Issuu on Google+

Portfolio Shusei Kakimoto


Urban Design/Urban Development

1 10 13

CONTENTS Street Design, Shinbashi, Tokyo Consolidated Plan, Lincoln, Nebraska Revitalization of Urban Alleys, Lincoln, NE


Shinbashi MacArthur Street (2007)

Street Design

Classified Zones

Urban Development (1986~)

 

Uchisaiwaicho Station

Toranomon Station Sotobori Avenue

i sh ba in Sh t i o n a St

The purpose of this project was the redaction of the existing traffic volumes by create an new street, MacArthur Street Investigation To mitigate traffic jams in the Minato Ward, the Minato Ward was planning to build a main street called MacArthur Street. I investigated the area at various scales such as urban development around the area, demographics, the green space ratio, human activities in the area, etc. to create a proposal. There are variety of people using the area such as visitors, workers, and residents. By these investigations, I classified zones to analyze the area.

Commercial and Office Zone

Nanou Park

Connection and Center Zone Legend

Pivot of greening

Atago mountain

Shiodome District

1986

N

Educational, Medical, Reserch Facilities

J04048 Sakaki

Base of greening

2001

Akasaka 1chome District

2002

2003

South Aoyama Akasaka 1chome 4chome Apartment Takkenzaka Building District Remodeling

Urban Development (1986~) Toranomon 4chome West District

In Minato Ward

Activities in the area

Green Space Ratio

Aoyama/Akasaka

2005

2006

J04114 Yamaguchi

J04060 Sugai

Shimogaseki 3chome South District

2004

sakana‑no‑hone No. J04028 Kakimoto J04064 Takasawa

Akasaka TBS Akasaka 9chome Exploitation of the site of Project the Defense Agency (Tokyo Midtown Project)

Azabu

2007

Source: Urban Development Head Office HP

Source: Urban Development Head Office HP Http://www.toshisaisei.go.jp/04toushi/tokyo/shinbashi/05.html

2002

Takanawa

1996

Shibaura/Kounan

1991

Shiba 0

5 10

15

20

25

30 35

Street Design in Shinbashi, Tokyo 1


Shinbashi MacArthur Street (2007)

Street Design

Sidewalk

for pedestrians

Master Plan The major idea of the Master Plan is to link many things such as linkage of areas, linkage of green spaces, and linkage of people. To allow for more pedestrian activities, the sidewalk is prioritized for pedestrians. To have more variety of human activities and extend activities from the proposal street to behind the street, change of rhythm is given. Different rhythms include active (MacArthur Street) to silent (the block between the street and the Park), and active (Nanou Park). Pedestrians will have more choices of activities.

Street

Street

Street

Side Street

Side Street

MacArthur Road

MacArthur Road

Side Street

Side Street

Street

Street

Street

Ground Plan PresentPlan Present Ground

Side Street

Side Street

Roadway

Ground Plan Ground After Street Change Proposal Plan

Side Street

Roadway

Cross Section Present CrossPresent Section

Nanou Park

Side Street

Street prioritized for pedestrians

Link between towns

MacArthur Road

Side Street

Side Street

Street prioritized for pedestrians

Change of Rhythm

Cross Section AfterSection Street Change Proposal Cross

MacArthur Road

Nanou Park Variation of Rhythm Patterns

Relay Point

Yurakucho Station

So Av tob en or ue i

ama Aoy nue Ave

Roppongi/Akasaka Shinbashi Station Atagoshita Avenue

Nanou Park Relay Point

Relay Point

Shiodome gi pon Rop nue Ave

Hamamatsucho Station

250

First Kyobashi

Hibiya Avenue

Sakurada Avenue

MacArthur Road

MacArthur Road

Nanou Park

500

1000m

Variation of Rhythm Pattern

Street Design in Shinbashi, Tokyo 2


major impact on atmosphere of streets. Despite its importance, the ground floorsare not currently used effectively such as building manager offices,reception offices, and parkings.

The elevated sidewalks will be demolished and same texture will be used to create a contiguous sidewalks along MacArthur Road for pedestrian traffic.

Shinbashi

Street Design

Field Study The ground floor

Narrower Streets will be streets ・MacArthur Street (2007)

will used for relaxiation areas (Greening Space), prioritized for pedestrians which is opened to ordinary people, and retails. It will be of benefit to the area and to the surrounding establishments for to improve their ground floor by adding plants and The narrower streets will be designated as pedestrian walk ways through the businesses Reserch Method generally creating a relaxing atmosphere to attract customers. the demolition of elevated sidewalks. As those change, the flow of We divided the area into four parts based on the road system Owners and managers will be contacted prior to the implementation automobiles will be restricted. Pedestrians will have the right-of-way running between the buildings. The areas labeledso A, B, C and can be advised of the developments and act of the are plan they over vehicles, and drivers will be more likely to choose a different D, and researched the types of accordingly. road to travel north or south.Those improvements allow pedestrians to buildings and people in each area. Survey Date travel vertical direction (north or south) more freely. L= a limited company J= a joint stock company

7マッシモ㈲ 中央メディカル㈱ J-TEC ㈲ 新生環境㈱ 6宝自動車交通㈱ タカラエージェンシー㈱ 5中村・成瀬・佐野特許法律事務所 4東京観光工業㈱ フランシス㈱  トーシン㈱ 白新㈱ 3地域交流センター ダイナックス都市環境研究所㈱ 2CAC 株 1 Parking

5/16/2007 Sunny

ル ービ ンタ 店 こセ ライ たば サク 2丁目 e 店 全国 会社 西新橋 Stor 門支 株式 ソン nce 虎ノ ロー て enie 金庫 建 10F Conv か信用 や F ス 1 さわ フィ    他オ

We see residents greeting each other at the cross streets.

⇒ There

is an existing small distinctive community that have been created by the small streets. The atmosphere is warm and friendly.

ノ 号館 ル2 マ虎 ス 士ビ シグ て 外観 ーム ガラ 弁護 て ンの 9F建 ョール に曲面 屋 ing 6F建 マリオ 務所 1Fシ サード ビル 料理 look e 赤い 建築事 前野 季節ent se ファ 錦 ci 1Fに e. can 1F

ビル き 八雲 て 所空 6F建 し事務 ビル 2F貸 企業の 理系

look will t it how lopmen ow ve t kn e de don’ter th We af like

止 ま れ

止 ま れ

止 ま れ

製作

ing

東谷

㈱ 織物 目黒 装飾な 室内 ど て ing 4F建

2F建

Hous

ing

Streets prioritized for pedestrians

Sidewaik Plan

Hous

住宅

2F建

ing

Hous

石屋  明 舗 て 呉服 て 店 s 8F建 小料理 fice 2F建 宅 1F→ r Of 兼住

ビル 帝国 て タ 5F建 国モー & 1F帝 作業場 ース

Othe

buildings has potential to serve as an attraction to Nano Park and to MacArthur Road, and should be considered as a green center.

Coff

レス

止 ま れ

⇒ These

Key

別館 第二 て 立 2F建 機械式 1F→ 車 体駐

ク リー 日本 て 4F建

De

are buildings which are easily visible from MacArthur Road, near Nano Park.

ee

ing

工業

Work

ti moli

□ There

Hous

ils ing Reta hous th K K.wi

Hous

2F

on

Hous

ance Entr5F空室 4~

て 3F建 組合 珈琲 ィス オフ

n Gree Roof

Ro

s

er work ce offi area some い this re e we ound Ther ing ar smok

ビル 高電 て 3F建 種電気 第一 士資格 工事 所 事業

?

Cons

ング ディ ビル 千石 て 4F建 F空き 明社 2 1~ F㈱栄 4 3~

ance

mach

Gr

The ground floor is easily open for all to see, therefore, it has major impact on atmosphere of streets. Despite its importance, the ground floorsare not currently used effectively such as building manager offices,reception offices, and parkings. D 車場 面駐 式平 自走

  ビル 榊原 て 4F建

)

en(J

ル tani 桜ビ 新橋 て Naga 社 7F  7F建 、4~ 株式会 2 1、 本工機 3F 日

  ビル 田中 新橋 て nt 7F建

ant

Vaca

al

Re ur 7F ui Rest 1F F Muts gement 5 na s 4、

LDG tate I B

EsROLA

Ma fice r Of

ps . grou ly well al en as ng ct mi tani actu ces s du h Naga e are offi of co ant’ tras t Ther tanien a lo me ts stur e A re sibl e so po Naga e are vi e ar ower is Ther going Ther the fl and on

