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Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011



Italian Kitchen



Every Kitchen’s Dream

Before you Begin

Keeping your Stove Clean


The Essentials

Cotton Hill Kitchen Remodel How to Budget for a Kitchen Renovation How to Hire a Contractor How to Design your Kitchen Layout

6 6 8 10

Finishes How to Choose Finishes


Cabinets How to Install Kitchen Cabinets

23 Special Publications Unit [SPU]



How To Choose Light Fixtures

Sinks and Faucets Update your Kitchen Sink and Faucet



Types of Electrical Installation



for your Kitchen How to Install and Replace a Receptacle

12 12


Tiles How to Tile a Kitchen Backsplash





Plumbing How to Install a Kitchen Sink



How to Choose your Countertops

How to Install Laminate Floors

How to Build a Kitchen Island – Oasis Style

14 29

Innovation Kitchens

Kitchen Concepts






Buyer’s Guide Italian Kitchen

Trinidad Innovation USA Co. Ltd



Beta Homes Your Kitchen Wish Fulfilled



4 28 31


BRYAN SAUNDERS TEL: 623-8870 EXT: 2702 MOBILE: 356-4331



Italian Kitchen

Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011

Every Kitchen’s Dream

It is often said that the kitchen is the heart and soul of a home, the hub where family and friends gather to share life, laughter and food. Whether you’re hosting a dinner party, cooking a Sunday lunch or just fixing a quick snack, functionality and comfort should be essential components in every kitchen. Creating the environment you want within a budget you can afford is key. Unfortunately this has not always been accessible to residents of the twin Islands. Five years ago all that changed when Richard Bradford, returned home to Trinidad. Richard is an entrepreneur, a single father of two young girls, an avid home chef and the CEO/ founder of the Italian Kitchen Company in St James. He had trouble finding what he wanted for his own kitchen. He felt there was a lack of inspiration and style; he wanted quality without paying the earth for it. So, he turned to his contacts in the UK and Italy where he had worked as a property developer for the past 20 years and, from the corner of a room in his home, he started up what is now a thriving business. His philosophy when it comes to designing kitchens is simple – “We don’t reinvent the wheel, we just design a wheel that will work for you.” The home is usually the most expressive extension of who a person is. Richard and his design team headed up by Senior Designer Maurice Superville, know that their clients often have their own ideas and plans and they actively encourage that. The first stage of their design process is consultation, so that they can understand exactly what their clients’ need from their kitchens. From preliminary drawings to 3D high-resolution renderings, they focus on the details. If the client has a small space – the designers consider functionality and accessorise with space maximising storage solutions such as full height larder pull outs, or the fabulous ‘Le Mans’ corner pull out. But if a customer has 10,000 square feet to play with, they may opt for a pair of counter depth fridge freezers and a granite topped island, floating seamlessly in the middle of the room. The options are endless and range from modern to classic and everything in-between. Whatever the inspiration, each kitchen is an individual work of art. That’s the service of the Italian Kitchen Company. They have a clear understanding of what’s out there and can share it with the client. The vision of the Company is to provide a Design Build and Install service that is reliable with high quality unique products. The Team doesn’t just design kitchens; they also provide vanities

RICHARD BRADFORD CEO/ founder of the Italian Kitchen Company

and wardrobes. Working with mainly British and Italian suppliers they offer good value for money and yet when it comes to design, style and reliability they are unmatched. As part of the Sub Contractors Association of Trinidad and Tobago, Richard Bradford and his partner Mark Lewis have the support of over 30 companies who have been specifically chosen to work together. As a network, they offer support and advice solutions on a wide array of different issues and aim to raise business and working standards throughout the industry. An ethical working practice is their mainframe. Over the last five years the Company has designed over 4000 kitchens, wardrobes and vanities throughout the Caribbean, for not only single residential homes and developments but for hotels, offices and most surprisingly, HDC Government Housing Projects. Some of their more recent projects include Tower 3 at One Woodbrook Place, Ocean 2 in Barbados and Red Snapper Development in Grenada. They have recently opened a state of the art showroom in St James in collaboration with Parts World Limited, where you can see five full sized kitchen displays, over 80 different door finishes, a wide range of the wow factor ‘pull-out and ‘pop-up’ accessories plus a whole host of the latest appliances fro Kitchen Aid and Sub Zero/Wolf. It would therefore be safe to say that the wheel just keeps on turning.

The Italian Kitchen Company Office and Showroom 165 Western Main Road St. James Tel: 1-868-628-3045

July/August, 2011 Sunday Guardian



Before You Begin

Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011

Cotton Hill Kitchen Remodel BEFORE AND AFTER Images Courtesy: Nazeer Gopaul, Home Owner Peter Sheppard, Home Owner/Design Consultant

Cotton Hill Kitchen - Creating a natural light source with a long sleek/contemporary window for below cabinets


Cotton Hill Kitchen - Creating the space for the ITALIAN KITCHEN COMPANY to begin installation

4 COMPLETED KITCHEN: island includes two 6 bottle wine chillers, 5 burner GE Monogram Gas Range, Trash recyle bins (right side), Pull out spice rack (left Side) and in the center three pull out drawers.


How to Budget for a Kitchen Renovation Nyerere Haynes No one actually plans to fail, they just fail to plan. From the simplest exercise to the most difficult requires some sort of planning. This approach applies to any home renovation plan. Sure it would be easy to just head down to the hardware and start buying stuff but that doesn’t mean it’s the best plan of action. What exactly are you trying to accomplish? The answer to that question should lead you along a path and hopefully to another question which might be ‘what will I need to accomplish this plan?’ Further to Kitchen installed by Italian Kitchen Company. Italian Kitchen Company installed ahead of schedule due to careful planning by the Home Owner/Project Manager


this question will lead to the ultimate inquiry and indeed the very means to get the entire project off the ground which will be ‘How much money will I need? And do I have enough to see the project through to completion?’ The first step to any home improvement project starts with your idea of course and the help of a skilful contractor. Besides executing the construction process the contractor is supposed to be able to inform you if your vision would be achievable given the existing conditions and most importantly give an estimate of the materials required and the total cost of the project.

It starts with an idea The project starts with either an idea or a need for the type of renovation or additions required. Maybe you read something in @Home magazine and you’ve decided to try it, maybe you saw something on TV that peaked your interest; do some research on the ideas that you’ve been juggling in your mind. So it all depends on your taste and direction. What am I trying to accomplish? It’s easy to get a project started and realise midway through that a wrong turn was taken at some point. Having a clear plan of action and sticking to it is paramount to the success of any project. Of course, room must be left for spurts of creativity but these impulses must be carefully thought out and communicated vividly to the contractor. Do I have enough money to see this project through? Ideas and clear project outlines remain only thoughts and sketches without the financing to bring it to life. A kitchen renovation is no fly-by-night affair. A savings plan designed for home renovations with a bank or credit union is always a good plan of approach to getting it done and also remaining debt free. Banks and credit unions also offer many loan plans designed to meet the needs of borrowers with renovations in mind. Before utilising your savings or seeking a loan to get the project started, put things on paper before you begin. See Kitchen Makeover Checklist on page 31

July/August, 2011 Sunday Guardian



Before You Begin

Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011

How to hire a Contractor Darrel Dookhoo Design Consultant

Its unavoidable, at some point in your life hiring a contractor is a must. The same ground rules apply if you are remodelling your entire house, or just fixing a leaking pipe. Very often you hear of horror stories where contractors collect money and never show up, some doing shoddy or incomplete work. Don’t let that happen to you!



• Find a reliable person: You can find Mr. Right in the yellow pages or in the newspaper, but the most reliable source would be from someone he has worked for before. Go see the work he has done. Your friend might be happy, but does this contractor meet your standards? • Articulate your Vision: When calling the contractor find out if there is a site visit cost, ask for two references and a copy of his portfolio. Make sure on the initial meet, you articulate your vision in detail. See that your contractor understands fully what you require. Sometimes what you are asking for is way more expensive than you thought and your contractor might be able to give you options of doing it differently, but ending in the same results. In the end go with whatever you're comfortable with financially and be sure that this is what you really want. • Make clear arrangements. Some key matters to be sorted beforehand should be: Down payments and balances due. Duration of project. Commencement date. You should also set ground rules, like no smoking in your compound. Bring your own lunch. Don’t ask for ice or cold water and clean up your work space daily. Once you have all these wrinkles ironed. Then write up a simple contract. State in full the work schedule and ground rules. Payment terms etc. Let your contractor sign before collecting his downpayment. • Prepare for the unforeseen. As with any project you might run into cost overruns and delays. If the work being done is shoddy or is not as agreed don’t be alarmed. Call in your contractor, pull out your contract, and engage in dialogue, and find an amicable solution. Sometimes firing and rehiring a new contractor can be very costly. If you know that you are not ready to do any work please do not call in a contractor and waste his and your time. You might find yourself being slapped with a very big site visit bill for wasting the contractor's time. • Don't ever say the project is too small to follow these ground rules, you might say these are the seatbelts of construction.

