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www. s i c c i . i n

J ournalofThe Sout hernI ndi aChamberofCommerceandI ndus t ry

Vol . No. I I

Ma y -J une 2015

Green Industri ali zati on


EDITORIAL

GREENI NDUSTRI ALI ZATI ON Rat hert hanus et hewor dsCl i mat eChange,t hewor ds‘ Cl i mat edi sr upt i on’mi ghtt houghbeabet t er t er mt odescr i bewhati shappeni ngwor l dwi deandwhatI ndi ai sexper i enci ngt hi sy ear-heatwa v es andapr ospectofade ci entmonsoon.I ti shear t eni ngt onot i cet hatt hedebat ewi t hcl i mat esk ept i csi snow ov er :suc hext r emeweat herev ent scl ear l yshow t hatcl i mat ec hangei st her ea nd t hatweha v et oact ,gl obal l yandl ocal l y .Si ncet hei ndust r i al r ev ol ut i ont her ehasbeenar api di ncr ease i nt hepr oduct i onofhumanmadegr eenhousegases–i npar t i cul arcar bondi oxi de,met haneand ni t r ousoxi de.Agr owi ngeconomyl i k eI ndi ai snow conf r ont edwi t ht hec hal l engeofsus t ai ni ngr api d economi cgr owt hami dstt hei ncr easi nggl obal t hr eatofcl i mat ec hange. Sohow dowe‘ Mak ei nI ndi a’wi t hnotonl yZer odef ectbutal sowi t hZer oef f ect ?Thi smeanst ha t we need t of ol l ow adi f f er entpat h ofgr owt h compar ed t o whathasbeen done i n dev el oped count r i essi ncet hei ndus t r i al r ev ol ut i onori nChi naf ort hatmat t er . Thec hamberbel i ev est hatani mpor t antst epwoul dbet oi mpr ovi ngener gyefci encyf orac hi evi ng sust ai na bl eeconomi candsoci al dev el opment . Thest r at egyofi mpr ovi ngt heener gyefci encyof f er s apower f ulwa yf or war dbyr educi ngt heneedf ori nv est menti nnew i nf r ast r uct ur e,bycut t i ngf uel cost s,andbyi ncr easi ngt hecompet i t i v enessf orbusi nessandwel f ar ef orconsumer s.I mpor t ant l y t hough,ener gyefci encyl eadst oext ensi v eenvi r onment albene t st hr oughr educedemi ssi onsof gr eenhousegases.Apar tf r om ener gycons er v at i onandefci encyi mpr ov ement s,t heneedt o nd anddev el opnonconv ent i onalener gysour ceshasbeenr ecogni sedbyt heGov er nmentofI ndi a. Manyoft hesenonconv ent i onalener gys our cesar ebot hcl eanandr enewabl eandneedt obe ser i ousl yconsi der ed f orsust ai nabl el ow car bon and hi gh gr owt h st r at egi es.Fori nst ance,t he Hon’ bl ePr i meMi ni st erMr .Nar endr aModi ’ sannouncementof1 00GW ofsol arby2022i squi t er el ev antt ot apI ndi a’ spot ent i al i nt hi ssect or . I ti swel comet onot et hatmanybusi nessesnow i ncl udecl i mat eact i oni nt hei rl ongt er ms t r at egy andt hei rdai l yact i vi t i es,i ncl udi ngi nChennai .I tshoul dal sobenot edt hati nmanycasesCor por at e Soci al Responsi bi l i t y( CSR)i sak eyel ementaswel l . HenceasUN Secr et ar yGener alMr .BanKi Moonst at es," Cl i mat ec hangei sdest r oyi ngourpa t ht o sust ai na bi l i t y .Our si sawor l dofl oomi ngc hal l engesandi ncr easi ngl yl i mi t edr esour ces.Sust ai nabl e dev el opmentof f er st hebestc hancet oadj ustourcour se. "


CHAM BER AT W ORK Ex ecut i v eBr eakf as tMeet i ngonTNVAT SI CCIor gani z edEx ecut i v eBr eakf astMeet i ngonEx ecut i v eBr eakf astMeet i ngonTNVATat8. 00a. m.on16t hMa y , 20 15atHot elMyFor t une( For mer l yHot elChol aSher at on) ,Chennai . TheT ami lNaduGov er nmenti ni t sbudgetannouncedt he wi t hdr a wal oft he3% I nput T axCr edi tr ev er sal whi c hi ssur e t oaddt ot hecompet i t i v enessofT ami lNadu' sI ndust r i al pr oduce.Deal er swi l lal sobeabl et ocl ai mi nputt axcr edi t oni nt er st at esal eofgoodswi t houtcFor m wi t hCl auseC underSect i on19( 5)oft heTN VATAct .Thi sr emov edt he hassl es associ at ed wi t ht he i nt er st at e sal e ofgoods wi t hout' C'For ms.The Commer ci alT ax es Depar t ment pl a y savi t al r ol ei nr ev enuemobi l i z at i onf ort heGov er nment of T ami lNadu.

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Mr . Sar v arAl l am, Addi t i onalCommi s s i oner , Commer c i alTax es , Gov er nmentofTami lNadui nt er ac t i ngwi t ht hepar t i c i pant s

Ther ef or et hei nt er act i onwi t hMr .Sar v arAl l am,Addi t i onal Commi ssi oner ,Commer ci alT ax es,Gov er nment ofT ami l Naduhel pedt hepar t i ci pant si mmensel y .

Mr . S. Raghav an, Sec r et ar y , SI CCIpr es ent i ngmement ot oMr . Sar v arAl l am, Addi t i onalCommi s s i oner , Commer c i alTax es , Gov er nmentofTami lnadu

I nt er act i v ePanelon' I ndi anRet ai lSect or :UniedCommer ce-St r at egi esf orDel i v er i ngMul t i ChannelCus t omerEx per i ence' SI CCIor gani z edI nt er act i v ePanelon' I ndi anRet ai lSect or :UniedCommer ce-St r at egi esf orDel i v er i ngMul t iChannel Cust omerExper i ence'at1 0. 00a. m.–1 . 00p. m.on30t hMa y ,20 15atHot el Vi v ant abyT ajConnemar a,Chennai .

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Mr . J awaharVadi v el u, Pr es i dent , SI CCIpr es ent i ngmement o Mr . A. Sat hi s hk umar , Chai r man, SI CCIr et ai lc ommi t t ee

Mr . Aj ayNai r , Par t ner , Er ns t& Youngaddr es s i ngt hegat her i ng

Mr .A.Sat hi shKumar ,Chai r man,SI CCIr et ai lcommi t t eedel i v er edt hemepr esent at i on.Theexper tpanel i st sMr .Sao Sat j eesj Sadagopan,Head,Di gi t al f orI ndi aBusi ness, TCSMumbai ,Mr .Mur al i Sundar ,Head,Henk el Beaut yCar eI ndi a, Mr .Aj a yNai r ,Par t ner ,Er nst&Y oung,Mr .Raj anJi ndal , Vi cePr esi dent ,Sel l er Wor x,andBangal or emadepr esent at i ons.

TwoDayWor ks hoponAdv ancedI ndus t r i alRel at i ons SI CCIj oi nt l ywi t hAl l I ndi aOr gani z at i onofEmpl oy er s or gani z edaT woDa yWor kshoponAdv ancedI ndust r i al Rel at i ons at1 0. 00a. m.onThur sda y ,t he18t h&Fr i da y ,t he19t hJ une,20 15atHot el Vi v ant abyT ajConnemar a,Chennai . Mr .Asi mT al ukdar ,Mr . V .Bal ar aman,f or mer ,Jt . LC,Mr . V .Mur al i ,f or mer ,Dy . CLC,Mr .AnandGopal ,Sr .Adv ocat emade pr esent at i onsont heoccasi ons.

Mr . As i m Tal uk dari nt er ac t i ngwi t hpar t i c i pant s

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Ex ecut i v eSes s i onon“ T owar dsGr eenI ndus t r i al i z at i on: Cel ebr at i ngCl i mat eChangei nManuf act ur i ng” SI CCI j oi nt l y wi t h Cent r ef or I nnov at i on I ncubat i on and Ent r epr eneur shi p( CI I E) or gani z ed Ex ecut i v e Sessi on on “T owar dsGr eenI ndust r i al i z at i on:Cel ebr at i ngCl i mat eChange i nManuf act ur i ng”at6. 00p. m.on23r dJ une,20 15atHot el My For t une,Chennai .Weha v esc hedul edt heev entt obegi nwi t h r egi st r at i onat6. 00p. m.andconcl udewi t hdi nnerat8. 00p. m. Dr .Pal aniG Per i asamy ,Vi ce Pr esi dent ,SI CCIdel i v er ed t he wel comeaddr essandsai dt hatani mpor t antst epwoul dbet o i mpr ovi ng ener gy efci ency f or ac hi evi ng sust ai nabl e economi candsoci aldev el opment . Thest r at egyofi mpr ovi ng t he ener gy efci ency of f er ed a power f ulwa yf or war d by r educi ng t he need f ori nv est menti n new i nf r ast r uct ur e,by Dr . Pal aniGPer i as amy , Vi c ePr es i dent , SI CCIpr es ent i ngbouquett oMr . Nar as i mham cut t i ngf uelcost s,andbyi ncr easi ngt hecompet i t i v enessf or busi ness and wel f ar ef orconsumer s.I mpor t ant l yt hough,ener gy efci ency l ed t o ext ensi v e envi r onment al bene t st hr oughr educedemi ssi onsofgr eenhousegases. Mr . Bhoov ar ahan Thi r umal ai , Chai r man, SI CCI Ener gy Commi t t eedel i v er edt het hemeaddr ess. Mr .Bhar atJ oshi ,Br i t i shDeput yHi ghCommi ssi onerwhi l e addr essi ng sai dt hatcl i mat ec hange pl a y sak ey r ol ei n modi f yi ngweat herandr ai nf al l ,t hecomi nggener at i onsmust r ecogni z ei t si mpor t ance.Br i t ai nhasi nv est edi nI ndi amor e t hanUSandJ apan,whi c hi swhyi ti sshowi ngi nt er esti nt he count r y’ sr ol ei ncr eat i ngasust ai nabl eenvi r onment .I tmust al sonot edt hatt heUni t edKi ngdom hasgi v enmor et han1 . 2 bi l l i on eur os f orcl i mat ec hange f und and i s pl anni ng t o al l ocat eanot her1 . 8bi l l i onseur of ort hecause. Dr . Pal aniGPer i as amy , Vi c ePr es i dent , SI CCIpr es ent i ngbouquett oMr . Ei s enhower

