Page 1


CONTENT: 1. THERMAL AND VISUAL COMFORT MAXIMIZATION OF AN UNCONDITIONED SPACE 2. DAYLIGHTING ANALYSIS OF ATRIUM

ENERGY ANALYSIS


1 . CE N TR E S QU AR E

DOWNTOWN, PHILADELPHIA 6 4 0

LUX ON A CLEAR SKY DAY

z 2. H YATT AT TH E B E LLE VU E

2 0 0

S BROAD STREET, PHILADELPHIA

2 7 3 LUX IN THE CENTER OF THE COURTYARD 3 0 8 LUX WHEN STANDING EXACTLY UNDER THE SKYLIGHT ON A CLEAR SKY DAY

y

x 1:1

1:2

PAR (x:y) 2:1

1:4

4:1

0.5

SAR (z)

3. R ITZ- CAR LTON

1 0

AVE OF THE ARTS, PHILADELPHIA

2 7 3 LUX IN THE CENTER OF THE COURTYARD 3 0 8 LUX WHEN STANDING EXACTLY UNDER THE SKYLIGHT ON A CLEAR SKY DAY

1 4. K IM M E L CE N TE R F OR TH R PERFORMANCE AR TS

3 0 0

S BROAD STREET, PHILADELPHIA

1 4 1 3 0 LUX IN THE CENTER 1 2 8 4 0 LUX WHEN STANDING EXACTLY UNDER THE SKYLIGHT ON A CLEAR SKY DAY

1.5

DAYLIGHTING ANALYSIS OF CENTRAL ATRIUM S EXPERIMENTS WITH DIFFERENT PARAMETERS INFLUENCING THE DAYLIGHTING EFFECTS

TWO PERSONS GROUP PROJECT WHERE WE ANALYZ ED THE DETERMINANT FACTORS TO EFFICIENT DESIGN OF ATRIUM AND CHECKED DIFFERENT CLIMATIC CONDITIONS. WITH THE BASELINES WE CHECKED1 . GLARE ANALYSIS FOR EXISTING SCENARIOS 2 . TESTING THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF SHADING AND MATERIALS 3 . GLARE AND TIME LAPSE ANALYSIS FOR CHECKING THE SHADING AND MATERIALS USED.


HELSINKI:

PHILADELPHIA LOUVER GENERATION

LOUVER GENERATION

THESE LOUVERS ARE USED VERTICALLY IN THE ATRIUM ALONG WITH THE REFLECTING SURFACES

THE LIGHT RAYS WHICH ARE CAUSING GLARE ARE BLOCKED BY THE LOUVERS AND IT WILL BE REFLECTED TO DIFFUSE THEM.

THE LOUVERS USED IN THE ATRIUM IS ALSO DESIGNED SO IT CAN BLOCK THE RAYS BETWEEN 61 AND 54 DEGREES

THE LOUVERS USED IN THE ATRIUM ALSO IS DESIGNED SO IT CAN BLOCK THE RAYS BETWEEN 62 AND 74 DEGREES

SHADING REQUIRED FOR THE COLORED SOLAR POSITIONS

DESIGNED DAYLIGHT AUTONOMY

BASELINE DAYLIGHT

YELLOW INDICATES 10 TIMES THE LUMINANCE THRESHOLD FOR 5% OF OCCUPIED HOURS FOR SDA300

DGP ANALYSIS (BASELINE)

DESIGNED DAYLIGHT AUTONOMY

YELLOW INDICATES 10 TIMES THE ILLUMINANCE THRESHOLD FOR 5% OF OCCUPIED HOURS FOR SDA300

DGP ANALYSIS (BASELINE)

DESIGNED

POINT IN TIME GLARE VISUALIZATION

MARCH 12 PM

BASELINE DAYLIGHT

DESIGNED

POINT IN TIME GLARE VISUALIZATION

JUNE 12 PM

DECEMBER 12 PM

MARCH 12 PM

JUNE 12 PM

DECEMBER 12 PM


CONTENT 1. SUMMER SCHOOL AT LAURIE BAKER CENTER 2. RESEARCH WORK ON GERHUB PROJECT ON ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS ON NOMADIC GER


ASK EACH OF THE BUILDING COMPONENT,

“IS IT NECESSARY?”

IF THE ANSWER IS “NO” DO NOT DO IT. IF THE ANSWER IS “YES”

LOOK FOR THE MOST RESOURCE EFFICIENT WAY TO DO IT


THE WORKSHOP FOCUSED ON SUSTAINABLE TECHNIQUE OF BUILDING FROM THE FOUNDATION TO THE FINISH. EACH STEP WERE CONDUCTED THROUGH HANDS ON TRAINING. THE TECHNICS WERE DERIVED FROM BRITISH ARCHITECT LAURIE BAKERS’ IDEOLOGY USING RECYCLED AND LOCAL MATERIALS. AFTER THE TRAINING I CONDUCTED AN INDIVIDUAL ANALYSIS OF ONE OF THE PART BUILDING WITH RAT TRAP BRICK BOND. THE COST ANALYSIS AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT IS STATED BELOW. THE COST ANALYSIS IS DONE FROM CURRENT MARKET ANALYSIS AND THE ENVIRONMENT ANALYSIS IS DONE WITH REVIT BIM MODELING AND ECOTECT.