Elegance, Style & Beauty CONTACT DARREL DOOKOO 291-2326


July/August, 2011 Sunday Guardian



Before You Begin

Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011

How to Design Your Kitchen Layout Lisa Jessamy

The kitchen work triangle is an applied ergonomic principle used in planning kitchen layouts. The objectives of a kitchen work triangle are to place the three most common work sites the most efficient distance apart and to minimize traffic through the work zone. In the traditional kitchen the three main work sites are:

STANDARD DESIGNS AND LAYOUT 1. Island layout An effective island layout typically involves more space than is available in a small kitchen. This plan which is more suited to medium sized kitchens may still give you some ideas that you can incorporate into your final kitchen design. 2. Galley A galley kitchen is a single line of cabinets. As the name suggests, a galley is normally long and narrow. With careful planning and resourcefulness, however, the design can function as an efficient and streamlined kitchen.

1 Island layout

• Refrigerator - the cold

It's best to separate the cooking and sink area with a run of work surface. This layout still gives plenty of storage space and it can suit busy cooks who like everything close to hand. Dining need not be compromised - if space allows don’t take the units all the way to the end of the room, put a small table and chairs there instead.

storage work site


• Sink - the cleaning/preparation work site

• Stove - the cooking work site These represent the three points of the kitchen work triangle. If you place these too far away from each other you waste a lot of steps while preparing a meal. If they are too close to each other you have a cramped kitchen with out any place to work.

Kitchen Work Triangle Basics • Each leg of the triangle should be between 4 and 9 feet • The total of all three legs should be between 12 and 26 feet • No obstructions (cabinets, islands, etc.) should intersect a leg of the work triangle • Household traffic should not flow through the work triangle


If possible, include either glazed wall units or open shelving to prevent the room from feeling hemmed in. It´ll create a sense of space and open up the design. 4. L-shaped kitchen A practical and popular layout that offers good storage and ergonomics, and provides a very effective working triangle. It works efficiently in small kitchens and in a larger room allows space for a dining table, so it´s good for families and entertaining.

Double Galley 3. Double Galley With cabinets along two walls, a double galley kitchen offers more storage space and the opportunity to introduce more design features, such as staggered depths and cabinet heights. This can provide great options for a variety of cooking activities and storage, as well as preventing your kitchen from feeling like a corridor. A tall, floor-to-ceiling larder holds a surprising amount of provisions and is best located at the end of a run of base units so that when the door is opened it won't obstruct or restrict movement around the rest of the kitchen.  Lighting can make or break both the aesthetics and functions of a double galley kitchen. Plinth lighting and illuminated, glazed wall cabinets will open up the scheme and create a spacious feel.



L-shaped kitchen

5. U-shaped kitchen A layout that works well in a rectangular-shaped room, with cabinets fitted along three sides to maximise the space available. Good for keen cooks who will find they have everything close to hand. Avoid the room having a confined feel by limiting wall units to just two sides or by using open shelving.

U-shaped kitchen



Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011


How to choose your light fixtures There are three types of bulbs other than incandescent lighting used in the kitchen: fluorescent, quartz-halogen, and xenon.

Halogen and Xenon These bulbs can be costly, however they are known to burn more efficiently and reduce your electricity bill. While halogen may be the brightest, xenon bulbs are more efficient and burns cooler. If you are looking for a bright light that is clean and illuminates your countertops choosing from either halogen or xenon bulbs would be a good choice.

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Fluorescents Fluorescent light bulbs (including compact fluorescents) are considered to be more energy-efficient and remain cooler than regular bulbs because their methods of producing light are different. Fluorescent fixtures operate at a regular line voltage (120 volts).



Choose a fluorescent fixture with high-quality electronic ballast for quick starts and quiet operation. Use a coolwhite bulb.


If choosing low voltage, look for a fixture with a built-in transformer. Xenon fixtures use low voltage; a transformer steps the voltage down from 120 to 12 or 20 volts.


Watts needed by regular incandescent bulbs and compact fluorescent bulbs (CFL) to produce the same amount of light.

Standard Bulb 40w 60w 75w 100w 150w 250w-300w

= = = = = =

CFL Bulb 10w 13w-15w 20w 26w-29w 38w-42w 55w



Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011

Types of Electrical Installation for Your Kitchen

• Neon Tester • Lamp Or Radio • Wire Nuts • Electrician's Pliers • Screwdriver Screwdriver Set • Flat pry bar • Cable • Stud finder • 1/2-inch-diameter spade bit

one by one until the power at the receptacle goes off. • Remove the cover plate and the two screws that secure the receptacle to the outlet box. • Identify what type of receptacle and cabling you have. In most cases, one cable goes into the box and one comes out. You'll find the receptacle at the end of the line if only one cable goes into the box. Less often, two cables (each on a separate circuit) may power each half of a duplex receptacle, and other cables may pass through or terminate in the outlet box. A receptacle that's wired in series will not work if the wiring at a receptacle between it and the service panel is disconnected. Type NM (nonmetallic, plastic-sheathed) cable has at least two conductors (insulated wires)-one black (hot) and one white (neutral)--and one bare copper grounding wire. Grounded receptacles should only be used with grounded systems. • Use a neon tester to verify that the receptacle doesn't have any power by probing a metal box or grounding wire with one lead and touching each terminal with the other lead. • If either two black wires or one black and one red wire connect to the two brass-screw terminals on one side of the receptacle, and the slotted metal tab between the top and bottom brassscrew terminals has been removed, two circuits are feeding the receptacle. Make sure to shut off both of these circuit breakers.

Shut off power to the circuit • Locate the receptacle's circuit breaker (or its fuse, on older systems). • If the panel doesn't have a circuit map, identify the circuit by plugging a lamp or radio into the receptacle and turning off 15-A or 20-A breakers or fuses

How to replace a receptacle • Carefully pull the receptacle out of the box (see illustration) and note how it is wired or make a diagram. • Loosen or remove the terminal screws on the receptacle as needed to disconnect the wires.

When renovating your kitchen, it's important to replace all the wiring, especially if your present wiring is not conforming to specifications. Types of electrical jobs: • Overhead lighting, which includes recessed fixtures. • Under cabinet lighting. • Wiring the dishwasher, either directly or by plugging into a receptacle. • Wiring the garbage disposal, either directly or by plugging into a receptacle. • Either a 120-volt or 220-volt receptacle for the range / oven, depending on whether it's gas or electric. • Receptacle for the refrigerator. • Wiring for the range hood. • Receptacle for the microwave. • Counter top receptacles (hint: more is always better). • Consider dimmer switches for some or all of your lighting.

IMPORTANT: Each appliance, except maybe the refrigerator and range hood, should have a dedicated circuit.

How to install a Receptacle: Things You'll Need

• Attach the insulated wires to the new receptacle as they were attached to the old one. Connect any black or red wires (hot) under the brass-screw terminals; connect any white wires (neutral) under the silver-screw terminals. • If you are using Type NM cable and only one cable enters the box, connect its bare ground wire to the ground terminal on the receptacle, which usually

has a green terminal screw. • If you are using Type NM cable and more than one cable is present, connect all grounding wires and a separate length of bare wire (called a jumper) by twisting the wire ends together with electrician's pliers and twisting on a wire nut. Secure the other end of the jumper under the receptacle's ground-terminal screw. • If you are using metal boxes and Type NM cable, you must ground the receptacle to the box in one of two ways. You can install a jumper wire, called a pigtail, under the ground-terminal screw on the receptacle and under a grounding screw on the box. Or you can use a special receptacle with a spring-type grounding strap, which you ground by screwing it into the box. • If you are using armor-clad cable, the cable grounds the box itself, but you need to ground the receptacle to the box via a terminal screw or by using a receptacle that has a spring-type grounding strap. If the cable has a thin aluminum wire, you shouldn't connect it to anything. • Bend the wires back into the box, then attach the receptacle and its cover plate. Restore power.


Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011

How to install a kitchen sink The sink is a heavily utilised and vital part of the kitchen. Upgrading your kitchen area with the addition of a new sink will give your kitchen a facelift. Kitchen sinks are offered in a vast selection of models, styles and colours. Installation Type • Self-rimming (drop-in) • Undermount • Flush mount Configuration / Size • Single/multi-bowl, bowl orientation, square/round basins, curved/square corners Material • Stainless steel, cast iron, fireclay, acrylic, enameled steel, solid surface, composite, concrete, stone, copper/bronze


What you’ll need: TOOLS LIST • Caulking gun • Drill • Jigsaw • Pencil • Pipe wrench • Screwdriver MATERIAL LIST • Drain fitting • P-trap • Plumber’s putty (or silicone caulk) • Sink • Template • Waste pipe

Making an opening for the sink With the countertops solidly anchored to the base cabinets, determine the location where you will be installing the sink. Place the template over the countertop and trace a cutting line around it with a pencil. Remove the template. Drill a hole inside the outline and use the jigsaw to cut out the opening. Make sure the opening matches the size of the sink.