Mr . Bhoov ar ahanThi r umal ai , Chai r man, SI CCIener gyc ommi t t eemak i ngt hemepr es ent at i on

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Mr . Bhar atJ os hi , Br i t i s hDeput yHi ghCommi s s i oner , addr es s i ngt hegat her i ng

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Mr . V .Nar asi mhan,Ex ecut i v eDi r ect or ,Br ak esI ndi asai dt hatEx ceptener gy ,ev er yt hi ngcanber ecy cl ed.Ourcompany hast ak env ar i ousmeasur esf ori t sconser v at i on.Weget34percentofourener gyr equi r ementf r om r enewabl eener gy sour ce.Mr .Ei senhower ,Di r ect or ,Sai ntGobai nGl asshi ghl i ght edt hemeasur est ak enbyt heor gani z at i ont obecome az er oefuentcompany .

I nt er act i v ePanelDi s cus s i ononLev er agi ngI nt el l ect ualPr oper t yf orGr owt handCompet i t i v enes s SI CCIor gani z edanI nt er act i v ePanelDi scussi ononLev er agi ngI nt el l ect ualPr oper t yf orGr owt handCompet i t i v eness onSat ur da y ,t he27t hJ une,20 15atHot el Vi v ant abyT ajConnemar a,Chennai . Weha v esc hedul edt heev entt ost ar t at1 0. 00a. m.and ni shby1 . 00p. m.wi t ht henet wor ki ngl unc h. Mr .J a waharVadi v el u,Pr esi dent ,SI CCIdel i v er ed t he wel comeaddr essandsai dt hatAccoudi ngt or epor t s I ndi ai sr ank ed29t hi nt hePr ot ect i onandEnf or cement ofI Pr i ght s,wher ei nVi et nam andThai l andar er ank ed bef or eI ndi a.Thel astcoupl eofy ear sChi nahas l l ed t he l ar gestnumberofpat ent si nt he wor l d and i n Eur ope near l y77 mi l l i on j obsar e cr eat ed di r ect l yor i ndi r ect l yt hr ough I P .Mr .J .Si v anandar aaj ,Par t ner , Si v anandar aaj&par t ner sdel i v er edt het hemeaddr ess. He sai dt haton one hand t he I PR pol i cyneeded t o r ecogni z et henew f or msofI Pwhi l eal sohar nessi ng t headv ancement si nt ec hnol ogy .I PR c hal l engesha v e t o be meti ncr easi ngl yt hr ough pol i t i calact i on and di pl omacy .Thegov er nmentneededt ost r engt heni t s deci si onmaki ng pr ocess and boostt he ski l l s ofi t s Mr.JawaharVadivelu,PresidentSICCIpresentingbouquettotheHon'bleJusticeKNBasha,Chairman, I nt el l ec t ualPr oper t yAppel l at eBoar d negot i at or s.Hef ur t heraddedt hatwhi l eI ndi adoesnot ha v e an I PR pol i cy ,i thad ast r ong l egalf oundat i on.I mpor t antpr ecedent sha v e been setespeci al l yi n phar mar el at edmat t er s. 6


Hon’ bl eJ ust i ceMr .KN Basha,Chai r man,I nt el l ect ual Pr oper t y Appel l at e Boar d, del i v er ed t he i naugur al addr essandsai dt hatI ndi aspendsl esst hanoneper centofi t sGDPonR& D,ofwhi c ht hegov er nment ’ s cont r i but i on i s80 percentand t he pr i v at e sect or s cont r i but i on i s20 per cent . He al so sai dt hatot her count r i es1 . 5percentoft heGDPi sspentonR & D and t he pr i v at e sect or i nv est s mor e t han t he Gov er nmentoni t .Hef ur t hersai dt hatI ndi ahast he sev ent hl ar gestI nt el l ect ualPr oper t y( I P)i nt hewor l d and near l y 40, 000 appl i cat i ons come ev er yy earof whi c h20percenti sf r om t hephar maceut i cal i ndust r y . I Pneedst obepr ot ect edasi ti st hegr eat estassetf or t heeconomy .I ndi anLa wsonI Pi soneoft hebesti n t hewor l d.

Mr . J awaharVadi v el u, Pr es i dent , SI CCIaddr es s i ngt hegat her i ng

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J us t i c eKNBas ha, Chai r man, I nt el l ec t ualPr oper t yAppel l at eBoar daddr es s i ngt hegat her i ng.

Pr esent at i onswer emadebyMr . TVMadhusudhan,Dy . Cont r ol l er , Pat ent & Desi gn, Ms. Shi l pi Jha, Sr . Counsel – Sout h Asi a, US Embassy , New Del hi , Mr .L. Sur eshPastPr esi dent ,Sout hI ndi aFi l m Chamber ofCommer ce,Dr .Shr i r am Raga v an,Vi ce Pr esi dent , Ev ol v a Bi ot ec h,Mr .PV S Gi r i dhar ,Sr . Par t ner ,PV S Gi r i dhar&Sai Associ at es,dur i ngt het ec hni calsessi on.

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CLIM ATE CHANGE:W HY SHOULD W E CARE ( I nnaugur al Addr essbyMr .Bhar atJ oshi ,Br i t i shDeput yHi ghCommi ssi oner ,att heEx ecut i v eSessi onon ‘ T owar dsGr eenI ndust r i al i z at i on:Cel ebr at i ngCl i mat eChangei nManuf act ur i ng"on23r dJ une,20 15i nChennai )

Whydo we car e aboutener gyand cl i mat ec hange? Whati st hepr obl em we’ r et r yi ngt ot ac kl e?

Ev er ybody has a r ol et o pl a y .So we need t o wor k t oget hert owar dsanequi t abl esol ut i oni nt hef or m ofa gl obaldeal .Whi c hi swhatUFCCC COPatPar i sendof t hi sy earwi l lai m at . That ’ snotj usti nouri nt er est sbuti n I ndi a’ st oo.

I fwe ar et o see cont i nued economi c gr owt ht hat bene t sev er y one( i ncl udi ngi nt heUK,I ndi aandSout h Asi a) ,i tneedst obesust ai nabl e. Thecur r entgl obalt r aj ect or yseesgr owi ngdemandf or r esour ces ( ener gy , wat er , f ood) out st r i ppi ng suppl y .Car bon- i nt enseeconomi cpr act i cesmean t hatwi t houtaggr essi v e act i on by al lcount r i es,t he pl anet ’ sa v er aget emper at ur ewi l l r i sebyov er2degr ees by2050. Thatwoul dbecat ast r ophi cf ort hewor l dt hat ourc hi l dr enandgr andc hi l dr eni nher i t .

I ndi ai sal r eadyf eedi ng1 7% oft hewor l d’ spopul at i onon 3% oft hewor l d’ sar abl el andwi t h4% oft hewor l d’ s f r esh wat er . Cl i mat ec hange i s exacer bat i ng t hi s c hal l enge,bymaki ngr ai nf al lpat t er nsmor ev ar i abl eand i mpact i ngonagr i cul t ur alpr oduct i vi t y .Monsoonpat t er ns ar e al r eadyc hangi ng –shor t erbutmor ei nt ense r ai ns mak ei thar dert ocul t i v at ecr ops

Gr eengr owt hi sn’ tj ustani cet oha v e.

Farf r om const r ai ni ngorpenal i si ngI ndi a,agl obalcl i mat e dealwi l lbr i nghuge nanci albene t st oI ndi at hr ough car boncr edi t sf ori nv est ment s.

I thast obeani nt egr alpar tofacount r y’ seconomi c pl anni ng.Wewantt oseeal lcount r i esact i ngnow t o shi f tt hei reconomi esont oal ow car bonandr esour ce efci entt r aj ect or y ,t o mak et hem mor er esi l i entt o t hesef ut ur ec hal l enges.

A gl obaldealwoul d ensur e act i on t ot ac kl e cl i mat e c hangewhi l stpr ot ect i ngI ndi a’ sdev el opmentheadr oom. I ndi a st ands t o bene thugel yf r om ef f ect i v e car bon mar k et st hr oughcar boncr edi t sf orl ow car bonpr oj ect s

Wewantt ocol l abor at ewi t hI ndi at ohel pbot ht heUK andI ndi abecomeandr eapt hebene t sofbecomi ng gl obal l ycompet i t i v e,l ow car bonener gyeconomi es.

