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18th Annual Veterans Day Parade


November 8, 2014

A Salute to Those Who Served





*Must present military ID.

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18th Annual Veterans Day Parade

November 8, 2014

A Salute to Those Who Served

Welcome to the 18th annual Long Beach Veterans Day Parade! on behalf of the Long Beach Veterans Day Committee, we thank you for attending today to honor our many veterans who have served in the armed Forces of the united states. it is because of their service that we enjoy all of our many freedoms. We want to recognize this year’s major sponsors – Edison international and the Port of Long Beach. We are pleased to, once again, partner with them to bring you this parade. rough their help we are again able to produce an event to appropriately honor our veterans. e Long Beach Veterans Day Committee is a 501c3 organization made up of community volunteers. it is responsible for the planning and presentation of this event. is parade is unique in that it is not sponsored by a government entity as are other events of its kind in southern California. Planning for this parade is a year round effort that results in an event that can be enjoyed by the entire family. a great deal of research has gone into the information presented in this souvenir program. it is our hope that you will take time to read and learn about the branches of the united states armed Forces from the facts presented. success of today’s event is due to the efforts of many people. We thank the many parade participants, the parade spectators and the many individuals who have worked so diligently to produce this parade. We want to express our special thanks to the following: • • • • • •

our many Community sponsors JCL traffic Control Beacon house association Volunteers Charter Communications Pageantry Productions our many Community Volunteers

We invite you to sit back and enjoy the parade as we give our “salute to ose Who served.”

Martha uente Event Coordinator

SIGNAL Veterans Day Parade 2014 Program is a production of








939 East 27th strEEt signaL hiLL 562-595-7900 signaLtriBunE.CoM

Val Lerch L.B. Veterans Day Committee Publisher/editor-in-Chief/AdVertisinG sAles

neena r. strichart

ProduCtion liAison

Martha thuente

ContributinG Writers

Adam buchsbaum Ariana Gastelum Ashley Goodsell

desiGn & ProduCtion

leighanna nierle

CoPY editor/Writer

Cory bilicko

ProduCtion AssistAnt

tanya Paz


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A History of the Veterans Day Parade

18th Annual Veterans Day Parade

November 8, 2014

now in its 18th year, the Long Beach Veterans Day Parade

has grown from humble origins into a family-oriented event that attracts close to ten thousand people. themed “a salute to those Who served,” the parade is a way we all can honor our veterans, from all branches of the military and from all eras. “now, more than ever before, we need to let our troops know that they are supported and that we appreciate they are out there fighting for our freedom. that’s what this whole day of celebration is about,” said Martha thuente, a member of the Veterans Day Parade committee. the Long Beach Veterans Day Parade has grown far beyond anything former City Councilman Jerry shultz imagined back in 1996. his original goal was to create a patriotic event in Long Beach. he formed a committee of activists in north Long Beach, and they came up with the idea of having a parade. “one hundred and eight men from Long Beach were killed in Vietnam, and they were never recognized by their own city. these men came from all five of our local high schools. the Veterans Day parade was created to honor all branches of service from all of the wars,” said shultz. “the parade has


A Salute to Those Who Served

been going pretty strong for a long time now. i remember the very first parade. We had to pass the hat to get the money we needed to buy incidentals. and then we just kept growing, and getting bigger and bigger.” the first two years, the parade was held on Labor Day weekend. in 1998 it was moved to Veterans Day weekend. “the first few years were very low key. We were really a hometown parade. then the parade began to grow, not only in terms of size but also in notoriety. about ten years ago we began working with a professional parade production company. We just keep growing and adding to the event,” said thuente. Echoing the sentiment, Jerry shultz stated, “today the parade has a military grand marshal and honorary grand marshal. i urge everyone to come out, whether or not you were in the military, whether or not you have relatives that served in the military. as we speak, we’ve got several hundred thousand soldiers in harm’s way in iraq, afghanistan and other places around the world. it’s important that everyone comes out to show them how much we appreciate their service.”

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18th Annual Veterans Day Parade

November 8, 2014

A Salute to Those Who Served



“On this Veterans Day…

I am honored to recognize our veterans for their courage and sacrifices while preserving the freedom of our country.” CONGRESSMAN ALAN LOWENTHAL Paid for and Authorized by Alan Lowenthal for Congress. ID# C00498212


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18th Annual Veterans Day Parade

November 8, 2014

A Salute to Those Who Served

We Proudly Salute

Our Veterans And Their Service For The Benefit Of All Americans From One Veteran To Another,

Happy Veterans Day! Don Knabe 6

Chairman of the Board Supervisor, Fourth District County of Los Angeles www.Knabe.com

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Grand Marshal

18th Annual Veterans Day Parade

November 8, 2014

A Salute to Those Who Served

stephen J. Peck

stephen J. Peck, who served as a Marine oďŹƒcer in Vietnam, heads the nation's largest nonproďŹ t devoted to provided housing and other essential services to atrisk veterans. united states Veterans initiative (u.s.VEts), which opened its ďŹ rst facility in Los angeles in 1992, has grown to 11 sites in six states and the District of Columbia, serving more than 2,000 veterans a day. Yearly, u.s.VEts helps 3,500 veterans ďŹ nd housing and more than 1,000 veterans gain full-time jobs. Peck, 65, says he learned in the Marine Corps, "if you don't go where the trouble is, you can't solve the problem." as u.s. involvement in iraq and afghanistan continue to wind down, the issues of veteran unemployment, homelessness, Post traumatic stress Disorder and traumatic Brain injuries have reached critical levels. Eighteen veterans a day commit suicide in the united states. "our job at u.s.VEts is to engage the enemy at home -- the enemy of homelessness,

disillusionment and disappointment -- to let these men and women know there is a path forward," says Peck. Peck graduated from northwestern university in 1968 and entered the Marine Corps that same year. in Vietnam, he was a ďŹ rst lieutenant in the 1st Marine Division, serving as a forward observer outside of Danang in 1969, receiving the navy Commendation Medal.DuringhisserviceinVietnam,hisiconic father, actor gregory Peck, was a very visible opponent of the war. "My father opposed the war but passionately supported the men who fought in Vietnam," Peck says. "he was one of the ďŹ rst members of the u.s.VEts honorary board of directors, as were several of his very famous friends." aî†?er his service, Peck followed his father into the movie business, devoting his talents to documentary ďŹ lms.

Eventually, a series of ďŹ lms on homelessness and veteran's issues compelled him to move from behind the camera to become a fulltime advocate. Peck went to work helping the Veterans administration place homeless veterans into housing and eventually joined the organization that became u.s.VEts as Director of Community Development in 1996. he was appointed president and CEo in august 2010. u.s.VEts strives to empower each veteran to take responsibility for his or her success, guiding them towards independence in the community, developing their workforce skills and supporting recovery by maintaining a drug and alcohol free environment at its sites.

Peck earned his Master’s Degree in social Work from usC in 1997. he has been honored by the national Coalition for homeless Veterans, the usC school of social Work, the american Legion auxiliary, and the City of Long Beach. Peck and his wife, Kristine Kidd, a food writer and culinary consultant, and the former Food Editor of Bon Appetit magazine, live with their Labrador retriever, atticus, in the Los angeles community of topanga Canyon. he has a grown son, Ethan, an actor; and a grown step-daughter, Marisa, a writer. stephen Peck, MsW President and CEo



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18th Annual Veterans Day Parade

November 8, 2014

A Salute to Those Who Served

Day Par Long Beach Veterans Veterans Day Parade. ade. Por t of Long Beach. Port Beach.

