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Rights Education Not-for-Profit Human Resource Development Compulsory Enrolment Free

Assessing the Implementation of the Right to Education in West Bengal A Survey of Schools in Kidderpore and Mominpur Neighbourhoods in Metropolitan Kolkata

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan Institute of A S S E S S I N GScience THE I MPLEMENTATION OF Management THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

Master of Business Administration Human Resource Management 2012-2014 SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

1


Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world. Nelson Mandela

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

2


SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY Reaping the Demographic Dividend in India India stands at a historical juncture, witnessing a remarkable demographic transition. Universalisation of elementary education is critical for reaping the dividends of this young population. POPULATION PYRAMID - INDIA

 India is relatively young compared to other countries with 49% of India’s population below 25 years of age, and 66% below 35 years of age.

100+ 95-99 90-94 85-89 80-84 75-79 70-74 65-69 60-64 55-59 50-54 45-49 40-44 35-39 30-34 25-29 20-24 15-19 10-14 5-9 0-4

 India's labour force, which was 472 million in 2006 and around 526 million in 2011, will reach 653 million in 2031.

Female

 According to the Indian Labour Report, 300 million youth would enter the labour force by 2025.

Male

CHINA

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

USA

JAPAN

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

3


PROJECT OBJECTIVE Formulation of the Broad Objective The Indian Formulating the Research Process

PEOPLE

community at large, including children, teachers, parents and the policymakers

PROBLEM

The status of implementation of the provisions of the Right to Education Act and challenges faced at the grassroot levels

Literature Review Review the literature selected

Develop a theoretical framework Write the literature review

The Formulation of Broad Objective

 The history of Universalisation of Elementary Education in India and issues around it  The provisions of the Right to Education Act and its analysis  Implementation of Right to Education and major challenges

“To assess the implementation of the Right to Education in West Bengal at the state level and at the grassroots level”

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

4


ORGANISATION PROFILE ActionAid India ActionAid is an international anti-poverty nongovernmental organization founded in 1972 whose primary aim is to fight poverty worldwide. Today, it helps over 13 million impoverished and disadvantaged people, in 42 countries worldwide. ActionAid works with local partners to fight poverty and injustice.

Why Internship in an NGO?  Human Resource Departments in several firms today also look after their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) initiatives.

ActionAid’s vision is “a world without poverty and injustice in which every person enjoys their right to a life with dignity.”

 The new Companies Bill puts greater emphasis on CSR, which is slated to emerge as an important support function within organisations besides HR, Finance and Administration.

Together with the people, the organisation works towards enabling people to attain rights to food and livelihood, shelter, education and healthcare.

 Working in the field of education helped me understand how Human Resource development takes place at a macro-level.

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

5


PROJECT METHODOLOGY Preparing the Research Design Preparing the Research Design Assessing the Implementation of The Right to Education

Secondary Research At the State Level

Primary Field Research At the Grassroots Level

Objectives of the Research Study

Assessing the status of schools in West Bengal with respect to selected Right to Education indicators

Assessing the status of schools in Kidderpore and Mominpur neighbourhoods in Metroplitan Kolkata with respect to selected Right to Education indicators

Methods of Research and Data Collection Utilised

Library Research (Secondary)  Analysis of Historical Records  Analysis of Secondary Research

Sample Design & Tools for Data Collection

Reports by Governmental and Non-Governmental Organisations

Field Research (Primary)  Direct Structured Survey  Participant Observation During Survey  Personal Interviews Judgment Sampling (Non-Probabilistic) Structured Survey Questionnaire

Data Analysis ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

Data Entry and analysis using Excel SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

6


DEFINITION The Right of Children to Free and Complusory Education, 2009 ‘Free education’ means that no child, other than a child who has been admitted by his or her parents to a private school, shall be liable to pay any kind of fee or charges or expenses which may prevent him or her from pursuing and completing elementary education.

‘Right to Education’ means provision of free and compulsory education to all children in the age group of six to fourteen years as a Fundamental Right. ‘Compulsory education’ casts an obligation on the appropriate Government and local authorities to provide and ensure admission, attendance and completion of elementary education by all children in the 6-14 age group.

