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SIN{PI,IFIED OUTLINT, OF SOCRATI,'S SECOND SPEECFI lntrultrctory Btitcmcnt to thc "fair youtlr" 'I'hc Ilccantation*onc orrql)t not to rcjcct a lovcr Lrccrrrc trc is macl A. N{ncincss i-r not alrva;'r cvil; if givcn by thc gotls it ir a lrncfit. I'rwf throtrgh cxamplcs: 1. I)roplrccy 2. Iturgation



4. Love-"


(A) tvh (1)

Section I: The soul in its cosmic

(c) within thc hcavcns (6) to thc divine banquet beyond thc

(i) (ii)




the feasting of the gods the feasting of the other souls: (I) those who behold the ideas (II) those who fail to behold thcm. the Decree of Dcstiny: (l) Tlrosc souls rvhich see tl)e truth in a cycle of th

thc next cycle



!, lr+*o

'l'Irc.10,000 lr:Ij1J]l" o[ birth, ju-rlqmcnt, punishrnEfi]-dfrtrvard anJ rcl'irrh. -All tlrc rliscorrrsc so lrr lras bccn abdilT thc lourtll ftind of nr-Tdncss: 'I Snnmart "ihc (I) inspired love r, se cing bcauiy in this world ig reslindcd of trg$'!gA-u1y"&gg!!!-!e-gl9!y-\:i4S9*44$i:r:oncrecl only lviLr,


for rvlr.rt is abovc, Thrrs hc



tlrings here bclow and

rs c-b-iSldcred

(It) Of -aTITHFfdims of divinc madncss this is tfu bcsr (II I ) Ev@'hffiilin*'ETrTdnlfrTiGrc" bclitiT thc bcings. (A) 'flrc coursc of lovc in tlris worlrl. (l) tln: lirnction ofmcrrrorv and bciutv: {a I tllc sl!lrt ol bcautv-tltc act ol lalllnq ln lovc: '' li) Jne iln6tnTino-n of true-tEauty'is long past or corrgptgd (i i) on rc."n y n a tcd n-t6"Tlfiil-t i. ii i.i' yr L'iE(l)" is remindcd of thc true bcauty "formcrly seen (II) gazes at thc bcautifirl onc as if he wcre a gocl. (A) hc bcgins to grow *iigs aqain:- (1) bc fcels.ioy\nfiEfr-fi5)ing at his beloved


t I



i t i


surrcndcrs to plcasurc, lust.

ind tvmtoness.


(2) he fecls anguiili whm li}i-rifcdTFom him (3) he becomd dTsfFatipfitfo-m thc i;n-in-gling of joy and (u)

angrrish: he thus forgcts fimil-y and fricn0s. propcrty anilordinary convcnrion., .,nd proprlcties

(D) he is preparcd to do anything for his beloved, Dcltn i ion oJ I ooe-this coldlrieiicafld_Lglc*pLmcn. (i)' Tlrc various kinifs-6f lovcr.: lI I Iollowcrs of Zcus. si\&/rru litj foltorvcm of Aiii. IIII] so docs cach l6tei livc aftcr the manncr ol his god. (ii) Behavior of thc lovcr torv*rcls tlrc bclovcd: Il I Ccncral Clrari.tcristi.s: IAl Declr sclccts a bclovcd according to Itis or'n cl,rr.rrr"1. Iu ) nact, rr;!@ l6dTFrofi ..d

Section II: the course of love in this world



Spccific bchavior of thc dilfcrcnt typcs of lovcrs: Zcus: [A] Irollowcrs of -ltG]l!fc-s-oul. r'u l!]uar' [l I Dcsirc ;r [2] Wltcn tlrcy {ind hirn do all tlrcy can to givc lrirrr srrclr a clraractcr. [a] in thc proccss thcy bccotnc tltcrnsclvcs tnorc likc tlrc god tltcy fol lorv.

[3] consid. r tlrc bclovcd tlrc so,rrcr of tl'cir j"y. [Bi ioilo*"rs otllcra. fl p:L w;-tl^k

[Cl follorvcrs of r\itollo. I D I followcrs of tlr"-6'llr"r qods.

[r] conftictingntqiin3ts-"of'thc diffcrcnt bclovcd. [r ] tht"femtgj,lllirsJ!-ark horsc.

parts of thc sortl to tltc

[2] Bchavior of tlrc bclovcd: [a] horv hc falls in love.

[f] Thc condition of the bclovcd aftcr lrc falls in lovc. Thc coursr: of mutual lovc:

Section III; Thc capturc of the

of thc dark lrorscs. -FITFN;"ffinEi-T;blcm [d] thc dillcrcnt kinds of nutual lovc: lil lo." basnd on contr-o-Lhr, rl,c l)rtt, l ll:11!l tlic rninrl: l/l lr.rp1,y irr r[-iTlif,. l//l rvirrrcrl in tlrc ncst lilc. Ii1l j thcir.rtcsTlifiTililt 6,16 I'e s.crrr',1 l,1 rnrn.



lrlr.r',1 <rtt ltgnut

fivcs in Lo tlrc drrk horsc on occ.r-.i')n ,l/l rn: ' // 'I fasLllLs s,J'ego He#*eJ l,1l IJsiint [r'icnti.hip in tlri' lil". c ic, C'ri.Jtecll'rorornisb bl\iiftt\-ix tl.^ f,rlurc. I


Conciuding Statcmcnts:

A. To the "fair youth":


1. thcse are thc blcssings of the friendship of a lovcr. 2. a rclationship rvith a non.lovcr will: a) be mixed'rvith moral prt&'rrcc and thc dispcnsing of niggardly gifts. "" D) lrccct illibcralitv in tlrc bclovcd's soul. rrinqless .ui.. *'.X?l6Gf:loElrcr-bq .ji,6"". .. ycars. L for 9,000 ___

o. ,o


1. I havc offcred thc bcst rccantation I can. 2. Forgive my formcr rvorcls and acccpt thcse. --

3. Ilc kind atrd graciotts to rtttr: a) do not in ingcr taiie alvay thc art of lovc you lravc givcn trc'

6) do not deprivc rnc o[ siqht.


grant mc


be cstecmcd even morc than now by thc bcautiful.

4. If in our former s1rccch Phacdrus or I said anything harsh against you: a) blame Lysias. 6) turn him to philosophy: i) so Phacdius will no longcr hesitatc bctrvccn two opinions'




rvholchcartedly live for lovc together with philcophical discourse


Outline of the Second Socratic Speech ('Phaedrus')  

Sections 244 ff.

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