INSULATION CAPACITY

ENERGY LOAD

Conduction Solar gain Infiltration gain

RAT TRAP BOND

ENGLISH BOND

BOND DIAGRAM

Conduction Solar gain Infiltration gain Rat trap bond decreased Conduction gain/loss about 25%

Heating load Comfortable Condition Cooling Load

COST ANALYSIS


INDIGENOUS MOBILE-HOME AROUND THE WORD

Lineage&Taxonomy

FABRICATED WOOD

METAL

TIPI TENT

CLIMATE RESPONSIVE SKIN

ORAGAMITE GEODESIC PORTABLE DOME

ALUMINUM

HIGH-TECH HOLDABLE HOUSE

2010 AD

SUPER-INSULATED MODERN YURT

DIGITAL FABRICATED YURT

2000 AD

1990 AD

AMAZONIAN HOUSE

ORIGAMI METHOD

REFLECTIVE FABRIC

TRANSLUCENT YURT

TAPERED WALL YURT FABRIC YURT

MOVABLE / NON-MOVABLE MODERN GER

RECYCLED WOOD

CHUM (RUSSIA/MONGOLIA)

DIGITAL FABRICATION

MODERN GER(YURT)+MODERN MOBILE HOUSE

TME from US ARMY POLYSTER AIRTUBE ARCH STRUCTURE

COMMERCIAL LEISURE ACTIVITIES

TRADITIONAL GER

BEDOUIN (ARAB)

GLASS

TRANSLUCENT FABRIC

1970 AD

GER ON WHEELS: GENGHIS KHAN WAR STRATEGY_CONCEPT OF LIFE ON WHEELS

BENT WOOD: HIGHER

FELT

CANVAS

DEFENSE PURPOSE

LIVING SPACE: PRIMARY FUNCTION

FUNCTIONS

PRIMITIVE GER

ANIMAL SKIN

1100 AD

400 BC

400 BC

SIMPLE SHELTER

CONSTRUCTION

LATTICE: STRUCTURAL DEVELOPMENT

WOOD

CONCEPT OF NOMAD HOUSE FOR HERDING ANIMALS

MATERIALS

YARAANGA (RUSSIA)

SKI RESORT

REFUGEE SHELTER

CAMP GROUND

WELLNESS CENTER

CONTEMPORARY MOBILE BUILDINGS STUDIO/OFFICE

VACATION HOME

GUEST LODGE

RV HOUSE

PARASITE HOUSE

FLOATING HOUSE

TRI-CYCLE HOUSE

TYPES

PERSONAL USE

RESTAURANT

REAL ESTATE

rESEARCH ANALYSIS ON MONGOLIAN GER: nOMADIC HOUSE

BASED ON THE INTERNATIONAL GERHUB RESEARCH PROJECT WE, THREE PERSONS GROUP STARTED WITH A CLASS PROJECT ON THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ON THE GER FROM THE INTENSE POLLUTION SITUATION IN THE ULAANBATAR CITY, ALONG WITH THE STUDY ON THE EVOLUTION OF NOMADIC BUILDINGS. FINALLY FROM THE RESOURCE EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS A PROPOSAL WAS SUGGESTED. AFTER THE CLASS PROJECT, TWO OF US JOINED THE REAL RESEARCH TEAM FOR THE GERHUB PROJECT. THE TEAM IN THE UPENN FOCUSED ON THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF THE GER IN DIFFERENT SITUATIONS. WE BUILT A REAL SCALE GER AT THE PENNOVATION CENTER, PHILADELPHIA. LATER, WE MADE THE ENERGY MODEL DERIVING THE DATA FOR FURTHER RESEARCH ON THE GER.


60% Ger Settlements

Detached house Apartment 44% 56%

-GDP Growth: 2.3% -Mining dependent economy -17.5% economy drastic growth

57% 43%

Rest of Mongolian

50

Ger

45

*Source: World Bank Data (2011) / 2015 population data Mongolia

4

Times the Mongolian nomads Moved their camp each year

Area (sqkm)

1,564,116

4,704

Population

2.800.000

1,300,000

Density pr/sqkm

1.9

280-4,394

Growth

1.7%

4%

2Hours

Amount of time required to set Up or take down a Ger

40 35 50

5 15

Pack animals required to haul a large family Ger

104

3

°F

teypical height of ger ceiling

4000

1,200

3500

1,000

2500

800

25 20 15 5

2500 600

2000

400

1500

200

1000 0

0 1960

1980

1990

1995

2005

2015

Year

to

feet

Multiparty Democratic System and Free Economy

30

0

people housed within a traditional ger

6

Ulaanbaatar

1,400

Urbanization and Modernization Under Soviet Social system and Centralized Economy

GDP per capita

2002

35% Ger Settlements

Population (Thousands)

Ulaanbaatar

Proportion of Mongolia's Population

1986

extreme high temperature reached in steppe climates

Yearly Growth Transgression of about 4% in slopes, river, and conservancy Ulaanbaatar zone. Area

Lacking urban water and sewage connection

Planning absense.Access path are not garunteed

Only mining economy. Vulnerable to fluctuating market

Change in social role. Creation of social pressures.

extreme low temperature reached in steppe climates

-40

°F

Extreme Climate challenging growth

Massive air pollution. Danger to public health.


