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copper sulphate grown on a digitally fabricated mould


term 1 GROWTH ON SCAFFOLDS

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[a1.] Assisting the growth of crystals based on the various manipulation of scaffolds. - The surfaces

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the use of digital fabrication aims to the addition of control during the growth process, the manipulation of form and the creation of a symbiotic interaction between the two elements, the digital and the physical, the artificial and the natural .

_3d printing is used to produce geometries that aim to the manipulation of the growth of additional elements on them. The criteria are: [a]. roughness [b]. porosity [c]. roughness and porosity [d]. roughness and smoothness

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[a]

[b]

[c]

[d]

]


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- The mould

Through this digitally fabricated mould the aim is to map the patterns of growth of the second system on the first one. The first system, our mould is designed in such a way that it will allow it to ‘direct’, in a way, these patterns of behaviour, thus transforming into an interactive design tool. The final outcome is never the same since the original input is under constant change an growth. Rough areas deform more since the growth is accelerated on these parts and the forms emerging from the crystal growth are more aggressive and intricate, whereas smooth parts are less influenced by the the growth.

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growth of copper sulphate on the digitally fabricated mould

the mould’s geometry/ rough and smooth parts

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The geometry of the fabricated model.

smooth parts

rough parts

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[

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Physical model at the early stages of copper sulphate growth

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term 2 CANADA_ARCHIGLACE INSTALLATION

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Designing with nature_using component aggregation to direct ice formations.

The components:

-basic/structural components a set of basic components is used to form the basic core of the installation and to give structural efficiency

-secondary system of components/ the ice collectors a secondary set of components is used as a design tool, in order to direct the formation of the icicles and the accumulation of snow

[

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The more fibrous components create linear icicles that are also subject to Canada’s environment. Since the components are made from light materials - transparent film - environmental conditions such as wind and gravity create a dynamic system consisting of the fibers, the wind and the icicles that are never formed in the same way. The less fibrous components create more robust ice forms that tend to stay attached to the input geometry.

]


[ ]

[

ice accumulation on the basic component

] [

Formations of icicles on the fibrous component

]

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The clusters :

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views of a trial component and the final installation

[ The basic component is multiplied by four and then merged into one cluster in order to enhance the system’s structural capacities. ]

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[ The secondary fibrous component is then added. By this way the installation’s interaction with the environment and the formation of the ice is further controlled. ]


The cluster formation :

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[] term 3- Part 1

THE CANADIAN NATURE

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[ice formations]

[environment]

[the foam]

[material study]

[data landscapes]

[digital data]

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[design proposal]

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[inspirations from nature]

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[ice cave _ stalactittes]

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[ice formations on natural scaffolds]

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[a] MATERIAL STUDIES

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[patterns]

[decomposition with acids]

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--predicting and tracing the unpredictable spatial formations of a non-static environment. foam : generative material to simulate nature’s intricate patterns flexible material in order to manipulate different levels of porosity, transparency, and resolution. scaffold : the foam can be considered as the scaffold, by creating an “artificial “ nature, The different levels of porosity and resolution accumulate the ice and result in unpredictable ice formations.

[

[

canadian landscape : phase-changing environment

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[physical tests]

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[a.1] porosity

20% porosity

40% porosity

0% porosity

50% porosity

80% porosity 60% porosity 34


[a.1] porosity

emerging spaces : cavities ,rough porous surfaces for the accumulation of ice

[

[

subtractive process: Acid application acetone on thickpolyesterine foam (thickness 15cm)

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[a.2 ] transparency

30% transparency

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emerging qualities: linear patterns , fibrous permeable spaces which interact with light.

[

[

Acid application( acetone) on thin high density foam thickness :3cm)


50% transparency

70% transparency

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[resulting spatial qualities]

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[a.3] interaction with viscous materials

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additional layer

cavity

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[experimentation with glue]

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[

[

interaction with viscous materials Different levels of erosion can be achieved through the application of viscous materials (glue, wax). The resulting excavated translucent cavities create protected spaces through a subtractive process . At the same time, an additional layer is creating on the foam, which can be considered as physical data for the simulation of natural elements. The way that foam is studied here aims at the manipulation of nature.

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[experimentation with glass wax]

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[

[

Additive process: different ice formations on different scaffolds according to fibrocity, porosity and density of the foam.