Tip: Make sure all corners are radiused to avoid stress cracking the countertop material.


Install the strainer Remove the protective packaging where applicable. Apply a bead of plumber's putty (or silicone caulk) around the hole in the sink. Lower the strainer body into the sink opening from above and press firmly. Scrape away any excess putty around the sink opening. From underneath the sink, slip the rubber and metal washers over the neck of the strainer and secure the locknut or retainer and screws by hand, followed by an extra half turn with a pipe wrench. Repeat these steps with the other sink when installing a double sink. A strainer will not be required for a single sink equipped with a garbage disposal unit.

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Apply the silicone caulk Use a cloth to remove any dust around the opening for the sink. Place the sink upside-down on a piece of cardboard or a clean cloth to apply a bead of plumber's putty or silicone caulk along the entire bottom edge of the upside-down sink.


Installing a kitchen sink is a very simple do-it-yourself project. If you have any questions or for more detailed information please contact your local store for advice.

Tip: Since the brilliance of a stainless steel sink is hard to maintain, it is recommended to pick a matte finish. One way to keep a stainless steel sink looking its best is to apply an automotive wax (such as carnauba wax) to it.

Fit the sink into the opening Carefully place the sink over the opening and press down firmly into position. Follow manufacturer's instructions to install the faucet.


Tighten the retainer screws From under the sink, use an adjustable wrench to tighten the retainer screws. Wipe off any excess putty.


Fit the pipes Use the waste pipe and a P-trap to fit the strainer body to the wall pipe.

Tip: Don't forget to add a teewye with a 1/2 in. threaded fitting if you are planning on installing a dishwasher at a later date. With information:


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Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011

Your Kitchen Wish Fulfilled

The kitchen is the centre of the home. It has to work, just as much as you do – whether you’re cooking, entertaining or washing up. No part of your home has to perform like your kitchen, so it’s important that it functions the way you want it to. At BetaHomes, our mission is to enable our customers to create the Kitchen they want at the price that they can afford. We offer the Ambassador range of modular Cabinets that can be configured in a myriad of ways. Once you’ve planned your layout, come to us and we will advise you on all the options available to make your dream a reality.

With BetaHomes it’s all about choice, we offer and supply:

Cabinets designed with built-in features that suit our Caribbean environment. Units contain adjustable shelves, that are extra thick for rigidity. For the sink area you can have your kitchen cabinet constructed with our new floodWOOD which is 100% waterproof, to withstand any ‘wet’ accidents. Cabinet Fronts constructed around a solid wood Face Frame for long term durability and offered with a choice of door designs and timber either in High Grade Teak or Select Pine. TopStone countertops in Quartz or Solid Surface material, which are non porous and highly resistant to stains. These can be constructed in a seamless fashion to achieve a onepiece look for your surface area. Best of all, this type of countertop offers unlimited design possibilities, including custom inlays, routed drain boards, unique edge treatments and coved backsplashes. Post formed countertops for those customers who prefer a more economical option. These are prefab units formed as a single piece from the backsplash to the front edge. These seamless countertops do not allow dirt or grime to collect and are easily maintained. If you are starting with a ‘clean canvas’ be sure to get your creative juices flowing at BetaHomes. After choosing your style of cabinet and counter top, take a look at all the practical and stylish details and accessories like extra deep drawers for pots / pans, range hood and microwave wall units, oven and full height larder units, heavy duty wire baskets, pull out sliding bins and more. At BetaHomes we remove the hassle of replacing or upgrading your kitchen. There is no need to build your cabinets from scratch, as our cabinets are ready to install. We will refer you to a registered independent contractor or you may prefer to use your own. Whichever you choose, fulfilling your desire for a new kitchen is much easier than you think.

July/August, 2011 Sunday Guardian



Sunday Guardian www.guard

Where your kitchen dreams come alive Trinidad Innovation USA Co. Ltd is an evolutionary equipment company. Innovation is headquartered in USA and Holland, with franchises in North and South America and Caribbean. The company is the first of its kind in the Caribbean, and offers ultra premium domestic and commercial solutions that create a more efficient and ergonomic space. Innovation offers commercial and domestic kitchen turnkey solutions for the best premium and ultra premium kitchen appliance/cabinetry brands from Europe and the United States delivered to you without hassle, anywhere in the Caribbean and Latin America. The company offers domestic and commercial consumers with numerous options to outfit your kitchen (Viking ranges, Marvel wine cellars, Gaggenau ovens, Liebherr refrigerators, Fagor full Kitchen packages, Italian Cabinetry Ernestomeda and Arrital) with both modern and classic styles as well as custom stainless steel fabricated Cabinetry from the United States, delivered and Installed to you without hassle.

Trinidad Innovation has the expertise and resources to transform your space into an exceptional kitchen from beginning to end, with working spaces that respond to your every need, vision and cooking inspiration. According to Sales and Marketing Director, Nigel Nanan, “We take care of our clients from start to finish.”    The company partners with industry experts, to provide turnkey solutions (complete design, project construction, interior and exterior management) that create living spaces that provide maximum enjoyment, function, exceptional craftsmanship and quality. The process begins with a personal consultation with Innovation kitchen designers where they interpret your unique interests, needs and lifestyle. A full architectural design and 3D renderings of your space are completed for you to see before hand. Other services include full installation including electrical, plumbing and flooring, commissioning and 24hour maintenance for commercial clients plus direct manufacturer warranties.



17 July/August, 2011

Innovation turnkey solution

STEP 1 AutoCad Design

ABHAY NAIR, award winning Hyatt chef shows the art of creating a flambe. Photo: Shirley Bahadur

Innovation’s Chef Service

An Innovation chef is available to all customers to train users on how to use their new kitchen equipment efficiently. A personal chef service is also available for special events.

STEP 2 3D Rendering

Innovation turnkey solution provides both Domestic and Commercial clients with the following: 1) Custom Designs for the proposed project area in auto Cad and Studio 3D, 2) Supply of the kitchen equipment and Cabinetry with counter tops, 3) full Project Installation and finally Commissioning of all equipment. As an added benefit, an Innovation chef is available to demonstrate how to use your new kitchen efficiently.


STEP 3 Installation

STEP 4 Complete kitchen

Trinidad Innovation USA Co. Ltd 55 Dundonald Street, or Cor. Melville Lane and Dere Street Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago West Indies Office: + (868) 222-3922/290-0915 Email:

Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011





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Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011

Kitchen design trends for 2011

Bold colour laminates

Magic space savers

Trendy paint colours and white cabinets

Images courtesy: Italian Kitchen

Modern brown tones of solid wood kitchen cabinets and stainless steel appliances

Image courtesy: Kitchen Concepts




Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011

Basic Guide on how to care for your major appliances


Keeping your stove clean

Use Oven Cleaner The oven cleaner is the painless method of cleaning since it is designed for oven purposes. Remove the racks from the oven and spray the insides with the cleaner and let sit for at least 6 to 8 hours. Scrub the insides afterwards with a wet rag or sponge


For some, the stove can be the most discouraging cleaning task in your house; however, it must be done, considering the durability of the stove and safe food issues.

Spray Baking Soda in the oven Baking soda is another approach for cleaning your oven. It is the safest and one of the most economical of all cleaning agents. Combine three tablespoons of baking soda with one quart of water and put in a spray bottle. Shake contents and spray directly on the oven. Heat oven for 30 minutes to an hour and then wipe off (after the oven is cooled).


Cleaning the Racks Place the oven racks in a sink that’s three- quarters full of soapy water (soap and water) Soak them for 20 to 30 minutes or longer until grime and grease is dislodged and washed off. After you’ve cleaned it, dry thoroughly.


Microwave cleaning made easy

Remove turntable or tray Remove and wash turntable or tray in warm soapy water. To remove grime, safely scrub it with warm water and baking soda. Be careful handling the glass turntable or tray because they can become slippery in soapy water.

STEP 1 Our appliances fit your world

Authorized distributors for:


Make your cleaning mixture Fill a large glass bowl with 2 to 3 cups of water. Add half lemon or 2 tablespoons of lemon juice or half an orange or half cup of vinegar as an alternative. Both ingredients help remove crusted food from microwave and also aids in keeping it smelling fresh


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Boil cleaning mixture in microwave Place your bowl of cleaning mixture into the microwave and heat until mixture begins to boil. When microwave stops, keep the door closed for about 15 minutes giving the moisture and steam the heated bowl generated to have time to work. Remove bowl and take a moist, warm cloth to clean the inside of the microwave. The grunge should wipe off easily.

STEP 2 San Fernando 652 2334

Clean the outside of the microwave Using your damp sponge and water- vinegar mixture to wipe the entire outside of the microwave.

Cleaning out the refrigerator A clean refrigerator promises to keep food fresher, so follow these steps to keep your fridge clean and your food safe.