ANIMAL

WATER

MATERIAL & LABOUR

RE-SETTLEMENT

WATER

HUNT

Total E[m]ergy 12,614 sej/yr E[m]ergy intensities 434 sej/yr/sqm

MATERIAL & LABOUR

FOOD

FUEL

PRIMITIVE

Total E[m]ergy 17,834 sej/yr E[m]ergy intensities 615 sej/yr/sqm

TRADITIONAL

GER

WOOD

LIVESTOCK WASTE

GER

COAL

WATER STORAGE

WATER STORAGE

SUN

SUN FELT

FELT TRASH

HEAT

WIND

RE-SETTLEMENT

AMBIENT HEAT

FIREPLACE

SKYDOME

FAMILY

SEWAGE

TRASH

HEAT

WIND

AMBIENT HEAT

SKYDOME

STOVE

FAMILY

SEWAGE

BURNT WASTE DOOR

BURNT WASTE

LIGHT DOOR

RAIN

LIVESTOCK WASTE

PASTURE LAND

SETTING

LIVESTOCK PRODUCT

LIGHT LIVESTOCK WASTE

RAIN PASTURE LAND

SETTING

LIVESTOCK PRODUCT

MERCHANT

SHELTER

SHELTER

LIVESTOCK

LIVESTOCK

SITE

E[m]ergy Diagram

Primitive Ger

CONTINUED RESEARCH:

WORK ON GER CONTINUED WITH CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL BUILDING DESIGN. BUILT A GER IN THE PENNOVATION CENTER PHILADELPHIA TO ANALYZE ITS THERMAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL COMFORT PERFORMANCE AND STUDY ITS BEHAVIOUR IN A DIFFERENT CLIMATE. IN THE FUTURE PHASES, THE VISION IS TO SUGGEST AN IMPROVED GER, MITIGATING THE ISSUES THE DWELLERS ARE FACING.

SITE

HEAT SINK

E[m]ergy Diagram & Floor Plan

Traditional Ger

HEAT SINK


WATER

FOOD

MATERIAL & LABOUR

Total E[m]ergy 28,784 sej/yr E[m]ergy intensities 993 sej/yr/sqm

FUEL

ELEC.

WATER

FOOD

MATERIAL & LABOUR

Total E[m]ergy 13,166 sej/yr E[m]ergy intensities 454 sej/yr/sqm

FUEL

WESTERN MODERN YURT

GER

SETTLEMENT

COAL WATER STORAGE

WATER STORAGE

PV HOT WATER

SUN

WATER

HEATER & AC COMPOSTING

ENVELOPE

SYSTEM

DC

TRASH

AMBIENT HEAT

WINDOW

GREY WATER TANK

ELEC. DIST

SEWAGE

HEAT

WIND

KITCHEN

DOOR

HEAT

LIVING SPACE

AMBIENT HEAT

TRASH

STOVE/ KITCHEN

SKYDOME

FAMILY

SEWAGE BURNT WASTE

FAMILY

ECONOMY

RAIN

DOOR

LIGHT

RAIN

SETTING

SKYDOME

SEWAGE

ENVELOPE

GENERATOR

BATHROOM

WIND

BATHROOM

ELEC. DIST

SUN

ECONOMY

SETTING

LANDSCAPE

LIGHT LANDSCAPE

SHELTER

SHELTER

SITE

SITE

E[m]ergy Diagram

Modern Western Ger

E[m]ergy Diagram

HEAT SINK

Ger Settlement

HEAT SINK


PROFESSIONAL WORK


RESIDENCE DESIGN. RESPONSIBILITY WAS 3D VISUALISATION AND DETAIL DRAWINGS.

I STARTED WORKING AT FORM.3 ARCHITECTS I STARTED AS A VOLUNTARY MEMBER OF THE AFTER GRADUATION, I JOINED THE FIRM AS ACADEMIC CAREER I WAS CONNECTED TO THE

IN MY FOURTH YEAR IN ARCHITECTURE SCHOOL IN 2012. STUDIO THEN COMPLETED MY FORMAL INTERNSHIP HERE. A REGULAR EMPLOYEE. AND AFTER STARTING MY FIRM IN A PART TIME BASIS.

DURING MY WORKLIFE HERE I DEVELOPED IDEA, ARCHITECTURAL SOLUTIONS ON INSTITUTIONAL PROJECTS, RETAILS AND RESIDENT INTERIORS WITH MANAGING PARTNERS SUPERVISION. ESPECIALLY I WAS CHARGE OF 3D VISUALIZATION OF A NUMBER OF PROJECTS BOTH REALISTIC AND CONCEPTUAL RENDERINGS FOR DESIGN COMPETITIONS AS WELL AS RESIDENTS, RETAILS. THE VISUALISATIONS SHOWN HERE ARE DEVELOPED BY ME USING 3DMAX MODELLING AND VRAY RENDERING TOOL. SOME OF THESE ARE POSTPROCESSED WITH PHOTOSHOP.

P

ROFESSIONAL


DESIGN COMPETITION OF A BURIAL AND FUNERAL CENTER WITH COMMERCIAL RENTABLE SPACE. RESPONSIBILITY WAS 3D VISUALISATION AND DETAIL DRAWINGS.


RESIDENCE DESIGN. RESPONSIBILITY WAS 3D VISUALISATION AND DETAIL DRAWINGS.

RESIDENCE BATHROOM INTERIOR. RESPONSIBILITY WAS 3D VISUALISATION.

RESIDENCE INTERIOR DESIGN. RESPONSIBILITY WAS 3D VISUALISATION.

RESIDENCE INTERIOR DESIGN. RESPONSIBILITY WAS 3D VISUALISATION.


RESIDENCE BATHROOM INTERIOR. RESPONSIBILITY WAS 3D VISUALISATION.

RESTAURANT BATHROOM INTERIOR. RESPONSIBILITY WAS 3D VISUALISATION.

RETAIL DESIGN. RESPONSIBILITY WAS 3D VISUALISATION AND DETAIL DRAWINGS.

