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Shira Davis


Table of Contents Environment Waterscapes ESA Trails Community MakeSpace Street Life W채ll Future Algaculture ONE Lab


Waterscapes LEASIDE - TORONTO ON

Located at the convergence of the Don

explored in two ways: through

collect water from the campus for rain

river’s three tributaries the Leaside

the use of materials with varying

events of up to 20 mm, which constitute

Industrial Park is an ideal location for

degrees of permeability and through

90% of rain events in Toronto.

addressing the issues of stormwater

microtopographical changes.

management.

As one drives through the campus

The goal of this design project was

there is a registration of stormwater

to create an identity for an industrial

based on the material and the amount

campus through the aesthetics of

of water remaining.

stormwater management.

The microtopography, or puddles, grow

The potentials of stormwater were

to become vegetated swales that can

Studio project 2011 Research In collaboration with Yi Zhou


PUDDLE LANDSCAPES

INFORMAL SPLASH PONDS

HORSETAIL RATTLESNAKE MASTER MEADOW BLAZING STAR BIG BLUESTEM SWITCHGRASS SOFT RUSH, QUARTZ CREEK WOODGRASS BLUE LOBELIA

WEST

HORSETAIL OBEDIENT PLANT BOTTLE GENTIAN BOTTLEBRUSH SEDGE PORCUPINE SEDGE Cl DON SOFT RUSH, QUARTZ CREEK MARSH NO - CINQUEFOIL P BLUNT SPIKE RUSH 3

Zn

Fe

Cl -

NO3

P

-

Cl

NO3-

P

NH3

Zn

Fe

Cu

Al

21%

WATER SMARTWEED WATER PLANTAIN WILD CELERY COONTAIL PUSSY WILLOW DWARF BULLRUSH SOFT RUSH -

HORSETAIL 60 OBEDIENT PLANT

Don River

40

EVENT SPACE

Don Watershed Leaside Business Area

BOTTLE GENTIAN BOTTLEBRUSH SEDGE PORCUPINE SEDGE SOFT RUSH, QUARTZ CREEK MARSH CINQUEFOIL BLUNT SPIKE RUSH

60

80

PUDDLE LANDSCAPES

10

40 DEPTH : 2 - 4 M

60

CUTS CAN BE PROGRAMMED DIFFERENTLY ACCORDING TO SPECIFIC SITE POTENTIALS. POSSIBILITIES: POND, ICE RINK, SKATE PARK.

60

15

RoadsDRY PLANTING Sidewalk

WET PLANTING WATER SMARTWEED WATER PLANTAIN WILD CELERY COONTAIL PUSSY WILLOW DWARF BULLRUSH SOFT RUSH

40

Impervious Surface

CANADA ANEMONE PRAIRIE SAGE

10Parking Lots

BUTTERFLY MILKWEED Roofs RATT;LESNAKE MASTER

PUDDLE LANDSCAPES

SURFACES IN THE LEASIDE

Roofs

0 millions

A

J

M

J

A

S

O

N

D

J

PUDDLE LANDSCAPES

M

J

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

J

20

SCALE

Cl

-

NO3-

P

Fe

Cu

TAYLOR MASSEY CREEK SEASONALITY

PROGRAM

0

NO3-

P

IMPERVIOUS AND Fe Zn SCALE Cu Al PERVIOUS LAYERS LOWER DON CUT/FILL

LARGE MOSTLY DEEP

LEASIDE

TYPECl4 NEIGHBOURHOOD PARK SCALE

FLOODPLAIN AT LEASIDE

VARIES MEDIUM POSSIBILITIES: SKATE PARK ICE PARK MODERATE EVENT SPACE

SCALE

6 95782 m2 34 catch basins Area ratio CB/zone = 0.00012

BOARDWALK

CUT/FILL

7 132870 m2 27 catch basins Area ratio CB/zone = 0.00007

THE WOODEN BOARDWALK FLOATS ATOP A CONTINUOUS BIOSWALE. IT FUNCTIONS AS A LUSH CONNECTIVE CORRIDOR, TO DRAW IN WORKERS, RESIDENTS, AND VISITORS.

MATERIAL

8 75592 m2 30 catch basins Area ratio CB/zone = 0.00013

SEASONALITY

F

PROGRAM

11 46060 m2 0 catch basins Area ratio CB/zone = 0

SCALE

TYPE 5 INFILL PARK

ACTIVE INTERACTION WITH WATER SEASONALITY PROGRAMMED PLACE TO TAKE KIDS + WALK DOG PROGRAM SCALE

NO

VARYING TYPES OF REMEDIATION APPROACHES SMALL

CUT/FILL

SHALLOW - MEDIUM

MATERIAL

WOOD + CONCRETE + BIOSWALE

tremco LOW PROGRAMMING TYPE 4 PROGRAM HIGH MATERIALITY NEIGHBOURHOOD PARKCERTAIN LEVEL OF POLISH SHALLOW - MEDIUM SEASONALITY

ADDRESSED BY VEGETATION

SMALL

SCALE WOOD + CONCRETE + BIOSWALE CUT/FILL ADDRESSED BY VEGETATION MATERIAL LOW PROGRAMMING HIGH MATERIALITY SEASONALITY CERTAIN LEVEL OF POLISH PROGRAM

MEDIUM MODERATE BOUNCY RUBBER SPRING - SUMMER: SPLASH PAD/FOUNTAIN WINTER: ICE RINK

0

500

ACTIVE INTERACTION WITH WATER PROGRAMMED PLACE TO TAKE KIDS + WALK DOG

Catch Basins

1000 m Storm Lines

Combined Sewer Lines Don River Floodplain Don Valley Parkway Major Arterial Streets

J

Railroad

F

WET PLANTING

1000 m

VARIES

CUT/FILLSPLASH PAD/FOUNTAIN DEEP SPRING - SUMMER: WINTER: ICE RINK MATERIAL IMPERVIOUS AND PERVIOUS LAYERS

TYPE 5 INFILL PARK

9 297201 m2 136 catch basins Area ratio CB/zone = 0.00015

2

Major Arterial Streets Railroad

500

PERVIOUS ASPHALT -

Outfalls

3

Stormwater Management in the Leaside Business Area wAtERSCApELocal typologIES 0

VARYING TYPES OF REMEDIATION APPROACHES

NH3

11

Don Valley Parkway

NO

SCALE BOUNCY RUBBER

10

Floodplain

IMPERVIOUS AND PERVIOUS LAYERS

SEASONALITY

THE WOODEN BOARDWALK FLOATS ATOP A CONTINUOUS BIOSWALE. IT FUNCTIONS AS A LUSH CONNECTIVE CORRIDOR, TO DRAW IN WORKERS, RESIDENTS, AND VISITORS.