Theener gyc hoi cesI ndi amak est oda ywi l ldi ct at ehow muc hi mpactI ndi ahasbot hont hewor l d’ scl i mat eandon gl obalener gymar k et s.I ndi a’ sdeci si onswi l lal soi mpact on i t sf ut ur e ener gysecur i t yand t he ext entt o whi c h oener gyconst r ai nsi t sgr owt h. TheUKi sput t i ngi t smoneywher ei t smout hi s . : accesst And t ac kl i ng t hi s gl obalpr obl em wi l lbe i mpossi bl e wi t houtI ndi a.I ndi a’ shugeeconomyi sgr owi ngqui c kl y .

• Wear et aki ngser i ousdomest i cact i ont ot r ansi t i on t oagr eeneconomy

UK&I ndi a

• Ourgr oundbr eaki ng cl i mat ec hange act( 2008) commi t st he UK t o an 80% r educt i on ofcar bon emi ssi onson1990l ev el sby2050.

Al ow car bonI ndi aneconomyi sgoodf orI ndi aandt he UK. Wewantt ohel pmak eI ndi a’ sgr owt hsust ai nabl e,not const r ai ni t . That ’ spar t l ybecauseofsel f i nt er est :t heUK has consi st ent l y been I ndi a’ sl ar gesti nwar di nv est or , i nv est i ng mor et han t he US and J apan combi ned l ast y ear .SoI ndi a’ sgr owt hmat t er st ooureconomy .

• TheUKi sal r eadybot hawor l dcl assdest i nat i onf or i nwar di nv est ment and a wor l dl eader i n gr een r esear c h, t ec hnol ogyandser vi cepr ovi si on.

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Theshi f tt oal ow car boneconomybr i ngsoppor t uni t i es acr osst hegl obaleconomy .

Weha v eexper i encei nr enewabl e,i ncl udi ngOf f shor e wi nd:t heUKhost smor et hanhal foft hewor l d’ swor l d’ s of f shor ewi ndandl ar gestwi ndf ar msi nt hewor l d-14 OSW wi t hacapaci t yof>1 . 5GW -wi t haf ur t her65GEW pl annedby2020.

As an emer gi ng i nt er nat i onal hub f or l ow car bon exper t i se and i nnov at i on, t he UK i s hel pi ng gl obal busi nesses t o shi f tt o al ow car bon f ut ur et hr ough smar t er ,mor esust ai nabl el ow car bonsol ut i ons.

I nMar i neener gyi nnov at i on-t hegr eat estnumberof pat ent sand25% oft hewa v eandt i dalt ec hnol ogi es act i v el ybei ngdev el oped,wi t h24uni v er si t i esf ocused onmar i neener gy .

And wi t h a dynami c busi ness envi r onmentf ost er i ng i nnov at i onandcol l abor at i on,t heUKi swel l pl acedt ol ead t he gl obalshi f tt oal ow car bon f ut ur e and sei z e oppor t uni t i esacr ossal lsect or soft hegl obaleconomy . We can hel pI ndi a nd smar t ermor e sust ai nabl e sol ut i ons whi c h maxi mi ses v al ueandput ssust ai nabi l i t yatt hehear t ofpr oj ect s. Wecanshar e: Wecanshar eourexper i enceaboutwhat i s possi bl e as we showed when we host ed London 20 12.20 12 had t he r st summerhostci t yt oembedsust ai nabi l i t y i nt o pl anni ng f r om t he pr oj ectst ar tt o del i v eral ow car bongames.

UKconsul t ant sal soof f ert hebestspeci al i stadvi ceon

UKconsul t ant sal so of f ert hebest speci al i stadvi ceon compl yi ngwi t h cl i mat ec hangepol i cy , emi ssi onr educt i on commi t ment sand envi r onment al nanci al t r ansact i ons.

Ov er85, 000t onnesofembodi edcar bon ha v e been sa v ed,most l yt hr ough efci ent bui l di ng desi gn,anda v er agecementsubst i t ut i onsof32%.

compl yi ng wi t h cl i mat ec hange pol i cy , emi ssi on r educt i on commi t ment s and envi r onment al nanci alt r ansact i ons. Wecanshar eourr esear c h:J oi ntUKI ndi a r esear c hi nt hewi destr angeof el dsi s wor t h ar ound £150m f r om i t si ncept i on ( 2009t odat e) . These col l abor at i ons ar e cl osel yl i nk ed wi t h UK and I ndi an i ndust r y par t ner s, wi t h mor et han 90 par t ner si nv ol v ed i n t her esear c h.

Thi s pr ogr amme/ f undi ng i ncl udes - Fel l owshi ps f or Leader s i n I nnov at i on, PhD st udent mobi l i t y pr ogr amme,Ment alHeal t h and Subst ance Abuse, Women’ s and Chi l dr en’ s Heal t h, Cancer Bi ol ogy , T r ansl at i onalRegener at i v eMedi ci nesi nNeur osci ence andAnt i mi cr obi alResi st ance.

Br i t i sh T el ecom dr amat i cal l y r educed ener gy consumpt i onoft hecommuni cat i onser vi cest hr ougha si ngl econv er gednet wor kr at hert hani nst al l i ngsepar at e v oi ceanddat at r afcnet wor ks.

Ther ear esomev er yi nt er est i ngr esear c hpar t ner shi ps suc h asbet weenAst on Uni v er si t y ,UK andAnna Uni v er si t yi n Chennaiwhi c h ai ms t o dev el op j oi nt capaci t y i n hi ghefci ency , hi gh - r ecov er y desal i nat i on pr ocesses power ed by sust ai nabl e ener gy sour ces i ncl udi ng l owgr ade t her malsour ces suc has sol ar ,oceant her mal ,i ndust r i alwast eheatand geot her malsour ces.

We can shar e our knowl edge, f or exampl e about t ec hnol ogyadv ances.TheUKhasexper t i sei nAdv ance combust i onengi nes,new andl i ght wei ghtmat er i al sand i nnov at i v eandni c hev ehi cl esandpr oduct swhi c hi swhy 30% ofEur opeanengi nepr oduct i oni sbasedi nt heUK andt hewor l d’ s r stbat t er y el ect r i cmasspr oducedcar , t heNi ssanLeaf ,( 50, 000eac hy ear )i smanuf act ur edi n T yneandWearpl ant .

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I nt egr at edesal i nat i onsy st ems f or sust ai nabl ef ood pr oduct i oni ngr eenhousesha vi ngmi ni malwat erand ener gyf oot pr i nt .

4.Y et anot her pr oj ect i nv ol v es l owcar bon v ehi cl es i ncl udi ngwei ght r educt i onusi ngadv ancedmat er i al s.

Dev el op capaci t y and t ool s f or model l i ng of sust ai nabl eener gy desal i nat i on sy st ems and f or cl i mat econt r ol l ed gr eenhouses maki ng use of desal i nat i onbr i nesf orcool i ngandsal tpr oduct i on.

5.The U. K. I ndi a Busi ness Leader s Cl i mat e Gr oup compr i seswel l knownI ndi aCEOs. 6.Wear esuppor t i ngGOIMNREi ndev el opi ngt heFi r st Of f shor eWi ndFar mi nI ndi a,al ongwi t hshar i ngexper t i se

Bet weenUni v er si t yofEx et erandI ndi anI nst i t ut ef or Sci enceEducat i onandResear c hT r i v andr um.

7 . And nal l y we suppor tpr oj ect st hati dent i f y and dev el op a por t f ol i o of scali nst r ument s whi c h woul d pr omot el ow car boni ndust r i aldev el opment .

whi c h wi l lst udy t he ef f ect i v eness of k ey nat i v e pol l i nat or si nr ender i ngpol l i nat i onser vi cesi nt hehi ghl y f r agment ed f or est and nei ghbour i ng mar gi nal agr i cul t ur alhol di ngsi nt heWest er nGhat sl andscape.

Wear et hr i l l edt hatoneoft hesepr oj ect si si nT ami l Nadu. Thest udyher ehasl ook edatsev er alsect or si ncl udi ng cement ,power ,aut omot i v e manuf act ur i ng,c hemi cal s andt ext i l es.

Wecanshar ef undi ng: Letmeshar ewi t hy ousomeexampl esofcol l abor at i on &suppor t :

That ’ swhyweneedt hewor l dt ocomet oget heri n6 shor tmont hs i n Par i st o agr ee on a Gl obalCl i mat e Change dealt hatwi l laddr esscl i mat er i skscr i t i calt o Publ i cHeal t h,pr omot emassi v er enewabl eact i on,ha v e bi gposi t i v ei mpactbycut t i ngf ossi lf uelsubsi di esand ensur et hatr enewabl escostl esst hancoali n1 0y ear s.

1 . Wesuppor tpr oj ect si nsev er alpar t sofI ndi at hat i nv ol v es i nt egr at i ng l owcar bon pl anni ng i nt o mast er pl anni ngofci t i es.Now compl et ei nMadur ai ,Bengal ur u andongoi ngi nAl uv a. 2.Wor ki ngwi t hKol kat aMuni ci pal i t yonSol arhousi ng andener gyefci ency .

WeneedI ndi at osuppor tadealt hatwi l lcr eat eapat h t owar ds Cl i mat el egi sl at i on f ur t her si mpl ied cl ean dev el opmentmec hani sm anddr i v el ow car bont r anspor t andgr eenur bandev el opment .

3.Anot herpr oj ectbr oughtt oget her52 Sout hAsi an ci t i es and l ocalgov er nment s on ur ban l owcar bon management .Wear edel i ght edt hatChennaiwasone oft hoseci t i es.

