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DESIGN JOURNAL MODULE TWO

Jackson Wylie 638578

Sierra Stathis 640338


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MEASURED DRAWINGS UMBRELLA

The umbrella was measured using tape measure, ruler and 880

compass. To help to understand the shape and views of the umbrella photographs were taken at the plan and elevation views. A compass was used to measure the angles between the bones.

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PLAN VIEW

ELEVATION

SECTION


ANALYTICAL SKETCHES UMBRELLA

The umbrella functions in the way that it does mostly due to the mechanism that occurs where the arms connect to the central ‘pole’. The arms are attached to the ‘runner’ at hinges that allow the arms to rotate over 90 degrees as the runner goes up and down the central pole (from open to closed). There is a spring and button at the point where the umbrella is completely open that prevents the arms from hyper-extending.

Sketch & Annotations . The umbrella functions in the way that it does mostly due to the mechanism that occurs where the arms connect to the central 'pole'. The arms are attached to the 'runner' at hinges that allow the arms to rotate over 90 degrees as the runner goes up and down the central pole (from open to closed). There is a spring and button at the point where the umbrella is completely open that prevents the arms from hyper-extending.

This shows how the bone structure moves to click into place and hold up the umbrella. An elbow hinge system has been used and string runs through the holes.


FINAL DESIGN

DIGITAL MODEL RHINO

The digital model was made using Rhino the bones and skin are clearly defined. The skin was left translucent to show the working mechanisms.

3DOBJECT OBJECTDESIGNS DESIGNS 3D Skin&&Bone Bone– –Umbrella Umbrella Skin Rhinoceros 5.5 Rhinoceros 5.5

Steps showingDESIGNS how the digital model was made 3D OBJECT

Skin & Bone – Umbrella Rhinoceros 5.5

Skin & Bone – Umbrella Rhinoceros 5.5


DEVELOPMENTAL SKETCH MODEL SKIN & BONE

The sketch model was based around the skin and bone material system. Using the umbrella as a base the model was developed with a hinge system recreated using split pins. The main bone structure is made using cardboard and the skin is made from a thin Styrofoam. The shape is three dimensional and can encompass light. I like the way that the skin stretches around the bones and forms an organic curve shape. I think this is definitely an area to further explore when looking at personal space and forming a second skin.


DESIGN SKETCHES UMBRELLA

Outside bone structure

After exploring various movements associated with the umbrella (see below) a concept was developed that included a large bone structure and stretched skin within. The design incorporates the multiple design effect which is seen in the different sized triangular

Flexible inside skin

prisms. The outside bones work as an armour for the body while the inside skin shows the flexible and vulnerable body.

Solid protective panels

The design also includes some hard panels which form over the body parts which are most vulnerable and therefore need solid protection.

Idea Sketches second skin

Movements using skin & bone material system


SIDE VIEW

DESIGN OPTIONS UMBRELLA

Bone detail on the outside

Stretched ‘skin’ on the inside

A series of diamond shaped bones covered in a

Three design options exploring the idea

transparent/semi-

of second skin and how a outside bones

transparent skin

structure can create an distorted inside skin. The third option was preferred as the first included the lower half of the body, which

A wearable skirt that functions as a physical barrier

wasn’t part of the design brief. The third also incorporated the first two designs together well.


DEFINING PERSONAL SPACE DISTORTION

RSONal SPacE Personal space has been found to be closely linked to our perception of our own body. We decided to look in particular at the aspect of distortion of body image. Distortion is a mental unbalance where a person may see themselves differently to what they are. They could appear BODy IMaGE to be larger or more unbalanced. Studies on the correlation between personal space and body image have indicated that the more self-conscious a person is about their appearance, the greater distance they prefer to stay from people (Rodger 1982). People with a distorted image disorder can feel their body is larger or more irregular than it is

Person with distorted body image personal

Normal personal

space barrier

space barrier

Measuring the distance needed before personal space is crossed. Darker colours indicate close relationship with the subject

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rsonal space & body image

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INITIAL DIGITAL DESIGN RHINO

The design was created by first building the bone structure around the body according to the triangular prism designs. Then lines were stretched across the span of the ‘bones’ and a surface was created. These were then stretched to form the rounded organic shapes.

Rhino Design Images

Rhino Design Images

SIDE VIEW

second skin

Rhino Design Images second skin

second skin

Rhino Design Images second skin

RENDERED FRONT VIEW


PRECEDENTS STUDY WINDE RIENSTRA

Dutch fashion designer who is inspired from architecture, nature and art. She designs under the category of ‘slow fashion’ more well know as wearable art/sculpture. I particularly like the use of structure and how objects can sit and fit in with the body lines. We would like to further investigate designs which the bones are the outside structure over the body and skin is protected in the inside. It would be interesting to also look at how the structures mimic exaggerated shapes of the body and how this creates distortion


PRECEDENCE STUDY

STEINESET MEMORIAL

I was inspired by the Steilneset Memorial as unlike most skin an bone designs, the skin is on the interior of the outer frame (bone). This gives the inner skin the ability to look as though it is floating and also creates some very unique shapes as the materials composing the inner skin are stretched. In my de- sign, I want the inner skin to be stretched dramatically to create ate very unique, pointy shapes.


DEVELOPED DESIGN RHINO

Our final design incorporates our view of distortion in terms of personal space. The design uses the outside skin, inside bones concept we built upon. The main changes made to our final design included a more uniform bone structure stemming off of a main support frame. The bones are situated on different angles and the distorted shapes are produced through the skin being stretched inside the frame.

Close up view of the shoulder. Bones and skin structure clearly

This second skin not only shows a distorted view of the human

displayed.

body but also serves as a physical barrier and protector of personal space for those conscious of their body image.

RENDERED FRONT VIEW

Close up view of the side of body. Showing the bone structure

BACK VIEW

SIDE VIEW

wraped around the body.


PROTOTYPES

SECOND SKIN

METAL PROTOTYPE

CARDBOARD PROTOTYPE

WOOD PROTOTYPE


M2 final