て 所 7F建 屋 事務 s 1F酒 理士 税 2F

tate for ing al Es ment Park ui Re nage Ma Muts ding Buil て 建 2F ing us Ho宅 住

て F建 送 建て 2F 阿部 3 井運 ) (有 ター 薄 株) ( モー ス

ビル 土井 て 5F建 き 5F 3F空 、4、 2 s 1、

ル Fビ 橋M te ) 西新 て 建 Esta nt(J 9F F 9 Real nageme 1~ ui Ma

Othe

ビル ィス 荒川 Fオフ 8 1~

ding

Narrower Streets will be streets prioritized for pedestrians

  ビル ) 丸一 業(株 芝氷

truc

ee Coff Key 一別館

P Entr ル ィ車 ces 1F→ NKビ て ロテ Offi ビル 9F建 側はピ ce → 三須 のみ Offi 2F~ 1F南 第一 て ンス せ Head 5F建 ントラ nt ee 有 寄 Coff 1Fエ F Vaca ワーP nien ル 5 Key ダ㈱ だビ gata 4~ 内にタ モ せら F Na nien ル コ ビ 3 ta ry 1~ Naga idia 4F ト bs ン Su ナ 7Fテ 5~ ィス オフ

buil use ge xed gara A mi a with

会 株式 電力 東京 変電所 愛宕

tion

ing

2F建

倉木

)四

The Ground Floor Plan

ing

Park

00, Fe GL-6 ound e ht th gr heig the down ore, ef t, s of poin slab presse . Ther d not s ul a ng the shop At e is e, it ildi mit wo ng. ee go bu nc er di ff li co and shops th r.he the ne buil floo ht of ck li this four come ffee e ba heig set- ct on e ar ople ur co e pa Ther d. Pe e fo th im os line g th have amon

Nagatanien, and Key coffee, which will The elevated sidewalks will be demolished and same texture will be be along MacArthur Road. the present circumstances, the ground floorMacArthur is used forRoad a parking. used to Increate a contiguous sidewalks along for ⇒exe. We expect that the management will Suzumaru Building restore the appearance of these pedestrian traffic. buildings C 3F

PR YOUR 宅 江成

(株

空地 築計画 (建 て) 建 5F

止 ま れ

of sidewalks

て て 階 階建 階建 ビル  8  8 7F ーク 理 ビル ビル ン ル  会社 F 谷パ 場料 南桜 刷 ョン 株) ショ 協立 会社 森ビ 株式  5 日比 国本 第1 輝印 技術( ケー 第一 株式 モーシ ー・ 京商事 ビル ー 中 十 星 ニ F B1 連酒楼房 B1 9F モト イシ 1,3 間プロ働組合 サンツ F 明 辰 ミュ ス 5 合同 ル  スギ ーワ 材 1,3F NTTコ ース  大 琲茶  徳 空労 ば ケ ン 3、 オフィ ジア 山ビ 珈   航 4F 会社 スビル 1F 比谷 ス 神 小渚そーサロ 2F ロデュ社 ア ス 7F 絡会 ス 他も 株式 オフィ 1F ヘア  日 オフィ  プ 式会 オフィ  連 オフィ 株 も 他の 2F 機械室 ス 他は F 4F 他も 室 〜8 5 9F オフィ 他 会議 4F 社 9F l 他派 ル 室 ル  シー 合商 ntia 部 land 事ビ マサ    分 no 嶺ビ ーワイ ビル 材総 式会社 de 1 業 海 業 高 資 ナ si ng ス ku ケ 工 20 地 nt 会社 テム事 ン 海洋 社ハ 電設 電気株 空 3F オフィ 東洋 Telete 便 Re ildi Vaca ル  3, 第3 式会 F 株式 シス ショ ター 宣祥 ィス 他も 株 ン ー bu 里ビ ,10 融 4 1F 万国郵 場 F フ F セ ケ 小 金 き オ 社 1  5 ウ社 1 、3、 作所 ュニ ビス 2F ク置 10 )港洋 03も s 2 立製 Tコミ サー ビル 式が マ バイ  FSW 第二 業株 店 (株 4,2 cant ル   日 F NT  社員  タ 場 理 Va 高嶺 嶺工 スビル 6 灯油 車 ing 管 売販売 熊木商Roof 会社 10 her 高 森ビ 場 5、 式会社 ス 三菱 株式 1F 駐 宅 5F オフィ us 青果卸 社 芝 een Ot ATM 東京 Ho 住 駐車  株 オフィ g 会 Gr & 他も ony 2F een g 三菱 行 有限 宅 他も ndin ング in 銀 Gr balc UFJ A ve ine 熊木 Park of een

ビル 南桜 社 第2 建て 株式会 6階 6F  2~

ly

re enti most Wall 1F Al s Glas

4~9日比谷パークホテル 3日信商事㈱ 1,2バンコック銀行

B

F  4 ビル 野家 太平 2F 吉 1、 不明 他は

止 ま れ

・Improvement

3F

Sidewalks going to be improved

ル マビ ル カザ て タイ 9F建 レンガ の 外壁 の業種 ル 多く ィスビ オフ

4 3 2 1松崎内科クリニック

止 ま れ

This indicates insufficient space for smokers to take their breaks.

Some bigger companies such as Mitsui Real Estate Building Management,

ing

Park ル -1ビ 橋K 西新 て 7F建 な看板 大き

止 ま れ

observe many people smoking on the emergency staircase, and in a single level parking lot next to the building.

新橋 ビル ェル 樋口 て クウ パー て 5F建 ば屋 8F建 そうな 1Fそ ガ 高級 ション レン ルの マン ◇の タイ □と 連続 外観 窓の

止 ま れ

□ We

MacArthur Road

デ ビル NKK て S 5F建 に庭園 スの 油G 屋上 ーガラ モ石 コス て ミラ サード 2F建 往来が ファ 車の い 激し

an us An e. We of ho is hous side de the faca back 地 The ble 空き visi 丸越ビル

10 ジェイパワー・エンティック㈱ 9ジェイパワー・エンティック㈱  財団法人海外職業訓練協会 8創新社㈱ グラムスリー㈱ 7カルチャー倶楽部㈱  6東洋製鉄化学㈱ コロンビヤンカーボン日本㈱ 5バイオマス燃料供給有限責任事業組合  アルパインツアーサービス㈱ 4アルパインツアーサービス㈱  新和ツーリスト㈱ 3ウレタン原料工業会 2石橋組㈱ MGA インベストメント㈱ 1セブンイレブン

建て

INT

8土井章男 7サンフレックス永谷園 6ケイエヌ・プランニング㈱ 5ショーワ㈱ 4NM コミュニケーションズ 3イーオーエル 2日本カーゴエキスプレス 1高島歯科クリニック

5 4 3 2 1東京新聞

There are buildings which from MacArthur Road

ビル ル 安形 て んと Sビ 5F建 まいも 橋Y 西新 て 1Fう の酒 ろ 6F建 ルーツ  生 んちょ 1Fフ ギシタ  び  ヤ

て ク王 ㈱ 4F建 する ン ー ビル パー 電機 フピ ショ 堀部 て 呼応 な植栽 住宅 て ビル 岡田 て い モエ レー F建 鈴木 て よう 住宅 て 2F建 トがな 3F建 工の 2 ㈱コス コーポ ) ック 2F 山口 部 4F建 白な 住友電 2F建 少し ポス ビル 刷 レス リニ 社 店 森山 製本印 S(グ 1F㈱ 際事業 真っ 植栽 タク 式会 場 ?) 代理 GRE て オ( ムラ 工業株 兼工 東京 て 建  国 の柵 施設 外観 住宅 2階 スタジ ス戸 外観 住居 て 建 に車が F 未来 い 4 緑色 モ関連 集合 る 口 貸し なガラ 壁 3F建 的新し 拠点 入り ってい コス 住宅 て 大き 赤な外 比較 りの小 止ま た 建 っ ど F 2 真 み 沿っ 本所 所 角に が 栄製 製本 戸 菊 植栽 秋元 い て 外壁 2F建 き違 て 引 3F建 ン風の 1Fの ていた トタ 党の 開い 公民 ター ポス nce

Plan for Saidwalks ⇒

3,4和井田製作所 2ナカノコーポレーション 1 Parking グ ィン

ル 門ビ

ファイマテック㈱ ジェクト㈱ NTT コムウェア㈱ 独立行政法人 鉄道建設・運輸施設整備支援機構 独立行政法人 日本高速道路保有・債務返済機構 財団法人貿易保険機構 株式会社 NTT ソルコ NTT コムウェア

止 ま れ

a as trance used en It very deli

A

People gather around the flower pots beside and establishment at streets.

