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009 A Magazine Introducing Chinese & Asian Cultures

,2009 Sep. 4, 4,2009 4

Vêtements tibétains et coiffure des femmes Tibétaines L'ethnie Tibétaine est surtout répartie dans la région autonome du Zizang (Tibet), au Qi n hai, au Ga nsu, au Sichu a n, au Yunnan et dans les provinces voisines. L'e t h n i e Ti b é t a i n e e s t u n e d e s pl u s anciennes de Chine;la culture agricole principale est l'orge des hauts plateaux, mais il ex iste au ssi d'aut res cult u res comme le blé, le colza, les pois etc Le vêtement Tibét ai n est u ne composante du mode de vie culturel de l'ethnie alors que l'ornement personnel est u ne par t impor t ante de la cult u re vestimentaire de l'ethnie Tibétaine. Les ornements corporels qu'ils utilisent sont de deux sortes : des articles d'or ou d'argent ou des gemmes naturels. Pa r m i la cult u re vest i ment ai re Tibétaine, la coiffure est un ornement à

habituellement concentrés sur la partie la

la couleur locale la plus forte, formant

plus basse.

Vêtements Vêtements tibétains et coiffure des femmes Tibétaines 1

un goût esthétique avec la caractéristique

Les femmes mariées du Tibet du Nord

régionale et symbolisant les façons de

partagent leur longs cheveux au milieu,

s'habiller des différentes régions.

les tressent en plusieurs nattes ;depuis la

China today

La plupar t des femmes Tibétaines

ligne de partage du front, elles enfilent du

tressent leurs cheveux en de nombreuses

corail ,des émeraudes ou d'autres gemmes

Buildings in Shanghai World Expo 2010 2

pet ites nat tes et les a ccessoi res sont

sur leurs fines tresses ,elles tressent leurs

habit uellement un gem me nat u rel

cheveux en ar rière en une plus grosse

comme l'ambre, le corail, l'agate etc …

natte puis fixent sur celle-ci des pièces en

Il existe différentes façons de porter ces

argent dont la taille décroit de haut en bas.

Travel Guilin, The Finest Under Heaven Mountains in Southeast Asia

accessoires : certaines fixent l'ornement

Chinese Tradition

directement dans les t resses, d'aut res

They Meet Again on This Day Traditional Chinese Medicine

fixent toutes sortes d'accessoires qu'elles o nt choi si s s u r u n mo r c e a u d e t i s s u

4 8

9 10

Food

proche de la t ei nt e de leu r s cheveu x

Baozi-Chinese Breakfast

,puis attachent celui-ci à leurs tresses ,ce qui est à la fois beau et pratique.

12

Asian culture

Pou r pouvoi r en lever facilement leu r

Traditional Music of Thailand Japanese Manga

poncho de feutre de laine fait main et leur chapeau, les tresses et les ornements sont

1

13 14


Shaihai Oriental Pearl Tower

China's pavilion 中国馆

Buildings in Shanghai World Expo 2010

2


Time:May 1st to October 31st, 2010. Place:In the heart of Shanghai, on both sides of the Huangpu River, in the districts of Pudong and Puxi, Shanghai, China. Shanghai World Expo 2010 will be a grand, festive occasion in the long and glorious tradition of the World Exposition, though we in Shanghai will of course try to outdo Beijing's recent Olympic Games success! The theme of Shanghai World Expo 2010 is "Better City, Better Life", which also reflects Shanghai's own journey over the course of the past 15 years, where the city that one sees today - and which provides its inhabitants with a comprehensive framework for a better, more secure and more creative future - has surpassed the wildest dreams only 15 years ago.

Picture Gallery:Shanghai World Expo 2010 is expected attract the largest number of exhibits and visitors in the history of the World Exposition. Want to see what may attract you? Here we go!

Switzerland Pavilion:This piece of work best shows the characteristics of modern Switzerland: pursuing excellence, innovation and high-quality life.

Aurora Pavilion:Chinese jade culture will be the centerpiece of the Taiwan-based Aurora Group's corporate pavilion in the World Expo 2010, Aurora chairman, Chen Yongtai, said today as the company signed a participation contract with organizers.

Arab Pavilion:It is the combination of Arabian culture and modern city.

North Square in Expo Site: Sight-seeing platform in North Square

Elevated Expo Boulevard:The elevated boulevard connects the Asian Square, African Square, American Square, European Square, and Oceanian Square, where peoples of different skin colors are singing and dancing.

3


Guilin,The Finest Under Heaven The scenery of Guilin has been called the finest under heaven. Situated in the northeast of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Guilin City is South China's shining pearl, with verdant mountains, elegant waters,magnificent crags and fantastic caverns. According to a popular Chinese saying, “Guilin’s scenery bests all others in the world.” Its shapely-rising limestone towers and crystal-clear waters are often portrayed in Chinese artworks. It has a total area of 27,809 sq.km and a population of 4.8 million, thereinto the urban area being 565 sq.km and the population 603,500.

Tourist Attractions in and around Guilin This is the start of your journey in Guilin. Prepare yourself for the charming scenery.

Elephant Trunk Hill The hill is at the confluence of the Lijiang River and Yangjiang River inside the city. This hill is so named because it outlines a vivid image of an elephant sipping water from the river with its trunk. Between the body and the trunk there is a round-shaped space, known as "water moon" arch, which is about 10 metres high and 20 metres deep. The river flows through the arch resembling a "bright-moon". Sailing through the arch, one feels like being u nder a huge arch bridge.

