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ganaTlebis saministrom saskolo saxelmZRvaneloebis Sesaxeb broSura gamosca 25 agvistos ganaTlebisa da mecnierebis ministrma dimitri SaSkinma sazogadoebas warudgina broSura, romelSic grifirebuli saskolo saxelmZRvaneloebis CamonaTvalia da maTi gamomcemlebi da fasebia miTiTebuli. ministri acxadebs, rom wels arc erTi saskolo wigni aT larze meti ar eRireba. broSura yvela skolas daurigdeba da xelmisawvdomi iqneba mSoblebisTvisac. saqarTvelos ganaTlebisa da mecnierebis ministri dimitri SaSkini acxadebs, rom piroba Sesrulebulia - arc erTi saskolo wignis fasi 10 larze maRali ar iqneba: `Cven wlis dasawyisSi davpirdiT mosaxleobas, rom mas Semdeg, rac pirvelidan me-6 klasis CaTvliT Seicvleboda saskolo saxelmZRvaneloebi, maTi fasi ar iqneboda aT larze meti da Cven es piroba SevasruleT. wignis damxmare rveulic aris am fasSi da es yvela gamomcemelma ukve oficialurad daadastura. yvela saWiro informacia wignebis fasebis, gamomcemlobebis da avtorebis Sesaxeb erT broSuraSi movaqcieT, romelic darigdeba skolebSi da eqneba saqarTvelos fostis yvela kuriers.~ broSuraSi, pirvelidan meeqvse klasamde saxelmZRvaneloebis garda, Sesulia sia ufro maRali klasebis grifirebuli im saskolo wignebisac, romlebic momaval wels Seicvleba. pirveli seqtembridan ki yvela sajaro da kerZo skolaSi TvalsaCino adgilas gamoakraven im wignis maRaziebis misamarTebs, sadac saxelmZRvaneloebis yidva iqneba SesaZlebeli. procesSi erTveba saqarTvelos fostac, romelic yvela

dainteresebul mSobels miawvdis am broSuras. survilis SemTxvevaSi ki, mSoblebs SeeZlebaT gamoiweron maTTvis sasurveli wignebi da fostis kurieri am wignebs maT saxlSi miutans. miuxedavad saxelmZRvaneloebis fiqsirebuli fasebisa, gamomcemeli bakur sulakauri, romlis gamomcemlobis orma seriamac warmatebulad gaiara grifireba, ambobs, rom saswavlo procesis dawyebis win gamoCndeba, SenarCundeba Tu ara wignze miTiTebuli fasi. Tavad sulakauri ambobs, rom misi gamomcemlobis wignebi arasodes Rirebula aT larze meti, zogadad grifirebis process ki bakur sulakauri aseT Sefasebas aZlevs: `mTavari, rac am grifirebam moitana, isaa, rom Semcirda konkurenti saxelmZRvaneloebis raodenoba bazarze. Tu adre iyo asarCevi saxelmZRvaneloebi aTi, axla aris maqsimum sami. mSoblisa da maswavleblisTvis ufro advilia, naklebia asarCevi, magram, Cemi azriT, es kargi ar aris, radgan mainc izRudeba arCevani.~ arCevanis SezRudvad ar miiCnevs saxelmZRvaneloebis seriaTa Semcirebas 23-e skolis direqtori gia murRulia da ambobs, rom jobs iyos cota, magram maRali xarisxis wignebi. sxvadasxva saganSi sasurvel wigns, rogorc wesi, saskolo sagnobrivi kaTedra irCevs. SarSandelisgan gansxvavebiT, wels maT saxelmZRvaneloebis amorCeva gacilebiT naklebi raodenobis wignebidan mouwevT. eka qevaniSvili radio Tavisufleba

movaleTa reestrSi Canawerebis raodenoba izrdeba „biznes-rezonansis~ mixedviT saqarTveloSi qonebis dakargvis saSiSroebis winaSe myofi adamianebis ricxvi yoveldRiurad izrdeba. „biznes-rezonansis~ cnobiT, bolo dReebis ganmavlobaSi movaleTa reestrSi Canawerebis raodenoba TiTqmis 100 erTeuliT gaizarda. am fonze saaRsruleblo biuros mier 2011 wlis 7 TveSi biujetSi Setanilma Tanxam 76 milion 500 aTass miaRwia, rac gasuli wlis analogiur periodze 2-jer metia. ekonomikis eqspertebi movaleTa reestrSi Canawerebis raodenobis gazrdas momavalSic ar gamoricxaven. eqsperti levan kalandaZe amis erTerT mTavar mizezad qveyanaSi dabal ekonomikur aqtivobas asaxelebs. misi ganmartebiT, rodesac movaleTa reestrSi Canawerebi izrdeba, es niSnavs, rom cxovreba Zvirdeba da gadaxdisuunaro adamianebis ricxvi matulobs. SegaxsenebT: aRsrulebis biuro movales sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebis Semdeg valis dasafaravad 7 dRes aZlevs, winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi uZrav-moZrav qonebas uyadaRebs. ID baraTebis gacemis areali gafarTovda axali Taobis piradobis mowmobis ID baraTebis gacemis areali gafarTovda. Tavdapirvelad baraTebi Tbilisis teritoriul samsaxurebSi, baTumisa da rusTavis iusticiis saxlebSi gaicemoda. amjerad aRniSnul regionebs daemata: guriis, samegrelos, Sida da qvemo qarTlis, kaxeTis, mTianeTis teritoriuli samsaxurebi da sxva. seqtembris bolos ki ID baraTebis gacema mTeli saqarTvelos masStabiT moxdeba. aRniSnul sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT, iusticiis saministros samoqalaqo reestris saagentos Tavmjdomaris moadgilem giorgi gabrielaSvilma brifingi gamarTa. misi TqmiT, ID baraTis miRebis dros moixsna teritoriuli SezRudva. registraciis adgilis miuxedavad moqalaqeebs ID baraTis miReba iusticis saxlebsa da samoqalaqo reestris saagentos nebismier teritoriul samsaxurebSi SeeZlebaT. adre adamianebs piradobis mowmobis gamosacvlelad, an aRsadgenad registraciis adgilis mixedviT uwevdaT gamocxadeba Sesabamis samsaxurebSi, axali servisiT ki moqalaqe dazogavs drosa da xarjebs. mniSvnelovania is, rom axal eleqtronul piradobis mowmobaze ar aris datanili moqalaqis misamarTi. Tu adamiani sacxovrebel misamarTs Seicvlis igi aRar iqneba valdebuli gamocvalos ID baraTi.

dainteresebul pirs misamarTis gadamowmeba SeeZleba iusticiis saxlis veb-gverdze: www.house.gov.ge ukve moqmedebs specialuri veli, sadac adamianma unda miuTiTos baraTis seriuli nomeri, ris Semdegac moqalaqis misamarTi ekranze myisierad gamoCndeba. ID baraTis gacema 1 agvistodan daiwyo da am dromde eleqtronuli piradobis mowmoba 10 000-mde moqalaqem miiRo. 60 aTasi net-bukis skolebisTvis gadacema daiwyo pirvelad saqarTveloSi, specialurad saqarTvelos skolebisTvis Seqmnili netbukebi 60 000 pirvelklasels da maT damrigeblebs saCuqrad gadaecemaT. Tbilisisa da regionebis sajaro skolebisTvis kompiuterebis gadacemis procesi daiwyo. 26 agvistos 15 000 net-buki samcxe-javaxeTSi, kaxeTSi, qarTlSi da didgorSi gaigzavna. kompiuterebi kompaniebis `algoriTmi~ da `intelis~ mier saqarTveloSi damzadda. es kompaniebi saqarTvelos fostis daxmarebiT, Tavad uzrunvelyofen net-bukebis distribucias. saqarTvelos ganaTlebisa da mecnierebis ministri dimitri SaSkini kompiuteruli qarxnidan net-bukebis konteinerebSi CatvirTvis process daeswro. swavlis dawyebamde net-bukebs yvela sajaro skola miiRebs. dimitri SaSkinis gancxadebiT, kompiuterizaciis samyaroSi mozardebis swori ganviTarebisa da momavalSi sazogadoebis srulfasovan wevrad CamoyalibebisaTvis aucilebelia bavSvs Tavidanve hqondes urTierToba Tanamedrove teqnologiebTan. swored am mizniT, saqarTvelos prezidentis iniciativiT, saerTaSoriso eqspertebis rekomendaciebis safuZvelze Seiqmna net-buki `buki.~ net-bukebSi CatvirTulia erovnul saswavlo gegmasTan SesabamisobaSi myofi saskolo programebi, bavSvebisTvis Seqmnili SemecnebiTi TamaSebi da rac aseve mniSvnelovania, xelmisawvdomia interneti. saswavlo procesSi net-bukebis efeqturad gamoyenebis uzrunvelsayofad, saministrom yvela pirveli klasis damrigebeli informaciul-sakomunikacio teqnologiebSi gadaamzada. maswavleblebi netbukebis fizikur struqturasa da masTan muSaobas gaecnen, aseve iswavles informaciul-sakomunikacio teqnologiebiT (ist) gamdidrebuli gakveTilisa da saswavlo proeqtebis momzadeba. saqarTvelos masStabiT yvela sajaro skola internetizebulia, aqedan gamomdinare, axali saswavlo wlidan net-bukebi saxelmZRvaneloebTan erTad, pirvelklaselTaTvis informaciis miRebis kidev erTi unikaluri saSualeba iqneba.

moqalaqeTa sayuradRebod! dReidan, 29 agvistodan, Sps `adiTi~ xaragaulis saavadmyofoSi funqcionirebas iwyebs eqoskopiis kabineti. pacientebis miReba iwarmoebs yovel orSabaTs, samSabaTsa da oTxSabaTs dilis 9 saaTidan. Sps `adiTi~ xaragauli

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ratom SeuCerdaT saarsebo Semweoba socialurad daucvel ojaxebs

`garkveuli informacia yovelTvis aris ojaxis gadamowmebis safuZveli~ xaragaulis munici palitet Si mcxovr eb ojaxTa didi palitetSi mcxovreb nawilis socialuri mdgomareoba mZimea. maT Soris gansakuTrebiT gausaZlisi yofis mqonenic arian. ` siRaribis daZlevis programaSi programaSi~~ CarTvas da socialurad daucveli ojaxebis monacemTa bazaSi moxvedras bevri iTxovs. 2005 wlidan saqarTveloSi es programa jandacvis saministros iniciativiT xorcieldeba. nqalbatoni, qalbatoni, romelmac vinaobis dasaxeleba ar isurva, ambobs, rom maTma ojaxma saarsebo Semweobis dasaniSni sareitingo qula ver miiRo. arada, ukiduresad uWirT. meuRle umuSevaria. ori moswavle hyavs saxlSi da saxelmZRvaneloebs swavlis dawyebamde, ra Tqma unda, ver SeuZens. `saagentoSi rom mivedi, xelaxali gancxadebis daweraze uari miTxres, momaval wels mobrZandiTo. manamde ra vqna, riT virCino Tavi, aravis uTqvams,~ - ambobs qalbatoni. sofel bazaleTSi mcxovrebi Toma SergelaSvilis ojaxi rva nsofel Tve iRebda saarsebo Semweobas. mesame Tvea, maT ojaxs saarsebo Semweoba SeuCerda. rogorc socialuri momsaxurebis saagentos xaragaulis ganyofilebaSi ganmartaven, amis mizezi ojaxis socia socia-lur-ekonomiuri mdgomareobis cvlileba gaxda. Tumca, rogorc Toma SergelaSvilis meuRle, eTer zibzibaZe ambobs, ojaxSi araferi SeuZeniaT da arc muSaoba dauwyia romelimes. amJamad am ojaxis sareitingo qula, xelaxali gadamowmebis Semdeg, daTvlis procesSia. saarsebo Semweobis daniSvna seriozul ukmayofilebas iwvevs mosaxleobis mxridan. am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT mniSvnelovan da saintereso informacias gvawvdis socialuri momsaxurebis saagentos xaragaulis ganyofilebis mTavari specialisti nanuli tabataZe tabataZe. -qalbatono nanuli, yvelaze ukmayofile-xSirad moqalaqeebi ukmayofile bas gamoTqvamen imis gamo, rom garkveuli periodi iRebdnen sa sa-arsebo Semweobas da Semdeg Seuw Seuw-ydaT. ra aris amis mizezi? -socialuri momsaxurebis saagento gvigzavnis sakontrolo siebs. am siaSi arian ojaxebi, romlebic bolo oTxi welia monawileoben socialurad daucveli ojaxebis monacemTa bazaSi (e.w. oTxwliani siebi). aseve gvegzavneba avtomobilebis, miwis nakveTebis mflobelTa da dasaqmebulTa siebi. am siebis mixedviT saagentos uflebamosili piri gadaamowmebs ojaxs. sakontrolo siaSi moxvdnen ojaxebi, romlebmac deklaraciis Sevsebisas saagentos uflebamosil pirs daumales informacia avtomanqanis, miwis farTobis flobisa da samuSao adgilis Sesaxeb. saarsebo Semweobis mimRebi ojaxebi SeiZleba gadamowmdes ojaxis socialur-ekonomiuri mdgomareobis

cvlilebis gamoc. garkveuli informacia yovelTvis aris ojaxis gadamowmebis safuZveli. amis gaTvaliswinebiT deklaracia Tavidan Seivseba da sareitingo qula ojaxs mieniWeba Semowmebidan erTi Tvis Semdeg. xelaxali gadamowmebis Semdeg ojaxma, romelic fulad Semweobas iRebda, SesaZloa, mxolod samedicino polisi miiRos, an SeiZleba iseTi maRali sareitingo qula mieniWos, rom samedicino dazRvevis gareSe darCes. 2011 wlis 1 agvistomde fulad Semweobas xaragaulis munici palitetSi 2 aTasamde socialurad daucveli ojaxi iRebda, 1 agvistos mdgomareobiT - 1 678 ojaxi iRebs. amJamindeli informaciiT, bevri ojaxi gadamowmebulia da sareitingo qula daTvlis procesSia. aqedan, SesaZloa, zog ojaxs isev aRudges saarsebo Semweoba da daxmarebis mimRebi ojaxebis raodenoba gaizardos.

