Issuu on Google+

A US

US U SA A

FRO

앙일

.중

.A ML

NO.80 DECEMBER 20, 2010

www.applenews.co.kr

중앙일보 어린이 영어신문 12월 27일자 No. 81는 휴간입니다.

Christmas

You’re probably excited about Christmas. Every year during this time, families around the world celebrate this holiday by coming together, cooking good food, and exchanging gifts. Does your family have any special Christmas traditions? Look inside to learn more about this holiday and how it is celebrated around the world! 마이애플뉴스는 중앙일보 영어신문

와 미주 중앙일보에서 공동 제작합니다. [구독문의 1588-3600]


Theme

Christmas The Story of Christmas Christmas is a part of the Christian religion. According to

Christianity, Jesus Christ was born to Mary and Joseph in the town of Bethlehem. In the Bible, that day was marked by a giant shining star that appeared in the sky above the manger where Christ was born. Christmas celebrates Jesus’ birth, when shepherds and wise kings came to honor him. This scene is a popular symbol of Christmas and called the Nativity scene.

Why December 25?

One possible answer is that Christmas takes place near the

Winter Solstice, which is the shortest day of the year. Societies all over the world have celebrated the Solstice for thousands of years. People who converted to Christianity from other religions celebrated Christmas around the same time.

Who is Santa Claus?

According to legend, Santa Claus is an old fat grandfather

who delivers gifts to the children of the world on Christmas Eve. Santa Claus is related to Saint Nikolaos, an early priest who lived during the 4th century. Nikolaos was famous for being a secret gift-giver.

The modern idea of Santa Claus

dates to the 1700s in England. Santa is sometimes called “Father Christmas” and is usually portrayed wearing a big red coat. Santa has a large list of good little boys and girls that he keeps with him at the North Pole. Each year on Christmas, he brings these children presents. He flies from town-to-town in a sleigh driven by reindeer and delivers all the presents in a single night!

religion (n) : collection of beliefs solstice (n) : the longest (Summer Solstice) or shortest (Winter Solstice) 2

day of the year societies (n) : groups of people with specific languages and traditions

convert (v) : change modern (adj) : current sleigh (n) : a horse-drawn vehic enlightenment (n) : a perfect u


Other Holidays Christmas Carols

Caroling is one of the best parts of Christmas.

Carolers go door-to-door, ringing doorbells and surprising their neighbors with pretty melodies. Some of the most popular carols are “Silent Night,” “Go Tell it on the Mountain,” and “Christmas in the Air (All Around Us).” What’s your favorite Christmas song?

Christmas Trees

Decorating the Christmas tree has been a

popular tradition for religious and non-religious families. The tree can be real or artificial and is decorated with colorful lights and ornaments. A star or angel is often placed at the top. Giving each other presents is another favorite tradition. These gifts are usually placed underneath the Christmas tree to be opened Christmas morning.

Christmas isn’t the only holiday

celebrated near the end of the year. Here are some other popular ones:

Hanukkah

Hanukkah, the “Festival of Lights,” is

celebrated around the world by people of the Jewish faith. It is to remember the Jews who rebuilt a temple in Jerusalem that had been destroyed. The Jews only had enough oil to burn a lamp for one day, but the lamp burned bright for eight full days. Now, Hanukkah is an eight-day celebration of “re-birth.”

Bodhi Day On December

8 of every year,

Buddhists celebrate Bodhi Day. This is the day when Siddhartha, known now as “the Buddha,” achieved enlightenment. To achieve enlightenment, he sat under a tree for a long time and thought about life. On Bodhi Day, he understood the answers to his many questions! Buddhists follow Siddhartha’s ideas as they seek freedom from suffering.

Shab-e Yalda

Vocabulary

cle understanding of the

Shab-e Yalda is celebrated in Iran. It is a holiday that comes from Zoroastrianism - a religion that was popular in Iran before Islam. Today, it is celebrated by Iranians of many religions. During Shab-e Yalda, families gather around a table to tell stories and read poetry about the birth of the Sun.

3


Did you know?

Christmas

Movies

A great thing about the holiday season is

watching Christmas movies with friends and family. Many films have been made about Christmas over the years. Here are some of the best:

Home Alone (1990) Home Alone is a movie about a child, Kevin, who is left by himself

while his family goes on Christmas vacation in France. It starts out like a dream - Kevin can do anything he wants, because no parents are there to stop him! Being “home alone” becomes a nightmare, however, when crooks try to rob Kevin’s house. Watch the movie to find out how he saves the day!

