iste au ssi d'aut res cult u res comme le blé, le colza, les pois etc Le vêtement Tibét ai n est u ne composante du mode de vie culturel de l'ethnie alors que l'ornement personnel est u ne par t impor t ante de la cult u re vestimentaire de l'ethnie Tibétaine. Les ornements corporels qu'ils utilisent sont de deux sortes : des articles d'or ou d'argent ou des gemmes naturels. Pa r m i la cult u re vest i ment ai re Tibétaine, la coiffure est un ornement à
habituellement concentrés sur la partie la
la couleur locale la plus forte, formant
Vêtements Vêtements tibétains et coiffure des femmes Tibétaines 1
un goût esthétique avec la caractéristique
Les femmes mariées du Tibet du Nord
régionale et symbolisant les façons de
partagent leur longs cheveux au milieu,
s'habiller des différentes régions.
les tressent en plusieurs nattes ;depuis la
La plupar t des femmes Tibétaines
ligne de partage du front, elles enfilent du
tressent leurs cheveux en de nombreuses
corail ,des émeraudes ou d'autres gemmes
Buildings in Shanghai World Expo 2010 2
pet ites nat tes et les a ccessoi res sont
sur leurs fines tresses ,elles tressent leurs
habit uellement un gem me nat u rel
cheveux en ar rière en une plus grosse
comme l'ambre, le corail, l'agate etc …
natte puis fixent sur celle-ci des pièces en
Il existe différentes façons de porter ces
argent dont la taille décroit de haut en bas.
Travel Guilin, The Finest Under Heaven Mountains in Southeast Asia
accessoires : certaines fixent l'ornement
directement dans les t resses, d'aut res
They Meet Again on This Day Traditional Chinese Medicine
fixent toutes sortes d'accessoires qu'elles o nt choi si s s u r u n mo r c e a u d e t i s s u
proche de la t ei nt e de leu r s cheveu x
,puis attachent celui-ci à leurs tresses ,ce qui est à la fois beau et pratique.
Pou r pouvoi r en lever facilement leu r
Traditional Music of Thailand Japanese Manga
poncho de feutre de laine fait main et leur chapeau, les tresses et les ornements sont
Shaihai Oriental Pearl Tower
China's pavilion 中国馆
Buildings in Shanghai World Expo 2010
Time:May 1st to October 31st, 2010. Place:In the heart of Shanghai, on both sides of the Huangpu River, in the districts of Pudong and Puxi, Shanghai, China. Shanghai World Expo 2010 will be a grand, festive occasion in the long and glorious tradition of the World Exposition, though we in Shanghai will of course try to outdo Beijing's recent Olympic Games success! The theme of Shanghai World Expo 2010 is "Better City, Better Life", which also reflects Shanghai's own journey over the course of the past 15 years, where the city that one sees today - and which provides its inhabitants with a comprehensive framework for a better, more secure and more creative future - has surpassed the wildest dreams only 15 years ago.
Picture Gallery:Shanghai World Expo 2010 is expected attract the largest number of exhibits and visitors in the history of the World Exposition. Want to see what may attract you? Here we go!
Switzerland Pavilion:This piece of work best shows the characteristics of modern Switzerland: pursuing excellence, innovation and high-quality life.
Aurora Pavilion:Chinese jade culture will be the centerpiece of the Taiwan-based Aurora Group's corporate pavilion in the World Expo 2010, Aurora chairman, Chen Yongtai, said today as the company signed a participation contract with organizers.
Arab Pavilion:It is the combination of Arabian culture and modern city.
North Square in Expo Site: Sight-seeing platform in North Square
Elevated Expo Boulevard:The elevated boulevard connects the Asian Square, African Square, American Square, European Square, and Oceanian Square, where peoples of different skin colors are singing and dancing.
Guilin，The Finest Under Heaven The scenery of Guilin has been called the finest under heaven. Situated in the northeast of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Guilin City is South China's shining pearl, with verdant mountains, elegant waters，magnificent crags and fantastic caverns. According to a popular Chinese saying, “Guilin’s scenery bests all others in the world.” Its shapely-rising limestone towers and crystal-clear waters are often portrayed in Chinese artworks. It has a total area of 27,809 sq.km and a population of 4.8 million, thereinto the urban area being 565 sq.km and the population 603,500.
Tourist Attractions in and around Guilin This is the start of your journey in Guilin. Prepare yourself for the charming scenery.
Elephant Trunk Hill The hill is at the confluence of the Lijiang River and Yangjiang River inside the city. This hill is so named because it outlines a vivid image of an elephant sipping water from the river with its trunk. Between the body and the trunk there is a round-shaped space, known as "water moon" arch, which is about 10 metres high and 20 metres deep. The river flows through the arch resembling a "bright-moon". Sailing through the arch, one feels like being u nder a huge arch bridge.
Crescent Hill Located to the east of Guilin, the hill gets its name from a newmoon shaped opening of a cave in the western slope of the hill. The hidden Dragon Cave at the food of the hill has a stretch of water and a food path, Yihong Pavilion", "Xiaoguanghan Temple" and other buildings are located half way up the hill.