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[a.4] interaction with light

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[a.5] material study- conclusions of the experiments [extracting spatial data ]

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high density foam

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high density foam

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[b] THE ICE MUSEUM RESEARCH BY DESIGN

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[b1.] introduction to the site - Quebec city

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2m 5km

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[Montmorency Falls- Quebec]

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The waterflow can be consideredas a counterpart in the design process, providing the users with spatial variations from the liquid phase of water to ice.

Avenue Royale - access to the site

selected site ---building in the watrefall

designed platforms---entrance to the site

[

[

Montmorency falls , 12 km away from the centre of Quebec city, consist an intriguing site to experience the severity of the ever-changingCanadian nature. The waterfall is a typical example of an extreme habitat along with the environmental conditions and the seasonal changes.

winter

summer

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[b2.] water as a counterpart -digital simulations

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Digital simulations of the wateflow Two shapes are examined in this case that will later assist on the creation of the general building form. The control of the waterflow is attempted through the distortion of a shape’s outline. The water changes direction and follows the volume’s outiline, thus creating semi-controlled forms.

Breaking down the general form promotes the circulation of water on the geometry and produces an extended form of it, thus creating ‘cavities’.

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[b.3] scaffolding nature- ice formations

[cavity- stalactite formation]

icycles are formed on the edges

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[linear patterns]

[lrough surfaces]]

ice accumulation on the rough parts

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[b.4] the seasonal changes - systemic coexistence

The criteria for these qualities are posed by the physical experimentation in a constant process of trying to control the physical through the digital and vice versa . Space is designed as a natural scaffold with different manipulations of the materials in order to design with the waterflow as a counterpart during the spring and the summer and the ice as an additional lsignificant layer during the winter.

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Space is now converted to a seasonal timelabs in order to reveal a variation of spatial qualities.The ice museum is converted to a hanging garden during the summer time and the hydro-absorbent pods serve as exhibits which store the water as ice in the winter and are used as pods to grow plants in the summer.

[

[

Foam represents the artificial nature for this research, in an attempt to design and predict spatial qualities according to natural patterns. The resulting spatial qualities from the material experimentation derive from the protected cavities and rough surfaces to fibrous and more permeable structures.


towards the scaffold : informative relationship between the digital and the physical experimentation.

towards the ice museum: digital experimentation implementation of the resulting spatial qualities from the material research.

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[b.5] the hanging garden

a. the hydro-absorbent polymers

b. the expandable hydro-pod

c.digital design of the hydro-pods

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The expandable hydro- absorbent polymers are in the pods to support the water storage function during the winter along with the growth of plants for the summer time. The hydro-pods contain seeds that they grow because of the stored water of the hydroabsorbent polymers. They constitute the main exhibits of the ice museum because of their double operation throughout the year. In this way, they absorb the water of the waterfall during the rainfall period , and they carry it as ice during the extreme winter. The circulation of water is achieved through a pipe system, which could also be useful for the structural reinforcement of the created space. The resulting artificial nature, along with the spatial experience in the waterfall fuel collaborative behavioral patterns with nature as a basic counterpart of the designed space.

[

]

the hanging garden and the hydro-pods

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[b.6]design process

[b.6.1] control of the physical through fabrication

a. uncontrolled physical model

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b. designed model- CNC fabrication

c. combined technique


[b.6] control of the physical through fabrication

[design of the pieces for CNC fabrication. The pieces are designed according to the physical experimentation, and the fabricated foam is designed as a more controlled scaffold, according to the observa tions of the physical.]

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[b.6]design process

[b.6.1] additional elements

a. the pipe system- water circulation

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b. the hydro-pods


c. the hanging garden

d. roof condition- manipulation of the waterflow

[ basic criteria for the design in order to incorporate and manipulate the waterflow]

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interior aspect of the entrance and the garden 70


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[c] DIGITAL DATA

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[ ] use of a Kinect to 3d scan

a

physical models. polyurethane foam (350x150x150mm)

data landscapes---territorial speculations

b. high density foam (450x70x70mm)


[the resulting point cloud can be considered as a new definition of form . ]

porosity, fibrocity and transparency are the basic inputs for the digital scanning


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[output]: point cloud

[

digital scanning

[input] : physical models

informative relationship between the physical and the digital


polyurethane foam (1200x40x150mm)


[c.2] digital data from a 3d- scanner device

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{ 3d geometries generated from the 3d-scanning ]

{ Mesh generated from a point cloud using the Kinect ]

{ Maniipulation of the output data in order to create spatial qualities qualities ]


[c.2] digital data from a 3d- scanner device

material studies

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point cloud from the scanning

2d patterns

3d geometry- mesh generated from the scanning


3d geometry- mesh generated from the scanning

design tools

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[c.2.1] data collected through physical and digital tools The collection of the digital data is formed through meshing the point cloud retrieved from the kinect process and is enhanced by the use of a 3d scanning machine that produces 3d geometries. The resulting geometries will consist the base of the design experimentation and evolution.