The Santa Clause (1994) The Santa Clause begins with a very dark incident: a man, Scott

Calvin, accidentally kills Santa! Fortunately, Christmas is not ruined. Instead, Scott begins to turn into Santa over the next year. His hair turns white very quickly, and he becomes increasingly fat. Watch this film to find out about all of the trouble that he gets into as he adjusts to his new life as Santa!

Elf (2003) Elf is about a human who thinks that he is one of Santa’s elves. Buddy

the Elf realizes one day that he is not an elf, so he travels to America to meet his real family. Unfortunately, his father is a mean old man who needs to learn about the “Christmas spirit.” Can Buddy bring the joy of the holiday to his hard-hearted dad? Watch Elf for the answer!

Vocabulary 4

crook (n) : thief adjust (v) : get used to hard-hearted (adj) : unfeeling


Interviews

People

Ted Frankel

Toys are especially popular gifts for children

who would rather have robots than sweaters. Have you ever wondered where toy store owners get their toys? Ted Frankel worked in his father’s stores when he was young. He began his own toy store in 1986 and now owns stores called Tom’s Toys around Los Angeles, California!

What do kids usually do when they first come in the shop?

Their eyeballs open up. They walk around and start looking at different items... Children can enjoy a lot of different toys... Kids really can get a lot of pleasure with inexpensive things. It’s a positive experience unless they don’t get what they want, but it depends a lot on how they were brought up. Some understand that they can’t get everything they want, and some get very upset.

How is the Christmas season different from the rest of the year?

The [toys sold] in December are three to four times more than in a normal month. We prepare with personnel, stocking, and amount of inventory. You start buying for Christmas in January the year before. The deciding time is between January to April to buy for [next] Christmas.

How do you select the toys for your shop?

I’ve been doing it a long time, so I go basically by experience. There are a lot of factors that make you decide to buy a toy, like TV ads. Otherwise, I look at the packaging, how the toy actually works, if I can demonstrate it at the store, or if... it’s unique. I’ve been doing it so long that it’s second nature.

What is your favorite thing about selling toys?

I found my niche in life and I love the business. There are a lot of aspects I enjoy – having a lot of employees, working directly with costumers, and the buying aspect. It’s a creative job and not easy.

5


Global News

Bursa, Turkey Company may win New York taxi contest New York City is holding a “Taxi of Tomorrow” contest to determine the design of the city’s taxis for the next ten

years. Turkish car company Karsan is a finalist. Karsan’s model, the V1, is safe and energy efficient. It can fit five passengers and has a glass roof so riders can enjoy the view of the skyscrapers. If the Karsan V1 wins, the car will be the first Turkish vehicle to gain popularity in America.

Orlanda, Florida

China

Successful test rocket may lead to commercial flights

China creates peace prize

SpaceX Falcon 9 launched from Kennedy Space

Earlier this year, the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Liu Xiabobo. Liu is a human rights activist who is in jail for speaking against the Chinese government. The government is upset that Liu received the award, so it has created its own award: the Confucius Peace Prize. China chose Lien Chan, a politician in Taiwan, as the

Center in Florida and landed in the Pacific Ocean three hours later. The test flight was successful and may lead to other vessels carrying astronauts and cargo to the International Space station. N.A.S.A. hired private companies to help develop these space ships which may be able to ferry cargo and astronauts to the space station within three years.

Cotalo, Ecuador Tungurahua volcano erupts

Ecuadorians living on the slopes of the

Tungurahua volcano were evacuated on “red alert” as the volcano began to erupt with ash and lava. The cloud of ash reached 3km above the crater, as lava flowed 2km down the volcano’s sides. Tungurahua means “throat of fire” in the native Quechua language, and has been in an “active” state for more than ten years!

6

Lagos, Nigeria Investigators file charges against former U.S. vice president

Former U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney is accused

of paying bribes in the 1990s. Investigators claim that Halliburton, an energy company for whom Cheney has worked, paid $180 million to Nigerian leaders. The bribe allegedly convinced those leaders to let Halliburton do business in the nation. Cheney’s lawyer said the former vice president was not involved.

7


Global News

Bursa, Turkey Company may win New York taxi contest New York City is holding a “Taxi of Tomorrow” contest to determine the design of the city’s taxis for the next ten

years. Turkish car company Karsan is a finalist. Karsan’s model, the V1, is safe and energy efficient. It can fit five passengers and has a glass roof so riders can enjoy the view of the skyscrapers. If the Karsan V1 wins, the car will be the first Turkish vehicle to gain popularity in America.