Fubo Hill It is located to the east of the city with half of the hill reaching into the Lijiang River. The hill stands in solitary loftiness with a thrusting peak. It seems to restrain the swelling water when the river is raising with violent torrents and waves, hence the name Fudo (restraining waves). On the hilltop there is a Fudo Temple and the Returning Pearl Cave. At the foot of the hill, there are other scenic spots.
18 meters and width of 93 meters. This ancient scenic
The cave presents a twisted extension of more than
spot dates back to more than 1,000 years ago, It has been
one and a half kilometers. This cave, the biggest and
widely claimed as Art Galley of Nature" because of its
the most fascinating cave of Guilin, offers numerous
dazzling beauty of strange karts formation and marvelous
spectacular views and is big enough to hold ten thousand
visitors at a time. Inside the cave, well-developed stalactites and stalagmites form numerous fantastic scenes
such as `Monkey Picking Peaches`, `Two Lions Fighting
A well-known part of the Guilin River, it flows from
for a Ball`, or in the shapes of fruits, forests and gigantic
the Piled Festoon Hill to "Bilian Peak" in Yangshou,
covering a distance of 83 kilometers. This green ribbonlike river runs zigzag through a multitude of hills against
a backdrop of steep peaks, luxuriant flowers and green
The cave is at the Guangming Hill about six
hills along the shores are mirrored in the blue water,
kilometers northwest of Guilin. This huge cave, eroded
giving the visitor a poetic inspiration. In drizzly days,
out of karst formation and with a maximum height of
the peaks embraced by clouds and
mists and river.
Rock Climbing Outdoor activities
In terms of variety, safety and difficulty, Yangshuo is a
After enjoying those attractions in Guilin, you must feel
Mecca in the eyes of Chinese rock climbers. Dramatic Limestone
excited, but this is just the beginning. Guilin is not only a place for
Mountains facilitate climbers, while providing a graceful and
tourists, but also for those who like sports and adventures.
pleasant backdrop. Middle-finger Peak and Thumb Peak rise from
the earth facing each other, with the arch of Moon Hill in the
Guilin's complex limestone geography is intertwined with
distance. In the caves of the Big Banyan Tree scenic spot, stalactites
innumerous rivers, which provide the ideal natural environment for
protrude in great numbers creating a naturally mystical atmosphere.
kayaking. Some of the kayaking routes will take you on a windy river through thrilling gorges, while others will let your senses enjoy
some tranquil mirror-like water. Here there are waters to be kayaked
Rent a bike and ride through the Ten-mile Gallery, a narrow road lined on both sides with some of the most charming karst
scenery. Along the way you can check out the Big Banyan Tree
Scenic Spot. Bring your f lashlight and explore the mysterious
With its fine weather, superb courses, comprehensive facilities
unknown in the primordial Buddha Cave. Finish your day off with
and enthusiastic staff, Guilin should be your first choice for a golf
a leisurely stroll on your own down West Street, where you can do
some shopping and enjoy a cup of coffee in a cafe looking onto the street.
Local Delicacy Glutinous Rice Dumplings
Those activities must exhaust you, and you might need some
The rice dumplings of Guilin are generally smaller than normal
snacks and food to refresh yourself. There are so many local
ones. They are made of top-grade glutinous rice finely ground into a
delicacies in Guilin, and here are just a few of them.
paste, which is later pressed and dried into flour.
Guilin Rice Noodles Guilin Water Glutinous Rice Cake
Guilin rice noodles have long enjoyed fame. The rice noodles
This snack is made by steaming some top-grade glutinous rice
are round, thin and flexible, the soup fresh and fragrant and the meat
and grinding it until the rice melts like lumps of cotton.
skilled design and perfect
ch a r a c t e r i st ics , a dopt i ng
B efo r e you e n d you r
tech niques according to
techniques of circle carving,
journey and leave Guilin, you
the quality of material, into
hollow carving, etc, to make
can take some crafts home as
s up e r ior h a ndwork s such
various craftworks. Its carving
remembrances. Which is your
as f igures, f lowers, birds,
skills are pleasantly surprised
furnaces, stoves, bottles, and
with artful and novel designs,
so on. Jade sculpture is also
Jade Sculpture Artists carve them, with
a slap-up souvenir for tourist choosing.
Boxwood comb is finely
C h o p s t i c k s Decorated with Carved Flowers
made with adoption of rare
Clear the g reen and
boxwood as material. Comb
keep yellow quality on the
handicraftsman is good at
bamboo chopsticks and carve
selecting materials, carves
Guilin landscape scenic spots
and applies tech niques in
on the yellow surface, then
accordance with different
color the carved paintings in
materials, making various
green, setting off with yellow
comb patterns. These combs
b a m b o o q u a l it y, a n d t h e
have been ad mired by
chopsticks are finished. These
maharajas and nobles in Ming
chopsticks looks very elegant,
is an economic, beautiful and
Your journey shall end
Guilin boxwood sculpture
here, but there are still a lot
c ol l ig a t e s e ve r y c a r v i n g
of things for you to explore in
techniques home and abroad
Guilin, where you are closest
with the combination of local
Mountains in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a region where mountains and sea dominate the place. Mountain and sea often give people an impression of mysteriousness, and if you are an “admirer” of mountains, these mountains may attract you. first sighted the glaciers on the peak of the mountain on a rare clear day in 1623. The peak was not climbed until 1962, by an expedition led by the Austrian mountaineer Heinrich Harrer with three friends. When Indonesia took control of the province in the 1960s, the peak was renamed “Puntjak Soekarno” or Sukarno Peak, after the first President of Indonesia. Later this was changed to Puncak Jaya (Puncak means peak or mountain and Jaya means “'victory”).