10 493761 m2 125 catch basins Area ratio CB/zone = 0.00008

Don River

DEEP

DEEP

BOARDWALK

DEPTH : 50 - 100 CM DIAMETER : 2 - 6 M ARRANGEMENT: CONNECTED CUTS

LOWER DON

SCALE

MATERIAL

ARRANGEMENT: CONNECTED CUTS

4 652367 m2 147 catch basins Area ratio CB/zone = 0.00007

1

5

VARYING MATERIAL TYPES OF REMEDIATION APPROACHES SEASONALITY

DEPTH : 1 - 3 M DIAMETER : 15 M ARRANGEMENT : CUTS FILLED WITH WATER; FILLS ARE CREATED FROM CONTAMINATED

PUDDLE LANDSCAPES

EXTREME DAILY RUNOFF TAYLOR MASSEY CREEK IN LEASIDE REGION

MATERIAL

MATERIAL BOUNCY RUBBER wAtERSHED TYPE 4 SEASONALITY SPRING - SUMMER: SPLASH PAD/FOUNTAIN WINTER: ICE RINK NEIGHBOURHOOD PARK SCALE MEDIUM TYPE 3 PROGRAM ACTIVE INTERACTION WITH WATER PROGRAMMED BROWNFIELD UNREMEDIATED CUT/FILL MODERATE PLACE TO TAKE KIDS + WALK DOG

3 39130 m2 9 catch basins Area ratio CB/zone = 0.00008

CUT AND FILL WORK TOGETHER TO CREATE A HARMONIOUS LANDSCAPE THAT ENCOURAGES ACTIVE INTERACTION WITH WATER.

SPRING - FALL: PUDDLES WINTER: SNOW PILES

SCULPTURAL CUT/FILLSPECTACLE

10

Fe

NO

DEPTH : 50 - 100 CM

SPLASHPAD/FOUNTAIN

SCALE

P PROGRAM

PROGRAM

PROGRAM DIAMETER : 2 - 6 M

9

PERVIOUS ASPHALT

EAST DON

NO3-

SEASONALITY

2 116345 m2 51 catch basins Area ratio CB/zone = 0.00015

5

SHALLOW

TYPE 3 J F M BROWNFIELD UNREMEDIATED TYPE 2 M JJ FF MM AA JJ JJ AA SS OO NN D M BROWNFIELD REMEDIATED

1 121481 m2 88 catch basins Area ratio CB/zone = 0.00024

DEPTH : 40 CM DIAMETER : 4 - 10 M ARRANGEMENT : CUTS AND FILLS ARE CONNECTED TO CREATE A CONTINUOUS WET AND DRY LANDSCAPE.

F

40

PUDDLE LANDSCAPES

F

VARIES POSSIBILITIES: SKATE PARK ICE PARK EVENT SPACE

PUDDLE LANDSCAPES

BOTTLEBRUSH SEDGE PORCUPINE SEDGE SOFT RUSH WOOLGRASS DOGWOOD MARSH CINQUEFOIL BLUE LOBELIA DWARF BULLRUSH

8

A

Fe

DIFFERENTLY ACCORDING TO SPECIFIC SITE POTENTIALS. POSSIBILITIES: SKATE PARK, MATERIAL EVENT SPACE, AMPHITHEATRE

5 796327 m2 187 catch basins Area ratio CB/zone = 0.00008

M

P

Zn

VARIES

PROGRAM

CUT/FILL

STORMWATER DRAINAGE ZONES

7

M

NO3-

PERVIOUS ASPHALT

SEASONALITY

PRECIPITATION AND DON RIVER FLOW lEASIDE In tHE Don CANADA ANEMONE PRAIRIE SAGE GIANT HYSSOP BOLTONIA BIG BLUESTEM BOTTLE GENTIAN OBEDIENT PLANT TALL MEADOWRUE BLUNT SPIKERUSH

6

MOSTLY DEEP

MATERIAL

TYPE 3 BROWNFIELD UNREMEDIATED

PROGRAM

DRY PLANTING

HARMONIOUS LANDSCAPE CONTAMINATED SOIL IS MOVED THAT ENCOURAGES TO CERTAIN LOCATIONS ON INTERACTION SITE,ACTIVE MADE INTO FILLS, AND WITH WATER. CAPPED. REMEDIATION OF SOIL AND WATER ARE THE PRIMARY PROGRAMS ON-SITE.

PRAIRIE SAGE GIANT HYSSOP RIVER BIRCH SOFT RUSH DOGWOOD RATTLESNAKE MASTER BIG BLUESTEM FOX SEDGE MEADOW BLAZING STAR 4 BOTTLE GENTIAN

-

SCALE 0 EVENT SPACE CUT/FILL FILLS CAN BE PROGRAMMED

0 m3/s

of mm

CUT AND FILL WORK

PRAIRIEBSAGE EAST DON GIANT HYSSOP RIVER BIRCH SOFT RUSH DOGWOOD RATTLESNAKE MASTER BIG BLUESTEM PLANTINGFOX SEDGE MEADOW BLAZING STAR RIVER BIRCH BOTTLE GENTIAN GIANT HYSSOP CANADA ANEMONE BUTTERFLY MILKWEED BOLTONIA SWITCHGRASS DOGWOOD BLUE LOBELIA

5

520 Impervious Surface 0

TOGETHER TO CREATE A REMEDIATION

WEST DON

D

10Parking Lots

SPLASHPAD/FOUNTAIN

DEPTH : 40 CM DIAMETER : 4 - 10 M ARRANGEMENT : CUTS AND FILLS ARE CONNECTED TO CREATE A CONTINUOUS WET AND DRY LANDSCAPE.

WET PLANTING

C

Sidewalk

CUT AND FILL WORK TOGETHER TO CREATE A HARMONIOUS LANDSCAPE THAT ENCOURAGES ACTIVE INTERACTION WITH WATER.

DEPTH : 40 CM DIAMETER : 4 - 10 M ARRANGEMENT : CUTS AND FILLS ARE CONNECTED TO CREATE A CONTINUOUS WET AND DRY LANDSCAPE.

