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SHIYU LIU PORTFOLIO 2015 - 2019

Bachelor of Architecture, Tsinghua University Apply for MA Architecture program at London Metropolitan University Application ID number: 20005607


FIELD We are where we are. It is an old saying in my hometown. I believe when architecture resonates with its place, time, people, and culture, a kind of power called Field appears and gives impact on everything within it.


CONTENTS

SHELTER - Public Welfare School

01

Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka

ISLE - Community Center Renovation

08

Shanghai, China

CO-CAVE - Yaodong Village Cultural Complex

14

Shanxi, China

ANCHOR - Ocarina Studio by the Sea

22

Qinhuangdao, China

INNER WOODS - Pavilion in Woods

26

Nanjing, China

OTHER WORKS

28


Project 01

SHELTER Public Welfare School in Sri Lanka

Location: Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka Type: Pro bono / Team Work Date: 2016/12— 2019/09 Team: Shiyu Liu, Bowen Lei, Shiyu Guo, Le Lee, Cheng Chen, Qixu Xie Contribution: analysis, design, drawing, model Supervisor: Professor Xiaodong Li Photographer: Haowen Bai


Anuradhapura is a city in Sri Lanka with an abundant history of 2000 years, where Shi-hara origins from. These years, sexual abuse cases are common in this area, and the drop-out rate of local schools is high. By cooperating with a local NGO, we designed and built a welfare school for the kids. Two rectangular volumes, one with classrooms and a library, and the other with office and restrooms are arranged in the middle of the narrow field. To cope with tropical rain climate, we enlarge the roof space into a second floor to form a thermal insulation layer. As a library, this space also responds to the psychological needs of orphans and provides a religious atmosphere. 01


GEOGRAPHICAL CONTEXT Located in the northern part of Sri Lanka, Seppukulama is a small village surrounded by natural lake and swamp. The tropical climate allows flourish in vegetation and builds a close relationship between people and nature. However, extreme torridity can also threaten people's lives.

10° N

9° N

8° N

7° N

6° N 79° E

80° E

81° E

82° E

83° E

SITE M

2K

Swamp Lake 5KM TO TOWN

Village

PROCESS TIMELINE

1948 Independence of Sri-Lanka Seppukulama has multiple religions and cuiltures.

1983-2009 Civil War

2014 Abuse of Kids NGO Intervention

War made damage Poor education on economy and led to abuse of kids and drop out education.

CED intervened to provide help to local kids.

2017

2018-2019

2019.5

Architecture Students

Shelter Construction

Being Put into Use

Students were invited to design and build a shelter

A public welfare Kids and women can school was built to get free education provide shelter. and aid here.


SOCIAL CONTEXT: NEED OF SHELTER FOR KIDS

poor economy

Due to the impact of civil war and weak economy, children here suffer from three major threats: extreme climate, high drop-out rate from school, and abuse from family. CED, a local non-government organization, has intervened since 2014 to provide protection and educational aids. Thus, the need of a building acting as a shelter arose.

poor education

closed loop

poor protect

ARCHITECTURE STUDENTS

EXTREME CLIMATE EXT REM E TO RRID STRO ITY NG S UNLI GHT DISAST ERS

TH R E A T

S O N KI D

architecture design field study construction control project organization

S

SH ELTER INTERNATIONAL ENTERPRISE

FAMILY ABUSE

CIVIL WAR IMPACT

construction process material access construction organization

PO OR H IG EC HR ON ATE OM O Y L AC F CRI K OF ME TEAC HER LEGAL S ABSEN CE RURAL CU LTURE

ULTS L A SSA Y SEXUA BILIT E CT A E T RAT RO UT LF-P E O K S OF OR ROP L A CK R W ES HD G O I C B H A UR ANS DL O E S RC PH RE FO AL OR N F O TIO ER CA B U M ED NU OF E K C RG LA LA

LOCAL WORKERS wood structure making occupation access local material access

LOCAL NGO school operation land permission communication social study propaganda advice on design course design

REALIZATION VIA MULTI-PARTICIPATION In 2017, CED invited a group of architecture students to design the shelter. Later, international enterprise CCDG joined and sponsored the whole construction. Together with the help of local government and villagers, the shelter finally came into construction in 2018 and came into use in May 2019.

construction in community poor education

poor economy

break in

shelter

poor protect

learning access

02


STUDY OF BODY MEMORIES We hope that the new shelter will be closely connected with the culture and memory of local children. In a year-long survey, we found that four elements have become the key to children's living environment: spiritual spaces, learning spaces, climate and materials. Our design starts with responding to these four aspects and explores the physical and psychological intimacy of space and people.

