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SPACIAL THINKING SIBI MATHEW

SIBI MATHEW © 2016

SPACIAL

SCAPE AN ILLUSTRATED GUIDE FOR EXPANSIVE THINKING


TABLE OF

CONTENTS

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INTRODUCTION

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THE JOURNEY

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HISTORY OF THINKING

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MINDFUL THINKING

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ASPECTS OF CRITICAL THINKING

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Imagine, we are on an outside planet, that emerged from a post-apocalyptic shamble of reigning power war between countries and global climatic imbalance which resulted in utter chaos and destruction of the world. Cool story for a sci-fi movie (or maybe an already existing one) as it may be, but what we know is that the war did not end well for everyone. So, back to the utopian society. A new society emerged out of an imbalanced state of power stricken order of an elite race. People running this utopian society restructured the social, economic and political system to that of meeting a sustainable lifestyle and called it ‘The Way of Life’. According to 'The Way of Life, the power to exercise mindful behavior was encouraged. It exercised judgement based on understanding and withholding the truth about an act of conduct and devised lawful judgement based on what is right in the eyes of not just the victim and the majority, but also in view of the acceptance of the wrong doer.

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I can only imagine a person being able to achieve such high standard of wisdom, but a whole society that lives by one, is definitely fictional. It is definitely something to think about. What if we can make it happen? What if we live our lives away from the shams of a commercial society that is driving us to be glamorous and chic? What if we actually care for things that matter the most to us instead being blind eyed, like food waste or global warming? It is a long-term process and cannot be accomplished overnight. So, who better to teach than kids.

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THE

JOURNEY The digital era that current generation of kids are growing into, have influenced their behavior in ways we have not seen or experienced before.

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They are faster in learning and benefiting through

upon articles for data that talk about the boon of

observations and interactions around them. They

digital media’s effect on the minds of children in the

analyze situations and surroundings to imitate

21st century, you will not come across substantial

behavior. There maybe issues with the over-growing

evidence that supports the statement. Of course

use of digital devices at home not being used

there are so many applications that are repetitive,

appropriately. A study by Common Sense Media

outdated and redundant to kids learning, one trying

reports that 3 out of 4 kids are swiping and pinching

to beat out the other. The learning that I developed

on mobile devices even as parents clamp on screen-

as a child (books with ABCs and 123s, posters

timing. If you search the web, read books or stumble

with body parts, have been replaced by its

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OUT OF KIDS ARE

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SWIPI N G AND

PINCHING O N MO B I L E D E V I C ES

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go-green counter part - digital media. vegetables

and writer who writes about the post-industrial

and animals and LEGO building blocks) in its

revolution, the way ideas spread, marketing and

physical form They digitally recreate the very

changing everything, wrote an insightful web

same format of the learning system with every

article about Learning to see. I wont go into the

consecutive application with minor changes in

details of his explanation, but he took a quote from

its visual narrative, making it fun and engaging

Steve Jobs, “[Design] is not just what it looks like

for kids to interact with. Seth Godin, an author

and feels like. Design is how it works.”

HISTORY OF

THINKING “ [DESIGN] IS NOT JUST WHAT IT LOOKS LIKE AND FEELS LIKE.

DESIGN IS HOW IT WORKS. ”

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Surveys from 80 countries, plus many scientific organizations that study climate science consistently, show that humans are causing global warming. More specifically, 95% of active climate

communication fellow for the Global Change

researchers actively endorse the consensus

Institute at the University of Queensland,

position of global warming. The sur vey

collected about 12,000 abstracts on global

conducted by a team of scientists and

climate change from 1991 to 2011, the results of

volunteers at Skeptical Science, created

which point out human influence. The complex

and maintained by John Cook, the climate

process of climate change has influenced what

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we have learned in school - Natural influences,

people will defer to the judgment of experts,

like surface of the earth, greenhouse gases, the

and they trust climate scientists on the subject

earth’s tilt, ocean currents and the southern

of global warming. However, research by US

oscillation, and Human influences, like increasing

Pew Research Center, a fact tank that conducts

the amount of greenhouse effect, aerosols and

public opinions, has also shown that the public

land usage. Land usage is one of the biggest

is misinformed on the climate consensus. In a

of them all, chopping trees for building and

2012 poll they found less than half of Americans

creating cities over cities for the ever expanding

thought that scientists agreed that humans were

human population. Several studies showed that

causing global warming.

DEFORESTATION

FACTORY POLLUTION

PLASTIC WASTE People believe scientists are still split about what’s causing global warming, and therefore there is not nearly enough public support or motivation to solve the problem. The act of being ignorant are affected by factors like negligence, staunch belief, shortsightedness and stereotypes. These forms the larger picture of any individual being ignorant about a given interest. Only thinking that is

OIL SPILLS

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comprehensive, well-reasoned, and responsive to objections can justify a critical thinking mindset.