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Honorary Grand Marshal

18th Annual Veterans Day Parade

November 8, 2014

A Salute to Those Who Served

officer Eric Cornell

Eric Cornell joined the united states Marine Corps reserve in December 2003. During his tour of duty, his duty stations included the Marine Corps Combat Development Command in Quantico, Virginia, and the Marine Corps Base Camp in Pendelton, California. Eric le the Marine Corps reserve in December 2006 and rejoined the united states naval reserve in november 2007 where he has served ever since. Eric serves as a navy Master at arms (equivalent to a military police officer), and has attained the ran of Petty officer second Class. his duty stations have included: naval surface Warfare Center Corona, Ca; naval auxiliary Landing Field san Clemente island; and he is currently assigned to naval security Forces, naval Base Ventura County. Eric helped provide operational support during Exercise solid Curtain/Citadel shield. is training exercise assessed the response level of all naval security forces in the united states to various threats. additionally, he has provided security force support at naval surface Warfare Center Corona, and naval air Facility El Centro. Eric began his police career as a recruit in LBPD academy Class #85 in october 2008. however, the growing need to combat international terror required his service. e military called him to active duty in the middle of his police training, and he reported for duty in november 2008 as part of the training deployment in support of operation Enduring Freedom. he served at both nrtC great Lakes, illinois, and Lackland aFB, texas, during that period while awaiting orders for overseas deployment. Eric has been awarded the national Defense service medal, the global War on terrorism service medal, and the navy reserve Meritorious service medal. Eric returned from active duty in april 2009, and the Long Beach Police Department offered him a position in Jail Division as a Detention officer until another academy class could be formed. The Salvation Army in Long Beach is continuing its program Due to the worldwide to assist homeless Veterans and Veteran Families who are being economic recession, there was no police academy for several re-housed though HUD-VASH to set up housekeeping years. Eric stayed with Jail Division from april 2009 until May by bridging a gap in basic services by providing 2013, when he was selected to be part of LBPD Police acad"Welcome (to your new) Home" kits that have dishes, pots and pans, glasses, flatware, kitchen towels and utensils, bath towels, emy Class #86. he is currently assigned to north Division Pabath mats and rugs, trash can, soap and tooth brush holders trol and will complete his field training in December of this and a $40 gift card. The value of these kits is $300, and funds year. are needed to continue this important program that is changing e Long Beach Police officers’ association and the Long the lives of Veterans and Veteran families in our community. Beach Police Department recognize and commend officer Eric To make a donation or sponsor a "Welcome Home" Kit, Cornell for his service to both his country and his local complease contact Major Judy Hedgren, Acting Social Service Director munity. We are extremely proud to have him as a member of at 562.247.3524, or judy.hedgren@usw.salvationarmy.org our law enforcement team.

“Welcome Home” Kits for Veterans


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Air Force

18th Annual Veterans Day Parade According to the national security Act of 1947, the Air force’s mission is to prepare the air forces necessary for effective prosecution of war unless assigned otherwise and, in accordance with integrated joint mobilization plans, for the expansion of the peacetime components of the Air force to meet the needs of war. the Air force is actually one of three military departments within the department of defense. it is managed by the civilian secretary of the Air force and under the control of the secretary of defense. their jobs include explosive ordnance disposal, combat rescue, pararescue, security forces, combat control, combat weather tactical air control party and agents who disarm bombs, rescue downed or isolated personnel, call in air strikes and set up landing zones in forward locations. however, other jobs range from flight combat operations to working in a dining facility. these fields include computer specialties, mechanic specialties, communications systems, avionics


A History of Our Military Branches

technicians, medical specialties, civil engineering, public affairs and more. the us Army signal Corps began the Aeronautical division in 1907, in the wake of the Wright brothers’ flight at Kitty hawk in 1903. the division experimented with aircraft and mostly explored balloons and dirigibles. in 1914, the Army started the Aviation section of the signal Corps, and soon thereafter World War i began. however, all the other european combatants’ aeriel technology outstripped American technology. President Woodrow Wilson took notice and established the Army Air service, placed directly under the War department, on May 24, 1918. the Air service grew to more than 19,000 officers, 178,000 enlisted men and 11,754 aircrafts. Post-war demobilization and a name change resulted in the Air Corps, a modest peacetime operation. World War ii came. the department of War created the Army Air forces (AAf) and deemed it equal to the Army Ground forces. the Air Corps remained a branch of the Army, subordinate to the AAf. the AAf fought in every theater of war and had 80,000 aircraft and 2.4 million personnel at its peak. Again, America demobilized post-war, and the us Air force finally earned its independence

from the Army on september 18, 1947. the increased power of new aviation technology, the Vietnam War and the Cold War arms race accelerated the capabilities of the us Air force. the Air force also began to explore space with the advent of launch vehicles and orbital satellites. in the 1970s, the Air force focused on modernizing its fleet and missiles. the iran hostage crisis spurred America to further develop the Air force. by the 1990s, a collapsed soviet union led the us to streamline the Air force and downsize it overall.

Colors ultramarine blue and Air force yellow Motto “Aim high ... fly-fight-Win” Song “the Air force song” Off we go into the wild blue yonder, Climbing high into the sun; Here they come zooming to meet our thunder, At ‘em boys, Give ‘er the gun! (Give ‘er the gun now!) Down we dive, spouting our flame from under, Off with one helluva roar! We live in fame or go down in flame. Hey! Nothing'll stop the US Air Force! Minds of men fashioned a crate of thunder,

November 8, 2014

Sent it high into the blue; Hands of men blasted the world asunder; How they lived God only knew! (God only knew then!) Souls of men dreaming of skies to conquer Gave us wings, ever to soar! With scouts before And bombers galore. Hey! Nothing'll stop the US Air Force! Here's a toast to the host Of those who love the vastness of the sky, To a friend we send a message of his brother men who fly. We drink to those who gave their all of old, Then down we roar to score the rainbow’s pot of gold. A toast to the host of men we boast, the US Air Force! Zoom! Off we go into the wild sky yonder, Keep the wings level and true; If you'd live to be a grey-haired wonder Keep the nose out of the blue! (Out of the blue, boy!) Flying men, guarding the nation's border, We'll be there, followed by more! In echelon we carry on. Hey! Nothing’ll stop the US Air Force!

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18th Annual Veterans Day Parade the Army is the oldest branch of the us military that provides land-based military operations. their mission is to fight and win wars by providing prompt, sustained land dominance across the range of military operations and spectrum of conflict in support of commanders. they accomplish missions assigned by the President, secretary of defense and combatant commanders. the Army is divided into major branches: Air defense Artillery, infantry, Aviation, signal Corps, Corps of engineers and Armor. the Army is made up of three components. the active component is the regular Army. the two reserve components are the Army national Guard and the Army reserve. these are part-time soldiers who train once a month. these are known as unit-training assemblies. they conduct two to three weeks of annual training each year.