Spiritual Space pray under the roof

Learning Space learn under the banyan

Climate Response play in yard and corridor

Material build from nature

Spiritual Space pray under roof structure church and temple reference

CLASSROOM

Learning Space formal spaces: classroom unformal spaces: under trees,under roof, in the courtyard

LIBRARY

BOOKSTORAGE


SITE STRATEGY: MINIMUM INSERTION-MAXIMUM ACTIVATION

Backyard

Aerial view, in construction

Playground

Simplicity to Richness

Street 30 m

Climate Response thermal insulation layer ventilation window system inner courtyard and extended roof

STAIRCASE

N

A piece of land on the edge of village surrounded with woods was offered by local government. A simple volume is preferred due to limited budgets and undecided additions in the future. With main building stepping back from the street, three layers of outdoor spaces are defined, creating dialogues with nature and activating public activities from the street.

Material local wood trusses tiles and bricks hand-made window and door

COURTYARD

OFFICE

TOILET 03


MICRO-CLIMATE DESIGN To cope with the tropical rain climate, we enlarge the roof space into a second floor to form a thermal insulation layer. As a public library, this space also responds to the psychological needs of orphans and provides a religious atmosphere. The rainwater will gather from the sloping roof to the pots, which can adjust the microclimate. High temperatures and rainfall

Prevailing wind

SUNLIGHT

WIND

Section A-A'

Section B-B'

04


GROUND FLOOR- OPEN BOXES IN NATURE

View of Classroom

A

B

B'

A'

N

5m

Groundfloor Plan


IN-BETWEEN SPACE- SHELTER FOR BODY AND SPIRITS

View of Second-floor Library

N

5m

Secondfloor Plan

05


Indirect light - Green reflection Library under roof structures becomes a spiritual space for this school, recalling the body memory of kids and creating a sense of shelter and hope for them.

green reflection

Detail Section of Wooden Roof

View of Staicase and Bookstorage

Filter - Doors and windows Classroom doors and windows use a traditional local wooden grille that allows wind and reflected light to enter, blocking rainwater and excessive direct light.

wooden grilling

rain direct light wind indirect light

View of Classroom

Detail Section of Classroom


CONSTRUCTION AND MATERIALS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

1. local-made pottery tile 2. wooden tile batten 3. drain pipe 4. wooden beam 5. wooden window frame 6. glass 7. grille window 8. bar window 9. plaster 10. terracotta brick 11. concrete beam 12. concrete column 13. grille door

6 4 8 9 10

11 12 13

Construction and Material Drawing

1-20 Detail Model

06


COMBINATION OF MANUFACTURE AND CRAFTSMANSHIP To revive community culture, we brought local materials and craftsmanship into modern concrete techniques and engaged local carpenters into the roof construction. Concrete foundation and frames become the skeleton of the building and local materials, such as pottery tiles and wooden grille window, filled it with blood and flesh.

STEP 1 Concrete foundation

STEP 2 Concrete frame

STEP 3 Wood trusses

STEP 4 Enclosures


View from Entrance Yard

07


Project 02

ISLE Community Center Renovation

Location: Shanghai, China Type: Competition / Team work Date:2017/08-2017/09 Team: Shiyu Liu, Keming Yang, Haosheng Huang Contribution: design, drawing, Model Supervisor: Bo Li Prize: 2nd Prize of TEAMZERO Award Architecture Design Competition


Lilong, a typical housing typology in central Shanghai since the 1850s, has been faced with a series of problems in the process of urbanization. Focusing on an abandoned market in one of Lilong districts, we try to revive the old community with a micro-update of its public space. By converting the formerly closed courtyard into an open living room, we create a knot in the narrow alley, which connects different parts of the community and activates the street life. Multiple layers of boundaries are used to define the central space, recalling poetic experiences in Lilong spaces. Standing as a pavilion in the center of Shanghai, it provides a unique perspective of the city about both the old and new, the light and heavy. 08


CONTEXT: SILENT LILONG IN CENTRAL SHANGHAI In the central part of Shanghai, more than 20% of the housing area locates in Lilong, a typical housing district formed since the 1850s with dense residences and narrow alleys. These years, more and more skyscrapers have risen in the city center and left Lilong districts under shade and neglect.

