SPACIAL THINKING SIBI MATHEW
SIBI MATHEW Â© 2016
SCAPE AN ILLUSTRATED GUIDE FOR EXPANSIVE THINKING
HISTORY OF THINKING
ASPECTS OF CRITICAL THINKING
Imagine, we are on an outside planet, that emerged from a post-apocalyptic shamble of reigning power war between countries and global climatic imbalance which resulted in utter chaos and destruction of the world. Cool story for a sci-fi movie (or maybe an already existing one) as it may be, but what we know is that the war did not end well for everyone. So, back to the utopian society. A new society emerged out of an imbalanced state of power stricken order of an elite race. People running this utopian society restructured the social, economic and political system to that of meeting a sustainable lifestyle and called it â€˜The Way of Lifeâ€™. According to 'The Way of Life, the power to exercise mindful behavior was encouraged. It exercised judgement based on understanding and withholding the truth about an act of conduct and devised lawful judgement based on what is right in the eyes of not just the victim and the majority, but also in view of the acceptance of the wrong doer.
I can only imagine a person being able to achieve such high standard of wisdom, but a whole society that lives by one, is definitely fictional. It is definitely something to think about. What if we can make it happen? What if we live our lives away from the shams of a commercial society that is driving us to be glamorous and chic? What if we actually care for things that matter the most to us instead being blind eyed, like food waste or global warming? It is a long-term process and cannot be accomplished overnight. So, who better to teach than kids.
JOURNEY The digital era that current generation of kids are growing into, have influenced their behavior in ways we have not seen or experienced before.
They are faster in learning and benefiting through
upon articles for data that talk about the boon of
observations and interactions around them. They
digital mediaâ€™s effect on the minds of children in the
analyze situations and surroundings to imitate
21st century, you will not come across substantial
behavior. There maybe issues with the over-growing
evidence that supports the statement. Of course
use of digital devices at home not being used
there are so many applications that are repetitive,
appropriately. A study by Common Sense Media
outdated and redundant to kids learning, one trying
reports that 3 out of 4 kids are swiping and pinching
to beat out the other. The learning that I developed
on mobile devices even as parents clamp on screen-
as a child (books with ABCs and 123s, posters
timing. If you search the web, read books or stumble
with body parts, have been replaced by its
OUT OF KIDS ARE
SWIPI N G AND
PINCHING O N MO B I L E D E V I C ES
go-green counter part - digital media. vegetables
and writer who writes about the post-industrial
and animals and LEGO building blocks) in its
revolution, the way ideas spread, marketing and
physical form They digitally recreate the very
changing everything, wrote an insightful web
same format of the learning system with every
article about Learning to see. I wont go into the
consecutive application with minor changes in
details of his explanation, but he took a quote from
its visual narrative, making it fun and engaging
Steve Jobs, “[Design] is not just what it looks like
for kids to interact with. Seth Godin, an author
and feels like. Design is how it works.”
THINKING “ [DESIGN] IS NOT JUST WHAT IT LOOKS LIKE AND FEELS LIKE.
DESIGN IS HOW IT WORKS. ”
Surveys from 80 countries, plus many scientific organizations that study climate science consistently, show that humans are causing global warming. More specifically, 95% of active climate
communication fellow for the Global Change
researchers actively endorse the consensus
Institute at the University of Queensland,
position of global warming. The sur vey
collected about 12,000 abstracts on global
conducted by a team of scientists and
climate change from 1991 to 2011, the results of
volunteers at Skeptical Science, created
which point out human influence. The complex
and maintained by John Cook, the climate
process of climate change has influenced what
we have learned in school - Natural influences,
people will defer to the judgment of experts,
like surface of the earth, greenhouse gases, the
and they trust climate scientists on the subject
earthâ€™s tilt, ocean currents and the southern
of global warming. However, research by US
oscillation, and Human influences, like increasing
Pew Research Center, a fact tank that conducts
the amount of greenhouse effect, aerosols and
public opinions, has also shown that the public
land usage. Land usage is one of the biggest
is misinformed on the climate consensus. In a
of them all, chopping trees for building and
2012 poll they found less than half of Americans
creating cities over cities for the ever expanding
thought that scientists agreed that humans were
human population. Several studies showed that
causing global warming.
PLASTIC WASTE People believe scientists are still split about whatâ€™s causing global warming, and therefore there is not nearly enough public support or motivation to solve the problem. The act of being ignorant are affected by factors like negligence, staunch belief, shortsightedness and stereotypes. These forms the larger picture of any individual being ignorant about a given interest. Only thinking that is
comprehensive, well-reasoned, and responsive to objections can justify a critical thinking mindset.