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«

ITS THE

MINDFUL »

CHOICES « » WE MAKE THAT

DEFINE WHO WE ARE

THINKING The most ethical action will be the one that provides the greatest good for the greatest number. The first step in analyzing moral issues is obvious, ‘get the facts right’. There can be instances where some moral issues create controversies simply because we do not bother to check the facts, for example, criminal sentencing. We wont know for sure, but a few studies have estimated that between 2.3% to 5% of the prisoners in United States are innocent. For context, if 1 % of all prisoners in a prison

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are innocent, that means there are 20,000 innocent people in prison. This is a huge deal. A mis calcula t ion on judgement by t he la w enforcement, lawyers, judges and the jury lead to destruction of innocent lives. This is clearly the lack of a holistic approach to a critical matter. Bentham and Mill analyzed happiness as a balance of pleasure over pain. They believed that these feelings alone are of in-built value and disvalue. Assuming that it is possible to compare the intrinsic values produced by two alternative actions and estimate which would have better consequences, Bentham believed that only in terms of a Utilitarian interpretation do words, such as “ought,” “right,” and “wrong” have meaning. He also believed that whenever anyone

AN INDIVIDUAL WHO GOVERNS HIS OWN ACTIONS WOULD ALWAYS SEEK TO MAXIMIZE HIS OWN PLEASURE AND MINIMIZE HIS OWN PAIN.

attempts to act against the principle of utility, he does so with reasons drawn from the principle itself. There is a chance that it could be true, considering the difference in one person’s behavior from another. Bentham apparently believed that an individual who governs his own actions would always seek to maximize his own pleasure and minimize his own pain.

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ASPECTS OF

CRITICAL THINKING

In its simplest sense, decision-making is the act of choosing between two or more courses of action. In the wider process of problem-solving, decision-making involves choosing between possible solutions to a problem.

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2. NOT ENOUGH INFORMATION

3. VESTED INTERESTS

DECISION MAKING

Decisions can be made through either an intuitive

decision personally, and be able to persuade

or reasoned process, or a combination of the two.

others of its merits. There are a number of

It also need to be capable of being implemented,

problems that can prevent effective decision-

whether on a personal or organizational level.

making. These include:

You do, therefore, need to be committed to the

1. TOO MUCH INFORMATION

4. TOO MANY PEOPLE 5. ATTACHMENTS

EMOTIONAL 6. NO ATTACHMENT 19


ANALYZING Analyzing is all about observations, finding patterns and drawing conclusions. You have to identify the purpose of an information, and questions at issue, as well as its information, inferences, assumptions, implications, main concept(s), and point of view.

For example, in order for the astronauts to complete their mission, they have to analyze every information in front of them: the distance between the mission projects, time required to complete each mission, fuel consumption for the trip and stock of food and supplies. It is a good exercise to play with a friend and find out what he thinks, what are his observations, what are his patterns, and see where they sort of meet with your findings. This exercise helps in deriving concepts and analyzing information to its fullest.

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EVALUATING

REASONING

Critical thinking is important in life. It helps you

into six stages - defining the ‘ideal’ solution,

to think creatively – ‘outside the box’. It keeps

eliminating unviable solutions, ie those which do

you from becoming narrow. Evaluating is a major

not meet the constraints, evaluating the remaining

is the process of using a

part of the process and making judgements about

solutions against the results required, assessing

the information or ideas, in part or as a whole is

the risks associated with the ‘best’ solution and,

R ATIONAL

important. The evaluation process can be divided

if acceptable, making the decision.

LO G I C A L R E A S O N I N G

SYSTEMATIC SERIES OF STEPS BASED ON SOUND

mathematical procedures A N D G I V E N S TATEME N TS

T O

A R R I V E

A T

A CONCLUSION

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PROBLEM SOLVING

The quality of life we experience is directly proportioned to the quality of our thinking. Critical thinking advocates self-disciplined, self-monitored and problem solving thinking. Problem-solving skills are necessary in all areas of life, and classroom problem solving activities can be a great way to get students prepped and ready to solve real problems in real life scenarios.

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W het her in s c hool, wor k or in t heir s oc ial

It develops open-mindedness, putting things in perspective, and an approach to positive attitudes.

relationships, the abilit y to critically analyze

Looking at the way the world is moving forward, who would not want to achieve these qualities within

a problem, map out all its elements and then

themselves. It is definitely achievable by asking purposeful questions, through consistent analysis

prepare a workable solution is one of the most

of information, evaluating the possible outcomes and deriving at a positive conclusion that

valuable skills one can acquire in life.

addresses equalit y and harmony among people.

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“ IT IS TODAY WE MUST CREATE THE WORLD OF THE FUTURE.” ELEANOR ROOSEVELT

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