MAKING IS CONNECTING A Community Workshop as Social Condenser
MA K E
MEET MAKE SHARE
SIMON KRAPF BA Interior Design Kingston University London May 2014
RESEARCH & ANALYSIS 02
Site IDEA & CONCEPT
Program DESIGN DEVELOPMENT
Stage 3 FINAL DESIGN
HARROW HARINGEY WALTHAM FOREST ISL GT
ON GT IN SEA N S EL ITH KE C H SM & ER AM MM LH HA & FU
CITY O F WESTMINSTER
RICHMOND UPON THAMES
KINGSTON UPON THAMES
BARKING & DAGENHAM
39 Wells Way | Burgess Park & Surrounding
RISE OF MAKER MOVEMENT
INCREASE OF POPULATION
RISE IN UNEMPLOYMENT
“MAKING PRODUCTS GLOBALLY WILL BECOME UNATTRACTIVE”... ”LOCALISED PRODUCTION, MORE WILL BE MADE AT HOME”... RSA | Making at home, owning abroad
“RISE OF THE MAKER MOVEMENT” “OFFSHORE PRODUCTION IS MOVING BACK TO WESTERN COUNTRIES” “THINK GLOBALLY, ACT LOCALLY” THE ECONOMIST | 2012
„RE-BALANCING THE BRITISH ECONOMY TOWARDS MAKING MUST BE OUR FUTURE AIM“
GLA´s EXPECTATION FOR LARGE PROPORTIONAL INCREASE OF AGE GROUP 20-29
3rd INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
DECREASE IN UNIVERSITY FUNDING
GEORGE OSBORNE | 2010
Census data retrieved from Southwark Council
Area Map 1870s
Area Map 1910s
Photographs Library & Public Bath in 1972
Area Map 1950s
Public Library Camberwell 39 Wells Way | Burgess Park Donated to the community in 1903 by Passmore Edwards Passmore Edwards 1823-1911 Journalist, Philanthropist, Newspaper Owner, MP
Area Map 1960s
Area Map 1970s
HISTORIC SITE CONTEXT
In just 14 years over 70 major buildings were established as a direct result of bequests from John Passmore Edwards as well as many other gifts and donations to further their good work. Hospitals, Libraries, Schools, Convalescent Homes and Art galleries were provided, many of which continue to serve the community to which they were given.
OLD LIBRARY & BATH | 39 WELLS WAY Built in 1902 as public library and public bath house by architect Maurice B Adams and borough engineer William Oxotoby. Free standing location within Burgess Park; Grade II listed Victorian style building. The old library and basement of the bath house are vacant since 5 years, The ground floor is currently used by Lynn Boxing Club and the first floor by a faith foundation. D1 classification (former B1)
Site Plan 1:500
Photographs | 2013
LOCATION + SITE
FIRST FLOOR GROUND FLOOR BASEMENT
Volumetric Diagram Exterior
A| Interior Photographs Library
B| Interior Photographs Boxing Club
C| Interior Photographs Basement
South Elevation Ground Floor
not to scale
not to scale
CONCEPT The importance of making and its public perception is currently rising. In the past years, people became more and more detached from the process of making and the understanding of how and where products are made. During the previous years, the digital revolution has had a strong influence on craft and making in general. It offers ordinary people the chance to create their own projects and products in “shared physical and online spaces”. Self-production (DIY) and open-source design will give making and craft a new and important value. This so called “Third Industrial Revolution” will strongly influence the future of craftsmanship and the way how goods are made. But despite the influence of digital technology, craft and traditional skills of making will continue to form the base of understanding how things are made. “Making is Connecting” Encouraging creativity within a community and offering the opportunity to people to engage with the world and to create new connections through making things. What we can see today is a paradigm shift away from consumption and where Sustainability and Sharing are emerging trends. Making can connect, it can unite, it can evoke unexpected relationships between different generations and cultures. A handson-experience, local fabrication and the understanding how and where things are made have a positive influence on our society in social, economic and environmental terms.
MAKE is a shared space for the ´Maker´-community of Peckham, Camberwell, Kennington and Elephant & Castle. Workshops for wood, metal, textiles, pottery and digital manufacturing as well as a community kitchen offers a membership program to preserve, develop and share the skill of making.
