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1 step in education – 100 steps in economy

New Russian strategy: from innovations to competencies On The Project «Education, Well being and The Emergent Economies of Brazil, Russia and South Africa», ESRC Rising Powers Anna Shvedovskaya, Ph.D Moscow State University of Psychology and Education Russia

Oxford, UK October 3, 2011


Improvement of the Russian education system Key official steps in education policy: •  Federal State Program "Education“ – running now •  National Education Initiative "Our new school” – running now •  Federal State Educational Standard – just started •  The draft Law on Education – discussing now •  Federal Target Program for the Development of Education 2011—2015 – running now


National Education Initiative "Our new school" From February, 4-th 2010

Aims: •  •  •  •  • 

School for everybody School of new technologies School as an interaction center for social and public institutions School with the New teacher School as a modern system of education quality assessment

Priorities of general education development: •  • 

Transit to new educational standards Talented children support system development

•  •  •  • 

Improving of the quality of teacher education Change of the school infrastructure Preservation and strengthening of pupils’ health Extension of schools’ independence


Adoption of the Federal State Educational Standard From September 1st, 2011 An instrument of state policy in education based on the new didactic model of education - competence-based educational paradigm, system-active approach and value of the parenting (vospitanie) aspect of the education process

It is meant to provide: •  •  • 

Equality and access to education for different starting opportunities Preservation of the unity of educational field in Russia Life-long learning and continuity of education


The Federal State Educational Standard establishes requirements for students’ achievements •  Personal competence - students’ ability and readiness for selfdevelopment and personal identification, forming of their self-motivation for learning and purposeful cognitive activity, a system of valued personal and interpersonal relations, axiological and conceptual alignments reflecting personal and civil positions in activity, social skills, sense of justice, ability for goal-setting and life-planning.

•  Meta subject competence - development and mastering of intersubject notions and universal learning actions (regulatory, cognitive, communicative) and ability to use them in learning, cognitive and social practice, independence in planning of educational activities and cooperation with teachers and classmates, creativity, ability for building an individual educational plan, skills in research and social activities

•  Subject competence - skills specific for a chosen area, gaining new knowledge within a school subject, its transformation and application in educational, research and social situations, development of scientific way of thinking, scientific notions of theories, types and kinds of relations, mastering scientific terminology and key concepts and ability to use it.


The draft Law on Education Published on June 15 th, 2011 Public discussion in Russia - from December 1st , 2010 till February 1st 2011

Key points: •  Necessity of introduction of normative personal funding for educational institutions •  Broadening of education system subjects. Employers, social organizations take part not only in developing of state education policy (creation and control of federal education standards), but also in assessment of education quality •  Emphasis on education of pupils with special needs in ordinary institutions providing integrative education


The draft Law on Education The forthcoming law will introduce the notion of “parenting”. Parenting - intentionally organized activity within the education system aimed at personal development, creation of conditions for student’s self-identification and socialization on the basis of socio-cultural, spiritual and moral values, socially-accepted rules and norms of conduct in the interests of individuals, families, society, state.


President’s assignments in the field of education September 19th, 2011

President signs several assignments including those on education • 

• 

Assignments were given to the Government of the Russian Federation on ensuring consistently high-quality educational programs, regardless of the type of general education institution; attracting young specialists and post-graduate students to teach core subjects corresponding to their areas of expertise at schools; equipping schools with educational and laboratory equipment required to meet government standards for core school education, as well as for student design and technical creativity. The government and the executive authorities of Russia’s federal constituent entities were instructed to ensure improvement in teachers training, create a general education manager talent pool, and to modernise the system of teacher education in 2012-2013.


Federal Target Programm for the Development of Education 2011—2015 February 7th, 2011

The new program's key tasks are to upgrade the system of general and preschool education, bring professional education and training in line with the labor market demands, and develop a system of assessment of the education quality. It will be carried out in 2011-2015. 157 billion rubles ($5.1bn) will be allocated to the program.