Percent of Pervious versus Impervious Surface Area

DRY

DEPTH : 1 - 3 M DIAMETER : 15 M ARRANGEMENT : CUTS FILLED WITH WATER; FILLS ARE CREATED FROM CONTAMINATED

Roads

Cl

SPLASHPAD/FOUNTAIN

WET PLANTING

A

BOTTLEBRUSH SEDGE PORCUPINE SEDGE SOFT RUSH WOOLGRASS DOGWOOD MARSH CINQUEFOIL BLUE LOBELIA DWARF BULLRUSH

10 40

PUDDLE LANDSCAPES

WEST DON

MEADOW BLAZING FLAIR FOX SEDGE SWITCHGRASS BLUE LOBELIA

PUDDLE LANDSCAPES

RIVER BIRCH GIANT HYSSOP CANADA ANEMONE BUTTERFLY MILKWEED BOLTONIA SWITCHGRASS DON RIVER, AT LEASIDE DOGWOOD BLUE LOBELIA

GIANT HYSSOP BOLTONIA BIG BLUESTEM BOTTLE GENTIAN OBEDIENT PLANT TALL MEADOWRUE BLUNT SPIKERUSH

10

DRY PLANTING RIVER BIRCH GIANT HYSSOP CANADA ANEMONE BUTTERFLY MILKWEED BOLTONIA SWITCHGRASS DOGWOOD BLUE LOBELIA

15

DRY PLANTING

Pervious Surface CANADA ANEMONE PRAIRIE SAGE

DIAMETER : 10 - 30 M ARRANGEMENT: FILLS NOT CONNECTED, CUTS CONNECTED.

40

DRY PLANTING

80

15

CONTAMINATED SOIL IS MOVED TO CERTAIN LOCATIONS ON SITE, MADE INTO FILLS, AND CAPPED. REMEDIATION OF SOIL AND WATER ARE THE PRIMARY PROGRAMS ON-SITE.

15

WET PLANTING

80

100

21%

REMEDIATION

65%

80

Cl

-

10

60

Don River at York Mills

Cl

LARGE

CUT/FILL

LARGE

CUT/FILL

VARIES

DEPTH : 1 - 3 M MATERIAL POSSIBILITIES: SKATE PARK DIAMETER 80 : 15 M ICE PARK ARRANGEMENT : CUTS 15 FILLED WITH WATER; SEASONALITY EVENT SPACE FILLS ARE CREATED FROM CONTAMINATED Cl

Don River at Tom Morden

100

SCALE

SCALE

VARIES

100

PUDDLE LANDSCAPES PROGRAM BOTTLEBRUSH SEDGE PORCUPINE SEDGE SOFT RUSH WOOLGRASS 15 DOGWOOD MARSH CINQUEFOIL BLUE LOBELIA DWARF BULLRUSH

Pervious Surface

65%

LEASIDE

DON WATERSHED POLLUTION

FLOODPLAIN BOUNDARIES AND FLOW RATES FOR THE

120 100

SEASONALITY 100

100

SCULPTURAL SPECTACLE

MOSTLY DEEP 120

MATERIAL

120

DRY PLANTING CANADA ANEMONE PRAIRIE SAGE GIANT 80HYSSOP BOLTONIA BIG BLUESTEM 15 BOTTLE GENTIAN OBEDIENT PLANT TALL 60 MEADOWRUE BLUNT SPIKERUSH

SPRING - FALL: PUDDLES WINTER: SNOW PILES

PROGRAM

TYPE 1 PARKING LOT PERVIOUS ASPHALT LARGE

Little Don River at Don Mills

Chloride

49%

LOWER DON 120

DIFFERENTLY ACCORDING TO SPECIFIC SITE POTENTIALS. POSSIBILITIES: SKATE PARK, EVENT SPACE, AMPHITHEATRE

SCALE

East Don

NH3

18%

CONTAMINATED SOIL IS MOVED TO CERTAIN LOCATIONS ON SITE, MADE INTO FILLS, AND CAPPED. REMEDIATION OF SOIL AND WATER ARE THE PRIMARY PROGRAMS ON-SITE.

120

PERVIOUS ASPHALT

SEASONALITY

TYPE 2 BROWNFIELD REMEDIATED

EVENT SPACESCULPTURAL SPECTACLE FILLS CAN BE PROGRAMMED

CUT/FILL

West Don

Un-ionized amonia

E. Coli

WATER SMARTWEED WATER PLANTAIN WILD CELERY COONTAIL PUSSY WILLOW DWARF BULLRUSH SOFT RUSH

18%

49% REMEDIATION

120

SPRING - FALL: PUDDLES WINTER: SNOW PILES

MATERIAL

TYPEFlow2rates along the Don m /s BROWNFIELD REMEDIATED Precipitation in millions of mm

FILLS CAN BE PROGRAMMED 3 DIFFERENTLY ACCORDING TO /s SPECIFIC SITE POTENTIALS. POSSIBILITIES: SKATE PARK, ofEVENT mm SPACE, AMPHITHEATRE

HORSETAIL RATTLESNAKE MASTER MEADOW BLAZING STAR BIG BLUESTEM SWITCHGRASS SOFT RUSH, QUARTZ CREEK WOODGRASS BLUE LOBELIA

Flow rates along the Don m /s

10%Precipitation in millions of mm 35%

WET PLANTING

PERVIOUS ASPHALT

3

Lower Don

Al

Aluminum

P

L

Don River

Phosphorus

Cu

WET PLANTING Precipitation in millions

10%Precipitation in millions of mm 35%

Don River at

Cu

Total Suspended Solids (TSS)

P

Fe

Flow rates along the Don m3/s

Little Don Rive

Copper

NO3-

TAYLOR MASSEY CREEK

-

NO3-

SHALLOW

MATERIAL

Flow rates along the Don River

3

Little Don River

Nitrate

ide

Don River at

Fe

Precipitation in millions of mm

CUTS ARE LIGHTLY PROGRAMMED. SHALLOW CUTS COLLECT WATER, CREATING

SPLASHING POOLS s Flow rates along the Don m3/sINFORMAL FOR WATER TO BE ENJOYED. ea