The mix of ethnic groups is the potential for the program and a pool of knowledge.
A public Material Library and a café is open for everyone to evoke interest for the process of making. Functions Rooms can be rented by the community for private gatherings and events.
- Different cultures - Young people - Elderly people - Makers - Craftsmen - Tinker ... WHY? To preserve and share knowledge of craft of different cultures To offer a space where people can built up unexpected relations
Membership program for the workshopspace open to the whole community
To offer deprived people the possibility to create or repair their own products
Shared workspace for universities and schools in the area
To give people a better understanding how things are made
Company membership for prototype and small-scale production
To value the importance of making for our future
“ M A K I N G I S CO N N E C T I N G ” CONCEPT
M.A.K.E. | a shared Maker Space for universities, companies and the local community
ITÂ´S TIME FOR
MEET COLLABORATE SHARE
WOOD WORKSHOP METAL WORKSHOP POTTERY DIGITAL MANUFACTURING TEXTILES WORKSHOP COMMUNAL KITCHEN
Tell me and I forget. Show me and I remember. Let me do and I understand. YASSI 29y Unemployed Arabic origin Skillfull artisan
Curious to learn new skills
Takes on small comissions to earn some money
Wants to make a product for his home
GERARD 52y Lost his job
JONNY 63y Retired Carpenter Widower
ABEBE 43 Works part-time Social & likes cooking
Wants to spend time with other people and likes the workshop
Needs help for repairing; Shows some Ethiopian recipe in return
MARGUERITE 82y Retired
Needs help to repair her furniture
Shares his knowledge
A place to meet, to create, to share, to learn, to invent...a place of knowledge! KNOWLEDGE AS SHARED COMMUNITY VALUE
State-of-the-art workshops provided for universities as shared facilities Annual university membership - Space & cost saving for universities - Up to date machinery - Concentrated expertise of Maker Space
“Social Change through Making”
Patronage of Terence Conran
philosophy believes that “good design must be available for the whole community, not just for a few”. Annual company membership Workshop takes on commisions of local companies and brands to create a real “Made in Britian” value.
Social enterprise run by a committee of the community. Everybody of the local community can become a member
Make your own products Repair your products Commisioned work Small communal membership
Learn new skills & share your knowledge
- Local manufacturing -Flexibility for customers -Economic value stays in the area
Elephant & Castle
MEET COLLABORATE SHARE
OBJECTIVES Operating Costs Support of:
Social change through Making:
Patronage Company Memberships University Memberships Community Memberships
Ethical and environmental sustainability Prevention of skills & knowledge loss
Sponsoring & Materials of local companies
Future trend of Making SHARING SKILLS & KNOWLEDGE
The Institute of Making at UCL London (former Materials Library at Kings College)
Only available for students and staff of UCL Annual membership Focused on experimentation with new material technologies
Makerversity To be set up at Sommerset house in summer 2014 Factory on Thames Desk space and studios rented out to artists/makers as work and makingspace
This project involved the unification of the the late Victorian architecture of the Passmore Edwards Library (1892) with the purpose built Whitechapel Gallery (1901) in Art Noveau style. The original Gallery has been designed by Charles Harrison Townsend. Both buildings dating from the late nineteenth-century period and they always had an influential value for East London. The current gallery remains its strong emphasis on education and community engagement and it continues the original ideals of both buildings.
The Maker Library Network Maker Libraries is a British Council project commissioned as part of Connect ZA, a programme starting in 2014 which aims to create connections between young creatives and audiences in the UK and South Africa. The Maker Library Network at the Open Government Partnership Annual Summit (OGP) is a learning experiment that brings together ThingKing in Cape Town and Makerversity in London
Forget “Do It Yourself”: Fab Labs are about Do It Together. Fab labs are a global network of local labs, enabling invention by providing access to tools for digital fabrication. Fab labs share an evolving inventory of core capabilities to make (almost) anything, allowing people and projects to be shared.
