All About Polycystic Ovarian Disease(PCOD) Polycystic ovarian Disease (PCOD) is considered to be the most common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age. The earliest reports of the disorder in 1935 by Stein & Levanthal described PCOD as a cystic disease of the ovaries. Most often, PCOD symptoms first appear in adolescence, but it is common for symptoms to not appear before women are in their mid-twenties. PCOD can present itself in different ways in different women, and not all symptoms may be seen in every woman. Women developing PCOD may notice some or all of the following signs as the disorder progresses: ➢ ➢ ➢ ➢ ➢
Obesity/weight gain Irregular periods Insulin resistance Hair loss or thinning of scalp hair Acne
➢ Insulin resistance ➢ Hirsutism or excessive hair on face, chest, abdomen.
Effect of PCOD on Daily Routine Life Concern over conceiving and fertility treatment – For women diagnosed with PCOD and who are trying to conceive, it can be a difficult time. Hormonal changes in PCOD disrupt the menstrual cycle, affecting the release of egg from ovarian follicles (ovulation). Complications in pregnancy – PCOD during pregnancy can increase risks to other conditions. Gestational diabetes is a concern for pregnant women who have PCOD, especially if they are overweight. PCOS and emotional health – PCOD symptoms affect a woman’s self-esteem and body image. Issues with fertility, obesity, hair loss, excess hair on face and arms contribute to psychological distress in women. It may lead to social isolation, depression and affect quality of life.
PCOS: How it is Detected and what Happens Next Diagnosis and Treatment – Diagnosing PCOS is mainly done by the principle of exclusion or considering all signs and symptoms and ruling out other likely disorders. There’s no specific test that can provide definite diagnosis of PCOS. Women must consult a doctor if they observe PCOS-like symptoms like irregular periods, excess hair growth on face and hands, inability to conceive, etc. To reach a confirmed diagnosis of PCOS, a doctor takes into account the following factors: 1. Medical history
2. Physical examination 3. Pelvic examination 4. Blood test 5. Pelvic ultrasound
How PCOS Affects The Body Though the biggest indicators of PCOS is the overproduction of male hormones (androgens) or acne, the disorder also causes the following changes in the body: 1. Hair Loss – Women with PCOS find hair loss to be among the most difficult symptom/effect of PCOS to deal with. The medical term for PCOS-related hair loss is androgenic alopecia, or the male-pattern baldness. 2. Weight Gain – The battle with weight gain can be a constant struggle for women with PCOS. According to WebMD.com, over six out of every ten women who have PCOS also deal with weight issues. 3. Sleep Apnea – Women with PCOS often face sleep-related problems, with the most serious of them being obstructive sleep apnoea. The muscles of the throat relax during sleep and air is unable to flow in and out of lungs causing the affected person to temporarily stop breathing while asleep. 4. Stress – Women with PCOS also battle their susceptibility to stress, which is higher than other women without PCOS. This is due to a hormonally imbalanced condition of the body, and stress caused by PCOS can lead to further imbalance in the body. Stress sensitivity in women with PCOS can affect ovulation and cause difficulty in conceiving.
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