1. Remove the Food Toss any old or expired food into the trash. Remove the food that is still good to a cooler with ice to keep it cold while you clean the refrigerator. 2. Remove Shelves and Drawers Take out all removable drawers and shelves and set them aside. Drawers and shelves that are made of metal or plastic can be washed with hot water and dish soap, but glass and ceramic pieces are to be washed with hot water to prevent cracking and breaking. 3. Wipe Refrigerator Interior Use a clean cloth with hot water and a mild detergent. Work from top to bottom to prevent dripping on surfaces that are already clean. Rinse cloths thoroughly and/or use multiple cloths to ensure cleanliness. Pay special attention to the bottom crevices and back of the refrigerator where spills tend to migrate. Wipe down the interior doors. 4. Clean Shelves and Drawers Now that your shelves and drawers are dry, you can now clean and dry them thoroughly using a clean dry towel 5. Replace the Food Put the food back into the refrigerator. Use clean cloths and wipe off any jars or containers of food that may be sticky. Dry them thoroughly as well. 7. Clean Out the Freezer Defrost freezer and check for and remove expired food. 8. Clean the Outside Starting from the top, wipe down and clean the exterior of the refrigerator using hot/warm water and a mild dish soap. For stainless steel refrigerator, use a soft non-scratching rag, and vinegar or a window cleaner to keep the surface shiny.


Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011





NOW IN STOCKDecorative Double Rods


1ST AVENUE ORCHARD GARDENS, CHAGUANAS TEL: 672-4609 MON. - FRI. 9 A.M. - 5 P.M. & SAT. 9 A.M. - 3 P.M.



Call us at 652-4251 or visit us at 28 Donaldson Street, San Fernando 0724012

Creating a New Look Christine Dalkan


Of all finishes, varnish is one of the toughest. Varnish is resistant to heat, abrasion, and water. Over worn finishes, a topcoat of varnish can bring a piece of furniture back to life. A clean finish is provided on completion, however the wood is slightly darkened. Available in high-gloss, semi-gloss and satin, and matte and flat surface finishes. It is up to you, the homemaker, to make the final decision on which one to treat your furniture to. The traditional varnish is made from resin and dissolved in mineral spirits, and used to coat surfaces. The synthetic varnishes are made from synthetic resins. Spar varnish (a type of synthetic varnish) should not be used on furniture. Phenolic and alkyd varnishes are not recommended for refinishing as these yellow with age. Water-based varnish dries clear and are water and alcohol resistant – it does not yellow. HOW TO: Apply varnish with a new natural-bristle brush. Use new varnish as old varnish may contain lumps. With bare wood, properly sand and prepare surface. Finished wood – cleaned and lightly sanded. Apply varnish to wood with long, smooth strokes. If the brush pulls or misses spots, add more thinner. For synthetic varnish, use a thinner recommended by the manufacturer.

Tip: Where brushing is impractical, use spray varnish.


In a case where you want to repaint your kitchen cabinets or door, choose a semi-gloss paint. It is easily cleaned and provides a subtle shine. One can also go for high gloss paint for cabinets and furniture. This is for the dramatic

at heart and is used for a contemporary setting. Careful sanding and preparation is essential. If your kitchen has a lot of traffic, go for a satin finish. It has a velvety look, with some gloss and holds up well against cleaning and scrubbing. HOW TO: Prepare your surfaces properly first, as a poorly prepared surface does not flatter under a semi-gloss. If your cabinets are stained, prime them first. Paint does not stick to varnish; eventually the varnish will bleed straight through the paint.

Tip: The glossier the paint, the better it stands up to cleaning. A semi-gloss paint survives both cleaning and steam.


Laminate gives you choice – of colours, textures, patterns and gloss finishes. A laminate with a high level of light reflection and a deep texture is durable and suited to kitchen surfaces. Laminates with a gloss and dark plain colours are not recommended for heavy-duty surfaces. HOW TO: To achieve a professional finish with a brush, use thin coats. The most durable paint job is one made up of repeated thin layers of paint, not one thick one. Two coats should be enough, but use three coats for woods like oak (with a heavier grain).

Tip: Plane surfaces and dark colours do not have the scratch resistance that textured surfaces and light colours do. Plane and lightly textured surfaces are easily cleaned.



Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011

The DIY Guide for Kitchen Cabinets’ Finishes Oil and water do not mix. Latex cannot be painted over oil, else it will peel.

Tools Needed • Hand tools: scrapers, screwdrivers, hammer, sanding blocks, paintbrushes • Masking tape • Newspapers, drop cloth or material to protect nearby surfaces • Paint stripper (if needed). • Paint brushes (for a paint finish)

METHOD • Empty the cabinets. • Remove cabinet doors and shelves: label them for reassembling. • Clean cabinets. Grease on surfaces interferes with refinishing. Use a degreaser. Lightly sand rough areas, peeling paint or varnish. Wipe the surface with damp cloth to remove dust and allow to dry. • Clean cabinet hardware. Soak in soapy water for 30 minutes. Light scrubbing is advised, then rinse, allow to dry and polish. • Remove old finish (optional). If

Oil based paints don't leave brush strokes like latex paints do.

you are reapplying clear varnish, all paint or old finish must be stripped, then the surface sanded. Use a gel stripper to minimise dripping when used on vertical surfaces. • Fill dents with wood putty. After the putty dries, sand it smooth, then wipe the wood with a damp cloth to remove dust and let dry. • Prime cabinet surfaces if you have chosen paint refinish. • Use a bonding agent. • Apply new paint or varnish or water-resistant laminate coating within the time limit specified.

TIPS An easy way to ‘refinish’ your kitchen cabinets is to simply change the hardware. If the hardware is in good condition, just add new handles or knobs to create a new look. Get a glass door for your kitchen, or just take out the center panel of your cabinet doors and replace with glass. Your options are endless – glue chip, frosted, hammered, narrow reed, cross reed, aquatex, seeded (bubble glass), and rain glass.

If your kitchen cabinets are made of wood, stone finish laminate is more suitable, as a wood grain finish will clash.


Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011

How to install Kitchen Cabinets


To remove old cabinets You will need: TOOLS LIST/MATERIAL LIST • Measuring tape • Level • Phillips and flat-head screwdrivers • Shims • Hammer • Stud sensor • Drill with drill bits and screwdriver attachment • Hole saw • Decorative molding or valance • Trim • Finish nails • Chalk line • Utility knife • Safety glasses


If you are a homeowner with intermediate carpentry skills and don’t mind the work, mess, and time involvement, you might consider taking your old kitchen cabinets down and replacing them with new ones as a do-it-yourself project.

Wall Cabinets The most difficult part of hanging wall cabinets is lifting them to the appropriate height and holding them in place. This makes installing wall cabinets a 2-person job. Remove old cabinets; repair any holes in the walls. Locate wall studs using the stud finder. Snap vertical chalk lines to indicate either stud centres or edges.

Note: studs are spaced at regular intervals. Most common is 16-inches, although 24-inch intervals are sometimes used in newer houses. Once you locate one stud and determine the distance to the next, measure to locate others.

Install Remaining Wall Cabinets Clamp together face frames of adjacent cabinets; counter bore 2 ½-inch drywall screws through the inside edge of one face frame to the other. Fit a filler strip into the remaining gap at the wall juncture. Attach the filler strip to the face frame of the last cabinet with counter sunk screws. Remove the temporary straight; plumb cabinet fronts by shimming between the wall and bottom hanging strip of the cabinet at stud points.

Base Cabinets Remove old cabinets; repair any holes in the walls. If you plan to install new vinyl flooring, do so before new cabinet installation. If you plan to install marble, tile, or a wood floor, use a piece of plywood the same thickness the new floor will be; lay the plywood under the cabinets to serve as a height reference. Mark the locations of wall studs using the stud finder.

TIP: Studs are spaced at regular intervals. Most common is 16-inches, although 24-inch intervals are sometimes used in newer houses. Once you locate one stud and determine the distance to the next, measure to locate others. Not all floors are perfectly level. You will want to use the high point as the reference for installing the cabinets. Mark a level line at the height of the base cabinets at the highest point of the room floor. Set a cabinet in place; level it to the line by tapping wood shims under low points. Level cabinet front to back, and from side to side.

Measure 54-inches up from the floor at both ends of the wall; this is the standard height of wall cabinets. Snap a horizontal chalk line. Start in the corner, at the highest floor point; nail up a 1X3 temporary straight so it is level. It may not match the vertical chalk line if the floor is not level. Place either a corner or end cabinet on the temporary straight; make sure it is level. Drill 3/16inch pilot holes through the top hanging strip inside the cabinet into wall studs. Drive 2 ½-inch roundhead screws into the pilot holes. Position the next cabinet on the temporary straight, snug against the first; make sure it is level. Drill 3/16-inch pilot holes through the top hanging strip inside the cabinet into wall studs. Drive 2 ½-inch roundhead screws into the pilot holes.