China

Shanghai

Formed in concession areas from the 1 Crowded housing units leave little spac identity. Thus, renovation for public sp

CBD

1:500 Urban Model

SITE MEMORY: DECAY OF FORMAL MARKET The site locates on Jiangyin Road, a typical Lilong district in central Shanghai. It was once a famous flower-and-bird market from the 1980s to 2010s. In recent years, it has been neglected and has decayed into ruins. Thinking of sparse public spaces in Lilong, we propose to convert it into a community center to contain new public life for people here.

1949 Lilong District Formed

Panoramic View from Site

Location


GENERAL NEED FOR PUBLIC SPACES RENOVATION IN LILONG

1850s, Lilong came into being to resolve the extreme shortage of housing and became popular in these areas until the 1950s. ce for public life, and situations get worse in existing Lilong districts today, resulting in low living quality and lack of community paces in Lilong is now crucial in central Shanghai.

er e Riv

tz Yang

Existing Lilong District Concession Aera 1845-1943 Public Spaces in Lilong

1979

1980s-1990s

Start of Market

Flourishing

2010s

Now

Market Moved Out

2010s

Neglected Area

Future New Public Life

2000s commerce before 1949

residence with shop office residence

Mass

Void

Time

Function

09


KNOT RENOVATION FOR REVIVAL Focusing on one spot in Lilong, we try to provide an approach to the revival of the community through the renovation of public spaces. Concerning urban tissue and site memory, we remain the footprint of the old market, while converting the formerly closed courtyard into an open living room to create a knot in the narrow alley.

Before

After

Respect original tissue

Relate adjacent alleys

Redefine flowing spaces

Revive community stage


Explosive Axonometric Drawing

10


5m

N

Groundfloor Plan

LAYERS OF SPACE AND BOUNDARY Two groups of fan-like volumes from outside and inside together define the dynamic public spaces. Multiple layers of boundary create unformal in-between areas with different conditions of light and shadow, recalling traditional spaces in Lilong.

peripheral volumes

green area

roof shade

climate boudary

inside volumes


PHYSICAL MODEL

Central Space as public living room

In-between spaces

11


PHYSICAL MODEL

Courtyard and stair towards roof garden

Massive volumes supporting the roof


MEMORY AND MATERIALITY Standing as a pavilion in the center of Shanghai, it provides a unique perspective of the city about both the old and new, the light and heavy. We remained spacial experiences in the past and converted it with different materials. Changes in section redefine the sense of space and activate both the ground space and terrace.

Roof-top Garden

copper panel steel keel concrete structure cement mortar screeding terrazzo slab

planting soil grait layer cement mortar screeding water-proof layer concrete structure cement mortar screeding terrazzo slab

granitic plaster cement mortar screeding concrete structure water-proof layer rammed earth Detail Drawing

12


1

1

View from Front Street


STREETLIFE STAGE

2

3

Urban Section

2

View from Surrounding Residence

3

View from Backstreet

13


Project 03

CO-CAVE Yaodong Cultural Complex

Location: Shanxi, China Type: Academic / Team work Date:2016/08-2019/12 Team: Shiyu Liu, Yuan Yao Contribution: analysis, design, drawing, render Supervisor: Professor Deyin Luo Prize: Gold Prize of Field Research at Tsinghua University


Yaodong cave dwelling is a particular type of living on the Loess Plateau in Shanxi Province. During the process of urbanization, however, those vernacular architecture are facing a sharp decline. Using the typological methodology, we studied how varieties develop from one specific prototype to meet different families’ living requirements. Then following the existing typological logic of Yaodong, we proposed a transformation from separate abandoned caveyards into a connected public culture complex, arousing new resonations between Yaodong and people’s lives today.