Extent and Application  Extends to the whole of India, except the state of Jammu and Kashmir.  Applicable to all Government schools and private schools, except Madrassas, Vedic Pathshalas, Minority aided schools and educational institutions primarily imparting religious instructions.  Extends to all children (in the age group six to fourteen years), irrespective of gender, religion, class, caste and includes those with physical and other disabilities. ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

7


MAJOR PROVISIONS The Right of Children to Free and Complusory Education, 2009

Free Elementary Education

Enabling Admission to Schools

Provisions and Norms for a School

• Free education to all children of the age 6-14 years in a neighbourhood school, established by state Governments • 25% reservation for disadvantaged children in private unaided and minority schools

• No child or parent can be subject to tests, interviews or any screening procedure, or denied admission due to lack of age-proof • No child can be required to pay capitation fees or donation during admission

• Required minimum number of teachers, minimum working days and teaching hours etc. to be in place in every school • Schools to be housed in all-weather buildings with sanitation facilities, access to drinking water, playground, library etc.

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

8


ADMINISTRATION – IMPLEMENTING AGENCIES The Right of Children to Free and Complusory Education, 2009

Role of the Central Government

Role of the State Government

Role of NCPCR and SCPCR

• To fund the implementation of the Act jointly with the State Governments.

• Main responsibility of implementation and monitoring • To prescribe rules and issue notifications to implement the Act

• To safeguard the rights of children under the Act, monitor its implementation in all schools and inquire into complaints

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

Role of School Management Committees • To monitor the working of the school and utilisation of all grants • To prepare and recommend the School Development Plan SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

9


RESEARCH STUDY I Assessing the Status of Schools in West Bengal with Respect to Selected Right to Education Indicators (Secondary Research)

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

10


RESEARCH STUDY I – SAMPLE UNIVERSE Assessing the Status of Schools in West Bengal with Respect to Selected Right to Education Indicators (Secondary Research)  The Research Study is based on Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2012, which is an enormous annual household survey facilitated by Pratham, a not-for-profit organisation working extensively in the field of education.  ASER 2012 reached 567 districts, 16,166 villages, 331,881 households and 596,846 children. Number of Schools Surveyed in Each State State No State Uttar Pradesh 1,888 Andhra Pradesh Madhya Pradesh 1,211 Tamil Nadu Bihar 1,057 Punjab Rajasthan 877 Haryana Maharashtra 823 Assam Odisha 809 Jharkhand Karnataka 756 Chhattisgarh Gujarat 692 West Bengal Jammu & Kashmir ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

Type of School Surveyed Primary Std I-IV/V Upper Primary Std I-VII/VIII Total Schools

No 649 630 525 513 492 438 430 408 387

State Kerala Uttarakhand Nagaland Himachal Pradesh Mizoram Manipur Arunachal Pradesh Meghalaya Tripura

8,718 5,873 14,591

No 347 287 272 239 192 185 139 129 102

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

11


RESEARCH STUDY I – OBSERVATIONS Assessing the Status of Schools in West Bengal with Respect to Selected Right to Education Indicators (Secondary Research) Pupil Teacher Ratio 100 90 80 70 60 67.4 50 40 30 33.2 20 10 0

Kitchen Shed for Cooking Mid-Day Meal 90.2

Girls Toilet Available & Useable

44.0

Classroom Teacher Ratio

78.3

Office / Store

54.3 58.8

44.0

Toilet Available & Useable

Drinking Water Provision & Available

Kerala

Playground

71.9

West Bengal

Boundary Wall

Bihar

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

All India

Compliance with Pupil-Teacher Ratio & Classroom-Teacher Ratio Norms of RTE remains low in schools of West Bengal  Pupil-Teacher Ratio (PTR) in the state of West Bengal shows improvement. In 2010, the proportion of schools meeting these norms was 26.2%. This number has risen to 33.2% in 2012, compared to the national average of 42.8%.  In terms of Classroom-Teacher Ratio, 67.4% of the schools in West Bengal complied with the RTE norms, in comparison to the national average of 73.7% SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

12


RESEARCH STUDY I – OBSERVATIONS Assessing the Status of Schools in West Bengal with Respect to Selected Right to Education Indicators (Secondary Research) Pupil Teacher Ratio 100 90 80 70 60 67.4 50 40 30 33.2 20 10 0

Kitchen Shed for Cooking Mid-Day Meal 90.2

Girls Toilet Available & Useable

44.0

Classroom Teacher Ratio

78.3

Office / Store

54.3 58.8

44.0

Toilet Available & Useable

Drinking Water Provision & Available

Kerala

Playground

71.9

West Bengal

Boundary Wall

Bihar

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

All India

The physical infrastructure at Schools in terms of playgrounds and boundary walls in West Bengal is less than the All-India average, but is improving over the years  78.3% of the schools visited in West Bengal had an office or store, which is better than the All-India figure of 73.5%.  45.7% of the schools visited in West Bengal in 2012 did not have a playground, which is worse than the All-India figure of 38.9%.  Only 44.0% of the schools visited in West Bengal in 2012 had a boundary wall, which is a marked improvement over the survey done in 2010. SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