Orlanda, Florida

China

Successful test rocket may lead to commercial flights

China creates peace prize

SpaceX Falcon 9 launched from Kennedy Space

Earlier this year, the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Liu Xiabobo. Liu is a human rights activist who is in jail for speaking against the Chinese government. The government is upset that Liu received the award, so it has created its own award: the Confucius Peace Prize. China chose Lien Chan, a politician in Taiwan, as the

Center in Florida and landed in the Pacific Ocean three hours later. The test flight was successful and may lead to other vessels carrying astronauts and cargo to the International Space station. N.A.S.A. hired private companies to help develop these space ships which may be able to ferry cargo and astronauts to the space station within three years.

Cotalo, Ecuador Tungurahua volcano erupts

Ecuadorians living on the slopes of the

Tungurahua volcano were evacuated on “red alert” as the volcano began to erupt with ash and lava. The cloud of ash reached 3km above the crater, as lava flowed 2km down the volcano’s sides. Tungurahua means “throat of fire” in the native Quechua language, and has been in an “active” state for more than ten years!

6

Lagos, Nigeria Investigators file charges against former U.S. vice president

Former U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney is accused

of paying bribes in the 1990s. Investigators claim that Halliburton, an energy company for whom Cheney has worked, paid $180 million to Nigerian leaders. The bribe allegedly convinced those leaders to let Halliburton do business in the nation. Cheney’s lawyer said the former vice president was not involved.

7


DidEntertainment you know?

Christmas Socks Where do you keep your socks?

Most kids keep their socks in a drawer! On Christmas Eve, however, it is tradition for kids to hang socks along the mantle of their fireplaces. During the night, Santa comes down the chimney and fills the socks with candy!

The tradition comes from the legend of St. Nicholas.

Christmas Socks Now,

people hang socks on mantles every Christmas Eve. Children in Europe first used their regular socks that they normally wore in their shoes. Now, people commonly hang specially decorated stockings. The stockings are large enough for lots of candy! According to the story of Santa Claus, only good children get candy. Those who were bad during the last year are given lumps of coal instead!

8

According to the story, St. Nicholas was passing through a village when he heard about a poor man with three daughters. The man did not have much money, and he worried about his daughters’ futures. St. Nicholas wanted to help the man in secret, so he snuck into the house through the chimney! He saw that the girls hung their stockings over the fireplace to dry. Secretly, he put a bag of gold in each stocking. The next morning, the man and the daughters found the gold and were overjoyed!


Apple

9


“Little Johnny” 는 미국 초등학교 5학년 Johnny의 일상을 그린 만화입니다.

10


applenews.co.kr에서

1

2

3

한글번역기사와 원어민 음성, 워크북을 활용할 수 있습니다. 주제는 다음 주 애플뉴스 World 입니다.

4

the The Wonders of

5

6

마이애플뉴스는 미국 현직 교사와 교육전문가로 구성된

7

미주 중앙일보 애플뉴스팀에서 제작합니다.

8

마이애플뉴스는 미국의 재미있고 유익한 소식을 전해드리려고 노력하고 있습니다. 마이애플뉴스에 바라는 점이 있거나, 미국과 한국의 친구들에게 소개하고 싶은 사진과 사연이 있으면 myapplenews@koreadaily.com으로 보내주세요. 미주 중앙일보 애플뉴스제작 팀에서 골라 지면에 실어드립니다.

9

마이애플뉴스는 중앙일보 구독자에 한하여 받아보실 수 있습니다.

Across

5) There are two of these in each year. 6) Become something different. 7) There are many of these, all over the world. 9) Not old.

Down

구독신청 myapple@joongang.co.kr 1588-3600

단체신청/사업제휴

aaronj@joongang.co.kr 02) 2000-6249

광고문의

1) You have to do this when you go someplace new. 2) The Buddha had this. 3) Not sympathetic. 4) Islam, Christianity, Zorastrianism, etc. 5) Santa has one of these. 8) A dishonest person.

saesolie@joongang.co.kr 02) 2000-6221

기획제작

Executive editor Managing editor Editor Writers Illustrator

Dong Kyun Kim Esther Hong Julie Kim Geoff Geis Han Choe Ann Lee Kay Jung

11

5) Sleigh 8) Crook

Across 5) Solstice 6) Convert 7) Societies 9) Modern Down 1) Adjust 2) Enlightenment 3) Hard-hearted 4) Religion


12


applenews80