AndI ndi aneedst obeapar toft hegl obal sol ut i oni nor der f ori t sgr owt handpr osper i t y .

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HOW W ELL PREPARED ARE BUSINESSES FOR CLIM ATE CHANGE El i otWhi t t i ngt on

Thewor l di sc hangi ng. Theweat heri sbecomi ngmor e v ol at i l e,wi t ht henumberofext r emeweat herev ent son t her i se.Cl i mat ec hanger epr esent st henew nor mal : t heEar t hi sal r eadyshowi ngt hei mpact sofouract i ons, whi c hwi l lcont i nuet obecomemor evi si bl e. Mor eandmor ebusi nessesr ecogni z ewhati satst ak e andar egr appl i ngwi t ht hi songoi ngc hange.Consumer goodscompanyUni l ev er ,f orexampl e,hasest i mat ed t hatext r eme weat herev ent s,suc h as dr oughtand oodi ng,cost i t 200 mi l l i on eur os i n 20 1 1 al one. Super mar k etc hai nAsda,meanwhi l e,hasf ound t hat onl y5% ofi t sf r eshpr oducesuppl yi sunaf f ect edby cl i mat ec hange and t hat370 mi l l i on eur os ofv al ue acr ossi t sbusi nessi satr i sk. Wi t hsomuc hatst ak e,compani esi nmanyi ndust r i es ar e al r eady r espondi ng. Ut i l i t y Angl i an Wat er ,f or exampl e,l aunc hedi t s“Lov eEv er yDr op”campai gnt o encour age cust omer si n EastAngl i at o sa v e wat er , whi l er educi ngoper at i onal emi ssi onsandgener at i ngi t s ownr enewabl eener gy .Meanwhi l e, ThamesWat erhas dev el oped a r i sk assessmentpr ocess as par tofi t s i nv est mentpl anni ngt opr ovi der esi l i encenotonl yt o cur r ent oodi ng r i sks butal so a r ange ofpossi bl e f ut ur es. At t he Uni v er si t y of Cambr i dge I nst i t ut e f or Sust ai nabi l i t y Leader shi p( CI SL) , we’ v e wor k ed t o communi cat et hei mpl i cat i onsofcl i mat esci encet oa busi ness audi ence.Ther e ar e a numberofwa y si n whi c hcl i mat ec hangecanaf f ectbusi nessesi ndi f f er ent i ndust r i es,i ncl udi ng r i si ng t emper at ur es,r i si ng sea l ev el s,c hangesi nr ai npat t er ns,shr i nki nggl aci er sand aci di f yi ng oceans.As t hese i mpact s become mor e dr amat i c, we expect t her e wi l l be i ncr easi ngl y ambi t i ouspol i cyr esponses.

Res pondi ngt or i s k

One i ndust r y hi ghl y at t uned t o cl i mat ec hange i s i nsur ance.CI SL wor ks cl osel y wi t h Cl i mat eWi se,a gr oup ofmor et han 30 maj ori nsur ance compani es, whi c hwar nst hati fl ef tunc hec k ed,cl i mat ec hangewi l l r enderl ar geswat hesoft heeconomyuni nsur abl e.

Smar tc i t ydev el opmentpol i c i esc anaddr es sc l i mat ec hanger el at edi s s ues , s uc hasmak i ng c i t i espr epar edf orf l oodi ng, and, i fdonewel l , mak ec i t i esmor eheal t hyandl i v abl e. Thi sphot os howsQueensPl az ai nNewYor k .

Anot herar eat hatwi l lbeaf f ect edbycl i mat ec hangei s ener gy . T ok eepgl obalwar mi ngbel ow t wodegr eesand r et ai n a cl i mat e wi t h some degr ee ofst abi l i t y ,t he I nt er gov er nment alPanelonCl i mat eChangeagr eest hat t headdi t i onal i nv est mentr equi r edi nener gysuppl yal one coul dr angef r om $190900bi l l i on. But whi l et he scal e of t he c hal l enge i s daunt i ng, i nv est ment car r i es a r et ur n, and t her e ar e cl ear commer ci alandsoci albene t sf r om t aki ngact i on.The r ecentNew Cl i mat e Economy r epor test i mat es t hat somewher e bet ween 5090% oft he act i onsr equi r ed ha v e bene t st hatout wei gh t hei rcost s.Forexampl e, bet t er pl anned, denser ci t i es ha v eal ower car bon f oot pr i nt ,butal sol owerr unni ngcost sandbet t erpubl i c heal t h.Ont heot herhand,somemaj ori nv est ment si n new t ec hnol ogi esonl yha v ecl i mat epa y of f s,suc hast he dev el opmentofcar boncapt ur eandst or aget ec hnol ogy . CI SLi swor ki ngwi t hbusi nessl eader st ohel pmak et hi s casei napr act i calmanner .Forexampl e,we’ v et r i edt o demonst r at et hat saf eguar di ng “nat ur alcapi t al ”l i k e wat er ,f or estandsoi li nbusi nesssuppl yc hai nsf r om t he i mpact s of cl i mat ec hange r educes cost s,pr ot ect s suppl y ,enhancesbr andandev engener at esr ev enue.

(El i otWhi t t i ngt on,Di r ect orof ThePr i nceofWal es ’ sCor por at eLeader sGr oupatUni v er si t yofCambr i dge)

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The al t er nat i v e t o gl obal l y coor di nat ed cl i mat e act i on i s not l ac k of act i on; i ti s uncoordinated, pi ecemeal ,st op-st ar t r esponses t hat wi l l pr ov emor e expensi v e, har derf orbusi nesses t o manage and l ess ef f ect i v e.

Pol i cyr esponses Compani esi nal li ndust r i eswi l lneedt or espondt oand managet her i sksf r om mor eext r emeweat herev ent s. Howev er ,f ormanycompani escl i mat ec hangecanl ead t o new mar k et sand new oppor t uni t i es.I ncr easi ngl y , busi nessesar e ndi ngcommer ci alr et ur nsi nser vi ces t hatpr ovi de bet t erener gy efci ency ,suc h as LED l i ght i ng,smar tel ect r i ci t ymet er i ngorhomei nsul at i on, orl owcar bonener gysour cessol arandwi nd. And t he qui c k estand si mpl estwa yt o unl oc kt hese oppor t uni t i esi scl earandbol dgov er nmentpol i cy .T oo of t enwedi scusscl i mat eact i onsasi ft hequest i oni s “i f ”wewi l lact ,buti tr eal l yi samat t erof“when ”and “how. ” Themostf ar si ght edbusi nessesar et hoset hatr eal i z e t hi sandar eact i v el yt aki ngpar ti nef f or t st oshapet hi s conv er sat i on and cal lf or a wel l or der ed and busi nessf r i endl yr esponse t ot he r i sks of cl i mat e c hange. Manypeopl ei ni ndust r yexpectt heUNcl i mat et al ksi n Par i si nDecembert obepi v ot al .I fsuccessf ul ,t hese t al kswi l lpr ovi de an i nt er nat i onaldealt hatcr eat esa cl earsi gnalt oi nv est or s and busi nesses aboutt he shapeoft hef ut ur et heyneedt oi nv esti n. We’ v ebeenher ebef or e,ofcour se,wi t hCopenhageni n 2009,wher ewor l dl eader swer emeantt opr ovi det he br eakt hr oughl eader shi pt hatputt hewor l donapat ht o al owcar bonf ut ur e.Howev er ,t het al ksdescendedi nt o bac kbi t i ng and conf usi on,and t he r esul t was t oo t ent at i v e and uncl eart o cr eat et he con dence and cer t ai nt yr equi r ed. We cannotl ett hi s happen agai n;busi ness needs cer t ai nt y ,st abi l i t yand di r ect i on t o pl an ahead –not conf usi on or t he ev er r i si ng cost s of unaddr essed cl i mat ec hange.A st r ong i nt er nat i onalagr eementon cl i mat ec hangei sal mostcer t ai nl yt hesi ngl eact i ont hat , mor et hananyt hi ngel se,canhel pgal v ani z eact i onand k eept hecost sofr espondi ngt ocl i mat ec hangedown.

Longt er mt hi nk i ng

Compani es who see t hemsel v e as gear i ngupf or cl i mat e c hange shoul d ask t hemsel v es one t hi ng: Mot i v at i onsf orbus i nes st odec ar boni z e. h o w a r e t h e y g o i n g t o WeMeanBus i nes sCoal i t i on i n uence gov er nment pol i ci essot heyal i gnwi t ht hei r cor por at ecommi t ment s ofpr epar i ngf orcl i mat ec hange? The Pr i nce ofWal es ’ s Cor por at e Leader s Gr oup,al so host edbyCI SL,i sgat her i ngbusi nessl eader sf r om acr oss Eur opet ocal lf orar obustcl i mat eagr eement .I ndi vi dual busi nessact i oni si mpor t ant ,butbyst andi ngsi debysi de wi t hot her sf r om awi der angeofsect or s,t hepr ogr essi v e busi nessv oi cei sst r ongerandl oudert hanev er . Wor ki ngwi t hpar t neror gani z at i onsf r om ar oundt hewor l d i nt he We Mean Busi ness coal i t i on,t he pr ogr essi v e busi nesspr esencei si ncr easi ngl ybei ngf el tacr osst he gl obe.Thi sv oi ce i scal l i ng f orPar i st o setal ongt er m gl obalgoalofnetz er o emi ssi ons,del i v eran ef f ect i v e car bonpr i cet odr i v eemi ssi onsdownandi nv est menti nt o new l owcar bont ec hnol ogi es,andensur et her ear ecl ear r ul esandaccount abi l i t yt opr opelpr ogr essi v el yst r onger cl i mat eact i on. Whi l e some ar e demonst r at i ng l eader shi p,t oo many compani esar e unpr epar ed f orcl i mat ec hange and t oo concer nedwi t ht hel i k el yshor t t er mi mpact sofact i on. Theyshoul dl ookupf r om t he oorandspeakupaboutt he i mpor t anceofmi t i gat i ngr i sksandsei z i ngoppor t uni t i es ahead.