A History of Our Military Branches

the Army is led by a civilian secretary of the Army, who conducts all affairs of the Army under the authority, direction and control of the secretary of defense. the Chief of the staff is the highest-ranked military officer in the Army. this person is the military advisor and executive agent for the secretary of the Army along with a Joint Chiefs of staff member, a body of the service chiefs from each of the department of defense military services who advise the President, secretary of defense and national security Council. the Army also has both an operational and institutional portion. the operational Army consists of armies, corps, divisions, brigades and battalions that conduct a full spectrum of international operations. the institutional Army trains, equips, deploys and ensure readiness to support the operational Army. it began as the Continental Army in 1775, formed by the second Continental Congress in response to the revolutionary War. George Washington was its com-

mander-in-chief. Prior to this formalized national army, there were only cobbled-together, local militias without a chain of command. Washington described his new army as, “A mixed multitude of people under very little discipline, order or government.” With the revolutionary War over, the Continental Congress disbanded the Continental Army in 1784. Congress did not wish the united states to have a standing army during peacetime. however, conflicts with native Americans spurred Congress to allow and create the legion of the united states. its four sub-legions would go on to become the first four regiments of the us Army. the Army went on to fight the british in the War of 1812, then afterwards was heavily involved in us western expansion, fighting native Americans and winning the Mexican-American War in 1848. the Civil War began in 1861 and split the nation, and the Army. the Army re-combined in its aftermath and won the spanish-American War in 1898, followed by victory in

the Philippine-American War, which lasted from 1899 to 1902. As America entered the 20th century, it entered both World War i and World War ii. next came the Korean War amid the larger Cold War, followed by the Vietnam War. the 1990s saw the Persian Gulf War in response to the invasion of Kuwait. the 2000s witnessed the military occupation of Afghanistan and iraq in the wake of 9/11. Motto “this We’ll defend” Official song of the Army “the Army Goes rolling Along” Intro: March along, sing our song, with the Army of the free Count the brave, count the true, who have fought to victory We’re the Army and proud of our name We’re the Army and proudly proclaim

Verse: First to fight for the right, And to build the Nation’s might, And The Army Goes Rolling Along

November 8, 2014

Proud of all we have done, Fighting till the battle’s won, And the Army Goes Rolling Along. Refrain: Then it’s Hi! Hi! Hey! The Army’s on its way. Count off the cadence loud and strong (TWO! THREE!) For where e’er we go, You will always know That The Army Goes Rolling Along.

Verse: Valley Forge, Custer’s ranks, San Juan Hill and Patton’s tanks, And the Army went rolling along Minute men, from the start, Always fighting from the heart, And the Army keeps rolling along. Verse: Men in rags, men who froze, Still that Army met its foes, And the Army went rolling along. Faith in God, then we’re right, And we’ll fight with all our might, As the Army keeps rolling along.

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18th Annual Veterans Day Parade


November 8, 2014

A Salute to Those Who Served

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Coast Guard

18th Annual Veterans Day Parade G e o r g e Wa s h i n g t o n authorized and began Coast the Guard, then known as the “cutters,” on Aug. 4, 1790 as part of the tariff Act. ten vessels would enforce federal and tariff laws, and stop smuggling. As the infant nation grew, the scope of the “revenue Cutter service” grew. the us Coast Guard was founded then, but it was established on Jan. 28, 1915 to be an official military branch. there are 11 missions dealing with ports, waterways and coastal security, drug interdiction, aids navigation, search and rescue, living marine services, marine safety, defense readiness, migrant interdiction, marine environmental protection, ice operations and other law enforcements. there are 38,000 active-duty men and women, 8,000 reservists, and 35,000 Auxiliary personnel who serve in a variety of job fields ranging from operation specialists and small-boat operators and maintenance specialists to electronic technicians and aviation mechanics. the Coast Guard was created after five separate federal services were combined: the u.s. lighthouse service, the revenue Cutter service, the steamboat inspection service, bureau of navigation and the u.s. lifesaving service. in 1915, a congressional act combined the life-saving service and revenue Cutter service to form the Coast Guard. the service was placed under the control of the treasury department until 1967, when an executive order transferred the Coast Guard to the newly formed department of transportation. Currently, the Coast Guard operates under the department of homeland security during peacetime and under the navy during wartime, or by special presidential order. in addition to protecting our nation’s waterways, the 43,327 active-duty members of the Coast Guard perform search and rescue, law enforcement and environmental cleanup operations. the us Coast Guard Academy

A History of Our Military Branches

is a four-year service academy located in new london, Conn. Around 225 cadets graduate each year. they receive a bachelor of science degree and a commission as an ensign in the Coast Guard. these graduates must serve a minimum of five years on active duty. some become desk Watch officers or engineer officers in training. others can be assigned directly to the naval Air station Pensacola for flight training. the Coast Guard’s research development, test and evaluation (rdt&e) program works on more than 80 projects that support Coast Guard requirements at any given time. this program is made up of the office of rtd&e at Coast Guard headquarters in Washington, dC and the research and development Center (rdC) at new london, Connecticut. in 1915, a Congressional act merged the revenue Cutter service with the us life-saving service, another government agency devoted to saving the shipwrecked, and thus made the Coast Guard. the lighthouse service joined the Coast Guard in 1939, and Congress moved the Commerce department's bureau of Marine inspection and navigation to the Coast Guard in 1946. the Coast Guard has been involved in wars such as the War of 1812, the Mexican-American War and the American Civil War. the last time the Coast Guard operated as a whole within the navy was during World War ii. usually, military and combat units within the Coast Guard will operate under navy or joint control while others remain under the department of homeland security.

Through howling gale and shot and shell, To win our victory. “Semper Paratus” is our guide, Our pledge, our motto, too. We’re “Always Ready,” do or die! Aye! Coast Guard, we fight for you. From Aztec shore to Arctic zone, To Europe and Far East. The Flag is carried by our ships, In times of war and peace. And never have we struck it yet, In spite of foe-men's might, Who cheered our crews and cheered again, For showing how to fight.

We’re always ready for the call, We place our trust in Thee. Through howling gale and shot and shell, To win our victory. “Semper Paratus” is our guide, Our pledge, our motto, too. We’re “Always Ready,” do or die! Aye! Coast Guard, we fight for you. Surveyor and Narcissus, The Eagle and Dispatch, The Hudson and the Tampa The names are hard to match; From Barrow's shores to Paraguay,

November 8, 2014

Great Lakes or ocean’s wave, The Coast Guard fought through storms and winds To punish or to save.

We’re always ready for the call, We place our trust in Thee. Through howling gale and shot and shell, To win our victory. “Semper Paratus” is our guide, Our pledge, our motto, too. We're “Always Ready,” do or die! Aye! Coast Guard, we fight for you.

Aye, we’ve been “Always Ready” To do, to fight, or die Write glory to the shield we wear In letters to the sky. To sink the foe or save the maimed Our mission and our pride We'll carry on ‘til Kingdom Come Ideals for which we’ve died.

We’re always ready for the call, We place our trust in Thee. Through howling gale and shot and shell, To win our victory. “Semper Paratus” is our guide, Our pledge, our motto, too. We're “Always Ready,” do or die! Aye! Coast Guard, we fight for you.

Colors White, Coast Guard blue, Coast Guard red Motto semper Paratus (Always ready) Song “semper Paratus” From North and South and East and West, The Coast Guard’s in the fight. Destroying subs and landing troops, The Axis feels our might. For we’re the first invaders, On every fighting field. Afloat, ashore, on men and Spars, You'll find the Coast Guard shield.

We’re always ready for the call, We place our trust in Thee.