RETAIL DESIGN. RESPONSIBILITY WAS 3D VISUALISATION AND DETAIL DRAWINGS.


CONTENTS: 1. RETHINKING OUR NATIONAL CENTRAL PUBLIC LIBRARY: CIVIC SPACE IN THE AGE OF MEDIA 2. DESIGN OF A PUBLIC HIGHRISE HOUSING,BHASHANTEK, MIRPUR, DHAKA 3. DESIGN OF A VERNACULAR RURAL MOSQUE.

STUDIO UNDERGRAD


RETHINKING OUR NATIONAL CENTRAL PUBLIC LIBRARY C I V I C

S P A C E

I N

T H E

A G E

O F

M E D I A


A PLACE THAT DEFINES THE PEOPLE OF DHAKA. AS THE REVOLUTIONS TOWARD THE RISE OF BANGLADESH STARTED WITH THE SPARK OF THE STUDENTS THIS AREA IS THE MAJOR MILESTONE FOR THE HISTORY OF BANGLADESH. IT HOLDS THE SIGNATURE OF MILLIONS OF BLOOD BY WHICH THE NAME OF BANGLADESH AS A FREE COUNTRY IS WRITTEN TODAY. AMIDST OF THE UNIVERSITY CITY AREA IT BLENDS THE IDEOLOGY OF THE YOUNG GENERATION WITH THE ANCIENT LEADERS WHO NEVER LEAVE THE AREA OF MEMORIES. THE “STREET CULTURE” IS BASICALLY THE SHARING PLACE OF THE EXPERIENCE OF THE OLDER AND IDEAS OF THE YOUNGER GENERATION. EVEN IF IT IS THE GEOGRAPHICAL ASPECT IT IS THE CONNECTING ZONE OF TRADITIONAL OLD DHAKA AND THE RISING NEW DHAKA. SO THE AREA IS KEEPING PACE WITH FUTURE BUT CELEBRATING THE PAST. LASTLY IT IS BEYOND SAYING THAT THE LIFE OF THIS PLACE HAS GIVEN BIRTH TO MANY INTELLECTS AND MANY LEADERS. KNOWLEDGE IS CELEBRATED HERE FOR YEAR AFTER YEARS. SO CREATING AN LIBRARY HERE IS NOT TO BUILD SOMETHING WHAT WAS NOT HERE. THE SPIRIT IS HERE. IT SHOULD BE THE CATALYST TO CELEBRATE THE CENTURIES LONG POSSIBILITIES OF DHAKA

SI TE

SPI R I T

:

REPRESENTATIVE SPOT FOR UNIQUE STYLE AND SUBTLE ARISTOCRACY OF DHAKA URBANITES; BY BEING CULTURALLY MOST ACTIVE SPOT AND AMIDST OF UNIVERSITY ZONE APART FROM ITS HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE EVERY SPOT IN THIS PART OF CITY HAS A LIFE TO CELEBRATE, A STORY TO TELL. SAME AS OUR SITE TO WORK WITH; HAVING NATIONAL MUSEUM AT THE NORTH AND FIRST BUILDING PIONEERING MODERNISM IN ARCHITECTURE OF BANGLADESH AT THE SOUTH AND CULTURAL VIBRANCY OF STREET LIFE ALL OVER IT.

WHERE OUR INTELLECTS ARE CELEBRATED

1

ADJACENT SITE SPIRIT: THE SPIRIT COMES SPONTANEOUSLY WHILE DESIGINING WITH THIS SITE IS THE “STREET LIFE” ADDITIONALLY THE MAJOR CONCERN OF THIS PROJECT WAS HUMANIZE THE WHOLE IDEA. THEN WHY BEING ENCLOSED IN A STRUCTURE? RATHER THE IDEA WAS DEVELOPED BASED ON DESIGNING ANOTHER STREET. NOT A STRUCTURE TO STORE BOOKS BUT A STREET TO SHARE IDEAS

CORE OF ALL OUR NATIONAL REVOLUTION

life of street tells about "LIFE OF CITY"

REPRESENT THE NATIONAL UNITY AND PRIDE

CAN VAS

TO

WORK

WI T H

2

PEDESTRIAN FIRST: INCREASING THE PUBLIC ACTIVITIES AND PEDESTRIANS CIRCULATION VEHICULAR ROAD WAS REVERSED AS SECONDARY CIRCULATION AROUND SITE WHILE PEDESTRIAN PERFORATED PAVES BEING FOCUSED ON DESIGN

3

WHERE THE PUBLIC GATHER: MAKING LIBRARY A SPONTANEOUS PLACE TO USE WAS ANOTHER CHALLENGE OF THIS DESIGN. WITH SURVEYS AND MORPHOLOGICAL GROWTHS OF PERSONS INTEREST RESULTED IN PLACING FUNCTIONS WHERE PEOPLE LOVE TO GO AND GATHER AROUND(LIKE AUDIOTORIUM GALLERY CAFE BOOK CLUB) PLACING PARALELLY TO THE MAIN FUNCTION, THE LIBRARY TO GROW A CASUAL ATTITUDE LIKE REST OF THE FUNCTIONS.