Crescent Hill Located to the east of Guilin, the hill gets its name from a newmoon shaped opening of a cave in the western slope of the hill. The hidden Dragon Cave at the food of the hill has a stretch of water and a food path, Yihong Pavilion", "Xiaoguanghan Temple" and other buildings are located half way up the hill.

Fubo Hill It is located to the east of the city with half of the hill reaching into the Lijiang River. The hill stands in solitary loftiness with a thrusting peak. It seems to restrain the swelling water when the river is raising with violent torrents and waves, hence the name Fudo (restraining waves). On the hilltop there is a Fudo Temple and the Returning Pearl Cave. At the foot of the hill, there are other scenic spots.

4


Seven-Star-Rock Cave

18 meters and width of 93 meters. This ancient scenic

The cave presents a twisted extension of more than

spot dates back to more than 1,000 years ago, It has been

one and a half kilometers. This cave, the biggest and

widely claimed as Art Galley of Nature" because of its

the most fascinating cave of Guilin, offers numerous

dazzling beauty of strange karts formation and marvelous

spectacular views and is big enough to hold ten thousand

scenery.

visitors at a time. Inside the cave, well-developed stalactites and stalagmites form numerous fantastic scenes

Lijiang River

such as `Monkey Picking Peaches`, `Two Lions Fighting

A well-known part of the Guilin River, it flows from

for a Ball`, or in the shapes of fruits, forests and gigantic

the Piled Festoon Hill to "Bilian Peak" in Yangshou,

waterfall.

covering a distance of 83 kilometers. This green ribbonlike river runs zigzag through a multitude of hills against

Reed-Flute Cave

a backdrop of steep peaks, luxuriant flowers and green

The cave is at the Guangming Hill about six

hills along the shores are mirrored in the blue water,

kilometers northwest of Guilin. This huge cave, eroded

giving the visitor a poetic inspiration. In drizzly days,

out of karst formation and with a maximum height of

the peaks embraced by clouds and

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mists and river.


Rock Climbing Outdoor activities

In terms of variety, safety and difficulty, Yangshuo is a

After enjoying those attractions in Guilin, you must feel

Mecca in the eyes of Chinese rock climbers. Dramatic Limestone

excited, but this is just the beginning. Guilin is not only a place for

Mountains facilitate climbers, while providing a graceful and

tourists, but also for those who like sports and adventures.

pleasant backdrop. Middle-finger Peak and Thumb Peak rise from

Kayaking

the earth facing each other, with the arch of Moon Hill in the

Guilin's complex limestone geography is intertwined with

distance. In the caves of the Big Banyan Tree scenic spot, stalactites

innumerous rivers, which provide the ideal natural environment for

protrude in great numbers creating a naturally mystical atmosphere.

kayaking. Some of the kayaking routes will take you on a windy river through thrilling gorges, while others will let your senses enjoy

Biking

some tranquil mirror-like water. Here there are waters to be kayaked

Rent a bike and ride through the Ten-mile Gallery, a narrow road lined on both sides with some of the most charming karst

by all.

scenery. Along the way you can check out the Big Banyan Tree

Golf

Scenic Spot. Bring your f lashlight and explore the mysterious

With its fine weather, superb courses, comprehensive facilities

unknown in the primordial Buddha Cave. Finish your day off with

and enthusiastic staff, Guilin should be your first choice for a golf

a leisurely stroll on your own down West Street, where you can do

tour.

some shopping and enjoy a cup of coffee in a cafe looking onto the street.

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Local Delicacy Glutinous Rice Dumplings

Those activities must exhaust you, and you might need some

The rice dumplings of Guilin are generally smaller than normal

snacks and food to refresh yourself. There are so many local

ones. They are made of top-grade glutinous rice finely ground into a

delicacies in Guilin, and here are just a few of them.

paste, which is later pressed and dried into flour.

Guilin Rice Noodles Guilin Water Glutinous Rice Cake

Guilin rice noodles have long enjoyed fame. The rice noodles

This snack is made by steaming some top-grade glutinous rice

are round, thin and flexible, the soup fresh and fragrant and the meat

and grinding it until the rice melts like lumps of cotton.

very tasty.

Souvenirs

skilled design and perfect

ch a r a c t e r i st ics , a dopt i ng

B efo r e you e n d you r

tech niques according to

techniques of circle carving,

journey and leave Guilin, you

the quality of material, into

hollow carving, etc, to make

can take some crafts home as

s up e r ior h a ndwork s such

various craftworks. Its carving

remembrances. Which is your

as f igures, f lowers, birds,

skills are pleasantly surprised

favorite below?

furnaces, stoves, bottles, and

with artful and novel designs,

so on. Jade sculpture is also

fascinating power.

Jade Sculpture Artists carve them, with

a slap-up souvenir for tourist choosing.

Boxwood comb is finely

C h o p s t i c k s Decorated with Carved Flowers

made with adoption of rare

Clear the g reen and

boxwood as material. Comb

keep yellow quality on the

handicraftsman is good at

bamboo chopsticks and carve

selecting materials, carves

Guilin landscape scenic spots

and applies tech niques in

on the yellow surface, then

accordance with different

color the carved paintings in

materials, making various

green, setting off with yellow

comb patterns. These combs

b a m b o o q u a l it y, a n d t h e

have been ad mired by

chopsticks are finished. These

maharajas and nobles in Ming

chopsticks looks very elegant,

Dynasty.

is an economic, beautiful and

Boxwood Comb

practical handcrafts.