Precipitation in millions of mm

ide as Le

CUT/FILL

Precipitatiton overall for Downtown Toronto

EVENT SPACE

FOX SEDGE DEPTH : 5 - 20 CM DIAMETER : 50 - 70 CM SWITCHGRASS BLUE LOBELIA ARRANGEMENT: CONNECTED

tttle Don Rive Don RiveLr ia Don River

Iron

PUDDLE LANDSCAPES

Fe

CANADA ANEMONE PRAIRIE SAGE BUTTERFLY MILKWEED RATT;LESNAKE MASTER MEADOW BLAZING FLAIR FOX SEDGE SWITCHGRASS BLUE LOBELIA

rshed ate nW Do

hed DRY PLANTING ters CUTS CAN BE PROGRAMMED DEPTH : 2 - 4 M CANADA ANEMONE WaDIAMETER DIFFERENTLY ACCORDING TO : 10 - 30 M PRAIRIE SAGE EAST DONSITE POTENTIALS. Flow ratesBUTTERFLY along MILKWEED the Don m3/s SPECIFIC ARRANGEMENT: FILLS NOT on CONNECTED, POSSIBILITIES: POND, ICE RINK, CUTS CONNECTED. RATT;LESNAKE MASTER PUDDLE LANDSCAPES INFORMAL SPLASHDPONDS SKATE PARK. MEADOW BLAZING FLAIR

EVENT SPACE

Don River at

Zn

DEPTH : 2 - 4 M DIAMETER : 10 - 30 M ARRANGEMENT: FILLS NOT CONNECTED, CUTS CONNECTED.

LARGE

PROGRAM

DRY PLANTING

PUDDLE LANDSCAPES

CUTS CAN BE PROGRAMMED DIFFERENTLY ACCORDING TO SPECIFIC SITE POTENTIALS. POSSIBILITIES: POND, ICE RINK, SKATE PARK.

Percent of Pervious versus Impervious Surface Area

WET PLANTING

Zinc

EVENT SPACE

HORSETAIL OBEDIENT PLANT BOTTLE GENTIAN BOTTLEBRUSH SEDGE PORCUPINE SEDGE SOFT RUSH, QUARTZ CREEK MARSH CINQUEFOIL BLUNT SPIKE RUSH

SCALE

SEASONALITY

Percent of Pervious versus Impervious Surface Area WET PLANTING

Little Don River

DESIGN STRATEGY PUDDLE LANDSCAPE TYPOLOGIES

POLLUTANT HOT ZONES

Don River

IGN STRATEGY PUDDLE LANDSCAPE TYPOLOGIES DESIGN STRATEGY PUDDLE LANDSCAPE TYPOLOGIES

REGIONAL SITE ANALYSIS

WET PLANTING

TYPE 1 PARKING LOT

WET PLANTING

DEPTH : 5 - 20 CM DIAMETER : 50 - 70 CM ARRANGEMENT: CONNECTED

CUTS ARE LIGHTLY PROGRAMMED. SHALLOW CUTS COLLECT WATER, CREATING INFORMAL SPLASHING POOLS FOR WATER TO BE ENJOYED.

PRAIRIE SAGE GIANT HYSSOP

0

500

1000 m

0

500

RIVER BIRCHat the local scale. To the east of the site, the three main tributaries of the Don converge, resulting in a significant increase in flow through the site and south into the Lower Don. To the south, the North Toronto Waste Water The case study area of Leaside is a prime example of the complexities of stormwater management Treatment Plant treats water collected from combined sewer lines in the area and then releases SOFT RUSHthe treated water back into the Don, contributing 11% of its flow. These factors position Leaside at an integral point in the watershed, with great potential to control water flow in the Don during wet weather. DOGWOOD

Two important factors in monthly flow rates in the Don are snowmelt and vegetation growth. As the snowmelts, flow rates in the Don peak. While precipitation does not change significantly in summer, flow rates are at their lowest during this period because water is taken up by vegetation. Coupled with the knowledge that RATTLESNAKE MASTER chloride is the main pollutant coming from Leaside, this implicates the late winter and early spring months as the most critical in stormwater management, as they contribute most strongly to pollution, flooding, and erosion. As much as 51% of Leaside is covered with impervious surfaces, as compared with the 35% average in the urbanized areas along the Don. This high ratio of impervious surfaces meansBIG that BLUESTEM during an extreme weather event, runoff from Leaside can reach up to 150 million litres. For the most part Leaside has dedicated stormwater sewers, and only a small part on the west of the site is still serviced by the combined sewer SEDGE system of Toronto (which combines sanitary sewers with storm sewers and can leadFOX to overflow or raw sewage). Based on the location of the storm drains and their outfalls, Leaside can be divided into 11 regions for stormwater management. Currently, this stormwater from Leaside flows directly into the Don, untreated.

STORMWATER INFRASTRUCTURE MEADOW BLAZING STAR

For the Leaside Business Park, the challenges of stormwater management anticipate the nextGENTIAN frontier for landscape architecture. The opportunities far outnumber the challenges, and the complexities of the site offer great potential to produce meaningful infrastructural interventions. BOTTLE

TYPE 5 gREEn CompAnIES In lEASIDE INFILL PARK

PUDDLE LANDSCAPES

DEPTH : 50 - 100 CM DIAMETER : 2 - 6 M ARRANGEMENT: CONNECTED CUTS

SCALE

SMALL

GREEN COMPANIES IN LEASIDE

BOARDWALK

THE WOODEN BOARDWALK FLOATS ATOP A CONTINUOUS BIOSWALE. IT FUNCTIONS AS A LUSH CONNECTIVE CORRIDOR, TO DRAW IN WORKERS, RESIDENTS, AND VISITORS.

CUT/FILL

SHALLOW - MEDIUM

MATERIAL

WOOD + CONCRETE + BIOSWALE

SEASONALITY

ADDRESSED BY VEGETATION

PROGRAM

LOW PROGRAMMING HIGH MATERIALITY CERTAIN LEVEL OF POLISH


TREMCO CAMPUS SITE

Porous asphalt

PLAN & MATERIAL USE

Recycled rubber

Porous asphalt

Puddle areas Recycled rubber

WATERPOOLING IN RAIN EVENTS

<5 mm rain

<20 mm rain

>20 mm rain


TREMCO CAMPUS, WICKSTEED AVE SECTION

Section - puddles and vegetated swales

Section-Perspective - puddles and swale contours


SAMPLE AREA

Recycled rubber

WATERSCAPES: Planting Plan

PLANTING PLAN Pervious asphalt

AA

1:1 mix of:

HB

Aster urophyllus L

Lobelia siphilitica

M

Thalictrum pubescens

1:1 mix of: Agastache foeniculum

Anemone canadensis FS

SR

Juncus effusus

WG

Scirpus cypernisus

Liatris spicata

LS

schizachyrium scoparium

Carex vulpinoidea

SG

Panicum virgatum

CENTER TREE IN MIDDLE OF TREE WELL

1.25M 0.6M SIDEWALK

1.2M MIN

SWALE

STORMWATER FACILITY TOPSOIL

80 mil ROOT BARRIER 18" DEPTH, 0.15M LENGTH, ON SIDEWALK SIDE OF ALL TREE WELLS.