Mount Kinabalu, Malaysia Mount Kinabalu is a prominent mountain in Southeast Asia. It is located in Kinabalu National Park in the east Malaysian state of Sabah, which is on the island of Borneo in the tropics. It is the tallest mountain in the Malay Archipelago. The mountain and its surroundings are among the most important
Hkakabo Razi, Burma Hkakabo Razi is Southeast Asia's highest mountain, located in the
biological sites in the world, with over 600 species of ferns, 326 species
northern Burmese state of Kachin. It lies in an outlying subrange of the
of birds, and 100 mammalian species identified. Among them are the
Greater Himalayan mountain system.
gigantic Rafflesia plants and the orangutan. Mount Kinabalu has been
The peak is enclosed within Hkakabo Razi National Park. The
accorded UNESCO World Heritage status.
park is entirely mountainous and is characterized by broad-leaved
The main peak of the mountain can be climbed easily by a person
evergreen rain forest, a sub-tropical temperate zone from 2,438 to 2,743
with a good physical condition, and requires no mountaineering
meters, then broad-leaved, semi-deciduous forest and finally needle-
equipment. Other peaks along the massif, however, require rock
leaved evergreen, snow forest.
Hkakabo Razi was established as a national park on November 10, 1998. The park is the last stronghold for biodiversity in Burma.
Mount Apo, Philippines
Extraordinarily rich flora and fauna, ranging from lowland tropical to
Mount Apo is a large solfataric potentially active stratovolcano
alpine species still await proper research and identification. They have
on the island of Mindanao in the Philippines. It is the highest mountain
barely been studied, and the park remains an excellent center for field
in the country and overlooks Davao City-40km northeast, Digos City-
study for students of botany, geology, zoology and geography.
25km southeast, and Kidapawan City-20km west. Its name means "master" or "grandfather". Apo is flat topped, with three peaks, and is capped by a 500 m wide volcanic
Puncak Jaya, Indonesia Puncak Jaya is a mountain in the Sudirman Range, the western
crater containing a small crater lake.
central highlands of Papua province, Indonesia. It is the highest
It is a source of geothermal energy,
mountain in Indonesia, the highest on the island of New Guinea, the
but the date of its most recent eruption
highest on the Australia-New Guinea continent and the highest in
is unknown, and none are verified in
Oceania. It is also the highest point between the Himalayas and the
Andes and the highest island peak in the world.
On May 9, 1936, Mount Apo was T he h ig h la nds
declared a national park by President
surrounding the peak
Manuel L. Quezon. The mountain is
were inhabited before
home to over 270 bird species, with
European contact, and
more than a hundred that are endemic.
the peak was known
Mount Apo is one of the most
as Nemangkawi in
popular climbing destinations in the
Philippines, and the summit is easy to
Jaya was named
reach. The first recorded climb was on
October 10, 1880 by a party led by Don
after Dutch explorer
Jan Carstensz who
They Meet Again on This Day separated on the
t wo ba n k s foreve r. Their loyalty to love
On Qi Xi, a festoon is placed
touched magpies, so
i n t h e y a r d a n d t h e si n g le o r n e wly
t e n s of t hou sa nd s
married women in the household make
of mag pies came
an of fer i ng to Niu Lang and Z h i Nu.
to build a bridge
After finishing the offering, half of the
for the Cowhand
facial powder is thrown on the roof and
a n d We a v e r M a i d
the other half divided among the young
to meet each other.
women. It is believed by doing this the
T he Q ueen Mot he r
women are bou nd in beaut y with Zhi
moved and allowed
Another tradition is for young girls
t he m t o me e t e a ch
to th row a sewing needle into a bowl
ye a r o n t h e 7t h of
full of water on the night of Qi Xi as a
the 7th lunar month.
test of embroidery skills. If the needle
Hence their meeting
f loat s on top of t he water i nstea d of
date has been called
sinking, it is proves the girl is a skilled
"Qi Xi" (Double Seventh). Aug ust 26th, 2009 is no big day,
embroideress. Un fo r t u n a t ely, fe s t iv it ie s su r rou nd i ng Ch i nese Valent i ne's d ay
devoted to love, k nown as "Qi Xi", or
Vietnamese version: "Ngày mưa Ngâu"
Chinese Valentine's Day. We will share,
In Viet nam, this day is called
Chinese are often unfamiliar with the
o n t h i s s p e c i a l d a y, t h e m o s t we l l -
"Ngày mưa ngâu" (Continual Rain Day).
holid ay, a nd more li kely to celebrate
known Chinese love story passed down
Ng ư u L a n g w a s t h e Ja d e E m p e r o r 's
Valentine's Day on February 14th. Still,
for thousands of years.
buffalo man, and Chức Nữ was
in some cities effor ts are being made
responsible for fabr ic weavi ng. T hey
to br ing back many of the t raditional
Th e l e g e n d o f N i u l a n g and Zhi Nu
were too passionate for each other to
fest ivals - i ncludi ng Qi Qiao Jie - i n
do their work well, so the Jade Emperor
order to attract tourists.