14


Aerial View of Yaodong Dwellings

Loess Gully

Loess Plain

Cave Yard

Entrance

Indoor Cave

Yellow River Satellite Image of the Loess Plateau

YAODONG: A CHINESE CAVE DWELLING river valley

cliff yard

cave yard

Section of Yaodong dwelling

Yaodong exists on the Loess Plateau, where many gullies were formed due to soil and water loss. Three types of landforms are created as loess tableland, loess slope, and river valley. People here dig into different terrains for dwellings. On the loess ridge, people first dig down the courtyard, and then dig caves around.


PRIVATE LIFE IN CAVE

Yaodong, as a type of living space, is closely related to the lives and customs of local people. It contains two kinds of spaces, yards and caves. The caves mainly carry private living functions, and public activities occur in the yards. The orientation and layout of caves are affected by the Chinese traditional culture, Bagua and Fengshui.

Yard

PUBLIC LIFE IN YARD Wedding

Opera

Dancing

Shadow Puppets

15


DECLINE OF CAVE YARDS IN URBANIZATION With the intensification of urbanization, more and more people choose to move away from the old cave dwellings and build new houses on the ground. We can see from the satellite image that the original dense caves have become more and more sparse. The decline of Yaodong is a worrying phenomenon.

Cave yards Buildings on gound

start of moving from cave yards to houses aboveground

Existing cave yard

most cave yards being abandoned buildings on ground becoming dominant

Aboveground house Abandoned cave yard

2002

2010

private

SOLUTION: TRANSFORM ABANDONED CAVE YARDS TO PUBLIC SPACES In response to the problems mentioned above, we have proposed a new plan for using abandoned cave yards. By combining the original cave yards into an integrated public space, we intend to relocate the locals back to the yards and caves, creating a new public center in the village.

2016

private

Separated

private

People originally live in individual yards

abandoned

abandoned

abandoned

Abandoned

People leave caves to build aboveground houses

Connected

Abandoned cave yards are linked for public

Activated

People come back to enjoy new life


N

100 m

Site plan

YARD

FIELD

ROAD

BUILDING

TERRAIN

Separated yards

Field pattern

House link

Ground houses

Gully terrain

Combined yards

Landscape platform

Yard link

Observation tower

Public stairs 16


TYPOLOGICAL VOCABULARY

sky

“Tian Yuan Di Fang”, circinal sky and square ground, is a traditional Chinese interpretation of the universe, and this is embodied in the prototype of Yaodong cave dwelling. Variations develop from this prototype to meet different needs. Beginning from the study of interfaces, we summarize those types in five categories and recombine them to create new public spaces, arousing new resonation between Yaodong and people’s lives today.

ground

+5.000 +3.500

+1.800

±0.000 ±0.800

-4.500

Scale of Caves

TYPOLOGICAL ADAPTATION FOR PUBLIC SPACE Library

Theater

Gallery


Bottom

Top

Front

Back

Side

Cellar

Terrace

Eaves

Backcave

Passage

Floors

Skylight

Front house

Corridor

Niche

Front cave

Stair

Booth

Splay

Interfaces

Office

Activity

Cafe

17


TRILOGY: FROM SKY TO GROUND Three kinds of experiences were created from on the ground to below, retaining the traditional living experience, and brings the possibility of new public life at the same time.

UPPER LAYER GROUND LANDSCAPE On the ground, changes in the landscape imply the existence of the space below.

MIDDLE LAYER CEILING AND SKYLIGHT In between the two layers, through the design of arch-shaped ceiling, the introduction of skylight implies changes in external time.

LOWER LAYER UNDERGROUND SPACE Under the ground, continuous circulation allows people to travel through public spaces.

Layered Axonometric Drawing


Rendering of Courtyard Stage

Rendering of Theater

18


FLOWING THROUGH EARTH A series of abandoned courtyards are reorganized and connect different new public spaces. They together form a micro-settlement. From outdoor to indoor, various spatial experiences can remind the villagers of their collective memories of living in Yaodong, while new public spaces act as an attractive core to unite them again. Here in this new complex, public life has been redefined.

