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Unit 7: The age of discovery Track 7: Why were the discoveries made? th  Countries known to Europe in the 15    century    .

At the beginning of the 15th century, Europeans knew little more than Europe and the  lands around the ....................... and .................. seas. The existence of ..................., ....................... and Japan was shown by  ..............    ..............’s journeys and the trade routes that brought  ...............  and ...............  to Europe. However, not very much was known about these lands. The rest of the world was a total ................. . Europeans had not ................... African and Asian interior, and they did not know that  .................. and ....................... existed. Reasons for the discoveries. In the 15th century, European countries launched many .......................... expeditions. There were different  reasons for this. Firstly, they needed to find new .....................   ..................... to the East. In 1453,  the ................. conquered Constantinople, and took over the ................. Empire. This  interrupted the trade routes between  ................. and the Far East. Consequently,  Europeans had to search for new routes to ......................, round the African ................  or across the ..................... ocean. Secondly, there were a number of .................... advances which improved navigation. ­New maps called .......................   charts were developed. They showed the coastline and any ..................... at sea. Straight lines showed the  shortest ...................between different ................. . ­Navigational ....................... , such as the ................., the astrolabe and the ....................,  were developed. ­Ships, such as ......................., were improved and consequently, could ..................  longer distances.

Unit 7  

Track 7: Why were the discoveries made? Unit 7: The age of discovery Reasons for the discoveries. Countries known to Europe in the 15 th cen...

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