Long ago, there was an honest and
b e ca me a ng r y a nd de cide d t h at t hey
k i nd-hea r ted fellow na med Niu La ng
must live on opposite sides of the Milky
(Cowhand). Being an or phan, he lived
Way. But later t he Jade Emperor felt
by himself herding cattle and farming.
sor r y for them and per mit ted them to
One day, a fair y f rom heaven Zhi Nu
meet each other once a year on the 7th
( Weave r Maid) fell i n love w it h h i m
day of the 7th month of the lunar year.
but for Ch i nese people, t h is is a d ay
and mar r ied him. They lived a happy
However, they are unable to cross
life and gave birth to a boy and a girl.
t h e M i l k y Wa y o n t h e i r ow n . T h u s
Unfortunately, the God of Heaven soon
t he Ja de Emperor ordered crows a nd
fou nd out t he fact a nd ordered t he
Racquet-tailed tree pie to build a bridge
Queen Mother of the Western Heavens
across the Milky Way.
to bring the Weaver Maid back.
Ever y year, when they meet each
Wit h t he help of celest ial cat tle,
ot h e r, t h e love r s c r y a n d c r y. T h e i r
the Cowhand f lew to heaven with his
tears fall down from the sky and make
son and daughter. At the time when he
a s p e c i a l k i n d of r a i n o n t h i s d a y.
was about to catch up w it h h is w ife,
This is why the people call them "ông
the Queen Mother made One billow y
Ngâu" and "bà Ngâu" (Sir and Madame
river appear in f ront of the Cowhand.
The Cowhand and Weaver Maid were
have fallen off in recent years. Younger
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has several thousand years of
R e l at i onshi p w i t h Western medicine
history, it resembles the thousand years of
Most Chinese in China do not
experience and results of the Chinese nation
see t raditional Chi nese medici ne and
struggling with various diseases, which is
Western medicine as being in conflict. In
indeclinable as the time passes by. The TCM
cases of emergency and crisis situations,
has different theoretical system as compared
there is generally no reluctance in using
to the western medicine; moreover, it is rich
conventional Western medicine. At the same
of learning values.
time, belief in Chinese medicine remains
The Traditional Chinese Medicine
Although the first recorded history
strong in the area of maintaining health.
of TCM dates back over 2,000 years, it is
Very few practitioners of Western medicine
believed that the origin of TCM goes back
in China reject traditional Chinese medicine,
more than 5,000 years. Apart from the
and most doctors in China will use some
recorded documents, much of what is said
elements of Chinese medicine in their own
about the origins of Chinese medicine is
practice. A deg ree of i nteg r at ion bet wee n
more legend than history.
Chinese and Western medicine also exists in
Basic theory and model of the body Traditional Chinese medicine is largely
the Palpation is so important that Chinese patients may refer to going to the doctor as "Going to have my pulse felt."
China. Modern TCM practitioners will refer patients to Western medical facilities if a
based on the philosophical concept that the
Tr a d it ion a l C h i ne s e me d ici ne i s
medical condition is deemed to have put the
human body is a small universe with a set of
considered to require considerable diagnostic
body too far out of balance for traditional
complete and sophisticated interconnected
skill. A training period of years or decades is
methods to remedy.
systems, and that those systems usually
said to be necessary for TCM practitioners to
work in balance to maintain the healthy
understand the full complexity of symptoms
TCM in Asia
function of the human body. The balance of
and dynamic balances. Modern practitioners
yin and yang is considered with respect to qi
in China often use a traditional system in
Malaysia Among Malaysian medicine shops,
("breath", "life force"), blood, jing ("kidney
combination with Western methods.
about 3,000 of them sell Chinese medicine
essence", including "semen"), other bodily
and most of them are inherited pharmacies.
fluids, the Wu Xing, emotions, and the soul
Although the Malaysian Medical Ministry
or spirit (shen).
has been supportive of the development of
TCM has a unique model of the body,
TCM, the registration for Chinese medicine
notably concerned with the meridian system.
doctor still has not been formed; in other
Unlike the Wester n anatomical model
words, people in Malaysia can practice
which divides the physical body into parts,
medicine without being registered.
the Chinese model is more concerned with function.
Thailand The Thai Government has admitted
TCM's legal status. Only the doctor who
Followi ng a macro philosophy of
passes a test could get the provisional
disease, traditional Chinese diagnostics
charter. As early as 1987, the government
are based on overall observation of human
passed a proposal for Chinese medicine.
s y m p t o m s r a t he r t h a n "m ic r o" le vel
There are more than 800 Chinese medicine
laboratory tests. There are four types of
stores, most of them having doctors for
TCM diag nostic methods: Inspection,
customers to consult.