EXISTING SUBGRADE

-10 STREET TREE IN SWALE

-20

STREET TREE IN SWALE

-10 -20 -30

L

AA SPECIFY

FS

HB

1:4

0.05M MIN

6"

SR

HB

-50

L

0.45M MINIMUM DEPTH STORMWATER FACILITY TOPSOIL

LINER WITH ATTACHMENT MAY BE REQUIRED

SR

HB

0.1M

0.15M BENCH FOR SIDEWALK CONSTRUCTION

M 1 12 " - 3 4 " CLEAN OPEN GRADED CRUSHED AGGREGATE (WHEN REQUIRED)

SPECIFY

M

FS M

AA

EXISTING SUBGRADE 3 "-No.4 OPEN 4 GRADED AGGREGATE (WHEN REQUIRED)

Building

SPECIFY

VEGETATED SWALE

VEGETATED SWALE

SIDEWALK

SG

AA

M

SR

SG

LS

AA

-60

FS

M

WG

LS

M

-40

M M

M

M

WG M

SG


ESA Trails THE COVES- LONDON ON

Located in London ON, and

system and recreational infrastructure.

surrounded by residential

The methodology for this project

neighbourhoods the Coves ESA has

included mapping analysis of current

the potential to be an ecologically

conditions, mapping synthesis to

healthy site actively used by the

overlay analysis and a new proposed

community as a recreational area.

ESA boundary, design guidelines, trail

The primary objective of the project

typologies and a master plan based on

was to improve the ecological condition

all of the previous elements.

and recreational potential of the site through establishing a cohesive trail

Ecological design project 2011 In collaboration with Mehran Atee, Jessica Wagner & Yi Zhou


SYNTHESIS MAP This map is based on selected features taken from 6the analysis. A McHargian overlay of these features 8 Trail System. The overlay of these features has has directed our decision making in designing The Coves also assisted in the relocation of the new ESA Boundary. 8 8

8 4

Maximum Constraints * Steep slopes > 25% * Erosion areas * Ground water discharge * Riparian areas <5m from water edge

8

3 3 6 8 4

7

5 8

This area should be avoided where possible to not cause further damage to the landscape. When access to this area is necessary or desirable, the appropriate infrastructure should be employed. For example, 3 Steep slopes should employ stairs, and erosion areas, areas within 5m of a water body, and ground water discharge areas should employ boardwalks. 8

Sensitive Areas * Wild Life Habitat (deer wintering grounds and vernal pools) * Signiď&#x192;&#x17E;cant Plant and Animal Species (areas where species have been discovered) * Human Encroachment (adjacent to properties that have been inď&#x192;&#x;uenced by development)

8

11 3

Trail and infrastructure construction should be approached with caution in these areas. Placing a trail in these areas offers opportunities for education and exposure to unique ecological communities. However, it is important to maintain a balance between ecological conservation and recreational infrastructure. 8 7

Overlay of Sensitive Areas and Maximum Constraints 7 Prior to constructing a trail in this area, a through analysis should be conducted to ensure the landscape and habitat areas are protected. 8 8

Existing Trails Existing trails offer opportunities for trail development as well as show areas that could be naturalized and converted back into habitat areas. 3

COVES ESA SYNTHESIS MAP Area of max constraint

Existing trails

Sensitive areas

Opportunity points

8

Potential Opportunity Points 8 7 10 7 * Gateways * Crossings 3 * Water access COVES ESA BOUNDARY TRAIL MASTERPLAN * Views Proposed ESA*boundary Trail typology Important Connective Features (high school,8 community center, etc.)

Existing ESA boundary

Multi-use path

7

Footpath Naturalized trail

These points in the landscape may be incorporated into the trail design and infrastructure locations. Each point is an opportunity to create an interesting feature and identity in the landscape.

SECTION TYPOLO MULTI-USE PATH FOOTPATH


and flexible pavement. They would be placed predominantly at entrances and where connections to existing road and cycling route infrastructure are desired. They must be at least 5m from the waterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s edge to provide a buffer; an optimal distance from the water would be 19m. A maximum longitudinal slope of 5% should be maintained.

2% sheet drainage swale

2m vertical clearance

1 MULTIUSE PATH

.05m asphalt concrete geotextile .12m subbase .subgrade

1.5m clearing and grubbing width

3m paved trail

1.5m clearing and grubbing width

SCALE 1:100

1

Multiuse Path

2

Footpath

3

Gateway

4

Viewing Platform

5

Boardwalk


Info kiosk and site maps swale .05m asphalt concrete geotextile .12m subbase .subgrade

3

6

1.5m

GATEWAY

Dock

clearing and grubbing width

7

3

7m

picnic area

paved trail

Interpretive Signage

8

Trail Crossing

9

Naturalized Path

10

Bridge


7

INTERPRETIVE SIGNAGE

multiuse trail interpretive signage

1

Multiuse Path

2

Footpath

3

Gateway

bench

SCALE 1:100

4

Viewing Platform

5

Boardwalk


9 NATURALIZED PATH

1m

1m

old trail

new trail

naturalized area

6

Dock

7

Interpretive Signage

boulder barrier

8

Trail Crossing

SCALE 1:100

9

Naturalized Path

10

Bridge


MakeSpace HAMILTON ON

Recent years have seen an explosion

where they can.

their park to another location or choose

in temporary use of vacant spaces in

Hamilton was chosen as a backdrop for

to create a new park based on a better

Western cities. Vacant lots and disused

developing a set of parts that can be

understanding of their requirements

spaces are appropriated to create

installed and removed from a space to

and the functionality of the space.

public space. Temporary spaces are

make a park. Flexibility in the design of

ultimately defined, not by the space

the parts means that different programs

but by the people who use them - they

can be accommodated in different

create and energize them. This project

spaces while maintaining a continuous

aims to provide the tools for people

identity and character. As spaces get

to create their own spaces, when and

redeveloped the community can move

Thesis 2013


Lower City

The Mountain

VACANT LOTS IN HAMILTON

1:100000

Demo Sites

Vacant Lots

Escarpment


VACANT LOT

RESIDENTIAL/COMMERCIAL • SMALL •

TYPOLOGIES

HIGH VISIBILITY• MEDIUM REDEVELOPMENT

Based on a

RATE

qualitative study of

LEFT OVER SPACE • VARIABLE SIZE •

vacant lots

COUPLED WITH INFRASTRUCTURE • SLOW

in Hamilton.