pensionerebs plastikuri baraTebi gadaecaT ss `liberTi bankis~ xaragaulis filialis ufrosis, tariel avali avali-Svilis informaciiT, agvistoSi pensionerebs plastikuri baraTebi daurigdaT. baraTebze maT sapensio Tanxa seqtembridan daericxebaT. gamsvlel molareebs eqnebaT terminalebi, romelSic plastikuri baraTis gatarebis Semdeg miscemen Tanxas moqalaqes. plastikuri baraTiT pensioners SeuZlia Tavisi kuTvnili pensia aiRos `liberTi bankis~ nebismier filialSi. aRsaniSnavia, rom baraTebi ar aris pinkodiani. amitom pensioneri ver aiRebs Tanxas bankomatze. Tanxis miReba SesaZlebelia mxolod bankis romelime filialSi, an molaris saSualebiT. im pensionerebs, romelTac ukve hqondaT plastikuri baraTebi, axali aRar daurigdebaT.

-fuladi Semweobis Sewyvetidan ramden xanSia SesaZlebeli ojaxis xelaxali gadamowmeba? -saqarTvelos mTavrobis 2010 wlis 24 aprilis #126 dadgenilebiT damtkicebuli wesis me-12 muxlis Sesabamisad ojaxis socialur-ekonomikuri mdgomareobis ganmeorebiTi Sefaseba SesaZlebelia sareitingo qulis miniWebidan erTi wlis gasvlis Semdeg. am vadis gasvlamde ojaxis gadamowmeba SesaZloa mxolod im SemTxvevaSi, Tu moxda cvlileba wevrTa raodenobaSi, Seicvala sacxovrebeli adgili, ojaxis wevrs daudginda SezRuduli SesaZleblobis mqone piris statusi, dasaqmda da miiRo legaluri Semosavali an dakarga samuSao adgili. -rogor unda moiqces moqalaqe, romelic Tvlis, rom mis ojaxs ekuTvnis fuladi socialuri Sem Sem-weoba? -socialurad daucveli ojaxebis erTian bazaSi moxvedris msurveli ojaxis uflebamosili warmomadgeneli unda gamocxaddes saagentos raionul ganyofilebaSi piradobis mowmobiT da Seavsos pirveladi gancxadebis specialuri forma. amis Semdeg mas mieniWeba kodi da daregistrirdeba bazaSi. gancxadebis daweridan erTi Tvis ganmavlobaSi saagentos uflebamosilma pirma unda Seamowmos ojaxis socialur-ekonomiuri mdgomareoba. SeiZleba Semowmebis vada erT Tves gadacdes, magram Zalian iSviaTad. yvelanairad vcdilobT, rom gancxadebis Semotanidan erTi Tvis ganmavlobaSi Semowmdes ojaxi. deklaraciis Sevsebidan erTi Tvis Semdeg ukve sareitingo qula daiTvleba. Tu sareitingo qula dabalia saarsebo Semweobis dasaniSn zRvrul qulaze (57 001), ojaxs saarsebo Semweoba daeniSneba sareitingo qulis miniWebidan

sami Tvis Semdeg. Tu sareitingo qula dabalia saarsebo polisis misaReb zRvrul qulaze (70 001), ojaxs samedicino polisiT sargebloba SeuZlia sareitingo qulis miniWebidan 5 Tvis Semdeg. Tu ojaxs SeCerebuli hqonda daxmareba da xelaxali gadamowmebis Semdeg isev daeniSna, maSin is saarsebo Semweobas aiRebs daxmarebis SeCerebis Tvidan. -ra unda gaiTvaliswinon moqa moqa-laqeebma, rodesac maT ojaxSi saagentos uflebamosili piri miva? -pirvel rigSi, mowesrigebuli unda hqondeT dokumentacia (piradobis mowmoba, dabadebis mowmoba), raTa ar gauqmdes kodi, romelic ojaxs socialuri momsaxurebis saagentoSi gancxadebis daweris Semdeg mieniWa. unda moxdes faqtiuri qonebis deklarireba. damalvas azri ar aqvs, radgan saagento sxvadasxva wyaroebidan mainc moipovebs zust informacias. sareitingo qula iTvleba deklaraciis monacemebis safuZvelze, socialuri momsaxurebis saagentoSi. sareitingo qulis miniWeba xdeba socialurad daucveli ojaxebis socialurekonomiuri mdgomareobis Sefasebis meTodologiis damtkicebis Sesaxeb saqarTvelos mTavrobis 2010 wlis 30 martis #93 dadgenilebiT. Cveni mxridan sareitingo qulis momateba an Semcireba gamoricxuli da SeuZlebelia. naRsaniSnavia, rom saxelmwifo programaSi monawile moqalaqeTa nawili ukmayofilebas gamoTqvams maTze miniWebuli sareitingo qulebis gamo. isini iTxoven komisiis gamoyofas da ojaxebis ganmeorebiT gadamowmebas. moqalaqeebi gancxadebiT mimarTaven municipalitetis adgilobriv xelisuflebas. rogorc gamgeobis janmrTe-

lobisa da socialuri dacvis samsaxuris ufrosi aleqsandre tabataZe acxadebs, aRniSnulis Taobaze maTi samsaxuri, gamgeblis SuamdgomlobiT, sistematurad acnobebs quTaisSi socialuri momsaxurebis saagentos imereTis regionalur sakoordinacio centrs, raTa ojaxebi kontrolis jgufma kanoniT dadgenili wesiT ganmeorebiT gadaamowmon. mimdinare wels, aleqsandre tabataZis informaciiT, registrirebulia da quTaisSi gadagzavnilia 310 moqalaqis gancxadeba. saqarTvelos Sromis, janmrTelobisa da socialuri dacvis ministris 2010 wlis 20 maisis #141 brZanebis me-15 muxlis Sesabamisad, gamgeblis brZanebiT janmrTelobisa da socialuri dacvis samsaxurs daevala socialuri momsaxurebis saagentos ufros socialur agentTan erTad im ojaxebis gadamowmeba, romelTac saministrom mianiWa `ukiduresad Ratakis statusi,~ magram qulebis raodenoba aRemateboda 57 aTass. `mimdinare wels Cven SeviswavleT 32 aseTi ojaxi da saarsebo Semweoba yvelas daeniSna,~ - aRniSna CvenTan saubarSi aleqsandre tabataZem. nmoqalaqeebs ainteresebT, ratom ar eniSnebaT saarsebo Semweoba maSin, rodesac maT ojaxebs `ukiduresad Ratakis statuss~ aniWeben, an vin da rogor iTvlis sareitingo qulas. socialuri momsaxurebis saagentos prescentrSi ganmartaven, rom qula specialuri formulis saSualebiT dgindeba. `daskanerebuli deklaracia, romelsac xels ojaxis uflebamosili piri awers, Sedis kompiuterSi da manqana specialuri formulis saSualebiT mianiWebs sareitingo qulas,~ - ganmartaven socialuri momsaxurebis saagentoSi. nino kapanaZe


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inkluziuri ganaTlebis sazafxulo skolam maswavleblebi gadaamzada 18-30 ivliss quTaisSi ak. wereTlis saxelobis universitetSi sajaro skolis pedagogebisaTvis funqcionirebda inkluziuri ganaTlebis sazafxulo skola. skolis ZiriTadi mizani gaxldaT pedagogebis momzadeba specialuri saganmanaTleblo saWiroebis mqone moswavleTa swavlebisaTvis. xaragaulis munici palitetidan sazafxulo skolis muSaobaSi vertyviWalis sajaro skolis maTematikis maswavlebeli aleqsandra Wi paSvili da xaragaulis #2 sajaro skolis dawyebiTi klasebis maswavlebeli nino fcqialaZe monawileobdnen. qalbatoni aleqsandra sazafxulo skolaSi miRebul gamocdilebas uziarebs kolegebs: -sazafxulo skolaSi Teoriul codnasTan erTad ganvixileT is praqtikuli sakiTxebi, rac aucilebelia SezRuduli SesaZleblobis mqone (SSm) da specialuri saganmanaTleblo saWiroebis mqone (sssm) moswavleTa TanatolebTan adaptaciisa da integraciisaTvis. skolis trenerebma nato qobulaZem (multidisciplinuri gundi) da lali cxvedianma (fsiqologi) yvelaferi gaakeTes imisaTvis, rom kidev erTxel Segvecno da gvegrZno, Tu raoden saWiro da aucilebelia SSm da sssm moswavleebisaTvis Sesabamisi saswavlo garemos Seqmna aramarto maTTvis, aramed yvela moswavlisTvis; ra dadebiTi efeqtis momtania Tanatolebis gverdiT swavla, miuxedavad maTi gonebrivi, fizikuri Tu sxva gansxvavebuli ganviTarebisa. vimsjeleT da gaviazreT Tu rogor SevqmnaT iseTi saswavlo garemo, rac gaTvaliswinebulia saskolo reformiT da ra moTxovnebs uyenebs skolas, pedagogebs, axalgazrdobis axleburad swavlebasa da swavlaSi. is sakiTxebi, rac sazafxulo skolaSi ganvixileT, aucilebelia TiToeuli pedagogisTvis. ukidures SemTxvevaSi yvela skolas

unda hyavdes erTi pedagogi mainc, romelic koordinacias gauwevs SSm da sssm moswavleebTan swavlebas, maT Cabmas saskolo cxovrebaSi da TanatolebTan integracias. Cvens muSaobas naTel zolad gasdevda erTi azri: `ar arsebobs araviTari SezRuduli SesaZlebloba.~ yoveli Cvengani raRacaSi varT `SezRudulebi,~ raRacaSi ki - `gaxsnilebi.~ radgan me dRes ar var magaliTad, kompozitori, es srulebiT ar niSnavs imas, rom me var SezRuduli SesaZleblobis. me Cemi pirovnebis integracia movaxdine ise, risi SesaZlebloba da gasaqanic mqonda. ra Tqma unda, es Sefasebebi pirobiTia da yvelasTan sxvadasxvanairadaa warmodgenili. amitom dRevandeli saswavlo programebi da saskolo garemo iseTi unda iyos, rom yvela mozardma SeZlos Tavisi sakuTari Tavis realizeba. saswavlo miznebi, romlebic erovnuli saswavlo gemiT (esg) aris gansazRvruli, saerToa yvelasTvis da maT Soris sssm moswavlisaTvis, magram zogjer saWiro xdeba esg-is adaptireba-morgeba sssm da SSm moswavlis saWiroebisa da SesaZleblobis Sesabamisad.

amisTvis saWiroa esg-is akomodacia (roca icvleba swavlebis meTodi, magram ara saswavlo Sedegi) da esg-s modifikacia (icvleba saswavlo Sedegebi). erovnuli saswavlo gegma (esg) da individualuri saswavlo gegma (isg) erTmaneTTan SesabamisobaSi unda iyos, raTa gansxvavebuli saswavlo miznebi ar gaxdes moswavlis swavlis procesidan gariyvis an izolirebis mizezi. sssm moswavlis aqtivoba, romelsac igi klasSi axorcielebs, klasis aqtivobasTan unda iyos SesabamisobaSi. yovelive amas ki didi pedagogiuri alRo sWirdeba da maswavlebeli zedmiwevniT unda icnobdes isg-is Sedgenis meTodebsa da gzebs.