PRECEDENTS|PROGRAM + BUILDING
Both buildings are built in the Victorian era, however, their appearance on the façade is very different. The original Whitechapel Gallery has a brickwork construction system and the front is cladded with plain Terracotta slates (Art Nouveau style). The former Passmore Edwards library (Victorian style) has a standard-size red brick façade with decoration elements around windows and doors in sandstone.
The late nineteenth-century building has a masonry construction system. The main structural elements are load bearing walls in block work and brickwork which form the existing structure. Iron columns support the load of the ceilings. Timber joists ceilings have been partly reinforced with steel joists, where the imposed load has changed with the new use. The floor of Gallery 7 on level 1 is held by four wrought-iron columns in Gallery 2 underneath. The ceiling of Gallery 2 consists of a cross structure of steel joists between columns and timber joists (east-west directions) between the room.
PUBLIC ZONE MORE OPEN SEMI-PUBLIC ZONE MORE CLOSED VISUAL CONNECTION
Initially the ground floor has been divided into a public and a semi-public zone with an opening to the side of the park and a visual connection from the street to the park through the building.
In respect of the Grade II listing, the first proposal only had minor interventions into the existing building fabric, keeping the main light-well and the main internal walls. An additional access has been created at the back of the building to frame a more welcoming access from the park.
Due to the history of the site, the adjacent residential houses at the back-wall of the building have been demolished and left a building facade which does not belong the Victorian style of the building. This back-wall is the main area for possible interventions.
Zoning concept with circulation for the ground floor and access routes.
All workshop areas are placed in the basement due noise and dust requirements. Break-through at the back of the building to create access for deliveries to the workshops and a fire escape route.
New access at the back of the building with a modern facade paneling as reference to the former residential houses and to contrast the existing Victorian architecture.
DESIGN DEVELOPMENT|STAGE 1
For an architectural more interesting solution, the non-Victorian part of the building has been demolished to create a major intervention facing the park and new building strategy.
The demolished part is replaced by a new and smaller building volume, creating a courtyard and additional excavation of the ground for a outdoor connection of the basement to develop the workshops as a stage of performance visible from the park.
To simplify the circulation and creating a more flexible interior layout, all circulation has been moved to an outdoor stair and lift tower in the courtyard of the building.
The concept of a straight connection between the street and the park is enhanced. The new building volume is veered 13째 to the left to lead in a direct way from the bus stop outside the building through the interior and reaching the lake at the east side of the park.
The new volume is floating above the basement workshops. The work in the basement is visible to spectators from the park, inviting people to get interested in the process of making. Making is no longer happening just in other countries and hidden to the consumer, it reached the center of our society.
Main access from the park and courtyard to the basement. Wheelchair access is provided with the new circulation tower.
DESIGN DEVELOPMENT|STAGE 2
Circulation Tower Volume removed
Exploration of Architectural Intervention
Intervention Concept 1
Intervention Concept 2
DESIGN DEVELOPMENT|CONCEPT MODEL
CASTELLO DI RIVOLI | TORINO
The Castello di Rivoli is a former residence of the Royal House of Savoy. Andrea Bruno’s aim was to re-establish the building to its early 18th century form, when architect Filippo Juvarra’s project was interrupted. The truncated structures of the entrance hall and the flights of the great stairway ending in empty space have been kept exactly the way they used to be to maintain their authenticity. This goes as well for the wall of the uncompleted main body of the castle where one can see where the arches and vaults were to have been placed. The use of modern materials and techniques was allowed to stress the differences between the old and new structures. The stairway, marking out the various levels and suspended in mid-air, the walkway that crosses through the 18th century vault and the observation point made of steel and glass that juts out of the rough wall, all underscore the separation of the contemporary from the antique. It is currently home to the Museo di Arte Contemporanea.
DOCUMENTATION CENTRE | NÜREMBERG
A new centre of documentation shall be inserted into the existing spaces in the north wing of the Congress Hall at the Nazi-Party Rally Grounds. The attitude of the design is breaking through the monumental existing structure. A “spear” of glass and steel bores through the voluminous brickwalls and breaks the axiality, creates spatial insights with the necessary distance to strange dimensions. The built-in units are light and are suspended in a deconstructivistic way in the irksome surroundings and use them as scenery.