Drill 3/16-inch pilot holes; attach bottom hanging strip to shim and stud using 2 ½-inch roundhead screws. Trim shims using a utility knife. Apply trim using finish nails to cover gaps between the backs of cabinets and wall. Stain or paint trim to match cabinets. Fill the gap between cupboards over the sink space using decorative molding or a valance; stained or painted to match the cabinet. Secure in place using counter bore screws through adjacent face frames into the valance. Drill pilot holes into a stud; drive screws through cabinet framing into the stud using the drill screwdriver attachment. Once cabinet is level and securely in place, remove any shims using a hammer and chisel. Clamp together face frames of adjacent cabinets. Counter bore screws into the inside edge of one face frame, ¼-inch into the other. Follow steps 5 to 8 for installation of remaining bottom cabinets. Before installing the sink cabinet, measure from the reference line to the top and bottom of the drain and water supply pipes; measure from the side of the adjacent cabinet to both sides of the drain. Transfer measurements to the back of the sink cabinet; drill appropriate holes using a hole saw. Complete the job by installing molding or filler strips to cover any gapes between the counter and the walls or floor.

TIP: If a thin shim is required between cabinets to compensate for minor irregularities, make sure face edges butt tightly.

Handy Tips for Project Success

1 2 3 4

Schedule enough time to complete the project. Once old base and wall cabinets have been removed, expect to spend 4 to 5 hours for a straight run of cabinets; more if corner cabinets are complicated. Before installing cabinets, separate base cabinets from wall cabinets. Install wall cabinets first so you don’t have to lean over base cabinets. Remove cupboard doors before installing wall cabinets; they will be lighter and easier to handle. Use the type screws specified by the manufacturer; drive screws through frames as opposed to the back or side panels, which are thinner and less sturdy. The more cost-effective alternative to replacing old kitchen cabinets with new one is this. If old cabinet construction is still sound and strong, give them a “face lift.” Clean, sand, and refinish just the doors, or all cabinetry – if needed; Replace handles, knobs, and any other hardware desired, with new. This can save a considerable amount of money in renovation costs, while yielding great results.


Sinks and Faucets

Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011

Update your kitchen sink and faucet Akiela Hope

When building or remodeling kitchens, the sink and faucet is one of the most important kitchen utensils a homeowner should have. However choosing the right sink and faucet as well as knowing the latest trends can seem problematic and a bit confusing and expert advice may be needed. To assist with these choices is Tresfab Holdings limited, traders of Bath and Kitchen Design Center, who has been in the business for over seven years. Suppliers of plumbing materials and kitchen and bathroom fixtures & furniture throughout the Caribbean, Tresfab Holdings Limited showcase some of their sinks and faucets below to make the deciding period less confusing. Some of the more popular make of kitchen sinks are composites, stainless steel and enamel-coated cast iron and even though choosing a style that matches one’s personality may be on the forefront of the list, attaining a sink that is long lasting should also be of the utmost priority.

MQ-505016 Deluxe 16 Gauge Sink

• Under Mount Double Bowl Square Sink • T-304 Stainless steel, 16 Guage • 18/10 Chrome/Nickel • 32" x 19" x 10" • Offset Drain Holes Position • Padded, Undercoated and Sound Proofed • ASME Standard A1 12.19.3-2000, CSA B45.4-2002 Mounting clips and cutout template supplied. All drain holes accept 31/2" US drain fittings.

MG-3121-R Gold Series 16 Gauge Sink

• Under Mount Double Bowl Kitchen Sink • T-304 Stainless steel, 16 Gauge • 18/10 ChromeNickel • 31-1/2"x20-5/8" • -R: Small Bowl on Right, 7" deep and Large Bowl on Left, 9" deep • Offset Drain Hole Position • Padded, Undercoated and Sound. • ASME Standard A1 12.19.3-2000, • CSA B45.4-2002 Mounting clips and cutout template supplied. All drain holes accept 31/2" US drain fittings.

MG-2318 Gold Series 18 Gauge Sink

• Under Mount Single Bowl Kitchen Sink • T-304 Stainless steel, 18 Gauge • 18/10 Chrome-Nickel • 23-1/4" x 17-3/4" x 9" • Drain hole in central position. • Padded, Undercoated and Sound Proofed. • ASME Standard A1 12.19.3-2000, • CSA B45.4-2002 Mounting clips and cutout template supplied. All drain holes accept 31/2" US drain fittings. The faucets, just as the sink can be chosen to suit personalities and which will add that extra sparkle to the kitchen. Below are a few choices to aid in the purchasing process.

Bellera Pull-down Kitchen Faucet (zaa51090) The Ballera pull-down kitchen faucet expands the traditional kitchen category by adding a singlehandle integrated valve option for the kitchen. This faucet offers a superior clearance below the spout for filling and cleaning large pots with improved ergonomics and a simpler operation even with wet or soapy hands.

41 Mucurapo Road, St. James Phone: 622-1047 Fax: 628-1322


• 1 or 3 hole installation (escutcheon included) • High-arch spout design provides more room for pots/pans • 360 degree rotation offers superior clearance for a variety of sink activities • Single forward facing lever handle is simple to use and easier to temper water • Compact three function sprayhead with spray, aerated flow and pause function • Features MasterClean™ sprayface that resists mineral buildup and is easy-to-clean • ProMotion™ technology light, quiet nylon hose with ball joint configuration on the pulldown sprayhead provides superior ergonomic and easy-to-use functionality • KOHLER finishes resist corrosion and tarnishing, exceeding industry durability standards over two times

• Flexible supply lines and KOHLER® installation ring simplify installation

Elate™ pullout kitchen faucet (zaa19921) The Elate Kitchen faucet by KOHLER meets the growing demand for pullout faucets with a sleek new design. Elate brings the sophisticated look of contemporary design at an affordable price. • Sophisticated design with ergonomic functionality • Allows the user to switch between pause, spray and stream options • Resists buildup and is easy-toclean • 2.2 gpm • Elate faucet contains all necessary parts for both single-hole and three-hole installations

Carafe® filtered water faucet (cc21248) The Carafe filtered water kitchen faucet introduces a unique level of functionality with contemporary European styling. Combining all the benefits of a single lever kitchen faucet with integrated water filtering capabilities to minimize clutter around the sink. The faucet is ideally scaled for both prep and entertainment sink applications. • Clean European design • Single-lever handle for ease of operation • 360 degree swivel spout with 9" clearance maximizes functional performance for prep sinks and island installations • Separate quarter turn controls filtered water delivery • Flexible supply lines • KOHLER finishes resist corrosion and tarnishing, exceeding industry durability standards over two times

Parq® deck-mount kitchen faucets with spray (faa222868) Parq bridge faucets feature a fresh interpretation of the classic traditional bridge configuration, incorporating lines that both reinforce the heritage of this aesthetic and yet are clean for ease of maintenance. Functional performance remains at the heart of the Parq design with generous spout clearances and with lever or tri handle options that introduce a level of uniqueness and charm to further personalize the users experience. Parq is available in both deck- and wall-mount configurations with the further option of a design coordinated sidespray for the deck-mount configuration. • Two-handled deck-mounted bridge kitchen sink faucet with 8" centers and lever handles • Traditional styling with clean lines makes clean-up and maintenance both simple and quick • Spout rotates 360 degrees with 8-1/2" clearance below spout for use with large pots and pans • Design coordinating sidespray with one touch spray actuation and quick connect fitting • Sidespray features ProMotion® technology with non-metallic hose and ball joint for quiet, light and easy to use operation with MasterClean™ sprayface to reduce mineral buildup and makes it simpler to clean and maintain • ADA compliant lever handles provide a generous grip area for ease of operation • Supplied with flexible inlet connections for ease of installation • KOHLER finishes resist corrosion and tarnishing, exceeding industry durability standards over two times • KOHLER ceramic disk valves exceed industry longevity standards by over two times, ensuring durable performance for life.

Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011


Plan your design. If the area currently consists of painted drywall, the tiles can be placed on top of it. Simply sand the area to make it smooth. If there is currently another tile backsplash, remove it. You will need to cut the backer, which is often drywall, removing it and the attached tiles. Install the new backer directly on the studs that are now exposed. You can use waterproof drywall, regular drywall, or a cement backer.


Measure the length of the backsplash and the distance from the countertop to the bottom of the kitchen cabinet. This will provide you with the area that must be covered by tile. Determine the tile pattern by drawing a scaled outline on paper. Subway tiles measuring 4×4, 6×6, or 3×4 are the most common for kitchen backsplashes. However, there are many other options, such as 1×1 tiles that are attached to a back mesh.


Purchase the desired tiles, making sure to buy the glazed variety. Anyone who knows how to tile a backsplash will tell you that unglazed tile will get grease and moisture stains. When making the purchase, add ten percent to the dimensions to account for waste and cutting.