esg-dan gamomdinare, isg SeiZleba Seicavdes swavlebis sxva safexuridan saswavlo indikatorebsa da misgan gamomdinare Sedegebs. unda Sedges grZelvadiani (wliuri) da moklevadiani (ori kvira, Tve da a. S.) miznebi. moklevadiani miznebi yvela erTad aRebuli unda avsebdes grZelvadiani mizniT misaRwev Sedegebs, rac davgegmeT TiToeuli moswavlisaTvis. maTTvis calcalke dgeba isg-is gundi klasis xelmZRvanelis, mSoblisa da sagnis maswavleblisgan. kargia Tu iqneba specpedagogi. is gundi gansazRvravs, ramdenadaa saWiro isg, aseve yvela saganSia saWiro Tu ara anu saWiroa nawilobrivi inkluzia Tu mTliani.

skolis gundi adgens TiToeuli moswavlis (visac sWirdeba isg) Zlier da sust mxareebs, yvela sferoSi mis SesaZleblobebs. Tu mSoblis survili iqneba da maswavleblis mzaobac, daigegmeba is samuSao, rac saskolo gundis gadawyvetilebiT iqneba SemuSavebuli im Sedegis misaRwevad, rac daigegma isg-is Sesabamisad. umjobesi iqneba, Tu skolas eyoleba mudmivmoqmedi gundi, romelic Sedgeba skolis direqciis warmomadgenlis, sameurveo sabWos Semadgenlobidan arCeuli maswavleblebiTa Tu mSobliT, sadac direqtoris brZanebiT gamoiyofa koordinatori, romelic koordinacias gauwevs yvela moswavlis saskolo gunds, dagegmavs TiToeuli maTganisTvis saWiro Sexvedrebs isg-is Sesadgenad, koordinacias gauwevs Sexvedrebs gundis wevrebs Soris semestris bolos da wliur Sexvedras, raTa moxdes TiToeuli moswavlis mier miRweuli Sedegis monitoringi, daiweros Sefasebebi da daigegmos momavali muSaoba TiToeul moswavlesTan maTi saWiroebebidan gamomdinare. isg-s TiToeuli sssm da SSm moswavlisaTvis amtkicebs pedagogiuri sabWo. Sexvedrebze iwereba oqmi da es masalebi inaxeba moswavlis pirad saqmeSi. ai, is mokle monaxazi, rac aucileblad Sesatania TiToeuli maswavleblis samuSao gegmaSi, sadac swavlobs Tundac erTi gansakuTrebuli saWiroebis mqone moswavle. aleqsandra Wi paSvili vertyviWalis sajaro skolis maswavlebeli; inkluziuri ganaTlebis sazafxulo skolis msmeneli fotoze: aleqsandra Wi paSvili kolegebTan erTad maTematikis gakveTilis dagegmvisas

`saunjes saunjes~~ didi warmateba saerTaSoriso festivalze `SeiZleba iTqvas, rom `saunjeSi~ avidgi fexi. yvela Cemi warmateba am ansambls ukavSirdeba. yovelTvis erTguli viqnebi folkloris. rac Seexeba saerTaSoriso festivalze miRweul warmatebas, es udavod mniSvnelovani ambavia. amave dros SesaniSnavad davisveneT zRvispireTSi. ansamblis yvela wevri uzomod madlieria Cveni maswavleblebis - dali da maia maRraZeebis,~ - gviTxra `saunjes~ wevrma giorgi maqaZem. 17 agvistos baTumSi, ilia WavWavaZis saxelobis dramatul TeatrSi, saerTaSoriso festivali `kvali naTeli - baTumi 2011~ Catarda. festivalSi sxvadasxva qveynis xuTi ansambli monawileobda. maT Soris - iranidan da safrangeTidan. bavSvTa folkloruli ansamblebidan festivalis organizatorebma ansambli `saunje~ (xelmZRvaneli dali maRraZe, pedagogi maia maRraZe) miiwvies. `saunje~ oTxi simReriT wardga mayureblis winaSe: imeruli da mTiuluri simRerebis popuri, `patara sayvareli xar~ da `imeruli mgzavruli.~ `didi gamarjveba movipoveT, rogorc festivalis monawile erTaderTma bavSvTa folklorulma ansamblma, - ambobs ansamblis xelmZRvaneli qalbatoni dali maRraZe, - ra Tqma unda, Zalian mixaria. es didi Sromis Sedegia. madlobeli var festivalis organizatoris, beso gorjolaZis, romelic cdilobs, msoflios gaacnos Cveni folkloruli tradiciebi.~ simReris maswavlebeli maia maRraZe aRniSnavs, rom festivalis granpri safrangeTis ansambls ergo, pirveli adgili iranis ansambls, xolo meore adgili - `saunjes,~ mesame adgilze gavidnen debi nino da lia SaviZeebi, romlebic warmoSobiT xaragaulidan

arian da amJamad krasnodarSi cxovroben. `aRsaniSnavia, rom Jiuris gadawyvetilebiT gran-pri da pirveli adgili folkloruli cekvebis Semsruleblebs xvdaT wilad. amitom Tamamad SeiZleba iTqvas, rom xalxuri simReris SesrulebisTvis pirveli adgili Cven davimsaxureT. amave dros festivalSi bavSvTa ansamblebidan mxolod `saunje~ iyo warmodgenili. bavSvebma kargad Seasrules simRerebi. SedegiT kmayofili var.~ nfestivalis organizebulobiTa da miRweuli SedegiT aRfrTovanebuli arian ansambl `saunjes~ wevrTa mSoblebi. maia beraZe: -warmatebulad gamovidnen Cveni bavSvebi festivalze. gaamarTles maia maswavleblisa da qalbatoni dalis didi Sroma. saerTaSoriso festivalSi maRali donis ansamblebi monawileobdnen. maT gverdiT `saunje~ namdvilad Rirseulad gamovida. Jiuris wevrebma aRniSnes, rom saocrad moewonaT xaragaulis ansambli da es iyo namdvili folklori. Zalian amayebi viyaviT, am sityvebs rom vismendiT. rac Seexeba festivals, kargad iyo organizebuli. Cven qobuleTSi viyaviT sastumroSi da baTumSi sami dRis manZilze yoveldRe CavdiodiT. erTgulad gvemsaxureboda mZRoli

Teimuraz beraZe. didi madloba minda vuTxra dali da maia maRraZeebs, rom bavSvebs Seayvares folklori da xalxuri simRera. Tamar sxilaZe: -festivalis Jiurim upiratesoba mocekvaveTa ansamblebs mianiWa. Cveni bavSvebi asakiTac yvelaze patarebi iyvnen monawileebs Soris. rogorc mayurebeli, rogorc mSobeli aRfrTovanebuli viyavi, radgan

garemo iyo araCveulebrivi. Zalian kmayofili wamovedi. `saunjes~ mocekvaveebs (qoreografi roman buaCiZe) sastumroSi diskebi darCaT, Tumca araCveulebrivad icekves cocxal musikaze. amaSi maT qobuleTis ansambli daexmara. baTumis bulvarSi `saunjem~ koncerti gamarTa. SemogvierTdnen cnobili momRerlebi `jeostaridan,~ `niWieridan~ da `nucas sko-

lidan.~ isini aRfrTovanebas ver malavdnen, Cveni bavSvebis simReras rom ismendnen. Cveni ansambli mReroda yvelgan - sanapiroze, bulvarSi, quCaSi, saxaWapureSic ki. vfiqrob, qalaqic Zalian kmayofili darCa Cveni stumrobiT. vulocavT `saunjes~ kidev erT aRiarebas da momavalSi msoflio arenaze warmatebebs vusurvebT. nino kapanaZe


4

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yovladwmida RvTismSoblis miZineba - mariamoba

28 agvistos marTlmadidebeli samyaro yovladwmida RvTismSoblis miZinebas mariamobas dResaswaulobs. yovladwminda qalwuli iswrafvoda cisken da loculobda zeciur savaneSi gadasaxlebuliyo, raTa damtkbariyo Tavisi Zisa da RmerTis sxivciskrovnebiT. rogorc qveyanaze qristes swavlebis mTesveli, igi xedavda, rom adamianTa sulebis wminda samkali ukve damwifebuli iyo: eklesiis daarseba da mowyoba aRsrulda, qristianoba da masTan erTad RvTismSoblis dideba mTel msoflioSi gavrcelda. yovladwminda mariami sionis mTaze, ioane RvTismetyvelis saxlSi cxovrobda da salocavad yvelaze xSirad irCevda golgoTasa da zeTisxilis mTas. erTxel locvisas mas mTavarangelozi gabrieli gamoecxada da axara, rom misi zecaSi aRsvla sami dRis Semdeg moxdeboda. RvTismSobeli evedreboda ufals, rom sxeulidan gansvlis Jams misi suli TviT ufals mieRo. aseve, iTxovda, rom aRsrulebamde miscemoda SesaZlebloba, enaxa wminda mociqulebi. Tavisi sxeulis dakrZalva man geTsimaniis qvabulSi isurva, iosafatis velTan, zeTisxilis mTasa da ierusalims Soris, sadac misi marTali mSoblebi da ioseb damwindveli ganisvenebdnen. rodesac igi Tavis survilebs ioanesa da iakobs gadascemda, moulodnelad qariS-

xlis momaswavebeli Zlieri xmauri gaisma da yvelam saxlzed Semortymuli naTeli Rrubeli dainaxa. ufalma yovladwminda dedis survili aRasrula: RvTiuri Zalis mier zeaRtacebulma wminda mociqulebma qveynierebis sxvadasxva mxareebidan am Rrublebis saSualebiT miaRwies saxlTan, sadac mariami imyofeboda. ioane RvTismetyveli maT miegeba da auwya, rom dadga RvTismSoblis ufalTan wasvlis dRe. yovladwminda RvTismSoblis xilvisas mociqulebma cremlebis damalva veRar SeZles, saSineli da sawyeni iyo gamoTxoveba dedasTan, romelic ganswavlida da anugeSebda, romelmac maTi meufe da maswavlebeli Secvala. mimadlebulma mariamma sTxova, rom sixaruli cremliT ar daemZimebinaT, aramed masTan erTad gaexaraT. yovladwminda qalwuli yvelas TavisTan uxmobda, saxelebs eZaxda, yvelas ealerseboda rwmenisa da im SromisaTvis, qristes qadagebisas rom gaswies. anugeSebda da aimedebda, rom oblad ar miatovebda qveyanas da Seismenda yvelas locvas vinc ki mas mimarTavda. angelosis gamocxadebidan mesame dRes saxlis Weri ganiRo, RvTaebrivi didebis naTelma iq myofni ganabrwyina, TviT qriste moevlina yovladwminda dedas. gaxarebulma mariamma warmosTqva: „adidebs suli Cemi ufalsa da ganixara sulman Cemman