Listening and Smelling, Inquiring, and Palpation. The pulse-reading component of
Since from very early on, Vietnam has allowed Chinese medicine to operate
Qigong faithfully need less medication, less acupuncture and heal faster.
alongside Western medicine. There are
Taiji (T'ai Chi) is one category of
nearly 200 big-scale pharmacies in the
Qigong forms. Taiji consists generally of
country. At present, 16 of China's drug
108 separate movements that are connected
enterprise has obtained license to produce
together into a specific order. The practice
and sell medicine in Vietnam.
triggers health and healing benefits from both the Asian paradigm of energy and
Japan Since the 1980s, along with the quick
the Western paradigm of physiology. The
development of Chinese medicine, the
healing energies is enhanced by the slow,
Japanese Government has given more and
intent, meditative movements of Taiji.
more support and attention to the study of
At the very same time the delivery of
TCM's application and research.
oxygen and nutrition from the blood to the
balance and f low of one's internal self
According to statistics, at present about
tissues is improved. The lymph system's
15,000 Japanese are engaged in Chinese
ability to eliminate metabolic by-products
medici ne, approxi mately 10 0,0 0 0 a re
and transport immune cells is increased.
engaged in acupuncture and massage, and
The biochemical profile of the brain and
nearly 30,000 researchers in the study of
nervous system is shifted toward recovery
Direction of action: Pungent, salty,
Moreover, Japan has more than 10
Due to the magic functions, Qigong and
and bland foods are thought to have an
Chinese medicine study institutions, with
Taiji enjoy good reputation all over the world
ascending or floating action that redirects chi
the drug departments of 44 public or private
and are attracting more and more people.
upward, while sour, bitter, and sweet foods are thought to have a descending or sinking
medical colleges having established herb branch.
Qigong and Taiji
Chinese System of Food Cures The Chinese system of food cures
action that moves the chi downward. The organ or meridian affected by the food.
Qigong is one of the four pillars of
regards dietary regulation as preventive
For Westerners who are interested in
traditional Chinese medicine: Acupuncture,
medicine as well as a corrective measure to
Chinese food therapy the most important
Massage, Herbal Medicines and Qigong.
be undertaken once someone falls ill. Diet
precaution is to consult an experienced
Of these, Qigong is the one that can be
is one of four major treatment modalities
practitioner of Chinese medicine. The
most easily self initiated. Both massage
in traditional Chinese medicine, the other
system is complex and based on principles
and herbal remedies can also be done as
th ree being acupunct ure/moxibustion,
that differ from Western systems of thought.
self care, however, Qigong is the mother
herbal medicine, and massage, plus remedial
These factors make self-evaluation quite
of Chinese self healing. Patients who use
The benefits of traditional Chinese dietary treatment are many years of vigorous good health. According to the Nei Jing, China's oldest medical classic, the metaphor is that human beings are constituted to live for a hundred years, barring accidents or violence. Diet and good digestion are considered the most important ways to maintain physical strength and vitality. Chinese medicine classifies foods according to four sets of categories: Temperature: Foods are classified as cold or cool (yin); or warm or hot (yang). Taste: There are five tastes correlated with the Five Elements: sour (wood); bitter (fire); sweet (earth); pungent (metal); and salty (water).
Baozi Do you know what most Chinese eat at breakfast? If not, read this. You will love Chinese breakfast! Types of Baozi Charsiu bau (叉烧包) filled with barbecue-flavoured char siu pork
If you've ever been in any Chinatown anywhere in the world, your curiosity might have been piqued by the sight of snowy white buns being kept warm in steamers. Baozi, or steamed bun, is one of the staples of Chinese cuisine, served by street vendors and enjoyed anytime of day. It is a popular breakfast dish in China. Baozi can come in a range of flavors, and they are easy to make at home. Thanks to the diversity of fillings and sauces which can be used with baozi, it is usually possible to make something to everyone's taste, and this dish can be a big hit at potlucks and dinner parties.
How to make baozi It is easier to make baozi than other Chinese cuisine. There are two steps to making baozi: creating the dough, and making the filling. Depending on the filling, baozi may be savory, or sweet, and they can be dressed with different sauce. Then you need to set out the package, and steam baozi for 10-20 minutes. The finished steamed buns can be served immediately, refrigerated for a few days, or frozen, depending on your needs; to reheat, just steam the baozi again.
Origin It is said that the history of baozi dates back to the Three Kingdoms period (220-280). Zhuge Liang (181-234), a military strategist of the time, was on an expedition to far South China when his army caught a plague. The incarnation of wisdom in Chinese history, he invented this foodstuff shaped as a human head and made of flour and pork and beef to offer as a sacrifice and then as food to cure the soldiers' plague.
Go Believe/Goubuli baozi (狗不理 包子) t h e m o s t d ef i n it ive a m o n g a l l varieties; a meat-filled baozi variety from Tianjin; its name literally means, "Baozi that dogs ignore" Xiaolongbao (小笼包) a small, meat-f illed baozi f rom Sha ng hai cont ai n i ng a ju icy brot h. Because it is succulent and prepared with unleavened dough, it is sometimes considered different f rom other bao types, and more closely resembles a jiaozi (dumpling) Shengjian mantou (生煎馒头) a small, meat-filled, fried baozi from Shanghai Tang bao(汤包) a la rge, soup -f illed baoz i f rom Yangzhou drunk through a straw Doushabao(豆沙包) a type of baozi filled with sweet bean paste
Tr a d i t i o n a l M u si c o f Thailand supporting instruments complement the main
the region, Laotian. The lyrics might include
melody. They combine to produce a full, rich
anything from epic tales and stories to
polyphonic texture, sometimes accompanied
courtship jousts or local news. Unlike many
by singers and dancers.
folk forms around the world, mo lam has actually risen to challenge the popularity of
Thai pop music in the area.