[d.]

[

THE ICE MUSEUM DESIGN PROPOSAL

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[ice formations]

[environment]

[the foam]

[material study]

[data landscapes]

[digital data]

[design proposal]


[d.1]design evolution form finding process. Foam as a generative physical tool produced a series of digital data that were then used as one of the most basic elements of the design. The forms were developed through the merging of various digital patterns and then embedded to the selected site. The unique characteristics of the waterfall site facilitated in the development of the form and the structure. What began as a delicate mass of patterns gradually developed into becoming a hybrid of patterns, structure and scaffolding.

[a]

[b]

[c]

[a] + [b] Initial data_insertion of physical patterns into the digital space through 3d scanning. First step of rationalizing the geometries. Adjusting the top conditions by creating sheltered spaces

[d]

Addition of a structural system for support and for the creation of interior spaces.

[e]

The structural system and the general form break down in order to connect to the landscape. The building is used as a scaffold for the direction of the waterflow.

[f]

The roof conditions are further adjust. The flow of the water is directed but also shaped through the deformation of the scaffold. The distortion of the geometry’s outline produces different ice formations and the roofs are perforated in order to collect and distribute water within the building.

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[e]

3d scanned natural data

addition of rooftops

[d]

[f]

perforated rooftop

[c] + [d]


the pipes collect the water

the hydroponds store the water

[ the pipe system_water circulation ]

the gutter system that collects the water from the waterfall and anchors to the mountain

[ the structural system ]

the system consisting of pipes that collect water from the waterfall and the hydroponds that store seeds and blossom in the winter through the water that is transmitted from the pipes

[ the decomposed elements ]

a concrete structure that anchors the building to the mountain and also acts as a supportive system for it.

foam

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hydropods

the foam system reinforces the ice accumulation and acquires aggressive ice forms

part of the main structure that is generated through the collection of physical data that are translated into digital space through 3d scanning. these formations produce spaces with different material qualities and distributions.

the building

[ the building_all the fragments merged together ] the whole entity of the building. a scaffold that collects the water on its boundaries through the drape and foam system and also within its core through the pipe and gutter system.


[d.2]

plan typology / catalogue of the most characteristic plans

garden

entrance

garden

ground floor

exterior exhibition space exhibition space

4th floor

exhibition space

exhibition space

7th floor

general plan

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[d.2] general plan

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elevation catalogue the form breakes down to smaller fragments and pieces in order to direct the waterflow. The roof changes heights in order to adjust to the flow of the water and to direct it through its boundaries and within it.

left view

right view

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front view

back view


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water circulation

Water is a basic element for this design process and research. These diagrams aim to explain the way the water from the waterfall interacts with the building in terms of process. Diagram 1 shows the main volumes of the building and the flow of the water on them. The water is distributed through the geometry from volume to volume. At the point of impact it follows the gometry of the general form and part of it is distributed through the perforated concrete to the pipe system [diagram 2]. The structure oft he building operates also as a system of gutters that circulate the water at the interior spaces [diagram 3].

diagram 1

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roof conditions

diagram 2

diagram 3 102


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70

70m

55m

40m

garden/restaurant

45m

35m

exhibition space

35m

30m

exhibition space

20m

exterior exhibition space/garden

20m

0,0m

river level - entrance

entrance/garden

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70m 52m

the seed ‘gallery’

47m

the seed ‘gallery’

40m

garden/ restaurant

35m

exhibition space

30m

exhibition space

20m

exterior exhibition space/garden

entrance

0,0m

river level

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aspect of the building during the rainfall period


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general aspect of the building Winter aspect of the building that is situated underneath the waterfall. The flow of the water is diversed and directed by the building - scaffold. The view also reveals the entrance of the building that is accessible only duting the winter since it sits on top of the frozen river.


rroof conditions aspect of the 3d printed model showing the way the roof of the building is shaped in order to collect water. The smooth perforated parts collect the water and distribute it inside the building through their openings and the pipe system. Their distorted outline creates a smoother ‘curtain’ ice effect. The rough parts create more aggressive and uncontrolled ice formations.

smooth parts

rrough parts



Digital scaffolding