Boxwood Sculpture

Your journey shall end

Guilin boxwood sculpture

here, but there are still a lot

c ol l ig a t e s e ve r y c a r v i n g

of things for you to explore in

techniques home and abroad

Guilin, where you are closest

with the combination of local

to nature.

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Mountains in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a region where mountains and sea dominate the place. Mountain and sea often give people an impression of mysteriousness, and if you are an “admirer” of mountains, these mountains may attract you. first sighted the glaciers on the peak of the mountain on a rare clear day in 1623. The peak was not climbed until 1962, by an expedition led by the Austrian mountaineer Heinrich Harrer with three friends. When Indonesia took control of the province in the 1960s, the peak was renamed “Puntjak Soekarno” or Sukarno Peak, after the first President of Indonesia. Later this was changed to Puncak Jaya (Puncak means peak or mountain and Jaya means “'victory”).

Mount Kinabalu, Malaysia Mount Kinabalu is a prominent mountain in Southeast Asia. It is located in Kinabalu National Park in the east Malaysian state of Sabah, which is on the island of Borneo in the tropics. It is the tallest mountain in the Malay Archipelago. The mountain and its surroundings are among the most important

Hkakabo Razi, Burma Hkakabo Razi is Southeast Asia's highest mountain, located in the

biological sites in the world, with over 600 species of ferns, 326 species

northern Burmese state of Kachin. It lies in an outlying subrange of the

of birds, and 100 mammalian species identified. Among them are the

Greater Himalayan mountain system.

gigantic Rafflesia plants and the orangutan. Mount Kinabalu has been

The peak is enclosed within Hkakabo Razi National Park. The

accorded UNESCO World Heritage status.

park is entirely mountainous and is characterized by broad-leaved

The main peak of the mountain can be climbed easily by a person

evergreen rain forest, a sub-tropical temperate zone from 2,438 to 2,743

with a good physical condition, and requires no mountaineering

meters, then broad-leaved, semi-deciduous forest and finally needle-

equipment. Other peaks along the massif, however, require rock

leaved evergreen, snow forest.

climbing skills.

Hkakabo Razi was established as a national park on November 10, 1998. The park is the last stronghold for biodiversity in Burma.

Mount Apo, Philippines

Extraordinarily rich flora and fauna, ranging from lowland tropical to

Mount Apo is a large solfataric potentially active stratovolcano

alpine species still await proper research and identification. They have

on the island of Mindanao in the Philippines. It is the highest mountain

barely been studied, and the park remains an excellent center for field

in the country and overlooks Davao City-40km northeast, Digos City-

study for students of botany, geology, zoology and geography.

25km southeast, and Kidapawan City-20km west. Its name means "master" or "grandfather". Apo is flat topped, with three peaks, and is capped by a 500 m wide volcanic

Puncak Jaya, Indonesia Puncak Jaya is a mountain in the Sudirman Range, the western

crater containing a small crater lake.

central highlands of Papua province, Indonesia. It is the highest

It is a source of geothermal energy,

mountain in Indonesia, the highest on the island of New Guinea, the

but the date of its most recent eruption

highest on the Australia-New Guinea continent and the highest in

is unknown, and none are verified in

Oceania. It is also the highest point between the Himalayas and the

historical times.

Andes and the highest island peak in the world.

On May 9, 1936, Mount Apo was T he h ig h la nds

declared a national park by President

surrounding the peak

Manuel L. Quezon. The mountain is

were inhabited before

home to over 270 bird species, with

European contact, and

more than a hundred that are endemic.

the peak was known

Mount Apo is one of the most

as Nemangkawi in

popular climbing destinations in the

Amungkal. Puncak

Philippines, and the summit is easy to

Jaya was named

reach. The first recorded climb was on

“Carstensz Pyramid”,

October 10, 1880 by a party led by Don

after Dutch explorer

Joaquin Rajal.

Jan Carstensz who

8


They Meet Again on This Day separated on the

Traditions

t wo ba n k s foreve r. Their loyalty to love

On Qi Xi, a festoon is placed

touched magpies, so

i n t h e y a r d a n d t h e si n g le o r n e wly

t e n s of t hou sa nd s

married women in the household make

of mag pies came

an of fer i ng to Niu Lang and Z h i Nu.

to build a bridge

After finishing the offering, half of the

for the Cowhand

facial powder is thrown on the roof and

a n d We a v e r M a i d

the other half divided among the young

to meet each other.

women. It is believed by doing this the

T he Q ueen Mot he r

women are bou nd in beaut y with Zhi

was eventually

Nu.

moved and allowed

Another tradition is for young girls

t he m t o me e t e a ch

to th row a sewing needle into a bowl

ye a r o n t h e 7t h of

full of water on the night of Qi Xi as a

the 7th lunar month.

test of embroidery skills. If the needle

Hence their meeting

f loat s on top of t he water i nstea d of

date has been called

sinking, it is proves the girl is a skilled

"Qi Xi" (Double Seventh). Aug ust 26th, 2009 is no big day,

embroideress. Un fo r t u n a t ely, fe s t iv it ie s su r rou nd i ng Ch i nese Valent i ne's d ay

devoted to love, k nown as "Qi Xi", or

Vietnamese version: "Ngày mưa Ngâu"