Like the bountiful harvests from the plains of central Thailand, numerous folk music styles burst from every corner of the
Popular music r ules contemporar y Thailand and threatens to bury folk and classical music during the last century. Thanks to strong government support for the arts, as
In a country where the most revered
well as continued dedication of private groups,
ritual in classical music pays homage to music
ensembles, and individual musicians, folk and
teachers, it comes as no surprise that music
classical music still has a niche in the music
is a fundamental part of culture and society
culture of Thailand.
in Thailand. Music is an important part of
While Western-style popular music
children's education in Thailand, and many
pervades Thailand, some indigenous pop
Thai people can play one or two traditional
styles based on traditional music are wildly
Thai instruments. Folk and classical music
popular. The sounds of luk thung can be heard
form the foundation of traditional music
everywhere in Thailand. Luk thung concerts
culture in Thailand, and although partially
are spectacles in every sense of the word-
eclipsed by popular music of late, they still play
huge stage productions with elaborate lighting,
an important role more broadly in Thai culture.
costumes, dancers, and a large backing orchestra. Like country music in the United
States, lyrics in luk thung are about everyday
Cla ssical mu sic is a n i mpor t a nt ,
events and things that relate to all individuals.
influential art form for many Thais, which has existed in its present form in Thailand since at least the 1300s. There are three main styles of classical music in Thailand: pi-phat, khruang
country. Music styles rarely remain the same
sai, and mahori. These styles make use of
through time, and in Thailand there has been
four different instrument groups: woodwinds,
historical interplay between folk and classical
strings, melodic percussion, and rhythmic
styles. Many folk styles use similar instruments
to those found in Thai classical music.
Pi-phat is the most well-known style to
In the northeast, folk music shows the
non-Thais. Pi-phat is audibly recognizable by
influence of Thailand's neighbors. The khaen
the pinai, a shrill quadruple reed oboe-like
(also played in Laos) is a wind instrument
instrument. Other instruments include the
made from a group of 8 to 16 bamboo pipes.
ranat (a curved, boat-shaped xylophone) and a
Each bamboo pipe has a free reed inside much
circle of small kettle gongs called the khlong
like a harmonica.
wong yai which usually plays the main melody.
The khaen accompanies a hugely popular
Like many other Southeast Asian
folk music called mo lam. With syncopated
traditions, the rhythm is based on recurring
percussion parts under the continuous thick
rhythmic cycles of beats. The main melody
chords of the khaen, a mo lam singer delivers
is usually played by one instrument, and the
fast-paced lyrics in the native language of
Japanese Manga In Japan, people of all ages read In the Japanese language, Manga
manga. The genre includes a broad range of
consist of comics and print cartoons
subjects: action-adventure, romance, sports
and conforming to the style developed
and games, historical drama, comedy,
in Japan in the late 20th century. In
science fiction and fantasy, mystery, horror,
their modern form, manga date from
sexuality, and business and commerce, and
shortly after World War II, but they
have a long, complex pre-history in
Manga are typically printed in black-
earlier Japanese art.
and-white, although some full-color manga
The first examples of what might
exist (e.g. Colorful). In Japan, manga are
be called "ma nga", were pict u re
usually serialized in telephone book-size
scrolls created during the 6th and
manga magazines, often containing many
7th centuries by Buddhist monks.
stories, each presented in a single episode
Around the 17th to mid-19th century,
to be continued in the next issue. If the
illustrations were printed on ukiyo-e
series is successful, collected chapters may
prints (woodblocks), and they sold
be republished in paperback books called
like hot cakes. Then there were also
tankōbon. A manga artist typically works
kibyoshi, or “yellow covers”, booklets
with a few assistants in a small studio and
that combine texts with pictures, which resembled modern-day
is associated with a creative editor from a commercial publishing
manga. It is important to note that they were all geared toward
company. If a manga series is popular enough, it may be animated
after or even during its run, although sometimes manga are drawn
The term manga came into use in the 19th century. In 1815,
centering on previously existing live-action or animated films (e.g.
Hokusai (1760-1849), a well-known woodblock artist, used manga
to describe his works. His new term for his artwork was made of the
“Manga”, as a term used outside Japan refers specifically to
words “man”, meaning "in spite of oneself, “lax” or “whimsical”,
comics originally published in Japan. However, manga and manga-
and “ga”, meaning "picture."
influenced comics, among original works, exist in other parts of the
Near the end of 19th century, comic strips began to appear in
world, particularly in South Korea, and China, notably Hong Kong.
newspapers. They soon became extremely popular, and the Japanese
In France, "la nouvelle manga" has developed as a form of bande
comic artists flourished. Of course, the government began censoring
dessinée drawn in styles influenced by Japanese manga. In the U.S.,
these types of comics, especially during WWII, when most of them
people refer to manga-like comics as Amerimanga, world manga, or
became war propaganda.
original English-language manga (OEL manga).