RvTisa mimarT macxovrisa Cemisa.~ gaisma angelosTa galoba: „gixaroden, mimadlebulo, ufali SenTana, kurTxeul xar Sen dedaTa Soris!~ da RvTismSoblis suli uflis xeliT, zeimiTa da zeciuri Zalebis TanxlebiT avida caTa sasufevelSi. mociqulebi TrTolviT idgnen da cas Sescqerodnen. yovelive miwieri daviwyebodaT - sakuTari Tavic ki. rodesac gons moegnen, Sexedes yovladwminda sxeuls da dainaxes, rom misi saxe zeciuri naTliT brwyinavda, misgan saocari keTilsurneleba gamodioda. petres, pavles, iakobsa da sxva mociqulebs sakuTari mxrebiT mihqondaT wmida mariamis sxeuli. roca procesiam geTsimanias miaRwia, cremliTa da moTqmiT yvela ukanasknelad miemTxvia yovladwminda cxedars da mxolod saRamos SeZles wminda mociqulebma misi saflavSi dadeba. gamoqvabulis Sesasvleli qviT dafares. dakrZalvis Semdeg am adgils karga xans ar ganSorebian. sami dRis ganmavlobaSi locvasa da sagalobels aRuvlendnen RvTismSobels. RvTismSoblis dakrZalvidan mesame dRes movida geTsimaniaSi Toma mociquli. gamoxata gulistkivili, rom Rirsi ar gaxda, ukanasknelad exila deda RvTisa da misgan kurTxeva mieRo. wminda mociqulebma gadawyvites saflavis qva gadaegorebinaT da TomasTvis saSualeba miecaT, exila RvTismSoblis wminda gvami. qvis gadagorebisTanave naxes, rom akldamaSi mxolod sudarebi darCeniliyo. RvTismSoblis patiosani gvami aRarsad iyo. isini gancvifrdnen da gaogndnen. imave saRamos TviT zeciurma dedofalma daamSvida isini. saRamos trapezze geTsimaniidan dabrunebis Semdeg, rodesac mociqulebi yovladwminda samebas ganadidebdnen, angelosTa galoba gaisma da cis sivrceSi yovladwminda qalwuli ixiles. man, zeciuri ZalebiT garSemortymulma da gamouTqmeli didebiT gabrwyinebulma, mimarTa mociqulebs: „gixaroden, me Tquen Tana var yovelsa Jamsa”. gaxarebulma mociqulebma da iq myofma morwmuneebma erTad SesZaxes: „yovladwmindao RvTismSobelo, Segvewien Cven.~ RvTismSoblis aRsasruls eklesia miZinebas uwodebs, radgan man sul cota xniT miiZina da rogorc Zilisagan aRsdga. RvTismSobelma bunebis kanonebs sZlia. miwisagan Seqmnili sxeulis kvlav miwad miqceva - amgvari sikvdili mis gvams ar Sexebia. RvTismSoblis qvaSi gamokveTili saflavi, iseve rogorc saflavi misi Zisa, yvela morwmunisaTvis Tayvaniscemis sagnad darCa. uZvelesi droidan eklesiis mier RvTismSoblis miZinebis mosaxseneblad 28 agvistoa dadgenili. momzadebulia orthodoxy.ge-s -s mixedviT

kaci, romelmac epoqa Seqmna oTxmocdaSvidi weli gavida saqarTvelos 1924 wlis agvistos ajanyebidan. saqarTvelos istoriis es erTerTi gmiruli furceli kvlavac gansjisa da kvlevis sagnad rCeba. es arcaa gasakviri. bolSevikebi xom mTeli samocdaaTi wlis manZilze saguldagulod gvimalavdnen ara Tu am ajanyebis arss, aramed mTlianad 1918-21 wlebis monakveTs Cveni istoriisa, roca Tavisufali demokratiuli saqarTvelo mtkice nabijebs dgamda msoflio civilizaciisken. am ajanyebis monawileTa saqmianoba bolSevikebis mier yaCaRobad iyo monaTluli, xolo qarTveli patriotebis mTeli Taoba yaCaRebad da qveynis mtrebad iwodebodnen. aseT saburvelSi moqceuli es istoriuli movlena, bunebrivia, kvlavac gansjasa da ganxilvas moiTxovs, raTa istoriam Semogvinaxos naTeli furceli am ganmaTavisuflebeli moZraobisa. 1921 wlis bolSevikuri ruseTis mier saqarTvelos dapyrobis Semdeg, rodesac gaCnda idea saqarTvelos erovnuli ajanyebisa, qarTvelTa im ricxvSi, romelTac SeeZloT am brZolas gaZRolodnen, uyoymanod moiazreboda qaquca ColoyaSvili, romelmac ukve im droisaTvis Seupovari mebrZolis saxeli moixveWa. qaquca (qaixosro) ColoyaSvili 1888 wels daibada ColoyaSvilebis sagvareulo sofel mataanSi (kaxeTi) ioseb ColoyaSvilis ojaxSi. swavlobda Tbilisis saTavadaznauro gimnaziaSi. ocdaerTi wlisa jarSi gaiwvies. 1913 wels colad SeirTo nino meRvineTuxucesi. SeeZinaT ori Svili - Tamari da qeTevani. samxedro samsaxuridan qaquca ColoyaSvili oficris CiniT dabrunda.

pirveli msoflio omis dawyebis Semdeg igi jer avstriis frontze, xolo Semdeg kavkasiis frontze ibrZoda TurqTa winaaRmdeg. qaquca ColoyaSvils Rrmad swamda, rom upirvelesad Tavis samSoblos - saqarTvelos icavda. igi zurgis aseuls meTaurobda, romelsac TurqTa winsvlis SeCereba evaleboda. 1914 wlis dekemberSi, roca osmalebma Seteva wamoiwyes, qaqucas daevala strategiuli mniSvnelobis mTis dabruneba. brZola usastikesi iyo. qaquca ColoyaSvili samjer daiWra, magram davaleba mainc Seasrula. gamoCenili simamacisa da TavdadebisaTvis oqros xmliT dajildovda. ai, aseT kacs ergo wilad saTaveSi Cadgomoda erovnuli ajanyebis samxedro-sabrZolo saqmes. 1922 wlis martSi qaquca ColoyaSvili da misi razmelebi tyeSi gavidnen, rac faqtiurad arsebuli xelisuflebis winaaRmdeg omis dawyebas niSnavda. qaquca Tavis razmelebs ase mimarTavda: `dRes Cven gvxvda wilad, rom pirvelebma daviwyoT brZola da mTel qveyanas vaCvenoT, rom saqarTvelos Tavisufleba surs Tavis miwa-wyalze da ar daemorCileba araviTar mters. gaumarjos Cveni samSoblos momavals da am Cveni patara razmis miswrafebas.~ SeficulTa razms pirveli Setakeba mterTan siRnaRSi mouxda ivnisSi. 1922 wlis ivlis-agvistoSi moxda kaxeTxevsureTis ajanyeba. qaqucas razmma TuSeT-fSav-xevsureTisken mimavali gzebi gadaketa. Seficulebma JinvalTan sastikad daamarcxes bolSevikebi. sabWoTa xelisuflebam amis Semdeg ajanyebulTa winaaRmdeg didi samxedro Zala gamoiyvana. qaquca ColoyaSvili iZulebuli gaxda jer xevsureTisTvis, xolo Semdeg Crdilo kavkasiisTvis Seefarebina Tavi.

amis Semdeg moxda sabediswero ram. Ralatis gamo daapatimres da 1923 wlis 23 maiss daxvrites ajanyebis samxedro centris meTaurebi kote afxazi, varden wulukiZe, gogi ximSiaSvili, rostom musxeliSvili da sxva patrioti oficrebi. brZola Senelda, Tumca ar Sewyvetila. samxedro komisiam brZolis xelmZRvaneloba qaquca ColoyaSvils daavala. man ajanyebisTvis darazma aRmosavleT saqarTvelos mTeli mosax-

@) FUDBCNJ @_!! O

xaCiZeebma sagvareulo sofelSi xatis CamobrZaneba izeimes `xaCiZeebs kruxiWamiebs gveZaxian, radgan erTaderTi kruxi Turme Cvenma winaparma stumars daukla. stumar-maspinZloba, moyvasis siyvaruli da sikeTis qmna rom ar gveSleba xaCiZeebs, es am faqtidanac Cans. wminda giorgim ar moaklos mfarveloba Cvens ojaxebs,~ - ase mimarTa sofel waqvaSi sagvareulo salocavTan Sekrebil xaCiZeebs usupi xaCiZem. am ramdenime xnis win uwmindesma da unetaresma, sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos patriarqma ilia meorem samebis sakaTedro taZarSi xaCiZeebis gvari daloca. 6 agvistos sofel waqvaSi, xaCiZeebis sagvareulo sofelSi, patriarqis mier nakurTxi wmida giorgis xati CamoabrZanes. xatis CamobrZanebas sagvareulo sofelSi Tbilisidan qalbatoni dali xaCiZe xelmZRvanelobda gamgeobis wevrebTan erTad. am faqts saqarTvelos sxvadasxva kuTxidan Camosuli xuTasamde xaCiZe eswreboda. xati wmida giorgis salocavze miabrZanes. sadResaswaulo paraklisi xuTma moZRvarma gadaixada. xuTive maTgani xaCiZeebis gvaris warmomadgenelia. mama Teodosma (eriskacobaSi gela xaCiZe) paraklisis aRvlenis Semdeg iqadaga. man aRniSna, rom saqarTvelos patriarqma or udides saqmes Cauyara safuZveli. es gaxlavT mesame da momdevno Svilebis monaTvla mis mier da gvarebis dalocva. `patriarqis iniciativis Semdeg bevrma qarTvelma axali sicocxle gaaCina. ucxoelebmac gadadges es nabiji da daunaTesavdnen patriarqs. rac Seexeba gvarebis dalocvas, Cven vcxovrobT iseT droSi, roca gvari, jiSi, jilagi, tradicia, wesi da adaTi TandaTan iSleba. roca ufalma kacobriobas enebi uboZa, xeli Seuwyo erebis TavisTavadobas, individualobas. Tanamedrove apokalifsur droSi borot Zalas surs am yvelafris ganadgureba. amitom Zalian mniSvnelovania, rom locviTa da kurTxeviT gaZlierdes TiToeuli gvari. urbnisisa da ruisis mitropolitma meufe iobma daglocaT, mogilocaT Sekreba da gamravleba gvisurva xaCiZeebs,~ - aRniSna qadagebisas mama Teodosma. salocavis ezoSi Sekrebil xaCiZeebs mama arCilmac mimarTa: --mravali aseTi

bednieri dRe migvelocos erTmaneTisTvis. ar dagvleodes sazeimo da sadResaswaulo. Segvewios wmida giorgi. gagvmravlebodes sikeTe da ar dagvaviwydes, rom RvTis Svilebi varT. RmerTma dagvadgina samyaros gvirgvinad. adamiani erTaderTi arsebaa, romelic sulieri da xorcieli nawilebisgan Sedgeba. RmerTi iyos yvelas Semwe. salocavis ezoSi Sekrebil xaCiZeebs lagodexSi mcxovrebma jemal xaCiZem mimarTa. man isaubra xaCiZeebis gvaris istoriaze da maT Casaxlebaze imereTidan lagodexSi. dRes lagodexSi xaCiZeebis 150 ojaxi cxovrobs, romlebic waqvadan 1900-ian wlebSi wasulan. dasasruls batonma jemalma xaCiZeebi kaxeTSi dapatiJa, raTa ufro axlos gaicnon erTmaneTi. locvis Semdeg xati miabrZanes usupi xaCiZis ojaxSi, sadac Camosul xaCiZeebs waqvelma xaCiZeebma guluxvi sufriT umaspinZles. xaCiZeebi mama Teodosis TamadobiT zeimobdnen mSobliur fesvebTan miaxlebas, erTmaneTisadmi siTbosa da siyvaruls gamoxatavdnen, samomavlo Sexvedrebs gegmavdnen da wminda giorgis SesTxovdnen mfarvelobas. batoni usupi xaCiZe udides madlirebas gamoxatavda im Tanasoflelebis mimarT, romlebic mas gverdiT daudgnen. udidesia daTo, fridon, guram, naTela, darejan, vaJa xaCiZeebis wvlili salocavis keTilmowyobaSi. sagvareulo sofelSi Sekrebili xaCiZeebis survilia waqvaSi eklesia aSendes. RvTis nebiT, xaCiZeebis mondomebiT, rwmeniTa da siyvaruliT imedia, es survili male realobad iqceva. siZliere da gamravleba ar mohklebodes xaCiZeebis gvars. nino kapanaZe

leoba. dainiSna sayovelTao ajanyeba. igi 1924 wlis 29 agvistos 22 saaTze unda dawyebuliyo. sabediswero aRmoCnda is, rom ajanyeba WiaTuraSi erTi dRe-RamiT adre, 28 agvistos daiwyo. qaqucam mainc scada ajanyebis Semotrialeba. man aiRo manglisi, duSeTi, gaimarjva araerT sastik brZolaSi. ajanyeba damarcxda, magram qaquca ColoyaSvilis SeficulTa razmi bolSevikebisTvis mouxelTebeli aRmoCnda. igi SiSis zars scemda maT winaaRmdeg mebrZol samxedro SenaerTebs. amis gamo bolSevikebi mosaxleobas sastikad uswordebodnen. 1924 wlis seqtemberSi qaquca razmelTa erT nawilTan erTad safrangeTSi emigraciaSi wavida. samSoblos bedze mofiqrali raindi dRiTidRe ileoda. Zvelma Wrilobebmac iCina Tavi da 1930 wels 27 ivniss aResrula kidec. madloba RmerTs, rom aRsrulda misi survili da Cveni erovnuli gmiri dRes mTawmindaze ganisvenebs. maxsendeba ara erTi monaTxrobi Tanamedroveebisa qaqucas pirovnebis Sesaxeb. igi iyo gamorCeuli Sesaxedaobis, gonieri, namdvili raindi, uebro cxenosani da Semsrulebeli qarTuli cekvisa. amave dros igi iyo suliT xorcamde marTl-

madidebeli qristiani, mimtevebeli, rogorc amas ufali gvaswavlis. qaquca ColoyaSvilis upirvelesi megobari da TanamebrZoli aleqsandre sulxaniSvili igonebda: 1923 wels TelavTan axlos tyeSi yofilan dabanakebulni. iq razmelebs erTi saeWvo kaci, erovnebiT osi SeumCneviaT da qaqucasTvis miugvriaT. razmelebs misi daxvreta ganuzraxavT. qaqucas ar uqnia, am sawyals Tavi anebeT, risi vneba SeuZliao. gauSviaT. erTi saaTis Semdeg Telavis miliciam razmelebze Seteva wamoiwyo. es osi gamcemi aRmoCnda. amiT imis Tqma surda aleqsandre sulxaniSvils, rom qaqucas xasiaTSi ar iyo kacTa kvla da sisxlis Rvra, Tu amis aucilebloba ar iyo. es Tviseba udavod saukeTeso Strixia qaqucas pirovnebisa. saqarTveloSi arsebobs mosazreba, rom 1924 wlis ajanyeba Secdoma iyo, rom igi imTaviTve damarcxebisTvis iyo ganwiruli. me ver daveTanxmebi am mosazrebas. mtris winaaRmdeg brZolas yovelTvis aqvs azri, Tundac erTi martivi mizezis gamo: mterma da dabeCavebam SeCveva icis. SeCveuli Wiris mocileba ki Zalze Znelia. TavisuflebisTvis brZola arasdros unda miinavlos! Temur bluaSvili