4

PUBLIC’S SENSE OF SITE : NOT OVERPOWERING BUT FEATURING THE ICONS ADJACENT TO SITE WAS A CONCERN. THEREFORE, THE FUNCTIONS TOWARDS MUSEUM WAS SUNKEN TO CLARIFY THE VIEW TOWARDS IT


5

TERMINATION CAFE TO MAKE PEOPLE WALK ALL OVER

6

POPULAR STREET THEATER SEEN FROM STREET

7

8

GRAND STAIR BREAKING INTERIOR EXTERIOR BOUNDARY

9

FORM SHIFT

10

MAKING LIBRARY A SPONTANEOUS PLACE TO USE WAS ANOTHER CHALLENGE OF THIS DESIGN. WITH SURVEYS AND MORPHOLOGICAL GROWTHS OF PERSONS INTEREST RESULTED IN PLACING FUNCTIONS WHERE PEOPLE LOVE TO GO AND GATHER AROUND( LIKE AUDITORIUM GALLERY CAFE BOOK CLUB) PLACING PARALLEL TO THE MAIN FUNCTION, THE LIBRARY TO GROW A CASUAL ATTITUDE LIKE REST OF THE FUNCTIONS.

BY BREAKING THE BOUNDARY THE ACTIVE OUTDOOR PLACES VIBE IS BROUGHT INWARDS. HE SAME VISUALLY GRAND STAIR RUNS FROM THE EXTERIOR TO INTERIOR: THE EXTERIOR AS ENTRY TO THE PRINTED SECTION WHILE THE INTERIOR FOR THE INFORMAL READING STAIR SEATING

CREATING VISUALLY ATTRACTING STREET THEATER BACKDROP, SEEN DIRECTLY FROM THE ROAD. THIS PLACE WOULD MOVE THE “ POTHONATTO” ( STREET THEATER ACTIVITY BY STUDENTS.

TO RUN THE VISUAL FLOW FROM PEDESTRIAN TO ABOVE THE LIBRARY

MORE USED FUNCTIONS VISUALLY MORE ACCESSIBLE TO ACTIVATE THE SPACE MORE THE MORE USED FUNCTIONS ARE IN VISUALLY MORE ACCESSIBLE AND ALONG THE STREET OF THE BUILDING.

VERTICAL DIVISION HUMANIZE SPACES

BREAKING THE DESIGN INTO SMALL HUMAN PERCEPTIBLE MODULES. THEREFORE WHEN ENTERING THE SITE PEOPLE CAN SEE MULTIDIMENSIONAL OF ACTIVITIES ARE GOING ON.


11

THE PRIVATE READING BOOTHS CONNECTED TO NATURE

12

EYE OF THE ARTISTIC CULTURE

13

FOR A PROPER LEVEL OF LIGHTING TO READ, THE SOUTHERN FACADE WAS BROKEN, CREATING SURFACES FACING TOWARDS THE POCKET GREEN ROOFS IN BETWEEN. THESE ARE SILENT PRIVATE READING SPACES. THE DIRECT SOUTH FACADE IS LOUVERED FOR CONTROLLED DAYLIGHTING.

APERTURE OPENED TOWARDS THE INSTITUTE OF FINE ARTS ( THE FIRST MODERNIST BUILDING OF BANGLADESH REPRESENTING LOCAL CLIMATE AND CULTURE) . LOBBY IS MADE TRANSPARENT SO THAT THE FA BUILDING IS SEEN EVEN FROM OUTSIDE

WALL OF FAME

WHEN A PERSON ENTERS THE LOBBY THE ATTRACTION POINT SET AGAIN AT THE END OF THE BUILDING TO PUBLIC READING SPACE; WITH A 1 5 METER WALL OF FAME; ENGRAVED WITH WRITERS AND LITERATURE NAMES THAT MADE OUR HISTORY OF LITERATURE.

14

PLANTS AS DESIGN SOLUTIONS

PLANT TYPE 1 TALL TREES WITH PEDESTRIAN SEATING WHICH SHADE THE SPACE BUT DOES NOT BLOCK THE VIEW OF BUILDING FROM THE ROAD LOCAL EXAMPLE: GOGON SHIRISH, SHIL KOROI PLANT TYPE 2 IN THE LESS CROWDED SPACES MAKING A POSITIVE HABITAT FOR BIRDS AND SQ UIRRELS BY PLANTING FRUIT BEARING TREES LOCAL EXAMPLE: GAMARI, SHAL, KHUDIJAM PLANT TYPE 3 : IN THE PUBLIC SPACES SMALL HEIGHT SEASONAL BLOOMING PLANTS THAT GIVES EACH SEASON A DIMENSION. LOCAL EXAMPLE: RUDRAPOLASH, JARUL, SHONALU


EMOTION THROUGH SECTIONS SECTION AA

A A

C

C

A

SECTION BB

D

D

E E

B

E

B

SECTION CC


SECTION DD

SECTION EE


1. VIEW

FROM ROAD (SECTION EE)

4. STORY

TELLERS SPACE (SEE SECTIONBB)

2. VIEW

FROM PUBLIC READING SPACE TO WALL OF FAME (SECTION AA)

5. GRAND

STAIR FROM OUTDOOR CONTINUING INTO INDOOR INFORMAL READING SPACE (SEE SECTION EE)

3. ISOMETRIC

FROM FINE ARTS BUILDING

6. AT

STREET TERMINATION FORNT OF THE CAFE AND THE BACKDROP OF THE POTHONATTO,STUDENTS STREET THEATER (SEE SECTION BB AND EE)


DHAKA , BEING THE MOST DEMANDING PLACE TO LIVE IN BANGLADESH,HAS BECOME ONE OF THE MOST DENSELY POPULATED CITY. THEREFORE, THERE IS NEED FOR ENSURING BASIC NEEDS FOR THE HIGH POPULATION WITHIN THE SMALL AMOUNT OF LAND.