13


RESEARCH STUDY I – OBSERVATIONS Assessing the Status of Schools in West Bengal with Respect to Selected Right to Education Indicators (Secondary Research) Pupil Teacher Ratio 100 90 80 70 60 67.4 50 40 30 33.2 20 10 0

Kitchen Shed for Cooking Mid-Day Meal 90.2

Girls Toilet Available & Useable

44.0

Classroom Teacher Ratio

78.3

Office / Store

54.3 58.8

44.0

Toilet Available & Useable

Drinking Water Provision & Available

Kerala

Playground

71.9

West Bengal

Boundary Wall

Bihar

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

All India

In terms of drinking water provisions and sanitation, schools in West Bengal are at par with the All-India average, and the condition is steadily improving for Girls  71.9% of all schools visited in West Bengal in 2012 had drinking water available, which is comparable to the All-India average of 73%.  The proportion of schools without toilets in West Bengal in 2012 has reduced from 8.6% in 2011 to 6.9% in 2012.  66.5% of schools visited in West Bengal in 2012 had separate provision for girls’ toilets, which is worse than the All-India average of approximately 80% SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

14


RESEARCH STUDY I – OBSERVATIONS Assessing the Status of Schools in West Bengal with Respect to Selected Right to Education Indicators (Secondary Research) Pupil Teacher Ratio 100 90 80 70 60 67.4 50 40 30 33.2 20 10 0

Kitchen Shed for Cooking Mid-Day Meal 90.2

Girls Toilet Available & Useable

44.0

Classroom Teacher Ratio

78.3

Office / Store

 There is a kitchen shed for cooking mid-day meal in 90.2% of the schools visited in West Bengal during 2012

54.3 58.8

44.0

Toilet Available & Useable

Kerala

Playground

71.9

Drinking Water Provision & Available

West Bengal

While West Bengal scores above All-India average in terms of provision of kitchen shed for cooking mid-day meal, the mid-day meal was observed being served in much fewer schools

 The mid-day meal was observed being served in only 59.7% of the schools that were visited.

Boundary Wall

Bihar

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

All India

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

15


RESEARCH STUDY II | PRIMARY FIELD RESEARCH Assessing the Status of Schools in Kidderpore and Mominpur Neighbourhoods in Metroplitan Kolkata with Respect to Selected Right to Education Indicators

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

16


RESEARCH STUDY II – SAMPLE UNIVERSE Assessing the Status of Schools in Kidderpore and Mominpur Neighbourhoods in Metroplitan Kolkata with Respect to Selected Right to Education Indicators (Primary Research) Type of School Surveyed  As a part of the Summer Internship Project under the guidance of ActionAid India and Right Track, I conducted The Survey of Schools in Kidderpore and Mominpur Neighbourhoods in Metropolitan Kolkata for assessing their compliance to Right to Education indicators during June-July 2013.  I surveyed a total of 18 schools having 5,847 students spread across the entire KidderporeMominpur neighbourhood of Kolkata. Type of School Surveyed

Primary Std I-IV/V Upper Primary Std I-VII/VIII Secondary Std I-IX/X Medium of Instruction Hindi Urdu Bengali English Student Profile Medium of Instruction in Schools Composition of the Schools Co-Educational Boys Only Girls Girls Only 5%

Secondary Std I-IX/X 5%

Upper Primary Std I-VII/VIII 39%

Primary Std I-IV/V

Primary Std IIV/V 56%

Upper Primary Std IVII/VIII Co-Educational Secondary Std I-IX/X 67%

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

Boys 28%

English 17% Bengali 22%

10 7 1

9 2 4 3 12 5 1

Hindi 50%

Urdu 11%

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

17


RESEARCH STUDY II – SAMPLE UNIVERSE Assessing the Status of Schools in Kidderpore and Mominpur Neighbourhoods in Metroplitan Kolkata with Respect to Selected Right to Education Indicators (Primary Research)

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

18


RESEARCH STUDY II – SAMPLE UNIVERSE Assessing the Status of Schools in Kidderpore and Mominpur Neighbourhoods in Metroplitan Kolkata with Respect to Selected Right to Education Indicators (Primary Research)

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

19


RESEARCH STUDY II – OBSERVATIONS Assessing the Status of Schools in Kidderpore and Mominpur Neighbourhoods in Metroplitan Kolkata with Respect to Selected Right to Education Indicators (Primary Research) I.