DESIGN DEVELOPMENT|BUILDING PRECEDENTS
The new intervention requires a careful design to merge together with the existing architecture or to contrast it. The preliminary design was modern to contrast the surroundings.
To picture the proposed program of the building to its outside, the concept was to use different building techniques and materials for single elements. The materials used in the workshop - wood, metal, textiles, clay - should be visible from outside in the architecture.
The idea of mixing several materials together made the building very overloaded and the new elements competing with the rich decoration of the existing structure. Therefore, the back-wall will remain and the new intervention breaks through only at certain points.
The circulation tower will be located within the existing boundary of the building, but pop out of the wall at the landings to create a lookout to the park and lake at the end of the path continued through the cut of the building.
Two elements of the new intervention break through the existing wall, the circulation tower and the workshop faced/terrace. Access to the basement happens via the courtyard walking underneath the remaining back-wall. The extended courtyard can be used as outdoor workshop during the summer for public events.
Views of access to the building via internal street.
DESIGN DEVELOPMENT|STAGE 3
DAS HAUS | LOUISE CAMPBELL `Das Haus` was an exhibition project for the IMM Cologne in 2014. The construction is made from a framework of two timber-framed, prototypical homes that are positioned so that one sits half inside of the other – off-center, as if it has been pushed into the other that extends outwards. A major highlight is a wall that features 573 tools that visually establishes the ‘kitchen’ and ‘workshop’. Equipped with a large table for the various activities that would be conducted here: hammering, mixing, painting, sawing, sewing and stirring; and while technology is noted only because of its absence, the house is well furnished with all of the instruments required for conceiving various types of handicrafts.
SHELTER OF NOSTALGIA | WORAPONG MANUPIPATPONG The wooden structure is attached to an existing column. These tree-house like cabins were built for an exhibition at the Bangkok Art and Culture Center (BACC). The three wooden playhouses overlap one another as they stack up around the column and ladders connect each floor to the one above.
VITRA HAUS | HERZOG & DE MEURON The VitraHaus is a direct, architectural rendition of the ‘ur-type’ of house, Its stacked volumes form different section of the exhibition/shop. Intersections between the houses form a `house in a house`.
DESIGN DEVELOPMENT|PRECEDENTS DESIGN
Connection from Street to Park
Demolition of existing Volume
Existing Back-wall remains MIDDAY
EVE NIN G
Clear-out of Walkway through Building
FINAL DESIGN|BUILDING STRATEGY
Adding of new Volume & Circulation
MO RN IN
Proposed Building Structure + Sun path
Cut through Building
Ground Floor Basement
FINAL DESIGN|SPATIAL CONFIGURATION
Cut through Building
FINAL DESIGN|EAST ELEVATION
1. Makers Library 2. Teaching & Learning 3. Internal Street 4. Infopoint & Reception 5. Exhibition Cabinet 6. Toilets 7. Public Café 8. Terrace 9. Community Kitchen 10. Digital Manufacturing 11. Elevator & Loading
The ground floor serves as public space, accessible for everyone. Each building side has a distinct access. The internal street connects the street with the park directly, encouraging people to take the shortcut through the building. The spatial layout is arranged in a way to allow people to get a glance of the activities happening in the building. New access is provided at the south side of the building, allowing barrier-free access for wheelchairs as well as loading point for materials. Material racks from bottom to top for the workshop enhance the perception of `making in progress`. The rear facade receives a new and welcoming access through the internal street, inviting people to come directly to the public café. The café is also used as communal kitchen for cooking and baking classes.
FINAL DESIGN|GROUND FLOOR PLAN
FINAL DESIGN|SECTION A-A
1. Textiles Workshop 2- Stair Tower 3. Open Courtyard 4. Cloakroom 5. Toilets 6. Technician 7. Wood Workshop 8. Rest Room
9. Wood Workshop 10. Lacquer Room 11. Elevator & Loading 12. Material Store
13. Metal Workshop 14. Pottery 15. Courtyard 16. Seating Area
1 9 7
The basement floor is the working area used mainly by members of the Makers Club as well as by students from schools and universities. The excavation and extension of the building boundary into the park allows daylight into the basement and creates a courtyard for public outdoor workshops during the summer. Sitting elements around the courtyard allow people to look into the workshops, turning the process of making into a performance.