Indicators of evaluation of Federal Target Program for the Development of Education Indicator

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

1

Level of availability of education

64

68

71

74

78

2

Level of meeting modern standards

91

92

93

95

97

3

Share of disabled children

35

40

50

60

71

4

Share of families in preschool education

71

78

85

90

97

5

Share of teachers who completed new address models training

8

25

45

65

85

6

Share of managers who completed advanced training in conformity with new requirements

20

28

38

49

60

7

Share of education systems of federation’s subjects and municipal institutions

7

26

38

76

100

8

Share of 9-grade graduates living in rural areas with distanced education

40

50

65

82

98

9

Share of students of professional education engaged in programs which involve employers

20

30

45

60

80

Share of employed graduates

74

78

82

87

92

10


The scientific and scientific-pedagogical personnel of innovative Russia (2009 — 2013) July 28th, 2008 Aim: Creating conditions for efficient reproduction of scientific and scientificpedagogical personnel and keeping young people engaged in science, education and technology, preservation of continuity of generations in science and education, creation of a system of renovation mechanisms for scientific and scientific-pedagogical personnel. Terms: In 2009 – 2013 years 90,454 billion rubles will be allocated to this program


State support of leading Russian universities In 2009 it was decided to allocate additional financing to goal-oriented support of leading Russian universities. 90 billion rubles will be allocated from 2010 till 2012.

Directions of the support: 1. Support of development programs of the Moscow and St-Petersburg state univiersities 2. Support of federal universities with regard to modernization of research process and innovative activities 3. Support of national research universtities 4. Development of cooperation between the Russian universities and production enterprises 5. Recruitement of leading scientists in the Russian universities 6. Development of innovative infrastructure in the Russian universities 7. Support of research projects realized in cooperation of leading universities and research organizations


Budget and off-budget funding of general and higher education Pre-school children education General education Primary professional education Secondary professional education Higher professional education

Proportion of off-budget education funding in total amount of education funding


Proportion of young people who want to get higher education Young people enrolled in primary professional education institutionsin proportion to total population of 15-year-olds Young people enrolled in secondary professional education institutionsin proportion to total population of 15-year-olds Young people enrolled in higher education institutions in proportionto total population of 17-year-olds

Up to 1/4 of young people receive professional education by successivestudying on main programs of different levels According to Rosstat's data in 2008:10% of graduates of primary professional education programs enteredcolleges and higher education institutions35% of college graduates immediately entered colleges

Young people's involvement in education on the way to mass higher education


Prospective students’ achievements Mark 2 red Mark 3 yellow Mark 4 grey Mark 5 green (exellent is 5)

Level of preparation of higher education institutions enrollees (forfull-time state-funded places)


The share of teachers who have other paid jobs Teachers in universities (aroung 67 % each year), professional education institutions (42,2 % in 2006, 45,2 % in 2008 and 40,1 % in 2009) and schools (40,8% in 2006 and 36,2 in 2009) had additional paid jobs. Secondary employment of teachers in professional education institutions increased from 29,8% in 2006 t0 35,7% in 2007 and then decreased to 32,3%.


Average incomes per month from different sources in higher education (thousand of rubles) Teaching and professional activity in this educational institution Main place of employmentTea ching and administrative work in other educational institutions, programs Scientific activity Tutoring Other additional work

Average incomes of university teachers for teaching and administrative activity in this institution increased from 9,1 to 15,4 thousand of rubles per month in the period from 2006 till 2009, as well as for teaching in other institutions from 6,4 to 9,7 thousand of rubles per month.


Average age of teachers School Primary profession al education Secondary profession al education Higher profession al education Rejuvenation process among teachers in Russia is extremely slow. Share of lower grades teachers younger than 30 is lower than in other developing countries (13,7% of teachers with work experience of less than 10 years against 30% of the total number)


Migration Scale of labour migration into Russia have been constantly growing during the last decade. In 2008 the number of official labour migrants in Russia approached 2,5 million.

Most migrants come to Russia for a year or more. Only 15-20% of them are short-term migrants, contrary to a popular point of view that considers labour migration seasonal. In 2010 1 840 446 foreign citizens were registered in Moscow. More than 80% of legal foreign workers are employed in six main fields: construction, wholesale and retail, agriculture, manufacturing activities, mining, transport and media.


The number of work permits issued in Russia (thousands)

Labour migration – grey; total Included from the CIS countries – red; From other countries - black


The economically active population in Russia (thousands)

Low – grey Average – black High – red


Prediction of education policy prospects. «Strategy 2020» Successful solution of “innovative human-being” competence-forming tasks demands modernizing state education policy in a number of key directions. Advanced training of teachers, researchers and managers. Development of support mechanisms for cooperation between universities and enterprises from innovation sector. Not less than 10% of university budget funding must be allocated to corresponding projects. Development of continuos education system, creation of conditions (infrastructure) for constant training and improvement for all economically active population. An advanced training system for not less than 15-20% of employed citizens must be created by 2020. Forming a system of university-based schools for gifted children. Each leading federal university will have such a school which will provide both regular and distanced education.