止 ま れ

Nanou Park

7ワタル㈱ 6IDEA JAPAN 5,6ワタル 4ユニカフェ㈱ 3NT リース&サービス㈱  エヌティック㈱ 1,2ユニカフェ B1 Retails

The result of researching □

5スタジオユー㈲  矢部商会㈲  東駿貿易㈲ 4全国町並み保存連盟  ベスト・ケイジェイ㈲  ベストツアー東京 1,2,3源コーポレーション

9西新橋綜合法律事務所  ベンチャーリンク・タクト㈱  International Registries 8社団法人自然公団財団 6,7OCL 5マイガー㈱ 4 Nagatanien(J) 3シノトランスジャパン㈱ 2あすか���薬㈱ 1 Retails

止 ま れ

Master Plan The sidewalk will be flat to improve the pedestrian experience, and the narrower streets from the MacArthur Street will be prioritized for pedestrians. To consider processes of development and priority, what is there is carefully observed by field study. There are a few companies owning several Nanou Park buildings in the area.

ce

Muts ding Buil

fi r Of

Othe

s ines mach es ing ines chin vend mach g ma tte ing ndin gare vend k ve 3 ci ink drin n dr 1 tami 1 vi one le ere coho r wh k al A ba drin anding may e st whil

  会社 株式 て 工業 5F建 東陽 ビル  本社 ing → 1F

Park

X 店 SVA て メン 8F建 2Fラー院 s B1~ F 病 fice 5 3、 r Of

ce

Offi

場 駐車 立体 4層 PARK 南桜

Othe

ビル 鈴丸 て 9F建 F空き g 9 in 3、 Park 1F 歯科 2F は

ge

ing

gara

Park

The ground floor will used for relaxiation areas (Greening Space), which is opened to ordinary people, and retails. It will be of benefit to the area and to the surrounding establishments for The narrower streets will be designated as pedestrian walk ways through the businesses to improve their ground floor by adding plants and generally creating a relaxing atmosphere to attract customers. the demolition of elevated sidewalks. As those change, the flow of automobiles will be restricted. Pedestrians will have the right-of-way Owners and managers will be contacted prior to the implementation of the plan so they can be advised of the developments and act over vehicles, and drivers will be more likely to choose a different Sidewalk accordingly. road to travel north or south.Those improvements allow pedestrians to sakana-no-hone No. Legend Shooting Location Before travel vertical direction (north or south) more freely. J04028 Kakimoto J04064 Takasawa ng

si cros

rian dest g pe sing adin ke cros s A le is li rian street It dest er ow a pe narr

one le ere coho r wh k al ng A ba drin andi may e st whil

ce busy fi is ny of ss fic e ma acro Traf e ar going Ther ers も work

on

Roadway Sidewalk

Present sidewalks A image of a cross section of roadway

Sidewalks are segmented by a roadway, which gives priority automobiles

Block level Survey and Analysis

Sidewaik Plan Parkings Present

Plan

Offices Administrations

Entrance for Pedestrians

Planting

Entrance for automobiles

Roadside Trees

Greening Spaces

Haunt of smokers

A zone we saw many planting

Buildings catching the attention of us

MacArthur Road

J04048 Sakaki

J04114 Yamaguchi

J04060 Sugai

The Ground Floor Plan

Retails      etc...

An image of cross section of ground floor

Nanou for Park pedestrians By the ground floor is open for people, spaces will be enriched.

Sidewalk

Street prioritized for pedestrians

A image of cross section of street prioritized for pedestrians

Sidewalk

MacArthur Road

After

Pedestrians will have predominant of streets, which helps to improve pedestrians’ awareness of sidewalks. Pedestrians will have greater choice to walk around the area.

Present Sidewalks going Streets prioritized sakana-no-hone No. to be improved for pedestrians J04028 Kakimoto J04064 Takasawa J04048 Sakaki

J04114 Yamaguchi

Parkings

Plan

Greening Spaces

Offices In the present circumstances, the ground floor is used for a parking. Retails      etc... exe. SuzumaruAdministrations Building

An image of cross section of ground floor

J04060 Sugai

Street Design in Shinbashi, Tokyo 3


Shinbashi MacArthur Street (2007)

Street Design Chronological Order of the Development Main Buildings Re‑Developing Plan of Big Companies

20XX

Master Plan Based on the field study, I created the process. The companies owning several buildings in the area will be the first steps to develop the area. These buildings occupied adequate spaces in the area, therefore, these company may need to transform due to the street’s future use.

a start to the development of West Shinbashi,  As the big buildings along MacArthur Road will be

 developed.

KEY COFFEE NAGATANIEN MITSUI REAL ESTATE

The Relocation of Tokyo

CーD

・Electric Substation Facility

fee

f e

Tokyo Electric Substation Facility will be moved as shown here. It will be beneath Nano Park, underground.

fee cof 2 Coffe keynnex on a Uni

key

fee cof

The Plan of the Site of the

fee cof 1 keynnex a

Nag

ata

n nie

ien

Na

an gat

l Rea ding il sui Mit te Bu t a Est gemen a Man

l Rea ding il sui Mit te Bu t a Est gemen a Man

The Conversion to Underground Electric Substation Facility

・ demolished Tokyo Electric Substation Facility The movement will create a vacant lot, which should be utilized.

Redevelopment Plan of Nanou Park

・ After the Electric Substation is placed beneath Nanou Planned site of underground Electric Substation Facility

Park, we make improvement to the park. The improvement will attract more people to the area.

 

Nanou Park Nanou Park

Tokyo Electric Substation

・ Plan of the Relay Points Between Nanou Park and MacArthur Road

Tokyo Electric Substation Facility

After relay points will be placed to the east and west of Nano Park as links to MacArthur Road. This will connect more people to the area.

Relay Point

・We

paln to give the variation of rhythm pattern in thisarea because the area is such monotonous and because of the increased activity that MacArthur Road will bring. We will create areas between MacArthur Road and Nanou Park, as well as south of MacArthur Road, where people can relax and rest from the busy or lively pace of MacArthur Road and Nanou Park.

Areas for making the Variation of Rhythm Patterns

sakana‑no‑hone No. J04028 Kakimoto J04064 Takasawa J04048 Sakaki

J04114 Yamaguchi

J04060 Sugai

Street Design in Shinbashi, Tokyo 4


Shinbashi MacArthur Street (2007)

Street Design

Design Guideline The street will have green space to connect streets, buildings, and the existing park. The Minato Ward has pushed for the increase of green space.

Design Guideline

Design Guideline

Nanou Park Relay Point

Electric Sunstation Facility

Relay Point A Block for the Variation of Rhythm Pattern

MacArthur Street

MacArthur Road A Block for the Variation of Rhythm Pattern

Mitsui Real Estate Building Management

Street Design in Shinbashi, Tokyo 5


Shinbashi MacArthur Street (2007) Design Guideline There will be Zelova Trees used as street trees. The depth between these trees will create a relaxed atmosphere for people who are driving, walking down the road, or enjoying coffee in a cafe. MacArthur road will be wide enough to accommodate cars, therefore, there will be some vendors. Some of the buildings will have green space on the first floor, and many will have green space at the entrance. The ground floor also have many retail outlets. There will be room spaces above sidewalks on the buildings along the street which provides attraction of buildings, depth of sidewalks, great views from the buildings, etc

Street Design Zelcova Tree Lined Road Rows of zelcova trees will be placed along sides of MacArthur road and down the center. This will create a relaxed atmosphere for people who are driving, walking down the road, or

Wider Roadway MacArthur road will be wide enough for cars. There will be enough space for cars to pull over to sell food vendors onto the sholder of the road

Ground Floor Greening Space

Retails at the ground Floor There will be many retails along MacArthur Road which will helps the road more prosperous.

MacArthur Road Image of Cross Section  S=1/200

3000

Some of the buildings will have greening space at the first floor, and many will have greening space at the entrance.

10000

7500

5000

7500

10000

40000

It�s gonna be 1pm in 30min. Am I able to finish reading this book?

It�s nice

After the first floor became green space, architecture 。 space is able to be the upper part of side roads. Pedestrians will realize the incentive space, giving street depth. In addition, the thicker and wider floor will be able to be laid.

Oh!!?? What is there?

みどり空間ができると、頭の中ではこんなことが・・・  S=1/50 What is in their mind By making more green areas, it will lift the spirits of the people.

Green Roof Light materials will be selected to make it possible to put plants on the roofs of existing buildings with their durability. EX 5 X Green

Green Wall General methods should be applied for doing this, so other buildingscan easily implement green walls by doing the same.

Pedestrian�s line of sight from MacArthur Road When pedestrians look at the side without intention, they will realize

MacArthur Road Image of Cross Section  S=1/200

there is other greening spaces. The greening on the building will turn it into a kind of�flog�, or landmark for the green area

Relay Point Image of cross section S=1/200

Street Design in Shinbashi, Tokyo 6


Shinbashi MacArthur Street (2007) Design Guideline The building that used to be a school will be converted as a commercial building with external glass walls, so that the inside is visible to people walking by, and people are able to see what retail is there and what the inside of the building looks like. From the entrance of Nanou Park, people can see the attractive inside of Nanou Park by reducing visual obstacles. Currently, Nanou Park has strong centralization, therefore, the eye is centralized as well, so the center is mostly empty space. People coming to Nanou Park to relax usually avoid the center because there is no private space there. The centralization will therefore be weakened. The pergolas, water under the pergolas and other sittable spaces will help people relax. The area will also have some green spaces. There will be ivy along the fence, and people will be able to watch sports players from the outside. This will provide a new scene of relaxation with activation. The walls of the walkway between the two buildings will be torn down, leaving the building frame between them.