TO NO REDEVELOPMENT

VACANT BUILDING • VARIABLE USE • OFTEN BOARDED UP

REMNANT SPACE • LANDLOCKED • NO VISIBILITY • LITTLE OR NO ACCESSIBILITY

LARGE • HIGH VISIBILITY • FAST REDEVELOPMENT OR INTERIM USE AS PARKING


Vacant spaces provide communities the opportunity to experiment with spaces and see what works and how to improve their neighbourhood in a temporary framework.

If this was public space for the next year, what would you like to see? Tell us!

MakeSpace website with a survey letting the community vote for the uses they want to see


SHIPPING 2.59m

CONTAINERS PROVIDE MAXIMUM 12 m

PROGRAM SIZES Maximum

Minimum -

TRANSPORTABILITY

2.44m

1 UNIT = 100 M2

COMMUNITY GARDEN

100 M2 - 2700 M2

200 M2 - 2700 M2 MARKET

1-27 UNITS

OPEN-AIR CINEMA

2-27 UNITS

PARTS FOR 1 UNIT TAKE UP 7.6 M3

VOLLEYBALL COURTS

300 M2 - 1200 M2 PICNIC SITE

3-12 UNITS

200 M2 - 1500 M2

THEATRE

2-15 UNITS

WHICH IS EQUAL TO 10% OF A SHIPPING CONTAINER

200 M2 - 500 M2 BMX

1-5 UNITS

50 M2 - 100 M2 CAFE

0.5-1 UNITS

25 M2 - 200 M2 PLAYGROUND

0.25-2 UNITS


MAKESPACE CATALOGUE SAMPLE PAGES

SAMPLE PROGRAM ARRANGMENTS

BUBBLES BUBBLES A. Large eliptoid base, covers a 20 m2 with inflatable sides for an enclosed space with 1 entrance.

Double layer polyvinyl

Kits of parts 3000 mm

and how

Inflation nozzle

00

A

C. Small cylindrical shape, with a 1-1.5 m diamater and openings at each end.

m

m

60

they can be

B. Small round base, covers 3 m2 with inflatable sides for an enclosed space with one entrance.

C

combined for different programs

B The inflatable bubble provides an inclosed and protected space for gatherings. An accessible room within the park, it can fit into any oddly shaped space and provide shelter from rain and wind.

Open Air Cinema

A. Poles - (2) medium & large

B. Nesting Boxes - (1) small + (1) medium

C. Canopy - Small 20â&#x20AC;&#x2122;x11â&#x20AC;&#x2122;

FABRIC FOIL C Outdoor fabic sheets that can be secured using cords and carabiners at the edges to create canopies, fences, and playgrounds. When lofted over poles it provides shade like a tent, but it can also be strung linearly to create a barrier from safety hazards like train tracks. Also available with a metalic outdoor finish for a dramatic rainbow like effect.

A B

Picnic Site

A. Poles - (2) large

B. Nesting Boxes - (2) small + (1) medium

C. Canopy - (1) large

A

Fabric Foil

Cord

Locking Carabiner

A. Small - 7 m x 4 m

Strong slightly elastic cord, used to secure canvas to poles and to the ground for multiple programs - as a canopy, screen, fence, playground etc.

Used in conjuction with elastic cord to secure canvas. Locks for maximum security. A small an integral park of the transposable park.

B. Large - 20m x 10 m

C Playground

A. Poles - (1) small

B. Canopy - (1) large


POLES

PLANTS

BOXES The nesting boxes pack small but offer a great variety with many sizes for different programs. They can be moved easily and come together to create interesting seating or box landscapes.

SAMPLE PROGRAM ARRANGMENTS

A. Quaking Aspen Fast growing and beautiful bark for winter interest.

B 500 mm

A

B. Staghorn Sumac 30

00

m m

The poles provide the basis of most programs with a host of versatile accessories and attachments. They instantly define a space with their strong vertical character, replacing trees until they have the time to grow.

Well suited for tough conditions - often seen on sides of roads. Adds fall and winter interest.

C

20 00

C. Hybrid Poplar

m m

Fastest growing trees. With a growth rate of up to 8 ft/year these saplings can create shade in no time.

950 mm

m m

C. Canopy - Small 20’x11’

m m

B. Nesting Boxes - (1) small + (1) medium

C

m m

0

0

38 m m 0

0

30

m m

400 mm

44

400 mm m m

m m

600 mm

700 mm

A. Poles - (2) medium & large

0

0 95

00 10

B

44

m m

4000 mm

700 mm

m m 0 38

600 mm

m m

500 mm

0

m m

m m

35

0

30

0

m m

m m

m m

0

35

0

0

35

40 38

0

1500 mm

40

m m

m m

0

0

C. Large boxes - (top right), provide a stage for large events, festivals and shows.

Ø200

45

B. Medium boxes - these boxes are suitable as tables counters and even higher seating when combined with small boxes.

70

Ø200

m m

m m

m m

Also available in a variety of coloured patterns.

A. Small boxes (above packed, right unpacked). A variety of seating sized boxes from single seats to benches.

0

0

00

B. Small poles - short poles up to 1.5 m height (above ground) to provide greater support for weighty programs.

C

Open Air Cinema

70

95

10

A. Large poles - 15-20 mm diamater used for canopies and visual effect.

A

700 mm

Step III: Fill hole with lime and compact.

35

Step II: Insert pole

1000 mm

Step I: Dig a hole roughly a third of the height of the pole.

Mix I: Phytoremediators

Mix II: Soil builders

A mix of yellow, white and purple flowers from the mustard family that have been noted for their phytoremediating qualities - perfect for old industrial sites and other unknown soil conditions.

Early colonized especially suited for sites with little to no soil. Builds up soils for future uses of the site.

Includes: Dame’s rocket, Wormseed mustard, Lens-podded hoary cress and Mugwort.