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18th Annual Veterans Day Parade


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A Salute to Those Who Served

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18th Annual Veterans Day Parade

November 8, 2014

A Salute to Those Who Served

Veterans Mural salutes men, women who served in all branches, wars By Rachael Riin Contributing Writer

Every person who's served our country has a story, but the individual experience oen gets lost in the enormity of war. e Long Beach Veterans Mural was created to honor our local veterans and share their stories, one person, one face, at a time. Located in north Long Beach, the mural faces the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in houghton Park. it has also been the starting and finishing point for the annual Long Beach Veterans Day Parade since it was unveiled on Veterans Day in 2006. Designed by former Long Beach resident and artist art Mortimer, the mural depicts images of military men and women from all branches of military, from the Civil War to the present. e Long Beach mural program, which is part of the Parks, recreation and Marine department, commissioned Mortimer to complete the mural. "aer i got input from the community, i looked for photographs and images that related to the subject," said Mortimer. "i went to the historical society, got people's personal photographs and talked to veterans. i always look for pictures that i have some connection to." e mural displays all six logos of the armed forces and a large flag serves as the backdrop for the mural. starting from the far le, there is an image from 1940 of two Civil War Veterans and

two army officers saluting. in the center of the mural, there is a group of Civil War veterans standing with a drum that reads "Long Beach Calif. g.a.r. (grand army of the republic) Martial Band." to the right of the Civil War veterans, there are three men celebrating the end of WWi. e man in the center holding the flag and the sailor on the right have switched hats. at top center there are two female pilots. e female pilot on the le is Loretta Foy, who served in the Women airforce service Pilots in WWii. to the right of Foy is a family picture of Paul Bice, who served in the south Pacific and the Middle East, and his mother. next to the female pilots are two armed servicemen on their base in Korea during the Korean War. ey are surrounded by the medals that were awarded to servicemen during Vietnam. Below the female pilots there is an image of Cliff Chaffee, a career navy man, posing with his biplane in 1937. in 2006, 91-year-old Chaffee served as honorary grand Marshall of the Veterans Day Parade.

next to Chaffee is a group of veterans at the dedication of the Long Beach Vietnam Veterans Memorial. to the right of the group of veterans is former city councilman Jerry shultz, a Vietnam veteran and the driving force behind the Long Beach Vietnam Veterans Memorial. “it’s such an honor to have my picture on the mural, especially when you have kids. it’s always nice to be recognized for your service, especially as a Vietnam vet,” said shultz. “We didn’t exactly have a welcoming party when we returned. i served my country, i did my time and i was lucky that i returned.” to the right of shultz sits the uss Long Beach, a nuclear-powered guided missile cruiser that reminds us of Long Beach's once strong naval base. tuskegee airman aaron herrington is next to the uss Long Beach. e tuskegee airmen were america's first black military airmen. herrington graduated from the u.s. army Corps as a second Lieutenant. aer the war, he and his wife Maycie settled in Long Beach.

e last image is of PFC george torres, the first Long Beach marine to die in iraq. he and his parents lived only a block from the mural. "one of my favorite images was the picture of PFC george torres," said Mortimer. "at was really special because he was related to Dora Cortes, one of the ladies from the redevelopment agency. she took me to her cousin george's house to meet his parents. his parents were from Mexico and this had been such a blow to them. e marines had sent back his belongings and his parents hadn't opened the box yet. But they opened it for me. it was very emotional for them. his Purple heart medal was in there." Cortes was delighted to find out that george was one of the veterans selected to be in the mural. “it’s an awesome feeling to know that my cousin is in the mural and has affected so many people. When i walk by with somebody, i get to say, 'hey, that’s my cousin.' it makes me a proud american and makes me proud of my family and my culture," said Cortes.


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18th Annual Veterans Day Parade

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A Salute to Those Who Served

e Long Beach V

This mural is a tribute to long beach

veterans in the u.s. armed services. it is painted on the side of a building facing houghton Park, in north long beach on the corner of Atlantic Avenue and harding street. it is directly across the street from a Vietnam Veterans Memorial in the park. this intersection is the starting and finishing point for long beach’s annual Veterans day Parade and is a fitting location to honor long beach veterans. the mural depicts historical images of long beach veterans of many conflicts, from the Civil War through iraq, as well as medals honoring veterans for bravery and service. these images are arrayed against a patriotic banner flowing the length of the wall.

Courtesy ArtMortimer.com

This painting depicts PfC George torres, the first Marine from long beach killed in iraq. next to PfC torres is his Purple heart medal, awarded to those injured in battle. PfC torres’s parents live about one block from the mural site. this historical


image is of a military band of Civil War veterans. the writing on the bass drum reads “long beach Calif. G.A.r. (Grand Army of the republic) Martial band.” it is painted from a historical photo taken some time after the Civil War.

This image is of three servicemen on their base in Korea during the Korean War. the soldier in the center is the uncle of one of the veterans who helped with the planning and research of the mural. this image is flanked by two medals awarded to u.s. servicemen for serving in Vietnam.

On the left is the uss long beach, a nuclear-powered guided missile cruiser. long beach has a long history as the site of a large navy base, now closed, and the city is home to many navy veterans. on the right is a portrait of Aaron herrington, who was a tuskegee Airman and long beach resident. the tuskegee Airmen were a squadron of African-American pilots who performed heroically and very successfully in europe during WWii, escorting u.s. bombers and in aerial combat with enemy fighters. they never lost a bomber. The

picture bottom left is of Cliff Chaffee, a career navy man, posing with his biplane in 1937. in 2006 Cliff was 91 years old and was honorary grand marshal of that year’s Veterans day Parade. the center image is from a snapshot of a group of veterans taken

at the dedication of ans Memorial direc from the mural sit the flags in the pai mural is now pain is an image of Je from the last photo

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18th Annual Veterans Day Parade

November 8, 2014

A Salute to Those Who Served

ch Veterans Mural

t the dedication of the Vietnam Veterns Memorial directly across the street rom the mural site. the wall behind he flags in the painting is the wall the mural is now painted on. on the right s an image of Jerry shultz, painted om the last photo taken of him in uni-

Mural created by Art Mortimer, 21 x 108 ft., Nov. 2006 • Long Beach, California

On the far left is a

historical image of men celebrating the end of WWi. the Army man in the center (holding the flag) and the sailor on the right have switched hats. the gentleman on the left is not in uniform but is wearing an Army hat; perhaps he is the father of one or both of the two young men.

Left center is an image of two female pilots. Pictured left

is loretta foy, who was active in aviation for many years in long beach and served in the WAsPs in WWii. the image on the right is from a family photo of long beach native Paul bice and his mother. Paul served in the south Pacific and the Middle east, including iraq. this image emphasizes that all veterans have families who are affected by their service as well.

form. shultz is a highly decorated Vietnam veteran who later became a long beach Councilman for the district the mural is in. he was one of the first organizers of the Veterans day Parade and a major force in the creation of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.

This section of the mural displays: the logos of all six of the u.s. armed services; a historical image of two Civil War veterans and two Army officers saluting, circa 1940; a large flag serving as a backdrop to the title of the mural, with an allegorical figure representing the arts holding a brush.


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18th Annual Veterans Day Parade

November 8, 2014

A Salute to Those Who Served

in focus

Veterans gain more than just picture-taking skills in photography program

Cory Bilicko


Signal Tribune

or a year, u.s. Army veteran steve Grove had been an enthusiastic participant in the digital-photography program at the long beach Veterans Administration hospital, learning to use the latest technology in cameras and photo-processing software to complement the knowledge he’d already gained from shooting on film years prior. the program not only helped him learn the basics of working with digital photography and computer processing techniques, it served its other purpose– offering positive mental stimulation and a new way to connect with others. then, in 2010, circumstances shifted suddenly– and drastically– for him. he and his wife had traveled to his home town in illinois to visit his mother. it was a trip that would be characterized by two life-changing events. “the morning before we were going to leave, i was out for my morning bike ride,” Grove said, “and a car behind me, going about 40 miles an hour, hit me from behind.” seriously injured, he was transported by ambulance to a medical facility in effingham, illinois, and from

there airlifted to a better equipped facility 75 miles away in urbana. the accident resulted in a cracked skull, a traumatic brain injury, broken bones and an injured hip. he was in a coma for several days. “i was at the VA hospital when i came out of the coma,” Grove said. “unfortunately, while i was there, my mom passed away... i couldn’t even process that at the time, and i couldn’t go to the funeral.” he said the hospital in urbana kept him until he was well enough to return to California, although the length of time he was there and his return date aren’t quite clear to him. he estimates he was in illinois a couple of months. “then i continued my treatment and recovery at the long beach VA,” he said. A few months later, he had a seizure, which, he said, is common among those who have sustained brain injuries. Grove, who is nearly 70, said he has since recovered quite well, but that, with brain injuries, a person may appear fine but “you can’t see what’s under the hood.” he still takes medication for seizures and mood swings. “if you didn’t know any of this and