Chinese Valentine's Day. We will share,

In Viet nam, this day is called

Chinese are often unfamiliar with the

o n t h i s s p e c i a l d a y, t h e m o s t we l l -

"Ngày mưa ngâu" (Continual Rain Day).

holid ay, a nd more li kely to celebrate

known Chinese love story passed down

Ng ư u L a n g w a s t h e Ja d e E m p e r o r 's

Valentine's Day on February 14th. Still,

for thousands of years.

buffalo man, and Chức Nữ was

in some cities effor ts are being made

responsible for fabr ic weavi ng. T hey

to br ing back many of the t raditional

Th e l e g e n d o f N i u l a n g and Zhi Nu

were too passionate for each other to

fest ivals - i ncludi ng Qi Qiao Jie - i n

do their work well, so the Jade Emperor

order to attract tourists.

Long ago, there was an honest and

b e ca me a ng r y a nd de cide d t h at t hey

k i nd-hea r ted fellow na med Niu La ng

must live on opposite sides of the Milky

(Cowhand). Being an or phan, he lived

Way. But later t he Jade Emperor felt

by himself herding cattle and farming.

sor r y for them and per mit ted them to

One day, a fair y f rom heaven Zhi Nu

meet each other once a year on the 7th

( Weave r Maid) fell i n love w it h h i m

day of the 7th month of the lunar year.

but for Ch i nese people, t h is is a d ay

and mar r ied him. They lived a happy

However, they are unable to cross

life and gave birth to a boy and a girl.

t h e M i l k y Wa y o n t h e i r ow n . T h u s

Unfortunately, the God of Heaven soon

t he Ja de Emperor ordered crows a nd

fou nd out t he fact a nd ordered t he

Racquet-tailed tree pie to build a bridge

Queen Mother of the Western Heavens

across the Milky Way.

to bring the Weaver Maid back.

Ever y year, when they meet each

Wit h t he help of celest ial cat tle,

ot h e r, t h e love r s c r y a n d c r y. T h e i r

the Cowhand f lew to heaven with his

tears fall down from the sky and make

son and daughter. At the time when he

a s p e c i a l k i n d of r a i n o n t h i s d a y.

was about to catch up w it h h is w ife,

This is why the people call them "ông

the Queen Mother made One billow y

Ngâu" and "bà Ngâu" (Sir and Madame

river appear in f ront of the Cowhand.

Continual Rain).

The Cowhand and Weaver Maid were

9

have fallen off in recent years. Younger


Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has several thousand years of

R e l at i onshi p w i t h Western medicine

history, it resembles the thousand years of

Most Chinese in China do not

experience and results of the Chinese nation

see t raditional Chi nese medici ne and

struggling with various diseases, which is

Western medicine as being in conflict. In

indeclinable as the time passes by. The TCM

cases of emergency and crisis situations,

has different theoretical system as compared

there is generally no reluctance in using

to the western medicine; moreover, it is rich

conventional Western medicine. At the same

of learning values.

time, belief in Chinese medicine remains

The Traditional Chinese Medicine

Although the first recorded history

strong in the area of maintaining health.

of TCM dates back over 2,000 years, it is

Very few practitioners of Western medicine

believed that the origin of TCM goes back

in China reject traditional Chinese medicine,

more than 5,000 years. Apart from the

and most doctors in China will use some

recorded documents, much of what is said

elements of Chinese medicine in their own

about the origins of Chinese medicine is

practice. A deg ree of i nteg r at ion bet wee n

more legend than history.

Chinese and Western medicine also exists in

Basic theory and model of the body Traditional Chinese medicine is largely

the Palpation is so important that Chinese patients may refer to going to the doctor as "Going to have my pulse felt."

China. Modern TCM practitioners will refer patients to Western medical facilities if a

based on the philosophical concept that the

Tr a d it ion a l C h i ne s e me d ici ne i s

medical condition is deemed to have put the

human body is a small universe with a set of

considered to require considerable diagnostic

body too far out of balance for traditional

complete and sophisticated interconnected

skill. A training period of years or decades is

methods to remedy.

systems, and that those systems usually

said to be necessary for TCM practitioners to

work in balance to maintain the healthy

understand the full complexity of symptoms

TCM in Asia

function of the human body. The balance of

and dynamic balances. Modern practitioners

yin and yang is considered with respect to qi

in China often use a traditional system in

Malaysia Among Malaysian medicine shops,

("breath", "life force"), blood, jing ("kidney

combination with Western methods.

about 3,000 of them sell Chinese medicine

essence", including "semen"), other bodily

and most of them are inherited pharmacies.

fluids, the Wu Xing, emotions, and the soul

Although the Malaysian Medical Ministry

or spirit (shen).

has been supportive of the development of

TCM has a unique model of the body,

TCM, the registration for Chinese medicine

notably concerned with the meridian system.

doctor still has not been formed; in other

Unlike the Wester n anatomical model

words, people in Malaysia can practice

which divides the physical body into parts,

medicine without being registered.

the Chinese model is more concerned with function.

Thailand The Thai Government has admitted

Diagnostics

TCM's legal status. Only the doctor who

Followi ng a macro philosophy of

passes a test could get the provisional

disease, traditional Chinese diagnostics

charter. As early as 1987, the government

are based on overall observation of human

passed a proposal for Chinese medicine.

s y m p t o m s r a t he r t h a n "m ic r o" le vel

There are more than 800 Chinese medicine

laboratory tests. There are four types of

stores, most of them having doctors for

TCM diag nostic methods: Inspection,

customers to consult.