Street Design Nanou Park

N

Plan

S=1/200

Street Design in Shinbashi, Tokyo 7


Green Space, A Short Break, After 5 Key Words/// みどり空間、アフターファイブ、小休憩

Plan

5000

Removal of unnecessary parts

Diagram of Architectual Use Program 建築用途プログラム概念図 6300

6300

6300

Current Planstudio S=1/200

Tenant space for commercial use

5000

Diagram of Rennovation

3000

5000

Build additions The Blocks for Variation of Rhythm Pattern GL+17050 The Nanou building 1, an office building which GL+17050 studio contains several businesses, is on the west side GL+11350 of Nanou Park. I plan to extend the building to Terrace is GL+11350 Tenant space jutted out by the south.Green The the for commercial use wall from the space green will cover ground GL+5850up, where it will connect to a roof garGL+7550 GL+5850 den. There will be plants inside every theateron and bar Green Space Plan S=1/200 GL±0 (coffee shop at the daytime) level.

Commercial space

Current Plan

Green Space

Vertical line of flow

S=1/200

Build additions

GL+17050

4300

Tenant space for commercial use

GL+7550 The stairs enable well-hole style on the south side of the building. Our plan is to modify the building to well-hole GL+5850 style to capture sunshine. theater and bar Green Space will(coffee The walls be changed to curtain-walls, made of glass. The design of shop at the daytime) the stairs composes its form. 5700

GL+5850

Green space

GL±0

Section

GL±0

CORE Diagram of Rennovation Section

CORE

GL±0

S=1/200 Top Floor Ground Floor PlanTop Ground Plan

Roof Garden Floor 4th4th Floor Ground Plan Ground Plan

Additional Part

S=1/200

GL±0

GL±0 Terrace is jutted out by Green space

N

Current Section

The Plan of Conversion of 3000 6300 Tokyo Power Atago Electric Substation

S=1/200

GL+5850

Diagram of use diversion and extension

Current Section

S=1/200

Tenant space for commercial use

studio

6300

GL±0

CORE

CORE

Green Space

S=1/200

6300

Currently the Tokyo electric Substation Facility is next to a parking lot. After the substation is moved, the vacant building will be extended to include the area where the parking lot is. Our plan is to convert the building for a different use. Current building hardly have apertures, therefore, it is very closed. The building design is not public record, but based on the use of the building, we expect the floor to be made of thick slabs to withstand heavy loads. There are variation of floor height, and there are partially spaces which would be hard to use as a living room. The previous use of the building as an electric substation gives it potentials that other building do not have. We need to make use of its potentials as a prerequisite, Our goal is to maximize this potential. As west Shinbashi develops according to our plan, this building will be a good place for people to relax. Our plot plan is based on an inspection and field survey of the exterior, which gives us the dimensions of the building. Our plan may improve if we are able to see the interior of the building, but for now our plan will suffice. “Healing” It will be a space for healing, if Shinbashi follows our Master Plan.

GL+11350

theater and bar (coffee shop at the daytime)

Section

5000

Vertical line of flow

theater and bar (coffee shop at the daytime)

Green Space Green space

GL+11350

1700 3800

Terrace is jutted out by Green space

GL+7550 GL+5850

5000

studio

GL+11350

Commercial space

GL+11350

Green Space, A Short Break, After 5 Key Words/// みどり空間、アフターファイブ、小休憩

4300

GL+17050

建築用途プログラム概念図

1700 3800

Removal of unnecessary parts

5700

Current volume

GL+17050 4300

Current volume

theater and bar (coffee shop at the GL+11350 daytime)

GL+5850

Currently the Tokyo electric Substation Facility is next to a parking lot. After the substation is moved, the vacant building will be extended to include the area where the parking lot is. Our plan is to convert the building for a different use. Current building hardly have apertures, therefore, it is very closed. The building design is not public record, but based on the use of the additions building, we expect the floor toBuild be made of thick slabs to withstand heavy loads. There are variation of floor height, and there are partially spaces which would be hard to use as a living room. GL+17050 The previous use of the building as an electric substation gives it potentials that other building do not have. We need to make use of its studio potentials as a prerequisite, Our goal is to maximize this potential. As west Shinbashi develops according to our plan, this building will be a GL+11350 good place for people to relax. Our Terrace plot plan is is based on an inspection and field survey of the exterior, which gives plan may improve if we TenantOur space jutted outus bythe dimensions of the building. are able see the interior of the building,for but for now use our plan will commercial Greentospace suffice. “Healing” GL+5850It will be a space for healing, if Shinbashi follows our Master Plan.

3800

GL±0

The Plan of Conversion of Tokyo Power Atago Electric Substation

Green Space, A Short Break, After 5 Key Words/// みどり空間、アフターファイブ、小休憩

4500

6th Floor 6th Floor Ground Ground Plan Plan

Vertical line of flow

Additional Part

Green space CORE

Additional Part

1st Floor Ground 1st Floor CORE Ground Plan Plan N

Plan

S=1/200

CORE

Additional Part

5th Floor 5th Floor Ground Plan Ground 7th Floor Plan

Space for “healing” GL+5850 Current volume relaxation, and Green

GL+11350

Tenant space for commercial use

Removal of unnecessary parts

GL+17050

Green Space GL+11350

Terrace is jutted out by Green space

GL+11350

Tenant space for commercial use

Section

S=1/200

GL+7550 GL±0

GL+5850

Green Space

theater and bar (coffee shop at the daytime)

GL±0 Section

CORE

S=1/200

Healing, Green Space for healing, Comprehension Key Word///癒し、内包された「癒し、みどりの空間」

Ground Plan CORE

Roof Garden

Additional Part

4th Floor

4th Floor Roof Garden Ground Plan Additional Part

Commercial Facility

S=1/200

Top Floor Ground Plan

S=1/200

CORE

Current Section

7th Floor S=1/200

Plan The floor to be made of thick slabsGround to withstand heavy loads. There are variation of floor height, and there are partially spaces which Diagram use diversion and extension would be hard to ofuse as a living room. GL±0

Current Section

S=1/200

Diagram of use diversion and extension

CORE

CORE

CORE

Current Plan

GL+17050

theater and bar studio (coffee shop at the daytime)

GL+5850

Current Plan 6300

4300

GL+7550 GL+5850

Build additions

建築用途プログラム概念図

The Blocks for Variation of Rhythm Pattern The Nanou building 1, an office building which contains several Commercial space businesses, is on the west side of Nanou Park. We plan to extend the building to the south. GL±0 We will cover the green walls for a relaxing appearance. The Vertical line of flow green will cover the wall from the ground up, where it will contact to a roof garden. There will be plants inside on every level. The image of plan is that these plants are covered by Green space building and released at the top. This green spaces for healing will be silent and calm spaces, unlike MacArthur Road and Nanou Park. Levels 1-4 will be for commercial use, such as retails, and levels 5-8 will be for offices.

5000

Additional Part

Terrace is Business related “healing” jutted out by Green space

6300

GL+11350

studio

1700 3800

4500

4th Floor GL+17050 Ground Plan

GL+5850

6300

5700

4500

4500

4500

Top Floor Ground Plan

7600

4th Floor Ground Plan

GL±0

GL+11350

Commercial space CORE

S=1/200

3000

5000

2nd, 3rd Floor

18000

Plan

Diagram Facility of Rennovation Commercial related “healing”

2nd, 3rd Floor Ground Plan

Roof Garden Ground Plan

Diagram of use diversion and extension

GL+17050

建築用途プログラム概念図 Additional Part

Build additionsN

Terrace is jutted out by Green space

4300

CORE

CORE

Roof Garden

The stairs enable well-hole style on the south side of the building. Our plan is to modify the building to well-hole style to capture sunshine. The walls will be changed to curtain-walls, made of glass. The design of the stairs composes its form.

1700 3800

Current volume

7th Floor Ground 7th Floor Removal of unnecessary parts Ground Plan Plan

5700

CORE

2nd, 3rd Floor Top Floor Ground GroundPlan Plan Top Floor Ground Plan

Street Design in Shinbashi, Tokyo 8 CORE

1700

S=1/200

6300

6300

Green Space, A Short Break, After 5 Key Words/// みどり空間、アフターファイブ、小休憩

5000

N

Plan

GL+11350

5700

Green Space

Terrace is jutted out by Green space

6300

5000

studio

21100

w

Tenant space for commercial use

4500

arts

theater and bar (coffee shop at the daytime)

GL+5850

Street Design

Diagram Diagramof of Rennovation Rennovation

Currently the Tokyo electric Substation Facility is next to a parking lot. After the substation is moved, the vacant building will be extended to include the area where the parking lot is. Our plan is to convert the 3000 building for a different use. Current building hardly have apertures, therefore, it is very closed. The building design is not public record, but based on the use of the building, we expect the floor to be made of thick slabs to withstand heavy loads. There are variation of floor height, and there are partially spaces which would be hard to use as a living room. The previous use of the building as an electric substation gives it potentials that other building do not have. We need to make use of its potentials as a prerequisite, Our goal is to maximize this potential. As west Shinbashi develops according to our plan, this building will be a good place for people to relax. Our plot plan is based on an inspection and field survey of the exterior, which gives us the dimensions of the building. Our plan may improve if we are able to see the interior of the building, but for now our plan will suffice. “Healing” It will be a space for healing, if Shinbashi follows our Master Plan.