Remove the range hood, stove, and any other items that will be in the way. Shut off power to area outlets and switches. Remove the switch and outlet cover plates.


Use galvanized drywall screws to install the backer board. When installing this board, leave a gap of 1/8-inch between the edges, covering this area with mesh tape and some filler compound.


If the tile will be running over gaps, such as where a range is located, insert a temporary ledger board on the base of the tile line. This will help secure the tiles during the installation process.


Identify the visual focal point or the area. Using a level, draw a plumb start line through this point. This line will be used to vertically align the tiles. Lay out the tiles on the floor or counter to follow the pattern.


Begin in the center at the bottom row, applying thinset mortar or tile mastic with a grooved trowel. Cover only a small section of wall and place the first tile edge on the vertical line, with a 1/8-inch gap at the bottom. This gap provides space for a caulk bead at a later time. Wiggle and press this first tile into place and then insert a 1/8-inch spacer vertically.


Install subsequent tiles using the same method. Work away from the center line, wiggling each tile into place and inserting spacers between each tile. Make sure that you follow the pattern outlined on the floor or counter.


When arriving at a spot where a tile must be trimmed or cut, do the cutting during installation. These areas will be under countertops, around electrical outlets or light switches, or at the end of a row.


Use a scoring cutter to cut a tile. First, mark the area on the tile where it must be cut. Then, insert the tile into the tool and score a mark onto the tile surface. With a sharp movement of the tool’s handle, the tile will break on the scored line. When cutting an opening for a light switch or electrical outlet, two tiles may need to be cut. Tile nippers can then be used to cut out the inside opening. The tiles can then be installed on each side of the switch or outlet.


Once all tiles have been installed, allow the mastic to set overnight. The next day, mix sandless grout according to the directions on the product. Use a rubber float to apply the grout. Push the grout into the gaps between the tiles. Hold the float at an angle of 45 degrees and remove all excess grout.


Let the grout set for one hour. Clean the tiles to remove any hazy surface, using a wet sponge rinsed frequently in clean water. Use a dry, clean cloth to buff the tiles, restoring them to their original appearance.


Prior to reattaching outlet cover plates, box extenders may need to be installed.


Along the bottom seam between the counter and backsplash, apply a bead of tile and tub caulk that matches the color of the grout.


If desired, seal the grout. Those who know how to tile a backsplash are aware that grout can stain, particularly in an area like the kitchen. After the grout is totally cured, which takes about one week, apply a silicone material grout sealer. Please note that these instructions are specific to a kitchen backsplash but with a few alterations, they can apply to any room.

How to tile a Kitchen Backsplash

Tiles 25

Designs by Vanessa Dalla Costa



Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011

Basic Material • flooring • under layer • barrier sheeting • laminate glue • adhesive • polyethylene tape • quarter-round molding, baseboard or wall base • end molding, threshold and other transitions • stair nose, flush or over-the-top • plastic sheeting to cover furniture or close off adjacent

Tools you'll need • tapping block • pull bar • spacers • safety goggles • gloves • utility knife • hammer • pencil • tape measure • carpenter's square • router • drill • saws: table, miter, circular, hand, jigsaw • dividers • chalk line • laminate floor cleaner • white vinegar • pocket plane

How to install laminate floors

The following install instructions focus on the most popular type of laminate flooring – board-style planks with tongue-and-groove construction.


Before you begin the actual installation of your new laminate floor, you have to prep the existing floor.

Bring Your Windows To Life... t t t t t


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• Ensure a clean, flat surface to work. Remove all debris and other residue made by adhesive or carpet installations. • Remove trims and doors. If the drywall doesn't meet the floor in any spots, create a solid wall surface with a 2- to 3-inchwide (5 to 7 cm) facing strip of quarterinch (6 mm) plywood at the stud. • Install underlayer material. This will depend upon what type of subfloor you're setting the laminate on. Some laminate flooring products have the underlayer attached to the planks. Underlayer reduces noise and cushions the floor. • Measure the area you want to cover and add 10 per cent for waste.

TIP: Avoid ending up with an unusually narrow board at the finish wall, measure the distance between the starting and ending walls. Divide by the width of the board. To balance the room, add the amount left over to the plank width and divide by two.


Experts advise that you should laminate flooring parallel to the longest wall in the room.

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• Start on the left side of the room and work to the right. Place spacers along each wall to set up the expansion zone. Set the first plank down, and add another piece of the flooring to the right, lining up the short ends and locking them into place. • Cut the end of the plank when you have reached the end. Measure the distance between the last piece and the wall. Subtract a quarter-inch (6 mm) before cutting. • Use the leftover piece to start the next row, providing it isn't too short (less than

8 inches [20 cm]). Generally, end joints of boards should be staggered at least 8 inches (20cm). • Angle the boards for the new row, lining up the short ends and locking them into place first. After this row is connected and the last piece cut, the entire length needs to be angled and pushed forward to connect with the groove of the first row. • Continue installing row by row, walking or pressing the boards into the sub-floor. • The laminate flooring will probably need to be cut lengthwise for the last row. Line up the flooring pieces on top of the last row of installed planks. Use a plank and a spacer to trace the contour of the wall onto the board that will be cut.

TIP: When cutting the laminate with a handsaw or carbon-tipped blade power tool, the decorative side of the board should be facing up to minimize chipping. Use a pull bar to get the last piece of the row in and ensure the joints between planks are tight. Don't forget to put the spacer between the wall and the laminate!

Finish Finally, install the trim track on the subfloor where needed. You can glue or nail this to the subfloor, and it serves the purpose of holding trim and transition elements in place. Then, install trim pieces that will finish the transitions to other rooms. T-molding is used to cover the space where two floors meet in a doorway. Manufacturers will also offer finishing pieces that are designed to transition the laminate flooring to another floor, say tiled or carpeted floor. End molding finishes the laminate flooring at sliding doors or other areas.

DID YOU KNOW? Laminate flooring isn’t limited to looking like a variety of wood. It can mimic other flooring including ceramic tile, brick and even slate.

Islands 27

Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011

How to build a kitchen island - Oasis style This island is destined to become the centerpiece of your kitchen. Multipurpose and practical with a large work surface and style to compliment all decors, here is something that will simplify your life….beautifully! Although the turned legs give it the appearance of a table, this is an island 36" high or standard counter height.An ideal lunch counter and great for preparing food, this island comes with three practical drawers and a work surface made of solid 1 1/2” pine wood.

Tools List

• Sliding mitre saw • Driver drill • Router • Square • Pencil • Measuring tape

Material List

• 1 pine wood counter 1 1/2" x 36" x 72" • 1 sheet of Ply 1/2" x 60" X 60" • 1 sheet of hardboard (or masonite) 1/8" x 24" x 60" • 1 pine board 3/4" x 6" x 96" • 3 pine boards 3/4" x 8" x 96"

Cutting list Carefully identify each piece with the corresponding letter. Sand surfaces if necessary. Pieces Quantity A - Counter 1 B - Drawer fronts and backs 6 C - Drawer sides 6 D - Drawer bottoms 3 E - Drawer facades 3 F - Legs 4 G - Short drawer supports 4 H - Long drawer supports 2 I - Table sides 2 J - Table back 2 • 2 pine boards 3/4" x 4" x 96" • 4 hemlock 36" table legs • 3 pairs of 20" Richelieu slides • 3 Richelieu knobs • 16 metal squares 1" x 1 3/4" with fastening screws • 1 1/2" screws


• The contours of the table as well as the legs are fastened exclusively with metal squares. • Fasten legs ‘F’ under counter ‘A’ using squares. Legs should be 1" from the edge of the counter. • Fasten sides ‘H’ and back ‘J’ to counter ‘A’ then to legs using squares. Sides and back should be 1/4" in from legs.

Drawer module

• Four supports ‘G’ should be installed in order to screw in the slides supporting the draw-

Material Pine 1 1/2" Ply 1/2" Ply 1/2" Hardboard 1/8" Pine 3/4" Hemlock Pine 3/4" Pine 3/4" Pine 3/4" Pine 3/4"

Measurements 35 3/4" x 72" 3 1/2" x 18 5/16" 3 1/2" x 20" 18 13/16" x 19 1/2" 4 1/4" x 20 1/2" 3" x 36" 6" x 21" 3" x 64" 6" x 28" 6" x 64"

ers. Two of these supports need to receive the slides for each side, so they should be offset to make it easier to screw them on. • Install the slides on short supports ‘G’. They should be 7/8" from the front edge of ‘G’ and 1 5/8" from the lower edge of ‘G’ for the two outer drawers (left and right), and 2 1/8" from the lower edge of ‘G’ for the center drawer. • Remember that the two center ‘G’ supports need a slide on each side: one of the supports will have an outer drawer slide on the left and a center drawer slide on the right, while the reverse will be true for the other ‘G’ support, which will therefore have a center drawer slide on the left and an outer drawer slide on the right (see the illustration below). • Screw the short ‘G’ supports to the long supports ‘I’ and back ‘J’. The ‘G’ supports with only one track should be installed on the ends and those with two tracks installed on the inside. ‘G’ supports should be spaced at 20 11/32".