Photos courtesy Robin Breit

Veterans Marianne Choate (left) and Steve Grove, participants in the digital-photography program at the Long Beach Veterans Administration Hospital, try out a camera during one of the group’s photography field trips to Venice Beach this past summer.

you met me and talked to me, and i didn’t give you any clues, you probably would not know that i had a traumatic brain injury,” Grove said. “but that doesn’t mean i don’t have issues to deal with. for example, i can be easily overloaded with input.” Grove also explained that there are times when he knows exactly what he wants to say but cannot get the words out. despite these setbacks, there’s a tone of optimism in his attitude, and he attributes much of his recovery to his return to the VA’s project. “i had started the photo therapy program before all this happened,” Grove said. “i was anxious to get back into it,

and i started going back as soon as possible, and still, that’s pretty vague too, but i found it very– it certainly was a safe haven.” Grove uses those two words– “safe haven”– repeatedly when he describes the long beach VA’s digital-photography program, and perhaps it’s because of that feeling of security that he was able to make a remarkable discovery about his post-accident capabilities. “first, being in the program was therapeutic,” he said. “i found the creative process of photography to help in some way to improve my cognitive abilities. Another discovery was i was more creative after the accident– i

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18th Annual Veterans Day Parade found myself seeing light differently.” in addition to his newfound sense of artistic perspective, he gained a fresh appreciation for the program that transcended its “art as therapy” aspects. “being around and with fellow veterans provided a safe haven for me to recover. then, as i got better, i wanted to share and help others,” he said. “now i help instruct and prepare lessons for the program. there is nothing better and more rewarding than helping others.”


obin breit, instructor and volunteer for the digital-photography therapy program, sees it as more than just a project to help participants take better pictures. she describes it is as an undertaking that can lift the spirit, expand the mind, create self-worth, and become the foundation and starting point for veterans to return to a path of wellness and whole being. the program was created and sponsored by the VA long beach (VAlb) healthcare system and dr. sophia Chun, director of spinal Cord injury, as a pilot recreational therapy program, offering healing therapy for veterans with limited mobility. “originally, the program was developed as a creative therapy for veterans with limited abilities as an innovative way to lift the spirit and expand the mind through the art of photography,” breit said. it was then sponsored by and funded through the VA league, California Paralyzed Veterans Association and Volunteer services when it was expanded to include all VAlb veterans. Veterans are referred to the program, which is housed in the VA’s Community living Center, through recreational therapists, social workers, VA doctors, and word of mouth from those who have participated in the program. one of the highlights of the program is the photo exhibits the veterans and volunteers organize. the group mounted its second exhibit at the Gina M. Woodruff Gallery last August and presented its third show on nov. 5 in the VA’s blind rehab building. breit said that, since the show in August, the program’s enrollment numbers have increased. “the last count was 135, but we have added approximately 10 veterans and volunteers after the last show in August,” she said. Most of the participants supply their own cameras, but there are 15 donated point-and-shoot cameras on loan for those who are not able to purchase their own. breit cited location as the most challenging aspect of the project, as a result of limited funds. “funding is a big issue as we are no longer funded through the VA,” she said. “We have been self-funded since 2012.” still, breit and the other volunteers are determined to keep their labor of love going. “it is my way to serve [the veterans] and my country,” breit said. “i have an art background, and i feel gratification that i


November 8, 2014

A Salute to Those Who Served

am able to contribute in this way.”

inda hicks, the program’s facilitator who is herself an Air force veteran, first went to the long beach VA seeking treatment for lupus. she was diagnosed while she was serving, having joined the Air force in 1968 and serving eight years active and then retiring as an e7 from the reserves after 21 years. “i came to this campus as a last resort,” hicks said. “i could no longer afford health insurance. feeling isolated and disconnected, it took a friend reminding me that i was a veteran and should [go to the VA]. When the lupus went into remission, i decided to try volunteering to see what my body would allow me to do.” she was referred to recreational therapy in the spinal Cord injury department, where she said she found many friends who taught her how to focus on what works rather than dwell on what didn’t. like Grove, hicks found therapeutic value in giving back. “by helping others, i learned to manage stress and live my life one day at a time,” she said. “i experienced and witnessed the positive differences recreational therapy programs made for myself and for many of the veterans i assisted. in recreational therapy, the only thing i had to lift was spirits.” hicks said she was offered the opportunity to run the program in 2009 after a recreational therapist had recommended her. “of course i said ‘yes!’ this was something i have wanted to see at the VA for a long time,” she said. “My role was to build the program from concept to reality and support the instructor, Michael Ziegler, a professional photographer who had also taught at the rancho los Amigos rehabilitation Center’s program. our program did not receive VA adoption, but the positive changes we witnessed in each of our veterans convinced us that this program served a greater purpose and made a difference in the quality of life of our veterans.” in 2012, the program lost its funding and instructor, and that’s when breit stepped in to teach. “robin became our lead instructor and teaches the major portion of our ‘seeing the World Creatively’ series,” hicks said. “robin also leads our digital labs and keeps us informed and focused. i do the technical support using my iPad and Wifi. i consider robin the head of our program now, and i am the butt– the part that you don’t see, but i am part of the foundation.” she said breit offers her teaching skills and “art history major background” while hicks serves more as the “techie.” “We also have two veterans, steve Grove– also a dedicated volunteer and instructor in our program– and lonnie scott, who willingly presents a variety of workshops to the class to increase our skills,” she said. “We continue to encourage and welcome whatever skills our veterans and volunteers bring to the table.” Just as Grove views the program as a “safe haven” and breit sees it as spirit-lift-

ing, hicks also believes the program is needs to be focus on the long term. about much more than just photography. “recreation therapy has mostly sup“i remember the disconnected feelings ported its in-patient population in the past,” i felt when i first came to the VA, believing she said. “there is a need for the out-pamany of our veterans also came to the VA tient population to have access to programs as a last resort, feeling isolated and disconlike this to help the transitions back into the nected too,” she said. “following physical community. Many of our veterans want to and life challenges, picking up where one give back and become volunteers and inleft off may no longer be possible. Veterans structors in our program. it becomes a full are faced with the new challenge of re-crecircle.” ating a life.” The veterans photography program is open hicks equates the word “re-creation” to any veteran enrolled in the Long Beach with “recreation.” VA Healthcare System. To enroll, visit Vet“i am an advocate for recreational zone101.com . For more information, email therapy programs,” she said. “i would like Breit at robinleebreit@yahoo.com . The to see the VA expand recreation therapy to digital-photography labs take place on be open to forming other veteran and volWednesdays and Thursdays from 1pm to unteer peer-support groups of common in4pm. The next “Seeing the World Creterests like ours. the list is endless, and all atively” series will start in January, but provide some form of therapy, and it would those interested may begin the program by not cost that much to do it. When we do taking photos now and then using the digsomething that is fun and enjoyable, it is ital labs to make adjustments. good for our bodies. When our spirit is in alignment with our bodies, we smile brighter, sit and stand taller and walk straighter. our program is a model, and photography is a good medium because through photography you can share almost anything.” hicks said the VA can be a catalyst for these re-creations “Under the Bridge,” photo by Lynn Gettman, taken as part of and reconnections to the digital-photography program at the Long Beach VA take place but there

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18th Annual Veterans Day Parade