Famous Manga Artists Rumiko Takahashi
Rumiko Takahashi ( 高 橋 留 美 子 , born October 10, 1957 ) is one of the wealthiest individuals, and the most affluent mangaka in Japan. The manga she creates (and its anime adaptations) are very popular in the United States and Europe where they have been released as both manga and anime in English translation. Her works are relatively famous worldwide, and many of her series were some of the forerunners of early English language manga to be released in the 1990s. Takahashi is also the best selling female comics’ artist in history; over 170 million copies of her various works have been sold. She has twice won the Shogakukan Manga Award: once in 1981 for Urusei Yatsura, and again in 2002 for InuYasha.
Akira Toriyama ( 鳥山 明 , born on April 5,
Hayao Miyazaki ( 宮崎 駿 , born January 5, 1941 in Tokyo, Japan) is a prominent
1955, in Kiyosu, Aichi, Japan) is a widely known filmmaker of many popular animated feature films. He is also a co-founder of Studio and acclaimed Japanese manga artist known Ghibli, an animation studio and production company. mostly for his creation of Dragon Ball in 1984. It
He remained largely unknown to the West, outside of animation communities,
is difficult to pin point the source of Toriyama's until Miramax released his 1997 Princess Mononoke, which was the first animated film artwork inspiration. He admires Osamu Tezuka's to win Picture of the Year at the Japanese Academy Awards. By that time, his films had Astro Boy and was impressed by Walt Disney's already enjoyed both commercial and critical success in Japan and abroad. One Hundred and One Dalmatians, which he
Miyazaki's films have generally been financially successful, and this success has
remembers for the great art. Jackie Chan's early invited comparisons with American animator Walt Disney. In 2006, Time Magazine movies had a noticeable influence on Toriyama's voted Miyazaki one of the most influential Asians of the past 60 years. The previous stories.
year, in 2005, he was named one of the Time 100 Most Influential People. Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind is a post-apocalyptic
Urusei Yatsura Urusei Yatsura is a manga
manga written and illustrated by acclaimed anime director series by Rumiko Takahashi that
Hayao Miyazaki. It was serialized intermittently from 1982 to was published in the Weekly Dragon Ball Dragon Ball is a Japanese 1994 in Japan. Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind is published Shōnen Sunday from 1978 to manga series written and illustrated by Viz Media. It tells the story of Nausicaä, a princess of small 1987. It was adapted into a TV by Akira Toriyama. It was originally kingdom that is pulled into a war between mighty empires as a anime series which aired on Fuji serialized in Weekly Shōnen Jump looming environmental apocalypse threatens the very survival of Television affiliates from 1981 from 1984 through 1995, and later humankind. On her journey she seeks to find peaceful coexistence to 1986, lasting 195 episodes. T h e s h ow i s a l s o k n ow n a s the 519 individual chapters were between the nations of men, as well as between man and nature. published into 42 tankōbon volumes
Lum/Lamu, the Invader Girl,
by Shueisha. Inspired by the Chinese
and, Those Obnoxious Aliens.
folk novel Journey to the West, it
T h e E n g l i s h t r a n s l a t i o n of
follows the adventures of Son Goku
the manga, published by Viz
from his childhood through middle
Com mu nications, was shor t-
age as he trains in martial arts and
lived, and was divided into two
explores the world in search of the
series titled Lum and The Return
seven mystical objects known as the
of Lum, named after the female
Dragon Balls, which can summon
protagonist. The manga received
a wish-granting dragon. Along his
the Shogakukan Manga Award in
trip, Goku meets several friends and
1981. The series is considered an
fights against several villains who
excellent source for references to
also seek the Dragon Balls.
Japanese culture and mythology.
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www.chinatimesmag.com 出版人：美国科发出版集团公司 Publisher: KF Publishing Company Group, USA 协办：水木时代（北京）图书中心 美洲昆腾媒体 Sponsor: Shui Mu Shi Dai (Beijing) Book Center America Quantum Media E-mail: email@example.com Tel: 415-315-9231
Snapshot 1.A giant panda eats watermelons at the Jinan Zoo in Jinan, capital city of east
w w w. s i n a t i m e s . c o m
China starts 3rd dig-up of terracotta warrior 1,000 of which were found in previous Chinese archaeologists started a
excavations. The State Administration
new excavation of the famous terracotta
of Cultural Heritage has approved a
army site on June 13th, hoping to ﬁnd
ﬁve-year excavation plan submitted by
more clay ﬁgures and unravel some of
the Qinshihuang Terracotta Warriors
the mysteries left behind by the "First
shuttlecock with kids wheh he visits
were left behind. )(Photo: CFP/ Yan Peng)
a primary school in which 90% of the
5.A dance troupe perform Tujia ethnic dance
students are the kids of migrant workers and
during the 2nd International Festival of the
China's Shandong Province, June 1, 2009,
celebrates the International Children's Day.