1 2


Cli mate Change:How Small Busi nesses Can Reduce Thei r Ri sks Subi rGhosh

When Hur r i cane Sandyl ashed t he eastcoastoft he Uni t edSt at esi nOct ober Nov ember20 12,i nnumer abl e smal l busi nesses had t o cl ose shop. Some 20, 00030, 000 ofsuc h est abl i shment s wentoutof busi nesspr act i cal l yi nt hebl i nkofaney e. Di sast er s,especi al l yt hose l i nk ed t o cl i mat ec hange, don’ t spar e any one.And smal lbusi nesses ar e no ex cept i on.The Smal l Busi ness Maj or i t y and t he Amer i canSust ai nabl eBusi nessCounci l ( ASBC)r el eased ar epor tay earl at erpoi nt i ngt owar dst hedanger st hat smal lbusi nessesf ace.I tasser t edt hat25percentof smal lbusi nessest ak eaf at albl ow i nbi gdi sast er s–t heydon’ tl i v et o seeanot herda y . I nf act ,smal lbusi nessesar emor e vul ner abl e t o di sast er s t han bi g cor por at i ons. They ar e, unf or t unat el y , al so t he l east i ncl i nedt obepr epar ed.

AnNBC/ Wal lSt r eetJ our nalpol lar oundt hesamet i me yi el dedsi mi l arr esul t s,wi t h67percentsuppor t i ngt he Envi r onment Pr ot ect i on Aut hor i t y’ s mov e t o cut emi ssi onsf r om exi st i ngpl ant s. TheASBCt oor el easedi t sown ndi ngsf r om asur v eyi n J une 20 14.Ei ght y sev en percentofbusi ness owner s namedoneormor econsequencesofcl i mat ec hangeas pot ent i al l yhar mf ult ot hei rbusi nesses. Fi f t y t hr ee per cent of compani es t hought ext r eme weat herhas,orwi l lha v e,negat i v ei mpacton t hei r

Cl i mat ec hangei sn’ tan i ssuet her enow becausei tcanwi pe busi nessesoutwi t h onehur r i cane.

weat herhas,orwi l lha v e,negat i v e i mpactont hei rbusi nesses.Many( 39 percent )ofbusi nesses sai dt hey woul dpr ef ert oaccepta1 0percent i ncr easei nener gycost sr at hert han acceptt heconsequencesofcl i mat e c hange.Anot her35 percentsai d “nei t her ” or“don’ tknow”;onl y 25 percentsai dt heywoul dr at hersuf f er t heconsequencesofcl i mat ec hange t hanpa y1 0percentmor e.

Smal lbusi nesseshar dl yev erha v e adi sast erpl anwor t ht henamei n pl ace.Wi t hsomuc hnegot i at i ons Cl i mat ec hange i sn’ tan i ssue t her e t aki ngpl aceatt hehi ghestl ev el s,i t now becausei tcanwi pebusi nesses i sasi fcl i mat ec hangeaf f ect sonl y outwi t h one hur r i cane.I ti s so because i tcan be r i c h cor por at i ons.The r epor t ,t her ef or e,ur ged smal l pr ogr essi v el y har der f or compani es t o ev en oper at e busi nessest odev el opone,possi bl yi ncoor di nat i onwi t h nor mal l y . ot hersmal lbusi nesses. So,whati si tt hatsmal lbusi nessescan do t or educe Hur r i caneKat r i na,ear l i eri n2005,hadpr obabl ywr eak ed r i sks?TheASBCsuggest sf oursmal lmeasur est hatsmal l mor eha v oc,buti ncompar at i v et er ms,a war enessabout ent er pr i sescani nt egr at ei nt ot hei rbusi nesspl ans: cl i mat ec hangeanddi sast er shadbeenr el at i v el yl ow. Thi s20 13 r epor t ,howev er ,made al otofpeopl e see ( i )I dent i f yabusi nesscont i nui t ypl an.Suc hapl anwi l l r eason. Wi t hi n a y ear , opi ni ons had c hanged i ncor por at er i sks ofcl i mat ec hange i mpact st hatar e consi der abl y . specict ot hei rbusi nesses.Suppl yc hai ni nt er r upt i ons, andl ossest ocr i t i cali nf r ast r uct ur e,ar epossi bi l i t i est hat AWashi ngt onPost ABC Newspol li nJ une20 14f ound oneneedst ok eepi nmi nd. t hat70 percentofAmer i cans f el tt he gov er nment shoul dpl acel i mi t songr eenhousegasesf r om exi st i ng ( i i )Par t nerwi t hl ocalaut hor i t i es.Par t ner i ng wi t h st at e power pl ant s, and 63 per cent suppor t ed cut t i ng andl ocal aut hor i t i escanser v easac hannel ofi nf or mat i on emi ssi onsev eni fi tr ai sedt hei rener gybi l l sby$20a ow. Thesel eadt ocl i mat epr epar ednessact i ons. mont h. (Subi rGhosh,www. subi r ghosh. i ni saBangal or ebasedj our nal i standr esear c her)

1 3


( i i i )Use educat i on and out r eac h.Encour agi ng smal l busi nesses t o shar e t hei r exper i ences and communi cat et her esul t soft hei ri mpl ement at i onef f or t s i sessent i alt or ai sea war enessoft hepot ent i ali mpact s ofext r emeweat hercondi t i ons.

and 40 percentoft he t ot alexpor toft he count r yand empl oy sov ersi xcr or epeopl e.

Weat herdi sast er s don’ tj ustst r i k et he Uni t ed St at es; peopl el i vi ngi nacount r yt hatwasaf f ect edbyt he2004 I ndi anOceant sunamishoul dknow.Andi ti sal sonott hat ( i v)Seeki nputf r om communi t y .Smal lbusi nessesand t hesubj ectr emai nsal t oget herunt ouc hedi nI ndi a–i ti s, t hecommuni t i esi nwhi c ht heyoper at ear ei next r i cabl y howev er ,t r ue t hatt he i ssue does notgetas muc h l i nk ed.The heal t h ofone hasan ef f ecton t he ot her . pr omi nencei nt hi scount r y . Ther ear er epor t st of al lbac k Coor di nat i on and pl anni ng can hel p sust ai n l ess on,goodonesatt hat . economi c damage and r ecov erf ast erf r om ext r eme weat herev ent s. TheMSMEUmbr el l aPr ogr ammei nI ndi a,f undedbyt he TheASBCr epor thadbot hawor dof caut i on,aswel lasst r essedont he i mpor t ance of smal l busi nesses: “Gi v en t hei rhi gh l ev elofexposur e t o ext r eme weat herev ent s,smal l busi nesses must r ecogni se bot h t hei rvul ner abi l i t yt ot hese ext r emes andt hei rr ol eascr i t i calpar t i ci pant s i n nat i onal cl i mat e c hange pr epar ednessandpl anni ng.

Responsi bl ef or cr eat i ngt woout ofev er yt hr ee new j obsov ert he past20y ear s.

Whi l e cl i mat ec hange has t ypi cal l y dr i v enbusi nessowner st ost r at egi z e ar oundmi ni mi si ngl oss,somesmal l busi nessowner sha v ebeenabl et omaxi mi z er ev enue bycapi t al i z i ngoncl i mat er el at edoppor t uni t i es.

Ger manFeder al Mi ni st r yofEconomi c Cooper at i onandDev el opmentandi n par t ner shi pwi t ht heUni onMi ni st r yof Mi cr o,Smal landMedi um Ent er pr i ses andt heSmal l I ndust r i esDev el opment BankofI ndi a( SI DBI ) ,hast ak enupt he t askofst r engt heni ng SME’ scapaci t i eswi t hr egar dt ocl i mat ec hangeadapt at i on. I n20 12,t heDeut sc heGesel l sc haf tf ür I nt er nat i onal e Zusammenar bei t( GI Z) and SI DBI , suppor t ed by Ger man consul t ancy adel phi , publ i shed t he

st udy ,‘ Faci ngt heI mpact sofCl i mat eChange.Busi ness Ri sksf orSMEsi nI ndi a’whi c hanal y sedt hecl i mat ec hange i mpact sandadapt at i onneedsofI ndi anSMEs.