Design NGuideline GL±0 GL+5850 Plan of Conversion of Tokyo TowerGL+11350 Atago Electric Substation Currently the Tokyo Electric Substation Facility is next to a parking lot. . After the substation is moved, the vacant building will be extended to include the area where the parking lot is. My plan is to convert the building for a different use. The stairs enable well-hole style on the south side of the building. Our plan is to modify the building to well-hole style to capture sunshine. The walls will be changed to curtain-walls, made of glass. The design of the stairs composes its form.

GL±0

The Plan of Conversion of Tokyo Power Atago Electric Substation

Terrace is jutted out by Green space

4500

/200

S=1/200

5000

Shinbashi MacArthur Street (2007)

side of the building. e style to capture sunshine. ade of glass. The design of

Green space

N


Inhabitant as possible after the creation of MacArthur empty building Roof Road. garden The

arden

Coffee shops

Office N

Plan s=1/200

Shinbashi MacArthur Street (2007) 1st Floor Ground Plan

2nd Floor Ground Plan

Office

Housing

Roof garden

entrance

Office

Healing & Green

Office Coffee shops

Housing Commercial

Guest

space

N

entrance 1st Floor Ground Plan

Image of Space Zoning

s soon

Housing

Healing & Green space

ing

ntial spaces.

2nd2nd Floor Ground Plan Plan Floor Ground Housing

The empty building

1st Floor Ground Plan Office

This area is the south side of Macarthur Road. Currently

7th Floor Ground Plan

for parking. It is necessary to improve this area for be

3rd~5th Floor Ground Plan Healing & Green 3rd~5th Ground Plan as possible afterFloor the creation of MacArthur Road. The e Commercial space

systematically vacated by Mitsui Real Estate will have m Keywords//sensible, luxurious time, space with rhythm

Roof garden

Keywords//sensible, luxurious time, space with rhythm

Office

Plan s=1/200

Plan of Drive-in Parking Facilit

Resturants

systematically vacated by Mitsui Real Estate will have many residential spaces.

7th Floor Ground Plan

N

Housing

6th Floor Ground Plan

for parking. It is necessary to improve this area for better use as soon as possible after the creation of MacArthur Road.

Housing

&

Housing

Plan of Drive-in Parking Facility

Office

Roof garden

7th Floor Ground Plan

This area is the south side of Macarthur Road. Currently it is being used

6th Floor Ground Plan

3rd~5th Floor Ground Plan

Visitor

3rd~5th Floor Ground Plan

Office Keywords//sensible, luxurious time, space with rhythm Housing

Floor Ground Plan Street2ndDesign

Office

Housing

Plan ofGuideline Drive-in Parking Facility Design 6th Floor Ground Plan This area is the south side of Macarthur Road. Currently it is being used of Drive-in Parking Facility 7th FloorPlan Ground Plan Roof garden for parking. It is necessary to improve Roof this garden area for better use as soon Housing Inhabitant area is the south side of Macarthur Road. & Green This as possible after the creation of MacArthur Road. The empty building Commercial Plan s=1/200 entrance Currently it is being forwill parking. systematically vacated by Mitsui used Real Estate have many residential spaces. e

ng used

Office

Resturants

Housing Keywords//sensible, luxurious Office time, space with rhythm

Resturants

sing

entrance Housing

&

Housing

systematically vacated by Mitsui Real Estate will have many residential spaces.

&

ing

space

Roof garden

entrance

entrance

Roof garden

Commercial Office

Housing

Green Space

Retail Space

N

Plan s=1/200

containing Green Space

Office 1st Floor Ground PlanPlan 1st Floor Ground

Office

Office

Plan of Drive-in Parking Facility

Image of Space Zoning

This area is the south side of Macarthur Road. Currently it is being used

6th Ground PlanPlan 6thFloor Floor Ground

for parking. It is necessary to improve this area for better use as soon Imageasofpossible Space Zoning after the creation of MacArthur Road. The empty building

Information Center

Office

Housing

7thFloor Ground PlanPlan 7th Floor Ground

Healing & Green

Housing

Image of Space Zoning

space

Commercial

systematically vacated by Mitsui Real Estate will have many residential spaces. N

Green Space

Plan s=1/200

1st Floor Ground Plan Retail Space

2nd Floor Ground Plan 3rd~5th Floor time, Ground Planwith rhythm 6th Floor Ground Plan Keywords//sensible, luxurious space Office

containing Green Space

Office

7th Floor Ground Plan

Relay Point

Office Office The block is east side of Nanou Park. We plan to demolish the two west office Green Space

Green SpaceOffice

Retail Space

Retail Space

Relay Point containing Gree containing Green Space a single building in its place, The new building will be conbined with New West Information Center The block is east side of Nanou Park. The two Shinbashi building to make enough space for office. The first floor will have an Information Center west office buildings, the Waida building and information the Information Center center and a green space. The information center will be where people 2nd Floor Ground Plan 3rd~5th Floor Ground Plan 6th Floor Ground Plan 7th Floor Ground Plan Uchida building, willOffice be demolished to the east Office Plan s=1/200 can of learn about all of the local services: 2nd restaurants, the park, the residential 6th Floor Ground Plan 7th Floor Ground Plan 1st Floor Ground Plan Floor Ground 3rd~5th Relay Point 2nd Floor GroundPlan Plan 3rd~5thFloor FloorGround Ground Plan Plan 6th Floor Ground Plan 7th Floor Ground Plan 2nd Floor Ground Office Nano Park and a single building will be constructPlan s=1/200 area, etc. this will increase the activity The second floor will be for 1st Floor Ground Plan 1st Floor Floor Ground Plan 1st Ground Plan The block is east side of Nanou Park. WePlan plans=1/200 to demolish the two west officein the area. Relay Relay Point Image of Space Zoning Office Office The block i ed inFloor its place. The new building will combined The block east side of Nanou Park. use, and will contain spaces, which will is give calmness. Floors 3-9We plan to demolish the two west office buildings, Waidabe building andcommercial Uchida building, to the east of Nanogreen Park and construct 7th Ground Plan buildings, buildings, Waida building and Uchida building, to the east of Nano Park and construct a single building to in its place, new building will which be conbined with aNewlot West willThecontain offices, will have of space for maximum comfort. with the New West Shinbashi building make Current Volume with New West a single building in its place, The new building will be conbined a single bu 8th Floor Ground Plan 9th Floor Ground Plan Key Words/// space forみどり空間、インフォメーション、行動の拡幅 office. TheInformation, first floorincrease will have Green Space, of an activity enough space for an office. Shinbashi building to make enough Shinbashi building to make enough space for office. The first floor will have an Shinbashi b Vertical line Office buildings, Waida building and Uchida building, to the east of Nano Park and construct

Office

N

N

N

d Plan

e

construct

est

information center and a green space. The information center will be where people

Office

Office

3rd~5th Floor Ground Plan

e an

information center and

a green space. The information center will be where people

information

flow can learn about all of the local services: restaurants, residential can learn about all of the local services: restaurants, theofpark, Office the park, the Office Office the residential Green Space Retail Space area, etc. 7th thisFloor will Ground increasePlan the activity in the area. The second floor will be forarea, etc. this will increase the activity 6th Floor Ground Plan in the area. The second floor will be for Office Office

Office Office

area, etc.

GreenandSpace commercial use, will contain green spaces, which will give calmness. Floors 3-9 commercial use, and will contain green spaces, which will give calmness. Floors 3-9containing

commercial

Office

people

can learn a

will contain offices, which will have a lot of space for maximum comfort. will contai of Nanou Park. We plan to demolish the two west office will contain offices, which will have a lot of space for maximum comfort. Commercail Current Volume 8th Floor Ground Plan 9th Floor Ground Plan Volume Information, increase of activity 8th Floor Ground Ground Plan9th 9th Floor Ground Plan Key Words/// Green Space, 8th Floor Floor Ground Key Words///Current みどり空間、インフォメーション、行動の拡幅 8th Floor Ground Plan 9th Floor Ground Plan Key Words/// みどり空間、インフォメーション、行動の拡幅 ntial Green Space, Information, increase of activity Space ing and Uchida building, to the east of Nano Park and construct Vertical line Plan Plan Information Center Vertical line ltsbeplace, for The new building will be conbined with New West of flow of flow

ors make 3-9 enough space for office. The first floor will have an a green space. The information center will be where people Current Volume

Vertical line of flow

the local services: restaurants, the park, the residential

2nd Floor Ground Plan

N

Plan s=1/200

Information Center

Green Space

1st Floor Ground Plan Commercail Space

Office

ncrease the activity in the Vertical area. Theline second floor will be for

6th Floor Ground Plan Green Space

7th Floor Ground Plan

Office

Center The block is east side of Nanou Park. We plan to demolish the two west office Commercail

Commercail Space

Street Design in Shinbashi, Tokyo 9

of flow

, Information, increase of activity 、インフォメーション、行動の拡幅

3rd~5th Floor Ground Plan Information

buildings, Waida building and Uchida building, to the east of Nano Park and construct Space

ll contain green spaces, which will give calmness. Floors 3-9

which will have a lot of space for maximum comfort.