Listening and Smelling, Inquiring, and Palpation. The pulse-reading component of

Vietnam

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Since from very early on, Vietnam has allowed Chinese medicine to operate

Qigong faithfully need less medication, less acupuncture and heal faster.

alongside Western medicine. There are

Taiji (T'ai Chi) is one category of

nearly 200 big-scale pharmacies in the

Qigong forms. Taiji consists generally of

country. At present, 16 of China's drug

108 separate movements that are connected

enterprise has obtained license to produce

together into a specific order. The practice

and sell medicine in Vietnam.

triggers health and healing benefits from both the Asian paradigm of energy and

Japan Since the 1980s, along with the quick

the Western paradigm of physiology. The

development of Chinese medicine, the

healing energies is enhanced by the slow,

Japanese Government has given more and

intent, meditative movements of Taiji.

more support and attention to the study of

At the very same time the delivery of

TCM's application and research.

oxygen and nutrition from the blood to the

balance and f low of one's internal self

According to statistics, at present about

tissues is improved. The lymph system's

15,000 Japanese are engaged in Chinese

ability to eliminate metabolic by-products

medici ne, approxi mately 10 0,0 0 0 a re

and transport immune cells is increased.

engaged in acupuncture and massage, and

The biochemical profile of the brain and

nearly 30,000 researchers in the study of

nervous system is shifted toward recovery

TCM.

and healing.

Direction of action: Pungent, salty,

Moreover, Japan has more than 10

Due to the magic functions, Qigong and

and bland foods are thought to have an

Chinese medicine study institutions, with

Taiji enjoy good reputation all over the world

ascending or floating action that redirects chi

the drug departments of 44 public or private

and are attracting more and more people.

upward, while sour, bitter, and sweet foods are thought to have a descending or sinking

medical colleges having established herb branch.

Qigong and Taiji

Chinese System of Food Cures The Chinese system of food cures

action that moves the chi downward. The organ or meridian affected by the food.

Qigong is one of the four pillars of

regards dietary regulation as preventive

For Westerners who are interested in

traditional Chinese medicine: Acupuncture,

medicine as well as a corrective measure to

Chinese food therapy the most important

Massage, Herbal Medicines and Qigong.

be undertaken once someone falls ill. Diet

precaution is to consult an experienced

Of these, Qigong is the one that can be

is one of four major treatment modalities

practitioner of Chinese medicine. The

most easily self initiated. Both massage

in traditional Chinese medicine, the other

system is complex and based on principles

and herbal remedies can also be done as

th ree being acupunct ure/moxibustion,

that differ from Western systems of thought.

self care, however, Qigong is the mother

herbal medicine, and massage, plus remedial

These factors make self-evaluation quite

of Chinese self healing. Patients who use

physical exercise.

difficult.

The benefits of traditional Chinese dietary treatment are many years of vigorous good health. According to the Nei Jing, China's oldest medical classic, the metaphor is that human beings are constituted to live for a hundred years, barring accidents or violence. Diet and good digestion are considered the most important ways to maintain physical strength and vitality. Chinese medicine classifies foods according to four sets of categories: Temperature: Foods are classified as cold or cool (yin); or warm or hot (yang). Taste: There are five tastes correlated with the Five Elements: sour (wood); bitter (fire); sweet (earth); pungent (metal); and salty (water).

11


Baozi Do you know what most Chinese eat at breakfast? If not, read this. You will love Chinese breakfast! Types of Baozi Charsiu bau (叉烧包) filled with barbecue-flavoured char siu pork

If you've ever been in any Chinatown anywhere in the world, your curiosity might have been piqued by the sight of snowy white buns being kept warm in steamers. Baozi, or steamed bun, is one of the staples of Chinese cuisine, served by street vendors and enjoyed anytime of day. It is a popular breakfast dish in China. Baozi can come in a range of flavors, and they are easy to make at home. Thanks to the diversity of fillings and sauces which can be used with baozi, it is usually possible to make something to everyone's taste, and this dish can be a big hit at potlucks and dinner parties.

How to make baozi It is easier to make baozi than other Chinese cuisine. There are two steps to making baozi: creating the dough, and making the filling. Depending on the filling, baozi may be savory, or sweet, and they can be dressed with different sauce. Then you need to set out the package, and steam baozi for 10-20 minutes. The finished steamed buns can be served immediately, refrigerated for a few days, or frozen, depending on your needs; to reheat, just steam the baozi again.

Origin It is said that the history of baozi dates back to the Three Kingdoms period (220-280). Zhuge Liang (181-234), a military strategist of the time, was on an expedition to far South China when his army caught a plague. The incarnation of wisdom in Chinese history, he invented this foodstuff shaped as a human head and made of flour and pork and beef to offer as a sacrifice and then as food to cure the soldiers' plague.