While physical infrastructure in terms of availability of playground and condition of buildings is inferior compared to the West Bengal state average, it is better in terms of the presence of a school boundary wall  Only 17% of the schools had playgrounds, compared to the West Bengal average of 54.3% (ASER 2012).  Only 33% of the schools were being run in owned properties. Since others are either in rented or other premises, it affects the maintenance and up-gradation of those schools. As a result, 39% of the schools are housed in buildings that are often dilapidated, and are not all-weathered.

II. Majority of the schools provided access to safe drinking water, toilets for boys and girls  72% of the schools provided access to safe drinking water which is at par with the West Bengal state average (ASER 2012).  89% of the schools provided access to toilets with water for boys and 78% of the schools provided access to toilets with water for girls. This is much higher than 59% and 44% reported respectively for boys and girls at the state level (ASER 2012). ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

20


RESEARCH STUDY II – OBSERVATIONS Assessing the Status of Schools in Kidderpore and Mominpur Neighbourhoods in Metroplitan Kolkata with Respect to Selected Right to Education Indicators (Primary Research) III. In terms of teaching infrastructure, all the schools surveyed had blackboards, most of them had adequate text books for all classes and half of the schools surveyed had functional libraries  

100% of the schools had blackboards with chalk and duster for teaching, and 83% of the schools had designated classrooms for each class. Half of the schools had functional libraries.

IV. Mid-day meal was being provided in most schools, with the kitchen shed available for meal preparation 

 

78% of the schools surveyed in the neighbourhood provided a kitchen shed for preparation of mid-day meal, compared to the West Bengal average of 90% (ASER 2012). In 83% of the schools, even pre-primary children were getting mid-day meals. In 72% of the schools, children were found to be eating mid-day meal properly.

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

21


RESEARCH STUDY II – OBSERVATIONS Assessing the Status of Schools in Kidderpore and Mominpur Neighbourhoods in Metroplitan Kolkata with Respect to Selected Right to Education Indicators (Primary Research) V. Compliance to Pupil-Teacher Ratio was found to be better in the KidderporeMominpur neighbourhood than the West Bengal state average; teacher absenteeism was lower 

83% of the schools surveyed in the neighbourhood had adequate Pupil-Teacher Ratio per RTE norms, which is significantly higher than 33% West Bengal average (ASER 2012). 85% of the teachers were found to be present in the schools on the day of the survey. However, there were certain schools where either para teachers were being used or teachers were engaging in non-teaching activities: • 44% of the schools surveyed had para teachers in place of appointed teachers. • 28% of the schools surveyed had teachers engaged in non-teaching activities other than RTE activities. • 17% of the schools had someone teaching on behalf of the Government appointed teacher

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

22


RESEARCH STUDY II – OBSERVATIONS Assessing the Status of Schools in Kidderpore and Mominpur Neighbourhoods in Metroplitan Kolkata with Respect to Selected Right to Education Indicators (Primary Research) VI. 78% of the schools surveyed in the neighbourhood had constituted the School Management Committee and 83% had formulated the School Development Plan VII. Majority of schools did not have a mechanism for grievance redressal  

Only 28% of the schools surveyed stated that they have put a mechanism for grievance redressal. One of the schools reported a case of sexual abuse as well. It was found out in 11% of the schools surveyed, that children face corporal punishment.

VIII. For children with special needs (CWSN), there is particularly a lack of facilities at the school level IX. 94% of the schools reported that they adhered to age appropriate class wise admission.

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

23


Critical Analysis and Suggestions

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

24


CRITICAL ANALYSIS & SUGGESTIONS Challenges in the Implementation of Right to Education Act  Centre and state share outlay in the ratio 65:35, but is still inadequate  Progressively move towards allocating 6% of GDP towards education

 Gender bias  Discrimination based on caste and class  Rural-urban disparity

Financing the Right to Education Act

Disparities Human Resource Challenges

 Few classrooms available  Lack of sanitation  Lack of educational facilities  Lack of transport facilities

Lack of Basic Infrastructural Facilities

 Lack of trained teachers  Schools operating without a teacher or a headmaster  Teacher absenteeism

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

25


CRITICAL ANALYSIS & SUGGESTIONS Assessing the Implementation of the Right to Education in West Bengal 

The Act is excessively input-focused rather than outcomes-oriented. Even though better school facilities, books, uniforms and better qualified teachers are important, their significance in the Act has been overestimated in the light of inefficient, corrupt and unaccountable institutions of education provision.