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frinvelTa arainfeqciuri daavadebebi

yvelaze kargi mkurnaloba profilaqtikaa futkris movlisa da mkurnalobis Sesaxeb gTavazobT gamocdili mefutkris, wlebis manZilze xaragaulis safutkre meurneobis direqtoris, laSa gurgeniZis konsultaciebs: -aRsaniSnavia, rom dReisaTvis mdgomareoba arc Tu ise saxarbieloa futkars ar aqvs Taflis sakmarisi maragi gamosazamTreblad. amitom, Tu wina wlebSi mogvianebiT viwyebdiT sakvebis micemas, wels es procesi cota adre unda daviwyoT. gansakuTrebuli yuradReba axalgazrda ojaxebs unda mieqces. futkari unda vkveboT sistematurad 3-4 dRis intervaliT da amave dros mivceT nozematozisa da infeqciebis sawinaaRmdego preparatebi. aucilebelia paralelurad daviwyoT tki paze mkurnaloba. vinc futkars varokomiT, askovariT da mavrikiT mkurnalobs, aucilebelia, mkurnalobis sami kursi Cautaros. tkipis anu varvatozis sawinaaRmdegod me rekomendacias vuwev varostops. es sakmaod efeqturi preparatia. varostopiT mkurnaloba Sromatevadi ar aris da finansuradac ufro naklebi daujdeba mefutkres. Zalian mniSvnelovania, rom varostopi ar Sedis reaqciaSi TaflTan da mcenareul safuZvelzea damzadebuli. varvatozi futkars Zalian did zians ayenebs, gansakuTrebiT am periodSi. SeiZleba gamoiwvios futkaris cru nayari. imis gamo, rom ska dainficirebulia da futkari ver iSorebs varvatozs, agvistos bolos da seqtemberSi skidan gamodis momcro nayari. es niSnavs imas, rom mTeli safutkre

safrTxeSia da daavadebulia varvatoziT. varvatozma SeiZleba gamoiwvios nozematozi anu kuWis aSliloba. xSirad gamigia mefutkreebisgan, Semodgomaze samjer gavukeTeb wamalso. sanam skidan tki pis gareT gamoyra SeiniSneba, mkurnaloba manamde unda Catardes. dasavleT saqarTveloSi wels didi raodenobiT futkari daixoca. es gamoiwvia nozematozma (kuWis aSliloba). adre es daavadeba Tavis simptomebs avlenda - dasvrili CarCoebi da adre gazafxulze dambladacemuli futkari. amJamad es daavadeba ase aRar vlindeba da erT dRes, SesaZloa, skaSi daxocili futkari dagvxvdes. yvelaze kargi mkurnaloba profilaqtikaa. amitom, profilaqtikis mizniT, futkars aucileblad unda mivceT preparati nozestati. igi Zalian efeqturia da futkrisTvis erTgvari stimulatoria. vaJinSi anu `sirofSi~ SevurevT da ase davazRvevT futkars nozematozisgan. seqtemberSi rubrikaSi `Cemi mamuli~ futkris gamozamTrebis problemebze visaubreb. vaJinis (sirofis) momzadebis wesi: erTi litri SemTbari wyali, erTi kilogrami Saqari. Sesabamisad erT kilogramze erTi grami oqsi an ori grami natri.

rCevebi baR-bostanSi da mindorSi muSaobis, agreTve sxvadasxva teqnikasTan urTierTobiT, xelebi isvreba da Savdeba. Cveulebrivi saponiT dabana xSirad ver acilebs siSaves da sapoxi zeTisa da sxva nivTierebebis naSTebs. gagacnobT ramdenime martiv proceduras, romlis Catareba mogexmarebaT xelebis movlaSi: roca vaxSmad kartofilis piure geqnebaT, 2-3 sufris kovzi moitoveT, daumateT erTi Cais kovzi 3-procentiani wyalbadis zeJangi (iyideba afTiaqebSi), kargad aurieT, waisviT xelebze es narevi, 5 wuTis Semdeg daibaneT xelebi da pirsaxociT SeimSraleT. gaSavebuli kanis gaTeTreba SeiZleba limonis wveniT da 3-procentiani wyalbadis zeJangiT. nu gadayriT naxmar limonis naWrebs. Zilis win waisviT is xelebze, Semdeg ki mkvebavi kremi waisviT. gauxeSebul xelebs kargad arbilebs Tbili zeTi (ararafinirebuli); zeTi 5 wuTiT waisviT, mere ki qaRaldis xelsawmendiT an CvriT SeimSraleT.

frinvelTa movlisa da kvebis pirobebis darRveva warmoSobs Semdegi saxis arainfeqciur daavadebebs: CiCaxvis gaberva, romlis ZiriTadi mizezia mSieri frinvelisTvis didi raodenobiT mSrali sakvebis micema, romelic iWedeba frinvelis CiCaxvSi da frinveli mas ver amuSavebs (aseTi saxis daavadebas xels uwyobs kaliumis da fosforis nakleboba). amis gamo frinvelis CiCaxvi gaberilia, magaria an Cacomebulia. is sakvebs ar Wams, mowyenilia, gaberili CiCaxvi ketavs sisxlZarRvebs, rac frinvelis daRupvas iwvevs. karg Sedegs iZleva zondis saSualebiT mcenareuli zeTis (30-50 gr) Casxma CiCaxvSi, ris Semdeg CiCaxvze frinvels msubuq masaJs ukeTeben. frinvels pirqve kideben da cdiloben saylapavi miliT sakvebis gamoyras, ris Semdeg CiCaxvs gamourecxaven kaliumis permanganatis susti wyalxsnariT (SeyavT zondiT). kuWaSliloba s zrdasrul frinkuWaSlilobas velSi iwvevs uxarisxo an didi raodenobiT axali sakvebis micema. am SemTxvevaSi saWiroa davubrundeT pirvandel sakvebs, xolo axali sakvebi mcire doziT mivceT. disperisa - Tavs iCens mozard frinvelebSi (40 dRis asakamde) da Tavisi bunebiT kuWis lorwovani garsis anTebaa, rac frinvelis kuWis aSlilobaSi gamoixateba. es daavadeba gamowveulia frinvelis kvebis reJimis darRveviT. kerZod, uxeSi sakvebis

adreuli micemiT, Znelad gadasamuSavebeli sakvebis gamoyenebiT. am daavadebis SemTxvevaSi frinveli zis, Tvalebi daxuWuli an naxevrad gaxelili aqvs, Tavi - win waweuli, Wamis mada naklebad an saerTod ar aqvs. xSirad CiCaxvi ebereba, kuWis aSliloba axasiaTebs daavadebis dasawyisSi, romelsac Tan ayolebs mounelebel sakvebs. frinvelebi Tavs iyrian siTbosTan da wivian. am daavadebis dros sakvebSi SeaqvT rZis axali produqtebi, sasmeli wylis magivrad. aZleven saWmeli sodis an kaliumis permanganatis wyalxsnars. bronqopnevmanias axasiaTebs sasunTqi gzebis lorwovani garsis anTeba (umetesad 15-20 dRis asakSi), iwvevs

frinvelis sxeulis gaciebas, rac siTburi reJimis darRvevis dros xdeba. daavadebuli frinveli xrotinebs, niskarts Slis, yeli wagrZelebuli, xolo frTebi Camoyrili aqvs. mkurnalobas atareben anTebiTi procesebis sawinaaRmdego preparatebis wyalxsnariT (18-200 temperaturaze). Tvalis garsis gaRizianeba gamowveulia frinvelis samyof saTavsoSi amiakis an sxva mavne gazebis didi SemcvelobiT. am dros Tvalis garsidan gamoiyofa lorwovani siTxe, ris gamoc Tvalebi daxuWuli aqvs. frinveli ar ikvebeba da ar imatebs wonaSi, zis uZravad. daavadebis Zlieri ganviTarebisas ar aris gamoricxuli frinvelis daRupva. saWiroa sanitaruli da higienuri RonisZiebebis Catareba. vitaminebis nakleboba Tavs iCens sakvebSi vitaminebis naklebobisas. kerZod, Tu wiwilebi an Wukebi nela viTardebian, zrdasruli frinveli ki amcirebs, xolo Semdeg saerTod wyvets kvercxis debas, an aqvs cremldena. es gamowveulia vitaminis naklebobiT. am dros saWiroa mivceT vitaminis Semcveli sakvebi. yvela zemoT CamoTvlil SemTxvevaSi daavadebuli frinvelis moxarSuli xorci adamianisaTvis sakvebad vargisia. Tu frinveli moiwamla, romlis saerTo niSnebia: frinvelis mousvenroba, wylis xSiri sma, gulisreva, kuWaSliloba, xSiri gazmoreba, frinvelis xorci sakvebad uvargisia. is unda ganadgurdes, xolo gamojanmrTelebis SemTxvevaSi, sakvebad gamodgeba aTi dRis Semdeg.

Turquli Turquli sasoflo-sameurneo cxovelTa mwvave infeqciuri daavadebaa, romelic swrafad vrceldeba. TurquliT avaddeba msxvili rqosani pirutyvi, agreTve cxvari, Txa, Rori da gareuli wyvilCliqiani cxovelebi. TurquliT SeiZleba daavaddes adamianic, gansakuTrebiT bavSvebi. TurqulTan brZolis siZnele gamoixateba misi gansakuTrebuli infeqciurobisa da daavadebebis gamomwvevi virusis mravalti pianobiT. aRsaniSnavia, rom misi virusi didxans inaxeba bunebaSi. Turqulis gavrcelebis wyaro TviT daavadebuli pirutyvia. misi sainkubacio periodi erTidan Svid dRemde da zogjer 21 dRemdec grZeldeba. daavadebuli cxoveli viruss garemoSi rZesTan, nerwyvTan, SardTan da ganavalTan erTad gamoyofs. Turquli ti piuri niSnebiT mimdinareobs msxvilrqian pirutyvSi, romelsac daavadebis dasawyisSi etyoba madis daqveiTeba, piris Rrudan wevadi nerwyvis dena, piris Rrus lorwovan garsze warmoiSoba buStulebi e. w. Turqulis aftebi, romlebic skdeba da mis adgilas wylulebi viTardeba, romlis Sexorcebac 3-5 dRe grZeldeba. Turqulis buStulebi SeiZleba ganviTardes cxvirze, curze, CliqebsSua napralebSi, rac iwvevs cxovelis dakoWlebas.

cxvarsa da Rors Turquli umetesad kidurebs uzianebs (koWlobs). danarCeni niSnebi naklebad aqvs gamoxatuli. Turquli did zarals iwvevs daxborianebis, dagoWianebisa da masobrivi dolis periodSi. xboebis dacemam SeiZleba 30%-mde miaRwios; goWebisa da batknebisa ki 80%-mde. garda amisa, igi auaresebs rZis, xorcisa da mecxoveleobis sxva produqtebis xarisxs, romelic aucileblad Termulad unda damuSavdes.

ngazeTis momzadebis procesSi dagvikavSirda ramdenime moqalaqe. maTi varaudiT, soflebSi gavrcelebulia daavadeba Turquli. Turqulis an cxovelTa sxva daavadebebis gaCenisas dauyovnebliv daukavSirdiT sursaTis uvneblobis, veterinariisa da mcenareTa dacvis xaragaulis samsaxuris ufross giorgi kikaliSvils telefoniT 591 91 48 83.