November 8, 2014

A Salute to Those Who Served

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Marine Corps

18th Annual Veterans Day Parade the united states Marine Corps (usMC) serves as an expeditionary force-inreadiness. their mission is primarily responsible for: the seizure or defense of advanced naval bases and other land operations to support naval campaigns; the development of tactics, technique and equipment used by amphibious landing forces in coordination with the Army and Air force; and other duties directed by the President. the usMC fulfills the role in national security as an amphibious and expeditionary force, capable of forcible entry from the air, land and sea. it is capable of asymmetric warfare with conventional, irregular and hybrid forces. A committee of the Continental Congress formed two Marine battalions on nov. 10, 1775 to combat the british– and so began the Continental Marines. in the peacetime that followed the end of the revolutionary War, the Continental Marines were dissolved, as were other branches of the us Armed forces, in 1783. the us agreed with britain to remain a neutral trader in britain’s war with revolutionary france; france, though a former ally, was furious and seized American ships trading with

A History of Our Military Branches

britain. An attempt at negotiation began with french diplomats attempting to extort America via bribery in the infamous XYZ Affair. this incensed the American public and sparked the Quasi-War with france, so-called because never was a formal war declared. Congress mobilized the Armed forces, such as the navy, and in 1798 established the Marine Corps. A treaty ended the Quasi-War in 1800. the first barbary War tested the new republic. Pirates from the barbary Coast (Algiers, tunis, Morocco, and tripoli) captured American merchant ships and enslaved their crews. America paid off all the countries to stop the piracy and restitute prisoners save for one country, tripoli– and the two nations went to war. in 1805, a force combining Marines and mercenaries successfully captured the tripolitan city of derna, forcing the ruler to agree to end hostilities and return captured Americans in exchange for ransom. the Mexican-American War further cemented the Marine Corps reputation. the two wars brought the Marines glory now immortalized in the opening lines of the Marines’ hymn: “from the halls of Montezuma/to the shores of tripoli.” the barbary War also began another Marine Corps tradition, the Mameluke sword. Worn by Marine officers today, the first Mameluke sword was a present from Prince hamet bey for the Marines’

victory at derna; bey was rightfully restored as ruler of tripoli from the victory. the Marines were not strongly involved in the Civil War. in its aftermath, they spent time leading American forces abroad and ashore in the Philippines, Cuba and Puerto rico. John Philip sousa joined the Marine band at age 13 and headed the Marine Corps band in 1880. he would go on to compose the official march of the Marines, “semper fidelis,” and the national March of the us, “the stars and stripes forever.” the Marines also quelled the boxer rebellion in China. Marine Corps aviation began in 1912 with the nation’s earliest aviation camp. World War i struck soon after, and the Marines began Parris island, their first base dedicated solely to training, which remains today. in 1918, opha Mae Johnson became the first enlisted female Marine, though she did not serve in a war zone. that same year, Marines legend says they earned the nickname “devil dogs” from their German enemies after victory at the battle of belleau Wood. next came World War ii. between 1942 and 1949, the first wave of black Marines enlisted as America slowly desegregated. Women made further strides with 1943’s formation of the Marine Corps Women’s reserve– their roles were expanded into manufacturing and assembly. Photographer Joe rosenthal froze the Marines and the battle of iwo Jima in time with his iconic photo featuring five Marines

November 8, 2014

and a navy corpsman mounting the national flag. the Marines went on to fight in both the Korean War and the Vietnam War; more Marines were deployed in service during the Vietnam War than World War ii. the Marines joined the other branches of the armed services post-9/11 in us operations in the Middle east, especially the iraq War.

Motto semper fidelis Mascot english bulldog Colors scarlet and gold Song “Marines’ hymn” From the Halls of Montezuma, To the shores of Tripoli; We fight our country’s battles In the air, on land, and sea; First to fight for right and freedom And to keep our honor clean: We are proud to claim the title Of United States Marine. Our flag’s unfurled to every breeze From dawn to setting sun; We have fought in every clime and place Where we could take a gun; In the snow of far-off Northern lands And in sunny tropic scenes; You will find us always on the job The United States Marines. Here’s health to you and to our Corps Which we are proud to serve; In many a strife we’ve fought for life And never lost our nerve; If the Army and the Navy Ever look on Heaven’s scenes; They will find the streets are guarded By United States Marines.

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Merchant Marines

18th Annual Veterans Day Parade the united states “Mariners” are the dedicated men and women of our nation who are designated to help move passengers, goods and cargo between regions within the united states and to outside nations. the Mariners are a part of the united states Merchant Marine (usMM), which is the the fleet of u.s. merchant vessels that facilitate the distribution and transportation of imports and exports during peace time and war time. during peace time, transporting cargo and passengers is an important responsibility; during war time, the usMM acts as an auxiliary to the navy, providing troops, supplies and a variety of necessities to the military. this service also is activated during the time of national emergencies. though the Mariners do not partake in combat, they play a large role in protecting and facilitating vital cargo. these u.s. Mariners are facilitated by the

A History of Our Military Branches

u.s. Coast Guard, the department of transportation and the u.s. Maritime Administration (usMA). in addition, a Mariner’s duty involves the world-wide waterway operation of maintaining and controlling a plethora of vessels including, but not limited to: tugboats, towboats, ferries, dredges, excursion vessels, and deep-sea merchant ships. According to the usMA, they ensure that their Mariners also regulate: shipbuilding and repairs, water and land transportation efforts, adequate ports and appropriate reservations for ship-space during a national emergency. during the time of national emergency, a special fleet, known as the national reserve defense fleet (nrdf) can be activated, and is comprised of ships that are directed by the usMA. According to the usMA, the usMM have played important roles in national conflicts since 1775, including their large impact in World War ii, contributing to the u.s. victory. the usMM Corps was founded on March 15, 1938, overseen by President John f. Kennedy’s father, Joseph P.

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Kennedy and were initially trained on government ships, before President franklin d. roosevelt recognized the important role the Mariners could play in World War ii; roosevelt then ordered mass amounts of liberty ships and established the u.s. Maritime service in the same year. President franklin d. roosevelt stated: “[Mariners] have written one of its most brilliant chapters. they have delivered the goods when and where needed in every theater of operations and across every ocean in the biggest, the most difficult and dangerous job ever undertaken. As time goes on, there will be greater public understanding of our merchant's fleet record during this war [World War ii].” Prior to World War ii, there were 55,000 trained Mariners, yet after the u.s. Maritime service began accepting Mariners as young as age 16 (in preparation for war), the numbers skyrocketed to 215,000, including retired sailors and the physically impaired, who were still able to assist with the operations of regulating imports, exports and cargo. during World War ii, all branches of the military were on full force, without the exclusion of the usMM. Amongst this time, Mariners delivered troops, ammunition, food, tanks, bombs, airplanes, fuel, and the list goes on. for the war, the Mariners’ motto was: “We deliver the Goods.” some military leaders even deemed the usMM as the “fourth arm of defense.” on september 27, 1942, a large act of heroism took place on the liberty ship during the war. the ship came into contact with a German raider ship and was compromised to fight back. Aboard the liberty, an engine cadet fired final shots, wrecking and sinking the German vessel. however, 40 other Mariners, including the young cadet, were killed by shrapnel, sinking the casualties and the liberty. the liberty survivors (19) then completed a 2,000-mile trek to brazil, in a lifeboat. in the southwest Pacific area, the usMM then played a vital role, spanning their duties to rescue soldiers and putting themselves in danger, as if they were a soldier in combat. in addition, u.s. es-

November 8, 2014

cort ships were attributed with sinking over 110 submarines. in relation to the war efforts by the usMM, General douglas MacArthur said, “i hold no other branch in higher esteem than the Merchant Marine.” furthermore, to train Mariners in preparation for the war and further service as a Mariner, the u.s. Merchant Marine Academy (usMMA) was born in the 1940s; in 1943, the campus was dedicated to President roosevelt. Graduation from this academy was, and still is, as honorable as a graduation from the Coast Guard Academy, or West Point. According to the usMMA, they are a federal service academy that provides education and grants licenses to Merchant Marine officers of good nature, which upon graduation, will serve America as marine transporters and defensive specialists with dire needs during peace time and war time. Currently, the u.s. Maritime service of World War ii only exists now through these Maritime Academies. thousands of Mariners continue to be trained all across the nation, whether employed by the government or the usMMA, to assist in the valiant efforts of transport at sea. the official song of the usMM and the usMA is “heave ho, My lads!” Heave Ho! My Lads! Heave Ho! Verse Give us the oil, give us the gas Give us the shells, give us the guns. We'll be the ones to see them thru. Give us the tanks, give us the planes. Give us the parts, give us a ship. Give us a hip hoo-ray! And we'll be on our way.