DESIGN OF A PUBLIC HIGHRISE HOUSING FACILITY b H A S H A N T E K ,

d H A K A _

G R O U P

P R O J E C T

OUR QUESTION ACTUALLY GOES BEYOND MEETING THIS NEEDS, IT WILL BE MET BY ALL DESIGNERS BUT IS THE COMFORT OF NATURAL LIVING BEING ENSURED HERE? PROBABLY IN MOST CASES , NO . THE GOODNESS OF A SUBURB LIFE SUCH AS ; A WELL MAINTAINED ENVIRONMENT CONDITION, CONNECTION IN THE COMMUNITIES IN SMALL OR LARGE SCALE OR GET BACK TO THE TOUCH OF EARTH SHOULD BE THE CONCERN BEYOND; FOR THE HEALTHY GROWTH OF A POPULATION . YES , THE REALITY IS WE HAVE TO ACCOMODATE THE DENSE MASS BUT THE CHALLENGE WAS TAKEN IN THIS DESIGN.


1

DIVIDING TO ENSURE AMENITIES

THE 65. 5 ACRE GIVEN SITE HAS A DEMAND OF 350 PERSON PER ACRE DENSITY. SO, INITIALLY, THE SITE WAS DIVIDED TO ENSURE AMENITIES.

5

DIVIDING TO ENSURE AMENITIES

2

FOUR ACCESS POINT TO THE NEIGHBORHOOD _ VEHICULAR ACCESS PEDESTRIAN+ NON MOTOR I ZED VEHICLE VEHICULAR ROAD PEDESTRIAN

VEHICULAR SURROUNDING

REARRANGEMENT OF VEHICULAR ROADS TO THE PERIPHERY TO INTEGRATE THE NEIGHBORHOODS.

6

GREEN FLOW

CONTINUING FLOW OF GREEN SPACES

3

ALL OVER VISUAL CONNECTION

4

7

AMENITIES

8

VISUAL CONNECTION THROUGH ALL OVER THE OUTDOOR SPACES WITH STRUCTURES IN PERIPHERY AND INJECTED INTO.

DECENTRALIZATION OF AMENITIES AND EASE OF ACTIVITIES

ELEMENTS DECENTRALIZED

INTEGRATING NEIGHBORHOOD,SEPARATING PEDESTRIAN,DECENTRALIZING COMMUNITY SPACE, RESTRICTING VEHICULAR TO INTERCEPT CENTRAL ZONE WERE REARRANGED PARALLEL

PLAZA

CONNECTING PLAZA THROUGH ALL OVER NEIGHBORHOOD AND CENTRAL PLAZAS FOR ALL THE NEIGHBORHOODS

SECTION AA


9

CORE ROTATION AXIS

THE MODULE OF FOUR ADJACENT BUILDING IS BASED ON FOUR CORES. PLACED IN A WAY SO THAT THE BUILDING MODULES CAN BE SHIFTED ACCORDING TO THE FUNCTION.

10

VENTILATION SCOPE

ORIENT THE MODULES KEEPING A THREE SIDE OPENING WITH MAXIMUM POSSIBLE NATURAL VENTILATION

11

HUMANIZE DESIGN

AT 8 TH 1 6 TH AND 2 3 RD FLOORS THE MASS IS BROKEN IN A WAY THAT IT LOOKS A HUMAN SCALE TO THE OCCUPANTS STANDING AT ANY LEVEL.

12

LOAD SENSITIVITY

13

CONNECTION TO THE EARTH

LARGE VOIDS ARE DESIGNED IN THE DIRECTION OF THE WIND TO PREVENT LATERAL LOADS AND TO MAKE STRUCTURALLY STABLE.

IN EACH HUMANIZ ED SCALE CONNECTION TO EARTH AND GREEN IS ENSURED. AS A GROUP LIVING IN THE 2 3 RD FLOOR WOULD NOT GO TO THE GREEN VERY FREQ UENTLY


A

A

FLOOR PLAN AT 12’ LEVEL

PARKING AREAS ARE CONNECTED WITH PLAZ AS BY VOIDS PROVIDING AMPLE LIGHTING VENTILATION AND VISUAL CONNECTION WITH OUTSIDE. SLOPED GREEN CONTINUED WITH PLAZ A TOGETHER WITH TREES CREATING RELATIONSHIP WITH DIFFERENT LEVELS. AT - 1 ' LEVEL PARKINGS WITH SERVICES LIKE POWER SUBSTATIONS, WASTE DISPOSAL UNIT, MECHANICAL ROOMS ETC ARE PLACED . THIS AREA ACTS AS SHADED ENTRY/ EXIT ARE TERMINATION OF VERTICAL CIRCULATION WHICH CAN BE USED AS VEHICULAR ROAD FOR CARGO AND EMERGENCY SERVICES. OPEN SPACE IS PERCEIVED IN FOUR LAYERS 1 .GREEN CONNECTION OF SITE 2 .CONNECTION WITH PLAZ A IN EACH OF THE,FOUR NEIGHBOURHOOD 3 .VERTICAL CONNECTIONS BETWEEN COMMUNITY SPACES 4 .A PIECE OF SMALL EARTH FOR EACH LIVING UNIT .


