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Human Settlements and Town Planning : A case study of Tarapet area in Vijayawada, India. By : Silpa Vallabhaneni

I. INTRODUCTION :

T

arapet is a famous part or area of one-Town in Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India . Arjuna Veedhi, Islampet, Jendachettu Centre, Kamsalipet, Rajarajeswaripet, Kothapet, Ajith singhnagar, Jendachettu Centre and Winchipet are some of the areas under I–Town. This region is located in the centre of the Vijayawada city. This area share’s boundaries with : • Kothapet towards North, • Bavanipuram towards West, • Railway station towards • East, Krishna river towards South. This region is one of the oldest and main market centre for the city. This region is famous for getting any thing at a whole sale price. The supply for most of the goods starts from here.

Tarapet area map.

II. DEMO GRAPHICS OF VIJAYAWADA According to Demographic statistics the following data is the population in number in the city of Vijayawada. 1

2013

12.3 Lakhs

2

2014

13.2 lakhs

3

2015

14 lakhs

4

2016

15 lakhs

5

2017

15.82 lakhs

Demographic statistics of Vijayawada

Assumed populations living in one town area is 15,000 to 20,000 people Pg 1


Human Settlements and Town Planning : A case study of Tarapet area in Vijayawada, India.

III. ROAD NETWORK

• • • • •

There are 3 types of roads found in this area. The major road is 12M wide. The intermediate roads are 5.5 to 6M wide. Few shopping roads are 3M wide. This area can be accessed by flyover or main road, which are 6M in width.

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Human Settlements and Town Planning : A case study of Tarapet area in Vijayawada, India.

IV. NEIGHBOUR HOOD Tarapet is a located on the banks of the Krishna River. It shares its neighbour hood with, Elluru water canal on the SOUTH, Railway station back entry on the EAST, Commercial and residential areas in the NORTH, Commercial, residential and pilgrim areas towards the WEST. This neighbourhood is famous for commercial area, though it has residential, public building, schools, police stations, parks, markets, churches, temples, playgrounds, mosque, grave yard, post office and other government buildings. Still, most of the area in this place is filled with mixed used buildings. There isn’t any zoning in this region, the buildings are arranged in a cluster pattern. The road networking follows grid pattern in some areas and irregular pattern in some areas.

Most of the building in this area are close to each other. Few buildings in this area have basements too, they use it as shops.

V. FOOTPATHS There are only 2 pathways located in the entire tarapet, the 1st pathway is located at the Babu Rajendhra prasad road. Where the footpath is 2M wide, after 100 meters from entry of the road. The 2nd footpath is at the Nehru road, this footpath is 1.8M wide and extends along the entire road. This 2nd footpath is designed inconsideration with barrier free people.

VI. STREET LIGHTINGS Street lights are placed at every 30M to 50M distance. There are 3 types of street lights used in this area. The first type is single bulb street light. The second one is 2 bulb street light. The third one is 6 to 8 bulb street light. Pg 3


Human Settlements and Town Planning : A case study of Tarapet area in Vijayawada, India.

VII. LAND USE

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Human Settlements and Town Planning : A case study of Tarapet area in Vijayawada, India.

TOTAL AREA 323,469 M²

VIII. LAND MARKS 1. Serai Masjid Waqf 2. Sambhavnath temple 3. Head post office 4. Kaleshwar rao market 5. Vastralatha 6. BSNL Office 7. St. Pauls Centenary Church 8. Gandhi park

9. Gandhi stadium 10. Gandhi high school 11. One town police station 12. Digambar jain temple 13. Atkinson school 14. St. peter’s Co Cathedral 15. Petrol bunk 16. Mosque and grave yard Pg 5


Human Settlements and Town Planning : A case study of Tarapet area in Vijayawada, India

IX. WATER SUPPLY, ELECTRICAL SUPPLY AND DRAINAGES. Both the Water supply and Electrical supply building for this areas are located in the centre of the location. There are located opposite to the St. Pauls church. The drainage system in this area isn’t developed. Most of the drainages are open drainages. The drainages are around 30 to 40cm in width.

XI. ADVANTAGES 1. Provision of public needs like toilets, drinking water, annadana kendras. 2. This area has got school to hostels, churches to temples, police stations to petrol bunks, parks to grave yards, post office to vegetable market etc.., 3. Electrical street lights and bus stops provision as per needs.

X. ECONOMY

XII. DISADVANTAGES

We can say that one town is the backbone for Vijayawada. Most of the production, distribution, or trade and consumption of goods and services are done by different agents at this location. People living here have different financial backgrounds. We can see almost all types of people from lower income group to middle income group to higher income group to very higher income group people.

1. This region is a heavily populated area. 2. Its difficult to reconstruct the market. 3. There are no proper drainage system here, At few places we can see the drainages open and floating. 4. There are no set backs provisions in few areas 5. Exposed electrical lines. 6. Roads widths are not sufficient. Pg 6


Human Settlements and Town Planning : A case study of Tarapet area in Vijayawada, India

XIII. CONCLUSION Tarapet is a mixed use area. Most of the buildings found in this area are old building. Around 80% of the buildings in this area are old buildings. We find New buildings which are constructed between 2010 to 2019 are very few in numbers. Majority of the buildings are constructed between 1950 to 1990. Most of the buildings in this areas are G+2, G+3.We can find Ground floor and G+4, G+5, G+6 structures in few places only. That to they are in less than 10 in number. I assume around 55% of the land in this area is built up, 40% of the land is used for roads and 4% of the land is vacate and 1% of the land is allotted for parks. This area has mixed type buildings, like a combination of residential and commercial, or residential and public building. Where commercial and public buildings are in the ground floor and residential buildings occupying the top 1 or 2 floors. So I end by saying, this area has almost got 80% of the needs, which are to be required for a region. The drawback is we cant see development in this area because of lack of space and over crowding. To redevelop we have to vacate the entire area and start rebuilding it or we need to vacate a street, rebuilt it and repeat the process for the entire area.

REFERENCES 1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/One_Town,_Vijayawada (Page 1) 2. http://indiapopulation2018.in/population-of-vijayawada2018.html (Page 1)

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