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irakli manjaviZe: ,,,,sofelSi sofelSi dabadebuli kaci axlos xar miwasTan... miwasTan...~~ pataraobidanve miwas SeWidebuli Tavisi ofliT i povebda sarCo-sabadebels. 30 wlis ganmavlobaSi muSaobda TeTrawyarosa da Cxeris kolmeurneobebis Tavmjdomared. TeTrawyaros TiTqmis ganadgurebuli kolmeurneoba fexze daayena. yovelTvis patiosan adamianad, karg meojaxed da Zlier meurned icnobdnen. miwisa da soflis siyvaruli igrZnoba mis TiToeul sityvaSi. ,,axalgazrda rom viyo...~- ambobs da grZnob, am sityvebis ukan ramxela sevdanarevi survili imaleba kidev raRacis gakeTebis, kidev raRacis Secvlis... Tavs ubednieres adamianad Tvlis, radgan oTxi Svilis mama da 11 SviliSvilis babuaa. TviTonac mravalSvilian ojaxSi aRzrdili, ambobs, rom qveyanaze dedmamiSvilis fasi araferia. -rTuli cxovreba mqonda, - gviambobs sofel laSeSi mcxovrebi batoni irakli manjaviZe, - siymawvile ar mqonia, bavSvoba represiebis wlebma da meore msoflio omma wamarTva. bavSvebi saqonels rom mwyemsavdnen, maT adgilze yofnas vnatrobdi, radgan im dros mamasTan erTad ToxiT xelSi yanaSi videqi. skolaSi Zalian celqi moswavle viyavi. xaragaulidan kicxSi gadamiyvanes da saSualo skola iq davamTavre. Zlieri moswavle ar vyofilvar, Tumca, yvelas gasakvirad, fizkulturis institutSi samkurnalo fizkulturis fakultetze Cavabare. Tavidan samedicino institutSi vabarebdi, magram qulebi ar meyo. swavlis dawyebidan sami Tvis Semdeg xargaulSi Camovedi. mSoblebisTvis unda mimexarebina Cemi studentobis ambavi. mesame nawilis ufrosma gvarad axraxaZem mTxova, saxlSi misvlamde komisiariatSi Semevlo, radgan wvevamdeli viyavi. komisariatSi misuli miliciam saswrafod TbilisSi wamiyvana da iqedan jaris mosaxdelad belorusiaSi gamgzavnes. minskis orwliani saartilerio saswavlebeli davamTavre da leitenatis wodeba miviRe. samxedro cxovreba Cemi saqme ar iyo, mama moZRvari myavda da kacis mokvla CemTvis warmoudgeneli ram iyo. yovelTvis mwamda uflis. samxedroSi yofnisas minskSi patrulad vmuSaobdi. aRdgomis Rames taZarSi Cumad wavedi. rogorc ki Sevedi, davinaxe Cveni nawilis generali eklesias gars daCoqili uvlida. Sevcbi da imwamsve ukan gamovbrundi. masac davunaxivar. erT-erT mecadineobaze movida generali da mkiTxa - Sen biWo, RmerTi giyvarso? samxedro nawilSi polkovnik gviSians davuaxlovdi da vTxove, demobilizaciaSi movexvedrebine. ase wamovedi iqedan, magram fizkulturis institutSi aRar mimiRes. miTxres, semestri ar gaqvs daxurulio. swavla sasoflo-sameurneo institutSi mcenareTa dacvis fakultetze gavagrZele. sakmaod kargad vswavlobdi. Cems qalaqel jgufelebs marcvlis miwaSi Cagdebaze warmodgena ar hqondaT. sofelSi dabadebuli kaci axlos xar miwasTan. zestafonis starosevskis sacdel meurne-

obaSi unda damecva sadi plomo Sroma. Cemi naSromi rom warvadgine profesor baTiaSvilTan, Zalian moewona da miTxra, es sadiplomo ki ara,sakandidato Sromaao. swavlis aspiranturaSi gagrZeleba SemomTavaza. Tema aviRe da muSaobas Sevudeqi. xaragaulis raionis raikomis mdivanma, miSa samxaraZem, gamomiZaxa da miTxra partiis wevri xar da TbilisSi ver waxvalo. TeTrawyaros kolmeurneobis Tavmjdomared damniSnes. es ambavi Zalian ewyina profesor baTiaSvils. saangariSo krebaze ukve yofilma Tavmjdomarem angariSi rom warmoadgina, ai, maSin unda avmdgariyavi da gamovqceuliyavi, magram es albaT bediswera iyo. 1961 wlis 28 ianvars daviwye muSaoba. 25 weli TeTrawyaros kolmeurneobis Tavmjdomare viyavi, momdevno xuTi weli ki - Cxeris. TeTrawyaros kolmeurneobas, Cemi Tavmjdomared daniSvnisas, uamravi vali hqonda. kolmeurneobis angariSze Semosul fuls banki, valis dasafaravad, pirdapir angariSidan gvixsnida. araviTari saxsari ar gagvaCnda. mevenaxeoba ganadgurebuli iyo. maxsovs, pirvel weliwads 17 centneri yurZeni moviyvaneT. partiuli aqtivis krebaze gamosulma miSa samxaraZem Tqva, TeTrawyarosa da axalsoflis kolmeurneobam imdeni yurZeni moiyvana, rac kicxSi kvantriSvilebis erTma ojaxmao. yvelas guli hqonda acruebuli da muSaoba aravis undoda. Semovikribe axalgazrdebi da mynoba vaswavle. mynoba mamaCemidan mqonda naswavli. ase gavakeTeT saTburi, vinaidan vazis nergis SeZenis saSualeba ar gvqonda. meore wels 1 400 centneri yurZeni moviwieT. axla is venaxebi TeTrawyaroSi gaCexilia. vitire, rom vnaxe. ZalRones ar viSurebdiT TeTrawyaroSi mevenaxeobis gasaZliereblad. TandaTan gavimarTeT welSi - SeviZineT oTxi traqtori, Svidi manqana. kolmeurneoba didi Zalisxmevis fasad gavaZliereT. 1980 wels sofeli Cxeri SemouerTda TeTrawyaros kolmeurneobas. gadavwyvite CxerSi wasvla. saministroSi SevaTanxme Cxeris gamoyofa da iq gadavedi. saqmianobaSi Cemi Zma mexmareboda. igi `TbilmSenis~ bazis ufrosi iyo. kolmeurneobas exmareboda finansurad. warvudgendi

xolme angariSs da fuls gviricxavda. xandebSi qvis samtexlo me gavxseni. erevnidan Camovitane saWreli dazga. -batono irakli, rogor exma exma-reboda saxelmwifo im dros sof sof-lis meurneobas? -maSin saxelmwifos daxmareba aseTi iyo: dagibarebdnen biuroze, arafris gulisTvis gaglanZRavdnen da gagTaTxavdnen. sesxis aRebas gvaZalebdnen, magram imdeni vali gvqonda, raRa sesxi gvindoda. soflis meurneobas xaragaulSi yovelTvis uWirda, magram axla rom aris ganadgurebuli, ase arasodes yofila. sofelSi gzaze burdebma gadaiara. adamiani aRar midi-modis. muSaoba rom daviwye, sofelSi 40 uReli xari iyo, axla erTi uReli xari aRar aris. -rogor unda daexmaros saxel saxel-mwifo xaragaulis msgavs raionebs da ra mimarTulebiT unda ganvaviTa ganvaviTa-roT soflis meurneoba? -kolmeurneobis Semobruneba sisulelea. kaci, romelic sofels gaeqca da soflis simware icis, aq aRar dabrundeba. urCevnia qalaqSi iSimSilos da sofelSi aRar dabrundes. soflebSi unda Seiqmnas fermeruli meurneobebi da fermerebma ijariT unda aiRon miwebi. axla ukve miwebs veRar vamuSaveb. SarSan 6 tona simindi da 3 tonamde yurZeni moviyvane. saxelmwifom xeli unda Seuwyos damwyeb fermerebs. SeRavaTebi unda dauwesos. unda ga-

nesvi

kicxeli maglo CaCaniZis saocrad movlil baRCa-baRebSi sapatio adgili uWiravs nesvs. wels qalbatonma maglom kicxSi nesvis kargi mosavali miiRo.

nesvi gareuli saxiT gvxvdeba indoeTSi, mcire aziasa da avRaneTSi. nesvi saqarTveloSi didi xnidan cnobili kulturaa. nesvi metad sasiamovno, surnelovani, gemrieli da sasargeblo xilia. nesvi siTbosmoyvaruli mcenarea, Teslis aRmoceneba iwyeba 15 gradus celsiusze maRal temperaturaze. amodis 11-12 dReze. aRmonaceni mgrZnobiarea dabali temperaturisadmi. yinvis dros iRupeba. nesvi mohyavT Teslis TesviT. Tesli iTeseba winaswar kargad damuSavebul niadagze kvadratul-budobrivad. budeebs Soris 1,5-2 metr manZils toveben. aWaraSi kavons, samegrelosa da svaneTSi Sinkas uwodeben. nesvis samSoblod aziis samxreT-dasavleTi nawili iTvleba. saqarTveloSi nesvi uxsovari droidan iTeseba. nesvi Seicavs Saqrebs 7,31-17,09%mde, vitaminebs - C, PP, karotins, peqtins, aromatul nivTierebebs, rkinas da sxva. misi Tesli ki 25,64% cxims. nesvi rekomendirebulia asakovani adamianebisaTvis rogorc sklerozis sawinaaRmdego, nivTierebaTa cvlis moSlis (xels uwyobs Jangva-aRdgeniT reaqcias), RviZlis daavadebebisa da anemiis dros. nesvis zedmetma Wamam SeiZleba gamoiwvios muclis tkivili da kuWis aSla.

naviTaron mesimindeoba, mesaqonleoba. me rom axalgazrda viyo, Tavisufal miwebs gamoviyenebdi da aucileblad daviwyebdi am bizness: aviRebdi miwebs ijariT da davasaqmebdi soflis mosaxleobas, aT kacamde. SeviZendi mcire meqanizacias - erT traqtors da erT manqanas. fermers saSualeba da gasaqani unda mieces, rom adgilze gadaamuSaos Tavisi produqcia. vawarmoebdi Zexveuls. damijerebT, rom Zexvi menatreba?! is, rac axla iyideba, Zalian uxarisxoa. erTi fermeruli meurneobis SeqmnaSi Tu daexmareba saxelmwifo sofels, aucileblad gaCndeba sxvaganac. es saqme ar iTxovs did fulad dabandebas. adamiani rom dasaqmdeba, is TavisTavad soflis mkvidri gaxdeba da ase sofeli gaZlierdeba. Wkvianma xelmZRvanelma lari ise ar unda Cados saqmeSi, Tu iqedan larnaxevars ar elodeba. mTavrobas Tavisi unda gadauxado, damaluli araferi unda gqondes. -rogor SeiZleba adamianma so so-felSi Tavi gadairCinos? -Cemi azriT, axalgazrdoba daavadebulia sizarmaciT. arian axalgazrdebi, yanaSi muSaoba rom eTakilebaT. Toxi sasjeli ar aris. maxsovs erTxel saangariSo krebas zestafonis raikomis mdivani saxeCiZe eswreboda. krebaze mWedels usayvedures. saxeCiZe krebas roca ajamebda, Tqva, mWedels Toxi mieciT xelSio. wamoxta erTi kaci da uTxra: gamodis, rom Tqveni TqmiT, Toxi sasjeli yofilao. gaSra saxeCiZe. sofelSi