Intangible Cultural Heritage in Chengdu,
as a heat wave reaching 35 degrees Celsius
4.Seven former soldiers of the Chinese
southwest China's Sichuan province on June
Archaeologists hoped they might find a clay figure that appeared to be
pits at the site near Xi'an, capital of
"in command" of the huge underground
northwestern Shaanxi Province -- since
army. They are also hoping to ascertain
1974 when the terracotta army was
the success of decades of preservation
discovered by peasants digging a well.
ef for t s to kee p t he u nd iscove red
The most important discovery on
hits the city. (Xinhua)
expeditionary force in Burma (now
1, 2009. The 13-day festival has attracted
the ﬁrst day is two four-horse chariots
2.Kuomintang Chairman Wu Poh-hsiung
Myanmar) during World War II attend a
representatives from more than 40 countries
that are standing in tandem very closely
(R) receives a certificate of honorary
press conference on Monday, June 1st in
doctorate degree from Chen Jun, president
Kunming. This is their ﬁrst home visit since
6.China's players gesture after the friendship
of Nanjing University, in Nanjing, capital
1942. (Sixty-seven years ago, over 100,000
soccer match between the national teams
of east China's Jiangsu Province, May 31,
Chinese soldiers were sent to Burma to ﬁght
of China and Iran in Qinhuangdao, a city in
against Japanese Aggression. About 61,000
north China's Hebei Province, June 1, 2009.
3. On May 31, President Hu Jingtao kicks
of the expeditionary force died and a few
China won 1-0. (Xinhua/Yang Shiyao)
and Horses Museum.
Emperor." It was the third excavation in the pit -- the ﬁrst and largest of three
terracotta ﬁgures intact and retain their original colors. The army was one of the greatest
which is the first time find such an
archeological ﬁnds of modern times. It
existence in the excavation history. In
was discovered in Lintong county, 35
addition, another important discovery
km east of Xi'an, in 1974 by peasants
wa s t h at a few newly- u ne a r t he d
who were digging a well. The first
terracotta warriors were richly colored.
formal excavation of the site lasted
Archaeologists soon used plastic sheets
for six years from 1978 to 1984 and
to cover them for protection.
produced 1,087 clay ﬁgures. A second
T he 230 by 62-meter pit was believed to contain about 6,000 life-
excavation, in 1985, lasted a year and was cut short for technical reasons.
sized terracotta figures, more than
China starts 3rd dig-up of terracotta 1 warrior Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum: To Dig or Not? 2 The First Emperor of China-Qin Shi Huang 3 Movie Related to the First Emperor and His Mausoleum 4 To Be a Real Terra Cotta Warrior 5
How to Make Fried Rice -The Easiest Easy Chinese Recipe Panacea-Chinese Green Tea
For authentic Chinese food lovers the only place to go is Chinatown! Stroll along the main thoroughfare de la Gauchetiere and experience first hand the hustle and bustle of a vibrant culture. Street merchants selling everything from tasty treats
to caricatures will entertain you. You will find great gift ideas including beautiful kimonos, lingerie, crafts and china. No trip to Chinatown is
Arts The Finest of Cuts Jade In China
They settled mainly on de la Gauchetiere and lower St. Laurent settlement has transformed from residential to commercial.
Jokes Four Chinese Jokes
Chinatown has its origins as early as 1860 when Chinese immigrants came to Montreal in search of work and prosperity. Blvd. Today Chinatown is a vibrant community and the original
complete without sampling some of the local cuisine, the best that Chinatown has to offer will ﬁnd you at Restaurant Hong Kong, Le Jardin
du Nord and Ming Yeng, serving up
China's Top 10 Archaeological Discoveries in 2008 14
Chinese specialties for visitors and
of dishes such as Won Ton soups,
Go to Xi'an
locals alike. Choose from a variety dumplings, Peking Duck, Crispy Chicken, General Tao, Sea Bass and
CONTENTS Culture Loong: Chinese Dragon Chinese Festivals
Leisure Learn to Play Chinese Mah-Jong Xiang Qi－Chinese Chess
Food About Chinese Food & Cooking
Travel Hainan Island —— The Hawaii of China
People Tragic Lives of the Chinese Ancient BeaⅫ uties ⅩⅣ In Memory of John Roderick
出版人：美国科发出版集团公司 Publisher: KF Publishing Company Group, USA 协办：水木时代（北京）图书中心 美洲昆腾媒体 Sponsor: Shui Mu Shi Dai (Beijing) Book Center America Quantum Media, www.quant-media.com E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org Montreal Office & Advertising: 514-362-0981 Chicago Office & Advertising: 347-596-5758 Fax: 1-866-223-9414 (Toll Free in North America) Editor in Chief: Bao Xiaowen (Tel: 514-362-0981) Publisher: Zhang Hui (Tel: 847-403-7171) Associate Editor:Zou Bangting (Tel: 847-403-7171) Executive Art Editor: Jin Yeliang (Tel: 415-315-9231) Printing Manager: Wang Zigui (Tel: 224-436-5755)
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Jul. 3，2009 2009
Photographer Interview: Swanky Hsiao 6 Four Beauties of Ancient China 8
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3，2009 Jun. 3 2009
Editor in Chief: Bao Xiaowen (Tel: 514-362-0981) Publisher: Zhang Hui (Tel: 847-403-7171) Executive Editor: Cheng Wei (Tel: 415-315-9231) Executive Art Editor: Jin Yeliang (Tel: 415-315-9231) Printing Manager: Wang Zigui (Tel: 224-436-5755) Stencil Making Manager: Li Yahui (Tel: 630-312-0371) Ads Manager: Sherry Zeng (Tel: 630-456-5984) Circulation Manager: Li Qiang (Tel: 847-226-8403) Zhang Jing (Tel: 847-797-8066)
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