• Drawer bottoms should slide into the grooves made in the side, front and back pieces of the drawers. • Use a router to make grooves 1/4"

deep x 1/8" wide and 1/4" in from the edges of the drawer sides ‘C’ and fronts/backs ‘B’. • For each drawer, assemble sides ‘C’ and fronts/backs ‘B’ around bottom ‘D’, by inserting ‘D’ into the grooves. Screw ‘B’ to ‘C’. • Screw facade ‘E’ to front ’B’, on the inside of the drawer. • Mark the positioning of the knob screws on the facade, predrill on the markings then screw in the knob. • Screw the tracks on to the drawers 1/8" from the facade and 1 1/4" from the lower edge of the sides for the outer drawers and 1 3/4" for the center drawer.

Installation of drawer module Turn the table upside down and insert the drawer module. Position the facade of the module 1/4" in from the edges of the legs, as was done with the sides and back of the table. Screw it to the counter and to the legs but not to the sides of the table. Simply insert the drawers, paint the legs and contours of the table and you’re done. Do not paint, varnish or stain the top: leave the wood natural in order to eliminate the possibility of food contamination by finishing products.


Buyers Guide

Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011

Kitchen Concepts opened its doors for the first time on June 9, 2007. The guiding principle being “Making the kitchen the place to be�. Our priority is customer satisfaction. We recognise that our satisfied customers are our biggest asset. Kitchen Concepts was borne out of a desire to provide the market with a high quality, durable, contemporary and affordable kitchen built to international standards. Prior to starting up considerable effort went into researching a suitable manufacturer of cabinetry to satisfy these requirements. The search covered international cabinetry manufacturers. Visits were made to manufacturing facilities to ensure state of the art manufacturing systems, conforming to best industry practices in quality assurance and guided by ISO certifications. After careful evaluation a suitable manufacturer with vast experience was selected. All cabinetry are industrially manufactured using state of the art automated and computerised methods to exacting standards. Manufacturing processes pay stringent attention to environmental conservation. The manufacturing process creates a product that is termite resistant and moisture resistant so as to give many years of beauty and service. We strive to produce a contemporary design to create feelings of calm and relaxation while maintaining a high quality value for homes of all tastes and lifestyles. Kitchen Concepts is a company that succeeds in satisfying customers demands in terms of styling, functionality, safety and durability. We are about flexibility and innovation.

We provide a meeting place of style and modernity and we can even combine classical taste with a modern style. We believe that you can make your kitchen the focus of your home, a masterpiece of which you can be proud. Your kitchen must have a sophisticated and elegant character yet be contemporary in nature. It must be a place that is easy to work in and comfortable to live in! We provide a wide range of fitted kitchens with many styles and colours to provide our customers with a kitchen that will be in harmony with their homes and lifestyles. We can in some instances design and install a new kitchen in under a week. Our computer aided design allows you the customer to sit with us and design what you want. You are also part of our design team. Actual installation time for most kitchens is under 5 days depending on the size of the kitchen. It is our dream that every home should have a kitchen; be it a mansion for an emperor or a humble cottage. Kitchen Concepts therefore also provide very functional yet elegant kitchens that are very affordable. Visit us; we are eagerly waiting to warmly welcome you. You will be pleasantly surprised.

Buyers Guide

Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011


How to Choose your Countertops Nadaleen Singh From granite, to stone, to laminate, to concrete and the list goes on but which type of material do you choose for your countertop? There are many factors to take into consideration when deciding what type of countertop to install. For instance, would you like to have your family around you when you are in the kitchen? This would mean that you would require your kitchen to send the message of warmth and togetherness. If you want to put down your hot pot on the bare countertop the type of material that the countertop is made of, needs to be considered. You certainly would not want a countertop that cannot withstand liquid spills on it. Laminate countertop If you are working with a budget the laminate countertop is the one for you, there are a lot of colours to choose from. However, if there are spills these types of countertop can be more of a headache and a weight to the pocket. According to if laminated countertops get wet it can result in swelling the cupboard. “If the top layer of a countertop will be damaged and water can penetrate to the substrate, it might cause a big problem. Countertop will swell; the edges will separate and lose its appearance. It is not recommended to install any type of under mounted sinks because it will increase a possibility of water damage. It is very hard or, let’s say, nearly impossible to repair severely damaged countertop unless the whole top layer is replaced.” Concrete countertops While concrete countertops are not damaged quite easily, there are things which should be considered before constructing and installing a concrete countertop. According to “Concrete countertops should be properly sealed. They are porous and without proper sealing can be easily damaged or stained. Concrete is a very heavy material and unlike other types of countertops if installation is not done right it might crack. Sometimes additional supports for cabinets might be required. Also it is not cheap.” A professional would be needed to install the countertop and this can be an extra cost. Corian countertops Corian countertops are man-made and consist of acrylic polymer and alumina trihydrate. Like with the other types of material installing a

Corian countertop has its advantages and disadvantages. According to : “Corian countertop should not be used as a cutting surface as it can be damaged with sharp objects such as a knife, but minor scratches can be sanded and eliminated. It is a long-lasting and durable synthetic material; however it is not heat resistant and can be easily damaged with a hot pan.” Marble countertops If you choose a marble countertop it means that it would require heavy maintenance and it would be appropriate to a high traffic area in the home. “For the high traffic areas use of a kitchen countertop, marble material can cause many problems and require high maintenance. You shouldn’t use any types of chemicals to wash the marble countertops. It is porous and can be very easily stained and destroyed even with reasonable use by any type of heat, heavy use (cuts), acid (juice), wine or water. If you cut on the marble countertop, scratches can allow liquids or even oxidation from the air to leak under the seal coating and staining the marble.” Quartz Again this type of material can be damaged easily if not handled with care. According to “Even though quartz is very tough it can be damaged under impacts of sharp materials or by very high temperature. It is recommended to use boards for cutting food and do not put hot pans directly on the surface of countertop, but instead use trivets for protection.” Stainless steel countertops This type of countertop is mainly used in restaurants, if scratches or some damage is done to the top some, not all damage, can be removed. “Even though, shallow scratches can be sanded and eliminated, some deep impacts from sharp objects are impossible to hide. That's why it is better to not cut food directly on the counter. By its nature, stainless steel is a shiny material and fingerprints might stand out on its surface, but there are products, offered by manufacturers which help to eliminate this drawback. This type of countertop is inexpensive, but when professionally installed it will definitely pay off in time.” Now that you know the do’s and don’ts take your pick depending on your situation and your pocket.


THE SPECIALIST HARDWARE 227/229 Union Road, Marabella 868-658-6896 / 658-3362






















The Essentials

Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011

Creating kitchen space Nyerere Haynes

A cluttered mind results in a chaotic life so too does a cluttered home result in disharmony and confusion. The home is a place of sanctuary where we retreat from hectic days and weeks to recuperate and resurface to face the world renewed once again. Going home to chaotic home negates this rejuvenation process as we are then faced with complications at home that we so needed to escape. There is bliss is simplicity, calm in space and clarity in balance. Home arrangement can play an enormous part in the way we face our daily responsibilities. It is actually a reflection of our approach to life and inevitably our own success. In this article @Home will look at creating a clutter free kitchen. In most households the kitchen is the busiest room of the house. It is a meeting place for conversation and great food and also a place where if left unattended for too long can become a muddle of cookbooks, mail, containers and stuff that manage to find a home on the kitchen counter.

Get rid of what you don’t need Decide what you need and what you can either throw out or find a suitable storage space for. Start by going through drawers removing things that you don’t need. Place items that are most used at the top of the kitchen drawers.

Likewise, the same process is followed for food, kitchen appliances and other items that have taken up residence in the kitchen. Sift through the freezer and remove packaged items that have expired. Transfer burnt sugar, colouring agents and any other items that have been in your refrigerator for a year to the trash. Free up your kitchen counter by storing cookbooks and ole phonebooks in a storage room.

Organise pots, pans and other containers Are you faced with the problem of limited cupboard space? Invest in stackable cookware sets to save space and also to keep your pots and pans organised. Heavier pots and cutting boards should be stored close to the floor to avoid and accidents. Keep all storage containers arranged according to size and tucked away in under-sink cupboards.

Decide what appliances are essential We all have appliances taking up space on our kitchen counters that are barely used. Instead of having a series of different appliances invest in multifunctional kitchen appliances. Blenders are very handy as it can be used for punches, seasoning and puree food.