Indicators of results of the ÂŤInnovative humanbeingÂť program Indicator (%) Share of educated population aged 5-18 (%)

2010

2013

2016

2020

93,6 (2009)

94,6

96,6

97,0

67,2

75

80

100

0 0 0

20 75 75

65 100 100

95 100 100

45

51

55

60

27

35

42,5

50

24,8 (2008)

30

40

55

Monthly nominal received salary in education, in % to general salary

Total share of students educated in federal standard programs: general education primary and middle-grade professional education higher professional education

Share of graduates of professional education institutions employed in their specialization field for more than 3 years

Share of students participating in competitions of different levels

Share of population engaged in continuos education (for the last 12 months), aged 25-64


The average teacher’s salary in Russia Today the average teacher’s salary in a regular school is approx. 12000 rubles. Average teacher’s salary is approx. 14000 rubles.

Differences between regions are quite large. The average teacher’s salary in a regular school is 33 479 rubles in Moscow and 7 033 rubles in the republic of Karachaevo-Cherkessiya.

Indicator

2010

2013

2016

2020

Monthly nominal received salary in education, in % to general salary

67,2

75

80

100


Russians on their well-being Levada-Center 2011 г.

Poll among a Russian sample of city and rural population including 1624 people aged from 18 in 130 population centers from 45 regions. Answers distribution is shown in percentage from the total number of respondents including data of previous polls.


What statement is fit with your well-being?

2000

Things are not bad, we can live

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2009

2010

2011

13 

19

21  18 

20 

21  25 

26  26 

28 

29

It is no longer possible to bear our miserable 31  situation

21

21  24 

22 

24  18 

17  15 

14 

16


How would you rate the current financial situation of your family? 1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

Very good and good

4

4

4

6

7

7

7

8

Average

44

41

36

46

51

53

Very bad and bad

51

54

60

46

40

Didn’t answer

1

1

<1

2

2

2005

2007

2009

2010

2011

11 10 13

11

15

15

55

55 55 57 54

57

61

60

37

37

35 33 31 32

31

23

24

3

1

2

1

1

1

1

2006

1

1


How would you rate the economic situation in Russia? 1997 

Very good 1  and good

Average

1998 

1999 

2000 

2001 

2002 

2003 

2004 

2005 

2006 

10  13  8 

20  14  9 

2007 

2009 

2010 

2011 

12 

26  31  36  36 

41  39  44  47  46  51  47 

Very bad and 70  79  83  61  56  50  50  bad

43  42  35  27  39  34  35 

Didn’t answer 9 

12  13  11  13  7 

11  11  11  11 


References •  • 

mon.gov.ru - Draft law on education and its discussion fcp.economy.gov.ru — Russian federal target programs (after 2010)

•  • 

www.programs-gov.ru — Russian federal target programs (before 2010) www.fcpro.ru- Federal target program for the development of education for 2011 - 2015

• 

http://fcp.economy.gov.ru — Target indicators of the Federal target program for the development of education http://mon.gov.ru — National education initiative “Our new school”

• 

http://www.odardeti.ru - Federal target program “Gifted children”

• 

http://www.fcpk.ru — Federal target program “Scientific and scientific-pedagogical personnel of innovative Russia”

• 

http://standart.edu.ru/ — State education standards

•  • 

http://2020strategy.ru/ — Strategy 2020 http://education-monitoring.hse.ru — Education economic monitoring

• 

http://www.kpmo.ru — Electronic monitoring of schools’ transition to new generation standards

• 

http://www.mamso.ru — Interregional association for monitoring and statistics

• 

http://kremlin.ru/assignments — President’s assignments

• 

http://www.komitet8.km.duma.gov.ru — Education committee of the Lower House of the State Duma http:// mon.gov.ru/ - Ministry of education and science

• 

http://www.educom.ru/ - Moscow Department of education


Contact Us Anna Shvedovskaya, Ph.D Moscow State University of Psychology and Education www.mgppu.ru/en +7 (495) 608-16-27 (office) +7 (916) 471-95-84 (mobile) email: anna.shvedovskaya@mgppu.ru skype: shvedovskaya


New Russian strategy: from innovations to competencies