yvavilebi

arc Toxi da arc kavi unda geTakilebodes. sofelSi dabadebul adamians rom venaxis movla ar gecodineba, ra kaci xar maSin?! es sizarmace komunistebis bralia. maT dros mosaxleobis 99% qurdad iyo qceuli. Tu ar qurdobdi, `kaci~ ar iyavi. dResac ar jeraT, rom me ar vsargeblobdi Cemi TanamdebobiT. raSi mWirdeboda moparva? xelfasis garda premiebi iyo, meuRlec muSaobda. vinc i paravda, is uyvardaT raikomis mdivnebs, radgan masTan wili mihqondaT. erT-erTi raikomis mdivani damibarebda da gamomkiTxavda muSaobis ambebs. revizias reviziaze migzavnida. ver mimaxvedra, rom fuli unda mimetana. Sromismoyvareoba adamians ojaxidan unda mosdevdes. kacs rom gauWirdeba, mere iwyebs Sromas. fuladi anazRaurebac zrdis Sromis motivacias. maxsovs, mZRoli davasaxle patara xaragaulSi da 500 maneTi momitana. vusayvedure da gareT gamovagde. vuTxari, kolmeurneobaSi mosuli ar daginaxomeTqi. dedamisi movida CemTan da itira, Svilo gzaabneuli kacia, nu damiRupavo. davabrune da gaagrZela muSaoba. erT dResac Cems ezoSi sami Ziri futkari mouyvania. raRas vizamdi, mezobels vTxove, futkrisTvis miexeda. Cemi qaliSvilis gaTxovebis Semdeg futkars Cemi siZe soso davaZe - uvlis. -wels vazis daavadebebi iyo gav gav-rcelebuli. TqvenTan ra mdgomareobaa am mxriv? -wels yurZeni erTianad gamifuWda. wamlis Sesxurebidan mesame dRes nayofi mTlianad moifSvna. amas uxarixso wamals vabraleb. gamyidvelma qarTuli Sabiamani mirCia da ar gamomadga. Tanamedrove wamlebis ar mjera - yovelTvis Sabiamans viyeneb. warmoudgenelia CemTvis ojaxi, sadac yovel wels Rvino ar daiwureba, Rori ar daikvleba... wels kaxeTidan vapireb yurZnis Camotanas. mamaCemi ityoda xolme: qristem akurTxa Rvino, puri da zeTio. -xSirad adamiani mosavlis mo mo-sayvanad yvelafers akeTebs, magram buneba mainc Tavisas Svreba... -adamiani sikvdilsac unda elodes. yovelTvis yvelafrisTvis unda iyo mzad. asea naTesebzec. erT weliwads piradi rom gavmargle, iseTi setyva wamovida, sul dalewa simindi. ras vizamdi? imwamsve movifiqre, ras da rogor gavakeTebdi. zogi zamTarSi midis SeSaze. adamiani winaswar unda moemzado yvelafrisTvis. imereTSi mexileoba kargad ganviTarebuli arasdros yofila da arc iqneba. xexils Taviseburi gasxvla da movla sWirdeba. rac aris imereTSi tradiciuli, imas unda mivxedoT da mivdioT. adamiani TviTon aris sakuTari Tavis mteri. laSes saocari wablnari hqonda. erTma daiwyo Wra da meorem mas mibaZa, - uaresi qna. umowyalod gaiCexa xetye. adamianebi ar vufrTxildebiT bunebas. Tanamgzavrebis gaSveba da ozonis xvrelis gafarToeba, ra Tqma unda, Cvens samyaroze uaryofiTad moqmedebs. sofo Wi paSvili

musikasac

oTaxis yvavilebisadmi adamianTa damokidebuleba sxvadasxvagvaria. erTni Tvlian, rom rac ufro metia saxlSi yvavilebi, miT ufro myudro da lamazia bina. meoreni ki fiqroben, rom yvavilebi ,,Wamen~ Jangbads, romelic adamianisTvis aucilebelia. Tumca albaT arc mTlad asea saqme. yvavilebi ara marto alamazeben Cvens binas, aramed asufTaveben da anotieben haers. limonis xe, aloe, herani, vardi, begonia da mravali sxva haerSi gamoyofen fitoncidebs, romlebic spobs baqteriebs. yvavilebis surneli, romelic eTerzeTebiT aris ganpirobebuli, axalisebs haers. gabatonebuli azri, rom RamiT yvavilebi toqsinebs gamoyofen haerSi, gadaWarbebulia. damtkicebulia, rom 20 cali oTaxis yvavili RamiT imaze nakleb naxSiroJangs gamoyofs, vidre erTi adamiani sunTqvisas. sainteresoa, ramdeni yvavili SeiZleba gvqondes binaSi? yvavilebis raodenoba oTaxis farTzea damokidebuli. Tu patara oTaxia da diasaxlisma fanjris rafa da zeda iarusebic mTlianad yvavilebiT dafara, aseT oTaxSi sibnele iqneba, rac arasasurvelia. Tu oTaxis farTi didia, SegiZliaT mcenareebis raodenoba gazardoT da gemovnebiT gana-

usmenen

lagoT. yvelaze upriania mcenareebi Taroebze, fanjrebze - sinaTlesTan axlos ganalagoT. sinaTlis moyvaruli mcenareebi SegiZliaT fanjris rafaze daalagoT, oRond gaiTvaliswineT, ar unda daikavon rafis 1/15 metri. imisaTvis, rom oTaxis mcenareebma haeri gawmindos da sasiamovno surneli gamoyos, aucilebelia foTlebi da Reroebi sufTa hqondeT. amitom isini periodulad gawmindeT sveli tiloTi frTxilad. gaxsovdeT, yvavilebs adamianze metad uyvarT mofereba da alersi. sxvaTa Soris, karg musikasac ,,usmenen~.


@) FUDBCNJ @_!! O damoukidebel eqspertTa klubi saqarTvelos xelisuflebas da sazogadoebas sagangebo gzavniliT mimarTavs ukanasknel xans ganviTarebuli zogierTi procesis Sedegad gaCenili riskebis Taobaze. es aris eqspertTa klubis werilobiTi daskvna xelisuflebis `sazafxulo gaaqtiurebasTan~ dakavSirebiT. damoukidebel eqspertTa klubis SefasebiT, saqarTvelos xelisuflebis subieqturi, naCqarevi, sazogadoebisaTvis miuRebeli gadawyvetilebebis miRebisa da Sesabamis qmedebaTa intensiuri procesi mimdinare zafxulSi praqtikulad yvela mimarTulebiT gamoixata. `zogadad, roca opozicia isvenebs, zogierTi satelevizio programac ixureba da gazeTic, am periodSi naklebi sainformacio sfero rCeba da ufro advilia akeTo iseTi nabijebi, romlebic CamoTvlilia Tundac Cvens ukanasknel gzavnilSi,~ ambobs klubis xelmZRvaneli soso ciskariSvili, romlis azriTac, mimdinare zafxuli, gasul wlebTan SedarebiT, calkeuli usamarTlobis mimarT

7

xtvb [fhfufekb zis korporaciis aqciebze da saubaria saqarTvelos rkinigzis aqciebze. es oficialurad gacxadda ukve. garda amisa, garkveulwilad SeiZleba CaiTvalos ukve strategiul obieqtad aseve anZa, romlis, Cemi azriT, ucnauri privatizacia ucnaur pirovnebaze moxda - ufro sworad, marTvaSi gadacema - da aqac safrTxeebTan gvaqvs saqme. anu Cven vsaubrobT am SemTxvevaSi ara ekonomikur mxareze am yvelafrisa, aramed politikur riskebze,~ - ambobs eqspertTa klubis wevri, gia xuxaSvili. eqspertTa klubis SefasebaTa Semdegi ori punqti ZiriTadad adamianis uflebebis sferos ganekuTvneba - kerZod, devnilTa morigi gamosaxleba, romelic eqspertTa daskvniT, kanondarRvevebis garda, elementaruli humanurobis principebis darRveviT ganxorcielda, da penitenciaruli sistema da iq Seqmnili viTareba, anu viTareba, romelic saqarTvelos kanonebs adamianis wamebis dauSveblobisa da sikvdiliT dasjis gauqmebis Sesaxeb praqtikulad fiqciad aqcevs.

rdis ganzraxvas da askvnian, rom kategoriulad miuRebelia partiebs Soris SeTanxmebis safuZvelze kanonmdeblobiT Seicvalos konstituciis is muxli, romelic Tavis droze referendumis an, Tundac, plebiscitis gziT iyo miRebuli. politikosi valdebulia angariSi gauwios xelisuflebis wyaros, anu xalxs, da misi neba aRasrulos, - vkiTxulobT daskvnis am nawilSi. daskvnis Semdegi punqtebi Seexeba jaSuSomanias, anu reportiorebis dapatimrebis sakiTxs, Tavisufal medias, rogorc xelisuflebis mudmiv samiznes, komunalur gadasaxadebs, kerZod, erTi mxriv, dasufTavebis gadasaxadis eleqtroenergiis gadasaxadTan mibmis, meore mxriv ki, eleqtroenergiisa da wylis gadasaxadis gaerTianebis dauSveblobas - da, bolos, ruseTis msoflio savaWro or or-ganizaciaSi gawevrianebis sa sa-kiTxs. daskvnis am punqtSi eqspertebi mouwodeben xelisuflebas, ar daayenos am molaparakebebSi sakuTari Tanamdebobrivi politikuri interesebi saxelmwifoebriv interesebze maRla da orientirebuli iyos konkretul

jondo waqaZis xsovnas kvlav movida cremliani da tkiviliani 24 agvisto - Seni dabadebis dRe, evgeniC. oTxi weli gadis mas Semdeg, rac Sen Cvens gverdiT aRar xar. Zneli yofila uSenoba. Sen aramarto imedi da sayrdeni iyavi CvenTvis, aramed kacuri kacobis magaliTi. samagaliTo iyavi siyvarulSi, sikeTeSi, uangaro SromaSi. Sennairebi aqaurobas

laSis sajaro skolis pedkoleqtivi da teqpersonali iuwyebian TanamSromlis oTar maWavarianis gardacvalebas da TanaugrZnoben nana abesaZes da nato maWavarians meuRlisa da mamis gardacvalebis gamo. malvina, mayvala, lamara CerqeziSvilebi, koba, paata, guliko CerqeziSvilebi, Tamriko, joni cicqiSvilebi ojaxebiT iuwyebian, rom gardaicvala meri nebieriZe-toraZe da TanaugrZnoben gia da maia toraZeebis ojaxebs mwuxarebaSi. Svilebi: maia, gia toraZeebi; SviliSvilebi: baqar, salome, lizi, rati toraZeebi; Zmebi: zaal, rezo nebieriZeebi; siZeebi: zaza ediSeraSvili, zurab miqaberiZe; rZlebi: ana maisaSvili, neli barbaqaZe, nina gorgaZe; mZaxlebi: amiran maisaSvili, manana omiaZe, gogona maxareiSvili; disSvilebi, ZmisSvilebi, mulisSvilebi, mazlisSvilebi ojaxebiT iuwyebian, rom gardaicvala meri ambrosis asuli nebieriZe-toraZe daikrZala 27 agvistos xaragaulSi. xaragaulis rkinigzis #10 saSualo skolis 1982 wels kursdamTavrebulebi TanaugrZnoben maia toraZes dedis meri nebieriZetoraZis gardacvalebis gamo. gazeT `Cemi xaragaulis~ redaqcia mwuxarebiT iuwyeba, rom gardaicvala meri nebieriZe-toraZe da TanaugrZnobs gansvenebulis ojaxs.

damoukidebeli eqspertebi mimdinare procesebis Sesaxeb sazogadoebis aqtiuri protestiTaa gamorCeuli. klubma amjerad 10 mTavari sakiTxi mimoixila da Seafasa. pirvelia religiuri gaerTianebebis registracia. gamoTqmulia mosazreba, rom sakanonmdeblo cvlilebebis is nawili, romelic gansxvavebuli religiuri aRmsareblobis institutebisaTvis samarTlebrivi statusis miniWebas iTvaliswinebs, klubisTvis misaRebia, Tumca kategoriulad miuRebelia is taqtika, romliTac xelisufleba moqmedebda kanonis miRebis dros: `es iyo, erTi mxriv, uxeSi Zalis demonstrireba sapatriarqosTan mimarTebaSi da, meore mxriv, eklesiebs Soris ormxrivi molaparakebebis CaSlis mcdeloba.~ meorea strategiuli obieqte obieqte-bis gasxvisebis sakiTxi. damoukidebel eqspertTa klubis daskvnis am nawilSi gamoTqmulia mosazreba, rom daiwyo strategiuli obieqtebis gasxvisebis axali talRa da didia riski imisa, rom privatizaciis procesSi arajansaRi ucxo politikuri interesi gaCndeba. `garkveuli paketebi ganTavsdeba birJebze. saubaria navTobisa da ga-

eqspertebi fiqroben, rom cixeebis administraciis ukanono qmedebebi nebadarTulia romeliRac maRalCinosnis mier. vis gulisxmoben isini? am SekiTxviT eqspertTa klubis erTerT wevrs, uCa nanuaSvils, mivmarTeT. `Cven gavaanalizeT, ra Tqma unda. rCeba STabeWdileba, rom es aris ukve sistemuri problema da amas xelisuflebis pirveli pirebi unTeben mwvane Suqs. es aravisTvis ukve saidumlos aRar warmoadgens. saxalxo damcvelis angariSSi, me vfiqrob, is cifri, rac gasul wels iTqva, - 142 gardacvlili, - metyvelebs imaze, rom am sferoSi aris sagangaSo situacia da daskvnaSic, ra Tqma unda, Cven swored am sagangaSo signalebze vsaubrobT, romlebic qveyanaSia Seqmnili, da erT-erTi sagangaSo situacia, yvelaze mZime situacia, me vfiqrob, rom aris swored es sfero, sasjelaRsrulebis sfero.~ sasjelaRsrulebis sferos Semdeg daskvnaSi, rigiT mexuTe, saarCevno garemos gaumjobesebis sakiTxi aRmoCnda. eqspertebi am sakiTxSi sagangebod gamoyofen parlamentis wevrTa raodenobis gaz-