Responsi bl ef orcr eat i ngt wooutofev er yt hr eenew j obs ov ert he past20 y ear s,smal lbusi nesses wi l l Thest udyr uedt hat“mostI ndi ancompani esha v enoty et cont i nuet opl a yavi t alr ol ei ncomi ngy ear st odr i v eour begunt ounder st andhow cl i mat ec hangewi l laf f ectt hem. nat i on’ seconomy . ” Thi si sal lt hemor et r uef orI ndi a’ sMSMEs:Formostof That ’ show i mpor t antsmal lbusi nessesar e.TheWor l d t hem i ti s a hi gher pr i or i t yt o manage i mmedi at e T r adeOr gani z at i on( WTO)est i mat est hatabout60per c hal l enges i nst eadofl ong-ort er mr i sks. centofal lempl oy eesi ndev el opi ngcount r i eswor ki n mi cr oandsmal lbusi nesses. Att hesamet i me,MSMEsar ehi ghl yvul ner abl et ocl i mat e r i sksast heyof t enl ac kt he nanci alr esour cest oendur e MSMEs( mi cr o,smal landmedi um ent er pr i ses)i nI ndi a ev en asi ngl er upt ur ei n suppl yordemand,caused f or accountf ormor et han80percentoft het ot al numberof i nst ance by an ext r eme weat her ev ent or a new i ndust r i alent er pr i ses. envi r onment al . I ti s est i mat ed t hati nt er ms ofv al ue,t he sect or account sf or45percentoft hemanuf act ur i ngout put 1 4


FINANCIAL VIABILITY FOR ROOF TOP SOLAR THERM AL PROJECTS IN INDIA Bhoov ar ahanThi r umal ai ,

Summar y Basedonempi r i caldat aa v ai l abl ef r om 3i nst al l at i onsi n Sout hI ndi a,wewoul dbeanal yz i ngt he nanci alvi abi l i t y ofETC basedRoofT opSol arTher malSy st emsf orLow t emper at ur eI ndust r i alPr ocessHeat i ngappl i cat i ons. The anal y si s wi l lbe based on f uelpr i ces and cost of commer ci aldebt nancecur r ent l ypr ev ai l i ngi nI ndi a. Sol art her mal ;Low t emper at ur e appl i cat i ons;I ndust r i al Pr ocessHeat ;Fi nanci alvi abi l i t y;I RR;CostperKWH; 1 .BaseDat a Thebasedat ai sf r om Fact or y1( 630KW) ,Fact or y2( 240 KW) and Fact or y3( 120 KW) – 3 manuf act ur i ng compani esi nSout hI ndi a,t hatha v ei mpl ement edETC based RoofT op Sol arTher mal sy st ems f or t hei r pr et r eat ment pr ocess. These pr oj ect s wer e commi ssi onedi n20 12,20 13and20 14r espect i v el y . Thesesy st emsar edesi gnedt odel i v erheatdi r ect l yi nt o t he cust omer ’ smanuf act ur i ng pr ocesst hr ough aheat ex c hanger ,usi ngcl osedl oopci r cul at i onofheatt r ansf er medi um f r om r ooft opcol l ect or s. I nst r ument at i on and Cont r olsy st ems wi t h sol enoi d v al v es ar e used t or ecor d as wel las manage ener gy del i v er y . Thesy st em wi l lswi t c ht osol armodedur i ngsunshi ne hour s and swi t c h bac kt ot hei rexi st i ng f uelbased sy st emsdur i ngnonsunshi nehour s. Ateac hsi t e,t heKi l oCal or i esgener at edanddel i v er edby t he sy st em i s measur ed usi ng t he i nl etand out l et t emper at ur e att he heatex c hangerwher et he sol ar sy st em i nt egr at es wi t h t he cust omer ’ s pr ocess. ( combi nedwi t ht he ow r at eoft hemedi um) .Fr om t hi s t hedai l y ,mont hl yandannualgener at i oni scal cul at ed.

The a v er age annualgener at i on per KW i nst al l ed i s bet ween20002150KWH.Outoft hi st hebi l l abl eKWHi s i nt her angeof14501550KWHperKW i nst al l ed. Thi si sbecause,t her ei sat hr eshol dt emper at ur eagr eed wi t h eac h cust omerabov e whi c ht he ener gydel i v er y becomes bi l l abl e. So, f or al lt he nanci al vi abi l i t y cal cul at i onsbel ow,t heAnnualBi l l abl eKWHperKW has beent ak enas1500,del i v er edov er300da y si nacal endar y ear . The no.ofda y s ofnor malmanuf act ur i ng ( when t he ener gydel i v er edbyt hesol arsy st em i sut i l i z edbyt he f act or y) ,v ar i esf r om 200da y spery eart o300da y sper y ear . Thi si saf act ort hati sdependentont hemar k etdemand f orcust omer ’ spr oduct sandt hei rpr oduct i onsc hedul e. Thi sf act orhasbeenusedasav ar i abl ei nt hef or t hcomi ng anal y si s. Thef uelusedbyFact or y1i sFur naceOi l ,wi t ha v er age pr i ceofRs40perLi t r e.Fact or y2usesDi eselwhose a v er agepr i cei sRs55perl i t r e.Fact or y3usesLPG,and i t sa v er agepr i cei sRs75perKG. Theconv er si onf r om Sol arKWH t oFuell i t r es/k gsi s doneusi ngt hepr act i cal cal or icv al ueofeac hf uel . Thi si s t ak enas9KWH perLi t r ef orFur naceOi l ,1 0KWH per Li t r ef orDi eseland1 1KWHperKG. f orLPG. Thea v er agecostoft hepr oj ectv ar i esf r om Rs37000per KW t oRs44000perKW,dependi ngont het emper at ur e r equi r edandsi z eoft hepr oj ect . Forourcal cul at i onst hecostassumedi sRs40000per KW. Thecostofdebtf undsf ora7y earl oani s13%.

The 80% accel er at ed depr eci at i on and i ncome t ax ks out t o be Rs 1 0, 720 per KW. No The a v er age no.ofda y s wher et he sol arsy st em i s bene t wor er nmentsubsi dyi sappl i cabl eatpr esent . gener at i ngener gyi s315da y s. Ther emai ni ng50da y si s gov l ostduet or ai n/cl oudcondi t i onsandoccasi onalshut downoft hesy st em f ormai nt enance( 71 0da y spery ear ) . (Bhoov ar ahanThi r umal ai ,Chai r man,SI CCIEner gyCommi t t ee)

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2. ThePr oj ectCostandCashoutow ( Al lmoneyv al ues ar ei nRsI NR)

CostperKW oft hepr oj ect

40, 000

LoanEMIf or7Y ear sat13% permont h

533

Accel er at edDepr eci at i onBene t

1 0, 720

AnnualEMIoutow ( f or7y ear sonl y)

6392

NetI nv est ment

29, 280

Mai nt enanceFee@ 3% ofPr oj ectcost

1200

2. 3.NPV@ 13%,20Y ear s( Fi nanci al Vi abi l i t y) The NPV i s cal cul at ed on t he net cash ows ( Mai nt enance,EMI ,FuelSa vi ngs)f or20 y ear s.The v ar i abl esar ef uelpr i ceandnor malmanuf act ur i ngda y s pery ear .Fuelpr i cewasassumedconst antf or20y ear s NPV

2. 1 .CostperKWH Atabi l l abl eKWH of1500KWH perKW,t hecostper KWH dur i ng t he r st7 y ear si s Rs 5. 06 ( i ncl udi ng mai nt enance) .Af t er7y ear s,t hi swi l l becomeRs1 . 1 0per KWH( Mai nt enanceonl y) . 2. 2.FuelSa vi ngs The FuelEqui v al ent of t he Bi l l abl e KWH and t he cor r espondi ng Rupee v al ue oft he sa vi ng i s shown bel ow: Theact ual sa vi ngswi l l r educei ft heno.ofda y sof nor malmanuf act ur i ngi sl esst han300da y sasshown bel ow.

KWH/LorKg

Equi vL/ Kg

Pr i ce

300da y s

250da y s

9

167

40

6, 667

5, 556

4, 444

Di esel

1 0

150

55

8, 250

6, 875

5, 500

LPG

1 1

136

75

1 0, 227

8, 523

6, 818

1500KWH/ Y ear FO

300Da y s

250Da y s

200Da y s

7 692

1 13

7919

Di esel

18814

9155

504

LPG

32704

20730

8756

FO

2. 5.CostperKWHonLeaseModel Some nanci ngi nst i t ut i onsandt hi r dpar t yi nv est or s( i n t ec hni cal col l abor at i on wi t h Sol arTher mal pr oj ect dev el oper s)of f er20 y earl ease opt i onst o cust omer s whodonotwantt oownt heasseti nt hei rbooks.The pr i ceof f er edt ocust omer scur r ent l yi sRs6. 00perKWH i ncl udi ngmai nt enancewi t hanescal at i onof1 0pai saper y ear . Si ncet hi sf r eez est heener gycostf or20y ear swi t hz er o i nv est ment ,i twi l lbevi abl ef orcust omer st ogof ort hi s, i r r espect i v e ofwhatf ossi lf uelt heybur n.The cur r ent costoff ossi lf uelon perKWH basi swi l lbe Rs4. 40 ( Fur naceOi l ) ,Rs5. 50( Di esel )andRs6. 80( LPG)

200da y s

3.Concl usi on Basedonact ualdat af r om 3l i v ei nst al l at i onsi nSout hI ndi a,andbasedonpr ev ai l i ngf uelpr i cesand nanci ngcost , we ndt hatETC basedRoofT opSol arTher malSy st emsar evi abl ef orl ow t emper at ur ei ndust r i alpr ocessheat i ng appl i cat i ons( 60120DegC) ,ev enwhena)t her ei snogov er nmentsubsi dyandb)t heyar ef undedbycommer ci al nancesuc has7y eardebtor20y earl ease.