How to choose your Appliances White appliances are still the classic favourite, followed by black. Stainless steel, with its professional look, continues to grow in popularity. If you covet a simple Shaker-style space or a luxurious Italian villa setting, however, you may want to hide the fridge and dishwasher out of sight. To meet this need, savvy cabinet manufacturers (as seen in this magazine) offer coordinated cabinet fronts that adhere easily and provide a custom-designed look. To further the traditional, low-tech look, you can opt for smallappliance depots in countertop-height cabinets. You can even choose a specially designed under-counter oven. In this article, we will examine most kitchen appliances, including:

How to Choose an Oven Ovens and ranges come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes, and it's not always easy to figure which model would be right fit for your kitchen. In this section, we will review all the oven and range options available on the market, including gas versus electric. We will also look at range hoods, a vital element of any kitchen where you plan to do a lot of cooking.

How to Choose a Refrigerator Buying the right refrigerator is vitally important. Not only is refrigerator responsible for preventing your food from spoiling, it is also one of the few appliances in your home that runs continuously all the time. On this page, we will show you how to find a reliable refrigerator and how to find the perfect refrigerator for your kitchen.

How to Choose a Sink When buying a sink for your kitchen there are many factors to consider. Sinks do far more than just provide cold and hot water. You must also consider water purifiers, garbage disposals, and what material you want your sink made out of. On this page, we will answer all of your sink-buying questions and related sink materials.

How to Choose a Dishwasher Dishwashers can range from elegant high-end models to small, counter-top units. Choosing the right dishwasher will depend on the features you want and the look of your kitchen. In this section, we will help you pick the perfect dishwasher for you dream kitchen. With information from

ABEL building solutions introduces THE METPRO range of decorative burglar proofing and the Spectra Steel Window Windows form an integral part in creating a beautiful home or building, both inside and outside. ABEL Building Solutions (ABS) recognizes the important role that the window plays in any structure and has for over two decades been supplying the people of Trinidad and Tobago and the wider Caribbean beautiful, elegant and durable windows through their Metpro Steel and Aluminium and Astralite uPvC ranges. Long at the forefront of the local building industry, ABEL has been quick to adapt and innovate as the market dictated. Originally, a manufacturer of clay products, ABEL now boasts the widest range of building products in Caricom, including steel and aluminum windows and doors (Metpro brand) and glass curtain walls and aluminum cladding. In June this year, as part of its ongoing strategy to meet the needs of the market, ABS launched two new products – the Metpro Decorative Burglar Proof Series and the Spectra Steel Window. The Metpro Decorative Burglar Proof Series offers the discerning customer a choice of burglar proof patterns. These patterns are incorporated into the Metpro Steel window which has stood the test of time. The decorative burglar proof patterns are stylish and elegant offer the home owner the added benefit of security, a burning issue on the minds of most of us. The Spectra Steel windows are ideal for the customer who is constructing his home on a very tight budget. These windows are affordable and attractive and are available either plain or frenched. The choice of either plain or frenched will depend both on the customers taste as well as his budgetary requirements. Both the Metpro and Spectra windows are available in a variety of sizes, ranging from twelve inches in height to five feet tall and are available with either plain or tinted glass. The windows are “crabbed” into the masonry opening and then sealed in placed with mortar. Installed, they protect a barrier against intruders. These windows can easily be joined together to create any number of designs the home owner desires. For further information on these products, you can contact ABEL Building Solutions at 665-5221 or visit any of our ABS Building Solutions Centres located in Port of Spain, Arouca, Mt. Hope, Chaguanas, San Fernando or Scarborough, Tobago.


Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011

REMODEL CHECKLIST Kitchen Specs: Budget for project: Current square footage: Desired square footage: Floor Plan/Design (a) Designer (b) contractor (c) architect Floor plans? NO YES Are there any walls to be moved? NO YES Have you applied for all the necessary permits? NO YES Electrical Is the need for sub panel? YES  NO Phone, cable or cad wire? YES NO Outlets How many: Colour:     Type: Switches How many:                 Colour: Any three-way?         Lighting Recess Lighting? NO YES Light fixtures? NO YES Make, Model_____________________ Units: __________________ Finish: __________________________ Bulbs: __________________ Under cabinet lighting? Make, Model_____________________ Units: __________________ Finish: __________________________ Bulbs: __________________ Plumbing Does the plumbing need to be upgraded or relocated? NO YES Walls What type of wall texture? ___________________________________________ Paint: Brand: _____________ Colour: ______________ Finish:_____________ Windows New windows? NO YES Total # of windows: ________ Size(s): ________________________ Make, model: ______________________________________ Mouldings? NO YES Type: ___________________________ Profile: _______________________________ Doors New Doors? NO YES Total number of doors: ______________________ Size(s):___________________________ Make, model: ______________________________________ Mouldings? NO YES Type: ___________________________ Profile: _________________________________ Tile Do you want to use tile? NO YES Where? (check all that apply) Type: _____________________________ Pattern: _____________________________ Grout colour: ________________________ Tile Size: ___________________________ Cabinets • Custom or Modular?: ___________________________________ • Material, stain or colour: __________________________________ • Door & drawer type: ____________________________________ • Custom cabinet accessories (knobs, etc.): ____________________ • Material finish: satin or semi-gloss: _________________________

Countertops Material type: __________________________________________ Edge detail: ____________________________________________ Backsplash material? Type?_______________________________ Sinks Make, model: ______________________________________ Finish: ____________________________ Colour:________________

A typical kitchen remodel takes about six to eight weeks, depending on size and complexity. This checklist includes the most common elements of a kitchen makeover. Think about these elements in advance, your designer and/or contractor will be able to design and quote your project within your budget and give you a realistic timeframe for your project.



AIR-CONDITIONING SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Clamens & Associates 2000 Ltd Bldg. 20 Fernandes Industrial Estate, Laventille 868-626-0062 24 Belle Smythe St Woodbrook 868-622-3585 Dock Office 868-623-4051

Refrigerator NO YES Make, model: _________________________ Finish: _______________

DESIGN CONSULTANTS Inex Consultants - Darrel Dookoo 291- 2326

Disposal NO YES Make, model: ______________________________________ Finish: _______________ Horsepower: ______________________________________

CUSTOM DESIGNS AND FINISHES Trinidad Innovation USA Co. Ltd 55 Dundonald Street, or Cor. Melville Lane and Dere Street 290-0915

Sink Faucet: Make, model: ______________________ Finish: _________________ Flooring Material type? _______________________ Make, model:________________________ Square footage: ______________________ Baseboards:___________________

Range/Oven: NO YES Make, model: ______________________________________ Finish: _______________ Fuel Type: ________________________________________ Range Hood NO YES Updraft? ________ Downdraft? ___________ Dishwasher NO YES Make, model: ______________________________________ Finish: _______________ Microwave NO YES Make, model: _________________________Finish:_______________ Hot Water Dispenser NO YES Make, model: _________________________Finish:_______________


Italian Kitchen Company 165-A Western Main Rd ST JAMES 628-3045 Beta Homes Old Southern Main Road, Frederick Settlement, CARONI 662-3708/3710 663-6511 PCCL 2 Endeavour Street, Chaguanas 665-9663, 665-8159

FLOORING, BLINDS AND WINDOW TREATMENTS CW Interiors Cor. Cornelio Street & Ariapita Avenue, WOODBROOK Boundary Road & Churchill Roosevelt Highway, SAN JUAN 623-0000, 674- 0000 CABINETS AND COUNTERTOPS Wood Time Manufacturing 2 IDC Industrial Estate DIEGO MARTIN, 633-9663 FURNITURE, LARGE AND SMALL APPLIANCES Courts (Unicomer Trinidad Ltd) Don Miguel Rd & Churchill Roosevelt Hwy San Juan 675-7808 Parts World Ltd 153-155 Eastern Main Road, BARATARIA 638 -2570, 638 -1277, 638-2116 Signature Selection Trincity 640-3764 FINANCE AND INSURANCE Republic Bank  11-17 Park Street, Port of Spain 623-1056 TATIL 11A, Maraval Road,

PORT-OF-SPAIN 62-TATIL SINK, FAUCETS AND ACCESSORIES Bath & Kitchen Design Centre 41 Mucurapo Road, St James 622-1047 Oscar Francois Ltd 133-135 Duke St 868-623-1145 Rods 'N Stuff 1st Ave, Chaguanas 868-672-4609 63 Rosalino Street, Woodbrook 868-628-6166 Tazmo Hosein 227- 229 Union Road, Marabella 658 5483 Ampstec Electrical 185 Oilbird Dr. Malabar 868-643-6114 HARDWARE TOOLS AND PLUMBING SNS Hardware-Plumbing Fixtures and Supplies, 101 Cipero Street, SAN FERNANDO 657-1310 C P's Plumbing & Hardware Ltd 32 Duncan Village 868-653-3410 868-657-5469


Sunday Guardian July/August, 2011

@Home Kitchen Makeover  

This concept was created to help homeowners understand more about kitchens. Produced as Associate Editor at Guardian Media Limited Special P...

@Home Kitchen Makeover  

This concept was created to help homeowners understand more about kitchens. Produced as Associate Editor at Guardian Media Limited Special P...