A

Includes: Black medic, Alfalfa, Downy brome, Coltsfoot, and Silver cinquefoil.

B

Picnic Site

A. Poles - (2) large

B. Nesting Boxes - (2) small + (1) medium

C. Canopy - (1) large

A

LED Pole

LED Light I

LED Light II

Storage Box

BMX Ramp I

BMX Ramp II

Short plastic poles cover an LED core to provide maximum lighting.

Flared LED rings can slide onto poles individually or in patterns to create visual interest and increase night time safetey.

A flexibile LED band can be attached to poles individually or in patterns to create visual interest and increase night time safetey.

A substitute for some of the smaller nesting boxes, this one is equipped with a door and lock to store more valuable park items such as bike repair tools, or a volleyball.

A double sided ramp for training and tricks in small spaces.

With one sloping edge and one straight edge these ramps can be combined together with nesting boxes for interesting BMX possibilities.

BUBBLES

ACCESSORIES

Mix III: Survivors

Mix IV: Nitrogen Fixers

Touch plants tolerant of salt, compacted soil, and drought. Showy flowers that will survive in difficult situations where they are in close proximity to roads, highways, rail etc.

A natural and beautiful way to improve soil. Wild flowers that help enrich the soil through symbiosis with soil bacteria that fix atmospheric nitrogen. Help prepare the soil for future planting.

Includes: Multiflora rose, Chicory, White heath aster, and Crownvetch.

Includes: Black medic, Alfalfa, Crownvetch and Red clover.

C

PLANTS

Playground

A. Poles - (1) small

B. Canopy - (1) large

ORDERING YOUR PARK

3000 mm

Inflation nozzle

m

60

Poles Canopy

Alfalfa The inflatable bubble provides an inclosed and protected space for gatherings. An accessible room within the park, it can fit into any oddly shaped space and provide shelter from rain and wind.

Speakers

Projector

Volleyball Net & Court

Directional outdoor speakers for movies nights and theatre shows, or any other large event.

Simple but poweful projector for outdoor movie experiences. Can be used for screens as wide as 20’.

A simple net that can be attached to poles with locking carabiners. The rolled up volleyball court can be secured into place with the help of anchors.

Black Medic

Chicory

Red Clover

Boxes S Boxes M Boxes L Lighting

FABRIC FOIL Bubble Locked storage

Outdoor fabic sheets that can be secured using cords and carabiners at the edges to create canopies, fences, and playgrounds.

Bike stand White Heath Aster

When lofted over poles it provides shade like a tent, but it can also be strung linearly to create a barrier from safety hazards like train tracks.

Silver Cinquefoil

Coltsfoot

Crownvetch Cables Cable anchor

Also available with a metalic outdoor finish for a dramatic rainbow like effect.

Cord Anchor I

Cord Anchor II

Gravel

A hidden anchor for securing canopies to reduce tripping hazards. Simple to insert into the ground and access when needed.

A sprial anchor that can be easily inserted into the soil to anchor canopies with a carabiner.

Ground cover for pathways and unplanted open spaces. Also available in coconut shell.

Gravel Net Projector Speaker Multiflora Rose

Yarrow

Purple Loostrife

Downy Brome

Carabiner Ramps Trees Wild flowers

Fabric Foil

Cord

Locking Carabiner

Bicycle Stand I

Bicycle Stand II

Pole Ring

A. Small - 7 m x 4 m

Strong slightly elastic cord, used to secure canvas to poles and to the ground for multiple programs - as a canopy, screen, fence, playground etc.

Used in conjuction with elastic cord to secure canvas. Locks for maximum security. A small an integral park of the transposable park.

A pole attachement for resting bicycles during repairs. The design attaches with screws and allows a bike to rest off the ground for simple adjustments.

A pole attachement for clamping a bicycle frame. Just the thing when you need your bike to stay still as you twist parts on and off.

A metal ring that can be screwed onto poles. Provides an anchor for nets and canopies.

B. Large - 20m x 10 m

Dame’s Rocket

Lens-podded Hoary Cress

Wormseed Mustard

Mugwort

Cinema

Open-air

Stores

Ice skating

Pop-up

Volleyball

garden

Bike Shop

Picnic Site

Art

Community

BMX

Istallation

Playground

Theatre

B. Small round base, covers 3 m2 with inflatable sides for an enclosed space with one entrance. C. Small cylindrical shape, with a 1-1.5 m diamater and openings at each end.

m

00

Cafe

A. Large eliptoid base, covers a 20 m2 with inflatable sides for an enclosed space with 1 entrance.

Double layer polyvinyl

Market

BUBBLES


Street Life LIBERTY AVE - QUEENS NY

Inspired by street life on Liberty Ave this

for that culture to thrive in.

permanent street furniture to expand

modular street furniture incorporates

The modular system contains two

their use and allow for different

elements of milk crates and aims to

parts: moveable seats and permanent

interactions among the users of the

carve out public space where there

benches. The movable seats are

space.

is none. Its design was influenced

designed to stack out of the way on

by research into cultural expression

elevated rail columns and be used as

through language in signage along

needed on sidewalks, parklets and

Liberty Avenue. But while Liberty

during special events. The movable

Avenue is the hub for Guyanese culture

seats can accommodate one person,

in Queens it contains no public space

but they can be combined with

Studio project 2012


LIBERTY AVE

DEFINING SPACE Movable Furniture Permanent Benches

MOVABLE SEAT

1:40

STACKING ON ELEVATED RAIL COLUMNS

CULTURAL EXPRESSION IN STORE SIGNAGE Explicit Implicit Ubiquitous

SITE OPPORTUNITIES 2

2

1

1

1

1

1 2

2

2

Subway entrance

1

2 2

1 2

2

1

1

Restaurants and eateries

2

Corner with empty wall

1:40


TABLE AND SEAT

Left: single seats design, flexible, changing. Right: modular designs, combine with single

FAMILY SEATING IN MULTIPLE LEVELS

seats to allow for different interactions.