Section A-A'

1 Courtyard 2 Theater 3 Cafe 4 Observation tower 5 Library 6 Lobby hall 7 Gallery 8 Lighting yard 9 Office 10 Activity room 11 Courtyard stage

A

A'

7

8

6

3

4 5 B

2

B'

1

11

10 C

N

9

10 m

C'

-1 Floor Plan


Main yard Yard Cave Entrance

Section B-B'

Section C-C'

1 Centural courtyard 2 Theater 5 Library 9 Office 10 Activity room 11 Courtyard stage 12 Gallery hall

12

5 2 1

11

10 9

N

10 m

-2 Floor Plan

19


Skylight in lobby

Linear skylight creates changing light and shadows in lobby, providing interactions between on the ground and below.

Centralized lighting throu hibits in gallery rooms.

Skylight in library

Scattering points of skylights illuminate each unit in the library, with blurred edges creating a gradual change in light.

North sky light falls down skylights, evenly illuminat


Skylight in gallery room

Galley room

Galley room

Lobby

Galley room

Library

Galley hall

ugh a square skylight highlights ex-

Gallery room

Sectional Sequences with Skylight

SKYLIGHT ADAPTATION IN YAODONG

Skylight in gallery hall

n through lantern-shaped arrays of ting the gallery hall.

Traditionally, Yaodong was lit with sidelight, and it was hard for such cave spaces to get enough light, especially for deep inside. As an underground structure, skylights play an important role in illuminating interior spaces. We create several types of skylights to adapt to different functions: scattering, linear, centralized and arraying. People walking through continuous space sequences can experience various lighting atmosphere. 20


CONSTRUCTION PROCESS

9m

Existing caves

Digging out new caves

Leveling and reinforcing surface

Adding structure inside

rammed earth gunite concrete cement mortar screeding water-proof layer concrete structure insulation layer cement mortar bedding raw soil plastering with wheat straw

rammed earth water-proof layer concrete structure insulation layer cement mortar bedding raw soil plastering with wheat straw

Detail Drawing

Section Model of Activity Room

New public spaces are constructed based on old private cave yards. Further digging into the ground creates spaces of different scales. New layers of concrete are jointed with the traditional rammed earth bricks and make large-span structure possible.


21


Project 04

ANCHOR Ocarina Studio by the sea

Location: Qinhuangdao, China Type: Academic / Individual work Date:2017/03-2017/05 Supervisor: Tiantian Xu


This music studio located by the sea tries to be an anchor of the sea. Like a coordinate origin, it measures the abstract and enormous sea with three axes - a horizontal volume along the coastline, an underground volume close to the sea, and a vertical tower towards the sky. Along with the changes in light, sound, and sight, people can get three different experiences. 22


MEASURE OF ENDLESSNESS Located on the edge of the ocean, this small construction has been faced with an everlasting problem - how to measure the endless sea with a limited construction?

N

20m

Masterplan


THREE DIMENSIONS, THREE EXPERIENCES

Z

X

When a person stands by the sea, starting from his point, three relationships with the sea can be established: along the sea, perpendicular to the sea, and vertical to the sky. Walking on these three axes, the positions of people and the sea are constantly changing, forming different experiences. The design starts from this point and uses three linear volumes to establish a measure of the sea.

Y

Z

X

Y

Z

X

Horizontal along the sea

Y

Perpendicular to the sea

1:50 Model

Vertical to the sky

The tower becomes a landmark in this horizontal landscape. The horizontal volume opens to the beach, inviting people to enter. And the underground volume interacts with the shore through the skylight and implies the changes of depth. 23


Z X

Y Explosive Axonometric Drawing

CONTAINER OF THE SEA Inside space of the three volumes has become a container for various senses to perceive the sea. Light and wind travel between the three volumes and the sound of the waves converge through the reflection of the horizontal curve volume. During the day, different experiences are formed inside the building as the sun, sea, and wind change.