Sedegze da ara `goliaTTan mebrZoli daviTis rolze.~ damoukidebel eqspertTa daskvnis meaTe punqti, saxelwodebiT `robert sturuas `dosie,~ SeiZleba iTqvas, rom mxolod dafiqsirda. amis mizezebs zaza firaliSvili ganmartavs: `robert sturuasTan dakavSirebiT es punqti ufro xangrZliv damuSavebas moiTxovda. mogexsenebaT, eqspertTa klubis daskvna sxva aris da politikosebis pozicia sxva aris. politikosebs aqvT ufleba, rom politikuri propagandis diskursSi iyvnen moqceulebi da eqspertebs amis ufleba ara aqvT. iyo iq raRac momentebi dasazustebeli TviTon CvenTvis da amitom.~ robert sturuas sakiTxze eqspertTa klubis wevrebi calke gzavniliT xelisuflebasa da sazogadoebas uaxloes dReebSi mimarTaven. damoukidebel eqspertTa klubi, ruseT-saqarTvelos agvistos omis Semswavleli saparlamento komisiis paralelurad, 2008 wels Seiqmna. klubi 29 eqsperts aerTianebs. nona mWedliSvili radio Tavisufleba 20.08.2011

avseben da imqveyanas anaTeben. Sens lamaz ojaxSi grZeldeba cxovreba. Seni Svilebi, rZali da SviliSvilebi agrZeleben Sens ojaxur tradiciebs, keTil saqmeebs. RmerTma Zala misces Sens meuRles, romelic moTminebiTa da erTgulebiT emsaxureba moyvassa da ojaxs. Tavs vxriT Seni naTeli xsovnis winaSe da vevedrebiT ufals, acxonos Seni vaJkacuri suli. Seni sayvareli siZe

xaragaulis munici palitetis sajaro skolebis direqtorebi TanaugrZnoben laSis sajaro skolis direqtors nana abesaZes meuRlis oTar maWavarianis gardacvalebis gamo. gazeT `Cemi xaragaulis~ redaqcia TanaugrZnobs nana abesaZes meuRlis oTar maWavarianis gardacvalebis gamo. muradi, bondo, omari kiknaZeebi, malxaz RambaSiZe, giorgi maisaSvili, nugzar tabataZe, biWiko bazRaZe, goCa CaCaniZe, gogi jRamaZe, deviko gogolaZe, Tamaz SoTaZe samZimars ucxadeben maia da gia toraZeebs, ana maisaSvilsa da zaza ediSeraSvils dedis, dedamTilisa da sidedris meri nebieriZetoraZis gardacvalebis gamo.

amindi d. xaragauli 29 .0 8 - mziani dari, dRe +310C, 29.0 .08 Rame +160C; 30 .0 8 - mziani dari, dRe +320C, 30.0 .08 Rame +180C; 31 31..08 - mziani dari, dRe +300C, Rame +190C; 01 .0 9 - mziani dari, dRe +280C, 01.0 .09 Rame +180C. 02 .0 9 - cvalebadi moRrubluloba 02.0 .09 mcire naleqiT, dRe +280C, Rame +190C.

boriTi 29 .0 8 - mziani dari, dRe +280C, 29.0 .08 Rame +150C; 30 30..08 - mziani dari, dRe +300C, Rame +160C; 31 31..08 - mziani dari, dRe +310C, Rame +160C; 01 .0 9 - mziani dari, dRe +300C, 01.0 .09 Rame +160C. 02 .0 9 - cvalebadi moRrubluloba 02.0 .09 mcire naleqiT, dRe +290C, Rame +160C.

kicxi 29 29..08 - mziani dari, dRe +310C, Rame +160C; 30 30..08 - mziani dari, dRe +330C, Rame +180C;

31 31..08 - mziani dari, dRe +310C, Rame +190C; 01 .0 9 - mziani dari, dRe 290C, 01.0 .09 Rame +190C. 02 .0 9 - cvalebadi moRrubluloba 02.0 .09 mcire naleqiT, dRe +280C, Rame +200C.

moliTi 29 29..08 - mziani dari, dRe +270C, Rame +130C; 30.08 - mziani dari, dRe +280C, Rame +140C; 31 31..08 - mziani dari, dRe +290C, Rame +140C; 01 .0 9 - mziani dari, dRe +290C, 01.0 .09 Rame +130C. 02 .0 9 - mziani dari, dRe +280C, 02.0 .09 Rame +140C.

gazeTis amave nomerSi gamoqveynebuli Sifrvordis pasuxebi: a-1; b-32; g-12; d-24; e-25; v-6; z-19; T-29; i-2; k-20; l-10; m-8; n5; o-11; p-33; J-23; r-3; s-28; t-14; u-30; f-21; q-16; R-17; y-26; S-7; C31; c-13; Z-22; w-15; W-27; x-4; j-18; h-9.


8

xtvb [fhfufekb vulocavT Cvens sayvarel SviliSvilebs sofos da Smagis dabadebis dRes. gaixareT da iyaviT bednierebi. gfaravdeT RmerTi, sionis xati, RvTismSoblis xati, gfaravdeT Rrublad. wminda giorgis xati gfaravdeT da bednierni menaxeT mudam. babua mamia, bebia lili, biZia zaza, biZaSvili nini bakuraZeebi; bicola nato afxaZe, mamida nunu, biZia goCa, mamidaSvili baCuki xuskivaZeebi

@) FUDBCNJ @_!! O mariam da luka TabukaSvilebs vulocavT dabadebis dRes. vusurvebT janmrTelobas, bednierebas, RvTis mfarvelobas Tavis mSoblebTan da axloblebTan erTad. ufali iyos Tqveni Semwe da mfarveli. bebia da babua - Temur da lali wariaSvilebi

warmatebebs vusurvebT ` saunjes saunjes~~

10 agvistodan 10 oqtombramde mimdinareobs gazeTze

`Cemi xaragauli~

xelmoweris

orTviuri

gazeTi Rirs Rirs:: 3 TviT - 5 lari; 6 TviT - 10 lari; wliT - 20 lari.

gazeTis gamosawerad dagvirekeT 2 2-16-27; 5 93 900 501 an daukavSirdiT Cveni gazeTis gamavrceleblebs gamavrceleblebs..

gamoiwereT

`Cemi

xaragauli~

gazeTi `Cemi xaragauli~ yvela

xaragaulis bavSvTa folkloruli ansambli `saunje~ 17 agvistos monawileobda baTumSi gamarTul saerTaSoriso festivalze kvali naTeli. festivalis iniciatori gaxldaT batoni beso gorjolaZe. saqarTvelos garda festivalSi msoflios sxvadasxva qveynebis folkloruli ansamblebi monawileobdnen. ansambli `saunje~ warmatebiT wardga msmenelis winaSe. ansambls Jiurim mianiWa meore adgili. festivali `kvali naTeli~ momavalSi gegmavs msoflios sxvadasxva qveynebSi gaitanos qarTuli folklori da rogorc aRiniSna, erT-erTi favoriti aris ansambli `saunje.~ ansambli ukve miwveulia evropis saerTaSoriso festivalze. Tu Cveni xelisufleba SeZlebs ansamblis wevrTa mxolod transportirebis xarjebis dafinansebas, vfiqrobT, `saunje~ kidev erT

warmatebas moutans mSobliur xaragauls. ansambl `saunjes~ wevrebis mSobelTa saxeliT madlobas vuxdiT yvela im adamians, vinc xeli Seuwyo ansamblis monawileobas am maRali donis festivalze. madlobas vuxdiT ansamblis xelmZRvanels qalbaton dali maRraZes im didi Tavdadebisa da SromisaTvis, romelsac ar iSurebs ansamblisaTvis; lotbars qalbaton maia maRraZes, romelic manZilis siSoris miuxedavad uangarod aswavlis da usisxlxorcebs bavSvebs qarTuli folkloris siyvaruls. gvinda didi madloba gadavuxadoT ansamblis qoreografs roman buaCiZes, romelmac ansamblis repertuari cekvebiT gaamdidra. vusurvebT ansambl `saunjes~ Semdgom warmatebebs saerTaSoriso asparezze. pativiscemiT `saunjes~ wevrTa mSoblebi

iyideba goliaTis jiSis bocvrebi. informaciis dasazusteblad dagvikavSirdiT Semdeg nomrebze:

593 95 50 96; 593 12 29 25.

islandiaSi sigareti eqimis receptiT gaiyideba islandiaSi sigareti mxolod eqimis receptis wardgenis SemTxvevaSi gaiyideba. islandiis parlamentma Sesabamisi kanoni ukve miiRo. islandiaSi miaCniaT, rom sigaretze damokidebuleba narkotikul damokidebulebas udris. Sesabamisad, mwevelebma regularulad unda iaron eqimebTan. proeqtis mixedviT, sigaretis gayidva Cveulebriv supermarketebsa da savaWro obieqtebSi aikrZaleba. kanonproeqtis avtori islandiis janmrTelobis yofili ministri iyo. mis iniciativas parlamentSi myofma xuTive partiam dauWira mxari. aRsaniSnavia, rom Tambaqos winaaRmdeg brZolaSi islandiam ukve miaRwia garkveul warmatebas. 1991 wels islandielTa 30% mweveli iyo. dRes maTi ricxvi 15%-mde daeca.

xaragaulelis ojaxSi

samusiko skola acxadebs moswavleTa miRebas

xaragaulis SoTa buaCiZis saxelobis samusiko skola acxadebs moswavleTa miRebas 2011-2012 saswavlo wlisaTvis pirvel klassa da samusiko aTwledSi fortepianosa da violinos ganyofilebaze. sabuTebis miReba 1 seqtembridan 15 seqtembramde. swavla daiwyeba 15 seqtembers. samusiko skolis direqcia

1966 weli, 22 oqtomberi, 1941 wels xaragaulis saSualo skolis kursdamTavrebulTa Sexvedra igSi marcxnidan: qeTo buaCiZe, iraida WipaSvili, margalita kacitaZe (pedagogi), mixeil CikvaiZe rigSi pirvel r (pedagogi), Toma tabataZe (pedagogi), miSa manjaviZe (pedagogi), noespi buaCiZe (pedagogi), kako vefxvaZe, saSa CikvaiZe (pedagogi), grigol maRraZe (pedagogi), Jora bluaSvili, margalita glunCaZe, Tamar kiknaZe, rima kurtaniZe, kika kiknaZe, nina vefxvaZe. meo re r igSi: SoTa Wi paSvili, mituSa buaCiZe, varlam TavzaraSvili, grigol WolaZe, Jutia beriZe, Jora ..., rigSi: meor guncaZe (pedagogi), qeTo demetraZe (pedagogi), SoTa kiknaZe, oTar abaSiZe, gogi kalandaZe, petre kikaliSvili, gogi Wi paSvili, devi abaSiZe, Jora kacitaZe, eTer xaratiSvili, miSa CikvaiZe, kima gvelesiani, varvara nanitaSvili, pavle lursmanaSvili, erasti SergelaSvili, nadia wulukiZe, ira mesxi, Tamara Wi paSvili, naTela gurgeniZe, Jenia dekanosiZe, venera dekanosiZe, Tina dekanosiZe. madlobas vuxdiT baton giorgi (Jora) bluaSvils fotos mowodebisTvis. redaqtoris moadgile

LFVAE'YT,TKB LF HTLFMNJHB KFEHF UJUJKF'T 593 900 501

nino kapanaZe 593 35 65 80

sofiko WipaSvili 557 26 77 99

VBC VBC55 xaragauli, 9 aprilis q. #17

ntk5 ( $## @@ !^ @* %)# )_ _% _! E-mail: gogoladze.laura@gmail.com ufptsb htubcnh81$*2%-,-!@

lfb,tzlf igc 3v,v gjkbuhfaib4 m8 mesfbcb ak. wereTlis q.1!(^ ntk8 %)) )% )^ (^ Ăž ( $#! @# $% %$


#32 (458) - 2011