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CHINA CAN TEACH THE W EST ABOUT TACKLING CLIM ATE CHANGE

T ongWu

Chi naha sbec omeapopul a rt a r getofenv i r onment a l i r e,dr a wi ng Chi naha sa l s ot a k ent hei nt er na t i ona l l ea di ns us t a i na bl epower . c r i t i c i s m f or i t ss oa r i ng c a r bon emi s s i ons a nd per c ei v ed I nr ec enty ea r s ,t he c ount r y ha s been t he wor l d’ sl a r ges t i nt r a ns i genc edur i ngc l i ma t enegot i a t i ons . Nonet hel es s ,a nea s yi nv es t ori nr enewa bl eener gy ,i nv es t i ng$52bi l l i oni n20 1 1a l one. t a r geti s n’ ta l wa y sal egi t i ma t e one.The c ha r ges f r equent l y Chi nai st hewor l d’ sl a r ges tpr oduc erofs ol a rphot ov ol t a i cpa nel s l ev el l eda tChi nama s kt hec ount r y ’ shi s t or i c ,a ndIwoul da r gue a ndwi ndt ur bi nes .Anex c ur s i ont ot henor t her npr ov i nc eof i ns t r uc t i v e,ef f or t st omi t i ga t ec l i ma t ec ha nge.Cons i dert het enorI nnerMongol i a ,f ori ns t a nc e,i sl i k el yt o bea rwi t nes st o a dopt edbyChi nes el ea der sont hei s s ue, es pec i a l l yc ompa r ed l a nds c a pes br i s t l i ng wi t h wi ndmi l l s .As Lor d Ni c hol a s St er n, t ot heUni t edSt a t es ,t hewor l d’ ss ec ondl a r ges ta ndbyf a rt he c ha i r ma n oft he UK’ s Gr a nt ha m I ns t i t ut e,ha sc omment ed, hi ghes tper c a pi t apol l ut er .Ca pi t olHi l lr ema i nst hes t a gef ora “Chi nai swel l pl a c edt ol ea dt hel owc a r boni ndus t r i a l r ev ol ut i on k a buk it hea t erofc l i ma t e deni a l i s ma ndpl ut oc r a t i c( ors houl di ta ndr ea pt hegr ea tbene t si tof f er sbey ondt hef unda ment a l be“pol l ut oc r a t i c ”? )dea l i ngswi t hi ndus t r y .Bei j i ng,f ora l lt he ga i nsf r om r educ i ngt her i s k sofc l i ma t ec ha nge. ”I ndoi ngs o, a l l egeds i nsofi t sa ut oc r a c y ,ha sma dea ddr es s i ngc l i ma t ec ha nge Chi nac oul da l s os eta ni mpor t a ntex a mpl ef orot heremer gi ng c ent r a lt oi t sgov er na nc eov ert hec omi ngdec a dea ndbey ond.ec onomi es . I n Ma r c h oft hi sy ea r ,t he c onc eptof“ ec ol ogi c a lc i v i l i s a t i on ” ( s hengt a iwenmi ng) ,as oc i et yt ha tba l a nc esec onomi cneeds Al lt hi si snott os a yt ha tChi na ’ sc l i ma t ec ha ngeef f or t sha v e wi t henv i r onment a li mper a t i v es ,wa swr i t t eni nt ot her ul i ngpa r t y been una l l oy ed t r i umphs ,ort oa bs ol v et he gov er nmentof c ons t i t ut i on.Conc ur r ent l y ,bot ht he r ec ent l yr et i r ed HuWen f ut ur e r es pons i bi l i t y i n i nt er na t i ona l negot i a t i ons .The l ea der s hi pa ndt henewl yi na ugur a t edXi Lia dmi ni s t r a t i onha v e env i r onment a l pr obl emsf a c i ngChi naa r ea mongt het oughes ti n r epea t edl y empha s i s ed Chi na ’ sc ommi t ment t ol owc a r bon t hewor l d,a ndt hi s ,wi t houtdoubt ,ha sgener a t edmuc hoft he dev el opment . domes t i ci mpet us behi nd c ur r enti ni t i a t i v es .The i mmens e i nt er na t i ona lpr es s ur e on Chi na t oc ur t a i li t s emi s s i ons ha s Thek eyt ounder s t a ndi ngChi na ’ sc l i ma t ec ha ngeef f or t si st he a dded a ddi t i ona lmot i v a t i on.Butc r i t i c i s m mus tbeba l a nc ed Fi v eY ea rPl a n,t he r a t herOr wel l i a ns oundi ng doc umentt ha twi t hac l ea r ey edv i ew ofChi na ’ sa c hi ev ement s ,whi c ha r ees pes er v esa sabl uepr i ntf orpubl i cpol i c y .I nt hec ur r ent ,t wel f t h,c i a l l ynot a bl ec omi ngf r om ac ount r ywhos eper c a pi t aGDPs t i l l Fi v eY ea rPl a n,Chi na a i ms t o dec r ea s e ener gy i nt ens i t y by l i ess omewher ebet weenAz er ba i j a na ndT ur k meni s t a n. a not her 16% a nd c a r bon emi s s i ons i nt ens i t y by 1 7%.The USPr es i dentBa r a c kOba ma ’ sr ec ent“c l i ma t ea c t i onpl a n ”ha s el ev ent hFi v eY ea rPl a n,whi c hc ov er ed2006t o20 1 0,s etoutt os i gna l edhi sa dmi ni s t r a t i on’ sdec i s i ont of or goc l i ma t ec ha nge r educ et heec onomy ’ sener gyi nt ens i t yby20% -a na mbi t i ous l egi s l a t i onora nyot hers weepi ngf eder a lpol i c i es .Soa tat i me t a r getgi v ent her a pi dr a t eofGDPgr owt ha nds oa r i ngr es our c e whent heUni t edSt a t esha sr el i nqui s hedt hema nt l eofgl oba l dema nd.Thea c hi ev edl ev elof19. 1% f el lonl yas l i v ers hor t . I n env i r onment a l l ea der s hi p,Chi na ’ sa c hi ev ement sa ndc ont i nui ng f a c t ,i nt hepr ev i ousf ouri ns t a nc esi nwhi c ha nener gy i nt ens i t y ef f or t ss etapower f ul ex a mpl et obef ol l owedbydev el opi nga nd t a r getwa ss eti nt he Fi v eY ea rPl a n,t heywer ea l lmet ,a nd dev el opedc ount r i esa l i k e. Nonet hel es s ,c ont i nuedc ooper a t i on s omet i mesov er a c hi ev edbyawi dema r gi n. Ther eha sa l s obeen bet ween t he wor l d’ st wo l a r ges temi t t er sa nd ec onomi es not a bl epr ogr es sonot herl owc a r bonf r ont s .Bet ween2000a nd r ema i nst hec r uc i a l pi v otf ori nt er na t i ona l c l i ma t ec ha ngeef f or t s . 20 1 0,f orex a mpl e,Chi na ’ sf or es tc ov eri nc r ea s edf r om 16. 6% t o The s uc c es s of Si noUS t a l k s on ener gy a nd emi s s i ons 20. 4%,enl a r gi ng a ni mpor t a ntc a r bon s i nk .The gov er nmentmi t i ga t i ont hi sy ea ri sas t epi nt her i ghtdi r ec t i on.I ndeed,t he pl a nst oi nc r ea s et hec ount r y ’ sf or es t sbya not her12. 5mi l l i on not a bl epr ogr es sbet weent het woc ount r i esc oul ds er v ea sa hec t a r esby20 15. r obus tpl a t f or mf ort hedev el opmentofot hera s pec t soft hi s i mpor t a ntbi l a t er a lr el a t i ons hi p.Mut ua lr ec ogni t i on,ofc our s e, Chi naha sa l s ot a k ent hei nt er na t i ona ll ea di ns us t a i na bl epower .wi l l bea ni ndi s pens a bl eel ementoft hi spr oc es s . I nr ec enty ea r s ,t hec ount r yha sbeent hewor l d’ sl a r ges ti nv es t or i nr enewa bl eener gy ,i nv es t i ng$52bi l l i oni n20 1 1a l one.Chi nai sI n hi sbookMot herEa r t ha nd Ma nk i nd,c el ebr a t ed hi s t or i a n t hewor l d’ sl a r ges tpr oduc erofs ol a rphot ov ol t a i cpa nel sa ndwi nd Ar nol dT oy nbeewr ot et ha ti ft heChi nes er ema i nmi ndf ul oft hei r t ur bi nes .An ex c ur s i on t ot he nor t her n pr ov i nc e of I nnerpa s ta ndf ut ur e,“t heyma ydoagr ea ts er v i c e,notonl yt ot hei r Mongol i a ,f ori ns t a nc e,i sl i k el yt obea rwi t nes st ol a nds c a pes ownc ount r y ,butt ot hewhol eofma nk i nda tac r i t i c a ls t a gei n br i s t l i ngwi t hwi ndmi l l s .AsLor dNi c hol a sSt er n,c ha i r ma noft he ma nk i nd’ seni gma t i cc our s e. ” UK’ sGr a nt ha mI ns t i t ut e,ha sc omment ed,“Chi nai swel lpl a c ed I nf a c i ngt hedepr eda t i onsofgl oba lc l i ma t ec ha nge,Chi naha s t ol ea dt hel owc a r boni ndus t r i a lr ev ol ut i ona ndr ea pt hegr ea ta l r ea dydoney eoma n’ ss er v i c e.I ft hei nt er na t i ona l c ommuni t yi s bene t si tof f er sbey ondt hef unda ment a l ga i nsf r om r educ i ngt he t of or gea hea dwi t hgoodwi l lont hi senor mousc ha l l enge,we r i s k sofc l i ma t ec ha nge. ”I ndoi ngs o,Chi nac oul da l s os eta ns houl dnotdenyChi nai t sj us t l y ea r nedpl a udi t s . i mpor t a ntex a mpl ef orot heremer gi ngec onomi es . ( T ongWu,Resear c hFel l ow at Tsi nghuaUni v er si t y)