The Act penalises private schools for lacking the infrastructural facilities defined under a Schedule under the Act. These schools, which are extremely cost efficient, operate mostly in rural areas or urban slums, and provide essential educational services to the poor. The exemption from these same recognition requirements for government schools is the case of double standards -- with the public sector being exempted from the same `requirements'.

The Act fails to provide for development of teacher training schools and availability of resources to private unaided schools for developing their infrastructure per the provisions of the Act.

The constitution of School Management Committees (SMCs) is an important provision. However, its members are required to volunteer their time and effort. Payment of some compensation to members of SMCs could help increase the time and focus upon these.

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

26


CRITICAL ANALYSIS & SUGGESTIONS Assessing the Implementation of the Right to Education in West Bengal 

Teachers are the cornerstone of good quality education and need to be paid market-driven compensation. The Government has gone too far by requiring high teacher salaries, which are clearly out of line, when compared with the market wage of a teacher, for most schools in most locations in the country. A better mechanism would have involved schools being allowed to design their own teacher salary packages and having autonomy to manage teachers.

Private schools will receive reimbursements for the 25% reservation of seats from the government calculated on the basis of per-child expenditure in government schools. However, concerns remain regarding the adequacy and procedures of reimbursement. Also, capital expenditure towards those seats is not considered and only partial operating expenses will be reimbursed.

Most well-meaning legislations fail to make significant changes without proper awareness and grassroot pressure. Schools need to be made aware of provisions of the 25% reservations, the role of SMCs and the requirements under the Schedule.

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

27


Go to the people. Live with them. Learn from them. Love them. Start with what they know. Build with what they have. But with the best leaders, when the work is done, the task accomplished, the people will say We have done this ourselves. - Lao Tse

Thank You ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

28


Annexures

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

29


RESEARCH STUDY – DATA ANALYSIS Assessing the Status of Schools in West Bengal with Respect to Selected Right to Education Indicators Schools Meeting Select RTE Norms in West Bengal (in %) Pupil-Teacher & Classroom-Teacher Building

Drinking Water

Toilet

Girls Toilet

Library Mid-Day Meal

Pupil-Teacher Ratio Classroom-Teacher Ratio Office / Store Playground Boundary Wall No facility for drinking water Facility but no drinking water available Drinking water available No toilet facility Facility but toilet not useable Toilet useable % Schools with no separate provisions for girls toilets Of schools with separate girls toilets, % schools with Toilets locked Toilets not useable Toilet useable No library Library but no books being used by children on day of visit Library books being used by children on day of visit Kitchen shed for cooking mid-day meal Mid-day meal served in school on day of visit

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

2010 26.2 64.8 79.0 42.1 34.5 19.3 13.5 67.2 7.6 40.3 52.1 44.5

2011 34.4 64.5 80.9 50.5 42.2 21.1 15.5 63.4 8.6 42.0 49.5 26.1

2012 33.2 67.4 78.3 54.3 44.0 16.9 11.2 71.9 6.9 34.3 58.8 33.5

14.5 17.4 23.7 50.5 17.8 31.8 86.3 63.4

19.2 13.4 41.2 39.2 18.8 42.0 86.8 54.3

13.6 8.9 44.0 35.3 24.0 40.7 90.2 59.7

SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

30


RESEARCH STUDY – DATA ANALYSIS Assessing the Status of Schools in Kidderpore and Mominpur Neighbourhoods in Metroplitan Kolkata with Respect to Selected Right to Education Indicators (PrimaryStatus Research) of School Infrastructure

Status of School Infrastructure

0% School has Own Building Building is All Weathered Designated Classroom For Each Class Separate Teachers' Room Separate Head-Teacher cum Store Room Blackboard with Chalk and Duster Functional Library in the School Separate Space for Eating Mid-Day Meal Kitchen for Mid Day Meal Playground / Space for Playing School Boundary Wall Arrangement of Safe Drinking Water

20%

40%

60%

33%

80%

100%

67% 61%

39% 83%

17%

61% 72%

39% 28%

100%

0%

50%

50%

28%

72% 78%

17%

Pre-Primary Section has been Started Adequate Text Books for all Classes Adequate TLM for All Classes Lessons Plans for Each Class Pupil-Teacher Ratio as per RTE Norms Pre-Primary Children are Getting Mid-Day Meal