Relay Point Office

a single building in its place, The new building will be conbined with New West

Information

Current Volume

Vertical line of flow

Information Center

Space to make enough Commercail Office ShinbashiGreen building spaceSpace for office. The first floor will have Centeran

Vertical line of flow

Green Space Information Center


HUD Consolidated Plan Neighborhood Revitalization Area (2013)

Concentrated Disadvantage

NRSA Boundary

The following projects were completed for Urban Development Department. •

http://lincoln.ne.gov/city/urban/reports/pdf/Lincoln_2013_2017_ Attachments.pdf http://lincoln.ne.gov/city/urban/reports/pdf/2013-17StrategicPlanfinalWeb.pdf

Differential Association Idea and Focus How can this theory be used to determine where an efficient use of limited resources should be expended? In other works, where should we focus our attention? Differential Association Differential Association is a learning theory that focuses on the processes by which individuals come to commit criminal acts. CB is learned in interaction with other persons in a process of communication within groups. When CB, criminal behvior is learned, it includes techniques/ trade, specific direction of motives, drives, rationalization & attitudes. The specific direction is learned from definitions of legal codes (favorable/unfavorable). A person becomes delinquent/deviant because of an excess of negatives definitions. Differential associations may vary in: • Frequency • Duration • Priority • Intensity The process of learning CB by association with criminal & anti-criminal behavior involves all the mechanisms involved with other learning. While CB is an expression of general

The map shows the concentrated Disadvantage. These indicators on the table were inputted into the map, and the value was reclassified from 1 to 10.

Consolidated Plan in Lincoln, NE

10


HUD Consolidated Plan Negative Externalities (Crime) Neighborhood Revitalization Area (2013) needs/values, it is not explained by those needs and values since non-criminal behavior is an expression of the same needs and values.

NRSA Boundary Positive Externalities (Social Capital)

Three phases Disorder = Crime (the Lincoln Chief of Police created this subset) • Neighborhood Crime Order = Social Capital (Literature Review) • Neighborhood watch members • Neighborhood watch coordinators • Public/private institutions • Trained community leaders • Neighborhood Association leaders A Beginning indicator • Concentrated Disadvantage These two maps are created with the processes below: 1. The GIS system created an area for each point from the duration/distance value. This is [Value A] 2. All the point values within this area are aggregated according to its impact. This results in [Value B] 3. Next a raster version of the frequency (counts of crime per census block) is added to [Value B], thereby creating [Value C] 4. [Value C] is multiple by the value from a resampled density map creating [Value D] 5. [Value E] is multiplied by the Concentrated Disadvantage value, and reclassified creating [Value F]

Value A

Intensity, 5 Impact, 3 (1500 Ft)

Consolidated Plan in Lincoln, NE

11


HUD Consolidated Plan Neighborhood Revitalization Area (2013)

NRSA Boundary These three maps were combined and reclassified to see community values

Risk Terrian Modeling: Community Value Assesment (CVA) NRSA 2010

CVA

Very Good

Good

Neutral

Poor

Challenged

DRAFT

Consolidated Plan in Lincoln, NE

[ 12


Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013) Master thesis: http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/arch_crp_theses/27/

History of Alleys

Alleys Criteria of Project type Frequency oncase studies • Hypothesis (What will be the most influen-

Research methodology • • • • •

tial on the alley strategies) Types and Criteria (Frequency on case studies and literature review) Case Study (collected by Online, Articles, Reports, Journals, and Books) Analysis (Table and Sheets): Target of analysis will be more than 6 cases on each hypothesis Analysis Results What is the most influential hypothesis on each type and criterion Create the alley revitalization type Define Successful Alley (Case study and literature review) Revitalization of Alleys in Lincoln (3 alternatives)

Problem facing Alleys • Awareness of the potential for revitalization • of alleys • • Financial Costs • Crime • • Land Use • Maintenance Case Study • Water treatment There are 51 cases total. One of the assets on this paper is case studies. There are certain number of examples. Project Green Alley Program in Los Angeles South Los Angeles Green Alley Master Plan Green Alley Program Activating Alleys for a Lively City Baltimore’s Alley Gating and Greening Program Blue Alleys n/a Community Revitalization Green Alleys competition Alley Network Project Detroit's First Green Alley Demonstration Project Atherton Square Revitalization Eaca Pedestrian Alley (Cosmo Pedestrian Alley) Alexander Leidesdorff Hollywood Alley Retrofit Project The unpaved alley maintenance program Sniffen Court 20 Ft Wide Laneways Business Development Program Laneway Revitalization In Between Two Worlds/Laneway Revitalization Forgotten Songs Vibrant Laneways Program Greening Melborne's Laneways Melbourne Revitlized Laneways AC/DC Lane Ruelle Vertes/Green Alleys Laneway Housing Community Design Project Umbrella Sky Project the planned alley (Shiturae no roji) the planned alley (Shiturae no roji) Golden Gui I kai alley (I kai Roji) Fish Market Kamakura Roji Festival

Alley Avalon Green Alley Network Luzerne-Glover alley Nord Alley Nord Alley Cass Farms Green Alley McNeel Alley EaCa Alley Belden Place Jack Kerouac Alley Alexander Leidesdorff alley Hotaling Alley Pirate’s Alley Post Alley Nestled in prosperous Murray Hill Commercial Alley Residential Alley Angel Place Kimber Lane Hutton Lane Eagle Lane Burnett Lane ACDC Lane (AC/DC Lane) (formerly Corporation Lane) O’Keefe laneway Pontocho Nishi Hanami koji Kakurenbo Yokocho I kai Roji Nishiki Market

• • • • •

Green Infrastructure Retails Art Events Maintenance

Case Study Analysis Result Frequency on case studies and literature review • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Paving Lighting Canopies Opening Façade Identity Furniture Bollard Water runoff On-site water treatment Steps Colors Setback Building Height Lines Trash removal/enclosure Trees or Plants Banning motor vehicles Cultural Involvement Vendor Recycling Gathering places or centers Network for pedestrians and bicyclists Noise control Recycled materials

Analysis sheets for these criteria Green Infrastructure (Project) Total

Yes Temporary No

56%

Yes Temporary No

36 cases Arts and Cultural/Histrical

District Residential District

Commercial District

21%

27% 73% 11 cases

79% 14 cases

Year 2010~

30%

70%

10 cases

Mixed Use District

100% 2 cases

39%

55% 45% 20 cases

67% 3 cases

1990~1999

~1989

100%

100%

10 cases

1 cases

6 cases

Australia

Japan

75% 8 cases

Few

Single

25%

33% 75%

4 cases

40%

60%

36 cases

District Residential District

45% 55% 11 cases

Arts and Cultural/Histrical Commercial District

36%

64%

14 cases

Mixed Use District

50% 50% 2 cases

Year 2010~

33% 67% 10 cases

2000~2009

1990~1999

30% 70%

67% 12 cases

District

100% 3 cases ~1989

50% 50%

100%

10 cases

1 cases

Australia

Japan

6 cases

Country The U.S.

18% 100% 6 cases

Size of Projects (Multiple, Few, Single) Multiple

33%

2000~2009

25% 61%

18 cases

District

50% 50%

Country The U.S.

Total

Paving (Project)

44%

82% 18 cases

50% 50% 8 cases

33% 67% 6 cases

Size of Projects (Multiple, Few, Single) Multiple

Few

45% 55%

50% 50%

20 cases

4 cases

Single

27% 73% 12 cases

Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE

13


Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013) Alley Project Type 8 types • Residential District • Commercial District • Art, Cultural/Historical District • Mixed Use District • Multiple Alleys • Parking Alley • Temporary Idea • Originally Arranged Alley Residential districts are more likely to care about residents’ quality of life there, relating to such aspects as sense community and neighbors, and retail would focus on attracting people so the district is less exclusive. The art or cultural/historical district has more limits on variety of activities and may want to include art or events. It is important to consider what is there. Mixed use district have less of a clear focus and it may have both a retail focus or a green infrastructure focus. Sometimes, the mixed use district might only focus on green infrastructure. There are some other types of alley projects that cannot be identified by districts. The Multiple Alleys type cannot be distinguish by a single type of district due to its being on such a wide scale. The Multiple Alleys type sometimes focuses on paving with green infrastructure, and sometimes focuses on events or art. The Temporary Idea Alleys Type was separated from the Multiple Alleys Type but it is likely to focus on wide scale, but it is of a temporary nature. It is more similar to experimental strategies, so art and events are likely to be chosen. Originally arranged, historic alleys are found in Japan and some European countries. They are already used for some certain purpose, so the focus will be on maintaining the alley use.