1 7


Adanicourt case leaves the cli mate change questi on unansw ered Samant haHepbur n Pr of essor , Facul t yofBusi nessandLa w atDeaki nUni v er si t y

The Feder a lCour tha s ov er t ur ned t he f eder a lenv i r onment a la ppr ov a lofAda ni ’ sA$16. 5 bi l l i on c oa l mi ne pr oj ec ti nc ent r a l Queens l a nd. Thec our tor der edt hea ppr ov a l oft heCa r mi c ha el mi nel i c enc ei nt heGa l i l eeBa s i nt obes eta s i de,mea ni ngt ha tAda ni wi l l ha v et or ea ppl yf ort hec oa l l i c enc ea ndt hef eder a l env i r onmentmi ni s t erGr egHuntwi l l ha v et or ea ppr ov et hea ppl i c a t i on.Sue Hi ggi ns on,pr i nc i pa l s ol i c i t oroft heEnv i r onmentDef ender sOfc eNSW,s a i dt ha tt hedec i s i onoft heFeder a l Cour twa s“ba s edon af a i l ur ebyt hemi ni s t ert oha v er ega r dt ot hec ons er v a t i ona dv i c esf ort wof eder a l l yl i s t edv ul ner a bl es pec i es ”–t hey a k k as k i nk a ndt heor na ment a l s na k e. Thel a ws ui ta l s oa l l egedaf a i l ur e“t oc ons i dergl oba l gr eenhous eemi s s i onsf r om t hebur ni ngoft hec oa l ” . TheCa r mi c ha elmi ner ec ei v edf eder a lenv i r onment a la ppr ov a li nJ ul y20 14.Gr eenpea c eha ses t i ma t edt ha tt hemi ne,oper a t i nga t f ul l c a pa c i t y ,woul dex t r a c tenoughc oa l t ogener a t e128mi l l i ont onnesofc a r bondi ox i deemi s s i onsev er yy ea r ,equi v a l entt oa bout aqua r t erofAus t r a l i a ’ sc ur r entt ot a l emi s s i onsf r om f uel c ombus t i on. Sowha tdoest heor dermea nf ort heCa r mi c ha el mi ne?

Aski nkandasnak e

AsI ’ v eex pl a i nedpr ev i ous l yonTheConv er s a t i on,t heMa c k a yCons er v a t i onGr oupbr oughta na c t i ont ot heFeder a lCour ta l l egi ng t ha tmi ni s t erHuntf a i l edt ot a k ei nt oa c c ountc ons i der a t i onss etouti nt heEnv i r onmentPr ot ec t i ona ndBi odi v er s i t yCons er v a t i on ( EPBC)Ac t . Thec our tf oundt ha tf a i l ur eoft hemi ni s t ert ot a k ea c c ountoft woenda nger eds pec i ess pec ic a l l yl i s t edi nt heEPBC Ac t–t hey a k k as k i nka ndt heor na ment a ls na k e–wa ss ufc i entf ori tt obeov er r ul ed.I nr ev i ewi ngt heenda nger eds pec i est he mi ni s t erwa snotpr es ent edwi t ht hec or r ec tc ons er v a t i ondoc ument swhi c hmea ntt ha ta nyc ondi t i onst ha twer ei nc l udedi nt he a ppr ov a lma yha v ebeeni ns ufc i entt os a t i s f yt her equi r ement soft heEPBCAc t .Oneoft hes pec ica i msoft heEPBCAc ti st o ens ur et ha tenda nger eds pec i esa r epr oper l ypr ot ec t eda ndt heenda nger eds pec i esl i s ti ss pec ic a l l yi dent ieda sama t t erof na t i ona l env i r onment a l s i gnic a nc e. Ther ea r ea l s oc onc er nst ha tt hemi newi l l a f f ec tot herv ul ner a bl es pec i es-bl a c k t hr oa t ed nc h -a nda nc i entgr oundwa t ers pr i ngs .

I gnor i nggr eenhousegases

Howev er ,oneoft heot herc ons i der a t i onsr a i s edbyt heMa c k a yc ons er v a t i ongr oup–t hegr eenhous ega semi s s i onsr el ea s edf r om bur ni ngex t r a c t edc oa lov er s ea s–wa sl ef tunr es ol v edbyt hec our t . TheEPBCAc ts pec ic a l l yr equi r est hepr i nc i pl esofec ol ogi c a l s us t a i na bl edev el opmentt obet a k eni nt oa c c ountwhena s s es s i ngma t t er sofna t i ona lenv i r onment a ls i gnic a nc e.Whet hert hi s i nc l udesc ons i der a t i onoft hec l i ma t ec ha ngei mpl i c a t i onsf ort heGr ea tBa r r i erReefNa t i ona l Pa r kt ha tma y ow f r om t hei nc r ea s e i ngr eenhous ega semi s s i onsf r om s uc hac oa l pr oj ec twa snotr es ol v ed. Theenv i r onmentmi ni s t eri sr equi r edundert heEPBCAc t t ogi v er ega r dt ot hes oc i a la ndec onomi ci mpa c t sofi s s ui ngac oa ll i c enc ei ns uc ha nenv i r onment a l l ys i gnic a nta r ea .I nma k i ng t hi sa s s es s ment ,t hemi ni s t eri sr equi r edt oc ons i dert hepr i nc i pl esofec ol ogi c a l l ys us t a i na bl edev el opment . Thi smea nst ha tt he mi ni s t ermus tev a l ua t enotonl yhow t hel a ndwi l lbei mpa c t ed,buta l s obr oa deri s s uesr el ev a ntt oi nt er gener a t i ona lequi t y . The EPBCAc ta l s os pec ic a l l yma nda t est ha tt hepr ec a ut i ona r ypr i nc i pl ebet a k eni nt oa c c ounti nma k i ngdec i s i onsa nda ppr ov a l si n a r ea sofna t i ona lenv i r onment a ls i gnic a nc e,l i k et heGr ea tBa r r i erReefNa t i ona lPa r k .Pr ev i ousdec i s i onsoft heFeder a lCour ti n t hi sr ega r dha v ehel dt hei mpa c tofgr eenhous ega semi s s i onsf r om bur ni ngc oa l doesc omewi t hi nt hes c opeoft heEPBCAc ta nd s houl dbea s s es s ed,des pi t et hef a c tt ha temi s s i onsa r edi fc ul tt omea s ur ea ndt ha tc l i ma t ec ha ngei sc a us edbyar a ngeof di f f er entc ont r i but or s . Thef oc usi st heex t entoft hegr eenhous ega semi s s i onsr a t hert ha nt hel oc a t i onwher et heya r eemi t t ed. Cl i ma t ec ha ngei sagl oba lr a t hert ha nadomes t i cc onc er n.Thei mpa c tofc l i ma t ec ha ngei soneoft hebi gges tt hr ea t st ot he pr es er v a t i onoft heGr ea tBa r r i erReef . A“s t a t ementofr ea s ons ”i s s uedbymi ni s t erHuntt ot heMa c k a yCons er v a t i onGr oup does n’ tr ef ert ot hei mpa c tofgr eenhous ega semi s s i onsf r om bur ni ngt hec oa lout s i deAus t r a l i a .I ta ppea r st hemi ni s t erf el tt ha t t hedi r ec temi s s i onswer epr oper l yc ont r ol l edbys t r a t egi espr opos edi na c c or da nc ewi t ht heNa t i ona lGr eenhous eGa sRepor t i ng r equi r ement s .

Whatdoesi tmeanf orAdani ?

Thedec i s i onbyt heFeder a l Cour tt oov er r ul et hel i c enc emea nst ha tt heFeder a l Cour tf el tt ha tt heex er c i s eofpowerbyt heFeder a l Mi ni s t eri ni s s ui ngt hec oa l l i c enc et oAda ni wa si mpr oper .ForAda ni t oc ont i nuewi t hi t sc oa l pr oj ec ti twi l l needt or ea ppl yf ort he c oa ll i c enc ea ndt heFeder a lMi ni s t ermus tr ea ppr ov et hel i c enc et a k i ngpr opera c c ountoft hema nda t edr el ev a ntc ons i der a t i ons s etoutwi t hi nt heEPBCAc t . Thi si sl i k el yt oi nv ol v eamor edet a i l edev a l ua t i ona st ohow t hec oa lpr oj ec t ,s houl di tpr oc eed,wi l l i mpa c tupont hef eder a l l yl i s t edenda nger eds pec i esa ndt oi nc l uder obus tc ondi t i onsr ega r di ngt hef ut ur ema na gementoft hos e s pec i es .Hopef ul l y ,a nyf ut ur ea s s es s mentwi l l a l s oi nv ol v eamor edet a i l edev a l ua t i onoft hei mpa c tofgr eenhous ega semi s s i ons a tbot ht hegl oba l a nddomes t i cl ev el . Thi si sa ni nc r ea s i ngl yc r uc i a l c onc er ngi v ent hei mpor t a nc eofmi t i ga t i ngf os s i l f uel emi s s i ons i nr es pons et oc l i ma t ec ha ngei mper a t i v es . 1 8


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I EEEWOMEN I N ENGI NEERI NG I NTERNATI ONALL EADERSHI PSUMMI T2015

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on 11 th &

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“ BE Y ONDY OURSE L F–L E VE RAGI NGY OURST RE NGT HSANDBRE AK I NGBARRI E RS”

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Journal may june 2015  

Journal may june 2015

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