83% 56% 72%

44% 28%

83% 94% 100% 72% 83% 83% %Yes

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

22%

17% 6% 0%

28% 17% 17%

%No SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

31


RESEARCH STUDY – DATA ANALYSIS Assessing the Status of Schools in Kidderpore and Mominpur Neighbourhoods in Metroplitan Kolkata with Respect to Selected Right to Education Indicators (PrimaryGovernance Research) and Grievance Redressal Governance and Grievance Redressal

0%

20%

60%

80%

78%

School Management Committee

17%

28%

Any Mechanism for Grievance Redressal Any Grievance from Excluded Group Reported through the System

72%

22%

72%

11%

6% 83%

22%

Was it Redressed by the School

6%

83%

17%

Responsible Person for Grievances

100%

22%

83%

School Development Plan

Cause for Grievance

40%

78%

Was it Referred to PRI or ULB

6%

89%

6%

What was the Punishment, if any

6%

89%

6%

Any Case of Sexual Abuse (specify gender)

6%

83% %Yes

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

%No

11% %NA SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

32


RESEARCH STUDY – DATA ANALYSIS Assessing the Status of Schools in Kidderpore and Mominpur Neighbourhoods in Metroplitan Kolkata with Respect to Selected Right to Education Indicators (Primary Research) Teaching and RTE 0%

20%

Teaching & Right to Education

60%

80%

44%

Para Teachers in Place of Appointed Teachers Is anyone teaching on behalf of Govt Appointed Teacher Teachers engaged in non teaching activities other than RTE specified activities Teachers have attended in Service Training Programme

40%

56%

17%

78%

28%

6%

56%

44%

17%

39%

17%

Separate Teacher for Science for Class VI to VIII

39%

Separate Teacher for Maths for Class VI to VIII

39%

Separate Teacher for Social Studies for Class VI to VIII

39%

61%

Separate Teacher for Language for Class VI to VIII

39%

61%

Special Educators for CWSN Children Counsellors for CWSN Children

61% 61%

22%

78%

28%

72% %Yes

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

100%

%No

%NA SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

33


RESEARCH STUDY – DATA ANALYSIS Assessing the Status of Schools in Kidderpore and Mominpur Neighbourhoods in Metroplitan Kolkata with Respect to Selected Right to Education Indicators (Primary Research) Child Mapping 0% Record of Child Mapping Exist

33%

33%

44%

33%

61% 6%

33%

6%

89%

Children with Disability included in Child 0% Mapping

6%

72%

28%

50% 44%

33% 33%

%Yes ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

100%

72%

22%

Any Educational Facility for Them

Whether the Guardians are Aware of Students Entitlements

80%

89%

33%

Nomadic Children Included in Child Mapping

Child Tracking for Regular Attending Students

60%

28%

Migrant Children Included in Child Mapping

Child Mapping

40%

11%

Fees Taken During Admission

Any Residential Facility for Them

20%

%No

17% 22%

%NA SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

34


RESEARCH STUDY – DATA ANALYSIS Assessing the Status of Schools in Kidderpore and Mominpur Neighbourhoods in Metroplitan Kolkata with Respect to Selected Right to Education Indicators (Primary Research)

Status of Child Entitlements

0% Age Appropriate Class Wise Admission Fees Taken During Admission Admission Test for Children Admission Test for Guardian Discrimination Demand for Birth Certificate All Children Received Text Books All Children Received Uniform All Children Can Sit Properly Access to Safe Drinking Water Access to Toilets with Water for Boys Access to Toilets with Water for Girls CWSN Friendly Separate Toilet Ramp for CWSN Children (with Handrail) Children Face Corporal Punishment Children Get Chance to Play in School Children Get Cooked Mid Day Meal Children Can Eat Mid Day Meal Properly Special Training Support for Slow Learners Special Training Books to Slow Learners Disability Aids for Disabled Children

20%

40%

60%

80%

94% 39%

100% 6%

61%

17% 11%

72% 83% 100%

11% 6%

78% 94% 89% 89% 72% 89% 78%

22% 6% 11% 6%6% 28% 11% 11% 11% 28% 61% 11% 83% 17% 11% 83% 6% 17% 67% 17% 33% 44% 22% 72% 6% 22% 50% 33% 17% 39% 44% 17% 22% 56% 22% %Yes

ASSESSING THE I MPLEMENTATION OF THE RI GHT TO EDUCATI ON I N WEST BENGAL

%No

%NA SHRUTI KUMARI

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan I nstitute of Management Science, Kolkata

35


Assessing the Implementation of the Right to Education in West Bengal