Go Believe/Goubuli baozi (狗不理 包子) t h e m o s t d ef i n it ive a m o n g a l l varieties; a meat-filled baozi variety from Tianjin; its name literally means, "Baozi that dogs ignore" Xiaolongbao (小笼包) a small, meat-f illed baozi f rom Sha ng hai cont ai n i ng a ju icy brot h. Because it is succulent and prepared with unleavened dough, it is sometimes considered different f rom other bao types, and more closely resembles a jiaozi (dumpling) Shengjian mantou (生煎馒头) a small, meat-filled, fried baozi from Shanghai Tang bao(汤包) a la rge, soup -f illed baoz i f rom Yangzhou drunk through a straw Doushabao(豆沙包) a type of baozi filled with sweet bean paste

12


Tr a d i t i o n a l M u si c o f Thailand supporting instruments complement the main

the region, Laotian. The lyrics might include

melody. They combine to produce a full, rich

anything from epic tales and stories to

polyphonic texture, sometimes accompanied

courtship jousts or local news. Unlike many

by singers and dancers.

folk forms around the world, mo lam has actually risen to challenge the popularity of

Folk Music

Thai pop music in the area.

Like the bountiful harvests from the plains of central Thailand, numerous folk music styles burst from every corner of the

Thailand Today

Popular music r ules contemporar y Thailand and threatens to bury folk and classical music during the last century. Thanks to strong government support for the arts, as

In a country where the most revered

well as continued dedication of private groups,

ritual in classical music pays homage to music

ensembles, and individual musicians, folk and

teachers, it comes as no surprise that music

classical music still has a niche in the music

is a fundamental part of culture and society

culture of Thailand.

in Thailand. Music is an important part of

While Western-style popular music

children's education in Thailand, and many

pervades Thailand, some indigenous pop

Thai people can play one or two traditional

styles based on traditional music are wildly

Thai instruments. Folk and classical music

popular. The sounds of luk thung can be heard

form the foundation of traditional music

everywhere in Thailand. Luk thung concerts

culture in Thailand, and although partially

are spectacles in every sense of the word-

eclipsed by popular music of late, they still play

huge stage productions with elaborate lighting,

an important role more broadly in Thai culture.

costumes, dancers, and a large backing orchestra. Like country music in the United

Classical Traditions

States, lyrics in luk thung are about everyday

Cla ssical mu sic is a n i mpor t a nt ,

events and things that relate to all individuals.

influential art form for many Thais, which has existed in its present form in Thailand since at least the 1300s. There are three main styles of classical music in Thailand: pi-phat, khruang

country. Music styles rarely remain the same

sai, and mahori. These styles make use of

through time, and in Thailand there has been

four different instrument groups: woodwinds,

historical interplay between folk and classical

strings, melodic percussion, and rhythmic

styles. Many folk styles use similar instruments

percussion.

to those found in Thai classical music.

Pi-phat is the most well-known style to

In the northeast, folk music shows the

non-Thais. Pi-phat is audibly recognizable by

influence of Thailand's neighbors. The khaen

the pinai, a shrill quadruple reed oboe-like

(also played in Laos) is a wind instrument

instrument. Other instruments include the

made from a group of 8 to 16 bamboo pipes.

ranat (a curved, boat-shaped xylophone) and a

Each bamboo pipe has a free reed inside much

circle of small kettle gongs called the khlong

like a harmonica.

wong yai which usually plays the main melody.

The khaen accompanies a hugely popular

Like many other Southeast Asian

folk music called mo lam. With syncopated

traditions, the rhythm is based on recurring

percussion parts under the continuous thick

rhythmic cycles of beats. The main melody

chords of the khaen, a mo lam singer delivers

is usually played by one instrument, and the

fast-paced lyrics in the native language of

13


Japanese Manga In Japan, people of all ages read In the Japanese language, Manga

manga. The genre includes a broad range of

consist of comics and print cartoons

subjects: action-adventure, romance, sports

and conforming to the style developed

and games, historical drama, comedy,

in Japan in the late 20th century. In

science fiction and fantasy, mystery, horror,

their modern form, manga date from

sexuality, and business and commerce, and

shortly after World War II, but they

others.

have a long, complex pre-history in

Manga are typically printed in black-

earlier Japanese art.

and-white, although some full-color manga

The first examples of what might

exist (e.g. Colorful). In Japan, manga are

be called "ma nga", were pict u re

usually serialized in telephone book-size

scrolls created during the 6th and

manga magazines, often containing many

7th centuries by Buddhist monks.

stories, each presented in a single episode

Around the 17th to mid-19th century,

to be continued in the next issue. If the

illustrations were printed on ukiyo-e

series is successful, collected chapters may

prints (woodblocks), and they sold

be republished in paperback books called

like hot cakes. Then there were also

tankōbon. A manga artist typically works

kibyoshi, or “yellow covers”, booklets

with a few assistants in a small studio and

that combine texts with pictures, which resembled modern-day

is associated with a creative editor from a commercial publishing

manga. It is important to note that they were all geared toward

company. If a manga series is popular enough, it may be animated

adults.

after or even during its run, although sometimes manga are drawn

The term manga came into use in the 19th century. In 1815,

centering on previously existing live-action or animated films (e.g.

Hokusai (1760-1849), a well-known woodblock artist, used manga

Star Wars).

to describe his works. His new term for his artwork was made of the

“Manga”, as a term used outside Japan refers specifically to

words “man”, meaning "in spite of oneself, “lax” or “whimsical”,

comics originally published in Japan. However, manga and manga-

and “ga”, meaning "picture."

influenced comics, among original works, exist in other parts of the

Near the end of 19th century, comic strips began to appear in

world, particularly in South Korea, and China, notably Hong Kong.

newspapers. They soon became extremely popular, and the Japanese

In France, "la nouvelle manga" has developed as a form of bande

comic artists flourished. Of course, the government began censoring

dessinée drawn in styles influenced by Japanese manga. In the U.S.,

these types of comics, especially during WWII, when most of them

people refer to manga-like comics as Amerimanga, world manga, or

became war propaganda.

original English-language manga (OEL manga).