Chorus Heave Ho! My Lads, Heave Ho! It's a long, long way to go. It's a long, long pull with our hatches full, Braving the wind, braving the sea, Fighting the treacherous foe; Heave Ho! My lads, Heave Ho! Let the sea roll high or low, We can cross any ocean, sail any river. Give us the goods and we'll deliver, Damn the submarine! We're the men of the Merchant Marine!

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18th Annual Veterans Day Parade

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A Salute to Those Who Served

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National Guard

18th Annual Veterans Day Parade the national Guard is the designated militia force of the united states, and is also the oldest military branch of our nation (and is one of the oldest military units in the world), dating back to 1636. the Army national Guard and the Air national Guard are two main components of the regiment. Combined, the soldiers and “airmen” of this militia force are vital facets that have helped shape the dramatic history our nation, with valiant efforts. While the Air national guard was assembled in the 20th century with increased technological and organizational innovations, the Army national Guard made its debut on december 13, 1636 (the national Guard birthday), when the three-month-old militia was assembled by the general court of the Massachusetts bay Colony for their very first drill in salem, Massachusetts. since that december day in 1636, the national Guard has been an active part in any conflict or war of our nation. it wasn’t until post-World War ii that the national Guard’s aviation units as-


A History of Our Military Branches

sembled officially, to become the Air national guard. Certain aviation units were active in World War i, however, were not deemed their actual title until later. in 1916, these units once referred to as “the militia” earned their title as the national Guard– initiating almost 400 years of service to the nation’s community and state, defending the united states’ every move. from 1961 to 1962, the national Guard risked their lives for u.s. freedom, battling through the Cold War by sending both soldiers and airmen to fight in Korea, during the berlin crisis. respectively, throughout the Vietnam War, almost 9,000 militia forces were sent to Vietnam, and about 23,000 forces were called up for active duty. though the national Guard has been active in every battle pursuit since the 1600s, other significant moments in history include operation desert storm in 1991 (over 75,000 national Guard forces), responses in the 1990s for haiti and especially iraq. the national Guard has since been called in for peace-making attempts in various countries– initiating positive responses throughout the nation. since the terrorist attacks in new York City on september 11, 2001, the national Guard has carried a new meaning for defense of our nation. While rescue and recovery were two

vital components of this mission, the national Guard was also there to protect, secure and ease our nation back to comfortable. the national Guard has been placed in airport security checkpoints and various facilities to ensure a smooth process of security for all. More recent events proved the tenacity and poised heroism of the national Guard, as they continue to defend our country through the war on terrorism, following the tragic acts of 911 in 2011. not only have Guardmembers been called up for security purposes, they have also been deployed to fight for our nation on these accounts. since the Korean War, the terrorist movement has engaged and deployed more members of the national Guard than ever. the hurricane Katrina devastations in 2005 are an instance in which the national Guard was called to respond for many reasons, including the protection of “life and property,” according the national Guard. the national Guard may be called in a variety of instances to protect, serve or secure our nation. their heroic and consistent efforts have not only helped mold America for what it is today, they have also proved the strength and boldness of our nation as one. i Guard America – national Guard official song:

November 8, 2014

I was a minuteman at Concord Bridge The shot heard 'round the world and I was there on Bunker Hill When "Old Glory" was unfurled And when my country called me From within or from afar I'll be first to answer Proud to be the Guard

Defending Freedom protecting dreams This is the spirit of what it means to me For my God and my home that I love I guard America

And in the eyes of my enemies Or the eye of a storm I face the dangers as they come In any shape or form I am your sons, your friends, your fathers And your daughters working hard To be the best and keep us strong Proud to be the Guard

Defending Freedom protecting dreams This is the spirit of what it means to me For my God and my home that I love I guard America

Defending Freedom protecting dreams This is the spirit of what it means to me For my God and my home that I love I guard America Guarding America America

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18th Annual Veterans Day Parade

November 8, 2014

Troops Throughout the Ages We owe our country's freedom To those who fought and gave So selflessly and valiantly. Their actions were so brave. These soldiers, Men and Women, Protected land and shore. To them we owe deep gratitude For now and evermore.

A Salute to Those Who Served

On this Veterans Day, I would like to give my heartfelt thanks to all those who have courageously served our country and helped to protect our freedom. H H H H H

Long Beach Councilmember Al Austin


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H M H M In appreciation M H M H 18th Annual Veterans Day Parade

November 8, 2014


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A Salute to Those Who Served

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the mission of the navy is to maintain, train and equip combat-ready naval forces capable of winning wars, deterring aggression and maintaining freedom of the seas. the department of the navy has three principal components: the navy department, consisting of executive offices mostly in Washington, d.C.; the operating forces, including the Marine Corps, the reserve components, and, in time of war, the us Coast Guard (in peace, a component of the department of homeland security); and the shore establishment. the department of the navy is under civilian leadership of the secretary of the navy (seCnAV). the most senior naval officer is the Chief of naval operations, a four-star admiral who reports to seCnAV. the Chief of naval operations is also one of the Joint Chiefs of staff, the second-highest body of the armed forces after the us national security Council. they are responsible for organizing, recruiting, training and equipping the navy. there are nine components in the operating forces of the u.s. navy: the us fleet forces Command, us Pacific fleet, us naval forces Central Command, us naval forces in europe, naval network Warfare Command, navy reserve, us naval special Warfare Command, operational test and evaluation force and Military sealift Command. the navy has six active numbered fleets. these fleets are further grouped under fleet forces Command, Pacific fleet, naval forces europe Africa and naval forces Command. the third, fifth, sixth, seventh and tenth fleets are each led by a three-star vice admiral, and the fourth fleet is led by a rear admiral. Most of the bases are located in the us. however, there are a number of facilities maintained abroad. they are under a status of forces Agreement, an agreement between a host country and a foreign nation stationing military forces in that country. the largest overseas base is in Yokosuka, Japan. the names of commissioned us navy ships are prefixed with the letters “uss,” which stands for united states ship. each ship also has a letter-based symbol for classification to indicate the vessel’s type and number. the navy began as the Continental navy. soon after the end of the revolutionary War, the last ship was sold, and the Continental navy was disbanded. the Continental navy was founded on oct. 13, 1775, which was the day of the passage of the resolution of the Continental Congress at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. this was also the day Congress authorized the purchase of two vessels to be armed against british merchant ships, the Andrew doria and Cabot. eleven years later, conflicts between American merchant

A History of Our Military Branches

shipping and pirates in the Mediterranean sea led to the naval Act of 1794, which created the us navy. the department of the navy was established on April 30, 1798. the first victory for the us navy was on July 7, 1798, when the uss delaware captured le Croyable, a french privateer during the revolutionary War. the first victory over an enemy warship was when the frigate Constellation captured the french frigate l’lnsurgente on feb. 9, 1799. over the next 20 years, the navy fought the french navy in the QuasiWar, barbary states in the first and second barbary wars and the british in the War of 1812. on dec. 7, 1941, the navy fought in World War ii after the Japanese attacked Pearl harbor. soon after, the navy fought in the battle of the Coral sea, the battle of Midway and battle of leyte Gulf. the us navy’s sea, Air and land teams (seAl) are that branch’s principal special operations force and a part of the naval special Warfare Command. they originated sometime during the second World War, when the us navy found the need for the covert reconnaissance of landing beaches and coastal defenses.