DESIGN OF A VERNACULAR RURAL MOSQUE G A Z I P U R


THE PURPOSE OF A MOSQUE GOES WAY BEYOND A PLACE FOR A SPECIFIC RELIGIONS WORSHIP IN THE VILLAGE. IT WORKS AS A DAILY SOCIAL GATHERING SPACE WHERE THE DISCUSSIONS, MEETING AND INFORMAL EVENTS TAKE PLACE IN THE VILLAGE. THEREFORE PEOPLE COME TO THE MOSQUE FOR A BREAK FROM THEIR HARD-WORKS. IN THIS DESIGN, IT WAS EXPLORED WHAT IS RATIONAL TO FULFILL THIS PURPOSE RATHER THAN TRADITIONAL FORM.

3

FUNCTION BASED DESIGN

WHILE DESIGNING THE CONCENTRATION WAS THE FUNCTION NOT THE TRADITIONAL FORM.

1

CONCEPT OF MEDITATION THE CONCEPT OF MEDITATION; TO GATHER SCATTERED THOUGHTS INTO ONE POINT TO THINK DEEP THROUGH THE CONCENTRATED MIND

4

SOCIAL GATHERING SPACE

THE SEMI-OPEN SPACES ACT AS DAY-LONG SITTING SPACE FOR THE VILLAGERS. THE SPACES ARE CREATED BY BAMBOO TIED TOGETHER WHICH IS ABUNDANT IN THE SITE. BRICKS ARE FROM NEARBY FACTORY.

2

INTERPRETATION IN SPACE

EXPLORING HOW MEDITATION PSYCHOLOGY AND SPACE PSYCHOLOGY WORKS AND HOW TO INTERPRETE THE CONCEPT INTO THE SPACE FLOW.

5

LOW COST THERMAL COMFORT LIGHT IS AN IMPORTANT FACTOR OF MOSQUE DESIGN FOR READING THE HOLY BOOK THROUGHOUT THE DAY. THE DAYLIGHTING IS ENSURED WHILE GIVING THE EXPERIENCE OF TIME SHIFTS. BOTH CROSS AND STACK VENTILATION IS ENSURED IN PLAN AND SECTION LEVEL

PLAN

SECTION


DAYLIGHTING EXPERIENCES IN DIFFERENT TIMES OF THE DAY

NOON

MORNING

AFTERNOON


STUDIO MASTERS


DESIGNING A CULTURAL HUB WITHIN ONE THE MOST ACTIVE CITY OF ARIZONA WAS NATURALLY DIRECTED WITH THE CULTURAL PRACTICE, THE MOVEMENT PATTERN, THE FESTIVITIES AND THE EXPLORATION OF OPPORTUNITY FOR EXPANDING THEIR CULTURAL POSSIBILITIES.

Parasol C h a uta uq u a

i nst .

T uc so n , A Z

HOWEVER, THIS CULTURAL MOVEMENT DEPENDS GREATLY UPON THE CLIMATIC RESTRICTIONS. THEREFORE, IF AN AREA WITHOUT THIS LIMITATIONS CAN BE DESIGNED IT CAN WORK AS A YEAR-LONG ACTIVE SPACE. THERE LIES THE MAIN ESSENCE OF THE "PARASOL". CLIMATE CONSIDERATION FOR AN OUTDOOR-INDOOR EXPERIENCE WAS THE BASIC CONCEPT OF THE DESIGN DEVELOPMENT OF THE PARASOL; EXPLORATION OF HOW AN OCCUPANT WOULD EXPERIENCE THE OUTDOOR AS WELL AS INDOOR SPACE REGARDLESS OF THE TIME OF THE YEAR. THE MAIN CHALLENGE WAS THE EXTREME CLIMATE OF THE SITE WHICH WAS TO AVOID THE DIRECT HEAT RADIATION. STRATEGIES ENGENDERED BY THE RADIATION SURFACE STUDY, MASS-PROGRAM PATTERN THEN ANGLES RESPONDING TO SOLAR RADIATION AND FINALLY, BIOCLIMATIC STRATEGIES TO BUILD A LOW IMPACT EXAMPLE IN THE TUCSON CITY.


TUCSON (Climate Zone 2A) HOT and DRY Climate Longitude: 110.92 110.92° W La�tude: 32.22° N Eleva�on From Sea: 2,389’

Monthly Chart of Sun Exposed Annual Outdoor Comfort Hours 60

CLIMATIC CONCLUSIONS: THIS STUDIO WAS CONDUCTED BY A THREE PERSONS GROUP WHERE I WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE BASIC CLIMATIC BASELINE CREATION THROUGH THE LOGICAL CALCULATIONS OF THE CLIMATIC CONDITION OF TUCSON. BASED ON THIS INITIAL LOGIC AND CUSTOMIZ ED SOLAR ANGLES SCALE FOR THIS PROJECT I DEVELOPED THE SHADING SYSTEM FOR MAXIMUM OUTDOOR COMFORT FOR THIS CLIMATE. FROM THE SEASONAL ANALYSIS, THE RADIATION ANALYSIS AND EXPERIMENTING WITH A MODEL SHOE- BOX WITH ITS COMBINATIONS OF POSSIBILITY IT IS EVIDENT THAT BLOCKING SOLAR RADIATION AND HEAT STRESS ENSURES COMFORT MOST EFFECTIVELY. ALONG WITH THAT, THE STRATEGIES BASED ON HIGH DIURNAL DIFFERENCES BECAME SIGNIFICANTLY EFFECTIVE.