Famous Manga Artists Rumiko Takahashi

Rumiko Takahashi ( 高 橋 留 美 子 , born October 10, 1957 ) is one of the wealthiest individuals, and the most affluent mangaka in Japan. The manga she creates (and its anime adaptations) are very popular in the United States and Europe where they have been released as both manga and anime in English translation. Her works are relatively famous worldwide, and many of her series were some of the forerunners of early English language manga to be released in the 1990s. Takahashi is also the best selling female comics’ artist in history; over 170 million copies of her various works have been sold. She has twice won the Shogakukan Manga Award: once in 1981 for Urusei Yatsura, and again in 2002 for InuYasha.

14


Akira Toriyama

Akira Toriyama ( 鳥山 明 , born on April 5,

Hayao Miyazaki

Hayao Miyazaki ( 宮崎 駿 , born January 5, 1941 in Tokyo, Japan) is a prominent

1955, in Kiyosu, Aichi, Japan) is a widely known filmmaker of many popular animated feature films. He is also a co-founder of Studio and acclaimed Japanese manga artist known Ghibli, an animation studio and production company. mostly for his creation of Dragon Ball in 1984. It

He remained largely unknown to the West, outside of animation communities,

is difficult to pin point the source of Toriyama's until Miramax released his 1997 Princess Mononoke, which was the first animated film artwork inspiration. He admires Osamu Tezuka's to win Picture of the Year at the Japanese Academy Awards. By that time, his films had Astro Boy and was impressed by Walt Disney's already enjoyed both commercial and critical success in Japan and abroad. One Hundred and One Dalmatians, which he

Miyazaki's films have generally been financially successful, and this success has

remembers for the great art. Jackie Chan's early invited comparisons with American animator Walt Disney. In 2006, Time Magazine movies had a noticeable influence on Toriyama's voted Miyazaki one of the most influential Asians of the past 60 years. The previous stories.

Recommended Manga

year, in 2005, he was named one of the Time 100 Most Influential People. Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind is a post-apocalyptic

Urusei Yatsura Urusei Yatsura is a manga

manga written and illustrated by acclaimed anime director series by Rumiko Takahashi that

Hayao Miyazaki. It was serialized intermittently from 1982 to was published in the Weekly Dragon Ball Dragon Ball is a Japanese 1994 in Japan. Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind is published Shōnen Sunday from 1978 to manga series written and illustrated by Viz Media. It tells the story of Nausicaä, a princess of small 1987. It was adapted into a TV by Akira Toriyama. It was originally kingdom that is pulled into a war between mighty empires as a anime series which aired on Fuji serialized in Weekly Shōnen Jump looming environmental apocalypse threatens the very survival of Television affiliates from 1981 from 1984 through 1995, and later humankind. On her journey she seeks to find peaceful coexistence to 1986, lasting 195 episodes. T h e s h ow i s a l s o k n ow n a s the 519 individual chapters were between the nations of men, as well as between man and nature. published into 42 tankōbon volumes

Lum/Lamu, the Invader Girl,

by Shueisha. Inspired by the Chinese

and, Those Obnoxious Aliens.

folk novel Journey to the West, it

T h e E n g l i s h t r a n s l a t i o n of

follows the adventures of Son Goku

the manga, published by Viz

from his childhood through middle

Com mu nications, was shor t-

age as he trains in martial arts and

lived, and was divided into two

explores the world in search of the

series titled Lum and The Return

seven mystical objects known as the

of Lum, named after the female

Dragon Balls, which can summon

protagonist. The manga received

a wish-granting dragon. Along his

the Shogakukan Manga Award in

trip, Goku meets several friends and

1981. The series is considered an

fights against several villains who

excellent source for references to

also seek the Dragon Balls.

Japanese culture and mythology.

15


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www.chinatimesmag.com 出版人:美国科发出版集团公司 Publisher: KF Publishing Company Group, USA 协办:水木时代(北京)图书中心 美洲昆腾媒体 Sponsor: Shui Mu Shi Dai (Beijing) Book Center America Quantum Media E-mail: chinatimesmag@kfbook.com Tel: 415-315-9231

Snapshot 1.A giant panda eats watermelons at the Jinan Zoo in Jinan, capital city of east

w w w. s i n a t i m e s . c o m

China starts 3rd dig-up of terracotta warrior 1,000 of which were found in previous Chinese archaeologists started a

excavations. The State Administration

new excavation of the famous terracotta

of Cultural Heritage has approved a

army site on June 13th, hoping to find

five-year excavation plan submitted by

more clay figures and unravel some of

the Qinshihuang Terracotta Warriors

the mysteries left behind by the "First

shuttlecock with kids wheh he visits

were left behind. )(Photo: CFP/ Yan Peng)

a primary school in which 90% of the

5.A dance troupe perform Tujia ethnic dance

students are the kids of migrant workers and

Sina Times

006

P1-P8

during the 2nd International Festival of the

China's Shandong Province, June 1, 2009,

celebrates the International Children's Day.