Colors blue and gold Motto “not for self, but for country” March “Anchors Aweigh” Stand Navy down the field, sails set to the sky. We’ll never change our course, so Army you steer shy-y-y-y. Roll up the score, Navy, Anchors Aweigh. Sail Navy down the field and sink the Army, sink the Army Grey. Get underway, Navy, Decks cleared for the fray, We'll hoist true Navy Blue So Army down your Grey-y-y-y. Full speed ahead, Navy; Army heave to, Furl Black and Grey and Gold and hoist the Navy, hoist the Navy Blue Blue of the Seven Seas; Gold of God's great sun Let these our colors be till all of time be done-n-n-ne, By Severn’s shore we learn Navy's stern call: Faith, courage, service true with honor over, honor over all. The Lottman-Savino version published around 1950 in London by Francis, Day & Hunter is: Verse 1 Anchors Aweigh, my boys Anchors Aweigh Farewell to college joys We sail at break of day, 'ay 'ay 'ay Thou our last night ashore Drink to the foam Until we meet once more Here's wishing you a happy voyage home! bridge Heave a ho there! sailor Ev'rybody drink up while you may Heave a ho there! sailor For you're gonna sail at break of day

Drink a-way, Drink a-way, For you sail at break of day, Hey! Verse 2 Stand Navy, down the field, sails set to the sky. We'll never change our course, so Army you steer shy-y-y-y. Roll up the score, Navy, Anchors Aweigh Sail, Navy, down the field and sink the Army, sink the Army Grey. The current lyrics include three verses and two bridges; the second verse is the one most commonly sung. Stand Navy out to sea Fight our battle cry: We'll never change our course So vicious foes steer shy-y-y-y Roll out the T. N. T. Anchors Aweigh Sail on to victory And sink their bones to Davy Jones, hooray! bridge Yo ho there shipmate Take the fighting to the far off seas Yo ho there messmate Hear the wailing of the wild banshees All hands, fire brands Let's Blast them as we go. So Verse 2 Anchors Aweigh my boys Anchors Aweigh Farewell to foreign shores (or "Farewell to college joys") We sail at break of day 'ay 'ay 'ay O'er our last night ashore Drink to the foam Until we meet once more

November 8, 2014

Here's wishing you a happy voyage home! bridge Heave a ho there sailor Everybody drink up while you may Heave a ho there sailor For your gonna sail at break of day Drink away, Drink away, For you sail at break of day, Hey! Verse 3 Blue of the Mighty Deep Gold of God’s Sun Let these our colors be Till all time be done By Severn Shore we learn Navy’s stern call Faith, Courage, Service True With Honor Over, Honor Over All. As of the Summer of 2004, the verses taught at Navy Boot Camp are: Verse 1 Stand, Navy, out to sea, Fight our battle cry; We'll never change our course, So vicious foe steer shy-y-y-y. Roll out the TNT , Anchors Aweigh. Sail on to victory And sink their bones to Davy Jones, hooray! Verse 2 (most widely sung) Anchors Aweigh, my boys, Anchors Aweigh. Farewell to foreign shores, We sail at break of day, of day. Through our last night on shore, Drink to the foam, Until we meet once more. Here's wishing you a happy voyage home! The bridge is kept, and that the references to college are completely dropped.

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18th Annual Veterans Day Parade

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18th Annual Veterans Day Parade


November 8, 2014

A Salute to Those Who Served

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18th Annual Veterans Day Parade 1918 World War i ends with the implementation of a temporary cessation of hostilities (armistice) until a final peace treaty would be signed. the symbolic end to the war took place on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month.

June 28, 1919 the treaty of Versailles is signed, ending the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. it is signed exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke franz ferdinand, one of the events that triggered the war. Although the previous year's armistice ended the actual fighting, it takes six months of negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference to complete the peace treaty.

November 11, 1919 President Woodrow Wilson declares this as the first Armistice day. in his proclamation, he states: “to us in America, the reflections of Armistice day will be filled with solemn pride in the heroism of those who died in the country’s service and with gratitude for the victory, both because of the thing from which it has freed us and because of the opportunity it has given America to show her sympathy with peace and justice in the

November 8, 2014

A Salute to Those Who Served

A history of Veterans Day

councils of the nations.” the original idea of the day was to suspend business for two minutes at 11am, with Armistice day also being celebrated with parades and other public gatherings.

1920 england and france have ceremonies honoring their unidentified war casualties. in the u.s., Wilson recognizes the sunday nearest Armistice day as Armistice day sunday, a day on which services will honor international peace.

1921 Congress passes legislation that approves the tomb of the unknown soldier in Arlington national Cemetery. on october 20, Congress declares november 11, 1921 a federal holiday to honor all those who participated in the war.

June 4, 1926 Congress passes a resolution that directs the President to issue an annual proclamation that calls for the observance of Armistice day.

May 13, 1938 Congress passes legislation designating every november 11 as a federal, legal holi-

day– “a day to be dedicated to the cause of world peace and to be thereafter celebrated and known as ‘Armistice day.’” At this time, the country has no actual national holidays because the states have the right to name their own holidays. At the federal level, the government can only establish holidays for federal employees and Washington, d.C. however, with few exceptions, the states adhere to the federal government’s observance of holidays. 1941–1945 World War ii

1950–1953 the Korean War

1953 Citizens of emporia, Kansas, call the holiday “Veterans day” in appreciation of the veterans in their town. emporia shoe cobbler Alvin J. King conceives the idea to honor all veterans, not only those who served in World War i. soon afterwards, Congress passes a bill introduced by Kansas congressman ed rees, renaming the federal holiday to Veterans day. June 1, 1954 President dwight d.

eisenhower signs legislation that changes Armistice day to Veterans day.

1968 Congress passes the Monday holiday law, establishing the fourth Monday in october as the new date for Veterans day, to take effect in 1971.

1971–1975 initially, all states observe the fourth Monday in october as Veterans day, except Mississippi and south dakota. in 1972, louisiana and Wisconsin change their Veterans day dates back to november 11. in 1974, Kentucky, Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Maine, south Carolina and West Virginia follow suit. in 1975, California, florida, idaho, illinois, iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Montana, nebraska, new hampshire, oklahoma, oregon, south Carolina, utah, West Virginia and Wyoming also revert to november 11. 1975 based on popular sentiment throughout the country, legislation is passed to reinstate the federal observance of Veterans day to november 11. the law would go into effect in 1978. 1978 Veterans day is once again observed on november 11.


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H M H M In 18th Annual Veterans Day Parade

Thank you to

appreciation M H M H November 8, 2014

all who have bravely served our country.

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A Salute to Those Who Served

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18th Annual Veterans Day Parade

November 8, 2014

A Salute to Those Who Served


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18th Annual Veterans Day Parade

November 8, 2014

A Salute to Those Who Served

Profile for Signal Tribune

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Vets Day Parade Program

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Vets Day Parade Program


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