CHOICES « » WE MAKE THAT
DEFINE WHO WE ARE
THINKING The most ethical action will be the one that provides the greatest good for the greatest number. The first step in analyzing moral issues is obvious, ‘get the facts right’. There can be instances where some moral issues create controversies simply because we do not bother to check the facts, for example, criminal sentencing. We wont know for sure, but a few studies have estimated that between 2.3% to 5% of the prisoners in United States are innocent. For context, if 1 % of all prisoners in a prison
are innocent, that means there are 20,000 innocent people in prison. This is a huge deal. A mis calcula t ion on judgement by t he la w enforcement, lawyers, judges and the jury lead to destruction of innocent lives. This is clearly the lack of a holistic approach to a critical matter. Bentham and Mill analyzed happiness as a balance of pleasure over pain. They believed that these feelings alone are of in-built value and disvalue. Assuming that it is possible to compare the intrinsic values produced by two alternative actions and estimate which would have better consequences, Bentham believed that only in terms of a Utilitarian interpretation do words, such as “ought,” “right,” and “wrong” have meaning. He also believed that whenever anyone
AN INDIVIDUAL WHO GOVERNS HIS OWN ACTIONS WOULD ALWAYS SEEK TO MAXIMIZE HIS OWN PLEASURE AND MINIMIZE HIS OWN PAIN.
attempts to act against the principle of utility, he does so with reasons drawn from the principle itself. There is a chance that it could be true, considering the difference in one person’s behavior from another. Bentham apparently believed that an individual who governs his own actions would always seek to maximize his own pleasure and minimize his own pain.
In its simplest sense, decision-making is the act of choosing between two or more courses of action. In the wider process of problem-solving, decision-making involves choosing between possible solutions to a problem.
2. NOT ENOUGH INFORMATION
3. VESTED INTERESTS
Decisions can be made through either an intuitive
decision personally, and be able to persuade
or reasoned process, or a combination of the two.
others of its merits. There are a number of
It also need to be capable of being implemented,
problems that can prevent effective decision-
whether on a personal or organizational level.
making. These include:
You do, therefore, need to be committed to the
1. TOO MUCH INFORMATION
4. TOO MANY PEOPLE 5. ATTACHMENTS
EMOTIONAL 6. NO ATTACHMENT 19
ANALYZING Analyzing is all about observations, finding patterns and drawing conclusions. You have to identify the purpose of an information, and questions at issue, as well as its information, inferences, assumptions, implications, main concept(s), and point of view.
For example, in order for the astronauts to complete their mission, they have to analyze every information in front of them: the distance between the mission projects, time required to complete each mission, fuel consumption for the trip and stock of food and supplies. It is a good exercise to play with a friend and find out what he thinks, what are his observations, what are his patterns, and see where they sort of meet with your findings. This exercise helps in deriving concepts and analyzing information to its fullest.
Critical thinking is important in life. It helps you
into six stages - defining the ‘ideal’ solution,
to think creatively – ‘outside the box’. It keeps
eliminating unviable solutions, ie those which do
you from becoming narrow. Evaluating is a major
not meet the constraints, evaluating the remaining
is the process of using a
part of the process and making judgements about
solutions against the results required, assessing
the information or ideas, in part or as a whole is
the risks associated with the ‘best’ solution and,
important. The evaluation process can be divided
if acceptable, making the decision.
LO G I C A L R E A S O N I N G
SYSTEMATIC SERIES OF STEPS BASED ON SOUND
mathematical procedures A N D G I V E N S TATEME N TS
A R R I V E
The quality of life we experience is directly proportioned to the quality of our thinking. Critical thinking advocates self-disciplined, self-monitored and problem solving thinking. Problem-solving skills are necessary in all areas of life, and classroom problem solving activities can be a great way to get students prepped and ready to solve real problems in real life scenarios.
W het her in s c hool, wor k or in t heir s oc ial
It develops open-mindedness, putting things in perspective, and an approach to positive attitudes.
relationships, the abilit y to critically analyze
Looking at the way the world is moving forward, who would not want to achieve these qualities within
a problem, map out all its elements and then
themselves. It is definitely achievable by asking purposeful questions, through consistent analysis
prepare a workable solution is one of the most
of information, evaluating the possible outcomes and deriving at a positive conclusion that
valuable skills one can acquire in life.
addresses equalit y and harmony among people.
“ IT IS TODAY WE MUST CREATE THE WORLD OF THE FUTURE.” ELEANOR ROOSEVELT