SEATING FOR STRANGERS OR FRIENDS


Wäll Wäll is the final product of an iterative

from discarded cardboard, pizza boxes

configurations and their angles give the

design process allowing students

etc. Ideally suited for students who

entire Wäll its stability. Each connector

to focus on the specifics of building

move often and can’t afford expensive

angle is associated with a colour and

a unique wall. In this case my aim

furniture the design is presented as an

a list of specific colour sequences

was to develop a wall that could be

IKEA mock up.

provide straight walls.

disassembled and reassembled at

A number of connector prototypes

different locations.

were created until the final shape and

The design uses a set of 5 connectors

size were chosen for easy assembly

that can be used to create screens,

and secure connections. The variety

nooks, and small shelves using panels

in connectors allows for almost infinite

Design exercise 2012


CONNECTORS - PRODUCT INFORMATION

WALL

VERTICAL 180°

HORIZONTAL 60°

120°

90°

150°

180°

5.0

1.0

2.0

27.0

10.0

22.0

PRODUCT DIMENSIONS (mm) 1:1

5.0 95.0

KEY FEATURES Easy to use and reuse, the Re-Wall system allows one to create screens, nooks and small shelves. Pratically infinite configurations to suit your space no matter how often you move. Light weight and encourages use of recycled materials.

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION Polypropylene

CARE INSTRUCTIONS Wipe clean with a water dampened soft cloth and a mild non-abrasive dish detergent or soap, if necessary. Design and Quality IKEA of Sweden


1

WALL

3

> [+

3x

[+

3x

[+

3x

[+

10x Design and Quality IKEA of Sweden

5

] ]

4

] ]

4x

[+

5x

]

[+

5x

]

2

12x

2

3

4

CONNECTORS - PRODUCT INFORMATION

PACKAGE INFORMATION

VERTICAL

Each bag sold can be used to create one wall section 6 panels high by 2 panels wide. In order to create a stable wall at least half of the packages used should be of type A (containing coloured connectors).

PANELS

180°

A

HORIZONTAL 60°

120°

90°

150°

FOR ANGLED WALL SECTIONS

180° 12 IDENTICAL HORIZONTAL CONNECTORS

+ 10 VERTICAL CONNECTORS

5.0

1.0

2.0

22.0

PRODUCT DIMENSIONS (mm) 1:1

2-5mm 27.0

10.0

5.0 95.0

B

FOR STRAIGHT WALL SECTIONS

KEY FEATURES Easy to use and reuse, the Re-Wall system allows one to create screens, nooks and small shelves. Pratically infinite configurations to suit your space no matter how often you move. Light weight and encourages use of recycled materials.

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION Polypropylene

CARE INSTRUCTIONS Wipe clean with a water dampened soft cloth and a mild non-abrasive dish detergent or soap, if necessary. 5

12 IDENTICAL HORIZONTAL CONNECTORS

KEY FEATURES Use recycled material to create panels for your wall. Make the panels any size you’d like - but make sure to keep the width consistent.

+ 10 VERTICAL CONNECTORS

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION Corrogated cardboard, corroplast, foam core


Algaculture MRGO - ST BERNARD LA

This design project aimed to address

that have led to wetland degradation

photobioreactor modules - essentially

issues surrounding the oil industry in St.

and therefore floods. My design

clear plastic bags that would allow sun

Bernard parish, Louisiana.

proposed to co-opt the Mississippi

to reach the algae, make harvesting

It is now well established that oil

Gulf River Outlet (MRGO) as a demo

simple, and keep the algae from

sources around the world are depleting.

site for the beginning of a new oil

interfering with the local ecosystem.

This is a particular problem in Louisiana

industry which will rely on algaculture

as the oil industry brings in $70 billion

for the production of biodiesel. Using

a year and is the financial foundation of

this site could produce enough oil to

the state. In St. Bernard the oil industry

fuel all the cars in St. Bernard. The

has ravaged the landscape with canals

microalgae would be grown in floating

Studio project 2012


Biorefinery and Research Centre Photobioreactor Algea Dock Wastewater Pipe Dock for Harvest Boats Dewatering Tank Movable Furniture Biocrude Tank Maintenance Access Road


ALGEA PBR DOCK UNIT 1:25

ALGEA PBR DOCK SYSTEM 1:125

6’ 1’

10 subunit cells/row semi- permeable 105’ membrane

46 ft

150 ft 150 ft

ALGEA PBR SUB UNIT 1:5 access dock 6’

50 ft harvesting, maintenance boat access

20 units per side 40 units per dock

inlet/ outlet PBR subunit, flexible plastic 1’ 8” 8” 10’


TETHERING

SEMI PERMEABLE MEMBRANE

First and last rows along the dock are anchored. In between rows are tethered to each other to control movement.

Located along the last few cells in each unit, it allows water to leave but keeps nutrient in, concentrating the algae before harvest.

OUT: concentrated algae to be harvested

IN: wastewater containing nutrients

OUT: concentrated algae to be harvested


CIRCULATION

O2

MATERIAL CIRCULATION

ADVANTAGES OF OFFSHORE ALGACULTURE

Produced by algae and escapes into air and water through semi permeable membrane

O2 Production

O2

Water

Nutrients

Algae

CO2

leaves system by osmosis through semi permeable membranes

Introduced with waste water, nutrients remain inside the system to be used by algae

Grows in a loop so batches with sufficient turbidity/concentration are funneled into a pipe and harvested by boat

Enters through semi permeable membrane, used by algae to produce lipids.

Carbon sink

CO2

Constant temperature

Breakwater

Water treatment

Cheap

$$ Agitation

Non-Invasive


Future Cities RED HOOK - BROOKLYN NY

Part experiment part think tank ONE

and as class. Ideas that were accepted

of the poorest neighbourhoods in

LAB throws together 30 students

by the group remained in the model,

Brooklyn, and separated from the city

from all over the world with various

others were removed, transformed and

by the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway.

backgrounds to try and re-invent and

reshaped. The final model was about

negotiate the future city.

2x2 m in size, made up of 25 picture

The studio focused on Red Hook in

frames.

western Brooklyn and Governors Island

Some issues that were addressed were

projecting what it might be like in 50 or

flooding, climate change, possible uses

100 years. Design was explored solely

on Governors Island, and bringing new

through model building, in small groups

life to Red Hook which is currently one

ONE LAB 2012 Collaborative work


URBANEeRING

UTURE CITIES

ONELAB


01

FINAL MODEL: DESIGN FEATURES

02

03

04

01 Governors Island national monument 02 Serpentine channel + sediment catchment 03 Brooklyn Battery tunnel entrance + bqe

05

04 Party tower 05 Atlantic Stadium 06 Coral coast soft infrastructure

06 07

08

07 Greenbelt fingers 08 Transportation hub building



Shira Davis Landscape Architecture Portfolio