FINAL DESIGN|BASEMENT FLOOR PLAN
FINAL DESIGN|SECTION B-B
1. Stair Tower 2. Function Room 3. Roof Terrace 4 Function Room 5. Roof Garden Elements 6. Kitchenette 7. Toilets
5 1 3
6 4 7
The first floor is a semi-private area, offering function rooms for the community to rent for different occasions such as birthdays, weddings, presentations, etc. The outside terrace with plant pots can be used as communal garden for the members of the Makers Club. The function rooms for the community are intended to bring people to building which normally would not be attracted by its program. In this way, they can become interested for craft and making and possibly join the Makers Club.
FINAL DESIGN|FIRST FLOOR PLAN
FINAL DESIGN|WEST ELEVATION - INTERVENTION FRONT FACADE
C B|Internal Street
FINAL DESIGN|GROUND FLOOR PLAN
Sketch Architectural Intervention
Site Photograph | South-West View
Site Photograph | Existing Back-wall
Workshops open to the Park
FINAL DESIGN|BUILDING INTERVENTION
Sketches of new Back-wall
FINAL DESIGN|REAR ACCESS PARK SIDE
FINAL DESIGN|RAMP & BALUSTRADE DETAILS
The concept of the internal street is to bring the outside into the building. Like a building turned outside-in - stone paving from the outside continues, wooden facade shingles are used for wall cladding and the ceiling is like a turned pitched roof in sheet metal - giving the atmosphere of walking between two rows of houses.
Isometric Corridor Cut
1. Brushed Stainless Steel | Ceiling 2. Granit Stone | Flooring 3. Corten Steel Waxed | Lining Details 4. Larch Wood | Shingles Wall Panels
FINAL DESIGN|INTERNAL STREET
Continuing the concept of mixing indoor and outdoor, the glass elements of the cafe are pivoted, offering people to sit indoor but also somehow outdoors. The fixed seating units inside the café are movable on ceiling tracks and can be pushed outside, closing of the terrace are and creating an open and flexible space inside when used as communal kitchen.
Café Layout Option 1
Café Layout Option 2
View from Terrace Entrance
View to Terrace from inside
1. Oak Wood 2. Ceramic Tiles 3. Polished Concrete 4. Black Steel lacquered 5. Recycled Oak Wood Flooring
FINAL DESIGN|CAFĂ‰ 39
Construction Detail Floor Connection Pivot Doors
Construction Detail Mid-Frame + Table Connection
The space for the Maker Library is the most decorative existing space with timber trusses, moldings and Victorian decorations. The existing shell will be kept and painted in white to preserve the heritage of the old Passmore Edwards Library. The new library units are a `house in the house`concept, taking on the shape of the pitched roof and inserting objects with the same geometric language. The Maker Library is organised by materials which are used in the basementÂ´s workshop, wood, metal, clay and fabric. Each Material has a dedicated Unit to display material samples incl. description, samples of objects and books. Each Unit also contains a screen to display DIY- videos of making, produced by the members of the Makers Club. On top of the material units sits another hut with a mezzanine platform used as seating and studying space. The construction of each hut is based on a timber frame with cladding panels which can be changed. This allows to display a variety of materials specific to the units.
FINAL DESIGN|MAKERS LIBRARY
LIBRARY UNIT MODULE
Lath in Pinewood with inbuilt lighting
Rustic Oak Wood Panels
Balustrade in Pine Wood
Mezzanine Floor Construction with UB152 Steel Beams & wooden Floor Boards
Black Steel Timberframe construction with changable Panels to clip on
Box Pull-out Drawer
Shelves for Object Boxes
Ceramic Mosaic Tiles
FINAL DESIGN|MAKERS LIBRARY
Remo Wood/ Fabric/
UB152 Steel Beams & wooden Floor Boards Wood Unit
Removeable Panels in Wood/ Fabric/ Metal & Ceramic
Screen for digital information
Library Unit Module (nts)
Panel C | Pottery Unit
Panel B | Textiles Unit
Frame Construction & Panel A | Wood Unit
FINAL DESIGN|MAKERS LIBRARY