50 40 30 20 10 0

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

& of Comfortable Hours

JUN

JUL

AUG

% of Heat Stress

SEP

OCT

% of Cold Stress

NOV

DEC


OUTDOOR COMFORT DESIGN FOR FESTIVALS DESPITE OF THE INTOLERABLE HEAT STRESS OF THE SUMMER PERIOD, TUCSON IS THE CITY OF HUNDREDS OF FESTIVITIES. HOWEVER, TUCSON' S OUTDOOR LIFE IS MOSTLY DIRECTED BY ITS CLIMATIC CONDITIONS. HERE, WE OVERPLAYED THE ANNUAL PROGRAMS ( PICTURE 2 ) WITH THE PREVAILING UTCI OUTDOOR CLIMATIC CONDITIONS. HERE THE HEAT STRESS PERIOD IS AN OBSTACLE TO THE CULTURAL CELEBRATION TIMES. HOWEVER, IF WE SHADE THE AREA ( 1 ST PICTURE) IT BRINGS MANY POTENTIAL COMFORTABLE TIMES WHICH MAY ACCOMMODATE MORE FESTIVITIES.

SPACE DIVISION BY ENERGY USE PATTERN Z ONES WERE DIVIDED ACCORDING TO THERMAL GAIN POTENTIAL OF SITE ALONG WITH THE ENERGY USAGE PATTERNS OF EACH SPACES.

OCCASIONAL CASES OF COLD STRESSES IN THE DESIGN IT IS CONSIDERED THE WALL AND ROOF ARE THERMAL MASONS AS AN IDEAL CONDITION AND THE OPTIMUM WINDOW TO WALL RATIO IS 3 0 % ( IN ONE ANALYSIS IT IS PROVED IN THIS CONDITION WWR 3 0 % ENSURES ALMOST EQ UAL COMFORT TO 9 0 % WWR UNDER FULL SHADED CONDITION)

*Set Point -Thermal mass on the wall & the roof -WWR 30% (The south)

DUE TO SHADED CONDITIONS, SOME TIME PERIOD OF THE YEAR IS GETTING COLD STRESS ESPECIALLY IN THE INTERIOR Z ONE. AT THIS TIME IT NEEDS SOME SOLAR RADIATIONS WHICH LEADS TO A SECOND TYPE OF ENVIRONMENT. THEREFORE THE NEED OF OPERABLE ELEMENT ARISES

BLOCK SOLAR RADIATION ALLOW SOLAR RADIATION


MASSING PROCESS

Building with Fully Covered Shading

Operable Buffer Space

Separate Building according to Different Opera�ng Schedule

Central Yard+Integrated Cultural Space

Thermal Mass

Evapora�ve Cooling +PV Panel


Sun Path Diagram + Outdoor Comfort(UTCI) Extreme Col d

Col d

Mi l d Col d

Comfort

Mi l d Hot

Hot

Extreme Hot

SOLAR AZIMUTH AND ALTITUDE RANGES DETERMINATION FOR DEVELOPING THE SHADING DEVICE

Cold Stress Period

Heat Stress Period

UTCI OVERLAPPED WITH ANNUAL SOLAR POSITIONS

ROOF SHADING DETERMINATION FOR HEAT STRESS AND COLD STRESS PERIOD

May June July August September October

November December January February March April


SOUTH FACADE

WEST FACADE

OPEN AND CLOSED FACADE SITUATIONS

CLOSED SHADES

MECHANICAL DETAILS AND STRUCTURAL LAYERS

OPEN SHADES


OUTDOOR COMFORT COMPARISON

DAYLIGHT IMAGE COMPARISON IN DIVA BETWEEN UNSHADED AND SHADED CONDITION March

9 Am

12 Pm

3 Pm

June

December

March (Par�ally Open)

9 Am

12 Pm

3 Pm

June (Fully Closed)

December (Fully open)


ENERGY SIMULATION COMPARISON


WORKSHOP


DESIGN IN THE TERRAIN OF WATER:

LANDSCAPE IS NOT JUST A STATIC PICTURE OR A SOUND IN MIND; RATHER A WHOLE PACKAGE OF EXPERIENCES A STORY WHERE ALL THE SITES AND SOUNDS AND LIFE ARE INTEGRATED. THEREFORE, WHILE EXPRESSING THE EMOTION WE NEED TO BE INNOVATIVE IN OUR PRESENTATION. THIS PROJECT WAS A PART OF LANDSCAPE COURSE IN BENGAL INSTITUTE WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY THE FACULTIES OF UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA PROF. ANURADHA MATHUR AND DILIP DA KUNHA. THIS PROJECT FOCUSED ON EXPRESSION OF THE CONTINUOUS CHANGE OF MATERIALS WHILE THE JOURNEY ALONG THE RIVER. THE EXPERIENCE IS OF COURSE NOT ONE PICTURE BUT THE SERIES OF GRADUAL CHANGES WHICH PICTURISES THE LANDSCAPE MORE CLEARLY

WORKING WITH LANDSCAPE B E N G A L I N S T I T U T E


LAND ART PROJECT : LISTEN TO THE NATURES STORY

AMIDST OF THE NATURAL SETTING THE TASK WAS TO CREATE A LAND ART INSTALLATION WITH A FIVE PERSONS GROUP. EXPERIENCING THE SOUNDS OF THE NATURE; THE LEAVES THE WATER. THIS IS TRYING TO TELL YOU A STORY. AN ABSTRACT INSTALLATION WAS BUILT WITH THE METAPHORIC SOUND AMPLIFIERS COMING OUT OF THE FOREST AND THE WATERS. ALONG THE PATH THERE ARE SOME SOUND RECEIVERS TO REMIND THE PEDESTRIAN THAT HE SHOULD STOP ONCE TO LISTEN TO THAT SAGA THE NATURE TRIES US TO TELL.


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