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Networkfor HumaneEducation

from

guinea pig to computer mouse

alternative methods for a progressive, humane education

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Nick Jukes Mihnea Chiuia

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InterNICHE

Foreword by Gill Langley

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from

guinea pig to computer mouse

alternative

methods for a progressive,

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humone education

Esta obra es propiedad del J 51801- UCR 2nd edition

Nick jukes, BSe Mihneo

Chiuio,

InterNICHE

MD


Carlos Iv10nge Alfaro SISlEMIt DE BIBlIOTECA UNIVERS1DAD DE COSTA RICA The views expressed within this book are not necessarily organisations,

Cover image (from left to right): self-experimentation (Lund University, (Murdoch

Sweden);

University,

student-assisted

Australia);

physiology practical,

using Biopac apparatus

beneficial surgery on a canine patient

virtual physiology practical,

(University

51 O.

those of the funding

nor of all the contributors

using SimNerv

software

of Marburg, Germany)

5 <s .

0' Co

v<13-tJ. 2"" edition Published by the International

Š InterNICHE

Network

for Humane

Education

(Inter

ICHE)

2003

Sislema de Bibliolecas - UCR

111~1~I~nl~~

InterNICHE 19 Brookhouse

Avenue

Leicester LE2 OJE

729282

England tel/fax:

729282

+44 1162109652

e-rnail: coordinator@interniche.org

-JJ.

2 9 JUN 2017

www.interniche.org

Design by CDC (www.designforcharities.org) Printed

in England by Biddies Ltd. (www.biddles.co.uk)

Printed on 100% post-consumer

recycled paper: Millstream

300gsm (cover), Evolve 80gsm (text)

ISBN: 1-904422-00-4 British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication A catalogue

Data

record for this book is available from the British Library


contents

Contents

Introduction Part A: Alternative methods and curricular transformation

7

1. Types of alternative and their pedagogical impact

9

2. The broader impact of humane education

27

3. Assessment of alternatives in education, Jonathan Balcombe

40

4. Curricular design: Choosing and planning a humane approach to life science education, Lara Marie Rasmussen

54

5. Conscientious objection: Roles and responsibilities for teachers and students

66

6. InterNICHE: Philosophy and practice

71

Part B: Case studies

79

1. Virtual versus real laborarories in life-science education: Concepts and experiences, Hans A. Braun

81

2. Implementation of computer-based alternatives in biomedical education, Henk van Wilgenburg

88

3. Teaching physiology is possible without killing, Mykola Makarchuk

95

4. Research project practicals for undergraduates in the biological sciences: Learning problem-solving strategies without animal experimentation, Garry C. Scroop

100

5. Client donation program to meet the needs of veterinary medical education: Alternatives to healthy animal sacrifice, Amarendhra M. Kumar

107

6. Ethical surgery training for veterinary students, Daniel D. Smeak

117

7. A pedagogically sound, innovative, and humane plan for veterinary medical education, Lara Marie Rasmussen, R. Ashley Robill>so~"\'-Gary R. Johnston, Shirley D. Johnston /~\. \.,,_,4 t :

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contents

Part C: Alternatives

file

1. Anaesthesia & Critical Care

139

2. Anatomy

157

3. Biochemistry & Cell Biology

235

4. Clinical Skills & Surgery

251

5. Embryology & Developmental Biology

291

6. Histology

306

7. Pathology

312

8. Pharmacology

317

9. Physiology

339

10. Miscellaneous

389

Part D: Further resources

403

1. Web resources

405

2. Printed and video resources

418

3. Alternatives loan systems

425

4.0rganisations

433

5. Producers

470

Appendix InterNICHE Policy

Index

xii

135

495 496

505

Product index

506

General index

516


Internationa I Network for H uma ne Education Nick Jukes Mihnea Chiuia Foreword

by Gill Langley

With chapters by: Jonathan Balcombe Lara Marie Rasmussen

and Hans A. Broun Gary R. Johnston Shirley D. Johnston Amarendhro M. Kumar Mykola Makarchuk R. Ashley Robinson Garry C. Scroop Daniel D. Smeak Henk van Wilgenburg

from Guinea Pig to Computer Mouse fully lives up to its promise to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date collection of resources concerning curricular transformation (rather than mere curriculum developmentl and alternatives to the harmful use of animals in education. The four main sections (the philosophy of curricular transformation, case studies, alternatives file, and further resources] complement each other, not only to inform and empower the sympathetic reader, but also to challenge those influential power-bases which seek to defend the status quo and insist that hands-on dissection and vivisection are essential elements in biomedical education. I very much hope that this book will empower its readers of all kinds to succeed in accomplishing the curricular transformation in biomedical education which is so badly needed, for the benefit of science and humanity, as well as for the welfare of animals which are still so often seen as mere tools for use at our convenience. Prof Michoel

Balls, DPhil

Chairman 01 the'l'rustees, Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical Emeritus Professor, University of NOMingham; from

1993¡2002,

Experiments IFRAME);

Head of the European Commission's

European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods IECVAMj

This book was made possible thanks to the generous support of our sponsors:

RSPCA

Information, innovation and inspiration on almost every page ... Along with details of over 500 state-of-the-art alternatives, this book offers intelligent, original and well-argued essays explaining why and how to alter the educational process to the benefit of students, teachers, animals and the life sciences ... Very impressive in its quality and scope.

cin Langley,

PhD

Scientific Adviser

10

the Dr Hodwen

Trust for Humane

Research

A vigorous, thoughtful book on a serious contemporary issue. Methods for teaching the life sciences without exploiting living animals have been developing fast, urged on by student demand and helped by technologies such as computer simulation. The alternatives described here are not less but more effective than their traditional counterparts ... This is a book of genuinely humane science - a remarkable achievement. Mary Midgrey,

PhD

Philosopher and author of 'Animals And Why They MoMer'

swiss league against vivisection

from Guinea Pig to Computer Mouse provides a wealth of creative effective, and well-documented alternatives to the harmful use of oruri life science education ... a must-read for anyone involved in dissection other animal use for teaching or training purposes. Borboro

Stiftelsen SWEDISH WITHOUT

'",

Forilkning FUND ANIMAt

umu

djurfOr8ok

I 01

Smuts, PhD

Biologist and feminist, Deportment of Psychology, University of Michigan

FOR RESEARCH

InterNICHE

EXPERIMENTS

Second edition,

revised and expanded

From Guinea pig to computer mouse  
From Guinea pig to computer mouse  
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