Light

Wind

Sound


1:50 Section Model

1:25 Model of Tower

24


1

2

5

4

6

3

1. Entrance 2. Ocarina showroom 3. Ocarina studio 4. Ocarina stage 5. Skylight 6. Tower 7. Ocarina-making space 8. Restrooms 9. Visitor passage

1

10m

N

Groundfloor Plan

7 8 9

4

6

8 7

N

10m

Underground Plan


Slowly sinking roofs and long windows guide people's eyesight to the sea.

The connection between the ground and the underground becomes a small theater. Walking down the stairs, people can see the process of making the Ocarina. 25


Project 05

INNER WOODS Pavilion in woods

Location: Nanjing, China Type: Academic / Individual work Date: 2019/ 08 Supervisor: Pascal Flammer


How to create human-made woods inside the natural ones, with the sky, the earth, and the trees? Relations between woods outside and inside keep changing with people moving on a sphere 1.5 meters below ground - from close but protected, to open while isolated. Different levels of intimacy and publicity are thus created in a shared flowing space.

Masterplan

26


+2.500m ±0.000

±0.000

-1.500m

Section A-A'

A'

±0.000

-1.500m

A

±0.000

N

10m

Plan


Aerial View

The arrangement of pillars suggests experiences like walking through the woods. The slightly curved section and horizontal line of furniture intimately associated human bodies with the huge spherical surface.

Interior View

27


Other Work 01

STRING Sports Center Location: Beijing, China Type: Competition/ Collaboration with structural engineering students Contribution: Architecture design, model making Prize: Best architectural design award of structural competition 2017 Structure and landscape are the core issues in this project. A flexible structural system with a roof hung on the curved beam through the tension bar follows the ground fluctuation. The roof is raised toward the street for more skylight and pressed down toward nature in the park.

Structure Model

roof flexible rubber bellows steel link allows for lateral movement vertical steel tube mullions

Section


28


Other Work 02

BRIDGES ON THE LAND Exhibition and Research of Traditional Footbridges in Guilin Location: Guilin/ Beijing, China Type: Research and exhibition / Team Work Date: 2018.04-2019.09 Contribution: Team leader & Co-curator Through field mapping, records, and structural tests, we conducted a comparative study on more than 50 pedestrian bridges in two drainage basins in Guilin. We presented our findings in a 16.8m*1.8m watershed model. An exhibition was held at Tsinghua University and was invited to the 2018 Beijing Design Week and Huaqiao Gallery.

Exhibiton in Guilin, 2019 credit to Yiyuan Shi


Wooden Bridges in Ping River Basin Ping river basin is located in the valley landform. Traditional pedestrian bridges are mostly wooden bridges, with eaves to shelter the wind and rain. At the same time, it becomes a place for villagers' public life.

Fengyu Bridge, credit to Yiyuan Shi

Bridges Surveyed in Ping River Basin

Drawings of Fengyu Bridge credit to Lin Tang

Model Picture

Stone Bridges in Yulong River Basin Yulong River is located in the Karst landforms. The bridges here are mostly stone arch bridges, which can resist the erosion of the flood. Lush trees on two sides make it a space for commercial gathering.

Fuli Bridge, credit to Bowen Lei

Bridges Surveyed in Yulong River Basin

Drawings of Fuli Bridge credit to Shiyu Liu

Model Picture

29


Other Work 03

PIPE PAVILION Construction Location: Beijing, China Type: Construction / Team Work Date: 2015. 08 Contribution: Team leader, design, construction In this construction project, we were asked to make a 2.4m*2.4m pavilion using cheap materials. As the project leader and principal designer, I, with 15 classmates, explored the material of PVC pipes. The structure uses sling knots and units in series to realize the interaction between the pavilion and people.


Other Work 04

BODYSCAPE Photography and Exhibition Location: Huajiu Gallery, Beijing, China Type: Art / Individual Work Date: 2019.06-08 In a recent art experiment, I sought to catch the sense of landscape on our body by photography. As our initial dwelling, I think that our bodies have some similarities with the topography. We not only inhabit the mountains and lakes but also shape it on another scale.

30


Contact +86 13241202935 shiyu14@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn

Profile for Liu Shiyu

Shiyu Liu Portfolio_CASS Application ID 20005607  

Shiyu Liu Portfolio_CASS Application ID 20005607  

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