Residential District

Multiple Alleys

Art, Cultural/Historical District

Alleys Commercial District

Mixed Use District

Temporary Idea

Originally Arranged Alley

Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE

14


Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013) Potential Benefits There are several potential benefits for revitalization of alleys. The alley characteristics give more unique potential to alleys. • Walkability • Accessibility • Economic development • More beautiful cities • Reduction of crime rate • Additional Store Frontages • Places for Children, Elderly, and Community • Events and Cultural Activities • Protection of Sun, Rain, and Snow • Escape from City • Sustainability • Unique Experience Successful Alleys • Involve communities • Consider characteristics of alleys such as human Scale and less access of automobiles • Try to achieve some of urban design purposes such as economic development, international, development, environmental sustainability, and fecund urban environment • Decide purposes and goals • Must not over design • Make the place unique with history of utilization • Make it stimulus to other goals and other projects

Field Study

Buildings in Downtown • • • Building Materials • Building Height • Alleys in Downtown • Existence of Business • • Existence of Parking • • Steepness of Slope • Existence of Graphics • • Existence of Drains • • Existence of Canopies • • Existence of Furniture •

Building Height

Alleys Paving Condition

Existence of Plant Life Number of Garage Doors Number of Doors Existence of Trash Containers Number of Utility Pole Number of Lights Number of Windows Alley Paving Materials Alley Paving Condition

Number of Window

Alley Project in Lincoln Maps are created to analyze the area. Field Study Another asset of this paper is the field study. It shows existing conditions for each alley.

Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE

15


Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013) l pita g Ca Gr e

enin

1

Alley Project in Lincoln Comprehensive Analysis of Downtown Lincoln There are two alleys having certain quality in downtown. Many projects focus on connecting Antelope Valley and Haymarket since there is huge projects are going on. Proposal Area The proposal area is between 14th Street and Centennial Mall, and O and P Streets, behind Duffy’s. These pictures show the existing conditions of the proposal area.

Alleys Walkscore Map

3

Residential District

School

5

Commercial District Centtenial Mall

N Street project

Antelope Valley Envision P Street

Proposal Alley

Hay Market

Main Street 2

Walkscore 84 4

To Highway

73 71

1

Capitol Building

2

Barrymore alley

Commercial Alley (future plan)

3

70 70 68 67 64 62

• • • • • • • • • • •

4

Block 38 (future plan)

An alley with furnoture and canopies

5

59

51 51 51

• • •

Building Uses in the Adjacent Eight Blocks and Proposal Area Parcel Owners in the Eight Adjacent Block and Proposal Area Street and Site View at the Edges of Each Block Entrance View of Each Alley in the Eight Adjacent Block and Proposal Area

Downtown South Salt Creek

Hartley Woods Park

Near South

West A

40th & A

Taylor Park Maple Village/Wedgewood

Eastridge

Everett

Antelope Park Country Club South 48th Street Indian Village Greater South Salt Valley View

Colonial Hills Southern Hills

Family Acres

48 47

Porter Ridge

47 43

2 and 5 are relatively better existing alleys in downton Lincoln. Barrymore’s

has had a project for revitalization

and there are an openning facade, many lights,and repavement, and drainages for the revitalization.5 has funiture and canopies. There are low valume music plated for 24 hours. These has made a good atmosphere at the alley to relax.

C

C

40 39 39 35 34

Proposal Area Analysis

33 33 29

M

28 25

C

R C

M

1

(Revitalized

Project around Downtown Area

Pedestrian way in

Barrymore's

P

2

Alley)

the future

F

3

C

S

C

C

Main Street

M R P C S F

Adjacent Eight Blocks and Proposal Area •

Capitol Beach

57

53

Sunset Acres

University Place Clinton East Campus Meabowlane Malone

North Bottoms

58 56

Demographics Walkscore Hot Spot of Crime in Lincoln Projects around Downtown Area Grid Pattern Borders of Downtown Lincoln Zoning/Land Use Traffic Volume Mean of Transportation Crime Building Use Building Condition Width of Alley Open Spaces in Downtown Lincoln

Tri-Court

61

Maps for analyze the area Lincoln

Downtown

Landons Belmont

62

Concrete

Bicentennial Estates

Arnold Heights

62

53

• • •

Highlands

62

Bricks

1

Museum Residential Parking Commercial Studio Federal Building

1 Small enclosed Open Space 2 Alley 3 Open Space

A closed area (invisible) by M+R+C

Few pedestrians Many pedestrians 2

2~3 stories buildings

Connection between 1 and 2 and 14th and 15th 1~3 stories buildings

very narrow alleys to access the open space Darker by shadows Some noise at evening (behind zoo bar)

3

A Visible open space Behind bars (Duffy’s) Enclosed by studio buildings Highly get sunshine

Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE

16


Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013)

Entrance of the Alley (From 14th Street)

Entrance of the Smaller Open Space (From Alley)

S St R St Q St P St O St N St M St L St K St J St H St G St 23rd St

21st St

22nd St

20th St

19th St

18th St

17th St

15th St

16th St

14th St

13th St

12th St

11th St

9th St

10th St

8th St

Proposal • It is important to attract a diversity of people into the alley since it is a public space. • The alley works as a connection between areas, people, and activities. • Since it is an initiative alley revitalization project, it needs to show the potential of alleys. • It restricts vehicle accesses for a pedestrian-friendly space and enhanced community, and also to create less damage to the alley. • The project considers the connection to the west side due to there is the Barrymore’s alley at the west adjacent block and the west adjacent street located beween the block and the proposal block. The west adjacent alley (no alley at east adjacent block) is much more lively with more pedestrians and vehicles than the east adjacent alley. • The project prepares several alternatives due to the need to seek various possibilities for the space and the need to ensure that communities there are involved. Key Elements Invitation - signs and lights, view from • the entrance, decoration, rain shelter, trash removal/enclosure, pavement and an interesting facade, store frontages, and sittable space. Protection - restricted vehicle access, • traffic, space restrictions. Delight - scale, North-South orienta• tion.

Alleys

Proposal Area and Existing Condition

F St

East side of Alley

Entrance of the Smaller Open Space (From P Street)

Entrance of the Alley (From Centennial Mall)

Bigger Open Space Smaller Open Space

Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE

17


Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013)

Alleys

Time Schedule 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00

Location • Around the area is a concentrated number of food services and bars. • Near University of Nebraska-Lincoln, more food services such as grocery stores are needed. • There are many projects going on around the area. Demographics • There is fast population growth in Lancaster County. • Asians in the area live mostly around the downtown. • The highest Asian population in Lancaster County is between the ages of 20 and 29, made up of students and young professionals. Type of Alley Revitalization Strategies • The commercial district is likely to adopt the retail type of alley revitalization strategy. Retails • One of the issues here is how public space could contribute to private business. • The solution should be beneficial to both enterprises and the city. • The price of rent of the public space for enterprises will be decided based on the distance from the façade.

Vendors

The Smaller Open space

Kids events Delivery + Trash

2

Breakfast +

The Alley

Break coffee

Lunch

Dinner

Work Meeting

Night life

From the table

Delivery +

1 Small enclosed Open Space

Trash

2 Alley

3

Breakfast +

The Bigger

Break coffee

Dinner

Lunch

Open space Daytime events

Paving Lighting Canopies Opening Facade Identity (Name,Signs,Gate) Furniture Bollard Water runoff

3 Open Space

Dancing +

Water treatment Trash removal/enclosure Trees or Plants(Mainly flowerpot) Banning motor vehicles (Most part) Vendor Gathering places or centers Network for pedestrians and bicyclists

Night events

Delivery + Trash

Relaxiation

Vendors

Area

tables and chars

Commercial

Public Space Fees

Area

A sign(Visible from P street) A sign(Visible from the alley) Venders and stting Places(temporary tables and chairs)

1

Trash enclosure Small retails

Vehicle access

2 3

Lively

Out dining

Area

tables and chars

Parking(Concrete paving)

Canopies and small tables(Asian style) New Paving(water runoff. )

A huge sign(recognizable by many people)

Decorations(Asian style) Tables and Chairs(Asian style)

Bollards(limit access of cars) Restricted Motor Vehicle Access

Decorations

Signs

Nord Alley Seattle

Paris 14th

Nord Alley Seattle

Masters & Pelavin, NY Apeldoorn, The Netherlands

and O Streets

Facade 14th and O Streets

Facade

Alternative 1 (Asian Block) Economic Development and Community Enhancement Location

5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:00 10:00 11:00

1

Facade

Alley

Doors(Visible from 14th Street) Table near the door(Recognizable of what’s there)

Centtenial Mall

Entrance

Venice, Italy

Facade

Low

P Streets

14th and O Streets

High

Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE

18


Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013) Smaller Space

Alleys

Cross Section

Yatai (Vendors) Area Yatai (Vendor) Activies

DN

UP

Space for lines and stand chatting

Ground Plan

Alley Retail Alley A huge Sign (a gate)

Retails at the alley

Sittable area

Canopies and Parasols

DN

Movable Bollards (movable for an emergency)

UP

Vehicles access Delivery and Trashes

7

Bigger Space UP

Events and outdining Lively Space Opening Facade (Visible retails from 14th Street) Benches against the wall under shadow Cultural Events at the center

UP

Relaxation isolated area with green

Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE

19


Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013)

Alleys Alley Alley

The bigger open spaces will be outdoor dining space and an event space. The smaller spaces provide spaces for talking, relaxing, and eating. There will be a few group-size tables with chairs and these will be surrounded by vendors. These two types of spaces will function as lively social space.