Intangible Cultural Heritage in Chengdu,

as a heat wave reaching 35 degrees Celsius

4.Seven former soldiers of the Chinese

southwest China's Sichuan province on June

Archaeologists hoped they might find a clay figure that appeared to be

pits at the site near Xi'an, capital of

"in command" of the huge underground

northwestern Shaanxi Province -- since

army. They are also hoping to ascertain

1974 when the terracotta army was

the success of decades of preservation

discovered by peasants digging a well.

ef for t s to kee p t he u nd iscove red

The most important discovery on

hits the city. (Xinhua)

expeditionary force in Burma (now

1, 2009. The 13-day festival has attracted

the first day is two four-horse chariots

2.Kuomintang Chairman Wu Poh-hsiung

Myanmar) during World War II attend a

representatives from more than 40 countries

that are standing in tandem very closely

(R) receives a certificate of honorary

press conference on Monday, June 1st in

and regions.(Xinhua)

doctorate degree from Chen Jun, president

Kunming. This is their first home visit since

6.China's players gesture after the friendship

of Nanjing University, in Nanjing, capital

1942. (Sixty-seven years ago, over 100,000

soccer match between the national teams

of east China's Jiangsu Province, May 31,

Chinese soldiers were sent to Burma to fight

of China and Iran in Qinhuangdao, a city in

2009. (Xinhua)

against Japanese Aggression. About 61,000

north China's Hebei Province, June 1, 2009.

3. On May 31, President Hu Jingtao kicks

of the expeditionary force died and a few

China won 1-0. (Xinhua/Yang Shiyao)

and Horses Museum.

Emperor." It was the third excavation in the pit -- the first and largest of three

terracotta figures intact and retain their original colors. The army was one of the greatest

which is the first time find such an

archeological finds of modern times. It

existence in the excavation history. In

was discovered in Lintong county, 35

addition, another important discovery

km east of Xi'an, in 1974 by peasants

wa s t h at a few newly- u ne a r t he d

who were digging a well. The first

terracotta warriors were richly colored.

formal excavation of the site lasted

Archaeologists soon used plastic sheets

for six years from 1978 to 1984 and

to cover them for protection.

produced 1,087 clay figures. A second

T he 230 by 62-meter pit was believed to contain about 6,000 life-

excavation, in 1985, lasted a year and was cut short for technical reasons.

sized terracotta figures, more than

005

China starts 3rd dig-up of terracotta 1 warrior Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum: To Dig or Not? 2 The First Emperor of China-Qin Shi Huang 3 Movie Related to the First Emperor and His Mausoleum 4 To Be a Real Terra Cotta Warrior 5

People

Chinese Idiom-Chengyu

9

How to Make Fried Rice -The Easiest Easy Chinese Recipe Panacea-Chinese Green Tea

For authentic Chinese food lovers the only place to go is Chinatown! Stroll along the main thoroughfare de la Gauchetiere and experience first hand the hustle and bustle of a vibrant culture. Street merchants selling everything from tasty treats

12

to caricatures will entertain you. You will find great gift ideas including beautiful kimonos, lingerie, crafts and china. No trip to Chinatown is

Arts The Finest of Cuts Jade In China

They settled mainly on de la Gauchetiere and lower St. Laurent settlement has transformed from residential to commercial.

10 11

Jokes Four Chinese Jokes

Chinatown has its origins as early as 1860 when Chinese immigrants came to Montreal in search of work and prosperity. Blvd. Today Chinatown is a vibrant community and the original

Food

13 13

complete without sampling some of the local cuisine, the best that Chinatown has to offer will find you at Restaurant Hong Kong, Le Jardin

Discovery

du Nord and Ming Yeng, serving up

China's Top 10 Archaeological Discoveries in 2008 14

Chinese specialties for visitors and

Travel

of dishes such as Won Ton soups,

Go to Xi'an

15

locals alike. Choose from a variety dumplings, Peking Duck, Crispy Chicken, General Tao, Sea Bass and

CONTENTS Culture Loong: Chinese Dragon Chinese Festivals

Ⅱ Ⅳ

Leisure Learn to Play Chinese Mah-Jong Xiang Qi-Chinese Chess

Ⅴ Ⅵ

Food About Chinese Food & Cooking

Travel Hainan Island —— The Hawaii of China

People Tragic Lives of the Chinese Ancient BeaⅫ uties ⅩⅣ In Memory of John Roderick

Lobster dishes.

I

I

出版人:美国科发出版集团公司 Publisher: KF Publishing Company Group, USA 协办:水木时代(北京)图书中心 美洲昆腾媒体 Sponsor: Shui Mu Shi Dai (Beijing) Book Center America Quantum Media, www.quant-media.com E-mail:editor@sinatimes.com Montreal Office & Advertising: 514-362-0981 Chicago Office & Advertising: 347-596-5758 Fax: 1-866-223-9414 (Toll Free in North America) Editor in Chief: Bao Xiaowen (Tel: 514-362-0981) Publisher: Zhang Hui (Tel: 847-403-7171) Associate Editor:Zou Bangting (Tel: 847-403-7171) Executive Art Editor: Jin Yeliang (Tel: 415-315-9231) Printing Manager: Wang Zigui (Tel: 224-436-5755)

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Jul. 3,2009 2009

Montreal Chinatown

CONTENTS

Photographer Interview: Swanky Hsiao 6 Four Beauties of Ancient China 8

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16


Sina Times 009 Issue Sept. 2009