Alley

Smaller Open Space

Bigger Open Space

Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE

20


Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013)

5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00

Alternative 2 (Lincoln Alley) Economic Development and Community Enhancement Location

Alleys

Time Schedule

Time Schedule

5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:00 10:00 11:00

1

Night life

The Smaller Open space

Art events + Art exhibition Delivery + Trash

2

Night life

The Alley Art exhibition Delivery +

From the table

Trash

3 The Bigger

Night events

1 Small enclosed Open Space 2 Alley 3 Open Space

Open space Art events

Public Art in Downtown 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st 22nd 23rd 24th 9

R

1

9

3

Q P

6 2

9 6

6

5 7 8

Exhibition

Area

canopies and chairs

Decoration

Art

Area

Pictures

Unique Pictures Trash enclosure

Vehicle access

2

Lively

Events and Concerts

Area

a fence and stages

7

5

5

A sign(Visible from the alley)

1

3

13

4

Water runoff Water treatment Trash removal/enclosure Banning motor vehicles (Most part) Gathering places or centers Network for pedestrians and bicyclists

Unique arts (tables and canopies)

Relaxiation

8

10

Paving Lighting Canopies Identity (Name,Signs,Gate) Furniture Bollard

Parking(Concrete paving) New Paving (water treatment) Events and concerts (stages)

4

4 8

Studio (2F) 7

N

L

4 6

8

3 7

O

M

12 2

11

1

2 1

A sign(visible from 14th street)

3

9

Signs

5

10

Decorations(Art)

Bollards(limit access of cars)

Restricted Motor Vehicle Access

Decorations

3

11

1

12

K

Nord Alley Seattle 14th

13

J

and O Streets

1

H

An event at the open space adjacent to the alley

Dancing +

Work Meeting

Art Zone

Location • There is an art studio in the area. • The proposal area contains the Nebraska History museum, in the block itself, and the Children’s museum, in the adjacent block. Art Activity in Lincoln • Lincoln has put effort into activating art in the downtown area, including initiatives such as art council activities, downtown association activities, and the concentration of public art. Type of Alley Revitalization Strategies • Commercial districts sometimes collaborate with the Art type of alley revitalization strategy in order to attract pedestrians.

Paris

Nord Alley Seattle

Masters & Pelavin, NY Apeldoorn, The Netherlands

14

2

G F

15

Alley

P Streets

14th and O Streets

Public Art

Art Galleries

1

A Bicyle Built for Tunes

2

Turn Notebook

3

On the Trail of Discovery

1 5Z’s Star City Bead Shop Gallery 9 Kornbluh Design Prairie Mile Tileworks

4

Crusin

5

Good Morning Sun, Good Night Moon

6

Acklie Fountain

7 8

Mosiaicycle 12th St. Art Zone Skywalk

9

Color Wheel

2 Alan R. Smith-Photography Albert & Karyn Maxey Anne Goddard Bobby Sward-Art Studio Bonnie Sittig Burkholder Art Studio & Galleries Connie Backus Yoder Ed Millican Elizabeth Rieke

Performing Arts 2 Arts Incorporated Lincoln Midwest Ballet Co. 3 The Bourbon Theatre 4 Rococo Theatre 5 Marcus Lincoln Grand Cinema 6 TADA Theatre 7 Meadowlark Music Festival 8 The Haymarket Theatre

10 As One

3 Larry Roots Studio

9 The Delray Ballroom

11 Cycle/Lution

4 Lentz Center for Asian Culture

10 Douglas Theatre Co

12 Placemark 71

5 Live Yes Studios

11 Lied Center for Performing Arts

13 The Rail Joiner

6 Michael Forsberg Gallery

14 On the Trail of Evolution

7 Noyes Art Gallery

15 Baroque Cherub

8 Parrish Studios

12 Nebraska Repertory Theatre Johnny Carson School of Theatre and Film Temple/Howell Theatre Theatrix 13 Mary Riepma Ross Media Arts Center

Museums

9 Pleasant View Art

1

Nebraska State Capitol

2

Thomas P Kennard House

3

Frank H Woods Telephone Museum

4

Nebraska History Museum

5

Lincoln Children's Museum

6

Great Plains Art Museum

7

Lincoln Fire & Rescue Museum

8

Nebraska State Historical Society

9

Sheldon Museum of Art

Centtenial Mall

1 Nebraska Jazz Orchestra

Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE

21


Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013) Smaller Space

Alleys

Cross Section

Exhibition Relaxiation Area DN

Sittable Sculptures

UP

Collaboration of movable mirrors and movable lights

Ground Plan

Alley

DN

Art Alley Collaboration of movable mirrors and movable lights Permeable Paving

Arts

Movable Bollards (movable for an emergency)

UP

Vehicles access Delivery and Trashes

7

Bigger Space Events, concerts, and experimental art Lively Performance Space

UP

Lincoln Sculpture Stage at evening Sittable steps in the daytime Collaboration of movable mirrors and movable lights

UP

Lighting on the fence Extension of the balcony (look down the open space and make stronger connection to the studio)

Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE

22


Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013)

Alleys

There will be many events in the bigger open space, and the stage will function as sittable space when there is no event going on. The alley will be decorated with art. The smaller spaces provide for unique or experimental art. Collaborations of mirrors and lighting will provide interesting visual reflection effects. Lighting will also enhance safety. Since there will be many pieces of art on the block, the light will also work as a highlight of the art. The lighting itself could be art as illumination. Mirrors would help these effects of light. If there are mirrors at eye level, it will help to widen sights, and also enhance safety. Mirrors also work when pedestrians would like to check their appearance. If the lights and mirrors are movable, it will cast its lighting at many angles and in many places. Therefore, there will be some collaborations of of mirrors and lighting in smaller open spaces, the alley, and the bigger open spaces. Alley Smaller Open Space

Bigger Open Space

Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE

23


Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013)

Time Schedule

Time Schedule

5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00

Alternative 3 (Green River) Community Enhancement and Sustainability

Alleys

5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:00 10:00 11:00

1 The Smaller Open space

Kids events

People gathering

Delivery +

Case Study: Trend and feasibility • Green Infrastructure is the most common type of alley revitalization among the newer projects completed after 2010, especially in the U.S. • Green Infrastructure has a wide range of feasibility. Type of Alley Revitalization Strategies • Green Infrastructure is less likely to occur in a specific type of district. • Even commercial districts sometimes adopt this alley strategy if the alley is going to be repaved.

Trash

2 The Alley People gathering Delivery +

From the table

Trash

1 Small enclosed Open Space

3 Night life

The Bigger

2 Alley 3 Open Space

Open space Events

Paving Lighting Identity (Name,Signs,Gate) Furniture Bollard Water runoff

Water treatment Trash removal/enclosure Trees or Plants(Mainly flowerpot) Banning motor vehicles (Most part) Gathering places or centers Network for pedestrians and bicyclists

A sign(Visible from P street) Kids

Kids play ground

Area

play ground equiment

A sign(Visible from the alley)

1

Trash enclosure Both Area

Green Alley

Vehicle access

2 3

Adult

Green garden

Area

tables and chars

Parking(Concrete paving)

New Paving (water treatment and bioswales) Temporary Bollards(limit access of cars)

Restricted Motor Vehicle Access A sign(visible from 14th street) Signs

Nord Alley Seattle

A green river connects three places: the smaller open space, the alley, and the bigger open spaces. Since the activities are separated by their purpose, the kids are likely to want to stay in smaller open spaces and adults may want to stay in the bigger open spaces. This river represents connections: connection among people in different areas, connection between the alley and two open spaces, and connection to nature. The image of the green river is that of falling water, trees, the sound of splashing, and flower beds. The area has permeable pavement and grass, and connects the three places which are the bigger open space, the alley, and the smaller open space. This alternative provides many sittable areas.

Masters & Pelavin, NY 14th

and O Streets

Alley

P Streets

Apeldoorn, The Netherlands

Centtenial Mall

Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE

24


Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013) Smaller Space

Alleys

Cross Section

Kids Play Ground Area Sittable Sculptures

DN

UP

Green River

Benches

Ground Plan

Alley Green Alley

Bioswales

Permeable Paving

Green River

DN

Movable Bollards (movable for an emergency)

UP

Vehicles access Delivery and Trashes

7

Bigger Space UP

Sittable relaxation Space Green River Benches Water Drop (Enhance the centrality by a big tree to avoid people eye) Sunshine filtering through trees UP

Bioswales Movable rundom chairs

Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE

25


Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013)

Alleys

There will be many movable chairs, which gives people choices. Three big trees will add privacy for visitors. The alley will be paved by permeable materials. The smaller space will be a playground for kids. There will also be bioswales.

Alley

Smaller Open Space

Bigger Open Space

Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE

26


Urban design and development portfolio shusei kakimoto